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Conferința Națională

“ PRIN SPORT CELEBRĂM SĂNĂTATEA ȘI CENTENARUL”

ÎMBUNĂTĂȚIREA COMPETENȚELOR ELEVILOR DIN


ÎNVĂȚĂMÂNTUL GIMNAZIAL
IMPROVING GYMNASIUM STUDENTS SKILLS
Ph.D. Ulrich Liviu11
1
The State University of Physical Education and Sport, Chișinău, Rep. Moldova

Rezumat
Acest studiu urmăreşte să prezinte rolul şi importanţa sportului recreativ în atingerea
competențelor generale și specifice, prin menţinerea sănătăţii, optimizarea condiţiei fizice şi
creşterea capacităţii de muncă a elevului adolescent care şi-a creat un mod de viaţă tot mai artificial,
desprinzându-se din ce în ce mai mult de factorii naturali de mediu.
Prin conceperea unor programe sportive, de timp liber, în perioada vacanțelor școlare,
acestea vor reuși să conducă la obţinerea unor efecte pozitive în planul parametrilor somatici,
funcţionali şi motrici.
Cuvinte cheie: sport recreativ, competențe, elev, parametri
Abstract
This study aims to present the role and importance of recreational sport in achieving
general and specific competences by maintaining health, optimizing the physical condition and
increasing the working capacity of the teenager who has created an increasingly artificial way of
life, detaching from what more and more of the natural environmental factors.
By designing sports programs, free time during school holidays, they will be able to
achieve positive effects in terms of the somatic, functional and motor parameters.
Key words: recreational sport, skills, student, parameters

1. Introduction
The purpose of the research stems from the title of our work; consists in
improving the competences of gymnasium students by practicing extracurricular
sport and highlighting the efficiency of practicing recreational sport in active
promotion of health and in improving social integration through the design of
sports programs and free time during school holidays so that they lead to positive
effects in terms of somatic, functional and motor parameters (5).
The objectives are set in such a way as to lead to the purpose of this study.
Dedicated research objectives, specific objectives that lead to their achievement in
achieving the general objectives are (8):
1
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E-mail: autor@institute.xxx
“ PRIN SPORT CELEBRĂM SĂNĂTATEA ȘI CENTENARUL”, 2018

a) Studying the way in which the issue is addressed in the literature.


b) Establishment of questionnaires through which the efficiency of research is
appreciated.
1. Identifying how students prefer to spend their free time and the place of
practicing sport in these concerns;
2. Identify the main reasons for students to practice Sports activities
4. Identify the main things that could motivate students to practice sport more often
(regularly)
5. Determining pupils' satisfaction with the conditions in which they practice sport
and how the physical education classes take place;
6. Identifying the types of practiced and preferred sports activities;
7. Identifying the frequency of participation in physical education and sports
classes;
8. Determining the frequency with which students practice sports activities during
their free time;
9. Identifying ways to stimulate students to become aware of physical education
and sport activities
10. Know the impact of physical exercise and sports on the process of socializing
the pupil, developing his / her personality as a whole and stimulating their interest
in the continuous and systematic pursuit of sports activities;
11. Assess the health of subjects by recording and processing the answers to the
lifestyle questionnaire and risk factors.
12. Running the research on two groups as follows:
- the group under analysis - in the Sulina camp, subject to a regular program of
recreational and recreational activities;
- control group - participant only for sports activities (from home);
13. Processing and comparing the data obtained in the two stages of the initial and
final research to ascertain the changes produced during the working period;
14. Verification of working hypotheses and improvement of the experimental
training program;
c) Identification of the anatomical and physiological particularities encountered in
order to differentiate the trainees and individualize the content of the lessons in a
formal and informal way, with the theme of aerobic gymnastics, dance of society,
swimming.
d) Elaboration of experimental training programs in different variants, in order to
validate the research hypotheses;
Application of the independent variable to the experimental group;
Adaptation and application of the intervention plan, in addition to classical means,
while respecting the curriculum.
f) Making differentiated modular programs, having as a priority body shaping and
improvement of physical condition, according to individual peculiarities.
g) identifying the positive effects of implementing individualized programs on
improving physical and mental health;
h) Evidence of the evolution of somato-functional parameters and significant
“ PRIN SPORT CELEBRĂM SĂNĂTATEA ȘI CENTENARUL”, 2018

motors.
i) Determination of the degree of significance of the positive or negative
differences resulting from the comparison of the results.
Sports activities for gymnasium students are based on the curriculum in the
physical education lesson and out of the curriculum through extracurricular
activities, as leisure activities organized by the school or individually.
Training contents are grouped into the following areas:
1. Organization of motor activities
2. Harmonic physical development
3. Motor skills (skills and motor skills)
4. Sports disciplines
5. Hygiene and individual protection
6. Behaviors and attitudes
The skills of extracurricular activities are designed to complete and improve
specific skills.
Participation in sports recreational sports is done both in free time,
weekends or holidays by enrolling in school camps (7).
2. Material and method
The young generation is the first generation whose first cultural contact is
represented by media culture and computer culture, which establishes communions,
social contacts and identities in a new and original cultural space. The sphere of
leisure becomes youth for the center of events and experiences, which are offered
by multiple contacts, experimental possibilities and wide-ranging space. Studies
show that in the preoccupations of free time of young people the first place is the
socialization through meetings with friends or other young people of the same age
and on the next place the practice of sport, which is the support for the cult and the
cultivation of the body.
For many, sport is the only sphere of activity that can experience individual
and group success, self-assertion, positive experiences within the group,
recognition of other members of the group (9). But it is equally true that the
younger generation is more and more fascinated by violence and marked by
aggressive behavior because it creates an appearance of power within and outside
the group, it allows the inversion of a real or subjective threat through the
proliferation of threats others and fighting their own feelings of fear through
adventure and risk [3]. It seems that the fascination for violence also arises from
the erroneous understanding that it may also, in appearance, clarify confusing
situations, that it may be a means of attracting attention and appreciation, or a
successful tool to impose certain interests.
3. Results
The secret of a summer camp is to organize more types of activities for
children. The more diverse activities you have, the more chances your child will do
the better. For example, you can include: sports activities, workshops, excursions,
language courses, knowledge games and many other activities that combine
learning with fun (4).
“ PRIN SPORT CELEBRĂM SĂNĂTATEA ȘI CENTENARUL”, 2018

For these children's activities to be as memorable as possible, it is


recommended to include some useful products for them, but they will ease your
work (shirts, caps, backpacks, pens, bracelets, etc.). Not only will they create a
beautiful memory and a special relationship between the participants, they will also
bring you a lot of notoriety as they will be preserved and used by the children after
the camp has been completed.

Figure 3. Extracurricular Sports Lessons (Dragnea, A., 2006)

Hiking and sports activities in children's camps are essential, so enough time will
also have to be spent on such activities. Here are some examples of children's activities
that can be practiced in camps (3):
• Cycling
• Archery
• Football / Volleyball / Badminton / Tennis / Swimming
• Airsoft
• Rolling with and without compass
• Hiking and picnicking in nature
• Thematic tours.
• Boat trips
• Built in universal boats
Organizing a summer camp can be a simple thing if there are as many activities as
possible for children and there will be various camp games (1). First of all, children are the
ones to promote services.
For active children who love the movement, a summer camp where sport is part of
the daily schedule means a perfect camp.
4. Conclusions and discussions
The fact that recreational sport is healthy and regenerative for body or
mental energy is well known and must not be demonstrated, and in this work it is
postulated. From a scientific point of view, however, there are some questions. For
example, what is the mechanism by which the body rebuilds its energy resources in
recreational sports, which, as is known, calls much less on the functions involved
in physical effort than performance sports.
“ PRIN SPORT CELEBRĂM SĂNĂTATEA ȘI CENTENARUL”, 2018

Another question can be related to the effects of systematic recreational


sports: are these long-lasting effects, are real, or the physical and psychological
comfort is instrumental placebo. What sanogenic intake brings recreational sport to
other such factors and what makes a sedentary harm to health, except that it does
not practice the movement(2).
From the literature, which has been available to us today, there are clear
physiological and psychological differences, group, general, among the people who
practice recreational and sedentary sports in favor of recreational sport. But to our
knowledge, no study demonstrates that these significant differences are due to the
practice of recreational sport and not to the orderly life that includes recreational
sport, or other factors, of which we do not exclude the psychogen.
What interests us in our research relates to the tendencies of recreational sport,
which, of course, is practiced in free time.
References
1. Angelescu, C., Julea, D., (1997), Free Time, Economic Publishing House,
Bucharest,
2. Balint, G. (2007), Sports-leisure and leisure activities: paintball, mountain
bike, and climbing, PIM Publishing House, Iasi.
3. Cârstea, Gh., (1993), Theory and Methodology of Physical Education and
Sport, Universul Publishing House, Bucharest
4. Cucoş, C., (2002), Time and temporality in education. Elements for School
Time Management, Polirom Publishing House, Iaşi.
5. Fărcaş, V., (1984), Table sport activity, Sport, Publishing House, Bucharest,
6. Pop C.-E., (2010), The state of health of the Romanian population in the
European context. An approach from the perspective of quality of life,
Quality of life, XXI, no. 3–4, p. 274– 305.
7. ***Special eurobarometer 412; (2014) „Sport and physical activity” DOI
10.2766 / 7294, http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/index_en.htm.
8. ***Healthy Kids web site. Physical Activity Web.
http://www.healthykids.nsw.gov.au/teachers-childcare/physical-activity.aspx
9. *** ISSP Research Group (2009): International Social Survey Programme:
Leisure Time and Sports – ISSP, GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4850
Data file Version 2.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.10079.