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Studiul al geostaziei1 planetare din perspectiv multi i transdisciplinar

Dr. F. Munteanu, Dr. C. Udrite,

Nu poate fi rezolvata o problema din perspectiva


paradigmei care a generat-o, A. Einstein

Descrierea planetei PMNT ca planet VIE evideniaz o structur ierarhizat de sisteme i


subsisteme, aflate pe paliere diferite de organizare i complexitate, ntre care se schimb energie,
materie i informaii, obinndu-se n ansamblu o stare de stabilitate dinamic (geostazie). n acest
ecosistem, ce are legi proprii de reglare la nivelul ntregului, omul a devenit o fiin aparte, n special
prin capacitatea sa de a construi extensii exosomatice (artefacte) ce implic o accelerare a consumului
de energie liber i evident a produciei de entropie asociat. Ansamblul de construcii ce alcatuiesc
infrastructura specifica vietii moderne are un caracter global (reele globale de transport al energiei
electrice, internet, osele, ci ferate, maini, etc.) iar stilul de via specific societatii de consum
impune cresterea exponenial a nevoii de energie electric, ap, hran si materii prime.

Evoluia socio-economic actual, difuzia artefactelor la nivelul suprafeei ntregului


Pmnt, creeaz un ansamblu de o calitate nou, definit de amestecul subtil: Natural Artificial, cu o
dinamic specific ce poate genera fluctuaii neateptate ale ntregului sistem (geosfera, biosfera,
noosfera), cu consecine imprevizibile pentru evoluia vieii n general i a speciei umane n mod
special. Din aceast perspectiv, crearea unui cadru teoretic specific abordrii multi si transdisciplinare
a geostaziei planetare devinde de importan strategic, orientnd cercetarea catre: - nelegerea
funcionrii unui sistem de o asemenea complexitate; - designul unor metode de monitorizare i
modelare a interaciunilor ce se desfoar corelat asigurnd coerena diferitelor paliere, de la scar
atomic la celul, organ, organism, grup, societate; respectiv - elaborarea unor metode capabile s
urmreasc starea de sntate a mediului, s semnaleze strile critice i prin aceasta s contribuie la
limitarea efectelor negative ale dezvoltrii antropice grefate pe un sistem natural precum cel al
planetei Pmnt.

Lucrarea i propune s evidenieze baza conceptal, teoretic din perspectiva creia se poate
aborda procesul de geostazie i incearc s defineasc direciile de cercetare, obiectivele principale i
cadrul de desfurare al unor studii multi- i transdisciplinare n cadrul Academiei Oamenilor de tiin
din Romnia.

The description of Planet Earth as a living planet shows us a hierarchical structure of systems
and subsystems, situated on different levels of organization, between which they exchange energy,
matter and information (messages) to give to the whole a dynamic stability state (geostasis). In this
ecosystem, which has its own regulating laws, man became a being apart, especially because of its
ability to build exosomatic extensions (artifacts) that generate an acceleration of free energy
consumption and obvious an increase of entropy. The entire ensemble of infrastructure that
characterize our modern lifestyle has a global scale (global network of electricity transmission,
internet, roads, railways, cars, etc.) and requires an exponentially increase of the consumption of
electricity, water, food, raw materials.

1
Geostazie = echlibru dinamic generat de interactiuni ce se desfasoara intre geosfera, biosfera si noosfera
This "diffusion" of the artifacts on the surface of the whole Earth, supported by economic
globalization creates a systems of new quality, defined by a complex mix of Natural Artificial items,
thus contributing to possible fluctuations of whole, with unpredictable consequences for the evolution
of life in general and the human species in particular. From this perspective, it has become a strategic
goal to develop scientific research for understanding the functioning of a system of such complexity.
Furthermore it impose the design of new methods for monitoring and modeling the interactions that
take place on such a large scale that give coherence and stability to a hierarchical living system, starting
from atom to cell, organ, body, group, society. The amplitude of such activity needs a multi and
transdisciplinary approach to create a special framework able to track the health of the
environment, to identify critical states and thereby help to limit negative effects of human
development grafted onto a natural system such as the planet Earth.

This paper aims to highlight the concepts, the theoretical basis used in the geostasis studies.
Also is trying to highlight the main objectives of the scientific research and some aspects of the
deployment of multi- and transdisciplinary studies at the Academy of Scientists in Romania.
Propunere de colaborare multidiscciplinara in cadrul AOSR (schita)

Obiective:
- structurarea bazei teortice si a metodolgiei de abordare a proceselor si fenomenelor
astro-bio-geofizice din perspectiva teoriei generale a sistemelor ierarhizate, cu
comprtament pregnant neliniar si care evolueaza deprte de echilibrul termodinamic;
- dezvoltarea de noi clase de senzori si echipamente specifice obiectivarii proceselor si
fenomenelor neliniare, desfasurate in sisteme ierarhizate;
- structurarea unei baze de date continand teme de cercetare, configurate din
perspectiva vizunii integrative elaborate, destinate studiului geostaziei planetare;
- stimularea proceselor de elaborare a unor cursuri postuniversitare si postdoctorale,
destinate pregatirii resursei umane pentru a aborda inter si transdisciplinar
problematica abordata.

Finalitate:
- crearea cadrului teoretc necesar fundamentarii politicilor de dezvoltare durabila si
de crestere a calitatii vietii;
- dezvoltarea ingineriei din perspectiva nanotehologiilor, a biotehologiilor si
tehnologiilor cuantice;
- contributii la restructurarea sistemului educational din perspectiva cerintelor
societatii Cunoasterii si a caracteristicilor celei de a 4-a revolutii tehnico-stiintifice.