Sunteți pe pagina 1din 63

1.

CALCULUL LA TRACTIUNE AL AUTOVEHI


TEMA PROIECT: Autoturism de teren, MAS-107 kW/5470 RPM

Parametrii dimensionali ai autovehiculului

Dimensiuni [mm]
Ampatament (L) 1405
Ecartamentul fata (B1) 1 = 1
Ecartamentul spate (B2) 1
Lungime totala (A) 2055
Latime totala (D) 690
Inaltime totala (H) 1150 = 2
Garda la sol (c) 130
Consola fata (l1) 250
Consola spate (l2) 300
Inaltime platforma (h) 950
Unghiul de atac (α1⁰)
Unghiul de degajare (α2⁰)

Parametrii de greutate ai autovehiculului

MASE [kg] Greutate [N]


Masa Proprie (m0) 200 Greutate Proprie (G0) 1962
Masa Utila (mu) 100 Greutate Utila (Gu) 981
Nr. Persoane 2 Nr. Persoane 2
Masa Persoane (mp) 150 Greutate Persoane (Gp) 1471.5
Masa Bagaje (mb) 25 Greutate Bagaje (Gb) 245.25
Masa Totala (ma) 300 Greutate Totala (Ga) 2943

Repartizarea greutatii pe punti

Fata 1/2
Spate 1/2

Punte fata (G1) [N] 1/2*Ga G1= 1471.5


Punte spate (G2) [N] 1/2*Ga G21= 1471.5

Coeficientul de utilizare al greutatii


ηG= Gu/G0
ηG= 0.50

Repartizarea greutatii pe pneuri

Pneu Greutate[N]
fata 735.75
spate 735.75

Alegerea pneurilor si determinarea razei de rulare

Se adopta: Pneuri: 265/75 R 16 4+1 buc


Jante 7,5j x 16 4+1 buc

Latime sect. max (B) 190 mm


Diametrul jantei (d) 17 inch
x=70% 0.7
Coeficientul de deformare a λ=(0.945 - 0,960) 0.89
pneului
Inaltimea Pneului (H) H=x*B 133 mm
Diametrul exterior (D) D=d*25,4+2H 697.8 mm
Raza Statica (Rs) Rs=(d*25,4)/2+H(1-K) 335.6 mm
Raza Nominala (Rn) Rn=D/2 348.9 mm
Raza Dinamica (Rd) Rd=λ*Rn 310.52 mm
Presiune aer - fata 2.5 daN/cm2
- spate 2.90 daN/cm2
Viteza maxima 284.4 km/h
Coeficient de incarcare k=(0.1…0.16) 0.1
statica

Calculul caracteristicii externe a motorului

Puterea motorului P [W] 147000


Turatia n [rot/min] 13500
Greutatea Ga [N] 2943
Raza rotii motoare Rn [mm] 348.90
Aria supraf frontale S [m²] 0.00115
Coef. Aerodinamic K [kg/m³] 0.3798
Unghiul rampei maxime α⁰ 12
Coef. de rez. la rulare f 0.018
Coef. de aderenta φ 0.8
Randamentul transmisiei ηtr 0.96
Coef. de elasticitate c 0.6
Coef. de adaptabilitate k 1.20
Coef. de rez. a aerului Cx 0.6

Cunoasterea caracteristicii externe a motorului este necesara pentru efectuarea calculului de


tractiune si pentru studierea performantelor autocamionului.
In cazul in care nu se cunoaste caracteristica exterioara determinata experimental,aceasta poate f
calculata cu ajutorul relatiilor de mai jos:

Coeficientii alfa:

0.75

1.5

-1.25

103981.229486705

Putere Maxima Pm 147 [kW]


Turatia Puterii Maxime nm 13500 [rot/min]
Momentul maxim MM 124.77 [N*m]

Turatia Momentului Maxim nM 8100 [rot/min]


Momentul corespunzator Mm 103.98 [N*m]
puterii maxime
n(rot/min) Pe(Kw) Me(N*m) c (g/kW*H)
1000.000 9.302 88.826 287.955
1500.000 14.720 93.711 272.943
2000.000 20.575 98.240 260.361
2500.000 26.811 102.412 249.755
3000.000 33.372 106.228 240.784
3500.000 40.202 109.687 233.191
4000.000 47.245 112.789 226.777
4500.000 54.444 115.535 221.387
5000.000 61.745 117.924 216.902
5500.000 69.090 119.956 213.227
6000.000 76.424 121.632 210.289
6500.000 83.691 122.952 208.032
7000.000 90.834 123.915 206.416
7500.000 97.798 124.521 205.411
8000.000 104.527 124.770 205.000
8500.000 110.965 124.663 205.176
9000.000 117.056 124.200 205.942
9500.000 122.743 123.380 207.311
10000.000 127.971 122.203 209.307
10500.000 132.683 120.670 211.967
11000.000 136.824 118.780 215.339
11500.000 140.338 116.533 219.491
12000.000 143.169 113.930 224.505
12500.000 145.260 110.970 230.493
13000.000 146.556 107.654 237.594
13500.000 147.000 103.981 245.986
14000.000 0.000 0.000 1000.000

Calculul vitezei maxime a autovehiculului :

Din bilantul de putere pe un drum orizontal se calculeaza viteza maxima :

Factorul A:

121285.802596332

f= 0,011..0,2 Coefcientul de rezistenta la rulare

f= 0.018

Factorul B :

323099113.950134
627.4310716027

Determinarea raportului de transmitere din reductorul central i0 + determinarea raportului de transmitere in treapta 1 ik1

se considera viteza maxima in priza directa ( raport 1 )

Determinarea raportului de transmitere din reductorul central

0.699660475 *am transformat raza rotii din mm

= raportul de transmitere din reductorul central


r= raza de rulare
= turatia la viteza maxima
= raportul de transmitere la care se obtine viteza maxima
= raportul de transmitere al cutiei de distributie
= viteza maxima

Determinarea raportului de transmitere in treapta 1

Se determina din 2 conditii :


a) prima conditie este ca se se invinga rezistentele maxime la inaintare ( se calculeaza coefcientul rezistentei totale a drum

0.2255183476

b)din conditia de aderenta

2.5226406945

5.3692639471

Se adopta 5

212.6260272839 m/s
1.3114963281

Determinarea tuturor rapoartelor de viteza

1.3797296615 ratia progresiei geometrice

3.6238983184

2.6265278044

1.9036539387

1.3797296615

9784.5254596489 turatia limita inferioare de schimbare a treptei

Se adopta n1= 4203

Viteza pe trepte

9784.525 90.950 125.486 173.137


10000.000 92.953 128.250 176.950
10500.000 97.600 134.662 185.797
11000.000 102.248 141.075 194.645
11500.000 106.896 147.487 203.492
12000.000 111.543 153.900 212.340
12500.000 116.191 160.312 221.187

diagrama forta la roata, factorul dinamic, acceleratia pe trepte, inversul acceleratiei pe trepte, timpul si spatiul de demaraj
Caracteristica de tractiune pe trepte. Caracteristica dinamica

Coefcientul influenţei maselor în mişcarea de rotaţie

2 1.7879583413 1.4139188984 1.2174338991


1.1025 1.0728315976 1.0572466208 1.0490597458
0.3075068852

Treapta1
n [rot/min] Pe [N] Me[Nm] Va [m/s]
1000 9.302 88.826 9.295
2000 20.575 98.240 18.591
3000 33.372 106.228 27.886
4000 47.245 112.789 37.181
5000 61.745 117.924 46.476
6000 76.424 121.632 55.772
7000 90.834 123.915 65.067
8000 104.527 124.770 74.362
9000 117.056 124.200 83.657
10000 127.971 122.203 92.953
11000 136.824 118.780 102.248
12000 143.169 113.930 111.543

Treapta2
n [rot/min] Pe [N] Me[Nm] Va [m/s]
1000 9.302 88.826 12.825
2000 20.575 98.240 25.650
3000 33.372 106.228 38.475
4000 47.245 112.789 51.300
5000 61.745 117.924 64.125
6000 76.424 121.632 76.950
7000 90.834 123.915 89.775
8000 104.527 124.770 102.600
9000 117.056 124.200 115.425
10000 127.971 122.203 128.250
11000 136.824 118.780 141.075
12000 143.169 113.930 153.900

Treapta3
n [rot/min] Pe [N] Me[Nm] Va [m/s]
1000 9.302 88.826 17.695
2000 20.575 98.240 35.390
3000 33.372 106.228 53.085
4000 47.245 112.789 70.780
5000 61.745 117.924 88.475
6000 76.424 121.632 106.170
7000 90.834 123.915 123.865
8000 104.527 124.770 141.560
9000 117.056 124.200 159.255
10000 127.971 122.203 176.950
11000 136.824 118.780 194.645
12000 143.169 113.930 212.340

Treapta4
n [rot/min] Pe [N] Me[Nm] Va [m/s]
1000 9.302 88.826 24.414
2000 20.575 98.240 48.829
3000 33.372 106.228 73.243
4000 47.245 112.789 97.657
5000 61.745 117.924 122.071
6000 76.424 121.632 146.486
7000 90.834 123.915 170.900
8000 104.527 124.770 195.314
9000 117.056 124.200 219.729
10000 127.971 122.203 244.143
11000 136.824 118.780 268.557
12000 143.169 113.930 292.972
Treapta5
n [rot/min] Pe [N] Me[Nm] Va [m/s]
1000 9.302 88.826 33.685
2000 20.575 98.240 67.370
3000 33.372 106.228 101.055
4000 47.245 112.789 134.741
5000 61.745 117.924 168.426
6000 76.424 121.632 202.111
7000 90.834 123.915 235.796
8000 104.527 124.770 269.481
9000 117.056 124.200 303.166
10000 127.971 122.203 336.851
11000 136.824 118.780 370.536
12000 143.169 113.930 404.222

Treapta6
n [rot/min] Pe [N] Me[Nm] Va [m/s]
1000 9.302 88.826 46.476
2000 20.575 98.240 92.953
3000 33.372 106.228 139.429
4000 47.245 112.789 185.906
5000 61.745 117.924 232.382
6000 76.424 121.632 278.858
7000 90.834 123.915 325.335
8000 104.527 124.770 371.811
9000 117.056 124.200 418.287
10000 127.971 122.203 464.764
11000 136.824 118.780 511.240
12000 143.169 113.930 557.717

Timpul de demarare. Spatiul de demarare.

n Va [m/s] 1/a [ v2/m]


1000 9.295 0.364
2000 18.591 0.328
3000 27.886 0.302
4000 37.181 0.284
5000 46.476 0.271
6000 55.772 0.262
7000 65.067 0.257
8000 74.362 0.256
9000 83.657 0.257
10000 92.953 0.261
11000 102.248 0.270
2000 76.950 0.358
4000 89.775 0.352
6000 102.600 0.350
8000 115.425 0.352
10000 128.250 0.359
12000 141.075 0.370
2000 106.170 0.497
4000 123.865 0.488
6000 141.560 0.486
8000 159.255 0.491
10000 176.950 0.501
12000 194.645 0.520
2000 146.486 0.833
4000 170.900 0.822
6000 195.314 0.822
8000 219.729 0.835
10000 244.143 0.861
12000 268.557 0.903
2000 202.111 1.073
4000 235.796 1.071
6000 269.481 1.090
8000 303.166 1.129
10000 336.851 1.196
12000 370.536 1.298
2000 278.858 1.852
4000 325.335 1.998
6000 371.811 2.246
8000 418.287 2.673
Bilantul de putere

Treapta 1
Pr [N] Pa [N] va [m/s] PR [N]
492.4079049938 0.350783816 9.295 8929.785093736
984.8158099876 2.806270528 18.591 19752.35482396
1477.2237149814 9.4711630321 27.886 32037.5308642
1969.6316199752 22.4501642243 37.181 45355.13488797
2462.0395249689 43.8479770006 46.476 59274.98856882
2954.4474299627 75.7693042571 55.772 73366.91358025
3446.8553349565 120.3188488897 65.067 87200.73159579
3939.2632399503 179.6013137946 74.362 100346.264289
4431.6711449441 255.7214018677 83.657 112373.3333333
4924.0790499379 350.783816005 92.953 122851.7604024
5416.4869549317 466.8932591027 102.248 131351.3671696
5908.8948599254 606.1544340567 111.543 137441.9753086

Treapta 2
Pr [N] Pa [N] va [m/s] PR [N]
492.4079049938 0.9213434461 12.825 8929.785093736
984.8158099876 7.3707475686 25.650 19752.35482396
1477.2237149814 24.8762730439 38.475 32037.5308642
1969.6316199752 58.9659805486 51.300 45355.13488797
2462.0395249689 115.167930759 64.125 59274.98856882
2954.4474299627 199.0101843516 76.950 73366.91358025
3446.8553349565 316.0208020027 89.775 87200.73159579
3939.2632399503 471.7278443889 102.600 100346.264289
4431.6711449441 671.6593721865 115.425 112373.3333333
4924.0790499379 921.343446072 128.250 122851.7604024
5416.4869549317 1226.3081267219 141.075 131351.3671696
5908.8948599254 1592.0814748125 153.900 137441.9753086

Treapta 3
Pr [N] Pa [N] va [m/s] PR [N]
492.4079049938 2.4199341785 17.695 8929.785093736
984.8158099876 19.3594734281 35.390 19752.35482396
1477.2237149814 65.3382228199 53.085 32037.5308642
1969.6316199752 154.8757874249 70.780 45355.13488797
2462.0395249689 302.4917723142 88.475 59274.98856882
2954.4474299627 522.7057825589 106.170 73366.91358025
3446.8553349565 830.0374232301 123.865 87200.73159579
3939.2632399503 1239.0062993989 141.560 100346.264289
4431.6711449441 1764.1320161363 159.255 112373.3333333
4924.0790499379 2419.9341785134 176.950 122851.7604024
5416.4869549317 3220.9323916014 194.645 131351.3671696
5908.8948599254 4181.6462604712 212.340 137441.9753086

Treapta 4
Pr [N] Pa [N] va [m/s] PR [N]
492.4079049938 6.3560244047 24.414 8929.785093736
984.8158099876 50.8481952375 48.829 19752.35482396
1477.2237149814 171.6126589267 73.243 32037.5308642
1969.6316199752 406.7855619003 97.657 45355.13488797
2462.0395249689 794.5030505866 122.071 59274.98856882
2954.4474299627 1372.9012714136 146.486 73366.91358025
3446.8553349565 2180.1163708095 170.900 87200.73159579
3939.2632399503 3254.2844952026 195.314 100346.264289
4431.6711449441 4633.5417910208 219.729 112373.3333333
4924.0790499379 6356.0244046925 244.143 122851.7604024
5416.4869549317 8459.8684826457 268.557 131351.3671696
5908.8948599254 10983.2101713086 292.972 137441.9753086

Treapta 5
Pr [N] Pa [N] va [m/s] PR [N]
492.4079049938 16.6942748244 33.685 8929.785093736
984.8158099876 133.5541985952 67.370 19752.35482396
1477.2237149814 450.7454202586 101.055 32037.5308642
1969.6316199752 1068.4335887612 134.741 45355.13488797
2462.0395249689 2086.7843530492 168.426 59274.98856882
2954.4474299627 3605.9633620691 202.111 73366.91358025
3446.8553349565 5726.1362647671 235.796 87200.73159579
3939.2632399503 8547.4687100896 269.481 100346.264289
4431.6711449441 12170.126346983 303.166 112373.3333333
4924.0790499379 16694.2748243937 336.851 122851.7604024
5416.4869549317 22220.079791268 370.536 131351.3671696
5908.8948599254 28847.7068965523 404.222 137441.9753086
Treapta 6
Pr [N] Pa [N] va [m/s] PR [N]
2462.0395249689 43.8479770006 46.476 8929.785093736
4924.0790499379 350.783816005 92.953 19752.35482396
7386.1185749068 1183.895379017 139.429 32037.5308642
9848.1580998757 2806.2705280402 185.906 45355.13488797
12310.1976248447 5480.9971250785 232.382 59274.98856882
14772.2371498136 9471.1630321356 278.858 73366.91358025
17234.2766747825 15039.8561112154 325.335 87200.73159579
19696.3161997515 22450.1642243215 371.811 100346.264289
22158.3557247204 31965.1752334577 418.287 112373.3333333
24620.3952496893 43847.9770006279 464.764 122851.7604024
27082.4347746583 58361.6573878357 511.240 131351.3671696
29544.4742996272 75769.304257085 557.717 137441.9753086

Am inmultit la Pr pe treapta 6 viteza de pe treapta 1

Spatiul de franare minim

Daca nu se tine cont de frecarea cu aerul :

Pt α=0

0.2 0.4 0.6


Va[m/s] Sfmin Sfmin Sfmin
0 0 0 0
2 0.9351999925 0.4877358813 0.329892554
4 3.7407999701 1.9509435251 1.319570216
6 8.4167999327 4.3896229314 2.969032986
8 14.9631998803 7.8037741002 5.2782808639
10 23.379999813 12.1933970316 8.2473138499
12 33.6671997307 17.5584917256 11.8761319438
14 45.8247996334 23.899058182 16.1647351458
16 59.8527995212 31.215096401 21.1131234557
18 75.751199394 39.5066063825 26.7212968736
20 93.5199992518 48.7735881266 32.9892553995
22 113.1591990947 59.0160416331 39.9169990334
24 134.6687989227 70.2339669022 47.5045277753
26 158.0487987356 82.4273639339 55.7518416252
28 183.2991985336 95.5962327281 64.6589405831
557.717 72722.9524725578 37927.2814330564 25653.08032204

Daca se tine cont de forta de rezistenta a aerului Fa


Pt α= 0

0.2 0.4 0.6


Va[m/s] Sfmin Sfmin Sfmin
0 0 0 0
2 0.9351987192 0.487735535 0.3298923956
4 3.740779597 1.9509379837 1.3195676808
6 8.4166967947 4.3895948782 2.9690201521
8 14.9628739176 7.8036854389 5.2782403026
10 23.3792040186 12.1931805751 8.2472148238
12 33.6655496045 17.558042886 11.8759266048
14 45.8217426431 23.8982266615 16.164354733
16 59.8475845726 31.2136778839 21.1124744946
18 75.7428463125 39.5043342289 26.7202573746
20 93.5072682757 48.770125068 32.9876710581
22 113.1405603831 59.0109714698 39.9146794304
24 134.6424020787 70.226786203 47.5012425776
26 158.0124423478 82.4174737382 55.7473167877
28 183.2502997359 95.582930251 64.6528545514
557.717 65962.4523163832 35975.4528549844 24740.16956447

Pt α= 5
0.2 0.4 0.6
Va[m/s] Sfmin Sfmin Sfmin
0 0 0 0
2 0.6699173725 0.4048602007 0.2900858462
4 2.6796616492 1.6194379391 1.1603419147
6 6.0292093085 3.6437246244 2.6107637951
8 10.7185211486 6.4777059384 4.6413441366
10 16.7475422889 10.1213618366 7.2520726485
12 24.1162021728 14.5746665481 10.4429361
14 32.8244145695 19.8375885761 14.2139183208
16 42.8720775781 25.9100906994 18.565000201
18 54.2590736314 32.7921299724 23.4961596916
20 66.9852695004 40.4836577266 29.0073718051
22 81.0505162993 48.9846195717 35.0986086153
24 96.454649492 58.2949553967 41.7698392586
26 113.1974888974 68.4145993717 49.0210299336
28 131.2788386976 79.3434799488 56.8521439026
557.717 48502.0898935809 30122.2342279322 21847.73453072

Pt α= 10

0.2 0.4 0.6


Va[m/s] Sfmin Sfmin Sfmin
0 0 0 0
2 0.5249920222 0.3483243719 0.260621386
4 2.0999632736 1.3932953679 1.0424843575
6 4.7248993087 3.1349066288 2.3455853545
8 8.399776052 5.5731475563 4.1699184435
10 13.124559799 8.7080033128 6.5154753182
12 18.8992072173 12.5394548222 9.382245299
14 25.7236653472 17.0674787698 12.7702153336
16 33.5978716044 22.2920476032 16.6793699966
18 42.5217537809 28.2131295323 21.1096914905
20 52.4952300481 34.8306885309 26.0611596455
22 63.5182089586 42.1446843361 31.5337519199
24 75.5905894492 50.1550724505 37.5274434004
26 88.7122608444 58.8618041422 44.0422068026
28 102.8831028589 68.2648264458 51.0780124713
557.717 38574.6026621508 26071.2721792138 19690.98037031

Pt α= 12

0.2 0.4 0.6


Va[m/s] Sfmin Sfmin Sfmin
0 0 0 0
2 0.4840899605 0.3305463272 0.2509500126
4 1.9363557479 1.3221833998 1.0037989505
6 4.3567850798 2.9749054913 2.2585435127
8 7.7453574861 5.2887030575 4.0151781983
10 12.1020443094 8.2635627368 6.2736953057
12 17.4268087058 11.8994673506 9.0340849333
14 23.719605646 16.1963959032 12.2963349795
16 30.9803819166 21.1543235827 16.0604311425
18 39.2090761215 26.7732217611 20.3263569211
20 48.4056186838 33.0530579952 25.0940936145
22 58.5699318476 39.9937960269 30.3636203227
24 69.7019296801 47.595395784 36.134913947
26 81.8015180744 55.857813381 42.4079491899
28 94.8685947516 64.7810011202 49.1826985563
557.717 35720.0643951172 24787.4829419729 18980.08759612

Acceleraţia de frânare

Pentru unghiul de înclinare al şoselei α = 0 grade


0.2 0.4 0.6
Va[m/s] af[m/s^2] af[m/s^2] af[m/s^2]
0 2.13858 4.10058 6.06258
2 2.1385858236 4.1005858236 6.0625858236
4 2.1386032944 4.1006032944 6.0626032944
6 2.1386324124 4.1006324124 6.0626324124
8 2.1386731776 4.1006731776 6.0626731776
10 2.13872559 4.10072559 6.06272559
12 2.1387896496 4.1007896496 6.0627896496
14 2.1388653564 4.1008653564 6.0628653564
16 2.1389527104 4.1009527104 6.0629527104
18 2.1390517116 4.1010517116 6.0630517116
20 2.13916236 4.10116236 6.06316236
22 2.1392846556 4.1012846556 6.0632846556
24 2.1394185984 4.1014185984 6.0634185984
26 2.1395641884 4.1015641884 6.0635641884
28 2.1397214256 4.1017214256 6.0637214256
557.717 2.5914343514 4.5534343514 6.5154343514

Calculul parametrilor de stabilitate

Viteza critica de rasturnare

Pentru drum orizontal, unghiul de înclinare transversal βr = 0

R[m] 50 100 150


Vcr[m/s] 17.5089262949 24.7613610288 30.3263499287
Vcr[km/h] 63.0321346616 89.1408997038 109.1748597434

Viteza critica de derapare

Pentru drum orizontal, unghiul de înclinare transversal βd= 0

ϕ R[m] 50 100
0.2 Vcd[m/s] 9.9045444115 14.0071410359
0.4 Vcd[m/s] 14.0071410359 19.8090888231
0.6 Vcd[m/s] 17.1551741466 24.261079943
0.8 Vcd[m/s] 19.8090888231 28.0142820718
NE AL AUTOVEHICULULUI
M

m
efectuarea calculului de

mental,aceasta poate f
C (kg/H)
2.679
4.018
5.357
6.696
8.036
9.375
10.714
12.053
13.393
14.732
16.071
17.410
18.750
20.089
21.428
22.767
24.107
25.446
26.785
28.124
29.464
30.803
32.142
33.481
34.821
36.160
25.000
m/s= 2258.7519 km/h

ui de transmitere in treapta 1 ik1

*am transformat raza rotii din mm in m

fcientul rezistentei totale a drumului )

greutatea totala
momentul maxim
coefcientul schimbarii dinamice a reactiunilor la puntea motoare ( l-am adoptat 1,2)
randamentul total al transmisiei
raportul de transmitere din reductorul central
coefcientul de aderenta
greutatea pe puntea motoare

#NAME?
himbare a treptei

238.882 329.593 454.749 MIN


244.143 336.851 464.764
256.350 353.694 488.002
268.557 370.536 511.240
280.764 387.379 534.478
292.972 404.222 557.717
305.179 421.064 580.955 MAX

pte, timpul si spatiul de demaraj din inv acceleratiei , bilantul de puteri


1.1142192 1.06
1.0447591 1.0425

FR [N] D a [m/s²] 1/a [s²/m ]


960.680 0.326 2.744 0.364
1062.494 0.361 3.052 0.328
1148.882 0.390 3.312 0.302
1219.844 0.414 3.526 0.284
1275.379 0.433 3.693 0.271
1315.488 0.447 3.813 0.262
1340.170 0.455 3.886 0.257
1349.426 0.458 3.912 0.256
1343.255 0.455 3.892 0.257
1321.658 0.448 3.824 0.261
1284.635 0.435 3.710 0.270
1232.185 0.417 3.549 0.282

FR [N] D a [m/s²] 1/a [s²/m ]


696.281 0.237 1.999 0.500
770.074 0.262 2.227 0.449
832.687 0.283 2.421 0.413
884.118 0.300 2.579 0.388
924.369 0.313 2.702 0.370
953.439 0.323 2.790 0.358
971.328 0.329 2.842 0.352
978.036 0.331 2.860 0.350
973.564 0.329 2.842 0.352
957.911 0.323 2.789 0.359
931.077 0.313 2.701 0.370
893.063 0.300 2.578 0.388

FR [N] D a [m/s²] 1/a [s²/m ]


504.651 0.171 1.435 0.697
558.134 0.189 1.603 0.624
603.514 0.205 1.745 0.573
640.791 0.217 1.861 0.537
669.964 0.226 1.950 0.513
691.033 0.233 2.012 0.497
703.999 0.237 2.047 0.488
708.861 0.238 2.056 0.486
705.619 0.236 2.039 0.491
694.274 0.231 1.994 0.501
674.826 0.224 1.923 0.520
647.274 0.213 1.826 0.548

FR [N] D a [m/s²] 1/a [s²/m ]


365.760 0.124 0.856 1.169
404.524 0.137 0.960 1.042
437.415 0.148 1.046 0.956
464.432 0.156 1.115 0.897
485.576 0.163 1.167 0.857
500.847 0.167 1.201 0.833
510.244 0.169 1.217 0.822
513.768 0.169 1.216 0.822
511.419 0.167 1.197 0.835
503.196 0.162 1.161 0.861
489.100 0.155 1.108 0.903
469.131 0.147 1.037 0.965
FR [N] D a [m/s²] 1/a [s²/m ]
265.096 0.090 0.675 1.481
293.191 0.099 0.760 1.316
317.029 0.106 0.828 1.207
336.611 0.112 0.880 1.137
351.936 0.115 0.914 1.094
363.003 0.117 0.932 1.073
369.814 0.117 0.933 1.071
372.369 0.116 0.918 1.090
370.666 0.112 0.886 1.129
364.706 0.107 0.836 1.196
354.490 0.100 0.771 1.298
340.016 0.091 0.688 1.453

FR [N] D a [m/s²] 1/a [s²/m ]


192.136 0.065 0.442 2.263
212.499 0.071 0.498 2.008
229.776 0.075 0.538 1.858
243.969 0.078 0.562 1.778
255.076 0.079 0.571 1.752
263.098 0.078 0.563 1.775
268.034 0.075 0.540 1.852
269.885 0.071 0.500 1.998
268.651 0.065 0.445 2.246
264.332 0.058 0.374 2.673
256.927 0.049 0.287 3.483
246.437 0.038 0.184 5.429

td [s] Sd [m]
0 0
3.2165141 44.847575
6.1425638 112.84367
8.8637342 201.37277
11.44029 309.14683
13.917675 435.80069
16.332509 581.70326
18.716371 747.89318
21.098489 936.10392
23.50796 1148.8725
25.975949 1389.7492
18.032374 678.01349
22.586952 1057.6936
27.085129 1490.3608
31.58346 1980.7339
36.138515 2535.7089
40.811281 3164.9537
25.675359 1293.8166
34.394788 2296.7027
43.019082 3441.2535
51.661937 4741.2028
60.438544 6216.5712
69.475167 7895.5519
36.899388 2339.2536
57.096702 5544.4249
77.16509 9219.092
97.397592 13417.772
118.10208 18219.884
139.63121 23738.88
74.004287 8294.6314
110.11533 16201.266
146.50972 25395.889
183.8798 36095.826
223.03497 48625.824
265.02483 63477.381
120.63073 16593
210.10834 43623.866
308.72764 77999.872
423.02733 123153.87
0 5 10 12
Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N]
492.75869 2875.117 5232.317 6169.6295113
987.62208 5752.3386 10466.739 12341.3637255
1486.6949 8633.7697 15705.37 18517.3073455
1992.0818 11521.515 20950.315 24699.5650741
2505.8875 14417.679 26203.679 30890.2416144
3030.2167 17324.366 31467.567 37091.4416691
3567.1742 20243.682 36744.083 43305.2699412
4118.8646 23177.731 42035.331 49533.8311336
4687.3925 26128.617 47343.418 55779.2299492
5274.8629 29098.446 52670.446 62043.5710908
5883.3802 32089.321 58018.522 68328.9592614
6515.0493 35103.349 63389.749 74637.4991638

0 5 10 12
Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N]
493.32925 3781.0512 7040.004 8329.96230936
992.18656 7567.6304 14085.536 16665.4526794
1502.1 11365.266 21142.124 25011.9991708
2028.5976 15179.485 28215.297 33375.1298442
2577.2075 19015.817 35310.581 41760.3727603
3153.4576 22879.789 42433.506 50173.2559798
3762.8761 26776.929 49589.599 58619.3075634
4410.9911 30712.766 56784.389 67104.0555717
5103.3305 34692.828 64023.403 75633.0280654
5845.4225 38722.642 71312.17 84211.7531052
6642.7951 42807.736 78656.217 92845.7587518
7500.9763 46953.639 86061.073 101540.573066

0 5 10 12
Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N]
494.82784 5031.7068 9530.3098 11311.3489222
1004.1753 10077.933 19075.139 22637.2174494
1542.5619 15153.199 28649.008 33992.1251868
2124.5074 20272.023 38266.435 45390.5917394
2764.5313 25448.926 47941.941 56847.1367122
3477.1532 30698.427 57690.045 68376.2797105
4276.8928 36035.045 67525.267 79992.5403391
5178.2695 41473.301 77462.125 91710.4382033
6195.8032 47027.714 87515.141 103544.492908
7344.0132 52712.803 97698.833 115509.224058
8637.4193 58543.088 108027.72 127619.151259
10090.541 64533.089 118516.33 139888.794116

0 5 10 12
Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N]
498.76393 6759.1419 12968.127 15426.7249043
1035.664 13556.42 25974.39 30891.585955
1648.8364 20429.97 39056.926 46432.7192985
2376.4172 27417.929 52253.87 62088.2610814
3256.5426 34558.432 65603.358 77896.3474499
4327.3487 41889.617 79143.528 93895.1145506
5626.9717 49449.618 92912.514 110122.69853
7193.5477 57276.572 106948.45 126617.235534
9065.2129 65408.615 121289.48 143416.86171
11280.103 73883.883 135973.74 160559.713203
13876.355 82740.513 151039.35 178083.926161
16892.105 92016.641 166524.46 196027.63673

0 5 10 12
Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N]
509.10218 9147.4429 17716.293 21109.7387248
1118.37 18395.051 35532.752 42319.6430986
1927.9691 27842.991 53549.542 63729.8787703
3038.0652 37591.428 71866.829 85440.6113888
4548.8239 47740.527 90584.778 107552.006603
6560.4108 58390.455 109803.56 130164.230062
9172.9916 69641.377 129623.33 153377.447415
12486.732 81593.458 150144.26 177291.82431
16601.797 94346.864 171466.52 202007.526397
21618.354 108001.76 193690.26 227624.719325
27636.567 122658.31 216915.67 254243.568741
34756.602 138416.69 241242.89 281964.240297
0 5 10 12
Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N] Pt [N]
2505.8875 14417.679 26220.077 30890.2416144
5274.8629 29098.446 52703.241 62043.5710908
8570.014 44305.388 79712.582 93723.0762912
12654.429 60301.594 107511.19 126191.845078
17791.195 77350.152 136362.14 159712.965312
24243.4 95714.149 166528.54 194549.524857
32274.133 115656.67 198273.46 230964.611573
42146.48 137440.81 231860 269221.313323
54123.531 161329.65 267551.23 309582.71797
68468.372 187586.29 305610.26 352311.913375
85444.092 216473.8 346300.17 397671.987399
105313.78 248255.28 389884 445926.027906

0.8
Sfmin
0
0.2492342
0.9969369
2.2431081
3.9877476
6.2308557
8.9724322
12.212477
15.950991
20.187972
24.923423
30.157342
35.889729
42.120585
48.849909
19380.934
0.8
Sfmin
0
0.2492341
0.9969355
2.2431007
3.9877245
6.2307992
8.972315
12.21226
15.95062
20.187379
24.922518
30.156018
35.887854
42.118002
48.846435
18853.809
0.8
Sfmin
0
0.2260131
0.9040515
2.0341125
3.6161917
5.6502827
8.1363777
11.074467
14.464538
18.306579
22.600573
27.346505
32.544354
38.194102
44.295724
17140.286

0.8
Sfmin
0
0.2081997
0.8327982
1.8737931
3.3311806
5.2049555
7.495111
10.201639
13.324529
16.86377
20.819349
25.191252
29.979462
35.183964
40.804736
15819.986

0.8
Sfmin
0
0.2022482
0.808992
1.8202294
3.2359567
5.0561689
7.2808596
9.910021
12.943644
16.381717
20.224229
24.471166
29.122512
34.178253
39.638368
15377.733
0.8
af[m/s^2]
8.02458
8.0245858
8.0246033
8.0246324
8.0246732
8.0247256
8.0247896
8.0248654
8.0249527
8.0250517
8.0251624
8.0252847
8.0254186
8.0255642
8.0257214
8.4774344

grade

200 250
35.017853 39.151149
126.06427 140.94414

grade

150 200 250


17.155174 19.809089 22.147235
24.26108 28.014282 31.32092
29.713633 34.310348 38.360136
34.310348 39.618178 44.294469
Consum specifc minim= 205 g/kW*H

28.79546
27.29433
26.03612
24.97545
24.07838
23.31908
22.67768
22.13873
21.6902
21.32268
21.02888
20.80322
20.64158
20.54109
20.5
20.51759
20.59417
20.73107
160.000 140.000

140.000 120.000

120.000
100.000

100.000
80.000 Pe(Kw)
80.000 c (g/kW
60.000 C (kg/H
60.000 Me(N*

40.000
40.000

20.000 20.000

0.000 0.000
0.000 2000.000 4000.000 6000.000 8000.000 10000.000 12000.000 14000.000 16000.000
tiunilor la puntea motoare ( l-am adoptat 1,2)

entral

1 0.9781476007
, bilantul de puteri
1+(jmotor*(iki*i0)^2+jroata))/(masa*r^2) pg 103

 k  1  Im 
i tr2   tr

g

I R

g
2 2
r Ga r Ga

0.018

Jm= 0,4...3
JR= 3,0...15
r= 0.311
46.5093
73.60082
102.8768
134.0573
166.8621
201.0113
236.2247
272.2222
308.7239
345.4496
382.1193
418.453
454.1705
488.9918
522.6368
554.8255
585.2778
613.7136
140.000 0

120.000

100.000

80.000 Pe(Kw)
c (g/kW*H)
60.000 C (kg/H)
Me(N*m)

40.000

20.000

0.000
000
700.000

600.000

500.000

400.000

300.000

200.000

100.000

0.000
800.000 2800.000 4800.000 6800.000 8800.000 10800.000 12
700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0
000 8800.000 10800.000 12800.000 14800.000
1600.000

1400.000

1200.000

1000.000

800.000

600.000

400.000

200.000

0.000
0.000 100.000 200.000 300.000 400.000 500.000 600
Treapta1
Treapta2
Treapta3
Treapta4
Treapta5
Treapta6

0.000 500.000 600.000


0.500
0.450
0.400
0.350
Treap
0.300 Treap
0.250 Treap
Treap
0.200
Treap
0.150 Treap
0.100
0.050
0.000
0.000 100.000 200.000 300.000 400.000 500.000 600.000
Treapta1
Treapta2
Treapta3
Treapta4
Treapta5
Treapta6

00 500.000 600.000
4.500

4.000

3.500

3.000

2.500

2.000

1.500

1.000

0.500

0.000
0.000 100.000 200.000 300.000 400.000
Treapta1
Treapta2
Treapta3
Treapta4
Treapta5
Treapta6

300.000 400.000 500.000 600.000


3.000

2.500

2.000

1.500

1.000

0.500

0.000
0.000 50.000 100.000 150.000 200.000 250.000 300.000 350.000
Treapta1
Treapta2
Treapta3
Treapta4
Treapta5
Treapta6

0 250.000 300.000 350.000 400.000 450.000 500.000


td [s] td [s]
450

400

350

300

250

200

150

100

50

0
0.000 50.000 100.000 150.000 200.000 250.000 300.000
td [s]

td [s]

Vs [m/s]
0.000 200.000 250.000 300.000 350.000 400.000 450.000
Sd [m
140000

120000

100000

80000

60000

40000

20000

0
0.000 100.000 200.000 300
Sd [m]

Sd [m]

100.000 200.000 300.000 400.000 500.000


160000

140000

120000

100000
PR
[N]
; Pt 80000
[N]

60000
0
5
10 40000
12

20000

0
0.000 100.000 200.000
Treapta 1
Treapta 2
Treapta 3
Treapta 4
Treapta 5
Treapta 6
12
10
5
0

0 100.000 200.000 300.000 400.000 500.000 600.000


Va [m/s]
Treapta 1
Treapta 2
Treapta 3
Treapta 4
Treapta 5
Treapta 6
12
10
5
0
9

0
0 100 200 300
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8

100 200 300 400 500 600


Vcr[m
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0 50 100 150
Vcr[m/s]

Vcr[m/s]

50 100 150 200 250 300


50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0 50 100 150
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8

50 100 150 200 250 300