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LEC IA 18

Verbe care primesc infinitive sau forma n -ing.


Mass Media
GRAMATIC
A. Form verbele care urmeaz altor verbe au una intre formele! infinitiv + to sau forma
n -ing "vezi i Lec ia 1#$1%&. Verbele se mpart n patru cate'orii principale!
1. verbe care pot fi urmate numai e infinitiv + to!
(e agreed to meet at soon as possible.
). verbe care pot fi urmate numai e forma n -ing!
*ou risk being perceive as rue.
+. verbe care pot fi urmate fie e un infinitiv + to fie e forma n -ing fr a nre'istra o
moificare e sens!
I see ,arr- has started to play 'olf a'ain.
". n 'eneral&
I see ,arr- has started playing 'olf a'ain.
". n 'eneral sau numai n momentul e fa &
/. verbe care pot fi urmate fie e infinitiv + to fie e forma n -ing ar cu o sc0imbare
ma1or e sens!
I forgot to go to t0e ban2 -estera-.
". 3u m4am us.&
I have forgotten going to t0e ban2 -estera-.
". 3u4mi amintesc s fi fost.&
5. 6tilizare.
1. infinitivul + to se folose te e obicei up!
afford agree appear arrange ask
expect fail help hope learn
offer plan prepare pretend seem
tend threaten want wish decide
refuse attempt manage promise mean
I can7t afford to buy m- o8n apartment no8.
I fail to see t0e point in not ans8erin' t0e p0one.
(e can7t promise you to be t0ere before t0e etective arrives.
A9E3 IE! forma ne'ativ este not to + infinitiv.
90e bo- promise not to misbehave ever a'ain.
ask, decide, explain, know, remember, forget, understand urmate e cuvinte
intero'ative! how, what, when, which, where, whether etc!
I on7t know 0o8 to get to t0e cat0eral from 0ere.
(e 0aven7t decided 80ic0 restaurant to go to toni'0t.
ask, enable, force, get, invite, order, persuade, remind, teach, tell, warn +
complement!
(e invited our close friens to dinner on :atura- ni'0t.
Can -ou ask t0em to leave; please<
make n propozi ii pasive!
(0en I 8as a c0il; I 8as made to wear eat all t0e foo in t0e plate.
=ue to t0e 0eav- fo'; t0e plane 8as made to divert to >at8ic2 airport.
). forma n -ing este e obicei folosit up!
admit avoid consider delay deny dislike
finish feel like imagine give up enjoy keep on
mind miss postpone practice risk stand(=bear)
suggest mention recall regret fancy involve
,e admitted stealing t0e 1e8els.
,ave -ou considered studying abroa<
I suggest starting 8it0 -our reason for comin' 0ere.
A9E3 IE! forma ne'ativ este not + -ing.
I en1o- not having to 8a2e up earl- in t0e mornin'.
3?9@! up admit, deny, regret, suggest se poate folosi i that.
:am denied that 0e had shot 0is 8ife. :A6! :am denied shooting 0is 8ife.
up verbe compleAe! carry on, end up, give up, go round, keep on, put off, set about!
*ou carry on talking 80ile I eat m- lunc0.
Irene is al8a-s tr-in' 0ar to give up smoking.
+. se pot folosi atBt infinitivul + to cBt i forma n -ing fr iferen e e sens up
verbele! begin, continue, hate, like, love, prefer, start!
I began to play c0ess t0ree -ears a'o. :A6! I began playing c0ess t0ree -ears a'o.
Ci2e loves to drive fast cars. :A6! Ci2e loves driving fast cars.
/. infinitivul + to sau forma n -ing au sensuri iferite up! remember, forget, try, stop,
go on, regret!
,ave -ou forgotten posting t0at letter< ". Ai trimis4o ar nu4 i aminte ti.& =AD!
,ave -ou forgotten to post t0at letter< ". 3u ai trimis4o<&
I stopped smoking ci'arettes because t0e- 8ere ba for me. ". 3u mai fumez.&
=AD! I stopped to smoke a ci'arette. ". C4am oprit i am fumat o i'ar.&
EEEDCI II
1. 9rece i verbele in paranteze fie la infinitiv + to fie la forma -ing.
1. I7ve a'ree .......................... c0ess for t0e local club neAt season. "pla-&
). Carie oesn7t allo8 .......................... in 0er car. "smo2e&
+. (0en o -ou avise me .......................... a'ain; octor< "come&
/. C- au'0ter can7t stan .......................... c0eese. "eat&
#. C- nei'0bour offere .......................... after Fos0 80ile I 8ent s0oppin'. "loo2&
%. (e en1o-e 9rac-7s .......................... t0e piano. "pla-&
G. I en- .......................... an-one about 0is ru' problem. "tell&
8. 5arbie pretene not .......................... me but I7m sure s0e i. "see&
H. =o -ou approve of t0e c0ilren.......................... so muc0 noise< "ma2e&
1I. Fasmine promise not .......................... late. "be&
). 9ransforma i verbul in paranteze fie n infinitiv + to; fie n forma n -ing pentru a
eAprima sensul cel mai potrivit.
1. I7ll never for'et .......................... Aerosmit0 live in )I1I. "0ear&
). =on7t tr- .......................... t0e Amazon on -our o8n. "cross&
+. I 0ate .......................... at ni'0t. "rive&
/. :0e 8oul 0ate .......................... in publicJ s0e7s ver- s0-. "spea2&
#. =i -ou remember .......................... some brea for toni'0t7s meal< "bu-&
%. 90e roc2 star finall- ecie .......................... 0is autobio'rap0-. "8rite&
G. =o -our nei'0bours never stop ..........................< "ar'ue&
8. 90e >overnment promise .......................... taAes b- neAt -ear. "reuce&
H. I see s0e plans to carr- on.......................... until -ou 'ive in. "cr-&
1I. =o -ou ever see -ourself ..........................< "'et marrie&
11. 5efore Fames be'an .......................... to t0e '-m re'ularl- 0e 8as Kuite fat. "'o&
1). (oul -ou 0elp me .......................... m- ba's insie; please< "carr-&
1+. If 5uster is not careful; 0e7ll en up .......................... into trouble 8it0 t0e police. "'et&
1/. Laul al8a-s for'ets .......................... t0e laptop off before 0e 'oes to be. "s8itc0&
1#. 90is 0ot 8eat0er ma2es me .......................... t0irst- all t0e time. "feel&
+. Lune i verbele la forma corect " infinitiv + to sau forma n -ing&. 6neori ambele variante
sunt posibile!
1. (oul -ou li2e MMMMMMMMMM.M "listen& to some music<
). Leter an Nim 0ave starte MMMMMMMMMMM "coo2& t0e inner.
+. I prefer MMMMM..M "s2ate& to MMMMMMMM. "1o'&.
/. I7 prefer MMMMMMMM "8al2& 0ome rat0er t0an MMMM..M "'o& b- taAi.
#. C- sister loves MMMMMMMMM.."'o& s0oppin'.
%. I7 love MMMMMMMMM "visit& 90ailan one a-.
G. C- brot0er 0ates MMMMMMMMMMM.. "0ave to& 8or2 at 8ee2ens.
8. =o -ou li2e MMMMMMMMMMMM.MMM "pla-& (orl of (arcraft<
H. I li2e MMMMMMMM..MM "eat& out as often as possible.
1I. :00O 90e orc0estra is startin' MMMMMMMMM.. "pla-&.
VOCABULAR
Mass Media
1. New!a!er
90e ne8spaper is t0e olest an most iconic t-pe of mass meia. 90rou'0 ne8spapers; ne8s
of t0e 8orl 8as for t0e first time available to t0e 'eneral public. In 1%I#; t0e first ne8spaper
8as publis0e.
90ere are man- t-pes of ne8spapers; centre on various topics! economics; sports; politics
etc. >enerall-; a ne8spaper contains t0e follo8in' sections! political events; crime; business;
art$entertainment; societ- an sports.
A ne8spaper can be issue ail- or 8ee2l-.
Ra"io
90e raio is an electroma'netic evice t0at receives raio 8aves. 90e first commercial raio
broacast too2 place in 1H)I; in t0e 6nite :tates.
6ntil t0e evelopment of television; an even some time after8ars; t0e raio use to be t0e
most popular form of mass meia. Ever-one listene to t0e ne8s; music an entertainment
pro'rammes on t0e raio.
3o8aa-s; it is less important; 80en compare to t0e 9V or t0e internet.
Televiion
90e television is evice use for telecommunication of movin' ima'es. 90e first 9V set 8as
release in 1H)8. 3o8aa-s; television occupies an important part in our ever-a- lives.
Eit0er for ne8s or 1ust entertainment pro'rammes; suc0 as films; ocumentaries; most of us
spen an important part of ever- a- in front of a 9V.
As Europe is suc0 a compleA continent; 8it0 various cultures an lan'ua'es; t0ere are fe8 9V
c0annels broacastin' for all European countries. 98o eAamples are! Eurone8s an
Eurosport.
Internet
90e Internet is a 'lobal s-stem of net8or2s t0at eAc0an'e ata. 90e first 8ie4area net8or2
8as mae available in 1H8+.
5ecause it is so easil- available to so man- people; t0e internet is a po8erful tool of mass
meia. All ma1or meia outlets 0ave 8ebsites 80ere t0e- offer information an entertainment
to millions of people.
#i" $ou %now&
BBC "Briti' Broa"(atin) Cor!oration& is t0e 8orlPs lar'est broacastin' corporation;
foune in 1H)). 55C reac0es more t0an )II countries in ++ lan'ua'es. Its state mission is
Qto inform; eucate an entertain.R
Its motto is Q3ation :0all :pea2 Leace 6nto 3ation.R
). Fill in t0e 'aps in t0e sentences belo8 usin' t0e 8ors in italics.
documentary talk show internet film
television presenter debate radio
1. 90e MMMMM 8as t0e first meia instrument 8it0 a 'lobal reac0.
). A film or television or raio pro'ramme t0at 'ives facts an information about a sub1ect is
calle a MMMMMMM..MMM.
+. 90e MMMMM tells a stor- on t0e silver screen or on television.
/. (e epen more an more on t0e MMMMMM. for information an communication.
#. :omeone 80o introuces a television or raio s0o8 is calle a MMMMMMM.M.
%. (0en people participate in a MMMMM... t0e- iscuss serious sub1ects an brin'
ar'uments.
G. 90e MMMMMMM.. c0an'e t0e 8a- 8e loo2 at t0e 8orl.
8. In a MMMM.M.; several 'uests sit o8n an tal2 about a 'iven sub1ect; on raio or 9V.
+. C0oose t0e best ans8er to eac0 Kuestion.
1. 90e .... is t0e person 80o is responsible for t0e overall s0ape of t0e pro'ram.
a. actor b. proucer c. presenter
). 9urn on t0e 9VO 90ere is live ...... of t0e football matc0 bet8een Ital- an :pain.
a. covera'e b. report c. revie8
+. Q90ose 8ere toa-Ps 0ealines. An no8 itPs An'ela CcCart0- 8it0 0er 8eat0er ...... Q.
a. broacast b. forecast c. presentation
/. I canPt stan t0at stupi come-. Can -ou s8itc0 to anot0er ...... ; please<
a. 0ost b. c0annel c. transmission
#. A ...... is some 2in of 9V rama in parts base on inter40uman relations0ips.
a. soap opera b. sitcom c. ocumentar-
%. (ePre 1ust 'ettin' some ...... ne8s; t0at tsunami 8ave 0as 1ust 0it t0e Inonesian coast.
a. sensation b. arrivin' c. brea2in'
G. 90e time of a- 80en most people are 8atc0in' television is 2no8n as ...... .
a. popular time b. prime time c. best time
8. Can- 9V vie8ers 8ere s0oc2e 80en t0e presenter curse 80ile ........ .
a. filme b. actin' c. on "t0e& air
H. Q(elcome to anot0er live 9V ebate. ?ur ...... is as usual Leter 5litzer; an 0is 'uests toa-
are some of IrelanPs most prominent politiciansR.
a. announcer b. 0ost c. actor
1I. Llanet Eart0; narrate b- :ir =avi Attenborou'0; is t0e most ma'nificent nature MM.
from t0e 55C.
a. series b. film c. ne8s report
/. Follo8 t0e clues for A(ro an #own to fill in t0e cross8or.
A(ro
#. A re'ularl- printe ocument consistin' of ne8s reports; articles; p0oto'rap0s an
avertisements t0at are printe on lar'e s0eets of paper 80ic0 are fole to'et0er.
%. A broacast on television or raio.
8. Lersonal 8eb pa'es 80ere people can present t0eir o8n vie8s.
H. Avertisements t0at are broacast on television or raio bet8een an urin' pro'rams. 1I.
A television station.
#own
1. Ver- bi' meia companies t0at o8n several mass meia outlets.
). 90e presenter of a ne8s bulletin.
+. Information or reports about recent events.
/. 3e8spapers an ma'azines; an t0ose parts of television an raio 80ic0 broacast ne8s.
G. A t-pe of t0in boo2 8it0 lar'e pa'es an a paper cover 80ic0 contains articles an
p0oto'rap0s an is publis0e ever- 8ee2 or mont0.