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NIwz0Y WONTAR, nuroy wpuqey, oct uct doy 2 Seuayser ers er pee ov au eels & onenn samiont oyu saya ore Let e enya 4OOVHE T'S Fo my so 2g Supe ang pple mouse baat i seg one» Fn) a UHL OTS i ‘amog eagle ow mu ean Sage os f ‘Sng ty pono sae seg oun eo ie § aur ngs OMSL EES. men ema ‘pie ome ELS ie OES reopen TCP ona Pe L's ite no 8 BOE 9S seoaid ojo weir noy an Spe eS Canmore rpold ap 8 popes SL ~ mofoud may gy saan Beg SS ~ provers tebe toad “audeeer tes Anmoxmara wep ES "odes pape ES sagemauny apa es ts COVE OM BPS ES 90 VEL siuos spears “omen ABRI DSH WO HB SLE & . “soremp suioapoay'y ‘edo so9VH on Soper mn ‘ead ag9yiLJ0eoadop map ALL or “edad OVE Le = nnn HO VERE er aO0v110 Gorey aL EE os “remem QV ©} WHOSE T syuaqu0y “ayes “rv ARS SSA ap uy 0-0 hw aap nse Segue apesty speROUY we opus ous ean ao ovit ean utp _rmpeid cpu m9 weyeD.9uND wo ¥Hs OmoRE gp az ‘ou apempa amnsep = vet mY fC 2H serum wate cma ee OVE eae oe seu cou sponge od 2 9y4| mae et pret ps fo mpm eee Sov samt oe ee isEo0 ep LJ 3VH Srey Ie tp enas ecu Oov eae Lie" anmend du mpd ate egal Un we 3 euro pat pep ASOT CENEY £4 tee e409 nk nd ad Ov IY one od wt ADVE SY st ‘soup ierladoImng Hosa meer eee sa ‘om 4994 NY ump NO) We HE sng p mpm EON Ce sur 0 SUA OH BOY TL om BO RUT Wn! OVE EEE | ra 3a ond ery DOV eI Fe ae ‘mend eunspe et 4 H Boot Pree 1, Spr puenoue esses ut 93VH lapovea ate IPOH om aD YH esis nutes op wre fan mend 19 epee ool ooureuew ap oeuoass nd a4 H 29 0V1 ust gueoD va meer rs st sreingunio smed vac 9 Ey xpos wand gaan emg et a “Dovi-ateoprpopee cunning a fer ‘wspaann «S04 santo course i sDOvHeamem sp od mon nae Ep oe ‘ois eas Foreword . ‘This book will provide the rst comprebensive text on HACC? applied to {he food industy in Romanian, and teflcte the initiative andthe ‘enterprise of the suthors and thei Faculty, HACC? ison important aubjc, because its use his ben prescribed in ‘many of the cucrent international food quality assurance ditctves and ‘egulation. Under thse, the emphasis hasbeen sched tothe sisetion where the manuficiurer is required to demonstrate and keep nied ‘cords tat every reasonable precaution hasbeen taken to ene tat the roduc! wil be safe to eat nthe future, food manufactures who with to expon thee products will be required to use HACCP in thei gualty assurance procedues te 4 oadition ofthe importing county. The European Union inthe prosese ‘of inspecting and Licensing all counties that export food prodocs to ‘member States to ensure that they have quality manigement and inspection system that fully comply with those applied fen the LU) ‘The aplication of HACCP is_an important part of this, Romana Intention to work towards menbecsip of the EU will ao require somplinncn in x wide range of inves, te use of HACCP being an expe, This text provides « valuable soure of informsson for professionals ‘voles in the food sector and forthe university students, 1 have ben involved in coboratve work with both authors as pat of @ British Know How Fund fisheries projet Romaaia on vanous spect (ff safety im eltion to fish and fish produets, It gives me very reat pleasure to see ths book published nt feel thet we have suse the gathering of some of he backgsoud information 1 lok forward to fether jblcaors of te authors inthis area of food quality surance, the hope that the next ons wil be a grace! matial on the ration of HACCP inthe Tucson environ, Joka Rogers ‘Neral Mosores Managem Depress orurt Rescues att, Chatham, UR ss fhe Resaina ow How Fond Fishes rest. Cuprins Lintroducere fo metoda HACCP an : ‘Tri mes HACE u 2LDietionar de terment TACCE. 3Prindpile HACCP... A Preceoare lis prac 3.2. Aplcre principio: HACC ‘Almnboiniviei de origin alimentara ‘SEtapele woul stodia HACCP ‘51 Defiizes tomer deste '52.Seecatea capes HACCP 53 Desi produ, $3.;.Compana pal 2 53.2Motalde sare 5 53 .Ambairca $34 Dee poor 53.4 race connor $4 Vulzere nenjionata «prods Gropu de etna 5 Contre digrane! ds awa prove ‘S'6.Veneares cag del 51 enears recur S71. Roca ascite pos alien $]2hew tang $5 SDetrminara puncior ei de cnt 58:1 Puns ented col perma a 5 9Subize nie eis pane eine de csi é 5: 10Mentovanea paler coe dete ie $3: Mur core ces api a ren niece 5 Sutera program HACCP S.23dmpenesrn srw HACC Tie ( es enazonyaid ono femum at ED OVH Imuiss earede Set suuiondos mrp sn ‘Sroeug ware | “YOOWH ds ap. waists em 5 ap ‘somostrwoutonaid wf eomnpéas a Yezeq 20rorSt tee> arimise =p uiojsis aman sojadranud ¢ “sojamounye.eanoe 18 ramzodop ‘iodsue ‘lonpord i ayesydut alten 90) th amoxjde (azepueuodor ap yzes ne grepimoap) apaaait ante ‘9p tilonpoid purwnd mpuoteusiet 1 guvodoms prens wes ‘srewomg syosnpead ayto08e toquNaHB © Jonon Hf amnjexD “aPaKHapF ap fMTUDINS EpOTAE @ 219 2m» “(toswoD ap 29RKD apastg “IOS RAY. SINDEN M) Log jue jwonD “Hstyour’ pudro4E, ¥EDIBES ata Mp cs2idx9 | 9p suze ammo auorse tm a8 OVE 29001 ind op ‘awe 2p oanposd sie.o0se somos: vad 18 eareneo ad ayzeq sojsusis eazzonpont tezUODeid 8, oq eprousd mp row (epeue “sy apne "Eur-doma ou Mp ape dax9 2p) gunjokzap skuouoo9 O A sunsNDAt © no spurl uy “somo1@1 ruomposd suqqoid eye seul great 55 © py oBim yd as nu ave aagoayg suns rejuoune ensNpiN et 2210 89 sameeax “9006 OST BEDS up 20]2pmepUES YIT9Ig0 ts a109 waa w 2i2enpues Hf azemise 2p atuapou aPUNAIS “gs- ona 10 9p apse ad 18 yo “sowoyounsr aptusSoxa apie ayadsay ts ume op twoweanpoxd Yor v9 aqoqeS|90 njosge TiOKop ¥ woRse 2 2] tssoume 18 now aye aaquati 2390458 ep riuausues Yeu: 2 Mf 20 Mp umap yuortmsnog ‘unfinaied 21e3 ad epeoiod QOVH epojzaut wy asaonpouy uae suas ~ Asrae poo ey puusone Agen pur ou. By 329 FOND HE KIpeeddly we omedd poy onssuop a0 430¥HL J emaNdty 2 ee ws Boy pon 8 0 4DVH Jo aed ue msdyoog aps an at Savino sonnet Ere Anse ses poe sero 9 0s SOIVELIO wendy tS 3 ‘pong seBusn ano 439VH Jo woneonday 5 tee asnpe S> POY moat AO9VEL JO WY ee Apa e243 28 {39H JO WNYC ue ‘sowpod iy mud a0 WH nw NY ae sonny psd 209M MNS wr "By ay ee a ao SOO Howe EL, sor ‘Sosa i #801 4a vHL 0 oN ey er ‘somes nou ou ovat ueNMaEY oat soto 30¥i serene EEL ou ompa ae pte apo aD ITE ett ang Annoy po 3) dV 9 teENEAY 71 oa eonpnd wma ei oc) DOVE HEME Ee (WU Seem pueda seh aa9yaLreteEY Fe a aon eq 200 {99¥H 9 HNC TL ar snp 1 pos a0} AOVELJO woREEN Ont mass 42¥H1 59 ain oy ess HOKE SEN ¥ Baan er" fusics wwouansu Xyjenb 993 pa 2OOVE'9 ust fuen asovir v's ie xmas eter set Sampo ange Sunes 1 fer ‘puis yd SOVHT wea FE oo nd ae V1 eae FS ee “2 point sap enemas C81 i Tne noon ovis fons TELE et : saranda 6 esmercializeazi alimente a devenit obligatore, n-vespectarea .S¢steiconditilconduicind la nchiderea uni respec Jn “condifite in care industria alimentard din tara nossa incenjioneazh sf se alinieze sub toate aspecele la ceringele wnct Droductii modeme de_slimente, este asoht Tesenicd, Aceasta presupus Producti iginicd, « codurlor de bune prac de luce (CIPS Good Manofactuing Practices), a sistemulei HACCP i, In Sina, reclizarea 91 aerediazea sistemului propria de cals: confont ‘ssaddardelor din seria ISO 9000 (adoptate in Romania sub forms standardelor STAS ISO 9900), Tebute menfional i exstene te {52 noastrd 4 Ordinule’ Minjsterulai Sindhi din 18 eetoe one [895 privind introducerea si aplicarea.sistemului HACC?” in ‘trcuitalalimentelr (publica in Monitor! Oficial al Romani Peogu ce alimentele si fie sigure peat consum, ele trbuie si ‘especte amumite condi praind eaitatea lor igiened, fa arendares clssicd contoluli ‘alii, propeetpile. produslor (ait seit se720rale, edt gi cele fzicvehimice si microbalogiee) sunt teste ‘mod curent, obginnse informapit despre nivel calitae al duusului stabil doc acest este sau nu consumabil Jom eoxceptilor mademe pivind calitatea, aceste teste au 0 “Taille go eficienglredusd. Cind se constlac& produeul ow Peetl speciticaile, este de obicel pues trziu ae. poats went (Gu except repreucrri, schimbari desinatel ssului stu distrogeri acestuia).Acestiuera poate fi cvitat dock fentele chein le procesului de fabricate sunt in peemanenrt usstnte «i contolate, penmitnd, stun’ cind se impune, picene in cmp util a unor mages! coreeive tentele cheie pri care se posts coutrola jrocest pot fi sifcate prnt-o analisk HACCP. Kisraileasccinte progeny 4 procesull sunt anauete indidndse ayoi pnctele dn presen! {ehnologic « = sunt exitce pentru realizar inocuitifiiprodusul Lipsa conttralui in oricare din aceste puncte poate condace la fabricarea unor produse finite care s8 pund in penical sinates sau chiar vaja consumatonitor. Uiliarea metodei HACCP este extrem de util si ficient ‘eonree inteprinderea producitoare nisi poate permite $i nics ne a avea cum sf verifice produsle finite in procent de 100%. Chine acd, ipotec, a fi contolatd prin metode de laborstor inveaga Droducte, exit inc probabilitaea exstenfctunor abater cae oe fu fost detectate. Cauzele ar putes fir esantonsrea incorcce, Himitele de masurare ale aparaturit de contol ublizate, scone lumane sau alte imperfectuni, care ar putea permite a uncle ‘roduse periculoase pentru consum s8 ajungh fotuy la consuanston 1.1, Istoricul metodei HACCP Sistemal HACCP a fost pus la punet pent prima datt tn anul 1980 de tte ce~pania Pillsbury in proicctele stle de cercetae $1 liza a produselor alimentae destnate programelnr spate america. La fandamentaree metodei HACCP au colaborat, lst de compania Pillsbury, Agent Najionala pentrs Aevonautil ‘Spatial Cosmic a SUA'(NASA), Iabrstoarele Natick ale Armates SUA si Gropul de Proiestae pentru Laboratoare Spay al Fortlor Acriene ale SUA Problema pe care acest grup de cercetare a trebuit si 0 reznlve a fost obyinerea de produce alimentareincapsilate penta nombre misiunilor spatiale, absolut sigute pentr consuin, Accoses ‘resupunea lipsa contamindsii de orice fel: ou agents patcgoot ae srigine bacteriand stu viral, toxine, substnfe chimice, cord Strine periculoase, care ar fi puut praducefinbolnive sau sin, eu efecte catastofale asupra integiimisuni. Rezolvaen acesteh Brobleme a fost complica st de faptal ed specif ici ma ‘dmiteawtilzarea unor metode distuctve de teste si anaiiare alimentetor respecte, Guvernul Statelor Unite 3 eoncentrat toate eforturile pentru rezolvarea probleme’ respective, iar reusits saute 0) 8 ASOVHL sed "> amjudey voseupuioap "wasp 2am a0 uapuodaput «8 xouvarasis ame © sOrennuiewos nawed ypme) ar5yR IMIMUDISS ymIEMY ssndoud apansonge w 98 sowamdsx09 moby 28 aoavH Humeyd th semen esance eo imjonty vase dons wasp sit 99 usp apa 8 oysuatsis amuums 0 g99¥H mmmueld TmpMY, !enouiyesnposd mum wamionjasd nes aseyndruwus md uy pas jooued un ‘muozaidar aqeod peu, 2ou0 P19ap © mnad apundse wa 26 ane wf gant 9p Dumsaoans © camuunDses FaxEOyRIDpY AAILad yeNOLzDOp d40qzy " nes outa 2189 noo 2 ed a goopcoggnnop «sod apandsp en 353509 UBgaay 3P sumsooms 9 fg eeueoyNURPL nanied YeuOreD9p aamyay (a9) Jono» ap 22n09 isin ty mynjonun> = axopsoed ap gbupuar © pretnpis sues HOIDUE MS pupa foun pen angan 20 emspul:yanooues suaniy nusodsas ajo eu axon uae ieondso 38 wtuzzoxd son a6 ammo nnuod 4 VHLeporou 9p esas aoods wouual mediomd “pousgene sumo wy “giuzad. a8 syequos 11 (S661 "spe yUESIO.g) G96 HH UY YeQOAdE “(YAS mp SPOOR 29) UAH TeTOIOROISAN Uo smmUREED ALOsMY [woOHeN) JOWOWN IP dOOVH tninusis pry ad wzeszeq 96 sem pseave 3 asuudno dOOVH epoiou ep arezHun amndioud if 3rnayocy AQOVH tama} ap seuoraig, z rwoesdomg, {2ueuf ante amcouye asnpoxd otk es sen0p ame aul OOVE 0 stezeq seo we owDReNEU ap syautss eee fpmuosas ovadomg wan © ejuoa wlesitan Mommas 2G HUE eaBsNpHE uF gOD¥H lopOIDM eaoLINKtoy Rpumuossr Hf penafemou, “Snumuowiyyxapo.)” euros ieowop anal ar goo eazeode peau odes un ws0gej9 & uewans ¥ ampuopy ralezam2io (spo0y Jo voy Ueopogo.oNy vo uossrnaos) ~ jeooneisany) smu “O61 tue uf “ours ap ayemdaud op sopaugys vidoe ‘eed VOSA 2m 2p Rope 0} © gOOVIT MPO! ‘SU iAP eeisoune rnsnpi anuad massousatsoyde aur aso se29y “umumiog mpyusor> wo wrRUTUOD wultgond cove Soy ound 96 a9 1 “asapar sin pipe no sojsarsuoy wane) tt pitiseds soqunpuudany wdsedsur mniod yas 9p eons B80) © OOH *PeIaw ‘Eu61 jouw uy “aanmuscaidar Siduses EE 146 up orawoamy eisoiog nnusd gteuodey eapuog St ongnd we wwnuszaud fp mad nied 380) ¥ g OVE tpowhy "TRAP pao wanposd Us Rooms no mso}y 95 = “smouaye dep Is UpooKonoed ted ‘ore ameoume sjemnpoxd v sous mifimes © ompoge 2° STONE sh} FV O Age “SY “cap %2y & ums, ¥ mudes xpacop © ‘opody tmmuurioud japes OU For] od 0 mynd wamsce n> popdeouy “teed sores orespunzitor, jar emul HACCP existent funetio 8 conform resriptilor. Control: conducerea unei operat, ,.oces sau provedar, astel ‘ncdt ss ating8 un anumit nivel l petformanfelor devi, Controlul cali: fineren sub contol cali, realizath pin aplicarea unor misusi preventive (jiu doar prin efecaes fe test, verificdr si analiz de laboratr, conform acceptuni eaves ¢ termennlui, Defect critic: un defect ce poate aven conscinfe grave asipra init consumatoilr Deviate: abaterea de Ia limitele critce int-un punct ertic de contrl Diagram de flux: 0 succesiune detalitd a etapelor existente ja once proces de manipulre, prelucraze sau fabriare a unui pede alime.sar Echipa HACCP: o chip care reaizeazastudial HACCP, format din persoane care, de obice,reprezintéo gama diversi de doment e stivitat, relevant pent std HACCP (Htovard Analysis. Critical Control Points sistemul Analza Riscurior. Punstele Criice de Conve! Repeats o Ietodd de abordure sistema a asigurtt inocula aimentelon bezald pe identticares, evaluaren gi (inctea sab control 2 maang, riscrilor ee ar putea iterveni in yrocenil de fabricar, muanipilene si distribute a acestora Ingredientiprodus sensibit iat unui se ecunoscut, microbiologic sau de até nator, Limied exited: valonre prescrisi a unui anumit parsmetra. al Predusului sau o! procesulitntraun punct crite de control a chee depdsire._-spectare ar pune in pericol stnitatea sau viata ‘onsumatorall Misurd preventivis acea aciune sau activitate care este necesarh entra climinarea riscuilor sau reducerea for pind la un nivel ceefabil Monitorizare: verficarea prin teste, misurlita, sau analize @ faprului ek procedurle de prelicrare sau manipulere in fccare net etic conirol respect crterile stabiite Monitorieare continud: tnregisuares neintempti datelor din proces (de exemplu inregistrares temperaturi pe o termogram cu ‘jtorul unui termometru eu iregstare). [Nivel obieetv: valoarea unui parametr,int-un anumt punct critic e contol, a clrei atingere permite menfineres sub contol a riscurilor identifiat, ‘an document scris care deal’ procedure ce ‘rebuie urmate, in conformitate cu principlle HACCP Preoeupare: nivelul de preocupare este o expresie a pravitii iegii de sub control unui pune etic de control. in mod obit, aivelurile de preocupare sunt urmtoarele + Preoeupare ridcotd: lisa contoluui poate pune ta perce! viata eonsumatorulu; + Preocupare medie: 0 ameninjare le adress stniti ‘consumatorulu cae trebuiecontolat; + Preocupare setzutd: ameninjre redusS ta adresa consumatoruli, dar este recomandsth prezen(a contrlulul; + Fard motiv de preocupare: lipss ercire: amenintri la adeesa sindti sau viet consumatoruli Panct Critic de Control (CCP) (engi Cxitcal Contot Point): wi Dpunct eae, dict este sub control, va conduce la elininaren sa S 120100 wev2uorlouny JOYE INUDISS Hoe 8A 98 atey wud sopnpaonad womens SdOOVH raped essumsop ayastog axe> Soppasitony * amanse 99 to.o179 pps tam eazee ULI imdiounag ‘Boat arn] 9p aeaap 0 ras0199 2389 onuo> 9p sas ajpround wageormvoU etm Ut pu tome auunyin 404 29 sanaaso9 sopumioe sans pug “yenuoo 9p sons sjsu suojnow 9p sojmpososd eautignig. ip jd, ‘yonuoo ap onus round area uy anpodsor amma 290m sojonum easmanis se diag, ‘qvaysuapy opunoss osteo gas aa bo opsinund eared iz midiouiag ‘amwaunys sopsepoud memsuoe 8 pieorna raremdaid wunquastp ‘wonnizodap ‘waleedrl “somionjed “sopwompaitr sud soguageur amos! 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Prisentarea detetiath a principiiior Hl TCP Prineipiul 1 Se va face ¢ analion sistmatich « produsuli alimentar care constitu obietal aplicjes sa ingredientlor din care avesta cote inoncat, cu seopul feist pericolului prezengel ‘icroorpanismelor patogene, = parazijilor, »substanelor char S40 a compurlor strline, care ar putea afecta sindtstes consuratory te indica ea aceasth analiza riscurilor st fie efectuath tn fara de Proiectare a produsulai si a procesuul tchnologie de fabricai, entra a defins punctele crtice de contol inainte de theepercs fabicaie Evaluarea riscurilor se ealizeszh in dou etae: ‘evaluates tipalui de predus in fume 2 evaluareerscurlor in fuetie de gradu de severitate de riscurile asocate Lincluderes produsului fnu-o anumié categorie de periculoctate seface pe baza cunoasteri unnitoarelr detalit, ‘+ dack prodsul confine sau nu ingrediente sensibite; + dict procesul de fabicaie confine sau mu o etaps in care ste posibilé distugerez efcienta a_microorganismelor periculouse sau u ecforllte siscurtideniiate, * dict exisl un rte setios de contaminare a produsului dup incheiereaprocsului de fabricate: ‘+ dse8 existhpericolul nei manipula necenspunzatoare in timpul transportulus, vias gi preg cutinare, sare a "ansforme produsu! inu-unu,peiculs pentu consum, + deck produslai i se mai spicd tatamente temive dupa ‘ambalare san dacdnecesith prep culinard () Clasifcares _odusatui fnt-o anumith categorie se va face tinind scama de nuriru rspunsurilrafirmatve la intebasle de mai sue 2. Incawarea riscurilor inr-o anumit categorie de severitate este ud penta sprecieres_periculoztit produselor si ingredentclon {in Captoll 5 vor fi prezentat toate tpurile de scat, preci #1 categorie de produse in funcie de severitate rscunior asociate scestora Prineipiut2 Un punet eritie de control este definite orice punct saw procedurs intr-un sistem specilizat in fabricarea de produse alimentare In sate pierdere contolului poate even drept conscinfS pases in Pericol a sin8vipi consumatorilr, Toate rscurle Adentifcte ‘ecbuie a fe eliminate san reduse into anumit etapa eielul de fabricate, de In resterea si recoltarea materiler prime pind Ia ‘consumaroe produsuli Punctele critice de contol pot 6 localizate in orice tapi a ‘rocesuli de fabricate in care se impune gi este posiildtnerea sub contol a microorganismelor periculoase au a necustr de alt natari. Ca exemple tipice de puncte cttce de contol se pot rmentiona: stabilrea rejetei de fabricate hacstS pe consderente igienico-saitare, atsmentele temice, refrigerares, congelsen, igienizaea uilajelor si spailr de produce Stabilirea punctelor crtice de contol reprezin un proces cine necesiti foarte multi atentie, deoarece de aceasia va depinde sigurana pent consum a produsuli fini. ik 3 © limita evitie este defini ca tolerant admist penta wn anurait Darametry al punetului critic d¢ contol. Pent: un punct eee de Contr pot exisia une cau mai multe limite cree, Daca oriere ine aceste limite a fost depisit, insearnd cd puncte eit, © ‘mponas ssi¥ojorgoiowar sporsur y iod sraguon Tonue> qas rms 1 swagausp! tq} ne apumost ‘eto oun or yo dey wus 9p Injox ne qunoxU9A TonuoD ap oftusun ants sp 19 'énsuy maonzanpord ano ap pe aon) Yj 104 UDA aay A0vH Mumyd loadsa: wore JIVE {musts ep MER ‘ ead srezmun aso1 x unpoooid “Spor utp RsUO9 ease UHsOA, Limdpupa fon] S308 EuEo8eas39e Uo a9 9p uo ‘xtoodsu ap sofamEi0 ‘eodsp e| asnd iy Jon awaumaep sisoay -aioqde aansai03 nse 8 aruRde ayreuop “(augeouion apnea! 1 ene spmuif) fonuos 2p aouue afatsund e| amouajar einusamoop {sor 18 esmour aman “umd ys20e way aq Teayde Wy ta BSSNE > Wy joo] UF MaUMOOp 8D ais S OMAa AIO. MUN 9 imdpong ‘nnoodsos myo] e neynae[ea 2p fnpuotay wanes 1%) urd ovensed oy es omgan upneraony atsooe se} “amon de ‘samsaion ajumsgur #6 syuydy apemop apeor azayou 9s es amo 4OOVH mmumd eiesamaop srunruoD. 9 mR Ton uy ‘uusydmoo aumsoy gs 2p angosd areireu aang amngans sagoi09 aqrimoy “aoovE foun up fenuos 9p aye yd maou nad aoytsads axuoai09 unseunstingey> ainqat fete? §o1N9p 9p peanut asnpord auayip nnuod joauo> 2p Sonu sjaound day sopnqesoop ~oweq ty mynsnpoad.eoremooM eemdise €OOWH [hie ap vasslaap cad ede es tod am09 es SO a|NAS amano gs amqan sieaide 24t19100 ayuROy sindiouya sono (rope Ip fonrauonow n> yygestodser puRosio” 9 amp 3p ce 2 tmosed“orezionuons zea me aes ojsutosio ap oyeios jos fanmos 2p 2onuo aniund werLonow shat sonatas, X auveasiay 1 “aeasifom y 304 memomnow spines aro on dan wy wfeunorur vatumy rod are “spider specs lsd wezinas ay ps jonuo> ap aoniz9 sojrtnd vanarrene 9 RPurwooas 25 ‘mssooid e assonpton yung enon ‘seu ap soynerede £ # 2optewn soaring wy eojozya iyasoooud Wuetgos {H sorsleiss warsonpar nnuod 2onsums wpaooud ayumi uneooet ‘sousamr song ad aycapca aojgox! * aeuonisy op smueld $8910} 48 95 maysuops sojunosy & Yonio® qns eau nse Santis @ maod Soqe poio9 ay as amgan somzuomour sce) 9192 meso, YouRUE® smezNOU 8 emse2yad a ne ey ‘ajo! 289 pounuoa vomezoyuoK “aruupd © 2onead atmpaoo uo argo acy “eaunye smposd mun immed » sng uy eamensyr‘ououss sf aosvoa 9p Ojo § gavans 9p rimesaduon sf madiag ¥ ynio> vorastfony idx 2p) nunuos anercytou © ypqiod aio ‘ules at ay 6001 2p atodoud 1 [pt ‘ouudoo 9p aopuD sojasund w wuua!oyo attEaj aecaonoce © umd 25 ‘anes shnsasuoa ate od annus afeiayap soomozg, Zopsmpext aye conus 212352p of soMpUD tod asemoytoN 2p sivorg tmaxdioi) 18 axaueurnsop aug of fs angan umesionucee sPreyea9y NU soja v IS yonUOD 9p saKLl> soled ¥ wuzumdio varayuan nes vase) imcaidos woavaiowoye Pimdousa . ‘19 ame ap myranituos utenproe "med ‘apm inyedum umesodusy auotes dus ann ao 2pm auatoogy FE" [BO fue pov "419189 muy _‘snposd wowemaour 18 jstuo> gts 2p 381 Pa clone 3.2. Aplicares principiilor HACCP. Aplisaea celor gapte prinipii ale metodei HACCP consti in Parcurgerea urmitoarelo ear tapas Definres termenilor de refering; Etapa2: Selectare echipei HACCP, Btapa 3: Euapa 4: Deserierea procusuli entiscarea wilizaeiintenionate; Etapa S: — Construirea diagram de Dux; Etapa 6: Veriticarea pe teren a dingrame’ de Dix; Etapa 7: Listes tuturor risculorasociate fietrei etape i listarea tururor masunilor cate vor jie sub contel siscuil; Aplicares unui arbore do decizie HACCP fected tape a procesulai pears identifcares punctelor critce de contol Euapa9 Stiles limietor critics pentru fccaie punct ‘ite de contol, Ftapa 10: Stabilirea unui sistem de monit monitorizare penne fiecare pune rite de contol, Etapa 11: Stabilitea uma plan de actiuni corective; Htspa 12 Subiliea unui sistem de stocare a invegisioe gi ‘8 documentatie; Bupa 13: Verificree modului de Amefionsre a sistemulai HACCP: Buapa 14: Revimuitea planui HACCP. Ficcare dine aceste etape va fi explicatl in detalu fn capitoele 4 imbolnaviri de origine alimentara Alimentele pot determina imbolnivizea consumstorior in eazul in care nu sunt respectate toate exterile tehnologice, de sdnatate gi igient la producerea, manipularea anspotu si tlizareaacestora ‘Aceste imbolnivri pot vara de la afectuni wsoare pind la forme foarte grave, soldate chiar cu moariea consumatoral. mboinivirle produse de alimente constiie 0 problema ‘ntemafionala de mare amploare. Organzajia Mondial a Sinai (OMS) & cstimat cf, tn fccare an, in tre lumii a ueia se nregstearA cel putin 110" camusi de imbolniviri east itestinale, care conduc Ia $10" sau chiar mai multe canst) mortale, in special in rindui copiilor (Encyclopaedia of Food Science, 1993). Costurite economice ale acestor imbalntviri sunt enorme, provoeand multd suring perder financiue, Sa estimatc8 in SUA costl total anual a toxinfeciloralimentare S¢ ridich Ia aproximativ 5*10"S, dack se iav in considera Pierderile de prodvctivitate, costul tratanentelee medicale si a! Iinvestigailor epidemiologice si costurle care fi afecteazd pe producitori de alimente. Acesteareprezints contavaloatea produselor contaminate retrase de pe pial, dssugerea stocurilor de prodase contaminate alte costal aso fnultimele dout decenii a crescu fosste mult preocupares in rindul ‘cnsumatrilr, a instiniilor i orginismeclor de spesialtate, tn zea ce priveste incidentabolilor ce au dreptcaz& conse tor produse alimentare. Hl xenon emperor | (ean azo | oa wad Rmeosee (Gomiop gape angie) dows ap | pods oun ary nannies ‘no aug) exam orpngud “eonqene | _rmsonsen igo) azouon spots) | savin areozoyong ory cen TE es un |r poy nem] ang | a | srry aay ees jamal eet emene — ee annastty tmluss> aso onmuouye soynfoapmo elude og ‘simu ay eomrqorous prypareouE © no snpoid un yeumsuoa e gueosiod gine 0 pu "ue Fan Ep jomuscar reponse v0 wmsuey 98 (19 noses oqo: YruIey “ez0}HoUT) same ofejucon “ous msnpost ad worse ear; “aymu ues9998 punyu “eaten eae 2p snp uma im unos amo tury omy of ‘sw tod (r0pn agar ‘ezopon ‘zomaingt) aesboy noe ‘amuoun moog} X EMUDUITY suu0 9p aseoHoosu oq -emaeuoquy Sp tala rep Dompend od ofmouary wowed ney suo foe seu 3 aveoyruepyargan ‘seonnrezp apays2ia3e Wu T tains £651 28899 op una uRAUaION. [eoco09: seanyox0 onan | pus ap vuaury | 26-1661 ooozee |v aumdog ana wu] egoi] 00091 | wind opowoujes vos| _ stst over sfoads euoworou wins! 5561] loca sonou oyponig uownt| 61 cou | unnuiydd ojsuougns swnma| +861 on Puc oououes reerio | 1361 syariny | wenteeieay | Bamlsic bie. | $2661 1861 epoasd wy anasto paomoun suo ap 10g Tr moms ‘aas0u rpiooes a8 6 18g auSoep uae] ut easton ago} ayep vasa ayeaozon tne 7p money 1 eilruaue op 16 amauaune sopasmpoid mayougey ate soot, 29 ouuipaco uy sey “ganmousfe suu0 op sojugmosty rvovfoio “poo ut amar asm petapiaa suatar ereig z r z 3 f Ssange chimice | Metal gle Glink an, ape Sa meter, aren), inseticideerbiide os 7 z 2 Tarim | 96 (| Mame Pa tone!” [asic [aneae, | oats Agia, be eateacniee (Gch exe secre: | jug dctnnege Berit Neco | Spe dacs Stim | mee [asietoxce Carat co (lain) ban de GS Seach der I Goleta, foie rope Phaseotes gars Tact eons | Sadan PTR —T pea ee aaa (Give tse | vont a meee tn Ania (oxice Pei amir maa af OS : vat | Soa i Se alma) [Sicko fisaen | Sates area! $16 Encyclopaedia of Food Science, Food Tez logy and Nutrition, 1983 “Bocillus subrilie | op ‘umeuodur aims G Raa SR OAT SRA SRS -————————_ [up om sas | poms] su 2p ng "Bons ‘a pr od | nano Houreyod uns | srone 2480 3p oad 0 ad er 09 mong i ‘uy enous ntezie san up apsedaid 1 aus | syo0g ap amas ye [-SIBEL sinpond ‘neon anew eee Stoney una, [18 sod soreendiicoos nenmed sures | umumog wmpraso uno onoutpuoo ‘unteaeie ‘e380 jest Tomes sey pee sums] satin wae | (denunotsdou ode ty smlgo 289 peseds atom aspen “Geaedaid dtu vy yeas ade yn 2) wrunep frou Up Seeds | nau senoondydog Ste som pm Boon poy manson forpstoony 72 oe ed on) yous tse eras | : Sea ‘evap orn Seen aero 2p ovandoad a1 yn “ens bowels se | "Boesnu‘sudy sem senpond ae [8 tou uniszupsa “(need asne snBoytoouoeou9817 Teen wee ezunoreed scour ss pum sin pus emsed op oun | mmf mongayiun | ‘Sogn wz) ap onder! amour “onmed nsnpat) gpa ani ‘pr aad srazeoord Tn ES a 2m ow nfosfrros 9p ‘seoorgonpoud austesco‘snu ap acohouo 9805 pp mogn 2% oqo. wy aewazexd wns orquowte idoojuiroy yeromus8 a> sjoustuedsooions 1s asmmececs 2p ammtomys sms “spajdiouuy -awamme 2p tatonpord sHoqouas Ina ap 1 arvaue sojssnpeud paesegey 1 Su” Rut ep npesB ap ‘oxlejdod aye aiuounyeajumtoigo oe xoury ws ue] eh o 8] ap eonp (SoM slueisqns mos apeyeN S011 ake _ gas “ized ejduroxa ap) uae eioj0 eased, {b afarstoilor infectoase gia toxinfepior alm. slimentele ot produce si site imbolndviti ale consamatoriSé1- webere tate afehiunile ce pot provocte de acumularesunorsubstnfe himics (metale grele, praticde, substante conservante sau de ala ‘azurhutlizate tn procesltchnolopic) in organismal nen, galt inte cle avndefectcancerigen Frezeija aniboticelor in produsle de crigie animal (came, EPI) Poste conduce Is tenstenth la tratamental cu antibiotics, ingreuind ‘tatamen-ul si vindecarea bolilor microbiene ake Persoanelor respective sau poate determina apariia unor efeers Secundare te perscanele alergice la anumite antbionce ie asemenet, au fost seinnalate destule stati in ear consumatori og fost staip sau chiar au decedat datoitd inghije; nor corps Sortonéente odath cu produstealimentare (ease, ascii metahce, ioburi de ste), Verifictrile pe flux sau controlol de revepfie pot detecta o mare [ere dine ageni cre pot determina imboindvtea consunaorion fat aceasta presupune consum de t'mp, ban, materiale, fort de Jucry G8 a garant sigurania total pentru consum a prodveciog respective De aceca, est ca mult mai sigur si chiar mai ifn a8 se aplice metode de prevenire si menjinere sub contol a riscuilor dectt st ze bazam exclusiv pe teste i verificni finale, care pot ofer dose eastaavea nef amumite stride fat. Sistemul HACCP represnts ° setogs constrctiva de asigurare a inocutiislimentelon ¢ cit ‘plicare webuie genralizat in industria alimentard, 5 Etapele unui studiu 1ACCP. 5.1, Definirea termenilor de roferings Pentru aplicarea eficienti & metodei HL.SCP trebuie 38 existe dernga_ si sngsjamentul deplin al tutsor compartimentlor Iucritorilorintreprinderi i, tn primal rd, sl conduecit de vt ‘Trebuie cumoscutfaptul cdo aplicate HACCP are un grad inalt de specificitate, find realizatl pentru un anumit prods, fabric int-o fsnumith intreprindere, cu o anumitd dotare 51 un anumt persona, ‘Mai mult decit condiile generale de fabricaie, sunt importante etait caracerstice inte, inde respective Ciind sc demareast un estfel de sudin, + recomandt realizares ‘unui plan edt mai simplu posibil si evtares complica inate Este mai bine si se realzeze mm plan HACCP simplu cae s& fe ezvotat ulterior, det si se Iucreze Ia un plan complicn, care 8 10 fieniciodatssplicat sau nalza. De aceca, este bine #8 se stabileased incl de Ia uceput termenii de feferint.Aceasta presupune specificaea line! tehnolopice 4: 2 Produsului, precum si cetegorile de rise (Gxice, ‘chimice ricrobjologice). Atunci cind se lureszA pentru prima data la un plan HACCP, deseori este mult mai practic <8 se aibt in vedere oar un singur tp de rie (de exerpia mieodistoue), ‘Trebui, de asemsenea, defini si finalitates stdiulei HACCP: este cesta incheiat in momenta in eare produss!pardsese fabeica saa ‘a continua si patra perioads de transport, dJepozitae 3 biumroam ate ajursew anion 9 wihgso wife ws ezeoe stay “andinete # oxeenmn ap oygaepow $$ unsaid "eigooe Strpeuoem 2oqinap; m1 jasposd seers ws omgan eds wynsnposd aaays es iowould IMnSinn co.eHFouamaven vt reuoa paws ne ten econ iin x20 “tio omen tend hnseionaidaubop shins maou gs "22014 sowpel 7 gud poate ae MDOVH obi i hades auptead meio es ao ozrorum Y Jon tad © aoaos pajama “oaq, nos 1) adronned ws todrysa soyuguaur somint syed » anusd ‘fomenes 0 szsaqun 96 ps amg ayo doat amo uy “season 99 #8 smgan dno 9p ower loxysuy emma: H6apraifony oninqunsip os cura yaoi 2p waswuortrzyae wy ‘sumjequie aénwosts Ines 2p vo ‘owosiod aye x yoo wp ssodiay sxedoo9 i og ‘sotfojoayo) sojcay et sopunooar onieodo & asxRajsy gumg_o na 1 ateeap. susoue eo ‘001d 9p souyfur us eds oy yezaad ay ys uDMOEY 2p 919995 ‘wpe Imlonuo> uy seas um yguND un “Foplgosoqu un tite ne Fang seat, METS sennIGest © 6 sopmosts askapla, Fem © 0 am ohmsode ent qr ym pest 30 2 mum ep sre 5 2:89 ‘tpt ap soot asap reHR2p alesm> mo ojraqey un utes er San sins Ssquou te eyd009 0d 35 akonon e 1 ‘eumossad Ser, Amuro wp tnsuo> 2g gs mgan se edise oop poet YL Worx op nes radia Sarr MAL te do sojunmons tamoang rere und im ay BS 8 ZOOVH ona no HHezeTURY ay BS penne [Rate £9 yuBHodalt a9 “e208 aq rmacuo9 & aon, Papiee GP gmipmESEe “dass soma sooner: 1 Indu soeonuoa Is ane aupofoud un aso ee aterne !euowop 2p wa; pune 0-511 ehussde ee meted UP eUtiBsUOD ay BS GOOVH wlryoa #9 Iuecodn ae aod ioneoo 2p sonuo apiound 1 amos ae somtuon, mando © nawsd 8 mnscond © pp sskapliy © amaey DOVE Panipa eatesapg + y oni rb ee, onDno aba) mimi reaorgd OY ti ne rtp igen oe Inmesoid menposdpscconde ‘wo aaron up 2p "asuOD Bde RsEOOY. stead sj anuad 8 sus yea va saoans mo a3 96 {2 ome ao 0779 a aonpowd wy oop arpan tye Pe opsmosey_ sy 99 om eo augur 89 “ey radon inocuitatea produsolui sau consumatorl, In aces__roces vor uz ca lini desta urnttorle clement 1. Compotita produsului Cunoasterea refetei de fabricaic este csenial pentru evsiuarea fseulor ce pot spare in tieyal prelucdeh, wansporles Aepoztii si consurului prouusululrespetiv. Se vor precice font lar urmatoareleelemente Materile prime gi ingredientele uilzate; 2 Este posibil ca miroorganismele periculoase si contanineze ‘materle prime si ingredientle? Este posibil ce wreenul dinte ingrediente sh aibt tasuic {oxice sau sl contin substnte toxce? ln cama tizirit conservanfilor, sunt acega fotos in concentra care 3K prevind dezollaea misroorganameler periculoase? 5 Bate vreum ingredient uilizat tm concentraie prea mare sau ‘rea micd pentry scopurile culinare? 6 Va determina pH-ul produsului prevenitea. dezvoltni sau inactivarea microorganismelor periculose? 7 Previne valoarea indicelui a, din prods dezvotirea ‘microorganismelor? 53.2. Modul de obtinere ‘Se va rispunde fs urmatoarele inirebsi 1. Este psibilcontaminarea produsului tn timpal prepariri Prelucrni tehnologice sau depoziait? 2 Vor fi microorganismele perculoase sau cubstanjcletoxice (care eventual sunt presente in produ) inact ate in tpl tratamentelortehnologiceaplicate? Este posibilf contaminarea produsului eu microorgan‘-ne sau toxine dupa aplicareattamentelortermice? 4 Ar fi avaniajoasa sau acceptabild din panct de vedere ai ‘nocuitiié sau celta: grodusulu in general o prelucrre ‘ermicd mai avansati? 5. Autn_ne. te aplicateo baz siniica? 6. Cum va afecta ¢ Dalajal ualizat supravicjirea gi / sau dey wad usw te ou aundra tod 25 tadoo ‘tdutsr> ag yous. juojwumenos says 3p iminsnpoxd » azezijun ap jnpou ediouee cotomase 2p amqary, nu.c0 iy uy nso anod soprcwiovesn, 9 eiaysH9 ws 2: tRsnpoad ‘souaSon Sou ‘uest7 ko sseutueiues 3p osu gyieaid auodsas qasnposd ep ‘dors aq yunutiqo etuydodres9p oneuoune apoenpoad osu od 29 soyunasu snd tea yous wns ‘szeninu,sJuatagop 2 afomosiod “andoo ‘iga up asumesiod sans ina “edad 20 umdns# 2307, “aaagujegues ey ajgndocsns tear yuns" ams atieedod 2p umdeut 2p yeumsuo> ay ts ynsnposd £9 eapmiaisod Smapu0 mw eS omqan edna ‘jnipms tome ey aqlenysap ap sunday Iagnsnpoud © eyewo oyu! ase avs auhnggaip. ‘saniogiio 9p miMpoRy Mawmrcoden 2p soniipes) 4 ‘naisnud op iirpant gs !adozqnn 2p soyurtonaisit py Manns ‘ativgcpes op mmiowiay vatzocuos.| ‘wasotwoun aundnsoud inyasap vd wasaosoq, ‘tnd 9p eon gonoud 1 enicniaese ‘ FIIs! Pulao ap ro tk evizoduos “Tauri. doug Zhafeuum 2p 109 a en >¢sgo y e zeae so minsipces Winimom [8 3992 9p Hind LHP eet ef “acne a "peed mn vousiro4n rawad oyna 2p apy “'s wanSty | “siege ras] cures | | a rt =) Pet — 3) eter =p} a a | | eRe] ‘omunociny 0 | nay smc | | oT L __] 1s many wy ywszaid 389 esey 3p nydwuaes wp snpoud "1 Joye smauny un woydoa ek af “ame ipeou seh ay -trsooe jnumsuos 2p asnposd y od 23 erensogan osu ap + masnpoude maid mane esc ‘auad ‘Seer 1 asa. “sioqdaioo ay ys aman mfeuuope aio smmdoid + _ omzyun 2p pss “amen ap Usa, apne 3. ech produsul webuie pists dup reine’ “ve, va fi ‘menfinut ferbinte say Je tempera eamerey 4 Produsul va manipulat sou export rscuri de ‘contamina de alt naurd? SS. Construirea diagramei de lux a procesului seensth etaph este sagas Aoetenia specials yprobleme. de reduce Detalile proces vor diferi de ts fried la alias sees curate a uneidiagrame de rx depnde de eunoaytowe donot snamentele care pot in lena modul de desfiurare a proceul inch: J exPerentsgperformanycic manage din tneprindere; * detalie legate de modut de amplasre,poicire,conseire Si exploatre a fabrici si ljeor, * den legate de modu de desisuare a proces tenologie Propriv-is; * deprinderite (practicile) de iuery ale personaluli St flabor: schema tcholosica bloc (Figura 52), schema de Sasi anal de amplasare a sete de fbricaie (pent erotenee GeRiunts procesulaitehnologic, sestares evertal t Un deSen vileréned raat rial eet ont de euvteh et mull mai ugor 38 se identiice punctele sau efile de pemnate In seis de fabric gis se stabileascd modaligle © prevenre« contamina ded se ucreaza pe diagram fas (Materia pa T] [Mati prim] [Matera prin’ [Antal “L_le [east (Reais Coma) Artslse_}+——— Cai] Figura $.2. Formatuldiogramet de flux Sects pani ACCP penn fcr sec a pre const iceman mld cea fru mateo mss de la ecepjia materi prime, eetnd pine ae pace ol stiri cu ire prods fn Spcincatn et co sae ce ca stemol HACCP 3 fe ecient, deoebndo e sina apcare 2 poneiilor de prozeire espontreiiencl i's ance Pract! de sr ‘S.6Verificarea diagramei de flux DDupi trasarea diagramet de fax tebuie verficaticoncordanfa ei eu situa existent in pach. Aceasttverficare se impure deoaree y winrmoquit 2228 ane> od asvonnsezsp 32109} auEUDpIAa 195 ne preneounye auduo ap sjutagujoqua myspap wae 89) mF roudeo wy waequs vynupatseamesaday | sySunjapuy apeotad Srensed tums wassoe pus touye jraods uy “wojstustu@iooron rommyorzap nod! ape vensgas un gone aeeuskne 2ojaenpoid moteyy (ouotirseg soodsa1) aomojoiqaront aimaet mniod uypads pout ut ayndaouoa wns gOoVH sjeumEToxd varmnofey 20(ojorzered umass'¢ quis unas ‘2 ‘uousiseg masts“ wodoies jamorguum my 2141679 so} apes M104 soxTOFOG aqeMD=N soifojorg_ssna et ecto eno 2 na an 0 anand yn pat 392 mote ssopou potsony Gal aoe ‘nor oman vation a aes es «ona sma arn sopaos RS stats op unsgu sin ean 2 i “asd smart Pinouge eases EE Joo" Tamsin tH SOV ane acs 12284 9p das aa aoe fl ase “Torte 2 mt ay a oe fm 2p Bua Sn pnw Gp Han rato Ne sir) Kony oN) SVN op ao ae Samnusuae sojssnposd esose nose “y's Aojandsus eaeoypuapy “Ls 20 He mss acm ay a ee 3 24 “ransio oy we ase my ap tung oe NE da Sgn yan saan ake ee ae Ste umoyrpou ajepenyuans nated ameoaid 9p ‘ezeq musuos Joe nourop uc memo nn aes nate fur 16 ies mur y uy en Su ToRoyuna go n> ype earemnsj ef quad unos a eliminate din poduselrinentare, vor {Iwate masuri* inhibare a Aezvolttrit microorganisinelr remanent sia prodiccrde tonne Dezvolireamicroorganismelor poate fi inbat prin aracteistcle intrinseci ale produslor(-"" a.) sau prin altughes de sare sau alti conservanj.O alté metoda de inhibare 0 conmitune alegerea unor metode de ambalare gi temperaturi de depositare corespunzitoare(refrigeaze sau congelare) Tabelu! 5.1. Gruparea microarganismelor periculoase sia parazilor in fancpie de severtata rsculul pe caret presimd® GRUPAT. ~~ Chara Bana panto & BEG sear severe Shgeladremerae Samoa ph. Slmeneta paraypht A, | Vir hepatte ial opted Braces chris, Bacon Vino cholerae Ol Vivi infons aera slam | chine spr ear “Litera monarch Riscuri muieente cu | Smee sp rspindiveetiat | Shuts. Breer cal eosin, Sirepoocos popnes Renn Grol viesslr Nera | Entmorbe hye | Dipti rm svar mbraier GRUPA Wis Finca —_| icon moderatece | Canplecs oun rupees | Clon pees ‘Sopolceee mre ‘bichon 01 Yo porches Ierntrentercaice | Gia ombia [fom ops eB 1.Ca1_‘erinarea rseurilr bilogice {In Capitou’ 4 au fost prezemiate surscle de contaminare si simptomele imbolndvirler provoeste de prineipalii agent patogent ce se pot pisi in produsele alimentare. Considerim totus util 0 Drezentare detalii a acestor agent, intucdt- numai 0. bun cuneastere a caracteristicilor gia condiilor lor de deve" =e vor Permite aplicarea unor misuri are s8 condved la eltnarea lor. Clostridium icin este agental care provoscd botulismul (intoxicate de origine alimentar). Este 0 bacterie anacrob sporults, care este responsabild de produceres unel newotonine, ‘Unele tulpini de C.dotulinum sunt psineotofe Ceea ce caracterizearh aceastt bactere este formarca de spori termorecistenj, eu raspandire larg. Acesta rest la majoitatea teatamentelor tenmice, eu exceptia celor proiectate special pentns distrugerea sporilor de C:botulimum (engh borulinum-eook), Dact ‘nu este aplicat un astfel de tatament tenn, se va considera ch acest sport sunt prezenfi tn. produsul alimeatar respectiv. Dac produsul va fi ambalat in condi de anaerobiozd sau inte amosferi.modifieats (cu un confiaut redus de oxigen), xunt ‘ecesare micuri de inhibae a dezvoltsibacterei si a produceri de toxin, Clostridium botulinum poste fi contolat prin utlizarea anor condi dintre cele mentonate mai jos = plea, + 4,50,94;, = St10% NaCl; + utlzarea amestecuilr de stare (NaCI + nit); > lf conservanj in afar de NaCl, + reyim termic(refrigerae sau congelare); * control biochimic insimanjare eu bactri lates), Simpla refrigerare mu este suficienth pentru a mentine sub control neon 9p wassonpoxd reOHHUE ay eS dEoML JaNSe oYefinp yon azeqsEd ap opulpeoD ‘wu iMsnposd uy yuazed o1s9 jmusyue@ooia x» sundnsaid st ovr sRuUOA # anDsaud ap nse wnadid su panpas 2S nis aun Ws “ENS ws am aorHogouyon aden 18 roenpond wyso100 vomjndnieus ypeaaid eS game DVH Ted, (S661 ‘specyyuOsrg) 36121 ese wEnaSD 805 1 au wurxoy pupo tmz aijeuuas oj ny eoistas0uua 89 es ‘urxor & mp “injmsuM@sooroes 2p ange au a8n5p = sou ora yuoUTEeN uM "ySMpON! Bfop aIsd BUTNOL ge, ‘sroqpzumds3.00 vomomyeid 8 sud sojoyeus gowart 18 oales somodivew yess ais “vsao8 aq “ames 2p ayeope wensaoue> B11 98°9 2p "8 ae nen ef eponzap aid 95 mnaano's anaadsar [ue n> yoeIweD u UK 99 sojouRoKIod se apeeeH JOLED 18 sojnmpur jmpatuzne wud ew? uy ‘gsusuey ase euSNoeR, (ucts) wane 2p wayogns ymeradwor © x 2y “(,09¢) meoIpH 2p MAES ‘umuesaduayo ef ay renspd asoy » mu jrauounye yo mney RIUOIED JRo1go ap ‘orauno's ap mde 2yaun ona ap mounye psn NoIO;ES MaRBBUI op Rlemes 2169 EIRUOUTYS wespONNL Sywown8 ,o1 a¥sad ap ailenuasuon omy aose8 36 pups (aura ‘geisousst runojazant2 o soaposd aysod smzin smoseaoy dens ‘uspmareaoaos vasruaaaid 8 otoegfa189" ‘amutums mes eoseBnnsip nuad yoniuea 9p unser EpRIsUl BS singan 420VH atunueja ioeo9 wf se>4 ne sum ayuine 99 no Joalayeidns e nes zofsuorsn “soquoyson] soqnmp oapousanat tuud ‘oreajur aud onusyur ayanpid areoune sasepeNd aap (tomuos wud Ho ay yeu 2q2> 9p 90] aw esuoLuOS vai up weed no eomemumuog -..eeumajsed 9p. ofeuoH Sure ane op an 8 ones oats pa (S061 uou0> qos) stron pz ap a sagogey 2 OL MURUME Fo BApISIOD oF nm ime NT SE EUS tus au w Hoa aE H09 TEMES orfojoxsy lumonjaxd ssiayouy wap amummuoasi ap winiorct Ruond es 284 moor exionpar mes earns omieeco Raoad ts omaen GOovH apuesaug. shatiop ioe co onvoo 9p if aanesio) ousnedo nniod i emuaun roenee nated piofeur omuinoand 0 squnsuos gs guatoey aise ot 208 2 tm "seuouu ot soon yt amepe mndans SHow=D9s 8 ap serge sanpuRdsry amigos ap umsemaieost M1 Mjowzap seed 9 Hf jonompsd ais9 tusrBworane, 65°52 29298 yen a {iat ste ard Toots ap ani apni awed eee Sey mmm upg na sand rosmenoe spe ae adod 2p ofr simim tnoad eons yen S Wid sue yRog 0 sowa asatny 9 ans eee ‘rmwounpe ajosmposd e592) & 225 1 paws UL amusg9 B..up ade 18 anu Uy pte, SB sep sig edoasep wa9as ages 80} ¥ aeiojenend ap “omuounye sojesnposd impousai wud yoann heed 9 soinoued soy sive un ai souoSoy Louw arse mos 9p ran y ateod aanmap ‘Purr skis 2prMd Bm amo imnenpaid 9 somumstion an 2p (Coma) eaiaqiag 4 mop unezeg ou 4s ws separ 3189 BN uRagY op dee, 229494 und sts puny ‘ora sume e phason aneon ace JP "yoy slussgns sony teu 229 anuyp von ass ey obisnuit: aT ‘si este legatt de prezenta sporilor, Exist 7 aera Cau ct ot dee a connie pl afr de wxoa sunt peucrateanegeih i plorrea produ corse, tempeaon necrespunaoae (se, ma is, ena a antl in cond de aneroton cae fvricnch Soe I Clas peringes).Deounce sot at tama i pot ‘supa (htamtr Tinta) tamer een piste prune nel tempor ca ie 0°, va pete mips beret pat raps nts de, dees rapid 9 pote scopes ‘Sclizute dup’ tratamentul termic, ms me Plans! HACCP trebuie si prevad ynerea sub control a param.‘ilor tratamentuoiscrmic gia temperatri de pastare a produsulti fit Virasrte sunt formaini_submicosop soscopie cae partes celle msm capable de mlpiae nan cele cane De siecle stir pode smear nash multi (Civer, 1968) Visi pat angen alse oo fecala sau orala, ditect sau indirect. Porannes “erectile Unelevirsur pot & inactivate print-untatament tenn adecvat Prin uscare (Plerson&Corlet, 1995) Totus, cel mai eorect este st 5 evite contamineres produselor alimentare cu virus Contaninarea dreeta poate sh aparh stuncicénd un lucritorinfectat singe produsulalimentar iar contaminarea indirect poate apare, de ama ‘ezesed ojnousd feu 199 anup exes dezuotsese> oy 404 eau 99 3f90 U $661 ‘apo qwoEEE ‘unos pie, routes pu2e | __aporsay a eatopaaig ‘de sos sunqronuias smigaiaig, sponds oyunu uno sumqouas | sxpjoorgun suc3sy | _apoynwan. ‘ds ogpounnaaay cds puniioon ipwo8 ousoydoxoy, . swnstod wmpriodsordig Donors pasoweny gues orparis) autoz0y01g 2uiouo 2p oyromes 10d 39 szeuny 7's Ege srnuoue ssnpoxd op sojuereumsuoo wigguys esoupe | as em nigst09 tod am9 modo aoe up weed on Hondo une yg ‘pore i] suo4a) aporsas ‘Ceumes teu) sponruou ‘rmroto undp omni top ued gfe pause aad jut ea od ie ee, "ee srdio unser gyonzep a aes susrmaio ine were pected yuo aavoz0y01g uoyendsox ae ad ¢ syusien od 3¢ ‘s2uoivo ajunsnavouapy “murano JOjaK=UT [eipaunera dant es Foap euros no wap reo> wd sey es ed apes od dufusenn tod 26 esnpas y e sannsaud 2s (easapeoquy sonpord 338 2199 op mus open) eansaju 20 “ana "deo =p Hoste ‘2teuruopqe vamp ‘samp “guns “yea “suuseio! op steconeed Fe? 9 atrpopunse auwoy sep ‘aeofn raw enoo ins foun 210M wIeKoOUSER 8 quEaI.E|ON PAvorlefil pluopuoodiens ns “unsna aioe ap siiavad sounemonun aye aynctigo ON TNsOKTed ‘souo}ND apumSoUape “qumsunaionS ‘uumstunonse aus qoiusonse® qacOKOKd 29 yunsmge oy Uunsna soy eomaqaid nati poyde 3 90 219 no aus ns snus aoe no HuRURUMUDD & yams de set 3p snsEy eames} nnuod edu FereUe 2p RporaAl © pes tu 1 taufogu eoosoxd ono aeae rot 9 9p 0a ny 2805 © nu osnstA faanuode 1 pooner se ma save Sniuoy waungen am wsioou Teun aye> 1 zeoyadiueu af arto od sjsu emuesu0> tod ameuoanye senpoid 3p oqpuNey tp Hero maori exo mes eeoay eo od asuER 9¢ RSMMC, ‘asaya 216A amonzed OO101 3p aise yumpaytn ezop yo aundnsatd 233 ota aor “seeds aarp “uion ud peroruzoems 2s sumoa}8 fBsesoy ‘BMoe gem muowusonsed Hynde RumLDPogou qoeOoayet ‘Rustusonse@ “yu op sazep “yep sarep ‘eo amnasou ‘aN swsosonse® resent) aopusory qe. smisede passa, sulrogiumd ap ojeenpord apo “jpn ‘siomes ‘t_jeu osoumue ag tmensta atsone eynotfan Yon ues Natulent,pierderea greutfi. Boola poate dura 12 sip__vini, dar infeeileeronize pot dura de i cteva luni la ifiva ai. CColonizavea si patogeneza sunt localiza 14 tumenul intestnului subjte, dar mecanismol imbolniviri ma este pe deplin elucidat Gambia este prezent in secrefileindvizilr infestai si poate fi vvansmis pe cae fecal sau orald. Giardizza este de cele mat lie fi agocat8 cu consumal de ap8 contaminatd. Aw fost snregistrate inst gi cazun de ransmitere prin itermediul persoanelor inestate ‘care aw manipulatjrodusele alimentaretnxince ca acestea s3ajungi Ja consumatorl fins]. Condiile de umezeald si riconre faverizeaza supravivrea acestui protozoa. Contaminarea alimentslor de cltre lucrtori purtitori poate fi vita print-o bund igiend personala, Giardia lamblia este dstrass prin tratament termic. Ascaris lumbricoides este wn parazit foarte raspindit in lumen intreagh. Ouile de Ascaris lumbricoides sunt lipicioase si pot f transportate pe mini sau alte pri ale corpulu, diverse obiecte, alimente Ascardioan este denumirea boli provocate de acest parazit. Oude Ingerate se dezvol in intestin, iar larvele incep st migreze, ajungind in plimani prin intermedia sistemului sanguin gi al celui limfatic, Din plamias igi continua ascensiunes spre git gi se inte in iotesin ane’ edn au ajuns la maturtate sexual. Uneor, din sit larvele pot incerca s ash afar pe nas sav gu, Ascarai au rol spoistr (datorté consumdiriisubstanfelor auitive 4in sisal digest al pazdei gi prin inhibares acti enzimetor digestive de cle toxinele elaborate), itant, emumatic (se poate ‘ajunge la blocaj intestinal, in special la cop, datorité numndruli mare de larve gi dimensianii scetora) si toxic (deterin’ erie cepileptice, convulsi, tulburii de vedere si auz,insomnie, ceflee, seldetea memorii,prrit anal). Exerementele | soanelor infestate contin un numir mare de out De aici, prin intetmediulapelorrezdual, ele pot contamina soll g1 respectivrecoltele care cres pe solurileinfestate. Ese de remarcat 8 ouile pot rezista la watamentele de epurare a apelor si pot supravifui ani de zie in so Oamenii se pot contamina prin consumul de alimente crude recolite de pe astel de soluri pot contamina la randul lor alte persoane. Ca misuri de prevenire se pot menfiona evacuarca foreetl a fecalelor si evitarea fentlzirit tolorilor cw degeur) inguficient ‘ratate, Onsle sunt sensible Ta uscare i iyi pieed ‘caracersticile Ia temperatur mai mari de 28°C (Cliver, 1990), Trichinella spiralis este wn parazit al clrai cick biologic se desfigoart in organismal unei singure gazde. Forma adult paraziteszh intestinal unor animale domestice(por, etine, pisicd) ‘sau silbatce, Femelle pitrand in subrmucoas intestinal® gi depun ‘ouk embrionate. Embrionit sunt apoi disemina prin intermedi singel in integul organism, fixindy-se in fesutal conjunctiv dintre fibrele musculae, unde se tansformd in chigt, care ou timpl se calcifica gi mor. Muschi cei mai afetai sunt diafragmul, musehii limb, i gtolui “Teansmiterea perazitului se face numai prin ingeraren de ysutur cae contin lave vi, Porci de obice se infesteaz8 prin consumarea Ge restur de came crudi ce confine lnrve sau prin ingerarea de fader de sobolai infestate. Omul mu face parte din crcuitul ‘bisnuit al parazitulu, ins se poate imbolniv de tichinelozh prin fconsum de care infestath: mite, fpturi in singe, pustii din ‘ame tocatt crud, Trichineloea poate fi prevenitt prin redueerea position de fcfestae a porcilr, “combaterea.rozitoaclor (programe de deratizare), examen ‘ichinoscopic ln toate animalele *crifieste entra consum si prin educsrea populaiei (in sensul de smu ‘consuma came provenit din suse nesigur). west ma BR rooduanr asogpe somumys aluesans tunjedos“anzodooe ‘ap awisqns‘raepurzap f ogo ap use egg fey {9p 2itanoad aliasqns ~ 1220p fans "youod ane vanpe pu ap uoyetusied‘uvazstn - 2011 aR ANY mun ‘Sy "02 ‘Ad suosooe ae nuino9 1 39801 EI 1 ‘seqzton alumsqng, | ‘ataita | 2p uouuoy ‘sonorqne ‘prose aredngpe “onus ‘opr9@imy “ponsed 59 oud aanuiya shomsang | alumrsans eRuooq OT OU sunny gOuL ompemond rope=ry eyouum poesia FUTOL _opsojomau PasoeSTUD HUNO polomp gojaonsm yuo] onigemd poison pono] ponenus Ip UNO | ‘oiadn wp UROL exon syesnyeu | rc | | eure rurxoionqui09s eit Goumxoiege x) orn. |_ atueisans onan 251 9p nuosave2 “s Imege, 861 uke 9p puny ‘tuoreums4oD wneURS sory ey 251 um minstos rod ame azmupune penned wy auazaad Sous sopelumsgns wosesyEseS wcaud sopehmsgns ‘ammaan pay windsouoo syed ru sjsu 2p guiapor” xonpotg aoquys pnaspE ELS ‘auwour ory nes aNqI0 aj as-npuyGanfe ‘opx9 wf abs gyo m FAEITTRDO| 96 pURD TOUTE oxduos aumoy autaap 2709 zTB09 0 2189 wnyos:L ap yreooNosd ‘Fema. “230044 au} uamp e20xoxd aweod 2orpaade w amy 2p Siuaurs soon eaopumng ‘2uvi0 3074p Jaan | 2[euoHaTy (yeIqMM weeasoG98 amo “amt onpoxd 2p “soy aquROA Og um tn 2p ap tay oun w ase toy use whee ‘ad miqiosge nmaquo> 359 UO FUER FWERSOP opUNSI Semons up sued gong oo mytdey Freaso.ep 25 (fopze8 wasenmEMT | sonpuoa ayeod ams) amormfods womloy “wouoqe 18 ¥o7Xo) SFaneIUL“smoneyods some ne eurane:: HED “UMIOS EY “qua ap ak 2anjuoa a0 pia es asod 9p 2ure9 2p umsvos ud yop greoisagut 96 (MUD “PIMPS aE uy RULO|STEN 2s pir - peu epee ~ wo 2p wetofatos> puy> qupd ouyuRs 2709 tf (omousl) RAT 9p FEO} qas 208 URJOURUD erIpeuAIT pea uj “vows 2469 myeurGos,, rayuad set ‘joxod aIs9 wos. nod oie ‘omfpauuoyat apza8 oun ye Ausssip tng my wont fs ressoon as2 ‘ormimoo uf myowzap jaeod 95 9S MUOjOUGIDS > ruin -SjeisunJojqeamTs 20,979} uupsuuauy wud reste 1 vod “ojougu> yum suuleuLoy © 2p sated ‘UOUquEE rowos Bueo e U9+§ ap of senjos oman xy weez 2p rau no ewouos yf red 959 o> “anlgns imjuneagy oyoars W feud enresed yod ame “ae, cj, 24 _ aye up aud 255 sourtos nyxony #8 wos BRED, Aceste substanfe chimi detemind limbo? sen sau hie fmrpvocsinboltvie ut a anes Primapiaea uni plan HACC. tebui uma serio ill dears eee see ea abe even «'aperi!nicinlr chin" ace rfc Tabelul $4. Modality de menzincre sub contol riscuilor chimice Speciffearea compoaificl materifor primey] Certificate de caltate grange emise de Hyman, Fonte i T="afton menyioneazé ci numai in perioada loctombrie-1988 - 30septerbrie 1989, in Statele Unite dint-un rnums de 10923 reclamati privind calitatea produslorslimentare ‘nregstate la Food and Drug Adminis™uon din SUA, cca. 25% au avut ea obiect corpuile strane. Dine acestea, un numar de 387 (deci 14%) au provocat rlniri sau Smbolnivisi (Pierson&Corlt, 1995), ‘Acestlucra se explicd nu ait prin periculoitatea pe care o prezintt compile strtine, ci mai ales prin faptul cf ele pot fi uyor fetectabile si observable cu ochiul liber - spre deosebire de ricroorpaniswse sau substanfele chimice. Cele mai rispndite corpuristrkne sunt mengionae In Tabelu 5.5 Rise fzic eprezinl orice particult saw corp fale ce nu se gaseste {in mod normal intr-un aliment gi care poate prowoea imbolnivisen (inclusiv trume psihologice) su rniteeunei personne ite frizor, bel $.. Prineipoele materiale privte ca rican fice gi - Veriicr inopinae/testederecepie. _| ‘ursle de contaminare Contre iainte | Stabilreascopula in eare vor frulisle euttare Substanfelechimice; Maier Eee = Asiguazeapurtti,formuh: i etichetti & assoc ontutor cetspunato a subset ilza, ‘Sie Tae sirgsare Tele 2c ope erificarea cant utizate | ania, sense crane ale Conrai tara coi apart desir Genial | | Ears contr car fvoizeak Te [ea ni acpi —| Teen, ple ct SD Aeporitare gi roducerea de substan toxice naturale. Pitre Rani, sargereadnglor | Terenun, li ‘Asc Tat Vie erent aa, = melee heron Revizuirea substanjelor chimice nevesare Insecte, | Tbolivin, ume, rnin | Terena, medio de Toera Inyegistrare substanelor, dozer pre de ‘modbolui de utilizar a acestor eee ‘se | Reine Tae ea | Paste] Rais hewn apy Tere bale, ah mea Tet — an a eA seem lego | _ Jn general, prin practici bone de Iueru acesteriseui fice pot fi Drevenite cu ugurng. Pentru prevenieariscului de coniaminare cu Stila, metal, plastic gi lema, se pot aplica misurile prezentate in Tabeial 5.6 oqoaynransro0n’ rut nnadsas oppsepoud taSoqorqoss pwteautop mh ehaudss 89-qOOVAL tad re quis fae ne yqasoap fo! un ORAS EDIEDQLOP ET snynqeuosio vue: eves ae 1 youges up aulaayuzap ausiuna ap ojunpacoxd 2ye “iojpmouedap= rato 9[e apadse gpnyout ys aingan woysany “Ryasnpoxd srZUN 16 tangas “wanzodap “iupoajud “rlonpoad approdse 2180: aadsop louoyst 2yesajo0 anqan “2o(Zojousoprda sojmbeuoT uaege uf "HERaLUTE UEIUO ap od Jou eam UID re es tinosoimo ruoiagyaidsop asvooqea wlawuogutpreozTumy 2709 “(eniBoyomrpida yep) yezyeue ;wonpoud 3p aes2uN8 aystaeofon punt sojteusopur eass83qn9tyusuo> wand se anwod ap youd ‘up, ayeusied sojumosi © ausyauapt 2p umpou ay Yeu MSI _-amyroune 2y9sngosd 9p asnponin g rod 99 sopmosts somim eareonaNOpL I Busjor 9005 Wa 95 preouim a9 3[-> uy mp “Sng@ojaiqamqa AMOS rwop adnosip uy ore] ayy ys ers ayn 9 wand mg OIA 1 yonunys esa 9p 290 1 wo “aaojorgayumast ree mes FaoIOHG mieu 9p aqumasis 0p 'gOWH IMPS as9paH wy ame MDE 3p {ot 29 eotfoads ea a5 phasayan ap soquuaonwuruyap ede up 94 dojanosts waseoyuaRL S'S SSS RTPOATTSTTAT ate pe ayn an eg 29 od un 89 spe see ep open pr 9H aH =P hosp omom orm up fun poem BSR “23 tne no sufuren eoued pureed ma eons au Susur Webs ened Spa 9p SOT FOR 898 "pn oars ‘ap singe 8 sb wep sincgo sien a ont | | Sap asp emp ong es eon ap aad + | "Saved seroquel no Rae jor | aes am mpd oe. Pep ey ese] wy Jo ZUM e935 ead eo Fe mS ok 38 ns paleo we Sees ae | oes afgey a wor em sia eg oe | “ake owes neces es | | son ap mmpune own pos soe se soe | tame oe sed up moe 9p sory tome 1 sion od oop =p tan op ease “ale eon ep sue aes pes ead 2orne)aeomee spin pron eae» vss oer pts me mou ake “apodeme pare, ap vrs sn ea $8im af Sd sire pds pone ton « ao en pos oo 4.8 gemmun 2 spines axe ope: ammo | nome ‘ape wt une ap mpreundken © alee anon,» | aes SPRUE yo saNI a apa RES ome we 9p as) nein on ts nd ‘Saad stn nd oul op ca a oan arp > He oun» pyc pe pd ro « “iy ema ep uc an © ‘map: apes appa meng 6 “pg wp ass pmo ead op et

Microorganism Tp aaa aaa TT] sa rain sla an? a rr soul dim is ue — FFs ai pr cg tinaen L__ fetter age poops? am NO ci Figura 5.3. 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De ce?, ‘Cand, Con? = Analiza cauti -efect este 0 tench. deseor uit in cercurile Calis vne od sprijme sacral tenica de brinsorming prin {gupaea ideo. Problem sbordts (de exempla conainarea) va fr rerecztath po seni evo ar eazle peie prin sige obice cae inersecteszt sigeata rizotal. Cauzele eundare wor i reprezentate prin slgefiorzonale care intersectenzdsigefile ce repent anzele principale. Rezulttl iasmposd Ye niwad MSAD sreMDou wp areoWUD}a: WeuAORE avouggy psnpoxd na areas ssnpoud glevd 2d wig + 2rueunye sean; ae azeeyeusn soy 4 wy grounye up a9fauK easeUNOY nes / 18 wKDdOE eameoydaqe nes) varmoweatns yasaposd 2ynnd eq + gpteougey indus yee wy 30j9u20 easoreoy mes / 8 soquaioned waneoydyyaus mes waninlayeadns psounye aad « unqravounewareyna0ur ese nnwod dejonuos amgon ryrasoune 1 osu LToH} 23) ‘omnjoxd dnp 1 yaernjaid qed wt (mazosuo9 “ade anianor op sjaotpur ‘jqisanusuuay aplone “xuegepioe “Ha) Imjracoune edrzoduon “soery aptoudond sana 10330 C snsodsar myasnpoad © sreauge / ateonpai ap ynsosoud my erquiod pa pewsztfan 25 © {yest gn ford) sor umosu ms (apronsae ‘nes sonoxgnu 9p unnpras“yuxoy00q) soqumy moses “(318 sain snsoo0oqtydes “oypuowzns) aeojoygosoR mass vuszaxd rod axes aqunypasdin anzadeas jempoxd autlues «| ura nusrow y orpautuy*t sojunosts wae sma up tleopisuos ut eng ynqan se ase> ouimjgoxd 2p su0¢ © wmuocaid axenimoo wy 's900xd nes supaad yumuy un 2p 2483, Byreganny aye} no wT} O FoseDUIDONM 26 jq]Sod aso MU IEaCL snjssnposd tluess ease wosoey sopSorauine e2 azampMs| 1 amgan sojumosu vayery “as9puudanuy prumue o-au‘snposd umue mun ¥ auto ep ayto3ds saooid tum amomgzmdssi09 UURganuy 2p 212s 0 ound we UL ysUOS JojsmosE-eaeAe Ide] UL (ousuoiseres) (eo (emuortumy ars ‘nao ap pus usp) atu “€ (loadsun ‘ump..034) pono 2 (Gluntena ‘oupmane sraedaud ‘uopumdep) youn “t “No tue 128) tuoRoye9 ruyed uy aedass y 30d rsRUTUMG Oe 3p atedind ajoene> “guremp psesoe up gear uma gn 2° soesuns waseoyfuapr nanad wafepene> ouster p's wang eee woud waster Se sere ‘ee a sete ere pa oP ~ sto yuan —a/-—— sad sen) | = | oe ooo 7 Seay) 1S wang wy e9 eacasdas syed 25 wapuruen09 sojsen89 sameoyapt nod ioafo - yes yuudep ¢ ainonp Ut eustgond Yep! me sjeanea © sy o muazaldas wef 27 fe ay 4. Caractersicile mlorobologic ale alimentull + Are produsul alimentar sterlitate comercl8 (in cau conserve cu aiditatesetzut, de exemplu)? ‘+ Exist probabilittea ca alimentls& confind bacerii patogene nesponulate sau spor viabili? * Care este contnutul normal de microorganisme al aimentulu + Se'vor produce modifica ale populaiei mierobiene in timpul arate normale de piste aalimientutiinainte de consu? 4 Procesultebnologic de fabricaie * Confine proces! de fabrcayc 9 etaph contolabilt in care se distr agenpi patogeni (se iau in considerate att formele vegetative, cit spor)? *+ Este produsu expusrecontaminsri ae siya fabric g ambalare? 5: Proiectarea spapiului de fabricate + Este_previzuti, prin modl de amplasare, o separare. a ‘matenillor prime: 22 produsele finite, tn cazul in care acest lr prezinta importan pentru siguranfaprodusului? * Se mentine o presiune pozitivs a aerul in raport cu medial exter in spafile de ambalare (penta evitare reconteminisi de Ia eral din exterior)? Este acest heru esenjal pent sigurana produsului? *+ Reprezinié citcultiapersonslulu sa mijloacelor de transport © SuSE Semnificativa de contaminare? 6. Projectarea $1 consrucja ilaelor * Permit instalaite gi dovrile existente contolul regimuti femperaturt / imp, daca aesta este necesar pentru menfineres siguranei produsuai? *+ Sunt utiljetedimensionate corespunzitor peru canttatea de Drodus eae se fbriet? ‘+ Sum u _jele suficient de presse si pot fi replte astel inet Vasiahif® lor s8. se incadreze In tolerenjele.impuse de {abriearea unui aliment sigur peru consumn? + Sunt utilajete sigure in funcjionare sau sunt predispuse la efecfuni freovente? + Sunt utlajele proiectateastel incit eh permita ewaficen gi Aezinfecia? Exist posiilittea contamindritproduselor eu substanje sia material riscane (de exemplu stel8Y? + Care sunt procedeete gi dispoztvele ulate penta eresterea siguranei produselor: detectoare de metal, magnet site, files, termomete? 7. Ambalarea + Afecteazi metoda de ambalare utilizathmuhipliares {germeniforpatogenis/ sau formareatoxineler? ‘+ Este materialul de ambalaj suficient de rezstent astfel incat 8 ru se deterioneze gi s4 nu permit recontaminarea produsula? + Se spevifict clar pe eticheta produsului sau pe anual) condifile de pistare a produsulai (de exempla: "Pastrat in condi de refrigerare”, "Pastray In stare congelatd”, precum gi termenul de valbilitate in conde respective? CConfine ambalajul instrucfuni de manipulae si preparare utilizar a produsulu in condi sigure? ‘+ Bsteambalaolinsripfionatcorect gi tisibit? 8 dgien + Influenesziipienizareasiguranta produ? » Pot fi utilaele curate gi dezinfctate, asifel in 0 fabricate igienica? + Este posiill asigurarea unor condi sanitare riguroase si adeovatepentr objneresinocutii prodselor alimentare? 8 permit 9, Sandtaea, igina personala $1 educojia igienici a personal * Aw impact stnitatea sau practiile igienice ale oersonaulai ‘supra siguraeiprodusul in fabricate? ‘p'¢ mages) 4 ¥ e139 “su08a8 5 ML aweyises ons sons Haare “oxopoKjom afuMOSA “fof ooo. ap unos op argues © 6 uaraid y aod sap SU 9p 1A 081 wf myreNpOAd rmwowne campru, Rump y dh ap osu tnun chai ‘ost wswoyeowa A GPLg #1 9p) steoyauaps umosu s a = ome ‘Gas seb: ape. | soja eareruaneND. | tienpold 4281 2p 2507 wy sojomuoypaiSuy 1 2d soarou ‘aoquounyo soposnpoud vasooyise.31'S IMPAPL rewouye ajpsnpoud uy aazaud ye 50d 28u ap soyunda warenyeno ad gavartq 28 (z'¢ pnjgo) axeoy'se> svaoy ‘huzzaid tod 2 watson az af su ap ayuda ap oxouny uy Srajaune ojsenposd & ameagise> © aj pueSUDOR BEBO ‘umosu 2p yuoBare9 sojuapp jee pou wy asndbo wns azewoune aesnpoxd 270) mu soart09p “ezyeue snpoud ap jad pues jour wf asopa4 uy HOKE ea {98 sojumasu © pons waren naeg "oI above 9p awuapudap 1g 08 soqumosis ® jonvoo qne eemou nud areooqe 2pSemeyt 2snpoxdsojuinrujoqun ashms2su09 1 wom se ast015s ‘2p 199 mIMsnpoxd w ysEOUS W eAtsuERK® am_ je o sonpoud eA » 28 4woqiy sind 5 your Jon © amanou 6 soe ining inposu vonpamce e was os pammng edeny 2599 3p MD ose sends 3p ies guns oaooone ‘wiosooe rauaA9s 218 atunde ap siramgoud eorenyes youn 8 “aun ier ajo © nmued ganmies oy gs. amogan.sojimany ‘vam Joqunssus wosenpeag 95 . __ e(ussaxdopouna ‘untoayeasapp no sueosiod ‘prmsipa ‘udoa) wuspuoqus | nasai9 ateTandaosns. no ‘aemndod 2p emda sour tjnumsuon ieansop jrivaunte ay + 8m mmoyignd veunsep ausodsas jauouaye aq + Meorounsue cy | uous 40s 29 umisas yupups ys yqisod atsa ts ep JU N-TUNP snpoid ap rayne wumNsUOD eA 9g « 9p swum onuey woumen / axzqyom fmuoMNe ISa2ON « smnsnpoud vasozany 1) nda 0 ansnpoxd inmoour earopiond | eooiosuy amased o sonpuea. vA « Goreumsuoo vj nes sanqzusip 2p dun uy ame 2p ange) meson © pits azwoqsn o | uoigeumdsazooou waspd 9g gs ymioumje v9 gis siemiqeqoxd 3 « . einymunsuoo uowou wy pupd 18 tacpoque yanuowou tp imyauowapo b asoased ap 2pnpuesy ‘91 daweonge sjpooune lucie e090 wind e oes auaiqont ‘ede pu rourue rorssy yyst ad wuoresoay pewoUuOpM A] {amis asnpoxd ap amouge:vausd szajanuo> ps amgan amd od 19 1 axons Tabet $.4.Caractrizarea ipurilor de rise mi_ biologie * sensibil sii_-nible din punet de vedere microbiologic (Tabelele Ss 59.5150) Tabelul $.9. Lista produseloralimentare sensibile din punet de ‘A _ | Produse nesterlizate, destnate alimentafiei nor” vedere microbiologic categori de consumatori expuse lise (copii, inGrmi, pescane cuba imu ee) L | Caen (pore, vit one, paste). | Faint de soe produse B | Produse care confin ingrediente sensible Ungredionte i Out Senintoare ssocititre csc de tated nie, Sebenay || Dope gi produse ate | Gens Se I Goelsivtrinzs) Paste finoase ‘© | Proves dologe nu canine ico en 7 4 Peqesi molige Picioare de brossch Bi fe dite in med efile microrgaismele Produsesimbuosse (ove, | Legume untae. lune) ingredients fabricate | Cele si hinuri din cereale din aexea Drojie D | Podusal ete pus ia ecomarare ap je [Condiment Clr de bacteri lacice elurare, nine opera de ambalare 1% | Chocotat si cacao Unit cola sarome Caper satirle 3 Bano mare probate wa prodasd we ‘manipulat necorespunzAtor in tmp distribu su Ia consumator,cees el poate face noc. { cece ts Tabelul $.10. Lista produseloralimentare care mu sunt ‘considerate microbiologic enebile Produse faite Produsulu mai se mai ali nici un tratament termic dupt ambelare (nici la productto, nici le Bare consumator). a ‘Conservany chimiei Materii prime siingrediente ance sean punaerarae ‘Game sagen de ingrojare (a funcie de origine) Colorant sintetict Aatioxidsng ‘Condimente foarte irate sa acidulate Majoriateagrisimiler si leurilor (ou excepfia ‘Nu se mai aplid nici un tratament temic sau un alt tatament cae s determine distrugerea ‘mieroorpinismelor dupa ambalaea produsull de | | elt vinttor sau inainea prs thnologie. Pieson & Covet, 1955 Pe baza evalu riscurlor pe care Te prezintd fecare produs alimentar in parte, s-a ficut clasifcarea acestora in produse ‘qm reur uy yeonu09 wy ayeod osu esac szezuoyIOM! 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Ia snajen szurlor, pfoduscle sunt supuse pasteurcin sigur tea formelor vegetative ale meroorsanisielo) si uncon ilicari (prin care se distrg att formele vegetative, cits cele de recistents, died spori). Yatimentaltermic consttue ix ood obigatoriu un CCP, intrcit in acest punct este porbild limaneree Zseulu aicrobiologc, prin eliarea unui resi temperaturs/g ovect ales, Conducerea stent a tratanentlu termite se impune oriti faprului cf, de cele’ mai multe or, uebuie “ova, upralncllcirea.produsului (intveét determing scAderen elect ‘utrtive sau chiar formarea unor compusi toxic) Pentru monitorizares tratamentelor temnice se vor wiiza smometre obigmute sau termometre ca inegistare a valont “mperatui pe temograme, manometre pentru veriarea presun buruli, debitmete pentru verificaren debitlui de agent tennis 9 ‘rods. Acesteaparate de masurh se pot insala fie pe flow, fe ‘Ff tiltzate la anumite interval de timp prestabi ® Produsele In care se face umplerea la eald, in scoput ssteurzaeli stat 9 produsului, ct gi 8 ambalajulu, umpteren va natn, de asemenea, un CCP. fh eazal umple tute de laste este necesar ca temperatura 38 fe menfinutl. eo anni ‘sloate un anumit interval de timp, iar dupt inchiere butelile vor Intosrse cu ura in jos, penny pasteurarea gat sce Eroblema se pune in mod asennitor in azul sterilzii, cu Zeosebirea ef in aceast stuafie complexitatea proces este mat fate, detoritt complexigi mai mai a. echipamntclor de steriliare ff de cele de pasteurinre LLanul frit_iffe, care trebuie respetat in timpul fabriciei unui ‘produs,constitue un alt punt critic de conto, foarte important in special n cazal produselor refrigerate sau congelate. Alte puncte rtice din procesul tehnologic ar mai putea fi practcile de lueru ale muncitorilor precum si operjinile de curitire si dezinfecyic (in. speciai cele din. zonele post Pasteurizare). Aceste operaii ‘au inceput s8 fe privite recent ca Puncte ctitce de contol in industria alimentar, in special datortt ‘partici unor toxiinfectiislimentare provocate de uncle microorganisme ce au ca sursh Iueritori, stu care au o mare Fezistengi la tratamentele termice i se pot dezvolta chiar in condi de reftigerare (de exempl Listeria monocytogenes), ‘Acele practici bune de lucru care conduc Ia evtaea contamindsii ‘ncrucsate pot fi privite ea puncte entice de contol, Ca exemple pot fi amintte contol trafiului intern si bunele pretci de Iuera ale personal. 1.Controll trafeulu inter: ‘+ sub nico forma mu va fi permis acces in seetia de prelucrare 2 trensportoarelor gi personaluli care setiveazA in exterior (Gin special soferi);aceqtia vor aven acces doar in anumite Spati tampon, care nu a contact diret eu produsul ‘+ imuncitort care manipuleaza materi’ prime mu vor veni tn contact sub nit forma cu produsee prelucrate termie gi nic rilear mu vor avea acces in secfile de prelucare i. de smibalare a produselor prelucate; uilizare echipamentului de Iueru de culori diferite(pentrafiecae zond in parte) pent ‘muncitor i instalarea unor barire fizice sunt ‘sear folosite in fbriile de industriealimentara ca masuri de controlare @ teaicul inter Unele inteprinderi pun aceasté problemi ait de series, init construete chiar vestare separate pena lcritori din zonele “eurate™ fi cei din zonee “murdare™ ‘ervamén 95 ‘snp speraRuar = eyuoune aseposd no jnsowos ty auowiiigo m2 aoqyuoFy sojouuna vawezRN rEWNsHOD | gsuse ep “esol enealas up oyeuodt op ¥95 H] Ms aumyzedap op wsunuasdaay 1 jad @ anuoa qs PANS wos soyetunsuos vy sasezypn if rosyaDs eoseReSsOWE 5 (oveutzpaysenqe90] wes ue any ruodsuen jazes) adngunsp ap un so}asea yoze> wl jeoads ‘a migasoap aquaqe 0 apucae as 1] es amgan aupyqasd mIs29y 2a soysnpoxd yuryesadauayw asatou9 ‘sand nut © anuod “und sour yo az2mp Bs amngan odsuen 9p ojaeoyfus aresmaur ap wierodg Rs w nquad mu “eayesoduay uijeour® nquad seop omsaox! yune wodewen 9p sojowortat 318 soyuoday apie a0omoop ‘uodsuen ap aooeoyiar 3, swampouy yw 5p aymeuy “sippHuo> ansedsar “ayer a 8 ajasnpoud e9 yearodun auwey aisy “(Smpoud 2p axiumy wy ‘und ur mes) 9.81 ans umesadin wy aej8u09 aso ‘4g uPA sp unmeaduoy p| rensed amngan ayesiugss syosaporg “dumm 18 umesodury 2p sojupuo> warmodsa 120190 ap “Tuns asuauE sojempos rringuasip jadum up yongos 2p sonus apprumg enmainsia's wmuynyog unppnasoyy rousiseq wzausBoany 1 eareyoxzap oyuuad wand 48 goipeut mipow un ase of ‘yiqestd 2}9snpoud Raa [esads HL ‘oropen uy eouauase 2p wince ainqan yejequee auoue raasapoad fdaseap sp faizisoune wiizodines) njneqequae e ea(dwo9 8 moaioa panuoduseut ‘siaprysuyarepiyosep 9p fapow ea foqequme ap ryenoreu soofoequre w azezoas v8 amootoxd 9p eza5 tp gout a19p94 u aaue aga foxtuos 9p soa atound 2p 2UB6 nfeyequre apryasop nnuod vem 21.499 area if sr-nudnd rnfeqequre %_"yns Pope 2709 ‘tes mes ores suesquiow os2s0j0j as azeequre | “puoYeusu09 Hajond w mrad 18 niony ssa" juanaxd v anvag “oLdgorafe 2ojuadensns exrnoduy myasnpead waa aise ayar oe) 9 62 9024 dao 8 are | SzeqU ap 183, onto ap shu Fund un "saoewopmt9 9p a1 a8 > nes snposd oun ‘santums ef sapuoo ne amo sojazne9 earenyTuop 18 wen igeeon seronfise rad ‘mynsnpoxd |e poo mon eomayin a9 439 4 up ‘soyeou vhaunun ulueo ase ajaenposd aBuidsor © assed 2 3p 40}2.9p mun eareESuL 3189 EDIPOE DAMP ET] oan 9p 22m oud ayoax yu fargo 9p arepONe uns yTeguTy sopsenpead waseyequuy “, onuoo 2p anuo sound un aeansuos reas team 98 apy mum easzandsir32301 ap eteindo malay earougay o| Wydioxo aq “o@ojouyarynsazon! nes soso areguaK nayad SOO} muse (sareEyLoIS ZI ODL 1) orenyy 18 pond wes 96 aanrzod rumisasd foun warauriuae guy] 9d “28 | 9p sofsnposd © avatgosoru samuneiueD eomuanasd nang ‘snpoxd nauod pseojnaued preigosorm gimazoruy o ain a9 ‘tou up stay muse ea.opunged Papaiduy 2 nga’ “uae ‘mp muse eaunsaad poop mus row i} gs ode amp tojaoe ‘s2umrsbud wo msooou ais JonuD> 2p 2ajsa round e> yeh S1Agan, ‘2000 9p Hf arurumiuo9 2p Fans UELOdT O minsueD ae0d "ay, anmsaneid 2p led wp >y-9 eR t Ruor 0 x 2p wioysane mods saipaxdun * ound ‘oyaustae@oosrurwamsoci # exqvosqe edo’ mi 18 a1 “aungrosqeod ‘amp idm na aquncpqeouy ap eoverqan amvsenyoad 2p qos ot warenuy ey numulyeon, nusd aoeaquteap to wath = ‘aresonaud 2p aiied 290) oyunu Pamagyuap feared mauad simp eiaads stay ‘mnyevosind 2p muon 3p qed ast} Sarcina celor din comer, care trebuie ap us spound up sons cops, yumoodsos wana isd eM stvod 28 arto fon op vi 9p poms un pure as 9'¢ any ‘ustes myomuos ueyuo> ‘yonueD 9p 24g ud onstesfonuos um 2232031368 tm a4R09 2109 “uN Bys208 Uf 2onpuo> on euyy up axes slupua) souN roRyaye ® yeoads uy 18 urkydap roreuo varensae sung “yoniueD 9p 3949 ‘jam ansedap ynqpay 404 nu o¥Bojets myosaz0ud yesmo9p Uy ‘woso9e © uusumuued axezuonuoru o egscd 204} tuemewomne wossanponuy 2 ‘atisoKd yung 0 no “IMPURE ap amu uo} apm tun (Rampur aes H20up) eoxeMsEUL Feious8 uy ammuad amesoduqio. yoruya) 8 aeOX2p 9p IMPAIN, ‘uemspusy 0 nu eojs2oe yoep‘arEINGOU INR 2205 seajonuos 96 ps armsedsay sosgo ¥ wud 29q9 Joann ape UOyeA jam vosronges 25s jaauy ag "pm no simmer 5 Hed Duigers aon ojonusy > reuaso ayo ‘sonaesd ayuapreno opus sys ape aa) LHofen e] sonpucs sod inqasoap saxo -2iHoqouma awoured 8 suud qunyeu “nsuounp sSea[eae “myténpond © atizodu0 'Ses20e ommuns foo um amumigo 3s} mb waIsoo0 ep ASI ‘suwog azezqeue 26 GS mgan eA ‘Pans. mnsov0ud navvad pont!9 ‘SyuoTeA azentoumoop c[esins ty asosy¥ou 35219 denis Jer: ao] womyiqes rad wudosd pyuounindxo 16 tpoos00 ef oe 55 mqan es ompurdanuy “ens eur anwosiaau sxequa.ITo0p 2p9sms wy azo’ ams aM OIE 2p BAS pu? FURY oqoyeumsuos wou sey mes myngURs W592 6 amuruou 0 eyrazoido1 sain eqranpoad (309 qn es) 2189 30 qUoTeA 9p waess25-npuruanams 20a som aH OTA ‘mouods fr oyna 8 ojouy monte “ams psooad S wonpoa pvt meotsus $ smodet mentee Om 3p amo OPH otaNny Somnmeds apron 2 ames ed = amoumsop 0 putuaat we ars * yomPd e sneruny pees 20H sj 1 sopraaotany ea ea Ty arma chorea | HPS 9 ronnepy 0,qeos09 vamesonyasd {1 s7qm2u vamseing Yeas aod 28 20 “youu: fog “Tmyessooad im resooou 2is9 ‘ong pd ‘minora. earegeag Pp yRUNeIp samiaie> ‘mzumatsed 9p emieraduoro axemfuous 3p nd, }_—_mzunowsd 2p eyes | man ommumaeg sues 9p exwesadios wf aounuot ap dan ‘omequass 2p emyerdusy !aunge eounisig ono azydum ap tapeaty ‘rein eengsodioy, 2095 syuaaods edu 22m aya MOIS 98.2 Raed uioucued 9p ada crs moan SURIBIET 2A0945 ret JORDY ap don ayaund ajaun ARRd von ‘AP otdaxs ean ayscad ins 21's moe = =a = rs ee iy Pf mscmat “Achune cor “NS Respingere saa reprelacrare: Ee Figura 8.8. Fig de control pentru urmrirea respactarit lmielor ‘eritice i punetelecrtce de controh 5.10. Monitorizarea punctelor critice de contro! Monitrizarea ( este 0 seven panies) de obser gi hud, ae penta ape al pe ce Sento ee sb contol se Blzerd pnt nebee unlizata ulterior in procesul de verificare. = i in primal rind, monitorizarea este cseniaa a jn manegemental ‘sguranet alimentelor (ealizat prin aplicaren metodel HACE). Dach moniterzarea indie 0 teint de pierdere a contol ie ance entice ale procesului de fabricaie atunci se poate actions SEN Eideeea proces sub contol inte de puis aor Bal della ind, monitorzares este ua pny a se detemina ‘omentul i care s-a pirdut contohi si au aput abater! tno jpunet critic de control (deptsirealimitelor entice) in acest momene = vor uplica sciunile corective " In al wetea “vd, monitorzarea furnizea2d o documentatc serisi foarte til l-vrificara planului HACCP. Monitorzareatrebuie st fie capabild i detecteze orice deviere de Ja specificatit(pierderea contotului) si s& farizeze informatit in timp util, asifl Int st poatd fi aplicate misuri corective,evitind sau reducind x minimum pierderea de produse. Dact procesul tehnolo,’> ma este contolat gi monitrizat corespunzitr st apar devia de la specifica, pot rezaltaproduse lpsite de inocultate Datorits consecinfelor seriase tle wnor astfel de_sitapi, procedurile de monitorizare trebui si fe foarte eficiente, Din acest punet de vedere, ideal ar fi monitorizarea continul, Aceasta este posibild in numeroase situa, eum arf, de exemplu, monitorzarea temperatuii si duratei tatamentului termic. la conservele ca aciditate sedzuthsterilizate gi Inegistarea contin a acestor date sub forma unor diagrame’termice, Seiderea temperturt sub ‘valoarea presrist sau duratainsuficienth tatamentluitermic se evidentaz& pe diagrama ‘ermicd gi se constathastfelabsteres, Un alt exempli de monitorizare continud este mAsurarea pH-ulit fuideloralimentare Monitorizarea poate fi realzaté prin observe sau prin misuritort efectueteasupra unor efantioane prelevate conform unui plan de cjantionare realizat pe baze statistie. Existh cinei modalitit principale de monitorzae a unui punct ere de contol 1: Objervarea view 4. Tesi enim 2. Apreciereasenzorialt; 5. Analize micrebiologiee 3) Misurttorfizice; Q ficactatea proceduritor de monitorzare in punctele crtice de control depinde de vitrz cu care sunt objinuterezaltatele Observarea vizuai cst simp, dar rezlat rapide, find astfel, foarte util. Observarea vizuald poate avea ca obicct matrile rime, igiena lucrdtoilor, tehnicile de igiend i devinfecie 3 spe apaypgesasuoa no afanisrsiu nod nmecodsp 2p iaemmp umaston] 8 ames agsuas2funtpacur 8 aan syunoyan aquod areyzodap op yunueraduay ajupasifonuy = ‘oan 9) yzyeas autuuequon naw nyepne gquensioum]—« ‘ojuleomoeds no weap wznq ad imrucznimy womHTMIED « ‘ound soyusyeueoneyqe #6 sms INN yop 6 sau aytou: pussad pastBaauy upnseonw james turauy 308 96 sobre eaynfour usp “rage | s90x8 meh 2p {2 re | snpoad um ey op wayip sojseaeosut yarwems 1 apy, ‘aqemgesey ‘queda abe gousticems © mnsanoxd 6 smyasnpox! ayo ups Jose hua Hfojouyay tmyaszoaxd juny w-2p sjpacosd rewoouy aqeCLM 1s9y ne 9 eRsuowap ee eq ‘Hq'sod nyduns ceu y9 EZTOTRIO a5 1s aingan ‘ongeundsao> wosioud arezuojtuou 2p wresdoxd un-n0t “8 yupeuoyuow w yuunoqut aed o a3s9 soqensoany woseAsEg syygesas ygomon it tn diag ay oy y mised es wasePas gout yonse “pou symuodes Singan SONU oH] e| ap s|ueHARp 16 aumutigoae apenas ‘urrzuoinou appin7st ipoie9 azayodé ps y¢ somunmedou 2f5 1s “ameauonuow ap wayARoe e| 08 $9290 aE BS “TAEZUOIUOUL tumuodut 1 yndoss umdap ad peau ¥S organ "HISOIOG oquya) up yuasur angas earezuoyuoU No TENORS (OyPUOEIO rerrzuonuou eaeiraycu109 2p #8 yonues ap sous sojaaund yruguma op purdap soyoads Diwjomg “fonsos ap 29u> yound amsoy raed acwouoW soimugesuodsss “sseoygas 35 ps ameOdUE =p qasOep x83, ‘jenan8 90] waNe tA emo #6 puyS Narexouous speudamu] A 29 peop 95 omqaH ZIOVH FPA ‘Jones ap omuD youd yuna hun fr20seenyeass wayanas Wepre ma ex Uy IgE 0A 26 sassy wage wa ze aoa ap jul xeon hoscog aieyrds ay te aoiou oie We wr lone eee S2y5o8foep rp ano an ef Jomnod spoons Seat # serunytou 9p spd 38m Spots stm one cae uy wouter (1d0> nnuod afosnpoud nyducxs {928 uns) sop aang aojasnpoud wee v6 (prdes prea or ‘are aud ope ofooe 2) sony eanneuy sun syne feu istooe ¥] 2p oxldoox> 204 "onuoa =p souuo sofs.omd Samzuowou wy RIOR amzTON 0 3m Foojoygosatw eayeuy ext wom M2228 284 ON eomeoNwo 30 s2¢oyfat auoaias® 2p ‘mansao> rod (soudo simtstop e "mmf ‘arurodirl © nyndamy waremsqu) soquy>-aatzy asguquiSo shina nnn iiey Saat ee Saeco Ti eaten lle eo {25 wmcofop dum mum es md 8 en ‘Sadr nduos 3) usu opus wpm oes Bsn un mason yl sagas nso co ee inendy (od us Smut spd oe ed sno ap aos pore seal epee Ca rezone 8 99 soon rap agus pape ad Yonsos 9p souks Sor Mon fain ¥ ame mre eae 2 YeRZUO}HO},myosnpaud dhe ter eats Sp sequin, '8 yoswo> 3p sone sojsid rrevenuou! ann foam firey atgait sigemdsai> aneoxd ap as ingame 1 “paoidastins a6 HesnmSs0 sozandeucs yy igen > 603 smoqito mp uoked nes aos hous bisnan Tamale tana amineld 3p ape + Date gi Foe eet Pentra stabilireaeficienj@Vinasurlor Recife ae * Date gi inregistriri privind termenul de ve labilit - + Imegistrari complete ale Procesului de productie; * Esegstiri ate montorizéii utuor puncelor critic de Loree ntesisttani privind curifenia si dezinfe . ++ Anvegistréri privind ambalarea: “ee ambalaje; aa - [register aleremperatari " Ce wang en pe mes entra tatea cu speciicfite ‘uma verifictilor i reviairle sistem Cea msi mare parte & documenta Punctelor critice de contra! rua inna valor le sor parame cum a temperatura, Simpl, lave 8 posit wcfewen sealer montor, vind tpt ener tn anus punt erie de contol san erie sronoloie. Aceste fnrepisrir huie venficate de pensoane responsbitp. in ssigurres eal, dar importa acesor ‘eric na teuiesupmesahat ‘Analizainregstilor monitorzArit poate fi reaizattretrospectiv, e ire organismele de verificare gi contol, Astel de analize retrospective vor permite si se stabileasc8 ack riseurii fost sub control, ma doar peniru ziua inspetil, ci de-e hingul unei mar perioade de tim, Inspectorii trebuie s8 sibs acces la toate inregierrile reultatelor ‘onitoriziriacelor puncte ertce de contol care au o semnificafic lrectd pentru inocuitates produsulu, precum gi la inregistiile rmisurilor ce au fost lat atunci cind limitele nu fst depisite {a Figurile 5.9. si 5.10. sunt prezentate douk modele de inrepstixi ale rezaltatelor monitorizirii unor paramettehnologic, - —— [sc-Damin" $A Sei Pastersre Oper Paes ISA DE INREGISTRARE A TEMPERATURU pi [i = ma Senn —S Figura $9. 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Acest Inca se realized prin audit so alte Droceduri de verificare, Revaidarea planulii HACCP. cate ‘ealizati periodic sau ride cite or e impune (ea unmaze w unel ‘modticri a produsului sau procesulu, de ele echipa HACC Revaldares_presupune verified a fala losulu, ‘turer diagramelor de lux sa punctlor er Al patrulea proces de verficare este relict e cle organismele ‘guvemamentale responsable, pentru ca acestea si se asigue 8 sistemul HACCP furctioneaz3 corect, verificares ice de control; Verficarea programului HACCP poate fi ealizat tit in momenta laboriit acestuia, cit si pe parearsul fiefioniiisistemuti, in ‘ontinuare se prezintd un model general de chestonar care rae ‘hs et tdi enbrmen fous tace a ] (CHESTIONAR entra verificarea planuluh HACCP Exist cite un pln HACCP penta fesare prosesin pate? nintiemristennicranfcrarna? | Sdn denn deepal soa 6 fi 1/6. Se analineazi planul de amplasare, Ciséulnjia produselor gi a |" sesame st conc at rec a in oul contain inerciate? Cine este reaponsail oo ientifcarea siseurdor i puneteor tige de contol? . ste ace prsoant clit ar ith exprienin anain risetlor-penia pul epee de produs de proces hate in ice? = ‘Au Fst table inte ci ents Scare pune eri de come, In ecare plan HACCP? Cine sabi aces rite? nar Care ax raonmen ost sien sire? Ce rob diferente pe cts cnt Se lege un plan HACCP dine cele elaborate se rece fn revi procesulehnologicrespetiv, Ete acesa tn concordan cu pant HACCP stabil? Cine r.nitorivers punctl erie de contro? | fnjeleg acest pereosne roll ora planal HACCP? 6. Sunt remlatele monitor reisate? . Cine verifck duck punetle erie de contol sunt monitorzate coset? ‘Cunose operator intl ctce gif pot da seama atunci cing scests ny sunt respecate? : 19. Sur eapabil operon (crtor 8 relezeprocesul atl inet 1 prevind ore devin, su acest er este relat automa oe bungt nd cd ao Svat fle un pln emu po ope od apa dv | de stati normals? | 2, Hnce consi acs mis? 123. Cum eens conducts 6 pai devi? i [sim reece? 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Auditl sistemului HACCP fn management cali, termenot de audit este uilizat tn sensul de examinare a calitpi produseor, servcilor, proceselor dinto Tnteprinderesauasisterului cali fm ansambiu Standardul 180 8402 defineste auditul ealitit ca reprezentind “o ‘examinare sistematied gi independend, pentru a determina daca ‘setivigjle si reeullaele lor, referiare la calitate, corespund ‘dspozipilor presiabilite, dae aceste dispozpi sunt efectiv implementate $i corespunzdtoare pentru realizarea biectivelor”. Prinepile generale ale auditului se aplica in scceagi sur i lx aditarea sistemului HACCP. Scopurile auditului, ‘Anditul programlui HACCP se relizeaah pent: ‘© evaluarea conformititit proceselor si reaultateior —acestor Drocese ou standarde sa alte documente normative; ‘+ evaluarea conformitiilunor elemente ale sistemlui HACCP cu cerinelespeifiate; ‘+ evalurea eficactépisistemului HACCP privind sealizarea obiecivelor stabiite, 1 inijerea masurilorcoretive gi de imbundtie necesare; © umdsirea aplicarii masurlor corective si de imbunstie stablit. ‘Tipuri de avdizart Tn Rincjie de obiectl sudtuior, acesten sunt de dou tpur: “Audit planniui HACCP repent o examina sstematid yi independenta ce are drept scop_detenminarea fapului ch sctiviile.incluse in plancl HACCP ating obiectvele ropuse; (-tre01 Ost waojues) mmpen onyopernpy 1's Ban ee pT apne apes eamari -f fons aso sree aren ess pe ops! Fee wena ereetsg «| -[injupne earner] eee) siopmoeap op vino Stim ems "han 2p ojpmou ras vet ntemeeti~ [RR apne prima Pompe shy ape ea senha seu eG 21's many wy rood ys 2109 ‘dee sou osaimand ‘gos ap “sundasaid ype enn ease, {LPH eHBO]OPOW alanine so anioadios ainqan #8 I-1L00L OSL INprepuwis my omz—Aoi uns |sopme nated soffojoyroap #8 ayouorsayoud opens syem5]9 Loyersipne exdnse mnyosqe woreuteduapyo:_omfise BS ‘eared 22312990198 2mm Yepne Fraawop 2isanp aonryur mes Hpuqesuodsar wate im es ‘wagonusuoa aurpmype ‘ouorezneiso aeyede>“seudy9 18 amonmos op ayeusedeo “inqeraoond “oqsexd nds “aluoranasiod wgurpuassp ap sieusede> 2p ¥peAop wap ws « !aempne nuoutop wy ahumtouno opasod ys 6 'wipooo ayers eo oun dapat Ws aingan (umupne pzeanioa}2. ames sjoutosied) uonipny uppiudaney sojsiueuneyiod wages Indoos uy ‘Quopuodepar usueiio wn nes ruspundanun [w seoyauog) wed aye fou vais op nes eanmpA ‘aifoiop amo qwopuudaqe vaziso wy] Tuan wsHieaO Un ang 2p s1em29}9 1s ..sHod lay, anammpny ‘pe sojuortuny ye22|38 ndoos uy wdoxd wowpae wud w9putadanut mR op EEEININD}D 2s sued pundas, >yumpny ‘nut a3pan ap round up ameosgzundsorn9 ssnpoxd ap easourlgo emis ¥ op muozrumy vayysedea Puiu veanop op eainuigo doos adosp axe wiaxa pmpny — « ‘avouayn aniagungun ap devngisod eayuuope v sinuad 1 oxemdopig sums asndowdofannsoigo yo male 9 © natod emma pou luais pany gosemzias gs GIOVE Haltyso ad awaIut SqumpRY “amsaoom anlenEuNqU, 9p nes aA92109 aye eaonjes2 96 “aOOVH MUE|d ayusponoid uy 9p s101.9p 2p 219 y “gOOVH myrusts paluotay> dase aans0190 anop 2p easaugo doos xaup ow 16 issu easapundantt 9p weni9 ano om ‘Youed puud) want pupny ‘od ojumapne io euouotrede ap i$ doos 9p axouny ‘suosaud aqpuos no sreyusoyuos uy pronortouny wae jugs 1 ongcunds3i09 remeuoqdur Woy © SOV FUN Bo yeidey war. loos adoxp axe o> funapuodopur 1$ yoyeuZIS}s amumURXD wu (oennwsofuoo nawed) OV mprusists uppny—« 1 Deciansarea auditului const in stabit’ _—obieetulat auditului, @ staxdardelor sau documentelor de refEinf utilizate Pentru realizareasistemului HACCP, a freevenelaudiul Freevents auditulu se stabileste in finefe de eventutlele modifies: crganizatorice sau de ltd natura care at putes afecta.planal HACCP, de modifctrile aduse in mod direct acest plan, precum side conclusile auditurilor anterioure, Examinarea pretiminara presupune analiza sistemuhui HACCP, « 58 se concentreze supra punctelor critice de contol. stele de verfcare sunt elaborate de reguli de auditoral desemnat pentry auitarea cfs sentulut sau siatemulairespeciv sau, in uncle cazusi, se poate recurpe la ufilizarea unor modele de list, care vor fi adaptate situa concrete Ca regula general 1a intocmies lstelor bebuie avute in vedere urnitoarele: + studirea plana HACCP; © identficarea locului si momentui in care se vor face ‘nregstaile; + urmibirea inregistrrlor realizate ea umare @ de_zilor si utvitiilorechipei HACCP; ‘© care sunt procedurile de Supraveghere care ae parte din sistemul HACCP; cine rispunde de reslizarea lor clnd se executd testele; cum se executd, sunt testele corect ocumentate? ‘+ sti operatort ce st fac gi pe cine si anunje decd se pierde Control asupeapunctelo entice de contol? ‘+ urmirireetaturo cerinjelor de aciunicoreetive recomandate de auditurle precedente gi dact scestea au fost reaizate fect. Le claborarea listed de verificare, anditorel tebule st ja io considerire toate etapele procesulu Fhuxul de fabricajie poate prvi cao serie de “unitifi” cu carcini specitic, Pentru ca sarcina Si fle corect indeplinitl, acesie “unit” vor const din patra clement | ‘open v wimouay eaendacyy 9 |amunsrico ap wopent nen wisn jana miiy—*§ Nojworeao EU 9p rSmoRS OEY = Ssisonosop wouedis 1 a | “yen © ppt wsemS meson esis es08) ‘om ap Bae fou0R cmon | ues | oe icon | y Tnaqeorieareyuey a Lp .¥ Woo 2005 serapod 025 Y oucSamo 198 toyou ona uneBoig ‘opm vane 2p ams) 78] —“T wsaemey -¥ | patos an 2p 00 puny wannqea 00008 oP TTT Lo I ‘nono 9p uae out oo ap anezpuod aqoos pugimpe wraqeaqe> 98 eS afin wuoesIe 1S 3ye> 01 nap eomuoda 9p yore souae ages () vaevOd 3p ste un ao auoayeo rene op Jorn mE HMDOdEHT too a ani. sound 9p feo) japon pul “epuod Joos on asap 36 gey. uaRayes an ams Nag ywsonjasd mynsnposd © sowar8s wqaes waseaise oy mpHusU> lueyodus 9p aug wy Ime wf WUD? un 8] 2p YO agNSO found nine 3) (0098 2fur Fu f99 “EU osu = P3005 onus ‘ur [po “uu 961-8) p99 8-940 nape 920 ump ferumd un puoae 95 mst wep away axssog munNog “3 ‘9 “e “Y stuoAaxe> fpuro uy aindn yuns ‘sjeaguan apyoadse ansadear “3puow2y3 (ovsy) paps 0 Auony spmpuras one, 2p ysoqes ‘Campuy Suunaofuuopy yuu pu poo 2p ws aan24y of aon2eug fo 3909) o66l'61ZE SI ATMO 9N>EIE 2p snjapos ojshusss ereq ad ayeea! “amorege wl (AOE youn pes wus nou um) touordy wasenge 18 Boqquas 9p ait 9p apo arenaues wy wrzayd as ‘nox > onuoo 2p qua round moog wazepnenayuad 230 2p ‘2jonou raap puny “ed u ayMiARse axeoy rnd uiog Four 3g ‘soypeanse red aundnsoxd 9 smapoey oupne “wuBU|> raned ezooe sD JonUOS 9p snu jaund amedoy nnuod ypoNg] [aaa] 1 amogmpl arene | arougmuepy | sinquay ‘mis, amagauapl| aime | aeanoyy ean ayeyaede | amaynuspi anurduog amg| — annnsy BOE ait | etusiadaes | = a 1 vitynwoant | “auNayivania | avout | vevoswza | stuns swaeay3 raged joo nasod simpeygssies 2p sqypuod “sreap 2ragts24 ap ave foun eamsogeys. sf nie areod open, mudsoc03 “nasus jayd sluntouns nes oxenyjos-rifuuofiy deta deen fn “sun — guaud7 avauon 36 mayo wide BARS ~ (MOOI rea? eadns mes sitampdapuy 0 eau ~ vuposing 7. Manipur ulterior a deseurior, ~ 8 Alte practi ‘Sco categoria C: ‘Seor pondeat: Ser eategoria » D._ntretineren gic spatilor Tr Ap, sszen general fabri, 2. Amplaneaigeic usiajelor; 3. Spai,echipamente tebnologice, anexe; Program de tastier; 5. Eveuaren spear reriusle; 6 Separia fick a zoelor“murdare” de ee “curate; 7, Separarea opeailor in care se preucreazh prods rnevomestbie de cele in care ve prevcreaa produse comes Protec impotriva prolifer muytelor st viermor, Dens soarge “Seor categoria D: ‘Seor panderat. Scar estegrin D* generale yi mauagement ‘Curtin, Ap ‘Controle dunt, ‘Management ‘Sear eategoria E ‘Seor pocerat: Sco extegoda * E. Condi i 2 3 ‘TOTAL GENERAL: [Nomele auditor Data Semmatura 2 Lisl *= veriinre i evaluare a igienei ‘entra un abator de pisict Sor a be a AL Ante mortem 1. Inapeta sti nance de Wer; 2 Stren gine pstioe vis, 3. Transport plsiior vi ‘Sor categoria A ‘Sco pandeat: Scr eategora Af, B. Preluerare 1 Asomace glee; 2 Opie, 3. Iupuie, 4. Toaletaeseviscerare 5. Corearea eateseor co organele inspect; 6 Contaminare ners, 7 —_-Recaltare organe i Fristrencacael © Spill careae gorge, 9 Rice, 10. Manipur, evacare si depois deyeu V1 Caltatea produsui ini ‘Stor enegora B: ‘Sear pandkrat: Soor categoria B =f Personal practi de era 1 "Calientes! nse prsonllu, 2. Stusjia meicalt» persona, 3.» Echipament de protect, ‘4 Utiarea spstonrlor de min stenotonrelon, é ‘Afni inteprinse in rma uno nidnt de contaninare; Manipuarea uteoar x earcsley,cegaeor, deseurr, (9s OB 1095 spud wag punt 028 “arent oad eorensent "wntoe# ech ‘sojausys opi upyosd exmoda woron ‘ouedau area) ros) ‘ssouanut 9p westong ‘orn ‘soa sired ‘eed Soften esas someway 8 1 9 “iomqur apapusrew ararodag—-§ » © z 1 §F x LAN 1098 ozpuod sg ig maclons 2095 reed oy Spence ar ‘topmeowezqys way 2p op rrovmeeeeeenn ‘ated 3p audio ‘myo » ips eens ‘muted wanes aaa) ‘spay ap esd eueeaa 51 muon 2006 sovapuod 102g "yaoBo09 1095 tunotap Wasnpondgn aendaryy, ‘swsozop mua eaeequn amzedep ‘akon 5 ‘ommquy 5 ‘sor janie > wesadamiog “f ‘amuoseamtuen op asm aoadeoy—-Z ‘yuo ruzodua peonmcy soqeado wuoyt ‘santana 2p gre 0 majzd aovnyeas of aunaynion 2p MITE | —— amg a neon SUT, ‘AVWaNID TW1OL | gc moi 19g svapod 425, "younkay 025 austere ‘aoporrunep mronioy ay fusing woumeoeu 1 qe 0458 pae) “a ‘px cmon 095 sosaued 275 tas 025 ction bi soins spit waned ed em3d peoti> senpoxd praonid tana uf pap opgeuosae Sepoa! nad as sim soptedo. tomo Yialana, a ap pin, sopaor rey weds “Sones 0dr nae ‘oul 9p 80d sxom ‘ftp sound ed, “opisane oan roegury ‘thugy vyenest onseeuy sont 9 9 euo8o19 3098 sos9peds075 3 auabiy 2025 paved av 1 eeu wosoutoney “a 3 s | + € z Condit generale si management 1 Curkene, 2 Apts 3. Comotu eunstorior Management, ‘SeoreategriaD: ‘Sor pandeat: Ser categoria D* fe | ‘TOTAL GENERAL: | Nunele auctor Daa Semnitura in contiuare, este prezentat un exemplu de lst pentra audit de sistem, recomandaté pent utiliza ca parte a Programului de inspectieVolunt2 Produselor de Origine Marini USEDAINOAA, Accasts lst este uilizaté de inspector in timput ‘aldarlor gs auditor sistemelor HACCP. Pentru ficare produs “into fabricd de preluerare a pestlui se completeazt cite 0 listh rat, bviea este evalvatd 51 notath pe baza deficenflor. Auditonut ‘oebuie sf determine semniicapile gi implicapile deicientet st i investigheze enpabitaten sistemului de a asigura contolul efeetiv ibupra situajiel de fapt. Auditor webuie st fie constienfi si de oatilitates existene’ alto deficiente, mu neap'rat in eadrl strict 2 auditéi Avditorultrebuie 58 igi pund Tntebarea: “Ce altceva vai este in eregula?” (Cu eft numirul de deficiente ~onstatate este mai ridcat, cu atét feecventa auditirilr va fi mal mare LISTA AUDITARESISTEM, [Produseleineauaas TNarle# aess ont alate Zona Bi ars od ‘roprietaral i (elea eau indie) —] Dats 22 Tae Numi ttn — Grad der substan redus | Nosrale eam iapectonaa ‘Nomele fief insopionsal 70Ri NTA CA PLARUL HACCP ATNREGISTRARE Ti [maj [er [ee 1 reget ou suit ate Ta [rs 2 Tepe ny wnt preci, TT 3 Taegisriie ms sunt disponible pen] + veicare | Enis documents wa vegan liane ie [BPROGEDURT vain] maj ser [ap pratt, Misunle prevenive mira Toa pase Fh * practck, % Procedutle de contol wr a Test pase Te 3 No -au apie aint coenive AUTELE [Tain [aj [eer a Mocifcaa gant HACC ft aoe ‘Mogifcarea lintel eres fk epcbare, [Nu eit persoral ins ceria, SRA BART AST Tw AT] ——<—= AB nsnposd no fauaes et wi 90 aplsendng 15 imap emp aeTT | as er ar WAVARTOT STL YAND F i HEI Ha TASS TY — ~ | Shaper SOURTIO ATLNVISHAS ] ewe eee Hee | west ws aren mae a | pe pesepye be i me onl Se EL ef. |_| [pater miner pant Foi ayomeeeete oe om = ——— a ee een — eee ol] | emezzeper i r= ee ea =e tee | femme enon nd i minrety caare omer mune, 2 seme | Se. | eee ae [ coe Le { | [eesemieent es mater arpa ma en matt ; TTT Yn or oa - ; —— [Bas aa “TTVNOSWad 5 “swarayou ads9surzap ap UNSEW ZT a =. ay Lt artichany a 9p sume rrawor8) soy mew yrenpOnd + |_| ens “urna oo lang . savaNa151 una ryLOG I | aa wn [ms 9:1-Conéens vl. 912 ‘Alte 00 ‘91 Lin zone care afeceaz direct ‘produsu eu material de aba TENG ensth 0 ceils corespunaionre & sen TREVACUAREA DESEURILOR, 01 Evaeuarea necorespuratoare «mien 102 Evaeuare necorespunalione ta eeurlor de procrare __j_| 11} [TOTAL mn — t ‘Semnti | Senn ia napeconon gd Pani presse de are rise 2 Peniruprodusle curse stent ra mupeniolg ta [RAR DE FRECVENTE A AUDITULUTDE SI waar | Fas aint | — Samir eg ‘ag " baat ee os 1 [Osa ears dot fa Ons 7, { Niel iT 0 wi I care dood tn sie [eto | oe =lole|e [Rivet {0 vin Ta eeare dou a New s10 [a4 [0 | Rivet 1-10 watt a feeare dou tani | NC Nota Nev entra o ota Is nivel Lm pot nef >a [56 xis mai ult de 10 defies ‘Rajoe j seroaseinsumate. Dacd sum aceora deplseni¢ 10, trtten vai potal ca Nueste carl ive In Ancx __* este prezentath 0 list de verificare general pentru fabrile He industri alimentare cre pote sen ce mode! pent Inocnen vor sede eee pope 3. Btemarea oud cosh in parugeres + eet ete sedinja de declansare a suditului, examinarea poprv-ial si Feununea de icheee «sud Deu 2 sbleie,imporane Seton, dtctol sav un mena concen compartinentll tut conduceyedina de delagae» audit acre prsips represen comparimentor auiae, exp hectic, programa Se Tuc al echipe de sada soc splined Dertoatelor interest. Bxaminaes propru-i presupune culegerea doverlor i formularea observafiilor auditorilor, . Culegereadoverlor se rezetok prin anlica documento, pin Chestonaren personal implica In domenil audit fin observe decider stir n domen spent ‘od se realized so forma an inervia,tn ere cob pe audi 1s recive pe ae odessa; + sk dcumenteze aces cv, © skcemonsteze resale ont Auditl eebuie exccutat in ptezenja unci membra at conducerii compartimentului audiat. Acest Iucma este esentil, chiar dact suditorul este familiarizat cu compartment In timpul exceupei audituui trebuie ste notife, completa listele si figele de verficare. Toate acestea vor ajuta la elaborarea unui raport de auditare precis. Acolo unde se zisese neconformitii, 5c ecomand® notarea tutwror detalilor relevante (umere de documente, sei de masini, coduri de produse, urate ete), astfel, inet aestesituafi 8 poats fi menfionate eu precizie in pert de | sfirgtel audiulul. Deed se-descopers neregulariti serioase, sefol compartment, la recomandarea auditorlui, poate decide apne wp ayeynaar aanmanaud wf aanaau09 syste + yeypouuteasapitadan 2p spundser repMe injrmowsdives (ojos sop fetioyuenat Op! eo] RADU 98 IMMoNPRE estENTGROdsoy, ‘pre 9p mynuiodes vaxspasd nd ewepo oxeyoUs ae FAY. Uupne ap mrusodssv aieengp ap ey ‘2uiqes2pamn9o190 ofime 9p yemaumjdu gOVH meus eeupmnde 6 md 2 99 aanusgaid 1¢aana0800ruiioe 'g00VH ‘mousse ommdopur 2p ynpeis ej aaaud no unsasde ‘armupne 9p sooty sop “aojypne ape phous: op sojuuaumaop easetynuapt ‘pn ap aud peta mp !mmmupae rurms9}9 e109 . ‘ttfouy earexpun 2 ‘red spunosied fe npne ap adryso soququsts sfoumu ‘tmp waned 2p ruswop i risaiqo—« ‘mujuos Ws angan par 2p ratodey, 4OVH umd no eoimnuoyues ayfaqtid 90 299 ep smjouuoumdaios mms surfeun 3 anntigou Pogo ‘dun 2p ysoead mee ong oman “ation 2p docs nes tage ro srrass tsps ad bs ees 2etop mic oe pao ‘tn wes lun pease ou sqeogtnds fs soqundoos sauepur au ay aeleye “signe sepa es sojsreanso sun seo 20 aagout “suoynonond. 3p pos. mune ed oboe “Pand vonguns psd amt 2p sou geen sped Toapond sous peer o Bases ot as” sont oo an 5 wotcog pou Yee a pgop apne apa a soqdmrmucguonoe romyotc naved ny enone if MeAsge + “oy eam? op aun en singussueseu ae) + te apron ayanodes arn snipe somes me oom 2 00 09 oumonp (med a9 HME 3p sede pmo ap sojatouoop vosouoyss8 i paisso9oig smpmot 2 = maior aqme apne op dns teins sod 3g, tuoapee supe REP MUesOds “Irwourspduoo repo adem gam tmp © 21 tere 2o 29 pee 9p mesodes eomuoges 9p eu PTE Seema ap eutumoop aye owes OOVH Fue el “oppEas 2 ogre one oa rag Caney] iugiooon mo 2iuode: y 20n.9 tup ao fs 25 © nated pe 9p elo 9p shepun ns SoHE me vompre np ariemioy Soqeonpne—aheusa0) sou # eoisis um yeas a169 go aeouOM 29u0 UE Sr9P24 i RTE ‘8 nga (deupne € uoypne) spne mydtonmd 99 199 TeuOIsj0uE Imp ‘aon pou umn} uDMes vamos amsise RS a10qan 18 mstave ap yuaptuoo 2g ys amngan yeioupay “Heme Yo nod 18 ansonpuos naiad wuesans ypeouod 0 ais9 ype mun encox, rypne e yauow varodoca uud 0p myrimowueduos mmnyeuosiod & pa: do zipas ayod 2s mseoe “nu mypdum gUOIeG“aivaUMD9P up aqplvarieeds mo efemeduno os-npupoyy “oyeeat uy ezeorodo Dyunpscoid area ul jrpou audsop anmaafes meumopuy ay |W Hep azaaaqeo ys 2F3N0p TONNE “nraypME roxno=xe yn wy . ‘umnoaes as0109 * auger nme © ozouop 0 no ‘sxenodes ‘Smo amgan sreuDI tanzeo 2.8 UL 16 “S"pauN AnseI00 umifse JOUT wasEIRSONS Managemental auditoluiintera LC ‘Audita) intern face parte din sistemui propria de verificare at “ntreprindeit, Scopul lu il constnie evaluareaacfinilorcorective smu de imbundtijre necesare, in cadrulpropriei inteprinder ‘Audit intern trebuieceaizat periodic, pent ca itreprinderea st se asigure 8 obiectvele sistemulat HACCP sunt indepinite gi ‘ent a identifica posibiliti pene imbundti lteriare Dupa totocmiea plansle Je audit, pentru fecare compartment se claboreazi 0 provedurd intel de auditwe, cu documentele corespanaitoate: liste de verficae, fie Je imepistrare rezultatelor andituilor, formar de sintead a rezultatelorauditlui inter. In continvare Sunt prezentate citeva modele de formulae referitoae Ia audit ———— | PLANUL DE AUDIT INTERN APROBAT, Comite de decisie Tass | Gin spade ‘aihinl= Compastnene Titervak [Sefcompatines a |p lc |p fe adit Persoara aia Decenbrie ‘Haborat: RESPONSABIL ASIGURAREA CALITATHL Mare oo . [aki itn | — eas = SaETeT LEER Pa on eee Caer (Corlerboriets [rie 7 = nae Tae ceause) mia | sw | weqoady | noyeng | esogees we tectorlels [redo omseucndiy neysNOKSHH - sMoHIMAY yan ‘tomon sie [reaoaty.[wouven | sogert oD) WTOE : 08 SSaINIIMIALaNY woTELVsanZaEY minwany WoTLVIANZR ‘YZUINIS 30 INBVINWHOS SOaWNy La raportarea s' urmriresconstatiil: trebuie sf se _ in vedere turmboarle aspcte: ‘Sexempl. specifice de neconformitii sau deficenfe bine ocume ntate + eficiems actiunilor corective rezuate dup audits Evaluarea reavttaelor audiculul Pentru evaluarca rezultatelor se poate folosi un sistem de punctj, eventual ou rejrezentaren grafich a rezultaelor evalu fecSrot CCP. Evaluace auditului se poste fee aplicind tehnica Benchmarking, idenfiicindu-se "tfel_oporunitile privind Simbundtiescaliti -Bvaluarea resitatlor - Benchmarking Punctaj | Define ven stems HACCP Pianificae si execuie necorespunzatoare Phaniicare —adecvatl, dar exeoufianevesitt imbunaeaic T Execafie corespunaioare, dar nivelal plain este neadeevat, necesitimbentairi Planificae execute aleovalt ‘Sunt depigite eerinjele in coca cz privet plaitiares si execufia (s-a itrodusinovapi) Reaan_audtai se pot repeenta sb _ zeta sub forma um gi ds foesind a sistem de pncan pen eee cement seed HACCE, conform slide cz recent in igura 33. = aie Co es lee Neca = [Pisifaae | Begs [Fine Eee 0 Elementul nu se aplics_ a ; —— 2 i = 7 = = ~ a ; : 5 ce pa Elemental satemulel HACCP, ta feeare panet ere de contol, se refer I mfsorle. preventive, procodiri de ‘monitorzae, sul corective. Ee eee ar Sts RES ee Fara 13. Gro rat de evar a eee stem HACCP iti a by (a9 ta) 20H panes ure ova dO asa} ind neg sDOVELINTONVHOONA V aVINAWaTaN a0 NVA 1's bony n eazand wae no arcoeuqSE ews o pur remtens RENN vf SoU dun Ap Ss otmngoe nse2e ‘aH sued du eunas eg AOOVH # 9emvousjday op unpd youn eeamans “ers fmsom syqeodsar euud swipgesuedsos 7 aa + see & TT cea ele = Be =| oj.|.). [. [Bey : : ser Eee =x A20¥H Sma | : : (agen erent ea pee 42901 tuocRond nad onlegosiod uae Po P's man 4 HS mpg wy eeuezSedanduso9 youn jupes up dinmgesuodsar 2p guayps 0 gzeaiafns (1661) ‘nang -ameuoloury i eung i earesyde 2p 2885) psnqnsuodso: amp sievand magan sox ‘3jeusyeus asmsar 18 dun 3p runsaaut sumed puyondasoid ‘axnaadsas ey w axesado ap wysWass © gpeuoupny aued o mugsuod eX g3OVH MuesTord s9am09q, ouhpngesuodsoa wananis “Ver's ‘ye Qo yoUNa|> ‘mn iso sopssnpoxd eanmnaon ‘fusizofou qmoaiga. 20ej sisod tes tmqworgonposd v ss8oqe ezoqy ely aod eon) Joremposd [e ages yppare 20 auaie uf 9 Muses 2189 EOOWH MIMUAISIS ‘armypipzeds yp 29 e295 wlquye> © prynns-oonar#) we, ara ‘oresapoxd niques azemBise 2p mmuresfoxd e pimesoyur aud o mpsuo wa aispunsdany, o-nuIp goOVH (humsfong “400¥H fueyd oadsar wap earesede suvum i aeroveuy “yea 25ms3t ‘anmaynyd gong o ‘gop wy eazsanpuog no pupdacuy nymorosiad w yelonsse(e82 ADQVH f9porure aawseouns wingo + undnsoudazeusunge xoypsapoud an nes areseda14 ‘amouqy 9p aren o-nwy gOOWHL imuoiss vox2onponU, _DOVH mmuesSosd easeyuamardony “ers tert pene pant HACCP ‘Crepes i pin HACCP en pest |= sings pote | tpt in reares Sinaia penal ae peatuntl epee | mpm ‘relies eke rect pas cca pens | sss puns HACC | penton woes Tapers expan ‘oliafe ape onan node inven eat eset mss TDingienenae 3 rogaine HACCP estate rote | Ti eres poss lee HACCP pre esr pra pe cee ple soouia HACCP cee oes Tigra 814 Formaar pnt pla epee presrme HACCP Desi uneori poste constitui un abstacolpentra intreprinderea care doreste st introduc un program HwCP, elaboracea politi este lun Tucrs simpla, stata timp cit se folosese termeni simpli. Un ‘exemplu de politica HACCP ar putea f exprimatastfl ‘Todi pronusele fabricate te tthépenderéa noasta sunt slgure ‘pentru consi!” Pe lings elaborarea politic, vor trebui stabilte si obicctivele insroducerit programului HACCP, care vor fi formulate interment it mai simpli, cum arf: 1. “Compania va clabora gi implementa un program HACCP pentru asigurareainocutii produselor fabricate”; 2. “*Sistemal HACCP va fi operaional pint la dara de tas" 5.13.4 Intruniren nucleulaiechipei HACCP. Se recomandi ca nucleal echipei HACCP st fie format din Persoane cu deprinderi de conducere ji tehnice necesare tn ‘mplementarea ui program ati de important. Coordonatoril echipei HACCP tebuie si posede calitii organizatrice, cunogtine despre proces de producti, tebuie A fie familarzat dinainte cu tehica HACCP. Coordonatorlui i va reveni sarcina de formare si convocare a echipsi, care va tece media la splicareaplanuluiprezenat in Figura 3 Membrilorechipei (fin special preseintelui) leva reveni sarcina be eduare gi instrire a personaluhi referitr la meteda HACCP. 5.13.5. Elaborarea planului HACCP pentru un anumit prod ‘Una dintre preocuparile cele mai importante ale echipei HACCP va fi elaborarea unui program HACCP pentru un anumit produs. 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Tot personal dntreuudest ‘webuie 58 infeleagh insh ch desftsuorea. cu succes = acestui rogram, finalizat in fabricarea de produsesigure pentru consum, ‘au este posbilA firk impicarea colalé si contini® e iniregulul petsonal al inteprinderi, eseniale find deplinul angajament al conduceri de vit io actvitate sustintl a echipei HACCP. $.14. Instruiren HACCP Pentru. implementarea eficients a programului HACCP este csenfalé inctriren personalului si constientizarea consumaterilor privind principle gi apicapile HACCP. Condncerile organizailor comerciale ce operceza in. domeniul productii,serviri gi comercalizri de produse alimentaretrebuie ‘4s implice gi in educatia gi instruirea angajajilr. Beneflcile sunt, pe ling siguranja produscior alimentae fabricate, utlizarea mai bund a resurselor si un rlspuns mat rapid la problemele apirate in productic. 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Mortimore si Wallace (1994) ofetd 0 soluie de rezolvare raportului HACCP / ISO 9000, Ei au dat astfel un rispuns 1a fntebasea: Cum se poate objine im permanentd un produs sigur pentru consum care sib respecie specifeajile? Raspunsul este Simpl si {44 echivoe: mplementarea unui sistem HACCP organias pe prinipiul ISO 9000 6.1.Utitizarea unui sistem de management al calitit pentru organizarea sistemului HACCP Obineres de produse alimentare sigure pentr consum se bazeazi pe doud elemente 1. Utilizares unui sistem HACCP elaborat de clre expe 2 Respectarea continu a sistemului HACCP uilizind abordarea 180 9000 pentru respectarea specificapilor (sau, interment HACCP, a punetelor ertice de contol). In Tabelul 6.1. este prezentat modal in care prevederile sandardului {SO 9401 pot apicate metedei HACCP. T_elul 61. Utlizarea ISO 9001 ta organizarea Sistemulut HACCP* Beteat 180.9001, ‘Aplicarea fa satel ACCES [> Respeessiates ‘acer * Tehie sexe o poled « alta cre poe ince rete sec srt sttecd HACE mnageneal oss peer since," polit odes Sinner dices hf sino ‘companie, " " Wer dete eps arate a sinha cules va fe pide 0 ewe « fice stam Ate hen veb est ‘2 pon an eins doe os so omni proms, Sven Ste vor fi $i ele discutate. mace 7 Samal cana HACC? est nisin Sau a ana | s2 va rm eon me eas get ‘Supa ait noon posusuhl oe core docu al et an poe fo cate fe i secs! np ‘ager pease 3 Reine ctor © Canpaist —} proces ‘+ Cerinjle contractual vor fear specifeate; ‘Are levani_deoscbii pena iguaree ‘alti, ta fimizr, deoarece regiementeast ‘elu dine firizor client, Este capa! frmizorl sf indeplinnsedaceste caring? 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(cstyosap, waists ty woseTquE Bf ondave asejeque of ap purse Sn[equm op 2jszisis)aereque “aaiuas ‘20128009 ‘ammmyeus ‘ameasn 8 srequsouoo ‘areauny ‘aogtoads weeds ‘omaunaised ‘amenpropoes ‘anaes ‘akdaat camuruyjaxd eiedo 9p tndnad ‘up anmgeuoo'9|2uns AREA ng 2 ‘sump ne tnaidey eussnpar Ip 2>Coyouyey sor WREHES" HS aueseyduve ‘ap ynjnund wozoees xy 9p oumtaBeyp €234N27S00D °F sigatoaporiuoyeo rysoa0u woreumssi09 ap 20818 nop ¥ ypage nuguad azeayn 2p ayumi “OpIAes aTu ‘uoury no yupuramues ye zefoared mzéo nnuad ‘8 TEES “tarurog “ara dos) aqysuss atmos 6 go “(eoneues lupe) Snagutoquy | rpqadoosns uns na ao’ woreunsuo> 2p und ew gy wed soupoud irsoe wrreunsoq “sonar IMAM TF vofes guuodaios oe siezitan suns aie} aesnpord O2SSC svewoyiuonoy yan w2a¥oyEuapT “¢ xdeouqe 9p msno0s4 8 “sojojpH=IPaSTt 1 oumad sony ¥ ty DB asso Fund saweF © 2P Booyd ps gan gOOVH fepaasaxe> naead 2]oanous Hm W21S90V nese] sosnpoid euUOW PU Usk 058 sons em FR9 “HSE Se ve et iin Domaiam # tens Toric Ca ages et ee a eS noel cn a So ia ito cen ac rage ee fem mu ponte fig dintran deen, Condens post sa snot cumeniin redizah in aca cap tebe at Docimer jeauat imi telsopee, pcoim. rer reenter oct pods tara surat fe! ape 9 daboraren oa str capable dca saua et P le furajare (in ceca ce priveste contsminarc Troe tee te, at i eh ea ne stemi (pesticide t fi controlafi 1a fermi de citre: hs Set nem ge San epsom ante mireilogce ind fen oot ane PL Rica mirabilis ero seca de tsi Moers um si de contaminantii obisnuiti, cum ar eae) meen of om Oe neji ceo sisesis eee pra consi un ot seid eens Apo ect psn a er) Dw aac aun conte o excepie dn acest pane J vedere, dat pericolal _boala si fie generat de consumul de pro. lactate ‘este exten de sez (Christansson, 1993; Sutherland, 1993), Ustizarea fivtelor fi aloringredientenelatate I fabricarea Inghefate, inutuli si brinzerulor cu diverse adsosur este © Dractich obismuité in _zilele nosste. Aceste ingrediente Gebuie fratate cu foarte mul stent deoarese, pe de o pate, cei din industria lpteli nu sunt in general familia cu microbiologi g chimia lor 3, pe de alté pare, ingredientele respective sunt deseort adkugate dup psterizare. Feementafia acca, prin producers de acid lactic, poate diminoa inteo oarecare misurt activates Ietabolicd' «microorganismslor perculoase, Gar mu webuie consierati cao metodt eficientl de eliminae a acestora. De aceea, © alogere atenth a famizorilor (eventual pe baza apliart unui sistem HACCP de elie acta) si a speifcailor produselor achizjionate sunt esenfiale pentru siguranfs de consum a produsult Finit Medial de productie este © surst importants de rise. pentro produsee lactate, deoarece, in general, rete posibil sf se lureze Pe linie tehnologicd perfect izolats de mediol inconjuritor Produsele lactate au fost deseori identificate drept cauze ale imbolniviilr de salmoneload,staflo-enterotoxcozd si listerioed (an Schothorst, Kless, 1994). Acesteimbolnaviri sunt asocite inst doar anumitor produse lactate. Listeria nu este registé in ‘medile calde si uscate (Cox si al, 1989), staflococii pot fi Prezenf, dar rareori produc imbolniviri (Kleiss si al, 199). Masutle preventive pentu toate cazurile menfonate mai sus sunt ‘cpringe in codurile de practici bane de haeru elaborate de cite Fedcrayia Interafionala a Laptelui in anul 1994 (IDF Codes of Good Manufacturing, Practices). Evident, pent fiecare az. i parte, se vor aolica si unele msurispecifce, in functe de sitatia, Cconcreth. Tebuie mentionatc& aplicares unui sistem HACCP este eficientt doar acolo unde deja sunt aplicate si respectate buncle practi de ler, © aumdioqur speed 25 mu sapows 18 snposd nu] om} pruvaueen ‘dp anednsoaid 2p) souos anor un amp dorunfvona, apap, ‘rezumnatse i sane onumipartin sopapp jpatuon ad ‘pau mp) yugzamoised yuowou uy yued aaifofngosoia nae ‘190m asnponM S05 Ne BoEp IRE “ZOYH mpm num Mes [ape 2 sn ay Ws aingam a mwas Caooyg-u Sine» FS) iiss up reanatit ands “yam anaes ey “Syonpuoy uu aye 2yeideya30me09p “ost 2p vsmns 0 yews pon ut armnsuos nu ders ‘scaoe ur peed aHBojouysy tnsaooud eamobesap 2s aze> Ut TMPOpE Sima y 204 Wo rairmumnss js paps ecmmased impide| wound ad ounsaideain oth 0. ee aod oe "sot 98 tattle nang etme sy SDR op ake 29 viimor kama and 30 PapRD 9p ametees saps st una sou ame od "uot "ep uoa op. Sais Sted wi maa ase aojtn eaistaauy pg aoa Iipsooud © wae erent ajo fosunod ingadoy ey ‘verdana, bse20e 0 avauriuaut 2p memp Hf areaumoised ap emeioduist uns dea seaoe wf afsiouns no Hnoadsar singan 90 naeueim ‘gssuosoutsy soyuafored whuazard op ymuszatda2 aHojrgo22nit mynostr eareurums arse ‘suuy aojpenposd inom ye aispan 3p ound ep “nyade muyeumased ydoog“wezuos teamoues Imjoide rpotqes oze9 up fozu09 ap Yumd un seop ainyusuod Zep ‘yenuoa 2p 9ou und un aimusuo> vazeztmaysed sie3e asupond sua navsg “inpiée] wunmpa wip zorfojouyss sojsasexd ae fofeur phuetodu op afodeo anu pum simnsion oavpsnaey] sojpoued yor ‘6 wd ‘rests op undue uodum wpe as earn ut snd oss adm oy aecand y tmnd w 99d 2fousterioomr = tqsoduy ned ait "nan, op ean sop # # sforouyssjoos rman oipeos ey osee 2p toad um eon po so may eae “err oyoxgoraeu most ye asspox ap ‘und up yonuon 2p anus ound wn pepo amaRsun MU BESO, raped] © ams) ejdurs e9%y, DIYS FU your paRLaAasd fenisyur 0 y ereopisuos 219 mjayd © ami09 9p f auyRIODZ soins ut fonsesd ung 99 uesToud wn wf wane “exow pow tugevdaoe aug um oy quad sapas aio posts mje eozeuos 16 ramsey wud go purtndnseid) jonto> ap anus oud um vytop 6-9 [99 up RE “Yovo> ap youd im 2189 wNda222 ‘220 munud up soquoreumstoa rurortad ango 2p are20xoxd y 10d 9 ansaye sjutoesy rumuaxaad 1 19 “Sau | soppuqgo.d ruquanoudedoas ur ie 29g} 25 aide) mp so[ponoignue eamaI3q1 “eoyeoou mu 6 wiges ope qed 2roodse yanae1 (2uD 2p yauued ‘susp 2p rnuduo> ‘aeproe ‘orensu2p) tide>a: 9p annmqes s]uRgUEA Led RIseooe UL aIeGEUOPE sOPEMSSE ve asrziaud op umspur jsp :o4s yond Ip A a1e> aiegonit Suu ‘myardey ondzoee armynsuos o myaude] euasnpmn my yee eu eznguoo 138308 ‘eomins 9 wnfeayvodrurzioap2ju09ay (dD) fonuD> ap ape}und 8 (99) [oauo> 9p 22qua sjzound anuNp FaNqas09p oxmyIstO> (© yenoiisep aioqre ynsaoe w opsesd vawenjde rasa areod ‘ano ajaupjgord anup eun, “g's monde wy ewezaxd yeuor1o2p rmysioqme wz0q 24 20g} 96 yorIeD 2p sonU sojoound eOsTLGES tozjuoo ap sonu9 sojraund easygeas“L queyagus ‘ume ‘oe uy sojumqoroeluazexd) aud ayrumue vans aysod (arerevure 2p eeqooo gpursu 2) yas up sooteeque earezun op ‘x21 "28 9p Eins 0 uns eu aateUIY“(ERBRJINUED aN “xeR) sjaide, sndne 21s9 amo ht sopwsoumien #6 soyidesedo gseip Saugeqond urind ap rsop 259 ary sopumosueluazaig “smrnaisod 9 penjoxo aenqpa us Hep “PON your wloeuodan o puuTzoud fbrequre & youaew sp aemponut yoo 16 sadey wp ore ayunsty oh, precns Seiad rae Se tctmre nh conal Bicol de Feenstra asa sae St Sior eet ene bn spr i see a jarea acrului la uscarea prin pulverizare © lui, aa or de mate a banca, conse dou ee elas de preven conan pn care Frectclor pence ear 5 for de entainae pin ep direst apa See Pemoda er mal ecient Se fete ab coal & SSCuser ar nest ines devine fe tinct clnd cine i unl st ver 5, Stablirea limitelor eritice pentru punctelecrtice de control Bent recepfia tapes ele mates prime vo 8 stabiite lint rem prim in a panes ct evn pen calitatea iginica (gra de impurifiare, indretard mero , aciditate,anibotice) aja de pasterizare, tinpal gi temperatura sunt oun el Dap ecomneeF 98 un went sin Ta 72C)45¢ u reducerea risculut Pam Ia 729030 ete sient pent : Sarl pink un sel sepa Pen sewn in sua ap emer de °C mal ene, Aste oncom ine ce eta etre Pty ots vndr de age remedies nso Eehmbatoclr “decid, vloarea reconandat Soprepcesines ape desta PSE et store se ce ut oie eae TESTE Dinca ae ban nese atunci cd se bdnuiest cd avut loco contaminare lapel care este supa termentii, Stabile limitelor eritice pentru a asigure mentnerea sub control a Fecontamindri ese mai dificil deet a aceloa care guvemeesd ‘ecvotarea si, multiplicarea microorganismelor, Recosteminarce ste Iegath de acumulares nor resto in fst", canal, senfun, ‘ai moar", Evident, prin foarte bus. cunoatere a sptiteg, rogramelor si echipamentclor de produce se poate estima diaints lnc, «in elt imp este posibils8 se formeze asl de "deportes Limita critica pent aceastt situate este perioada de timp la care se {ace igienizarea locuui respect. Stbilrea de limite ciice pent rscurilefizice este doar raeori posibld, un exemplu find stabilirea sensbiitiidetecorull de Imetale folosit pentru eliminarea rsculi prezenfeleschilor metaice {in produsul int. Pracicile bune de lucru consuie principale ‘misura de prevenire a acestor riscuri, iar monitorizaren aceetor ‘practic! de Iueru se face in special vizal i nu pein uiliea aparaturisofisticate. 9. Stabilirea unui ‘rite de control, tem de monitorizare pentru fiecare punct Rezultatele nioitoriziriitrebuie st indice tendinjele de pierdere « controll, astel int sa se pout aplicaimediat misuri coectve Pentru atingerea ecestui scop, ideal este si se utlizeze teste rapide sats, mai bin, echipamente automatizate, Un exerplu tl constuie sistema! de ‘sutomatizare care diijeazd ciculaia fhidelor le Dasteurizare, Cind se inregsieaza 0 varafie a temperauri care Aepigete limita admist, 0 val retrmiteimodit laptele care iese din pasteurizator inapoi fm vasul tampon de alimentare 2 Pasteurzatorului. Se vor monitoria, de asemenea, debit! pomper e alimentare pasteurizatorului si diferenja de presiune dvtre ‘ronal laptluipasteuizt si celal agentula de icie, ideal este a instalapile 58 fie dotate, pe Hingh aparetcle de masurt, cx Svegisratore. 9 20 ape 2p es pes puma) © gos “mele, nampa areata pen gD va ase ong sad et ADF; mney easmpuouioydea ey amen ten Zeipae ote 3p mse a ams OS maEeS ates 29 a 9 mda Maso ae a gS atom omar ns supmatony sani Ptereaunacp © sopagsiioam w asensed 9p pow “zr onto gs tens 2 sind aoe esp Yun gE bare we sop adeouny 2p eer Up soo ay ee & faae rsdn og 8 men GOVE tans He 22m Po pal "9 RSy ae ta no. ae sige mperd wom ae oir syusa eatin pena ey ooosayyen ta 0442 amp Jo Malet earn ee 29 jon easigo ean he a at aa Bead “up utony eoanuioy roan ees tans vad eyo ote muy oma 2ueton gems a aicumuo 3p enpoon tote hee 2 aun oman Ie sepa ee a oe s4togu98 9p soqanpasoad waamang “IT 900d ut aonponur ed a a9 od sojsnostt BF s1p% 2p sound up aud queue aid ay Spon SP HEUGHTDE nes ayy spsnposd “adere am 39 ‘eons ‘gan 16 ems aumoy Son 280 nu ponoend seaay woReonposdas 2980 ‘SnuaUMD fetnsnpt oye MEAL aye yp aI BUNENDL 4 uo ayn 2p qHeonoed etnjos ‘saqu9 around sown w yOR¥OS ns 9p uuntor eleras my axeuqey afasnpord ayfoxud 20 x09 UY (661 ‘S891 ‘ssoMo4>G wea) (areztaAeS td ammoon ap ufesar pun fgpaur tap nyuowyo m9 WapuTEmE09 roseunums ‘rydarox> 3p) s6msar «6 uojo ap oregon 270) #9 or20 nay 30 dum wy (eurgesodar 2]euu0U Hu9]eA kasHGEISS ‘nyduuox> 2p) yeas ap J0fn woot 2159 rnjonuOD waNItQHEsy “usta nnwod amis ag Ws Jonvoe qn 2p ot» yaeaaeud 2° dun amoung apsnpoid eo mnuad ae 26 unset 29 2p ono found tun wadnse mypjondod e aeineisa 3p jAPOXT ‘4n120100 umsew ap umdn pnop HEIs s0n 95 4q}9409 sojungtoe EAMG S “OT ‘ast ‘wosstog sioqoos ns) mUMUOSEE Hf soppLUsgMBLOFIRE poyyod samuaiard wy ayesyée puseh op soxtmegur wia>aq raejsuos e nniod oumee st “ogroods lems 2foun uy aHtof93 finjoy ms zorPojorgosom ajezeuy “aorfoqorgoson szyeuR 18 aresooou pmyen “puotoyns x tx wourezed sor908 eaReZUOyTOML ‘(dearssuos “e ‘yd ‘pmezodur ‘duun) rorump-oorzy unourend um 9p wiuopuodap aise sojousyeeSioussnu eammjoxzap 95970090, “Snezuomou up afemgn azwu 9p ys wi 2oxBoforgonDNA 3199] ‘pies svuoxlounyou 2p aapeoued ednp ysus. wu yy es eamzuoyuou euneapion] “uREHONUON wayeanoe 2afato ba jontos ans ap ator ap plrpuay 0 wzmazisas 273M fe ‘wt iano rrsooe culate ap umurceun 2puove ws amqan yds tes soooxd yum rm eorezuoituou guares Bo axe axe UDHEIINT rc Se ym 09 9._Jowmou 2p emposoud 2159 WENA WaMEAIISGO, Datorit faptlui c& industria laptelui nu a avut nic_ ath probleme eosebiteinleghtrl cu siguranta alim.arh prodaveer fabricate, ‘ind in moment de fa cei care au splat sistemal HACCP nu au folosit 0 varianté prea sofistcath 2 acestuia. Unele orpanizait europene gi intemaionale (de exemplu ICSMF) an elaborat ghiduri rood de implementae a sstemulul HACCP. 14, Reviauirea planulul HACCP. ‘Aceasth revizire este necesard datoriti clementelor noi care pot pare in practica fabricni unui anumit produs. La elaborarea ‘oul plan HACCP se va fine seama de planal HACCP de la care sa plecst, dar pnindu-se accent pe problema nou apart ‘Un element care @impus revizuizea plamwilor HACCP aplicate in industria lapelui fost identificarea agentlui patogen Listeria ca rise major” in febricarea produselor lactate. Escherichia coli (0157 H7 si VTEC, tulpini en oacidoreisteny8 mult mai mare decdt ‘ celorlalte tulpini, au aprut recent ca apenfi de contaminare a laptelui sad, iar doza periculossi este mult mai mics Doyle, 1993), Desi masurleaplicete deja pentru menfnerea sub contol & riscului microbiologic sunt capable 8 elimne gi acest rise, unele fabrici de produse lactate g-a0 pus problema revizii planuilor HACCP. Perfecfonarea utlijeor, a tehnologilor de fabricate, a tencilor 0e umd (npoUw Heid mpd vameugey o¢ aD OVH Tetpm qed FeeansT 7 ISOM auzodtp wad yoy feeyum voroonposus ap aye “eeougey op it (edad 2] apeat. 2p 2012.9 mum wamyEAs oUDEIOE 2p "yPuEUDoD! 9g srpeque renaisrnjomuos eamnd se yaguosoud emequ 0 “omosn pdt pede 3 fo reo auras sopmdios eluetd yay 9p cinaas 0) ne ru ao sopimunduy ramemdapay aawad ajeinjuntssJojzeontems wonsojas ud 16 greunmid eonoes ey axda09: o] 9p atonpuos 9p ase ad sewou any wud 3omj 96 aor sopamosseamUBNalg ‘wouDun ef 2p nes wfequre ap euSeus tap 2ansed apeuoreu ‘sieeque up aamuny ep ayy nes ansey 2p gong any jempoad ‘4 ourens uma amede sod “wousuase act imaidey miRsojo> 16 UT ef ap ruryosas jadum wt asqponur “aie ap ypjbe med “red ‘2yeasu oupns imdios esr9 jod psa aeidet uy “29RY HANDS ‘asaguzap 16 omepds ap 2ojoumsBoxd varenoox9 wap sojtonpuo. ¥8 sojfejan © rusty rea go ams o wuezeoy ainqan atloeyuzap 18 ameds 9p afemsqns no amurueos yrosis eur ® nveg ‘onoxgu auiludo aro mnjadoyv panenyeawiidacos | wosoindsat ‘amipsuos © sojaonorquue wluszaud eatnodun pamuanaad emstyy soypfeyan wf sysronpud sioroysur melo euoW ‘smazuRop 1 aseTRds ef a1S0}05 atursans no wiyumuon soa ds rronand edu Wy “onotgga ‘proud 9p umnprzas ous aeod ysayr pede aS MOST ‘quryos aesay wap roequre op ynsew eau ‘nespe na sootopeque eazy ‘soyronpuoo wasounan eamoodsat ‘i ap soran¢_-anso.3 ons oxaxoxd ausyyy requ ap ets ‘feyequre ‘sosgmuoouy ue 3p. eUTIBUGD steed 9s yesnpoxd aseeqa a “eniouoge oq] Wumureaoy Tea 298 yon xezON wd ines ayemsy ims sonpuon ap paren are wt yozes ut ead march fr aneamaud jasodsuna #} 20Hoqoigos9nu tasks asede vod yy -unstannsod ap tajrado fryonv0> aud yonsmqest 96 ante, mp soqojorgozo sojumosts sexeuEMS nynqevotsad pugasoap uaz 0 2psooe af ys anqan ‘sudo i soptenn eit 3p wR WL steno sane Hg fre up ass eats ooomn yntoo menu usage ap aidbos aians ana Youn earoniuoun wud guano awed uadorcouow ouarsr] wusoeq wsluedy =Ir[ORC09 Dingan oxe> ojumosy ap adauny uy aS5[qes 26 aauanand 9]MSEI (qrezopour sye9495 no 284) snauno snsvooyiqders 18 (9498 a6) SouaBonoou0N o19877 NS Sresoyaid 9p qnsa00u8 up axed Yo ayes 20VZojoiqozonm 2quno3ry ‘nonposd ap aysoos ut eoxeamt ‘ap symm unong (f aRomioqe, up qnyeunssed raved areas 2p nls aoerend 204 soware up eoeumuo9 Yup Pe aonposd 2p aqsteds my au2onponur 2p mjnosts warsonpe2 A “aaigy mrss wy asotoud amgen wovouma navad 209A, sagas nd ap mann eormurunines ‘aonpoxd ap eusisyp waedsar 2s oreo aEp909 ‘oy sors pour my sopfern eaeseydure tpgfs eamaON6 Og son aye amyantie xbosuzap 6 snes o gern 29 mw ep. ofan Spa op undp unanon08 Gd AE Hy 9018 grou: rand st sumonysasonas ns emus nd urd au ee Satie dans compdneu gpesid fe ange @ OVE Ferd Tabelul 7.1. Studi! HACCP pentr fbricares._ tell prof Tabelut .b Studiul HACCP pentra fe ‘sare lapel prof nea SA deel, Pansies end a elon drat, produce dtoxine Anubis ae crkfiedeninpe “arldoonee: ‘utzon peta | lami HACCP Consens ‘nia eta cents Sonat Roar | prt doer : Petco . ede Mist | Asnaomt Serica Frevenive = |alenaiconcen one Sanne ne ape senponn cee sain Seon Seow enc story. ise ca! Tomo Fite fee | sama nc |p oe foeee ie Moma | eran ‘aa Vea mmerbiopt et tec a sana, fee tmapde See vant coc vheapide Vester a Sc dee “qi | Petain tera ca | Soong | enmtn Came ipe pe Scotts CY | [eva | ae a ese | inet ra pose ‘poaup azemue ind nes vacerpas eqoud und cusunioarnn sp inmmume areuunaiap —« ‘aUNRy ¥| 9p TH39[00 made a aeyeUe aoup‘smoaqezeD 18 sawed ydup yencia aroodser yy 304. aftmoue 18 ajawaisiy posts amigy mrmepus ereou09 1 casoullgo naw a ap ounuiond “wand L_sseies_ ne oe ] soon] 10+ geremromea | Sees] veo-efaa eas Armnjoud 2p woos 11 eund are29j00 ap mound ef ap rmodsuen eieinp xf waa ‘mprdey emversdusy ensianut sf sunspu eA 9g -savstser oye ‘rezoned 2p e1s05 of pupd ysiodsven indus {ut Meu ap emyERda} 0 autow 40s axeuTRELOD ap sande, foil 208 uodsm ap aj22oyiy sopafean ws opaseae sopeds ® aseztuaSt ap awestoxd ede 10a 95 azeongztndses09 BUDS 0 ‘mio 8 36 apn ‘yuuas | omrBt yD2q09 y 8s 2jsAde7 Yo1300-) 2400 eps ats pss mpd aman ‘aqnoUl 3198 te ‘aezumojed op ynsooad was Yd wr amo ato}. sumo #8 aura 2p taionpaut i ojsusteicosgna eso ud amo typo y tod and wy ruodsuen don, Uf ‘Soo 2 nes whuoprou ponpas 9} ys aid w rmsodanate0y ‘2189 aauay v] nasu soraee & jones gas woxDMR| “eonoIgNTe ‘duro 9p) aseortounorpour unnpeest 9 yeuTUNEWOD ated de ‘eouauaee aq ‘eowowopnasg eo gonad sustueSioo:Sn 8 (10g ssopnauoge — umass0qoaGy‘sauaSonrouou Pua ‘Djeong “ais0goydue?) ‘jjauoues) roaBowed wad "no yeumumuoa 1 ayeod atu YBueMGoo03 paso opie “uMaeR, (2420) paso ijondey waxesayT * ec oaniy wy ‘nuzzaid os Teg YoROFEE yosnpoxd nnuod any 9p vamsSeIC ‘ojoras yyesaoond © gaa am04 Immjono wzymsasou cap auepIA9 <16a (G66) eroupes # (6458) snaino sxoo000niydrs ap aspond arose soqnasueon Te atopa 9p ound” mp uatgoud 0 amuasuo9| snposd isooe [P tite aaojoruopids jaw ‘ome9 pure ames oysTaS “narayoo wf a yemmpar ay Younes 5 (FoR) inn MOORS ‘oH_ pang euprugns nnwed GVH PHONEY TTL + determinarea prezenfeireziduuilor de antl’ “ice prin teste chumice sau microbiologic, : pot de informajit wile asupra pesformanfelor furizerilr. Aceste teste pos 2 folosite pentru monitorizare numa daca rezaltatele sunt «unoscue inantea inti lapel tn fabrcaie, Deed acest era mu este posbil,testele vor fi folosite in scapal verifier programul Haccr. 2 Depozitarea laptelui erud (CCP2) Dupi livrare, laptele se psteaza in tancuri tampon in stare refgeratf, Acedsti ctap este CCP2 deoarece la durate hingi de Lepoztare se pot dezvoltamicroorganismele prtwotofe. Control. Tancurite de depozitare si anexele lor (conducte, vane, robinefi) tcbuie astfel proiectate, ineit temperature laptlui i ott fi menfinutd Ia maximum 7°C si si permit 0 curdire ficient gi plstrare in condi de igiena, Traseele de lapte crud (Gnclusiv fancurile de depozitre) nu tebuie sh se inrucigeze cu cele de smintink pasteurzsti, penta evitarea confamindit ‘norucigate. Un factor de control important este durata de psa, ebuie stabil o durath maxims de pisrare, in functie de ‘emperaturs gi de programele de splare gi dezinfetare aplicte Monitorizare. Se mlsoarA temperatura lapelui din moment in care incepe umplecea si pint ia goliea tanceli, Tancurile i anexele for sunt verificae prin inspeeye viaualé pentru a stabil acd igienizarea a fost corespunzstoare, Este bine ea tancurile st fie ecinfectate 5 litte intens inaines uz 3. Curdtires centri nines ga gh sd Pentru a indeptsta impurtte si cxtulete zomtice, taptele este pus eurijini centiagle gi apai este degresat, Att la eudfitoral centrifuga, cit sila separatorul de smintind trebuie 38 se apice programe corespunvatoare de spalae gi dezinfctare. 4. Pasteur’_reagirciven (CCP!) SSmintina este supust unui regim temperatur /duratt de menfnere ‘are sf distrugh formele vegetative ale microorganismelor prezente adesea in laptele crud si care ar putea produce imbolnivirea consumatorilor. De aceea, pasteurizares este un punct eric de control important ji insufici" controlului acestel operat poate prejudicia siguranja n-obiologies « sméntini Pasteuizarea ni Pate distruge toate enzimele miorobiene, micotoxinele, sport bacterilor, multe dint reziduurle chimice sau al contaminant (antibiotic, pesticide, metale gree), Din aceste motive, exist alte puncte rite de control asociate laptehui crud inaintes pasteurzii Se pot utiliza diverse procedee de pasteurzare a smintini, cum ar i LHT sau HTST. De exempl, incalarea la 80°85°C / 15220 see poate fi utiizata penta pasteurizarea sméntdai in regim HTST. up pasteurizare, smantina se rdceste I. 4*6°C si se depoziteazi In condipi care sl prevind recontaminares gis limiteze dezvoltarea ‘mieroorganismelor care au supraviefutpasteutiani Control. Este cealzat prin flosres uni instal de pesteuriare a smintiniicorespunzitorproectat, montati, explostat, inteinstt si controlats,exploataea corecté a insalajie!presupune: * utilizares aburuui Ia presunen necesart; ‘+ controlul debitalui de sméting; + controll viscaztii produsuli; * sen impunilor si @ depuenor de pe supa pier pasteurzatoru {La cele mai multe instal exist cal putin un tevnometru amptasat medi dupa ce smantina parisste sectiunea de menginee. Acesta ‘monitorizeacd temperatura in foxy! de smintind si poate fi coneetat Ia un inregisiatr. Un alt termometry, eu metour st omnqan eamyequm 3 “5,8 ‘snotudap ys oman nu arez0p ey emums myers, yo2000:) 40099 95 nde mseaoe vo 220; eeUO9 9p opetusiog feyoqus wy ‘aquseasd mes RZOp fReWON! vy eRupUIS wy ajozasd sojowsunaiooroiu pad jpuinu op Hp ‘amyzodsp 9p emyeiodusy 2p aputdap 108 azeazoeuoo 2p 1 exp 1 mmuRus wareneD RMeAUE 3} eURUPUS “aMRERSp AND (ca30) voswpeque ;vosez0q sodoymsr auatgana 2p roves ezeazuonnuow 25 fer2t4 ‘ores 9p WHA uf MUPILES © auluout 2p emyeiodusy 1S wenp peeazuoquout ag “aT s01}Noyy aezipsepwesjasepoud ‘nnuod dum / gered sojcluso vanesodsos una # arecayurzap WS siqeds ap ourfoxd md Rucioys aezwarty o ined pony fase mmueumediyso vanmsaroid wd yeaezHe0N 9S [6}011U0-) ‘svestyew ap 2jouea uy vorouuour oy Hee ap exanp wutedap omqan AN “Ween roo Hep eounspsS any ;2i09 wiodoxd dulgo 95 © nauad “yyz uD. 9+ 8 Emnulluaarsingan MmNPUpLIS unmendusy, “omsooed oqumai0> 9ej at if “gor amEMIeUL 9p tuna uy gupupuss wip suuspsd 9p eilenuaouos yoyion 95 opus *s sexlopesu ijruozruny 2qeRpuBHODS, rewoow 1 euneoprom erode" sagan 204 9g 1 rojeeumarsed eamzyon 9p i$ moda 2p spuidap aqeonues soysooe ehuansony ‘myruoyerymaysed ® aiun}uour fauzyeou ap vounsas wx smeyUS arouruot op memp “eouomase 2p “i mimjeredual ¥ ares 2p zopyeoumssun aresqyesaoyusa 95 HS fH OTS BAEK, rmuowap ieyiser Gann ¥ #8 wnoend “ssouduom 9p emmy / sojsetd 7 2un!20193 3p i onplem> ap vars “ampnoiiie: 9p :anyea warvuotiuny ‘spo! 9p mmm ezama poyLan ag "uom®. mynaroOW>) sayfeompurgpundsssoo ws aingan yonuoo ap wuesierp ad mesifosy femenduia) saposd 9p yet amaoy maiiag (ora). ovens: syeanar m| aerodsur 08 oommsy apumeyC, “szemuo}OTY, mraoyezenanses ‘anes ap muor my uM. sfoRs 2p re woxopamsned 16 mooie ‘snezunarsed wpuyus tupuramuosay varera'sOd sutulS 38 3s, modu as tqasoap pow wares igure w assur 9p 1S amaqunts ap nes ammoayuzap 2p aunsdanasur alpine no ayetum, mga “WUE Indu uy URPU WazeUTUENODSE Aenaid w MND myruorezased sanigm> nved twos up us@isiep 2p otleurquo> © nes gpioe wun ap mew guresye aimed ap axnqos o “umpi0 ut ‘porsojoy rien amngan mies ‘sruuoy quips 2p aplageidas od sojeuzodep vamuuoy wuoraid © nguad ‘sjuuus.opeud seein eT rropiopus ives ‘nanad youu aso sweamaysed 9p amend ef 2:0. “uDtt ap eiemq ‘weoptoads azezumaysed ap eunsaduoy ume 95 nu puy> zt my myeszo0ud w 270 op aoeoyfa asta we siaqan ‘anrzodsp 2p Fase uN no. c=op aise mu waejsur Powe, “sumouRy Uy 2i8> ‘ammosjas ap wsfea pug four aeanoe uns aa afenaa nes oxpae azexnane 9p axnizodsip no aedtyso zuns wopesut aya 193809 szauorlouny ys 1 wisedume soypzésoi09) ou YS AEA vISea>e 9 amuodur ajey "qeagpeds snecimomed op emjendusy qos f7moqoo munupus emuersdwa yoop yowantne 98 aze> ‘ngUxNG © 1212p 9p Bw ses oxezumateed op yee ana EU 229 | importanja prevenisi contaminiri smantinit « _snicroorganisme Patogene de pe mini, ustensile, echipament de-Frotec,» sau alte Surse. Trebuie impus un stgndard ridicet de gient’ personld, incluzind spilarea minor, alate si cizme curate, {in impul depozitiri,ambalaele webuie protejte de contaminarea din mediul inconjuritor. Sménténa ambalat trebuie marcato ‘od loti gi termensl de valabiitate Monitorizare. Se misoara temperatura smintini, Se observ starea de curttenic instalajci si a sectiet de ambalare si practcle igienice ale Wuertoritor. 17. Depozitare gis Fe (CCP2) Smintina zbuie pista in depocite refiigerate si livrath goxjozar y aqwod ont Joyaenpond ' wnsueo ued slmsndis euaqgoig ‘swuop asenfizaz eumeaprora, ‘pfu uy mysnpord qe so}eoqe) 9p aes zou warENI9NF> 89 wejdn> “(gi¥D) man] 9p oumq soyonsesd sown eareZtHn, ‘yay myesepoxd ynumsto9 | ued #8 nia ynyeume my ap ‘anoodsar mjrsnpoad qe aman mony eS t-op ayeoydefomuoo ap ayunsyes 2p ‘9p ‘apundap ‘Em eoue ouruo op soMARMoquy tammasaig verdad nes eyzodsp ‘wuodsuea “seronjaud roaioout 3:9 ynsnpoud pups tounye rows od 26 ‘snps: meuw uy Tenet yureaLd “SeITUeMOOIN sisoy ‘gum op asmuuaion omadsur e| ayetoo19p 150) ne ‘nu arto zp ‘oneujog 229 v mvs asvorpURS ZOjeQeUTEY v-eUNSHUL of, wy atazard 2[oustueBiooson puly ezned “am 2p asnpost 2p rynumsuoo yzeasoyep 25 xeyuoue IRAPULOGUN 9p UNEED HA OLED exasnpuy oy (OVE wae “TL sre0i0pe8 faynop 2x onpe 18 aworezmdn> your yur sens ase “nude ernsnpat uy sojumesns vzqeey e amoyde op o¥~oma MMU] aye #8 anys ‘SeuBIERUTY KARO “FAL 'S sO4EMpN BaseETAR ‘Tovauiose 9p “‘ypurwosas 9g “aansadsss jolose aye otlonposd 2 a%2.0u09 ayipuo> ap HS supoid warso(y olden 9p wumas wmmapiony oul ea wleoyide x2 Hf “SmeO}OAp ‘mum vfru op yons rayon p> rade s1uo rem amqan nN Terpuow amd ad 8 paseou exe wip emyoideyeunsnput up aneNTERI Fupemr 9p punyqoxd sme sone, as ee uo amo fpoe naga yon pr um unstos rod mide; winsnpte ws AVE "Bporau ramen ej asa n. judo soon wy aretzaud aineadsye soyeumsie9 anpo 2p myeyonuca raxigeunqun wf mquaven 2ye0d “oresaoou aynuep ooo ws axes ‘inynsnpou w aeenezundsa}00 ammDtDNS O “une auqumue gnmoo es wand ze jsmpeud expan 104 33 19999 fost op awonfuoo oy es aman jucwgonposd imoy ezuonuoNd afd fn uoweenposd auto ad ostuos ap ound un 289 BS90Y “OuETLAONUO YY, 210 9p yx ope vensed nes aro ap sinzop uy yumsuoo 2inqan sno os980-) ‘snposd 9p dy insooe eayenigestnd i ‘rmiuatod ajmosu 8eopouy ys yoreoumo gs omngan jrucieumsts (2a99) serewsneues my waseinduERy “zt ‘amvatorowos # aeyzodop ap soqtinds mosis '8 mynqeuosned 2yv sata sponded “iumneed temp 16 moos fwdeio ‘sean ; zodop ut emessdun TayDA 9g “sueAsOHORY opamp puss) 2qudioud puwud soquomzugs eanmnsur sonunsots ‘wins ‘omazodap op sojtiods © nes sojauumi etusizin ‘aes ung “Dqg. KE | nyosNpOAd earensyd Usd FreaMb2}9 95 “1e2900- . ‘emo yweugemd oy vs Shu “swepepumap #8 aweana sysuasn n> rou Tejedeore Puy “Rupa no sume omgan nu yasnpoig “390 Zt wy mpuBe amqea inenposd "soyuodiy auunin ap amdsip 2s. paps Rees 8] Do ‘xem 4] ‘oy ¢ ve ap y a1e0d axensRE 9p wep 2709 H ‘sieedas soguo8uj uni wy rqesnposd warered utd oxgmfuooet ipaut | =p voreummuos eywosand singan — juutUp FO warms ¥] “810 F / 9.01 H| PrZOdop svod 26 ynsnpoig (a0) asaya sf sumgzodoq tr Industria eimii sia preparatelor din carne poat. bine mai multe veneficit prin apliarea metodei HACCP, principal find accla 8 sceasti metods reprezinth instrumental’ de management cel mai ficient, chiar din punct de vedere al costurilor, pentru producerea ‘nor alimente edt mai sigure pentru consum cu tehnologi existent, Programul HACCP nu se elabor: 28 pentra a inlocui nome si Aiective curente sau progracn existent in intreprindere, El uebue 8 se concentreze pe prevenireariscurilorpentu protjaren sini Publice, s& minimizeze aceste rscuri sau, dad este posibil,s le elimi, O mare problems ce poate si apart in industria clmié este atunsi ind inreprinderes incearcl sf inlud8 toate procedurile standard 4e cra intr-un plan HACCP, © & doua problemi majort apare atuncicind clieni solicits ca toate cerinfele lor si fie incluse in planal HACCP al furnizorulu (de exempla conjinrul de grime al prodasl,tpul containrelor folosite pent lvrare ete) {In intreprindeile din Uniunea European gi din alte lr exist dou Programe esenjale aplicate Ia fabricarea produselor din came: codusile de une practici de tueru (GMP) si programele. de igienizare. Ambele programe fac paite efectivd Gin orice plan HACCP, fra ad subsite ins, 72.1, Utilizarea coduri {in industria cir Nomele GMP se refert ls praticile iginice de manipulare, ta Droiectares iginica a installer 9} a secfilor de_prelucrare Anumite cnduri de bune practic de fuera mu a legstur direct siguranja produsului, de exemplu: dimensiwile meselor de lua, sgradul de incinare a podelei pentru a se ceaiza 0 bund seurgre, uma adzevat. Majortates au ins legtturd direct cu sigurenta rodusulu i fac parte din planul HACCP (Fabel 72). Tabetut 72. Exemple de - ine practci de lueru care ov legéturdt direct cu planul HACCP® are Raval Meo] ‘A: Fersonala 1 gienk Microorganisme | spllarea minor, patogene | tos iio ga | zaiiesrloe ips bor contagioase 2 Camere de odin | Microorgniome | ipsa aalecldor ix patogene sedil extern, chivete petra mini, ex deaintoctane penta pisioare 3 Biter Compan aries Tipe camarion, ineelor eu pier éercler, bp Incl | eoneh Bre 1 conse | bcrorgsme | sete de ogee | conti ssi, reponse Condos dap, cone soli etre fron igiese Senta art ivan Sompisetine | Naw i Cindtiane | ‘shea o eine mou Tat z ‘rahe adeovat Produseeprobte pena ind aertarks brian ete Constrtiecorspane Corpur sine tore, ipsa se | protejrea cuir, sarutuslor, pao, miuror. :Manipalarea | Compan ane Valens arene] roduseor sin dete eape ale | Procesulsi de produc | Microorgansme | N's vor manipula ptogene | de che aceleays Dersoane gin acleagi Spal produ crude atte AC roduse Frit, responsi | aeprodeepe Tabelul 7.3. Includerea GMP si a progranului de igienizare in ‘Plana HACCP Fee a Pagan) VS cpa | oie ometva_| plan HACC ‘Cates [Aph | Verifies] Cinna] Venera doer suet [cornu | shies” [mat | eaponablst C8 Lips | compare ‘eae exlor colfrmior | Asigaren Iierobiloie alia (Ac) (ura TWanisares | Respects | Verewre | Repeares | Uni Yormore uilior "| exineor | uinih de ttre | caring | deesloa ute) GMP | Comp. AC | Sensi | responabit se predic Tormiares | Repesare | Veiiare | Ropar] Un Fran | mdi de | exieor” | aint sau | cur i | dr end UFC) them | GMP | siti inst Dip Pearson DS a TE © sacing 2 intreprndedi va identifica acelor specifica din Programnol GMP care sunt puncte ertce de conto Programele de igienizare au mai multe aspect, incluzind curtjiea chipamentului si menjinerea igienei in medial de. fibrcatic, controlul insectelor si al diunSevlor (sursi de microorganisms Batopene). Toate acesteclemente sunt considerate puncte entice de control Se impure 0 inspeolie vizuelé zilict 1 secilor de produce, Frecum 9: verificarea regula cficinfes curl prin anaes microbiologic. ‘In concurs, GMP si programul de igienizer pot 6 incase fa ‘anal HACCP, aupa modell presenta a Tata 73 | humardecare | Coan Reapers | Veneare [Tolan | Verte de cre pemonals | centr | nbd deci | prea | respon AC Gute | Conpart AC | Gna decaue condones ‘eresponeabii | de | deprediche | produce, panicle | Sap | publics ‘adit | Respanarea | Veins xen st | csinor | Rapes | Ves kde Spinal | casi | manger AC soe fabri | GaP | catrecanpar| apleaes | ce orn de | ment AC [una] inept con [eel [Reece | VanBS NOT Evo | Vetoes ce Seinen | nee | eesosing, | mann marae Ae | ‘ecole | ce fone seuse | Seeger! -foyan ad nes duod ‘aed ‘ond al #8 nasy@ at ofa amp ayNyA “HeuNsaHONsES HOU up aun oF} aoe sojousuPdooNE enEUOtEDy sououcaay ‘ougis 'snase9 Sng un st04 wns ‘naan smo2020qtydorg ims wusy> Geipor® wowed wae Ty omar aye quattgasur asapoud 9p yaumneuoo "9 metposes80jv ao ‘goto jes ap afoul gas FInsoun “pani onanujoquay 0 yulurap ‘giro EHRaSy “~BUIXOIOIDN. 2p sreaigonpoid 1o0"y op nad sone 8 ¥ 217-2670 No2 PnyoUoHoRy ‘aura ehuazaud amsuos “suous iby yuuannn aredno0axd unputoquitaanpost sm ypruo gauze oj wluszaud go orzsaud mo ages 8 i ep ‘2seaE9 ad wOUDKIOSE 2p HH rod 28 savafoxoouow nyunsyT © nmol s2;9090KCduO;) ‘nonnooowaqo — onusie —‘argusumye 1 apunKoH waN20% Dpupanposd sjoqume ‘suaBuayiad wmpnsor) 38 (umumunyd ‘eyououpos am © area rau 29 wy 29 mp yhiaplouY © fue HARM 1) ejouowos op pss gumvodia o 3159 eatumD “(amezioiege 3p joUR)SIS up auoIay omuoD wns ame) fiend 9p EIeFE Uf soqdojog MeN “AOWWOYN mo auereoyU0D ‘sop soamuones a8 (oor “somuyy “aoqfojorgosou) Masu ‘amede vod amu sojadena nugouruaps dons ty eas 0 295 ba 9g aoqunoey eaams ‘ae # oat 289 eee Boep pupostinnoynooy ‘tej | oquiado azarodsu: gs mgan wa edna “aR ojoenpoxd 2 gud 18 sw oqmsed nes. ajaoumm 2p pumued sojadens somanyw g2jdaoo atouosap 0 azzztumy ys ainqan Xn 9p eumsaerCE ny 9p ouresBeyp easeaytianf¢ wasmnsnsu0: “> "21 asaidpourar ‘emg ‘yd :ansedsosyasmposd eumsuoo 404 99 as ey asndxe teu anojedod 9p sjquauitae eaynuopr ag, neuoytuazut yagaygn eaueayOpT “¢ ‘mjnunsuos rruguasp darn 1 SUgs08 aqumenge uns axe> a (]x8400 as jrDAApO) SueAN, ap wos “aponsunsezes “xlsougyy 2p ela! ‘(aia 2ae0 3p adjnd opoa “wyosnurnydwax> 9p) eaposd yoexD axes 95, sypsnpoad vasayssenqc'z ‘atond0> f syeno wou ainqan ano 20% ‘sonny ‘sesfojoqoronr oumosu 9 pray iasut anqan 19 wquoRH ‘pdnps ramoofss ing “wounBeveus ‘sojorqazonan “ulpe> voremdise‘areyjor‘alonpond wy nfs aued ony edi tq, ‘areuydisipnynar adtoo youn wasiageje smgsto9 © sorege 29u0 rnwod 40¥H med fun eameyde 16 eamsogey> uy py wed AOOVE dips wanm99p95 °F ‘iUOp elutous ways wand va 2¢ apee reumyy myrueyd sarewourydur up rodiyse vamysoj9¢ wp “Tuepuudany spjaanoaigo #6 nonyed eamuyap wy sondan 9s 4s omqen Rh {| saseonpuoo ‘tuepuudanny monpuog yauads 18 pose Em ‘eyeas syed 96 nu GH wold mun wamuoniaidun H wameogers -vormtturuoo ezruuw 8 ap fud008 99 “2QOVH tojd un woqde i yeiogej2 omgan ‘mu2Bored sp suds, ampoid 304m earaurgo yaad nu amigos op usm aq ojeuysn yea yeoguses ue Ervoum 39 Jojupsed nes sojefuute & 8 sopumpesd w soni mans ifm waoyp od 9s ray rmroipord ‘luemnlis 9p ona, suejgoxd suumse a>azo3p “vofom2y MATE | 9p doom ys sinqan mms wasnpuy a dOOVH waseondy ‘szeonege w1 ADV PEONSY TEL

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