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FOLOSIREA CORECTA A PREPOZITIILOR

IN LIMBA ENGLEZA
ON
1. Indica o suprafata pe care se afla un obiect/ o fiinta/ o persoana:
the pen is on my desk. = Stiloul este pe biroul meu.
I put a vase on the table. = Am pus o vaza pe masa.
The kittens are on the roof = Pisicutele sunt pe acoperis.
2. Indica o parte a corpului:
The ball hit me on my shoulder. = Mingea m-a lovit la umar.
She kissed me on my cheek. = M-a sarutat pe obraz.
The princess wears a tiara on her head. = Printesa poarta o tiara pe cap.
3. Indica data sau ziua in care se petrece un anumit eveniment:
The mailman comes on Tuesdays. = Postasul vine in zilele de marti.
I was born on the 27th of May in 1987. = M-am nascut pe 27 mai 1987.
4. Indica un dispozitiv, precum un telefon, computer, televizor, etc. care este folosit de
persoana care infaptuieste actiunea:
She is always playing on the computer. = Ea se joaca mereu pe calculator.
He is on the phone, so please do not disturb him. = El vorbeste la telefon, asa ca te rog sa nu
il deranjezi.
The politician is on TV, giving an interview. = Politicianul este la televizor, acordand un
interviu.
5. Arata o stare de fapt:
The winter collection is on sale. = Colectia de iarna este la reducere.
The house is on fire. = Casa este in flacari.

AT
1. Folosit pentru a indica un moment specific:
I called him on the phone at 4 p.m. = L-am sunat la ora 4 dupa-amiaza.
The plane will land at 7:30 p.m. = Avionul va ateriza la 7:30 p.m.

2. Folosit pentru a indica un loc in care se petrece un eveniment:


They are celebrating their wedding anniversary at a fancy restaurant. = Isi sarbatoresc
aniversarea casatoriei la un restaurant luxos.
There are many people at the swimming pool. = Sunt multi oameni la bazinul de inot.
The football fans are at the stadium. = Suporterii sunt pe stadion.
3. Pentru a indica o adresa de email:
Please contact me at myname@company.com. = Te rog sa ma contactezi la adresa:
myname@company.com.

IN
1. Indica momente din timpul zilei, lunii, sau anului:
I drink my tea in the afternoon. = Imi beau ceaiul dupa-amiaza.
In the summer we launch our most profitable advertising campaigns. = Vara lansam cele
mai profitabile campanii de publicitate.
The fiscal year starts in September. = Anul fiscal incepe in septembrie.
2. Indica o locatie:
She looked in the mirror to check her make-up. = S-a uitat in oglinda, pentru a-si verifica
machiajul.
I am reading the novel in the garden. = Citesc romanul in gradina.
When I was a child, I lived in the countryside, but now I live in a big city. = Cand eram copil,
locuiam la tara, dar acum locuiesc intr-un oras mare.
3. Folosit pentru a arata o credinta, opinie, sau sentiment:
Do you believe in ghosts? = Crezi in fantome?
I am interested in photography. = Sunt interesat de fotografie.

OF
1. Folosit pentru a arata apartenenta, relatia sau conexiunea:
This is the diary of my friends sister. = Acesta este jurnalul surorii prietenului meu.
The colour of this costume is very beautiful. = Culoarea acestui costum este foarte frumoasa.
The first page of the book has the authors signature. = Prima pagina a cartii are semnatura
autorului.
The start of the race is close. = Inceputul cursei este aproape.
2. Indica referinta la un eveniment, o persoana, sau un obiect:
I got married in the summer of 2011. = M-am casatorit in vara anului 2011.
This is a photograph of my family. = Aceasta este o folografie a familiei mele.

This is the first chapter of my book. = Acesta este primul capitol al cartii mele.
3. Indica o cantitate sau un numar:
I drank three cups of coffee. = Am baut trei cesti de cafea.
I only ate two pieces of cake. = Am mancat numai doua bucati de prajitura.
A number of 50 people signed the petition. = Un numar de 50 de oameni au semnat petitia.

TO
1. Indica faptul ca cineva/ceva se misca in directia unui loc, a unei persoane, ori a unui obiect:
I am going to the supermarket. = Ma duc la supermarket.
We are going to the concert tomorrow. = Ne ducem la concert maine.
The dogs are running to their owner. = Cainii alearga catre stapanul lor.
Send the package to my home address. = Trimite coletul la adresa de acasa.
2. Arata o limita sau un plafon:
The speed rose to 100 miles/hour. = Viteza a crescut la 100 mile/ora.
The price dropped to 5 cents/pound. = Pretul a scazut la 5 centi/livra.
3. Folosit pentru a indica o relatie:
This is my answer to your question. = Acesta este raspunsul meu la intrebarea ta.
This product is very important to your business. = Acest produs este foarte important pentru
afacerea ta.
4. Indica o perioada de timp, un interval de timp:
I work nine to five, Monday to Friday. = Lucrez de la 9 la 5, de luni pana vineri.
Its 10 to four. = Este ora 3:50 (10 minute pana la ora 4).

since - se utilizeaza pentru a exprima de cand a inceput actiunea pana in


prezent: since 2011 (din 2011)
for - se utilizeaza pentru a exprima de cand dureaza actiunea pana in prezent: for two
years (de doi ani)
past - precizeaza timpul: ten past eight (opt si zece minute)
to, till, until - precizeaza de cand si pana cand are loc actiunea: from Monday to/till
Saturday (de luni pana sambata)
ago - six years ago (cu 6 ani in urma)
after - after school (dupa scoala)

between - between Monday and Thursday (intre luni si joi)


during - during the holidays (pe perioada sarbatorilor)
before - before Easter (inainte de Pasti)
within - within an hour (intr-o ora)
up to - up to three hours a day (pana la 3 ore pe zi)
by, next to, beside - standing by the car (sta langa masina)
under - under the table (sub masa)
over - over the shirt (peste camasa), over the river (peste rau)
through - through the tunnel (prin tunel)
to - to the theatre (la teatru)
towards - towards the hospital (catre spital)
along - along the river (de-a lungul)
across - across the ocean (peste ocean)
past (langa)
about (prin)
around (in jurul)
SUBSTANTIVE CU PREPOZITIE
belief in (credinta in)
concern for (preocupare pentru)
confusion about (confuzie cu privire la)
love of (dragoste de)
foundness for (toleranta pentru)
need for (nevoie de a)
reason for (motiv pentru)
success in (succes in)
respect for (respect pentru)
ADJECTIVE CU PREPOZITIE

afraid of (frica de)


angry at (furios la)
aware of (constient de)
capable of (capabil de)
careless about (neatent la)

interested in (interesat de)


made of (fabricat din)
married to (casatorit cu)
proud of (mandru de)
sure of (sigur de)
VERBE CU PREPOZITIE
ask about (a intreba despre)
bring up (a aduce)
find out (a afla)
look for (a cauta ceva
look forward to (a astepta cu nerabdare sa
grow up (a creste)
look up (a privi in sus)
make up (a alcatui)
pay for (a plati)
prepare for (a se pregati pentru)
talk about (a vorbi despre)
trust in (a crede in)
work for (a lucra pentru)
EXPRESII IDIOMATICE
Aceeasi prepozitie poate implica frazelor din care face parte un inteles diferit de cel
obisnuit. Cateva exemple:
in the street (pe strada
in the playground (pe terenul de joaca)
in the sky (pe cer)
in
the
on the way to (in drum spre)

sun (la

soare)

on the first floor (la etajul intai)


at
this
moment (in
by my watch (dupa ceasul meu)
by
heart (pe
by mistake (din greseala)

acest
de

moment)
rost)

to go on a trip (a merge in excursie)


outside the garden (in fata gradinii)
to look out of the window (a privy pe fereastra)
at present (in prezent)
in all probability (dupa toate probabilitatile)
in a year's time (peste un an)
in the open air (la aer curat)
Diferentele dintre folosirea prepozitiilor intre engleza si romana in cazul expresiilor
echivalente de genul pe strada, la piata, pe inserat, etc.
- at school la scoala
- in school in scoala (in cladire sau inscris la cursuri)
- in the street (BE)/on the street (AE) pe strada
- in the sky pe cer
- in the sun la soare
- in the field pe camp
- in the open in aer liber
- in the morning/afternoon/evening dimineata/dupa-amiaza/seara
- in my time pe vremea mea
- on duty de serviciu
- on purpose intentionat
- on a trip in excursie
- on the way to- pe drum spre
- round the corner/around the corner dupa colt
- at present in prezent
- at last in sfarsit
- in my opinion in opinia mea/dupa parerea mea
- by heart pe de rost/pe dinaafara
- by mistake/accident din greseala

- by day in timpul zilei, ziua


- by night noaptea, in timpul noptii
- on time la timp
- at dawn in zori
- at war in razboi
- at best in cel mai bun caz
- at least cel putin
- by car/train/plane/bus cu masina/trenul/avionul/autobuzul
- by chance din intamplare
- by sea pe mare
- by air prin aer
- by land pe uscat
- on the right/left la dreapta/stanga