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UNIVERSITATEA TEHNIC DE CONSTRUCII BUCURETI

FACULTATEA DE GEODEZIE

MONITORIZAREA 3D A
TERENURILOR I
CONSTRUCIILOR

ILIU N. NICOLAE
MASTER SICPI
An I Grupa I
ILIUT N. NICOLAE

2011-2012

PARTEA DE PLANIMETRIE
TEMA LUCRARII:
In reteaua de urmarire a comportarii constructiilor din schita nr. 1 au fost
efectuate masuratori de directii si distante orizontale in doua etape: la etapa t0 si la
etapa t1.
Se dau:
1. coordonatele provizorii ale punctelor retelei;
2. directii masurate ntre punctele de sprijin, si ntre punctele de sprijin si punctele
obiect;
3. distante orizontale masurate ntre punctele de sprijin, si ntre punctele de sprijin si
punctele obiect.
Se cere:
1. calculul unghiului provizoriu de orientare al statiilor, si a distantelor provizorii;
2. formarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare;
3. normalizarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare;
4. compensarea retelei ca o retea libera n cele doua etape de masuratori:
4.1. inversarea matricii normale;
4.2. calculul parametrilor;
4.3. calculul corectiilor;
4.4. evaluarea preciziei masuratorilor n cele doua etape;
5. realizarea testului global de congruenta;
6. localizarea punctelor deplasate.

ILIUT N. NICOLAE

ETAPA T0

Coordonatele provizorii
Pct
S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

Directii

masurate

in

Distante masurate in etapa t0

ILIUT N. NICOLAE

etapa

X[m]
3009.2128
3034.8676
3020.5960
3000.0000
2999.9996
3000.0000
2983.1414
2983.0994
2991.8312

t0

Y[m]
4975.0272
5018.4186
5035.1176
5011.5377
5007.3730
5000.0000
5000.1563
5007.7662
5011.7044

PS

PV

D(m)

S3
S3
S3
S3
S3
S3
S3

S1
S2
T5
T6
T1
T2
T3

61.1586
21.9670
46.4113
37.0890
31.3095
34.5533
40.7115

S2
S2
S2
S2
S2

S1
S3
T1
T2
T3

50.4094
21.9670
35.5420
36.5765
39.4350

S1
S1
S1
S1
S1
S1

S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
S2

61.1581
37.6545
33.6360
26.6253
36.2115
50.4080

ETAPE DE CALCUL
1. Calculul unghiului provizoriu de orientare al statiilor, si a distantelor
provizorii:
a. calculul unghiului provizoriu de

PS

orientare al statiilor.
S1

*ij arctg

Yij
X ij

i {S1, S 2, S 3, T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4, T 5,56}
z
*
i

[ *ij ij0 ]

S2

n
i {S1, S 2, S 3}

n = numarul de statii vizate


S3

PV

*ij

D*ij

S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
S2
S1
S3
T1
T2
T3
S1
S2
T5
T6
T1
T2
T3

11.3832
-9.2128
-9.2132
-9.2128
-26.0714
25.6548
-25.6548
-14.2716
-34.8676
-34.8680
-34.8676
-11.3832
14.2716
-37.4966
-28.7648
-20.5960
-20.5964
-20.5960

60.0904
36.5105
32.3458
24.9728
25.1291
43.3914
-43.3914
16.6990
-6.8809
-11.0456
-18.4186
-60.0904
-16.6990
-27.3514
-23.4132
-23.5799
-27.7446
-35.1176

88.0814
115.7355
117.6653
122.4997
151.1715
66.0074
266.0074
145.0205
212.4039
219.5304
230.9389
288.0814
345.0205
240.1204
243.4933
254.2936
259.3460
266.2322

61.159
37.654
33.632
26.618
36.210
50.408
50.408
21.966
35.540
36.575
39.433
61.159
21.966
46.412
37.089
31.308
34.553
40.711

b. calculul distantelor provizorii:

Dij*

X ij2

Yij2

i {S1, S 2, S 3}
j {S1, S 2, S 3, T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4, T 5, T 6}
X ij
Dij
cos ij
Dij

ILIUT N. NICOLAE

Yij
sin ij

2. Formarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare:


Intocmirea ecuatiilor de corectie:
a. intocmirea ecuatiilor de corectie pentru
directii masurate:
- calculul coeficientilor de directie aij si bij
aij

cc

bij cc

unde:

sin *ij
[ Dij* ]
cos *ij
*
ij

[D ]

cc

cc

bij 636620 cc

CONTROL:

aij [mm]

bij [mm]

tg *ij

Control

S3

88.0814

61.1591

-10.2274

1.9374

5.2788671

-5.2788671

T1

115.7355

37.6549

-16.3929

-4.1365

-3.963019

3.96301884

T2

117.6653

33.6323

-18.2047

-5.1853

-3.510811

3.51081058

T3

122.4997

26.6180

-22.4387

-8.2779

-2.710663

2.71066342

T4

151.1715

36.2104

-12.2009

-12.6584

-0.963857

0.96385695

S2

66.0074

50.4082

-10.8713

6.4276

1.691356

-1.691356

S1

266.0074

50.4082

10.8713

-6.4276

1.691356

-1.691356

S3
T1
T2

145.0205
212.4039
219.5304

21.9667
35.5401
36.5757

-22.0314
3.4681
5.2563

-18.8289
-17.5738
-16.5929

-1.170086
0.1973437
0.3167833

1.17008605
-0.1973437
-0.3167833

sin *ij

T3

230.9389

39.4334

7.5406

-14.2749

0.528244

-0.528244

*
ij m

[D ]

S1

288.0814

61.1591

10.2274

-1.9374

5.2788671

-5.2788671

cos *ij

S2

345.0205

21.9667

22.0314

18.8289

-1.170086

1.17008605

T5
T6

240.1204
243.4933

46.4122
37.0890

8.0834
10.8356

-11.0817
-13.3123

0.7294368
0.8139532

-0.7294368
-0.8139532

T1

254.2936

31.3083

15.3146

-13.3766

1.1448776

-1.1448776

T2

259.3460

34.5539

14.7933

-10.9819

1.3470607

-1.3470607

T3

266.2322

40.7117

13.4886

-7.9109

1.7050689

-1.7050689

S1

X ij*
* 2
ij

(D )

sin *ij
[ D ] 10
*
ij m

cos *ij
[ Dij* ] m 10 3

bij

636620

ctg *ij

cc

636620 cc

tg

aij aij

bij bij

D*ij

( Dij* ) 2

cc

aij

bij

*ij

i {S1, S 2, S 3}
j {S1, S 2, S 3, T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4, T 5, T 6}

a ij 636620

bij

PV

Yij*

PS

*
ij

[ Dij* ]m

S2

S3

b.

c. calculul termenilor liberi pentru ecuatiile de


corectie pe directii:

formarea ecuatiilor de corectie pentru directii:

vij( a ) dz i a ij dx j bij dy j a ij dxi bij dy i l ij( a ) / Pij( a )

l ij( a ) ( *ij ij0 ) z i*

Pij( a ) 1

CONTROL:

Pct
statie

S1

S2

S3

Pct
vizat

S3

260.14183

88.0814

T1

287.79605

T2

[l ] k 0
k {S1, S 2, S 3}

Necunoscute
dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

227.9396

10.2274

-1.9374

115.7355

227.9395

16.3929

4.1365

289.72408

117.6653

227.9412

18.2047

5.1853

T3

294.55934

122.4997

227.9403

22.4387

8.2779

T4

323.22724

151.1715

227.9443

12.2009

12.6584

S2

238.06522

66.0074

227.9422

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

227.9412

90.3359

21.8931

-10.8713

6.4276

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

S3

209.57085

145.0205

335.4497

22.0314

18.8289

T1

276.9518

212.4039

335.4521

-3.4681

17.5738

T2

284.07773

219.5304

335.4526

-5.2563

16.5929

T3

295.48613

230.9389

335.4527

-7.5406

14.2749

-5.1050

73.6980

10.2274

-1.9374

1.9374

-10.2274
-22.0314

1.9374

dyT2[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

dxT6[mm]

dyT6[mm]

-5.1853
-8.2779

-4.1365

-18.2047

-5.1853

-22.4387

-8.2779

-12.2009

-12.6584
-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

7.5406

-14.2749

30.8796

9.9235
0.0000

-2.5742

-20.6261

3.8348

9.1681

10.1973

-9.9011

-20.2497

29.8157

16.3127

23.4636

T6

208.09266

243.4933

35.4006

-10.8356

13.3123

T1

218.88793

254.2936

35.4057

-15.3146

13.3766

T2

223.94169

259.3460

35.4043

-14.7933

10.9819

T3

230.82715

266.2322

35.4050

-13.4886

7.9109

-94.7741

39.7719

8.0834

0.0000

-8.6405

11.0817

0.0000

-40.2139

-8.0834

0.0000

0.5087

35.4017

0.0000

-18.8289

240.1204

0.0000

-17.0294

-22.0314

204.71875

-16.5929

0.7727

T5

5.2563

-15.6418

35.3986

-17.5738

1.9374

345.0205

3.4681

-16.5929
-14.2749

Term
liber

0.0000

-17.5738
7.5406

Pon
dere

-10.2274

309.62186

18.8289

dyT5[mm]

-18.8289

S2

22.0314

dxT5[mm]

-22.0314

35.4027

18.8289

dyT4[mm]

-4.1365

5.2563

288.0814

22.0314

-16.3929

3.4681

252.6787

-1.9374

dxT2[mm]

-18.8289

S1

10.2274

dyT1[mm]

-12.2009

335.4515

-6.4276

-10.2274

dxT1[mm]

-22.4387

266.0074

10.8713

dyS3[mm]

-18.2047

330.55593

335.4517

dxS3[mm]

-16.3929

S1

35.4027

d. sistemul liniar al ecuatiilor de corectie pentru directii masurate:


- se va scrie sistemul de ecuatii format

-11.0817
10.8356

15.3146

-13.3123

-13.3766
14.7933

15.3146

0.0000

-13.3766

14.7933

-10.9819
-10.9819

13.4886

-7.9109

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

10.8356

-13.3123

0.0000

0.0000

e. aplicarea regulii I Schreiber:


[ Pk l ] Pk [l ] k 0

[v ' ]i [ Pi a] dxi [ Pi b] dy i ................. [ Pl ] / Pi '

'
unde: Pk

1
[ Pk ]

k {S1, S 2, S 3}

Pct
Statie

S1

S2

S3

Pct Vizat

Necunoscute
dxT2[mm] dyT2[mm]

Pondere

Term
liber

dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

dxS3[mm]

dyS3[mm]

dxT1[mm]

dyT1[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

dyT4[mm]

dxT5[mm]

dyT5[mm]

dxT6[mm]

dyT6[mm]

S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
S2

10.2274
16.3929
18.2047
22.4387
12.2009
10.8713

-1.9374
4.1365
5.1853
8.2779
12.6584
-6.4276

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-10.8713

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
6.4276

-10.2274
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

1.9374
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
-16.3929
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
-4.1365
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
-18.2047
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
-5.1853
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-22.4387
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-8.2779
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-12.2009
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-12.6584
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

1
1
1
1
1
1

-15.64
-17.03
0.51
-8.64
30.88
9.92

S1'

90.3359

21.8931

-10.8713

6.4276

-10.2274

1.9374

-16.3929

-4.1365

-18.2047

-5.1853

-22.4387

-8.2779

-12.2009

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.2

0.00

S1
S3
T1
T2
T3
S2'
S1
S2
T5
T6
T1
T2
T3
S3'

10.8713
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
10.8713
10.2274
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
10.2274

-6.4276
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-6.4276
-1.9374
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-1.9374

-10.8713
22.0314
-3.4681
-5.2563
-7.5406
-5.1050
0.0000
22.0314
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
22.0314

6.4276
18.8289
17.5738
16.5929
14.2749
73.6980
0.0000
18.8289
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
18.8289

0.0000
-22.0314
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-22.0314
-10.2274
-22.0314
-8.0834
-10.8356
-15.3146
-14.7933
-13.4886
-94.7741

0.0000
-18.8289
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-18.8289
1.9374
-18.8289
11.0817
13.3123
13.3766
10.9819
7.9109
39.7719

0.0000
0.0000
3.4681
0.0000
0.0000
3.4681
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
15.3146
0.0000
0.0000
15.3146

0.0000
0.0000
-17.5738
0.0000
0.0000
-17.5738
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-13.3766
0.0000
0.0000
-13.3766

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
5.2563
0.0000
5.2563
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
14.7933
0.0000
14.7933

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-16.5929
0.0000
-16.5929
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-10.9819
0.0000
-10.9819

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
7.5406
7.5406
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
13.4886
13.4886

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-14.2749
-14.2749
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-7.9109
-7.9109

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
8.0834
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
8.0834

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-11.0817
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-11.0817

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
10.8356
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
10.8356

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-13.3123
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-13.3123

1
1
1
1
1
-0.2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-0.1

-2.57
-20.63
3.83
9.17
10.20
0.00
0.77
-40.21
-9.90
-20.25
29.82
16.31
23.46
0.00

21 ec si 18 necunoscute

f. aplicarea regulii II Schreiber


- se plica ecuatiile reciproce

v "i

ai

dx

bi
unde:

Pct
Statie

Pct
Vizat

dy

[ P ] Pi Pj

Necunoscute
dxT2[mm] dyT2[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-18.2047
-5.1853
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0
0
0
0
5
-17
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
-11
0
0
-18.2047
-5.1853

S1'

dyS1[mm]
-1.9374
4.1365
5.1853
8.2779
12.6584
-6.4276
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
21.8931

dxS2[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-10.8713
22
-3
-5
-8
0
0
0
0
0
-10.8713

dyS2[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
6.4276
19
18
17
14
0
0
0
0
0
6.4276

dxS3[mm]
-10.2274
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-22
0
0
0
-8
-11
-15
-15
-13
-10.2274

dyS3[mm]
1.9374
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-19
0
0
0
11
13
13
11
8
1.9374

dxT1[mm]
0.0000
-16.3929
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0
3
0
0
0
0
15
0
0
-16.3929

dyT1[mm]
0.0000
-4.1365
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0
-18
0
0
0
0
-13
0
0
-4.1365

S2'

10.8713

-6.4276

-5.1050

73.6980

-22.0314

-18.8289

3.4681

-17.5738

5.2563

S3'

10.2274

-1.9374

22.0314

18.8289

-94.7741

39.7719

15.3146

-13.3766

14.7933

S1

S2

S3

S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T5
T6
T1
T2
T3

18 ecuatii cu 18 necunoscute

ai

dx i

bi

dy i

i, j {S1, S 2, S 3}

[ Pl ] Pi lij Pj lij

dxS1[mm]
10.2274
16.3929
18.2047
22.4387
12.2009
10.8713
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
90.3359

Pondere

Term
liber

2
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
2.0
2.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
-0.2

-7.43
-17.03
0.51
-8.64
30.88
3.67
-30.42
3.83
9.17
10.20
-9.90
-20.25
29.82
16.31
23.46
0.00

0.0000

-0.2

0.00

-13.3123

-0.1

0.00

dxT3[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-22.4387
0.0000
0.0000
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
13
-22.4387

dyT3[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-8.2779
0.0000
0.0000
0
0
0
-14
0
0
0
0
-8
-8.2779

dxT4[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-12.2009
0.0000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-12.2009

dyT4[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-12.6584
0.0000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-12.6584

dxT5[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
0.0000

dyT5[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0
0
0
0
-11
0
0
0
0
0.0000

dxT6[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0
0
0
0
0
11
0
0
0
0.0000

dyT6[mm]
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0
0
0
0
0
-13
0
0
0
0.0000

-16.5929

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-10.9819

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

10.8356

g. intocmirea ecuatiilor de corectie pentru distante masurate:


- calculul coeficientilor Aij si Bij :

PS

Aij
Bij

unde:
Control:

*
ij
*
ij

cos ij

Y
sin ij
D
*
ij
*
ij

i {S1, S 2, S 3}
j {S1, S 2, S 3, T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4, T 5, T 6}

Aij
Bij

PV

*ij

S3

88.0814

T1

115.7355

T2

117.6653

T3

122.4997

T4

151.1715

S2

66.0074

S1

266.0074

S3

145.0205

T1

212.4039

T2

219.5304

T3

230.9389

S1

288.0814

S2

345.0205

T5

240.1204

T6

243.4933

T1

254.2936

T2

259.3460

T3

266.2322

S1

ctg *ij

S2

S3

ctg
0.18943
5
0.25233
3
0.28483
5
0.36891
3
1.03749
8
0.59124
2
0.59124
2
0.85463
8
5.06730
2
3.15673
2
1.89306
5
0.18943
5
0.85463
8
1.37092
1
1.22857
2
0.87345
6
0.74235
7
0.58648
7

Aij

ctg *ij

Aij

Bij

0.1861

0.9825

0.189435

-0.2447

0.9696

-0.252333

-0.2739

0.9617

-0.284835

-0.3461

0.9382

-0.368913

-0.7200

0.6940

-1.037498

0.5089

0.8608

0.591242

-0.5089

-0.8608

0.591242

-0.6497

0.7602

-0.854638

-0.9811

-0.1936

5.067302

-0.9533

-0.3020

3.156732

-0.8842

-0.4671

1.893065

-0.1861

-0.9825

0.189435

0.6497

-0.7602

-0.854638

-0.8079

-0.5893

1.370921

-0.7756

-0.6313

1.228572

-0.6578

-0.7532

0.873456

-0.5961

-0.8029

0.742357

-0.5059

-0.8626

0.586487

Bij

h. formarea ecuatiilor de corectie pentru distante:


vij( D ) Aij dx j Bij dy j Aij dxi Bij dyi lij( D ) / Pij( D )

Pct
Statie

S1

S2

S3

Pct
Vizat

Necunoscute
dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

S3

-0.1861

-0.9825

T1

0.2447

-0.9696

T2

0.2739

-0.9617

T3

0.3461

-0.9382

T4

0.7200

-0.6940

S2

-0.5089

-0.8608

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

dxS3[mm]

dyS3[mm]

0.1861

0.9825

dxT1[mm]
-0.2447

dyT1[mm]

dxT2[mm]

dyT2[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

0.6497

-0.7602

T1

0.9811

0.1936

T2

0.9533

0.3020

T3

0.8842

0.4671

-0.6497

dxT6[mm]

0.6940

0.7602
-0.9811

-0.1936
-0.9533

-0.3020
-0.8842

T5

0.8079

0.5893

T6

0.7756

0.6313

T1

0.6578

0.7532

T2

0.5961

0.8029

T1

0.5059

0.8626

-0.4671
-0.8079

-0.5893
-0.7756

-0.6578

-0.7532
-0.5961

-0.8029
-0.5059

-0.8626

Pondere
0.9559

-0.983

0.9997

-0.411

1.0075

3.667

1.0213

7.328

1.0025

1.148

0.9755

-0.158

1.0306

0.317

1.0038

1.934

1.0018

0.788

0.9963

1.583

0.9830

-0.919

1.0008

0.031

1.0120

1.244

1.0057

-0.636

0.9938

-0.182

dyT6[mm]

0.9382
-0.7200

S3

dyT5[mm]

0.9617
-0.3461

0.8608

dxT5[mm]

0.9696
-0.2739

0.5089

dyT4[mm]

Term
liber
[mm]

-0.6313

i. calculul termenilor liberi pentru ecuatiile de corectie pentru distante:


l ij( D ) ( Dij* Dij0 ) mm

j. calculul ponderilor ecuatiilor de corectie pe distante:


Pij( D )
c

c
D2

2
k

unde:

k numarul de statii
Di 2mm 2 ppm Di

k. sistemul liniar al ecuatiilor de corectie pentru distante masurate:


- se va scrie sistemul de ecuatii format
l. numarul total al ecuatiilor de corectie si al necunoscutelor:
- se va scrie sistemul format din ecuatiile de directie si de distante.
nT numarul total de ecuatii, directii si distante
u numarul de necunoscute ramase

A=

10.2274

-1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

-10.2274

1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

16.3929
18.2047

4.1365
5.1853

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-16.3929
0.0000

-4.1365
0.0000

0.0000
-18.2047

0.0000
-5.1853

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

22.4387
12.2009

8.2779
12.6584

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-22.4387
0.0000

-8.2779
0.0000

0.0000
-12.2009

0.0000
-12.6584

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

10.8713
0.0000

-6.4276
0.0000

-10.8713
22.0314

6.4276
18.8289

0.0000
-22.0314

0.0000
-18.8289

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-3.4681
-5.2563

17.5738
16.5929

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

3.4681
0.0000

-17.5738
0.0000

0.0000
5.2563

0.0000
-16.5929

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-7.5406
0.0000

14.2749
0.0000

0.0000
-8.0834

0.0000
11.0817

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

7.5406
0.0000

-14.2749
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
8.0834

0.0000
-11.0817

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-10.8356
-15.3146

13.3123
13.3766

0.0000
15.3146

0.0000
-13.3766

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

10.8356
0.0000

-13.3123
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-14.7933
-13.4886

10.9819
7.9109

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

14.7933
0.0000

-10.9819
0.0000

0.0000
13.4886

0.0000
-7.9109

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

90.3359
10.8713

21.8931
-6.4276

-10.8713
-5.1050

6.4276
73.6980

-10.2274
-22.0314

1.9374
-18.8289

-16.3929
3.4681

-4.1365
-17.5738

-18.2047
5.2563

-5.1853
-16.5929

-22.4387
7.5406

-8.2779
-14.2749

-12.2009
0.0000

-12.6584
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

10.2274

-1.9374

22.0314

18.8289

-94.7741

39.7719

15.3146

-13.3766

14.7933

-10.9819

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

10.8356

-13.3123

-0.1861
0.2447

-0.9825
-0.9696

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.1861
0.0000

0.9825
0.0000

0.0000
-0.2447

0.0000
0.9696

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.2739
0.3461

-0.9617
-0.9382

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-0.2739
0.0000

0.9617
0.0000

0.0000
-0.3461

0.0000
0.9382

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.7200
-0.5089

-0.6940
-0.8608

0.0000
0.5089

0.0000
0.8608

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-0.7200
0.0000

0.6940
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.6497
0.9811

-0.7602
0.1936

-0.6497
0.0000

0.7602
0.0000

0.0000
-0.9811

0.0000
-0.1936

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.9533
0.8842

0.3020
0.4671

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-0.9533
0.0000

-0.3020
0.0000

0.0000
-0.8842

0.0000
-0.4671

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.8079
0.7756

0.5893
0.6313

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

-0.8079
0.0000

-0.5893
0.0000

0.0000
-0.7756

0.0000
-0.6313

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.6578
0.5961

0.7532
0.8029

-0.6578
0.0000

-0.7532
0.0000

0.0000
-0.5961

0.0000
-0.8029

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.5059

0.8626

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.5059

-0.8626

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

P=

-0.2

-0.2

-0.1

0.9559

0.9997

1.007

1.021

1.0025

0.976

1.031

1.004

1.002

0.996

0.983

1.001

1.012

1.0057

0.994

3. Normalizarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare


N AT PA
A matricea coeficientilor
P matricea ponderilor
N matricea sistemului normal

N=

300.452721
9.464540
-94.034910
-145.197251
131.123963
-6.885083
-51.891114
52.461153
-90.4401391
36.0604823
-201.883786
-18.1863896
34.31486757
36.64167022
-11.8102903
16.19097132
-15.8313127
19.44990616

9.464540
279.107260
178.528153
-6.852368
22.219984
-28.696243
0.940910
-29.250458
-16.8542209
-33.2689052
-90.1119246
-59.7582829
-109.423717
-114.529388
2.237277453
-3.06712994
2.99899815
-3.68448491

-94.034910
178.528153
1212.745977
462.531644
-713.937108
-970.032187
-87.354941
77.419731
-102.717154
95.1566601
-133.050736
102.555385
-22.1066416
-22.9356043
-25.4412767
34.8779725
-34.1032096
41.8982455

-145.19725
-6.852368
462.531644
437.467285
-238.52546
-541.17280
-13.994027
-9.433242
-10.836349
4.25183781
-16.159936
36.5629312
13.0703657
13.560483
-21.743082
29.8080407
-29.145899
35.8078329

131.123963
22.219984
-713.93710
-238.52546
603.120285
543.032840
-40.288651
-61.238573
-26.779504
-68.660584
-4.5943389
-77.843104
-20.797155
-21.577014
43.4594433
-60.927078
28.6930656
-36.481004

-6.885083
-28.696243
-970.032187
-541.172800
543.032840
1085.414570
135.695707
-168.348695
103.598068
-119.664863
65.2767306
-69.4573786
3.93970038
4.08743268
43.1826721
-60.1830277
82.1915521
-101.978996

-51.891114
0.940910
-87.354941
-13.994027
-40.288651
135.695707
436.054903
-167.38731
-85.748412
21.368088
-96.046333
4.59218651
-33.334603
-34.584596
-17.684859
24.2445395
-23.705982
29.1245046

52.461153
-29.250458
77.419731
-9.433242
-61.238573
-168.34869
-167.38731
416.252326
34.1933281
-82.880553
36.8100202
-70.997047
-8.4114169
-8.7268312
15.4469427
-21.176533
20.7061277
-25.438967

-90.440139
-16.854221
-102.71715
-10.836349
-26.779504
103.598068
-85.748412
34.193328
487.2008369
-129.854815
-104.514725
6.608768798
-37.0189981
-38.4071498
-17.0828692
23.41925874
-22.8990343
28.13311047

36.060482
-33.268905
95.156660
4.251838
-68.660584
-119.66486
21.368088
-82.880553
-129.85482
347.709701
26.7936084
-66.93727
-10.544288
-10.939682
12.6815888
-17.385452
16.99926
-20.884813

-201.88378
-90.111925
-133.05073
-16.159936
-4.594339
65.276731
-96.046338
36.810020
-104.51473
26.7936084
622.174436
-22.274655
-45.628698
-47.339699
-15.576294
21.3538641
-20.879519
25.6519911

-18.186390
-59.758283
102.555385
36.562931
-77.843104
-69.457379
4.592187
-70.997047
6.6087688
-66.93727
-22.274655
275.619597
-16.833037
-17.464248
9.1352871
-12.523754
12.2455572
-15.044548

34.314868
-109.42371
-22.106642
13.070366
-20.797155
3.939700
-33.334604
-8.411417
-37.018998
-10.544288
-45.628698
-16.833037
124.571228
128.202393
0
0
0
0

36.641670
-114.52938
-22.935604
13.560483
-21.577014
4.087433
-34.584596
-8.726831
-38.40715
-10.939682
-47.339699
-17.464248
128.202393
134.012233
0
0
0
0

-11.81029
2.237277
-25.44127
-21.74308
43.459443
43.182672
-17.68485
15.446943
-17.08287
12.681589
-15.57629
9.1352871
0
0
56.648778
-76.31335
-12.51263
15.372668

16.190971
-3.067130
34.877972
29.808041
-60.927078
-60.183028
24.244540
-21.176533
23.41925874
-17.3854523
21.3538641
-12.5237540
0
0
-76.3133536
105.6025644
17.15382517
-21.0747078

-15.831313
2.998998
-34.103210
-29.145899
28.693066
82.191552
-23.705983
20.706128
-22.8990343
16.99926004
-20.8795193
12.24555725
0
0
-12.5126313
17.15382517
101.2386244
-123.149421

19.4499062
-3.6844849
41.8982455
35.8078329
-36.481004
-101.979
29.1245046
-25.438967
28.1331105
-20.884813
25.6519911
-15.044548
0
0
15.3726675
-21.074708
-123.14942
152.298684

4. compensarea retelei ca o retea libera in cele doua etape de


masuratori:
4.1. inversa matricii normale:
N 0

X N

A PL

L vectorul termenilor liberi


X vectorul parametrilor
N matrice singulara (nu are inversa)

G(2n,3) matrice auxiliare


n numarul de puncte

Y10

0
1

1
0

X 10
Y20

X 20

coordonate reduse la centrul de greutate:


n

Xn

Xi
i 1

n
X Xi Xm
0
i

Pct
S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

X (m)
3009.213
3034.868
3020.596
3000.000
3000.000
3000.000
2983.141
2983.099
2991.831

Yn

Y
i 1

n
Yi Yi Ym
0

Y (m)
4975.027
5018.419
5035.118
5011.538
5007.373
5000.000
5000.156
5007.766
5011.704
Pct
S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

X0 (m)
6.685
32.340
18.068
-2.528
-2.528
-2.528
-19.386
-19.428
-10.696

Y0 (m)
-32.428
10.963
27.662
4.082
-0.083
-7.456
-7.299
0.311
4.249

CONTROL:

G=

1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

-32.428
-6.685
10.963
-32.340
27.662
-18.068
4.082
2.528
-0.083
2.528
-7.456
2.528
-7.299
19.386
0.311
19.428
4.249
10.696

N G 0

N*G=

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

- matricea N se bordeaza cu matricea auxiliara G, matricea rezultata are urmatoarea forma:

G
300.452721
9.464540

9.464540
279.107260

-94.034910
178.528153

145.197251
-6.852368

-94.034910

178.528153

1212.745977

462.531644

-145.197251

-6.852368

462.531644

437.467285

131.123963

22.219984

-713.937108

-6.885083

-28.696243

-970.032187

238.525466
541.172800

131.123963
22.219984
713.937108
238.525466

-6.885083
-28.696243

-51.891114
0.940910

52.461153
-29.250458

-90.440139
-16.854221

36.060482

201.883786

N

(G T G ) 1 G T

-18.186390

34.314868

36.641670

11.810290

-59.758283

109.423717

-114.529388

2.237277

-33.268905

-90.111925

102.555385

-22.106642

-22.935604

16.190971

-15.831313

19.449906

1.0000

0.0000

-32.4285

-3.067130

2.998998

-3.684485

0.0000

1.0000

-6.6852

34.877972

-34.103210

41.898246

1.0000

0.0000

10.9629

29.808041

-29.145899

35.807833

0.0000

1.0000

-32.3400

-970.032187

-87.354941

77.419731

-102.717154

95.156660

133.050736

-541.172800

-13.994027

-9.433242

-10.836349

4.251838

-16.159936

36.562931

13.070366

13.560483

603.120285

543.032840

-40.288651

-61.238573

-26.779504

-68.660584

-4.594339

-77.843104

-20.797155

-21.577014

43.459443

-60.927078

28.693066

-36.481004

1.0000

0.0000

27.6619

543.032840

1085.414570

135.695707

103.598068

-119.664863

65.276731

-69.457379

3.939700

4.087433

43.182672

-60.183028

82.191552

101.978996

0.0000

1.0000

-18.0684

24.244540

-23.705983

29.124505

1.0000

0.0000

4.0820

-21.176533

20.706128

-25.438967

0.0000

1.0000

2.5276

23.419259

-22.899034

28.133110

1.0000

0.0000

-0.0827

-17.385452

16.999260

-20.884813

0.0000

1.0000

2.5280

21.353864

-20.879519

25.651991

1.0000

0.0000

-7.4557

-12.523754

12.245557

-15.044548

0.0000

1.0000

2.5276

-51.891114

0.940910

-87.354941

-13.994027

-40.288651

135.695707

436.054903

52.461153

-29.250458

77.419731

-9.433242

-61.238573

-168.348695

-167.387312

168.348695
167.387312
416.252326

-90.440139

-16.854221

-102.717154

-10.836349

-26.779504

103.598068

-85.748412

34.193328

487.200837

25.441277
21.743082

G (G T G ) 1

36.060482

-33.268905

95.156660

4.251838

-68.660584

-119.664863

21.368088

-82.880553

-129.854815

-82.880553
129.854815
347.709701

-66.937270

-10.544288

-10.939682

-201.883786

-90.111925

-133.050736

-16.159936

-4.594339

65.276731

-96.046338

36.810020

-104.514725

26.793608

622.174436

-22.274655

-45.628698

-47.339699

-18.186390

-59.758283

102.555385

36.562931

-77.843104

-69.457379

4.592187

-70.997047

6.608769

-66.937270

-22.274655

275.619597

-16.833037

-17.464248

17.684859
15.446943
17.082869
12.681589
15.576294
9.135287

34.314868

-109.423717

-22.106642

13.070366

-20.797155

3.939700

-33.334604

-8.411417

-37.018998

-10.544288

-45.628698

-16.833037

124.571228

128.202393

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

1.0000

0.0000

-7.2994

36.641670

-114.529388

-22.935604

13.560483

-21.577014

4.087433

-34.584596

-8.726831

-38.407150

-10.939682

-47.339699

-17.464248

128.202393

134.012233

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

0.0000

1.0000

19.3862

-11.810290

2.237277

-25.441277

-21.743082

43.459443

43.182672

-17.684859

15.446943

-17.082869

12.681589

-15.576294

9.135287

0.000000

0.000000

-76.313354

-12.512631

15.372668

1.0000

0.0000

0.3105

16.190971

-3.067130

34.877972

29.808041

-60.927078

-60.183028

24.244540

-21.176533

23.419259

-17.385452

21.353864

0.000000

0.000000

105.602564

17.153825

-21.074708

0.0000

1.0000

19.4282

1.0000

0.0000

4.2487

-85.748412

21.368088

-96.046338

4.592187

-33.334604

-34.584596

34.193328

36.810020
104.514725
26.793608

-70.997047

-8.411417

-8.726831

6.608769

-37.018998

-38.407150

-15.831313

2.998998

-34.103210

-29.145899

28.693066

82.191552

-23.705983

20.706128

-22.899034

16.999260

-20.879519

12.245557

0.000000

0.000000

19.449906

-3.684485

41.898246

35.807833

-36.481004

-101.978996

29.124505

-25.438967

28.133110

-20.884813

25.651991

-15.044548

0.000000

0.000000

56.648778
76.313354
12.512631
15.372668

-32.4285

-6.6852

10.9629

-32.3400

27.6619

-18.0684

4.0820

2.5276

-0.0827

2.5280

-7.4557

2.5276

-7.2994

19.3862

17.153825

101.238624

-21.074708

-123.149422

123.149422
152.298684

0.0000

1.0000

10.6964

0.3105

19.4282

4.2487

10.6964

0.0490

-0.0063

0.0069

0.0115

-0.0065

-0.0024

0.0161

-0.0182

0.0199

-0.0177

0.0266

-0.0167

-0.1309

0.1210

0.0143

-0.0364

0.0046

-0.0348

0.1111

0.0000

-0.0074

-0.0063

0.0772

-0.0313

-0.0236

0.0056

-0.0477

0.0321

0.0092

0.0298

0.0173

0.0260

0.0316

0.0425

0.0579

-0.0486

-0.0556

-0.0498

-0.0664

0.0000

0.1111

-0.0015

0.0069

-0.0313

0.0546

0.0104

0.0423

0.0367

0.0091

0.0154

0.0077

0.0104

0.0051

0.0016

-0.0080

0.0010

-0.0653

-0.0212

-0.0524

-0.0231

0.1111

0.0000

0.0025
-0.0074

0.0115

-0.0236

0.0104

0.0113

-0.0021

0.0132

-0.0057

-0.0068

-0.0044

-0.0092

-0.0020

-0.0134

-0.0409

0.0096

0.0243

0.0130

0.0090

0.0058

0.0000

0.1111

-0.0065

0.0056

0.0423

-0.0021

0.0541

0.0158

0.0238

0.0269

0.0199

0.0256

0.0131

0.0231

0.0436

0.0029

-0.1063

-0.0467

-0.0842

-0.0511

0.1111

0.0000

0.0063

-0.0024

-0.0477

0.0367

0.0132

0.0158

0.0391

-0.0143

0.0048

-0.0144

-0.0012

-0.0145

-0.0119

-0.0015

-0.0468

0.0013

0.0292

-0.0067

0.0213

0.0000

0.1111

-0.0041

0.0161

0.0321

0.0091

-0.0057

0.0238

-0.0143

0.0348

0.0092

0.0314

0.0113

0.0295

0.0167

-0.0220

0.0824

-0.0662

-0.0647

-0.0564

-0.0669

0.1111

0.0000

0.0009

-0.0182

0.0092

0.0154

-0.0068

0.0269

0.0048

0.0092

0.0212

0.0052

0.0186

-0.0004

0.0181

0.0635

-0.0323

-0.0525

-0.0110

-0.0491

-0.0219

0.0000

0.1111

0.0006

0.0199

0.0298

0.0077

-0.0044

0.0199

-0.0144

0.0314

0.0052

0.0328

0.0088

0.0299

0.0134

-0.0343

0.0891

-0.0574

-0.0629

-0.0499

-0.0647

0.1111

0.0000

0.0000

-0.0177

0.0173

0.0104

-0.0092

0.0256

-0.0012

0.0113

0.0186

0.0088

0.0219

0.0025

0.0206

0.0643

-0.0239

-0.0543

-0.0165

-0.0509

-0.0275

0.0000

0.1111

0.0006

0.0266

0.0260

0.0051

-0.0020

0.0131

-0.0145

0.0295

-0.0004

0.0299

0.0025

0.0320

0.0078

-0.0560

0.1010

-0.0419

-0.0596

-0.0383

-0.0607

0.1111

0.0000

-0.0017

-0.0167

0.0316

0.0016

-0.0134

0.0231

-0.0119

0.0167

0.0181

0.0134

0.0206

0.0078

0.0279

0.0657

-0.0091

-0.0575

-0.0262

-0.0540

-0.0375

0.0000

0.1111

0.0006

-0.1309

0.0425

-0.0080

-0.0409

0.0436

-0.0015

-0.0220

0.0635

-0.0343

0.0643

-0.0560

0.0657

0.3820

-0.3006

-0.0951

0.0673

-0.0794

0.0397

0.1111

0.0000

-0.0017

0.1210

0.0579

0.0010

0.0096

0.0029

-0.0468

0.0824

-0.0323

0.0891

-0.0239

0.1010

-0.0091

-0.3006

0.3883

-0.0490

-0.1780

-0.0480

-0.1656

0.0000

0.1111

0.0044

0.0143

-0.0486

-0.0653

0.0243

-0.1063

0.0013

-0.0662

-0.0525

-0.0574

-0.0543

-0.0419

-0.0575

-0.0951

-0.0490

0.5424

0.3501

-0.1245

-0.1139

0.1111

0.0000

0.0001

-0.0364

-0.0556

-0.0212

0.0130

-0.0467

0.0292

-0.0647

-0.0110

-0.0629

-0.0165

-0.0596

-0.0262

0.0673

-0.1780

0.3501

0.3000

-0.1259

-0.0549

0.0000

0.1111

0.0044

0.0046

-0.0498

-0.0524

0.0090

-0.0842

-0.0067

-0.0564

-0.0491

-0.0499

-0.0509

-0.0383

-0.0540

-0.0794

-0.0480

-0.1245

-0.1259

0.4805

0.3754

0.1111

0.0000

0.0010

-0.0348

-0.0664

-0.0231

0.0058

-0.0511

0.0213

-0.0669

-0.0219

-0.0647

-0.0275

-0.0607

-0.0375

0.0397

-0.1656

-0.1139

-0.0549

0.3754

0.3468

0.0000

0.1111

0.0024

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0

0.0

0.0

-0.0074

-0.0015

0.0025

-0.0074

0.0063

-0.0041

0.0009

0.0006

0.0000

0.0006

-0.0017

0.0006

-0.0017

0.0044

0.0001

0.0044

0.0010

0.0024

0.0

0.0

0.0

4.2. calculul parametrilor

X N 1 A T PL

GT X 0

CONTROL:

X 1 vectorul parametrilor in etapa t 0

X 2 vectorul parametrilor in etapa t 1

X=

-0.398
0.979
-0.183
-0.045
-0.038
-1.465
-0.753
0.505
0.147
1.018
-0.496
1.192
2.043
1.857
-0.731
-2.074
0.409
-1.965

S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

Calculul coordonatelor
compensate
Pct

X0 (m)

Y0 (m)

X (m)

Y (m)

S1

3009.213

4975.027

3009.2124

4975.0282

S2
S3
T1
T2
T3

3034.868
3020.596
3000.000
3000.000
3000.000

5018.419
5035.118
5011.538
5007.373
5000.000

3034.8674
3020.5960
2999.9992
2999.9997
2999.9995

5018.4186
5035.1161
5011.5382
5007.3740
5000.0012

T4

2983.141

5000.156

2983.1434

5000.1582

T5

2983.099

5007.766

2983.0987

5007.7641

T6

2991.831

5011.704

2991.8316

5011.7024

PS

X (m)

Y (m)

PV
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
S2

X (m)
3020.5960
2999.9992
2999.9997
2999.9995
2983.1434
3034.8674

Y (m)
5035.1161
5011.5382
5007.3740
5000.0012
5000.1582
5018.4186

(gon)
88.0806
115.7363
117.6643
122.4997
151.1674
66.0065

D (m)
61.1567
37.6545
33.6322
26.6182
36.2092
50.4074

S1

3009.2124

4975.0282

PS

X (m)

Y (m)

PV

X (m)

Y (m)

(gon)

D (m)

3009.2124
3020.5960
2999.9992
2999.9997
2999.9995

4975.0282
5035.1161
5011.5382
5007.3740
5000.0012

266.0065
145.0229
212.4027
219.5288
230.9369

50.4074
21.9655
35.5405
36.5751
39.4331

S2

3034.8674

5018.4186

S1
S3
T1
T2
T3

PS

X (m)

Y (m)

PV

X (m)

Y (m)

(gon)

D (m)

5035.1161

S1
S2
T5
T6
T1
T2
T3

3009.2124
3034.8674
2983.0987
2991.8316
2999.9992
2999.9997
2999.9995

4975.0282
5018.4186
5007.7641
5011.7024
5011.5382
5007.3740
5000.0012

288.0806
345.0229
240.1205
243.4945
254.2899
259.3435
266.2294

61.1567
21.9655
46.4131
37.0889
31.3072
34.5518
40.7096

S3

3020.5960

4.3. calculul corectiilor


a. calculul corectiilor pentru distante masurate si calculul distantelor compensate
b.
vij( D ) c ij dx j d ij dy j c ij dxi d ij dxi lij( D )
Dij Dij0 vij( D ) 10 3
dDij c ij dx j d ij dy j c ij dxi d ij dxi
Dij Dij* dDij 10 3
0
( D)
3
*
3
CONTROL: Dij Dij vij 10 Dij Dij dDij 10

c. calculul coordonatelor compensate:

X i X i* dX i 10 3
Yi X i* dYi 10 3

d. calculul distantelor compensate din coordinate compensate


CONTROL:

Dij

Dij

X ij2 Yij2

X ij2 Yij2 Dij0 vij( D ) 10 3 Dij* dDij 103

e. calculul variatiei orientarii dij aij dx j bij dy j aij dxi bij dxi
f. calculul corectiilor unghiului de orientare a statiilor

dzi

d
ij

ni

ni numarul de directii masurate in statia i

g. calculul unghiurilor de orientare compensate ale statiilor

zi zi* dzi

h. calculul corectiilor directiilor masurate vij dzi dij lij


CONTROL: vij k 0
i. calculul directiilor compensate

ij ij0 vij

j. calculul orientarilor compensate ij ij zi

k. calculul orientarilor din coordonate compensate


CONTROL:

compensat
ij

coordonate
ij

ij arctg

Yij
X ij

Pentru distante

PS

Pondere

Termen
liber

D* (m)

D0 (m)

dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

dxS3[mm]

dyS3[mm]

dxT1[mm]

dyT1[mm]

dxT2[mm]

dyT2[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

dyT4[mm]

dxT5[mm]

dyT5[mm]

dxT6[mm]

dyT6[mm]

dDij (mm)

-0.398

0.979

-0.183

-0.045

-0.038

-1.465

-0.753

0.505

0.147

1.018

-0.496

1.192

2.043

1.857

-0.731

-2.074

0.409

-1.965

S3

-0.1861

-0.9825

0.0000

0.0000

0.1861

0.9825

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.9559

-0.983

61.1591

61.1581

-2.334

T1

0.2447

-0.9696

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.2447

0.9696

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.9997

-0.411

37.6549

37.6545

T2

0.2739

-0.9617

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.2739

0.9617

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0075

3.667

33.6323

T3

0.3461

-0.9382

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.3461

0.9382

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0213

7.328

T4

0.7200

-0.6940

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.7200

0.6940

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0025

S2

-0.5089

-0.8608

0.5089

0.8608

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

S3

0.0000

0.0000

0.6497

-0.7602

-0.6497

0.7602

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T1

0.0000

0.0000

0.9811

0.1936

0.0000

0.0000

-0.9811

-0.1936

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T2

0.0000

0.0000

0.9533

0.3020

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.9533

-0.3020

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T3

0.0000

0.0000

0.8842

0.4671

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.8842

-0.4671

0.0000

0.0000

T5

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.8079

0.5893

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T6

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.7756

0.6313

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T1

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.6578

0.7532

-0.6578

-0.7532

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T2

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.5961

0.8029

0.0000

0.0000

-0.5961

-0.8029

T3

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.5059

0.8626

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

vijD
(mm)

Control

PV
Dij0+vij

Dij*+dDij

Din
coord

-1.35

61.157

61.157

61.157

-0.372

0.04

37.655

37.655

37.655

33.6360

-0.112

-3.78

33.632

33.632

33.632

26.6180

26.6253

0.234

-7.09

26.618

26.618

26.618

1.148

36.2104

36.2115

-1.148

-2.30

36.209

36.209

36.209

0.9755

-0.158

50.4082

50.4080

-0.772

-0.61

50.407

50.407

50.407

0.0000

1.0306

0.317

21.9667

21.9670

-1.174

-1.49

21.966

21.966

21.966

0.0000

0.0000

1.0038

1.934

35.5401

35.5420

0.453

-1.48

35.541

35.541

35.541

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0018

0.788

36.5757

36.5765

-0.635

-1.42

36.575

36.575

36.575

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.9963

1.583

39.4334

39.4350

-0.301

-1.88

39.433

39.433

39.433

0.0000

-0.8079

-0.5893

0.0000

0.0000

0.9830

-0.919

46.4122

46.4113

0.919

1.84

46.413

46.413

46.413

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.7756

-0.6313

1.0008

0.031

37.0890

37.0890

-0.209

-0.24

37.089

37.089

37.089

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0120

1.244

31.3083

31.3095

-1.013

-2.26

31.307

31.307

31.307

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0057

-0.636

34.5539

34.5533

-2.103

-1.47

34.552

34.552

34.552

-0.5059

-0.8626

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.9938

-0.182

40.7117

40.7115

-2.060

-1.88

40.710

40.710

40.710

[mm]

S1

S2

S3

Pentru directii
PS

S1

S2

S3

PV

dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

dxS3[mm]

dyS3[mm]

dxT1[mm]

dyT1[mm]

dxT2[mm]

dyT2[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

dyT4[mm]

dxT5[mm]

dyT5[mm]

dxT6[mm]

dyT6[mm]

-0.398

0.979

-0.183

-0.045

-0.038

-1.465

-0.753

0.505

0.147

1.018

-0.496

1.192

2.043

1.857

-0.731

-2.074

0.409

-1.965

Pon
dere

Termen
liber

dij

dzij

zcomp

vij

ijcomp

ij=j+zij

ijcoord

[cc]

[cc]

[cc]

[gon]

[cc]

[gon]

[gon]

[gon]

S3

260.1418

88.0814

227.9396

10.2274

-1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

-10.2274

1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-15.642

-8.42

-13.46

260.1405

88.0806

88.0806

T1

287.7961

115.7355

227.9395

16.3929

4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-16.3929

-4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-17.029

4.29

-2.13

287.7958

115.7360

115.7363

T2

289.7241

117.6653

227.9412

18.2047

5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-18.2047

-5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.509

-10.11

1.00

289.7242

117.6643

117.6643

T3

294.5593

122.4997

227.9403

22.4387

8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-22.4387

-8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-8.641

0.43

2.39

294.5596

122.4997

122.4997

T4

323.2272

151.1715

227.9443

12.2009

12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-12.2009

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

30.880

-40.90

0.58

323.2273

151.1674

151.1674

S2

238.0652

66.0074

227.9422

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

9.924

-8.92

11.61

238.0664

66.0065

66.0065

227.9412

90.3359

21.8931

-10.8713

6.4276

-10.2274

1.9374

-16.3929

-4.1365

-18.2047

-5.1853

-22.4387

-8.2779

-12.2009

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-10.61

227.9401

0.000

0.00

S1

330.5559

266.0074

335.4515

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-2.574

-8.92

-4.90

330.5554

266.0065

266.0065

S3

209.5709

145.0205

335.4497

0.0000

0.0000

22.0314

18.8289

-22.0314

-18.8289

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-20.626

23.53

9.50

209.5718

145.0229

145.0229

T1

276.9518

212.4039

335.4521

0.0000

0.0000

-3.4681

17.5738

0.0000

0.0000

3.4681

-17.5738

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

3.835

-11.65

-1.22

276.9517

212.4027

212.4027

T2

284.0777

219.5304

335.4526

0.0000

0.0000

-5.2563

16.5929

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

5.2563

-16.5929

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

9.168

-15.91

-0.14

284.0777

219.5288

219.5288

T3

295.4861

230.9389

335.4527

0.0000

0.0000

-7.5406

14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

10.197

-20.02

-3.23

295.4858

230.9369

230.9369

335.4517

10.8713

-6.4276

-5.1050

73.6980

-22.0314

-18.8289

3.4681

-17.5738

5.2563

-16.5929

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-6.59

335.4511

0.00

0.00

S1

252.6787

288.0814

35.4027

10.2274

-1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

-10.2274

1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.773

-8.42

1.11

252.6788

288.0806

288.0806

S2

309.6219

345.0205

35.3986

0.0000

0.0000

22.0314

18.8289

-22.0314

-18.8289

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-40.214

23.53

-7.92

309.6211

345.0229

345.0229

T5

204.7188

240.1204

35.4017

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-8.0834

11.0817

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

0.0000

0.0000

-9.901

1.14

0.00

204.7188

240.1205

240.1205

T6

208.0927

243.4933

35.4006

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-10.8356

13.3123

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

10.8356

-13.3123

-20.250

11.49

0.00

208.0927

243.4945

243.4945

T1

218.8879

254.2936

35.4057

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-15.3146

13.3766

15.3146

-13.3766

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

29.816

-37.31

1.26

218.8881

254.2899

254.2899

T2

223.9417

259.3460

35.4043

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-14.7933

10.9819

0.0000

0.0000

14.7933

-10.9819

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

16.313

-24.54

0.53

223.9417

259.3435

259.3435

T3

230.8272

266.2322

35.4050

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-13.4886

7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

23.464

-27.20

5.02

230.8277

266.2294

266.2294

35.4027

10.2274

-1.9374

22.0314

18.8289

-94.7741

39.7719

15.3146

-13.3766

14.7933

-10.9819

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

10.8356

-13.3123

0.00

-8.76

35.4018

0.00

V=

-13.46
-2.13
1.00
2.39
0.58
11.61
-4.90
9.50
-1.22
-0.14
-3.23
1.11
-7.92
0.00
0.00
1.26
0.53
5.02
-1.351
0.038
-3.779
-7.094
-2.297
-0.615
-1.491
-1.481
-1.423
-1.885
1.838
-0.240
-2.257
-1.467
-1.878

4.4. evaluarea preciziei masuratorilor:


-etapa de masurator t1
s0 i

Pvv

nu d

s01=abaterea standard empirica in etapa de masuratori t1


n= numarul de ecuatii
u=numarul de necunoscute
vtpv= 951
d=defectul de rang
f=gradul de libertate
s0= 7.3[cc]
i=0.1

PLANIMETRIE
ETAPA T1

Coordonate provizorii
Pct
S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

Directii masurate in etapa t1


PS

S1

S2

S3

PV
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
S2
S1
S3
T1
T2
T3
S1
S2
T5
T6
T1
T2
T3

Directii
231.8371
259.4976
261.4264
266.2640
294.9265
209.7635
279.7445
158.7534
226.1334
233.2583
244.6654
399.5995
56.5380
351.6278
355.0033
365.8029
370.8556
377.7409

X (m)
3009.2128
3034.8676
3020.5960
3000.0000
2999.9996
3000.0000
2983.1414
2983.0994
2991.8312

Y (m)
4975.0272
5018.4186
5035.1176
5011.5377
5007.3730
5000.0000
5000.1563
5007.7662
5011.7044

Distante masurate in etapa t1

ETAPE DE CALCUL
1. Calculul unghiului provizoriu de orientare al statiilor, si a distantelor
provizorii:
a. calculul unghiului provizoriu de
Yij
X ij

i {S1, S 2, S 3, T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4, T 5,56}
z
*
i

[ *ij ij0 ]

Dij

n = numarul de statii vizate

S1

S2

S3

Yij2

j {S1, S 2, S 3, T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4, T 5, T 6}
X ij
Dij
cos ij

n
i {S1, S 2, S 3}

PS

X ij2

i {S1, S 2, S 3}

orientare al statiilor.
*ij arctg

Dij*

PV

*ij

S3

11.3832

60.0904

88.0814

61.1591

T1

-9.2128

36.5105

115.7355

37.6549

T2
T3
T4
S2

-9.2132
-9.2128
-26.0714
25.6548

32.3458
24.9728
25.1291
43.3914

117.6653
122.4997
151.1715
66.0074

33.6323
26.6180
36.2104
50.4082

S1

-25.6548

-43.3914

266.0074

50.4082

S3
T1
T2
T3

-14.2716
-34.8676
-34.8680
-34.8676

16.6990
-6.8809
-11.0456
-18.4186

145.0205
212.4039
219.5304
230.9389

21.9667
35.5401
36.5757
39.4334

S1
S2
T5

-11.3832
14.2716
-37.4966

-60.0904
-16.6990
-27.3514

288.0814
345.0205
240.1204

61.1591
21.9667
46.4122

T6
T1
T2
T3

-28.7648
-20.5960
-20.5964
-20.5960

-23.4132
-23.5799
-27.7446
-35.1176

243.4933
254.2936
259.3460
266.2322

37.0890
31.3083
34.5539
40.7117

b. calculul distantelor provizorii:

Yij
sin ij

2. Formarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare:


Intocmirea ecuatiilor de corectie:
m. intocmirea ecuatiilor de corectie pentru directii masurate:
- calculul coeficientilor de directie aij si bij
PV

*ij

Dij*

aij [mm]

bij [mm]

tg*ij

Control

*
ij

S3

88.0814

61.1591

-10.2274

1.9374

5.278867

-5.27887

* 2
ij

T1

115.7355

37.6549

-16.3929

-4.1365

-3.96302

3.963019

T2

117.6653

33.6323

-18.2047

-5.1853

-3.51081

3.510811

T3

122.4997

26.6180

-22.4387

-8.2779

-2.71066

2.710663

T4

151.1715

36.2104

-12.2009

-12.6584

-0.96386

0.963857

S2

66.0074

50.4082

-10.8713

6.4276

1.691356

-1.69136

S1

266.0074

50.4082

10.8713

-6.4276

1.691356

-1.69136

S3
T1
T2

145.0205
212.4039
219.5304

21.9667
35.5401
36.5757

-22.0314
3.4681
5.2563

-18.8289
-17.5738
-16.5929

-1.17009
0.197344
0.316783

1.170086
-0.19734
-0.31678

T3

230.9389

39.4334

7.5406

-14.2749

0.528244

-0.52824

S1

288.0814

61.1591

10.2274

-1.9374

5.278867

-5.27887

S2

345.0205

21.9667

22.0314

18.8289

-1.17009

1.170086

T5
T6

240.1204
243.4933

46.4122
37.0890

8.0834
10.8356

-11.0817
-13.3123

0.729437
0.813953

-0.72944
-0.81395

T1

254.2936

31.3083

15.3146

-13.3766

1.144878

-1.14488

T2

259.3460

34.5539

14.7933

-10.9819

1.347061

-1.34706

T3

266.2322

40.7117

13.4886

-7.9109

1.705069

-1.70507

PS

aij cc
bij

unde:

cc

sin

*
ij

*
ij

[D ]
cos *ij
[ Dij* ]

cc

cc

(D )

X ij*

S1

( Dij* ) 2

i {S1, S 2, S 3}
j {S1, S 2, S 3, T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4, T 5, T 6}
S2

a ij 636620 cc
bij 636620

cc

sin *ij
[ Dij* ] m 10 3
cos *ij
[ Dij* ] m 10 3
aij

CONTROL:

bij

636620 cc
636620

tg

aij aij

*
ij

cc

sin *ij
[ Dij* ] m
cos *ij
[ Dij* ]m
bij
bij

S3

ctg

bij bij

*
ij

n.

Pct
statie

formarea ecuatiilor de corectie pentru directii:

vij( a ) dz i a ij dx j bij dy j a ij dxi bij dy i l ij( a ) / Pij( a )


Pij( a ) 1

S1

Pct
vizat

S3

231.8371

88.0814

T1

259.4976

T2

dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

dxS2[mm]

256.2444

10.2274

-1.9374

115.7355

256.2379

16.3929

4.1365

261.4264

117.6653

256.2389

18.2047

5.1853

T3

266.2640

122.4997

256.2356

22.4387

8.2779

T4

294.9265

151.1715

256.2450

12.2009

12.6584

S2

209.7635

66.0074

256.2439

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

256.2410

90.3359

21.8931

-10.8713

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

dy

279.7445

266.0074

386.2629

S3

158.7534

145.0205

386.2671

22.0314

T1

226.1334

212.4039

386.2705

-3.4681

T2

233.2583

219.5304

386.2721

-5.2563

T3

244.6654

230.9389

386.2735

-7.5406

S3

S1

399.5995

288.0814

-6.4276

288.4819

10.2274

-1.9374

345.0205

288.4825

T5

351.6328

240.1204

T6

355.0113

T1

22.0314

-22.0314

-18

288.4876

-8.0834

11

243.4933

288.4820

-10.8356

13

365.8029

254.2936

288.4906

-15.3146

13

T2

370.8556

259.3460

288.4904

-14.7933

10

T3

377.7409

266.2322

288.4913

-13.4886

-94.7741

39

10.2274

-1.9374

22.0314

18.8289

18.8289

o. calculul termenilor liberi pentru ecuatiile de corectie pe directii:


l ij( a ) ( *ij ij0 ) z i*

CONTROL:

S2

10.8713

56.5380

288.4866

S1

386.2692

S2

-5.1050

[l ] k 0
k {S1, S 2, S 3}

p. sistemul liniar al ecuatiilor de corectie pentru directii masurate:


- se va scrie sistemul de ecuatii format

q. aplicarea regulii I Schreiber:


[ Pk l ] Pk [l ] k 0

[v ' ]i [ Pi a] dxi [ Pi b] dy i ................. [ Pl ] / Pi '

'
unde: Pk

1
[ Pk ]

k {S1, S 2, S 3}

Pct
statie

S1

Necunoscute

Pct
vizat

dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

dxS3[mm]

dyS3[mm]

dxT1[mm]

dyT1[mm]

dxT2[mm]

dyT2[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

dyT4[mm]

dxT5[mm]

dyT5[mm]

dxT6[mm]

dyT6[mm]

S3

10.2274

-1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

-10.2274

1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T1

16.3929

4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-16.3929

-4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T2

18.2047

5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-18.2047

-5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T3

22.4387

8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-22.4387

-8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

T4

12.2009

12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-12.2009

-12.6584

S2

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

S1'

90.3359

21.8931

-10.8713

6.4276

-10.2274

1.9374

-16.3929

-4.1365

-18.2047

-5.1853

-22.4387

-8.2779

-12.2009

Pondere

Term liber

0.0000

34.06

0.0000

0.0000

-30.63

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-20.59

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-53.44

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

40.78

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

29.82

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.2

0.00

S2

S3

S1

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-63.23

S3

0.0000

0.0000

22.0314

18.8289

-22.0314

-18.8289

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-21.29

T1

0.0000

0.0000

-3.4681

17.5738

0.0000

0.0000

3.4681

-17.5738

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

13.07

T2

0.0000

0.0000

-5.2563

16.5929

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

5.2563

-16.5929

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

28.51

T3

0.0000

0.0000

-7.5406

14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

42.94

S2'

10.8713

-6.4276

-5.1050

73.6980

-22.0314

-18.8289

3.4681

-17.5738

5.2563

-16.5929

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.2

0.00

S1

10.2274

-1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

-10.2274

1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-46.84

S2

0.0000

0.0000

22.0314

18.8289

-22.0314

-18.8289

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-41.33

T5

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-8.0834

11.0817

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

0.0000

0.0000

9.68

T6

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-10.8356

13.3123

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

10.8356

-13.3123

-46.46

T1

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-15.3146

13.3766

15.3146

-13.3766

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

40.10

T2

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-14.7933

10.9819

0.0000

0.0000

14.7933

-10.9819

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

38.00

T3

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-13.4886

7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

46.85

S3'

10.2274

-1.9374

22.0314

18.8289

-94.7741

39.7719

15.3146

-13.3766

14.7933

-10.9819

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

10.8356

-13.3123

-0.1

0.00

21 ec si 18 necunoscute

r. aplicarea regulii II Schreiber


- se plica ecuatiile reciproce

v "i

ai

dx

bi
unde:

dy

[ P ] Pi Pj
[ Pl ] Pi lij Pj lij

ai

i, j {S1, S 2, S 3}

dx i

bi

dy i

Pct
statie

Necunoscute

Pct
vizat

dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

dxS3[mm]

dyS3[mm]

dxT1[mm]

dyT1[mm]

dxT2[mm]

dyT2[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

dyT4[mm]

dxT5[mm]

dyT5[mm]

dxT6[mm]

dyT6[mm]

Term
liber

Pondere

S3

10.2274

-1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

-10.2274

1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-6.39

T1

16.3929

4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-16.3929

-4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0

-30.63

T2

18.2047

5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-18.2047

-5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0

-20.59

T3

22.4387

8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-22.4387

-8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0

-53.44

T4

12.2009

12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-12.2009

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0

40.78

S2

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

2.0

-16.71

S3

22

19

-22

-19

2.0

-31.31

T1

-3

18

-18

1.0

13.07

T2

-5

17

-17

1.0

28.51

T3

-8

14

-14

1.0

42.94

T5

-8

11

-11

1.0

9.68

T6

-11

13

11

-13

1.0

-46.46

T1

-15

13

15

-13

1.0

40.10

T2

-15

11

15

-11

1.0

38.00

T3

-13

13

-8

1.0

46.85

S1'

90.3359

21.8931

-10.8713

6.4276

-10.2274

1.9374

-16.3929

-4.1365

-18.2047

-5.1853

-22.4387

-8.2779

-12.2009

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.2

0.00

S2'

10.8713

-6.4276

-5.1050

73.6980

-22.0314

-18.8289

3.4681

-17.5738

5.2563

-16.5929

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.2

0.00

S3'

10.2274

-1.9374

22.0314

18.8289

-94.7741

39.7719

15.3146

-13.3766

14.7933

-10.9819

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

10.8356

-13.3123

-0.1

0.00

S1

S2

S3

18 ecuatii cu 18 necunoscute

s. intocmirea ecuatiilor de corectie pentru distante masurate:


- calculul coeficientilor Aij si Bij :
Aij

X
cos ij
D

Bij

Y
sin ij
D

unde:
Control:

*
ij
*
ij

PS

PV

*ij

ctg

Aij

Bij

88.0814
115.7355
117.6653
122.4997
151.1715
66.0074

0.189435
-0.252333
-0.284835
-0.368913
-1.037498
0.591242

0.1861

0.9825

S1

S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
S2

-0.2447
-0.2739
-0.3461
-0.7200

0.9696
0.9617
0.9382
0.6940

0.5089

0.8608

S1
S3
T1
T2
T3

266.0074
145.0205
212.4039
219.5304
230.9389

0.591242
-0.854638
5.067302
3.156732
1.893065

-0.5089

-0.8608

-0.6497
-0.9811
-0.9533

0.7602
-0.1936
-0.3020

-0.8842

-0.4671

S1
S2
T5
T6
T1
T2
T3

288.0814
345.0205
240.1204
243.4933
254.2936
259.3460
266.2322

0.189435
-0.854638
1.370921
1.228572
0.873456
0.742357
0.586487

-0.1861

-0.9825

0.6497
-0.8079
-0.7756
-0.6578
-0.5961
-0.5059

-0.7602
-0.5893
-0.6313
-0.7532
-0.8029
-0.8626

*
ij
*
ij

i {S1, S 2, S 3}
j {S1, S 2, S 3, T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4, T 5, T 6}

Aij
Bij

ctg

*
ij

S2

S3

Aij
Bij

ctg *ij

0.189435
-0.252333
-0.284835
-0.368913
-1.037498
0.591242
0.591242
-0.854638
5.067302
3.156732
1.893065
0.189435
-0.854638
1.370921
1.228572
0.873456
0.742357
0.586487

t. formarea ecuatiilor de corectie pentru distante:


vij( D ) Aij dx j Bij dy j Aij dxi Bij dyi lij( D ) / Pij( D )

Pct
statie

S1

S2

S3

Pct
vizat

Necunoscute
dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

S3

-0.1861

-0.9825

T1

0.2447

-0.9696

T2

0.2739

-0.9617

T3

0.3461

-0.9382

T4

0.7200

-0.6940

S2

-0.5089

-0.8608

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

dxS3[mm]

dyS3[mm]

0.1861

0.9825

dxT1[mm]
-0.2447

dyT1[mm]

dxT2[mm]

dyT2[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

0.6497

-0.7602

T1

0.9811

0.1936

T2

0.9533

0.3020

T3

0.8842

0.4671

-0.6497

dxT6[mm]

0.6940

0.7602
-0.9811

-0.1936
-0.9533

-0.3020
-0.8842

T5

0.8079

0.5893

T6

0.7756

0.6313

T1

0.6578

0.7532

T2

0.5961

0.8029

T1

0.5059

0.8626

-0.4671
-0.8079

-0.5893
-0.7756

-0.6578

-0.7532
-0.5961

-0.8029
-0.5059

-0.8626

Term
liber
[mm]

0.9559

-0.983

0.9997

-0.411

1.0075

3.667

1.0213

7.328

1.0025

1.148

0.9755

-0.158

1.0306

0.317

1.0038

1.934

1.0018

0.788

0.9963

1.583

0.9830

-0.919

1.0008

0.031

1.0120

1.244

1.0057

-0.636

0.9938

-0.182

dyT6[mm]

0.9382
-0.7200

S3

dyT5[mm]

0.9617
-0.3461

0.8608

dxT5[mm]

0.9696
-0.2739

0.5089

dyT4[mm]

Pondere

-0.6313

u. calculul termenilor liberi pentru ecuatiile de corectie pentru distante:


l ij( D ) ( Dij* Dij0 ) mm

v. calculul ponderilor ecuatiilor de corectie pe distante:


Pij( D )
c

c
D2

2
k

unde:

k numarul de statii
Di 2mm 2 ppm Di

w. sistemul liniar al ecuatiilor de corectie pentru distante masurate:


- se va scrie sistemul de ecuatii format
x. numarul total al ecuatiilor de corectie si al necunoscutelor:
- se va scrie sistemul format din ecuatiile de directie si de distante.
nT numarul total de ecuatii, directii si distante
u numarul de necunoscute ramase

A=

10.2274

-1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

-10.2274

1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-6.39

16.3929

4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-16.3929

-4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-30.63

18.2047

5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-18.2047

-5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-20.59

22.4387

8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-22.4387

-8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-53.44

12.2009

12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-12.2009

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

40.78

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-16.71

0.0000

0.0000

22.0314

18.8289

-22.0314

-18.8289

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-31.31

0.0000

0.0000

-3.4681

17.5738

0.0000

0.0000

3.4681

-17.5738

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

13.07

0.0000

0.0000

-5.2563

16.5929

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

5.2563

-16.5929

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

28.51

0.0000

0.0000

-7.5406

14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

42.94

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-8.0834

11.0817

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

0.0000

0.0000

9.68

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-10.8356

13.3123

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

10.8356

-13.3123

-46.46

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-15.3146

13.3766

15.3146

-13.3766

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

40.10

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-14.7933

10.9819

0.0000

0.0000

14.7933

-10.9819

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

38.00

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-13.4886

7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

46.85

90.3359

21.8931

-10.8713

6.4276

-10.2274

1.9374

-16.3929

-4.1365

-18.2047

-5.1853

-22.4387

-8.2779

-12.2009

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

10.8713

-6.4276

-5.1050

73.6980

-22.0314

-18.8289

3.4681

-17.5738

5.2563

-16.5929

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

10.2274

-1.9374

22.0314

18.8289

-94.7741

39.7719

15.3146

-13.3766

14.7933

-10.9819

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

10.8356

-13.3123

0.00

-0.1861

-0.9825

0.0000

0.0000

0.1861

0.9825

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.98

0.2447

-0.9696

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.2447

0.9696

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.41

0.2739

-0.9617

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.2739

0.9617

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

3.67

0.3461

-0.9382

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.3461

0.9382

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

7.33

0.7200

-0.6940

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.7200

0.6940

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.15

-0.5089

-0.8608

0.5089

0.8608

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.16

0.0000

0.0000

0.6497

-0.7602

-0.6497

0.7602

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.32

0.0000

0.0000

0.9811

0.1936

0.0000

0.0000

-0.9811

-0.1936

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.93

0.0000

0.0000

0.9533

0.3020

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.9533

-0.3020

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.79

0.0000

0.0000

0.8842

0.4671

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.8842

-0.4671

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.58

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.8079

0.5893

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.8079

-0.5893

0.0000

0.0000

-0.92

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.7756

0.6313

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.7756

-0.6313

0.03

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.6578

0.7532

-0.6578

-0.7532

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.24

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.5961

0.8029

0.0000

0.0000

-0.5961

-0.8029

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.64

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.5059

0.8626

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.5059

-0.8626

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.18

L=

0.00

P=

-0.166

-0.2

-0.143

0.9559

0.9997

1.007

1.021

1.0025

0.976

1.031

1.004

1.002

0.996

0.983

1.001

1.012

1.0057

0.994

3. Normalizarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare


N AT PA
A matricea coeficientilor
P matricea ponderilor
N matricea sistemului normal

N=

300.452721

9.464540

-94.034910

-145.197251

131.123963

-6.885083

-51.891114

52.461153

-90.440139

36.060482

-201.883786

-18.186390

34.314868

36.641670

-11.810290

16.190971

-15.831313

19.44990616

9.464540

279.107260

178.528153

-6.852368

22.219984

-28.696243

0.940910

-29.250458

-16.854221

-33.268905

-90.111925

-59.758283

-109.423717

-114.529388

2.237277

-3.067130

2.998998

-3.684484905

-94.034910

178.528153

1212.745977

462.531644

-713.937108

-970.032187

-87.354941

77.419731

-102.717154

95.156660

-133.050736

102.555385

-22.106642

-22.935604

-25.441277

34.877972

-34.103210

41.89824553

-145.197251

-6.852368

462.531644

437.467285

-238.525466

-541.172800

-13.994027

-9.433242

-10.836349

4.251838

-16.159936

36.562931

13.070366

13.560483

-21.743082

29.808041

-29.145899

35.80783285

131.123963

22.219984

-713.937108

-238.525466

603.120285

543.032840

-40.288651

-61.238573

-26.779504

-68.660584

-4.594339

-77.843104

-20.797155

-21.577014

43.459443

-60.927078

28.693066

-36.48100389

-6.885083

-28.696243

-970.032187

-541.172800

543.032840

1085.414570

135.695707

-168.348695

103.598068

-119.664863

65.276731

-69.457379

3.939700

4.087433

43.182672

-60.183028

82.191552

-101.9789957

-51.891114

0.940910

-87.354941

-13.994027

-40.288651

135.695707

436.054903

-167.387312

-85.748412

21.368088

-96.046338

4.592187

-33.334604

-34.584596

-17.684859

24.244540

-23.705983

29.1245046

52.461153

-29.250458

77.419731

-9.433242

-61.238573

-168.348695

-167.387312

416.252326

34.193328

-82.880553

36.810020

-70.997047

-8.411417

-8.726831

15.446943

-21.176533

20.706128

-25.43896695

-90.440139

-16.85422089

-102.717154

-10.836349

-26.779504

103.598068

-85.748412

34.1933281

487.2008369

-129.85482

-104.514725

6.6087688

-37.018998

-38.4071498

-17.082869

23.419259

-22.89903431

28.13311047

36.0604823

-33.26890525

95.1566601

4.25183781

-68.660584

-119.664863

21.368088

-82.880553

-129.854815

347.709701

26.79360835

-66.93727

-10.544288

-10.9396816

12.6815888

-17.38545

16.99926004

-20.88481349

-201.88379

-90.11192462

-133.050736

-16.159936

-4.5943389

65.2767306

-96.046338

36.8100202

-104.514725

26.7936084

622.1744362

-22.274655

-45.628698

-47.339699

-15.576294

21.353864

-20.87951938

25.65199114

-18.18639

-59.75828291

102.555385

36.5629312

-77.843104

-69.4573786

4.59218651

-70.997047

6.608768798

-66.93727

-22.2746546

275.619597

-16.833037

-17.4642483

9.1352871

-12.52375

12.24555725

-15.04454774

34.3148676

-109.4237175

-22.1066416

13.0703657

-20.797155

3.93970038

-33.334604

-8.4114169

-37.0189982

-10.544288

-45.6286977

-16.833037

124.571228

128.2023933

36.6416702

-114.5293881

-22.9356043

13.560483

-21.577014

4.08743268

-34.584596

-8.7268312

-38.4071498

-10.939682

-47.339699

-17.464248

128.202393

134.0122334

-11.81029

2.237277453

-25.4412767

-21.743082

43.4594433

43.1826721

-17.684859

15.4469427

-17.0828692

12.6815888

-15.5762943

9.1352871

56.648778

-76.31335

-12.51263138

15.37266752

16.1909713

-3.067129936

34.8779725

29.8080407

-60.927078

-60.1830277

24.2445395

-21.176533

23.41925874

-17.385452

21.3538641

-12.523754

-76.313354

105.60256

17.15382517

-21.07470787

-15.831313

2.99899815

-34.1032096

-29.145899

28.6930656

82.1915521

-23.705983

20.7061277

-22.8990343

16.99926

-20.8795194

12.2455572

-12.512631

17.153825

101.2386244

-123.1494215

19.4499062

-3.684484905

41.8982455

35.8078329

-36.481004

-101.978996

29.1245046

-25.438967

28.13311047

-20.884813

25.65199114

-15.044548

15.3726675

-21.07471

-123.1494215

152.2986838

4. compensarea retelei ca o retea libera in cele doua etape de


masuratori:
4.1. inversa matricii normale:
N 0

X N

A PL

L vectorul termenilor liberi


X vectorul parametrilor
N matrice singulara (nu are inversa)

G(2n,3) matrice auxiliare


n numarul de puncte

Y10

0
1

1
0

X 10
Y20

X 20

coordonate reduse la centrul de greutate:


n

Xn

Xi
i 1

n
X Xi Xm
0
i

Pct
S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

X (m)
3009.213
3034.868
3020.596
3000.000
3000.000
3000.000
2983.141
2983.099
2991.831

Yn

Y
i 1

n
Yi Yi Ym
0

Y (m)
4975.027
5018.419
5035.118
5011.538
5007.373
5000.000
5000.156
5007.766
5011.704
Pct
S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

X0 (m)
6.685
32.340
18.068
-2.528
-2.528
-2.528
-19.386
-19.428
-10.696

Y0 (m)
-32.428
10.963
27.662
4.082
-0.083
-7.456
-7.299
0.311
4.249

CONTROL:

G=

1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

-32.428
-6.685
10.963
-32.340
27.662
-18.068
4.082
2.528
-0.083
2.528
-7.456
2.528
-7.299
19.386
0.311
19.428
4.249
10.696

N G 0

N*G=

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

- matricea N se bordeaza cu matricea auxiliara G, matricea rezultata are urmatoarea forma:


300.452721

9.464540

-94.034910

-145.197251

131.123963

-6.885083

-51.891114

52.461153

-90.440139

36.060482

-201.883786

-18.186390

34.314868

36.641670

-11.810290

16.190971

-15.831313

19.449906

1.0000

0.0000

-32.4285

9.464540

279.107260

178.528153

-6.852368

22.219984

-28.696243

0.940910

-29.250458

-16.854221

-33.268905

-90.111925

-59.758283

-109.423717

-114.529388

2.237277

-3.067130

2.998998

-3.684485

0.0000

1.0000

-6.6852

-94.034910

178.528153

1212.745977

462.531644

-713.937108

-970.032187

-87.354941

77.419731

-102.717154

95.156660

-133.050736

102.555385

-22.106642

-22.935604

-25.441277

34.877972

-34.103210

41.898246

1.0000

0.0000

10.9629

-145.197251

-6.852368

462.531644

437.467285

-238.525466

-541.172800

-13.994027

-9.433242

-10.836349

4.251838

-16.159936

36.562931

13.070366

13.560483

-21.743082

29.808041

-29.145899

35.807833

0.0000

1.0000

-32.3400

131.123963

22.219984

-713.937108

-238.525466

603.120285

543.032840

-40.288651

-61.238573

-26.779504

-68.660584

-4.594339

-77.843104

-20.797155

-21.577014

43.459443

-60.927078

28.693066

-36.481004

1.0000

0.0000

27.6619

-6.885083

-28.696243

-970.032187

-541.172800

543.032840

1085.414570

135.695707

-168.348695

103.598068

-119.664863

65.276731

-69.457379

3.939700

4.087433

43.182672

-60.183028

82.191552

-101.978996

0.0000

1.0000

-18.0684

-51.891114

0.940910

-87.354941

-13.994027

-40.288651

135.695707

436.054903

-167.387312

-85.748412

21.368088

-96.046338

4.592187

-33.334604

-34.584596

-17.684859

24.244540

-23.705983

29.124505

1.0000

0.0000

4.0820

52.461153

-29.250458

77.419731

-9.433242

-61.238573

-168.348695

-167.387312

416.252326

34.193328

-82.880553

36.810020

-70.997047

-8.411417

-8.726831

15.446943

-21.176533

20.706128

-25.438967

0.0000

1.0000

2.5276

-90.440139

-16.854221

-102.717154

-10.836349

-26.779504

103.598068

-85.748412

34.193328

487.200837

-129.854815

-104.514725

6.608769

-37.018998

-38.407150

-17.082869

23.419259

-22.899034

28.133110

1.0000

0.0000

-0.0827

36.060482

-33.268905

95.156660

4.251838

-68.660584

-119.664863

21.368088

-82.880553

-129.854815

347.709701

26.793608

-66.937270

-10.544288

-10.939682

12.681589

-17.385452

16.999260

-20.884813

0.0000

1.0000

2.5280

-201.883786

-90.111925

-133.050736

-16.159936

-4.594339

65.276731

-96.046338

36.810020

-104.514725

26.793608

622.174436

-22.274655

-45.628698

-47.339699

-15.576294

21.353864

-20.879519

25.651991

1.0000

0.0000

-7.4557

-18.186390

-59.758283

102.555385

36.562931

-77.843104

-69.457379

4.592187

-70.997047

6.608769

-66.937270

-22.274655

275.619597

-16.833037

-17.464248

9.135287

-12.523754

12.245557

-15.044548

0.0000

1.0000

2.5276

34.314868

-109.423717

-22.106642

13.070366

-20.797155

3.939700

-33.334604

-8.411417

-37.018998

-10.544288

-45.628698

-16.833037

124.571228

128.202393

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

1.0000

0.0000

-7.2994

36.641670

-114.529388

-22.935604

13.560483

-21.577014

4.087433

-34.584596

-8.726831

-38.407150

-10.939682

-47.339699

-17.464248

128.202393

134.012233

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

0.000000

0.0000

1.0000

19.3862

-11.810290

2.237277

-25.441277

-21.743082

43.459443

43.182672

-17.684859

15.446943

-17.082869

12.681589

-15.576294

9.135287

0.000000

0.000000

56.648778

-76.313354

-12.512631

15.372668

1.0000

0.0000

0.3105

16.190971

-3.067130

34.877972

29.808041

-60.927078

-60.183028

24.244540

-21.176533

23.419259

-17.385452

21.353864

-12.523754

0.000000

0.000000

-76.313354

105.602564

17.153825

-21.074708

0.0000

1.0000

19.4282

-15.831313

2.998998

-34.103210

-29.145899

28.693066

82.191552

-23.705983

20.706128

-22.899034

16.999260

-20.879519

12.245557

0.000000

0.000000

-12.512631

17.153825

101.238624

-123.149422

1.0000

0.0000

4.2487

19.449906

-3.684485

41.898246

35.807833

-36.481004

-101.978996

29.124505

-25.438967

28.133110

-20.884813

25.651991

-15.044548

0.000000

0.000000

15.372668

-21.074708

-123.149422

152.298684

0.0000

1.0000

10.6964

-32.4285

-6.6852

10.9629

-32.3400

27.6619

-18.0684

4.0820

2.5276

-0.0827

2.5280

-7.4557

2.5276

-7.2994

19.3862

0.3105

19.4282

4.2487

10.6964

0.0490

-0.0063

0.0069

0.0115

-0.0065

-0.0024

0.0161

-0.0182

0.0199

-0.0177

0.0266

-0.0167

-0.1309

0.1210

0.0143

-0.0364

0.0046

-0.0348

0.1111

0.0000

-0.0074

-0.0063

0.0772

-0.0313

-0.0236

0.0056

-0.0477

0.0321

0.0092

0.0298

0.0173

0.0260

0.0316

0.0425

0.0579

-0.0486

-0.0556

-0.0498

-0.0664

0.0000

0.1111

-0.0015

0.0069

-0.0313

0.0546

0.0104

0.0423

0.0367

0.0091

0.0154

0.0077

0.0104

0.0051

0.0016

-0.0080

0.0010

-0.0653

-0.0212

-0.0524

-0.0231

0.1111

0.0000

0.0025

0.0115

-0.0236

0.0104

0.0113

-0.0021

0.0132

-0.0057

-0.0068

-0.0044

-0.0092

-0.0020

-0.0134

-0.0409

0.0096

0.0243

0.0130

0.0090

0.0058

0.0000

0.1111

-0.0074

-0.0065

0.0056

0.0423

-0.0021

0.0541

0.0158

0.0238

0.0269

0.0199

0.0256

0.0131

0.0231

0.0436

0.0029

-0.1063

-0.0467

-0.0842

-0.0511

0.1111

0.0000

0.0063

-0.0024

-0.0477

0.0367

0.0132

0.0158

0.0391

-0.0143

0.0048

-0.0144

-0.0012

-0.0145

-0.0119

-0.0015

-0.0468

0.0013

0.0292

-0.0067

0.0213

0.0000

0.1111

-0.0041

0.0161

0.0321

0.0091

-0.0057

0.0238

-0.0143

0.0348

0.0092

0.0314

0.0113

0.0295

0.0167

-0.0220

0.0824

-0.0662

-0.0647

-0.0564

-0.0669

0.1111

0.0000

0.0009

-0.0182

0.0092

0.0154

-0.0068

0.0269

0.0048

0.0092

0.0212

0.0052

0.0186

-0.0004

0.0181

0.0635

-0.0323

-0.0525

-0.0110

-0.0491

-0.0219

0.0000

0.1111

0.0006

0.0199

0.0298

0.0077

-0.0044

0.0199

-0.0144

0.0314

0.0052

0.0328

0.0088

0.0299

0.0134

-0.0343

0.0891

-0.0574

-0.0629

-0.0499

-0.0647

0.1111

0.0000

0.0000

-0.0177

0.0173

0.0104

-0.0092

0.0256

-0.0012

0.0113

0.0186

0.0088

0.0219

0.0025

0.0206

0.0643

-0.0239

-0.0543

-0.0165

-0.0509

-0.0275

0.0000

0.1111

0.0006

0.0266

0.0260

0.0051

-0.0020

0.0131

-0.0145

0.0295

-0.0004

0.0299

0.0025

0.0320

0.0078

-0.0560

0.1010

-0.0419

-0.0596

-0.0383

-0.0607

0.1111

0.0000

-0.0017

-0.0167

0.0316

0.0016

-0.0134

0.0231

-0.0119

0.0167

0.0181

0.0134

0.0206

0.0078

0.0279

0.0657

-0.0091

-0.0575

-0.0262

-0.0540

-0.0375

0.0000

0.1111

0.0006

-0.1309

0.0425

-0.0080

-0.0409

0.0436

-0.0015

-0.0220

0.0635

-0.0343

0.0643

-0.0560

0.0657

0.3820

-0.3006

-0.0951

0.0673

-0.0794

0.0397

0.1111

0.0000

-0.0017

0.1210

0.0579

0.0010

0.0096

0.0029

-0.0468

0.0824

-0.0323

0.0891

-0.0239

0.1010

-0.0091

-0.3006

0.3883

-0.0490

-0.1780

-0.0480

-0.1656

0.0000

0.1111

0.0044

0.0143

-0.0486

-0.0653

0.0243

-0.1063

0.0013

-0.0662

-0.0525

-0.0574

-0.0543

-0.0419

-0.0575

-0.0951

-0.0490

0.5424

0.3501

-0.1245

-0.1139

0.1111

0.0000

0.0001

-0.0364

-0.0556

-0.0212

0.0130

-0.0467

0.0292

-0.0647

-0.0110

-0.0629

-0.0165

-0.0596

-0.0262

0.0673

-0.1780

0.3501

0.3000

-0.1259

-0.0549

0.0000

0.1111

0.0044

0.0046

-0.0498

-0.0524

0.0090

-0.0842

-0.0067

-0.0564

-0.0491

-0.0499

-0.0509

-0.0383

-0.0540

-0.0794

-0.0480

-0.1245

-0.1259

0.4805

0.3754

0.1111

0.0000

0.0010

-0.0348

-0.0664

-0.0231

0.0058

-0.0511

0.0213

-0.0669

-0.0219

-0.0647

-0.0275

-0.0607

-0.0375

0.0397

-0.1656

-0.1139

-0.0549

0.3754

0.3468

0.0000

0.1111

0.0024

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0000

0.1111

0.0

0.0

0.0

-0.0074

-0.0015

0.0025

-0.0074

0.0063

-0.0041

0.0009

0.0006

0.0000

0.0006

-0.0017

0.0006

-0.0017

0.0044

0.0001

0.0044

0.0010

0.0024

0.0

0.0

0.0

4.2. calculul parametrilor

X N 1 A T PL

GT X 0

CONTROL:

X 1 vectorul parametrilor in etapa t 0

X 2 vectorul parametrilor in etapa t 1

2.709
0.840
-0.411
-1.467
0.984
-2.567
-1.798
0.857
-1.260
2.056
-2.510
2.936
3.338
-0.161
-2.110
0.116
1.060
-2.611

X=

S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

Calculul coordonatelor
compensate
Pct
S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

X0 (m)
3009.213
3034.868
3020.596
3000.000
3000.000
3000.000
2983.141
2983.099
2991.831

Y0 (m)
4975.027
5018.419
5035.118
5011.538
5007.373
5000.000
5000.156
5007.766
5011.704

X (m)

Y (m)

3009.2155

4975.0280

3034.8672
3020.5970
2999.9982
2999.9983
2999.9975
2983.1447

5018.4171
5035.1150
5011.5386
5007.3751
5000.0029
5000.1561

2983.0973
2991.8323

5007.7663
5011.7018

PS

X (m)

Y (m)

PV
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
S2

X (m)
3020.5970
2999.9982
2999.9983
2999.9975
2983.1447
3034.8672

Y (m)
5035.1150
5011.5386
5007.3751
5000.0029
5000.1561
5018.4171

(gon)
88.0826
115.7429
117.6719
122.5096
151.1720
66.0093

D (m)
61.1554
37.6560
33.6346
26.6217
36.2092
50.4046

S1

3009.2155

4975.0280

PS

X (m)

Y (m)

PV

X (m)

Y (m)

(gon)

D (m)

3009.2155
3020.5970
2999.9982
2999.9983
2999.9975

4975.0280
5035.1150
5011.5386
5007.3751
5000.0029

266.0093
145.0195
212.3993
219.5241
230.9310

50.4046
21.9649
35.5410
36.5755
39.4332

S2

3034.8672

5018.4171

S1
S3
T1
T2
T3

PS

X (m)

Y (m)

PV

X (m)

Y (m)

(gon)

D (m)

5035.1150

S1
S2
T5
T6
T1
T2
T3

3009.2155
3034.8672
2983.0973
2991.8323
2999.9982
2999.9983
2999.9975

4975.0280
5018.4171
5007.7663
5011.7018
5011.5386
5007.3751
5000.0029

288.0826
345.0195
240.1150
243.4934
254.2847
259.3376
266.2231

61.1554
21.9649
46.4131
37.0889
31.3075
34.5516
40.7087

S3

3020.5970

4.3. calculul corectiilor


l. calculul corectiilor pentru distante masurate si calculul distantelor compensate
m.
vij( D ) c ij dx j d ij dy j c ij dxi d ij dxi lij( D )
Dij Dij0 vij( D ) 10 3
dDij c ij dx j d ij dy j c ij dxi d ij dxi
Dij Dij* dDij 10 3
0
( D)
3
*
3
CONTROL: Dij Dij vij 10 Dij Dij dDij 10

n. calculul coordonatelor compensate:

X i X i* dX i 10 3
Yi X i* dYi 10 3

o. calculul distantelor compensate din coordinate compensate


CONTROL:

Dij

Dij

X ij2 Yij2

X ij2 Yij2 Dij0 vij( D ) 10 3 Dij* dDij 103

p. calculul variatiei orientarii dij aij dx j bij dy j aij dxi bij dxi
q. calculul corectiilor unghiului de orientare a statiilor

dzi

d
ij

ni

ni numarul de directii masurate in statia i

r. calculul unghiurilor de orientare compensate ale statiilor

zi zi* dzi

s. calculul corectiilor directiilor masurate vij dzi dij lij


CONTROL: vij k 0
t. calculul directiilor compensate

ij ij0 vij

u. calculul orientarilor compensate ij ij zi

v. calculul orientarilor din coordonate compensate


CONTROL:

compensat
ij

coordonate
ij

ij arctg

Yij
X ij

Pentru distante
PS

S1

S2

S3

Pondere

Termen
liber

dyS1[mm]

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

dxS3[mm]

dyS3[mm]

dxT1[mm]

dyT1[mm]

dxT2[mm]

dyT2[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

dyT4[mm]

dxT5[mm]

dyT5[mm]

dxT6[mm]

dyT6[mm]

2.709

0.840

-0.411

-1.467

0.984

-2.567

-1.798

0.857

-1.260

2.056

-2.510

2.936

3.338

-0.161

-2.110

0.116

1.060

-2.611

S3

-0.1861

-0.9825

0.0000

0.0000

0.1861

0.9825

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.9559

-0.983

61.1591

61.1581

T1
T2
T3

0.2447
0.2739
0.3461

-0.9696
-0.9617
-0.9382

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

-0.2447
0.0000
0.0000

0.9696
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
-0.2739
0.0000

0.0000
0.9617
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
-0.3461

0.0000
0.0000
0.9382

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.9997
1.0075
1.0213

-0.411
3.667
7.328

37.6549
33.6323
26.6180

37.6545
33.6360
26.6253

T4

0.7200

-0.6940

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.7200

0.6940

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0025

1.148

36.2104

36.2115

S2

-0.5089

-0.8608

0.5089

0.8608

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.9755

-0.158

50.4082

50.4080

PV

D* (m)

D0 (m)

dxS1[mm]

dDij
(mm)

vijD
(mm)

Dij0+vij

Dij*+dDij

Din
coord

-2.69

61.155

61.155

61.155

1.53
-1.41
-3.56

37.656
33.635
26.622

37.656
33.635
26.622

37.656
33.635
26.622

-2.30

36.209

36.209

36.209

-3.42

50.405

50.405

50.405

-2.06

21.965

21.965

21.965

-1.02

35.541

35.541

35.541

-1.04

36.575

36.575

36.575

-1.78

39.433

39.433

39.433

[mm]

S3

0.0000

0.0000

0.6497

-0.7602

-0.6497

0.7602

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0306

0.317

21.9667

21.9670

T1

0.0000

0.0000

0.9811

0.1936

0.0000

0.0000

-0.9811

-0.1936

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0038

1.934

35.5401

35.5420

T2

0.0000

0.0000

0.9533

0.3020

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.9533

-0.3020

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0018

0.788

36.5757

36.5765

T3

0.0000

0.0000

0.8842

0.4671

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.8842

-0.4671

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.9963

1.583

39.4334

39.4350

T5

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.8079

0.5893

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.8079

-0.5893

0.0000

0.0000

0.9830

-0.919

46.4122

46.4113

T6

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.7756

0.6313

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.7756

-0.6313

1.0008

0.031

37.0890

37.0890

T1

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.6578

0.7532

-0.6578

-0.7532

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0120

1.244

31.3083

31.3095

T2

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.5961

0.8029

0.0000

0.0000

-0.5961

-0.8029

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0057

-0.636

34.5539

34.5533

T3

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.5059

0.8626

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-0.5059

-0.8626

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.9938

-0.182

40.7117

40.7115

3.668
1.119
2.257
3.773
1.148
3.574
1.742
0.911
0.255
0.201
0.919
0.343
0.748
2.374
2.979

Control

1.84

46.413

46.413

46.413

-0.37

37.089

37.089

37.089

-1.99

31.308

31.308

31.308

-1.74

34.552

34.552

34.552

-2.80

40.709

40.709

40.709

Pentru directii

PS

PV

dxS1[mm]

dyS1[mm]

dxS2[mm]

dyS2[mm]

dxS3[mm]

dyS3[mm]

dxT1[mm]

dyT1[mm]

dxT2[mm]

dyT2[mm]

dxT3[mm]

dyT3[mm]

dxT4[mm]

dyT4[mm]

dxT5[mm]

dyT5[mm]

dxT6[mm]

dyT6[mm]

2.709

0.840

-0.411

-1.467

0.984

-2.567

-1.798

0.857

-1.260

2.056

-2.510

2.936

3.338

-0.161

-2.110

0.116

1.060

-2.611

Pon
dere

Termen
liber

dij

dzij

zcomp

vij

ijcomp

ij=j+zij

ijcoord

[cc]

[cc]

[cc]

[gon]

[cc]

[gon]

[gon]

[gon]

S3

231.8371

88.0814

256.2444

10.2274

-1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

-10.2274

1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

34.058

11.04

2.96

231.8374

88.0826

88.0826

T1

259.4976

115.7355

256.2379

16.3929

4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-16.3929

-4.1365

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-30.629

52.01

20.76

259.4956

115.7407

115.7429

T2

261.4264

117.6653

256.2389

18.2047

5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-18.2047

-5.1853

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-20.591

65.95

3.22

261.4267

117.6719

117.6719

T3

266.2640

122.4997

256.2356

22.4387

8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-22.4387

-8.2779

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-53.441

99.76

4.18

266.2645

122.5096

122.5096

T4

294.9265

151.1715

256.2450

12.2009

12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-12.2009

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

40.780

5.00

3.63

294.9268

151.1720

151.1720

S2

209.7635

66.0074

256.2439

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

29.824

19.09

6.77

209.7641

66.0093

66.0093

256.2410

90.3359

21.8931

-10.8713

6.4276

-10.2274

1.9374

-16.3929

-4.1365

-18.2047

-5.1853

-22.4387

-8.2779

-12.2009

-12.6584

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

42.14

256.2452

S1

S2

S3

0.000

0.00

S1

279.7445

266.0074

386.2629

10.8713

-6.4276

-10.8713

6.4276

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-63.234

19.09

-8.50

279.7436

266.0093

266.0093

S3

158.7534

145.0205

386.2671

0.0000

0.0000

22.0314

18.8289

-22.0314

-18.8289

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-21.286

10.03

4.32

158.7539

145.0195

145.0195

T1

226.1334

212.4039

386.2705

0.0000

0.0000

-3.4681

17.5738

0.0000

0.0000

3.4681

-17.5738

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

13.075

45.65

3.07

226.1337

212.3993

212.3993

T2

233.2583

219.5304

386.2721

0.0000

0.0000

-5.2563

16.5929

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

5.2563

-16.5929

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

28.508

62.93

1.22

233.2584

219.5241

219.5241

T3

244.6654

230.9389

386.2735

0.0000

0.0000

-7.5406

14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

42.937

78.69

-0.11

244.6653

230.9310

230.9310

386.2692

10.8713

-6.4276

-5.1050

73.6980

-22.0314

-18.8289

3.4681

-17.5738

5.2563

-16.5929

7.5406

-14.2749

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

35.64

386.2657

0.00

0.00

S1

399.5995

288.0814

111.5181

10.2274

-1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

-10.2274

1.9374

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-46.842

11.04

9.25

399.6004

345.2254

288.0826

S2

56.5380

345.0205

288.4825

0.0000

0.0000

22.0314

18.8289

-22.0314

-18.8289

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-41.328

10.03

-6.31

56.5374

2.1624

345.0195

T5

351.6328

240.1204

111.5124

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-8.0834

11.0817

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

0.0000

0.0000

9.685

54.74

0.00

351.6328

297.2578

240.1150

T6

355.0113

243.4933

111.5180

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-10.8356

13.3123

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

10.8356

-13.3123

-46.464

1.41

0.00

355.0113

300.6363

243.4934

T1

365.8029

254.2936

111.5094

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-15.3146

13.3766

15.3146

-13.3766

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

40.101

88.40

-3.25

365.8026

311.4276

254.2847

T2

370.8556

259.3460

111.5096

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-14.7933

10.9819

0.0000

0.0000

14.7933

-10.9819

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

37.998

83.97

-0.92

370.8555

316.4805

259.3376

T3

377.7409

266.2322

111.5087

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

-13.4886

7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

46.849

90.67

1.23

377.7410

323.3660

266.2231

-54.3705

10.2274

-1.9374

22.0314

18.8289

-94.7741

39.7719

15.3146

-13.3766

14.7933

-10.9819

13.4886

-7.9109

0.0000

0.0000

8.0834

-11.0817

10.8356

-13.3123

0.00

45.05

-54.3750

0.00

V=

2.96
-20.76
3.22
4.18
3.63
6.77
-8.50
4.32
3.07
1.22
-0.11
9.25
-6.31
0.00
0.00
-3.25
-0.92
1.23
-2.686
1.529
-1.410
-3.555
-2.297
-3.417
-2.059
-1.023
-1.043
-1.784
1.838
-0.374
-1.992
-1.738
-2.797

4.4. evaluarea preciziei masuratorilor:


-etapa de masuratori t1
s0 i

Pvv

nu d

s01=abaterea standard empirica in etapa de masuratori t1


n= numarul de ecuatii
u=numarul de necunoscute
vtpv= 947
d=defectul de rang
f=gradul de libertate
s0= 7.3[cc]
i=0.1

5. Testul global de congruenta a celor doua configuratii de la etapele


t0 si t1 :

- etapa de masuratori t0 : X 1

- etapa de masuratori t1 : X 2

Qxx1 N1
Qxx 2 N 2

s01

s02

X 1 = vectorul parametrilor in etapa t0

X 2 = vectorul parametrilor in etapa t1


Qxx1 = matricea cofactorilor in etapa t0
Qxx 2 = matricea cofactorilor in etapa t1
s01 = abaterea standard empirica in etapa de masuratori t0
s02 = abaterea standard empirica in etapa de masuratori t1

Testul global de congruenta:

d X 2 X 1
Qdd Qxx1 Qxx 2
Qdd N1 N 2
so so21 so22
F

d T Qdd
d
2
h so

hnd

d = vectorul discrepantelor
Qdd = matricea cofactorilor modelului de
deformatie
so = abaterea standard empirica a
modelului de deformatie
F = valoarea calculata a testului Fischer
h = rangul matricii Qdd
n = dimensiunea lui Qdd
d = defectul de rang

Qxx1=N

0.049

-0.006

0.007

0.012

-0.006

-0.002

0.016

-0.018

0.020

-0.018

0.027

-0.017

-0.131

0.121

0.014

-0.036

0.005

-0.035

-0.006

0.077

-0.031

-0.024

0.006

-0.048

0.032

0.009

0.030

0.017

0.026

0.032

0.042

0.058

-0.049

-0.056

-0.050

-0.066

0.007

-0.031

0.055

0.010

0.042

0.037

0.009

0.015

0.008

0.010

0.005

0.002

-0.008

0.001

-0.065

-0.021

-0.052

-0.023

0.012

-0.024

0.010

0.011

-0.002

0.013

-0.006

-0.007

-0.004

-0.009

-0.002

-0.013

-0.041

0.010

0.024

0.013

0.009

0.006

-0.006

0.006

0.042

-0.002

0.054

0.016

0.024

0.027

0.020

0.026

0.013

0.023

0.044

0.003

-0.106

-0.047

-0.084

-0.051

-0.002

-0.048

0.037

0.013

0.016

0.039

-0.014

0.005

-0.014

-0.001

-0.015

-0.012

-0.002

-0.047

0.001

0.029

-0.007

0.021

0.016

0.032

0.009

-0.006

0.024

-0.014

0.035

0.009

0.031

0.011

0.029

0.017

-0.022

0.082

-0.066

-0.065

-0.056

-0.067

-0.018

0.009

0.015

-0.007

0.027

0.005

0.009

0.021

0.005

0.019

0.000

0.018

0.064

-0.032

-0.052

-0.011

-0.049

-0.022

0.020

0.030

0.008

-0.004

0.020

-0.014

0.031

0.005

0.033

0.009

0.030

0.013

-0.034

0.089

-0.057

-0.063

-0.050

-0.065

-0.018

0.017

0.010

-0.009

0.026

-0.001

0.011

0.019

0.009

0.022

0.003

0.021

0.064

-0.024

-0.054

-0.016

-0.051

-0.028

0.027

0.026

0.005

-0.002

0.013

-0.015

0.029

0.000

0.030

0.003

0.032

0.008

-0.056

0.101

-0.042

-0.060

-0.038

-0.061

-0.017

0.032

0.002

-0.013

0.023

-0.012

0.017

0.018

0.013

0.021

0.008

0.028

0.066

-0.009

-0.057

-0.026

-0.054

-0.037

-0.131

0.042

-0.008

-0.041

0.044

-0.002

-0.022

0.064

-0.034

0.064

-0.056

0.066

0.382

-0.301

-0.095

0.067

-0.079

0.040

0.121

0.058

0.001

0.010

0.003

-0.047

0.082

-0.032

0.089

-0.024

0.101

-0.009

-0.301

0.388

-0.049

-0.178

-0.048

-0.166

0.014

-0.049

-0.065

0.024

-0.106

0.001

-0.066

-0.052

-0.057

-0.054

-0.042

-0.057

-0.095

-0.049

0.542

0.350

-0.125

-0.114

-0.036

-0.056

-0.021

0.013

-0.047

0.029

-0.065

-0.011

-0.063

-0.016

-0.060

-0.026

0.067

-0.178

0.350

0.300

-0.126

-0.055

0.005

-0.050

-0.052

0.009

-0.084

-0.007

-0.056

-0.049

-0.050

-0.051

-0.038

-0.054

-0.079

-0.048

-0.125

-0.126

0.480

0.375

-0.035

-0.066

-0.023

0.006

-0.051

0.021

-0.067

-0.022

-0.065

-0.028

-0.061

-0.037

0.040

-0.166

-0.114

-0.055

0.375

0.347

Qxx1=N+2

0.049
-0.006
0.007
0.012
-0.006
-0.002
0.016
-0.018

-0.006
0.077
-0.031
-0.024
0.006
-0.048
0.032
0.009

0.007
-0.031
0.055
0.010
0.042
0.037
0.009
0.015

0.012
-0.024
0.010
0.011
-0.002
0.013
-0.006
-0.007

-0.006
0.006
0.042
-0.002
0.054
0.016
0.024
0.027

-0.002
-0.048
0.037
0.013
0.016
0.039
-0.014
0.005

0.016
0.032
0.009
-0.006
0.024
-0.014
0.035
0.009

-0.018
0.009
0.015
-0.007
0.027
0.005
0.009
0.021

0.020
0.030
0.008
-0.004
0.020
-0.014
0.031
0.005

-0.018
0.017
0.010
-0.009
0.026
-0.001
0.011
0.019

0.027
0.026
0.005
-0.002
0.013
-0.015
0.029
0.000

-0.017
0.032
0.002
-0.013
0.023
-0.012
0.017
0.018

-0.131
0.042
-0.008
-0.041
0.044
-0.002
-0.022
0.064

0.121
0.058
0.001
0.010
0.003
-0.047
0.082
-0.032

0.014
-0.049
-0.065
0.024
-0.106
0.001
-0.066
-0.052

-0.036
-0.056
-0.021
0.013
-0.047
0.029
-0.065
-0.011

0.005
-0.050
-0.052
0.009
-0.084
-0.007
-0.056
-0.049

-0.035
-0.066
-0.023
0.006
-0.051
0.021
-0.067
-0.022

0.020
-0.018
0.027
-0.017
-0.131
0.121
0.014
-0.036
0.005
-0.035

0.030
0.017
0.026
0.032
0.042
0.058
-0.049
-0.056
-0.050
-0.066

0.008
0.010
0.005
0.002
-0.008
0.001
-0.065
-0.021
-0.052
-0.023

-0.004
-0.009
-0.002
-0.013
-0.041
0.010
0.024
0.013
0.009
0.006

0.020
0.026
0.013
0.023
0.044
0.003
-0.106
-0.047
-0.084
-0.051

-0.014
-0.001
-0.015
-0.012
-0.002
-0.047
0.001
0.029
-0.007
0.021

0.031
0.011
0.029
0.017
-0.022
0.082
-0.066
-0.065
-0.056
-0.067

0.005
0.019
0.000
0.018
0.064
-0.032
-0.052
-0.011
-0.049
-0.022

0.033
0.009
0.030
0.013
-0.034
0.089
-0.057
-0.063
-0.050
-0.065

0.009
0.022
0.003
0.021
0.064
-0.024
-0.054
-0.016
-0.051
-0.028

0.030
0.003
0.032
0.008
-0.056
0.101
-0.042
-0.060
-0.038
-0.061

0.013
0.021
0.008
0.028
0.066
-0.009
-0.057
-0.026
-0.054
-0.037

-0.034
0.064
-0.056
0.066
0.382
-0.301
-0.095
0.067
-0.079
0.040

0.089
-0.024
0.101
-0.009
-0.301
0.388
-0.049
-0.178
-0.048
-0.166

-0.057
-0.054
-0.042
-0.057
-0.095
-0.049
0.542
0.350
-0.125
-0.114

-0.063
-0.016
-0.060
-0.026
0.067
-0.178
0.350
0.300
-0.126
-0.055

-0.050
-0.051
-0.038
-0.054
-0.079
-0.048
-0.125
-0.126
0.480
0.375

-0.065
-0.028
-0.061
-0.037
0.040
-0.166
-0.114
-0.055
0.375
0.347

s01= 7.27[cc]
s02= 7.25[cc]
S= 10.27[cc]

X1

-0.398
0.979
-0.183
-0.045
-0.038
-1.465
-0.753
0.505
0.147
1.018
-0.496
1.192
2.043
1.857
-0.731
-2.074
0.409
-1.965

X2

2.709
0.840
-0.411
-1.467
0.984
-2.567
-1.798
0.857
-1.260
2.056
-2.510
2.936
3.338
-0.161
-2.110
0.116
1.060
-2.611

d=X2-X1

3.107
-0.138
-0.228
-1.422
1.022
-1.101
-1.045
0.352
-1.407
1.039
-2.015
1.744
1.295
-2.018
-1.379
2.190
0.651
-0.646

S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

Qdd=Qxx1+Qxx2

0.098
-0.013
0.014
0.023
-0.013
-0.005
0.032
-0.036
0.040
-0.035
0.053
-0.033
-0.262
0.242
0.029
-0.073
0.009
-0.070

-0.013
0.154
-0.063
-0.047
0.011
-0.095
0.064
0.018
0.060
0.035
0.052
0.063
0.085
0.116
-0.097
-0.111
-0.100
-0.133

0.014
-0.063
0.109
0.021
0.085
0.073
0.018
0.031
0.015
0.021
0.010
0.003
-0.016
0.002
-0.131
-0.042
-0.105
-0.046

0.023
-0.047
0.021
0.023
-0.004
0.026
-0.011
-0.014
-0.009
-0.018
-0.004
-0.027
-0.082
0.019
0.049
0.026
0.018
0.012

-0.013
0.011
0.085
-0.004
0.108
0.032
0.048
0.054
0.040
0.051
0.026
0.046
0.087
0.006
-0.213
-0.093
-0.168
-0.102

-0.005
-0.095
0.073
0.026
0.032
0.078
-0.029
0.010
-0.029
-0.002
-0.029
-0.024
-0.003
-0.094
0.003
0.058
-0.013
0.043

0.032
0.064
0.018
-0.011
0.048
-0.029
0.070
0.018
0.063
0.023
0.059
0.033
-0.044
0.165
-0.132
-0.129
-0.113
-0.134

-0.036
0.018
0.031
-0.014
0.054
0.010
0.018
0.042
0.010
0.037
-0.001
0.036
0.127
-0.065
-0.105
-0.022
-0.098
-0.044

0.040
0.060
0.015
-0.009
0.040
-0.029
0.063
0.010
0.066
0.018
0.060
0.027
-0.069
0.178
-0.115
-0.126
-0.100
-0.129

-0.035
0.035
0.021
-0.018
0.051
-0.002
0.023
0.037
0.018
0.044
0.005
0.041
0.129
-0.048
-0.109
-0.033
-0.102
-0.055

0.053
0.052
0.010
-0.004
0.026
-0.029
0.059
-0.001
0.060
0.005
0.064
0.016
-0.112
0.202
-0.084
-0.119
-0.077
-0.121

-0.033
0.063
0.003
-0.027
0.046
-0.024
0.033
0.036
0.027
0.041
0.016
0.056
0.131
-0.018
-0.115
-0.052
-0.108
-0.075

-0.262
0.085
-0.016
-0.082
0.087
-0.003
-0.044
0.127
-0.069
0.129
-0.112
0.131
0.764
-0.601
-0.190
0.135
-0.159
0.079

0.242
0.116
0.002
0.019
0.006
-0.094
0.165
-0.065
0.178
-0.048
0.202
-0.018
-0.601
0.777
-0.098
-0.356
-0.096
-0.331

0.029
-0.097
-0.131
0.049
-0.213
0.003
-0.132
-0.105
-0.115
-0.109
-0.084
-0.115
-0.190
-0.098
1.085
0.700
-0.249
-0.228

-0.073
-0.111
-0.042
0.026
-0.093
0.058
-0.129
-0.022
-0.126
-0.033
-0.119
-0.052
0.135
-0.356
0.700
0.600
-0.252
-0.110

0.009
-0.100
-0.105
0.018
-0.168
-0.013
-0.113
-0.098
-0.100
-0.102
-0.077
-0.108
-0.159
-0.096
-0.249
-0.252
0.961
0.751

-0.070
-0.133
-0.046
0.012
-0.102
0.043
-0.134
-0.044
-0.129
-0.055
-0.121
-0.075
0.079
-0.331
-0.228
-0.110
0.751
0.694

0.098

-0.013

0.014

0.023

-0.013

-0.005

0.032

-0.036

0.040

-0.035

0.053

-0.033

-0.262

0.242

0.029

-0.073

0.009

-0.070

1.0000

0.0000

-32.4285

-0.013

0.154

-0.063

-0.047

0.011

-0.095

0.064

0.018

0.060

0.035

0.052

0.063

0.085

0.116

-0.097

-0.111

-0.100

-0.133

0.0000

1.0000

-6.6852

0.014

-0.063

0.109

0.021

0.085

0.073

0.018

0.031

0.015

0.021

0.010

0.003

-0.016

0.002

-0.131

-0.042

-0.105

-0.046

1.0000

0.0000

10.9629

0.023

-0.047

0.021

0.023

-0.004

0.026

-0.011

-0.014

-0.009

-0.018

-0.004

-0.027

-0.082

0.019

0.049

0.026

0.018

0.012

0.0000

1.0000

-32.3400

-0.013

0.011

0.085

-0.004

0.108

0.032

0.048

0.054

0.040

0.051

0.026

0.046

0.087

0.006

-0.213

-0.093

-0.168

-0.102

1.0000

0.0000

27.6619

-0.005

-0.095

0.073

0.026

0.032

0.078

-0.029

0.010

-0.029

-0.002

-0.029

-0.024

-0.003

-0.094

0.003

0.058

-0.013

0.043

0.0000

1.0000

-18.0684

0.032

0.064

0.018

-0.011

0.048

-0.029

0.070

0.018

0.063

0.023

0.059

0.033

-0.044

0.165

-0.132

-0.129

-0.113

-0.134

1.0000

0.0000

4.0820

-0.036

0.018

0.031

-0.014

0.054

0.010

0.018

0.042

0.010

0.037

-0.001

0.036

0.127

-0.065

-0.105

-0.022

-0.098

-0.044

0.0000

1.0000

2.5276

0.040

0.060

0.015

-0.009

0.040

-0.029

0.063

0.010

0.066

0.018

0.060

0.027

-0.069

0.178

-0.115

-0.126

-0.100

-0.129

1.0000

0.0000

-0.0827

-0.035

0.035

0.021

-0.018

0.051

-0.002

0.023

0.037

0.018

0.044

0.005

0.041

0.129

-0.048

-0.109

-0.033

-0.102

-0.055

0.0000

1.0000

2.5280

0.053

0.052

0.010

-0.004

0.026

-0.029

0.059

-0.001

0.060

0.005

0.064

0.016

-0.112

0.202

-0.084

-0.119

-0.077

-0.121

1.0000

0.0000

-7.4557

-0.033

0.063

0.003

-0.027

0.046

-0.024

0.033

0.036

0.027

0.041

0.016

0.056

0.131

-0.018

-0.115

-0.052

-0.108

-0.075

0.0000

1.0000

2.5276

-0.262

0.085

-0.016

-0.082

0.087

-0.003

-0.044

0.127

-0.069

0.129

-0.112

0.131

0.764

-0.601

-0.190

0.135

-0.159

0.079

1.0000

0.0000

-7.2994

0.242

0.116

0.002

0.019

0.006

-0.094

0.165

-0.065

0.178

-0.048

0.202

-0.018

-0.601

0.777

-0.098

-0.356

-0.096

-0.331

0.0000

1.0000

19.3862

0.029

-0.097

-0.131

0.049

-0.213

0.003

-0.132

-0.105

-0.115

-0.109

-0.084

-0.115

-0.190

-0.098

1.085

0.700

-0.249

-0.228

1.0000

0.0000

0.3105

-0.073

-0.111

-0.042

0.026

-0.093

0.058

-0.129

-0.022

-0.126

-0.033

-0.119

-0.052

0.135

-0.356

0.700

0.600

-0.252

-0.110

0.0000

1.0000

19.4282

0.009

-0.100

-0.105

0.018

-0.168

-0.013

-0.113

-0.098

-0.100

-0.102

-0.077

-0.108

-0.159

-0.096

-0.249

-0.252

0.961

0.751

1.0000

0.0000

4.2487

-0.070
1.000

-0.133
0.000

-0.046
1.000

0.012
0.000

-0.102
1.000

0.043
0.000

-0.134
1.000

-0.044
0.000

-0.129
1.000

-0.055
0.000

-0.121
1.000

-0.075
0.000

0.079
1.000

-0.331
0.000

-0.228
1.000

-0.110
0.000

0.751
1.000

0.694
0.000

0.0000
0.000

1.0000
0.000

10.6964
0.000

0.000

1.000

0.000

1.000

0.000

1.000

0.000

1.000

0.000

1.000

0.000

1.000

0.000

1.000

0.000

1.000

0.000

1.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-32.428

-6.685

10.963

-32.340

27.662

-18.068

4.082

2.528

-0.083

2.528

-7.456

2.528

-7.299

19.386

0.311

19.428

4.249

10.696

0.000

0.000

0.000

Qdd+

150.226

4.732

-47.017

-72.599

65.562

-3.443

-25.946

26.231

-45.220

18.030

100.942

-9.093

17.157

18.321

-5.905

8.095

-7.916

9.725

0.111

0.000

-0.007

4.732

139.554

89.264

-3.426

11.110

-14.348

0.470

-14.625

-8.427

-16.634

-45.056

-29.879

-54.712

-57.265

1.119

-1.534

1.499

-1.842

0.000

0.111

-0.002

-43.677

38.710

-51.359

47.578

-66.525

51.278

-11.053

-11.468

-12.721

17.439

-17.052

20.949

0.111

0.000

0.003

-6.997

-4.717

-5.418

2.126

-8.080

18.281

6.535

6.780

-10.872

14.904

-14.573

17.904

0.000

0.111

-0.007

485.016
270.586

-47.017

89.264

606.373

231.266

-356.969

-72.599

-3.426

231.266

218.734

-119.263

65.562

11.110

-356.969

-119.263

301.560

271.516

-20.144

-30.619

-13.390

-34.330

-2.297

-38.922

-10.399

-10.789

21.730

-30.464

14.347

-18.241

0.111

0.000

0.006

-3.443

-14.348

-485.016

-270.586

271.516

542.707

67.848

-84.174

51.799

-59.832

32.638

-34.729

1.970

2.044

21.591

-30.092

41.096

-50.989

0.000

0.111

-0.004

-25.946

0.470

-43.677

-6.997

-20.144

67.848

218.027

-83.694

-42.874

10.684

-48.023

2.296

-16.667

-17.292

-8.842

12.122

-11.853

14.562

0.111

0.000

0.001

26.231

-14.625

38.710

-4.717

-30.619

-84.174

-83.694

208.126

17.097

-41.440

18.405

-35.499

-4.206

-4.363

7.723

-10.588

10.353

-12.719

0.000

0.111

0.001

-45.220

-8.427

-51.359

-5.418

-13.390

51.799

-42.874

17.097

243.600

-64.927

-52.257

3.304

-18.509

-19.204

-8.541

11.710

-11.450

14.067

0.111

0.000

0.000

18.030

-16.634

47.578

2.126

-34.330

-59.832

10.684

-41.440

-64.927

173.855

13.397

-33.469

-5.272

-5.470

6.341

-8.693

8.500

-10.442

0.000

0.111

0.001

100.942

-45.056

-66.525

-8.080

-2.297

32.638

-48.023

18.405

-52.257

13.397

311.087

-11.137

-22.814

-23.670

-7.788

10.677

-10.440

12.826

0.111

0.000

-0.002

-9.093

-29.879

51.278

18.281

-38.922

-34.729

2.296

-35.499

3.304

-33.469

-11.137

137.810

-8.417

-8.732

4.568

-6.262

6.123

-7.522

0.000

0.111

0.001

17.157

-54.712

-11.053

6.535

-10.399

1.970

-16.667

-4.206

-18.509

-5.272

-22.814

-8.417

62.286

64.101

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.111

0.000

-0.002

18.321

-57.265

-11.468

6.780

-10.789

2.044

-17.292

-4.363

-19.204

-5.470

-23.670

-8.732

64.101

67.006

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.111

0.004

-5.905

1.119

-12.721

-10.872

21.730

21.591

-8.842

7.723

-8.541

6.341

-7.788

4.568

0.000

0.000

28.324

-38.157

-6.256

7.686

0.111

0.000

0.000

8.095

-1.534

17.439

14.904

-30.464

-30.092

12.122

-10.588

11.710

-8.693

10.677

-6.262

0.000

0.000

-38.157

52.801

8.577

-10.537

0.000

0.111

0.004

-7.916

1.499

-17.052

-14.573

14.347

41.096

-11.853

10.353

-11.450

8.500

-10.440

6.123

0.000

0.000

-6.256

8.577

50.619

-61.575

0.111

0.000

0.001

9.725

-1.842

20.949

17.904

-18.241

-50.989

14.562

-12.719

14.067

-10.442

12.826

-7.522

0.000

0.000

7.686

-10.537

-61.575

76.149

0.000

0.111

0.002

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.111

0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.007

-0.002

0.003

-0.007

0.006

-0.004

0.001

0.001

0.000

0.001

-0.002

0.001

-0.002

0.004

0.000

0.004

0.001

0.002

0.000

0.000

0.000

Decizia testului Fischer


F = valoarea calculata a testului Fischer
Flim = valoarea teoretica a testului Fischer (extrasa din tabelele Fischer)
= 95% = coeficientul de incredere (prag de siguranta)
F Flim Fh , f ,1

1. daca

E X1 E X 2

nu avem deformatii

2. daca F Flim Fh , f ,1


E X1 E X 2

( H 0 ) adevarata

( H 0 ) falsa
( H1 ) adevarata ipoteza alternativ

avem deformatii

dTQdd+d= 7406.62
h= 15
F= 4.682
Fteoretic= 1.954

F>Fteoretic

avem deformatii

6. Localizarea deformatiilor

a. Testul Student (t)


s j so Q jj
tj

dj
sj

tlim t f ,1

s j abaterea standard empirica individuala (a fiecarui punct j)


t j valoarea calculata a testului de localizare a deformatiilor
t lim valoarea teoretica a testului de localizare a deformatiilor

Decizia testului Fischer:


t j t f ,1 tlim ( H 0 ) adevarata
1. daca

E d j 0

2. daca

punctul d j considerat stabil

t j t f ,1 tlim

E d j 0

( H 0 ) falsa
( H1 ) adevarata ipoteza alternativa

punctul d j considerat miscat

tlimita =2.03

Pct
S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

sj
3.21
4.03
3.39
1.54
3.38
2.87
2.71
2.11
2.63
2.15
2.60
2.42
8.98
9.05
10.70
7.95
10.07
8.55

tj
0.97
-0.03
-0.07
-0.92
0.30
-0.38
-0.39
0.17
-0.53
0.48
-0.78
0.72
0.14
-0.22
-0.13
0.28
0.06
-0.08

b. testul statistic multiplu F

Punctul S1 este stabil


Punctul S2 este stabil
Punctul S3 este stabil
Punctul T1 este stabil
Punctul T2 este stabil
Punctul T3 este stabil
Punctul T4 este stabil
Punctul T5 este stabil
Punctul T6 este stabil

dk

dxk
dyk

Qddk

k 1,2...n / 2
T

Fk

Q xxk

Q xyk

Q yxk

Q yyk

d k Q ddk d k
so2 2

Flim F2, f ,1

k 1,2...n / 2

Decizia testului:
Fk Flim F2, f ,1
1. daca

E dk 0

2. daca

punctul k este stabil

Fk Flim F2, f ,1

E dk 0

( H 0 ) adevarata

( H 0 ) falsa
( H1 ) adevarata

pnctul k este miscat


Flimita

S1
S2
S3
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6

3.26
Fk
6.867
2.957
1.716
1.543
4.076
8.345
0.201
2.548
0.498

Qxx

0.049

-0.006

0.007

0.012

-0.006

-0.002

0.016

-0.018

0.020

-0.018

0.027

-0.017

-0.131

0.121

0.014

-0.036

0.005

-0.035

-0.006

0.077

-0.031

-0.024

0.006

-0.048

0.032

0.009

0.030

0.017

0.026

0.032

0.042

0.058

-0.049

-0.056

-0.050

-0.066

0.007

-0.031

0.055

0.010

0.042

0.037

0.009

0.015

0.008

0.010

0.005

0.002

-0.008

0.001

-0.065

-0.021

-0.052

-0.023

0.012

-0.024

0.010

0.011

-0.002

0.013

-0.006

-0.007

-0.004

-0.009

-0.002

-0.013

-0.041

0.010

0.024

0.013

0.009

0.006

-0.006

0.006

0.042

-0.002

0.054

0.016

0.024

0.027

0.020

0.026

0.013

0.023

0.044

0.003

-0.106

-0.047

-0.084

-0.051

-0.002

-0.048

0.037

0.013

0.016

0.039

-0.014

0.005

-0.014

-0.001

-0.015

-0.012

-0.002

-0.047

0.001

0.029

-0.007

0.021

0.016

0.032

0.009

-0.006

0.024

-0.014

0.035

0.009

0.031

0.011

0.029

0.017

-0.022

0.082

-0.066

-0.065

-0.056

-0.067

-0.018

0.009

0.015

-0.007

0.027

0.005

0.009

0.021

0.005

0.019

0.000

0.018

0.064

-0.032

-0.052

-0.011

-0.049

-0.022

0.020

0.030

0.008

-0.004

0.020

-0.014

0.031

0.005

0.033

0.009

0.030

0.013

-0.034

0.089

-0.057

-0.063

-0.050

-0.065

-0.018

0.017

0.010

-0.009

0.026

-0.001

0.011

0.019

0.009

0.022

0.003

0.021

0.064

-0.024

-0.054

-0.016

-0.051

-0.028

0.027

0.026

0.005

-0.002

0.013

-0.015

0.029

0.000

0.030

0.003

0.032

0.008

-0.056

0.101

-0.042

-0.060

-0.038

-0.061

-0.017

0.032

0.002

-0.013

0.023

-0.012

0.017

0.018

0.013

0.021

0.008

0.028

0.066

-0.009

-0.057

-0.026

-0.054

-0.037

-0.131

0.042

-0.008

-0.041

0.044

-0.002

-0.022

0.064

-0.034

0.064

-0.056

0.066

0.382

-0.301

-0.095

0.067

-0.079

0.040

0.121

0.058

0.001

0.010

0.003

-0.047

0.082

-0.032

0.089

-0.024

0.101

-0.009

-0.301

0.388

-0.049

-0.178

-0.048

-0.166

0.014

-0.049

-0.065

0.024

-0.106

0.001

-0.066

-0.052

-0.057

-0.054

-0.042

-0.057

-0.095

-0.049

0.542

0.350

-0.125

-0.114

-0.036

-0.056

-0.021

0.013

-0.047

0.029

-0.065

-0.011

-0.063

-0.016

-0.060

-0.026

0.067

-0.178

0.350

0.300

-0.126

-0.055

0.005

-0.050

-0.052

0.009

-0.084

-0.007

-0.056

-0.049

-0.050

-0.051

-0.038

-0.054

-0.079

-0.048

-0.125

-0.126

0.480

0.375

-0.035

-0.066

-0.023

0.006

-0.051

0.021

-0.067

-0.022

-0.065

-0.028

-0.061

-0.037

0.040

-0.166

-0.114

-0.055

0.375

0.347

1
0.078512
0.056914
0.064096
0.039408
0.037727
0.037959
0.685767
0.791737
0.794920

2
0.047657
0.008893
0.029161
0.016550
0.004771
0.021909
0.084563
0.050668
0.032331

a
2.037
1.734
1.840
1.443
1.412
1.416
6.019
6.468
6.481

b
1.584
0.684
1.239
0.933
0.501
1.074
2.110
1.633
1.304

13.3277
114.2351
235.8735
29.7087
32.4439
41.6491
149.6645
39.3894
44.3888

PARTEA DE NIVELMENT
TEMA LUCRARII:
In reteaua de urmarire a comportarii constructiilor din schita nr. 2 au fost
efectuate masuratori de nivelment in doua etape: la etapa t0 si la etapa t1.
Se dau:
1. cotele provizorii ale punctelor;
2. diferentele de nivel masurate din cele doua etape de masuratori
Se cere:
1. formarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare;
2. normalizarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare;
3. compensarea retelei ca o retea libera n cele doua etape de masuratori:
3.1. inversarea matricii normale;
3.2. calculul parametrilor;
3.3. calculul corectiilor;
3.4. evaluarea preciziei masuratorilor n cele doua etape;
4. realizarea testului global de congruenta;
5. localizarea punctelor deplasate.

NIVELMENT
ETAPA T0

Cote provizorii

Diferente de nivel masurate in etapa 0


De la

La

dh (m)

M2

M7

M6

M8

M7
M6
M5
M8
M1
M1
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M2

M6
M5
M6
M1
M2
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M1
R3

0.170
0.894
2
-0.132
0.113
-0.113
-0.897
-0.036
-0.195
0.212
-0.146
-0.398
0.720
-0.177
-0.052
0.036
-0.093

Nr.
statii
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
4
3
2
1
1
1
1

ETAPE DE CALCUL
1. Formarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare:
Intocmirea ecuatiilor de corectie
a. forma ecuatiilor de
corectie:

vij xi x j l ij lPij

n = numar de statii
b. calculul termenilor
liberi pentru ecuatiile
de corectie:
lij ( H 0j H i0 ) hij*

c. calculul ponderilor
ecuatiilor de corectie:
Pij

1
n

d. sistemul liniar al
ecuatiilor de corectie
- se va scrie sistemul de
ecuatii format

De la

La

M2
M6
M7
M6
M5
M8
M1
M1
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M2

M7
M8
M6
M5
M6
M1
M2
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M1
R3

xR1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

xR2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0

xR3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
1

xR4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0

xM1
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

Necunoscute
xM2
xM3
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
-1
-1
0
-1
0

xM4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0

xM5
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

xM6
0
-1
1
-1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

xM7
1
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

xM8
0
1
0
0
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Pondere
1.0
0.5
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.3
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.5
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

Termen
liber
-0.100
-0.100
-0.100
0.000
0.100
-0.100
0.000
0.000
0.100
-0.100
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.100
-0.100

2. Normalizarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare:


N AT PA

A = matricea coeficientilor
P = matricea ponderilor
N = matricea sistemului normal
0.833
3
0.500
0

0.500
0
0.750
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.3333

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.250
0

0.000
0

0.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
0.000
0

N=

0.250
0
0.000
0

1.583
3
0.333
3
0.000
0

0.333
3
0.833
3

0.0000

0.000
0

3.3333

0.000
0

2.0000

0.000
0

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.000
0

1.000
0
0.000
0

0.0000

1.000
0
0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

2.000
0
5.000
0

0.000
0

0.500
0
0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0
1.500
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0
0.000
0

1.000
0
0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

2.000
0

2.000
0
3.500
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0
2.000
0

0.500
0
0.000
0

0.000
0

1.500
0

0.333
3
0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0
0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.500
0
0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.0000

1.000
0
0.000
0

2.000
0
0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0
0.000
0

1.000
0
2.000
0

1.000
0
0.500
0

0.000
0

3. compensarea retelei ca o retea libera in cele doua etape de


masuratori:
3.1. inverse matricii normale:

X N 1 AT PL

L = vectorul termenilor liberi


X = vectorul parametrilor

N 0

N = matricea singulara (nu are inversa)

1
1

G 1

:
1

CONTROL:

N G 0

G(n,1) = matricea auxiliara


n = numarul de puncte
Matricea N se bordeaza cu matricea auxiliara G, matricea rezultata are urmatoarea forma:
N


(G T G ) 1 G T

G (G T G ) 1

0.833
3
0.500
0
0.000
0

0.500
0
0.750
0
0.250
0

0.000
0
0.333
3

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
0.250
0
1.583
3
0.333
3

0.000
0
0.000
0
0.333
3

0.3333
0.0000
0.0000

0.833
3

0.0000

0.000
0

3.3333

0.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0

2.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
0.500
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0

0.000
0
2.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
0.500
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0
0.000
0

1.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0

1.500
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
2.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0
0.500
0

1.000
0

2.000
0

0.000
0

1.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.0000

5.000
0
1.000
0

0.0000

0.000
0

2.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0

0.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.0000

0.000
0
1.000
0

2.000
0
2.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

3.500
0
1.000
0

1.000
0

1.000
0

N+ =

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.500
0

0.000
0

1.500
0

1.686
1

0.986
6

0.079
1

0.986
6
0.079
1
0.366
5
0.014
7
0.166
3
0.320
5
0.391
4
0.430

1.899
8

0.059
7

0.366
5
0.300
3

0.166
3
0.197
0

0.059
7
0.300
3
0.133
3
0.197
0
0.327
0
0.373
6
0.496

0.670
7

0.165
4

0.0373

0.391
4
0.373
6
0.004
7

0.165
4
0.037
3

1.521
6
0.215
8
0.086
9

0.2158

0.075
1
0.086
9

0.320
5
0.327
0
0.006
5

0.195
0
0.296
1
0.164
8
0.340
0

0.4132

0.003
0

0.206
5

0.083
3

0.1296

0.280
5

0.084
5

0.592
4
0.168
1
0.028
2

0.0609

0.762
0

0.522
8

0.592
4
0.463

0.1681
0.0820

0.084
5
0.028
2
0.104

0.522
8
0.298

1.157
1
0.409

0.067
0
0.127
9
0.239
5
0.316
4

0.009
8
0.181
8
0.290
1
0.163
5

0.083
3

0.211
1

0.389
0
0.454
8
0.253
2
0.421
8
0.040
3
0.063
2
0.257
0
0.367
5
0.821
0

0.319
3
0.367
6
0.130
7
0.296
0

0.129
6

0.211
1
0.060
9

0.430
7
0.496
5
0.294
8
0.463
4
0.082
0
0.104
9
0.298
7
0.409
1
1.279
3

0.075
1
0.006
5
0.004
7
0.294

0.0147
0.1333

1.000
0
0.000
0

0.083
3
0.083
3
0.083
3
0.083
3

0.083
3
0.083
3
0.083
3

7
0.389
0
0.319
3
0.195
0
0.083
3

5
0.454
8
0.367
6
0.296
1
0.083
3

8
0.253
2
0.130
7
0.164
8
0.083
3

4
0.421
8
0.296
0
0.340
0
0.083
3

0.0403

9
0.063
2

0.0030

0.067
0

0.2065
0.0833

0.009
8
0.083
3

7
0.257
0
0.127
9
0.181
8
0.083
3

1
0.367
5
0.239
5
0.290
1
0.083
3

0.821
0

0.862
6

0.358
0

0.205
1

0.083
3

0.316
4

0.358
0

0.670
8

0.065
8

0.083
3

0.163
5
0.083
3

0.205
1
0.083
3

0.065
8
0.083
3

0.817
2
0.083
3

0.083
3
0.000
0

3.2. calculul parametrilor:

X N AT PL

CONTROL:

GT X 0

X i = vectorul parametrilor in etapa ti , unde i=0.1

3.3. calculul corectiilor:


a. calculul corectiilor pentru diferentele de nivel:

Pct
R1

vij xi x j lij

R2

b. calculul cotelor compensate:

R3

H i H xi
o
i

c. calculul diferentelor de nivel compensate:


hij hij* vij
hij H j H i
*
CONTROL: hij hij vij H j H i

R4
M1
M2
M3
M4
M5
M6
M7
M8

0.003

0.003195

-0.078
0.059
0.025
-0.025
-0.020
-0.009
0.003
0.068
0.018
-0.001
-0.044

-0.0781
0.059301
0.025307
-0.02486
-0.02002
-0.00869
0.002645
0.068046
0.018046
-0.00099
-0.04389

H0 (m)
100.0
00
100.2
12
100.0
66
99.66
8
100.1
95
100.1
60
100.2
12
100.3
89
100.3
07
100.1
94
100.3
30
101.0
92

H (m)
100.0
00
100.2
12
100.0
66
99.66
8
100.1
95
100.1
60
100.2
12
100.3
89
100.3
07
100.1
94
100.3
30
101.0
92

De
la

La

M2
M6
M7
M6
M5
M8
M1
M1
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M2

M7
M8
M6
M5
M6
M1
M2
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M1
R3

xR1

xR2

xR3

xR4

xM1

xM2

xM3

xM4

xM5

xM6

xM7

xM8

0.003
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-0.078
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.059
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
1

0.025
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0

-0.025
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

-0.020
-1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
-1

-0.009
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0

0.003
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0

0.068
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.018
0
-1
1
-1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-0.001
1
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-0.044
0
1
0
0
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Pondere
1.0
0.5
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.3
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.5
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

Termen
liber
-0.1
-0.1
-0.1
0.0
0.1
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
-0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
-0.1

vij

hij

[mm]
-0.081
-0.038
-0.119
-0.050
0.150
-0.119
-0.005
-0.028
0.181
-0.237
0.034
0.023
0.011
0.011
0.105
-0.139

[m]
0.170
0.898
-0.135
0.113
-0.113
-0.897
-0.036
-0.195
0.212
-0.146
-0.398
0.720
-0.177
-0.052
0.036
-0.093

hij=HjHi
0.170
0.898
-0.135
0.113
-0.113
-0.897
-0.036
-0.195
0.212
-0.146
-0.398
0.720
-0.177
-0.052
0.036
-0.093

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

3.4. evaluarea preciziei masuratorilor in ambele etape:


- etapa de masuratori ti
s0 i

Pvv

nu d

s01=abaterea standard empirica in etapa de masuratori t1


n= numarul de ecuatii
u=numarul de necunoscute
d=defectul de rang
f=gradul de libertate
i=0.1

vtpv=
s0=

0.123
0.10

mm

NIVELMENT
ETAPA T1

Pct
R1
R2
R3
R4
M1
M2
M3
M4
M5
M6
M7
M8

H (m)
100.0000
100.2120
100.0663
99.6684
100.1953
100.1596
100.2120
100.3887
100.3074
100.1943
100.3297
101.0920

De l
M2
M6
M7
M6
M5
M8
M1
M1
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M2

La
M7
M8
M6
M5
M6
M1
M2
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M1
R3

dh (m)
0.171
0.898
-0.136
0.113
-0.113
-0.897
-0.036
-0.196
0.212
-0.146
-0.398
0.721
-0.177
-0.053
0.036
-0.093

Nr. statii
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
4
3
2
1
1
1
1

ETAPE DE CALCUL
1. Formarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare:
Intocmirea ecuatiilor de corectie
a. forma ecuatiilor de
corectie:
vij xi x j l ij lPij

n = numar de statii
b. calculul termenilor
liberi pentru ecuatiile
de corectie:

c. calculul ponderilor
ecuatiilor de corectie:

lij ( H 0j H i0 ) hij*

De la

La

M2
M6
M7
M6
M5
M8
M1
M1
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M2

M7
M8
M6
M5
M6
M1
M2
R1
R2
R3
R4
M4
M3
M2
M1
R3

xR1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

xR2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0

xR3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
1

xR4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0

xM1
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

Necunoscute
xM2
xM3
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
-1
-1
0
-1
0

Pij

xM4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0

d. sistemul liniar al
ecuatiilor de corectie
- se va scrie sistemul de
ecuatii format

1
n

xM5
0
0
0
1
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

xM6
0
-1
1
-1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

xM7
1
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

xM8
0
1
0
0
0
-1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Pondere
1.0
0.5
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.3
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.5
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

Termen
liber
-0.100
-0.100
-0.100
0.000
0.100
-0.100
0.000
0.000
0.100
-0.100
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.100
-0.100

2. Normalizarea sistemului de ecuatii liniare:


N AT PA

A = matricea coeficientilor
P = matricea ponderilor
N = matricea sistemului normal

0.833
3
0.500
0
0.000
0

N=

0.500
0
0.750
0
0.250
0

0.000
0
0.333
3

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
0.250
0
1.583
3
0.333
3

0.000
0
0.000
0
0.333
3

0.3333
0.0000
0.0000

0.833
3

0.0000

0.000
0

3.3333

0.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0

2.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
0.000

0.000
0
0.000

0.000
0
0.000

0.000
0
0.500
0
0.000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
2.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
0.500
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0
1.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.500
0
0.000

0.000
0
2.000

0.000
0
-

0.000
0
0.000

0.000
0
0.000

0.0000

5.000
0
1.000
0

0.0000
0.0000

0.000
0
0.000

0.000
0
1.000
0
2.000
0
1.000
0
0.000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.0000

0.000
0
1.000
0

0
2.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.0000

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

2.000
0
3.500
0
1.000
0
0.500
0

0
1.000
0

0
0.500
0

2.000
0

0.000
0

0.000
0

1.500
0

3. Compensarea retelei ca o retea libera in cele doua etape de


masuratori:
3.1. inverse matricii normale:

X N 1 AT PL

L = vectorul termenilor liberi


X = vectorul parametrilor

N 0

N = matricea singulara (nu are inversa)

1
1

G 1

:
1

CONTROL:

N G 0

G(n,1) = matricea auxiliara


n = numarul de puncte
Matricea N se bordeaza cu matricea auxiliara G, matricea rezultata are urmatoarea forma:
N


(G T G ) 1 G T

G (G T G ) 1

N+

0.8333
-0.5000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.3333
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
1

-0.5000
0.7500
-0.2500
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
1

0.0000
-0.2500
1.5833
-0.3333
0.0000
-1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
1

0.0000
0.0000
-0.3333
0.8333
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.5000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
1

-0.3333
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
3.3333
-2.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-1.0000
1

0.0000
0.0000
-1.0000
0.0000
-2.0000
5.0000
-1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-1.0000
0.0000
1

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-1.0000
2.0000
-1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
1

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.5000
0.0000
0.0000
-1.0000
1.5000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
1

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
2.0000
-2.0000
0.0000
0.0000
1

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-2.0000
3.5000
-1.0000
-0.5000
1

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-1.0000
2.0000
0.0000
1

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.5000
0.0000
1.5000
1

1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
0.0000

1.6861
0.9866
-0.0791
-0.3665
-0.0147
-0.1663
-0.3205
-0.3914
-0.4307
-0.3890
-0.3193
-0.1950
0.0833

0.9866
1.8998
0.0597
-0.3003
-0.1333
-0.1970
-0.3270
-0.3736
-0.4965
-0.4548
-0.3676
-0.2961
0.0833

-0.0791
0.0597
0.6707
0.1654
-0.0373
0.0751
-0.0065
-0.0047
-0.2948
-0.2532
-0.1307
-0.1648
0.0833

-0.3665
-0.3003
0.1654
1.5216
-0.2158
-0.0869
0.2111
0.5924
-0.4634
-0.4218
-0.2960
-0.3400
0.0833

-0.0147
-0.1333
-0.0373
-0.2158
0.4132
0.1296
-0.0609
-0.1681
-0.0820
-0.0403
0.0030
0.2065
0.0833

-0.1663
-0.1970
0.0751
-0.0869
0.1296
0.2805
0.0845
-0.0282
-0.1049
-0.0632
0.0670
0.0098
0.0833

-0.3205
-0.3270
-0.0065
0.2111
-0.0609
0.0845
0.7620
0.5228
-0.2987
-0.2570
-0.1279
-0.1818
0.0833

-0.3914
-0.3736
-0.0047
0.5924
-0.1681
-0.0282
0.5228
1.1571
-0.4091
-0.3675
-0.2395
-0.2901
0.0833

-0.4307
-0.4965
-0.2948
-0.4634
-0.0820
-0.1049
-0.2987
-0.4091
1.2793
0.8210
0.3164
0.1635
0.0833

-0.3890
-0.4548
-0.2532
-0.4218
-0.0403
-0.0632
-0.2570
-0.3675
0.8210
0.8626
0.3580
0.2051
0.0833

-0.3193
-0.3676
-0.1307
-0.2960
0.0030
0.0670
-0.1279
-0.2395
0.3164
0.3580
0.6708
0.0658
0.0833

-0.1950
-0.2961
-0.1648
-0.3400
0.2065
0.0098
-0.1818
-0.2901
0.1635
0.2051
0.0658
0.8172
0.0833

0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0833
0.0000

3.2. calculul parametrilor:

X N AT PL

CONTROL:

GT X 0

X i = vectorul parametrilor in etapa ti , unde i=0.1

3.3. calculul corectiilor:


a. calculul corectiilor pentru diferentele de nivel:
vij xi x j lij

b. calculul cotelor compensate:


H i H io x i

e. calculul diferentelor de nivel compensate:


hij hij* vij
hij H j H i
*
CONTROL: hij hij vij H j H i

Pct
R1
R2
R3
R4
M1
M2
M3
M4
M5
M6
M7
M8

-0.330

-0.32954

0.122
-0.175
-0.540
-0.107
-0.028
0.094
0.116
0.041
0.041
0.457
0.309

0.121947
-0.17508
-0.54043
-0.10677
-0.02756
0.094224
0.116007
0.040759
0.040759
0.456601
0.309076

H0 (m)
100.000
100.212
100.066
99.668
100.195
100.160
100.212
100.389
100.307
100.194
100.330
101.092

H (m)
100.000
100.212
100.066
99.668
100.195
100.160
100.212
100.389
100.307
100.194
100.330
101.092

De la

La

xR1

xR2

xR3

xR4

xM1

xM2

xM3

xM4

xM5

xM6

xM7

xM8

-0.330

0.122

-0.175

-0.540

-0.107

-0.028

0.094

0.116

0.041

0.041

0.457

0.309

1.0

Pondere

vij

hij

[mm]

[m]

-0.5

-0.016

0.170

Termen
liber

hij=HjHi

M2

M7

-1

0.171

0.000

M6

M8

-1

0.5

-0.3

-0.568

0.897

0.898

0.001

M7

M6

-1

1.0

0.4

0.816

-0.134

-0.136

-0.001

M6

M5

-1

1.0

0.0

0.000

0.113

0.113

0.000

M5

M6

-1

1.0

0.0

0.000

-0.113

-0.113

0.000

M8

M1

-1

1.0

0.4

0.816

-0.896

-0.897

-0.001

M1

M2

-1

1.0

0.0

-0.079

-0.036

-0.036

0.000

M1

R1

-1

0.3

0.3

0.523

-0.195

-0.196

-0.001

R1

R2

-1

0.5

-0.4

-0.851

0.211

0.212

0.001

R2

R3

-1

0.3

0.4

0.697

-0.145

-0.146

-0.001

R3

R4

-1

0.3

0.3

0.665

-0.397

-0.398

-0.001

R4

M4

-1

0.5

-0.7

-1.356

0.719

0.721

0.002

M4

M3

-1

1.0

0.0

0.022

-0.177

-0.177

0.000

M3

M2

-1

1.0

0.1

0.222

-0.052

-0.053

0.000

M2

M1

-1

1.0

0.2

0.279

0.036

0.036

0.000

M2

R3

-1

1.0

0.1

0.303

-0.093

-0.093

-0.001

3.4. evaluarea preciziei masuratorilor in ambele etape:


- etapa de masuratori ti
s0 i

Pvv

nu d

s01=abaterea standard empirica in etapa de masuratori t1


n= numarul de ecuatii
u=numarul de necunoscute
d=defectul de rang
vtpv=
f=gradul de libertate
s0=
i=0.1

0.033

0.08

mm

5. Testul global de congruenta a celor doua configuratii de la etapele


t0 si t1 :

- etapa de masuratori t0 : X 1

- etapa de masuratori t1 : X 2

Qxx1 N1

s01

Qxx 2 N 2

s02

X 1 = vectorul parametrilor in etapa t0

X 2 = vectorul parametrilor in etapa t1


Qxx1 = matricea cofactorilor in etapa t0

Qxx 2 = matricea cofactorilor in etapa t1


s01 = abaterea standard empirica in etapa de masuratori t0

s02 = abaterea standard empirica in etapa de masuratori t1

Testul global de congruenta:

d X 2 X 1
Qdd Qxx1 Qxx 2
Qdd N1 N 2
so so21 so22
F

d T Qdd
d
2
h so

hnd

d = vectorul discrepantelor
Qdd = matricea cofactorilor modelului de
deformatie
so = abaterea standard empirica a
modelului de deformatie
F = valoarea calculata a testului Fischer
h = rangul matricii Qdd
n = dimensiunea lui Qdd
d = defectul de rang

Qxx1=N1+

Qxx2=N2+

1.6861
0.9866
-0.0791

0.9866
1.8998
0.0597

-0.0791
0.0597
0.6707

-0.3665
-0.3003
0.1654

-0.0147
-0.1333
-0.0373

-0.1663
-0.1970
0.0751

-0.3205
-0.3270
-0.0065

-0.3914
-0.3736
-0.0047

-0.4307
-0.4965
-0.2948

-0.3890
-0.4548
-0.2532

-0.3193
-0.3676
-0.1307

-0.1950
-0.2961
-0.1648

-0.3665
-0.0147
-0.1663
-0.3205
-0.3914
-0.4307
-0.3890
-0.3193
-0.1950

-0.3003
-0.1333
-0.1970
-0.3270
-0.3736
-0.4965
-0.4548
-0.3676
-0.2961

0.1654
-0.0373
0.0751
-0.0065
-0.0047
-0.2948
-0.2532
-0.1307
-0.1648

1.5216
-0.2158
-0.0869
0.2111
0.5924
-0.4634
-0.4218
-0.2960
-0.3400

-0.2158
0.4132
0.1296
-0.0609
-0.1681
-0.0820
-0.0403
0.0030
0.2065

-0.0869
0.1296
0.2805
0.0845
-0.0282
-0.1049
-0.0632
0.0670
0.0098

0.2111
-0.0609
0.0845
0.7620
0.5228
-0.2987
-0.2570
-0.1279
-0.1818

0.5924
-0.1681
-0.0282
0.5228
1.1571
-0.4091
-0.3675
-0.2395
-0.2901

-0.4634
-0.0820
-0.1049
-0.2987
-0.4091
1.2793
0.8210
0.3164
0.1635

-0.4218
-0.0403
-0.0632
-0.2570
-0.3675
0.8210
0.8626
0.3580
0.2051

-0.2960
0.0030
0.0670
-0.1279
-0.2395
0.3164
0.3580
0.6708
0.0658

-0.3400
0.2065
0.0098
-0.1818
-0.2901
0.1635
0.2051
0.0658
0.8172

1.6861
0.9866
-0.0791
-0.3665

0.9866
1.8998
0.0597
-0.3003

-0.0791
0.0597
0.6707
0.1654

-0.3665
-0.3003
0.1654
1.5216

-0.0147
-0.1333
-0.0373
-0.2158

-0.1663
-0.1970
0.0751
-0.0869

-0.3205
-0.3270
-0.0065
0.2111

-0.3914
-0.3736
-0.0047
0.5924

-0.4307
-0.4965
-0.2948
-0.4634

-0.3890
-0.4548
-0.2532
-0.4218

-0.3193
-0.3676
-0.1307
-0.2960

-0.1950
-0.2961
-0.1648
-0.3400

-0.0147
-0.1663
-0.3205
-0.3914
-0.4307
-0.3890
-0.3193
-0.1950

-0.1333
-0.1970
-0.3270
-0.3736
-0.4965
-0.4548
-0.3676
-0.2961

-0.0373
0.0751
-0.0065
-0.0047
-0.2948
-0.2532
-0.1307
-0.1648

-0.2158
-0.0869
0.2111
0.5924
-0.4634
-0.4218
-0.2960
-0.3400

0.4132
0.1296
-0.0609
-0.1681
-0.0820
-0.0403
0.0030
0.2065

0.1296
0.2805
0.0845
-0.0282
-0.1049
-0.0632
0.0670
0.0098

-0.0609
0.0845
0.7620
0.5228
-0.2987
-0.2570
-0.1279
-0.1818

-0.1681
-0.0282
0.5228
1.1571
-0.4091
-0.3675
-0.2395
-0.2901

-0.0820
-0.1049
-0.2987
-0.4091
1.2793
0.8210
0.3164
0.1635

-0.0403
-0.0632
-0.2570
-0.3675
0.8210
0.8626
0.3580
0.2051

0.0030
0.0670
-0.1279
-0.2395
0.3164
0.3580
0.6708
0.0658

0.2065
0.0098
-0.1818
-0.2901
0.1635
0.2051
0.0658
0.8172

3.3721

1.9731

-0.1581

-0.7329

-0.0294

-0.3327

-0.6411

-0.7828

-0.8614

-0.7780

-0.6387

-0.3901

Qdd

1.9731
-0.1581

3.7997
0.1195

0.1195
1.3413

-0.6006
0.3309

-0.2667
-0.0745

-0.3939
0.1503

-0.6539
-0.0129

-0.7472
-0.0094

-0.9930
-0.5897

-0.9097
-0.5063

-0.7351
-0.2614

-0.5921
-0.3296

-0.7329
-0.0294
-0.3327
-0.6411
-0.7828
-0.8614
-0.7780
-0.6387
-0.3901

-0.6006
-0.2667
-0.3939
-0.6539
-0.7472
-0.9930
-0.9097
-0.7351
-0.5921

0.3309
-0.0745
0.1503
-0.0129
-0.0094
-0.5897
-0.5063
-0.2614
-0.3296

3.0432
-0.4315
-0.1737
0.4222
1.1847
-0.9268
-0.8435
-0.5919
-0.6800

-0.4315
0.8265
0.2592
-0.1218
-0.3362
-0.1639
-0.0806
0.0060
0.4130

-0.1737
0.2592
0.5610
0.1690
-0.0564
-0.2097
-0.1264
0.1339
0.0195

0.4222
-0.1218
0.1690
1.5239
1.0456
-0.5974
-0.5140
-0.2559
-0.3637

1.1847
-0.3362
-0.0564
1.0456
2.3142
-0.8183
-0.7350
-0.4790
-0.5802

-0.9268
-0.1639
-0.2097
-0.5974
-0.8183
2.5586
1.6419
0.6328
0.3269

-0.8435
-0.0806
-0.1264
-0.5140
-0.7350
1.6419
1.7253
0.7161
0.4103

-0.5919
0.0060
0.1339
-0.2559
-0.4790
0.6328
0.7161
1.3417
0.1316

-0.6800
0.4130
0.0195
-0.3637
-0.5802
0.3269
0.4103
0.1316
1.6343

3.3721
1.9731
-0.1581
-0.7329
-0.0294
-0.3327
-0.6411
-0.7828
-0.8614
-0.7780
-0.6387
-0.3901
1

1.9731
3.7997
0.1195
-0.6006
-0.2667
-0.3939
-0.6539
-0.7472
-0.9930
-0.9097
-0.7351
-0.5921
1

-0.1581
0.1195
1.3413
0.3309
-0.0745
0.1503
-0.0129
-0.0094
-0.5897
-0.5063
-0.2614
-0.3296
1

-0.7329
-0.6006
0.3309
3.0432
-0.4315
-0.1737
0.4222
1.1847
-0.9268
-0.8435
-0.5919
-0.6800
1

-0.0294
-0.2667
-0.0745
-0.4315
0.8265
0.2592
-0.1218
-0.3362
-0.1639
-0.0806
0.0060
0.4130
1

-0.3327
-0.3939
0.1503
-0.1737
0.2592
0.5610
0.1690
-0.0564
-0.2097
-0.1264
0.1339
0.0195
1

-0.6411
-0.6539
-0.0129
0.4222
-0.1218
0.1690
1.5239
1.0456
-0.5974
-0.5140
-0.2559
-0.3637
1

-0.7828
-0.7472
-0.0094
1.1847
-0.3362
-0.0564
1.0456
2.3142
-0.8183
-0.7350
-0.4790
-0.5802
1

-0.8614
-0.9930
-0.5897
-0.9268
-0.1639
-0.2097
-0.5974
-0.8183
2.5586
1.6419
0.6328
0.3269
1

-0.7780
-0.9097
-0.5063
-0.8435
-0.0806
-0.1264
-0.5140
-0.7350
1.6419
1.7253
0.7161
0.4103
1

-0.6387
-0.7351
-0.2614
-0.5919
0.0060
0.1339
-0.2559
-0.4790
0.6328
0.7161
1.3417
0.1316
1

-0.3901
-0.5921
-0.3296
-0.6800
0.4130
0.0195
-0.3637
-0.5802
0.3269
0.4103
0.1316
1.6343
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

0.4167
0.2500
0.0000

Qdd+

0.2500
0.3750
0.1250

0.0000
0.1250
0.7917
0.1667

0.1667

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0833

0.0000
0.5000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0833

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0833

0.0000
1.0000

0.0000

0.0000
0.2500

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0833

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000
0.5000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000
0.5000

0.0000
0.5000
0.0000

0.0833

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0833

0.7500

0.0000

0.0000
1.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0833

0.0000
0.5000

0.0000
0.2500

0.0833

1.0000

0.0000

0.0833

0.0000
0.0833

0.7500
0.0833

0.0833
0.0000

0.0000
0.1667

0.0000

0.4167

0.0000

0.0000

1.6667
1.0000
0.0000

2.5000
0.5000

0.0000

0.0000

1.0000
0.5000

0.0000

0.0000
0.1667

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000
0.5000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000
0.2500

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000
0.0833

0.0000
0.0833

0.0000
0.0833

0.0000
0.0833

0.0000
0.5000
0.0833

0.0000
0.5000

1.0000
1.0000

0.0000
0.0833

0.0000
0.0833

0.0000
0.0833

0.0000
0.0833

0.0000

0.0000

0.003
-0.078
0.059
X1

0.0000
0.5000

-0.963
-0.511
-0.808

0.025
-0.025
-0.020
-0.009
0.003
0.068
0.018
-0.001
-0.044

X2

-1.174
-0.740
-0.661
-0.539
-0.517
3.207
3.207
-0.177
-0.324

1.7500
0.5000
0.2500
0.0833

-0.966
-0.433
-0.868
d

-1.199
-0.715
-0.641
-0.530
-0.520
3.139
3.189
-0.176
-0.280

Decizia testului Fischer


F = valoarea calculata a testului Fischer
Flim = valoarea teoretica a testului Fischer (extrasa din tabelele Fischer)
= 95% = coeficientul de incredere (prag de siguranta)
1. daca

F Flim Fh , f ,1

E X1 E X 2

2. daca F Flim Fh , f ,1

( H 0 ) adevarata

nu avem deformatii
( H 0 ) falsa

0.0833

0.0833

( H1 ) adevarata ipoteza alternativ

avem deformatii

E X1 E X 2

s01 0.10mm
s02 0.08mm
s0 0.13mm

dTQdd+d
h
F

=9.15
=11
=50.35

Flim

=3.53

Decizia testului:

F>Flimita

avem deformatii

5. Localizarea deformatiilor
a. Testul Student (t)
s j so Q jj
tj

dj
sj

tlim t f ,1

s j abaterea standard empirica individuala (a fiecarui punct j)


t j valoarea calculata a testului de localizare a deformatiilor
t lim valoarea teoretica a testului de localizare a deformatiilor

Decizia testului Fischer:


t j t f ,1 tlim ( H 0 ) adevarata
1. daca

E d j 0

2. daca

punctul d j considerat stabil

t j t f ,1 tlim

E d j 0

( H 0 ) falsa
( H1 ) adevarata ipoteza alternativa

punctul d j considerat miscat

tlimita =2.63

Pct
R1
R2
R3
R4
M1
M2
M3
M4
M5
M6
M7
M8

sj
0.24
0.25
0.15
0.22
0.12
0.10
0.16
0.20
0.21
0.17
0.15
0.16

tj
-4.09
-1.73
-5.83
-5.35
-6.12
-6.66
-3.34
-2.66
15.27
18.89
-1.18
-1.71

stabil
stabil
instabil
instabil
stabil
stabil
stabil
stabil
instabil
instabil
stabil
stabil

b. testul statistic multiplu F


dk

dxk
dyk

Qddk

k 1,2...n / 2
T

Fk

E dk 0

2. daca

so2 2

E dk 0

Q yxk

Q yyk

Flim F2, f ,1

( H 0 ) adevarata

punctul k este stabil

Fk Flim F2, f ,1

Q xyk

d k Q ddk d k

k 1,2...n / 2

Decizia testului:
Fk Flim F2, f ,1
1. daca

Q xxk

( H 0 ) falsa
( H1 ) adevarata

pnctul k este miscat


Flimita =6.94

Pct
R1
R2
R3
R4
M1
M2
M3
M4
M5
M6
M7
M8

Fk
23.529
4.260
36.067
36.248
51.589
62.129
17.024
12.270
298.171
538.552
1.869
3.567

stabil
stabil
instabil
instabil
stabil
stabil
stabil
stabil
instabil
instabil
stabil
stabil