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STATISTIC

INTERNAIONAL

INTERNATIONAL
STATISTICS

23

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina
Page

23.1 Proiecia populaiei pe continente pn


n anul 2050 (estimri) ............................................ 660
23.2 Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele
rilor i teritoriilor .................................................... 661
23.3 Romnia n lume, n anul 2009 ............................... 675
23.4 Romnia i Uniunea European, n anul 2010 ....... 676
23.5 Populaia pe ri, la 1 iulie ....................................... 677
23.6 Micarea natural a populaiei, n anul 2010 .......... 680
23.7 Durata medie a vieii, n anul 2010 ......................... 681
23.8 Populaia ocupat, pe principalele activiti
ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009 ..................... 682
23.9 omerii i rata omajului ........................................ 683
23.10 Indicii produsului intern brut .................................... 684
23.11 Contribuia principalelor activiti la realizarea
produsului intern brut, n anul 2009 ........................ 685
23.12 Structura produsului intern brut, pe elemente
componente, dup metoda cheltuielilor,
n anul 2009 ........................................................... 686
Rezultatele Programului European de Comparare
a produsului intern brut (PIB) .............................................. 687
23.13 Produsul intern brut, pe locuitor .............................. 688
23.14 Indicii nivelului preurilor i indicii de volum la
Puterea de Cumprare Standard (PCS),
pe locuitor (UE - 27 = 100) ..................................... 690
23.15 Indicii produciei industriale ..................................... 692
23.16 Indicii produciei industriale, pe tipuri
de activiti .............................................................. 693
23.17 Producia mondial a unor produse industriale
principale ................................................................. 696
23.18 Producia i consumul de energie primar,
pe locuitor, n anul 2007 .......................................... 697
23.19 Producia principalelor produse industriale ............. 699
23.20 Structura suprafeei totale, dup modul
de folosin, n anul 2009 ........................................ 710
23.21 Producia principalelor produse agricole ................. 711
23.22 Numrul animalelor (la nceputul anului) ............... 720
23.23 Biodiversitatea ........................................................ 723
23.24 Lungimea i densitatea liniilor de cale ferat
n exploatare, n anul 2009 ...................................... 724
23.25 Transportul maritim internaional ............................. 725
23.26 Accidente de circulaie ............................................ 726
23.27 Balana de pli, n anul 2009 ................................. 727
23.28 Indicele preurilor de consum .................................. 728
23.29 Utilizatorii de internet i numrul
de calculatoare ....................................................... 729
23.30 Accesul la telecomunicaii, n anul 2009 ................. 730
23.31 Populaia colar i cheltuielile publice
pentru educaie, n 2009/2010 ................................ 731
23.32 Personalul din activitatea de cercetare-dezvoltare
i cheltuielile cu cercetarea-dezvoltarea,
n anul 2008 ............................................................ 732
23.33 Rezervele internaionale, exclusiv aurul,
n anul 2010 ............................................................ 733
23.34 Rezervele de aur (la sfritul perioadei) ................. 734

658

TABLES CONTENTS

Population projection by continent


until 2050 (estimates)
Area, population on July 1 and capitals
of countries and territories
Romania in the world, in 2009
Romania and the European Union, in 2010
Population by country, on July 1
Vital statistics, in 2010
Life expectancy, in 2010
Employment, by main activities
of national economy, in 2009
Unemployed and unemployment rate
Indices of gross domestic product
Contribution of major activities to gross
domestic product, in 2009
Structure of gross domestic product,
by component, according to
expenditure method, in 2009
Results of the European Comparison
Programme of gross domestic product (GDP)
Gross domestic product, per capita
Price level indices and volume
indices, per capita, in Purchasing
Power Standard (PPS), (EU - 27 = 100)
Industrial production indices
Industrial production indices,
by type of activity
World production of main
industrial products
Primary energy production and consumption,
per inhabitant, in 2007
Production of the main industrial products
Structure of the total area, by use,
in 2009
Output of the main agricultural products
Livestock (at the beginning of the year)
Biodiversity
Length and density of operating railways,
in 2009
International sea transport
Road traffic accidents
Balance of payments, in 2009
Consumer price index
Internet users and number
of computers
Access to telecommunications, in 2009
School aged population and public
expenditure for education, in 2009/2010
Staff in the research-development activity
and the expenditure on research-development,
in 2008
International reserves, excluding gold,
in 2010
Gold reserves (end of period)

SURSA DATELOR / DATA SOURCE


2007 Energy Statistics Yearbook, UN, New York, 2010;
2011 World Development Indicators, World Bank, USA;
2010 World Population Data Sheet, Population Reference Bureau, Washington, USA;
2011 World Population Data Sheet, Population Reference Bureau, Washington, USA;
UNSD Demographic Yearbook online - 2008 edition;
World Population Prospects - The 2008 Revision;
Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, IMF, Washington, 2010;
Eurostats New Cronos Database, Internet - http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu;
Electricity Information, International Energy Agency, 2010;
Electricity Information, International Energy Agency, 2011;
Final Sulphur and Sulphuric Acid Statistics 2008 - 2009, International Fertilizers Industry Association, Paris, 2011;
FAO Statistical Database, Internet - http://faostat.fao.org/;
ILO website, http://laborsta.ilo.org;
International Financial Statistics, August 2011, Washington;
International Rubber Study Group, Internet - http://www.rubberstudy.com
Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, U.N., New York: Internet - http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mbs
The Free Encyclopedia WIKIPEDIA, Internet - http://www.wikipedia.org;
UNECE Countries in Figures 2011, UNECE, New York and Geneva, 2011;
UNECE online database, Internet - http://www.unece.org/
UNESCO online database, Internet - http://www.uis.unesco.org;
World Mineral Production 2005 - 2009, British Geological Survey, 2011;
Mineral Commodity Summaries 2006 - 2010, US Geological Survey, 2011.

Sursele de date reprezint cele mai recent disponible


ediii ale publicaiilor organismelor internaionale sau
ultima actualizare a bazelor de date ale acestora
disponibil pe internet. Datele aferente rilor au fost
preluate ca atare din aceste surse.

The data sources represent the latest available editions


of international bodies publications or the latest update
of their database, accessible via Internet. Statistical data
related to countries were taken over as such from these
sources.

Not: n tabelul 23.2 (pag. 661) este prezentat


denumirea oficial a rilor. n celelalte tabele
este nscris denumirea uzitat (tehnic) folosit
i de ara noastr, n conformitate cu denumirile
rilor din anuarele i buletinele organizaiilor
internaionale.

Note: Table 23.2 (pag. 661) presents the official name of


the countries. The other tables enlist the name
usually used by our country as well, according to
the name of the countries from yearbooks and
bulletins of international organisations.

659

23.G1

Structura populaiei pe continente


Population structure by continent
2000

0,5%
11,9%

2050 (estimri / estimates)

0,6%

13,4%

7,5%

21,8%

5,2%
8,5%

4,9%

8,0%
60,5%

57,2%

Africa
Africa

Asia
Asia

America de Nord
North America

Europa
Europe

America de Sud i America Central


(inclusiv zona Caraibe)
South America and Central America
(including the Caribbean)

23.1

Oceania
Oceania

Proiecia populaiei pe continente pn n anul 2050 (estimri)


Population projection by continent until 2050 (estimates)
milioane locuitori / million inhabitants

Total mondial
Africa
America de Nord
America de Sud i America Central
(inclusiv zona Caraibe)
Asia
Europa
Oceania

660

2000

2005

2010

2025

2050

6115

6512

6909

8012

9150

World total

819
319

921
335

1033
352

1400
398

1999
448

521
3698
727
31

557
3936
729
34

589
4166
733
36

670
4772
729
43

729
5232
691
51

Africa
North America
South America and Central America
(including the Caribbean)
Asia
Europe
Oceania

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

EUROPA / EUROPE
Republica Albania
Republic of Albania

28748

3,20

111,3

Tirana
Tirana

2009

550,7

468

0,10

213,7

Andorra la Vella
Andorra la Vella

2009

23,4

Republica Austria
Republic of Austria

83871

8,40

100,2

Viena
Vienna

2008

1677,91)

Republica Belarus
Republic of Belarus

207600

9,50

45,8

Minsk
Minsk

2008

1814,81)

Regatul Belgiei
Kingdom of Belgium

30528

10,80

353,8

Bruxelles
Brussels

2009

153,51)

Bosnia i Heregovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina

51197

3,80

74,2

Sarajevo
Sarajevo

2006

414,21)

110879

7,50

67,6

Sofia
Sofia

2008

1159,81)

78867

10,50

133,1

Praga
Prague

2008

1233,21)

Republica Cipru
Republic of Cyprus

9251

1,10

118,9

Nicosia
Nicosia

2006

224,5

Republica Croaia
Republic of Croatia

56594

4,40

77,7

Zagreb
Zagreb

2007

779,1

Regatul Danemarcei2)
Kingdom of Denmark2)

43094

5,50

127,6

Copenhaga
Copenhagen

2008

511,71)

Confederaia Elveian
Helvetic Confederation

41277

7,80

189,0

Berna
Bern

2008

345,4

Republica Estonia
Republic of Estonia

45227

1,30

28,7

Tallin
Tallinn

2008

398,11)

1399

0,05

35,7

Thorshavn
Thorshavn

2008

19,0

Republica Finlanda
Republic of Finland

338419

5,40

16,0

Helsinki
Helsinki

2008

573,61)

Republica Francez3)
French Republic3)

551500

63,00

114,2

Paris
Paris

2007

2125,21)

Principatul Andorra
Principality of Andorra

Republica Bulgaria
Republic of Bulgaria
Republica Ceh
Czech Republic

Insulele Feroe
Faeroe Islands

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


2) Fr Insulele Feroe i Groenlanda. / Excluding Faeroe Islands and Greenland.
3) Fr departamentele de peste mri. / Not including overseas departments.

661

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

Berlin
Berlin

2007

3416,01)

Gibraltar
Gibraltar

2005

27,4

85,6

Atena
Athens

2007

789,21)

4,50

64,0

Dublin
Dublin

2007

505,71)

103000

0,30

2,9

Reykjavik
Reykjavik

2010

118,51)

Republica Italian
Italian Republic

301336

60,50

200,8

Roma
Rome

2008

2710,91)

Republica Letonia
Republic of Latvia

64559

2,20

34,1

Riga
Riga

2008

715,21)

160

0,04

250,0

Vaduz
Vaduz

2008

5,11)

65300

3,30

50,5

Vilnius
Vilnius

2008

545,51)

2586

0,50

193,3

Luxemburg
Luxembourg

2010

90,81)

25713

2,10

81,7

Skopje
Skopje

2009

313,61)

Republica Malta
Republic of Malta

316

0,40

1265,8

La Valletta
La Valletta

2008

6,31)

Insula Man
Isle of Man

572

0,08

139,9

Douglas
Douglas

2006

26,21)

33846

4,10

121,1

Chiinu
Chisinau

2008

0,04

20000,0

Monaco
Monaco

2008

31,11)

13812

0,60

43,4

Podgoria
Podgorica

2007

117,91)

194

0,20

1030,9

St. Peter Port


St. Peter Port

2008

16,51)

323802

4,90

15,1

Oslo
Oslo

2008

568,01)

Republica Federal Germania


Federal Republic of Germany

357114

81,60

228,5

6,8

0,03

4411,8

131957

11,30

Republica Irlanda
Republic of Ireland

70273

Republica Islanda
Republic of Iceland

Gibraltar
Gibraltar
Republica Elen
Hellenic Republic

Principatul Liechtenstein
Principality of Liechtenstein
Republica Lituania
Republic of Lithuania
Marele Ducat de Luxemburg
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Republica Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia

Republica Moldova
Republic of Moldova
Principatul Monaco
Principality of Monaco
Muntenegru
Montenegro
Insulele Normande
Channel Islands
Regatul Norvegiei4)
Kingdom of Norway4)

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


4) Exclusiv insulele Svalbard i Jan Mayen. / Excluding Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands.

662

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

785,3

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Regatul rilor de Jos


Kingdom of the Netherlands

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul (cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

37354

16,60

444,4

Amsterdam
Amsterdam

2008

1028,3

312685

38,20

122,2

Varovia
Warsaw

2007

1704,71)

92090

10,70

116,2

Lisabona
Lisbon

2008

489,61)

242900

62,20

256,1

Londra
London

2007

7172,11)

238391

21,43

89,9

Bucureti
Bucharest

2010

1942,3

17098242

141,90

8,3

Moscova
Moscow

2008

10489,61)

61

0,03

491,8

San Marino
2009
City of San Marino

4,61)

Republica Serbia
Republic of Serbia

88361

7,30

82,6

Belgrad
Belgrade

2008

Republica Slovac
Slovak Republic

49035

5,40

110,1

Bratislava
Bratislava

2008

427,81)

Republica Slovenia
Republic of Slovenia

20273

2,10

103,6

Ljubljana
Ljubljana

2010

271,9

Regatul Spaniei8)
Kingdom of Spain8)

505992

47,10

93,1

Madrid
Madrid

2008

3213,31)

Regatul Suediei
Kingdom of Sweden

441370

9,40

21,3

Stockholm
Stockholm

2007

789,01)

Insulele Svalbard i Jan Mayen9)


61399
Islands Svalbard and Jan Mayen9)

0,003

0,05

Longyearbyen
Longyearbyen

2007

2,1

Republica Turcia
Republic of Turkey

783562

73,60

93,9

Ankara
Ankara

2007

3953,3

Ucraina
Ukraine

603500

45,90

76,1

Kiev
Kiev

2008

2698,91)

Republica Polon
Republic of Poland
Republica Portughez5)
Portuguese Republic5)
Regatul Unit al Marii Britanii i
Irlandei de Nord6)
United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland6)
Romnia
Romania
Federaia Rus7)
Russian Federation7)
Republica San Marino
Republic of San Marino

1)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)

1621,4

Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


Inclusiv Insulele Azore i Madeira. / Including Azores and Madeira Islands.
Exclusiv Insulele Normande i Insula Man. / Excluding Channel Island and Isle of Man.
Inclusiv partea asiatic. / Including asiatic area.
Inclusiv Insulele Baleare i Canare. / Including Balearic and Canary Islands.
2009.

663

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Republica Ungar
Republic of Hungary
Statul Cetii Vaticanului
Vatican City State

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

93028

10,00

107,5

0,44

0,001

1884,1

Denumirea
Name

Budapesta
Budapest

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)
2008

Cetatea Vaticanului 2000


Vatican City

2489,5
0,81)

AFRICA / AFRICA
Republica Africa de Sud
Republic of South Africa

1221037

49,90

40,9

Pretoria
Pretoria

2007

2345,9

2381741

36,00

15,1

Alger
Alger

2007

3354,0

1246700

19,00

15,2

Luanda
Luanda

2007

4799,4

Republica Benin
Republic of Benin

112622

9,80

87,0

Porto-Novo
Porto-Novo

2002

223,6

Republica Botswana
Republic of Botswana

582000

1,80

3,1

Gaborone
Gaborone

2008

186,0

Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso

274222

16,20

59,1

Ouagadougou
Ouagadougou

2006

1475,81)

27834

8,50

305,4

Bujumbura
Bujumbura

1990

235,41)

475442

20,00

42,1

Yaounde
Yaounde

2005

1430,01)

Republica Capului Verde


Republic of Cape Verde

4033

0,50

124,0

Praia
Praia

2008

124,7

Republica Centrafrican
Central African Republic

622984

4,80

7,7

Bangui
Bangui

2006

622,8

1284000

11,50

9,0

NDjamena
NDjamena

2005

721,0

2235

0,70

313,2

Moroni
Moroni

2003

60,2

342000

3,90

11,4

Brazzaville
Brazzaville

2001

1500,0

2344858

67,80

28,9

Kinshasa
Kinshasa

2009

10000,0

322463

22,00

68,2

Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro

2005

200,7

Republica Algerian
Democratic i Popular
Algeria, Peoples Democratic
Republic of
Republica Angola10)
Republic of Angola10)

Republica Burundi
Republic of Burundi
Republica Camerun
Republic of Cameroon

Republica Ciad
Republic of Chad
Uniunea Comorelor
The Union of Comoros
Republica Congo
Republic of Congo
Republica Democratic Congo
Democratic Republic of Congo
Republica Cte dIvoire
Republic of Cte dIvoire

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


10) Inclusiv enclava Cabinda. / Including the enclave of Cabinda.

664

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Republica Djibouti
Republic of Djibouti

23200

0,90

38,8

Djibouti
Djibouti

2007

383,01)

1002000

80,40

80,2

Cairo
Cairo

2006

6758,61)

117600

5,20

44,2

Asmara
Asmara

2009

649,0

1104300

85,00

77,0

Addis-Abeba
Addis-Abeba

2007

2738,21)

Republica Gabonez
Republic of Gabon

267668

1,50

5,6

Libreville
Libreville

2005

578,2

Republica Gambia
Republic of Gambia

11295

1,80

159,4

Banjul
Banjul

2008

Republica Ghana
Republic of Ghana

238539

24,00

100,6

Accra
Accra

2008

2280,2

Republica Guineea
Republic of Guinea

245857

10,80

43,9

Conakry
Conakry

2008

1057,2

Republica Guineea-Bissau
Republic of Guinea-Bissau

36125

1,60

44,3

Bissau
Bissau

2007

407,4

Republica Guineea Ecuatorial


Republic of Equatorial Guinea

28051

0,70

25,0

Malabo
Malabo

2008

100,01)

580367

40,00

68,9

Nairobi
Nairobi

2006

2948,11)

30355

1,90

62,6

Maseru
Maseru

2006

227,91)

111369

4,10

36,8

Monrovia
Monrovia

2008

1011,0

1759540

6,50

3,7

Tripoli
Tripoli

2005

1682,0

Republica Madagascar
Republic of Madagascar

587041

20,10

34,2

Antananarivo
Antananarivo

2005

1015,11)

Republica Malawi
Republic of Malawi

118484

15,40

130,0

Lilongwe
Lilongwe

2008

669,01)

1240192

15,20

12,3

Bamako
Bamako

2006

1690,51)

446550

31,90

71,4

Rabat
Rabat

2007

642,01)

Republica Arab Egipt


Arab Republic of Egypt
Statul Eritrea
State of Eritrea
Republica Federal
Democrat Etiopia
Federal Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia

Republica Kenya
Republic of Kenya
Regatul Lesotho
Kingdom of Lesotho
Republica Liberia
Republic of Liberia
Marea Jamahirie Arab Libian
Popular Socialist
Great Socialist Peoples
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Republica Mali
Republic of Mali
Regatul Maroc
Kingdom of Morocco

Denumirea
Name

33,81)

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.

665

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Republica Islamic Mauritania


Islamic Republic of Mauritania

1025520

3,40

3,3

2040

1,30

637,3

Republica Mozambic
Republic of Mozambique

801590

23,40

29,2

Republica Namibia
Republic of Namibia

824116

2,20

2,7

1267000

15,90

12,5

923768

158,30

2513

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

Nouakchott
Nouakchott

2008

775,8

Port-Louis
Port-Louis

2008

149,11)

Maputo
Maputo

2006

1244,2

Windhoek
Windhoek

2008

296,4

Niamey
Niamey

2008

907,2

171,4

Abuja
Abuja

2008

1129,3

0,80

318,3

Saint-Denis
Saint-Denis

2006

138,31)

26338

10,40

394,9

Kigali
Kigali

2005

851,0

1001

0,20

199,8

Sao Tom
Sao Tom

2005

56,2

196722

12,50

63,5

Dakar
Dakar

2007

1075,61)

Republica Seychelles
Republic of Seychelles

455

0,10

219,8

Victoria
Victoria

2002

72,0

Insula Sfnta Elena


Saint Helena

122

0,004

32,8

Jamestown
Jamestown

2008

0,71)

71740

5,80

80,8

Freetown
Freetown

2006

1070,21)

637657

9,40

14,7

Mogadishu
Mogadishu

2006

2000,0

2505813

43,20

17,2

Khartoum
Khartoum

2005

8000,0

619745

8,26

13,3

Juba
Juba

2010

372,4

17364

1,20

69,1

Mbabane
Mbabane

2008

Republica Mauritius
Republic of Mauritius

Republica Niger
Republic of Niger
Republica Federal Nigeria
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Runion
Runion
Republica Rwanda
Republic of Rwanda
Republica Democrat
Sao Tom i Principe9)
Democratic Republic
of Sao Tom and Principe9)
Republica Senegal
Republic of Senegal

Republica Sierra Leone


Republic of Sierra Leone
Republica Somalia
Republic of Somalia
Republica Sudan
Republic of Sudan
Republica Sudanul de Sud
Republic of South Sudan
Regatul Swaziland
Kingdom of Swaziland
1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.
9) 2009.

666

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

60,91)

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Republica Unit Tanzania


United Republic of Tanzania

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

945087

45,00

47,6

Republica Togolez
Togolese Republic

56785

6,80

Republica Tunisian
Republic of Tunisia

163610

Republica Uganda
Republic of Uganda

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

Dar es Salaam
Dar es Salaam

2002

2497,9

119,7

Lom
Lom

2008

737,8

10,50

64,2

Tunis
Tunis

2008

3981,0

241038

33,80

140,2

Kampala
Kampala

2008

1678,0

Republica Zambia
Republic of Zambia

752612

13,30

17,7

Lusaka
Lusaka

2007

3100,0

Republica Zimbabwe
Republic of Zimbabwe

390757

12,60

32,2

Harare
Harare

2006

1600,01)

1,21)

AMERICA DE NORD I AMERICA CENTRAL


NORTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA
Anguilla11)
Anguilla11)

91

0,01

109,9

The Valley
The Valley

2001

Antigua i Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda

442

0,10

226,2

St. John
St. John

2005

31,0

Antilele Olandeze
Netherlands Antilles

800

0,20

250,0

Willemstad
Willemstad

2008

125,0

Aruba9)
Aruba9)

180

0,10

555,6

Oranjestad
Oranjestad

2008

13943

0,30

21,5

Nassau
Nassau

2008

260,0

430

0,30

697,7

Bridgetown
Bridgetown

2006

96,6

22966

0,30

13,1

Belmopan
Belmopan

2009

13,7

53,2

0,07

1315,8

Hamilton
Hamilton

2009

1,0

9984670

34,10

3,4

Ottawa
Ottawa

2008

1198,7

264

0,05

189,4

George Town
George Town

2009

35,6

Uniunea Bahamas
Commonwealth of the Bahamas
Barbados
Barbados
Belize
Belize
Insulele Bermuda9)
Bermuda Islands9)
Canada
Canada
Insulele Cayman
Cayman Islands

33,01)

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


9) 2009.
11) 2006.

667

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul (cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

San Jos
San Jos

2007

348,61)

101,9

Havana
Havana

2008

2152,41)

9,90

203,4

Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo

2002

913,5

751

0,10

133,2

Roseau
Roseau

2001

14,8

21041

6,20

294,7

San Salvador
San Salvador

2007

316,11)

344

0,10

290,7

St. George
St. George

1999

7,51)

Groenlanda
Greenland

2166086

0,06

**)

Nuuk
Nuuk

2010

15,51)

Guadelupa
Guadeloupe

1705

0,40

234,6

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre

1999

44,7

108889

14,40

132,2

Ciudad de Guatemala 2002


Ciudad de Guatemala

2500,0

27750

9,80

353,2

Port au Prince
Port au Prince

2007

1728,1

112492

7,60

67,6

Tegucigalpa
Tegucigalpa

2006

1324,0

10991

2,70

245,7

Kingston
Kingston

2001

579,11)

1128

0,40

354,6

Fort de France
Fort de France

2006

133,3

102

0,006

58,8

Brades
Brades

2008

130373

6,00

46,0

Managua
Managua

2008

75517

3,50

46,3

Ciudad de Panama 2000


Ciudad de Panama

484,31)

8870

4,00

451,0

San Juan
San Juan

425,01)

Republica Costa Rica


Republic of Costa Rica
Republica Cuba
Republic of Cuba
Republica Dominican
Dominican Republic
Uniunea Dominica
Commonwealth of Dominica
Republica El Salvador
Republic of El Salvador
Grenada
Grenada

Republica Guatemala
Republic of Guatemala
Republica Haiti
Republic of Haiti
Republica Honduras
Republic of Honduras
Jamaica
Jamaica
Martinica
Martinique
Montserrat12)
Montserrat12)
Republica Nicaragua
Republic of Nicaragua
Republica Panama
Republic of Panama
Statul Liber i Asociat Porto Rico
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.
12) 2008.

668

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

51100

4,60

90,0

109886

11,20

48671

2007

1,01)
971,7

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

Federaia Saint Kitts i Nevis


Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

261

0,10

383,1

Basseterre
Basseterre

2005

15,5

Santa Lucia
Saint Lucia

539

0,20

371,1

Castries
Castries

2004

67,0

Saint Pierre i Miquelon9)


Saint Pierre and Miquelon9)

242

0,007

28,9

Saint Pierre
Saint Pierre

2011

5,91)

Saint Vincent i Grenadine


Saint Vincent and the Grenadine

389

0,10

257,1

Kingstown
Kingstown

2005

25,41)

Statele Unite ale Americii


United States of America

9629091

309,60

32,2

Washington, D.C. 2008


Washington, D.C.

591,81)

Statele Unite Mexicane


United Mexican States

1964375

110,60

56,3

Ciudad de Mexico 2008


Ciudad de Mexico

5130

1,30

253,4

Insulele Turks i Caicos


Turks and Caicos Islands

430

0,04

93,0

Insulele Virgine Americane


United States Virgin Islands

346

0,11

317,9

Charlotte Amalie 2000


Charlotte Amalie

Insulele Virgine Britanice13)


British Virgin Islands13)

153

0,03

196,1

Road Town
Road Town

Republica Trinidad i Tobago


Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Port of Spain
Port of Spain

2000

Cockburn Town
Cockburn Town

2010

2004

18460,5
49,0
3,71)
18,9
9,41)

AMERICA DE SUD / SOUTH AMERICA


Republica Argentina
Republic of Argentina

2780400

40,50

14,6

Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires

2008

Statul Plurinaional al Boliviei


Plurinational State of Bolivia

1098581

10,40

Republica Federativ a Braziliei 8514877


Federal Republic of Brazil

9,5

La Paz
La Paz

2008

835,31)

193,30

22,7

Brasilia
Brasilia

2008

2557,21)

756102

17,10

22,6

Santiago de Chile 2008


Santiago de Chile

4988,31)

Republica Columbia
Republic of Colombia

1141748

45,50

39,9

Bogota
Bogota

2008

7155,1

Republica Ecuador
Republic of Ecuador

256369

14,20

55,4

Quito
Quito

2008

1579,21)

Republica Cooperatist Guyana


The Co-operative Republic
of Guyana

214969

0,80

3,7

Georgetown
Georgetown

2005

239,3

Republica Chile
Republic of Chile

13356,7

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


9) 2009.
13) 2005.

669

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

Guyana Francez
French Guiana

83534

0,20

2,4

Cayenne
Cayenne

2006

Insulele Falkland (Malvine)12)


Falkland Islands (Malvinas)12)

12173

0,003

0,2

Stanley
Stanley

2006

406752

6,50

16,0

Asuncion
Asuncion

2009

1982,8

1285216

29,50

23,0

Lima
Lima

2007

8472,91)

Republica Suriname
Republic of Suriname

163820

0,50

3,1

Paramaribo
Paramaribo

2011

244,9

Republica Oriental
a Uruguayului
Oriental Republic of Uruguay

176215

3,40

19,3

Montevideo
Montevideo

2008

1340,31)

Republica Bolivarian
a Venezuelei
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

912050

28,80

31,6

Caracas
Caracas

2009

4196,5

Republica Paraguay
Republic of Paraguay
Republica Peru
Republic of Peru

75,7
2,11)

ASIA / ASIA
Republica Islamic Afganistan
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

652090

29,10

44,6

Kabul
Kabul

2009

3450,0

2149690

29,20

13,6

Riad
Riyadh

2010

6800,0

Republica Armenia
Republic of Armenia

29743

3,10

104,2

Erevan
Yerevan

2008

1109,61)

Republica Azerbaidjan
Republic of Azerbaijan

86600

9,00

103,9

Baku
Baku

2009

2045,8

750

1,30

1733,3

Manama
Manama

2010

329,5

Republica Popular Bangladesh 143998


Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

164,40

1141,7

Dhaka
Dhaka

2010

14648,0

Regatul Arabiei Saudite


Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Regatul Bahrain
Kingdom of Bahrain

38394

0,70

18,2

Thimphu
Thimphu

2005

Brunei Darussalam
Brunei Darussalam

5765

0,40

69,4

Bandar Seri
Begawan
Bandar Seri
Begawan

2010

276,6

181035

15,10

83,4

Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh

2011

2234,6

9596961

1338,10

139,4

Beijing
Beijing

2007

11940,0

Regatul Cambodgiei
Kingdom of Cambodia
Republica Popular Chinez
Peoples Republic of China

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


12) 2008.

670

79,21)

Regatul Bhutan
Kingdom of Bhutan

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

China, Regiunea Administrativ


Special Hong Kong
China, Special Administrative
Region Hong Kong

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

Hong Kong
Hong Kong

2008

6977,71)

Macao
Macau

2008

551,81)

189,2

Phenian
Pyongyang

2008

3255,4

48,90

490,6

Seul
Seoul

2008

10031,71)

83600

5,40

64,6

Abu Dhabi
Abu Dhabi

2008

945,3

300000

94,00

313,3

Manila
Manila

2007

11553,4

69700

4,60

66,0

Tbilisi
Tbilisi

2008

1106,71)

Republica India
Republic of India

3287263

1188,80

361,6

New Delhi
New Delhi

2011

13850,514)

Republica Indonezia
Republic of Indonesia

1860360

235,50

126,6

Jakarta
Jakarta

2005

8820,61)

89342

6,50

72,8

Amman
Amman

2008

1201,51)

438317

31,50

71,9

Bagdad
Baghdad

2011

7216,0

1628750

75,10

46,1

Teheran
Tehran

2006

7088,31)

22072

7,60

344,3

Ierusalim15)
Jerusalem15)

2008

755,61)

377930

127,40

337,1

Tokyo
Tokyo

2005

2724900

16,30

6,0

Astana
Astana

2008

1104

7,00

6340,6

29

0,50

17241,4

120538

22,80

Republica Coreea
Republic of Korea

99678

Emiratele Arabe Unite


United Arab Emirates

China, Regiunea Administrativ


Special Macao
China, Special Administrative
Region Macau
Republica Popular
Democrat Coreean
Democratic Peoples Republic
of Korea

Republica Filipine
Republic of the Philippines
Georgia
Georgia

Regatul Haemit al Iordaniei


Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Republica Irak
Republic of Iraq
Republica Islamic Iran
Islamic Republic of Iran
Statul Israel
State of Israel
Japonia
Japan
Republica Kazahstan
Republic of Kazakhstan

12576,6
602,71)

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


14) Inclusiv Delhi. / Including Delhi.
15) Declarat de ctre statul Israel drept capital, dar nerecunoscut de ctre Comunitatea Internaional. / Designated as capital by the

state of Israel, but not recognised by the International Community.

671

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Republica Krgz
Kyrgyz Republic

199951

5,30

26,5

17818

3,10

236800

Statul Kuwait
State of Kuwait
Republica Popular
Democrat Laos
Lao Peoples Democratic
Republic
Republica Libanez
Lebanese Republic
Malaezia
Malaysia
Republica Maldivelor
Republic of Maldives
Mongolia
Mongolia
Uniunea Myanmar
The Union of Myanmar
Republica Federal
Democratic Nepal
Federal Democratic
Republic of Nepal
Sultanatul Oman
Sultanate of Oman
Teritoriile palestiniene
(Cisiordania i Fia Gaza)
Palestinian Territories
(Cisiordania and Gaza Strip)
Republica Islamic Pakistan
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Statul Qatar
State of Qatar
Republica Singapore
Republic of Singapore
Republica Arab Sirian
Syrian Arab Republic
Republica Democrat
Socialist Sri Lanka
Democratic Socialist
Republic of Sri Lanka
1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.

672

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

Bikek
Bishkek

2009

865,1

174,0

Al Kuwait
Al Kuwait

2005

6,40

27,0

Vientiane
Vientiane

2005

200,0

10452

4,30

411,4

Beirut
Beirut

2007

361,41)

330803

28,90

87,4

Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur

2008

1575,51)

300

0,30

1000,0

Male
Male

2006

103,71)

1564100

2,80

1,8

Ulan Bator
Ulaanbaatar

2008

1041,31)

676578

53,40

78,9

Yangon
Yangon

2007

6007,0

147181

28,00

190,2

Kathmandu
Kathmandu

2008

1647,1

309500

3,10

10,0

Muscat
Muscat

2008

1090,8

6020

4,00

664,5

Ramallah
Ramallah

2007

796095

184,80

232,1

Islamabad
Islamabad

2009

1875,0

11586

1,70

146,7

Doha
Doha

2088

711,0

705

5,10

7234,0

Singapore
Singapore

2008

4839,41)

185180

22,50

121,5

Damasc
Damascus

2008

1680,01)

65610

20,70

315,5

Colombo
Colombo

2006

5648,0

32,41)

27,51)

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

Republica Tadjikistan
Republic of Tajikistan

143100

7,60

53,1

Regatul Thailandei
Kingdom of Thailand

513120

68,10

132,7

14874

1,20

Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan

488100

Republica Uzbekistan
Republic of Uzbekistan

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)
670,21)

Duanbe
Dushanbe

2007

Bangkok
Bangkok

2008

6854,0

80,7

Dili
Dili

2008

150,0

5,20

10,7

Ahabad
Ashkhabad

2009

727,01)

447400

28,10

62,8

Takent
Tashkent

2008

2200,01)

Republica Socialist Vietnam


Socialist Republic of Viet Nam

331212

88,90

268,4

Hanoi
Hanoi

2007

6232,91)

Republica Yemen
Republic of Yemen

527968

23,60

44,7

Sanaa
Sanaa

2010

2168,0

Republica Democratic
Timor-Leste (Timorul de Est)
Democratic Republic of
Timor-Leste (East Timor)

OCEANIA / OCEANIA
16)

7692024

22,40

2,9

Canberra
Canberra

2008

345,31)

240

0,02

83,3

Rarotonga
Rarotonga

2006

14,2

18272

0,90

49,3

Suva
Suva

2007

85,71)

Guam
Guam

541

0,20

369,7

Agana
Agana

2000

1,11)

Republica Kiribati
Republic of Kiribati

726

0,10

137,7

Tarawa
Tarawa

2000

36,7

Republica Nauru
Republic of Nauru

21

0,01

476,2

Yaren
Yaren

2002

4,9

Uniunea Insulelor Mariane de Nord


Commonwealth of the Northern
Mariana Islands

464

0,05

107,8

Saipan
Saipan

2010

48,3

Republica Insulelor Marshall


Republic of the Marshall Islands

181

0,10

552,5

Majuro
Majuro

2004

25,41)

Australia
Commonwealth of Australia16)
Insulele Cook11)
Cook Islands11)
Republica Insulelor Fiji
Republic of the Fiji Islands

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


11) 2006.
16) Inclusiv Insulele Christmas, Insulele Cocos (Keeling) i Insula Norfolk. / Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and

Norfolk Island.

673

23.2

Suprafaa, populaia la 1 iulie i capitalele rilor i teritoriilor - continuare


Area, population on July 1 and capitals of countries and territories - continued
Capitala, oraul principal
sau centrul administrativ
Capital, main city or
administrative centre

2010

ara sau teritoriul


Country or territory

Suprafaa
Area
(km2)

Denumirea
Name

Numrul
locuitorilor-mii
Anul
(cu suburbii)
Year Population-thou
(including
suburbs)

Palikir
Palikir

2010

5,81)

Alofi
Alofi

2006

0,61)

Statele Federative ale Microneziei


Federated States of Micronesia

702

0,10

142,5

Niue9)
Niue9)

260

0,001

3,8

35

0,002

57,1

Kingston
Kingston

1997

0,81)

Noua Caledonie
New Caledonia

18575

0,30

16,2

Noumea
Noumea

2009

97,61)

Noua Zeeland
New Zealand

270467

4,40

16,3

Wellington
Wellington

2008

381,9

459

0,02

43,6

Melekok
Melekeok

2005

0,4

462840

6,80

14,7

Port Moresby
Port Moresby

2000

254,21)

47

0,00006

1,3

Adamstown
Adamstown

2008

0,05

Polinezia Francez
French Polynesia

4000

0,30

75,0

Papeete
Papeete

2007

131,7

Samoa American
American Samoa

199

0,06

301,5

Pago-Pago
Pago-Pago

2000

11,5

2831

0,20

70,6

Apia
Apia

2006

37,71)

28896

0,50

17,3

Honiara
Honiara

2009

78,2

10

0,001

100,0

Nukunonu
Nukunonu

2006

0,4

747

0,10

133,9

Nukualofa
Nukualofa

2006

23,7

26

0,01

384,6

Funafuti
Funafuti

2002

4,51)

12189

0,20

16,4

Port Vila
Port Vila

2009

35,91)

264

0,02

75,8

Mata-Utu
Meta-Utu

2003

1,21)

Insula Norfolk9)
Norfolk Island9)

Republica Palau
Republic of Palau
Statul Independent
Papua-Noua Guinee
Independent State of
Papua-New Guinea
Pitcairn
Pitcairn

Statul Independent Samoa


Independent State of Samoa
Insulele Solomon
Solomon Islands
Tokelau9)
Tokelau9)
Regatul Tonga
Kingdom of Tonga
Tuvalu
Tuvalu
Republica Vanuatu
Republic of Vanuatu
Insulele Wallis i Futuna9)
Wallis and Futuna Islands9)

1) Fr suburbii. / Excluding suburbs.


9) 2009.

674

Populaia
Densitatea
(milioane
populaiei
locuitori)
(loc./km2)
Population
Density of
(million
population
inhabitants) (inhabitants/km2)

23.3

Romnia n lume, n anul 2009


Romania in the world, in 2009

Denumirea
indicatorului

U.M.

Suprafaa
Populaia la 1 iulie

km2
mil. locuitori

Romnia
Romania

Ponderea
Total
n total
mondial mondial
World Weight in M.U.
the world
%

238391 136127000
21,47
6810

Indicators name

0,18 km2
Area
0,32 mill. inhabitants Population on July 1

Agricultur
Producia de:
gru
porumb
cartofi
sfecl de zahr
pepeni verzi i galbeni
struguri

mii
mii
mii
mii
mii
mii

tone
tone
tone
tone
tone
tone

5203
7973
4004
817
653
9901)

685614
818823
329581
227158
123551
67557

0,76
0,97
1,21
0,36
0,53
1,47

thou
thou
thou
thou
thou
thou

tonnes
tonnes
tonnes
tonnes
tonnes
tonnes

Agriculture
Production of:
wheat
maize
potatoes
sugar beat
water melons and melons
grapes

Producia de:
carne
lapte de vac
ln brut
ou de gin

mii
mii
mii
mii

tone
tone
tone
tone

988
52092)
22
297

283887
583402
2044
62840

0,35
0,89
1,08
0,47

thou
thou
thou
thou

tonnes
tonnes
tonnes
tonnes

Production of:
meat
cow milk
raw wool
hen eggs

Efective de animale3):
bovine
mii capete
porcine
mii capete
ovine i caprine
mii capete
Industrie
Producia de:
crbune net
oel brut
energie5)

61744)
97804)

1568139
941776
1957012

0,17 thou heads


0,66 thou heads
0,50 thou heads

Livestock3):
cattle
pigs
sheep and goats
Industry
Production of:
net coal
crude steel
energy5)

33961
2773

6938000
1224000

39011

15239863

0,49 thou tonnes


0,23 thou tonnes
thou tonnes
0,26 coal equiv.

mii m3
mii tone

3934
7902

364005
3060000

1,08 thou m3
0,26 thou tonnes

mii tone

964

170114

0,57 thou tonnes

sawnwood (including
sleepers)
cement
chemical fertilizers
(100% AS)

Exporturi FOB

milioane dolari SUA 40579

11658905

0,35 USD million

Exports FOB

Produsul Intern
Brut (PIB)

milioane dolari SUA 164345,7

58259785

0,28 USD million

Gross Domestic
Product (GDP)

cherestea (inclusiv
traverse)
ciment
ngrminte chimice
(100% SA)

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

mii tone
mii tone
mii tone
echiv. crbune

26844)

Inclusiv producia de struguri din grdinile familiale. / Including the production of grapes from the kitchen gardens.
Lapte de vac i bivoli, inclusiv consumul vieilor. / Cows and buffalo cows milk, calves consumption included.
La nceputul anului. / At the beginning of the year.
La 1 decembrie 2008. / On December 1, 2008.
2007.

675

23.4

Romnia i Uniunea European, n anul 2010


Romania and the European Union, in 2010

Denumirea
indicatorului

U.M.

Suprafaa total

mii km2

Romnia
Romania

UE - 27
EU - 27

238

4576

Populaia la 1 ianuarie

mii locuitori

Sporul natural

la 1000 locuitori

21462,2

501126,01)

-2,2

1,01)

90,0

116,02),3)

km2

17,41)

Weight of population aged 65


and over in total population

43,0

49,31)

Age dependency ratio

9,8

4,34)

per 1000 live-births

Infant mortality rate

euro million

Gross Domestic Product


(GDP) - current prices

in PPS

Gross Domestic Product


(GDP) per inhabitant

Volume index of
GDP per capita
(EU-27=100)

Rata de dependen demografic

Rata mortalitii infantile

la 1000 nscui-vii

Produsul Intern Brut


(PIB) - preuri curente

milioane Euro

Produsul Intern Brut


(PIB) pe locuitor

n PCS

Ponderea femeilor n
total populaie ocupat6)

per 1000 inhabitants Natural increase

14,9

Ponderea populaiei de 65 ani


i peste, n total populaie

mii persoane
mii persoane

Population on January 1st

Weight of population aged


0-14 years in total population

15,2

thou inhabitants

Populaia ocupat6)
- din care femei

Total area

15,61)

Ponderea populaiei n vrst


de 0-14 ani, n total populaie

Ponderea cheltuielilor
cu cercetarea dezvoltarea n PIB

thou km2

Population density

locuitori /

Indicators
name

inhabitants / km2

Densitatea populaiei

Indicele de volum
al PIB pe locuitor
(UE-27=100)

M.U.

124126,7

12248492

110001)

24400

45

1)

100

046

5)

2,013),4)

Weight of the
research-development
expenditure in GDP

thou persons
thou persons

Employment6)
- of which women

45,4

Weight of women in
total employment6)

30,1
28,7
41,2

5,1
25,2
69,7

%
%
%

Weight of employment6) in:


agriculture7)
industry8)
services

%
%

58,8
52,0

64,2
58,2

%
%

Employment rate6)
- of which women

Rata omajului9)
- din care femei

%
%

7,3
6,5

9,7
9,6

%
%

Unemployment rate9)
- of which women

Export FOB - total

miliarde euro

37,4

1348,8

euro billion

Exports FOB - total

Import CIF - total

miliarde euro

46,9

1501,8

euro billion

Imports CIF - total

9239,4
4127,9

216449,0
98193,6

44,7

Ponderea populaiei
ocupate6) n:
agricultur7)
industrie8)
servicii

%
%
%

Rata de ocupare6)
- din care femei

Not: Rata de dependen demografic reprezint populaia n vrst de 0-14 ani i 65 de ani i peste raportat la populaia n vrst
de 15-64 ani. Puterea de cumprare standard (PCS) reprezint moneda de referin stabilit la nivelul Uniunii Europene pentru a
exprima rezultatele Programului European de Comparare.
Note: The age dependency ratio represents population aged 0-14 and 65 and more in relation with population aged 15-64. Purchasing
Power Standard (PPS) represents the reference currency established at the level of European Union in order to express the results
of European Comparison Programme.
1) Date provizorii. / The data are provisional.
2) 2008.
3) Datele sunt estimri Eurostat. / The data are Eurostat estimate.
4) 2009.
5) Date semidefinitive. / The data are semi-final.
6) Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). Rata de ocupare calculat pentru populaia n vrst de munc
(15-64 ani). / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS). Employment rate calculated for working age population (15-64 years).
7) Inclusiv pescuit i piscicultur. / Including fishery and pisciculture.
8) Inclusiv construcii. / Including construction.
9) Conform BIM (Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to ILO (International Labour Office).

676

23.5

Populaia pe ri, la 1 iulie


Population by country, on July 1
milioane locuitori / million inhabitants

ara
Afganistan
Africa de Sud
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Arabia Saudit
Argentina
Armenia
Australia1)
Austria
Azerbaidjan
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgia
Benin
Bolivia
Bosnia i Heregovina
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodgia
Camerun
Canada
Republica Ceh
Republica Centrafrican
Ciad
Cipru
Chile
R. P. Chinez
China, RAS Hong-Kong
Columbia
Congo
Republica Democratic
Congo
Republica Coreea
Republica Popular
Democrat Coreean
Costa Rica
Republica Cte dIvoire
Croaia
Cuba
Danemarca2)
Republica Dominican
Ecuador
Egipt
El Salvador
Elveia
Eritrea
Estonia
Etiopia
Filipine
Finlanda
Frana3)
Georgia
Germania
Ghana

1990

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

16,1
34,0
3,3
25,0
10,0
14,9
32,5
3,5
17,1
7,7
7,2
109,5
10,3
10,0
4,7
6,6
4,5
144,7
9,0
9,0
5,5
8,6
11,5
27,7
10,4
2,9
5,7
0,7
13,1
1155,3
5,7
35,0
2,2

21,8
43,7
3,1
31,0
13,1
20,9
37,0
3,8
19,2
8,1
8,1
137,4
10,0
10,3
6,2
8,3
4,0
167,7
8,2
11,5
6,4
13,0
14,9
30,8
10,3
3,7
7,9
0,8
15,2
1275,1
6,7
42,3
3,0

29,9
46,9
3,1
32,9
15,4
24,6
38,8
3,0
20,2
8,2
8,4
141,8
9,8
10,4
8,4
8,9
3,9
186,4
7,7
13,2
7,6
14,1
16,3
32,3
10,2
4,0
9,8
0,8
16,3
1303,7
6,9
45,6
4,0

31,9
47,9
3,2
34,1
16,3
27,6
39,4
3,0
21,0
8,3
8,6
149,0
9,7
10,6
9,0
9,8
3,8
189,3
7,7
14,8
8,5
14,4
18,1
32,9
10,3
4,3
10,8
1,0
16,6
1318,0
6,9
46,2
3,8

32,7
48,3
3,2
34,7
16,8
28,1
39,7
3,1
21,3
8,4
8,7
147,3
9,7
10,7
9,3
10,0
3,8
195,1
7,6
15,2
8,9
14,7
18,5
33,3
10,4
4,4
10,1
1,1
16,8
1324,7
7,0
44,4
3,8

28,4
50,7
3,2
35,4
17,1
28,7
40,3
3,1
21,9
8,4
8,8
162,2
9,7
10,8
8,9
9,9
3,8
191,5
7,6
15,8
8,3
14,8
18,9
33,7
10,5
4,5
10,3
1,1
17,0
1331,4
7,0
45,1
3,7

35,6
42,9

51,0
47,0

57,6
47,8

62,6
48,5

66,5
48,6

68,7
48,7

20,5
3,0
11,7
4,8
10,6
5,1
7,1
10,3
51,9
5,0
6,7
3,1
1,6
48,4
61,5
5,0
56,7
5,5
79,4
15,1

22,3
3,8
16,4
4,4
11,2
5,3
8,4
12,7
64,0
6,3
7,2
3,7
1,4
63,5
76,3
5,2
58,9
5,0
82,2
18,4

22,5
4,3
18,2
4,6
11,3
5,4
8,9
13,2
74,0
6,9
7,3
4,4
1,3
77,4
83,1
5,3
60,5
4,5
82,7
22,1

23,3
4,5
20,2
4,4
11,2
5,5
9,4
13,5
73,4
6,9
7,5
4,9
1,3
77,1
88,7
5,3
61,7
4,5
82,3
23,0

23,5
4,5
20,7
4,4
11,2
5,5
9,9
13,8
74,9
7,2
7,6
5,0
1,3
79,1
90,5
5,3
62,0
4,6
82,2
23,9

22,7
4,5
21,4
4,4
11,2
5,5
10,1
13,6
78,6
7,3
7,8
5,1
1,3
82,8
92,2
5,3
62,6
4,6
82,0
23,8

2010 Country
29,1
49,9
3,2
36,0
19,0
29,2
40,5
3,1
22,4
8,4
9,0
164,4
9,5
10,8
9,8
10,4
3,8
193,3
7,5
16,2
8,5
15,1
20,0
34,1
10,5
4,8
11,5
1,1
17,1
1338,1
7,0
45,5
3,9

Afghanistan
South Africa
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Saudi Arabia
Argentina
Armenia
Australia1)
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Benin
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Czech Republic
Central African Republic
Chad
Cyprus
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
China, Hong Kong SAR
Colombia
Congo

67,8 Congo, Dem. Republic of


48,9 Republic of Korea
Democratic Peoples
22,8 Republic of Korea
4,6 Costa Rica
22,0 Republic of Cte dIvoire
4,4 Croatia
11,2 Cuba
5,5 Denmark2)
9,9 Dominican Republic
14,2 Ecuador
80,4 Egypt
6,2 El Salvador
7,8 Switzerland
5,2 Eritrea
1,3 Estonia
85,0 Ethiopia
94,0 Philippines
5,4 Finland
63,0 France3)
4,6 Georgia
81,6 Germany
24,0 Ghana

1) Inclusiv Insulele Christmas, Cocos (Keeling) i Insula Norfolk. / Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.
2) Fr insulele Feroe i Groenlanda. / Faeroe Islands and Greenland are excluded.
3) Fr departamentele de peste mri. / Not including overseas departments.

677

23.5

Populaia pe ri, la 1 iulie - continuare


Population by country, on July 1 - continued
milioane locuitori / million inhabitants

ara

1990

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010 Country

Grecia
Guatemala
Guineea
Haiti
Honduras
India
Indonezia
Iordania
Irak
Republica Islamic Iran
Irlanda
Israel
Italia
Jamaica
Japonia
Kazahstan
Krgzstan
Kenya
Republica Democrat
Popular Laos
Lesotho
Letonia
Liban
Liberia
Marea Jamah. Arab
Libian Pop. Soc.
Lituania
Luxemburg
Republica Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaezia
Mali
Malta
Maroc
Mauritania
Mongolia
Mozambic
Muntenegru
Nepal
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norvegia
Noua Zeeland
Olanda
Pakistan
Panama
Papua-Noua Guinee
Paraguay
Peru
Polonia
Porto Rico
Portugalia5)
Regatul Unit
Republica Moldova
Romnia
Rwanda
Federaia Rus

10,2
8,8
5,8
6,5
4,8
835,1
179,5
4,6
18,1
54,5
3,5
4,7
57,7
2,4
123,5
16,4
4,4
24,0

10,0
11,4
8,2
8,0
6,4
1002,1
210,5
4,9
23,0
63,7
3,8
6,3
57,8
2,6
126,9
14,9
4,9
30,7

11,1
12,6
9,4
8,5
7,2
1103,4
222,8
5,7
28,8
69,5
4,2
6,7
58,1
2,7
127,7
14,8
5,3
34,3

11,2
13,4
10,1
9,0
7,1
1131,9
231,6
5,7
29,0
71,2
4,4
7,3
59,3
2,7
127,7
15,5
5,2
36,9

11,2
13,7
10,3
9,1
7,3
1149,3
239,9
5,8
29,5
72,2
4,5
7,5
59,9
2,7
127,7
15,7
5,2
38,0

11,3
14,0
10,1
9,2
7,5
1171,0
243,3
5,9
30,0
73,2
4,5
7,6
60,3
2,7
127,6
15,9
5,3
39,1

11,3
14,4
10,8
9,8
7,6
1188,8
235,5
6,5
31,5
75,1
4,5
7,6
60,5
2,7
127,4
16,3
5,3
40,0

4,2
1,7
2,7
2,6
2,5

5,2
2,1
2,4
3,5
2,9

5,9
1,8
2,3
3,6
3,3

5,9
1,8
2,3
3,9
3,8

5,9
1,8
2,3
4,0
3,9

6,3
2,1
2,3
3,9
4,0

6,4
1,9
2,2
4,3
4,1

4,2
3,7
0,4
2,0
11,2
8,3
18,1
8,2
0,4
24,2
2,0
2,1
14,2
10,54)
18,1
3,9
7,7
87,0
4,2
3,4
15,0
112,4
2,4
3,7
4,2
21,6
38,1
3,5
9,9
57,6
4,4
23,2
7,2
147,9

5,1
3,5
0,4
2,0
16,0
11,3
23,3
11,4
0,4
28,7
2,7
2,4
17,7
10,64)
22,9
5,1
10,8
115,2
4,5
3,8
15,9
137,5
2,9
5,1
5,5
25,7
38,7
3,8
10,0
59,8
3,6
22,4
7,6
145,6

5,9
3,4
0,5
2,0
18,6
12,9
25,4
13,5
0,4
31,5
3,1
2,7
19,8
10,54)
27,1
5,5
14,0
131,5
4,6
4,0
16,3
157,9
3,2
5,9
6,2
28,0
38,5
4,0
10,5
59,7
4,2
21,6
9,0
143,2

6,2
3,4
0,5
2,0
18,3
13,1
27,2
12,3
0,4
31,7
3,1
2,6
20,4
0,6
27,8
5,6
14,2
144,4
4,7
4,2
16,4
169,3
3,3
6,3
6,1
27,9
38,1
3,9
10,7
61,0
4,0
21,5
9,3
141,7

6,3
3,4
0,5
2,0
18,9
13,6
27,7
12,7
0,4
31,2
3,2
2,7
20,4
0,6
27,0
5,7
14,7
148,1
4,8
4,3
16,4
172,8
3,4
6,5
6,2
27,9
38,1
4,0
10,6
61,3
4,1
21,5
9,6
141,9

6,3
3,3
0,5
2,0
19,5
14,2
28,3
13,0
0,4
31,5
3,3
2,7
22,0
0,6
27,5
5,7
15,3
152,6
4,8
4,3
16,5
180,8
3,5
6,6
6,3
29,2
38,1
4,0
10,6
61,8
4,1
21,5
9,9
141,8

6,5
3,3
0,5
2,1
20,1
15,4
28,9
15,2
0,4
31,9
3,4
2,8
23,4
0,6
28,0
6,0
15,9
158,3
4,9
4,4
16,6
184,8
3,5
6,8
6,5
29,5
38,2
4,0
10,7
62,2
4,1
21,4
10,4
141,9

Greece
Guatemala
Guinea
Haiti
Honduras
India
Indonesia
Jordan
Iraq
Islamic Republic of Iran
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Kenya
Lao, Peoples
Democratic Republic
Lesotho
Latvia
Lebanon
Liberia
Great Socialist Peoples
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Republic of Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Mali
Malta
Morocco
Mauritania
Mongolia
Mozambique
Montenegro
Nepal
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
New Zealand
Netherlands
Pakistan
Panama
Papua-New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Poland
Puerto Rico
Portugal5)
United Kingdom
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Rwanda
Russian Federation

4) Serbia i Muntenegru. / Serbia and Montenegro.


5) Portugalia continental, inclusiv Insulele Azore i Madeira. / Continental Portugal, including Azores and Madeira Islands.

678

23.5

Populaia pe ri, la 1 iulie - continuare


Population by country, on July 1 - continued
milioane locuitori / million inhabitants

ara

1990

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010 Country

Senegal
Serbia
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Republica Arab Sirian
Slovacia
Slovenia
Somalia
Spania6)
Sri Lanka
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Sudan
Suedia
Tadjikistan

7,3
10,54)
4,0
3,0
12,1
5,3
2,0
7,8
38,9
17,0
250,0
83,2
25,8
8,6
5,3

9,5
10,64)
4,5
3,3
16,3
5,4
2,0
8,8
39,9
19,4
275,3
100,3
31,1
8,9
6,2

11,7
10,54)
5,5
4,3
19,0
5,4
2,0
8,2
43,1
19,7
298,2
107,0
36,2
9,0
6,5

12,4
9,5
5,3
4,6
19,9
5,4
2,0
9,1
45,3
20,1
302,2
106,5
38,6
9,1
7,1

12,7
7,4
5,5
4,8
19,9
5,4
2,0
9,0
46,5
20,3
304,5
107,7
39,4
9,2
7,3

12,5
7,3
5,7
5,1
21,9
5,4
2,0
9,1
46,9
20,5
306,8
109,6
42,3
9,3
7,5

12,5
7,3
5,8
5,1
22,5
5,4
2,1
9,4
47,1
20,7
309,6
110,6
43,2
9,4
7,6

24,6
55,8
3,5
1,2
8,2
56,1
3,7
51,8
16,5
10,4
40,5
3,1
20,3
19,5
66,2
11,3
8,1
9,4

35,1
61,8
4,5
1,3
9,6
67,5
4,7
49,7
22,2
10,0
47,8
3,3
24,7
24,2
77,7
18,3
10,7
12,6

36,5
64,2
6,2
1,3
10,1
73,2
4,8
46,5
28,8
10,1
50,5
3,5
26,6
26,8
84,2
21,0
11,7
13,0

38,7
65,7
6,6
1,4
10,2
74,0
5,4
46,5
28,5
10,1
49,8
3,3
26,5
27,5
85,1
22,4
11,5
13,3

40,2
66,1
6,8
1,3
10,3
74,8
5,2
46,2
29,2
10,0
49,2
3,3
27,2
27,9
86,2
22,2
12,2
13,5

43,7
67,8
6,6
1,3
10,4
74,8
5,1
46,0
30,7
10,0
50,0
3,4
27,6
28,4
87,3
22,9
12,6
12,5

45,0
68,1
6,8
1,3
10,5
73,6
5,2
45,9
33,8
10,0
53,4
3,4
28,1
28,8
88,9
23,6
13,3
12,6

Tanzania
Thailanda
Togo
Trinidad-Tobago
Tunisia
Turcia
Turkmenistan
Ucraina
Uganda
Ungaria
Uniunea Myanmar
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Senegal
Serbia
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Syrian Arab Republic
Slovakia
Slovenia
Somalia
Spain6)
Sri Lanka
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sudan
Sweden
Tajikistan
Tanzania, United
Republic of
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Uganda
Hungary
Myanmar
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

4) Serbia i Muntenegru. / Serbia and Montenegro.


6) Spania continental, inclusiv insulele Baleare i Canare. / Continental Spain, including Balearic and Canary Islands.

679

23.6

Micarea natural a populaiei, n anul 2010


Vital statistics, in 2010
la 1000 locuitori / per 1000 inhabitants

ara

Nscui-vii
Live-births

Decese
Deaths

Sporul
natural
Natural
increase

Albania1)

Country

Albania1)

11,4

5,1

6,3

6,0

Austria

9,4

9,2

0,2

3,9

Austria

Belgia2)

11,7

9,6

2,1

3,5

Belgium2)

8,8

9,0

-0,2

5,9

Bosnia and Herzegovina2)

Bosnia i Heregovina2)
Bulgaria

10,0

14,6

-4,6

9,4

Bulgaria

Republica Ceh

11,1

10,2

0,9

2,7

Czech Republic

Cipru2)

12,4

6,7

5,7

3,33)

Cyprus2)

Croaia

9,8

11,8

-2,0

4,4

Croatia

Danemarca

11,4

9,8

1,6

3,4

Denmark

Elveia2)

10,2

8,0

2,2

3,8

Switzerland2)
Estonia

Estonia

11,8

11,8

0,0

3,3

Finlanda

11,4

9,5

1,9

2,3

Finland

Frana2)

12,8

8,4

4,4

3,93)

France2)

8,3

10,5

-2,2

3,4

Germany2)

Grecia

10,2

9,4

0,8

2,8

Greece

Irlanda2)

16,5

6,2

10,3

3,8

Ireland2)
Italy2)

Germania2)

Italia2)

9,3

9,7

-0,4

3,4

Islanda

15,4

6,3

9,1

2,2

Iceland

Letonia

8,6

13,4

-4,8

5,7

Latvia

Lituania

10,8

12,8

-2,0

4,3

Lithuania

Luxemburg

11,6

7,4

4,2

3,4

Luxembourg

9,6

7,2

2,4

5,5

Malta2)
Republic of Macedonia2)

Malta2)
Republica Macedonia2)

11,8

9,3

2,5

7,7

Norvegia

12,6

8,5

4,1

2,8

Norway

Olanda2)

11,1

8,2

2,9

3,8

Netherlands2)

Polonia

10,8

9,9

0,9

5,0

Poland

9,5

10,0

-0,5

2,4

Portugal2)

13,0

9,0

4,0

4,3

United Kingdom2)

Romnia

9,9

12,1

-2,2

9,8

Romania

Slovacia

11,1

9,8

1,3

5,7

Slovakia

Slovenia2)

10,6

9,1

1,5

2,5

Slovenia2)

Portugalia2)
Regatul Unit2)

Spania

10,4

8,2

2,2

3,22)

Spain

Suedia

12,3

9,6

2,7

2,5

Sweden

Turcia

17,5

6,3

11,2

13,2

9,0

13,0

-4,0

5,3

Ungaria2)

1) 2008.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
3) 2009.

680

Mortalitatea infantil
(la 1000 nscui-vii)
Infant mortality
(per 1000 live-births)

Turkey
Hungary2)

23.7

Durata medie a vieii, n anul 2010


Life expectancy, in 2010
ani / years

ara

Total

Brbai
Males

Femei
Females

Country

Total mondial

70

68

72

World total

Africa de Sud
Albania
Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belgia
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Canada
Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez
Cipru
Republica Democratic Congo
Danemarca
Egipt
Elveia
Estonia
Etiopia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Indonezia
Irlanda
Israel
Italia
Japonia
Letonia
Lituania
Luxemburg
Malta
Nigeria
Norvegia
Noua Zeeland
Olanda
Pakistan
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Turcia
Ungaria

53
75
73
76
82
80
69
80
74
74
81
78
74
78
49
79
73
82
75
56
80
82
80
80
64
71
79
82
81
83
73
73
80
79
52
81
81
81
65
76
79
80
73
69
75
80
82
78
77
82
73
74

53
73
72
72
79
77
68
77
70
70
78
74
72
76
47
77
71
80
70
54
77
78
77
78
63
69
77
80
79
80
68
68
78
78
51
79
79
79
64
72
76
78
70
63
71
76
79
75
75
80
71
70

54
78
75
79
84
83
69
82
77
77
83
81
77
81
50
81
75
84
80
57
83
85
83
82
65
74
82
84
84
86
78
79
83
82
53
83
83
83
66
80
82
82
77
75
79
83
85
80
79
84
76
78

South Africa
Albania
Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Czech Republic
China, Peoples Republic of
Cyprus
Congo, Dem. Republic of
Denmark
Egypt
Switzerland
Estonia
Ethiopia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
India
Indonesia
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Nigeria
Norway
New Zealand
Netherlands
Pakistan
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U. S.
Sweden
Turkey
Hungary

681

23.8

Populaia ocupat, pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2009


Employment, by main activities of national economy, in 2009

Populaia ocupat
Employment
ara
Total
(mii persoane)
Total
(thou persons)
Australia2)
Austria
Belgia
Bulgaria
Canada2)
Republica Ceh
Cipru
R. P. Chinez4)
Republica Coreea2)
Danemarca
Elveia
Estonia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
Irlanda
Italia
Letonia
Lituania
Luxemburg
Japonia2)
Norvegia
Noua Zeeland2)
Olanda
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia5)
Federaia Rus2)
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
S.U.A.2)
Suedia
Turcia
Ungaria

10740,5
4077,5
4420,7
3253,6
17125,8
4934,3
381,3
120244,0
23577,0
2776,0
4268,0
595,8
2457,3
25690,6
38796,7
4508,7
1917,0
23025,0
983,1
1415,9
217,2
63850,0
2499,5
2188,2
8596,1
15868,0
5054,1
28922,7
9243,5
70965,0
2366,3
980,7
18888,0
145362,0
4499,3
21270,7
3781,8

Structura n procente din total populaie


ocupat, pe principalele activiti
Structure as percentage of total
employment, by main activity
Agricultur,
silvicultur i
pescuit
Agriculture,
forestry and
fishing
3,23)
5,3
1,5
7,1
2,23)
3,1
3,9
3,5
7,2
2,5
3,1
4,0
4,6
2,9
1,7
11,9
5,0
3,7
8,7
9,2
1,3
3,83)
2,7
6,83)
2,5
13,3
11,2
1,1
29,1
8,43)
3,6
9,1
4,2
1,5
2,2
22,9
4,6

Country
Industrie
Industry

12,4
15,8
15,6
24,3
14,3
27,4
10,2
35,8
17,3
13,3
14,8
21,5
16,3
14,5
21,5
12,3
12,6
20,0
15,5
17,6
17,4
18,9
12,5
13,4
10,4
21,9
17,6
10,6
22,2
21,3
25,6
25,5
14,0
12,3
13,2
18,9
22,2

Comer,
Construcii
turism1)
Construction
Trade,
tourism1)
9,2
8,7
7,2
9,9
7,2
10,1
11,6
8,7
7,7
6,4
5,8
9,8
7,1
7,3
6,6
8,2
7,9
8,5
8,1
8,7
5,7
8,4
7,2
8,2
5,7
8,2
10,0
8,2
7,9
7,6
10,9
6,5
10,0
7,5
6,5
6,1
7,8

23,8
22,1
16,2
21,4
23,5
16,6
26,1
5,8
24,1
18,0
16,5
17,3
15,5
16,8
17,4
25,1
20,5
19,9
19,2
20,1
12,7
23,5
16,6
22,3
17,2
16,8
20,9
18,5
14,3
17,2
17,7
16,5
23,3
20,9
15,4
20,8
18,8

Australia2)
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Canada2)
Czech Republic
Cyprus
China, Peoples Republic of4)
Republic of Korea2)
Denmark
Switzerland
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Japan2)
Norway
New Zealand2)
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania5)
Russian Federation2)
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
United States of America2)
Sweden
Turkey
Hungary

Not: Datele sunt calculate conform metodologiei Eurostat. Pentru anul 2008, datele sunt calculate conform metodologiei Biroului
Internaional al Muncii (BIM).
Note: The data are calculated according to Eurostat methodology. For 2008, the data are calculated according to International Labour
Organization methodology (ILO).
1) Inclusiv activiti privind serviciile alimentare. / Including food service activities.
2) 2008.
3) Exclusiv pescuitul. / Fishing excluded.
4) 2007.
5) Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

682

23.9

omerii i rata omajului


Unemployed and unemployment rate
omeri (mii persoane)
Unemployed (thou persons)

ara

Australia1)

2005

2006

2007

2008

535,0

525,6

483,6

470,9

Rata omajului
Unemployment rate
(%)

Country

2009 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

5,1

5,0

4,4

4,2

Australia1)

Austria

207,7

195,6

185,6

162,3

204,4

5,2

4,8

4,4

3,8

4,8

Austria

Belgia

390,4

383,2

353,0

333,4

379,6

8,5

8,3

7,5

7,0

7,9

Belgium

Bulgaria

334,4

305,7

240,2

199,7

238,0

10,1

9,0

6,9

5,6

6,8

Bulgaria

1172,8 1108,4 1079,4

1119,3

6,8

6,3

6,0

6,1

Canada1)

Canada1)
Republica Ceh

410,2

371,7

276,6

229,8

352,2

7,9

7,2

5,3

4,4

6,7

Republica Coreea1) 887,0

827,0

783,0

769,0

3,7

3,5

3,2

3,2

19,5

17,0

15,4

14,5

21,3

5,3

4,6

3,9

3,7

5,3

Cyprus

Danemarca

139,7

113,8

110,5

98,2

176,6

4,8

3,9

3,8

3,3

6,0

Denmark

Elveia1)

185,0

169,0

156,0

147,0

4,4

4,0

3,6

3,4

Cipru

Czech Republic
Republic of Korea1)

Switzerland1)

Estonia

52,2

40,5

32,0

38,4

95,1

7,9

5,9

4,7

5,5 13,8

Estonia

Finlanda

219,7

204,3

183,4

172,1

221,0

8,4

7,7

6,9

6,4

8,2

Finland

9,3

9,2

8,4

7,8

9,5

France

11,2 10,3

8,7

7,5

7,8

Germany

Frana

2601,3 2605,5 2384,1

2230,5 2757,9

Germania

4571,0 4245,3 3601,0

3136,0 3228,2

Grecia

477,3

434,5

406,9

377,9

471,1

9,9

8,9

8,3

7,7

9,5

Greece

Irlanda

89,7

95,2

101,4

141,3

258,7

4,4

4,5

4,6

6,3 11,9

Ireland

Italia

1888,6 1673,4 1506,0

1691,9 1944,9

7,7

6,8

6,1

6,7

7,8

Italy

Japonia

2941,7 2750,8 2568,3

2651,7 3356,7

4,4

4,1

3,9

4,0

5,1

Japan

Letonia

101,0

79,5

71,3

90,5

203,2

8,9

6,8

6,0

7,5 17,1

Latvia

Lituania

133,0

89,4

69,0

94,3

225,1

8,3

5,6

4,3

5,8 13,7

Lithuania

11,7

11,2

10,8

10,3

12,0

7,3

6,9

6,5

6,0

6,9

Malta

Norvegia

108,6

83,5

63,5

65,0

81,3

4,5

3,4

2,5

2,5

3,1

Norway

Olanda

441,2

365,6

305,7

267,5

326,6

5,3

4,4

3,6

3,1

3,7

Netherlands

17,8 13,9

8,2

Poland

Malta

Polonia

3045,4 2344,3 1618,8

Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia2)
Federaia

Rus1)

467,7

471,7

491,4

1443,7 1641,7 1622,8


704,5

728,4

1210,7 1411,1

9,6

7,1

581,7

8,6

8,6

8,9

8,5 10,6

Portugal

1752,5 2363,1

4,8

5,4

5,3

5,6

7,6

United Kingdom
Romania2)

469,6

640,9

575,5

680,7

7,2

7,3

6,4

5,8

6,9

5263,0 5312,0 4588,0

4791,0

7,2

7,2

6,1

6,3

Slovacia

430,0

355,4

295,7

255,7

323,5

Slovenia

66,0

60,8

49,9

45,5

61,0

16,3 13,4 11,1


6,5

6,0

4,9

Russian Federation1)

9,5 12,0

Slovakia

4,4

Slovenia

5,9

Spania

1912,5 1837,1 1833,9

2590,6 4149,5

9,2

8,5

8,3 11,3 18,0

Spain

S.U.A.

7590,6 7000,5 7077,4

8924,3 14264,4

5,1

4,6

4,6

5,8

9,3

United States of America

408,3

7,7

7,1

6,1

6,2

8,3

Sweden

2030,0 1952,8 2013,33) 2274,5 3047,1

9,2

8,7

8,83) 9,7 12,5

Turkey

7,2

7,5

7,4

Hungary

Suedia
Turcia
Ungaria

361,0
302,2

336,3
316,7

297,5
312,0

304,7
329,1

420,7

7,8 10,0

Not: Datele se refer la numrul de omeri calculat de Eurostat (Ancheta Forei de Munc).
Note: The data are referring to the unemployment calculated by Eurostat (Labour Force Survey)
1) Conform Biroului Internaional al Muncii (BIM). / According to International Labour Office (ILO).
2) Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO). / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).
3) Serie ntrerupt. / Break in series.

683

23.10

Indicii produsului intern brut


Indices of gross domestic product
procente / percentage

ara

Africa de Sud
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgia
Canada
Republica Ceh
R.P. Chinez
Cipru
Republica Coreea
Croaia
Danemarca
Elveia
Estonia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
Irlanda
Israel
Italia
Japonia
Letonia
Lituania
Luxemburg
Malta
Norvegia
Olanda
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Singapore
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Turcia
Ungaria

684

2009 fa de 2005
2009 as against 2005
113,5
126,9
111,6
105,5
103,6
102,9
111,3
153,9
113,8
113,5
106,4
98,4
107,4
96,6
101,9
102,0
102,2
109,6
99,2
116,9
96,8
96,7
97,0
104,0
109,4
118,0
104,0
105,5
121,2
101,2
100,3
115,0
113,9
119,1
120,9
108,0
104,7
101,9
103,1
101,4
107,2
98,3

Ritmul mediu anual


2006-2009
2009 fa de 2008
Annual average rate 2009 as against 2008
2006-2009
3,22
6,14
2,78
1,35
0,89
0,72
2,71
11,38
3,28
3,22
1,56
-0,40
1,80
-0,86
0,47
0,50
0,55
2,32
-0,20
3,98
-0,81
-0,84
-0,76
0,99
2,27
4,22
0,99
1,35
4,92
0,30
0,07
3,56
3,31
4,47
4,86
1,94
1,15
0,47
0,77
0,35
1,75
-0,43

98,3
100,7
101,4
96,1
97,4
97,3
95,9
109,1
98,4
100,4
94,1
94,7
98,2
86,1
91,8
97,4
95,3
97,9
92,5
100,7
94,8
93,7
82,1
85,3
96,4
96,7
98,3
96,4
102,0
97,4
95,1
93,4
92,2
99,3
94,9
91,9
96,1
97,3
93,8
94,7
95,2
93,4

Country

South Africa
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Czech Republic
China, Peoples Rep. of
Cyprus
Republic of Korea
Croatia
Denmark
Switzerland
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Norway
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Russian Federation
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Turkey
Hungary

23.11

Contribuia principalelor activiti la realizarea produsului intern brut,


n anul 2009
Contribution of major activities to gross domestic product, in 2009
procente / percentage

ara

Africa de Sud
Albania
Austria
Belgia
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Republica Ceh
R.P. Chinez
Rep. Coreea
Croaia
Danemarca
Elveia
Estonia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Irlanda
Italia
Letonia
Lituania
Rep. Moldova
Norvegia
Olanda
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia1)
Federaia Rus
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Turcia
Ucraina
Ungaria

Agricultur,
silvicultur,
vntoare, pescuit
Agriculture,
forestry,
hunting, fishing

Industrie,
inclusiv
construcii
Industry,
construction
included

Servicii
Services

3
21
2
1
6
6
2
10
3
7
1
1
3
3
2
1
3
18
1
2
3
4
10
1
2
4
2
1
7
5
3
2
3
1
4
2
9
8
4

31
20
29
22
25
30
37
46
37
27
22
27
29
28
19
26
18
27
31
25
20
31
13
40
24
30
23
21
42
33
35
34
26
21
35
25
26
29
29

66
60
69
78
69
64
61
43
61
66
77
72
68
69
79
73
79
55
68
73
77
64
77
59
74
66
75
78
51
62
63
64
71
77
61
73
65
62
66

Country

South Africa
Albania
Austria
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
China, Peoples Republic of
Republic of Korea
Croatia
Denmark
Switzerland
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
India
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Republic of Moldova
Norway
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania1)
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
Hungary

1) Datele au fost calculate pe baza valorii adugate brute (VAB), la preul pieei. / Data were calculated based on gross value added

(GVA), at market price.

685

23.12

Structura produsului intern brut, pe elemente componente,


dup metoda cheltuielilor, n anul 2009
Structure of gross domestic product, by component,
according to expenditure method, in 2009
procente / percentage

ara

Africa de Sud
Australia
Austria
Belgia
Bulgaria
Republica Ceh
Cipru
R.P. Chinez
Republica Coreea
Croaia
Danemarca
Elveia
Estonia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Irlanda
Israel
Italia
Japonia
Letonia
Lituania
Luxemburg
Malta
Norvegia
Olanda
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Singapore
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Turcia
Ungaria

Consum final al
gospodriilor
populaiei
Households
final
consumption

Consum final
guvernamental
Government
final
consumption

Formarea brut
de capital fix
Gross fixed
capital
formation

60,8
54,7
54,3
52,4
63,2
50,7
68,1
35,5
54,1
56,4
49,5
58,0
51,9
54,8
58,0
58,9
74,0
57,7
51,1
57,0
60,1
59,4
61,6
68,8
33,9
63,1
43,6
45,9
61,4
65,8
65,3
62,1
53,5
40,1
60,9
55,8
56,5
70,8
66,2
49,4
71,5
65,4

21,1
18,0
19,9
24,7
16,3
22,0
19,9
13,0
16,0
20,5
30,0
11,3
22,0
25,3
24,7
19,7
20,7
12,0
19,7
24,2
21,5
20,1
19,6
21,9
16,8
21,1
22,9
28,7
18,4
21,8
23,4
18,6
20,6
10,7
20,0
20,3
21,2
17,1
12,0
27,8
14,7
10,2

22,2
28,0
21,1
21,2
28,9
22,4
20,6
46,0
29,1
24,9
18,2
20,2
21,6
19,5
19,8
17,6
17,2
30,8
15,7
16,7
19,0
21,2
21,5
17,1
17,3
15,0
22,5
19,4
21,2
19,9
13,5
24,4
21,5
28,6
20,6
23,5
24,0
15,7
21,5
17,8
16,9
20,9

Export net
Net export

-0,9
-0,3
4,5
2,8
-8,8
5,6
-5,3
4,4
3,7
-3,9
3,8
10,9
6,1
2,3
-1,8
4,9
-10,8
-5,2
15,5
2,4
-0,4
0,3
-1,5
-1,4
32,8
-1,2
13,5
6,8
0,1
-7,5
-2,1
-6,0
7,4
23,6
-0,5
1,3
-2,2
-2,7
-1,4
6,5
-1,1
5,2

Country

South Africa
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Cyprus
China, Peoples Republic of
Republic of Korea
Croatia
Denmark
Switzerland
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
India
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Norway
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Russian Federation
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Turkey
Hungary

Not: Consumul final al gospodriilor populaiei include consumul final al instituiilor fr scop lucrativ n serviciul gospodriilor populaiei.
Din nsumarea elementelor nu rezult 100,0, ntruct raportarea s-a fcut fa de total PIB, care cuprinde n plus variaia stocurilor i
discrepanele statistice.
Note: Households final consumption includes final consumption of non-profit institutions serving households.
The sum of the constituent items is not 100.0, because percentages are calculated as against the whole GDP, which also
includes change in inventories and statistical discrepancies.

686

REZULTATELE PROGRAMULUI EUROPEAN


DE COMPARARE A PRODUSULUI INTERN
BRUT (PIB)

RESULTS OF THE EUROPEAN COMPARISON


PROGRAMME OF GROSS DOMESTIC
PRODUCT (GDP)

Programul European de Comparare (PEC)


reprezint o parte component a Programului de
Comparare Internaional iniiat n anii 1970, al crui
obiectiv este compararea n termeni reali a produsului
intern brut (PIB) - nivel i structur.
Anul 1999 marcheaz momentul cnd are loc
reforma PEC concretizat n obinerea de rezultate
anuale pentru toate rile europene incluse n Program.

The European Comparison Programme (ECP) is


part of the International Comparison Programme
launched in 1970s whose objective is to compare gross
domestic product (GDP) in real terms - level and
structure.
The year 1999 represents the moment of the ECP
reform which consists in obtaining annual results for all
European participating countries included in the Programme.

Rezultatele principale
(concepte i scurte definiii)

Main results
(concepts and brief definitions)

Paritatea Puterii de Cumprare (PPC) exprim


numrul de uniti de valut necesare pentru
cumprarea ntr-o ar a aceluiai volum de bunuri i
servicii care se poate obine cu o unitate monetar a rii
baz de comparare. PPC exprim raportul ntre preurile
practicate n condiiile pieei interne a fiecrei ri.

The Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) represents


the number of currency units required to purchase a
volume of goods and services equivalent to what can be
bought with one currency unit of the base country of
comparison. PPP is computed as a ratio between prices
practised under the internal conditions of each country.

Puterea de Cumprare Standard (PCS) reprezint


moneda de referin stabilit la nivelul Uniunii Europene
pentru a exprima rezultatele Programului European de
Comparare. PCS este o unitate de valut convenional
care exclude influena diferenelor ntre nivelul preurilor
dintre ri.

Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) represents the


reference currency established at the level of European
Union in order to express the results of European
Comparison Programme. PPS is a conventional currency
unit which excludes the influence of the price levels
between countries.

Indicele nivelului preurilor reprezint raportul


dintre Paritatea Puterii de Cumprare (PPC) i cursul de
schimb oficial; exprim cte uniti din aceeai valut
sunt necesare pentru a cumpra un volum identic de
bunuri i servicii n ri diferite.

The comparative price level index is calculated as


the ratio between Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) and
the official exchange rate; it illustrates how much of the
same currency is needed to purchase identical volumes
of goods and services in different countries.

Indicele de volum reprezint raportul dintre fiecare


agregat de cheltuieli PIB convertit ntr-o valut unic de
comparare cu ajutorul Paritii Puterii de Cumprare
(PPC) al unei ri i acelai indicator al rii baz de
comparare.

The volume index is the ratio between the GDP


expenditure aggregates of a country converted by
means of the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) to a
common currency and the same indicator of the base
country of comparison.

Conceptul matematic folosit, calculul rapoartelor de


pre (Paritatea Puterii de Cumprare a valutelor la nivel
de grup primar), numrul suficient de mare de
produse i servicii, precum i defalcarea PIB n scar
pn la nivelul grupelor primare asigur calitatea i
caracterul tiinific al lucrrii de comparare.

The mathematical concepts used in the comparison


works, the calculation of price ratios (Purchasing Power
Parity of foreign currencies at the basic heading level),
the relative large number of items and the GDP
breakdown up to the basic heading level guarantee the
quality and the scientific rigour of the comparison results.

687

23.13

Produsul intern brut, pe locuitor


Gross domestic product, per capita
Calculat pe baza
cursului de schimb
(n Euro)
Calculated on the basis
of the exchange rate
(in Euro)

ara

2005

2006

2007

2008

Calculat pe baza Paritii


Puterii de Cumprare
(n PCS)
Calculated on the basis of
the Purchasing Power Parities
(in PPS)
20091)

20101)

20052)

2006

2007

2008

Country

20091)

20101)

Uniunea European
(UE-27)
Austria
Belgia
Bulgaria
Republica Ceh
Cipru
Danemarca
Estonia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
Irlanda
Italia
Letonia
Lituania
Luxemburg
Malta
Olanda
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
Suedia
Ungaria

29800
29000
3000
10200
17900
38300
8300
30000
27300
27000
2)
17400
39300
24500
5600
6100
65200
11900
31500
6400
14600
30500
3688
7100
14400
21000
33000
8800

31300
30200
3400
11500
19000
40200
10000
31500
28400
28100
1)
18700
41800
25300
7000
7100
71800
12500
33100
7100
15100
32200
4530
8300
15500
22400
35000
8900

33000
31600
4000
12800
20300
41700
12000
34000
29600
29500
1)
19900
43500
26200
9200
8500
78100
13300
34900
8200
16000
33700
5788
10200
17100
23500
36900
9900

33900
32299
4600
14800
21600
42800
12200
34900
30100
30100
1)
20700
40500
26300
10100
9700
80800
14200
36200
9500
16200
29300
6499
11900
184002)
23900
36100
10500

32900
31500
4600
13500
21100
40600
10300
32500
29300
29000
20500
35900
25400
8200
8000
75200
14100
34600
8100
15900
25300
5509
11600
17300
22800
31300
9100

34100
32600
4800
14200
21600
42500
10700
33600
29800
30300
20100
34900
25700
8000
8400
79500
14800
35400
9300
16200
27400
57923)
12100
17300
22800
37000
9700

28100
26900
8200
17800
20300
27800
13800
25700
24700
26000
20400
32500
23700
10800
11900
57200
17600
29400
11500
17800
27400
7900
13500
19600
22900
27400
14200

29800
27900
9000
18900
21400
29300
15600
27000
25600
27300
1)
21800
34600
24700
12200
13100
64000
18100
31000
12300
18600
28500
9100
15000
20700
24800
29100
14900

30900
28900
10000
20700
23100
30600
17500
29400
26900
28900
1)
22500
36900
26000
13900
14800
68600
19100
33100
13600
19600
29000
10400
16900
22100
26200
31200
15400

31100
28900
10900
21000
24200
31000
17200
29600
26500
28900
1)
23100
33300
26100
14000
15400
69600
19600
33400
14100
19500
28500
11700
18100
228002)
25900
30800
16000

29300
27400
10400
19900
23000
28600
15000
26900
25100
27100
21800
30000
24500
12200
12900
62800
18900
30700
14300
18900
26500
10900
17200
207002)
24200
28000
15000

30800
29000
10600
20100
23800
30700
15700
28300
26100
28700
21500
31100
24500
12600
14200
67000
20200
32600
15300
19800
27900
11000
18100
209002)
24500
30100
15500

European Union
(EU-27)
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Cyprus
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Hungary

ri A.E.L.S.
Elveia
Islanda
Norvegia

39900
44300
52600

41300
43800
57600

41600
48000
60200

44500
32299
64000

45500
27200
55300

51200
29900
63800

29700
29300
39600

31800
29200
43400

34700
30200
44700

35600
30500
47200

33800
27700
41100

36100
26900
43700

E.F.T.A. countries
Switzerland
Iceland
Norway

8100
2400
5700

8900
2600
6100

9800
2900
6800

108001)
3300
7000

10300
3300
6100

10400

7600

12800
6600
9700

13700
7200
10700

15200
7700
11500

159001)
8500
11700

15100
8400
10700

15000
86004)
11800

Candidate countries
Croatia
Republic of Macedonia
Turkey

ri candidate
Croaia
Republica Macedonia
Turcia

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.


2)
Serii ntrerupte. / Break in series.
3)
Date semidefinitive. / The data are semi-final.
4)

Previziuni Eurostat. / Eurostat forecasts.

688

689

23.14

Indicii nivelului preurilor i indicii de volum la Puterea de Cumprare


Standard (PCS), pe locuitor (UE - 27 = 100)
Price level indices and volume indices, per capita, in Purchasing Power
Standard (PPS), (EU - 27 = 100)
procente / percentage

Indicele nivelului preurilor (UE-27=100)


Price level index (EU-27=100)
ara

Consumul final al
gospodriilor populaiei
Households final
consumption

PIB - total
GDP - total
20051)

2006

2007

2008

Indicele de volum pe locuitor (UE-27=100)


Per capita volume index (EU-27=100)

20092) 20102)

20051) 2006

2007

Consumul final al
gospodriilor populaiei
Households final
consumption

PIB - total
GDP - total

2008 20092) 20102)

20051) 2006

2007

2008

20092) 20102)

20051) 2006 2007

2008

Country

20092) 20102)

Uniunea European
(UE-27)
Austria
Belgia
Bulgaria
Republica Ceh
Cipru
Danemarca
Estonia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
Irlanda
Italia
Letonia
Lituania
Luxemburg
Malta
Olanda
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
Suedia
Ungaria

106
107
37
57
88
138
60
117
110
104
85
121
104
52
51
114
68
107
56
82
111
47
53
73
91
121
62

105
108
38
61
89
137
64
117
111
103
86
121
102
57
54
112
69
107
58
81
113
50
55
75
90
121
60

107
109
40
62
88
136
68
116
110
102
89
118
101
67
57
114
70
106
60
81
116
56
60
78
90
118
64

109
112
43
70
90
138
71
118
112
104
90
122
101
72
63
116
72
108
68
83
103
56
66
81
92
117
66

112
115
44
68
92
142
69
121
117
107
94
120
103
68
62
120
74
113
57
84
96
50
68
84
94
112
61

111
112
45
71
91
139
68
119
114
106
94
112
105
64
59
118
74
109
61
82
99
52
67
83
93
123
63

103
106
43
58
90
140
65
124
108
103
88
124
105
57
55
112
73
105
61
85
110
55
55
76
91
119
63

102
107
45
61
90
138
69
123
109
103
89
125
104
61
57
111
75
104
63
85
111
58
58
77
92
119
61

103
107
46
62
88
137
73
120
108
102
90
124
103
67
60
115
76
102
62
86
114
64
63
79
93
116
67

105
110
49
72
89
140
78
121
112
104
91
129
103
75
66
118
77
105
69
88
102
63
70
82
95
113
69

108
113
50
70
90
145
77
125
114
106
97
126
106
74
66
121
80
109
58
89
95
58
72
84
98
108
64

107
112
51
72
89
143
75
123
112
104
96
118
104
69
64
120
79
106
63
88
100
59
71
84
97
120
66

125
120
37
79
90
124
62
114
110
116
91
145
105
48
53
254
78
131
51
79
122
35
60
87
102
122
63

126
118
38
80
91
124
66
114
108
115
922)
146
105
51
56
270
76
131
52
79
120
38
63
88
105
123
63

124
116
40
83
92
123
70
118
108
116
902)
148
104
56
59
275
76
132
54
79
116
42
68
88
105
125
62

124
115
43
84
97
124
69
118
106
115
922)
133
104
56
61
278
78
133
56
78
114
47
72
911)
103
123
64

125
117
44
84
98
122
64
114
107
115
93
128
104
52
55
267
80
131
61
80
113
46
73
881)
103
119
64

126
119
44
82
97
125
64
116
107
117
88
127
100
52
58
274
83
133
62
81
114
45
74
861)
100
123
63

118
106
44
67
101
102
59
101
107
117
109
115
107
52
59
155
88
109
56
88
136
42
59
81
101
101
60

118 115
105 104
45
49
67
69
102 109
103 104
63
67
102 104
106 107
116 113
1112) 1102)
117 123
107 107
58
61
63
67
157 154
86
83
107 107
56
58
89
90
134 130
46
49
63
67
80
81
104 105
100 102
59
59

114
105
50
72
118
104
65
106
105
113
1172)
119
108
61
70
157
86
106
61
91
127
53
72
851)
103
101
61

117
106
48
73
111
102
59
107
107
116
115
112
108
55
65
160
89
103
64
91
124
50
77
841)
99
101
60

118
108
46
71
112
104
57
108
107
116
112
111
104
56
64
157
87
104
66
93
126
48
74
821)
91
103
58

European Union
(EU-27)
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Cyprus
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Hungary

ri A.E.L.S.
Elveia
Islanda
Norvegia

134
151
133

130
150
133

120
159
135

125
119
136

135
98
135

142
111
146

138
153
141

135
145
140

125
149
138

129
117
140

139
99
136

148
111
147

132
130
176

134
123
183

139
121
179

142
122
188

144
118
175

148
110
179

136
133
128

136 139
124 122
130 130

140
114
130

143
103
131

147
97
132

E.F.T.A. countries
Switzerland
Iceland
Norway

63
36
59

65
37
58

64
38
60

68
38
60

68
39
57

69
39
64

69
43
67

73
45
67

72
45
70

75
46
69

74
45
64

74
44
73

57
29
43

58
30
45

61
31
46

64
36
45

62
35
48

59
39
52

ri candidate
Croaia
Republica Macedonia
Turcia

632)
34
47

59
41
54

63
42
56

652)
48
57

62
47
56

Candidate countries
60
Croatia
3)
46 Republic of Macedonia
59
Turkey

Not: Consumul final al gospodriilor populaiei include consumul final al instituiilor fr scop lucrativ n serviciul gospodriilor populaiei.
Note: Households final consumption includes final consumption of non-profit institutions serving households.
1)
Serii ntrerupte. / Break in series.
2)
Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
3)
Previziuni Eurostat. / Eurostat forecasts.

690

691

23.15

Indicii produciei industriale


Industrial production indices
procente / percentage

2010 fa de 2005
2010 as against 2005

Ritmul mediu anual


2006-2010
Annual average rate
2006-2010

94,4

-1,43

Australia

110,7

2,05

Australia

Austria

110,1

1,94

Austria

Belgia

116,4

3,08

Belgium

Brazilia2)

115,0

2,83

Brazil2)

Canada2)

88,6

-2,39

Canada2)
Cyprus

ara

Africa de Sud1)

Cipru

Country

South Africa1)

99,8

-0,04

139,1

6,82

87,3

-2,68

Elvetia2)

117,0

3,19

Switzerland2)

Estonia

101,9

0,38

Estonia

Finlanda

100,4

0,08

Finland

91,7

-1,72

France

104,2

0,83

Grecia

84,5

-3,31

Greece

India2)

149,6

8,39

India2)

Irlanda

Ireland

Republica Coreea
Danemarca

Frana
Germania

Republic of Korea
Denmark

Germany

108,8

1,70

Italia

88,6

-2,39

Italy

Japonia

94,8

-1,06

Japan

Letonia

98,0

-0,40

Latvia

Lituania

104,7

0,92

Luxemburg

89,4

-2,22

Norvegia

88,1

-2,50

Norway

Noua Zeeland2)

88,7

-2,37

New Zealand2)

Olanda

104,5

0,88

Netherlands

Polonia

134,4

6,09

Poland

Portugalia

92,1

-1,63

Portugal

Regatul Unit2)

89,5

-2,19

United Kingdom2)

Romnia

123,4

4,25

Romania

Slovacia

143,3

7,46

Slovakia

Slovenia

102,3

0,46

Slovenia

Spania

83,4

-3,57

Spain

S.U.A.

95,5

-0,92

United States of America

Suedia

93,2

-1,40

105,5

1,08

Mexico, U.S.2), 3)

Turcia

116,4

3,08

Turkey

Ungaria

107,9

1,53

Hungary

S.U. Mexicane2), 3)

Lithuania
Luxembourg

Sweden

Not: Indicii sunt calculai pe baza ISIC Rev. 4. / Note: The indices are calculated based on ISIC Rev. 4.
1) 2009 fa de 2005. Ritmul mediu anual 2006-2009. / 2009 as against 2005. Annual average rate 2006-2009.
2) ISIC Rev. 3.
3) Inclusiv construcii. / Including construction.

692

23.16

Indicii produciei industriale, pe tipuri de activiti


Industrial production indices, by type of activity
procente / percentage

ara

2010 fa de 2005
2010 as against 2005

Ritmul mediu anual


2006-2010
Annual average rate
2006-2010

Country

INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV
MINING AND QUARRYING
Africa de Sud1)

South Africa1)

91,5

-1,76

Australia

122,4

4,13

Australia

Austria

111,3

2,16

Austria

Belgia

97,2

-0,57

Belgium

122,0

4,06

Brazil1)

Brazilia1)
Canada1)
Cipru
Republica Coreea
Danemarca

98,9

-0,22

103,4

0,67

81,6

-3,99

Canada1)
Cyprus
Republic of Korea

71,6

-6,46

Elvetia1)

126,1

4,75

Switzerland1)

Estonia

110,2

1,96

Estonia

Finlanda

93,8

-1,27

Finland

Frana

88,5

-2,41

France

Germania

85,4

-3,11

Germany

Grecia

76,3

-5,27

Greece

India1)

132,2

5,74

India1)

Irlanda

75,0

-5,59

Ireland

Italia

73,2

-6,05

Italy

Japonia

90,0

-2,09

Japan

Letonia

111,7

2,24

Latvia

Lituania

64,0

-8,54

Luxemburg

56,2

-10,89

Norvegia

80,3

-4,29

Noua Zeeland1), 2)

141,2

7,14

New Zealand1), 2)

Olanda

109,8

1,89

Netherlands

Polonia

87,3

-2,68

Portugalia

78,9

-4,63

Portugal

Regatul Unit1)

72,7

-6,18

United Kingdom1)

Romnia

82,6

-3,75

Romania

Slovacia

101,7

0,34

Slovakia

Slovenia

130,9

5,53

Slovenia

Spania

70,8

-6,67

S.U.A.

104,3

0,85

Suedia

116,8

3,15

98,7

-0,26

S.U. Mexicane1)
Turcia
Ungaria

127,5

4,98

89,2

-2,26

Denmark

Lithuania
Luxembourg
Norway

Poland

Spain
United States of America
Sweden
Mexico, U.S.1)
Turkey
Hungary

Not: Indicii sunt calculai pe baza ISIC Rev. 4. / Note: The indices are calculated based on ISIC Rev. 4.
1) ISIC Rev. 3.
2) Inclusiv silvicultura i piscicultura. / Including forestry and fishing.

693

23.16

Indicii produciei industriale, pe tipuri de activiti - continuare


Industrial production indices, by type of activity - continued
procente / percentage

ara

2010 fa de 2005
2010 as against 2005

Ritmul mediu anual


2006-2010
Annual average rate
2006-2010

Country

INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE
MANUFACTURING
Africa de Sud1)

100,9

0,18

South Africa1)

Australia

100,7

0,14

Australia

Austria

108,1

1,57

Austria

Belgia

117,5

3,28

Belgium

Brazilia1)

114,6

2,76

Brazil1)

Canada1)

83,7

-3,50

Canada1)

Cipru

93,3

-1,38

Cyprus

140,0

6,96

90,1

-2,06

Elvetia1)

117,7

3,31

Estonia

99,9

-0,02

Estonia

Finlanda

98,5

-0,30

Finland

Frana

90,4

-2,00

France

105,2

1,02

Grecia

83,8

-3,47

Greece

India1)

152,9

8,86

India1)

Irlanda

Ireland

Republica Coreea
Danemarca

Germania

Denmark
Switzerland1)

Germany

110,1

1,94

Italia

88,5

-2,41

Italy

Japonia

94,5

-1,13

Japan

Letonia

95,7

-0,88

Latvia

Lituania

107,3

1,42

88,2

-2,48

110,5

2,02

83,8

-3,47

Olanda

102,1

0,42

Netherlands

Polonia

142,0

7,26

Poland

Portugalia

91,7

-1,72

Portugal

Regatul Unit1)

92,2

-1,61

United Kingdom1)

Romnia

128,9

5,20

Romania

Slovacia

152,8

8,85

Slovakia

Slovenia

102,9

0,57

Slovenia

Spania

82,0

-3,89

Spain

S.U.A.

92,4

-1,57

United States of America

Suedia

92,0

-1,65

106,1

1,19

Mexico, U.S.1)

Turcia

114,3

2,71

Turkey

Ungaria

109,1

1,76

Hungary

Luxemburg
Norvegia
Noua Zeeland1)

S.U. Mexicane1)

Not: Indicii sunt calculai pe baza ISIC Rev. 4. / Note: The indices are calculated based on ISIC Rev. 4.
1) ISIC Rev. 3.

694

Republic of Korea

Lithuania
Luxembourg
Norway
New Zealand1)

Sweden

23.16

Indicii produciei industriale, pe tipuri de activiti - continuare


Industrial production indices, by type of activity - continued
procente / percentage

ara

2010 fa de 2005
2010 as against 2005

Ritmul mediu anual


2006-2010
Annual average rate
2006-2010

Country

PRODUCIA I FURNIZAREA DE ENERGIE ELECTRIC


I TERMIC, GAZE I AP CALD
ELECTRICITY, GAS AND STEAM PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY
Africa de Sud1), 2)

106,0

1,17

South Africa1), 2)

Australia3)

113,0

2,47

Australia3)

Austria

123,5

4,31

Austria

Belgia

111,2

2,15

99,4

-0,12

Canada1)

Belgium
Canada1)

Cipru

120,6

3,82

Cyprus

Republica Coreea

127,4

4,96

Republic of Korea

98,8

-0,24

Elvetia1)

108,0

1,55

Switzerland1)

Estonia4)

114,2

2,69

Estonia4)

Finlanda

116,6

3,12

Finland

Frana

102,1

0,42

France

Germania

95,6

-0,90

Germany

Grecia

86,0

-2,97

Greece

India1), 2)

131,2

5,58

Irlanda

105,2

1,02

95,6

-0,90

Japonia3)

103,0

0,59

Japan3)

Letonia

107,4

1,44

Latvia

Lituania

92,3

-1,59

105,9

1,15

91,0

-1,87

Noua Zeeland1)

104,3

0,85

New Zealand1)

Olanda

112,7

2,42

Netherlands

Polonia

97,4

-0,53

Portugalia

96,2

-0,77

Portugal

Regatul Unit1)

96,6

-0,69

United Kingdom1)

Romnia5)

111,8

2,25

Romania5)

Slovacia3)

111,8

2,26

Slovakia3)

Slovenia3)

85,5

-3,08

Slovenia3)

Spania

98,7

-0,26

Spain

S.U.A.

104,1

0,81

Suedia

94,3

-1,17

S.U. Mexicane1)

118,7

3,49

Mexico, U.S.1)

Turcia

129,8

5,35

Turkey

97,4

-0,53

Danemarca

Italia

Luxemburg
Norvegia

Ungaria

Denmark

India1), 2)
Ireland
Italy

Lithuania
Luxembourg
Norway

Poland

United States of America


Sweden

Hungary

Not: Indicii sunt calculai pe baza ISIC Rev. 4. / Note: The indices are calculated based on ISIC Rev. 4.
1) ISIC Rev. 3.
2) Doar electricitate. / Only electricity.
3) Doar electricitate i gaz. / Only electricity and gas.
4) Doar electricitate i ap cald. / Only electricity and hot water.
5) Inclusiv aerul condiionat. / Including air conditioning.

695

23.17

Producia mondial a unor produse industriale principale


World production of main industrial products
U.M.
M.U.

696

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Energie (n echivalent crbune)


Energy (in coal equivalent)

milioane tone
million tonnes

14599

15015

15240

Energie electric
Electric power

miliarde kWh
billion kWh

18307

19014

19845

20269

20130

Crbune net
Net coal

milioane tone
million tonnes

5898

6189

6357

6619

6938

iei extras
Crude oil

milioane tone
million tonnes

3878

3899

3885

3911

3714

Gaze naturale
Natural gas

petajouli
petajoules

107386

110662

112934

117476

115168

Minereu de aur
Mine production of gold

tone
tonnes

2500

2370

2350

2290

2460

Minereu de fier
Iron ore

milioane tone
million tonnes

1569

1826

2043

2188

2248

Bauxit
Bauxite

milioane tone
million tonnes

178

193

213

212

199

Oel
Steel

milioane tone
million tonnes

1144

1232

1344

1329

1224

Aluminiu primar
Primary aluminum

mii tone
thou tonnes

31900

33300

38200

39400

36900

Cupru rafinat
Refined copper

mii tone
thou tonnes

16600

17200

20900

18000

18300

Zinc neprelucrat
Unwrought zinc

mii tone
thou tonnes

10100

10400

11000

11700

11400

Plumb rafinat
Refined lead

mii tone
thou tonnes

7600

8000

8100

9400

8900

Minereu de argint
Mine production of silver

tone
tonnes

20841

20579

21104

21565

22236

Acid sulfuric (monohidrat)


Sulphuric acid (monohydrate)

milioane tone
million tonnes

188,2

192,7

201,2

191,5

189,8

milioane tone

167,2

169,5

175,6

170,6

170,1

12100

12653

13387

12743

12415

2310

2550

2770

2840

3060

ngrminte chimice
(100% substan activ)
Chemical fertilizers
(100% active substance)

million tonnes

Cauciuc sintetic
Synthetic rubber

mii tone
thou tonnes

Ciment
Cement

milioane tone
million tonnes

Cherestea inclusiv traverse


Sawnwood including sleepers

milioane m3
million m3

432

440

431

402

364

Sare
Salt

milioane tone
million tonnes

250

260

250

257

267

23.18

Producia i consumul de energie primar, pe locuitor, n anul 2007


Primary energy production and consumption, per inhabitant, in 2007

ara

Kg n echivalent crbune1)
Kg in coal equivalent1)

Kg n echivalent petrol2)
Kg in oil equivalent2)

Producie
Consum
Production Consumption

Producie
Consum
Production Consumption

Country

Africa de Sud

4021

3626

2815

2538

South Africa

Algeria

8157

1531

5710

1072

Algeria

Angola

7593

436

5315

305

Angola

28504

8265

19953

5786

Saudi Arabia

Argentina

3139

2544

2198

1781

Argentina

Australia

19420

8110

13594

5677

Australia

Austria

1110

4764

777

3335

Austria

Azerbaidjan

8803

1988

6162

1391

Azerbaijan

32231

17833

22561

12483

Bahrain

Belgia

605

5644

423

3951

Belgium

Brazilia

1151

1176

806

823

75533

10766

52873

7536

Brunei Darussalam

Bulgaria

1233

3010

863

2107

Bulgaria

Canada

17377

10281

12164

7196

Canada

Republica Ceh

3707

5188

2595

3631

Czech Republic

Columbia

2585

668

1810

468

R.P. Chinez

1907

1969

1335

1379

China, Peoples Republic of

2545

1782

China, Hong Kong SAR

1261

1142

883

799

426

4727

298

3309

Republic of Korea

Danemarca

6511

4406

4558

3084

Denmark

Ecuador

3000

1056

2100

740

Ecuador

Egipt

1671

1322

1170

926

Elveia3)

1062

3485

744

2439

Arabia Saudit

Bahrain

Brunei Darussalam

China, Hong Kong RAS


R.P.D. Coreean
Republica Coreea

Emiratele Arabe Unite

Brazil

Colombia

Dem. Peoples Republic of Korea

Egypt
Switzerland3)

58711

18429

41098

12901

Finlanda

1169

7210

818

5047

United Arab Emirates


Finland

Frana4)

1087

3946

761

2762

France4)

Gabon

11832

779

8282

545

Germania

1655

4927

1158

3449

Germany

Grecia

1148

4157

803

2910

Greece

440

550

308

385

Indonezia

1510

793

1057

555

Irak

5059

1474

3541

1032

Republica Islamic Iran

6526

3558

4568

2491

Islamic Republic of Iran

460

4297

322

3008

Italy5)

India

Italia5)
Japonia

Gabon

India
Indonesia
Iraq

393

4796

275

3357

Japan

Kazahstan

13043

6559

9130

4591

Kazakhstan

Kuweit

76803

15724

53762

11007

Kuwait

1) Combustibil convenional definit ca avnd puterea calorific net de 7000 kcal/kg (29308 kJ/kg). / Conventional fuel defined as having

net calorific power 7000 Kcal/kg (29308 kJ/hg).

2) Combustibil convenional definit ca avnd puterea calorific net de 10000 kcal/kg (41868 kJ/kg). / Conventional fuel defined as having

net calorific power 10000 Kcal/kg (41868 kJ/hg).

3) Inclusiv Liechtenstein. / Including Liechtenstein.


4) Inclusiv Monaco. / Including Monaco.
5) Inclusiv San Marino. / Including San Marino.

697

23.18

Producia i consumul de energie primar, pe locuitor, n anul 2007 - continuare


Primary energy production and consumption, per inhabitant, in 2007 - continued

ara

Kg n echivalent crbune1)
Kg in coal equivalent1)

Kg n echivalent petrol2)
Kg in oil equivalent2)

Producie
Consum
Production Consumption

Producie
Consum
Production Consumption

Marea Jamahirie Arab


Libian Pop.Soc.

Country

Great Socialist Peoples


23582

3708

16507

2596

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

346

12916

242

9041

Luxembourg

Malaezia

5076

3762

3553

2633

Malaysia

Nigeria

1441

194

1009

136

67236

8468

47065

5928

Norway6)

3835

4783

2685

3348

New Zealand

Luxemburg

Norvegia6)
Noua Zeeland

Nigeria

Olanda

5598

6174

3918

4322

Netherlands

Oman

30897

7439

21628

5207

Oman

Pakistan

338

528

237

370

Polonia

2562

3472

1793

2430

Poland
Portugal

Portugalia
Qatar
Regatul Unit
Romnia7)

Pakistan

190

2660

133

1862

171348

25698

119943

17989

3960

4795

2772

3357

United Kingdom

Qatar

1811

2598

1268

1818

Romania7)

12306

6301

8614

4411

Russian Federation

4660

3262

Singapore

Spania

507

4022

355

2815

Spain

S.U.A.

7029

10056

4920

7039

United States of America

S.U. Mexicane

3135

2138

2194

1496

Mexico, U.S.

Suedia

1901

4166

1331

2916

Sweden
Thailand

Federaia Rus
Singapore

Thailanda

907

1807

635

1265

41029

17177

28720

12024

413

1792

289

1254

Turkey

19139

5400

13397

3780

Turkmenistan

Ucraina

1886

3723

1320

2606

Ukraine

Ungaria

967

3311

677

2318

Hungary

9222

3406

6456

2385

Venezuela

Trinidad - Tobago
Turcia
Turkmenistan

Venezuela

Trinidad and Tobago

1) Combustibil convenional definit ca avnd puterea calorific net de 7000 kcal/kg (29308 kJ/kg). / Conventional fuel defined as having

net calorific power 7000 Kcal/kg (29308 kJ/hg).

2) Combustibil convenional definit ca avnd puterea calorific net de 10000 kcal/kg (41868 kJ/kg). / Conventional fuel defined as having

net calorific power 10000 Kcal/kg (41868 kJ/hg).

6) Inclusiv insulele Svalbard i Jan Mayen. / Including Islands Svalbard and Jan Mayen.
7) Consumul intern brut de energie. / Gross domestic consumption of energy.

698

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale


Production of the main industrial products

ara

Pe locuitor
Per inhabitant
(kWh)

Total (miliarde kWh)


Total (billion kWh)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Country

2010

ENERGIE ELECTRIC
ELECTRIC POWER
Africa de Sud

248,1

253,8

263,8

258,3

249,9

259,6

5202

South Africa

Argentina

107,1

105,1

104,7

111,3

115,6

2855

Argentina

Australia

202,4

228,9

227,5

234,6

231,4

Austria

65,8

63,4

63,7

66,8

68,9

70,8

8429

Austria

Belgia

85,8

85,3

88,3

84,5

90,8

93,1

8623

Belgium

Bulgaria

44,2

45,4

43,4

43,8

42,8

46,0

6134

Bulgaria

Canada

594,7

585,1

603,2

603,1

574,8

567,4

16640

Canada

82,6

84,4

88,2

83,6

82,2

85,9

8181

Czech Republic

2397,4

2749,4

3180,6

3103,1

3621,3

4127,3

3084

China, Peoples Republic of2)

364,3

381,3

403,1

424,7

433,3

476,1

9737

Republic of Korea2)

Danemarca

36,0

43,3

37,4

34,5

34,5

36,8

6685

Denmark

Elveia

59,6

62,0

65,9

66,3

69,2

Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez2)
Republica Coreea2)

Finlanda

81,9

78,0

77,7

74,1

68,7

76,6

Germania

586,1

540,4

522,8

514,8

474,3

Grecia

57,3

55,9

59,8

57,4

55,3

53,8

India2)

613,5

651,7

695,2

718,5

756,4

Irlanda2)

105681) Australia

88681) Switzerland
14189

Finland

57851) Germany
4759

Greece

6461) India2)

25,5

26,7

26,4

27,9

27,1

26,5

5883

Ireland2)

Italia

309,0

312,4

312,8

316,7

289,6

298,2

4929

Italy

Japonia

872,0

898,9

992,8

990,9

917,9

929,0

7292

Japan

Norvegia

137,6

121,6

137,3

142,6

132,3

123,9

25293

39,4

40,0

39,4

40,1

Noua Zeeland2)

Norway

93273) New Zealand2)

Olanda

99,9

98,6

103,4

106,8

112,2

114,8

6914

Netherlands

Polonia

154,1

160,3

157,8

153,7

151,7

157,3

4119

Poland

36,6

37,1

47,3

31,3

38,0

42,2

3942

Portugal

362,2

362,9

362,0

355,5

340,5

347,6

5588

United Kingdom2)

Portugalia
Regatul Unit2)
Romnia

59,4

62,7

61,7

65,0

58,0

61,0

2845

Romania

Federaia Rus

952,3

991,4

1015,9

1037,1

992,2

1037,0

7308

Russian Federation

Spania

265,6

275,6

281,7

291,7

276,4

282,2

5992

Spain

S.U.A.

4038,0

4053,0

4159,5

4114,8

3953,1

4120,0

13308

S.U. Mexicane

172,1

164,1

162,1

159,9

157,1

Suedia

159,4

140,7

129,8

145,7

133,0

144,3

15346

Turcia

161,6

173,0

187,9

198,3

217,2

210,3

2857

Turkey

Ucraina

186,1

193,4

195,3

193,9

172,9

187,7

4089

Ukraine

Ungaria

30,4

35,2

32,7

33,6

30,2

29,7

2969

Hungary

United States of America

14331) Mexico, U.S.


Sweden

1) 2009.
2) Exclusiv producia de energie electric destinat consumului tehnologic. / Excluding electricity produced by industrial establishments

for own use.

3) 2008.

699

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued

ara

Pe locuitor
Per inhabitant
(kg)

Total (milioane tone)


Total (million tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Country

2010

CRBUNE NET
NET COAL
Africa de Sud

245,0

244,8

247,7

252,3

249,1

254,2

5093

Australia

395,0

403,0

404,0

432,0

427,0

449,0

20045

Australia

Bulgaria

24,5

25,5

28,3

28,2

27,2

29,3

3907

Bulgaria

Canada

65,3

66,4

69,4

67,8

62,9

67,9

1991

Canada

Republica Ceh

62,0

61,5

57,8

59,3

56,7

55,1

5247

Czech Republic

1810,7

2055,5

2306,7

2585,7

2984,0

R. P. Chinez1)
Republica Coreea

22412) China, Peoples Republic of1)


522) Republic of Korea

2,9

2,8

2,9

2,8

2,5

14,7

14,1

16,5

16,0

14,9

17,9

13763

205,9

201,1

201,9

192,5

183,4

180,2

2208

Germany

67,3

62,5

63,4

63,0

61,8

53,6

4746

Greece

India

428,2

450,6

478,9

515,6

557,1

Indonezia

141,1

150,9

160,2

181,6

193,4

224,7

Kazahstan

87,3

96,2

89,8

110,0

101,2

Pakistan1)

4,9

3,6

3,2

3,4

3,4

18

Estonia
Germania
Grecia

Polonia

Estonia

4762) India
954

Indonesia

63662) Kazakhstan
Pakistan1)

159,4

156,0

145,3

143,7

134,9

133,0

3482

Regatul Unit3)

20,0

18,1

17,0

17,9

17,9

18,1

291

Romnia3)

31,1

34,9

35,8

35,9

34,0

31,1

1452

Romania3)

296,8

309,2

314,3

326,1

298,5

323,9

2283

Russian Federation

10,8

11,6

11,0

10,0

9,5

8,0

170

1133,3

1161,4

1149,8

1170,2

1072,8

1085,3

3505

7,0

7,6

11,0

11,0

10,1

9,2

84

20,9

19,0

18,2

18,0

16,4

Federaia Rus
Spania3)
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Thailanda

Poland
United Kingdom3)

Spain3)
United States of America
Mexico

2412) Thailand

Turcia

58,6

64,1

75,0

82,7

85,9

78,4

1065

Turkey

Ucraina

60,3

61,8

58,8

59,6

54,8

54,4

1186

Ukraine

1) Inclusiv deeuri. / Including waste.


2) 2009.
3) Inclusiv lamuri. / Including slurries.

700

South Africa

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued

ara

Pe locuitor
Per inhabitant
(kg)

Total (milioane tone)


Total (million tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Country

2010

IEI EXTRAS
CRUDE PETROLEUM
Algeria

61,9

64,0

66,1

61,0

54,7

54,0

1501

468,8

467,8

440,7

460,1

408,0

407,0

13938

Argentina

34,0

33,6

33,1

32,4

35,8

Australia3)

19,5

22,7

23,5

23,5

23,7

23,8

Arabia Saudit1)

Brazilia3)

83,1

89,7

88,9

92,4

Canada4)

104,4

121,7

127,8

126,6

R. P. Chinez

8892) Argentina
1062

5182)

125,6

37282)

99,1

Algeria
Saudi Arabia1)
Australia3)
Brazil3)
Canada4)

180,7

184,7

186,7

190,0

189,6

203,8

152

China, Peoples Republic of

Columbia

26,9

27,8

27,1

30,1

34,6

40,5

889

Colombia

Danemarca

18,5

16,7

15,0

14,2

12,9

12,1

2204

Denmark

Ecuador3)

27,7

28,0

28,0

26,2

24,3

24,9

1753

Ecuador3)

Egipt

4222)

32,5

31,9

30,7

33,3

33,2

114,6

123,1

121,7

124,9

107,5

111,6

20676

Frana

1,2

1,1

1,0

1,0

0,9

0,9

14

France

Germania

3,5

4,4

4,6

4,7

4,4

4,8

59

Germany

India

32,5

33,6

34,1

34,0

33,2

36,7

31

India

Indonezia

52,3

51,4

48,2

48,3

46,6

46,1

196

Republica Islamic Iran 200,6

204,7

187,7

203,4

176,6

176,0

2343

6,1

5,8

5,8

5,3

4,4

5,1

85

50,9

54,9

63,9

66,6

76,6

Kuweit1)

129,6

134,4

131,9

134,9

113,8

116,4

37548

Kuwait1)

Malaezia

34,6

32,8

33,1

32,9

31,4

30,3

1047

Malaysia

Emiratele Arabe Unite

Italia
Kazahstan

Egypt
United Arab Emirates

Indonesia
Islamic Republic of Iran
Italy

48172) Kazakhstan

Marea Jamah. Arab


Libian Pop. Soc.

81,2

84,3

82,0

83,4

71,0

71,6

11012

Nigeria

125,5

118,4

106,9

103,9

104,4

120,1

759

Nigeria

Norvegia

130,5

123,1

117,2

99,7

98,3

91,3

18637

Norway

Olanda

2,3

1,4

2,1

1,7

1,3

1,0

61

Peru

4,6

5,7

6,1

6,4

7,8

8,4

285

Qatar

37,8

36,3

39,0

41,1

35,7

35,7

20993

Regatul Unit

84,0

69,8

76,8

65,4

62,4

58,0

933

5,2

4,8

Federaia Rus

469,2

480,0

490,0

487,6

494,0

504,7

3557

Russian Federation

S.U.A.

340,8

342,6

342,9

336,4

357,9

373,7

1207

United States of America

S.U. Mexicane

168,6

172,5

163,8

134,2

136,6

135,0

1221

Mexico, U.S.

Thailanda

9,2

10,3

10,6

11,4

11,8

11,7

171

Turcia

2,3

2,2

2,1

2,2

2,5

2,6

35

Turkey

Ucraina

4,3

4,5

4,3

4,2

3,9

3,5

76

Ukraine

172,9

170,8

148,6

163,3

149,5

144,8

5026

Romnia

Venezuela

1)
2)
3)
4)

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Netherlands
Peru
Qatar
United Kingdom
Romania

Thailand

Venezuela

Inclusiv cota aferent din producia Zonei Neutre. / Including Neutral Zone on share basis.
2009.
Inclusiv condensatul provenit din gazul natural. / Including natural gas liquids.
Inclusiv ieiul extras din nisipuri bituminoase. / Including crude petroleum from tar sands.

701

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued
Pe locuitor
(gigajouli)
Per inhabitant
(gigajoules)

Total (terajouli)
Total (terajoules)

ara
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Country

2010

GAZE NATURALE
NATURAL GAS

Argentina

1685304

2039556

2055528

2004156

1825728

Australia

1506372 1604112

45,31) Argentina

1298988

1386420

1386492

1364064

Azerbaidjan

128676

229608

374820

569124

640224

Bangladesh

502824

446688

533844

622968

687048

4,21) Bangladesh

Brazilia

429084

776184

793956

944460

924732

4,81) Brazil

Canada

6566448

6618516

6480840

6088944

6684

6912

7356

7296

1965624

2317488

2677284

3133944

85188

95520

105864

97908

97440

437592

228228

199668

216096

181740

177840

32,3

33228

37776

40464

34572

34416

28116

0,4

661068

666684

663120

617700

591216

7,21) Germany

India

1109412

1213728

1213800

1233516

1570416

1,31) India

Indonezia

3204684

3354876

3319716

3194544

3309552 3593064

20880

19056

19800

17484

15528

15192

3,4

Ireland

Italia

458004

416040

370068

346716

309336

316152

5,2

Italy

Japonia

128016

135468

137760

158556

145572

139296

1,1

Japan

Malaezia

2402160

2314140

2354976

2245896

2279292 2448924

84,7

Malaysia

Norvegia

3527904

3669984

3822528

3932316

4137732 4274952

872,4

Norway

156864

160488

176520

170544

Olanda

2624388

2300892

2273928

2471592

2341464 2633940

158,7

Pakistan

1176504

1379280

1422984

1438608

1490580

8,1

Pakistan

Polonia

179748

175344

177228

167676

171552

4,5

Poland

Regatul Unit

3693300

3324300

3017136

2913780

2496888 2391672

38,5

United Kingdom

Romnia3)

439219

432724

413663

400938

18,7

Romania3)

Federaia Rus 24785724 25609140 25402428 22351968 19656516 21951492

154,7

Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez
Croaia
Danemarca
Frana
Germania

Irlanda

Noua Zeeland

Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Thailanda

6648

3252

732

708

5594868 5565756
6696

71,6

Australia

72,81) Azerbaijan

163,2

Canada

7644

0,7

Czech Republic

3325488 3642768

2,7

China, Peoples Republic of

169932
412859

15,3

Denmark
France

Indonesia

39,72) New Zealand


Netherlands

Russian Federation

2076

**)

19633788 20195400 20940600 22242036 22763412 23439324

75,7

United States of America

29,2

Mexico, U.S.

2245812

2496216

2816592

3233544

924348

954684

978180

879732

564

22,11) Croatia

3235536 3228876
940308

Spain

13,91) Thailand
10,41) Tunisia

Tunisia

87852

93408

87708

87480

107772

Ucraina

684780

691980

693264

697692

712944

672240

14,6

Ukraine

Ungaria

108744

114984

91992

97248

87780

90192

9,0

Hungary

1) 2009.
2) 2008.
3) Date calculate n sistemul energiei finale utiliznd puterea calorific superioar. / Data calculated in the final energy system using

the superior calorific power.

702

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued

ara

Pe locuitor
Per inhabitant
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2009

Country

MINEREU DE FIER
IRON ORE
Africa de Sud

39542

41326

42101

48983

55313

1091

1879

2340

1982

2077

1307

37

261796

275042

299009

342514

394069

17994

Austria

2048

2092

2153

2033

2002

238

Brazilia

281462

317800

354674

368800

327000

1708

Canada

28343

34094

33158

31273

31699

941

7862

8629

8818

9316

8242

485

Chile

420493

588171

707073

824011

880171

661

China, Peoples Republic of

Algeria
Australia

Chile
R. P. Chinez
Columbia
Egipt
Germania

608

644

624

475

281

1599

1600

1600

1811

2000

25

South Africa
Algeria
Australia
Austria
Brazil
Canada

Colombia
Egypt

362

416

422

455

364

India

165230

180917

204185

218554

213371

182

India

Iran

26244

31538

35195

38200

38200

522

Iran

Kazahstan

19471

18255

19582

21500

22281

1401

Kazakstan

Mauritania

10752

11155

11815

10968

10275

3114

Mauritania

Norvegia

Germany

713

620

630

746

896

187

Norway

Noua Zeeland

2207

2146

1724

2020

586

136

New Zealand

Peru

5615

5885

6277

6348

4069

139

Peru

221

123

Federaia Rus

96828

104000

105000

99900

92000

649

S.U.A.

54300

52700

52000

54000

26000

85

S.U. Mexicane

14468

14568

16453

11709

17693

161

Suedia

23255

23302

24714

23888

17677

1901

Turcia

3890

3252

3539

3990

4170

56

Romnia1)

Ucraina

69456

74000

77900

72688

66452

1445

Venezuela

21179

21000

23000

20000

21000

739

Romania1)
Russian Federation
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
Venezuela

1) Producia brut de minereu de fier extras. / Gross production of extracted iron ore.

703

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued

ara

Pe locuitor
Per inhabitant
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2009

Country

OEL
STEEL
Africa de Sud

9494

9721

9100

8550

7484

148

South Africa

Argentina

5382

5533

5388

5231

4013

100

Argentina

Australia

7789

7937

7901

7625

5249

240

Australia

Austria

7031

7129

7577

7593

5662

674

Austria

Belgia

10422

11631

10692

10673

5635

522

Belgium

Brazilia

31610

30901

33782

33716

26506

138

Brazil

Bulgaria

1969

2124

2050

1330

726

96

Bulgaria

Canada

15327

15493

15718

15130

8968

266

Canada

6189

6862

7059

6387

4594

438

Czech Republic

353240

419149

489660

500488

568033

427

China, Peoples Republic of

47820

48455

51517

53322

48572

997

Republic of Korea

4738

5054

4431

4417

3078

581

Finland

Frana

19481

19852

19250

17879

12840

205

France

Germania

44524

47224

48550

45832

32670

398

Germany

India

45780

49450

53080

55050

62838

54

9404

9789

10051

9964

10873

149

Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez
Republica Coreea
Finlanda

Republica Islamic Iran


Italia

29349

31625

31506

30589

19847

329

Italy

112471

116226

120203

118739

87534

686

Japan

Kazahstan

4477

4245

4784

4244

4146

261

Kazakhstan

Luxemburg

2194

2802

2858

2582

2141

4282

Luxembourg

Olanda

6919

6372

7368

6853

5193

315

Netherlands

Polonia

8336

9992

9832

10381

7239

190

Poland

13239

13905

14312

13521

10080

163

United Kingdom

6280

6266

6269

5039

2773

129

Romania

66146

69308

72220

68700

59200

417

Russian Federation

4485

5093

5082

4489

3747

694

Slovakia

Spania

17825

18391

18998

18640

14357

306

Spain

S.U.A.

94897

98557

98181

91490

58142

190

United States of America

S.U. Mexicane

16282

16447

17563

17230

13957

127

Mexico, U.S.

Suedia

5726

5466

5673

5196

2804

302

Sweden

Turcia

20961

23308

25761

26809

25304

338

Turkey

Ucraina

38641

40892

43647

38111

30302

659

Ukraine

Ungaria

2004

2089

2227

2096

1401

140

Hungary

Venezuela

4907

4693

5081

4225

3808

134

Venezuela

Japonia

Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Slovacia

704

India
Islamic Republic of Iran

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued

ara

Pe locuitor
Per inhabitant
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Country

2009

ALUMINIU PRIMAR
PRIMARY ALUMINIUM
Africa de Sud

846

895

899

811

809

16,0

South Africa

Argentina

275

278

293

400

407

10,1

Argentina

Australia

1903

1929

1957

1974

1943

88,7

Australia

Bahrein

750

872

866

872

850

708,3

Bahrain

Brazilia

1498

1605

1655

1661

1536

8,0

Canada

2894

3051

3083

3120

3030

89,9

R. P. Chinez

7806

9358

12559

13177

12846

9,6

Egipt

244

252

258

259

245

3,1

Egypt

Frana

440

443

430

432

345

5,5

France

Germania

648

516

551

606

292

3,6

Germany

Grecia

165

165

168

162

135

11,9

India

931

1114

1230

1052

1302

1,1

India

Indonezia

252

250

242

243

258

1,1

Indonesia

Republica Islamic Iran

219

205

204

248

281

3,8

Islamic Republic of Iran

Islanda

273

328

446

761

814

2713,3

Italia

193

194

180

186

166

2,8

Norvegia

Brazil
Canada
China, Peoples Republic of

Greece

Iceland
Italy

1391

1383

1362

1368

1090

227,1

Noua Zeeland

351

337

353

316

271

63,0

New Zealand

Olanda

334

285

297

320

306

18,5

Netherlands

Regatul Unit

368

360

365

316

314

5,1

Romnia1)

258

277

Federaia Rus

3647

3117

3955

4193

3815

26,9

Spania

395

367

405

408

335

7,1

S.U.A.

2481

2284

2554

2658

1727

5,6

380

414

419

400

359

47,9

Tadjikistan
Ucraina

114

113

113

86

46

1,0

Venezuela

624

617

616

608

561

19,8

Norway

United Kingdom
Romania1)
Russian Federation
Spain
United States of America
Tajikistan
Ukraine
Venezuela

1) Inclusiv aluminiu secundar i aliaje. / Including secondary aluminium and alloys.

705

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued

ara

Pe locuitor
Per inhabitant
(kg)

Total (milioane tone)


Total (million tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2010

406

Country

CIMENT
CEMENT
Australia

9,1

9,2

9,6

9,7

8,7

9,1

Bangladesh

2,1

2,3

2,4

2,9

Belarus

3,1

3,5

3,8

4,2

4,4

4,5

Brazilia

36,7

37,5

46,4

51,9

...

477

Belarus

2662) Brazil

Bulgaria

3,6

4,1

4,4

4,9

2,7

2,0

261

Bulgaria

Canada

14,2

14,3

15,1

13,7

11,0

12,4

365

Canada

1068,9

1236,8

1354,1

1388,4

1637,3

1863,9

1393

China, Peoples Republic of

52,2

55,0

58,2

56,6

53,8

50,7

1037

Republic of Korea

3,5

3,6

3,6

3,6

2,8

2,7

614

Croatia

134,8

152,3

163,7

177,0

195,8

206,9

174

India

Iordania

4,0

4,0

4,0

4,4

...

Japonia

69,6

69,9

67,7

62,8

54,8

51,5

404

Japan

Malaezia

16,6

19,4

21,9

19,6

19,5

19,7

683

Malaysia

Maroc

10,3

11,4

12,8

14,1

14,5

14,9

467

Morocco

Pakistan

17,7

20,2

26,7

28,4

30,4

29,6

160

Pakistan

5,1

5,8

6,2

6,9

7,2

8,3

282

Peru

Polonia

12,4

14,5

16,7

17,0

15,3

15,4

403

Poland

Regatul Unit3)

11,2

11,5

11,9

10,1

7,6

7,9

127

United Kingdom3)
Romania

R. P. Chinez
Republica Coreea
Croaia
India

Peru

Romnia
Federaia Rus
Slovacia

7552) Jordan

7,0

8,3

10,1

10,7

7,9

7,0

326

48,5

54,7

59,9

53,6

44,3

50,4

355

Russian Federation

3,4

3,7

3,7

4,2

3,0

3,0

560

Slovakia

S.U.A.

95,9

93,5

92,3

84,5

64,4

64,5

208

United States of America

S.U. Mexicane

40,1

43,1

44,2

43,1

41,6

38,5

348

Mexico, U.S.

Thailanda

37,9

39,4

35,7

31,7

31,2

4601) Thailand

Tunisia

6,7

6,9

7,1

7,6

7,5

8,1

767

Tunisia

Turcia

43,0

49,1

51,0

53,4

55,1

60,3

820

Turkey

Ucraina

12,2

13,7

15,0

14,9

9,5

9,5

206

Ukraine

1) 2009.
2) 2008.
3) Datele se refer numai la Marea Britanie. / The data are referring only to Great Britain.

706

Australia

181) Bangladesh

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued

ara

Pe locuitor
Per inhabitant
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Country

2009

NGRMINTE CHIMICE (100% substan activ)


CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS (100% active substance)
Africa de Sud

595

298

317

275

419

8,3

South Africa

Arabia Saudit

1504

1577

1966

1788

1591

55,4

Saudi Arabia

Australia

936

923

924

924

900

41,1

Australia

Belarus

5705

5426

5999

5967

3366

347,0

Belarus

Brazilia

3077

3295

3459

3225

3122

16,3

Brazil

Bulgaria

522

467

362

366

457

60,1

Bulgaria

Canada

11460

12603

13346

9311

9492

281,7

Canada

328

349

349

349

349

33,2

Czech Republic

42989

49963

49986

51237

55527

41,7

China, Peoples Republic of

Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez
Republica Coreea
Egipt
Finlanda

589

563

581

555

706

14,5

Republic of Korea

1878

2109

2786

2931

2989

38,0

Egypt

365

324

343

391

322

60,8

Finland

Frana

3619

2882

1875

1735

621

9,9

France

Germania

4752

4771

4713

3435

3563

43,5

195

90

70

64

64

5,7

Grecia
India

Germany
Greece

15311

13132

15542

12734

15932

13,6

India

Indonezia

3077

2987

2853

3538

3858

15,9

Indonesia

Iordania

1518

1529

1644

1605

1514

256,6

Jordan

Israel

2771

2739

2523

2938

2304

303,2

Israel

Italia

425

368

316

484

500

8,3

1306

1454

1391

1216

1338

42,5

Norvegia

742

809

803

758

545

113,5

Noua Zeeland

306

244

244

244

244

56,7

New Zealand

Olanda

1740

1735

1796

1605

1560

94,5

Netherlands

Pakistan

2769

2789

2735

2876

2945

16,3

Pakistan

Polonia

2331

2309

2483

2393

1788

46,9

Poland

Regatul Unit

1481

1102

896

936

790

12,8

United Kingdom

Romnia

1682

1142

1163

1787

964

44,9

Romania

16622

16206

17287

16199

14630

103,2

250

222

222

222

222

41,1

Slovakia

Maroc

Federaia Rus
Slovacia

Italy
Morocco
Norway

Russian Federation

Spania

1769

1607

1693

1569

1141

24,3

Spain

S.U.A.

20956

19971

20576

18263

17181

56,0

United States of America

448

304

401

441

395

3,6

Turcia

1242

1015

997

966

988

13,2

Turkey

Ucraina

2701

2567

2567

2614

2156

46,9

Ukraine

Ungaria

311

302

223

190

238

23,8

Hungary

S.U. Mexicane

Mexico, U.S.

707

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued
m3 / 1000
locuitori
m3 / 1000
inhabitants

Total (mii m3)


Total (thou m3)

ara
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Country

2009

CHERESTEA (inclusiv traverse)


SAWNWOOD (including sleepers)
Africa de Sud
Australia
Austria
Belgia
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Camerun
Canada
Republica Ceh
Chile
R. P. Chinez
Republica Coreea
Croaia
Danemarca
Ecuador
Elveia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
India
Indonezia
Irlanda
Italia
Japonia
Letonia
Lituania
Malaezia
Nigeria
Norvegia
Noua Zeeland
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Slovacia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Turcia
Ungaria
Vietnam

708

2217
4687
11074
1285
23557
569
702
60187
4003
8298
18814
4366
624
196
755
1591
12269
9715
21931
14789
4330
1015
1590
12825
4227
1445
5173
2000
2326
4249
3360
1010
2770
3022
22033
2621
3660
97020
2674
17600
6445
215
3232

2091
4784
10507
1520
23797
683
702
58709
5080
8718
25776
4366
669
300
350
1668
12227
9992
24420
14789
4330
1094
1748
12554
4320
1466
5129
2000
2389
4234
3607
1010
2907
3129
22127
2440
3806
92903
2650
18300
6471
186
3000

2091
5064
11262
1555
24414
1884
702
52284
5454
8340
29202
4366
702
300
393
1541
12477
9965
25170
14789
4330
1094
1700
11632
3459
1380
5122
2000
2402
4280
3304
1010
3146
3395
23200
2781
3332
84363
2687
18600
6599
235
4500

2056
5064
10835
1400
24987
816
773
41548
4636
7306
29311
4366
721
300
417
1540
9881
9690
23060
14789
4330
697
1384
10884
2545
1109
4486
2000
2228
4341
3786
1010
2815
3529
21618
2842
3142
72869
2814
17601
6175
207
5000

1876
4730
8458
1255
24987
447
773
32820
4048
5836
32783
3798
653
441
428
1481
8072
7885
20772
14789
4169
774
1220
9291
2520
1011
3875
2000
1850
3610
3882
1093
2871
3934
27293
2254
2072
56070
3615
16200
5853
139
5000

37
216
1007
116
130
59
41
974
386
343
25
78
148
80
31
190
1523
126
253
13
17
172
20
73
1096
306
137
13
385
840
102
103
46
183
192
417
44
183
33
1742
78
14
57

South Africa
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Cameroon
Canada
Czech Republic
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
Republic of Korea
Croatia
Denmark
Ecuador
Switzerland
Finland
France
Germany
India
Indonesia
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Lithuania
Malaysia
Nigeria
Norway
New Zealand
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Turkey
Hungary
Viet Nam

23.19

Producia principalelor produse industriale - continuare


Production of the main industrial products - continued

ara

Pe locuitor
Per inhabitant
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Country

2009

HRTIE I CARTON
PAPER AND CARDBOARD
Africa de Sud

3774

2915

3033

3033

2410

48

South Africa

Argentina

2080

1545

1545

1516

1755

44

Argentina

Australia

3244

3221

3192

3281

3312

151

Australia

Austria

4950

5213

5199

5153

4606

548

Austria

Belgia

1897

1897

1897

2006

1990

184

Belgium

Belarus

284

285

285

285

474

49

Belarus

Brazilia

8682

8655

8907

8977

9371

49

Brazil

Bulgaria

326

313

367

326

321

42

Bulgaria

Canada

19498

18189

18113

15789

12823

381

Canada

969

1042

1023

932

805

77

Czech Republic

R. P. Chinez

60526

69526

78026

83685

90150

68

China, Peoples Republic of

Republica Coreea

10254

10703

10932

10642

10481

215

Republic of Korea

592

564

545

535

526

120

Croatia

Republica Ceh

Croaia
Danemarca

423

423

423

418

419

76

Elveia

1751

1526

1705

1698

1524

195

Denmark
Switzerland

Filipine

1097

1097

1097

1097

1097

12

Philippines

Finlanda

12391

14140

14334

13549

10602

2000

Finland

Frana

10332

10006

9871

9420

8332

133

France

Germania

21679

22656

23172

22842

19235

235

India

4183

4183

4183

7600

7600

Indonezia

7223

7223

7223

7777

11527

47

Italia

9999

10011

10112

9467

8404

139

Italy

Germany
India
Indonesia

Japonia

29295

29459

28930

28360

24416

191

Japan

Norvegia

2223

2109

2010

1900

1577

329

Norway

Olanda

3471

3367

3224

2977

2609

158

Pakistan

872

872

891

1079

1079

Polonia

2732

2857

2992

3044

3275

86

Portugalia

1570

1644

1644

1669

1634

154

Regatul Unit

6241

5454

5284

4983

4293

69

United Kingdom

410

434

493

400

338

16

Romania

7126

7434

7559

7700

7373

52

Russian Federation

Slovacia

858

888

915

921

921

171

Slovakia

Slovenia

763

760

794

672

747

374

Slovenia

Spania

5697

6898

6714

6605

5700

122

Spain

S.U.A.

83697

84317

83826

80178

71355

233

United States of America

4841

5566

5594

5141

5268

48

11775

12066

11902

12557

10804

1162

Thailanda

3452

5305

4484

4108

4110

61

Thailand

Turcia

1643

1643

1643

4442

4442

59

Turkey

571

553

552

424

461

46

Hungary

Romnia
Federaia Rus

S. U. Mexicane
Suedia

Ungaria

Netherlands
Pakistan
Poland
Portugal

Mexico, U. S.
Sweden

709

23.20

Structura suprafeei totale, dup modul de folosin, n anul 2009


Structure of the total area, by use, in 2009

ara

Suprafaa agricol
Agricultural area
Vii, livezi
Arabil
Vineyards,
Arable
orchards

Suprafaa fondului
forestier, puni, fnee
i alte suprafee1)
Forest land area,
meadows, pastures
and other areas1)

Country

n procente fa de suprafaa total


Percentage as against the total area
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgia
Bulgaria
Cambodgia
Columbia
Republica Coreea
Egipt
Elveia
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Indonezia
Republica Islamic Iran
Irlanda
Italia
Japonia
Kazahstan
Letonia
Lituania
Mali
Olanda
Pakistan
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Republica Moldova
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Slovacia
Spania
Republica Arab Sirian
S.U.A.
Suedia
Turcia
Ucraina
Ungaria

6,09
16,34
52,56
26,71
27,51
28,28
21,54
1,55
15,97
2,88
9,86
33,40
33,45
19,33
48,04
12,39
9,86
15,50
22,83
11,36
8,59
18,09
31,45
5,13
25,39
25,66
40,10
12,22
24,83
53,68
64,20
7,12
28,18
24,73
25,22
16,55
5,85
27,25
53,81
49,29

0,05
0,79
6,81
0,58
0,72
1,55
0,86
1,38
2,01
0,80
0,57
1,91
0,56
8,70
3,56
9,98
1,02
0,04
8,64
0,83
0,03
0,09
0,42
0,08
0,85
1,07
1,28
8,45
0,18
8,89
2,90
0,10
0,49
9,34
5,37
0,27
0,02
3,76
1,49
2,09

1) Exclusiv suprafaa ocupat de apele interioare. / Excluding area under inland waters.

710

93,10
81,15
31,03
70,41
70,95
67,97
75,10
94,24
79,22
95,72
86,47
64,40
63,61
69,65
38,85
72,75
82,44
82,48
66,13
84,25
90,46
78,13
64,11
93,18
54,95
70,10
55,91
78,66
74,30
34,59
68,02
88,56
69,39
64,63
68,58
76,21
85,26
67,22
40,69
45,94

Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cambodia
Colombia
Republic of Korea
Egypt
Switzerland
France
Germany
Greece
India
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Kazakhstan
Latvia
Lithuania
Mali
Netherlands
Pakistan
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Syrian Arab Republic
United States of America
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
Hungary

23.21

Producia principalelor produse agricole


Output of the main agricultural products

ara

Medie la
Pe
hectar locuitor
Average yield
Per Country
per hectare inhabitant
(kg / ha)
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2009

2009

GRU
WHEAT
Producia mondial
Africa de Sud
Arabia Saudit
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belgia
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Canada
Republica Ceh
Chile
R. P. Chinez
Danemarca
Egipt
Etiopia
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Republica Islamic Iran
Irlanda
Italia
Kazahstan
Lituania
Maroc
Olanda
Pakistan
Polonia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Republica Arab Sirian
Slovacia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Turcia
Ucraina
Ungaria
Uzbekistan

620045 605946 607046 689946 685614


1905
2648
12574
25090
1453
976
1799
4659
3478
26775
4145
1852
97445
4887
8185
2307
36841
23693
2037
68637
14308
803
7717
9970
1379
3043
1175
21612
8771
14863
7341
47698
4669
1608
3815
58740
3015
2247
21500
18699
5088
5928

2105
2400
14000
9819
1396
772
1583
2482
3302
27277
3506
1404
104470
4802
8308
2779
35367
22428
1380
69350
14500
768
7092
13500
810
6300
1207
21277
7060
14735
5526
45006
4669
1343
5576
57298
3336
2001
20010
14000
4379
5996

1757
2700
14000
13039
1399
765
1481
3998
2391
20641
3955
1322
109860
4519
7379
3000
33219
21367
1403
74890
15000
685
7260
16500
1391
1583
990
23520
8379
13362
3045
49390
4500
1441
6377
53603
3000
2255
17678
13800
3988
5900

2300
2630
8428
21397
1690
844
1869
5886
4632
28611
4632
1238
112463
5019
7977
2463
39002
25989
1939
78570
10000
951
8855
12538
1723
3769
1366
20959
9275
17227
7181
63765
4041
1819
6714
68026
4019
2202
17782
25885
5654
6147

1958
1000
7573
21656
1523
849
1910
5056
3977
26848
4358
1145
115115
5940
8523
3076
38332
25190
1830
80680
13485
674
6341
17052
2100
6400
1402
24033
9790
14379
5203
61740
3702
1538
4724
60314
4116
2284
20600
20886
4419
6638

3039
3047
5000
1747
1603
4929
2149
9465
2080
3187
2786
5242
4081
4739
8037
6448
1827
7447
7808
2622
2907
2029
8122
3532
1190
4200
2149
9291
2657
4173
7927
2421
2318
2575
4056
2672
2989
4969
6094
2566
3093
3855
4425

- World production
39
35
188
989
181
5
177
26
523
797
415
67
86
1080
108
37
612
307
162
69
184
150
105
1072
636
203
85
133
257
233
242
435
169
285
101
197
38
246
275
454
442
241

South Africa
Saudi Arabia
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Czech Republic
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
Denmark
Egypt
Ethiopia
France
Germany
Greece
India
Islamic Republic of Iran
Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Morocco
Netherlands
Pakistan
Poland
United Kingdom
Romania
Russian Federation
Syrian Arab Republic
Slovakia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
Hungary
Uzbekistan

711

23.21

Producia principalelor produse agricole - continuare


Output of the main agricultural products - continued

ara

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

Medie la
Pe
hectar locuitor
Average yield
Per Country
per hectare inhabitant
(kg / ha)
(kg)
2009

2009

2009

PORUMB
MAIZE
Producia mondial 710300 695228 791795 822713 818823
Africa de Sud
Argentina
Austria
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
R. P. Chinez
Columbia
Rep. Dem. Congo
R. P. D. Coreea
Croaia
Egipt
Etiopia
Filipine
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Indonezia
Italia
Kenya
Malawi
Republica Moldova
Mozambic
Nepal
Nigeria
Pakistan
Peru
Portugalia
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Slovacia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Tanzania
Thailanda
Turcia
Ucraina
Ungaria
Venezuela
Vietnam

712

11716
20483
1725
35113
1586
9461
1508
139498
1876
1155
2100
2207
7698
3912
5254
13850
4083
2543
14172
12014
10428
2906
1253
1492
1403
1716
5957
3110
1241
510
10389
3211
1074
4120
282311
18012
3288
3886
4200
7167
9050
2278
3756

6935
14446
1472
42632
1588
9268
1382
145625
1340
1155
1964
1935
6838
4030
6082
12902
3220
1710
14710
11611
9671
3247
1600
1322
1300
1734
6404
2971
1230
536
8985
3669
838
3461
267598
21765
3373
3696
3811
6320
8441
2375
3819

7125
21755
1696
52112
313
11649
1123
151949
1298
1156
1587
1425
6243
3337
6737
14528
3809
2396
18960
13288
9891
2929
3226
363
1152
1820
6724
3605
1362
647
3854
3953
624
3519
331175
23513
3659
3661
3535
7421
8400
2571
4108

11597
22017
2147
59018
1368
10592
1365
166035
1727
1156
1411
2505
6544
3776
6928
15819
5106
2472
19290
16324
9491
2367
2635
1479
1285
1879
7525
4036
1362
700
7849
6682
1261
3625
307384
24320
3659
3753
4274
11447
8963
2571
4531

12050
13121
1891
51232
1291
9561
1346
164108
1637
1200
1705
2183
6600
3897
7034
15288
4527
2352
16680
17630
7878
2439
3767
1141
1437
1931
7339
3262
1544
594
7973
3963
988
3492
333011
20143
3324
4616
4250
10486
7528
2800
4382

5162
4964
5614
10591
3715
4707
8372
10496
5259
2765
800
3390
7351
7904
2199
2621
9101
9750
9800
2002
4237
8605
1294
2266
2838
962
2205
2200
3488
3004
6775
3409
3532
6850
10122
10339
3237
1123
4178
7188
5020
6395
3733
4032

- World production
238
326
225
268
170
284
79
123
36
17
75
496
84
47
76
244
55
208
14
72
131
62
265
278
65
70
48
18
53
56
371
28
183
74
1085
184
76
68
57
228
753
99
50

South Africa
Argentina
Austria
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Dem. People s Republic of Korea
Croatia
Egypt
Ethiopia
Philippines
France
Germany
Greece
India
Indonesia
Italy
Kenya
Malawi
Republic of Moldova
Mozambique
Nepal
Nigeria
Pakistan
Peru
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Tanzania, United Republic of
Thailand
Turkey
Ukraine
Hungary
Venezuela
Viet Nam

23.21

Producia principalelor produse agricole - continuare


Output of the main agricultural products - continued

ara

Medie la
Pe
hectar locuitor
Average yield
Per Country
per hectare inhabitant
(kg / ha)
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2009

2009

CARTOFI
POTATOES
Producia mondial
Africa de Sud
Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgia
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez
Columbia
Danemarca
Egipt
Elveia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Republica Islamic Iran
Irlanda
Italia
Japonia
Kazahstan
Letonia
Lituania
Maroc
Olanda
Pakistan
Peru
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Slovacia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U.Mexicane
Suedia
Turcia
Ucraina
Ungaria

319874 315100 309344 314140 329581


1768
2157
2432
1288
763
4855
8185
2781
3130
375
4386
1116
1013
73462
1754
1576
2500
485
743
6681
11624
891
28788
4830
409
1754
2752
2521
658
895
1479
6777
2025
3290
10369
570
5961
3739
37280
301
2604
19091
1635
947
4090
19462
657

1863
2181
2432
1288
655
4161
8329
2593
3138
386
4995
1391
692
70338
1754
1361
2500
392
576
6354
10031
891
29175
4830
409
1783
2598
2362
551
457
1569
6500
1568
3290
8982
577
5684
4016
38573
263
2502
19713
1543
773
4397
19467
574

1972
2000
1950
1212
669
5167
8744
3190
3551
299
4971
834
821
56196
2380
1626
2760
491
702
7206
11644
930
28600
5240
399
1838
2800
2415
642
576
1437
7200
2582
3383
11791
639
5635
3712
36784
288
2518
20373
1751
790
4246
19102
563

2099
1800
1950
1212
757
6648
8749
2804
3676
353
4724
966
770
57060
2373
1705
3567
408
684
6808
11369
848
34463
5500
372
1604
2800
2354
673
716
1537
6923
2539
3383
10462
567
5999
3649
28874
245
2365
18722
1670
853
4225
19545
658

1819
2636
1950
1179
722
5268
7125
3296
3444
232
4581
925
753
73282
2273
1618
4000
517
755
7226
11618
848
34391
4108
361
1753
2398
2756
525
663
1500
7181
2941
3717
9703
519
6423
4004
31134
216
2460
19569
1501
854
4398
19666
561

17670
33077
25076
29411
36175
32495
13337
18604
44708
24830
16551
31313
20510
26522
14417
18379
41586
27586
46099
28610
42062
44056
25313
18813
26674
28008
24833
31973
16181
17513
14217
23810
46269
20285
13175
19854
14425
43107
15498
14266
18599
29076
46273
27737
31877
30821
13930
25108

- World production
36
74
48
54
86
32
735
305
18
31
136
54
72
55
50
294
51
66
142
115
142
75
29
56
80
29
19
173
228
201
48
435
16
127
255
49
104
187
220
40
52
64
14
92
59
428
56

South Africa
Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
Denmark
Egypt
Switzerland
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
India
Islamic Republic of Iran
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Kazakhstan
Latvia
Lithuania
Morocco
Netherlands
Pakistan
Peru
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
Hungary

713

23.21

Producia principalelor produse agricole - continuare


Output of the main agricultural products - continued

ara

Medie la
Pe
hectar locuitor
Average yield
Per Country
per hectare inhabitant
(kg / ha)
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2009

2009

SFECL DE ZAHR
SUGAR BEET
Producia mondial

53148

- World production

Austria

3084

2493

2656

3091

3083

70295

367 Austria

Belarus

3065

3980

3626

4030

3973

45013

410 Belarus

Belgia

5983

5667

5731

4372

5186

82661

480 Belgium

Republica Ceh

3496

3138

2890

2885

3038

57909

289 Czech Republic

Chile

2598

2200

1518

1208

1042

81002

R. P. Chinez

7881 10536

8931 10044

7179

38518

Croaia

1338

1560

1583

1060

1217

52763

277 Croatia

Danemarca

2763

2314

2255

2187

1898

51200

345 Denmark

Egipt

3430

3430

5458

5133

5134

44639

Elveia

1409

1243

1573

1625

1720

85172

221 Switzerland

1181

952

673

468

Finlanda

61 Chile
5 China, Peoples Republic of

65 Egypt

559

37770

105 Finland

Frana

31243 29879 33213 30306 35067

93761

560 France

Germania

25285 20647 25139 23003 25919

67568

316 Germany

Grecia

2596

1600

852

903

1000

41322

88 Greece

Republica Islamic Iran

4902

5000

5300

5300

2041

37521

28 Islamic Republic of Iran

14156 10641

Italia

4630

3800

3308

54583

55 Italy

Japonia

4201

3923

4297

4297

3649

56574

29 Japan

Maroc

3302

2252

2484

2926

2926

51600

Olanda

5931

5500

5512

5219

5735

78886

348 Netherlands

Polonia

8715 10849

54263

285 Poland

7150

6500

7500

8330

70000

135 United Kingdom

Republica Moldova

991

1177

612

961

337

14280

Romnia

730

1152

749

707

817

38296

21420 30861 28961 28995 24892

32319

Federaia Rus

11912 11475 12682

93 Morocco

8687

Regatul Unit

Republica Arab Sirian

1096

1096

1150

1150

733

47384

Slovacia

1733

1371

847

679

899

56344

7276

6045

5315

4074

4154

83579

25087 28880 31912 26837 26779

57611

Spania
S.U.A.
Suedia

2381

2189

2100

1975

2406

60447

82 Republic of Moldova
38 Romania
176 Russian Federation
33 Syrian Arab Republic
166 Slovakia
89 Spain
87 United States of America
259 Sweden

Turcia

15181 14452 12415 15488 17275

53322

231 Turkey

Ucraina

15468 22421 16978 13438 10068

31490

219 Ukraine

Ungaria

714

251946 256407 246713 227585 227158

3516

2548

1693

496

737

53601

74 Hungary

23.21

Producia principalelor produse agricole - continuare


Output of the main agricultural products - continued

ara

Medie la
Pe
hectar locuitor
Average yield
Per Country
per hectare inhabitant
(kg / ha)
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2009

2009

STRUGURI
GRAPES
Total mondial
Africa de Sud
Algeria
Arabia Saudit
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Chile
R. P. Chinez
Cipru
Republica Coreea
Croaia
Egipt
Elveia
Frana
Georgia
Germania
Grecia
India
Republica Islamic Iran
Israel
Italia
Japonia
Liban
Republica Macedonia
Maroc
Republica Moldova
Peru
Portugalia
Romnia
Federaia Rus
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Republica Arab Sirian
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
Tunisia
Turcia
Turkmenistan
Ucraina
Ungaria
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Yemen

66375 68953 67221 67709 67557


1683
334
132
2830
164
2027
302
1233
266
2250
6589
51
381
181
1300
127
6793
250
1326
897
1353
2964
126
8554
220
111
266
337
517
197
785
506
333
7099
323
310
54
121
6067
135
3650
170
443
536
124
536
108

1550
398
132
2881
166
1981
301
1220
266
2250
6375
52
330
181
1300
128
6693
280
1326
897
1546
2964
133
8326
210
111
266
356
466
197
973
912
243
6094
244
310
52
105
6402
140
4000
180
370
551
124
804
118

1813
245
144
2900
219
1530
350
1372
377
2350
6787
34
329
198
1485
132
6045
227
1481
950
1668
3000
113
8519
209
119
210
324
598
197
822
873
327
6384
356
273
49
123
5995
127
3613
175
360
540
133
880
126

1792
250
144
2900
186
1957
399
1403
364
2350
7285
36
334
185
1531
136
5664
176
1429
950
1677
2900
116
7793
209
119
237
291
636
197
763
986
280
6745
307
273
52
106
6053
132
3918
175
415
540
113
791
127

1704
493
181
2185
209
1797
314
1365
281
2500
8039
28
340
206
1550
141
6102
150
1456
850
1878
1877
90
8243
210
120
253
300
685
265
488
990
299
6412
300
358
42
113
5573
110
4265
230
469
550
87
900
129

8891
12500
7127
17280
9812
14599
10544
6953
16784
2773
13158
11379
2167
17895
6005
23846
9514
7693
3127
14545
6800
23475
6099
15462
10279
11053
8889
12698
6000
5037
16956
2190
5369
7095
16842
12000
6409
4511
7016
5067
3971
8903
13529
6601
7243
10766
7497
9593

- World total
34
14
6
54
67
82
37
7
37
147
6
25
7
47
20
18
97
33
18
75
2
26
12
137
2
31
127
10
167
9
46
46
2
21
3
16
8
57
119
11
57
45
10
55
26
33
6

South Africa
Algeria
Saudi Arabia
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Brazil
Bulgaria
Chile
China, Peoples Rep. of
Cyprus
Republic of Korea
Croatia
Egypt
Switzerland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
India
Islamic Republic of Iran
Israel
Italy
Japan
Lebanon
Republic of Macedonia
Morocco
Republic of Moldova
Peru
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Syrian Arab Republic
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Hungary
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Yemen

715

23.21

Producia principalelor produse agricole - continuare


Output of the main agricultural products - continued

ara

Pe
locuitor
Per
inhabitant
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Country

2009

PEPENI VERZI I GALBENI


WATER MELONS AND MELONS
Producia mondial

716

125508

128579

124245

127204

123551

Albania
235
Algeria
858
Arabia Saudit
594
Argentina
204
Australia
191
Azerbaidjan
364
Brazilia
1695
Bulgaria
75
Chile
155
R. P. Chinez
84350
Republica Coreea
1105
R. P. D. Coreea
231
Egipt
2065
Frana
302
Grecia
866
Guatemala
353
India
927
Iordania
117
Republica Islamic Iran
4385
Israel
193
Italia
1131
Japonia
691
Kazahstan
685
Liban
80
Marea Jamah. Arab
Libian Pop. Soc.
290
Republica Macedonia
133
Malaezia
167
Maroc
1051
Pakistan
589
Paraguay
144
Romnia
692
Federaia Rus
965
Republica Arab Sirian
694
Spania
1841
S.U.A.
2927
Sudan
187
S.U. Mexicane
1446
Thailanda
433
Tunisia
450
Turcia
5736
Turkmenistan
253
Ucraina
310
Ungaria
229
Uzbekistan
609
Venezuela
580
Vietnam
420
Yemen
172

210
1015
594
204
191
362
1695
136
155
86745
998
231
2065
301
866
353
927
119
4385
171
1115
636
672
80

230
690
602
211
209
418
2588
96
93
80108
947
205
2180
303
779
484
900
78
4530
171
950
650
662
63

230
800
602
211
209
408
2460
93
93
81525
1077
205
2244
274
779
666
900
126
4630
144
1088
650
870
63

228
1035
680
195
207
411
2459
111
97
77227
1121
194
2250
311
817
587
1158
123
4353
150
987
590
852
84

72
23
21
5
10
46
13
12
5
61
22
9
29
5
72
42
1
21
59
20
16
5
54
22

290
133
167
1360
655
144
642
986
694
1760
2927
187
1539
432
450
5571
250
310
229
744
283
420
175

294
125
132
1438
660
147
408
1060
712
1874
3094
173
1602
432
561
5567
240
482
178
840
414
420
175

294
130
166
1388
687
147
562
1100
712
1874
2836
173
1782
432
545
5752
254
524
178
981
414
420
193

247
125
229
1380
750
174
653
1419
856
1826
2890
151
1560
304
571
5489
281
635
233
1071
360
526
204

39
63
8
44
4
28
30
10
39
39
9
4
14
4
55
73
55
14
23
39
13
6
9

World production
Albania
Algeria
Saudi Arabia
Argentina
Australia
Azerbaijan
Brazil
Bulgaria
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
Republic of Korea
Dem. People s Republic of Korea
Egypt
France
Greece
Guatemala
India
Jordan
Islamic Republic of Iran
Israel
Italy
Japan
Kazakhstan
Lebanon
Great Socialist Peoples
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Republic of Macedonia
Malaysia
Morocco
Pakistan
Paraguay
Romania
Russian Federation
Syrian Arab Republic
Spain
United States of America
Sudan
Mexico, U.S.
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Hungary
Uzbekistan
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Yemen

23.21

Producia principalelor produse agricole - continuare


Output of the main agricultural products - continued
Mii tone carcas / Thou tonnes carcass
Carne
din care: / of which:
total
de
de
de
de
Total bovine porcine ovine i pasre
meat bovine pigmeat caprine poultry
meat
mutton,
meat
lamb and
goat meat

ara

Ponderea
Pe
n total
locuitor
mondial Country
Per Weight of
inhabitant total world
(kg)
(%)

PRODUCIA DE CARNE OBINUT DE LA ANIMALELE SACRIFICATE, N ANUL 2009


PRODUCTION OF MEAT FROM SLAUGHTERED ANIMALS, IN 2009
Producia mondial 283887

66165 106326

Africa de Sud
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgia
Brazilia
Canada
Republica Ceh
Chile
R. P. Chinez
Columbia
Republica Coreea
Danemarca
Egipt
Etiopia
Frana
Filipine
Germania
India
Indonezia
Irlanda
Italia
Japonia
Kazahstan
Malaezia
Maroc
Nigeria
Noua Zeeland
Olanda
Pakistan
Peru
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Thailanda
Turcia
Ucraina
Ungaria
Uruguay
Venezuela
Vietnam

777
3378
2148
218
308
255
9395
1255
77
210
6370
936
283
128
650
390
1467
284
1143
2313
443
514
1058
517
396
27
163
298
637
402
1436
165
403
103
850
130
1741
598
11891
1705
274
326
454
30
491
480
363

2235
5316
4070
899
922
1808
22827
4449
621
1361
78172
2162
1844
1890
1575
695
5475
2831
7838
4409
2644
885
4130
3232
894
1288
865
1359
1333
2536
2537
1322
3311
783
3533
988
6570
5313
41643
5721
2185
1936
1917
883
627
1694
3906

313
233
324
540
388
1082
2924
1945
300
514
49874
179
1000
1585
2
2
2004
1710
5265
481
637
196
1588
1310
209
199
1
226
47
1275
115
1735
373
720
441
2169
3291
10442
1162
756
527
453
17
165
2909

13236 91982

131
973
57
1546
676
897
7
126
1
221
3
465
110 10375
17
1212
2
201
16
613
3943 16415
15
1020
2
553
2
172
66
729
150
51
90
1672
53
767
39
1289
719
727
128
1435
55
118
41
1144
1394
135
80
2
1060
146
499
433
257
480
137
15
842
424
655
40
964
1
1145
19
283
303
1652
52
365
183
2360
133
1205
80 18953
97
2671
2
1153
299
1308
15
894
1
387
33
76
9
800
9
599

44
132
186
107
95
167
119
132
59
80
59
48
38
344
20
8
87
31
96
4
11
197
68
25
56
46
27
9
310
152
14
45
87
74
57
46
46
113
136
52
32
26
42
88
184
60
45

100,00 World production


0,79
1,87
1,43
0,32
0,32
0,64
8,04
1,57
0,22
0,48
27,54
0,76
0,65
0,67
0,55
0,24
1,93
1,00
2,76
1,55
0,93
0,31
1,45
1,14
0,31
0,45
0,30
0,48
0,47
0,89
0,89
0,47
1,17
0,28
1,24
0,35
2,31
1,87
14,67
2,02
0,77
0,68
0,68
0,31
0,22
0,60
1,38

South Africa
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Brazil
Canada
Czech Republic
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
Republic of Korea
Denmark
Egypt
Ethiopia
France
Philippines
Germany
India
Indonesia
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Kazakhstan
Malaysia
Morocco
Nigeria
New Zealand
Netherlands
Pakistan
Peru
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Thailand
Turkey
Ukraine
Hungary
Uruguay
Venezuela
Viet Nam

717

23.21

Producia principalelor produse agricole - continuare


Output of the main agricultural products - continued

ara

Pe
locuitor
Per
inhabitant
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Country

2009

LAPTE DE VAC
COW MILK
Producia mondial
Africa de Sud
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgia
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Canada
Republica Ceh
Chile
R. P. Chinez
Columbia
Republica Coreea
Danemarca
Ecuador
Egipt
Elveia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
India
Republica Islamic Iran
Irlanda
Italia
Japonia
Kazahstan
Kenya
Lituania
Norvegia
Noua Zeeland
Olanda
Pakistan
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia1)
Federaia Rus
Slovacia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Sudan
Suedia
Turcia
Ucraina
Ungaria
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela

541419 555704 566850 578450 583402


2871
9491
10092
3114
5677
3120
23320
1287
8100
2661
2365
27864
6770
2232
4600
4570
1695
3933
2433
25282
28453
38500
5000
5353
10216
8285
4693
2650
1854
1700
14500
10532
9082
11933
1991
14577
5705
30890
1072
6553
80265
9868
5480
3206
10026
13424
1929
1770
4443
1348

2971
10494
10250
3147
5870
3012
26186
1299
8100
2775
2400
32248
6750
2184
4627
5179
2150
3923
2413
24195
27995
41000
6330
5400
10989
8134
4861
3500
1885
1553
15332
10500
9404
11982
1851
14340
6011
31186
1070
6469
82463
10089
5200
3175
10867
13017
1844
1620
4821
1388

3000
10500
9223
3155
5875
3000
26944
1148
8145
2756
2450
35574
4225
2188
4600
4759
2200
3984
2356
24374
28403
42890
6450
5200
11000
8024
5038
4230
1931
1596
15842
10750
11130
12096
1925
14023
5652
31915
1075
6100
84189
10346
5292
3200
11279
12003
1842
1576
5061
1704

3060
10500
9223
3196
6196
2805
27752
1143
8140
2801
2550
35854
7431
2200
4720
5326
3211
4116
2311
24516
28656
44100
6450
5373
11286
7982
5163
3990
1950
1596
15217
11286
11550
12425
1961
13719
5468
32117
1057
6340
86179
10766
5309
3046
11255
11524
1840
1576
5387
1704

3091
10366
9388
3230
6549
2954
29112
1073
8213
2781
2350
35510
7545
2222
4814
5229
3200
4073
2332
23341
27938
45140
6620
5147
12220
7909
5267
4070
1787
1554
15400
11469
11985
12447
1939
13237
5209
32326
957
6251
85859
10549
5328
2974
11583
11364
1748
1815
5732
2200

61
257
429
385
675
274
152
141
244
265
138
27
167
46
875
384
41
522
440
373
340
39
90
1144
203
62
331
104
542
324
3581
695
66
327
183
214
243
228
177
133
280
96
126
320
155
247
175
534
208
77

World production
South Africa
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Czech Republic
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
Republic of Korea
Denmark
Ecuador
Egypt
Switzerland
Finland
France
Germany
India
Islamic Republic of Iran
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Lithuania
Norway
New Zealand
Netherlands
Pakistan
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania1)
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sudan
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
Hungary
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela

1) Lapte de vac i bivoli, inclusiv consumul vieilor. / Cows and buffalo cows milk, calves consumption included.

718

23.21

Producia principalelor produse agricole - continuare


Output of the main agricultural products - continued

ara

Pe
locuitor
Per
inhabitant
(kg)

Total (mii tone)


Total (thou tonnes)
2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Country

2009

LN BRUT
RAW WOOL
Producia mondial

2192

2133

2173

2191

2044

World production

Africa de Sud

44

45

45

45

35

0,69

South Africa

Algeria

24

20

23

23

26

0,73

Algeria

Argentina

60

60

60

60

61

1,51

Argentina

Australia

520

438

465

465

371

16,94

Australia

Brazilia

11

11

11

11

0,05

Brazil

Bulgaria

0,92

Bulgaria

10

10

10

10

0,53

Chile

393

389

395

395

364

0,27

China, Peoples Republic of

Frana

22

22

22

22

0,14

France

Germania

15

15

15

15

0,07

Germany

0,62

Greece

India

51

45

46

46

40

0,03

India

Indonezia

24

24

24

24

21

0,09

Indonesia

Irak

13

12

12

12

17

0,57

Iraq

Republica Islamic Iran

75

75

75

75

75

1,02

Islamic Republic of Iran

Irlanda

12

12

13

13

14

3,11

Ireland

Italia

11

0,15

Italy

Kazahstan

29

32

34

35

36

2,26

Kazakhstan

Krgzstan

10

11

10

11

11

2,08

Kyrgyzstan

Maroc

40

40

40

40

55

1,75

Morocco

Mongolia

15

16

17

21

21

7,78

Mongolia

224

225

218

218

179

41,63

Pakistan

41

41

41

41

42

0,23

Pakistan

Peru

11

11

11

11

10

0,34

Peru

Regatul Unit

60

60

62

62

65

1,05

United Kingdom

Romnia

18

19

21

22

22

1,00

Romania

Federaia Rus

48

49

51

53

55

0,39

Russian Federation

Republica Arab Sirian

34

34

34

34

53

2,42

Syrian Arab Republic

Spania

31

30

30

30

29

0,62

Spain

S.U.A.

17

17

18

18

14

0,05

United States of America

Sudan

46

46

46

46

55

1,30

Sudan

Turcia

46

46

46

46

40

0,53

Turkey

Turkmenistan

20

20

20

20

38

7,45

Turkmenistan

Uruguay

37

47

46

45

41

12,06

Uzbekistan

16

21

22

24

25

0,91

Chile
R. P. Chinez

Grecia

Noua Zeeland

New Zealand

Uruguay
Uzbekistan

719

23.22

Numrul animalelor (la nceputul anului)


Livestock (at the beginning of the year)
Total (mii capete)
Total (thou heads)

ara
2005

2006

2007

Country
2008

2009

BOVINE
BOVINE
Total mondial
Africa de Sud
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgia
Bolivia
Brazilia
Camerun
Canada
Republica Ceh
Ciad
R. P. Chinez
Columbia
Danemarca
Ecuador
Etiopia
Frana
Germania
India
Indonezia
Irlanda
Republica Islamic Iran
Italia
Japonia
Kazahstan
Kenya
Madagascar
Mali
Uniunea Myanmar
Nepal
Nigeria
Noua Zeeland
Olanda
Pakistan
Paraguay
Polonia
Regatul Unit
Romnia1)
Federaia Rus
Somalia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Sudan
Tanzania
Thailanda
Turcia
Ucraina
Uganda
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela
Zimbabwe

1546172

1546801

1591956

1528176

1568139

13764
50768
27730
2051
25350
3963
2695
6822
208331
6000
15083
1397
6540
112499
25000
1544
4951
38500
19383
13035
283000
13928
7000
9350
6551
4401
5190
12000
10500
7700
14700
11076
15200
9609
3862
50500
9622
5483
10378
2808
23005
5350
6700
95848
31800
38325
17800
7300
10173
6953
6100
12000
5400
16300
5400

13764
50768
28560
2002
25350
3980
2669
7517
207043
6000
14830
1374
6540
110047
25699
1572
4971
43125
19418
12748
283000
13646
6877
9350
6460
4391
5466
12430
9687
7682
14828
11206
15875
9652
3746
53900
9983
5606
10160
2862
21488
5350
6464
96702
28649
40468
17719
7776
10631
6514
6973
11956
7045
16615
5400

13500
50750
28400
1998
26150
3989
2640
7515
200884
6000
14155
1390
6820
104794
26000
1579
5050
43000
19359
12601
276540
13612
6710
10396
6341
4398
5670
12500
9600
7917
15320
11411
16259
9650
3730
56900
10000
5696
9988
2934
21482
5350
6456
97003
29000
39500
18000
8225
10972
6175
7182
12000
7043
16700
5400

14398
50750
28000
2000
26762
4007
2613
7894
176569
6000
13895
1363
6964
105896
26878
1564
4892
49298
19887
12970
273105
14061
6720
8240
6577
4423
5851
13523
9700
8278
15853
11588
16293
9715
3890
61713
10562
5757
10107
2819
21487
5350
6020
96669
32565
41400
18000
8399
11122
5491
7398
12368
7458
16900
5400

13761
50750
27907
1997
24270
4131
2600
8080
206428
6000
13180
1349
7245
107396
27359
1540
5195
50884
19199
12945
279081
14784
6716
8750
6754
4423
6002
12490
9800
8738
16000
11856
16400
9961
3996
62913
11643
5700
9901
2684
21053
5350
6020
94521
32000
41563
19100
8371
10946
5079
7620
12490
8025
16900
5030

1) La 1 decembrie al anului anterior. / On December 1 of previous year.

720

World total
South Africa
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Bolivia
Brazil
Cameroon
Canada
Czech Republic
Chad
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
Denmark
Ecuador
Ethiopia
France
Germany
India
Indonesia
Ireland
Islamic Republic of Iran
Italy
Japan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Madagascar
Mali
Myanmar
Nepal
Nigeria
New Zealand
Netherlands
Pakistan
Paraguay
Poland
United Kingdom
Romania1)
Russian Federation
Somalia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sudan
Tanzania, United Republic of
Thailand
Turkey
Ukraine
Uganda
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela
Zimbabwe

23.22

Numrul animalelor (la nceputul anului) - continuare


Livestock (at the beginning of the year) - continued
Total (mii capete)
Total (thou heads)

ara
2005

2006

2007

Country

2008

2009

PORCINE
PIGS
Total mondial

960847

990130

989744

941282

941776

World total

Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgia
Bolivia
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Canada
Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez
Columbia
Republica Coreea
R. P. D. Coreea
Danemarca
Ecuador
Filipine
Frana
Germania
India
Indonezia
Italia
Japonia
Uniunea Myanmar
Nigeria
Olanda
Peru
Polonia
Regatul Unit
Republica Moldova
Romnia1)
Federaia Rus
Slovacia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Thailanda
Ucraina
Ungaria
Venezuela
Vietnam

1830
2490
3125
3407
6332
2984
34064
931
14675
2877
488810
1150
8570
3200
13466
1949
12139
15020
26858
14300
6267
9272
9550
5220
6650
11153
2900
18112
4851
397
6495
13413
1300
25250
60645
14625
1823
7200
6466
4059
3100
27000

2260
2470
3160
3545
6295
2488
35174
943
14690
2840
488810
1724
9382
3200
12604
1281
13047
14840
26521
14300
7087
9200
9620
5677
6650
11300
3005
18881
4933
461
6622
13455
1108
25131
61449
15370
1681
8187
7053
3853
3264
26855

2270
2430
3213
3642
6270
2490
35945
1013
13810
2741
501476
1800
9850
3300
13599
1300
13250
14736
26530
14000
6756
9281
9759
6300
6730
11600
3000
18129
4882
532
6815
15793
1105
26034
61860
15500
1695
8381
8055
3987
3305
26500

2270
2605
3286
3598
6269
2592
40000
889
13810
1917
446423
1830
9153
2178
12738
1097
13070
14806
26687
14000
7376
9273
9745
7677
6908
12026
3116
15425
4714
299
6565
16128
749
26290
65909
15528
1651
7845
7020
3860
3000
26702

2270
2302
3064
3704
6321
2760
38045
784
12180
1909
450880
1850
9585
2150
12369
1406
13596
14810
26887
13840
6922
9252
9899
7800
7184
12108
3257
14279
4601
284
6174
16162
741
26290
67148
15200
1529
7481
6526
3383
3300
27628

Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bolivia
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Czech Republic
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
Republic of Korea
Dem. Peoples Republic of Korea
Denmark
Ecuador
Philippines
France
Germany
India
Indonesia
Italy
Japan
Myanmar
Nigeria
Netherlands
Peru
Poland
United Kingdom
Republic of Moldova
Romania1)
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Thailand
Ukraine
Hungary
Venezuela
Viet Nam

1) La 1 decembrie al anului anterior. / On December 1 of previous year.

721

23.22

Numrul animalelor (la nceputul anului) - continuare


Livestock (at the beginning of the year) - continued
Total (mii capete)
Total (thou heads)

ara
2005

2006

2007

Country
2008

2009

OVINE I CAPRINE
SHEEP AND GOATS
Total mondial
Afganistan
Africa de Sud
Algeria
Arabia Saudit
Argentina
Australia
Bangladesh
Bolivia
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Camerun
R. P. Chinez
Egipt
Etiopia
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Indonezia
Irak
Republica Islamic Iran
Italia
Kazahstan
Kenya
Mali
Maroc
Mauritania
Mongolia
Niger
Nigeria
Noua Zeeland
Pakistan
Peru
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia1)
Federaia Rus
Republica Arab Sirian
Somalia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Sudan
Tanzania
Turcia
Turkmenistan
Uruguay

1887909

1942497

1962735

1940081

1957012

16100
31723
21900
9200
16650
104525
47000
10051
25900
2411
17718
8200
304169
9110
26626
10398
2812
14400
182500
21489
7850
80500
9185
13282
22000
20420
22385
14450
26152
20430
81507
40035
81600
16000
6047
35253
8086
17771
16328
25800
25250
8658
15812
90000
16071
31810
15089
9728

16100
31383
23370
9200
16650
94778
50380
10914
25900
2211
17718
8200
298119
9110
42193
10136
2730
14207
182500
22594
7850
80500
8899
13409
19428
20403
22204
14450
30267
21202
83538
40253
87300
16779
4134
34818
8298
18213
20947
25800
25349
9067
16381
92323
16071
31822
15171
9728

16500
31400
23200
9200
16700
88711
54060
10915
25920
2184
18749
8200
283880
9160
41700
9753
2624
14374
189725
24734
7850
78080
9182
15351
19800
21605
22550
14450
35338
22002
85568
38572
80300
17000
4096
33677
8405
19675
22350
25800
24694
9099
16400
91000
16100
31900
16400
11016

17096
31974
23800
9200
16700
82938
58044
11137
26000
2021
19287
8200
285813
9260
46901
9411
2627
14359
190721
24162
7850
79100
9157
16080
24385
19650
22196
14450
38331
22832
87674
34184
83853
16506
3641
33226
9334
20922
24426
25800
22911
9070
16656
94200
16100
29569
16400
10340

18097
31347
23800
12300
20050
75940
62330
11532
25977
1905
19900
8200
281056
10050
47941
8982
2570
13172
191726
25968
9350
79300
9133
16770
23776
20832
22727
14460
38926
23695
89833
32466
85711
16066
3630
32133
9780
21770
23208
25800
21983
8816
16700
94825
16100
29568
16361
8679

1) La 1 decembrie al anului anterior. / On December 1 of previous year.

722

World total
Afganistan
South Africa
Algeria
Saudi Arabia
Argentina
Australia
Bangladesh
Bolivia
Brazil
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Cameroon
China, Peoples Republic of
Egypt
Ethiopia
France
Germany
Greece
India
Indonesia
Iraq
Islamic Republic of Iran
Italy
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Mali
Morocco
Mauritania
Mongolia
Niger
Nigeria
New Zealand
Pakistan
Peru
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania1)
Russian Federation
Syrian Arab Republic
Somalia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sudan
Tanzania, United Republic of
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uruguay

23.23
ara

Biodiversitatea
Biodiversity
Suprafaa
fondului
forestier
(mii km2)
Forest
area
(thou km2)
2010

Africa de Sud
Angola
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgia
Bolivia
Brazilia
Cambodgia
Camerun
Canada
Republica Ceh
Chile
R. P. Chinez
Columbia
Republica Democratic Congo
Cuba
Danemarca
Elveia
Etiopia
Filipine
Frana
Germania
India
Indonezia
Republica Islamic Iran
Italia
Japonia
Kenya
Malaezia
Maroc
Uniunea Myanmar
Nepal
Noua Zeeland
Olanda
Peru
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Tanzania
Thailanda
Turcia
Venezuela
Vietnam
Zambia

Defriarea
Numrul
Ariile terestre
medie
speciilor
protejate
anual1) ameninate Terrestrial protected
Average cu dispariia
areas
Country
annual
Number of
% din
deforestation1) threatened
suprafaa total
%
species % of total land area
2000-2010

57
585
294
1493
39
7
572
5195
101
199
3101
27
162
2069
605
1541
29
5
12
123
77
160
111
684
944
111
91
250
35
205
51
318
36
83
4
680
93
35
29
652)
8091
182
3040
648
282
334
190
113
463
138
495

2,00
0,21
0,80
0,37
-0,13
-0,16
0,49
0,49
1,33
1,04
-0,08
-0,25
-1,57
0,17
0,20
-1,66
-1,13
-0,38
1,08
-0,74
-0,38
-0,46
0,51
-0,90
-0,04
0,33
0,54
-0,22
0,93
0,70
-0,14
0,18
-0,30
-0,10
-0,31
-0,012)
-0,68
-0,13
0,30
-0,29
1,13
0,02
-1,11
0,60
-1,64
0,33

2010
144
73
123
207
22
15
53
283
89
165
59
10
73
256
192
145
61
18
13
69
176
56
33
294
440
66
57
127
124
175
73
119
72
100
18
169
17
67
48
372)
85
93
288
304
15
249
174
99
93
140
43

2009
6,9
12,4
5,4
10,5
22,9
0,9
18,2
28,0
24,0
9,2
8,0
15,1
16,5
16,6
20,4
10,0
6,2
5,0
22,8
18,4
10,9
15,1
40,5
5,3
14,1
7,1
9,9
16,3
11,6
17,9
1,5
6,3
17,0
25,8
12,4
13,6
21,8
5,9
24,4
19,93)
9,0
8,6
14,8
11,1
11,3
27,7
19,6
1,9
53,7
6,2
36,0

South Africa
Angola
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Bolivia
Brazil
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Czech Republic
Chile
China, Peoples Republic of
Colombia
Congo, Dem. Republic of
Cuba
Denmark
Switzerland
Ethiopia
Philippines
France
Germany
India
Indonesia
Islamic Republic of Iran
Italy
Japan
Kenya
Malaysia
Morocco
Myanmar
Nepal
New Zealand
Netherlands
Peru
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Tanzania, United Republic of
Thailand
Turkey
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Zambia

1) Valorile negative indic o cretere a suprafeelor ocupate de pduri. / Negative values indicate an increase in forest area.
2) Sursa: Ministerul Mediului i Pdurilor. / Source: Ministry of Environment and Forests.
3) Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Environmental Protection Agency.

Sursa: / Source: World Development Indicators 2011.

723

23.24

Lungimea i densitatea liniilor de cale ferat n exploatare, n anul 2009


Length and density of operating railways, in 2009

ara

Densitatea
reelei pe
1000 km2
Network
density per
1000 km2

Lungimea liniiilor
de cale ferat
(km la 10000 locuitori)
Length of railways
(km per 10000
inhabitants)

Country

Austria1)

6256

74,6

7,54

Austria1)

Belgia2)

3513

115,1

3,28

Belgium2)

Bulgaria

4150

37,4

5,46

Bulgaria

Canada2)

70784

7,1

21,26

Canada2)

Republica Ceh

9578

121,4

9,12

Czech Republic

Croaia2)

2722

48,1

6,19

Croatia2)

Danemarca2)

Denmark2)

3181

73,8

5,78

Elveia3)

5159

125,0

7,08

Estonia

1196

26,4

9,2

Estonia

Finlanda

5919

17,5

11,17

Finland

Frana1)

31154

56,5

5,05

France1)

Germania2)

Switzerland3)

Germany2)

37798

105,8

4,6

Grecia2)

2552

19,3

2,28

Greece2)

Irlanda1)

1834

26,1

4,17

Ireland1)

Italia2)

16529

54,9

2,76

Italy2)

Letonia

1884

29,2

8,19

Latvia

Lituania

1768

27,1

5,36

657

254,1

13,14

Republica Moldova1)

1154

34,1

2,89

Norvegia

4163

12,9

8,67

Norway

Olanda2)

2888

77,3

1,76

Netherlands2)

Luxemburg2)

Polonia

Lithuania
Luxembourg2)
Republic of Moldova1)

20360

65,1

5,34

Poland

Portugalia3)

2801

30,5

2,79

Portugal3)

Regatul Unit

15754

64,9

2,55

United Kingdom

Romnia

10784

45,2

5,02

Romania

Federaia Rus2)

85554

5,0

6,03

Russian Federation2)

Slovacia

3623

73,9

6,71

Slovakia

Slovenia

1228

60,6

6,14

Slovenia

Spania

13354

26,4

2,85

Spain

S.U.A.1)

151986

15,8

5,03

United States of America1)

Suedia

11138

25,2

11,98

Turcia

9083

11,6

1,21

Turkey

Ucraina2)

21655

35,9

4,69

Ukraine2)

Ungaria1)

7808

83,9

7,73

Hungary1)

1) 2007.
2) 2008.
3) 2002.

724

Lungimea liniilor
de cale ferat
n exploatare
Length of operating
railways
(km)

Sweden

23.25

Transportul maritim internaional


International sea transport
milioane tone / million tonnes

ara
Mrfuri ncrcate = A
Mrfuri descrcate = B

Australia
Canada
China, RAS Hong Kong
Croaia
Estonia
Finlanda
Germania
Grecia
Indonezia
Republica Islamic Iran
Israel2)
Letonia
Lituania
Malaezia3)
Norvegia
Noua Zeeland
Olanda
Polonia
Portugalia
Romnia
Federatia
Slovenia
Suedia
Ucraina

Rus4)

1)

A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

624,0
69,9
201,8
129,2
89,2
141,0
7,6
13,9
42,2
4,6
40,8
49,8
108,3
168,7
25,6
50,6
273,7
84,8
34,5
60,7
16,6
21,1
55,9
4,2
21,7
5,6
79,4
103,9
144,0
24,3
21,7
18,4
122,5
364,2
41,1
17,3
10,7
40,4
22,6
25,1

3,6
9,0
68,5
79,8
70,7
13,3

643,2
75,9
206,3
124,0
96,7
141,5
8,4
13,0
43,5
6,3
44,6
54,5
117,0
178,7
25,5
54,7
331,1
85,3
37,6
68,6
15,9
20,4
53,1
6,5
19,8
9,6
90,8
105,4
136,2
24,1
22,3
18,5
131,4
373,3
44,3
18,2
13,2
39,7
22,2
24,6

4,9
10,6
74,5
83,3
68,4
15,2

670,8
79,9
214,2
119,7
104,1
141,3
9,0
15,6
36,8
8,0
44,7
57,9
118,8
188,1
24,6
56,2
348,5
91,7
39,4
77,9
17,7
22,5
55,2
7,3
19,6
12,3
97,0
117,1
136,2
26,1
23,4
18,5
145,0
391,8
31,1
27,7
13,7
39,5
20,3
28,6
38,8
6,3
4,7
11,2
77,3
82,9
63,9
18,3

733,5
87,2
203,5
122,5
113,4
146,0
8,5
15,9
28,1
7,8
44,3
58,1
119,9
192,5
26,4
52,2
363,9
99,9
30,6
66,1
18,1
22,9
57,7
6,0
22,2
16,7
103,7
125,9
132,8
24,9
25,2
19,4
148,2
412,2
20,8
28,1
14,8
37,9
20,9
29,6
47,8
10,9
4,7
11,8
76,0
86,8
76,3
21,1

809,9
78,9
197,3
103,9
103,4
138,2
8,3
11,6
29,6
8,9
37,5
45,0
99,8
158,1
23,4
46,8
382,6
93,1
43,7
82,3
15,4
21,5
57,6
4,4
21,6
14,7
101,7
110,9
122,7
20,7
27,3
16,1
153,3
356,2
22,9
23,0
11,7
34,8
19,7
16,4
52,6
8,7
4,2
9,2
66,5
74,5
88,1
12,8

Country
Goods loaded = A
Goods unloaded = B

A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B

Australia
Canada
China, Hong Kong SAR1)
Croatia
Estonia
Finland
Germany
Greece
Indonesia
Islamic Republic of Iran
Israel2)
Latvia
Lithuania
Malaysia3)
Norway
New Zealand
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation4)
Slovenia
Sweden
Ukraine

1) Datele se refer la statistica ncrcturilor navale.Transportul pe ap include transportul pe oceane i pe ruri. / Figures refer to the

waterborne cargo statistics. Transport by water includes transport by ocean and by river.

2) Exclusiv petrolul. / Excluding petroleum.


3) Inclusiv transbordrile. / Including transshipments.
4) Transport maritim de mrfuri realizat de ctre companiile comerciale, inclusiv cargouri strine. / Maritime transport of goods by

commercial entities, including foreign freighters.

725

23.26

Accidente de circulaie
Road traffic accidents

ara

Austria
Belarus
Belgia
Bulgaria

2007

2008

2009

41096

39173

37925

691

6739

1518

42115

47794

1071

944

72181)
43239

2007

2008

Persoane rnite n
accidente de circulaie
(numr)
Persons injured in
road traffic accidents
(number)
2007

2008

679

633

53211

50521

1564

1322

7991

7510

7198 Belarus

944

57200

64437

62717 Belgium

8010

8045

7068

1006

1061

901

9827

9952

22481

21706

1221

1076

901

29300

28501

Croaia
Danemarca
Elveia

Country

2009

Republica Ceh 23060


Cipru

2009

49158 Austria

8674 Bulgaria
27244 Czech Republic

1468

1392

1856

89

82

71

2155

1963

1723 Cyprus

18029

16283

15730

619

664

548

25092

22395

21923 Croatia

5549

5020

4174

406

406

303

6656

5923

4947 Denmark

21911

20736

20506

384

357

349

27132

25556

25479 Switzerland

Estonia

2449

1868

1505

196

132

100

3271

2398

1930 Estonia

Finlanda

6657

6881

6414

380

344

279

8446

8513

8057 Finland

81272

74487

72315

4620

4275

4273 102125

93783

90934 France

335845 320614 310806

4949

4477

4152 431419 409047 401823 Germany

Frana
Germania
Grecia

15499

15083

14789

1612

1553

1456

19766

19010

Irlanda

5467

6736

338

280

240

8602

9747

16016

16531

16308

382

412

314

32423

31399

Israel
Italia

5131

4731

Letonia

4780

4196

3160

419

316

254

Lituania

230871 218963

4050 325850 310739


6085

18641 Greece
Ireland
31832 Israel
Italy

5408

4184 Latvia
4826 Lithuania

6448

4897

3824

740

499

370

8043

5818

Luxemburg

954

927

869

46

35

47

1326

1239

Malta

953

764

1010

12

21

1152

859

Norvegia

Luxembourg
1069 Malta

8182

7726

6922

233

255

212

12082

10868

Olanda

25819

23708

19378

709

677

720

30350

27507

22245 Netherlands

Polonia

49536

49054

44196

5583

5437

4572

63224

62097

60618 Poland

Portugalia

35311

33613

974

885

840

46198

43824

188105 176814 169805

3059

2645

Regatul Unit
Romnia

10207

2800

3063

Federaia Rus 233000 218322 203618

33308

29936

S.U.A.

41259

37261

661

606

Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
Suedia
Turcia

8505

10635

1711000 1630000 1548000


8500

8343

6465

9844 Norway

Portugal

2337 254157 237811 229576 United Kingdom


2796

7091

9391

9091 Romania

27659 292200 270883 255484 Russian Federation


2491000 2346000
347

11165

10886

171

16404

12742

United States of America


8881 Slovakia

11640

9165

8589

293

214

100508

93161

88251

3822

3099

18548

18462

17858

471

397

106994 104212 111121

5007

4236

4324 189057 184468 201380 Turkey

2130 142522 130948


358

26749

26248

12285 Slovenia
65058 Spain
25639 Sweden

Ucraina

63554

51279

37049

9574

7718

5348

78528

63254

45675 Ukraine

Ungaria

20635

19174

17864

1232

996

822

27451

25369

23274 Hungary

1) 2006.

726

Persoane decedate n
accidente de circulaie
(numr)
Persons deceased in
road traffic accidents
(number)

Accidente
(numr)
Accidents
(number)

23.27

Balana de pli, n anul 2009 (Sold)


Balance of payments, in 2009 (Net Credit)
milioane dolari SUA / USD million

ara

Contul curent
Current account

Balana comercial
(Export FOB Import FOB)
Balance of trade
(Exports FOB Imports FOB)

Contul de capital
i financiar1)
Capital and
financial account1)

Country

Africa de Sud

-11295

534

10936

South Africa

Australia2)

-47786

-4915

47416

Australia2)

Austria

10955

-3258

-5569

Austria

Belgia

3522

-2939

-6539

Belgium

Brazilia

-24302

25290

23711

Bulgaria

-4751

-5775

3652

Bulgaria

Canada

-38380

-4246

46562

Canada

-2147

9518

4408

297142

249509

-253795

Cipru

-1915

-5907

1926

Danemarca

11222

8103

-7786

Estonia

893

-778

-759

Finlanda

6814

4790

15379

Finland

Frana

-51860

-61960

84230

France

Germania

165470

188350

-186800

Grecia

-37043

-42826

37839

Greece
Ireland

Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez

Irlanda

-6488

44960

-6784

Italia

-66200

3260

21000

Japonia

142190

43630

-162060

Brazil

Czech Republic
China, Peoples Republic of
Cyprus
Denmark
Estonia

Germany

Italy
Japan

Letonia

2284

-1822

-2464

Latvia

Lituania

1492

-1077

-1498

Lithuania

Luxemburg

3495

-4323

-3451

Malta

-491

-1211

250

Luxembourg
Malta

Noua Zeeland

-3578

1402

4424

Olanda

36581

51066

-55251

Polonia

-7207

-4476

28334

Poland

Portugalia

-23952

-24410

23273

Portugal

Regatul Unit

-27060

-128540

27710

United Kingdom

Romnia3)

-6956

-9582

8684

Federaia Rus

49433

111585

-46869

-720

-991

330

Spania

Slovenia

-80375

-62833

85449

S.U.A.

-378430

-503580

215920

Suedia

31460

14015

-7525

Turcia

-13963

-24896

9201

441

5678

914

Ungaria

New Zealand
Netherlands

Romania3)
Russian Federation
Slovenia
Spain
United States of America
Sweden
Turkey
Hungary

1) Cuprinde categoriile incluse la rezerve. / Includes reserves and related items.


2) 2008.
3) Sursa: Banca Naional a Romniei. / Source: National Bank of Romania.

727

23.28

Indicele preurilor de consum


Consumer price index
procente / percentage

ara

2010 / 2005

2010 / 2009

Africa de Sud1)

111,7

104,3

South Africa1)

Australia

115,8

102,8

Australia

Austria

109,5

101,9

Austria

Belgia

110,6

102,2

Belgium

Canada

108,9

101,9

Canada

Republica Ceh

114,9

101,4

Czech Republic

Republica Coreea

116,1

102,9

Republic of Korea

Danemarca

111,1

102,3

Denmark

Elveia

104,4

100,7

Switzerland

Finlanda

109,7

101,3

Finland

Frana

107,8

101,5

France

Germania

108,2

101,1

Germany

Grecia

117,2

104,7

Greece

Irlanda

107,4

99,1

Ireland

Islanda

148,8

105,4

Iceland

Italia2), 3)

123,3

101,4

Italy2), 3)

Japonia

99,6

99,3

Luxemburg

111,5

102,3

Luxembourg

Norvegia

111,9

102,5

Norway

Noua Zeeland

114,9

102,3

New Zealand

Olanda4)

106,7

101,2

Netherlands4)

Polonia

114,5

102,6

Poland

Portugalia2)

127,1

101,5

Portugal2)

Regatul Unit

116,4

104,6

United Kingdom

Romnia

135,0

106,1

Romania

Federaia Rus

162,8

106,9

Russian Federation

Slovacia

115,2

101,0

Slovakia

Spania2)

127,7

101,8

Spain2)

Japan

S.U.A.

111,7

101,7

United States of America

S.U. Mexicane

124,2

104,1

Mexico, U. S.

Suedia

108,2

101,2

Sweden

Turcia5)

178,4

108,6

Turkey5)

Ungaria

130,0

104,8

Hungary

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

728

Country

2010 fa de 2008. / 2010 as against


2010 fa de 2000. / 2010 as against
Exclusiv tutun. / Excluding tobacco.
2010 fa de 2006. / 2010 as against
2010 fa de 2003. / 2010 as against

2008.
2000.
2006.
2003.

23.29

Utilizatorii de internet i numrul de calculatoare


Internet users and number of computers
numr / 1000 locuitori / number / 1000 inhabitants

Utilizatorii de internet
Internet users

ara

Africa de Sud
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgia
Brazilia
Bulgaria
Canada
Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez
Republica Coreea
Danemarca
Egipt
Elveia
Estonia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Indonezia
Irlanda
Italia
Japonia
Letonia
Lituania
Malaezia
Norvegia
Noua Zeeland
Olanda
Polonia
Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Singapore
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Turcia
Ucraina
Ungaria

Calculatoare personale
Personal computers

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2005

2006

2007

2008

109
177
698
486
458
195
206
520
269
85
684
527
68
498
513
534
430
455
180
55
73
276
478
668
448
358
435
735
672
739
262
279
473
221
152
571
464
545
348
630
181
764
222
97
297

109
209
739
507
458
225
243
681
345
104
705
583
81
582
566
555
491
469
184
55
73
337
490
685
468
319
432
874
765
890
288
303
554
209
180
383
418
623
421
695
175
769
168
119
348

83
259
681
674
659
352
309
728
483
161
759
807
140
763
637
788
512
723
329
72
58
561
539
690
550
492
557
848
692
842
440
401
717
244
211
657
559
526
513
735
227
797
165
215
519

86
281
708
712
681
375
347
753
578
225
758
833
166
759
662
825
679
755
431
45
79
627
418
752
604
544
558
825
714
870
490
421
760
290
319
696
660
557
554
759
222
877
344
105
585

90
304
720
735
752
392
448
777
637
288
809
859
200
709
723
839
713
795
441
53
87
684
485
777
667
588
576
918
834
900
588
486
832
366
421
733
750
636
612
781
265
903
353
333
616

85
83
683
607
348
105
59
700
240
41
545
656
38
865
483
481
575
545
89
16
14
494
367
542
217
155
197
573
474
682
193
133
600
113
122

358
404
277
762
136
763
52
38
146

85
90
757
607
377
161
63
876
274
43
532
696
37
865
483
500
575
606
92
16
15
528
367
676
246
180
218
594
502
854
242
133
758
129
122
682
358
404
277
762
136
836
57
45
149

85
90

607
417
161
89
943
274
57
576
549
49
918
522
500
652
656
94
33
20
582
367

327
183
231
629
526
912
169
172
802
...
133
743
514
425
393
805
144
881
60
45
256

...
...
...
...
...
...
110
943
...
57
576
549
39
962
255
...
652
656
94
33
20
582
...
...
327
242
231
629
526
912
169
182
802
...
133
743
581
425
393
805
144
881
61
45
256

Country

South Africa
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Czech Republic
China, Peoples Republic of
Republic of Korea
Denmark
Egypt
Switzerland
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
India
Indonesia
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Lithuania
Malaysia
Norway
New Zealand
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania
Russian Federation
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U.S.
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
Hungary

729

23.30

Accesul la telecomunicaii, n anul 2009


Access to telecommunications, in 2009
numr / 1000 locuitori / number / 1000 inhabitants

ara
Africa de Sud

Numrul de abonamente
la telefonia mobil
Number of mobile
subscribers

Country

90

940

Argentina

240

1290

Argentina

Australia

410

1110

Australia

Austria

390

1410

Austria

Belgia

390

1150

Belgium

Brazilia

210

900

Bulgaria

290

1400

Bulgaria

Canada

540

680

Canada

Republica Ceh

200

1360

R. P. Chinez

240

560

China, Peoples Republic of

Republica Coreea

400

980

Republic of Korea

Danemarca

370

1340

Egipt

120

670

Elveia

600

1200

Switzerland

Estonia

370

2030

Estonia

Finlanda

270

1440

Finland

Frana

570

950

France

Germania

590

1280

Germany

Grecia

530

1180

Greece

30

450

India

Indonezia

150

690

Indonesia

Irlanda

470

1090

Ireland

Italia

350

1500

Italy

Japonia

350

900

Japan

Letonia

290

990

Latvia

Lituania

220

1490

Lithuania

Malaezia

160

1110

Malaysia

Norvegia

390

1110

Norway

Noua Zeeland

430

1090

New Zealand

Olanda

440

1280

Netherlands

Polonia

250

1170

Poland

Portugalia

380

1430

Portugal

Regatul Unit

540

1300

United Kingdom

Romnia

247

1183

Romania

Federaia Rus

320

1620

Russian Federation

Singapore

370

1330

Singapore

Slovacia

190

1010

Slovakia

Slovenia

510

1030

Slovenia

Spania

440

1110

Spain

S.U.A.

500

970

United States of America

S.U. Mexicane

180

780

Mexico, U.S.

Suedia

550

1230

Turcia

220

840

Turkey

Ucraina

280

1200

Ukraine

Ungaria

310

1180

Hungary

India

730

Numrul de linii
de telefonie fix
Number of fixed
telephone mainlines

South Africa

Brazil

Czech Republic

Denmark
Egypt

Sweden

23.31

Populaia colar i cheltuielile publice pentru educaie, n 2009/2010


School aged population and public expenditure for education, in 2009/2010
Rata brut
de cuprindere colar (%)
Gross enrolment rate (%)

ara

Elevi ce revin la un Cheltuieli publice


cadru didactic (numr) cu nvmntul,
Pupils / teacher ratio
% n Venitul
(number)
Naional Brut1)

nvmnt nvmnt nvmnt nvmnt nvmnt Public expediture Country


primar secundar
superior
primar secundar
for education,
Primary Secondary
Tertiary
Primary Secondary
% in Gross
education education education education education National Income1)

Africa de Sud
Argentina1)
Australia
Austria
Belgia
Brazilia1)
Bulgaria
Republica Ceh
R. P. Chinez
China, RAS Hong Kong
Cipru
Columbia
Congo
Republica Coreea
Danemarca
Elveia
Estonia1)
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Indonezia
Irlanda
Italia1)
Japonia
Letonia
Lituania
Malaezia1)
Noua Zeeland
Olanda
Portugalia
Regatul Unit1)
Romnia
Federaia Rus1)
Serbia
Slovacia
Slovenia
Spania
S.U.A.
S.U. Mexicane
Suedia
Ungaria

101
117
106
99
103
127
102
103
113
104
105
120
120
104
99
103
100
97
109
104
121
105
103
102
99
97
95
101
107
112
106
98
97
98
102
98
107
98
117
96
100

94
86
133
100
108
101
88
95
78
82
98
95

97
118
96
99
109
113
102
79
118
101
101
93
99
69
126
121
107
99
98
85
91
92
97
121
94
90
103
99

69
82
59
66
34
54
61
25
57
52
37
6
100
77
51
64
91
55

24
61
67
59
67
80
36
84
62
61
59
49
77
50
56
88
73
86
28
72
62

16

11
11
23
17
19
17
16
14
29
64
22

12
14
19
13
17
16

18
10
13
15
15

11
18
16
17
16
16
17
13
14
28
9
10

25
11

10

17
12
11
16

10
27

18

9
10
12
13
13

12
9
9
14
14
13
7
14
13
9
10
12
9
11
14
18
10
10

5,3
5,5
4,6
5,5
6,4

4,7
4,4

3,3
7,9
4,1

4,8
7,7
5,8
6,1
6,1
5,5

3,1
6,6
4,7
3,3
5,8
5,1
4,2

5,6
5,1
5,3
3,6
4,2
4,9
3,7

4,7
5,4

6,5
5,5

South Africa
Argentina1)
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Brazil1)
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
China, Peoples Republic of
China, Hong Kong SAR
Cyprus
Colombia
Congo
Republic of Korea
Denmark
Switzerland
Estonia1)
Finland
France
Germany
Indonesia
Ireland
Italy1)
Japan
Latvia
Lithuania
Malaysia1)
New Zealand
Netherlands
Portugal
United Kingdom1)
Romania
Russian Federation1)
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
United States of America
Mexico, U. S.
Sweden
Hungary

Not: nvmntul primar reprezint coala primar; nvmntul secundar reprezint nvmntul gimnazial, liceal, profesional,
organizat n cicluri potrivit reglementrilor fiecrei ri; nvmntul superior cuprinde nvmntul universitar (de scurt i lung
durat) i nvmntul postliceal (studii neechivalate nivelului universitar).
Note: Primary education means primary schools; secondary education means gymnasium, high schools, vocational schools, organised in
cycles according to the legislation of each country; tertiary education includes higher education (short or long duration) and post
high school education (studies not equivalent to university level).
1) 2008/2009.

731

23.32

Personalul din activitatea de cercetare - dezvoltare i


cheltuielile cu cercetarea - dezvoltarea, n anul 2008
Staff in the research - development activity and
the expenditure on research - development, in 2008

ara

Australia
Austria

din care:
of which:
Cercettori
Researchers

Cheltuieli cu
cercetarea-dezvoltarea,
% n Produsul Intern Brut
Expenditure on R&D,
% in Gross Domestic
Product

136696

91617

2,35

Australia

58077

34546

2,67

Austria
Belgium

Country

Belgia

60129

37287

1,96

Bulgaria

17219

11384

0,47

Bulgaria

Republica Ceh

50808

29785

1,47

Czech Republic

1965357

1592420

1,47

China, Peoples Republic of

1201

806

0,43

Cyprus

10583

6697

0,90

Croatia

294440

236137

3,36

Republic of Korea

58589

35702

2,88

Denmark

R. P. Chinez
Cipru
Croaia
Republica Coreea
Danemarca
Estonia

5086

3979

1,29

Estonia

Finlanda

56698

40879

3,72

Finland
France

Frana

384513

229130

2,11

Germania

522688

302467

2,68

Germany

20363

14546

1,44

Ireland

Irlanda
Islanda

3117

2308

2,65

Iceland

Italia

239016

96677

1,23

Italy

Japonia

882739

656676

3,44

Japan

Letonia

6533

4370

0,61

Latvia

Lituania

12632

8458

0,80

Lithuania

Norvegia

35967

26018

1,62

Norway

Olanda

93369

50727

1,76

Netherlands

Polonia

74596

61831

0,61

Poland

Portugalia
Regatul Unit
Romnia
Federaia Rus
Slovacia
Slovenia

732

Numr persoane
n echivalent
norm ntreag
Number of persons
in full-time
equivalent

47882

40408

1,50

Portugal

342086

251932

1,77

United Kingdom

30390

19394

0,58

Romania

869772

451213

1,04

Russian Federation

15576

12587

0,47

Slovakia
Slovenia

11594

7032

1,66

Spania

215676

130986

1,35

Spain

Suedia

77549

48220

3,68

Suedia

Turcia

67244

52811

0,73

Turkey

Ungaria

27403

18504

1,00

Hungary

23.33

Rezervele internaionale, exclusiv aurul, n anul 2010


International reserves, excluding gold, in 2010
milioane dolari SUA / USD million

ara

Total

Disponibiliti
FMI
Reserve position
in the Fund

Devize
Foreign
exchange

DST
SDRs

Country

Africa de Sud

38175

35419

2754

South Africa

Argentina

49734

46619

3114

Argentina

Australia

38659

1102

32793

4764

Australia

Austria

9589

723

6175

2691

Austria

Belgia

16499

1831

7879

6789

Belgium

Brazilia

287056

2037

280569

4450

Brazil

Bulgaria

15421

52

14427

941

Bulgaria

Canada

56998

3056

44888

9054

Canada

Republica Ceh

41909

349

40335

1224

Czech Republic

2866079

6397

2847338

12344

291491

1025

286926

3540

Republic of Korea

73503

826

70334

2343

Denmark

223481

1141

217347

4993

Switzerland

7327

566

4920

1841

Finland

Frana

55800

4589

36211

15000

France

Germania

62295

6169

37356

18769

Germany

Grecia

1310

263

108

938

Greece

Irlanda

1843

237

502

1104

Ireland

47684

2457

35678

9549

Italy

1061490

4608

1036256

20626

747

102

271

374

Norvegia

52798

602

49740

2456

Norway

Noua Zeeland

16723

273

15133

1317

New Zealand

Olanda

18471

2068

8901

7502

Netherlands

Polonia

88822

498

86317

2007

Poland

3652

356

2013

1283

Portugal

Regatul Unit

68340

4890

49330

14120

Romnia1)

43366

42304

1062

R. P. Chinez
Republica Coreea
Danemarca
Elveia
Finlanda

Italia
Japonia
Luxemburg

Portugalia

Federaia Rus

China, Peoples Republic of

Japan
Luxembourg

United Kingdom
Romania1)

443586

1893

432949

8744

Russian Federation

Spania

19146

1323

13306

4517

Spain

S.U.A

121390

12490

52080

56820

Suedia

42565

1123

37919

3522

United States of America


Sweden

Turcia

80713

174

79045

1494

Turkey

Ungaria

44849

114

43581

1154

Hungary

Not: DST = Drepturi speciale de tragere. / Note: SDRs = Special Drawing Rights.
1) Sursa: Banca Naional a Romniei. / Source: National Bank of Romania.

733

23.34

Rezervele de aur (la sfritul perioadei)


Gold reserves (end of period)
milioane uncii aur fin / million fine gold ounces

ara

2005

2006

2007

2008

2010

Country

Africa de Sud

3,99

3,99

4,00

4,01

4,01

4,02

South Africa

Argentina

1,76

1,76

1,76

1,76

1,76

1,76

Argentina

Australia

2,57

2,57

2,57

2,57

2,57

2,57

Australia

Austria

9,73

9,28

9,00

9,00

9,00

9,00

Austria

Belgia

7,32

7,32

7,32

7,32

7,32

7,31

Belgium

Brazilia

1,08

1,08

1,08

1,08

1,08

1,08

Brazil

Bulgaria

1,28

1,28

1,28

1,28

1,28

1,28

Bulgaria

Canada

0,11

0,11

0,11

0,11

0,11

0,11

Canada

Republica Ceh

0,44

0,43

0,43

0,42

0,42

0,41

Czech Republic

19,29

19,29

19,29

19,29

33,89

33,89

Republica Coreea

0,46

0,42

0,46

0,46

0,46

0,46

Republic of Korea

Danemarca

2,14

2,14

2,14

2,14

2,14

2,14

Denmark

Egipt

2,43

2,43

2,43

2,43

2,43

2,43

41,48

41,48

36,82

33,44

33,44

33,44

R. P. Chinez

Elveia
Finlanda
Frana
Germania
Grecia
India
Irlanda

China, Peoples Republic of

Egypt
Switzerland

1,58

1,58

1,58

1,58

1,58

1,58

Finland

90,85

87,44

83,69

80,13

78,30

78,30

France

110,21

110,04

109,87

109,72

109,53

109,34

3,47

3,59

3,62

3,62

3,62

3,59

11,50

11,50

11,50

11,50

17,93

17,93

Germany
Greece
India

0,18

0,18

0,18

0,18

0,19

0,19

Italia

78,83

78,83

78,83

78,83

78,83

78,83

Italy

Japonia

24,60

24,60

24,60

24,60

24,60

24,60

Japan

Ireland

Liban

9,22

9,22

9,22

9,22

9,22

9,22

Luxemburg

0,07

0,07

0,07

0,07

0,07

0,07

Luxembourg

22,34

20,61

19,98

19,69

19,69

19,69

Netherlands

Olanda
Polonia

3,31

3,31

3,31

3,31

3,31

3,31

13,42

12,30

12,30

12,30

12,30

12,30

Regatul Unit

9,99

9,97

9,98

9,98

9,98

9,98

Romnia1)

3,37

3,37

3,33

3,33

3,34

3,34

12,44

12,91

14,48

16,71

20,87

25,36

Portugalia

Federaia Rus

Lebanon

Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Romania1)
Russian Federation

Spania

14,72

13,40

9,05

9,05

9,05

9,05

S.U.A.

261,55

261,50

261,50

261,50

261,50

261,50

Suedia

5,41

5,10

4,78

4,41

4,04

4,04

Sweden

Turcia

3,73

3,73

3,73

3,73

3,73

3,73

Turkey

Ungaria

0,10

0,10

0,10

0,10

0,10

0,10

Hungary

1) Sursa: Banca Naional a Romniei. / Source: National Bank of Romania.

734

2009

Spain
United States of America