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Lecia a noua Lesson Nine

GRAMMAR GRAMATIC

1. The Past Tense Trecutul Simplu

n limba englez, trecutul simplu are o singur form pentru toate
persoanele, cu excepia verbului to be. Trecutul simplu al verbelor regulate
se formeaz prin adugarea sufixului(terminaiei) ed la forma de infinitiv a
verbului care este conjugat.

Regular Verbs Verbe regulate

I remembered eu mi-am amintit I danced eu am dansat
you remembered tu i-ai amintit you danced tu ai dansat
she remembered ea i-a amintit she danced ea a dansat
he remembered el i-a amintit he danced el a dansat
we remembered noi ne-am amintit we danced noi am dansat
you remembered voi v-ai amintit you danced voi ai dansat
they remembered ei i-au amintit they danced ei au dansat

n funcie de context, n limba romn, The Past Tense este fie echivalentul
perfectului compus fie al imperfectului.
Verbul to be, care este neregulat, are dou forme la trecut: was i were

I was a teacher. Am fost profesor.
You were tired. Erai obosit.
She was happy. Era fericit.
He was in Paris last week. Era la Paris sptmna trecut.
We were friends. Am fost prieteni.
You were my students. Ai fost studenii mei.
They were busy. Erau ocupai.

Celelalte verbe neregulate au, la trecut, o singur form pentru toate
persoanele, form care trebuie memorat ca atare.

Ce ai tu de fcut? Ai de nvat, la fiecare lecie, cte zece verbe neregulate
mpreun cu toate formele lor de infinitiv, trecut i participiu trecut.

You have to learn them by heart !
Trebuie s le nvei pe de rost!

10 Irregular Verbs 10 verbe neregulate


Infinitive Past Past Participle

to be(a fi) was, were been
to become(a deveni) became become
to begin(a ncepe) began begun
to break(a sparge, a rupe) broke broken
to bring(a aduce) brought brought
to build(a construi) built built
to buy(a cumpra) bought bought
to catch(a prinde) caught caught
to choose(a alege) chose chosen
to come(a veni) came come

Verbul to have este, de asemenea, neregulat i are la trecut forma had:

She had a nightmare. A avut un comar.
We had many things to do when we came back home. Am avut o mulime
de lucruri de fcut cnd ne-am ntors acas.

Auxiliarul to do are i el o singur form la Past Tense = did.

I did all that I had to do. Am fcut tot ce aveam de fcut.
We did our best to save him. Am fcut tot ce ne-a stat n puteri s-l salvm.

La trecut, forma negativ se obine n acelai fel ca la prezent.

I didnt disturb her. Nu am deranjat-o.
She didnt remember the question. Nu i-a amintit ntrebarea.
They didnt dance at the party. N-au dansat la petrecere.
We didnt buy the flat. Nu am cumprat apartamentul.

2. Time adverbs Adverbe de timp

the day before yesterday alaltieri
yesterday ieri
today astzi
tomorrow mine
the day after tomorrow poimine
last week sptmna trecut
next week sptmna viitoare
a week ago acum o sptmn
last month luna trecut
next month luna viitoare
a month ago acum o lun
last year anul trecut
next year anul viitor
a year ago acum un an

General concepts Noiuni generale

Dos and Donts Lucruri premise i lucruri interzise

In public places n locuri publice

Dont cross! Nu traversai!
No smoking! Fumatul interzis!
No entry! Accesul interzis!
Come in! Intrai!
Dont disturb! Nu deranjai!
Dont drink the water. Nu bei apa!
Dont park here. Nu parcai aici!
Dont take pictures. Nu facei poze!
Dont turn left. Nu facei stnga!
Dont drive fast. Nu conducei cu vitez!
Beware of the dogs! Atenie la cini!
Mind the steps! Avei grij la trepte!

At the Library La bibliotec

Be quiet. Linite!
Dont smoke. Nu fumai!
Dont eat. Nu mncai!
Dont drink. Nu bei!
Return books on time. Returnai crile la timp!
Dont bring pets into the library. Nu aducei animale n incinta bibliotecii.
Keep books in good condition. Pstrai crile n condiii bune.
Dont talk aloud. Nu vorbii tare!

Table manners Bunele maniere la mas

Never eat with your fingers. Nu mncai cu minile.
Always use a knife and a fork. Folosii ntotdeauna cuitul i furculia.
Dont talk with your mouth full. Nu vorbii cu gura plin.
Dont put your elbows on the table. Nu v punei coatele pe mas.
Never blow your nose at the table. Nu v suflai nasul la mas.
Dont be late for dinner. Nu ntrziai la cin.
Never take food from someone elses plate. Nu luai mncare din farfuria
altcuiva.
Always ask before you smoke. Cerei voie ntotdeauna nainte s fumai.


I have something in common with Jim Patrick. I am a Romanian married to
an Englishman and he is an Englishman married to a Romanian. His wife,
Paula, is from Bucharest. They are husband and wife for six years and they
have a daughter of four, Lily. I and Jim are good friends now. That is why
we often talk about our families and also about us.

Am ceva n comun cu Jim Patrick. Eu sunt o romnc maritat cu un englez
i el este un englez cstorit cu o romnc. Soia lui, Paula, este din
Bucureti. Sunt so i soie de ase ani i au o feti n vrst de patru ani,
Lily. Eu i Jim suntem acum prieteni buni. De aceea vorbim adesea despre
familiile noastre i despre noi nine.

Once upon a Time A fost odat


Jim Patrick: Well, Minnie, we really have lots of things in common. (Ei bine,
Minnie, avem ntr-adevr multe lucururi n comun.)
Minnie Jones: Yes, Jim, we really do. (Da, Jim, ntr-adevr avem.)
Jim Patrick: Lets talk a little bit about you. (Hai s vorbim puin despre
tine.)
Minnie Jones: What do you want to know about me? (Ce vrei s tii despre
mine?)
Jim Patrick: Everything you can tell me. (Tot ce mi poi spune.)
Minnie Jones: I came to London 30(thirty) years ago when I married Al. (Am
venit la Londra acum 30 de ani cnd m-am cstorit cu Al.)
Jim Patrick: Where did you first meet? (Unde v-ai ntlnit prima oar?)
Minnie Jones: We first met in Romania. I was 18(eighteen) years old and I
was already a student. (Prima oar ne-am ntlnit n Romnia. Eu aveam 18
ani i eram deja student.)
Jim Patrick: When did it happen? (Cnd s-a ntmplat asta?)
Minnie Jones: In April 1972(nineteen seventy two). It was spring and the
weather was splendid. (n aprilie 1972. Era primvar i vremea era
splendid.)
Jim Patrick: Do you remember the exact date? (i aminteti data exact?)
Minnie Jones: Yes Jim, of course I remember. It was on the 30
th
of April. It
was a Sunday afternoon. (Da, Jim, sigur c-mi amintesc. Era 30 aprilie. Era
ntr-o duminic dup-amiaz.)
Jim Patrick: You have a good memory. I also remember the day I met Paula.
(Ai o memorie bun. i eu mi amintesc ziua n care am ntlnit-o pe Paula.)
Minnie Jones: When did it happen? (Cnd s-a ntmplat asta?)
Jim Patrick: Seven years ago. Paula was in London on holidays with her
family. (Acum apte ani. Paula era la Londra n vacan cu familia ei.)
Minnie Jones: Where in London did you two meet in fact?(Unde anume n
Londra v-ai ntlnit voi doi de fapt?)
Jim Patrick: In Hyde Park, near the Serpentine Lake. (n Hyde Park, n
apropiere de Serpentine Lake.)
Minnie Jones: Oh, very romantic. (O, foarte romantic.)
Jim Patrick: Indeed. Very. (ntr-adevr. Foarte.)

Vocabulary:

in common = n comun
one day = ntr-o zi
lots of things = multe lucruri
a little bit = puin, un pic
to want = a vrea, a dori
everything = tot, orice
to come/came/come = a veni, a sosi
first time = prima oar, prima dat
to meet/met/met = a se ntlni
already = deja
memory = memorie
to happen = a se ntmpla
exact date = data exact
in fact = de fapt
romantic = romantic

Dont forget Nu uita

Never eat with your fingers. Nu mncai cu minile.
Always use a knife and a fork. Folosii ntotdeauna cuitul i furculia.
Dont talk with your mouth full. Nu vorbii cu gura plin.
Dont put your elbows on the table. Nu v punei coatele pe mas.
Never blow your nose at the table. Nu v suflai nasul la mas.
Dont be late for dinner. Nu ntrziai la cin.
Never take food from someone elses plate. Nu luai mncare din farfuria
altcuiva.
Always ask before you smoke. Cerei voie ntotdeauna nainte s fumai.