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Gabyjon

TERMENI UZUALI
Instalaie de foraj Masa rotary Granic Cap hidraulic Crlig Geamblac ncrctor Furtun vibrator Furtun rotary Cabestan Cap mort Cablu de salvare Pod tubaj Pod podar Acionare Motoare Compresoare Trolii pneumatice Pompe noroi Hab noroi Hab tragere Hab preparare / depozit Hab site Hab etalonare Hab rezerv Hab ap Hab motorin Hab rcire frn Site vibratoare Plase sit Denisipator Dezmluitor Curitor noroi Degazeificator Prevenitor Tija ptrat Cap coloan Sap Prjin foraj Prjin grea Reducie sap Reducie Stabilizator Centor Muf Cep Filet Protector filet drilling rig rotary table drawworks swivel hook crown block stand pipe vibrating hose rotary hose cathead dead line anchore escape line casing board monkey board power driven motors, engines compressors air hoists mud pumps mud tank suction tank intermediate tank shaker tank trip tank reserve tank drill water tank fuel tank brake cooling tank shale shakers screen desander desilter mud cleaner degasser blow out preventer kelly casing head, bradenhead bit drill pipe drill collar near bit sub cross over stabilizer centralizer box pin thread thread protector 1 (drilling rig) (rotary teibl) (druorcs) (suivl) (huc) (craun bloc) (stend paip) (veibeting hos) (rotari hos) (chethed) (ded lain enor) (ischeip lain) (chesing bord) (manchei bord) (paur draivn) (motors, engins) (compresors) (er hoists) (mad pamps) (mad tenc) (sacn tenc) (intermedieit tenc) (eicr tenc) (trip tenc) (rizrv tenc) (dril uatr tenc) (fiul tenc) (brec culing tenc) (el eicrs) (scrin) (disendr) (desiltr) (mad clinr) (dighesr) (blou aut priventr) (cheli) (chesing hed, bradnhed) (bit) (dril paip) (drilcolar) (nir bit sab) (cros uvr) (stabilaizr) (centrlaizr) (box) (pin) (fred) (fred protectr)

Gabyjon
Manoane cauciuc Drilcolar amagnetic Geal de foraj Pas de prjini Ramp prjini Pene Cleti Clete automat Elevator Ptraii mari Ptraii mici Oala Maria DIBA Cioara Clete nurubat-deurubat prjini Dispozitiv strns -slbit material tubular Piston Lan Lan transmisie Cmaa pistonului Cheie Piuli Rol Panou Sarcin Echipament Adncime nregistrator de greutate nregistrator parametri foraj Detritus Gaura tijei ptrate Gaura de dublu rubber protectors nonmagnetic drillcollar drilling jar drill pipe stand pipe rack slips tongs power tongs elevator rotary table bushings kelly bushings bell nipple mud saver bucket kelly spinner casing drift iron roughneck ezy torque piston chain driving chain pump liner wrench nut sheave panel load equipment depth weight indicator drilling recorder debris, cuttings rathole mouse hole (rubr protectrs) (nonmagnetic drilcolar) (driling gear) (dril paip stend) (paip rec) (slips) (tongs) (paur tongs) (eleveitr) (rotari teibl buings) (cheli buings) (bel nipl) (mad seivr bachet) (cheli spainr) (chesing drift) (airon rugnec) (ezi torc) (pistn) (cein) (draiving cein) (pamp lainr) (scriu) (nat) (iv) (penel) (lud) (echipmnt) (dept) (ueit indicheitr) (driling ricordr) (debri, catings) (rathol) (maus hol)

MATERIALE
Motorin Ulei motor Barit Bentonit CMC vscozitate nalt CMC vscozitate sczut Sod caustic Polimer Spum Antispumant Mic gas oil, diesel oil engine oil baryte bentonite CMC high viscosity CMC low viscosity caustic soda polymer foam antifoam mica 2 (ghes oil, dizel oil) (engin oil) (barit) (bentonit) (hai viscoziti) (lou viscoziti) (caustic soda) (polimer) (fom) (antifom) (mica)

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OPERAII PRINCIPALE
FORARE CAROTARE MAR LRGIRE CIRCULAIE CORECTARE FREZARE CIMENTARE TUBARE ABLONARE TRATARE NOROI PIERDERE CIRCULAIE REPARAII ERUPIE TESTARE MSURTORI PRIN CABLU A ADUGA UN PAS NOU A SPA DE LA PN LA A MSURA NIVELUL N HABE INTRODUCERE EXTRAGERE A INTRODUCE A EXTRAGE PRIZ CIMENT VITEZA DE AVANSARE DRILLING CORING TRIPPING ENLARGING CIRCULATION REAMING DRILL OUT CEMENTING CASING GAUGING MUD TREATMENT LOST CIRCULATION REPAIRS BLOW OUT TESTING LOGGING (driling) (coring) (triping) (inlarging) (circulein) (riming) (dril aut) (cimenting) (chesing) (guging) (mad tritmnt) (lost circulein) (ripeirs) (blou aut) (testing) (loghing) (ed niu gioint) (tu dril from tu ) (tu mear v level from tenc) (raning) (piling aut) (ran in hol) (pul aut of hol) (ueit on ciment) (reit of penetrein) (ueit on bit) (ceingi v mad pamp) (total aors of ripeirs)

ADD A NEW JOINT TO DRILL FROM TO TO MEASURE THE LEVEL FROM TANKS RUNNING PULLING OUT RUN IN HOLE (RIH) PULL OUT OF (POOH) WAITING ON CEMENT (WOC) RATE OF PENETRATION (ROP) WEIGHT ON BIT (WOB) CHANGE THE MUD PUMP TOTAL HOURS OF REPAIRS

APSARE PE SAP A SCHIMBA POMPA TOTAL ORE REPARAII

PARAMETRII FLUIDULUI DE FORAJ


DENSITATE VSCOZITATE GELAIE PH FILTRAIE TURT SARE DENSITY VISCOSITY GELATION PH FILTRATION MUD CAKE SALT 3 (densiti) (viscoziti) (gelein) (pieici) (fitrein) (mad cheic) (solt)

Gabyjon
Greutate specific Tensiune de forfecare Vscozitate plastic Vscozitate Marsh Clor Coninut activ de argile Coninut activ de argile Filtrat Rezistena de gel mud weith yield point plastic vascosity Marsh vascosity cloride methylene blue test solid content filtrate gel strenght MW YP VP VM Cl MBT Solids HTHP Gels

DIFERII ALI TERMENI


elevator pt. tubing elevator pt. tija de pompare clete pt. tubing chei pt. tije crlig pt. tije pompare crlig macara macara geamblac cablu macara turl mast substructur granic de manevr tije de pompare prevenitor de erupie ventil de siguran manifold de presiune separator de gaze-iei claviatura separatoarelor duz reglabil cap de erupie conduct de erupie conduct de alimentare conduct de nalt presiune conduct ap-iei conduct de evacuare conduct de aspiraie rezervor de iei demontat cap erupie montat prevenitor erupie extras tubingul cu introdus sap cu role frez frezat dop ciment n col 7 tubing elevator suker rods elevator tubing tong / snap on suker rods wrenches production hook hook block traveling block crown block hoisting line derrick mast substructure drawwork sucker rods blow out preventer kelly cock flow chokes and manifold oil and gas separator separator manifold adjustable choke cristmas tree blow out line supplying pipe line high pressure pipe line water and oil pipe line discharge (outlet) pipe line inlet pipe line oil tank cristmas tree dismount (tear down) BOP mounting pull out tubing with run in tubing OD with bit OD milling tool drilled cementing plug in 7 casing 4 (tiubing eleveitr) (sacr rod eleveitr) (tiubing tong / snepon) (sacr rod rencis) (prdacn huc) (huc bloc) (trevling bloc) (craun bloc) (hoisting lain) (deric) (mast) (sabstractr) (druorc) (sacr rod) (blu aut priventr) (cheli coc) (flu ciocs end manifold) (oil end ghez sepreitr) (separeitr manifold) (dgiastibl cioc) (cristms tri) (blu aut lain) (splaing paip lain) (hai prer paip lain) (uatr end oil paip lain) (disciargi paip lain) (inlet paip lain) (oil tenc) (cristms tri dismaunt) (tiar daun) (BOP maunting) (pul aut tiubing uit ) (ran in tiubing OD uit bit OD ) (miling tul) (drilid cimenting plag in (sevn inci chesing)

Gabyjon
extras sap cu role la zi perforat col 7 extras echipament perforare introdus paker 7 la introdus niple etanare n i fixat n paker deschis valva de circulaie nlocuit fluid de foraj cu motorin nchis valva de circulaie montat inst. de pistonat pistonat mc cu nivel pornit sonda n erupie pe duz prob de potenial elevator pt. burlane cimentarea coloanei operaia de cimentare cimentare sub presiune tubarea unei sonde iul coloanei sarcina la crlig sarcina de lucru cap mort cablu de foraj conduct principal conduct de evacuare curitor de col. cu bacuri scule de instrumentaie dorn scurt dorn lung tut cuit pt. tiat tubing tij ptrat mas rotativ manifold de presiune model cu plumb scule de lucru+fixare+tubing ciocan dalt chei mecanice fixe chei reglabile prezoane ventil principal dispozitiv fixare valve cap de erupie claviatur cap erupie niplu de etanare pull out of well the bit OD perforated the 7 casing pull out the gun run in hole 7 paker and set at run in hole sealing paker nipple and set it in packer open the slide door replaced drilling mud by gas oil (diesel) close the slide door mounted wireline swabbing devices swabbed cubic meter with meter dynamic level start the well, flowing in natural blow system production test casing elevator casing cementing cementing job cementing squeeze run in the casing casing shoe hook load working load dead line drilling line main pipe line discharge line casing scraper fishing tools taper tap tap die collar tubing cutter kelly rotary table pressure manifol impression blok tubing handling tools hammer flat bit wrench spanner screw main valve tubing hunger christmas tree christmas tree seal nipple 5 (pul aut of uel v bit OD) (perforeited v 7 chesing) (pul aut v gan) (ran in hol 7 inci pacher end set t) (ran in hol v siling paker nipl end set it in pacher) (opn v slaid dor) (ripleisd driling mad bai ghez oil) (cloz v slaid dor) (maunted uairelain suabing divaises) (suabid chiubic metr uiv metr dainemic levl) (start v uel, flouing in neciurl blou sistm) (prdacn test) (chesing eleveitr) (chesing cimenting) (cimenting giob) (cimenting squizi) (ran in v chesing) (chesing u) (huc lud) (uorching lud) (ded lain) (driling lain) (mein paip lain) (disciarge lain) (chesing screpr) (fiing tuls) (teipr tep) (tep) (dai colar) (tiubing catr) (cheli) (rotari teibl) (prer manifold) (impren bloc) (tiubing hendling tuls) (hemr) (flet bit) (urenci) (spenr) (scriu) (mein valv) (tiubing hangr) (cristms tri) (cristms tri) (sil nipl)

Gabyjon
avans automat agitator de noroi ancor amnar apsare pe sap ansamblu de fund amortizor amortozor pneumatic adncimea sabotului agtor col. tubaj acoperi flotant agtor argil marnoas a aeza burlanele blocaj burlan de ghidaj burlan de tubaj broasc cu pene pt. burlane brar de cablu baraca sondorilor broasc bol a bate cu geala blind bacuri, pene bacuri prevenitor bucat contrapresiune calibru crlig instrumentaie cap carotier corunc cu pene curgere invers cap de coloan cimentare inel opritor / de reinere cap de furtun de dop de sabot de coloana de n mai multe faze sub presiune corunc carot carotier cap de carotier cuit centrori corunc de burlane cablu de manevr automatic feed mud agitatot anchor bit breaker bit weight bottom hole assembly buffer/bumper/dampner air cushioning casing depth casing grab floating roof hanger marl clay to set casing clog conductor pipe/casing casing casing spider drilling clamp dog house spider pin to jar capping slip / dogs rams single back pressure bit gauge / gage bit hook core bit bull dog type / slip socket back flow casing head cementing collar head hose plug shoe string multistage squeeze overshot core core barrel core bit/core cutter head cutter casing centralizers casing dog casing line 6 (automatic fid) (mad agiteitr) (enur) (bit breicr) (bit ueigt) (batm hol esmbli) (bafr/bampr/dempnr) (er cheioning) (chesing dept) (chesing greb) (floting ruf) (hengr) (marl clei) (tu set chesing) (clog) (cndactr paip/chesing) (chesing) (chesing spaidr) (driling clemp) (dog haus) (spaidr) (pin) (tu gear) (cheping) (slips / dogs) (rems) (singl) (bec prer) (bit guge / gheige) (bit huc) (core bit) (bul dog taip/slip sochet) (bec flou) (chesing hed) (cimenting) (colar) (hed) (hos) (plag) (u) (string) (multisteige) (squizi) (ovrot) (cor) (cor berl) (cor bit/cor catr hed) (catr) (chesing centrlaizr) (chesing dog) (chesing lain)

Gabyjon
clete de burlane coloan nepenit cablu de foraj controlul avansului capr col. de producie corunc instrumentaie co de instrumentaie canea de siguran curitor de tij conduct de omorre clete de deurubare claviatur; manifold curgere natural ciment cu priz rapid circulaie invers cablu de lcrit metalic de manevr cablu de ghidare cheie pt. prjini / clete cap hidraulic carotaj prin prjini col. de ancoraj a corecta curs cuplu (de strnger) convertizor de cuplu colier dop masiv a deuruba durata sapei deviere tut de instrumentaie debit debitmetru diagram dop demontaj densitate degetul turlei dispozitiv nurubare derivaie a echipa sonda echip / brigad echipament de foraj etanare a extrage (garnitura) a etana etanre ntre col. casing tong stuck casing drilling cable / rope / line drilling control drilling frame; post flow string jar socket junk basket kelly cock kelly wiper kill line lead tongs manifold natural flow quick setting cement reverse circulation rope / line bailing / sand line wireline rotary line guide line sicket spanner / wrench swivel wireline coring anchor string to ream stroke torque torque coverter clamp bull plug to back off bit life by-pass die collar / nipple flow flowmeter log plug rigging down density finger board kelly spinner flowline to complete a well crew drilling equipment seal to pull out to pack off housing flange 7 (chesing tong) (stac chesing) (driling cheibl/rup/lain) (driling control) (driling freim; post) (flu string) (gear sochet) (gianc baschet) (cheli coc) (cheli uaipr) (chil lain) (lid tongs) (manifold) (neciurl flu) (cuic seting ciment) (rivrs circulein) (rup / lain) (beiling / send lain) (uerelain) (rotari lain) (guid lain) (sochet spenr / urechi) (suivl) (uerelain coring) (enr string) (tu rim) (stroc) (torc) (torc convertr) (clemp) (bul plag) (tu bec of) (bil laif) (bai pes) (dai colar / nipl) (flu) (flumetr) (log) (plag) (righing daun) (densiti) (fingr bord) (cheli spinr) (flulain) (tu complit a uel) (criu) (driling equipmnt) (sil) (tu pul aut) (tu pec of) (hausing flengi)

Gabyjon
foraj direcional / dirijat de explorare de exploatare directional controlat foraj rotativ fluid de foraj foraj de adncime a freza ciment filtraie flan garnitur de flan de nchidere oarb cu flane racord conexiune furtun flexibil formaiune fisurat dur moale productiv forajul gurii tijei de antrenare ghidaj garnitura de foraj gaur deviat geal de foraj robinet de nchidere nceputul prizei ntreinere inst. de la gaura puului instructaj jilip manonarea sapei muf din corp macara de manevr a face mar complet cu sapa mast ancorat rabatabil portabil telescopic montaj (instalaie) mar material de ngreunare material de blocaj gaura bucii de avansare gaura tijei gaur netubat a nchide un pu inel de blocare drilling directional exploration exploitation controlled / directional rotary drilling drilling mud deep drilling to drill out filtrate / water loss flange gasket blank flange blind flanged fitting joint flexible hose formation faulted hard soft oil producing ratholing pilot bit crooked hole drilling jar shut in cock initial set service-ing well head assembly briefing slide bit balling flush joint hoisting block to make a trip mast guyed jack knife portable telescoping rigging up trip weighting material sealing materials mouse hole kelly hole open hole to close in a well casing clamp 8 (driling) (direcnl) (explorein) (exploatein) (controld / direcnl) (rotari driling) (driling mad) (dip driling) (tu dril aut) (filtreit / uatr los) (flenge) (gheschit) (blenc flenge) (blaind) (flenged) (fiting) (gioint) (flexibl hos) (formein) (faultid) (hard) (soft) (oil prodiusing) (rathol) (pailot bit) (cruct hol) (driling gear) (ut in coc) (inil set) (servising) (uel hed esembli) (brifing) (slaid) (bit boling) (fla gioint) (hoisting bloc) (tu meic a trip) (mast) (guid) (gec naif) (porteibl) (telescoping) (righing ap) (trip) (ueiting mterial) (siling mterials) (maus hol) (cheli hol) (opn hol) (tu cloz in a uel) (chesing clemp)

Gabyjon
instrumentaie paianjen de geal de crlig de dorn de timp de scule de injector (duz) introducerea burlanelor a ndesa introducere a nchide etan nchis pu nchis a nchide sonda niplu de fixare noroi diagrama analizei noroiului turt circulaia noroiului deversor de noroi hab de noroi nas, vrf (la conul sapei) a obtura prevenitor inelar fishing basket jar hook / tool tap time tools nozzle lowering the casing to run in running in to seal off shut in shut well to shut in landing nipple mud analysis logging mud mud cake mud circulation mud ditch mud tank nose to block off annular preventer (fiing) (baschet) (gear) (huc / tul) (tep) (taim) (tuls) (nozl) (louering v chesing) (tu ran in) (raning in) (tu sil of) (at in) (at uel) (tu at in) (lending nipl) (mad) (enlaizing loghing mad) (mad cheic) (mad circulein) (mad ditci) (mad tenc) (nouz) (tu bloc of) (enulr priventr)

DRILLING PARAMETERS

WOB RPM FR SPP RT DSM ROP d Tin Tout GT C1 C2 C3 iC4 nC4 iC5 nC5

Weight on bit Rotation per min Flow rate Stand pipe pressure Rotary torque Double strokes per min Rate of penetration Total gas C1 C2 C3 iC4 nC4 iC5 nC5 9

Apsare pe sap Rotaii pe minut Debit Presiune la ncrctor Torsiune la mas Curse duble pe minut Rata penetrrii (1/VM) Exponentul d Temperatur intrare Temperatur ieire Gaz total Metan Etan Propan izo-Butan normal-Butan izo-Pentan normal-Pentan

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BHA TD TVD WODL WOD WOM DST LOG N/U (BOP) N/D (BOP) P/U L/D POOH RIH DOC TOC OE Bottom hole ansembly Total depth True vertical depth Wait on day light Wait order Wait of materials Drill sistem test Wireline logging Niple up (BOP) Niple down (BOP) Cut & Slip Pit lose Pit gain Pck up Lay down Pull out of hole Run in hole Drill out cement Top of cement Oppen ended Ansamblu de fund Adncime total Adncime real vertical Atept lumina zilei Atept un ordin Atept materiale Testarea sistemului de foraj Carotaj cu cablu Montat (BOP) Demontat (BOP) Tiat i scurtat Pierde batal Umple batal Dat afar din sond Extragerea garniturii Introducerea garniturii Frezarea cimentului Oglind ciment Prjini goale (neastupate la capt)

LAUNCHER Daily
Code A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T 1st level activity Moving & Rig Up & Rig down Skidding Well Head & BOP Conductor Pipe Drilling Side-tracking or re-drilling Casing Cementing Coring Logging Completion string Decompletion string Mechanical restoration after decompletion Sand control Wellbore treatment Testing Abandoning Slike Line Coiled Tubing Artificial lift Mutare & instalare & dezinstalare Mutare (alunecare) instalaie de foraj Cap de sond i prevenitor Coloan de ghidaj Forare Nou gaur (de la o nou adncime) Tubare Cimentare Carotaj Msurtori Compunerea garniturii de foraj Descompunerea garniturii de foraj Pregtirile mecanice de sfrit de foraj Controlul nisipului (pt. abrazivitate) Testare Abandonare Tubing flexibil Liftare (Punere n producie nlocuirea noroilui cu aer) prin

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2nd level activity 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 Preparation Equipment moving Rotation @ bottom (drillig / coring) Tripping Assembling & disassembling Reaming and wiper tripping Circulating Fluids preparation Fluids pumping in well Fluids and core recovery Measurement in well Equipment testing Working-on & fishing Milling Operation through tubing (completed wells) Shooting & perforating Plugging and squeezing Cutting & recovery (casing / tubing) Various operations (in well) Various operations (at surface) Waiting (general) Waiting (enviromental conditions) Waiting (companys personnel, services or material) Waiting (contractors personnel, services or mater) Maintenance & repair Strike Not accurate or no news available Hole opening Change in production level Redress TSV Redress SCSSV Test SCSSV 3rd level activity P T U X Planned operation Trouble in a planned operation Unplanned operation Trouble in an un-planned operation Operaie planificat Probleme n operaia planificat Operaie neplanificat Probleme n operaia neplanificat Pregtire Mutarea echipamentului Rotaie n talp (spat / carotat) Mar Asamblare i dezasamblare (demontare) Corectare i mar de control Circulaie Pregtirea fluidelor Pompare fluid n pu Recuperare de fluide i carot Msurtori n gaur Testare echipament Lucrare pe & instrumentaie (recuperare) Frezare Operaie prin tubing (sonde completate, terminate) mpucare i perforare Punere dop i Tiere i recuperare (coloan / burlane) Diferite operaii (n gaur) Diferite operaii (la suprafa) Ateptare (general/obinuit?) Ateptare (condiii de mediu) Ateptare (personalul companiei, servicii sau materiale) Ateptare (personalul contractorului, servicii sau ) ntreinere i reparaii Grev Lips informaii sau nouti Gaur netubat (deschidere de gaur) Schimbare n nivelul de producie Reajustare

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Determinarea gipsului i anhidritutlui Metoda nr. 2
Determinarea diferenei dinte gips i anhidrit nu este totdeauna posibil, la sond, dar uneori poate fi ncercat. Asemnrile i diferenele sunt:

Caracteristici Formula Culoare Structura

Gips
CaSO4*2H2O Alb, gri deschis-gri nchis, rou, albastru, galben, maro Sticlos, fii flexibile, structura fibroas, luciu satinat, perle. Masiv, granule fine, subvitros, spongios, alb, soft Perl, pmntos, subvitros 1,5-2 n scara lui Mohs, poate fi zgriat cu unghia 2,3-2,37 g/cm3

Anhidrit
Ca SO4 Alb, gri deschis, rou Fibros, paralel i radiar, granule fine. Amorf, granule fine, masiv dar clivabil Perl, gras, subvitros 3-3,5 n scara lui Mohs, poate fi zgriat cu ac de alam 2,9-3 g/cm3

Luciu Duritate Densitate

Prezena sulfailor poate fi testat cu HCl. Calcitul face efervescen iar gipsul i anhidritul nu. Confirmarea poate fi obinut mojarnd o prob uscat n o pulbere fin, o punem n o sticl de ceas cu HCl i o nclzim usor. Pulberea va fi dizolvat , iar cnd se va rci treptat, gipsul i anhidritul vor precipita n cristale aciculare pe marginea sticlei de ceas. BaCl2, folosit cu grij, determin de asemenea prezena sulfailor: 1. punem proba ntr-un recipient(eprubet) i completm cu ap distilat. 2. Agitam i apoi vrsm apa. Reumplem i repetm. 3. Umplem eprubeta jumtate cu ap i adugm 3 picturi de HCl i agitm. 4. Adugm 2 picturi BaCl2. O perl alb-decolorat confirm prezena gipsului sau anhidritului.

Metoda nr. 2
se iau cateva fragmente de prob i se pun ntr-un balon de laborator umplem parial balonul cu soluie de HCl 10% folosete plita pentru a nclzi coninutul pn la fierbere dup rcire trecem coninutul printr-o hrtie de filtru ntr-un test tube adaug 10 picturi de BaCl2 soluie; formarea de precipitat indic prezena sulfailor dup decantare las precipitatul s se usuce umple parial un alt test tub cu Bromoform

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adaug precipitatul n tubul cu Bromoform; dac precipitatul se scufund, este anhidrit (d = 2,99), dac plutete este gips (d = 2,32).

Diferenierea dintre crbune (din tratament) i lignit


se pun cateva fragmente ntr-un test tube se umple parial tubul cu acid nitric 10% soluie se pune un dop i se agit tubul 30 secunde dac soluia se coloreaz n maro, este prezent lignit, dac rmne limpede este prezent crbunele.

Determinarea clorurilor
mojareaz cteva fragmente de prob pune pulberea ntr-un balon de laborator, parial umplut cu ap distilat nclzete coninutul pn la fierbere dup rcire trece coninutul printr-o hrtie de filtru ntr-un test tube adaug 10 picturi de AgNO3; formarea unui precipitat alb indic prezena clorurilor.

Prepararea soluiilor analitice


AgNO3 - o capsul de Titrosol sau Normadose diluat n 1000 cm3 ap distilat; Alizarina roie S - 1 gram alizarin dizolvat n 998 cm3 ap distilat i 2 ml HCl concentrat; BaCl2 Soluie - 61 g BaCl2 diluat n 1000 cm3 ap distilat; Soluie salin saturat - 360 g sare n 1000 cm3 ap (d: 1,2); salinitatea apei mrii 30 g/l (d: 1,02); Fenolftaleina - dilum 1 g fenolftalein n 50 cm3 acool metilic sau etilic; Cromat de potasiu - 29 g cromat de potasiu diluate n 1000 cm3 ap distilat; Acid sulfuric soluie normal - 50 cm3 H2SO4 conc (d: 1,84) diluat n 1000 cm3 ap distilat; Acid sulfuric N/50 sol - 20 cm3 acid sulfuric normal (n/1) diluat n 1000 cm3 ap distilat.

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Descrierea rocilor
1. Depozite silicioase Tip roc Siltit Silt Nisip Gresie Culoare Transparent Cenuiu Alb Maroniu Galben Dimensiunea granulelor 1-2 f. grosier 0,5-1 grosier 0,25- 0,5 mediu 0,125- 0,25 fin 0,063- 0,125 f. fin 0,002- 0,063 silt <0,002 shale/argil Sfericitate Elongat Subelongat Subsferic Sferic Grad de rotunjire Angular Subangular Subrotunjit Rotunjit Bine rotunjit Sortare Slab sortat Mediu sortat Bine sortat Minerale accesorii Biotit- By Muscovit- Ms Feldspat- flds Glauconit- glau

Tip ciment Anhidritic Gipsifer Calcaros Dolomitic

Grad de cimentare Neconsolidat Slab consolidat Mediu cimentat Bine cimentat

Duritate afnat friabil mediu dur f. dur

Porozitate p. f. mic (fr porozitate) 0-5 % p. slab 5-10 % satisfacatoare 10-15 % bun 15- 20% f. bun 20- 25 %

2. Depozite argiloase Tipul rocii Shale- sh Argil-arg Marn- mar Tipuri de argil Fr nfoiere Argil hidratabil Culoare Alb Cenuie Negru Maroniu Verde Galben Rou Caracteristici majore Argiloas Calcaroas Dolomitic Fosilifer Glauconitic Micafer Nisipoas Siltic Piritic Compactare Fragil Slab compact Mediu compact Bine compact Duritate Plastic Moale Medie Dur

Exemplu de descriere: Gresie: cenuiu, med., elg., subang., subrotunjit, mediu sortat, glauconitic, cim. calcaros, bine cimentat, duritate medie, por. slab. Nisip: transparent, alb, fin, elg., subang., mediu sortat, glauconitic Siltit: cenuiu, silt, elg., mediu sortat, cim. silicios, bine cimentat, f. dur Argil: hidr., cen., mic, plastic. Shale: cen.., argilos, mic, slab compactat (este o argil care nu se nfoaie (nu se umfl) i este stratificat). 14

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PDF Creator settings and LogViewer
1. Set PDF Creator printer as default printer 2. Open the PDF Creator Windows (START-Programs-PDFCreator-PDF Creator) 3. AOn the Printer/Options menu set as in the picture

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Go to Printers page from Control Panel (select All in Auto-Rotate) Select the properties of the PDF Creator printer by right mouse click Push the Printing Preferences button Push Advanced button On Paper Size select Postscript Custom Page Size and Edit the page size. The picture show you an example about A4 Landscape. Remember that the suggested formats for PDF are A4 Portrait or the 11x7

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9. As Print quality choose 300dpi

In the LogViewer finally choose the paper as below

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The proper procedure to stop linux computer and other hints:
1) In Geodesk go to the shutdown menu, select the System command backup RTDB and stop Gimas 2) Next go to Linux console and in the root terminal run the command Halt (enter), the system will be shut down when the last message System Halted appears, now you can switch off the power supply using the white frontal button on the left of the IBM server. 3) After Linux starts up, the system will show you a Login prompt. In our configuration we have three users: a) The first is the root user with password saert2. This user is the administrator of the machine so he can do whatever he wants. b) The second is user rtdb with password rtdb. This is the default user for to administrate the gimas programs c) The third is the firebird database administrator. When you work with Linux you can open a different console. Its just question of pressing ALT + the function keys from F1 to F5. Every console can run a different process. Sometimes Geodesk looses the latest list of available parameter to operate with, in this case it is enough to open Geodesk/Processing /RTDB Manager of parameters available and click over the button in upper right part of the window. Remember to use, in Geodesk calibration, only two points and not five for calibration. This is to avoid losing the compatibility with the existing Motorola calibration interface. After every input click, with the mouse , the outside of the input box, as this will allow you to confirm your data entry (or simply press enter key).

Swich on procedure
1. Switch on SAERT2 server : Unix starts automatically and the background programs start also automatically. 2. Login as root (password: saert2) 3. Control that the background process are working using this command:

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4. Switch on SAERT 1 and launch the GeoAcquisition application. Acquisition and communication sub-programs start automatically.

Starting the System


Control that communication between SAERT1 and RTDB is active in both directions:

Start GeoDesk application from your client: Control that the communication between the server and your client is active.

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