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Capitolul 6

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TEHNOLOGIA

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29

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agricultura Romniei. n 1997- JUkXO L SRUXPEXO  DX RFXSDW  GLQ WHUHQXO DUDELO UHVSHFWLY
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cereale revenind grului, iar 53% porumbului.


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-i spori eficacitatea, se

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,&,7,' %

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, rata profitului este negaWLY  vQ


FRQGL LLOH GH LULJDUH vQV   P /ha) pe fond de 150kg N +60kg P2O5/ha s-D RE LQXW XQ VSRU GH
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SURGXF LHGH FXP DS RE LQkQGX-se 1 kg spor).
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DS Ka se asociD]  NJ 1NJ 32O5/ha, caz n care rata profitului a fost cea mai mare
La grul neirigat de la

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-se cu 0,023-0,04 m3DS 


Q FRQGL LLOH Gin Dobrogea SHQWUX FXOWXUD GH JUkX OLPLWD PLQLP  D UHQWDELOLW LL OD QHLULJDW
este de 3890kg/ha, iar la irigat 4600kg/ha.
Prin administrarea a 180kg N +80kg P2O5KDVSRUXOGHSURGXF LHDDMXQVODXQNJ1

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n zona podzolului de la

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-se 24,1kg gru. n

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Porumbul, pe podzROGHYLQHUHQWDELOODSURGXF LLPDLPDULGHNJKD$GPLQLVWUkQGvQV 


120kg N + 100kg P2O5 + 80kg K22 VH RE LQ SURGXF LL GH NJKD FkQG UDWD SURILWXOXL HVWH FHD
mai mare (34,5%). Randamentul energetic este n favoarea variantei nefertilizate (16,94).
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(120kg N+80kg P2O5+ 80kg K22KD VSRUXOGHSURGXF LHODJUkXDIRVWGHLDUUDWDSURILWXOXL
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n ]RQD %U LOHL VSRUXO PD[LP GH SURGXF LH OD JUkX   V-D RE LQXW OD LULJDW L SULQ
administrarea a 150kg N/ha, rata profitului ajungnd la 35,22%.
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29

Sursa: Mariana Bran, 1999.

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deficitari la tehnologie.
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VSRUXUL GH DSUR[LPDWLY  ID

ii mai mari de 8t la hectar, cu

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SURILWXOUHDOL]DWGHDVRFLD LH
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din punct de vedere economic-SHQWUXFXOWLYDUHDJUkXOXLLSRUXPEXOXLSHVXSUDIH HPDULSXWkQGX-se


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reduse, respectiv rentabile.