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Subiectul nr.

8
Alimentaia bolnavului.
Data: _____________
Cunotine i abiliti:
identificarea principiilor generale ale alimentaiei bolnavilor;
calcularea necesitilor cantitative ale bolnavului n corespundere cu
valoarea energetic a principiilor alimentare;
respectarea cerinelor n asigurarea necesitilor calitative ale
organismului;
alimentarea activ i pasiv a bolnavilor;
clasificarea alimentaiei artificiale - alimentaia prin sond, alimentarea
parenteral: indicaii, contraindicaii, materialele necesare, pregtirea
bolnavului, tehnica efecturii, accidentele posibile;
reorganizarea locului de munc.
stabilirea problemelor n satisfacerea nevoii de a mnca i a bea
(alimentaia inadecvat prin deficit, alimentaia inadecvat prin surplus,
dificultate de a se alimenta i hidrata, dificultate de a urma dieta, refuz de
a se alimenta i hidrata,);
relatarea surselor de dificultate, care determin nesatisfacerea nevoii de a
mnca i a bea;
enumerarea i caracterizarea manifestrilor de dependen n: alimentaia
inadecvat prin deficit i surplus, dificultate de a urma dieta; refuz de a se
alimenta i hidrata
interveniile asistentului medical n problemele de sntate;
elaborarea planului de ngrijire la pacieni cu problemele de sntate;
Desfurarea leciei:
Alimentaia bolnavului urmrete:
a) ______________________________________________
b) ______________________________________________
c) ______________________________________________
d) ______________________________________________
e) ______________________________________________
Enumerai metodele de alimentaie :
a) ______________________________________________
b) ______________________________________________
c) ______________________________________________
Norma zilnic de:
a) Proteine
b) Lipide
c) Glucide

d) Vitamine
Numii tehnicile alimentaiei artificiale:
a) ______________________________________________
b) ______________________________________________
c) ______________________________________________
d) ______________________________________________
Cnd este indicat alimentaia artificial?
a) ______________________________________________
b) ______________________________________________
c) ______________________________________________
d) ______________________________________________
e) ______________________________________________
Enumerai materialele necesare pentru alimentarea prin sonda gastric (endo
nazal):
a) ______________________________________________
b) ______________________________________________
c) ______________________________________________
d) ______________________________________________
e) ______________________________________________
Cror criterii trebuie s corespund substanele introduse pe cale parenteral?
a) ______________________________________________
b) ______________________________________________
c) ______________________________________________
Relatai sursele de dificultate, care determin nesatisfacerea nevoii de a mnca
i a bea:
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Enumerai i caracterizai manifestrile de dependen n: alimentaia
inadecvat prin deficit i surplus, dificultate de a urma dieta; refuz de a se
alimenta i hidrata:
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
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Alctuii un eseu despre importana dietelor n afeciunile organelor interne (5


6 prop.)
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Analizai imaginea de mai jos, analizai propriul regim alimentar (discuie n
grup).

Concluzii:
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Semntura profesorului:________________