Sunteți pe pagina 1din 53

CURS DE LIMBA ENGLEZA Formule de salut

Bun dimineaa-Good morning Bun ziua-Good afternoon Bun seara-Good evening Noapte bun-Good night La revedere-Good bye Pa-Bye Salut-Hello-Hy O zi bun-Good day-Have a nice day Ne vedem mai trziu-See you later Ne vedem data viitoare-See you next time Pn data viitoare-Until next time Would(wud) you like to repeat theat-suntei amabil s repetai ce-ai spus? Would you be so kind repeat?-Suntei binevoitor s repetai? I beg your pardon?-Ce-ai spus? What did you say?-Ce-ai spus? Excuse me,could you repeat?-M scuzai putei s repetai?

Prezentarea persoanelor This is.and this is-acesta este May I introduce..-mi dai voie s v prezint? Let me introduceto you-Lsai-m s vi-l prezint pevou Glad to meet you-Sunt bucuros c te cunosc Pleas to meet you-ncntat s te cunosc Nice to meet you-mi pare bine How do you do-mi pare bine.Bun ziua(ca rspuns) Hello! How are you?-Bun! Ce mai faci? Hi,how are things? Salut,cum merg lucrurile ? Hi,how are you doing? Salut,ce mai faci? Very well,thank you and how are you? Foarte bine,mulunesc,i tu ? Not se well Im afraid Mi-e team c nu prea bine Shall I-s fac eu? Could I -pot eu s ? Do you want me to?-vrei tu ca eu sa fac Would you like me to.?-ti-ar placea tie ca eu sa fac? Thanks.That`s very kind of you. -Mersi e foarte dragut din partea ta. That would be great(greit)! -Ar fi nemaipomenit(minunat)! No,don`t bother! I can do it myself.-Nu,nu te deranja,pot sa fac si singur. No,it`s all night.I can manage(menidj).-Nu,e-n regula.Ma descurc si singur. A cere ajutorul

Will you ,please? Vrei tu sate rog. Would you,please? Ati vrea dumneavoastra Do you think you could? Crezi ca ai putea Would you mind? Yes,of cours. Sure -Desigur I will be glad to -Ai fi bucuros sa te ajut. I`m sorry,but -imi pare rau dar I`m a fraid I m tem c I would like to,but-Mi-ar place,dar Thank you! -mulumesc! Thanks (a lot)! mersi! I am grateful to you! mi pare bine s fac asta! Thats all right! E-n regul! Never mind! Nici nu mai pomeni! Youre welcome! Cu plcere! Sit down please! Luai loc! Sit! Stai jos! Stand up please! Ridicai-v! Stand up! Ridic-te! I dont know Nu tiu Im sorry,I dont know! mi pare ru nu tiu Vehicule Vehicles Bicycle biciclet (baisikl) Scooter- scuter (sku:t) Motor-cycle motociclet (moutsaikl) (motor-)car automobil (moutka:) Train tren (trein) (air)plane, aeroplane avion (eplein, erplein) Helicopter elicopter (helikopt) Boat barc (bout) Grupul de ntrebri care ncep cu WH (WH Questions) Where unde,de unde,ncotro? When cnd? How cum? Which care,pe care? Who cine,pe cine? Ferry-boat feribot (feribout) (steam)ship vapor ((sti:m)ip) Yacht iaht (yot) Bus autobuz (bas) Trolley-bus troleibuy (trolibas) Tram tramvai (traem) Lorry camion (lori) Truck camion (trak)

What ce,care,cum? Why de ce? EXEMPLE: Where Where are you going? Unde te duci? Where is he(she) living? Unde locuiete? Where is the exit? Unde este ieirea? Where are zou working? =Where do you work?-Unde lucr.? Where are zou from? De unde este? When How When is he(she) coming? -Cnd vine el sau ea? When did it happen? Cnd s-a ntmplat? How ould are you?=What is your age?-Ci ani ai ? How are you? How do you do! How mony? Ci,cte? How much? Ct,cte? Which one? Pe care? Which hause? Care cas? sau A cta cas? Who is there? Cine-i acolo? Who is coming? Cine vine? Who are you? Cine eti? Who is he(she)? Cine este el(ea)? What is your name? Cum te numeti tu? What are you doing? Ce faci? So what.Big deal! Ei i,ce-i cu asta!Mare scofal! What do you do? Ce ocupaie avei? What do you do for living? Ce faci ca s-i ctigi existena What time? La ce or? Why are you coming? De ce vii? Why are you craying? De ce plngi? Why did you go there? De ce te-ai dus acolo? Ora oficial Standard Time Twelve hours Twelve five Three ten Five fifteen Seven twenty Nine twenty-five Thirttn thirty Eighteen thirty-five Twenty forty

Which Who

What

Why

Ora familiar Colloquial Time 12 Twelve oclock 12.05 Five(minutes)past twelve 3.10 Ten(minutes) past three 5.15 (A)quarter past five 7.20 Twenty(minutes)past seven 9.25 Twenty-five(minutes)past nine 13.30 Half-past one 18.35 Twenty-five(min.)to seven 20.40 Twenty(minutes) to nine

21.45 (A)quarter to ten 22.50 Ten(minutes)to eleven 23.55 Five(minutes) to twelve 24.00 Twelve oclock

Twenty-one forty-five Twenty-two fifty Twenty-three fifty-five Twenty-four hours

Daily life viaa de zi cu zi (deili laif) Daily zilnic, cotidian Routines rutin, obinuin At noon la prnz Midnight miezul nopii Midday(noon) mijlocul zilei Past trecut, peste (pa:st) Get up trezete-te To fr (t) Wake up a se trezi Quarter sfert (kwot) Get dressed mbrcarea Come home a veni acas Always - ntotdeauna Have breakfast a lua micul dejun Usually de obicei To wear a purta Often - adesea Usually de obicei (ijuli) Sometimes cteodat Never - niciodat What time is it ? Ct este ceasul ? Its two oclock. Este ora 2. What time do you get up? La ce or te trezeti? Where do you work ? Unde lucrezi? What do you wear ? Ce pori (cu ce eti mbrcat)? When(Where) do you eat ? Cnd(Unde) mnnci ? Haw do you travel ? Cum cltoreti ? What about you ? Dar ie? Not really nu chiar Spare time timp liber Boring plictisitor Exciting deosebit, nemaipomenit Good fun distractiv Good exercise exerciiu bun Slob hrpre, maniac

Habits - obiceiuri

Viewing vizionare Soaps - telenovele Hang-gliding-crare Soap operas telenovele f. lungi Riding clrie Socer - fotbal Gardening grdinrit Squash tenis la perete Climbing alpinism Game shows jocuri de noroc Collecting stamps colec.de timbre Fishing pescuit Films filme artistice In the gym n sala de gimnastic In the swimming pool n bazin

In the caf n cafenea On a squash court pe terenul de tenis la perete On the ruming track pe pista de alergri On a tennis court teren de sport In the shop la magazin Out door n afar In door n sal Home sick dor de cas To ride a cltori Lifetime n timpul vieii Onli numai Waist mijloc(corp uman) Shopkeeper patron To wait a atepta To be a fi I am (Im) You are (Youre) He is (Hes) She is (Shes) It is (Its) Forma negativ I am not-Im not You are not Youre not -You arent He is not Hes not -He isnt She is not Shs not It is not Its not We are (Were) You are (Youre) They are (Theyre)

We are not-Were not-We arent You are not-Youre not-You arent They are not-Theyre not-They arent

OBS. Aint (eint) se folosete la toate timpurile(incorect d.p.d.v.gramatical) Forma interogativ-afirmativ Am I Are you Is He,She,It Sg. Are we Are you Are they

Rspuns Yes I am /No Im not Yes you are /No you are not Yes He(She,It) is /No it isnt

Pl.

Yes we are / No we arent Yes you are /No youre not Yes they are/No they are not Interogativ-negativ

Am I not-ArenI? Are you not-Arent you? Is he(she,it)not-Isnt he(she,it)? Funciile verbului TO BE

Are we not-Arent we? Are you not-Arent you? Are they not-Arent they?

A. Verb auxiliar pentru formarea aspectului comun Ex: Iam reading -eu citesc B. Verb auxiliar pentru formarea diatezei pasive Ex: Iam seen -eu sunt vzut 2. Verb modal To be to -a urma s,a trebui s,a fi s Ex: Iam to read -trebuie(urmeaz)s citesc
1.

Verb principal atunci cnd este urmat de un adverb de loc Ex: We are at home -noi suntem acas They are in the park -ei sunt n parc Semnele de punctuaie Punctul -Full stop Semnul ntrebrii -Queston mark Semnul exclamrii -Exclamation mark Dou puncte -Colon Punct i virgul -Semicolon Virgul -Comma Linia de desprire -Dash(dea) Cratima -Hyphen(haifen) Ghilimelele -Inverted commas i -And Sfrit -End Apostrof -Apostroph
3.

What can I do for you? Zilele sptmnii. Monday -luni Tuesday -mari Wednesday -miercuri Thursday -joi Friday -vineri Saturday -smbt Sunday -duminic Lunile anului January February March

-Cu ce te pot ajuta?

July(giulai) August (ogst) September

April (eipril) May (mei) June (giun) Anotimpurile

October November December(disember)

Spring-primvar Summer -var Autumn -toamn (Fall-fool) Winter(uinter)-iarn Weather vreme Lovely plcut Terrible groaznic Awful f.urt,mai mult dect groaznic Raing ploios Wet ud Windy vnt(bate vntul) Cold rece Sunny nsorit Hot ari (fierbinte) Degrees - grade Temperature temperatur (temprecion) Yesterday and last week ieri i sptmna trecut I really enjoyed mi-a plcut mult Places to visit locuri de vizitat Best wishes cele mai bune urri With all my love cu toat dragostea mea The forest pdurea Mountains munte Stream ru Lake lac Rock stnc The seaside mare Harbour - port Beach plaja Sea mare The desert deertul Size - mrimi Sand nisip Small - mic Dune dun Huge - imens Sandy - nisipoas Big - mare Sky cer High - nalt Palmtrees palmieri Tall - nalt Dimension - dimensiuni Crowded aglomerat Shallow - ntins Empty gol Depth - adnc Quiet linite (acas: shat up)

Noisy glgie Quuetness - tcere Golden auriu Silver argintiu Blue - albastru Funciile pronumelui it 1.Pronume personal,persoana a treia sg.,gen neutru folosit pentru obiecte i noiuni abstracte,nepersonificate,animale nepersonificate i crora nu li se cunosc sexul sau sunt luate n sens generic. Ex: Here is a book. It is very interesting. How ould is your baby? It is five months ould. 2.Pronume personal-folosit pentru a indica: a. Timpul dup calendar sau ceas It is six oclock on the 4th of February. b. Scurgerea timpului It is getting lake se face trziu c. Starea atmosferic It is getting dark se ntunericete Its rather cloudy mai degrab e norat d. Fenomene meteorologice i naturale It is raining cats and dogs plou cu gleata(torenial) e. It thunders tun It lightens fulger It is ten degrees above zero sunt +10 f. Distanele Itsnearly ten kilometres to Albota-sunt aproape 10 km pn la Albota. g. Starea lucrurilor n general Its ok sau its all right! 3.Pronume demonstrativ (echivalent cu That sau Which rsferindu-se la ceva vzut sau menionat nainte) He expressed his sympathies i-a prezentat condoleanele It was nice of him (to do that) drgu din partea lui (s fac asta) 4.Pronume introductiv a.Introductiv anticipativ-are rolul de a introduce propoyiia printr-un subiect formal deoarece subiectul real este deplasat dup numele predicativ pentru a-l scoate n eviden. Ex: Its nice to see /seeing such a garden este o plcere s vezi o asmenea grdin. Subiectul real se poate exprima prin: 1.Infinitivul lung to see 2.Construcii gerumviale 3.O propoziie subiectiv,de obicei introdus prin conjuncia That. b.Introductiv de ntrire sau subliniere avnd rolul de a sublinia foarte puternic sau de a scoate n eviden oricare parte a propoziiei cu excepia predicatului. Ex: Its Peter who/that solved all the problems.-Peter este cel care a rezolvat toate problemele. 5.Pronume nesemnificativ folosit ca, complement direct formal mai ales al unor verbe

intranzitive. Acest tip de pronume apare frecvent n engleza vorbit. Ex:Shall we cab it to the station ? S lum taxiul pn la staie. No,I would rather foot it. Nu,prefer s merg pe jos. Legume,verdeuri Vegetables, herbs Potato(es) cartof(I) (pteitou(z)) Tomato(es) roie, roii tma:tou(z) Beans fasole (bi:nz) Peas mazre (pi:z) Cabbage varz (kaebidj) Carrot morcov (kaert) Cucumber castravete (kyu:kmb) Egg-plant;auberginevnt (egpla:t;oubji:n) Mushrooms ciuperci (marumz) Radish ridiche (raedi) Spinach spanac (spinidj) Lettuce salat verde (letis) Onion ceap (anyn) Garlic usturoi (ga:lik) Hot peper ardei iute (hot pep) Articolul (The article) Este un instrument gramatical care individualizeaz sau determin un substantiv. _Articol hotrt-the definite article _Articol nehotrt the indefinite article _Articolul zero the zero article The definite article se refer la unul sau mai muli oameni,locuri,lucruri sau idei specifice.Nu i schimb forma chiar dac substantivul este la singular sau la plural. THE naintea cuvintelor care ncep cu o consoan. The ball-mingea The balls-mingile The windou-fereastra The windous-ferestrele The hotel-hotelul The hotels The cat-pisica The cats-pisicile i naintea cuvintelor care ncep cu o consoan sau semiconsoan. The appels-mrul(merele) The eyes-ochiul(ochii) The ideas-ideea(ideile) The oranges-portocala The umbrellas-umbrela The indefinite article-se folosete naintea substantivului atunci cnd ne referim la ceva n general sau l menionm pentru prima dat. Apple mr (aepl) Raspberry zmeur (ra:zbri) Pear par (pe) Walnut nuc (wo:lnat) Grape strugure (greip) Nuts alune (nats) (Sweet)cherry cirea (swi:t)teri Orange portocal (orindj) Morello viin (mrelou) Tangerine mandarin (taendjrin) Peach piersic (pi:t) Lemon lmie (lemn)

Apricot cais (eprikot) Plum prun (plam) Quince gutuie (kwins) Strawberry cpun (stro:bri) Produse lactate Milk lapte (milk) Yog(h)urt iaurt (youg:t) Butter unt (bat) Cream smntn (kri:m) Whipped cream fric (wipt kri:m) Cheese cacaval, brnz topit (ti:z) Swiss cheese vaier (swis ti:z) A Ex:

Banana banan (bna:n) Fig smochin (fig) Ananas ananas (na:ns)

-naintea cuvintelor care ncep cu o consoan sau semiconsoan. A mountain un munte A dog un cine A cat o pisic A wall un perete A university o universitate A European Country o ar european

n-se fol. naintea cuvintelor care ncep cu o vocal i a cuvintelor care ncep cu litera h dar care nu se pronun. Ex: an engel un nger An enemy un duman An ideea o idee An orange o portocal An umbrella o umbrel An hour o or An honest man un om onest An honorable man un om de onoare Articolul zero substantivul se folosete cteodat fr articol atunci cnd se vorbete n general.Aceste substantive sunt de obicei nenumrabile sau la plural. Money is important Turists are welcome here turitii sunt binevenii aici. Urmtoarele substantive sunt folosite de obicei fr articol atunci cnd este vorba de : _nume de ri sau orae France Paris Romania Bucharest _nume de persoane: John,Jane,Mr.Smith,Mrs.Smith,Miss(Ms)Smith _mncruri: They are having breakfast-ei iau micul dejun Breakfast mic dejun Lunch masa de prnz, gustare de prnz, dejun (oficial) Dinner cina,masa de sear, dineu

(supper) Brunch(brunci)-masa de prnz luat mai devreme _in anumite expresii: by car-cu meina by bus-cu autobuzul by plane-cu avionul by train-cu trenul at home-acas at school-la coal to school-spre coal to work-spre munc(slujb,serviciu) to bed-la culcare Familia the family Parents prini Aunt - mtu Father tat Cousin verior(oar) Mother mam Parents-in-law - socri Brother frate Father-in-law - socru Sister sor Mother-in-law - soacr Son fiu Son-in-law - ginere Daughter fiic Daughter-in-law - nor Grandparents bunici Brother-in-law - cumnat Grandfather bunic Sister-in-law - cumnat Grandmother bunic In-laws - cuscri Uncle unchi Step-father tat vitreg Half brother frate vitreg Step mother mam vitreg Half sister sor vitreg Niece nepoat Nephew - nepot Whens your birthday Cnd este ziua ta de natere? Place of birth locul de natere Birth - natere Born nscut Awful groaznic Dirthy - murdar Boring plictisitoare Lier - mincinos Buquee flowers buchet de flori Its rudre to ask that! Este nepoliticos s ntrebi asta! Because deoarece (bicoz) This acesta(aceast)-fol. la sg. i arat apropierea That acela, aceia .deprtarea These aceste (diiz) apropierea Those acelea (duz) deprtarea What does Marius look like ? Cum arat Marius?

Hes long black hair. El are prul lung i negru. Tall nalt Big - mare Short scund Small mic (smol) Bald chel() Fat gras() Thin slab() Black negru() Whit alb() Shy timid() (ai) Brave ndrzne, curajos Strong puternic Long lung Hair pr Read headed - rocat Girl fat Boy biat Dark headed brunet() Brunette (briunet) Blond headed blond Fair hair pr blond Teenager tnr (tineiger) Youth tineree (iuth) Biard - barb A moustache musta Spectacles ochelari de vedere Glases ochelari

Whats your name? Whats your surname? Whats your first name? How do you spell it?(pe litere) Where are you from? What nationality are you? (nanaliti) Whats your nationality? Marital status starea civil Are you married or single? Whats your telephone number? My phone number is Whats your job? Im a . Whats your mothers job? Shes a . They have their own business au propria afacere His sister is a bookkeeper sora lui este contabil He supplies the shop el aprovizioneaz magazinul Their aunt and cousin sell in the shop mtua i vrul lor vnd n magazin. Works during the day lucreaz n timpul zilei Whats your address? Bloc Scara enterance (entrns)

Apartament (fleat) - Flat Apartament apartament Etaj - floor Then apoi Later mai trziu Until pn cnd Befor dinainte Pluralul substantivelor 1.Majoritatea substantivelor formeaz pluralul regulat prin adugarea literei s la sfritul cuvntului.Aceast liter sare dou modaliti de a fi citit: _Se citete s cnd este precedat de consoane surde sau nesonore Ex: books Cooks-buctari Experts-experi _Se citete z atunci cnd este precedat de o consoan sonor Ex:chairs-scaune Friends-prieteni Dogs-cini Mushrooms-ciuperci comestibile(marumz) 2.Substantivele terminate n s,z,x,ch,sh formeaz pluralul prin adugarea grupului de litere es care se citesc iz Ex: buses-autobuze(basiz) Foxes-vulpe(foxiz) Benches-bnci(benciz) 3.Substantivele terminare n y l transform pe acesta n I dup care se adaug terminaia -es Ex: baby-babies-copilai Beauty-beauties-frumusei Country-countries-ri Copy-copies(capiz)-copii Mistery-misteries-mistere Spy-spies(spaiz)-spioni Gipsy-gipsies-igani 4.Substantivele terminate n y formeaz pluralul prin simpla adugare la sfritul lor a literei s dac n faa lor se afl o vocal. Ex: boys Days Donkeys Ways 5.Substantivele care se termin n litera f sau ff formeaz pluralul prin adugarea lui s . cliffs-stnci chiefs(cifs)-efi roofs-acoperi Unele substantive terminate n f sau fe transform aceast terminaie n ve i adaug litera s la sfrit. Leaf-leaves(livs)

Wife-wives Loaf-loavesShelf-shelves(elvz)Knife-knives Wolf-wolves-lup Half-halves-jumtate Substantivele terminate n o au dou modaliti de a forma pluralul: a.Unele adaug terminaia es hero-heroes-eroi potato-potatoes(poteitoz) tomato-tomatoes(tomeitoz)-roii negro-negroes(neigroz)-negru(persoan) b.Altele adaug doar litera s radio-radios piano-pianos casino-casinos studio-studios Unele substantive la plural au forme neregulate Child(copil)-children Foot(picior)-feet(fiit) Goose(gsc)-geese(ghis) Tooth(dinte)-teeth Man-men Woman-women Person-people(pipl) Mouse-mice(mais) Plurale strine Cuvinte greceti Latin Axis-axes(ax) alga(alg)-algae Basis-bases(baz) erratum(greeal)-errata Sphinx-sphinxes Octupus-octupuses(octpus) (caracati) octupuses (octpus) Plurale asimilate n limba englez Arena-arenas Dilema-dilemas Diploma-diplomas Idea-ideas(aidias) Drama-dramas Umbrella-umbrellas Minus(mains)-minuses Genius-geniuses Pluralul substantivelor compuse Blackboards-tabl Louse(pduche)-lice(lais) Die(dai)-dice(daiz)-zaruri Ox(bou)-oxen Fungus-fungi(funghi)-ciup.ca bact. Postman(pota)-postmen Fireman(pompier)-firemen Gentleman-gentlemen

Passer-by passers-by(pietoni) Mother-in-law mothers-in-law Son-in-law sons-in-law Unele substantive au aceleai forme att la singular ct i la plural Fish-fish(pete) Sheep-oaie,oi Deer-cerb,cprioar Species(spiiz)-specie,fel,gen,tip Swine-porc(njurturi) Substantive care sunt n permenen la singular Chaos(cheos).haos Economics(icnamix)-economie ca tiin Matemathics(matematix)-matematic Phisix(fizix)-fizic Politics(politix)-politic Chiar dac au terminaia -s ntotdeauna sunt folosite cu verb la singular i sunt nlocuite mereu de un pronume la singular. Ex: Politics is vsry complicated. I dont understand it ! Plurale permanente Binoculars-binoclu Cattle(ceatl)-vite,bovine Outskirts(autscrts)-periferie(a unui ora) Pants(pen)-pantaloni,ndragi Scissors(sizrs)-foarfece Shorts(orts)-pantaloni scuri,ort Statistics(sttistics)-statistic Trousers(treauzrs)-pantaloni Aceste substantive nu au form de singular,se folosesc numai cu verb la plural i pot fi nlocuite numai de pronume la plural. Ex: Where are the shorts ? I cant find them-nu pot s-I gsesc Id I would se folosete: a. Cnd vorbim despre o persoam care dorete sau vrea ceva. Ex: She would like a cup of tea Ea ar dori o can cu ceai. b. Cnd se lanseay o invitaie Ex: Would you like to go with me? Ai vrea s mergi cu mine I want a cup of tea. Vreau o ceac de ceai. Would d n engleya vorbit, n propoyiiile afirmative i se pune dup pronume. Ex: Id like an apple Hed like Atunci cnd punem ntrebri: would trece naintea subiectului. Ex: Would they like to eat ? Ar dori (vrea) ei s mnnce? Negativul se formeaz prin adugarea particulei not sau nt la sfrit ns aceast form nu este uzual n limba englez. Would not wouldnt

To like a plcea Acest verb este urmat de un substantiv sau o structur verbal.Sunt trei variante n care se folosete acest verb. a. like + substantiv: I like chocolate b. like + gerunziu: We all like swimming Nou ne place s notm. They like playing football. c. like + infinitiv cu particula to He likes to have a large lunch. Lui i place s mnnce un prnz copios. [] glad bucuros cat pisic gas benzin fat gras grass iarb hang a atrna van dub, dubi mat pre, tergtor

[e]

[I]

bed pat many muli, multe pet animal favorit head cap deaf surd vest vest friend prieten() zest nsufleire pin ac cu gmlie sin pcat rich bogat() lip buz big mare script scenariu image imagine(imigi) city ora hauses case(hausis) pig porc bad ru bed pat man brbat men brbai pan tigaie pen stilou, pix sad trist send ai spus land ar, inutlend a mprumuta bag geant de voiajbeg a implora

Substantive nenumrabile Accomodation(acomodeien)-cazare Advice(dvais)-sfat Applause(plos)-aplauze Behaviour(biheivior)-purtare,comportare,conduit Bread(bred)-pine Damage(deamici)-pagub,stricciuni Evidence(evidns)-dovad,mrturie,prob,semn Furniture-mobil,mobilier Information(informeien)-informaii,indicaii Jewellery(gilri)-bijuteri,giuvaieruri Knowledge(nalegi)-cunoatere,cunotine,informaie Luggage(laghegi)-bagaj(e)

Money(mani)-bani News(niuz)-tire,veste,noutate Permission(permien)-permisiune,ncuvinare,ngduire Progress(proagres)-progres,dezvoltare,evoluie Rubbish(reobi)-gunoi,moloz,rebuturi,prostii,fleacuri Scenery(senri)-culise,dcor(uri) Traffic(treafic)-trafic,circulaie Weather(ueder)-vreme,timp,starea vremii Nu au form de plural,verbul folosit este la singular.Se nlocuiesc cu un substantiv tot la sg. Se pot folosi cu urmtoarele adjective: -some(sm)-ceva,nite,puin,vreun -no-nici un,nici o -much(mci)-mult,mult -any(eni)-ceva,nite,orice,unii,unele,nici un,nici o -a lot of-o mulime de Aceste substantive nu se folosesc cu urmtoarele adjective: -many(meni)-muli,multe,o mulime de -every(evri)-fiecare,toi,toate -several(sevrol)-mai muli,mai mult,civa,cteva -various(veris)-diferit,divers,muli Corpul omenesc The human body Head cap (hed) Neck gt,ceaf (nek) Throat gt, gtlej (rout) Back spate Chest piept (test) Breast sn Belly pntece (beli) Limbs membre (limz) Arm bra (a:m) Leg picior (leg) Heart inim (ha:t) Face fa (feis) Eye ochi (ai) Nose nas (nouz) Mouth gur (mau) Lips buze Tongue limb (tang) Tooth dinte (tu:) Chin brbie (tin) Cheek obraz (ti:k) Ear ureche (i) Hair pr (he) Beard barb (bird) Moustache musta (msta) Palm palm (pa:m) Finger deget (fingr) Stomach stomac (stamk) Brains creier (breinz) Lungs plmni (langz) Liver ficat (liv) Kidneys rinichi (kidniz) Toes degete de la picioaref

Prepoziia Este partea de vorbire care unete diferite uniti sintactice n cadrul unei propoziii realiznd relaii de timp,loc,etc. Prepoziiile se clasific astfel: Prepoziii simple Above-deasupra about-despre Under-dedesubt on-pe

Prepoziii compuse Into-n Without Prepoziii complexe Because of-deoarece,pentru c,din cauz Instead of-n loc s Locuiuni prepoziionale In the middle of-n mijlocul -Prepoziia of este cea cu care se formeaz genitivul prepoziional sau analitic. -Prepoziia to este cea a dativului prepoziional. n limba englez prepoziia st fie naintea substantivului sau altui cuvnt cu care este n relaie,fie la sfritul unei prepoziii. Ex: About what is he talking?-Despre ce vorbete el? What is he talking about? About whose friend are you talking? Whose friend are you talking about?-Despre al cui prieten vorbeti tu? n general prepoziiile apar la sfritul propoziiei n: -ntrebrile care ncep cu cuvintele: who what which -n unele exclamaii: what trouble you hava got into?-n ce belea ai intrat? -n propoziii sau fraze afirmative care ncep cu who what which Ex: What I am looking at is Johns house? La ce m uit este casa lui John. Meserii Doctor doctor (dactr) Secretary secretara (secretri) Recrut recrut (ricrut) Assistant manager secretar Soldier soldat (solger) Teacher profesor Sergent sergent (sargent) Engineer inginer (inginir) Instructor (instractr) Accountant economist (ecauntant) Drill instructor -pregtirea recruilor Lawyer avocat Military officer (militri fiser) Actor actor (eactr) Lieutenant locotenent (lutenent) Carpenter tmplar Captain cpitan (ceapten) Tailor croitor Major maior (meigeor) Priest preot Colonel (calnel) Nurse asistent (niurs) General (generl) Architect arhitect Pharmacist farmacist (farmsist) Designer dizainer Cleaner femeie de serviciu(clinr) A shop assistant vnztoare Painter pictor, zugrav Builder constructor(bildr) Singer cntre() Thatcher cel care repar acoperiul Pupil elev de general Tour guide ghid turistic Car mechanic Auto mechanic

Manager director (meanger)

Architecture arhitectur

About(baut)-despre Above(bov)-deasupra Across(cros)-de-a curmeziul After-dup Against-mpotriv,contra Along-de-a lungul Alongside-unul lng altul,alturi Among-ntre Apart(part)-de-o parte,aparte Around-mprejur At-la By fore-nainte Behind(bihaind)-n spate Below(bilou)-sub,dedesubt Beneath(binith)-sub,mai jos de Besides(bisain)-n afar de Between(bituin)-ntre Beyond(biond)-dincolo de By(bai)-de,de ctre,prin For-pentru From-din,de la In-n

Inside-nuntru Into(intu)-n,spre Near(nir)-lng Of-de Off-departe de(arat deprtarea) On-pe Opposite(opsait)-vis a vis Over-peste Outside-n afar Past(peast)-pe lng,dincolo de Round-n jurul Since(sins)-de,de la Through(thru-prin Throughout-prin,peste,dup Till-pn,pn la To-la,ctre Under-sub Underneath(anderniit)-dedesubt Up-n susul,ctre Until(ntil)-pn la,pn n Whithin-n,nuntrul Without-fr

EXPRESII CU PREPOZIII About (baut)-despre About the town-prin ora About six oclock-n jurul orei ase A journey about the world-o cltorie prin lume About my head-deasupra capului meu About all-mai presus de orice,n primul rnd Across (cros)-de-a curmeziul sau de-a latul To walk across the street-a traversa strada Across the road-peste drum After-dup After dark-dup lsarea ntunericului After breakfast-dup micul dejun After five oclock-dup ora cinci Day after day-zi de zi,zi dup zi Time after time-deseori,foarte adesea After theat-dup aceea The day after tomorrow-poimine Against-mpotriv,contra

Against the laws-mpotriva legilor A race against time-o curs contra cronometru To lean against a wall-a se sprijini de un perete Along-de-a lungul Along a valley-de.a lungul unei vi Along the sea shore-de-a lungul rmului Among-ntre Among us-ntre noi(cnd este vorba de 3 sau mai multe persoane) Among his friends-printre(ntre) prietenii lui Among the most important reasons-printre cele m.imp.cauze(motive) Around-mprejur A trip around the contry-o cltorie prin ar To sit around the table-a edea n jurul mesei I will come around ten-o s vin pe la zece (n jur de ora zece) At la At noon-la prnz At day break-la revrsatul zorilor At sunset-la apusul soarelui,la asfinit At rondom-la intmplare At work-la lucru At the door-la u At the beginning-la nceput At the end-la sfrit At the same time-n acelai timp At the age of-la vrsta de At first-la nceput At last-la sfrit,n cele din urm At full speed-la vitez maxim,cu toat viteza At first sight-la prima vedere At what time?-la ce or? At once-imediat At least-cel puin At my disposal-la dispoziia mea Byfore-nainte Byfore my eyes-naintea ochilor mei Byfore one aclock-nainte de ora unu To sail byfore the wind-a naviga cu vntul n spate Behind(bihaind)-n spate Behind the clouds-n spatele norilor To hide behind the door-a se ascunde n spatele uii Below(bilou)-sub To strike below the belt-a lovi sub centur Below sea level-sub nivelul mrii Below the ground-sub pmnt Below the average-sub nivelul mediu

Beneath(binith)-sub,mai jos de Beneath ones dignity-sub demnitatea cuiva Besides(bisain)-n afar de He has two cars besides this-el are dou maini n afar de aceasta Between(bituin)-ntre Between the two world wars-ntre cele dou rzboaie mondiale An understanding between us-o nelegere ntre noi Se folosete cnd este vorba de dou elemente sau dou persoane Beyond(biond)-dincolo de Beyond doubt(deaut)-fr ndoial Beyond the sea-dincolo de mare Beyond limits-peste limit By(bai)-de,de ctre,prin To open by force-a deschide cu fora To travel by train-a cltori cu trenul To go by car-a merge cu maina Day by day-zi de zi Step by step-pas cu pas Drop by drop-strop cu strop Piece by piece-bucat cu bucat One by one-unul cte unul Two by two-doi cte doi To learn by heart-a nva pe de rost To go by the post-office-a trece pe lng pot By force of circunstances-prin fora mprejurrilor To sleep side by side-a dormi unul lng altul For-pentru Good for food-comestibil To leave for school-a pleca la coal To look for help-a cuta ajutor To cry for help-a striga dup ajutor For a time-un timp,pentru un timp To go for a walk-a merge la plimbare To read for pleasure-a citi de plcere What is this good for?-la ce este bun sta? For all the world-pentru nimic n lume To have a taste for art-a avea gust artistic For this reason-pentru(din) acest motiv For the sake of peace-n numele pcii Enough(inagh) for the present-suficient deocamdat Im sorry for you-mi pare ru de tine(pentru tine) From-din,de la From first to last-de la primul la ultimul

From heaven to earth-de la cer la pmnt From bad(bead) to worse-din ce n ce mai ru From place to place-din cnd n cnd From morning to night-de dimineaa pn seara Light from the sun-lumin de la soare A man free from care-un om liber de griji A man from the country-un om de la ar To by for from home-a fi departe de cas From theat point of view-din punctul acela de vedere From my point of view-din punctul meu de vedere To be released (rilizd) from prisom-a fi eliberat din nchisoare Seen from above-vzut de sus Seen from below(bilou)-vzut de dedesubt On my way from Piteti to Bucharest-n drumul meu de la P.la B. To tell one thing from another(nader)-a deosebi un lucru de cellalt In-n In the morning-dimineaa In the shade(eid)-la umbr In the end-la final In the garden-n grdin In heaven-n cer In spring-primvara In summer-vara In fall-toamna In winter-iarna To be in danger(deinger)-a fi n pericol To lie(lai) in bed-a sta ntins n pat To live in the country-a sta la ar In our centuri(aur senturi)In all seasons-n toate anotimpurile In my youth-n tinereea mea In his memory-n memoria lui Early in the morning-dimineaa devreme In the past-n trecut In the future(fiucir)-n viitor In come just in time-a veni la timp To keep(kip)in mind(maind)-a ine minte Done in haste-fcut n grab To put in mind-a-i pune n gnd To put in order-a pune n ordine In general-n general To work in vain-a munci n zadar To be in pain-a fi ndurerat To speak in public-a vorbi n public To take in hand-a lua n mn

Into(intu)-n,spre To lead into error-a duce n eroare To get into difficulties(dificultiz)-a da de greuti To fall into the river(lake)-a cdea n ru(lac) To burst into tears-a izbucni n lacrimi To get into trouble-a da de bucluc,belea,necaz To pour walter into a glass-a turna ap n pahar Inside-nuntru Inside the room-nuntrul camerei His is inside-el e nuntru Near-lng Near the sea shore-lng rm Near at hand-la ndemn,aproape Near you-lng tine Of-de Of crown of gold-o coroan de aur A flock of sheep-o turm de oi Hard of hearing(hiring)-surd,tare de urechi A book of proverbs-o carte de proverbe The force of the wind-fora vntului A place of honour-n loc de onoare A man of mark-un om nsemnat(important) A man of no importance-un om oarecare(fr importan) To wear adress of silk-a purta o rochie de mtase Love of a mother-iubire de mam Master of the house-stpnul casei A piece of paper-o bucat de hrtie A friend of mine-un prieten de-al meu The events of late-evenimentele din ultimul timp In days of old-n zilele de mult apuse Of course-bineneles,cu siguran,sigur c da Off-departe de Keep off the grass-nu clcai pe iarb To be off duty-a fi liber,a nu fi la serviciu To fall off the horse-a cdea de pe cal On-pe To be on duty-a fi de serviciu To sit on the grass-a sta pe iarb Some goods(gudz)on sale-nite mrfuri de vnzare Haus on fire-o cas n flcri To go on foot-a merge pe jos On a beautiful day-ntr-o zi frumoas

On such a day-ntr-o astfel de zi On this occasion(ocheijen)-cu aceast ocazie On certain conditions-cu anumite condiii To stand on tip toe-a sta n vrful picioarelor To be on land-a fi pe uscat On the whole-n ansamblu,n general,n mare On an average-n medie To be an holiday-a fi n vacan To sit on a chair-a sta pe un scaun To pay(pei) on demand(dimand)-a plti la cerere To pay on the spot-a plti pe loc On the celing-pe tavan On a desert island(ailnd)-pe o insul pustie On the point of-a fi pe punctul de a Over-peste Over the rocks-peste stnci To be head over heels in love-a fi ndrgostit lulea To stay somewhere(samuer) over night-a sta undeva peste noapte To be famous all over the world-a fi celebru(cunoscut )n toat ara To cook over the fire-a gti la foc To tremble all over-a tremura din toate mdularele,a tremura tot Past(peast) Past his comprehension(comprihenn)-peste puterea lui de a nelege,inacceptabil pentru el To be past work-a nu mai putea munci,a nu mai putea s munceasc To be past danger(deinger)-a fi n afara pericolului Have past one-unu i jumtate It is past five oclock-este trecut de ora cinci Round(reaund)-n jurul A round table(teibl)-o mas rotund A round peg in a square(scuer) hole-potrivit ca nuca n perete Round the world-n jurul lumii Since(sins)-de,de la Since four oclock-de la ora patru I havent seen him since-nu l-am mai vzut de atunci Through(thru)-prin To go through thick and thin-a trece prin foc i ap Through the wood-prin pdure To at through fear-a aciona de fric All through the night-toat noaptea,tot timpul nopii To go through life-a trece prin via Through whom?-prin cine Throughout this country-de-a lungul i de-a latul acestei ri Throughout our holidays-pe tot parcursul vacanei noastre,tot timpul vacanei

noastre Till-pn,pn la To be up lill late-a se culca trziu,a nu se culca devreme Till death do us part-pn ce moartea ne va despri To-la,ctre To go to bed-a merge la culcare To take to wife-a lua de soie(nevast) From end to end-de la cap la cap From hand to mouth-de la mn pn la gur To come to an end-a lua sfrit To finish-a termina,a se termina To be wet to the skin-a fi ud pn la piele To count up to ten-a numra pn la zece From time to time-din cnd n cnd,din timp n timp To dance to the musics-a dansa dup muzic I dont want to!-nu vreau Under(andr)-sub Under lock and key-sub cheie,sub paz Under the tree-sub copac To swim under water-a nota sub ap To be under arms-a fi sub arme To be under a vow(veau)-a fi sub un jurmnt,a fi legat prin jurmnt To be under sentence of death-a fi condamnat la moarte Under what conditions?-n ce condiii Under these conditions-n aceste condiii In under ten minutes-n mai puin de 10 minute To be under age-a fi minor To be under full age-a fi minor To be under treatement(tritment)-a fi sub ngrijire medical a fi n tratament Under my feet-sub tlpile(picioarele) mele The ball rolled underneath a table-mingea s-a rostogolit sub o mas Up(p)-n susul,ctre The ups and downs of life-urcuurile i coborurile vieii,geutile vieii To run up the hill-a alerga pe deal n sus To walk up a hill-a urca un deal Wake up!-trezete-te,scoal-te Until(ntil)-pn la,pn n Until the end of life-pn la sfritul vieii Upon(pon)To refuse upon the principle-a refuza din principiu Upon the top of the hill-n vrful dealului Upon our word-pe cuvntul nostru Within(uidin)-n,nuntrul,nu mai trziu de

To keep within doors-a ine n cas Within the law-n limita legii Within a week-n mai puin de o sptmn Within our room-n interiorul camerei noastre Without(uidaut)-fr To be without help-a fi fr de ajutor To come without delay-a veni fr ntrziere To escape without damage-a scpa nevtmat To come without fail-a veni sigur(negreit) To come without doubt-a veni fr ndoial It goes withaut sayng(seing)-se nelege de la sine I will leave withaut him-o s plec fr el mbrcminte Clothing Shoes pantofi (uz) Boots ghete (buts) Sandals sandale (seandly) Socks osete (soks) Tissues osete(tiuz) Trousers pantaloni (trauzrs) Pants,drawers chiloi b.(drooz) Slips slip (slips) Shorts ort (oots) Belt curea,cordon (belt) Shirt cma (t) Undershirt, vest maiou Waistcoat vest (weistkout) Jacket hain (djeakit)sacou (neck)tie cravat ((nek)tai) Bow-tie papion (boutai) Long coat pardesiu Tights streci (taigs) Pyjamas pijama (pigiams) Cap apc (kaep) Scarf fular (ska:f) Gloves- mnui (glavz) Handkerchief batist (heangktif) Sport coat canadian (spootkout) Pullover pulover (pulouv) Skirt fust (skt) Dress rochie (dres) Tailor suit taior (teilsyut) Blouse bluz (blauz) Dressing gown capot,halat (dresinggaun) Night gown cma de noapte Bra(ssiere) sutien (bra:,breasie) Panties chiloi scuri de d. (peantiz) Under weare chiloi T-shirtes tricouri Sweater pulovr Coat geac Suit costum

VERBUL Este partea de vorbire care exprim o aciune,o activitate sau un proces i are urmtoarele categori gramaticale: -timp -persoan -aspect -diatez -numr -mod Timpul vb.-este categoria gramatical prin care se precizeaz momentul desfurrii aciunii.

-prezent -trecut -viitor Aspectul exprim gradul de ndeplinire al aciunii.n limba englez exist dou aspecte: 1-Aspectul comun-prin care se exprim o aciune general,o aciune terminat sau o aciune de scurt durat. Ex: I play tennis-eu joc tenis 2-Aspectul continuu-prin care se exprim o aciune n desfurare,o aciune neterminat. Ex: I am playing tennis-eu joc tenis acum Diateza-este categoria gramatical a vb. Prin care se realizeaz raportul dintre subiect i vb.Exist 3 diateze: -Diateza activ -Diateza pasiv -Diateza reflexiv-aciunea se resfrnge asupra sub. Modul-este categoria gramatical a verbului prin care se vede felul aciunii dac aciunea este real sigur,ireal,probabil,posibil sau imposibil. Clasificarea verbelor -Auxiliare -Modale -Principale 1.Auxiliarele-ajut celelalte verbe s-i formeze aspectul continuu,diateza pasiv,timpurile compuse i unele moduri Infinitiv Trecut Participiu Gerunziu Traducere trecut -ing To be Was Been Being A fi were (bin) (biing) To have Had Had Having A avea (head) (heaving) To do did done doing A face Shal Should Trebuie s Will Would A vrea To let Let Let Letting A lsa 2.Modale Infinitiv Can To be able to May To be allowed to Must(mst) To have to To be obliged to Shall Trecut Could Might (mait) must Participiu trecut Gerunziu Traducere A ti,a putea A fi n stare A avea voie s A-i fi permis s Trebuie A rebui s A fi obligat s A trebui s A se cuveni s

Exist 3 tipuri de baz

should

will Dare need Ought to

would need Used to Ought to

A dori,a vrea A ndrzni A fi nevoie Obinuia s Ar trebui s

VERBE CU PREPOZIII

To accuse(chiuz) of-a acuza de To agree(grii) with-a fi de acord cu To agree on-a fi de acord asupra To apologize(pologiaiz) for-a.i cere iertare pentru To approve(pruv) of something(somting)-a aproba ceva To arrive(raiv) at-a ajunge la To ask(easc) for something-a cere ceva To be accustomed(castmd) to something-a fi familiar cu ceva To be acquainted(cointed) with-a cunoate,a fi obinuit cu To be afreid(freid) of something-a se teme de ceva To be afreid of somebody(smbadi)-a se teme de cineva To be angry with somebody-a fi suprat pe cineva To be anxious(anciz) about something-a fi ngrijorat de ceva To be astonished(stonid) at-a fi uimut(uluit) de To be aware(uer) of a-i da seama de,a fi contient de To be characteristic(cracteristic) of-a fi caracteristic pentru To be close(clous) to-a fi aproape de,a fi alturi de To be confident(cnfident) of-a fi ncreztor n To be crauy(creizi) about-a fi nebun dup To be cruel(crul) to-a fi crud cu,a fi ru fa de,a fi crud fa de To be dependent(dipendent) on / upon(pon)-a fi dependent de To be deprived(dipraiv) of-a fi lipsit de,a fi deposedat de To be different(difrent)from-a fi diferit de To be fond of-a fi legat de To be good at-a fi bun la,a se pricepe la To be good(kind)to-a fi amabil cu To be grateful(greifol)to-a fi recunosctor fa de To be indignant(indignd) at(eat)-a fi indignat de To be of opiniaon that-a fi de prere c To be bent on /upon(pon)-a fi hotrt s To be on the move-a fi n micare To be impressed(impresd) by-a fi impresionat de To be independent(independn) of-a fi independent de To be indifferent(indifrnd) to-a fi indiferent fa de To be intent on-a fi absolvit de

To be interested in-a fi interesat de Tu be jealous(gels)of-a fi gelos pe To be patient(pein) with-a fi rbdtor cu To be polite(polait) to-a fi politicos(civilizat)cu To be preocuppied(prioqupaid)by-a fi preocupat de To be proud(preaud) of-a fi mndru() de To be satisfied(satisfaid) with-a fi mulumit cu(de) To be sated(seitd)with-a fi stul(dezgustat)de To be seized(saizd)with-a fi prins de To be similar(similr) to-a fi asmntor cu To be sorry for-a-I prea ru pentru,a-i cere scuze To be superior(supirir) to-a fi superior To be surprised(srpaizd) at-a fi surprins de To be typical(tipicl) of-a fi caracteristic pentru To beg for-a ceri,a implora To begin by-a ncepe prin To belong(bilong) to-a aparine To beware(biuer) of-a se feri de,a se pzi To boast of-a se luda cu,a se fli cu To borrow(barou) from-a mprumuta de la To call(coll) for-a cere,a necesita To call on somebody(smbadi)-a vizita pe cineva To call at a place(pleis)-a trece printr-un loc To care(cher) for-a ine la,a-I plcea To compare(cmper) with(to)-a compara cu To complain(cmplein) of-a se plnge(vita)de To conceal(cnsil)from-a se ascunde de To congratulate(congratuleit)on-a felicita pentru To contribute(cantribut)to-a contribui la To count /rely(rilai)on upon-a se bizui /baza pe To cure(qiuor)of-a vindeca de To deal with-a se ocupa de (cu) To defend(difend) from-a apra de To depend(dipend) on(upond)-a depinde de To die(dai) of-a muri de To differ(difr) from-a diferi de To do withaut-a face fr,a se lipsi de To doubt(deaut) of a se ndoi de To embark(imbarc) on a participa la,a o porni ntr-o direcie To escape(ischeip) from-a scpa de To feed(fiid)on-a hrni cu To fill with-a umple cu To forgive(frghiv)for-a ierta pentru To glance(gleans)at-a arunca o privire la To go to-a merge la,a se duce la To go in for-a se prezenta la To hope for-a spera la

To indulge(indlgi)in-a se deda la,a se complace n,a ndemna s To insist on-a insista asupra To interfere(interfier) in a interveni(amesteca) n To intrude(intriud)on-a deranja,atulbura To knock at-a bate la To laugh at-a rde de To laugh(leauf)with joy-a rde de bucurie To leave(liiv)for-a pleca la To lend to somebody-a da mprumut cuiva To live on-a tri din,a tri cu To long for-a tnji dup To look(luk)at-a privi la To look after-a avea grij de,a ngriji de To look for-a cuta To look into(intu)-a examina To look like-a semna cu To look on(upon)-a considera To look to-a se ngriji de To meet(mit) with-a ntmpina To mistake(misteic) for-a confunda cu,a lua drept To move fromto-a se muta din.la. To object(bject) to-a obiecta asupra(mpotriva) To part with-a se despri de To participate(prtisipeit)in-a participa la To pass(peas) for-a trece drept To peep(pip) at-a privi pe furi la To pine(pain) for-a tnji dup To play(plei) at-a se juca de-a To prevent(privent) from-a mpiedica s,a opri s To profit by something-a profita de ceva To protect from-a proteja de,a apra de To provide(provaid)with-a nzestra cu To pull at-a trage la To put in(into)practice(practis)-a pune n practic To recover(ricaver) from a-i reveni dup,a se face bine dup To refer(refr) to-a se referi la To refrain(rifrein) from-a se abine de la To remind(rimaind) somebody(sambadi) of something-a aminti cuiva de ceva To resort(riyood) to somebody(sambadi)-a se adresa cuiva,a apela la cineva To retire(ritair) from-a se retrage din To reproach(reprouci) somebody of something-a reproa cuiva ceva To rush(roh) at something-a se repezi la ceva To see to-a se ngriji de,a se ocupa de To send for-a trimite dup To separate(sepreit) from-a separa de To smell of-a mirosi a To stand(stend) for a reprezenta,a lua aprarea

To stare(ster) at-a se uita fix la,a privi fix la To start for-a porni ctre(spre) To substract from-a scdea din To succeed in(scsid) in-a reui s To supply(splai) with-a aproviziona cu To take(teic) into account(cheaun)-a lua n seam To take into consideration(considereien)-a lua n consideraie To taste(teist) of-a avea gust de To tell from-a deosebi de To think about(of)-a se gndi la To transform(change) into-a transforma(schimba)n To threaten(thretn) with-a amenina cu To translate frominto-a traduce din n To wait(ueit) for somebody-a atepta pe cineva To worry about a-i face griji n privina Casa i apartamentul The house and the flat Block of flats bloc de locuine Apartment apartament(pa:tmnt) Lift lift (lift) Stairs scri (stez) Passage culoar (paesidj) Living-room camer de zi Bedroom dormitor Sleeping-room dormitor Drawing-room salon(dro:ing rum) Dining-room sufragerie Library bibliotec(laibrri) Bathroom camer de baie Kitchen buctrie (kitin) Pantry cmar(paentri) Balcony balcon (baelkni) Terrace terasa (ters) Door u (do Window fereastr (windou) Floor podea (flo Wall perete (wo:l) Ceiling tavan Coffee table msu de cafea

Where would he like to live ? Unde i-ar plcea s locuieti? What would he like in this flat? Ce i-ar plcea s ai n apartament? Rooms around the world Camere n jurul lumii. Student hostel cmin studenesc . Walk mers pe jos Near lng newspapers ziare Between ntre magazins revist (meagzins) Next n continuarea boat barc Ground floor parter long lungime Floors etaj width lime Napkin batist water-tank rezervorul de ap Leisure confort, timp liber ward robe dulap de haine Shampoo ampon (ampu) Soap spun Engine room camera motorului Own homes case private Council houses cas social

Private rented houses case nchiriate Down town jos n ora(centru) Turn a ntoarce, a coti Market pia TO DO-a face Funciile verbului: 1.Verb auxiliar-ajut la formarea altui verb. Ex: -Do you understand?-nelegi(ei)? -He does not understand.-el nu nelege Obs. -Cnd este verb auxiliar nu se traduce,doar ajut -Se folosete numai cnd este vorba de o ntebare. 2.Verb de ntrire Ex: -I do understand-eu chiar nu neleg -I do like math-mi place matematica foarte mult 3.Verb principal Ex: -I do the homework(houmorc)-eu fac tema -She does all the shopping-ea face toate cumprturile Conjugarea la afirmativ I do You do (du) He,she,it does (dz) Negativ I do not do-eu nu fac I dont do You do not do You dont do He,she it does not do He,she it doesnt do Interogativ-afirmativ Do I do? fac eu,eu fac? Do you do? faci tu?,tu faci? Does he,she ,it do? face el,ea? Interogativ-negativ Do I not do? nu fac eu? Dont I do? Do you not do? nu faci tu? Dont you do? Does he,she,it not do? Doesnt he,she,it do? Do we not do? nu facem noi? Dont we do? Do you not do? nu facei voi? Dont you do? Do they not do? nu fac ei,ele? Dont they do? Do we do? facem noi? Do you do? facei voi? Do they do? fac ei,ele? We do not do We dont do You do not do You dont do They do not do They dont do We do You do They do

To have i have got a avea Funciile verbului to have 1.Verb auxiliar pentru formarea timpurilor prezent perfect i trecut perfect. Ex: I have come for two hours am venit de dou ore. I had come for two hours venisem de dou ore 2.Verb modal to have to = must (mst) = trebuie I have to sing eu trebuie s cnt (must) - eu am de cntat 3.Verb principal to have = to posses (pses) =a avea, a poseda we have a haus noi avem o cas posses a haus noi posedm o cas Forma to have este folosit n engleza american i engleza britanic oficial pentru a exprima posesia. Ex: I have two sisters Aceast form este folosit att n engleza american ct i n cea britanic pentru a exprima unele activiti. Ex: They have breakfast early ei iau micul dejun devreme. Forma have got se folosete n engleza britanic neoficial i de obicei exprim posesia. Aceast form se folosete numai la timpul prezent.Pentru celelalte tipuri i pentru infinitiv se folosete forma to have. Ex: I have got a car

Afirmativ I have = Ive I have got = Ive got You have = youve You have got = youve got He,she,it has(heaz) = hes He,she,it has got = hes got We have = weve We have got = were got You have = youve You have got = youve got They have = theyve They have got = theyve got

Negativ Acest verb formeaz negativul cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar to do.

I have not =I havent

We have not =we havent

I have not got = I havent got We have not got =we havent got I do not have =I dont have We do not have = we dont have You have not =you havent You have not = you havent You have not got = you havent got You have not got = you havent got You do not have = you dont have You do not have = you dont have He,she,it has not = he hasent They have not = they havent He has not got = he hasnt got They have not got=they havent got He does not have = he doesnt have They do not have=they dont have Inerogativ i interogativul se poate forma cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. Interogativ afirmativ Have I?=have I got?=do I have? Have you?=have you got? Do you have? Has he,she,it?=has he got? Does he,she,it have? Interogativ negativ Have I not?=have I not got? Havent I got?=eu nu am? Do I not have?=dont I have Have you not?=have you not got? Havent you got?=nu ai tu? Do you not have?=dont you have? Has he(she,it)not?=hasnt he? Has he not got?=hasnt he got? Doesnt he have?=does he not have? Have we?=have we got? Do we have? Have you?=have you got? Do you have? Have they?=have they got? Do they have? Have we not?=have we not got? Havent we got?=do we not have? Dont have?=noi nu avem? Have you not?=have you not got? Havent you got?=nu ai tu? Do you not have?=dont you have? Have they not?=have they not got? Havent they got?=n-au ei,ele? Do they not have?=dont they have

Verbe principale
A. Regulate care la vb.2 i vb.3 primesc terminaia -ed

Ex: Infinitiv To ask To answer To like To play To use B. Neregulate

Trecut Asked Answered (anserd) Liked Played Used (iuzd)

Participiu trecut Asked Answered Liked Played used

Gerunziu Asking Answering (ansering) Liking Playing Using-iuzing

Traducere A ntreba A rspunde A plcea A juca A folosi

Infinitiv To arise (rais) To be To beat (bit) Infinitiv To become (bicom) To begin To bend To bet To bite To blow To break To bring To build To burst To buy (bai) To catch (cat) To choose (ciuz) To come To cost To cut To dig To do To draw (dro) To drink To drive To eat To fall (fol) To feed (fid) To feel (fil) To fight To find To fly

Trecut Arose (rous) Was / where Beat Trecut Became (bicheim) Began Bent Bet Bit Blew (blu) Broke (brouc) Brought Built Burst Bought (bot) Caught (cot) Chose (ciouz) Came Cost Cut Dug (dg) Did Drew (dru) Drank (drenk) Drove (drov) Ate (eit) Fell (fel) Fed (fed) Felt Fought (fot) Found (feaud) Flew

Part.trecut Arisen (rizn) Been Beat Part. Trecut Become Begun Bent Bet Bitten Blown(blou) Broken (brocn) Brought Built Burst Bought Caught Chosen (ciouzn) Come Cost Cut Dug Done Drawn (drou) Drunk (dronk) Driven (drivn) Eaten (itn) Fallen Fed Felt Fought Found Flown

Gerunziu Arising (raizing) Being(biing) Beating Gerunziu Becoming (bicoming) Beginning Bending Beting Biting Blowing Broking (breiking) Bringing Building Bursting Buying Catching Choosing (ciuzing) Coming Costing Cutting Diging Doing Drawing Drinking (dinking) Driving (draiving) Eating(iting) Falling (foling) Feeding Feeling Fighting Finding Flying

Traducere A aprea A fi A bate Traducere A deveni A ncepe A ndoi A paria A muca A sufla A sparge A aduce A construi A isbucni A cumpra A prinde A alege A veni A costa A tia A spa A face A desena A bea A conduce (maina) A mnca A cdea A hrni A simi A lupta, A se lupta A gsi A zbura

(flai) To forbid To forget (forghet) To forgive (forghiv( To freeze (friiz) To get (ghet) To give (ghiv) To grow To hang (heng) To have To hear (hir) To hide (haid) To hit To hold To hurt To keep(chip To know (nou) To lay (lei) To lead (lid) To learn To leave (liv) To lend To let To lie (lai) To light To lose

(flu) Forbade (forbeid) Forgot (forgat) Forgave (forgheiv) Froze (frouz) Got (got) Gave (gheiv) Grew (gru) Hung (hang) Had Heard (herd) Hid Hit Held Hurt Kept Knew (niu) Laid Led Learnt Left Lent Let Lay (lei) Lit Lost

(flou) Forbidden (forbidn) Forgatten (forgatn) Forgiven (forghivn) Frozen (frouzn) Got Given (ghivn) Grown (graun) Hung Dad Heard Hidden Hit Held Hurt Kept Known (noun) Laid Led Learnt Left Lent Let Lay Lit Lost

Forbidding Forgetting Forgiving Freezing Getting Giving Growing (gruing) Hanging Having Hearing (hiring) Hiding Hiting Holding Hurting Keeping Knowing Laying Leading Learning Leaving Lending Letting Lying Lighting (laiting) Losing

A interzice A uita A ierta A nghea A primi, obine,ajung A da A crete A atrna, A aga A avea A auzi) A ascunde A lovi A ine(n mn) A rni, a se rni, a durea A ine A ti, a cunoate A pune, a aeza A conduce A nva A pleca A da cu mprumut A lsa, a permite A mini,a sta ntins,a fi situat A aprinde A pierde

(luz) To make (meic) To mean (min) To meet (mit) To pay (pei) To put To read (rid) To ride (raid) To rise (rais) To ring To run To say (sei) To see (si) To seel To send To set To sew (so) To shake (eic) To shine (ain) To shoot (ut) To show (ou) To shrink (rinc) To shut (ot) To sing To sink

(lost) Made (meid) Meant Met Paid Put Read Rode (rod) Rose (rouz) Rang (reng) Ran Said (sed) Saw (so) Sold (sold) Sent Set Sewed (soud) Shook (uc) Shone (oun) Shot (ot) Showed (oud) Shrank (renc) Shut Sang (seng) Sank

Made Meant Met Paid Put Read Ridden (ridn) Risen (rizn) Rung (rong) Run Said Seen (sin) Sold sent Set Sewed Shaken (eicn) Shone Shot Shown (oun) Shrunk (ronc) Shut Sung (song) Sunk

Making Meaning Meeting Paying Putting Reading Riding Rising Ringing Running Saying Seeing Selling Sending Setting Sewing Shaking Shining Shooting Showing Shrinking Shuting Singing Sinking

A face A nsemna A ntlni A plti A pune A citi A clri,a merge cu un vehicol A rsri(soare) A suna A fugi, a curge A spune, a zice A vedea A vinde A trimite A pune,a aeza A coase A da mna,a scutura A strluci A trage (cu o arm) A arta A intra la ap A nchide A cnta A se scufunda

To sit To sleep (slip) To speak (spic) To spend To split To spread (spred) To stand (stend) To steal (stil) To stick (stic) To sting To strike (straic) To swear (suer) To sweep (suip) To swim (suim) To take (teic) To teach (tici) To tear (tiir) To tell To think To throw (rou) To understande (andrstend) To wake (ueic)

(senc) Sat (seat) Slept Spoke (spouc) Spent Split Spread Stood (stud) Stole (stol) Stuck (stc) Stung (stng) Struck (stroc) Swore (suor) Swept (suept) Swam (sum) Took (tuc) Taught (tout) Tore (tor) Told Thought (ot) Threw (ru) Understood (andrstud) Woke (uouc)

(snc) Sat Slept Spoken (spoucn) Spent Split Spread Stood Stolen (stolen) Stuck Stung Struck (stroc) Sworn (suorn) Swept Swum (sum) Taken (teicn) Taught Torn (torn) Told Thought Thrown (roun) Understood Woken (uoucn)

Sitting Sleeping Speaking Spending Splitting Spreading Standing Stealing Stiking Stinging Striking Swearing Sweeping Swimming Taking Teaching Tearing Telling Thinking Throwing Understandin g Waking

A sta, a edea A adormi A vorbi A cheltui, a petrece (timp A despica A ntinde,a mpri A sta(n picioare) A fura A lipi, a nepa A pica,a nepa A lovi, a izbi A jura,a declara solemn A mtura A nota A lua A preda,a nva pe altul A rupe,a sfia A spune,a povesti A gndi,a se gndi A arunca A nelege A trezi

To wear (uer) To weave (ueiv) To win (uin) To write (rait)

Wore (uor) Wove (uouv) Won (un) Wrote (rout)

Worn (uorn) Woven (uovn) Won Written (ritn)

Wearing Weaving Winning Writing

A purta A ese A ctiga A scrie

Mobilier Furniture Sofa canapea (souf) Bed pat (bed) Chair scaun (te) Armchair fotoliu (a:mte) Table mas (teibl) Lamp lamp (laemp) Picture tablou (pikt) Pillow pern Fireplace emineu Plant plant Light lumin Mat preul din faa uii Washbasin chiuvet Shower du Toilet toalet Vacuum cleaner aspirator Crystal cristal Bath cad Cupboard dulap (kabd) Bookcase bibliotec (bukkeis) Mirror oglind (mir) Desk birou (desk) Curtain perdea (k:tn) Carpet covor (ka:pit) Shelf raft (elf) Vase(of flowers) vaz(cu flori) Clock ceas de perete Watch ceas de mn Flower floare Window fereastr Dining table masa pe care se mn. Sink chiuvet Microwave cuptor cu microunde Oven cuptor Fridge frigider Freezer congelator Dust praf Cooker aragaz

Sporturi Table tennis tenis de mas Basketball baschet Voleyball volei Handball handbal Ski schi Pool biliard Athletism atletism Ice sketing patinaj Hockey hochei Gymnastic gimnastic

Adjectivul Este partea de vorbire care clarific sau determin un substantiv sau un echivalent al unui substantiv. n limba englez adjectivele stau naintea substantivelor sau dup verbul to be.Totodat ele nu se acord n gen,nr. Sau caz cu substantivul. Clasificarea adjectivelor 1.Calitative 2.Posesive 3.Interogativ-relative 4.Demonstrative 5.Cantitative i nehotrte Adjectivele posesive La singular my meu, mea, mei, mele Your- tu, ta, ti, tale His- lui, su, sa, si, sale, dnsului Her ei, sa, si, sale, dnsei Its lui, ei, su, sa, si, sale

La plural:

our (auer) nostru, noastr, notri, noastre Your vostru, voastr, votrii, dumneavoastr Their (deier) lor, dnilor, dnselor, dumnealor My friend my friends our friend -s Your friend your friends your friend -s His - / their friend -s Its - / Her - / Its our business este treaba voastr Its not your business nu este treaba voastr Its my book Its your book His shirt is new cmaa lui este nou Her cat is blak pisica ei este neagr Cazul genitiv este cazul atributului i rspunde la urmtoarele ntrebri: Whose (huz) ? al, a, ale cui ? Which of ? care dintre? Which ? care ? What ? ce, care ? Genitivul se recunoate dup terminaiile s i care sunt folosite ca adjective posesive pentru a arta legtura dintre o persoan sau un lucru cu o alt persoan sau un alt lucru.

S se adaug substantivelor care sunt i la singular i la plural dar nu se termin n litera s . Ex: James is Rosies brother. se adaug substantivelor la plural care se termin n litera s . Ex: She is at a girls school ea este la o coal de fete. This are the cats bowls.- acestea sunt castroanele pisicilor. Cnd numele unei persoane se termin n litera s se poate aduga s sau Ex: The bakers butura The chemists farmacia The greengrosers aprozarul The grosers bcnia The barbers frizeria The hairdressers coaforul The jewellers magazinul de bijuterii Jewellery(giulri) bijuterii Genitivul se mai formeaz cu prepoziia of i se folosete cu substantive de toate genurile. Ex: Rosie is the sister of James. James is the brother of Rosie. He is Johns father. He is the father of John.

Substantive numrabile i nenumrabile Substantivul este partea de vorbire care denumete fiine,obiecte,stri, noiuni, nsuiri, etc. 1. Substantive numrabile se refer la persoane i lucruri care pot fi numrate.Au forme de singular i de plural. A computer two computer - Dac substantivul este subiect verbul poate fi la singular sau la plural dup caz. Ex: The book is red The books are red - Pot fi nlocuite de un pronume la singular sau la plural. Ex: Whereis the book? Where is it? Its there Where are the books? They are there. - Pot fi nsoite de numerale, de articolul nehotrt a sau ani de adjective nehotrte. 2.Substantive nenumrabile - se refer la lucruri sau idei care nu pot fi numrate.ntotdeauna au form de singular, niciodat nu au form de plural.Nu se folosesc nici mcar cu articolul nehotrt a sauan. 3.Exist substantive care sunt numrabile i nenumrabile n acelai timp, ns acestea i schimb mereu nelesul. Toast nenumrabil pine prjit se mnnc A toast numrabil toast se vorbete Gossip brf(informaie) -a gossip persoan care brfete Glass sticl (material) -a glass recipient Cricket sportul criket -a cricket greiere Wood lemn ca mat.prim-a wood pdure

Work munc -a work o lucr. Creat de un artist Heat(hit)- topete gheaa - a heat o prob eliminatorie - fierbe apa - i obosete pe sportivi cloth material, estur - a cloth crp(pt.ters vasele) Junk gunoi, rebut -a junk vas chinezesc(pt.navig) Capital bani - a capital capital Ex: Two teas please! - numrabil Woud you like some tea? Doreti nite ceai?Vrei ceai?-nen. Adjectivul nehotrt i cantitativ Some unii, unele, nite, vreun, vreo -Se folosete n propoziii afirmetive Ex: There are some visitors in the school. Sunt nite oaspei n coal. -Apare n propoziii interogative,cereri i oferte atunci cnd se sper c rspunsul este afirmativ. Ex: Can I have some orange juice, please ? Mi-ai putea aduce un suc de portocale? Any -n propoziiile afirmative se traduce: orice sau fiece Ex: You can come any time. Poi veni oricnd. -npropoziiile negative se traduce: nici un, nici o Ex: I cant find any excuse.Nu pot gsi nici o scuz. I havent got any money.Nu am nici un ban. -n propoziiile interogat. Se traduce:orice,fiece,vreun,vreo. Ex: Do you see any ship? Vezi vreun vapor? Have you got any friends? Ai vreun prieten? Ai ceva prieteni? Some i Any se folosesc cu subst. Plurale i subst. Numrabile, se refer la un numr de lucruri sau la o cantitate din ceva care nu este specificat. Ex: Some pens - nite stilouri Any pens -orice stilou, oricare din stilouri Diferena de baz dintre Some i Any este c: 1.Some este folosit cu formule pozitive sau afirmative ale verbului. Ex: I ate some fruit am mncat nite fructe They bought some clothes ei au cumprat nite haine. Any este folosit cu formule negative ale verbului. Ex: I didnteat any fruit. N-am mncat nici o fruct. They didnt by any clothes. Ei nu au cumprat nici o hain 2.Majoritatea ntrebrilor se formeaz cu any Ex: - Do you have any brothers or sisters? Ai vreun frate sau sor? - Can you speak any foreign languages? Poi s vorbeti vreo limb strin? Dar ntrebrile pot folosi i pe some: -You look hungry Ari nfometat -Shall I cook you some food? S-i gtesc ceva(nite)mncare

-Im very hungry mi este foarte foame. -Would you cook me some food? Ai vrea s-mi mncare? Culori Colours White alb (wait) Black negru (blaek) Brown cafeniu, maro (braun) Gray gri, cenuiu (grei) Red rou (red) Yellow galben (yelou) Verbul. Timpul prezent simplu Blue albastru (blu Green verde (gri:n) Orange portocaliu (orindj) Violet violet (vailit) Mauve mov (mouv) Rosy roz (rouzi)

pregteti(gteti)ceva

La afirmativFormula: subiect+verb(es sau spers.III) Verbul are forma infinitivului ns fr particula tocnd este vorba de pronumele:I, you, we, they. Verbul are forma infinitivului fr particula to dar primete terminaias saues cnd este vorba de pronumele:I, you, we, they. n romnete timpul prezent se traduce cu indicativul prezent.Timpul prezent este folosit pentru: 1. A descrie lucruri care se ntmpl zilnic Ex: I work in a bank 2. A descrie lucruri care au loc ntr-un mod regulat Ex: She al wayas comes lateea vine trziu ntotdeauna I play tennis three times week joc tenis de 3 ori pe sptmn I bruch my teath twice a day m spl pe dini de 2 ori (once-o dat) pe zi. 3.Pentru a descrie lucruri general valabile Ex: Dogs bark cinii latr Water freezes at 0C Apa nghea la 0 C 4.Pentru a descrie lucruri programate sau fixate. Ex:The train leaves at 7.a.m. 5.Pentru a descrie sentimente generale fa de lucruri. Ex:He look a bit unhappy pare un pic trist. Prezentul simplu folosete adesea cuvinte sau expresii care ne indic de cte ori se petrece ceva. Ex: always ntotdeauna Usualy de obicei Never niciodat Sometimes cteodat Generally n general All the times tot timpul, mereu Four hours a day 4 ore pe zi Three times a weck de 3 ori pe sptmn Every day n fiecare zi Every week n fiecare sptmn

Every month n fiecare lun Every year n ficare an Often adesea, uneori Seldom rareori(sometimes) Forma negativ la timpul prezent La timpul prezent o propoziie negativ se formeaz prin adugarea lui:do not, dont sau does not, doesnt + infinitiv( fr to ). He doesnt eat El nu mnnc I dont swim Eu nu not I dont like him Nu-mi place de el Sg. I dont You dont He doesnt She doesnt It doesnt Pl. + verb We dont You dont They dont + verb

Forma interogativ La timpul prezent ntrebrile se formeaz cu do sau does + infinitiv(fr particula to) Do you have any questions? Mai avei vreo ntrebare? Do you live there? Stai tu acolo? Does she live there? St ea acolo? Interogatin negativul Dont you live there? Nu locuieti tu acolo? Doesnt she live there? Nu locuiete ea acolo? Flori Flowers Rose trandafir (rouz) Pink garoaf (pingk) Tulip lalea (tju:lip) Hyacinth zambil (haisin) Snowdrop ghiocel (snoudrop) Lilac liliac (lailk) Lily crin (lili) Peony bujor (pini) Daisy margaret (deizi) Dahlia dalie,gherghin(deili) Chrysanthemum crizantem(krisaenmm) Geranium mucat (djireinym) Sunflower fl. Soarelui (sanflau) Water lily nufr (wo:tlili)

Expresiile: There is i there are Aceste expresii se folosesc numai cu verbulto bepentru a indica existena concret a unor lucruri, fenomene, persoane, etc, pe cnd expresia it is se folosete pentru elemente care se msoar. Ex: timp, distan, temperatur There is exist, se afl, se gsete

There are exist, se afl, se gsesc This acesta, aceast fol. la sg. i arat apropierea apropierea That acela, aceia deprtarea These (diiz) aceste apropierea Those (duz) acelea deprtarea Vesel Plate farfurie (pleit) Saucer farfurioar (so:s) Fork furculi (fo:k) Knife cuit (naif) Spoon lingur (spu:n) Tea-spoon linguri(ti:spu:n) Cup ceac (kap) Tea-pot ceainic (ti:pot) Coffee-pot ibric pt. Cafea Bread-basket co de pine(breadba:skit) Bowl castron Jar borcan Tin conserv Glass pahar Small plate farfuriu Carne Meat Beef vac (bi:f) Veal viel (vi:l) Pork porc (po:k) Mutton oaie,berbec(matn) Lamb miel (laem) Ckicken pui (tikin) Fowl pasre (faul) Turkey curcan (t:ki) Goose gsc (gu:s) Duck ra(dak) Rabbit iepure (raebit) Game vnat (geim) Venison cprioar(venyn) Prawn rac Fish pete (fi)

Excuse me.Can I have the menu, please? Can I have the bill, please?Mi-aducei nota de plat v rog. Would you bring me the bill, please? What would you like to eat(drink)? Id like., please. Near aproape Anything else altceva? Far departe Your change restul dumneavoastr Far away f. departe To serve a se servi Take away a lua la pachet Homemada mncare fcut acas A piece of cake o felie de prjitur A packet of sugar un pachet de zahr A bottle of oil o sticl de ulei A tin of peas o conserv de mazre A tube of. un tub de A box of - o cutie de A sack of.. o pung de. A bar of soap o bucat de spun A pound of cheese 450 grame de brnz Five pound of potatoes 2,25 kg cartofi A loaf of bread o franzel Hot cald Cold rece

A slice of bread o felie de pine To slice a tia n feli A bunch of grapes un ciorchine de struguri Hold something a ine ceva n mn. Use a knife and fork s folosim cuitul i furculuia Drink from a cup a bea din ceac Writing paper coli de scris Stamps timbre Envelopes plicuri Letter scrisoare Postcards carte potal Phone cards cartele telefonice Diary jurnal Expensive scump Cigarettes igri Cheap ieftin Lighter brichet Shops magazine Packing list lista cu lucruri de mpachetat Sweets dulciuri Pasteries produse de patiserie(peistris) Birthday cake tort Soap spun Towel prosop Every where peste tot Shampoo ampon Which ones care dintre ele Tooth paste past de dini That one aceea Toothbrush periu de dini Over there de acolo Lipstik ruj Each fiecare Make up farduri Altogether laolalt Magazines reviste Camera aparat de fotografiat Batteries baterii Films rolfilm Ordinea adjectivelor De obicei adjectivele se pun dup verbul to be sau naintea substantivului Ex: Its a red dress 1.Se trec adjectivele care exprim prerea sau opinia 2.Adjectivele care exprim altele (mrimea, vrsta ) 3.Adjectivele care descriu culoarea 4.Adjectivele care descriu materialul Ex: Its a beautiful, long, black, leather coat. Piele pardesiu Adjectivele se despart de obicei prin virgul, dar cnd sunt numai dou adjective virgula nu mai este necesar. Ex: A big blue coat. ns dac ambele adjective descriu culori sau material, se pune ntre ele conjuncia i. Ex: A red and green carpet.

Cnd un verb este urmat de dou sau mai multe adjective care la rndul lor nu sunt urmate deun substantiv, atunci ntre ultimele dou adjective se pune conjuncia i. Ex: His beard is long, thick and black. Groas

Meniu Menu (menyn:) Hors doeuvres antreuri, aperitive (o:dvz) Fried eggs ochiuri (fraid egz) Omlet(te) omlet (omlit) Fried potatoes cartofi prjii (fraid pteitouz) Chips cartofi pai (tips) Mashed potatoes cartofi piureu (met pteitouz) Soup sup (su:p) Roastmeat(beef,chicken) carne fript (de vac, pui) Grilled meat carne le grtar (grild mi:t) Salad salat (seald) Escalope niel (eskloup) Meat balls chiftele (mi:t bo:lz) Ham unc (heam) Roll chifl, corn (roul) Pie pateu, plcint, tart (pai) Cake prjitur, tort (keik) Pudding budinc (puding) Ice-cream ngheat (ais kri:m) Jam dulcea, gem (djaem) Honei miere (hani) Seaweed fructe de mare (siuid) Sausage crnat (sosigi)

Water ap (wo:t) Mineral water ap mineral Soda-water sifon(soud wot) Tonic-water tonic(tonik wot) Tea ceai (ti Coffee cafea (kofi) Cocoa cacao (koukou) Lemonadelimonad (lemneid) Juice suc(de fructe) (dju:s) Tomato juice suc de roii Beer bere (bi) Ale bere(slab) (eil) Wine vin (wain) Port vin de Porto (po:t) Champagne-ampanie(aempein Brandy coniac,rachiu(braendi) Cherry brabdy viinat Cognac coniac (kounyaek) Liqueur lichior (likyu) Gin gin (djin) Rum rom (ram) Compote compot (kompout)

Glass of wather pahar cu ap Mineral water ap mineral Plain water ap plat Steak friptir (steic) Fruit juice suc de fructe Fried chicken pui prjit bottle sticl Roast lamb miel la grtar Waiter osptar, chelner Fish of the day pete proaspt Waiteress osptri Mixed salad salat asortat Bread pine Plain salad salat dintr-o sg.legum Egg ou Desserts desert (dizr) Rice orez (rais) Pancakes cltite (pancheips) Couscous un fel de orez Crep cltite Noodles tiei (nudls) Strawberry cake prjitur cu cpuni Olive oil ulei de mzline

(stroberi) Chese and biscuits brnz i biscuii Cupboard bufet Fridge frigider (britanicii) Refrigerator frigider (englezii) Chop a toca Mix a amesteca Crumble a frmnta Stir a mesteca Peel a decoji On the left la stnga On the right la dreapta At the top naintea At the bottom dup Straigh ahead drept nainte On the corner pe col Across the bridge peste pod Across the road peste strad Allong the road de-a lungul drumului Past the bank dincolo de banc

Butter unt (batr) sugar zahr (ugr)

NUMERALUL CARDINAL THE CARDINAL NUMERAL 1 one 9 nine 2 two 10 ten 3 three 11 eleven 4 four 12 twelve 5 five 13 thirteen 6 six14 fourteen 30 thirty 7 seven 15 fifteen 8 eight 16 sixteen Numerale ordinale 1st the first primul, ntiul 9th the neineth 2nd the second al doilea 10th the tenth 3rd the third al treilea 11th the eleventh 4th the fourth 12th the twelfth 5th the fifth 13th the thirteenth 6th the sixth 14th the fourteenth th 7 the seventh 15th the fifteenth 8th the eighth 16th the sixteenth 17th the seventeenth 30th the thirtieth 18th the eighhteenth 40th the fourtieth th th 19 the nineteenth 50 the fiftieth 20th the twentieth 60th the sixtieth 17 seventeen 60 sixty 18 eighteen70 seventy 20 twenty 80 eighty 21 twenty-one 90 ninety 22 - twenty-two 100 one(a) hundred 200 two hundred 40 forty 1000 one thousand 50 fifty 2000 two thousand

21th the twenty first 70th the seventieth 22th the twenty second 80th the eightieth 23th the twenty - third 90th the neintieth 100th the one hundredth 101th the one hundred and first 1000th the one thousandth 1000000th the one millionth Numeral colectiv Conine o mulime exprimat printr-un singular -couple (capl) - cuplu, dou -pair (peer) pereche -score (scor) 20, pol -team (tiim) echip -dazem duzin, 12 -gross 12 duzini Ex: A couple of cherries dou ciree A pair of shoes o pereche de pantofi A pair of trousers o pereche de pantaloni To walk in pairs a se plimba perechi (cte doi) Half a score years 40 de ani Numeralul multiplicativ Double dublu Triple triplu Once o dat Twice de dou ori Three times de trei ori Four times de 4 ori Five times de 5 ori A hundred times de 100 de ori Numeral distributiv One at a time cte unul odat Two at a time cte doi odat Three at a time cte trei odat One by one unul cte unul Two by two doi cte doi Three by three 3 cte 3 By the dozen la duzin Ten at time cte 10, 10 odat Every other minute din 2 n 2 minute, din clip n clip Every other hour din 2 n 2 ore, la fiecare dou ore Numeral adverbial Firstly n primul rnd Secondly n al doilea rnd Thirdly n al treilea rnd

Fourthly n al 4-lea rnd Numeral nehotrt A number of un numr de A lot of o mulime de, o grmad de Lots of many muli, multe Tens of zeci de Hundreds of sute de Data -The date 1st January 1971 The first of January, nineteen seventy-one 23rd August 1944 The twenty-third of August, nineteen forty-four 30th December 1947 The thirtieth of December, nineteen forty-seven. Semnele matematice + and, plus - minus (mains) x multiplied (multiplaid) : divided by (divaidid) mprit la = equal to (ecultu) egal cu % per cent radical scuare root (scuer rut)

Prepoziii pentru exprimarea timpului 1.At se folosete la: a. Perioade ale zilei Ex: At five oclock At night seara, serile At the moment momentan, pe moment At midnight n mijlocul nopii b.Festivaluri religioase At Christmas la crciun, de crciun At Easter, de (la) pate 2.In se folosete la: a. Luni Ex: in February in Octomber b.Anotimpuriin spring in summer c.Ani in 1944 in 2000 d.Secole In the twentieth century (sentri) secol 3.On se folosete la:

a. Zile ale sptmnii b. La date:

On Friday On Monday On forth July On 17th March

Timpul prezent progresiv (continuu) Funciile: 1. Exprimarea unei aciuni n curs de desfurare n momentul vorbirii sau scrierii. Ex: Susan is working at home today.-Susan lucreaz acas astzi. It is getting dark.- Se ntunec. The bus is coming. Autobuzul vine. He is speaking on the phone. El vorbete la telefon. 2. Exprimarea unei aciuni (eventual de mai lung durat) care reflect un proces, o dezvoltare, o evoluie. Ex: The baby is growing up. Copilul crete. 3. Exprimarea planurilor viitoare folosind adesea timpul viitor al adverbului. Ex: When are you going on holiday? Cnd pleci n concediu(vacan) I am leaving next Tuestday. Plec marea viitoare. La afirmativ avem verbul to be + participiul prezent(terminaia-ing) I am playing in the garden. You are playng in the garden. He, she, it is playing in the garden. We are playing in the garden. You are playing in the garden. They are playing in the garden. Forma interogativ afirmativ Verbul auxiliarto be + negaie + verb cu terminaia-ing Am I playing in the garden? Are you playing in the garden? Is he, she, it playing in the garden? Are we playing in the garden? Are you playing in the garden? Are they playing in the garden? Interogativ negativ Auxiliarulto be + subiect + negaie + verb terminat n ing Am I not coming tomorrow? Are you not coming tomorrow? Is he, she, it not coming tomorrow? Are we not coming tomorrow? Are you not coming tomorrow? Are they not coming tomorrow?

Regulile pentru creare a participiului 1.Verb la infinitiv + ing Ex: walk walking paint painting 2.Verbele la infinitiv terminate n e taie aceasta liter i adaug ing. Ex: dance dancing Make making 3.Un infinitiv care se termin ntr-o silab (compus dintr-o vocal i o consoan) dar pe care se pune accent dubleaz consoana i adaug ing. Ex: stop stopping Put putting 4.Un infinitiv care se termin ntr-o silab (compus dintr-o vocal i o consoan) dar pe care se pune accent dubleaz consoana i adaug ing Ex: begin beginning Refer referring 5.Un infinitiv terminat ntr-o silab (compus dintr-o vocal i litera l) dubleaz litera l i adaug ing. Ex: travel travelling To can a putea se folosete n urmtoarele cazuri: 1. Cnd este vorba de abilitatea unei persoane. Ex: I can drive a car. Pot s conduc o main. 2. Pentru a cere ceva. Ex: Can I have a sandwich, please.- Putei s-mi aducei un sandwich v rog. Poate fi folosit cu un verb la infinitiv (fr particula to ) Ex: I can dance. Eu pot s dansez. He can dance. Negativul se formeaz prin adugarea lui not sau nt la acest verb. Ex: I cant dance. I cannot dance. ntotdeauna se scrie legat n engleza britanic. Interogaia afirmativ se formeaz prin punerea verbului can naintea verbului. Ex: Can I dance? Pot eu s dansez? Negaia interogativ Cant I dance? Cant you dance? Timpul trecut Was pers. a 3 a sg. i persoana I sg. Were restul (II sg. + I,II,III pl. ) Timpul trecut se folosete atunci cnd vorbim despre o aciune, un eveniment sau o stare, la un anume timp din trecut. Ex: My brothers arrived in Piteti yesterday. Fraii mei au sosit n Piteti ieri. Formele timpului trecut a. b. c. infinitiv + terminatia ed (fr particula to ) infinitivele terminate n e adaug litera d Ex: like liked infinitivele terminate n y schimb aceast liter n I romnesc i adaug litera ed. Ex: hurry hurried

d. alte vebe terminate ntr-o consoan, repet ultima consoan dup care adaug ed. stop stopped (stopd) e. ntrebrile se formeaz dup formula: did + subiect + vb. la infinitiv Ex: Did you like your pizza? Ex: f. Forma negativ se formeaz prin folosirea lui: did not (didnt) dup care se pune verbul la infinitiv. Ex: I didnt go there Eu nu am fost acolo.