Sunteți pe pagina 1din 34

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

OQNBDCTQ@

HMRNKU@AHKHSĂȚHH

Odqrodbshudkdmnhhkdfh`hmrnku`ahkhsăţhhșhoqnsdi`qd`

hmsdqdrdknqbqdchsnqhknqðmb`cqtkoqnbdrtkthcd

hmrnku`ahkhs`sd

Gheorghe Macovei l`fhrsqtðmcqdos+kdbsnqtmhudqrhs`qTRL+`unb`s

Vladimir Palamarciuc l`fhrsqtðmcqdos+oqdşdchmsd@rnbh`ţh`Shmdqhknq@unb`ţh

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

@rodbsdfdmdq`kdoqhuhmcoqnbdctq`

itchbh`qă`hmrnku`ahkhsățhh

O`qsd`H

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

B`cqtkmnql`shu

0881

Kdfd`btoqhuhqdk`e`khldms+mq-740chm/2-/0-0881+LnmhsnqtkNehbh`k

mq-0.0/chm0881

0885

Kdfd`btoqhuhqdk`e`khldms+mq-675chm15-/2-0885+LnmhsnqtkNehbh`kmq-

47.472chm/4-/8-0885-

1//0

Kdfd`hmrnku`ahkhsăţhh+mq-521chm03-00-1//0+LnmhsnqtkNehbh`kmq-028,

03/.0/71chm04-00-1//0-

1/01

'03-/2-1/02(

Kdfd`hmrnku`ahkhsăţhh+mq-038chm18-/5-1/01+LnmhsnqtkNehbh`kmq-082,

086.552chm03-/8-1/01

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

SDMCHMȚDKDMNHKNQQDFKDLDMSĂQH

Mns`hmenql`shuă`LhmhrsdqtkthDbnmnlhdh 0-L`whlhy`qd` u`knqhh sns`kd chrsqhathsd bqdchsnqhknq+ `bţhnm`qhknq+

`mf`i`ţhknq+ şh bdknqk`ksd oărţh hmsdqdr`sd • qdnqf`mhy`qd` 'qdrsqtbstq`s`(+ uðmy`qd` r`t khbghc`qd` • on`sd eh `kd`ră c`bă fdmdqd`yă l`whltl cd

dehbhdmţă-

1-Qd`ahkhs`qd` `e`bdqhknq uh`ahkd şh khbghc`qd` bdknq mduh`ahkd- 2-Oqhnqhshy`qd` bäs l`h rhlokă+ l`h oqdchbshahkă+ ` bqd`mţdknq- 3-Cdkhlhs`qd` rsqhbsă ` `sqhatţhhknq hmrs`mţdh cd itcdb`să ðm q`onqs bt `clhmhrsq`snqtk șh nqf`mdkd bqdchsnqhknq- 4-@bnqc`qd` tmdh `tsnmnlhh l`h l`qh `clhmhrsq`snqtkth șh nqf`mdknq bqdchsnqhknq odmsqt ` dehbhdmshy` kt`qd` cdbhyhhknq ðm udcdqd` oărsqăqhh șh u`knqhehbăqhh l`rdh cdahsn`qd- 5-@bbdmst`qd` unhmţdh șh otsdqhh bqdchsnqhknq ðm bd oqhudșsd gnsăqðqd` rnqţhh cdahsnqtkth șh hmsdqyhbdqd` hmrs`mţdh cd ` rtarshsth unhmţ` `bdrsnq`-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

MNU@ȚHHKDMNHKNQ

QDFKDLDMSĂQH

Hmsqnctbdqd`ODQHN@CDHCDNARDQU@ŢHD:

Hmsqnctbdqd`E@KHLDMSTKTHRHLOKHEHB@S:

Hmsqnctbdqd`OQNBDCTQHH@BBDKDQ@SDCDQDRSQTBSTQ@QD:

Khbghc`qd`@SQHATŢHHKNQCD@CLHMHRSQ@QD `hmrs`mţdhcd itcdb`să:

Qdfkdldms`qd`mntă`OQNBDCTQHHCDQDRSQTBSTQ@QD-

Lnchehb`qd`rs`ststkth@CLHMHRSQ@SNQTKTH:

Hmsqnctbdqd`KHBGHC@SNQTKTH:

Qdfkdldms`qd`cdreăștq`să șhlhmtţhn`ră`lnctqhknqcd U@KNQHEHB@QD `l`rdhcdahsn`qd:

Qdfkdldms`qd`rsqhbsă`SDQLDMDKNQ cdoqnbdctqă-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

@RODBSDBNMBDOST@KD

HMRNKU@AHKHS@SD

ur

E@KHLDMS

EDKCDCDREĂȘTQ@QD@ EDKCDOQNBDCTQĂBHUHKĂ OQNBDCTQHHCD HMRNKU@AHKHS@SD , Oqnbdctq` ðm `bţhtmh bhuhkd- ,
EDKCDCDREĂȘTQ@QD@
EDKCDOQNBDCTQĂBHUHKĂ
OQNBDCTQHHCD
HMRNKU@AHKHS@SD
, Oqnbdctq` ðm `bţhtmh bhuhkd-
, Oqnbdctq` e`khldmstkth-
, Oqnbdctq` bnmsdmbhnrtkth
, Oqnbdctq`
e`khldmstkth
`clhmhrsq`shu-
rhlokhehb`s-
, Oqnbdctq` rodbh`kă-
, Oqnbdctq`
cd
, Oqnbdctq` ðm nqcnm`mţă-
qdrsqtbstq`qd-
, Oqnbdctq`
cd
, Oqnbdctq`
qdrsqtbstq`qd `bbdkdq`să-
cd
hmrnku`ahkhs`sd-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

@RODBSDBNMBDOST@KD

KHBGHC@QD@*OĂRSQ@QD@ KHBGHC@QD@ DMSHSĂŢHHDBNMNLHBD DMSHSĂŢHHDBNMNLHBD
KHBGHC@QD@*OĂRSQ@QD@
KHBGHC@QD@
DMSHSĂŢHHDBNMNLHBD
DMSHSĂŢHHDBNMNLHBD
KHBGHC@QD@ DMSHSĂŢHHDBNMNLHBD DMSHSĂŢHHDBNMNLHBD Îm oqdydms oqhnqhs`q drsd ststqnq mă rtqhknq odmsqt o

Îm oqdydms oqhnqhs`q drsd

ststqnq

rtqhknq odmsqt oărsq`qd`

dmshsăţhh dbnmnlhbd `ek`să ðm chehbtks`sd șh cn`q ðm b`y cd hlonrhahkhs`sd nahdbshud rd qdbtqfd k` khbghc`qd`

o`sqhlnmhtkth-

ðmsqdoqhmcdqd`

rd qdbtqfd k` khbghc`qd` o`sqhlnmhtkth- ðmsqdoqhmcdqd` Cd k` nqhfhmh oðm ă ðm oqdydms e`khldmstk oqdrtotmd

Cd k` nqhfhmh oðmă ðm oqdydms e`khldmstk oqdrtotmd KHBGHC@QD@ dmshsăţhh dbnmnlhbd șh qdo`qshy`qd` oqnctrtkth qdytks`s-

Îm QL e`khldmstk mt ` otqs`s `loqdms` bk`rhbă ehhmc ðmsnscd`tm` n oqnbdctqă bd oqdrtotmd` șh cdreăștq`qd` tmnq băh `ksdqm`shud khbghcăqhh-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

@RODBSDBNMBDOST@KD

RS@QD CDE@OS . RS@QD CDCQDOS . SDLDH CDONQMHQD@ OQNBDCTQHHKDF@KD Rs`qd cd e`os • rs`qd dbnmnlhbă
RS@QD CDE@OS
.
RS@QD CDCQDOS
.
SDLDH CDONQMHQD@
OQNBDCTQHHKDF@KD
Rs`qd
cd
e`os
•
rs`qd
dbnmnlhbă ` dmshsăţhh b`qd mt
on`sd `bghs` bqd`mţdkd
dwhrsdmsd-
Rs`qd cd cqdos • rhst`ţh` cd
cqdos
`
dmshsăţhh
nc`să
bt
`cnos`qd`
tmth
`bs
itqhrchbţhnm`k-
•
dmshsăţhh itqhchbd 'oqdu`k`qd`
`bshudknq `rtoq` o`rhudknq(-
Sdldh
rtoq`ðmc`snq`qd`
`bshudknq `rtoq` o`rhudknq(- Sdldh rtoq`ðmc`snq`qd` OQNBDCTQĂ . LNCCDCDREĂȘTQ@QD@ OQNBDRTKTHCD
OQNBDCTQĂ . LNCCDCDREĂȘTQ@QD@ OQNBDRTKTHCD HMRNKU@AHKHS@SD
OQNBDCTQĂ
.
LNCCDCDREĂȘTQ@QD@
OQNBDRTKTHCD
HMRNKU@AHKHS@SD
. LNCCDCDREĂȘTQ@QD@ OQNBDRTKTHCD HMRNKU@AHKHS@SD Oqnbdctq 㠕 sns`khs`sd` `bsdknq cd

Oqnbdctqă

•

sns`khs`sd`

`bsdknq

cd

oqnbdctqă

dedbst`sd

cd

hmrs`mţ`

cd

itcdb`să

șh

o`qshbho`mţhh

k`

oqnbdr

ðm

kdfăstqă

bt

hmrnku`ahkhs`sd` cd cqdos-

KHBGHC@QD@-

tmth

rtahdbs

Îm

oqdydms

oqnbdctq`

oqdrtotmd

cn`q

•

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

DS@ODKDOQNBDCTQHHCDHMRNKU@AHKHS@SD

Oqnbdrtkbhuhkbk`rhb

Oqnbdctq`cdhmrnku`ahkhs`sd

@bstkitcdbăsnqdrb E`y`.Ds`o` @bstkitcdbăsnqdrbehm`k E`y`.Ds`o` ehm`k
@bstkitcdbăsnqdrb
E`y`.Ds`o`
@bstkitcdbăsnqdrbehm`k
E`y`.Ds`o`
ehm`k

Hmsdms`qd` oqnbdrtkth

Îmbgdhdqd

Oqhlhqd` bdqdqhh hmsqnctbshud

Îmbgdhdqd

Îmbgdhdqd Oqdfăshqd` odmsqt itcdb`să oqhbhmhh Dw`lhm`qd` bdqdqhh Gnsăqðqd hmsqnctbshud
Îmbgdhdqd
Oqdfăshqd`
odmsqt itcdb`să
oqhbhmhh
Dw`lhm`qd`
bdqdqhh
Gnsăqðqd
hmsqnctbshud

Cdya`sdqhkd itchbh`qd

Gnsăqðqd

Cdreăștq`qd` oqnbdctqhh cd hmrnku`ahkhs`sd

Îmbgdhdqd

Îmbgdhdqd Dwdbts`qd` gnsăqðqhh Onqmhqd` oqnbdctqhh cd e`khldms r`t oqnbdctqhh cd qdrsqtbstq`qd
Îmbgdhdqd
Dwdbts`qd` gnsăqðqhh
Onqmhqd` oqnbdctqhh cd
e`khldms r`t oqnbdctqhh cd
qdrsqtbstq`qd

Îmbds`qd`

oqnbdctqhh

cd

e`khldms

Gnsăqðqd

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

CDREĂȘTQ@QD@OQNBDCTQHHCDHMRNKU@AHKHS@SD

Oqhlhqd`șhdw`lhm`qd`bdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud

Oqhlhqd`șhdw`lhm`qd`bdqdqhhhmsnctushud

CDOTMDQD@BDQDQHHHMSQNCTBSHUD

CDOTMDQD@BDQDQHHHMSQNCTBSHUD Dw`lhm`qd`bnmch ţ hhknqcdenql ă ș hcdenmc`bdqdqhh

Dw`lhm`qd`bnmchţhhknqcdenqlă șhcdenmc`bdqdqhh hmsqnctbshud-

@qs-055+056BOB+`qs-05+16+1/Kdfd`Hmrnku`ahkhsăţhh

ăţ hh Qdrshsthqd`e ără  dw`lhm`qd`bdqdqhh hmsqnctbshud

Qdrshsthqd`eără dw`lhm`qd`bdqdqhh hmsqnctbshud

@qs-11Kdfd`

hmrnku`ahkhsăţhh

Qdetyðmoqhlhqd` bdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud

@qs-058BOB`kQL

Oqhlhqd`roqd

dw`lhm`qd`bdqdqhh

hmsqnctbshud

Qdrshsthqd`bdqdqhh hmsqnctbshud

@qs-06/BOB`kQL

Qdrshsthqd`bdqdqhh hmsqnctbshud @qs-06/BOB`kQL Dw`lhm`qd`bdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud- 'udqhehb`qd`dwhrsdm

Dw`lhm`qd`bdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud-

'udqhehb`qd`dwhrsdmţdhsdldhtqhknqcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sd(

CDREĂȘTQ@QD@OQNBDCTQHHCDHMRNKU@AHKHS@SD

Cdreăștq`qd`oqnoqht,yhră`oqnbdctqhh

Oqhmgnsăqðqd Oqhmðmbgdhdqd itcdbăsnqd`rbă itcdbăsnqd`rbă Bnmrs`s`qd`dwhrsdmţdh
Oqhmgnsăqðqd
Oqhmðmbgdhdqd
itcdbăsnqd`rbă
itcdbăsnqd`rbă
Bnmrs`s`qd`dwhrsdmţdh
hmrnku`ahkhsăţhhșh
Hmsdms`qd`oqnbdctqhh
Îmbds`qd`oqnbdctqhhcd
rhlokhehb`sdcde`khldms
hmrnku`ahkhs`sdðmkdfăstqăbt
Bnmrs`s`qd`
qdsq`fdqd`bdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud
dwhrsdmţdh
Bnmrs`s`qd`dwhrsdmţdh
hmrnku`ahkhsăţhhșh
hmrnku`ahkhsăţhhșh
Hmsdms`qd`
Hmsdms`qd`oqnbdctqhh
Îmbds`qd`oqnbdctqhhcd
oqnbdctqhhcd
`bbdkdq`sdcdqdrsqtbstq`qd
hmrnku`ahkhs`sdðmkdfăstqăbt
hmrnku`ahkhs`sd
sq`my`bţh`
Bnmrs`s`qd`hmdwhrsdmţdh
hmrnku`ahkhsăţhhșhqdety`qd`ðm
hmsdms`qd`oqnbdctqhhcd
hmrnku`ahkhs`sd
Oqnbdctq`cdE`khldms
Oqnbdctq`cdQdrsqtbstq`qd
'khbghc`qd`l`rdhcdahsn`qdșhchrsqhathqd`
'ldmţhmdqd`cdahsnqtkthb`dmshs`sddbnmnlhbă(
oqnctrtkth(
Cdreăștq`qd`oqnbdctqhhcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sd
¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

BHMDON@SDEHCDAHSNQÎMOQNBDCTQ@

CDHMRNKU@AHKHS@SD>

Odqrn`mdkditqhchbdcdcqdosoqhu`s 'rnbhdsăţhkdbnldqbh`kd+

ðmsqdoqhmcdqhkdcdrs`sșhltmhbho`kd+bnnodq`shudkd+rnbhdsăţhkd

mdbnldqbh`kd(-

Odqrn`mdkdehyhbdb`qdoq`bshbă`bshuhs`sd`cdðmsqdoqhmyăsnq

'ðmsqdoqhmcdqhkdhmchuhct`kd+fnroncăqhhkdţărămdșsh+cdţhmăsnqhhcd

o`sdmsăcdðmsqdoqhmyăsnq(-

Mnsă9Kdfd`hmrnku`ahkhsăţhhmtoqdudcdðmb`khs`sdcdo`qshbho`mţh

hmsdqudmhdmţhh- ƒ---drsdcdqdl`qb`sbăchmKdfd`hmrnku`ahkhsăţhhmtqdytksăbăðmoqnbdrtkcd hmrnku`ahkhs`sd`rnbh`stkðmsqdoqhmcdqhhðmoqnbdrcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sdon`sdeh `sq`rðmoqnbdrðmb`khs`sdcdhmsdqudmhdmsoqhmbho`k-'dwsq`rGns-BRI

02-/1-1/02+Cnr`qtkmq-1qd,66.02(“

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

Mtonsehcdahsnqhðmoqnbdrtkcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sd9

RS@STKşhTmhsăţhkd@clhmhrsq`shuSdqhsnqh`kd-

Bnlo`q`shu9ÎmQnl`mh`+qdbdmsr,``cnos`sNTFoqhuhmc bqhy` ehm`mbh`qă şhhmrnkudmţ`tmhsăţhknq`clhmhrsq`shu,sdqhsnqh`kd

'Îmuhfn`qdchm13-/4-1/02(-

Odqrn`mdkdItqhchbdcdCqdosOtakhb

'O`qk`ldms+Ftudqm+Btqsd`Bnmrshstţhnm`kă+hmrs`mţdkd

itcdbăsnqdșsh+`tsnqhsăţhotakhbddsb-(-

mbhkdBnldqbh`kd-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

SDLDHTQHKDHMSDMSĂQHHQONBDRTKTHCD

HMRNKU@AHKHS@SD

HMB@O@BHS@SD

b`qd

RTOQ@ÎMC@SNQ@QD 'sdldh rodbh`k( • rhst`ţhd ehm`mbh`qă ` cdahsnqtkth+ ` băqth qărotmcdqd drsd khlhs`să oqhm kdfd k` u`kn`qd`

`bnodqă

`

dwdbts`

CD

OK@SĂ

'sdldh

oqhm

fdmdq`k(

rhst`ţhd

kth

cd

`

ehm`mbh`qă

ðşh

,

cdahsnqtkth

b`q`bsdqhy`să

odbtmh`qd

hmb`o`bhs`sd`

D`

rd

nakhf`ţhhkd

cdahsnqtk ` ðmbds`s ră dedbstdyd okăţh-

rb`cdmsd-

oqdytlă

ðm

b`ytk

ðm

o`sqhlnmhtkth

nakhf`ţhhkd dwhrsdmsd `kd `bdrsth`-

răt+

ðm

b`qd

u`kn`qd`

atmtqhknq

mt

l`h

Rtoq`ðmc`snq`qd` hmbktcd şh rhst`ţh` cd hmb`o`bhs`sd cd ok`să-

Rtoq`ðmc`snq`qd` on`sd eh hmunb`să cn`q e`ţă cd odqrn`mdkd

itqhchbd 'RQK+ R@+ ÎR+ ÎL+ rnbhdsăţhkd mdbnldqbh`kd dsb-( '`qs-0/

`khm-2(-

K`rs`ahkhqd`rsăqhhcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sdrdh`tðmb`kbtk9

qhld`nakhf`ţhhknqqdytks`sdchmbnmsq`bsd+hmbktrhucnaämc`k`

bnmsq`bstkcdðloqtlts+șhbdkdqdytks`sdchmb`ty`qd`cdc`tmd-

qhld`nakhf`ţhhknqe`ţăcdatfdstkm`ţhnm`k-

K`rs`ahkhqd`rsăqhhcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sdmtrdh`tðmb`kbtk9

Odm`khsăţhkdehm`mbh`qdșhnakhf`ţhhkde`ţăcd`rnbh`ţh-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

BHMDȘHBÂMCON@SDCDOTMDBDQDQD

HMSQNCTBSHUĂ>

CDAHSNQTK

Drsd nakhf`s cdotmă bdqdqd `stmbh bämc9 , Dwhrsă tm sdldh cd hmrnku`ahkhs`sd , Dwdbts`qd` hmsdfq`kă ` bqd`mţdknq rb`cdmsd `kd tmth r`t `kd l`h ltksnq bqdchsnqh on`sd b`ty` hlonrhahkhs`sd` r`shre`bdqhh hmsdfq`kd k` rb`cdmţă ` bqd`mţdknq bdknqk`kţh bqdchsnqh:

, Îm b`cqtk khbghcăqhh+ b`qd rd dedbstd`yă bnmenql `ksnq kdfh+ cduhmd duhcdms bă cdahsnqtk mt on`sd r`shre`bd hmsdfq`k bqd`mţdkd bqdchsnqhknq- 'dw- `qs- 082 `khm-2 Bnc bhuhk(-

Mnsă9 Bdqdqd` tqld`yă ` eh cdotră ðm 2/ cd yhkd b`kdmc`qhrshbd chm c`s` rtqudmhqhh sdldhtqhknq hmchb`sd -

Drsd ðm cqdos cdotmă bdqdqd ðm rhst`ţh` ðm b`qd dwhrsă odqhbnktk hmsqăqhh kth ðm hmb`o`bhs`sd cd ok`să bämc+ ðm lnc oqduhyhahk+ mt ðşh u` otsd` dwdbts` k` rb`cdmţă nakhf`ţhhkd odbtmh`qd

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

BHMDȘHBÂMCON@SDCDOTMDBDQDQD

HMSQNCTBSHUĂ>

Nakhf`ţh` şh cqdostk cd ` cdotmd bdqdqd hmsqnctbshuă o`qsd` cdahsnqtkth `qd9

chm

nqf`mtk dwdbtshu 'hmbktrhu bnkdfh`k , dw- `qs-58 `khm-2 chm Kdfd` R-@-(

odqrn`m` b`qd+ ðm bnmenqlhs`sd bt kdfhrk`ţh` ðm uhfn`qd+ cdţhmd

Bnmctbăsnqtk nqf`mtkth

cqdostk cd qdoqdydms`qd ` cdahsnqtkth 'dw-

dwdbtshu '`qs- 6/ `khm-1 Kdfd` R-@-(+ @clhmhrsq`snqtk RQK '`qs-60 Kdfd` RQK((-

`rnbh`ţhh bt qărotmcdqd mdkhlhs`să şh khbghc`snqhh cdahsnqtkth-

BQDCHSNQTK `qd cqdostk ră cdotmă bdqdqd ðm b`y cd9

Hmb`o`bhs`sd cd ok`să: r`t

Rtoq`ðmc`snq`qd

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

OQHLHQD@ȘHDW@LHM@QD@

BDQDQHHHMSQNCTBSHUD

Drsdnds`oăoqdldqfăsn`qdhmsdmsăqhhoqnbdctqhhcd hmrnku`ahkhs`sd ðmcqdos`săroqdudqhehb`qd`dwhrsdmţdhsdldhtqhknq

cdhmrnku`ahkhs`sdhmunb`sd-

Drsdnds`oăk`b`qdcdi`rddw`lhmd`yăbhqbtlrs`mţdcde`os+ hmbktrhurd`clhmhrsqd`yăoqnad odmsqtbnmrs`s`qd`

hmb`o`bhsăţhhcdok`săr`trtoq`ðmc`snqăqhh-

Drsdnds`oăsq`myhsnqhdðmb`cqtkbăqdh`rdqd`khyd`yăk`l`whl

rtqhkdðmcqdos`sdroqdoărsq`qd`șhbnmrdqu`qd`l`rdh

cdahsn`qd-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

@bțhtmhkdhmrs`mțdhcditcdb`să

k`ds`o`oqhlhqhhșhdw`lhmăqhhbdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud

Udqhehb`qd`qdrodbs`qd`bnmchţhhknqcdENQLĂ ȘHBNMŢHMTS`bdqdqhh

hmsqnctbshud055+056BOB+`qs-05+06+1/chmKdfd`hmrnku`ahkhsăţhh-

Udqhehbăqdrodbs`qd`bnmchţhhknqcdENMC odmsqtrdrhy`qd`hmrs`mţdh

cditcdb`să9

, qdrodbs`qd`bnlodsdmţdh• Btqţhkdcd@odk:

, cdotmdqd`bdqdqhhcdrtahdbţhhoqduăytţhcdkdfd• cdahsnqtk+

bqdchsnqhh+`qs-125`khm0+`qs-130`khm0+`qs-134`khm0KHmr:

, dwhrsdmţ`ðlotsdqmhbhqhknqodqrn`mdhbdcdotmdbdqdqd`:

, hmchb`qd`sdldhtkthcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sd:

, cnudchqd`bdqshstchmhhbqd`mţdh• gnsăqðqd`itcdbăsnqd`rbăr`t gnsăqðqd``qahsq`kă:

, cnu`c`mnshehbăqhhoqd`k`ahkd`cdahsnqtkth:

, dsb-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

@bțhtmhkdhmrs`mțdhcditcdb`să

k`ds`o`oqhlhqhhșhdw`lhmăqhhbdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud

Oqhldșsdbdqdqdhmsqnctbshuăroqddw`lhm`qdoqhmðmbgdhdqdðm

2yhkdcdk`cdotmdqdehd9

`(qdrshsthdeărădw`lhm`qd`bdqdqd` '`qs-11KHmr-(:

, btonrhahkhs`sd``cqdrăqhhqdods`sdbt`bdd`șhbdqdqd:

, ehdbtnakhf`qd`oqdydmsăqhh`bsdknqmdbdr`qd:

a(qdetyăðmoqhlhqd`bdqdqhh'`qs-058BOB(:

, eărăonrhahkhs`sd``cqdrăqhhqdods`sdbt`bdd`șhbdqdqd:

b(qdrshsthdbdqdqd`'`qs-06/BOB(:

, btonrhahkhs`sd``cqdrăqhhqdods`sdbt`bdd`șhbdqdqd:

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

ODQHN@C@CDNARDQU@ȚHD

Hmrshsthqd` • oqhmðmbgdhdqd`cdoqhlhqdroqddw`lhm`qd`bdqdqhh:

Ctq`s` • l`whl5/cdyhkd'*04yhkd(:

Rs`ststkkdf`k9

Qdrsqhbţhnm`qd`fdmdq`kă``bshuhsăţhhcdahsnqtkthk`'h(bnmshmt`qd`

`bshuhsăţhknqbnmsq`bs`sdbnmenqlnahdbstkthcd`bshuhs`sd+'hh(

dedbst`qd`nodq`ţhtmhknqcdðmb`răqhșhokăţh`edqdmsd`bdrsnq`+'hhh(

`rhftq`qd`ehm`mţăqhhbgdksthdkhknqbtqdmsd-

Khlhs`qd``sqhatţhhknqcdfdrshnm`qd`nqf`mdknqcdbnmctbdqd`

cdahsnqtkth-

Dwbdoţhh9

Cdahsnqtkbnmehqlăhmrnku`ahkhs`sd`șhnosd`yăodmsqthmsdms`qd`

oqnbdctqhhcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sd:

@okhb`qd`e`khldmstkthrhlokhehb`se`ţăcdOIðmkhbghc`qd:

@okhb`qd`e`khldmstkthrhlokhehb`se`ţăcdðmsqdoqhmyăsnqhhhmchuhct`kh:

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

RTQHKDCD@RHFTQ@QD

rtqhkdcd`rhftq`qdrd`okhbăcdCQDOS+chmnehbhtcdbăsqd

hmrs`mţ`cditcdb`să-

Rd`okhbă`sðs`qs-13KHmr-+bðsșh`qs-064BOB-

Îmbdsd`yăcdcqdosehdk`hmsdms`qdoqnbdrtkthehdk`qdrohmfdqd`

bdqdqhh-

rtqhcd`rhftq`qdrodbhehbd

`(Mtlhqd``clhmhrsq`snqtkthoqnuhynqht-

a(Îmkăstq`qd`cdahsnqtkthcdk`fdrshnm`qd`o`sqhlnmhtkth-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

@bțhtmhkd`clhmhrsq`snqtkth

k`ds`o`dw`lhmăqhhbdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud

0-

Oqdkt`qd``bsdknqșhșs`lohkdh-

1-

Oqdydms`qd`q`onqstkthoqhuhmcdwdbts`qd`lărtqhknqcd

`rhftq`qd-

2-

Chrotmdqd`cdatmtqhodqhr`ahkdr`trtotrdcdoqdbhdqhh-

3-

Oqdfăshqd`s`adktkthoqdkhlhm`q`kbqd`mţdknq-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

OQNBDCTQ@CDQDRSQTBSTQ@QD

Sdqldmd9

2/cdyhkdodmsqtoqnotmdqd`ok`mtkth:

L`whl2`mhcdcdreăștq`qd'*1`mh(:

Rdhmrshsthdlnq`snqht`rtoq`dwdbtsăqhhbqd`mţdknqbqdchsnqhknq- OK@MTKCDQDRSQTBSTQ@QD

RDOQNOTMD9`clhmhrsq`snq+cdahsnq+`tsnqhsăţhkd`clhmhrsq`ţhdhotakhbd

knb`kdr`tbdmsq`kd:

RDUNSD@YĂ9cdbqdchsnqh+odbk`rd+btl`inqhs`sd`bdcdţhmdl`hltkscd

itlăs`sdchmu`kn`qd`bqd`mţdknq:

RDBNMEHQLĂ9cdhmrs`mţ`cditcdb`săoqhmgnsăqðqd:ðmb`ycdqdety`

bnmehqlăqhhrdon`sdoqdydms`tmok`mmntðml`whl3ktmh:

DEDBSD9ðmbds`qd`oqnbdrtkth+qdrs`ahkhqd`ðmcqdostqhcd`clhmhrsq`qd`

cdahsnqtkth+rtoq`udfgdqd`ðmbnmshmt`qd`clhmhrsq`snqtkth-

T@QD@OK@MTKTH9sqdbdqd``tsnl`săk`oqnbdctq`cde`khldms+qdunb`qd`

ok`mtkth+qdrshsthqd`cdbqdchsnqh`bdd`bd`toqhlh+dwbdoţhdbqdchsnqhhl`rdh+

bqdchsnqhhcdq`mftkHșhHH-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

OQNBDCTQ@@BBDKDQ@SĂCDQDRSQTBSTQ@QD

Rd`okhbăcn`qðmsqdoqhmcdqhknq`ek`sdðmCHEHBTKS@SDEHM@MBH@QĂ-

Bdqdqd`hmsqnctbshudon`sdehcdotrămtl`hcdcdahsnq-

Hmrs`mţ`cditcdb`sătqld`yărărdoqnmtmţdoqhmðmbgdhdqd oqhuhmc9

Hmsdms`qd`oqnbdctqhhcdqdrsqtbstq`qd`bbdkdq`să:

Hmrshsthqd`odqhn`cdhcdnardqu`ţhd:

Cdrdlm`qd``clhmhrsq`snqtkthoqnuhynqht:

C`s`bnmunbăqhhðmșdchmţ`cdu`khc`qd:

C`s`bnmunbăqhh`ctmăqhhcduns`qd`ok`mtkthcdqdrsqtbstq`qd:

ȘDCHMŢ@CDU@KHC@QDon`sdehbnmunb`sămtl`hsðqyhtcd6yhkdcdk`dwohq`qd`

sdqldmtkthcd26cdyhkdcdk`hmsdms`qd`oqnbdctqhhcdqdrsqtbstq`qd`bbdkdq`sd:

@CTM@QD@CDUNS@QD `ok`mtkthcdqdrsqtbstq`qdmton`sdehbnmunb`săl`hsðqyht

cd6yhkdcdk`dwohq`qd`sdqldmtkthodmsqtbnmunb`qd`șdchmţdhcdu`khc`qd-

@rtoq`BNMEHQLĂQHHOK@MTKTHcdqdrsqtbstq`qdhmrs`mţ`cditcdb`sărddwotmdoqhm

gnsăqðqditcdbăsnqd`rbăb`qdon`sdeh`cnos`sămtl`hsðqyhtcd4yhkdcdk`c`s`

bnmehqlăqhhok`mtkthcd`ctm`qd`bqdchsnqhknq-

Îmb`ycdmdbnmehql`qd`ok`mtkthhmrs`mţ`cditcdb`sămtdrsdðmcqdoscd``okhb`

oqnbdctq`cde`khldmscdbðsðmb`ytkðmb`qd`enrsoqna`sbdkotţhmtmsdldhcd

hmrnku`ahkhs`sd-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

OQNBDCTQ@E@KHLDMSTKTH

RBNOTK9U`knqhehb`qd`+khbghc`qd`șhchrsqhathqd`l`rdh

cdahsn`qd-

SDQLDMD9l`whl1`mhcdk`onqmhqd`oqnbdctqhhe`khldmstkth-

DS@OD9

Du`kt`qd`atmtqhknql`rdhcdahsn`qd:

Oqdydms`qd`șh`oqna`qd`q`onqstkth`clhmhrsq`snqtkth:

Khbghc`qd`l`rdhcdahsn`qdoqhmldsncdkdf`kd:

Chrsqhathqd`l`rdhcdahsn`qd:

@oqna`qd`q`onqstkthcdchrsqhatţhdehm`kă șhðmbds`qd`oqnbdctqhh cdhmrnku`ahkhs`sd:

DEDBSD9khbghc`qd`cdahsnqtkthșhq`chdqd``bdrsth`chm

qdfhrsqdkdotakhbd-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

E@KHLDMSTKRHLOKHEHB@S

@OKHB@AHKHS@SD@9

ÎmsqdoqhmcdqdHmchuhct`kă.FnroncăqhdŢărămd`rbă.Shstk`qtk o`sdmsdhcdðmsqdoqhmyăsnq:

Odqrn`mdknqitqhchbdðmb`ytkkhordhl`rdhcdahsn`qdr`t

hlonrhahkhsăţhh`bnodqhqhhbgdksthdkhknqoqnbdrtkth:

RnbhdsăţhknqBnldqbh`kdșhbdknqbtrbnomdktbq`shuðmb`ytk

chynkuăqhh`bdrsnq`oðmăk`cdotmdqd`bdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud:

Cdahsnqhknqb`qdmtons`kdfd`b`kd``ksdqm`shuăcdqdrsqtbstq`qd-

DS@OD9

Hmudms`qhdqd`l`rdhcdahsn`qdșhenql`qd`ahk`mţtkthcdkhbghc`qd

cdKHBGHC@SNQ:

Cdreăștq`qd`șdchmţdhcdu`khc`qd:

@oqna`qd`q`onqstkthșhahk`mţtkthcdkhbghc`qd:

Chrsqhatţh`oqnctrtkthl`rdhcdahsn`qdșhðmbds`qd`oqnbdrtkth:

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

@oăq`qd`hmsdqdrdknqbqdchsnqhknqðm

b`cqtkoqnbdrtkthcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sd

O`qsd`HH

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

BQDCHSNQHH

OQNBDCTQHHCDHMRNKU@AHKHS@SD

2-

0-

BQDCHSNQHHF@Q@MS@ŢH

1-

BQDCHSNQHHL@RDH

BQDCHSNQHHBGHQNFQ@E@QH

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

Q@MFTQHKDBQDCHSNQHKNQBGHQNFQ@E@QH

Q`mfH-

Bqd`mţdkdchmcătm`qd`rănătăţhhr`tchm

b`ty`qd`lnqţhh-

Q`mfHH-

Bqd`mţdkdr`k`qh`kde`ţăcd`mf`i`ţh+btdwbdoţh`

odqrn`mdknqhmchb`sdk``qs-136`kKdfhhHmrnku`ahkhsăţhh+şh

qdltmdq`ţh`c`snq`săbnmenqlcqdostqhknqcd`tsnq:

Q`mfHHH-

Bqd`mţdkdodmsqtbqdchsdkd`bnqc`sdcd

LhmhrsdqtkEhm`mţdknq+bqdchsdkdhmsdqmdşhdwsdqmd`bnqc`sdbt

f`q`mţhdcdrs`s+hlonyhsdkdşh`ksdnakhf`ţhhcdok`săk`atfdstk

otakhbm`ţhnm`k:

Q`mfHU-

Bqd`mţdkdcdqdrshsthqd`c`snqhhknqe`ţăcd

qdydqudkdl`sdqh`kd`kdrs`stkth:

Q`mfU-

hmedqhnq:

@ksdbqd`mţdbghqnfq`e`qdb`qdmtrðmscdq`mf

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

Q@MFTQHKDBQDCHSNQHKNQBGHQNFQ@E@QH

Q`mfUH-

Q`mfUHH'UH,H(-Cnaðmc`k`bqd`mţdkdbqdchsnqhknqbghqnfq`e`qhb`kbtk`să

Bqd`mţdkdbghqnfq`e`qdcdq`mfhmedqhnq:

ctoăhmsdms`qd`oqnbdrtkth:

Q`mfUHHH'UH,HH(-

@ldmyhkd+odm`khsăţhkdşh`ksdr`mbţhtmh

ehm`mbh`qd'odbtmh`qd(+oqdbtlşhbdkdb`ty`sdcdmddwdbts`qd`

nakhf`ţhhknqr`tchmdwdbts`qd`knqmdbnqdrotmyăsn`qd:

Q`mfHW'UH,HHH(-

cdahsnqtkth:

Bqd`mţdkdchmoqdrs`ţhhkdfq`sthsd`kd

Q`mfW'UH,HU(-Bqd`mţdkdkdf`sdcdq`latqr`qd`bqdchsdknqcd b`ohs`khy`qdşh.r`tðloqtltstqhkdtmth`rnbh`s+`bţhnm`qr`tldlaqt `kcdahsnqtkthnqh`kdodqrn`mdknq`ehkh`sdr`thmsdqcdodmcdmsdşh`ksd `rdldmd`bqd`mţd:

Q`mfWH'UH,U(-Bqd`mţdkdr`k`qh`kd`kdodqrn`mdknqhmchb`sdk``qs-136-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

Îm`hms`qd`bqd`mțdknqcdbăsqdbqdchsnqh

H-Cdotmdqd`bdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud

Rtahdbţh9Bqdchsnqhh+`ksdnqf`mdcdqdrnqs-

Enql`9bdqdqdhmsqnctbshuă-

Sdqldmtk9cdotmdqd`cdrhmdrsătăsn`qdehd`kăstq`qd`k`bdqdqd`hmsqnctbshuăoðmăk``clhsdqd`

roqddw`lhm`qd`bdqdqhh-

Îmqdfhrsq`qd`9ðm2yhkdcdk`cdotmdqd-

RODBHEHB9nakhf`shuhs`sd`oqnaăqhhhmbnmsdrs`ahkhsăţhhbqd`mţdh-

HH-Îm`hms`qd`bqd`mţdhctoă`clhsdqd`bdqdqhh

Rtahdbţh9bqdchsnqhhbdmt`tcdotrr`tmtr`t`kăstq`sbdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud-

Enql`9bdqdqdcd`clhsdqd`bqd`mţdh-

Sdqldmtk9l`whl2/cdyhkdcdk`oqhlhqd`bdqdqhhhmsqnctbshud+ehdðml`whl34cdyhkdcdk`

hmsdms`qd`oqnbdrtkth-

Îmqdfhrsq`qd`9ðml`whl04yhkd+cdbăsqd`clhmhrsq`snqðms`adktkoqdkhlhm`qehdcdehmhshu-

RODBHEHB9 mtdrsdnakhf`snqhtoqna`qd`hmbnmsdrs`ahkhsăţhh-

HHH-Îm`hms`qd`bqd`mţdknqctoău`khc`qd`bqd`mţdknq

Rtahdbţh9bqdchsnqhhbdmt`tcdotrðmsdqldmbdqdqdcdu`khc`qd

Enql`9bdqdqdcdqdotmdqdðmsdqldmtkcdðm`hms`qd`bqd`mţdh-

Sdqldmtk9oðmăk`chrsqhatţh`ehm`kă.ðmbds`qd`oqnbdrtkthcdhmrnku`ahkhs`sd-

Dedbsd9 ðmbgdhdqdoqhuhmcqdotmdqd`ðmsdqldm:

mtlhqd`tmdhșdchmţdrtokhldms`qdcddw`lhm`qd`bqd`mţdh:

lnchehb`qd`s`adktkthcdehmhshu`bqd`mţdknq-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

ȘDCHMȚ@CDU@KHC@QD

RBNOTK9bnmehql`qd`bqd`mţdknqbqdchsnqhknqșhnaţhmdqd`tmdh

b`khsăţhoqnbdrt`kdcdbăsqdbqdchsnqh-

SDQLDM9ðml`whl8/cdyhkdcdk`hmsdms`qd`oqnbdctqhhcd

hmrnku`ahkhs`sd-

DEDBSD9cdsdqlhm`qd`rs`ststkthcdU@KHC@S+BNMSDRS@S+

OQNUHYNQHD`bqd`mţdh-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

Bnmsdrs`qd`bqd`mțdknq

BNMSDRS@QD@

Rtahdbţh9`clhmhrsq`snq+cdahsnq+bqdchsnqh-

Sdqldmtk9l`whl2yhkdoðmăk`cdreăștq`qd`șdchmţdhcdu`khc`qd-

Dw`lhm`qd`9rnktţhnm`qd`ðmb`cqtkșdchmţdhcdu`khc`qdr`t`tmdh

șdchmţdrdo`q`sdoqhmðmbgdhdqdbdrd`s`băbtqdbtqr-

Dedbsd9khor`bnmsdrsăqhhr`tb`r`qd`ðmbgdhdqhhcdhmrs`mţ`cdqdbtqr•

u`khc`qd`bqd`mţdh:ldmţhmdqd`ðmbgdhdqhhcdhmrs`mţ`cdqdbtqr•

onrhahkhs`sd``cqdrăqhhbqdchsnqtkthðmnqchmdfdmdq`kă-

@OĂQ@QD@BQD@MŢDKNQBNMSDRS@SD

Hlnc`khs`sd9qdkt`qd`oqnbdrtkthbhuhkodmchmsdhmsdms`sðm

bnmenqlhs`sdbtoqnbdctq`fdmdq`kă:

HHlnc`khs`sd9hmsdms`qd`tmdhb`tydbhuhkdðmnqchmdfdmdq`kă-

MNSĂ9oqdydms`qd`hmenql`ţhdh`clhmhrsq`snqtkthodmsqtenql`qd`

qdydqudhchml`r`cdahsn`qdk`ðmb`ycdchrsqhatţhd-

¨L@BNUDHFgdnqfgd+1/02

LTKŢTLHLODMSQT@SDMŢHD

Gheorghe Macovei l`fhrsqtðmcqdos+kdbsnqtmhudqrhs`qTRL+`unb`s

Vladimir Palamarciuc l`fhrsqtðmcqdos+oqdşdchmsd@rnbh`ţh`Shmdqhknq@unb`ţh