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Lecia a asea Lesson Six

GRAMMAR

GRAMATIC

1. The Present Continuous Tense

Prezentul Continuu

Prezentul continuu este alctuit din prezentul verbului to be i forma n ing


a verbului care este conjugat. Forma continu a prezentului arat o aciune
care are loc n clipa de fa.
To be + to eat + ing
I am eating
you are eating
she is eating
he is eating
we are eating
you are eating
they are eating

to be + to read + ing

eu mnnc
tu mnnci
ea mnnc
el mnnc
noi mncm
voi mncai
ei mnnc

I am reading
you are reading
she is reading
he is reading
we are reading
you are reading
they are reading

eu citesc
tu citeti
ea citete
el citete
noi citim
voi citii
ei citesc

Prezentul continuu face distincia ntre timpul prezent n general i


momentul de fa. Astfel:
I go to school every day.
Im going to school right now.

M duc la coal n fiecare zi.


M duc la coal chiar acum.

I do my homework every evening.


Im doing my homework now.

mi fac tema n fiecare sear.


mi fac tema acum.

Iat i forma negativ:


Im not reading the newspaper right now. Nu citesc ziarul chiar acum.
Im not listening to music now.
Nu ascult muzic acum.
2. Possesive Pronouns
My book is mine.
Your room is yours.
His pen is his.
Her garden is hers.
Its tail is its.
Our house is ours.
Your car is yours.
Their flat is theirs.

General concepts

Pronume posesive
Cartea mea este a mea.
Camera ta este a ta.
Stiloul lui este al lui.
Grdina ei este a ei.
Coada ei(pisicii) este a ei.
Casa noastr este a noastr.
Maina voastr este a voastr.
Apartamentul lor este al lor.

Noiuni generale

Meals in Great Britain

Mesele n Marea Britanie

breakfast
brunch
lunch
dinner
the five oclock tea
supper

mic dejun
gustarea dintre micul dejun i prnz
masa de prnz
masa principal
ceaiul de la ora 5
cina

Romnii iau micul dejun, prnzul i cina.


Romanians have breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Family members&relatives
parents
mother
father
daughter
son
sister
brother
grandparents
grandmother
grandfather
grandchildren
granddaughter
grandson
aunt
uncle
niece
nephew
cousin
mother-in-law
father-in-law
the in-laws
daughter-in-law
son-in-law
sister-in-law
brother-in-law
godmother
godfather
godson
goddaughter

Membrii familiei&rude
prini
mam
tat
fiic
fiu
sor
frate
bunici
bunic
bunic
nepoi(de bunic)
nepoat(de bunic)
nepot(de bunic)
mtu
unchi
nepoat(de unchi)
nepot(de unchi)
verior(verioar)
soacr
socru
cuscri
nor
ginere
cumnat
cumnat
na
na
fin
fin

I and my friend Jim we often talk on the phone. Today we are speaking
about family, food and meals of the day.
Eu i prietenul meu Jim vorbim adesea la telefon. Astzi vorbim despre
familie, mncruri i mesele zilei.

On the Phone

La telefon

Jim Patrick: How are you, Minnie? Im glad to hear your voice. You sound
happy. (Ce mai faci, Minnie? mi pare bine s-i aud vocea. Pari fericit.)
Minnie Jones: I am happy. Emily and Peter are coming home today. Our
family is together again. (Sunt fericit. Emily i Peter vin astzi acas.
Familia noastr este din nou unit.)
Jim Patrick: How nice! It is a wonderful surprise! Im sure you and Al are
delighted. Your son and daughter are coming home for holidays. (Ce
dragu! Este o surpriz minunat! Sunt sigur c tu i Al suntei ncntai!
Fiul i fiica voastr vin acas n vacan.)
Minnie Jones: Not only our children but also our grandchildren. Our
granddaughters Hilda and Alice and our grandsons Klaus and Michael are
coming, too. (Nu doar copiii, dar i nepoii. Nepoatele noastre Hilda i Alice
i nepoii notri Klaus i Michael vin, de asemenea.)
Jim Patrick: Oh, Minnie, I think you are very busy now. You are preparing
lots of things for your children and grandchildren. (O, Minnie, cred c eti
foarte ocupat acum. Pregteti o mulime de lucruri pentru copiii i nepoii
ti.)
Minnie Jones: Thats right. There is a lot of work and Al is helping me to
finish it. Now, I am baking a chocolate cake and an apple pie. (Aa este. Am
o mulime de treab i Al m ajut s o termin. Acum coc o prjitur cu
ciocolat i o plcint cu mere.)
Jim Patrick: Excellent! I even smell the flavours from your kitchen! Your
dear ones are lucky to have you. You are a treasure for your family.
(Excelent! Chiar simt aromele din buctria ta! Ai ti sunt norocoi s te
aib. Eti o comoar pentru familia ta.)
Minnie Jones: Well, Jim, dont exaggerate things. Im pleased to do all
these things for my family: preparing their rooms, cooking their breakfast,
lunch and dinner, washing dishes. Im doing all the work willingly. (Ei bine,
Jim, nu exagera. Sunt ncntat s fac toate lucrurile astea pentru familia
mea: s le pregtesc camerele, s le gtesc micul dejun, prnzul i cina, s
spl vasele. Fac toat munca din plcere.)
Jim Patrick: When are they coming? (Cnd vin?)
Minnie Jones: Tonight. All of them are coming tonight by plane. Emily,
Johann, Hilda and Klaus come at 7 oclock and Peter, Anna, Alice and
Michael come at 9 oclock. We go by car to the airport to wait for them. (n
seara asta. Vin toi n seara asta cu avionul. Emily, Johann, Hilda i Klaus

vin la ora 7, iar Peter, Anna, Alice i Michael vin la 9. Ne ducem cu maina
la aeroport s-i ateptm.)
Jim Patrick: I leave you then. Have a nice evening home and enjoy your
meal! Good night, Minnie. (Te las atunci. O sear plcut i poft bunl!
Noapte bun, Minnie.)
Minnie Jones: Thank you, Jim. Good night! (Mulumesc, Jim. Noapte bun!)
Vocabulary:
on the phone = la telefon
to hear = a auzi; a afla
voice = voce
to sound = a suna; a prea
together = mpreun
wonderful = minunat,
Im sure you are = sunt sigur,
delighted = ncntat,
busy = ocupat,
to prepare = a pregti
to help = a ajuta
to finish = a termina
to bake = a coace
chocolate cake = prjitur cu ciocolat; tort de ciocolat
apple pie = plcint cu mere
to smell = a mirosi, a simi (mirosul)
flavour = arom
treasure = comoar
to exaggerate = a exagera
to cook = a gti
to wash = a spla
dishes = vesel, vase de buctrie
tonight = desear, n seara asta
plane = avion
to come by plane = a veni cu avionul
to go by car = a merge cu maina
airport = aeroport
to wait for = a atepta (pe cineva, ceva)
to leave = a lsa; a prsi

Dont forget! Nu uita!


The Present Continuous Tense
To be + to eat + ing

Prezentul Continuu
to be + to read + ing

I am eating
you are eating
she is eating
he is eating
we are eating
you are eating
they are eating

mnnc
mnnci
mnnc
mnnc
mncm
mncai
mnnc

I am reading
you are reading
she is reading
he is reading
we are reading
you are reading
they are reading

citesc
citeti
citete
citete
citim
citii
citesc

Prezentul continuu face distincia ntre timpul prezent n general i


momentul de fa.
I go to school every day.
Im going to school right now.

M duc la coal n fiecare zi.


M duc la coal chiar acum.

I do my homework every evening.


Im doing my homework now.

mi fac tema n fiecare sear.


mi fac tema acum.

Im not reading the newspaper right now. Nu citesc ziarul chiar acum.
Im not listening to music now.
Nu ascult muzic acum.

Lets read the possesive pronouns S citim pronumele posesive


My book is mine.
Your room is yours.
His pen is his.
Her garden is hers.
Its tail is its.
Our house is ours.
Your car is yours.
Their flat is theirs.

Cartea mea este a mea.


Camera ta este a ta.
Stiloul lui este al lui.
Grdina ei este a ei.
Coada ei(pisicii) este a ei.
Casa noastr este a noastr.
Maina voastr este a voastr.
Apartamentul lor este al lor.

Which are the main meals in Romania? Care sunt mesele principale n
Romnia?
In Romania, Romanians have breakfast, lunch and dinner.
n Romnia, romnii iau micul dejun, prnzul i cina.