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Operaiicumatrice(aplicaiipnlanmulireamatricelor)

Fidelucru,clasaaXIa,5h/spt.

Stildenvarevizual

2 1 -4

1)Seconsidermatricea:A= - 1 - 3 1 precizai:
0 - 2 4

a)diagonalaprincipal/secundar b)Tr(A)c)Ad)t A.

2)Ssedeterminex,y,z,t,astfelnct:
0
x+1 0

x-2 y+ 3 -2 3
=
.
a) 0 2y t- 5 =I3 b)
3- 2t 1 1 1+ t

z+ 3 0

x 0
x z 10 14
+3
=
.
3)Ssedeterminex,y,z R,tiindc:2
-1 y
2 y 0 4 2
2 -3

1 0 1
calculai:A+ tBB+ t A.
5)Fie:A= 5 4 ,B=
0 1 0
0 - 2

1 -2
-4 5
,B=
rezolvaiecuaiile:a)A+X=Bb)X+B=A.
6)Fiematricele:A=
3 0
1 - 3
Stildenvareauditiv
1)Ssedeterminex,y,z R,astfelncturmtoarelematrice,sfieegalecuI3 :
1
z+ x
0
x-2 y- 1 0

a) x- 3 y
z b) z- y- 1 2u+ x+ 1 z- 2y .
0
2y- x
0 z+ 1
0
z- y

3 1
1 -3
B=
.
2)SsedeterminematriceleA,B,astfelnct:A+B=
-2 5
6 1
4 5
.
3)SsedetermineAM2 (C),dac:A+t A =
-6 - 4
4)SsedeterminematriceaX,careverificegalitatea:
-1 0
1 -3 -1 0

5X+2
=
,X M2 (R).
2
3
5
4
0
1

2
-
4

3 -6
B=
verificai,c:
5)Seconsidermatricele:A=
6
2
4
3

a)

1 1
1 1
A =Ab) ( A+ B)= A + Bc) A = t A B = tBd)Tr(A)=Tr(t A).
2 2
3 3

( )

t t


8 7 - 2

2X +3Y =
1 - 6 5

6)Ssedeterminematricele:X,Y,dac:

3
0
1

X - 2Y =
- 3 4 - 1

Stildenvarepractic

1)Determinaix[0,2 p ],astfelnctmatriceaA,sfieantisimetric,ncazurile:
sinx -4
-1
2
0
sin x

a)A= - sin x cosx 3 b)A= 1 - sin x - 3 .


4
- 2
- 3 0
3
0

2)SsescriematriceleA M2,3 (R),A= (aij )j=1,3,datede:


i= 1,2

- i ,dac j > i
j
a)aij =(1) , " i=1,2 ,j= 1,3b)aij = C
, " i=1,2 ,j= 1,3.
j
Ci ,dac i j
i+j

1 3
3 5
-3 1
B=
C=

3)Considermmatricele:A=
-2 0
2 4
2 - 2
a)Ssedeterminematricele:1)2A3B+C2)3A2B+4C.
b)Sserezolveecuaiilematriceale:1)2(XA+B)=3(X+2B3C)
2)3(X+BC)=2(X3B+5A).
4)SsedeterminematriceaX,dacverificegalitatea:
1 -i i
i 0 1
+5X=2i
,XM2,3 (C).
i
i 0 1
-1 - 2 i
-1 2
5 0
,B=
sseafleXM2 (R),dac:2(XI2 )=3A+4B.
5)Fie:A=
- 3 4
-3 1
2k-1
k
,kN*,Bk =
6)Seconsidermatricele:Ak = k
2
2
1
3
k

Calculaisumele:Sn =

k -1 2k2
*
k

3 - 2 3k - 3 kN

A Tn= B .
k

k=1

k=1

Prof.MtrescuMaria