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Universitatea "Al. I.

Cuza" Iai
Facultatea de Istorie

PROGRAMA ANALITIC
Centru i periferie: Dezvoltare urban i evoluie religioas n spaiul
ponto-anatolian

Specializarea: Istorie
Ciclul I (Licen)
Anul universitar 2010-2011

Obiectivele cursului:
Cursul i seminarul i propun s prezinte cadrul general i elementele
particulare specifice fenomenului urban n Anatolia i n spaiul circumpontic,
raportndu-l n permanen la evoluiile n plan religios att din mediul urban,
ct i din teritoriu. Accentul este pus pe istoria politic, pe dovezile
arhelogice, epigrafice, literare i numismatice, pe cultura, mentalitile
colective i viaa cotidian a populaiilor din spaiul ponto-anatolian.
Coninutul de baz:
I.

Introducere
-

Elemente definitorii. Condiii topografice i de mediu. Factori de


dezvoltare urban. Factori de delocalizare. Teritoriul i populaia.
Constrngerile geografice. Mobilitatea demografic. Medii de interferen.
Sincretisme.

II.

Preliminarii: Elemente de urbanism anterioare perioadei elenistice


-

Hattua, Gordion, Sardisul perioadelor lidian i ahemenid

III.

Situaia etnodemografic a Asiei Mici i a spaiului circumpontic n


perioadele elenistic i roman. Regimul administrativ

IV.

Schimbare i continuitate n lumea elenistic i n cea roman


-

Structuri teritoriale. Dimensiuni i tipuri de proprieti din teritoriu


(sanctuare, centre oraculare etc.);

V.

Relaiile metropolelor cu fostele structuri coloniale;

Relaiile centrelor urbane cu factorii regionali de putere;

Relaiile centrelor urbane cu marile puteri (statele elenistice i Roma);

Elemente de dezvoltare urban (sec. III .Hr.-sec. III d.Hr.)


-

Modele urbane i evoluia lor (planul scenografic i cel hippodamic, cu


particularizri

pentru

Efes,

Milet,

Pergam,

Priene,

Afrodisias,

Panticapaion, Phanagoria i Tanais);

VI.

Inovaii tehnice i arhitecturale;

Articularea spaiului public i a celui privat;

Spaiul ponto-anatolian n preajma domniei lui Mithridates VI Eupator i


n perioada roman. Sintez i particularism n dezvoltarea urban i
religioas a zonei bosporane i a celei pontice

VII.

Statele-temple anatoliene (Hierapolis, Olba, Venasa, Comana Capadociei,


Comana Pontic, Zela)
-

Origine i evoluie;

Sclavie i prostituie sacre. Clerul superior i personalul auxiliar n stateletemple anatoliene;

Economia spaiului sacru. Venituri, proprieti, tranzacii;

VIII. Mijloace de comunicare cu divinitatea. Porunci divine, oracole, inscripii


confesionale, blesteme
-

Stele de mrturisire i formule de blestem n spaiul lidian i n cel frigian;

Elemente comune de limbaj religios ntre mediile pgn, iudaic i cretin


(cu exemple din materialul epigrafic i cel literar);

Garanii divine. Eliberri fictive i consacrri (katagraphai);

Polionimie i polimorfismul divinitilor anatoliene;

Angelolatrie

ierarhii

celeste.

Problema

monoteismului

pgn

(dezbaterea iniiat de Stephen Mitchell, Polymnia Athanassiadi i


Michael Frede);
IX.

Sanctuare urbane din teritoriu i centre oraculare


-

Marile sanctuare apollinice (Didyma, Claros);

Asklepieionul din Pergam;

Artemisionul din Efes;

Sanctuarele lui Mn din Antiohia Pisidiei i Sardis;

Sanctuarul Artemidei Pergaia din Perge.

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Discipline parcurse n prealabil: Istoria Greciei i a Romei
Evaluare: 50% lucrarea scris; 50% activitatea de seminar
Asist. Univ. Dr. Iulian MOGA