Sunteți pe pagina 1din 13

Cepeca Consulting Center SRL English Course

Beginners

Andreea Crjan

Annex

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

Vocale Simbol fonetic Descriere i lung, ca n cuvntul copii E emplu me tree people it king ship bed me n well ma n that and past dark arm hot gone clock horse dawn all look put foot move soon blue sun some but first learn Thursday E emplu !ranscrier e fonetic [mi:] [tri:] [pi:pl] [it] [ki] [ip] [bed] [men] [wel] [mn] [t] [nd] [pa:st] [da:k] [a:m] [hot] [gon] [klok] [ho:s] [do:n] [o:l] [luk] [put] [fut] [mu:v] [su:n] [blu:] [s#n] [s#m] [b#t] [f$:st] [l$:n] [ $:sdei] !ranscrier !raducere mie copac oameni, lume el, ea impersonal rege vapor pat brbai bine brbat acela i trecut ntunecat bra ierbinte dus, plecat ceasornic cal zori tot, toi, toate a privi a punte picior a !se" mica curnd albastru soare ceva, nite dar primul, prima a nva %oi !raducere
&

i: i e a: o o: u u: $ %:
Simbol
Anne

i scurt, rostete-l i, cu gura deschis i poziia limbii pentru e romnesc ca n cuvntul leg

sunet ntre e "i a; deschide gura ca pentru a i rostete e a lung# rostit din undul gurii o scurt; deschide gura ca pentru a i rostete o o lung, ca o romnesc lung, ca n hoo! u scurt, ca n cuvntul duc

u lung, ca n cuvntul lun

a scurt, ca n cuvntul tac

lung, ca n m!

Descriere

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

fonetic

%
Consoane Simbol fonetic

ca rom'nesc, numai n silabe neaccentuate

under above honour

e fonetic [#nd$] [$b#v] [on$]

sub deasupra onoare

Descriere b urmat de o u"oar e plo(ie d rostit cu )'rful limbii pe gingie g rostit din fundul gurii; rostete-l g i nu gi ca m rom'nesc ca n rom'nesc n ca n cuvntul lng cand este urmat de )ocal, l rom'nesc rostete-l cu limba lipit de cerul gurii cnd este urmat de consoan sau este inal ca v rom'nesc rostete d cu limba ntre din*i ca z rom'nesc ca j rom'nesc r fr s atingi cerul gurii cu limba ca n cuvntul George

E emplu bed rubber do add good giggle meet name no knife long finger like play feel build live verb there father nose houses pleasure garage red try June judge

b d g m n l v z j r dj
Simbol fonetic
Anne

!ranscrier e fonetic [bed] [r#b$] [du:] [d] [gud] [gigl] [mi:t] [neim] [nou] [naif] [lo] [fig$] [laik] [plei] [fi:l] [bild] [liv] [v$:b] [e$] [fa:$] [nouz] [hausiz] [plej$] [gra:j] [red] [trai] [dju:n] [dj#dj]

!raducere pat cauciuc a ace a aduga bun a chicoti a ntlni nume nu cuit lung deget a plcea a !se" %uca a !se" simi a construi a tri, a locui verb acolo tat nas cas plcere gara% rou a ncerca iunie a %udeca, %udector

Descriere p urmat de o u"oar

E emplu pen

!ranscrier e fonetic [pen]

!raducere stilou
+

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

p t k f s h t w y

e plo(ie rostete t cu vr ul limbii pe gingie rostete c din undul gurii ca f rom'nesc rostete t cu limba ntre din*i ca rom'nesc ca s rom'nesc ca h rom'nesc ca n cuvntul cinci rostete u cu puternic emisie de aer printre buzele ntredeschise; ca o din oare i ca n cuvntul ies

spoon time light key cook five laugh thin path shop sure see place high hotel chair teacher well swim you music

[spu:n] [taim] [lait] [ki:] [kuk] [faiv] [la:f] [ in] [pa: ] [op] [ u $ ] [si:] [pleis] [hai] [h$utel] [te$] [ti:t$] [wel] [swim] [yu:] [myu:zik]

lingur timp lumin cheie a gti, buctar cinci a rde subire cale magazin sigur a vedea loc nalt hotel scaun pro esor bine a nota tu muzic

Anne

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

&unt convins ca vei nva gramatica repede i uor dac ii cont de urmtoarele reguli' olosete Substanti)ele -.ouns/ pentru nume de lucruri, iine, locuri(

manag er office

director birou

Englan d 0ohn

Anglia Ion

happiness na)1

fericire marin

aeaz lng substantive Adjecti)e -Adjecti)es/( Aa vei reui s le dai un neles exact( )u uita c ad%ectivele dau *culoare+ i * orm+ tuturor lucrurilor(
rich beautiful

bogat frumos

red good

rou bun

happ1 1oung

fericit tnr

vorbete despre oameni i lucruri, dar 2ronumelor -2ronouns/(


r s le numeti cu a%utorul
she them ea lor, pe ei

1ou he

tu el

1ours hers

al tu al ei

exprim aciunile i lucrurile rumoase pe care le aci tu sau prietenii ti prin 3erbe -3erbs/'
,ohn spea4s -nglish ver. /ell( John vorbete Engleza foarte bine.

olosete Ad)erbele -Ad)erbs/ i spune unde, cum, cnd sau de cte ori are loc o aciune'
,ohn learns -nglish fast( !ho56 fast" 0ar. spo1e to .ou 1esterda1( 1esterda1" 2ome here, please3 !5here6 here" John n a! Engleza repede. "cum? repede# !5hen6 $ar% a orbit cu tine ieri. "cnd? ieri# &ino aici, te rog! "unde? aici#

arat relaia dintre substantive, pronume i alte pri ale propoziiei cu a%utorul 2repo(i*iilor -2repositions/'
4eave the reports on m. des1, 'as rapoartele pe biroul meu, te please3 rog! ,ohn came to the exhibition 5ith John a enit la e(pozi!ie cu tine. .ou(

leag propoziiile i razele prin Conjunc*ii -Conjuctions/'


5e /or1ed hard and he got rich( El a muncit din greu i s)a mbog!it. &he said that she /or1ed because she Ea a spus c lucreaz pentru c i li1ed it( place.
Anne 7

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

exprim-i

sentimentele -8nterjections/' 9h:# ;ello:# Ah:

prin

exclamaii,

cu

a%utorul

8nterjec*iilor

Acum ai tot ce-i trebuie ca s pui orice cuvnt n categoria potrivit3 6ine cont de ce se ntmpl n propoziie3 7at o propoziie care conine toate pr*ile de )orbire'

;ello: Come 5ith me tomorro5 and see our ne5 head<uarters.


S vedem dac ai neles! Scrie ce parte de vorbire este fiecare! hello: come 5ith me tomorro5 and see our ne5 head<uarters

e trebuie s mai tii? !ai s vedem mpreun" 2nd vorbeti despre substantive, spune genul# numrul sau cazul( Adu-i aminte c unele ad%ectivele au grade de comparaie " frumos# mai frumos# la fel de frumos# mai puin frumos# foarte frumos# cel mai frumos !beautiful# more beautiful# as beautiful as# less beautiful# )er1 beautiful# the most beautiful"( 7ar alte ad%ective nu au grade de comparaie' rou# alb# acela# tu# tale# unele# toi( 8orbete despre aciuni i olosete corect timpul verbului' $recut# %rezent# &iitor( 9nva pentru iecare timp cele trei orme speci ice' Afirmati) .egati) 8nterogati) :eamintete-i c i unele adverbele, ca i ad%ectivele au grade de comparaie " bine# mai bine# la fel de bine# mai puin bine# foarte bine# cel mai bine !5ell# better# as 5ell as# less 5ell# )er1 5ell# best"( 2e mai tii despre adverbe; 2 ele sunt adverbe de mod !cum;", de timp !cnd;", de loc !unde;", de frecven !de cate ori;"( 'cesta este '( )ul gramaticii pe care trebuie s)l nvei pentru nceput* +dat ce tii aceste noiuni totul va fi foarte uor!
Anne =

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

,u)i aa c gramatica este frumoas?

Anne

>

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

7at o parte din verbele regulate' 8nfiniti) -a studia/ to add <=d> to ans/er
<?a'ns$r> to as1 <a's1> to call <1o'l>

!recut -am studiat/ added as/ered

2articipiu -studiat/ added ans/ered as1ed called cancelled cared interested laughed loved moved occurred re erred stopped studied submitted travelled tried /atched /or1ed

!raducere a aduga a rspunde a ntreba, a ruga a chema a anula a ine la ceva@cineva a !se" interesa !n" a a a a a a a a a a a a rde iubi !se" mica se ntmpla se re eri !se" opri studia !se" supune calatori ncerca privi, a urmri munci

to

<?1=ns$l> to care <1e$r>

as1ed called cancel cancelled cared

to
<?instrist>

interest interested laugh <la' > love <l#v> move <mu'v> occur <$?1$'r> re er <ri? $'r> stop <stop> stud. <?st#di> submit travel <?tr=v$l> tr. <trai> /atch </ot> /or1 </$'r1> laughed loved moved occurred re erred stopped studied submitted travelled tried /atched /or1ed

to to to to to to to to to to to to

<s$b?mit>

Scrie "i )orbe"te corect? @ine cont de c'te)a particularit*i de scriere? A. 9nainte s adaugi terminaia -ed, dublea( consoana final dac e precedat de o vocal scurt( &. 2nd oloseti verbe terminate n -l, dublea( litera BlC nainte s adaugi terminaia -ed( !Aceast regul nu se aplic la americani"( +. 2nd ntlneti verbe terminate n consoan D 1# trans orm-l pe *.+ n EiE i apoi adaug terminaia -ed( Cite"te corect termina*ia Fed? 1. Aentru verbele terminate n sunet vocalic sau ntr-un sunet consonantic sonor !b, g, l, m, n, v, z, d%, , ," pronun* termina*ia GdH( 2. Aentru verbele terminate ntr-un sunet consonantic surd ! , 1, p, s, , t , , " pronun* termina*ia GtH( +. Aentru verbele terminate n Bt sau Bd cite"te termina*ia GidH(
Anne I

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

Acum verbele neregulate( 9nva ormele ct mai multor verbe neregulate( 8nfiniti) !recut 3erbe cu trei forme diferite to arise <$?raiz> arose <$?r$uz> to a/a1e <$?/ei1> a/o1e <$?/$u1> to be <bi'> /as@/ere </$z@/$r> to bear <be$r> bore <bo'r> to bear <be$r> bore <bo'r> to begin <bi?gin> began <bi?g=n> to bid <bid> bade <beid> to bite <bait> bit <bit> to blo/ <bl$u> ble/ <blu'> to brea1 <brei1> bro1e <br$u1> to choose <tu'z> chose <t$uz> to do <du'> did <did> to dra/ <dro'> dre/ <dru'> to drin1 <dri1> dran1 <dr=1> to drive <draiv> drove <dr$uv> to to to to eat <i't> all < o'l> l. < lai> orbid < $r?bid> ate <et> ell < el> le/ < lu'> orbade < $r?b=d> orgot < $r?got> orgave < $r?geiv> roze < r$uz> gave <geiv> /ent </ent> gre/ <gru'> hid <hid> 1ne/ <n.u'> la. <lei> 2articipiu arisen <$?rizn> a/a1ed <$?/ei1t> been <bi'n> borne <bo'rn> born <bo'rn> begun <bi?g#n> bidden <?bid$n> bitten <?bitn> blo/n <bl$un> bro1en <br$u1n> chosen <?t$uz$n> done <d#n> dra/n <dro'n> drun1 <dr#1> driven <?driv$n> eaten <?i'tn> allen <? o'l$n> lo/n < l$un> orbidden
< $r?bid$n> < $r?got$n> orgiven < $r?giv$n> rozen <? r$uz$n> given <?giv$n> gone <gon> gro/n <gr$un> hidden <?hid$n> 1no/n <n$un> lain <lein>

!raducere a se ridica a se trezi a i a purta a !se" nate a ncepe a licita a muca a su la a sparge a alege a ace a trage a bea a mna, conduce a mnca a cdea a zbura a interzice a uita a ierta a nghea a da a merge a crete a !se" ascunde a ti a i culcat, zcea a grei a exagera a a a a a a clri suna se ridica vedea coase scutura
J

to orget < $r?get> to to to to to to to to to to orgive < $r?giv> reeze < ri'z> give <giv> go <g$u> gro/ <gr$u> hide <haid> 1no/ <n$u> lie <lai>

orgotten

<mi?stei1>

mista1e mistoo1 <mi?stu1> overdo overdid <$uv$r?did> rode <r$ud> rang <r=> rose <r$uz> sa/ <so'> se/ed <s$ud> shoo1 <u1>

mista1en

<mi?stei1$n>

<$uv$r?du'> to ride <raid> to ring <ri> to rise <raiz> to see <si'> to se/ <s$u> to sha1e <ei1> Anne

overdone
<$uv$r?d#n> ridden <?rid$n> rung <r#> risen <?riz$n> seen <si'n> se/n <s$un> sha1en <?ei1$n>

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

8nfiniti) to sho/ <$u> to shrin1 <ri1> to sing <si> to sin1 <si1> to spea1 <spi'1> to s/ell <s/el> to s/im <s/im> to ta1e <tei1> to tear <te$r> to thro/ <r$u> to underlie
<#nd$r?lai> to /a1e </ei1> to /ear </e$r>

!recut sho/ed <$ud> shran1 <r=1> sang <s=> san1 <s=1> spo1e <sp$u1> s/elled <s/eld> s/am <s/=m> too1 <tu1> tore <to'r> thre/ <ru'> underla. <#nd$r?lei>

2articipiu sho/n <$un> shrun1 <r#1> sung <s#> sun1 <s#1> spo1en <?sp$u1$n> s/ellen <?s/$ul$n> s/um <s/#m> ta1en <?tei1$n> torn <to'rn> thro/n <r$un> underlain
<#nd$r?lein> /a1en <?/$u1$n> /orn </o'rn>

!raducere a arta a se strnge a cnta a se scu unda a vorbi a se um la a nota a lua a rupe a arunca a susine a se trezi a purta a !se" retrage a scrie a a a a a a a a a a a a a a bate deveni ndoi lega sngera binecuvnta aduce construi arde cumpra prinde veni se tr ndrzni se

to
</i?dro'>

/o1e </$u1> /ore </o'r> /ithdra/ /ithdre/ </i?dru'>

/ithdra/n
</i?dro'n> /ritten <?rit$sn>

to /rite <rait> /rote <r$ut> 3erbe cu dou forme to beat <bi't> beat <bi't> to become <bi?1#m> became <bi?1eim> to bend <bend> bent <bent> to bind <baind> bound <baund> to bleed <bli'd> bled <bled> to bless <bles> blest <blest> to bring <bri> brought <bro't> to build <bild> built <bilt> to burn <b$rn> burnt <b$rnt> to bu. <bai> bought <bo't> to catch <1=t> caught <1o't> to come <1#m> came <1eim> to creep <1ri'p> crept <1rept> to dare <de$r> durst@dared to deal <di'l> to to to to to to to to to
Anne <d$'rst> dealt <delt>

beaten <bi'tn> become <bi?1#m> bent <bent> bound <baund> bled <bled> blest <blest> brought <bro't> built <bilt> burnt <b$rnt> bought <bo't> caught <1o't> come <1#m> crept <1rept> durst@dared
<d$'rst> dealt <delt>

dig <dig> dream <dri'm> eed < i'd> eel < i'l> ight < ait> ind < aind> get <get> hang <h=> have <h=v>

dug <d#g> dreamt <dremt> ed < ed> elt < elt> ought < o't> ound < aund> got <got> hung <h#> had <h=d>

dug <d#g> dreamt <dremt> ed < ed> elt < elt> ought < o't> ound < aund> got <got> hung <h#> had <h=d>

a trata, a ocupa a spa a visa a hrni a simi a !se" lupta a gsi a primi a atrna a avea

AK

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

8nfiniti) to hear <hi$r> to hold <h$old> to 1eep <1i'p> to 1neel <ni'l> to la. <lei> to lead <li'd> to leap <li'p> to learn <l$rn> to leave <li'v> to lend <lend> to to to to to to light <lait> lose <lu'z> ma1e <mei1> mean <mi'n> meet <mi't> misunderstand

!recut heard <h$rd> held <held> 1ept <1ept> 1nelt <nelt> laid <leid> led <led> leapt <lept> learnt <l$rnt> le t <le t> lent <lent> lit <lit> lost <lost> made <meid> meant <ment> met <met> misunderstood
<mis#nd$r?stud> paid <peid> read <red> ran <r=n> said <sed> sought <so't> sold <s$uld> sent <sent> shone <on> shot <ot>

2articipiu heard <h$rd> held <held> 1ept <1ept> 1nelt <nelt> laid <leid> led <led> leapt <lept> learnt <l$rnt> le t <le t> lent <lent> lit <lit> lost <lost> made <meid> meant <ment> met <met> misunderstood
<mis#nd$r?stud> paid <peid> read <red> run <r#n> said <sed> sought <so't> sold <s$uld> sent <sent> shone <on> shot <ot>

<mis#nd$r?st=nd> to pa. <pei> to read <ri'd> to run <r#n> to sa. <sei> to see1 <si'1> to sell <sel> to send <send> to shine <ain> to shoot <u't>

!raducere a auzi a ine a pstra, a ine a nghenunchea a aeza a conduce a sri, a slta a nva a pleca, a lsa a mprumuta !cuiva" a aprinde a pierde a ace a nsemna a ntlni a nelege greit a plti a citi a alerga a spune a cuta a vinde a trimite a strluci a trage, a mpuca a edea a dormi a mirosi a goni, a accelera a pronuna lit( cu lit( a cheltui, a petrece a sta n picioare a n ige a lovi a mtura a legna a nva, a preda a spune a gndi, a crede a nelege
AA

to to to to to

sit <sit> sleep <sli'p> smell <smel> speed <spi'd> spell <spel>

sat <s=t> slept <slept> smelt <smelt> sped <sped> spelt <spelt> spent <spent> stood <stu'd> stuc1 <st#1> struc1 <str#1> s/ept <s/ept> s/ung <s/#> taught <to't> told <t$uld> thought <o't> understood

sat <s=t> slept <slept> smelt <smelt> sped <sped> spelt <spelt> spent <spent> stood <stu'd> stuc1 <st#1> struc1 <str#1> s/ept <s/ept> s/ung <s/#> taught <to't> told <t$uld> thought <o't> understood

to spend <spend> to to to to to to to to to
Anne

stand <st=nd> stic1 <sti1> stri1e <strai1> s/eep <s/i'p> s/ing <s/i> teach <ti't> tell <tel> thin1 <i1> understand

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course <#nd$r?st=nd> <#nd$r?stud>

Beginners <#nd$r?stud>

Dan Brnescu

8nfiniti) !recut to /eep </i'p> /ept </ept> to /in </in> /on </#n> to /ind </aind> /ound </aund> 3erbe cu o singur form to bet <bet> bet to broadcast broadcast
<?bro'd1a'st>

2articipiu /ept </ept> /on </#n> /ound </aund> bet broadcast cost cut orecast hit hurt 1nit let put rid set shut split spread /et

!raducere a plnge a ctiga a se rsuci a paria a transmite, di uza a costa a tia a prevedea a a a a a a a a a a a lovi rni tricota permite pune scpa !de" aeza, a pune nchide despica !se" ntinde uda

to cost <1ost> to cut <1#t> to orecast <? o'r


1a'st>

cost cut orecast hit hurt 1nit let put rid set shut split spread /et

to to to to to to to to to to to

hit <hit> hurt <h$'rt> 1nit <nit> let <let> put <put> rid <rid> set <set> shut <#t> split <split> spread <spred> /et </et>

Anne

A&

BranSoft Consulting Center Ltd. English Course

Beginners

Dan Brnescu

accountant <$?1aunt$nt> C contabil architect <?a'r1ite1t> C arhitect artist <?a'rtist> C artist astronaut <?=str$no't> C astronaut, cosmonaut ban1er <?b=1$r> C bancher, director al unei
bnci

light attendant < lait $?tend$nt> C nsoitor de


bord

barber <?ba'rb$r> C brbier, rizer barman <?ba'rm$n> C barman blac1smith <?bl=1smi> C ierar boo1seller <?bu1 sel$r> C vnztor de cri,
librar

bric1la.er <?bri1 ?lei$r> C zidar broadcaster <?bro'd1a'st$r> C crainic, spicher builder <?bild$r> C constructor butler <?b#tl$r> C ma%ordom cameraman <?1=m$r$ m=n> C otogra ,
operator

carpenter <?1a'rpint$r> C dulgher, tmplar cashier <1=?i$r> C casier chau eur <?$u $r> C o er !anga%at de cineva" che <e > C buctar e cler1 <1la'r1> C uncionar cobbler <?1obl$r> C cizmar coo1 <1u1> C buctar courier <?1u$ri$r> C curier, comisionar croupier <?1ru'pi$r> C crupier decorator <?de1$ reit$r> C decorator dentist <?dentist> C dentist designer <di?zain$r> C desenator, proiectant doctor <?do1t$r> C medic, doctor driver <?draiv$r> C o er, conductor auto editor <?edit$r> C editor de carte, redactor e !la
ziar"

oreman <? o'rm$n> C maistru, e de echip hairdresser <?he$r dres$r> C coa ez, rizer %ournalist <?d%$'rn$list> C ziarist, gazetar la/.er <?lo'.$r> C avocat, %urist loc1smith <?lo1 smi> C lctu miner <?main$r> C miner model <?mod$l> C manechin nurse <n$'rs> C in irmier, sor policeman <p$?lism$n> C poliist politician <poli?ti$n> C politician postman <?p$ustm$n> C pota pro essor <pr$? es$r> C provesor !universitate" programmer <?pr$ugr=m$r> C programator ps.chiatrist <sai?1ai$trist> C psihiatru ps.chologist <sai?1ol$d%ist> C psiholog publisher <?p#bli$r> C editor, director de ziar
!amer("

receptionist <ri?sep$nist> C recepioner,


dispecer

reporter <ri?po'rt$r> C reporter sailor <?seil$r> C marinar salesperson <?seilzp$rs$n> C agent comercial scientist <?sai$ntist> C om de tiin, savant secretar. <?se1rit$ri> C secretar!" shoema1er <?u' mei1$r> C cizmar soldier <?s$uld%$r> C soldat stoc1bro1er <?sto1 br$u1$r> C agent de burs surgeon <?s$'rd%$n> C chirurg tailor <?teil$r> C croitor teacher <?ti't$r> C pro esor de liceu, nvtor,
pedagog

electrician <ile1?tri$n> C electrician engineer <end%i?ni$r> C inginer, tehnician estate agent <i?steit ?ed%$nt> C agent imobiliar executive <ig?ze1.utiv> amer( C director,
administrator ireman <? ai$rm$n> C pompier

technician <te1?ni$n> C tehnician translator <tr=ns?leit$r> C traductor, translator t.pist <?taipist> C dactilogra !" /aiter@/aitress <?/eit$r@?/eitris> C
chelner@chelnri

Anne

A+