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Articolul din limba engleza - The article

Partea a doua

Arti colul zero


Se spune ca e vorba de Articolul zero (sau fara articol) atunci cand nu se foloseste
nici un articol.

Articolul nu se foloseste în urmatoarele cazuri:


- Cu nume de tari (la singular).
Germany is an important economic power. - Germania e o importanta putere economica.
He's just returned from Argentina. - El tocmai s-a intors din Argentina
  (Exceptie: I'm visiting the United States next week. - Vizitez Statele Unite
saptamana viitoare.) 

- Cu numele limbilor.
French is spoken in Tahiti. - Franceza este vorbita in Tahiti.
English uses many words of Latin origin. - Engleza foloseste multe cuvinte de origine latina.

- Cu numele meselor.
Lunch is at midday. - Masa de prânz este la prânz (amiaza).
Dinner is in the evening. - Cina este seara
Breakfast is the first meal of the day. - Micul dejun e prima masa a zilei.

- Cu numele persoanelor (doar cele la singular).


John's coming to school. - Ion vine la scoala.
King George is my uncle. - Regele George este unchiul meu.

- Cu titluri si nume proprii:


Prince Charles is Queen Elizabeth's son. - Printul Charles este fiul reginei Elisabeta
Dr. Watson was Sherlock Holmes' friend. - Dr. Watson a fost prietenul lui Sherlock Holmes.
  (Insa titlurile generice, luate singure, au articol: the Queen of England, the Pope) 

- Dupa cazul posesiv format cu 's.


His sister's car. - Masina surorii lui.
Laura's basket. - Cosul Laurei.

- Cu numele profesiilor.
Engineering is a useful career. - Ingineria e o cariera folositoare.
He'll probably go into medicine. - El probabil va merge la medicina.
- Cu nume de magazine:
I'll get the card at Smith's store. - Am sa obtin cardul la magazinul lui Smith. (smith = fierar)

- Cu ani.
1978 was a wonderful year. - 1978 a fost un an minunat.
Do you remember 1995? - Iti amintesti de 1995?

- Cu substantive unice (uncountable nouns).


Milk is often added to tea in England. - Laptele este adesea adaugat la ceai in Anglia.
Peace is good. - Pacea e buna.

- Cu numele unor munti, lacuri si insule:


Mount McKinley is the highest mountain in Alaska. - Muntele McKinley e cel mai inalt munte
din Alaska
She lives near Salty Lake. - Ea locuieste (traieste) langa Lacul Sarat.
Have you visited Long Island? - Ai vizitat Long Island?

- Cu majoritatea numelor de strazi , orase, statii pentru mijloacele de transport si


aeroporturi.
Victoria Station is in the centre of London. - Statia Victoria e in centrul Londrei.
Can you direct me to Bond Street? - Poti sa ma directionezi spre strada Bond?
They're flying from Heathrow. - Ei zboara de la Heathrow.

- In unele expresii invariabile.


by car (cu masina), at school (la scoala), at work (la munca), at University (la universitate), in
church (la biserica), in bed (in pat), by train (cu trenul), on foot (pe jos), on holiday (in vacanta), on
air (in broadcasting) (in direct).

A / An si One
Atunci când se numara sau se masoara timpul, distanta, greutatea, etc. se poate
folosi fie a /an, fie one pentru singular.

Exemple:
A / One pound (o livra [sau lira]), A / One million pounds (un milion de lire)
You can take an/ one hour for lunch. - Puteţi să luati pauza o ora pentru masa de prânz.

Dar a/an si one nu înseamna întotdeauna acelasi lucru:


A box is no good. (We need something else, not a box). - O cutie nu e buna. (Ne trebuie altceva,
nu o cutie).
One box is not enough, we need two boxes. - O (singura) cutie nu e suficienta, ne trebuie doua
cutii.
Fill in the gaps with a/an Fill in the gaps with ‘the’ or no article

1.-That man is ……… vegetarian. 1.- It was a sunny day, ……..sky was
2.-Yesterday he didn’t sleep …….. wink. blue.
3.- Sheila has ……. few friends in 2.- She works in ………. Sales
Canada. Department.
4.- We are having lunch in …… half an 3.- I heard a knock on …….. front door.
hour. 4.- My mother washed ………. dishes.
5.- I have ……… headache. 5.- I think that’s ……… cheapest
6.- It’s 3€ …… kilo of strawberries. restaurant.
7.- ……….. elephant never forgets. 6.- ……….lions are very dangerous.
8.- That’s ………. enormous price. 7.- When I woke up, ……… day was
9.- My uncle has ……. business of his awful.
own. 8.- Would you like some ……. tea?
10. He’s reading ……….. interesting 9.- Julie and Christine are ……. cousins.
novel. 10.-Don’t tell me any more lies. I want
11.-She offered me …….. cup of tea. …..truth.
12.-He’s ill in bed. He’s got ……… cold. 11.-Mrs Lynx returned to ……….
13.- What …………… lovely day! Scotland.
14.- Miriam broke ……… arm yesterday. 12.- Patrick played ……… electric
15.-We visited …….. wax Museum in guitar.
London. 13.- I usually eat ………. fish and chips
16.- The pupils have to wear …… blue for lunch.
uniform. 14.- Excuse me, What’s ………. time?
17.- The woman bought …….. French 15.- Olivia spent her summer in
magazine. ….....Canary Islands.
18.- I need somebody with …….. good 16.-Children! It’s time to go to …….bed!
knowledge of German and English. 17.-The English family served ……. 5
19.- He got a job as …….. architect. o’clock tea.
20.- Theodor is ……..very good friend 18.-It was quite late so we hurried ……..
of mine. home.
21.- They had ……… big bowl of 19.- My mother went to ……. school to
cereals. see my tutor.
22.- Our teacher gave me ……… lift last 20.-We had …… breakfast in the garden.
week. 21.-It was cold outside so I took …….
23.- It was …… dark night so he lit ..……. coat.
match. 22.- He flew his plane under the bridges
24.- This singer has got …….…. of ……. Thames.
beautiful voice. 23.-The boy rode his bike at ……..
25.- Sarah had ………….. amazing weekend.
memory. 24.-Where’s Steve? I think he is in ……..
26.- They enjoyed …….. day on the garden.
beach. 25.-I didn’t catch …….. school bus.
27.- Look! There is …….. hole in your 26.- The girls were at ………..seaside last
jumper. Sunday.
28.- Can I have half …….. kilo of carrots? 27.-She’s skilful. She plays all ……
29.- It was ………..…… incredible story. instruments.
30.- Bob always reads ………. Italian 28.-David went to ….…. Trinity College
books. in Dublin.
31.- Daniel is ……….. very naughty child. 29.-I would like to study …………
Medicine.
30.- My mother was ……….youngest in
her family.
Fill in gaps with ‘the/a/an/ or no article

1.- Did you come by …….air? No, I came …….. sea.


2.- My brother goes to ……. Church in …….. morning. In …….. afternoon he meets ……. friends.
3.- My neighbour got ……….. bronchitis and was taken to ………. hospital.
4.- It’s ……. pleasure to do ……… business with such ……… efficient organization.
5.- Linda lived on ……… ground floor of ……. old house.
6.-This is a story about ……..Englishman, ……. Irishman and ……… Scotsman.
7.-My aunt very often has ……… cold meat and …….. salad for supper in Summer.
8.-She hates living on …….. top floor of that block of flats.

1. Myke is ___ author. 
2. He writes ___ travel book. 
3. We had ___ lunch with him yesterday 
4. It was ___ excellent lunch. 
5. The airplane ticket cost him ___ thousand pounds. 
6. This is ___ english test. 
7. Can you play ___ piano? 
8. Would you like ___ drink? 
9. Where`s ___ bathroom? 
10. ___ girl in blue is my sister. 
11. He`s read ___ lot of English books. 
12. He is ___ engineer.