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Anioara Vleju

CULEGERE DE TESTE I EXERCIII


LIMBA I LITERATURA ROMN
Auxiliar didactic pentru clasa a VI-a

Anioara Vleju

CULEGERE DE TESTE I EXERCIII


LIMBA I LITERATURA ROMN
Auxiliar didactic pentru clasa a VI-a

Argument
Culegere de teste i exerciii pentru limba romn
- auxiliar didactic pentru clasa a VI-a

Cnd nvmntul romnesc pare a nu mai fi prioritate


naional, ci ca un auxiliar al lucrurilor firii, socotit, aplecat la
pmnt ca trestia n btaia vntului vijelios vuind, ncercarea de a
fi autor de manuale ori de culegeri de teste i exerciii gramaticale,
- drept auxiliare didactice - , este temeritate, cutezan de
alpinist, escaladnd Ciomolungma, nfignd steguleul biruirii la
8.848 m deasupra nivelului mrii.
Prerea mea de ru are un corespondent n prerea mea de
bine: c trestia a fost doar aplecat pn la pmnt, dar nu s-a
rupt.
Mi-a fost dat s ntlnesc, citind manuscrisul acestei
elaborri pe
A vremii noastre dreapt muceni,
Copil blajin, cuminte prea devreme,
Sfielnic, blaie dscli.
(O. Goga Dsclia)
ca pe acel cuteztor, escaladnd ntru instrucie i educaie prin
instrucie, cu mult aplecare asupra actului didactic, decis, dac
nu pomeneam de Ciomolungma (Chomolungma = mama
universului), la o alternativ, deloc desuet: aceea de toreador,
intuid i primejdia, - corida, mai pe romnete: a lua taurul de
coarne.
Sfielnica dscli selecteaz cu responsabilitate i
comprehensiune texte avnd n vedere lectura minim
obligatorie pentru clasa a VI-a din marii scriitori ai literaturii
romne i universale precum: Mihai Eminescu (Numai poetul),
Ion Creang (Amintiri din copilrie), Petre Ispirescu (Prslea cel
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Voinic i merele de aur), Mircea Eliade (Memorii), Antoine de


Saint-Exupery (Micul prin) etc., texte de la care se formuleaz
cerine pentru rezolvarea testelor, inteligent concepute i cu
respectarea riguroas a programei colare (curricul, mai nou,
mai n vog, mai nedesuet).
Astfel sunt consolidate cunotinlele cptate la orele de
limb i literarur romn, conform programei .
Intersante sunt aplicaiile pentru:
I. Noiunile de fonetic: diftong, triftong, hiat, desprirea
cuvintelor n silabe; vocale, semivocale, consoane.
II. Noiunile de vocabular i mbogirea acestuia: sinonime,
omonime, antonime, construcii lingvistice pleonastice, paronime,
cuvinte omofone, familia de cuvinte; derivare (prin afixe: sufixe,
prefixe, pseudoprefixe, - afixoide ori prin parasintetism);
compunere (prin alturare i juxtapunere); schimbarea valorii
gramaticale i mprumuturile.
III. Sintax: - clasificarea propoziiilor dup:
a) scopul comunicrii: - enuniative i exclamative;
b) aspect: - pozitive i negative;
c) structur: - simple i dezvoltate;
d) pri de propoziie, funcii sintactice.
IV. Morfologie: - partea nominal i partea verbal; categorii
gramaticale; valoarea morfologic a unor cuvinte, grade de
comparaie.
V. Noiuni de teoria literaturii - tropi (figuri de stil) i figuri de
cugetare.
VI. Compoziiile colare.
Asemenea culegeri de teste, - auxiliare didactice - , sunt de
un real ajutor, venind n sprijinul elevilor ntru consolidarea
cunotinelor cptate la orele de limb i literatur romn.
Autoarea, - Anioara Vleju - , cu credin de autentic
magistru, mplinete actul de cultur cu druire, noblee, cu
altruism i generozitate.
M nclin, n faa ta, - Sfielnic, blaie, dscli!
Prof. Vasile Popovici

EXERCIII I TESTE

TESTUL nr. 1
Citete textul i rezolv urmtoarele cerine:
,,Numai poetul,
Ca psri ce zboar
Deasupra valurilor,
Trece peste nemrginirea timpului:
n ramurile gndului,
n sfintele lunci,
Unde psri ca el
Se-ntrec n cntri.
(Mihai Eminescu Numai poetul)
1. Desparte n silabe cuvintele: numai, deasupra, valuri, timp, psri, peste,
nemrginirea, ca, unde, cntri.
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Selecteaz cuvintele formate:
a) prin derivare
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b) prin compunere
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c) nu sunt formate conform punctelor a) i b)
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2. Formuleaz propoziii dezvoltate cu urmtoarele cuvinte: poet, nemrginire,
gnd, pasre, cntare.
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3. Completeaz tabelul, preciznd numrul de silabe, sunete i litere.


silabe

sunete

litere

numai
poet
deasupra
trece
nemrginire
timp
ramuri
lunci
cntri
4. Scrie sinonime pentru :
deasupra __________________________
timp ______________________________
ramur ___________________________
el ________________________________
5. Transcrie trei cuvinte monosilabice din text. Alctuiete un enun n care s le
incluzi pe toate.
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6. Transcrie cuvintele ce conin vocale n hiat.
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7. n primele dou versuri sunt:
a) un hiat, un diftong urctor, un diftong cobortor
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b) un hiat, un diftong urctor, un triftong
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c) un hiat, doi diftongi urctori
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8. Msura primelor trei versuri este:


d) 5, 6, 7
e) 7, 6, 5
f) 5, 7, 6
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9. Completeaz spaiile libere, folosind cuvintele urmtoare: volum, scriere,
simirii, opere, creaii, subiect.
Cartea este o ____________ cu un anumit ____________, tiprit i
legat n __________. Ea cuprinde, n general, ___________ de diverse
feluri, __________ ale gndirii i ale _________________ umane.
10. Completeaz spaiile libere, utiliznd urmtoarele cuvinte: cuvintele,
prescurtare, literele.
Sigla este o ________________ format din litera sau ____________
iniiale, folosit pentru a evita ______________ sau titlurile prea lungi.
11. Formuleaz un singur enun n care s utilizezi cele trei cuvinte de la
exerciiul anterior.
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12. Propune un model de sigl pentru o editur cunoscut. Deseneaz sigla
mai jos i justific n cteva cuvinte alegerea fcut.

13. Scrie n petalele florii elementele componente ale crii.

14. Precizeaz figura de stil din primele dou versuri i definete-o.


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15. Transcrie structura ce red aciunea psrilor, apoi formuleaz un enun cu
aceasta.
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16. Transcrie trei structuri ce precizeaz locul aciunii psrilor.
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17. Formuleaz trei enunuri cu structurile precizate la exerciiul anterior.
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18. Scrie dou enunuri n care s introduci numele autorului i titlul poeziei.
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19. Scrie dou titluri de cri pe care le-ai citit, menionnd i autorii, apoi un
titlu de carte pe care ai dori s o citeti.
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20. D cte un titlu urmtoarelor cri, urmrind coninutul prezentat.

Doi prieteni cltoresc ntr-o lume fantastic. Acolo


ntlnesc tot felul de insecte n mrime
supranatural.

ntr-o margine de galaxie, un pmntean descoper,


n cltoria sa, o planet asemntoare cu Terra.

Viaa i ntmplrile unei familii cu mai muli copii i o


ferm plin de animale, pe o perioad de mai muli
ani.

16 poveti cu mprai, zne, zmei, prini i prinese.

Versuri

6 mii de cuvinte traduse din limba romn n cinci


limbi europene: englez, francez, german, spaniol
i italian.

21. Exprim-i prerea.


a) Descrie cea mai frumoas carte din biblioteca ta.

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b) Descrie biblioteca ta.
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c) Descrie starea ta din momentul n care citeti o carte nou.
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22. Completeaz rebusul. Pe verticala A B vei obine cuvntul care
definete persoana ce scrie o carte.
A

B
Definiii:

Scriere
Sumar
Numele crii
Exteriorul crii
Partea lateral a crii unde se lipesc sau se cos filele.
23. Stabilete legtura corect:
Coperta I

Este persoana care a creat opera cuprins ntr-un

Coperta a IV-a

volum.
Poate oferi informaii sumare privind autorul sau
subiectul crii, informaii despre colecia n care
apare cartea, alte date (preul, apariiile

Cotorul

precedente etc.), ilustraii.


Este un cuvnt, un grup de cuvinte sau un text
aezat la nceputul unei lucrri, pentru a indica

Autorul

sugestiv tema sau coninutul acesteia.


Cuprinde numele autorului, titlul crii,
denumirea coleciei sau a seriei (sigla acestora),

Titlul

editura, ilustraia de copert.


Poate conine autorul, titlul, editura, numrul
volumului sau ordinea acestuia ntr-o colecie.

24. Imagineaz-i o ntlnire cu crile. Scrie cteva reguli de purtare:


a) ntr-o librrie
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b) la o expoziie de carte veche
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c) ntr-o bibliotec
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25. Crile ne sunt prieteni i avem nevoie de ele. Scrie un email unei librrii
online n care solicii informaii despre ultimele apariii editoriale din categoria
literaturii pentru copii.

26. Scrie o compunere de 18-20 de rnduri n care s utilizezi urmtoarele


cuvinte: bibliotec, scriitor, carte, citire, lectur, raft, copert, roman, poveste,
bibliotecar, librrie, schi, versuri, fragment. D un titlu adecvat coninutului.
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TESTUL nr. 2
Citete cu atenie textul de mai jos i rezolv cerinele:

,,nvasem deja alfabetul, dar nc nu-mi ddeam seama la ce ar putea folosi.


Nu mi se prea att de interesant cnd am ajuns s silabisesc o-u, ou, bo-u, bou,
- nici chiar cnd am izbutit s citesc, fr s mai silabisesc, ,,ara noastr se
numete Romnia. Dar odat am dat peste cartea de citire a fratelui meu i,
dup prima pagin, n-am mai putut s-o las din mn [] din fiecare rnd citit,
aflam lucruri necunoscute i nebnuite. Am nvat numele judeelor, ale rurilor
i ale oraelor i am aflat despre Daniil Sihastru i Mnstirea Neamului i cte
alte lucruri care m uluiau, m copleeau 1 prin vastitatea2 i misterele lor. Dar,
dup o sptmn, cnd am terminat cartea lui Nicu, am descoperit deodat c
lucrurile nu erau att de sImple pe ct le bnuisem eu. [] Tata avea vreo sutdou de volume frumos legate n piele, dar erau ncuiate ntr-o bibliotec cu
geamuri. Nu puteam citi dect titlurile, i nici pe ele nu le nelegeam
ntotdeauna. Erau volume care se intitulau ,,Roman i a fost o lung discuie
ntre prini dac trebuie sau nu s-mi explice acest cuvnt. Pentru nc muli
ani, tata mi-a interzis s citesc ,,romane. Nici mcar nuvele nu-mi ngduia s
citesc. Singurele cri admise de el erau cele care purtau titlul sau subtitlul de
Povestiri.
Mi se ngduise s citesc Basmele lui Ispirescu, amintirile i povestirile lui
Creang, cnd a intervenit un episod care mi-a ntristat toat copilria. Intrasem
n clasa I primar i tata poftise odat pe nvtor, ca s se consulte asupra
crilor pe care le-a putea citi. Eram toi trei n faa bibliotecii. nvtorul prea
entuziasmat de cri i, mai ales, de legturile lor de piele. Rsfoind un volum de
N. Iorga l vd i acum, era Pe drumuri deprtate a spus, artndu-m: ,,Dar
s nu-l lsai s citeasc prea mult, cci i obosete ochii. i deja nu are ochi
prea buni. L-am pus n banca nti, i totui nu vede ntotdeauna ce scriu pe
tabl. ,,Vd, dac fac ochii mici, l-am ntrerupt eu. ,,Asta nseamn c ai ochi
slabi, c ai s fii miop3, a adugat nvtorul.
Descoperirea aceasta a nsemnat o adevrat catastrof. Tata a hotrt c nu
trebuie s-mi mai obosesc ochii cu alte cri n afar de cele de coal. Nu mai
aveam voie deci s citesc n timpul liber. De altfel, sursa lecturilor mele
extracolare mi fusese secat.
(Mircea Eliade Memorii)
1. Cuvntul ou se desparte corect:
a) o-u
b) ou
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a coplei, vb. a emoiona peste msur, a impresiona puternic.


vastitate, s.f. ntindere mare, imensitate.
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miop, s., adj.m. (persoan) care nu distinge clar obiectele aflate la distan.
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i e format din:
dou vocale
dou semivocale
o vocal i o semivocal
2. Cuvntul bou se desparte corect:
a) bou
b) bo-u
i are:
un hiat
un diftong
nici hiat, nici diftong
3. Transcrie patru propoziii negative din fragmentul de mai sus.
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4. Transcrie dou nume de personaje din text
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5. Transcrie dou nume de autori din text
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6. Transcrie dou titluri de opere literare menionate n text


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7. Aeaz n ordine cronologic urmtoarele evenimente prezentate n textul dat:
a) ,,am dat peste cartea de citire
b) ,,am descoperit deodat c lucrurile nu erau att de simple
c) ,,nvasem deja alfabetul
d) ,,nu trebuie s-mi mai obosesc ochii cu alte cri
e) ,,am nvat numele judeelor, ale rurilor i ale oraelor
f) ,,cnd am terminat cartea lui Nicu
g) ,,tata mi-a interzis s citesc romane
h) ,,erau nchuiate ntr-o bibliotec cu geamuri
i) ,,n-am mai putut s-o las din mn
j) ,,a intervenit un episod care mi-a ntristat toat copilria
k) ,,sursa lecturilor extracolare mi fusese secat
l) ,,nu vede ntotdeauna ce scriu pe tabl
m) ,,a nsemnat o adevrat catastrof
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8. Reformuleaz structurile date, nlocuind cuvintele subliniate cu sinonime
contextuale:
,,Nu mi se prea att de interesant cnd am ajuns s silabisesc
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,,.i, dup prima pagin, n-am mai putut s-o las din mn
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,,Tata avea vreo sut-dou de volume frumos legate n piele
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,,Nici mcar nuvele nu-mi ngduia s citesc
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,,nvtorul prea entuziasmat de cri
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9. Reformuleaz structurile date, nlocuind cuvintele subliniate cu antonime:
,,Am descoperit deodat c lucrurile nu erau att de simple pe ct le bnuiam
eu
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,,Nu puteam citi dect titlurile, i nici pe ele nu le nelegeam ntotdeauna
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,,. a fost o lung discuie ntre prini

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,, a intervenit un episod care mi-a ntristat toat copilria
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,,Dar s nu-l lsai s citeasc prea mult, cci i obosete ochii
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10. Completeaz spaiile libere cu urmtoarele cuvinte: n urm, scrieri, trite,
aminte.
Memoriile sunt ____________ n care autorul i aduce ___________ de
ntmplri __________ de el nsui cu mult timp ___________.
11. Autorul i povestete memoriile la:
a) persoana I
b) persoana a II-a
c) persoana a III-a
12. Recitete textul i alege varianta corect. Transcrie-o i marcheaz diftongii
i semivocalele.
a) ,,Dar s nu l lsai prea mult s citeasc, cci i obosete ochii
b) ,,Dar s nu-l lsai s citeasc prea mult, c i obosete ochii
c) ,,Dar s nu-l lsai s citeasc prea mult, cci i obosete ochii
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13. Transcrie, recitind textul, cuvintele care fac parte din cmpul lexical al
substantivului carte.

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14. Afirmaia ,,ara noastr se numete Romnia aparine:
a) autorului
b) tatlui su
c) nvtorului su.
Alctuiete un enun n care s incluzi aceast afirmaie.
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15. Identific n afirmaia de mai sus un adverb.__________________________
Formuleaz un enun n care adverbul identificat s aib alt valoare
morfologic.
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16. Identific n structura ,,sursa lecturilor mele extracolare mi fusese
secat:
un substantiv _____________________________________
un adjectiv_______________________________________
un verb__________________________________________
un pronume______________________________________
17. Reformuleaz structura dat la exerciiul anterior folosind verbul la timpul
viitor anterior.
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18. Scrie valoarea morfologic i funcia sintactic pentru fiecare cuvnt din
structura ,,nvtorul prea entuziasmat de cri.

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19. Expresia carte de citire are n text sensul:
a. manual
b. abecedar
c. carte
20. Reformuleaz expresia de mai sus cu ajutorul unui verb la supin
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21. Alctuiete un enun n care s utilizezi expresia nou formulat i un
enun n care s utilizezi un sinonim al acesteia.
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22. Completeaz tabelul n urma recitirii textului dat.
Cri interzise de tat copilului

Cri permise spre a fi citite

23. Completeaz:
Autorul textului se numete _____________________________________
iar titlul operei este ________________________________________________
24. Consult o surs online i scrie fia biografic a autorului.

25. Imagineaz-i c eti scriitor i-i planifici s publici o proz scurt. Scrie
planul simplu de idei al prozei tale numit Lanul de floarea soarelui.

26. Alctuiete o compunere de 15-20 rnduri n care s explici ct de


importante au devenit crile pentru tine dup ce le-ai descoperit. Nu uita s scrii
vrsta la care ai nvat alfabetul. D un titlu compunerii.
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TESTUL nr. 3
Citete textul de mai jos i rezolv cerinele:
,,Era odat un mprat puternic i mare i avea pe lng palaturile sale o
grdin frumoas, bogat de flori i meteugit nevoie mare! Aa grdin nu se
mai vzuse pn atunci, p-acolo. n fundul grdinei avea i un mr care fcea
mere de aur i, de cnd l avea el, nu putuse s mnnce din pom mere coapte,
cci, dup ce le vedea nflorind, crescnd i prguindu-se, venea oarecine
noaptea i le fura, tocmai cnd erau s se coac. Toi paznicii din toat mpria
i cei mai alei ostai, pe care i pusese mpratul s pndeasc, n-au putut s
prinz pe hoi. n cele mai de pe urm, veni fiul cel mai mare al mpratului i-i
zise:
Tat, am crescut n palaturile tale, m-am plimbat prin ast grdin de attea
ori i am vzut roade foarte frumoase n pomul din fundul grdinei, dar n-am
putut gusta niciodat din ele; acum a dat n copt, d-mi voie ca nopile astea s
pzesc nsumi, i m prinz c voi pune mna pe acel tlhar care ne jefuiete.
Dragul meu, zise tat-su, atia oameni voinici au pzit i n-au fcut nici o
isprav. Doresc prea mult s vz la masa mea mcar un mr din acest pom care
m-a inut atta sum de bani i de aceea, iat, m nduplec i te las ca s
pndeti, mcar c nu-mi vine a crede c o s izbuteti.

Atunci fiul mpratului se puse la pnd o sptmn ntreag: noaptea


pndea i ziua se odihnea; iar cnd fu ntr-o diminea, se ntoarse trist la tatsu i-i spuse cum priveghease pn la miezul nopii, cum mai pe urm l
apucase o piroteal de nu se mai putea inea pe picioare, cum, mai trziu,
somnul l coplei i czu ca un mort, fr s se poat detepta dect tocmai cnd
soarele era rdicat de dou sulie, i atuncea vzu c merele lipsesc.
(Petre Ispirescu Prslea cel voinic i merele de aur)
1. Aeaz n ordine cronologic urmoarele evenimente din text:
a) ,,- Tat, am crescut n palaturile tale
b) ,,noaptea pndea i ziua se odihnea
c) ,,atia oameni voinici au pzit i nu au fcut nici o isprav
d) ,,veni fiul cel mare al mpratului i-i zise
e) ,,Era odat un mprat puternic i mare
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2. Formuleaz enunuri n care cuvintele urmtoare s fie nume predicative.
puternic ________________________
bogat _________________________
flori ___________________________
3. Desparte n silabe pluralul substantivelor:
mr ___________________________
osta ___________________________
tlhar __________________________
pom ____________________________

diminea _______________________
piroteal ________________________
4. Rescrie textul, punnd semnele de punctuaie i ortografie la locul lor:
n cele mai de pe urm veni fiul cel mai mare al mpratului ii zise
Tat am crescut n palaturile tale mam plimbat prin ast grdin de attea ori i
am vzut roade foarte frumoase n pomul din fundul grdinei dar nam putut
gusta niciodat din ele acum a dat n copt dmi voie ca nopile astea s pzesc
nsumi i m prinz c voi pune mna pe acel tlhar care ne jefuiete
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5. Scrie numrul de sunete i de litere pentru fiecare din urmtoarele cuvinte:
Cuvnt
Sunete
meteugit
atunci
paznicii
priveghease

Litere

6. Scrie cinci litere cu majuscule. Pentru fiecare noteaz cte un substantiv i


cte un adjectiv cu majuscula aleas, formate la rndul lor din cte cinci litere.
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7. Scrie forma corect pentru urmtoarele cuvinte i alctuiete un enun cu
dou dintre ele.
palaturi ___________________________________
grdinei ___________________________________
s prinz __________________________________
s vz _____________________________________
era rdicat _________________________________
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8. Alctuiete patru enunuri n care s foloseti forme diferite de trecut, modul
indicativ, ale verbului ,,a prinde.
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9. Conjug verbul ,,a prinde la modul condiional-optativ, timpul perfect i
conjunctiv, timpul prezent.
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10. Alege varianta corect i formuleaz cte un enun scurt.


pndiasc/ pndeasc
___________________________________________________________
nevoie/nevoe
___________________________________________________________
s prind/s prinz
___________________________________________________________
atia/ata
___________________________________________________________
priveghiase/priveghease
___________________________________________________________
11. Scrie enunuri n care cuvintele mare, ori, mna, masa, urm s aib alt
sens dect cel din text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
12. Scrie cte cinci termeni din familiile lexicale ale cuvintelor:
mprat ____________________________________________________
flori _______________________________________________________
mr _______________________________________________________
aur _______________________________________________________
mas ______________________________________________________
noapte _____________________________________________________
soare ______________________________________________________

13. Stabilete modul i timpul verbelor din structurile urmtoare:


,,atia oameni voinici au pzit i n-au fcut nici o isprav
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
,,se ntoarse trist la tat-su
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
,,soarele era rdicat de dou sulie
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
14. Alctuiete enunuri cu formele verbale de la exerciiul anterior:
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
15. Scrie valoarea morfologic pentru cuvintele:
s se coac_______________________________________________________
cel______________________________________________________________
(oameni) voinici___________________________________________________
(un) mort________________________________________________________
atunci __________________________________________________________
i ______________________________________________________________
dou____________________________________________________________

16. Analizeaz patru predicate verbale din text:


________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
17. Scrie la toate gradele de comparaie un adjectiv din text:
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
18. Scrie funcia sintactic pentru cuvintele subliniate n urmtoarele structuri:
,,am vzut roade foarte, foarte frumoase
________________________________________________________________
,,se ntoarse trist la tat-su
________________________________________________________________

,,noaptea pndea i ziua se odihnea


________________________________________________________________
,,voi pune mna pe acel tlhar
________________________________________________________________
,,atunci vzu c merele lipsesc
________________________________________________________________
19. Scrie formele de plural corecte i alctuiete enunuri cu ele.
buzdugane /buzduganuri
___________________________________________________________
palate /palaturi
___________________________________________________________
grdini/grdine
___________________________________________________________
isprvi/isprave
___________________________________________________________
20.ncercuiete litera A, dac enunul este adevrat, sau F, dac enunul este fals.
A/F Nu avea pe lng palaturile sale o grdin frumoas, bogat de flori i
meteugit nevoie mare.
A/F Venea oarecine ziua i le fura, tocmai cnd erau s se coac.
A/F Doresc prea mult s vz la masa mea mcar dou mere din acest pom.
A/F M nduplec i te las ca s pndeti, mcar c-mi vine a crede c o s
izbuteti.
A/F Atunci fiul mpratului se puse la pnd o zi ntreag.
A/F Fr s se poat detepta dect tocmai cnd soarele era apus de dou
ceasuri.

A/F Atuncea vzu c merele lipsesc.


21. Numete modurile de expunere din fragmentul dat i definete-le.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
22. Formuleaz dou enunuri n care s utilizezi:
- numele autorului;
- titlul operei.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
23. Recunoti povestea?

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

__________________________________________
24. Autorii povetilor de mai sus sunt:
a) Petre Ispirescu i Ion Creang
b) Ion Creang i Ion Slavici
c) Mihai Eminescu i Petre Ispirescu
Alctuiete dou enunuri n care s utilizezi numele celor doi autori.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
25. Povestete, pe scurt, una din povetile tale preferate.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
26. Scrie o compunere de 12-14 rnduri n care s utilizezi urmtoarele cuvinte
din text: mprat, mare, grdin, mr, oarecine, niciodat, tlhar, isprav,
mas, al meu, noapte, somn, strlucire, zi, soare. D un titlu adecvat
compunerii.
_________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
TESTUL nr. 4

Citete textul de mai jos i rezolv cerinele:


,,Eu, atunci, s nu-mi caut de drum tot nainte? m abat pe la teiu, cu gnd s
prind pupza, cci aveam grozav ciud pe dnsa: nu numaidect pentru pupat,
cum zicea mama, ci pentru c m sculam n toate zilele cu noaptea-n cap din
pricina ei. i cum ajung n dreptul teiului, pun demncarea jos n crare pe
muchea dealului, m suiu ncetior n tei care te adormea de mirosul... florii, bag
mna n scorbur, unde tiam, i norocul meu!... gbuiesc pupza pe ou i zic
plin de mulumire: Taci, leli, c te-am cptuit eu! i mai pupa tu i pe dracul
de-acum! i cnd aproape s scot pupza afar, nu tiu cum se face, c m
speriu de creasta ei cea rotat, de pene, cci nu mai vzusem pupz pn atunci,
i-i dau iar drumul n scorbur. i cum stam eu acum i m chiteam n capul
meu c arpe cu pene nu poate s fie, dup cum auzisem, din oameni, c se afl
prin scorburi cteodat i erpi, unde nu m mbrbtez n sine-mi i iar bag
mna s scot pupza... pe ce-a fi...; dar ea, srmana, se vede c se mistuise de
frica mea prin cotloanele scorburii, undeva, cci n-am mai dat de dnsa nicieri;
5

parc intrase n pmnt. Mi! anapod lucru -aista! zic eu nciudat, scond
cciula din cap i tuflind-o n gura scorburii. Apoi m dau jos, caut o lespede
potrivit, m suiu cu dnsa iar n tei, mi iau cciula i n locul ei pun lespedea,
cu gnd c-a iei ea pupza de undeva pn m-oi ntoarce eu din arin.
Amintiri din copilrie, de Ion Creang
1. Desparte n silabe cuvintele:
dinainte ___________________________________
muchea ___________________________________
cteodat _________________________________
dnsa ____________________________________
2. Transcrie din text dou cuvinte cu diftongi i dou cuvinte cu vocale n hiat.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
3. Completeaz tabelul de mai jos, preciznd numrul de litere i numrul de
sunete pentru cuvintele date.
Numrul de

Numrul de

litere

sunete

atunci
cci
ciud
zicea
ci
muchea
ncetior
taci

4. Extrage din opt cuvinte formate prin mijloace interne de mbogire a


vocabularului i explic modul lor de formare.

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
5. Precizeaz cte un sinonim i cte un antonim pentru cuvintele:
sinonime

antonime

m suiu
ncetior
norocul
gbuiesc
6. Realizeaz enunuri n care s demonstrezi omonimia cuvintelor: care i
unde.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
7. Indic formele literare ale cuvintelor teiu, floarei. Precizeaz n ce clas
lexical se ncadreaz aceste cuvinte.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

8. D paronime pentru cuvintele crare i plrie, apoi alctuiete enunuri cu


acestea.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
9. Subliniaz pleonasmele i rescrie enunurile corect.
a. Membrii grupei noastre conlucreaz mpreun.
__________________________________________________________
b. La ora de desen mi-am fcut propriul autoportret.
_________________________________________________________
c. A prefera mai bine s citesc.
_________________________________________________________
d. i-au reluat iari povestirea.
__________________________________________________________
10. Explic folosirea cratimei i a semnului exclamrii n structura ,,anapod
lucru -aista!
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
11. Transcrie din text:
un verb la modul indicativ, timpul prezent
____________________________________________________________________
________

un verb la modul indicativ, timp imperfect

____________________________________________________________________
________

un verb la modul indicativ, timp viitor popular


____________________________________________________________________
________

un verb la modul indicativ, timp mai mult ca perfectul


___________________________________________________________
un verb la modul conjunctiv, forma negativ
___________________________________________________________
un verb la modul conjunctiv, forma afirmativ
___________________________________________________________
un verb la modul imperativ
___________________________________________________________
12. Completeaz tabelul cu cte dou verbe din text pentru fiecare din cele patru
conjugri, transcriind structurile de cuvinte care le conin.
conjugarea

Verbul la

Structura de cuvinte

infinitiv
I
a II-a
a III-a
a IV-a

13. Scrie funcia sintactic pentru toate cuvintele din structura:


,,pun demncarea jos n crare pe muchea dealului

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
14. Scrie cazul i funcia sintactic pentru cuvintele subliniate:
,,m abat pe la teiu
________________________________________________________________
,,cum ajung n dreptul teiului
________________________________________________________________
,,m suiu cu dnsa iar n tei
________________________________________________________________
15. Scrie valoarea morfologic pentru fiecare cuvnt din structura:
,,cci nu mai vzusem pupz pn atunci
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
16. Explic urmtoarele structuri:
,,s nu-mi caut de drum
________________________________________________________________
,,m chiteam n capul meu

________________________________________________________________
,,se mistuise de frica mea
________________________________________________________________
17. Rezum fragmentul de mai sus n 6-7 rnduri.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
18. Imagineaz-i c eti autor al texului de mai sus. Continu-l cu o idee de
actualitate.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
19. Transmite autorului un mesaj n care l invii s urmreasc o pies de teatru
n care tu joci rolul unui personaj de al su cu ocazia srbtorii de Crciun.

20. Precizeaz modurile de expunere prezente n fragmentul dat.


________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
21. Precizeaz locul i timpul aciunii din fragmentul dat.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
22. Explic n cteva rnduri de ce era Nic suprat pe cucul arminesc.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

23. Gsete n careul de mai jos douasprezece substantive comune din text.
P
S
M
A
M
A
C
A
H
T
J

V
P
L
O
L
K

R
C
K
D

I
U
E
X
A
L
C
S
A
X
R

P
P
E
N
E
A
I
T
E
I
U

O
P
Y
L
U
B
K
Z
M

E
Z
M
D
E
A
L
H
V
O
J

L
H
H
A

L
H
A
P

P
K
U
V
Z
J
M

K
R

E
M
T
A
J
B
E
A
P
Z
M

D
S
C
O
R
B
U
R

E
A
U
G
H
Q
I
P
W
G
N

U
W
C
Z
K
S
M
E
K
Q
T

__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
________________________

24. Ajut-l pe Nic s prind pupza cu ajutorul cuvintelor magice: mine, tei,
bine, vrei, sub forma a patru versuri pe care le compui pentru el.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
25. Completeaz rebusul de mai jos pentru a obine pe verticala A-B numele
autorului operei Amintiri din copilrie.
A

B
Definiii:
1. Copacul pupezei.
2. Locul n care se afla pupza.
3. Copilul din Amintiri din copilrie.
4. Era numit ,,arminesc.
5. Prima prere despre pupz.
6. A pus-o la gura scorburei.
7. n jurul ei se nvrte tot fragmentul.
8. ans.
9. A prinde (nv.).
10.O purta Nic pe cap.

26. Comenteaz n 12-15 rnduri structura de cuvinte subliniat n text. F


referire i la alte ,,vorbe de duh pe care le-ai ntlnit n Amintiri din copilrie.
Stabilete asemnri i deosebiri, referindu-te la limbajul utilizat de autor.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________

TESTUL nr.5
Citete cu atenie urmtorul text i scrie rspunsul pentru fiecare dintre cerinele
de mai jos:
Cine eti tu? zise micul prin. Eti tare frumoas....
- Sunt o vulpe, zise vulpea.
5

Vino s te joci cu mine, o pofti micul prin. Sunt att de trist...


Nu pot s m joc cu tine, zise vulpea. Nu sunt mblnzit.
Ce nseamn a mblnzi?
E un lucru de mult dat uitrii, zise vulpea. nseamn a-i crea legturi...
A-i crea legturi?
Desigur, zise vulpea. Tu nu eti deocamdat pentru mine dect un biea,
aidoma cu o sut de mii de ali bieai. Iar eu nu am nevoie de tine. i
nici tu n-ai nevoie de mine. Eu nu sunt pentru tine dect o vulpe, aidoma
cu o sut de mii de alte vulpi. Dar dac m mblnzeti, vom avea nevoie
unul de altul. Tu vei fi, pentru mine, fr seamn n lume. Eu voi fi pentru
tine fr seamn n lume ... i-apoi, privete! Vezi tu, colo, lanurile acelea
de gru? Eu nu mnnc pine. Mie grul nu mi-e de folos. Lanurile de
gru mie nu-mi trezesc nicio amintire. Tu ns ai prul de culoarea
aurului. Va fi, de aceea, minunat cnd m vei fi mblnzit! Grul, auriu i
el, mi va aminti de tine. i-mi va fi nespus de drag murmurarea vntului
prin gru...
Vulpea tcu i se uit ndelung la micul prin.
- Te rog... mblnzete-m, zise apoi.
( Antoine de Saint- Exupery, Micul prin )
1. Completeaz tabelul pentru cuvintele date i precizeaz numrul de silabe,
litere i sunete.
Silabe
Litere
Sunete
joci
legturi
acelea
aceea
ndelung
2. Transcrie din text dou cuvinte ce conin diftongi i dou cuvinte cu vocale n
hiat.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
3. n structura ,,Iar eu nu am nevoie de tine sunt:
a) doi diftongi i un hiat;
b) trei diftongi i un hiat;
5

c) doi diftongi i un triftong.


4. Gsete sinonime contextuale pentru cuvintele i expresiile urmtoare :
trist ______________________________________________________
fr seamn_______________________________________________
murmurarea ______________________________________________
a-i crea legturi ___________________________________________
5. Precizeaz mijlocul de mbogire a vocabularului prin care s-au format
cuvintele :
mblnzi____________________________________________________
deocamdat _________________________________________________
biea _____________________________________________________
ndelung____________________________________________________
amintire____________________________________________________
Alctuiete cte o propoziie cu fiecare.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
6. Scrie cinci termeni din familia lexical a adjectivului frumoas.
________________________
________________________
________________________
________________________
________________________

7. Transrie dou substantive din text i d cte cinci termeni din familiile lor
lexicale:
________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

8. Alctuiete dou enunuri cu paronimele evaluat/ evoluat.


________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
9. Alctuiete enunuri cu ortogramele:
n-ai
________________________________________________________________
nai
_______________________________________________________________
mie
________________________________________________________________
mi-e
________________________________________________________________
10. Analizeaz un substantiv comun din text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
11. Precizeaz modul, timpul, diateza i funcia sintactic pentru urmtoarele
verbe :

vino ___________________________________________________________
s m joc _______________________________________________________
va fi __________________________________________________________
tcu ___________________________________________________________
mblnzete-m__________________________________________________
12. Reformuleaz structurile, trecnd verbele la modurile i timpurile indicate:
Sunt att de trist...

(conjunctiv, perfect)

________________________________________________________________
Eu nu mnnc pine.

(indicativ, viitor popular)

________________________________________________________________
Iar eu nu am nevoie de tine

(indicativ, imperfect)

________________________________________________________________
Tu vei fi, pentru mine, fr seamn n lume.

(conditional-optativ, perfect)

________________________________________________________________
Grul, auriu i el, mi va aminti de tine.

(indicativ, prezent)

________________________________________________________________
13. Alege formele corecte ale verbelor la modul condiional-optativ i
alctuiete propoziii cu ele:
ai tace ai tcea
_______________________________________________________________
ar apare ar aprea
________________________________________________________________
am cade am cdea
________________________________________________________________
i-ar place i-ar plcea
________________________________________________________________

14. Analizeaz morfo-sintactic urmtoarele cuvintele din text:


sunt
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
desigur
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
tine
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
tcu
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
prin
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
drag
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
murmurarea
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
15. Analizeaz predicatele din fraza ,, Va fi, de aceea, minunat cnd m vei fi
mblnzit! Grul, auriu i el, mi va aminti de tine. i-mi va fi nespus de drag
murmurarea vntului prin gru...
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
16. Conjug la modul condiional-optativ, prezent i perfect, un verb din text, la
alegere. Scrie formele de supin i participiu, apoi formeaz dou enunuri cu
fiecare.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
17. Scrie n tabel toate formele verbale identificate n fraza urmtoare: ,, i nici
tu n-ai nevoie de mine. Eu nu sunt pentru tine dect o vulpe, aidoma cu o sut
de mii de alte vulpi. Dar dac m mblnzeti..
Forma
verbal din
fraz

mod
infinitiv

conjunctiv,

condiional
-optativ,

prezent

gerunziu

participiu

perfect

18. Formuleaz trei enunuri cu trei forme verbale diferite ale verbului a uita.
Precizeaz-le.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
19. Transcrie din text:
a) propoziie exclamativ i una negativ.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
b) dou propoziii interogativ - afirmative
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
20. Identific n text dou moduri de expunere i dou imagini artistice diferite.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
21. Recitete fragmentul dat i precizeaz condiiile unui dialog civilizat.

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
22. Extrage din text dou structuri prin care sunt caracterizate cele dou
personaje i alctuiete enunuri cu fiecare.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
23. Exprim-i opinia, n 5-6 rnduri, n legtur cu replica vulpii :
Va fi, de aceea, minunat cnd m vei fi mblnzit! Grul, auriu i el, mi
va aminti de tine. i-mi va fi nespus de drag murmurarea vntului prin
gru...
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

24. Alctuiete un dialog de 10-12 replici n care s continui discuia dintre cele
dou personaje. Menine-o pe aceeai linie tematic.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
25. Scrie un text de 20 25 de rnduri n care s prezini opinia ta despre
relaiile de prietenie dintre oameni i animalele. Argumenteaz alegerile fcute.
Nu uita s te referi la animalele tale de companie sau la cele pe care i le-ai dori.
Poi insera un eveniment n care au fost implicate animale dragi ie, eveniment
care a avut un anume impact asupra vieii tale.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
26. Scrie o compunere de 15-20 de rnduri n care s povesteti o ntmplare
haios petrecut ntr-o vacan. n compunerea ta insereaz cel puin ase replici
dintr-un dialog. D un titlu compoziiei.
______________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
TESTUL nr. 6
Citete textul cu atenie i rezolv urmtoarele cerine:
,, Etruscii, precursorii romanilor n Peninsula Italic, au fost reprezentanii unei
naiuni eclectice i pline de via care, printre altele, i-a nvat pe francezi cum
s produc vinul, pe romani cum s construiasc drumuri, fiind cei care au
introdus cu succes n Europa arta de a scrie, au pus bazele unei civilizaii n jurul
anului 900 .Hr., n zona central a Italiei, care astzi se suprapune peste
provinciile Toscana, Latium, Emilia-Romagna i Umbria, dominnd cea mai
mare parte a peninsulei timp de cinci secole. Cunoscui prin art, agricultur,
prelucrarea fin a metalelor i prin comer (au fcut comer cu ntregul bazin

mediteraneean, ajungnd pn n Egipt), au cunoscut declinul n timpul secolului


al V-lea .Hr., perioad care corespunde cu dezvoltarea, tot mai accentuat, a
unei noi civilizaii: romanii. n cele din urm, n perioada secolelor 300-100
.Hr., ei aveau s fie absorbii de Imperiul Roman, urmnd s domine mai mult
dect un continent, i anume, tot bazinul mediteraneean. Etruscii au avut i o
influen politic important n regiune, muli dintre regii Romei fiind de origine
etrusc, cel mai cunoscut fiind Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (535-496 .Hr.), care
a fost i ultimul rege al Romei. Prin intermediul acestei civilizaii s-au adus, n
centrul Italiei de astzi, numeroase elemente din civilizaia elen, influennd n
special cultura roman, care a preluat i adaptat alfabetul grecesc, dar i
numeroase elemente religioase i arhitectonice. La nceputul secolului al XIXlea, ntre anii 1801-1807 mai exact, Napoleon Bonaparte, pentru a-i spori
puterea n regiune, fondeaz Regatul Etruriei, dar acesta are o existen efemer,
fiind ulterior alipit Franei, pentru ca ulterior, n anul 1809, s fie transformat n
Marele Ducat al Toscanei.
http://www.terramagazin.ro/index.php/2012/11/si-etruscii-aveau-piramidele-lor/

1. Desparte n silabe urmtoarele cuvinte:


introdus ________________________________________
construiasc ____________________________________
absorbii _______________________________________
etrusc ________________________________________
exact __________________________________________
ulterior________________________________________
2. Transcrie dou cuvinte ce conin diftongi i dou cuvinte cu vocale n hiat.
Desparte-le n silabe, subliniaz diftongii i noteaz hiatul cu semnul grafic
nvat.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
3. Cuvintele sare i sare sunt:
a) antonime

b) omonime
c) paronime
4. Scrie, folosind semnele grafice corecte:
sinonime contextuale pentru
a-i spori______________________________________
n cele din urm________________________________
antonime pentru
rege__________________________________________
dezvoltare_____________________________________
Alctuiete enunuri cu cte unul dintre fiecare, la alegere.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
5. Precizeaz mijloacele de mbogire a vocabularului prin care s-au format
cuvintele:
prelucrare_________________________________________________
peninsul__________________________________________________
cunoscui__________________________________________________
politic____________________________________________________
astzi_____________________________________________________
alipit_____________________________________________________
D exemple de alte zece cuvinte formate astfel.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
6. Gsete n text trei cuvinte care pot forma fiecare:

un cuvnt derivat, un cuvnt compus i un cuvnt cu alt valoare gramatical.


Cuvntul din text

Exemplu de cuvnt nou/


structur

Cuvnt derivat
Cuvnt compus
Conversiune

7. Scrie cte cinci termeni din familiile lexicale a dou substantive din text, la
alegere.
_________________________

____________________________

_________________________

____________________________

_________________________

____________________________

_________________________

____________________________

_________________________

____________________________

_________________________

____________________________

_________________________

____________________________

8. Selecteaz dou cuvinte din text i alctuiete enunuri cu sens propriu i sens
figurat.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
9. Transcrie cte o structur ce conine verbe la indicativ (prezent i perfect
compus), la conjunctiv, gerunziu i d infinitivul a dou verbe din text de
conjugri diferite. Precizeaz conjugarea.
5

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
10. Trece dou verbe de la exerciiul anterior la infinitivul lung i alctuiete un
singur enun cu ele.
________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
11. Alctuiete enunuri n care:
un verb la gerunziu s fie complement circumstanial de cauz
___________________________________________________________
dou verbe la infinitiv s fie subiecte
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
dou verbe la participiu s fie atribute adjectivale
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
12. Completeaz tabelul dup exemplul dat:
Verb la

Pronume

Gerunziu +

infinitiv

personale

pronumele personale

(forme

(forme neaccentuate)

accentuate)

Enun

a nva

pe el

nvndu-l

nvndu-l s citeasc, se
va descurca mai bine.

a insera

pe ea

a domina

pe noi

a cunoate pe tine
a avea

pe ei

a aduce

pe mine

13. n structura ,,au avut i o influen politic important n regiune se afl:


a) un verb, o prepoziie, o conjuncie, un articol, trei substantive, un adjectiv;
b) un verb, o conjuncie, un articol, dou substantive, o prepoziie, dou
adjective;
c) un verb, o conjuncie, un articol, un substantiv, o prepoziie, trei adjective.
14. Scrie valoarea morfologic i funcia sintactic pentru cuvintele subliniate n
text.
vinul______________________________________________________
astzi______________________________________________________
cinci_______________________________________________________
ei_________________________________________________________
care_______________________________________________________
elen______________________________________________________
15. Identific n text dou substantive colective. Formuleaz cu fiecare cte un
enun.

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
16. Transcrie din text patru adjective i alctuiete enunuri cu ele la dou grade
de comparaie diferite.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
17. Formuleaz propoziii n care s ai cte un substantiv provenit, prin
conversiune, din:
a) adjectiv
________________________________________________________________
b) pronume
________________________________________________________________
c) numeral
________________________________________________________________
d) verb
________________________________________________________________
e) adverb
________________________________________________________________

Subliniaz-l.
18. Formuleaz enunuri n care substantivul art s ndeplineasc funcii
sintactice diferite.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
19. Alctuiete propoziii n care cuvintele date s fie folosite cu valoarea
morfologic indicat:
dar

(substantiv)

________________________________________________________________
i

(pronume reflexiv)

________________________________________________________________
persecutori

(substantiv)

________________________________________________________________
20. Rescrie fragmentul, corectndu-l.
n cele din urm n perioada secolelor 300 100 Hr ei aveau s fie absorbi-i de
imperiul roman care avea s do mine mai mult de ct un continent i a nume tot
bazinul mediteraneian.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
21. Scrie ntr-un tabel cronologic cinci etape din dezvoltarea civilizaiei etrusce.
Nr.

Perioada

Etape
5

crt.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

22. Numete patru provincii din Italia amintite n text i include-le pe toate ntr-o
singur propoziie negativ-interogativ, apoi ntr-o singur propoziie
condiional-optativ.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
23. Numete patru ndeletniciri ale populaiei din Italia primelor cinci secole i
explic-le.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
5

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
24. Alctuiete o list de ocupaii pe care le cunoti.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
25. Grupeaz pe domenii urmtoarele noiuni din text: latini, 1809, etrusci, sec.
al V-lea, romani, Frana, Marele Ducat al Toscanei, Lucius Tarquinius
Superbus, 900 .Hr., francezi, Napoleon Bonaparte , Regatul Etruriei.

Popoare

Ani/perioade
istorice
Personaliti

Regiuni
5

26. Redacteaz o compunere de 15-18 rnduri n care s foloseti 20 de cuvinte


(substantive i adjective) din textul de mai sus. D un titlu sugestiv compunerii.
n redactarea compunerii vei avea n vedere: s utilizezi corect termenii
subliniai, s dai un titlu sugestiv compoziiei, s ai o structur adecvat tipului
de text i cerinei formulate, s respeci limita de spaiu.
_______________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

TESTUL nr. 7
Citete textul de mai jos i rezolv cerinele:
,,Suntem pe drum, spre Damavand. Ajungem seara n satul Nandal. Poteca
spre Damavand trece pe lng un adpost situat la 4.000 m, unde ne gndeam
s stm peste noapte. Aici ajungem pe la prnz, mare parte din drum fcndu-l
cu bagajele transportate pe un cal tocmit la faa locului. Ajuni la 4.000 m
constatm c nu avem ap i decidem s continum pn la 4.800 m, unde este
un alt adpost. Ajungem seara. Dac la Alam Kuh refugiul i muntele ne-au
impresionat prin curenie, aici nu este cazul. Adposturile sunt invadate de
gunoi. Parc nimeni nu i duce gunoiul. Gsesc nite praie subiri i iau ap de
but i pentru gtit.
A doua zi, pe ntuneric, traversm un grohoti care ne poart pn la o limb
de ghea ce duce spre vrf. Cu colari, bee de schi i, pe alocuri, piolet*,
ajungem aproape. Peisajul se schimb, vedem craterul i, pe rnd, ajungem pe
vrf. Nu mic mi este uimirea cnd vd dou animlue fosilizate pe vrf. Nu
pot sta prea mult, din cauza emanaiilor de sulf, i o iau la vale. Fac un ceai
topind zpad, ct de curat am putut gsi. Ajuni napoi la 4.800 m, strngem

bagajele i sperm s putem ajunge n vale n aceeai zi. n Nandal mncm la


gazdele noastre i plecm spre Teheran.
Ni se confirm prerea c suntem n mijlocul unui popor primitor, deschis i
prietenos, ceea ce completeaz impresia puternic pe care ne-au fcut-o natura i
vestigiile rii. Cuvintele nu au fora s descrie aceast impresie, ci pot doar s
ndemne la cltorie.
*PIOLT, piolei, s. m. Instrument asemntor cu un mic trncop, folosit de
alpiniti.
http://www.terramagazin.ro/index.php/2012/11/1837/
1. Desparte n silabe cuvintele:
refugiu____________________________________
adposturi_________________________________
nimeni____________________________________
praie_____________________________________
ghea_____________________________________
2. Transcrie din text dou cuvinte ce conin diftongi i dou ce conin vocale n
hiat.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
3. Scrie cte cinci termeni din familiile lexicale ale dou substantive din text, la
alegerea ta.
___________________________

____________________________

___________________________

____________________________

___________________________

____________________________

___________________________

____________________________

___________________________

____________________________

___________________________

____________________________

4. Scrie sinonime contextuale pentru:


suntem ______________________________________
transportate__________________________________
decidem______________________________________
traversm____________________________________
se schimb____________________________________
o iau (la vale)__________________________________
5. Formuleaz enunuri cu omofonele: ne-a, nea, i-au, iau, par c, parc.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
6. Transcrie structura ce conine termeni din cmpul lexical al instrumentelor de
crat.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
7. Identific n text i transcrie dou perechi de antonime.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
8. Scrie mijloacele de mbogire a vocabularului prin care s-au format
cuvintele:
de but_____________________________________________________
animlu___________________________________________________
alocuri_____________________________________________________

topind______________________________________________________
pe care_____________________________________________________
descrie_____________________________________________________
9. Scrie valoarea morfologic i funcia sintactic pentru cuvintele:
seara
___________________________________________________________
ne gndeam
___________________________________________________________
nimeni
___________________________________________________________
peisajul
___________________________________________________________
noastre
___________________________________________________________
10. Analizeaz morfo-sintactic cuvintele subliniate n structura urmtoare:
,, Fac un ceai topind zpad, ct de curat am putut gsi.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
11. Transcrie dou structuri ce conin predicate verbale.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
12. Analizeaz unul dintre predicatele de la exerciiul anterior.

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
13. Alctuiete trei propoziii n care s ai predicate nominale cu verbe
copulative diferite. Analizeaz-le.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

14.Completeaz tabelul:
infinitiv

prezent

indicativ
imperfect
mai mult ca

perfect simplu

(pers. I,

(pers. a II-a,

perfectul

(pers. a III-a,

singular)

plural)

(pers. I,

singular)

plural)
a trece
a continua
a duce
a lua
a ajunge
a strnge

15. Identific n text timpul i modul care predomin. Exemplific mai jos cu
zece structuri de cuvinte ce conin formele verbale predominante.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
16. Transcrie din text dou atribute adjectivale i dou atribute substantivale.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
17. Transcrie din text toate substantivele defective de numr i mparte-le n cele
dou categorii cunoscute.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
18. Transcrie din text dou valori numerice.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
19. Transcrie din text dou substantive proprii i construiete cu fiecare cte un
enun.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
20. n text ntlnim substantivul coluri. Alctuiete o propoziie cu o alt form
de plural a substantivului col.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
21. Explica punctele de suspensie de la finalul textului.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
22. Identific o figur de stil n text i definete-o.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
23. Completeaz rebusul pentru a obine pe verticala A-B numele revistei din
care este extras textul.

1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
10
11

Definiii:
1. Gura vulcanului
2. Ora din Iran
3. Adpost
4. Cazma
5. Substantiv propriu din text
6. nlime
5

7. Substantiv propriu din text


8. Ap solidificat de frig
9. Substantiv propriu din text
10.Nea
11.Instrument de ajutor la crat
12.Mizerie
24. Scrie ntr-un tabel patru etape din cltoria descris n text, respectnd
ordinea logic a desfurrii lor.
1.

2.

3.

4.

25. Stabilete un traseu turistic pe care ai dori s l faci. Argumenteaz n 3 4


rnduri alegerea fcut.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
26. Redacteaz o compunere de 15-18 rnduri n care s foloseti 20 de cuvinte
(substantive i adjective) din textul dat. D un titlu sugestiv acestei compuneri.
n redactarea compunerii vei avea n vedere: s utilizezi corect termenii
subliniai, s dai un titlu sugestiv compoziiei, s ai o structur adecvat tipului
de text i cerinei formulate, s respeci limita de spaiu.
_______________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
TESTUL nr. 8
Citete textul i rezolv cerinele:
,, Dup aceasta, Preasfinitul Iuvenalie iari i-a luat scaunul su; cci
dreptcredinciosul mprat Marchian a trimis s prind pe acel mincinos patriarh
Teodosie, ca s-i ia pedeaps dup faptele sale. Iar el, ntiinndu-se despre
aceea, a fugit la muntele Sinai i, ascunzndu-se, s-a fcut netiut. Deci, iari a
rsrit n Ierusalim i n toat Palestina dreapta credin, nct muli care
fuseser amgii cu eresul, s-au ntors din nou la dreapta credin. Iar
mprteasa Evdochia, cunoscnd greeala sa n credin, s-a pocit foarte,
lipindu-se iari de Biserica credincioilor.
Mnstirea Cuviosului Gherasim era departe de Sfnta cetate a Ierusalimului
ca la treizeci i cinci de stadii, iar de rul Iordanului, ca de o stadie. n aceasta
primea pe cei noi nceptori, iar prinilor celor desvrii le ddea n pustie
chilii sihstreti. Erau sub mna lui n pustie nu mai puin de aptezeci dintraceti vieuitori, crora le era dat rnduiala vieii de Cuviosul Gherasim, astfel:
Cinci zile pe sptmn fiecare edea n pustniceasca sa chilie, singur, n tcere,
avnd oarecare lucru de mini; mnca puin pine uscat, pe care o aducea cu
sine din mnstire, ap i curmale; iar a gusta vreo fiertur nu le era slobod; nici
foc nu-i lsa s aprind n chiliile lor, ca nici cu cugetul s nu doreasc ceva n
acele cinci zile. Smbta i duminica toi veneau n mnstire i se adunau n
biseric la Sfnta Liturghie i se mprteau cu Preacuratele i de via
fctoarele Taine ale lui Hristos. Dup aceea, intrnd n trapez, mncau fiertur
i beau puin vin, ntru slava lui Dumnezeu. Apoi fiecare i aducea lucrul
minilor sale, pe care l lucrase n cele cinci zile, i-l punea naintea Cuviosului.
Duminica dup-amiaz, iari fiecare se ducea la pustniceasca sa chilie, lund
puin pine i curmale i un vas cu ap, cum i mldie de finic, pentru mpletit
conie. i att de mare le era srcia, nct fiecare nu avea nimic altceva, dect
numai o hain veche ce-i acoperea trupul, o rogojin pe care se odihnea i un vas
de lut cu ap. i aveau porunc de la printele lor ca, ieind din chilie, s nu-i
nchid ua, ci s lase chilia deschis, ca oricine ar fi voit s intre i s ia ce i-ar

plcea din acele lucruri, s nu fie oprit. Toi aveau o inim i un suflet, nct
fiecare dintre dnii zicea c nimic nu este al su, ci toate sunt de obte.
http://paginiortodoxe.tripod.com/vsmar/03-04-cv_gherasim_de_la_iordan.html

1. Transcrie cuvintele compuse din prima fraz.


________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
2. Scrie sinonime contextuale pentru:
s-a fcut netiut __________________________________________________
eres ____________________________________________________________
erau sub mna lui ________________________________________________
nu le era slobod __________________________________________________
3. Formuleaz enunuri cu omofonele:
niciodat
________________________________________________________________
nici o dat
________________________________________________________________
altdat
________________________________________________________________
alt dat
________________________________________________________________
vreodat
________________________________________________________________
vreo dat
________________________________________________________________

4. Scrie cinci termeni din text ce aparin cmpului lexical al monahismului i


formeaz familia lexical a substantivului monah.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
5. Identific n text ase termeni ce aparin cmpului lexical al alimentelor.
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
6.Identific n text:
trei cuvinte cu diftongi urctori diferii
________________________________________________________________
trei cuvinte cu diftongi cobortori diferii
________________________________________________________________
trei cuvinte cu triftongi.
________________________________________________________________
Alctuiete propoziii cu fiecare.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
7. Indic ase cuvinte din text care fac parte din vocabularul fundamental al
limbii romne. Alctuiete dou propoziii cu dou dintre ele, la alegere.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
8. Transcrie dou numerale din text, preciznd funcia sintactic a fiecruia, apoi
formuleaz dou enunuri.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
9. Transcrie ase substantive proprii din text i formuleaz enunuri cu ele.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

10. Scrie funcia sintactic i cazul pentru cuvintele din structura: Smbta i
duminica toi veneau n mnstire.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
11. Analizeaz morfo-sintactic cuvintele subliniate n text:
cunoscnd
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
cinci
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
sa
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
fiecare
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
inim
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
12. D gerunziul i supinul pentru verbele a prinde, a ascunde, a ntoarce i
alctuiete cte un enun cu fiecare.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
13. Precizeaz conjunciile i prepoziiile din fraza:
,, i aveau porunc de la printele lor ca, ieind din chilie, s nu-i nchid
ua, ci s lase chilia deschis, ca oricine ar fi voit s intre i s ia ce i-ar
plcea din acele lucruri, s nu fie oprit.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
14. Alctuiete enunuri cu antonimele din fraza de la exerciiul anterior.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
15. Identific n fraza urmtoare: i att de mare le era srcia, nct fiecare
nu avea nimic altceva, dect numai o hain veche ce-i acoperea trupul, o
rogojin pe care se odihnea i un vas de lut cu ap.
un substantiv cu articol hotrt _______________________________________
un substantiv cu articol nehotrt _____________________________________
un substantiv fr articol ____________________________________________

un adjectiv _______________________________________________________
o conjuncie coordonatoare __________________________________________
o conjuncie subordonatoare _________________________________________
o prepoziie ______________________________________________________
dou verbe la timpuri diferite
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
un adverb _______________________________________________________
16. Alctuiete propoziii n care substantivele biseric i tain s fie folosite, pe
rnd, ca substantive comune i substantive proprii.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
17. Scrie gradele de comparaie ale adjectivului mincinos.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
18. Analizeaz dup modelul dat nc patru adjective din text.

,,i-a luat scaunul su.


su = adjectiv pronominal posesiv (un obiect posedat, un singur posesor),
persoana a III-a, numrul singular, genul neutru, cazul acuzativ, funcie
sintactic de atribut adjectival.
5

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
19. Alctuiete propoziii n care pronumele reflexiv s ndeplineasc funciile
sintactice de:
a) complement direct
________________________________________________________________
b) complement indirect
________________________________________________________________
c) complement circumstanial de loc
________________________________________________________________
20. Identific trei prepoziii diferite n text. Transcrie structurile care le conin i
subliniaz-le.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
21.Alctuiete propoziii cu sintagmele:

Cuviosul Gherasim
________________________________________________________________
Sfnta Liturghie
________________________________________________________________
Preacuratele i de via fctoarele Taine ale lui Hristos.
________________________________________________________________
slava lui Dumnezeu
________________________________________________________________
22. Explic n 4-6 rnduri expresia ,,toi aveau o inim i un suflet
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
23. Identific modul de expunere utilizat n text i cte o imagine vizual i
auditiv.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
24. Explic n cteva rnduri rnduiala pe care trebuiau s-o respecte pustnicii.
Precizeaz ce anume te-a impresionat n rnduiala pustnicilor i n ce mod.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
25. Reaeaz n ordine logic urmtoarele structuri din text:
,, Dup aceea, intrnd n trapez, mncau fiertur i beau puin vin
,, Marchian a trimis s prind pe acel mincinos patriarh
,, att de mare le era srcia, nct fiecare nu avea nimic altceva
,, s-a pocit foarte, lipindu-se iari de Biserica credincioilor.
,, oricine ar fi voit s intre i s ia ce i-ar plcea din acele lucruri, s nu fie
oprit.
,, iari a rsrit n Ierusalim i n toat Palestina dreapta credin
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
26. Scrie mai jos o nvtur desprins din text.

TESTUL nr. 9
Citete textul i rezolv cerinele:
,, Nu sunt n msur s precizez ct timp a trecut de cnd Isihastul, nlat cu
duhul n vzduh i preschimbat dumnezeiete, i-a ntrerupt iniierea mistic
care ducea pe cei iniiai spre o experien mistic cu desvrire necunoscut
Ca i cum s-ar fi temut s nu rmnem suspendai n aer, prin abandonarea
creaiei la care ne-a condus urcuurile pustnicului, prietenul meu a pus nelinitit
ntrebarea:
-La ce nlimi duhovniceti i teologice ne-ai ridicat, printe! Dar a vrea
s aflu cum prin urcuurile acestea nu desfiinm fpturile ,,bune foarte ale lui
Dumnezeu?
Cu un aer de condescenden justificat, Isihastul a zis:
-Nu se desfiineaz, nu v nelinitii, fpturile lui Dumnezeu. Sunt numai
depite, rmnnd n continuare ca variate simboluri ale Creatorului dar cu o
importan mult limitat. n faa vastelor oceane ale desvririlor dumnezeieti,
toate fpturile nu sunt, fraii mei, dect o pictur!... Dac Dumnezeu ar crea
mai multe lumi i le-ar mpodobi cu frumuseile desvririlor lui i a nsuirilor
Lui dumnezeieti, oamenii ar muri de uimire! Credei aceasta, fraii mei? tii
unde poate duce plcerea insuportabil a sufletului?
Isihastul a tcut cteva clipe i apoi a continuat:
-n contemplarea lui Dumnezeu, mintea e luat pe sus de dragoste. E luat
prin surprindere. Inima tresalt i duhul se veselete. Omul se nal n vzduh,
sufletul se elibereaz de povara trupului. De aici ncolo, mintea devine ceea ce
vede. De la nelepciunea dumnezeiasc devine neleapt. De la sfinenie devine
sfnt. De la buntate, bun. De la simplitate, simpl. De la lumina
dumnezeiasc, toat lumin.
(Teoclit Dionisiatul, Dialoguri la Athos, vol. I - Monahismul aghioritic)

1. Desparte n silabe cuvintele:


pustnic __________________________________________________________
aer _____________________________________________________________
condescenden __________________________________________________
surprindere ______________________________________________________
tresalt _________________________________________________________
nal ___________________________________________________________
neleapt _______________________________________________________
2. Transcrie cte dou cuvinte n care literele i i o sunt vocale.
________________________________________________________________
3. Identific n text:
a) cte trei cuvinte ce conin diftongii:
ea ______________________________________________________________
oa ______________________________________________________________
b) cte un cuvnt ce conine diftongii:
ai ______________________________________________________________
ia ______________________________________________________________
4. D sinonime contextuale pentru cuvintele urmtoare i alctuiete enunuri cu
fiecare:
vzduh = _______________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
necunoscut = ___________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
urcuurile = _____________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
fpturile = ______________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
variate = _______________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
uimire = _______________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
povar = ______________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
5. D antonime pentru cuvintele urmtoare i alctuiete enunuri cu fiecare:
prieten _____________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
ntrebare ___________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
ne-ai ridicat _________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
limitat ____________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
ar muri ___________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
a tcut ___________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
6. Grupeaz cuvintele urmtoare n funcie de apartenena lor la masa
vocabularului, respectiv la vocabularul fundamental: msur, a preciza,
vzduh,

experien,

creaie,

abandonare,

ntrebare,

printe,

aer,

condescenden, simbol, ocean, contemplare, surprindere, minte, simplitate,


om, sfinenie.
Masa
vocabularului

Vocabularul
fundamental

7. Scrie cte trei termeni din familiile lexicale ale urmtoarelor cuvinte:
aer ___________________________________________________________
creaie ________________________________________________________
prieten ________________________________________________________
Dumnezeu _____________________________________________________
inim _________________________________________________________
om ___________________________________________________________

8. Transcrie din text cinci cuvinte derivate cu sufix. Alctuiete cte o propoziie
cu dou dintre ele.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
9. Transcrie din text trei cuvinte formate prin derivare parasintetic. Alctuiete
cu fiecare cte o propoziie.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
10. Completeaz tabelul cu cte un derivat cu prefix i unul cu sufix pentru
fiecare cuvnt dat.
Cuvnt de
baz
linite

Derivare cu prefix

Derivare cu sufix

creaie
11. Identific n text cte un cuvnt format cu prefixul dat i completeaz
tabelul.
prenededes5

conteominsur12. Se dau cuvintele: unei masuri, initiere, creatiei, picaturii, participare, unui
frate, unei clipe, uimire, mintii, placere, intelepciunii. Grupeaza-le astfel:
a) infinitiv lung ___________________________________________________
b) genitiv cu articol hotrt __________________________________________
c) genitiv cu articol nehotrt ________________________________________
13. Alctuiete propoziii n care substantivele Dumnezeu i isihast s stea, pe
rnd, n cazurile genitiv i dativ i s ndeplineasc funciile sintactice de atribut
substantival i complement indirect.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
14. Scrie trei substantive defectve de singular i trei substantive defective de
plural.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
15. Alctuiete propoziii n care substantivele pustnic i fptur s
ndeplineasc, pe rnd, urmtoarele funcii sintactice: subiect, atribut,

complement direct, complement indirect. Indic de fiecare dat cazul


substantivului.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
16. Transcrie din text, preciznd pentru fiecare timpul:
- patru verbe la modul indicativ
________________________________________________________________
- patru verbe la modul conjunctiv
________________________________________________________________
- patru verbe la modul condiional-optativ
________________________________________________________________
- trei verbe la modul participiu
________________________________________________________________
17. Conjug la timpurile modului conjunctiv un verb din text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
18. Transcrie din text:
- trei adjective

______________________________________________________________
- trei adverbe
______________________________________________________________
19. Scrie funcia sintactic pentru fiecare cuvnt din structura: mintea devine
ceea ce vede.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
20. Analizeaz morfo-sintactic cuvintele din structura ,, toate fpturile nu
sunt.... dect o pictur!
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
21. Scrie valoarea morfologic a cuvintelor, completnd tabelul:
mistic
5

n aer
meu
a zis
fpturi
dac
pictur
de la
22. Alctuiete enunuri cu articolele demonstrative (adjectivale) cel, cei, cea i
cele i cu omofonele lor ce-l, ce-i, ce-a i ce le.
Cel
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
Ce-l
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
Cei
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
Ce-i
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
Cea
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
ce-a
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
cele
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

ce le
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
23. Explic urmtoarele expresii din text:
,,nlat cu duhul n vzduh
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
,,aer de condescenden justificat
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
,,oamenii ar muri de uimire
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
,,sufletul se elibereaz de povara trupului
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

24. Exprim-i, ntr-un text de 4-5 rnduri, opinia despre cuvintele Isihastului
,, Nu se desfiineaz, nu v nelinitii, fpturile lui Dumnezeu. Sunt numai
depite, rmnnd n continuare ca variate simboluri ale Creatorului dar cu
o importan mult limitat. n faa vastelor oceane ale desvririlor
dumnezeieti, toate fpturile nu sunt, fraii mei, dect o pictur!... .
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
25. Transcrie fragmentul care conine definiia dat de autor minii.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
26. Pornind de la fragmentul transcris mai sus, elaboreaz o compunere de 16-18
rnduri n care s-i exprimi atitudinea fa de aceast definiie.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

TESTUL nr. 10
Citete textul i rezolv cerinele:
,,Ei, atunci avem nc un argument c iadul este pe pmnt. n Romnia e
foarte mult durere insuficient sau prost tratat. Nu trebuie s mai ajungem n

vreun iad, suntem pe deplin familiarizai cu el. Mergi la orice cabinet medical,
mai mult de dou treimi din cei ce ajung acolo se plng de dureri. O alt parte
bun a durerii e c aduce bolnavul la medic. Dac te rzbate, n-ai ncotro. E aici
i o alt problem.
Cnd eram student ni se spunea cam aa: dac vine la voi un bolnav cu
puternice dureri abdominale, s nu cumva s-i calmai durerea. Lsai durerea s
iradieze, pentru c n funcie de cum evoloueaz, ntr-o parte sau alta, o s ne
dm seama care e organul n suferin. Suntem n mileniul trei, iar dac mai
gndete cineva aa, atunci este o dovad de prostie i incompeten. Acum se
spune c, dac la o jumtate de or de la prezentarea la o unitate spitaliceasc a
unui bolnav, nu i s-a calmat durerea, nseamn c avem de-a face cu
incompeten. Exist azi metode paraclinice, de laborator, prin care se poate
depista organul n suferin fr s lsm bolnavul s geam.
(Revista Dacia literar, Ostin MUNGIU Nu mi-e nici ruine, nici
fric s spun adevrul... - interviu de Clin Ciobotari)
1. Desparte n silabe cuvintele: rzbate, problem, funcie.
________________________________________________________________
2. Scrie n ordine alfabetic urmtoarele cuvinte: medical, agramat, durere,
medicin, laborator, argument, medicament, argumentare, dureros, medic.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
3. Scrie sinonime pentru:
suficient = ______________________________
competen = ___________________________
bolnav = _______________________________
i antonime pentru:

argument __________________________
a evolua ____________________________
nrebare ____________________________
4. Scrie ase termeni din familia lexical a substantivului durere i patru cuvinte
care fac parte din cmpul lexical al suferinei.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
5. Identific n text:
a) trei cuvinte derivate cu prefix
________________________________________________________________
b) trei cuvinte derivate cu sufix
________________________________________________________________
6. Alctuiete dou enunuri n care substantivul medic s fie subiect i nume
predicativ.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
7. Transcrie din text dou propoziii cu subiect subneles.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
8. Analizeaz dou predicate nominale din text.
5

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
9. Analizeaz trei predicate verbale din text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
10. Formuleaz dou propoziii n care s inserezi atribute apoziionale.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
11. Scrie formele a dou verbe din text, la alegere, la modurile nepersonale.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

12. Transcrie trei atribute exprimate prin pri de vorbire diferite.


________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
13. Precizeaz modul i timpul verbelor din urmtoarele structuri:
,, atunci avem nc un argument c iadul este pe pmnt
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
,, E aici i o alt problem.
________________________________________________________________
,, n funcie de cum evoloueaz, ntr-o parte sau alta, o s ne dm seama
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
14. Scrie participiul i supinul pentru verbele de la exerciiul anterior.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
15. Analizeaz trei substantive din text care ndeplinesc funcii sintactice
diferite.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
16. Transcrie corect fragmentul:
,, Mergi la ori ce cabinet medical mai mult de dou treimi din ceice ajung a colo
se plng de dureri, oalt parte bun a durerii e c a duce bolnavul la medic. Dac
te rz bate nai n cotro.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
17. Transcrie din text un fragment ce conine o afirmaie care nu-i place.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
18. Descrie un spital n 4-5 rnduri.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
19. Transcrie o structur ce denumete o meserie. Precizeaz meseria.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

20. Formuleaz trei propoziii n care s incluzi numele a trei meserii ce au


legtur cu medicina.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
21. Dac ai fi medic, ce sfaturi ai da pacienilor ti?

22. Transcrie dou noiuni ce denumesc elemente ce au legtur cu unitile din


sistemul sanitar i formuleaz un enun.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

23. Stabilete legturi ntre cuvintele din coloana A i cuvintele din coloana B.
bolnav

dureros

durere

spitalicesc

medic

boal

injecie

a suferi
medicament

asistent

asisten
spital
injectabil

suferin

24. Imagineaz-i c ai un coleg bolnav la spital. F-i trei urri.

Reet

25. Imagineaz-i c eti medic de familie. Prescrie o reet pentru un pacient cu


dureri de gt. Folosete urmtoarele elemente: algocalmin, amoxicilin i
faringosept.

26. Scrie o compunere de 14-16 de rnduri n care s prezini opinia ta fa de


pstrarea unei viei sntoase. n compunere trebuie s faci referire la
urmtoarele: alimentaie sntoas, sport, igien. D un titlu adecvat
compunerii.
________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

TESTUL nr. 11
Citete textul i rezolv cerinele:

,,Schlumbergera este o specie de cactus i, datorit faptului c nflorete n


preajma Crciunului, i se mai spune popular Crciuni. Este o plant care vine
din inuturile calde ale Braziliei, unde crete n tufe mari. Planta a fost adus n
Europa n anul 1816, de ctre exploratorul englez Allan Cunningham. n 1858,
botanistul francez Charles Lemaine a numit genul acestor plante dup numele
colecionarului francez de cactui Frederic Schlumberger. Popular planta mai
este cunoscut sub denumirea de ,,nu m deranja, deoarece nflorete numai
dac timp de cteva luni nainte de sezonul de iarn nu i se schimb amplasarea,
iar datorit formei arcuite a tulpinilor care atrn, Schlumbergera mai este
numit popular i ,,cactusul crab sau ,,cactusul homar.
Crciunia este un cactus epifit, de pdure, care crete pe ramurile arborilor
tropicali de pe care apa se scurge repede, astfel nct planta triete practic n
condiii

de secet aproape tot timpul. Aceast varietate este format din

ncruciarea mai multor specii slbatice i difer mult de rudele ei, cactuii de
deert. Florile exotice, cu petalele rsucite i stamine proeminente, apar n vrful
frunzeloz zimate, nu una, ci chiar trei flori, ca nite ciucurai de culoare ciclam,
alb, rou sau portocaliu. Varieti nou create, dar tot mai populare, au flori de un
rou intens, roz, roz-portocaliu i aurii. Spinii de pe aceti cactui sunt redui la
epii de pe marginile segmentelor ce alctuiesc tulpinile. Aceti epi sunt
inofensivi i planta poate fi atins fr probleme.
( ,,Florile Crciunului, prof. Adriana Simona Popescu, revista Bioplanet, nr.
10/ decembrie 2009)

1. Subliniaz varianta corect:


ca-ctus/cac-tus
cre-te/cre-te

cu-nos-cu-t/cu-no-scu-t
se-gmen-te/seg-men-te
co-le-ci-o-nar/co-lec-i-o-nar
2. Transcrie din text dou cuvinte n care litera u este vocal i dou cuvinte n
care este semivocal.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
3. Transcrie din text:
a) zece cuvinte monosilabice (nu mai scurte de trei litere)
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
b) zece cuvinte bisilabice
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
4. Transcrie din text cte dou cuvinte formate prin:
derivare cu prefix
________________________________________________________________
derivare cu sufix
________________________________________________________________
derivare parasintetic
________________________________________________________________
compunere fr cratim
_______________________________________________________________
conversiune
________________________________________________________________

5. Scrie cuvintele din text care aparin cmpului lexical al culorilor.


________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
6. Completeaz tabelul.
cuvnt
specie
crciuni
gen
cercetare
margine
aceti

nr. de litere

nr. de sunete

nr. de silabe

7. Completeaz tabelul cu cte cinci exemple din text pentru prile de


propoziie indicate.
predicat verbal

predicat nominal

atribut

8. Analizeaz un predicat verbal i un predicat nominal dintre exemplele date la


exerciiul anterior.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
9. Scrie n litere dou numere din text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
10. Transcrie din text:
un pronume (precizeaz felul)
________________________________________________________________
un numeral (precizeaz felul)
________________________________________________________________
trei conjuncii (precizeaz tipul)
________________________________________________________________
dou adverbe de mod
________________________________________________________________
11. Transcrie din text trei substantive proprii i cinci substantive comune,
integreaz-le apoi pe fiecare n cte un enun.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
12. Scrie valoarea morfologic pentru fiecare cuvnt din structura ,,planta mai
este cunoscuta sub denumirea"
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
13. Transcrie patru structuri ce conin verbe la fiecare din cele patru conjugri.
Subliniaz formele verbale i precizeaz infinitivul.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
14. Alctuiete enunuri cu:
un verb la participiu
________________________________________________________________
un verb la supin
________________________________________________________________
o prepoziie compus
________________________________________________________________
o conjuncie coordonatoare
________________________________________________________________
15. D gradele de comparaie pentru adverbul din structura ,,apa se scurge
repede".
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

16. Corecteaz i rescrie fragmentul.


Florile exotice cu petalele r sucite i sta mine pro eminente apar n vrful
frunzelor, zimate nu una ci chiar trei florica nite ciucurai de culoare ciclamalb-rou sau portocaliu. Varieti noi create dar totmai populare au flori de-un
rou-intens roz roz, portocaliu i aurii.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
17. Transcrie cte o structur ce conine:
o enumeraie
________________________________________________________________
o comparaie
________________________________________________________________
18. Precizeaz modul de expunere din text i definete-l.
________________________________________________________________
19. Explic denumirea ,,Schlumbergera.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
20. Transcrie din text patru tipuri diferite de cactus.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
21. Transcrie din text:
numele unui continent
________________________________________________________________
numele unei ri
________________________________________________________________
numele unui explorator englez
________________________________________________________________
numele unui botanist francez
________________________________________________________________
numele unui colecionar francez
________________________________________________________________
22. Completeaz rebusul pentru a obine pe verticala A-B numele tiinific al
crciuniei.
1
2
3
4

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13

12

Definiii:
1. Gen
2. Plant cu epi
3. Prenumele botanistului englez Lamaine
4. Aspect
5. Culoare de foc
6. ep
7. ara de origine a crciuniei
8. Numrul florilor de pe o frunz
9. Culoare trandafirie
10.Originea exploratorului Allan Cunningham
11.Continentul nostru
12.Numele popular
13.Culoarea portocalelor
23. Scrie cte trei nume de flori diferite pentru urmtoarele culori:

rou_____________________________________________________________
galben___________________________________________________________
alb______________________________________________________________
violet____________________________________________________________
albastru__________________________________________________________
Atenie! Nu repeta numele florilor.
24. Precizeaz:
a) sursa textului
________________________________________________________________
b) tema textului
________________________________________________________________
c) autorul articolului
________________________________________________________________
d) titlul articolului
________________________________________________________________
25. Introdu n cte un enun fiecare rspuns dat mai sus.
a._______________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
b._______________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
c._______________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
d._______________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
26. Descrie o grdin cu flori n cel puin 15 rnduri. Utilizeaz numele florilor
precizate la exerciiul nr. 18.

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
TESTUL nr. 12
Citete textul i rezolv cerinele:

,,Acolo se urca el s se joace cu greutile, s fac echilibristic ntr-o


prjin, s prind n gur portocale aruncate de public.
Acum se aez pe marginea platformei, aa cum se aaz un om pe
gnduri. i prinse capul n labele de dinainte. Era ntr-adevr ca un om care nui amintete ceva, a pierdut ceva, e dezndjduit de ceva. [...]
A uitat c l privesc dou mii de oameni, dou mii de perechi de ochi!
- Fram! l ncuraj un glas. [...]
Adineauri, cnd a ridicat perdeaua de catifea viinie, nc tot mai credea
c totul are s fie ca nainte. Mulimea, copiii, aplauzele i-au dat aceast
amgire. Acum din nou a uitat tot.
Nu tie ce caut aici. Ce vrea lumea aceasta de la el? [...]
(Cezar Petrescu, Fram, ursul polar)

1. Scrie un sinonim i un antonim pentru cuvntul copii.


________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
2. Subliniaz varianta corect desprit n silabe:
a-runc-ate / a-run-ca-te
gn-duri / gnd-uri
co-pi-ii / co-piii
3. Alctuiete enunuri cu omonimele ceva, ce va, iau, i-au.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

4. Explic formarea urmtoarelor cuvinte din text:


ncuraj
________________________________________________________________
de la
________________________________________________________________
5. Explic folosirea liniei de dialog i a semnului exclamrii n secvena
- Fram! l ncuraj un glas.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
6. Completeaz tabelul.
Valoare morfologic

Funcie sintactic

el
viinie
a uitat
7. Analizeaz morfo-sintactic dou substantive, dou adjective i dou verbe din
text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
8. Identific n text:
a) ase substantive cu articol hotrt
________________________________________________________________
b) dou substantive cu articol nehotrt
________________________________________________________________
Subliniaz articolul.
9. Alctuiete cte un enun cu dou substantive cu articol hotrt i dou cu
articol nehotrt care nu se regsesc n text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
10. Analizeaz morfologic i sintactic toate cuvintele din structura: ,, A uitat c
l privesc dou mii de oameni
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
11. Analizeaz dou predicate nominale din text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
12. Analizeaz trei complemente diferite din text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
13. Corecteaz i rescrie enunurile:
I se pare c a obinut rezultate mai superioare dect ale mele.
________________________________________________________________

A luat caietul dup mas.


________________________________________________________________
Mama mi-a pregtit cea mai bine masa.
________________________________________________________________
14. Scrie diminutive pentru patru substantive din text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
15. Analizeaz un adjectiv din text.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
16. Formuleaz un enun n care adjectivul de la exerciiul anterior s aib alt
valoare morfologic. Analizeaz-l.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
17. Desparte n propoziii fraza de mai jos. Precizeaz felul propoziiilor i
raporturile sintactice dintre acestea.
,,Acolo se urca el s se joace cu greutile, s fac echilibristic ntr-o prjin,
s prind n gur portocale aruncate de public.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
18. Continu n 4-5 rnduri ideea din text.
________________________________________________________________
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19. Menioneaz dou personaje care apar n textul dat.
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20. Transcrie o expresie plcut din text.
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21. Explic afirmaia din text ,,aa cum se aaz un om pe gnduri.
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22. Compune o urare n versuri adresat lui Fram.

23. Explic sensul expresiei ,,are s fie ca nainte.


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24. Sugereaz un alt nume pentru titlul ales de autor. Argumenteaz n 2-3
rnduri alegerea fcut.
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25. Sugereaz un alt nume pentru Fram. Argumenteaz n 3-4 rnduri alegerea
fcut.
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26. Redacteaz o compunere de 15-18 rnduri n care s i exprimi iubirea fa


de un animal i s argumentezi crui fapt i se datoreaz aceasta. D un titlu
compoziiei.
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CUPRINS

TESTUL nr. 1 ..9

TESTUL nr. 2.....19


TESTUL nr. 3.28
TESTUL nr. 4.39
TESTUL nr. 5.49
TESTUL nr. 6.60
TESTUL nr. 7.71
TESTUL nr. 8.80
TESTUL nr. 9.91
TESTUL nr.10..103
TESTUL nr.11......112
TESTUL nr. 12.122