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Nr. crt.

Denumirea

Simbol
Date initiale

Masa proprie a autovehiculului

Viteza max. a autovehiculului

vmax

Greutatea autovehiculului

G
Date adoptate

Coef. de rezistenta la rulare

Densitatea aerului

aer

Aria transversala a vehiculului

Coef. de rezistenta la inaintare al


aerului raportat la aria aleasa
anterior

cx

Randamentul transmisiei

t
Date calculate

Puterea la viteza maxima

Pvmax

Greutatea si capacitatea de incarcare a autovehiculelor


Seat Ibiza ST (facelift 2011) 1.2 TDI - soluti totul fata cu motor transversal
1

Masa proprie a autovehiculului

M0

Greutatea proprie a autovehiculului

G0

Puterea maxima

Pmax

Turatia maxima

nmax

Momentul maxim

Mmax

Turatia la momentul maxim

nM

8
9
10
11
12

Ampatament
Ecartament
Lungime
Latime
Inaltime

A
E
L
l
h

13

Masa totala admisibila

Ma

14

Masa pasagerilor

Mp

15

Masa bagajelor

Mb

16

Numarul de pasageri

3
4

17

Greutatea totala admisibila

Ga

18
19
20
21

Raportul a/L
Raportul b/L

a/L
a
b/L
b

22

Masa pe puntea spate

M2

23

Masa pe puntea fata

M1

24

Greutatea pe puntea fata

G1

25

Greutatea pe puntea spate

G2

26

Masa pe un pneu punte fata

Mp1

27

Masa pe un pneu punte spate

Mp2

28

Numarul de pneuri ale puntii spate

n
Alegerea pneurilor

Raza de rulare

rr

Coeficient de deformare

Raza libera

r0

Raza nominala

rn

5
6
7
8

Diametrul exterior al anvelopei


Diametrul interior al anvelopei
Inaltimea profilului
Latimea profilului

D
d
H
B
Alegerea randamentului transmisiei

Randamentul transmisiei

t
Rezistenta la rulare

Coeficient de rezistenta la rulare


pentru viteza nula

f01

2
3

f0

Coeficienti care pot fi nuli

f02
f03

4
5

Indicatorul neregularitatilor
drumului

hd

fr,0

fr,1
Alti coeficienti

fr,4

10

fs

11

f0
0.18

Coeficientul rezistentei la rulare

0.18

Coeficientul rezistentei la rulare

0.16
0.14
0.12
0.1
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0
0

20

40

60

Rr

Rezistenta la rulare
Unghiul de inclinare longitudinala a
drumului

Variatia puterii in functie de rezistenta la rulare


120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0

20

40

60

Rezistenta aerului
Calculul rezistentei aerului
1

Rezistenta aerului

Ra

Aria transversala a autovehiculului

Coeficient de rotunjire

k
Rezistenta la panta

Componenta rezistentei la panta

Rp

Unghiul de inclinare longitudinal al


drumului

Coeficientul rezistentei totale a caii


de rulare

Verificarea puterii la viteza maxima

Pvmax

Puterea la viteza maxima

6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
0

Trasarea caracteristicii de turatie exterioara a motorului


1

Coeficientul de elasticitate

ce

Coeficientul de adaptabilitate

ca

Momentul maxim

Mmax

Momentul la puterea maxima

MP

Viteza unghiulara la puterea


maxima

Coeficienti

8
9

Turatia minima

nmin

10

Turatia minima stabila

nmin stabil

11

Consumul specific de combustibil la


putere maxima

cmin

12

Consumul specific

cs

13

Consumul orar

c0

14

nmax

Turatia maxima

np

Turatia la putere maxima

Caracteristica externa a motorului


350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
0

100

200

Formula de calcul

Rezultat

U.M

1000

[kg]

160

[km/h]

G = m*a

44.44444444
9810

[m/s]
[N]

0.02

1.225

[kg/m3]

A = 1,62,8

1.8

[m ]

cx= 0,30,5

0.4

0.9

51.74

[kW]

69.38

[cp]

1000

[kg]

G0=M0*a

9810

[N]

75

[cp]

55.93

[kW]

5800

[rpm]

114

[N*m]

4250

[rpm]

2544
1464
4158
1709
1481

[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]

Ma=M0+Mp+Mb

1500

[kg]

Mp=p*75

375

[kg]

Mb=p*25

125

[kg]

Date initiale
-

Date adoptate

Date calculate

1
+ 3
2
=
1000

Greutatea si capacitatea de incarcare a autovehiculelor


ST (facelift 2011) 1.2 TDI - soluti totul fata cu motor transversal

Ga=Ma*a

14715

[N]

a/L=0.450.54
a=L*a/L
b/l=M1/Ma
b=L*b/L

0.45
1144.8
0.55
1399.2

[mm]
[mm]

M2=a/l*Ma

675

[kg]

M1=Ma-M2

825

[kg]

G1=b/L*Ga

8093.25

[N]

G2=a/L*Ga

6621.75

[N]

Mp1=M1/2

412.5

[kg]

Mp2=M2/n

337.5

[kg]

rr=*r0

289.92975

[mm]

=0.930.935

0.933

r0=rn

310.75

[mm]

rn=D/2

310.75

[mm]

621.5
381
120.25
185

[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]

0.88

0.013854

[h/km]

Alegerea pneurilor

D=d+2*H
d=15"*25,4
H=65/100*B
Alegerea randamentului transmisiei
t=0.880.93
Rezistenta la rulare
f0-se adopta din tab.1.2

-0.000012133
f0j, j=1,2,3

-1.683E-07

[h/km]

0
s=4-pt autoturisme si s=5,5-pt autocamioane

Se alege din tab.1.3

150

0.0075

0.003

0.0006

0.006

0.012

Se aleg din fig.1.2

Se aleg din fig.1.4

Coeficientul rezistentei la rulare

Coeficientul rezistentei la rulare

60

80
fR

100
fr

120

fr

140

160

180

fr

Rr=f*Ga*cos

251.9063395

[N]

18

[:]

a puterii in functie de rezistenta la rulare


Pr
Pr
Pr
Pr
Pr

80

100

120

140

160

180

Rezistenta aerului
Calculul rezistentei aerului

Rezistenta la panta

734.55

[N]

A=B*H*k

1.7345

[m2]

k=0.80.9

0.8

Ra=1/2**cx*A*v

Rp=Ga*sin

4546.93

[N]

=17:22:-pt o punte motoare

18

[:]

=28:35:-pt doua punti motoare

[:]

=f*cos+sin

0.326

55.7729893

[kW]

Verificarea puterii la viteza maxima

Pvmax

1
3
aer c x A v max
2
1000 t

Ga f v max

Rezistenta la panta

Rp

10

15

[]

20

25

rasarea caracteristicii de turatie exterioara a motorului

ce=nM/nP

0.732758621

ca=Mmax/MP

1.238060536

Mmax-din catalog

114

[N*m]

MP=P/

92.07950393

[N*m]

=*n/30

607.3745797

[s ]

-0.551728614

4.885071562

3.333342948

986

[rpm]

ce2 c a 2 ce 1

ce 12

2 ce c a 1

ce 12
ca 1

ce 12

nmin=(0,150,20)*np

-1

157

nmin stabil=nmin+(100200)

1086

[rpm]

cmin=280350 pt M.A.S. -autoturisme

290

[g/kW]

cs=cmin*Mmax/Me

[g/kW*h]

[g/kW*h]

c0=cs*Pe/10

nmax=(1.051,25)*np- pt (M.A.S)

5936

[rpm]

np- se adopta din tabel caracteristicii exterioare

5300

[rpm]

Caracteristica externa a motorului

Pe
Me
cs
c0

200

300

400

500

600

3100
3200
3300
3400
3500
3600
3700
3800
3900
4000
4100
4200
4300
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800
4900
5000
5100
5200
5300
5400
5500
5600
5700
5800
5936

Coeficientul rezistentei la rulare


v

fR

fr

fr

fr

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160

0.013854
0.01371584
0.01354402
0.01333854
0.0130994
0.0128266
0.01252014
0.01218002
0.01180624
0.0113988
0.0109577
0.01048294
0.00997452
0.00943244
0.0088567
0.0082473
0.00760424

0.013854
0.014454
0.016254
0.019254
0.023454
0.028854
0.035454
0.043254
0.052254
0.062454
0.073854
0.086454
0.100254
0.115254
0.131454
0.148854
0.167454

0.0075
0.0078
0.008101
0.008405
0.008715
0.009038
0.009378
0.009744
0.010146
0.010594
0.0111
0.011678
0.012344
0.013114
0.014005
0.015038
0.016232

0.0125
0.01252688
0.01265205
0.01291901
0.01336014
0.0140026
0.01487027
0.01598469
0.01736568
0.01903168
0.021
0.023287
0.02590825
0.02887862
0.03221238
0.03592325
0.04002446

0.012
0.012019
0.012107
0.012296
0.012607
0.013061
0.013673
0.01446
0.015435
0.016611
0.018
0.019614
0.021465
0.023561
0.025915
0.028534
0.031429

Rezistenta aerului si puterea necesara invingerii rezistentei


900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
0

20

40

60

80

100

120

Rp

Pvmax

251.90634

0.018

10
20

0.84643
1.754963

1
2

256.8121607 508.7185 0.03545


513.546094 765.45243 0.052889

140

770.1235961 1022.0299 0.070311

30

2.787703

1026.466511 1278.3729 0.087713

40

4.006751

1282.496755 1534.4031 0.105087

50

5.474212

1538.136337 1790.0427

0.12243

60

7.252189

1793.307388 2045.2137 0.139735

70

9.402784

2047.932181 2299.8385 0.156998

80

11.9881

9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

2301.933153
2555.232934
2807.754367
3059.42053
3310.154765
3559.880694
3808.522249
4056.003691
4302.249635
4547.185072
4790.735393
5032.826409
5273.384378
5512.336022

90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220

15.07024
18.71131
22.97341
27.91865
33.60912
40.10693
47.47419
55.77299
65.06544
75.41365
86.87971
99.52572
113.4138
128.6061

2553.8395
2807.1393
3059.6607
3311.3269
3562.0611
3811.787
4060.4286
4307.91
4554.156
4799.0914
5042.6417
5284.7327
5525.2907
5764.2424

0.174213
0.191375
0.208478
0.225518
0.24249
0.259387
0.276206
0.29294
0.309585
0.326136
0.342587
0.358935
0.375172
0.391296

Caracteristica externa a motorului


n[rpm]

Pe[kW]

Me[N*m]

cs[g/kW]

Scari
c0[g/kW*h]

kn

k Pe

11.05263

0.200519145

986

1.734176098 16.803568 1967.439 3.41188612 89.20952

8.648431525

1000

1.845934039 17.636054 1874.569 3.46033075 90.47619

9.205774515

1100

2.703176068 23.478313 1408.108 3.80636383 99.52381

1200

3.659786644 29.138001 1134.601

4.1523969

13.48088763

108.5714
18.25155716

1300

4.710032966 34.615119

955.074

4.49842998

117.619
23.4891933

1400

5.848182233 39.909666 828.3707 4.84446305 126.6667


29.16520625

1500

7.068501645 45.021643 734.3135 5.19049613 135.7143

35.25100624

1600

8.365258401 49.951049

661.848

5.5365292

144.7619

1700

9.7327197

1800

11.16515274

557.8603 6.22859535 162.8571

55.68123043

1900

12.65682472 63.643844 519.4532 6.57462843 171.9048

63.1202806

2000

14.20200285 67.842968 487.3018

2100

15.79495431 71.859521 460.0643 7.26669458

2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
2700
2800
2900
3000
3100
3200
3300
3400
3500
3600
3700
3800
3900
4000
4100
4200
4300
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800
4900
5000
5100
5200
5300
5400
5500
5600
5700
5800

17.42994631
19.10124605
20.80312073
22.52983754
24.27566369
26.03486638
27.8017128
29.57047015
31.33540564
33.09078646
34.83087981
36.54995289
38.2422729
39.90210704
41.5237225
43.1013865
44.62936622
46.10192886
47.51334164
48.85787173
50.12978635
51.32335269
52.43283796
53.45250934
54.37663404
55.19947927
55.91531221
56.51840007
57.00301005
57.36340935
57.59386516
57.68864468
57.64201512
57.44824367
57.10159754
56.59634391
55.92675
5936 54.74206498

54.697885 604.4109 5.88256228 153.8095

41.71800346

59.26215

75.693503
79.344915
82.813756
86.100027
89.203727
92.124857
94.863416
97.419404
99.792822
101.98367
103.99195
105.81765
107.46079
108.92135
110.19935
111.29477
112.20762
112.9379
113.48562
113.85076
114.03333
114.03333
113.85076
113.48562
112.9379
112.20762
111.29477
110.19935
108.92135
107.46079
105.81765
103.99195
101.98367
99.792822
97.419404
94.863416
92.124857
88.107427

436.7614
416.6619
399.209
383.972
370.6123
358.8608
348.5011
339.3574
331.2864
324.1695
317.9092
312.4242
307.6471
303.5218
300.0018
297.049
294.6324
292.7272
291.3145
290.3801
289.9152
289.9152
290.3801
291.3145
292.7272
294.6324
297.049
300.0018
303.5218
307.6471
312.4242
317.9092
324.1695
331.2864
339.3574
348.5011
358.8608
375.2238

6.9206615
7.61272765
7.95876073
8.3047938
8.65082688
8.99685995
9.34289303
9.6889261
10.0349592
10.3809923
10.7270253
11.0730584
11.4190915
11.7651246
12.1111576
12.4571907
12.8032238
13.1492569
13.4952899
13.841323
14.1873561
14.5333892
14.8794222
15.2254553
15.5714884
15.9175215
16.2635545
16.6095876
16.9556207
17.3016538
17.6476868
17.9937199
18.339753
18.6857861
19.0318191
19.3778522
19.7238853
20.0699184
20.5405233

48.53760812

180.9524

70.82616883

190

78.77030534
86.92410032
95.25896399
103.7463066
112.3575382
121.0640692
129.8373097
138.6486699
147.46956
156.2713903
165.025571
173.7035121
182.2766241
190.716317
198.9940011
207.0810865
214.9489836
222.5691025
229.9128533
236.9516464
243.6568919
250
255.952381
261.4854449
266.5706022
271.1792629
275.2828373
278.8527355
281.8603678
284.2771444
286.0744755
287.2237713
287.696442
287.4638978
286.4975489
284.7688056
282.249078
278.9097764
273.0016871

199.0476
208.0952
217.1429
226.1905
235.2381
244.2857
253.3333
262.381
271.4286
280.4762
289.5238
298.5714
307.619
316.6667
325.7143
334.7619
343.8095
352.8571
361.9048
370.9524
380
389.0476
398.0952
407.1429
416.1905
425.2381
434.2857
443.3333
452.381
461.4286
470.4762
479.5238
488.5714
497.619
506.6667
515.7143
524.7619
537.0667

Rezistenta aerului
v

Pr[kW]

Pr[kW]

Pr[kW]

Ra[N]

Pa[kW]

Rr

Rr

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160

0
0.699739832
1.399479664
2.099219496
2.798959327
3.498699159
4.198438991
4.898178823
5.597918655
6.297658487
6.997398319
7.697138151
8.396877982
9.096617814
9.796357646
10.49609748
11.19583731

0
0.69973983
1.39947966
2.0992195
2.79895933
3.49869916
4.19843899
4.89817882
5.59791865
6.29765849
6.99739832
7.69713815
8.39687798
9.09661781
9.79635765
10.4960975
11.1958373

gerii rezistentei

0
0.69974
1.39948
2.099219
2.798959
3.498699
4.198439
4.898179
5.597919
6.297658
6.997398
7.697138
8.396878
9.096618
9.796358
10.4961
11.19584

0
3.279044
13.11617
29.51139
52.4647
81.97609
118.0456
160.6731
209.8588
265.6025
327.9044
396.7643
472.1823
554.1584
642.6926
737.7848
839.4352

0
0.009108
0.072868
0.245928
0.582941
1.138557
1.967426
3.1242
4.663529
6.640064
9.108455
12.12335
15.73941
20.01128
24.9936
30.74103
37.30823

193.8839
191.9504
189.5458
186.6702
183.3234
179.5057
175.2168
170.4569
165.2259
159.5239
153.3508
146.7066
139.5914
132.0051
123.9477
115.4193
106.4198

Variatia rezistentei la rulare in functie d


coeficientii f
2500
2000
Ra
Pa

1500
1000
500
0

160

193.8839
202.2808
227.4714
269.4558
328.234
403.8059
496.1715
605.3309
731.2841
874.031
1033.572
1209.906
1403.034
1612.956
1839.672
2083.181
2343.485

180

-20

30

80

Scari
k Me

k cs

k ch

0.465442156 39.34878498 0.34118861


36.10237744

50

10

37.89096791 47.63981951

10.1419878

50.44303046

35.7852979

11.1561866

62.60284105

28.8344561

12.1703854

74.37039969 24.27200714

13.1845842

85.74570638 21.05200305

14.198783

96.72876111 18.66165607

15.2129817

107.3195639 16.82003548

16.2271805

117.5181147 15.36034573

17.2413793

127.3244136 14.17731935

18.2555781

136.7384605 13.20125198

19.2697769

145.7602555 12.38416375

20.2839757

154.3897985
162.6270895
170.4721286
177.9249157
184.9854509
191.6537342
197.9297654
203.8135448
209.3050721
214.4043475
219.111371
223.4261425
227.348662
230.8789296
234.0169453
236.762709
239.1162207
241.0774805
242.6464883
243.8232441
244.607748
245
245
244.607748
243.8232441
242.6464883
241.0774805
239.1162207
236.762709
234.0169453
230.8789296
227.348662
223.4261425
219.111371
214.4043475
209.3050721
203.8135448
197.9297654
189.2983396

21.2981744
22.3123732
23.326572
24.3407708
25.3549696
26.3691684
27.3833671
28.3975659
29.4117647
30.4259635
31.4401623
32.4543611
33.4685598
34.4827586
35.4969574
36.5111562
37.525355
38.5395538
39.5537525
40.5679513
41.5821501
42.5963489
43.6105477
44.6247465
45.6389452
46.653144
47.6673428
48.6815416
49.6957404
50.7099391
51.7241379
52.7383367
53.7525355
54.7667343
55.7809331
56.7951318
57.8093306
58.8235294
60.2028398

11.69195692
11.09974284
10.58893842
10.14539681
9.758166726
9.41864702
9.119997026
8.856716929
8.624343662
8.419227002
8.238362363
8.079264369
7.939870224
7.81846518
7.713624627
7.624168857
7.549127646
7.487712534
7.439295268
7.40339125
7.379647156
7.367832131
7.367832131
7.379647156
7.40339125
7.439295268
7.487712534
7.549127646
7.624168857
7.713624627
7.81846518
7.939870224
8.079264369
8.238362363
8.419227002
8.624343662
8.856716929
9.119997026
9.535841021

zistenta aerului
Rr

Rr

Rr

Pr

Pr

Pr

Pr

Pr

104.961
109.1603
113.3713
117.6243
121.9697
126.478
131.2398
136.3661
141.9878
148.2561
155.3422
163.4377
172.754
183.523
195.9966
210.4468
227.1658

174.935
175.3111
177.0629
180.7989
186.9724
195.9636
208.1063
223.7025
243.0292
266.3446
293.8907
325.8968
362.5807
404.1504
450.8057
502.7385
560.1342

167.9376
168.2031
169.4396
172.0768
176.4346
182.7813
191.3527
202.3617
216.0041
232.462
251.9063
274.4989
300.3934
329.7367
362.6698
399.3283
439.8429

la rulare in functie de
icientii f
Rr
Rr
Rr
Rr
Rr

130

180

0
0.533196
1.053032
1.555585
2.036927
2.493134
2.92028
3.31444
3.671687
3.988097
4.259744
4.482702
4.653046
4.76685
4.820189
4.809137
4.729769

0
0.561891
1.26373
2.245465
3.647044
5.608415
8.269525
11.77032
16.25076
21.85078
28.71033
36.96935
46.76781
58.24564
71.5428
86.79923
104.1549

0
0.303223
0.62984
0.980203
1.355219
1.756639
2.187331
2.651564
3.155286
3.706403
4.315062
4.993929
5.758467
6.62722
7.622089
8.768615
10.09626

0
0.486975
0.983683
1.506657
2.077472
2.721716
3.468439
4.34977
5.400649
6.658614
8.163631
9.957958
12.08602
14.59432
17.53133
20.94744
24.89486

0
0.467231
0.941331
1.433973
1.960384
2.538629
3.189211
3.934811
4.800091
5.81155
6.997398
8.387465
10.01311
11.90716
14.10383
16.63868
19.54858