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Ia Engleza cu Tine

Versiunea Tiparita

www.Limba Engleza.info

2010
Buna! Sunt Mini, ghidul tau de limba Engleza. Man-men-barbat-barbati
Vocea mea te va insoti intr-o calatorie Woman women-femeie femei
fascinanta. Vei descoperi ca nimic nu este greu,
daca esti pregatit Foot-feet-talpa talpi
Astazi este cea mai buna zi sa incepi sa inveti Ox oxen-bou boi
limba Engleza!
Voi face ca totul sa fie cat mai usor pentru tine. Mouse mice-soarece soareci
Asculti CD-ul, deci teỽai hotarat. Tine-o tot asa. Goose geese-gasca gaste

Hi! My name is Mini, your guide for English. Sheep sheep-oaie oi


My voice will join you on a fascinating trip. Child children-copil-copii
You will discover that nothing is difficult if you
are ready for it. Today is a perfect day to start
In limba Engleza nu exista pronume de
learning English. I will make it easy for you.
politete,“you”fiind folosit universal-atat pentru
You already listened to the CD, so you have
a exprima pronumele “tu”, cat si
decided to do it. Go for it!
“dumneavoastra”. Ceea ce face diferenta este
maniera de adresare.

Verbele limbi Engleze se conjuga mult mai


Prima lectie Lesson 1 simplu decat in limba noastra, la prezentul
simplu, “Present Tense” exista de obicei o
Gramatica Grammar. singura terminatie diferita, aceea pentru
persoana a 3-a singular.
Mai intai, iti dezvalui un secret: limba Engleza
are o gramatica mai simpla decat limba La trecutul simplu, ”Past Tense” al verbelor
Romana. Prin urmare, mai usor de invatat. regulate terminatia este acceasi pentru toate
persoanele “ed”.
Forma de plural a substantivelor este obtinuta in
general prin adaugarea terminatiei ”s”. Adjectivele nu au forme diferite la feminin sau
masculin, la singular sau plural. Spre exemplu,
Apple apples- mar mere adjectivul “smart-istet”:
Cat cats-pisica pisici
She is a smart girl.
Dog dogs-caine caini He is a smart kid.
Bat bats-liliac lilieci They are smart people.
Este o fetita isteata.
Horse horses -calcai Este un pusti istet.
Leg legs -picior picioare Sunt oameni isteti.
Window windows -fereastra ferestre
Trei verbe sunt foarte importante in constructia
Mirror mirrors -oglinda oglinzi oricarei propozitii sau fraze in limba Engleza, to
Door doors -usa usi be, to have, to do, adica: a fi, a avea si a face.
Fiecare dintre ele poate indeplini si functia de
verb auxiliar.
Exceptie fac substantivele cu forma de plural
neregulata.
Iata conjugarea lor la timpul prezent in To do:
propozitii:
I do my homework.
To be: Imi fac tema pentru acasa.
You do your job.
I am Mini Iti faci meseria.
Sunt Mini.
He does his duty.
You are my friend. El isi face treaba.
Esti prietenul meu.
She does her work.
He is Alexander. Ea isi face munca.
El este Alexandru.
We do our lessons.
She is Helen. Ne facem lectiile.
Ea este Elena.
You do your shoppings.
It is our cat. Va faceti cumparaturile.
Este pisica noastra.
They do their tasks.
We are Mr. and Mrs. Edwards. Isi indeplinesc sarcinile.
Suntem domnul si doamna Edwards.
You are my guests. Notiuni generale- General Concepts.
Sunteti musafirii mei.
They are my students. Sa nu uitam insa importanta lexicului. Este cat
Sunt elevi mei. se poate de clar ca fara un vocabular minim in
limba Engleza, nu ne-am putea face niciodata
intelesi oricat de multa gramatica am cunoaste.
To have:
Asa ca, sa incepem sa vorbim in limba engleza.
I have a small cat.
Am o pisica mica. So, let’s start speaking English.
You have a white horse.
Ai un cal alb. Calatoria noasta incepe cu prezentare si saluturi
obisnuite.
He has a red car. Our trip starts with and introduction and formal
El are o masina rosie. greetings.
She has a big house.
Ea are o casa mare. Buna ma cheama Mini, Mini Jones.
Dar pe tine?
It has grey fur. Hi! My name is Mini, Mini Jones.
Are blana gri. What’s yours?
We have a little garden.
Avem o gradina micuta.
Intrebari uzuale. Frequent questions.
You have a smart child.
Aveti un copil istet.
How are you.
They have beautiful flowers. How do you do.
Ei au flori frumoase. Ce mai faci?
I am glad to meet you. Cum ne luam ramas bun?
Imi pare bine sa va intalnesc.
Good Bye!
I am glad to see you again.
La revedere!
Sunt bucuros sa va vad din nou.
Good night!
What is your name?
Noapte buna!
Cum te cheama?
See you son!
Who are you?
Pe curand!
Cine esti?
So long!
Do I know you?
Adio!
Te cunosc?
Farewell!
I don’t remember meeting you.
Cu bine!
Nu-mi amintesc sa te fi cunoscut.
Bye!
Where are your from?
Pa!
De unde esti?
Have a nice day!
I am from Romania.
Sa ai o zi buna!
Sunt din Romania.
I am a Romanian.
Cum ne exprimam recunostinta si cum
Sunt Roman.
raspundem cand ni se multumeste:
And you?
Dar tu? Thank you!
How old are you? Multumesc!
Ce varsta ai? I’m grateful to you.
Va sunt recunoscator.
I am fifty years old.
You are welcome.
Am cincizeci de ani.
Cu placere.

Cum salutam?
Cum ne cerem scuze:
Hi!
I am sorry.
Salut
Imi pare rau
Hello.
Excuse me.
Buna.
Scuzati-ma.
Good morning.
I didn’t want to do it.
Buna dimineata.
Nu am vrut sa fac asta.
I regret it.
Good afternoon.
Regret.
Buna ziua.
Good evening.
Buna seara.
Asadar, sunt Mini, ghidul tau de limba Engleza. Well, good bye Mrs. Jones! Remember me to
Am 54 de ani si sunt Romanca. Sunt casatorita your husband. See you soon!
de 30 de ani cu un Englez, Alexander Jones. Ei bine, la revedere dỽna Jones! Salutari
Avem doi copii: o fata Emily si un baiat Peter. sotului dumneavoastra! Pe curand.
Povestea mea incepe cu o intalnire.
So, I am Mini, you guide for English. I am 54 Good bye, Jim.
years old and I am a Romanian. I have been La revedre, Jim!
married for 30 years to an Englishman,
Alexander Jones. We have two children: a
daughter, Emily and a son, Peter. My story Vocabulary - Vocabular
begins with a meeting.
So- asadar, astfel
A meeting - O Intalnire Married-casatorit, casatorita
Child/children-copil/copii
Good afternoon Mrs. Jones. How do you. I am Daughter-fiica
glad to see you again. Son-fiu
Buna ziua, d-na Jones. Ce mai faceti? Sunt Story-poveste
bucuros sa va vad din nou. To begin-a incepe
A meeting-o intalnire
Hello young man! But who are you? Do I know Young man-tanar, barbat tanar
you? I don’t remember meeting you. But-dar, insa
Buna tinere! Dar cine esti? Te stiu de undeva? Again-din nou
Nu-mi amintesc sa te fi intalnit! To know-a cunoaste, a stii
To remember-a-si aminti
Of course you do, Mrs. Jones! I am Jim, Jim Of course- bineinteles
Patrick. Now you know me, don’t you? Younger-mai tanar
Bineinteles ca ma cunoasteti, d-na Jones. Sunt Well-bine
Jim, Jim Patrick. Acum ma stiti, nu-i asa? Our-al nostru, a noastra, ai nostri, ale noastre
As for-cat despre
Jim Patrick?! Oh, of course. Now I remember. Quite-destul de
You are Daniel’s younger son. Yes, now I Alright-in regula
remember you. How is your father? Remember me to-transmiteti salutari lui
Jim Patrick? Ah, bineinteles. Acuma imi Husband-sot
amintesc. Esti fiul cel mai mic al lui Daniel. Da, Soon-curand
acum imi amintesc de tine. Ce mai face tatal
tau?
Don’t forget. Nu uita
He is fine, thank you! How is your family?
Este bine, multumesc! Ai dumneavoastra ce mai Cele trei verbe importante ale limbii Engleze
fac? sunt: to be, to have si to do- a fi, a avea si a
face. Ele pot fi atat predicate, cat si verbe
They are all well. Our daughter and our son are auxiliare.
married and have children. As for me and Al,
we are quite alright, thank you.
Sunt bine toti. Fiica noastra si fiul nostru sunt
casatoriti si au copii. Cat despre mine si Al,
suntem destul de bine amandoi, multumim.
Sa conjugam impreuna To be: Sa conjugam impreuna To do

I am Mini. I do my homework.
Eu sunt Mini. Eu imi fac tema pentru acasa.
You are friend. You do your job.
Tu esti prietenul meu. Tu iti face meseria.
He is a Alexander. He does his duty.
Este Alexandru. El isi face treaba.
She is Helen. She does her work.
Ea este Elena. Ea isi face munca.
It is our cat. We do our lessons.
Este pisica noastra. Noi ne facem lectiile.
We are Mr. and Mrs. Edwards. You do your shoppings.
Suntem domnul si doamna Edwards. Voi va faceti cumparaturile.
You are my guests. They do their tasks.
Sunteti musafirii mei. Ei isi indeplinesc sarcinile.
They are my students.
Ei sunt elevii mei. In English we say:
In Engleza spunem:
Sa conjugam impreuna To have
How are you? How do you do?
Ce mai faci? Ce mai faceti?
I have a small cat
Eu am o pisica mica. I am glad to meet you.
You have a white horse. Sunt bucuros sa va intalnesc. Sunt incantat sa va
intalnesc.
Tu ai un cal alb.
I am glad to see you again.
He has a red car.
Sunt bucuros sa va vad din nou
El are o masina rosie.
She has a big house. What is your name?
Ea are o casa mare. Cum te cheama?
Who are you?
It has grey fur.
Cine esti?
Are blana gri.
We have a little garden. Do I know you
Noi avem o gradina micuta. Te cunosc?

You have a smart child.


I don’t remember meeting you.
Voi aveti un copil istet.
Nu-mi amintesc sa te fi cunoscut.
They have beautiful flowers.
Ei au flori frumoase. Where are you from?
De unde esti?
I am from Romania. We express our gratitude:
Sunt din Romania. Ne exprimam recunostina:
I am a Romanian.
Thank you!
Eu sunt roman.
Multumesc!
And you?
I am grateful to you.
Dar tu?
Va sunt recunoscator.
How old are you?
You are welcome.
Ce varsta ai?
Cu placere.
I am fifty years old.
Am cincizeci de ani.
We express our regret:
In English we greet people: Ne exprimam parerea de rau:

Hi! I am sorry.
Salut! Imi pare rau.
Hello! Excuse me.
Buna! Scuzati-ma.
Good morning. I didn’t want to do it
Buna dimineata. Nu am vrut sa fac asta
Good afternoon. I regret it.
Buna ziua. Regret.
Good evening.
Buna seara.

Before we leave, we say:


Inainte de a pleca, spunem:

Good bye.
La revedere.
Good night.
Noapte buna.
See you soon.
Pe curand.
So long.
Adio.
Farewell.
Cu bine.
Bye.
Pa.
Have a nice day.
Sa aveti o zi buna.
Lectia a 2-a. Lesson 2
Gramatica. Grammar Tot acum vom invata cum anume putem adresa
Personal Pronoun. Pronumele personal o intrebare in limba Engleza:

When-cand
Pronumele personal inlocuieste substantivul si Where-unde
are doua forme el este fie subiectul, fie obiectul What-ce
actiunii. Which-care
The Personal Pronoun replaces the noun and it Who-cine
has two forms. It is either the subject or the How-cum
object of the action.
Trebuie sa mai stim si faptul ca forma
Examples: interogativa rastoarna constructia enuntului
Exemple: format din subiect si predicat. Astfel, “I am”
devine “Am I ”, “I have” devine “have I” si tot
I am Mini. It’s about me. asa.
Eu sunt Mini. Este vorba despre mine.
You are Paul. It’s about you. Sa luam cateva exemple:
Tu esti Paul este vorba despre tine.
Where are you born?
She is Alice. It’s about her. Unde te-ai nascut?
Ea este Alice. Este vorba despre ea.
Where is Oradea?
He is Andrew. It’s about him. Unde este Oradea?
El este Andrei. Este vorba despre el.
What is your nickname?
It’s the cat. It’s about it. Care este porecla ta?
Este pisica. Este vorba despre ea.
What is your job?
We are a family. It’s about us. Care este slujba ta?
Noi suntem o familie. Este vorba despre noi.
What are you doing for a living?
You are brothers. It’s about you. Ce faci ca sa-ti castigi existenta?
Voi sunteti frati. Este vorba despre voi.
Which cat do you like most?
They are friends. It’s about them. Care dintre pisici iti place cel mai mult?
Ei sunt prieteni. Este vorba despre ei.
Who is Peter?
Cine este Petre?
Pronumele “it” poate inlocui lucruri, obiecte sau
fiinte despre care nu avem informatii legate de How is your job?
gen sau sex. Poate fi vorba despre o carte, un Cum este slujba ta?
caine, sau chiar despre un bebelus. How many children do you have?
Exista insa si exceptii de la aceasta regula, acele Cati copii ai?
obiecte care au gen.
When do you come?
Spre exemplu: ship-vas, ambarcatiune, are Cand vii?
genul feminin.

The ship is here. She is here.


Vasul este aici. Este aici

La fel se intampla si in cazul unor tari precum


Franta sau Marea Britanie.
General Concepts. Notiuni Generale. Athens is in Greece.
Si acum trecem din nou la lexic. Atena este in Grecia.
I speak Greek.
Avem de invatat cuvinte noi foarte utile in Vorbesc Greaca
comunicarea obisnuita. I am Greek.
Sunt Grec.
Days of the week. Zilele saptamani
Sofia is in Bulgaria.
Monday-luni Sofia este in Bulgaria
Tuesday-marti I speak Bulgarian.
Wednesday-miercuri Vorbesc Bulgara.
Thursday-joi I am Bulgarian.
Friday-vineri Sunt Bulgar.
Saturday-sambata
Sunday-duminica Ankara is in Turkey.
Ankara este in Turcia.
Seasons. Anotimpuri I speak Turkish.
Spring-primavara Vorbesc Turca.
Summer-vara I am a Turk.
Autumn-toamna Sunt Turc.
Winter-iarna
London is in England.
Months of the year Londra este in Anglia.
Lunile anului I speak English.
January-ianuarie Vorbesc Engleza.
Februrary-februarie I am English.
March-martie Sunt Englez.
April-aprilie
May-mai Paris is in France.
June-iunie Paris este in Franta.
July-iulie I speak French.
August-august Vorbesc Franceza.
September-septembrie I am French.
October-octombrie Sunt Francez.
November-noiembrie
December-decembrie Rome is in Italy.
Roma este in Italia.
Countries, Capital Cities, Lanuages, Citizens. I speak Italian.
Tari, capitale, limbi, cetateni. Vorbesc Italiana.
I am Italian.
Bucharest is in Romania. Sunt Italian.
Bucuresti este in Romania.
I speak Romanian. Lisbon is in Portugal.
Vorbesc Romana. Lisabona este in Portugalia.
I am Romanian. I speak Portuguese.
Sunt roman. Vorbesc Portugheza.
I am Portuguese.
Sunt Portughez.
Madrid is in Spain. Let’s talk about us!
Madrid este in Spania. Sa vorbim despre noi!
I speak Spanish.
Vorbesc Spaniola. Well Mini, tell me something about you. Where
I am a Spaniard. are you from?
Sunt un Spaniol. Ei bine Mini spune-mi ceva despre tine, de unde
esti de fel?
Berlin is in Germany.
Berlin este in Germania. I was born in Baia Mare. I am from Baia mare.
I speak German. M-am nascut la Baia Mare. Sunt de la Baia
Vorbesc Germana. Mare.
I am German.
Sunt neamt. Where is Baia Mare?
Unde este Baia Mare?
Budapest is in Hungary.
Budapesta este in Ungaria. In Romania, of course, I am a Romanian.
I speak Hungarian. In Romania binenteles, sunt Romanca.
Vorbesc Maghiara.
I am Hungarian. How old are you, Mini?
Sunt ungur. Cati ani ai Mini?

Warsaw is in Poland. I am 54 years old. And how old are you Jim?
Varsovia este in Polonia. Am 54 de ani. Dar tu cati ani ai Jim?
I speak Polish.
Vorbesc Poloneza I am 32 years old and I was born in London.
I am a Pole. Mini, where do you live?
Sunt un Polonez Am 32 de ani si m-am nascut la Londra. Mini tu
unde locuiesti?
Prague is in Czech Republic.
Praga este in Cehia. I live in London with my husband, Al, and you?
I speak Czech. Locuiesc la Londra cu sotul meu, Al, dar tu?
Vorbesc Ceha.
I am Czech. I also live in London with my wife, Paula. Mini
Sunt Ceh. what are you doing for living?
Si eu locuiesc la Londra cu sotia mea Paula,
Moscow is in Russia. Mini tu cum iti castigi existenta?
Moscova este in Rusia.
I speak Russian. I am a teacher. I teach French in a private
Vorbesc Rusa. school. And you?
I am Russian. Sunt professor. Predau Franceza la o scoala
Sunt Rus. particulara, dar tu?

Jim and I are very good friends now. We often


meet and talk about many things.
Jim si cu mine suntem buni prieteni acum. Ne
intalnim adesea si stam de vorba despre multe
lucruri.
Well, I am an architect, but I work as a designer Don’t forget. Nu uita.
in a small company. Mini, how many children
do you have? The Personal Pronoun replaces the noun and has
Ei bine, eu sunt architect, dar lucrez ca designer two forms. It is either the subject or the object
la o mica firma private. Mini tu cati copii ai? of the action.
Pronumele personal inlocuieste substantivul si
We have two children: a daughter and a son. are doua forme, el este fie subiectul fie obiectul
Emily lives in Kohln, Germany and Peter moved actiunii.
to America, recently. Now, he lives in San
Francisco with his family. And you, Jim, do you I am Mini, it’s about me.
have children? Eu sunt Mini, este vorba despre mine.
Avem doi copii, o fiica si un fiu. Emily
locuieste in Koln, Germania, iar Peter sa mutat You are Paul, it’s about you.
de curand in America. El locuieste acum in San Tu esti Paul, este vorba despre tine.
Francisco impreuna cu familia lui. Dar tu Jim, ai
copii? She is Alice, it’s about her.
Ea este Alice, este vorba despre ea.
Yes, I have a daughter, Lilly, she is four years
old. He is Andrew, it’s about him.
Da am o fetita Lili are 4 ani. El este Andrew, este vorba despre el.

Vocabulary- Vocabular We are a family, it’s about us.


Noi suntem o familie, este vorba despre noi.
Let’s - hai sa
Very- foarte You are brothers, it’s about you.
Good - bun, buna Voi sunteti frati, este vorba despre voi.
Friend-prieten
Often-adesea They are friends, it’s about them.
Many things- multe lucruri Ei sun prieteni, este vorba despre ei.
To talk about- a vorbi despre
Something- ceva Pronumele “it” poate inlocui lucruri, obiecte sau
From-de la, din fiinte despre care nu avem informatii legate de
I was born- m- am nascut gen sau sex.
To live-a locui
With- cu It is the cat. It’s about it.
Wife, wives- sotie, sotii Este pisica, este vorba despre ea.
Teacher- profesor
To teach- a preda Poate fi vorba despre o carte, o tara, un caine
Private- privata sau chiar despre un bebelus.
School- scoala
Architect- arhitect The baby is in the garden. It is in the garden.
Small company- companie mica Bebelusul este in gradina. El este in gradina
To move- a se muta
Recently-recent Exista insa si exceptii de la aceasta regula, acele
Family, families- familie, familii obiecte care au gen.
Not yet-nu inca
Spre exemplu, “ship”- vas, ambarcatiune, are What day is today?
genul feminin. Ce zi este astazi
Today is Monday.
The ship is here. She is here. Astazi este luni.
Vasul este aici. El este aici.
Today is Tuesday.
La fel se intampla si in cazul unor tari precum Astazi este marti.
Franta sau Marea Britanie. Today is Wednesday.
Astazi este miercuri.
France is an European country. She is European.
Franta este o tara europeana. Ea este Europeana Today is Thursday.
Astazi este joi.
Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom. Today is Friday.
She is part of the United Kingdom. Astazi este vineri.
Marea Britanie este parte a Regatului Unit. Ea
face parte din Regatul Unit. Today is Saturday.
Astazi este sambata
In limba Engleza intrebam: Today is Sunday.
When-cand Astazi este Duminica.
Where- unde
What- ce Let’s remember which are the seasons of the
Which-care year. Sa ne amintim care sunt anotimpurile
Who -cine anului.
How- cum
Spring- primavara
Where are you born? Summer-vara
Unde te-ai nascut? Autumn-toamna
What are you doing for a living? Winter- iarna
Ce faci ca sa-ti castigi existenta?
Let’s remember which are the months of the
What is your job? year. Sa ne amintim care sunt lunile anului.
Care este slujba ta?
How is your job? January- ianuarie
Cum este slujba ta? Februrary-februarie
March- martie
How many children do you have? April- aprilie
Cati copii ai? May- mai
When do you come? June- iunie
Cand vii? July- iulie
August- august
Who is Peter?
September-septembrie
Cine este Petre?
October- octombrie
Which cat do you like most? November- noiembrie
Care dintre pisici iti place cel mai mult? December-decembrie
Let’s remember which are the days of the week.
Sa ne amintim care sunt zilele saptamanii.
What you need to know about England and Referire generala. Generic reference
Great Britain.
Ce trebuie sa stii despre Anglia si Marea Tigers are dangerous animals.
Britanie. Tigrii sunt animale periculoase.
London is in England.
Londra este in Anglia. Russians are exceptional artists.
Rusii sunt artisti exceptionali.
I speak English. French people have excellent cuisine.
Eu vorbesc Engleza. Francezii au o bucatarie excelenta.
I am English. Music is delightful.
Eu sunt Englez. Muzica este incantatoare.
I am an Englishman. Articolul hotarat. Definite Article
Eu sunt un Englez. The Russian is a good dancer.
I am an Englishwoman. Rusul este un bun dansator.
Eu sunt o Englezoaica. The lion is the king of all animals.
Leul este regele tuturor animalelor.
The lady is beautiful.
England is also called Elbian because of her
Doamna este frumoasa.
white coasts.
Angliei i se mai spune si Elbian din cauza
Articolul nehotarat. Indefinite Article
falezelor sale albe.
A friend in need is a friend indeed.
Prietenul la nevoie se cunoaste.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and
A woman stands in front of the door.
Northern Ireland is consists of: England,
O femei sta in fata usii.
Scotland, Wales and Nortern Ireland.
De retinut ca in limba Engleza articolul
Regatul unit al Marii Britani si Irlandei de Nord
nehotarat “a” devine “an” atunci cand este plasat
este compus din: Anglia, Scotia, Tara Galilor si
inaintea substantivelor care incep cu vocala sau
Irlanda de Nord.
semivocala:
An elephant- un elefant
An egg- un ou
Lectia a 3-a Lesson Grammar
Articolul. The article An apple- un mar
An orange- o portocala
Articolul insoteste substantivul si arata cat de Articolul hotarat “the”, se citeste diferit in
cunoscut ne este acesta. El arata diferenta intre functie de substantivul pe care il precede.
”a tiger” – un tigru orecare si “the tiger”ỽtigrul, Daca substantivul incepe cu consoana, articolul
cu identitate precisa. hotarat se citeste...
The article is attached to the noun and it shows The tiger
how familiar this is to us. The dress
The Russian
Articolul este astasat de substantiv si arata cat The lion
de familiar ne este acesta. The lady
Daca substantivul incepe cu vocala, articolul
hotarat se citeste...
The elephant
The end
The apple
The orange
The egg
The Present Tense. Timpul prezent Excetie face si verbul “to be” care are un
La conjugarile prezentului, verbele isi schimba comportament aparte la conjugarea prezentului:
forma de infinitiv doar la persoana a treia I am
singular, unde primesc un “s” final. You are
I remember. She is
Eu imi aminesc. He is
You remember. We are
Tu iti amintesti. You are
She remembers. They are
Ea isi aminteste.
He remembers. Pentru a obtine forma de plural, substantivele
El isi aminteste. primesc si ele in majoritatea cazurilor un “s”
We remember. final:
Noi ne amintim. Boy/boys-baiat/baieti
You remember. Car/cars-masina/masini
Voi va amintiti. Girl/girls-fata/fete
They remember. Cat/cats-pisica/pisici
Ei isi amintesc. Dog/dogs-caine/caini
Apple/apples-mar/mere
I spend Horse/horses-cal/cai
Eu petrec. Leg/legs- picior/picioare
You spend. Window/windows-fereastra/ferestre
Tu petreci. Mirror/mirrors- oglinda/oglinzi
She spends. Door/doors- usa/usi
Ea petrece. Exceptie fac substantivele a caror terminatie nu
He spends. permite o pronuntie fireasca prin adaugarea unui
El petrece. simplu “s”:
We spend. Dress/dresses-rochie/rochii
Noi petrecem. Glass/glasses-pahar/pahare
You spend. Sau
Voi petreceti. Knife/knives- cutit/cutite
They spend. Wife/wives-sotie/sotii
Ei petrec. Tot exceptie reprezinta si substantivele cu forma
de plural neregulata:
Exceptie fac verbele a caror pronuntie necesita Man/men- barbat/barbati
mici modificari. Woman/women- femeie/femei
Foot/feet- talpa/talpi
Este si cazul verbelor: Ox/oxen- bou/boi
“to do”: He or she does-El sau ea face; Mouse/mice- soarece/soareci
“to go”: She or he goes- Ea sau el merge; Goose/geese- gasca/gaste
“to have”: She or he has- Ea sau el are; Sheep/sheep-oaie/oi
“to fly”: She or he flies-Ea sau el zboara; Child/children- copil/copii
“to dry”: She or he dries-Ea sau el se usuca;
“to cry”: She or he cries-El sau ea plange.
General Concepts. Notiuni generale She has a white horse.
Ea are un cal alb.
Holidays -Sarbatori
The rainbow has seven colors.
Christmas-Craciun Curcubeul are sapte culori.
Christmas tree-pom de iarna
New Year’s Eve- ajun de Anul Nou Diferitele nuante ale culorilor mai deschise sau
New Year’s Day- prima zi de Anul nou mai inchise, sunt exprimate prin adjectivele
Easter- Paste “light” – luminos, deschis si “dark” – intunecat,
Lent- postul mare inchis.
Labor Day- ziua muncii
National Day- ziua nationala I have a light, blue dress.
Birthday- zi de nastere Am o rochie albastru deschis.

Wishes and congratulations. Urari si felicitari He has a dark, green car.


Happy Birthday-La Multi Ani El are o masina verde inchis.
Best wishes-cele mai bune urari
Many Happy Returns of the Day- la cat mai I am very fond of Holidays. I always remember
multe aniversari the way we celebrated Christmas and Easter in
Good luck- noroc Romania. Holidays are very important for Jim,
Congratulations-felicitari too.
Merry Christmas-Craciun Fericit Sarbatorile imi sunt foarte dragi. Imi amintesc
Happy Easter-Paste Fericit intotdeauna cum sarbatoream Craciunul si
Have a nice time-distractie placuta Pastele in Romania. Pentru Jim sarbatorile sunt
Have a nice trip-drum bun de asemenea importante.
Have a nice weekend-weekend placut
Have a nice party- petrecere frumoasa On holidays-De Sarbatori
Have fun- sa te distrezi
Holidays are delightful. We spend more time
Colors-culori. with our families. We are peaceful and happy.
White- alb Sarbatorile sunt incantatoare. Petrecem mai mult
Black- negru timp cu familiile noastre. Suntem linistiti si
Grey- gri fericiti.
Green-verde
Yellow- galben Indeed they are. Winter is white and beautiful.
Red- rosu On Christmas here in London everything is
Pink-roz white outside: the streets, the trees, the houses,
Orange-portocaliu the gardens, even the cars are white.
Blue- albastru Sunt intr- adevar. Iarna este alba si frumoasa.
Violet-violet De Craciun, aici in Londra, totul este alb afara:
Brown-maro strazile, copacii, casele, gradinile, pana si
Silver-argintiu masinile.
Lila- liliachiu
Purple-purpuriu
Beige-bej
And spring is full of flowers and joy. On Easter Daca substantivul incepe cu consoana articolul
the grass is green and the trees are dressed in hotarat se citeste ðə
pink, white, orange, yellow, red, blue and violet. The tiger- tigrul
A real symphony of colors. The dress- rochia
Iar primavara este plina de flori si bucurie. De The Russian- rusul
Pasti iarba este verde si copacii sunt imbracati in The lion- leul
roz, alb, portocaliu, galben, rosu, albastru si The lady- doamna
violet. O adevarata simfonie de culori Daca substantivul incepe cu vocala articolul
hotarat se citeste θǺ:
I know, my birthday is in April and I always The elephant- elefantul
enjoy the fine weather and the colors of nature. The end-sfarsitul
Stiu, ziua mea de nastere este in aprilie si ma The apple- marul
bucur mereu de vremea frumoasa si de culorile The orange-portocala
naturii. The egg-oul
Articolul nehotarat are doua forme in limba
Vocabulary Engleza “a” si “an” in functie de substantivul pe
To be fond of-a indragi care il precede. Daca acesta incepe cu vocala
Way-cale, drum dar si mod, fel, modalitate sau semivocala, articolul hotarat este “an”
Delightful- incantator An elephant- un elefant
To spend- a petrece dar si a cheltui An egg- un ou
More- mai mult An apple-un mar
Peaceful-linistit An orange-o portocala
Happy- fericit Daca substantivul incepe cu consoana sau
Here-aici semiconsoana articolul hotarat este “ă”
Outside- afara A friend in need is a friend indeed.
Street- strada Prietenul la nevoie se cunoaste
Tree- copac, pom A woman stands in front of the door.
House- casa O femeie sta in fata usi
Garden- gradina This is a university.
Car- masina Aceasta este o universitate
Full of- plin de This is a union.
Flower- floare Aceasta este o uniune.
Joy-bucurie This is a year.
Grass-iarba Acesta este un an.
Dressed in- imbracat in
Real- real, adevarat Let’s use the Present Tense!
Symphony- simfonie Sa folosim timpul prezent!
To enjoy- a se bucura I remember you.
Fine- bun, buna Eu imi amintesc de tine.
Weather- vreme You remember me.
Tu iti amintesti de mine.
Don’t forget! Nu uita! She remembers him.
Si in limba Engleza exista articol hotarat si Ea isi aminteste de el.
articol nehotarat. Articolul arata cat de cunoscut He remembers her.
ne este substantivul pe care il insoteste. El arata El isi aminteste de ea.
diferenta intre “a mouse” un soarece oaecare si We remember them.
“the mouse” soarecele cu identitate precisa. Noi ne amintim de ei.
Articolul hotatat “the” se citeste diferit in
functie de substantivul pe care il precede.
You remember us. Lila-liliachiu
Voi va amintiti de noi. Purple-purpuriu
They remember you. Beige- bej
Ei isi amintesc de voi.
We have a grey car.
Remember how we congratulate people: Noi avem o masina gri.
Aminteste- ti cum ii felicitam pe ceilalti: The rainbow has seven colors: red, orange,
Happy Birthday- La multi ani yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet.
Best wishes-Cele mai bune urari Curcubeul are sapte culori: rosu, portocaliu,
Many Happy Returns of the Day- La cat mai galben, verde, albastru, indigo si violet.
multe aniversari! Diferitele nuante ale culorilor mai deschise sau
Good luck-Noroc! mai inchise sunt exprimate prin adjectivele:
Congratulations- Felicitari! “Light”- luminos, deschis si “Dark”- intunecat,
Merry Christmas- Craciun Fericit! inchis
Happy Easter- Paste Fericit! She has a light, blue skirt.
Have a nice time-Distractie placuta! Ea are o fusta albastru deschis
Have a nice trip-Drum bun! You have a dark, green shirt.
Have a nice weekend- Weekend placut! Tu ai o camasa verde inchis
Have a nice party- Petrecere frumoasa!
Have fun-Sa te distrezi.
Lectia a 4-a. Lesson 4
Which are the most important holidays? Grammar. Gramatica
Care sunt cele mai importante Sarbatori? Cardinal Numbers. Numeralele cardinale
Christmas- Craciun One- Unu
New Year’s Eve- Ajun de Anul Nou Two-Doi
New Year’s Day-Prima zi de Anul Nou Three-Trei
Easter- Paste Four- Patru
Lent-Postul mare Five-Cinci
Labor Day-Ziua munci Six-Sase
National Day- Ziua nationala Seven-Sapte
Eight-Opt
Which are the main colors? Nine- Noua
Care sunt culorile principale? Ten-Zece
White-alb Eleven- Unsprezece
Black- negru Twelve-Doisprezece
Grey- gri Thirteen-Treisprezece
Green-verde Fourteen-Paisprezece
Yellow-galben Fifteen-Cinsprezece
Red- rosu Sixteen-Saisprezece
Pink-roz Seventeen-Saptesprezece
Orange- portocaliu Eighteen-Optsprezece
Blue- albastru Nineteen-Nouasprezece
Violet-violet Twenty-Douazeci
Brown- maro Twenty one-Douazeci si unu
Silver-argintiu Twenty wo- Douazeci si doi
Twenty hree-Douazeci si trei
Twenty four- Douazeci si patru Exista intrebari la care putem raspunde afirmativ:
Twenty five-Douazeci si cinci Do you have an apple? Yes, I do. Yes, I have an
Twenty six-Douazeci si sase apple.
Twenty seven-Douazeci si sapte Ai un mar? Da, am. Da, am un mar.
Twenty eight-Douazeci si opt
Twenty nine-Douazeci si noua Does he live in London? Yes, he does. Yes, he
Thirty-Treizeci lives in London.
Forty-Patruzeci Locuieste la Londra? Da, locuieste. Da, el
Fifty-Cincizeci locuieste la Londra.
Sixty-Saizeci
Seventy-Saptezeci Does she teach English? Yes, she does. Yes, she
Eighty-Optzeci teaches English.
Ninety-Nouazeci Preda Engleza? Da, preda. Da, ea preda Engleza
One hundred-O suta
One thousand-O mie Exista intrebari la care putem raspunde negativ:
One million-Un milion
One billion-Un miliard Do you have an apple? No, I don’t. No, I don’t
have an apple. I have a pear.
Questions. Intrebari. Ai un mar? Nu, nu am. Nu, nu am un mar. Am o
Exista intrebari la are putem da sau primi o para.
varietate de raspunsuri, cele de tipul:
when- cand Does she live in Paris? No, she doesn’t. No, she
where-unde doesn’t live in Paris. She lives in London.
what- ce Locuieste la Paris? Nu, nu locuieste la Paris. Nu,
which-care ea nu locuieste la Paris. Locuieste la Londra.
who-cine
how-cum I’m in London. I’m here. I’m not in Paris. I’m
not there.
Examples. Exemple Sunt la Londra. Sunt aici. Nu sunt la Paris. Nu
Where is Paula? sunt acolo.
Unde este Paula?
Paula is in London. Paula is here. She is here. Paula isn’t there. She
Paula este la Londra. isn’t there.
Paula is here. Paula este aici. Ea este aici. Paula nu este acolo.
Paula este aici. Ea nu este acolo.
When does spring come?
Cand vine primavara? Exista intrebari pe care le putem adresa fie
Spring comes in March. folosind forma afirmativa fie pe cea negativa a
Primavara vine in martie. verbului sau a auxiliarului.
Who comes?
Cine vine? You have a pear, haven’t you? Yes, I have.
Emily comes from Germany. Ai o para, nu-i asa? Da, am.
Emily vine din Germania You don’t have a pear, do you? No, I don’t.
Nu ai o para, nu-i asa? Nu, nu am.
He has a map, hasn’t he? Yes, he has.
Are o harta, nu-i asa? Da, are.
He doesn’t have a map, does he? No, he doesn’t.
Nu are o harta, nu-i asa? Nu, nu are.
General Concepts. Notiuni generale Home Sweet Home. Casa dulce casa.
How to express the agreement. You really have a nice house, Mini. I like
Cum ne aratam aprobarea. especially the living room. It is large and sunny.
Of course- desigur, bineinteles How many rooms are there?
Certainly-cu siguranta Ai o casa foarte draguta, Mini. Imi place mai
Very well-foarte bine ales sufrageria. Este spatioasa si insorita. Cate
Excellent-excelent camere sunt in total?
Indeed-intradevar For rooms downstairs and six upstairs. At the
That’s right – asa e ground floor there are the living room, the
You are right – ai dreptate, aveti dreptate dining room, the kitchen and the bathroom.
I’m pleased-sunt incantat, sunt incantata Patru camere jos si sase sus: la parter sunt
I’m glad-sunt bucuros, sunt bucuroasa sufrageria, camera unde luam masa, bucataria si
I like it-imi place o baie.
Willingly-cu placere Where are the bedrooms?
With great pleasure-cu mare placere Unde sunt dormitoarele?
How nice-ce dragut Upstairs. There are three bedrooms two
Well done-bravo, ai facut bine bathrooms and a large study at the first floor.
Fortunately-din fericire Sus. La primul etaj sunt trei dormitoare, doua
You are lucky- esti norocos bai si o camera de studiu mare.
Where do you spend most of the time? In which
How to express the disagreement. room?
Cum ne aratam dezaprobarea. Unde petreceti cel mai mult timp? In care dintre
camere?
Never-niciodata We spend most of our evening in the living
Nothing-nimic room. I watch TV and Al reads the newspapers.
Not at all- deloc Ne petrecem cea mai mare parte a serii in
No way-in nici un caz sufragerie. Eu ma uit la TV iar Al citeste ziarele.
Too bad- foarte rau You also have a beautiful garden outside. How
Terrible-cumplit nice! It is excellent to have a garden, even a
Awful-ingrozitor small one.
I don’t agree-nu sunt de acord Aveti si o gradina frumoasa afara. Ce dragut!
It’s impossible-este imposibil Este grozav sa ai o gradina, fie si una mica.
How awful-ingrozitor You are right. It is a great pleasure to have a
What a pity-ce pacat garden and spend some time outside. We are
What bad luck-ce ghinion lucky to have it.
I don’t like it-nu- mi place Ai dreptate. Este o mare placere sa ai o gradina
I dislike it-nu- mi place si sa petreci putin timp afara. Suntem norocosi
You are wrong-te inseli ca o avem.
You are mistaken-gresesti
It’s rather difficult-e destul de greu
Unfortunately- din nefericire Vocabulary
Al and I live in London in a quite area. Our Quiet-linistit, calm
house is not big but it is nice and comfortable. Area- zona
Jim likes it very much. Big- mare
Eu si Jim locuim in Londra, intr- o zona Comfortable-comfortabil
linistita. Casa noastra nu este mare, dar e To like-a placea
draguta si comfortabila. Lui Jim ii place foarte Much- mult
mult.
Especially- mai ales, in special Does he live in London? Yes, he does. Yes, he
Large-spatioasa lives in London.
Sunny-insorit Locuieste el la Londra? Da, el locuieste. Da, el
How many-cate, cati locuieste la Londra.
Downstairs-jos, pe scari Does she teach English? Yes, she does. Yes, she
Upstairs-sus, pe scari teaches English.
Living room-sufragerie Preda ea Engleza? Da, ea preda. Da, ea preda
Dining room-camera unde se ia masa Engleza.
Kitchen- bucatarie
Bedroom-dormitor Give negative answers:
Bathroom- baie Raspunde negativ:
Study-camera de studiu, birou Do you have an apple? No, I don’t. No, I don’t
To spend-a petrece have an apple. I have a pear.
Most- cel mai mult Ai un mar? Nu, nu am. Nu, nu am un mar. Am o
To watch-a se uita para.
To read- a citi Does she live in Paris? No, she doesn’t. No, she
Newspaper- ziar doesn’t live in Paris. She lives in London.
Garden-gradina Locuieste ea la Paris? Nu, ea nu locuieste. Nu,
Outside-afara ea nu locuieste la Paris. Ea locuieste la Londra.
Even-chiar I’m in London. I’m here. I’m not in Paris. I’m
not there.
Don’t forget! Nu uita! Sunt la Londra. Sunt aici. Nu sunt la Paris. Nu
Ask questions and give correct answers. sunt acolo.
Pune intrebari si da raspunsurile corecte. Paula is here. She is here. Paula isn’t there. She
Where is Paula? isn’t there.
Unde este Paula? Paula este aici. Ea este aici. Paula nu este acolo.
Paula is in London. Ea nu este acolo.
Paula este la Londra.
Paula is here. Express your agreement. Exprima-ti
Paula este aici. aprobarea
When does spring come? Of course-desigur, bineinteles
Cand vine primavara? Certainly-cu siguranta
Spring comes in March. Very well-foarte bine
Primavara vine in Martie. Excellent-excellent
Who comes? Indeed-intradevar
Cine vine? That’s right-asa este
Emily comes from Germany. You are right-aveti dreptate
Emily vine din Germania. I’m pleased-sunt incantata
I’m glad-sunt bucuroasa
Give affirmative answers: I like it-imi place
Raspunde afirmativ: Willingly-cu placere
Do you have an apple? Yes, I do. Yes, I have an With great pleasure-cu mare placere
apple. How nice-ce dragut
Ai un mar? Da, eu am. Da, eu am un mar. Well done-bravo, bine facut
Fortunately-din fericire
You are lucky-sunteti norocos
Express your disagreement. Lectia a 5-a Lesson 5
Exprima-ti dezaprobarea Revision. Recapitulare
Never- niciodata Exercise 1. Exercitiul 1
Nothing- nimic
Not at all-deloc Answer the following questions
No way- in nici un caz
Too bad-foarte rau Who are you?
Terrible- cumplit What nationality are you?
I don’t agree-nu sunt de acord Where are you from?
It’s impossible-este imposibil Where do you live?
How awful-ingrozitor What is your job?
What a pity-ce pacat What language do you speak?
What bad luck-ce ghinion
I don’t like it- nu- mi place Raspunde la urmatoarele intrebari:
I dislike it-nu- mi place Cine esti?
You are wrong- te inseli De unde esti?
You are mistaken-gresesti Unde locuiesti?
It’s rather difficult-e destul de greu Ce profesie ai?
Unfortunately-din nefericire Ce limbi vorbesti?

The main rooms of the house. I am Mini. I am a Romanian. I’m from Oradea.
Principalele camere ale casei. Oradea is in Romania. Now I live in England. I
There are four rooms downstairs and six am a teacher. I teach French. I also speak
upstairs. Romanian and English.
Sunt patru camere jos si sase sus. Sunt Mini. Sunt Romanca. Sunt din Oradea.
At the ground floor there are the living room, Oradea este in Romania. Acum locuiesc in
the dining room, the kitchen and a bathroom. Anglia. Sunt profesoara. Predau Franceza. Mai
La parter sunt: sufrageria, camera unde luam vorbesc Romana si Engleza.
masa, bucataria si o baie. Please answer the following questions:
Upstairs there are three bedrooms, two
bathrooms and a large study at the first floor. Who is he?
Sus sunt trei dormitoare, doua bai si o camera de Who is she?
studiu mare. What nationality is he?
They all are at the first floor. What nationality is she?
Toate sunt la primul etaj. Where is he from?
Where is she from?
Where does he live?
Where does she live?
What is his job?
What is her job?
What language does he speak?
What language does she speak?
Raspundeti va rog la urmatorele intrebari: He is Dimitri. He is Russian. He is from Russia.
Cine este el? He lives in Moscow. He is a pilot. He speaks
Cine este ea? only Russian.
De unde este el? El este Dimitri. Este Rus. Este din Rusia.
De unde este ea? Locuieste in Moscova. Este pilot. Vorbeste doar
De unde este ea? Rusa.
De unde este el?
Unde locuieste ea? She is Marie Claire. She is French. She is from
Unde locuieste el? France. She lives in Paris. She is a dancer.
Ce profesie are el? She speaks only French.
Ce profesie are ea? Ea este Marie Claire. Este Frantuzoaica. Este
Ce limbi vorbeste el? din Franta. Locuieste la Paris. Este dansatoare.
Ce limbi vorbeste ea? Vorbeste doar Franceza.

He is Jim. He is my friend. He is an He is Ali. He is a Turk. He is from Turkey. He


Englishman. He is from London. He lives in lives in Ankara. He is an engineer. He speaks
London. He is an architect. He speaks both Turkish and French.
English and French.
El este Jim. Este prietenul meu. Este Englez. El este Ali. Este turc. Este din Turcia. Locuieste
Este din Londra. Locuieste la Londra. Este in Ankara. Este inginer. Vorbeste Turca si
architect. Vorbeste atat Engleza cat si Franceza. Franceza.

She is Isabella. She is an Italian. She is from Exercise 2.


Italy. She lives in Venice. She is an artist. She Exercitiul 2.
speaks Italian, English, Greek, German, and Put and answer the following questions:
Portuguese. Pune si raspunde la urmatoarele intrebari:
Ea este Isabela. Este Italianca. Este din Italia.
Locuieste in Venetia. Este artista. Vorbeste Does Dolores live in Spain? Yes, she does. Yes,
Italiana, Engleza, Greaca, Germana si she lives in Spain.
Portugheza. Dolores locuieste in Spania? Da, locuieste. Da,
ea locuieste in Spania.
He is Boris. He is a Pole. He is from Warsaw,
Poland. He lives in Krakov. He is a doctor. He Does Boris cure people? Yes, he does. Yes, he
speaks Polish. He speaks English, too. cures people. He is a doctor.
El este Boris. Este Polonez. Este din Varsovia. Boris vindeca oameni? Da, vindeca. Da, el
Locuieste in Krakovia. Este doctor. Vorbeste vindeca oameni. El este doctor.
Poloneza. Vorbeste de asemenea Engleza.
Does Isabella live in Madrid? No, she doesn’t.
She is Dolores. She is Spanish. She is from No, she doesn’t live in Madrid. She lives in
Barcelona. She lives in Spain. She lives in Venice.
Madrid. She is a business woman. She speaks Isabela locuieste la Madrid? Nu, nu locuieste.
Spanish and English. Nu, ea nu locuieste la Madrid. Locuieste la
Ea este Dolores. Este Spaniola. Este din Venetia.
Barcelona. Locuieste in Spania. Sta in Madrid.
Este femeie de afaceri. Vorbeste Spaniola si
Engleza.
Does Dimitri speak Spanish? No, he doesn’t. Exercise 4
No, he doesn’t speak Spanish. He speaks only Exercitiul 4
Russian.
Dimitri vorbeste Spaniola? Nu, nu vorbeste. Nu, Translate into English the following sentences.
nu vorbeste Spaniola. Vorbeste doar Rusa. Tradu in Engleza urmatoarele propozitii.

Is Marie Claire a dancer? Yes, she is. Yes, she is Ce zi este astazi?
a dancer. Astazi este luni.
Marie Claire este dansatoare? Da, este. Este What day is today?
dansatoare. Today is Monday.

Jim isn’t a Turk, is he? No, he isn’t a Turk, he is Ce anotimp este acesta?
an Englishman. Este primavara. Este vremea primaverii.
Jim nu este Turc, nu-i asa? Nu, nu este turc, este What season is this?
Englez. This is spring. It’s springtime.

Marie Claire is French, isn’t she? Yes, she is. Ce luna este aceasta?
She is French. Este aprilie.
Marie Claire este frantuzoaica, nu-i asa? Da, What month is this?
este. Este frantuzoaica. This is April.

Exercise 3 Ce anotimp este acela?


Exercitiul 3 Este vara. Este vremea verii.
Repeat the following sentences. What season is that?
Repeta urmatoarele propozitii. That is summer. It’s summertime.

I talk about him. Ce luna este aceea?


Vorbesc despre el. Este iulie.
You talk about them. What month is that?
Vorbesti despre ei. That is July.

He talks about us. Care sunt lunile de iarna?


Vorbeste despre noi. Decembrie, ianuarie si februarie.
She talks about me. Which are the months of winter?
Vorbeste despre mine. December, January and February.
We talk about you. Care sunt lunile de primavara?
Vorbim despre tine. Martie, aprilie si mai.
You talk about her. Which are the months of spring?
Vorbiti despre ea. March, April and May.
They talk about you.
Care sunt lunile de vara?
Ei vorbesc despre voi.
Iunie, iulie si august.
Which are the months of summer?
June, July and August.
Care sunt lunile de toamna? Si pentru ca a venit vorba despre vreme, va
Septembrie, octombrie si noiembrie. amintesc lectiile de dictie pe care profesorul
Which are the months of autumn? Higgins i le propune tinerei florarese, Eliza
September, October and November. Doolittle, in filmul My Fair Lady, ecranizarea
piesei lui GeorgeỽBernard Shaw, Pigmelion.
Exercise 5. Exercitiul 5.
Translate into English the following sentences. The rain in Spain stays mainly in the plain.
Tradu in Engleza urmatoarele propozitii. In Spania, ploaia apare mai ales la ses.
In Hartford, Herford and Hampshire, hurricanes
Cum este vremea iarna? hardly happen.
What is the weather like in winter? In Hartford, Herford si Hampshire, uraganele se
Iarna, vremea este rece si ninge. Cerul este mai produc arareori.
mult acoperit. Uneori suntem blocati de viscol.
In winter, the weather is cold and it’s snowing. In limba Engleza, ca si in limba Romana, exista
Most of the time the sky is cloudy. Sometimes o multime de expresii legate de vreme. Iata doua
we are stuck in the blizzard. pe care iti propun sa le inveti, chiar daca esti la
inceput.
Cum este vremea primavara?
What is the weather like in spring? It’s raining cats and dogs.
Uneori primavara vremea este frumoasa si este Ploua cu galeata.
cald. Alteori, vremea este rea. Vantul bate si cad
ploi torentiale. Come rain or come shine.
Sometimes in spring the weather is fine and it’s Tradus cuvant cu cuvant, ar insmna, fie ploaie,
warm. Other times, the weather is bad. The fie soare, dar expresia echivalenta in limba
wind blows and there are showers. Romana este ‘Fie ce-o fi!’

Cum este vremea vara? Exercise 6. Exercitiul 6.


What is the weather like in summer? Give the correct answers to the following
Vara, aerul este fierbinte si uscat. Temperature questions.
poate urca pana la 40 de grade Celsius la umbra. Raspunde corect la urmatoarele intrebari.
In summer the air is hot and dry. The
temperature can rise up to 40 degrees Celsius in You have a pear, haven’t you?
the shade. Yes, I have.
Ai o para, nu-i asa?
Cum este vremea toamna? Da, am.
What is the weather like in autumn?
You don’t have a pear, do you?
Toamna, vremea este capricioasa. Uneori No, I don’t.
vremea este rea. Este cetoasa, bate vantul si Tu nu ai o para, nu-i asa?
ploua mult. Alteori vremea este frumoasa. Este Nu, nu am.
racoare, cerul este senin si este cald.
He has a map, hasn’t he?
In autumn the weather is capricious. Sometimes Yes, he has.
the weather is bad. It’s foggy, it’s windy and it’s El are o harta, nu-i asa?
raining a lot. Other times, the weather is fine. Da, el are.
It’s cool, the sky is clear and it’s warm.
He doesn’t have a map, does he? Prezentul continuu face distinctia intre timpul
No, he doesn’t. prezent in general si momentul de fata. Astfel:
El nu are o harta, nu-i asa? I go to school every day.
Nu, el nu are. Ma duc la scoala in fiecare zi.
I am going to school right now.
Lectia a 6-a. Lesson 6 Ma duc la scoala chiar acum.
Grammar. Gramatica
I do my homework every evening.
Present Continous Tense. Prezentul
Imi fac tema in fiecare seara.
Continuu
I’m doing my homework now.
Prezentul continuu este alcatuit din prezentul Imi fac tema acum.
verbului “To be” si forma in “ing” a verbului
care este conjugat. Forma continua a prezentului Iata si forma negativa:
arata o actiune care are loc in clipa de fata.
I’m not reading the newspaper right now.
To be + to eat + ing Nu citesc ziarul chiar acum.

I am eating. I am not listening to music now.


Eu mananc. Nu ascult muzica acum.
You are eating.
Tu mananci. Possessive Pronouns. Pronume posesive.
She is eating.
Ea mananca. My book is mine.
He is eating. Cartea mea este a mea.
El mananca. His room is his.
We are eating. Camera ta este a ta.
Noi mancam.
His pen is his.
You are eating. Voi
Stiloul lui este a lui.
mancati.
They are eating.
Ei mananca. Her garden is hers.
Gradina ei este a ei
To be + to read + ing Its tail is its.
Coada ei este a ei.
I am reading.
Eu citesc. Our house is ours.
You are reading. Casa noastra este a noastra.
Tu citesti. Your car is yours.
She is reading. Masina voastra este a voastra.
Ea citeste.
He is reading. Their flat is theirs.
El citeste. Apartamentul lor este a lor.
We are reading.
Noi citim.
You are reading.
Voi cititi.
They are reading.
Ei citesc.
General Concepts. Godson-fin
Goddaughter- fina
Notiuni generale.
Meals in Great Britain. Mesele in Marea I and my friend Jim often talk on the phone
Britanie Today we are speaking about family, food and
meals of the day.
Breakfast-mic dejun Eu si prietenul meu, Jim vorbim adesea la
Brunch-gustarea dintre micul dejun si pranz telefon. Astazi vorbim despre familie, mancaruri
Lunch-masa de pranz si mesele zilei.
Dinner-masa principala
The five o’clock tea-ceaiul de la ora 5 On the phone
Supper-cina
La telefon
Romanii iau micul dejun, pranzul si cina.
How are you, Mini? I am glad to hear your
Romanians have breakfast, lunch and dinner.
voice. You sound happy!
Ce mai faci, Mini? Imi pare bine sa-ti aud
Family members and relatives. Membrii vocea. Pari fericita.
familiei si rudele.
I am happy! Emily and Peter are coming home
Parents -parinti
today. Our family is together, again.
Mother -mama
Sunt fericita! Emily si Peter vin astazi acasa.
Father-tata
Familia noastra este din nou unita.
Daughter-fiica
Son-fiu
How nice! It is a wonderful surprise. I am sure
Sister-sora
you and Al are delighted! Your son and
Brother-frate
daughter are coming home for holidays.
Grandparents-bunici
Ce dragut! Este o surpriza minunata. Sunt sigur
Grandmother-bunica
ca tu si Al sunteti incantati. Fiul si fiica voastra
Grandfather-bunic
vin acasa in vacanta.
Grandchildren-nepoti de bunic
Granddaughter-nepoata de bunic
Not only our children, but also our
Grandson-nepot de bunici
grandchildren: our grandaughters Hilda and
Aunt-matusa
Alice, and our grandsons Klaus and Michael are
Uncle-unchi
coming, too.
Niece-nepoata de unchi
Nu doar copii, dar si nepotii: nepoatele noastre,
Nephew-nepot de unchi
Hilda si Alice si nepotii nostrii, Klaus si
Cousin-verisor, verisoara
Michael, vin de asemenea.
Mother in law-soacra
Father in law-socru
Oh, Mini, I think you are very busy now. You
In laws-cuscrii
are preparing lots of things for your children and
Daughter in law-nora
grandchildren.
Son in law-ginere
Oh, Mini. Cred ca este ocupata acum. Pregatesti
Sister in law-cumnata
o multime de lucruri pentru copiii si nepotii tai.
Brother in law-cumnat
Godmother-nasa That’s right. There is a lot of work and Al is
Godfather-nas helping me to finish me. Now I am baking a
chocolate cake and an apple pie.
Asa este. Am o multime de treaba si Al ma ajuta
sa o termin. Acum coc o prajitura cu ciocolata si
placinta cu mere.
Excellent. I even smell the flavors from your To sound-a suna, dar si a parea
kitchen. Your dear ones are lucky to have you. Together-impreuna
You are a treasure for your family. Wonderful- minunat, minunata
Excelent. Chiar simt aromele din bucataria ta. I am sure you are- sunt sigur ca esti
Ai tai sunt norocosi sa te aiba. Esti o comoara Delighted- incantat, incantata
pentru familia ta. Busy- ocupat, ocupata
To prepare- a pregati
Well, Jim, don’t exaggerate things. I am pleased To help- a ajuta
to do all these things for my family: preparing To finish- a termina
their rooms, cooking their breakfast, lunch and To bake- a coace
diner, washing dishes. I am doing all the work Chocolate cake- prajitura cu ciocolata, tort de
willingly. ciocolata
Ei bine, Jim nu exagera! Sunt incantata sa fac Apple pie- placinta cu mere
toate lucrurile astea pentru familia mea: sa le To smell- a mirosi, a simti mirosul
pregatesc camerele, sa le gatesc micul dejun, Flavor- aroma
pranzul si cina, sa spal vasele. Fac toata munca Treasure-comoara
din placere. To exaggerate-a exagera
To cook-a gati
When are they coming? To wash- a spala
Cand vin? Dishes- vesela, vase de bucatarie
Tonight- diseara, in seara asta
Tonight. All of them are coming tonight by Plane- avion
plane. Emily, Johan, Hilda and Klaus come at To come by plane- a veni cu avionul
seven o’clock and Peter, Anna, Alice and To go by car-a merge cu masina
Michael come at nine o’clock. We go by car to Airport- aeroport
the airport to wait for them. To wait for- a astepta pe cineva sau ceva To
In seara asta. Vin toti in seara asta cu avionul. leave- a lasa, a parasi
Emily, Johan, Hilda si Klaus vin la ora 7 iar
Peter, Anna, Alice si Michael vin la 9. Ne Don’t forget. Nu uita.
ducem cu masina la aeroport sa-i asteptam. The Present Continous Tense.
Prezentul continuu
I leave you, then. Have a nice evening home,
and enjoy your meal. Good night, Mini To be + to eat + ing
Te las atunci. O seara placuta si pofta buna.
Noapte buna, Mini. I am eating.
Thank you, Jim. Good night. Eu mananc.
Multumesc Jim. Noapte buna. You are eating.
Tu mananci.
She is eating.
Vocabulary. On the Phone. Ea mananca.
La telefon He is eating.
To hear- a auzi, a afla El mananca.
Voice-voce
We are eating. My book is mine.
Noi mancam. Cartea mea este a mea.
You are eating. His room is his.
Voi mancati. Camera ta este a ta.
They are eating.
Ei mananca. His pen is his.
Stiloul lui este a lui.
To be + to read + ing Her garden is hers.
Gradina ei este a ei
I am reading.
Eu citesc. Its tail is its.
You are reading. Coada ei este a ei.
Tu citesti. Our house is ours.
She is reading. Casa noastra este a noastra.
Ea citeste.
He is reading. Your car is yours.
El citeste. Masina voastra este a voastra.
We are reading. Their flat is theirs.
Noi citim. Apartamentul lor este a lor.
You are reading.
Which are the main meals in Romania?
Voi cititi.
Care sunt mesele principale in Romania?
They are reading.
Ei citesc.
Prezentul continuu face distinctia intre timpul In Romania, Romanians have breakfast, lunch
prezent in general si momentul de fata. and dinner.
In Romania, Romanii iau micul dejun, pranzul
I go to school every day. si cina.
Eu ma duc la scoala in fiecare zi.

I am going to school right now. Lectia a 7-a. Lesson 7


Ma duc la scoala chiar acum.
Grammar. Gramatica
I do my homework every evening. The Genitive Case. Genitivul
Eu imi fac tema in fiecare seara.
Genitivul este cazul atributului si exprima in
I’m doing my homework now. primul rand posesiunea sau apartenenta si
Eu imi fac tema acum. raspunde la intrebarile “whose” al, a, ai, ale cui;
“what” sau “which” care.
I’m not reading the newspaper right now.
Eu nu citesc ziarul chiar acum. We say.
Spunem:
I am not listening to music now.
Eu nu ascult muzica acum. Allen’s wife is an actress.
Sotia lui Allen este actrita.
Let’s read the Possesive Pronouns. The cat’s kittens are nice.
Sa citim pronumele posesive. Puii pisicii sunt draguti.
Maggie’s house is on the corner. The adjective. Adjectivul
Casa lui Maggie este pe colt. Much and many.
We are happy about my father’s arrival.
Suntem fericiti de sosirea tatalui meu. Much este folosit cu substantivele nenumarabile
si exprima cantitatea.
It is good to have somebody’s admiration.
Teaching English gives much pleasure to me.
Este bine sa te bucuri de admiratia cuiva.
Predarea limbii Engleze imi ofera multa placere
I am reading Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet.
Citesc Romeo si Julieta lui Shakespeare. There is much sand on you shoes.
Este mult nisip pe pantofii tai.
Paul’s ideas are good.
I need much sugar into my coffee.
Ideile lui Paul sunt bune.
Am nevoie de mult zahar in cafeaua mea.
Nick’s parents are both doctors.
Parintii lui Nick sunt amandoi doctori. She gives him much love.
Ii ofera multa dragoste.
But we say:
There isn’t much room left in their kitchen.
Dar spunem:
Nu prea le ramane spatiu in bucatarie.
The key of my door is on the table.
Cheia de la usa mea este pe masa. I need much time to think about it.
Am nevoie de mult timp ca sa ma gandesc la
Sometimes the passage of time is slow. asta.
Uneori trecerea timpului este inceata.
I have a feeling of joy. Many este folosit cu substantive numarabile si
Am un sentiment de bucurie. exprima numarul:
There are many roses in my garden.
The roof of the house is damaged. Sunt multi trandafiri in gradina.
Acoperisul casei este stricat.
We have many new ideas.
I want a slice of cake. Avem multe idei noi.
Vreau o felie de tort.
Mary has many friends.
The month of June is really beautiful in my Mary are multi prieteni.
country. There are many chairs in their kitchen.
Luna iunie este cu adevarat frumoasa in tara Sunt multe scaune in bucataria lor.
mea.
There are many students in the library.
The cover of the book is dark blue. Sunt multi studenti la bibleoteca.
Coperta cartii este albastru inchis. They have too many pictures on their walls.
Au prea multe tablouri pe pereti.
Observaţii.
General concepts. Notiuni generale.
Substantivele care se termina in “s” sau “ss” State of mind. Stare de spirit
primesc doar apostroful.
I am merry-sunt bucuros, sunt bucuroasa
Dickens’ novels are in my bookcase. I am happy-sunt fericit, sunt fericita
Romanele lui Dickens sunt in biblioteca mea. I am satisfied- sunt multumit, sunt multumita
I am lucky-sunt norocos, sunt norocoasa Well, Mini, I have to talk first with Paula about
I am sad -sunt trist, sunt trista it, but I think this is not a problem. We don’t
I am confused-sunt derutat, sunt derutata, have a program for today. I think the answer is
I am amazed -sunt uluit, sunt uluita yes, we are coming.
I am in a hurry-sunt grabit, sunt grabita Ei bine, Mini, trebuie sa vorbesc mai intai cu
I am unhappy-sunt nefericit, sunt nefericita Paula despre asta, dar nu cred sa fie o problema.
I am unlucky-sunt ghinionist, sunt ghinionista Nu avem program astazi. Cred ca raspunsul este
I am tired-sunt obosit, sunt obosita da, venim
I am dissatisfied-sunt nemultumit, sunt
nemultumita We are delighted to have you and Paula among
I am worried-sunt ingrijorat, sunt ingrijorata us, then.
I am shocked-sunt socat, sunt socata Suntem incantati sa va avem pe tine si pe Paula
I am afraid-mi-e teama printre noi, atunci.
I am scared-mi-e frica
I am hungry-mi-e foame Thank you, Mini. I am doing my shopping and
I am thirsty-mi-e sete I’m going home to tell Paula about the party. I
I am cold-mi-e frig have to buy fruits first.
I am ill-mi-e rau Multumesc, Mini. Imi fac cumparaturile si ma
duc acasa sa ii spun Paulei despre petrecere. Dar
It’s Saturday morning and I meet Jim at the mai intai, trebuie sa cumpar fructe.
market. I am buying vegetables: green peppers,
hot peppers, onion, garlic, potatoes, mushrooms, I have a lot of things to buy, too. Today we are
beans, carrots, parsley, green salad, tomatoes, very busy because of this special celebration. I
cabbage and egg plants. do the shopping and Emily is cooking a
Jim is buying fruits, such as strawberries, delicious birthday cake for her brother. Ana is
bananas, pears, apples, grapes, oranges, plums, helping her.
peaches and apricots. Si eu am o multime de lucruri de cumparat.
Este sambata dimineata si ma intalnesc cu Jim la Astazi, suntem foarte ocupati cu aceasta
piata. Eu cumpar legume si zarzavaturi ardei sarbatoare speciala. Eu fac cumparaturile si
grasi, ardei iuti, ceapa, usturoi, cartofi, ciuperci, Emily pregateste un tort delicios pentru fratele
fasole, morcovi, patrunjel, salata verde, rosii, ei. Ana o ajuta.
varza si vinete.
Jim cumpara fructe precum capsuni, banane, What are the men of your family doing? Are
pere, mere, struguri, portocale, prune, piersici si they helping you, too?
caise. Ce fac barbatii din familia voastra? Va ajuta si
ei?
A birthday barbecue for Peter.
Un gratar de ziua lui Peter. Of course they are. Al is working very hard to
decorate a place in the garden. Peter and Johan
It’s Peter’s birthday today, so we are having a are building a stage for dancing and playing the
barbecue in our garden. You and your wife are music.
both invited to the party. Are you coming, Jim? Sigur ca da. Al se straduieste din greu sa
Este ziua lui Peter astazi, asa ca vom face un decoreze un loc in gradina. Peter si Johan
gratar in gradina. Tu si sotia ta sunteti invitati construiesc un ring pentru dans si muzica.
amandoi la petrecere. Veniti, Jim?
Thank God the weather is splendid: the sun Beans-fasole
shines, the sky is clear and there is no wind.We Carrot-morcov
aren’t afraid of any shower. Parsley-patrunjel
Doamne ajuta ca vremea este splendida! Soarele Green salad-salata verde
straluceste, cerul e senin si nu bate vantul. Nu Tomato, tomatoes-rosie, rosii
ne temem de vreo ploaie torentiala. Cabbage-varza
Egg plant-vanata
Yes, we are lucky. Now you have to excuse me, Strawberry, strawberries-capsuna, capsuni
Jim. I am in a hurry. I have to go to the grocer’s Banana-banana
and to the butcher’s, as I have many things to Pear-para
buy: beef, pork and fish. I am sorry. Apple-mar
Da, suntem norocosi. Acum trebuie sa ma scuzi, Grapes-struguri
Jim, ma grabesc. Trebuie sa trec pe la bacanie si Orange-portocala
pe la macelarie pentru ca am multe de cumparat: Plum-pruna
carne de vita, de porc si peste. Imi pare rau. Peach-piersica
Apricot-caisa
It is alright, Mini. I understand. I have only one
Barbecue-gratar
question for you: what do we wear? Casual or
To invite-a invita
elegant clothes?
Party-petrecere
Este in regula, Mini, inteleg. Am o singura
To have to-a trebui sa
intrebare pentru tine: ce purtam? Haine
Problem-problema
obisnuite sau haine elegante?
Program-program
What a question! Of course you wear what you Answer-raspuns
want! You are looking forward to seeing you! To answer-a raspunde
Good bye, Jim. Among-in mijlocul, printre
Ce intrebare! Bineinteles ca va imbracati cu ce To shop, to go shopping-a cumpara, a face
vreti! Abia asteptam sa va vedem! Pa, Jim! cumparaturi
To tell-a spune
Bye, Mini! Thank you for the invitation. I’ll call Special celebration-sarbatoare speciala
you when I come home. Delicious-delicios
Pa Mini. Multumim pentru invitatie! Te sun Birthday cake-tort
cand ajung acasa. Very hard-din greu
To decorate-a decora
To build-a construi
Vocabulary
Stage-podium, ring
Market-piata To play-a canta la un instrument, sau a se juca
Vegetables-zarzavaturi, legume, verdeturi Thank God-ii multumesc lui Dumnezeu
Fruits-fructe Sun-soare
Green pepper-ardei gras To shine-a straluci
Hot pepper-ardei iute Grocer’s-bacanie
Onion-ceapa Butcher’s-macelarie
Garlic-usturoi Beef-carne de vita
Potato, potatoes-cartof, cartofi Pork-carne de porc
Mushroom-ciuperca Fish-peste
To understand-a intelege
To wear-a purta
Casual-obisnuit At-la
Elegant-elegant In-in
Clothes-haine On-pe
To look forward to-a astepta cu nerabdare sa For-pentru
To call somebody-a telefona cuiva From-din, de la
To-la, catre
Above-deasupra
Lectia a 8-a. Lesson 8. Under-sub
Grammar. Gramatica Near-langa
By-langa
Constructia “to be going to” urmata de
infinitivul verbului care este conjugat, arata Examples. Exemple
intentia de a savarsi in viitor actiunea respectiva:
I go to school.
They are going to have a party. Merg la scoala.
Ei intentioneaza sa organizeze o petrecere.
He comes home from his office.
I am going to eat an apple. El se intoarce acasa de la birou.
Intentionez sa mananc un mar. This is for you.
Asta este pentru tine.
We are going to buy a new car.
Intentionam sa cumparam o masina noua. We go on a trip to the moon.
Mergem intr-o excursie pe luna.
Andy is going to live in Paris a whole year. The picture is above the desk.
Andy intentioneaza sa locuiasca la Paris un an Tabloul este deasupra pupitrului.
intreg.
The carpet is under the bed.
Covorul este sub pat.
Constructia “to be going to” urmata de
infinitivul verbului care este conjugat, poate The cat sleeps near the window.
arata si viitorul actiunii exprimata in prezent. Pisica doarme langa fereastra.
We sit by the fire.
She is going to have a baby Stam langa foc.
Ea va avea un copil.
It’s going to rain. They are at school.
O sa ploua. Ei sunt la scoala.
He is going to change his job. She is at home.
El o sa isi schimba slujba. Ea este acasa.
Sara is going to study Chinese.
Sara o sa invete Chineza. The book is in the bag.
Cartea este in geanta.

The Preposition. Prepozitia


Va aduceti aminte cu siguranta ca prepozitiile
sunt acele cuvinte care leaga diferite parti de
vorbire intre ele.
In limba Engleza prepozitiile cel mai des
folosite sunt:
General Concepts. Notiuni generale Summer is going to come soon. It is coming
The Time next month. It’s time for us to make plans for
the holidays.
A minute-un minut Vara o sa vina curand. O sa vina luna viitoare.
An hour-o ora Este timpul sa ne facem planuri de vacanta.
A quarter of an hour-un sfert de ora
Half an hour-o jumatate de ora
What time is it-cat este ceasul Looking for summer. Visand la vara
It’s 3 o’clock sharp-este ora trei fix
It’s 5 minutes past 2-este 2 si 5 minute Hi, Mini! I hear you’re going to spend you
It’s a quarter past 4-este 4 si un sfert summer holidays in Romania.
It’s half past 9-este 9 si jumatate Buna, Mini! Aflu ca o sa iti petreci vacanta de
It’s 10 to 6-este 6 fara 10 vara in Romania.
It’s a quarter to 7-este 7 fara un sfert
It’s midday-este miezul zilei Yes, I am. I’m going there in August, because I
It’s midnight-este miezul noptii want to see my sister and her family.
What time is the party-la ce ora este petrecerea Da, asa este. In august o sa plec acolo pentru ca
From 8 to 11 pm-de la 8 la 11 seara vreau sa o vad pe sora mea si familia ei.

Direction and position That sounds nice. Are you going to stay there
long?
There-acolo Suna dragut. Si o sa stai mult acolo?
Here-aici
Near to-aproape de Yes, I want to travel to travel around while I am
East, eastern-est, estic, de est there, so I am going to stay there for a whole
West, western-vest, vestic, de vest month.
North, northern-nord, Nordic, de nord Da, vreau sa calatoresc prin imprejurimi cat
South, southern-sud, sudic, de sud timp o sa fiu acolo asa ca o sa stau o luna
On top of-deasupra intreaga.
Far away from-departe de
Straight ahead-drept inainte Great! What are you going to do there?
In the center-in centru Grozav! Ce o sa faci acolo?
In front of-in fata
Behind-in spatele I”m going to visit Maramures to see again the
Next to-in imediata apropiere, alaturi places of my childhood. I also want to go to the
At the bottom-in partea inferioara mountains and also to the seaside and visit my
At the top-in parte superioara friends from Constanta.
In the neighborhood-in vecinatate O sa vizitez Maramuresul ca sa vad din nou
At the beginning-la inceput locurile copilariei mele. Vreau sa merg la munte
At the end-la sfarsit dar si la mare sa-i vad pe prietenii mei din
On the other side-pe cealalta parte Constanta.
To the right-spre dreapta
To the left-spre stanga You’re so lucky! Are you going to take a ship
Across-vis a vis and sail on the Black Sea?
Esti asa norocoasa! O sa navighezi cu vasul pe
Marea Neagra?
I don’t know, but I really want to do it. To take-a lua
Nu stiu, dar vreau foarte mult sa o fac. To sail-a naviga
What about Al? Is he going to join you on this To join-a se alatura
trip to you native country? Trip-excursie
Dar Al? O sa vina cu tine in calatoria catre tara Native-natal, natala
ta natala? Anyway-oricum
To envy-a invidia
Unfortunately he is going to stay home this To look forward-a astepta cu nerabdare
time. He has to work in August To take photos-a face poze
Din pacate o sa stea acasa de data asta. Trebuie To show-a arata
sa lucreze in August. To get back-a se intoarce
Everyone-toata lumea
Anyway, I envy you Mini and I look forward to Sharp-fix
our summer holidays in Romania, next year. I Half-jumatate
am going there with Paula to visit to her family. Quarter-sfert
Please take photos of the places you visit there.
Oricum, te invidiez, Mini si abia astept vacanta Always remember
noastra de vara in Romania anul viitor. O sa ma
duc acolo cu Paula in vizita la familia ei. Te rog A minute is 60 seconds.
sa faci poze cu locurile pe care le vizitezi acolo. Un minut are 60 de secunde.
An hour is 60 minutes and 3600 seconds.
Well, I am going to take my video camera, O ora are 60 de minute si 3600 de secunde.
because I want to show everyone what Romania
A quarter of an hour is 15 minutes and 900
is like, when I get back.
seconds.
Ei bine, o sa imi iau camera video, pentru ca
Un sfert de ora are 15 minute si 900 de secunde.
vreau sa le arat tuturor asa cum este Romania,
cand ma intorc. Half an hour is 30 minutes and 1800 seconds.
O jumatate de ora are 30 de minute si 1800 de
That’s a very good idea! Have fun! secunde.
Este o idee foarte buna! Sa te distrezi! What time is it?
Cat este ceasul?
Vocabulary
It’s 3 o’clock sharp.
Summer holidays- vacanta de vara Este ora 3 fix.
To stay- a sta It’s 5 minutes past 2.
Long- mult timp, lung Este 2 si 5 minute.
To travel-a calatori
Around- prin imprejurimi, imprejur It’s a quarter past 4.
Whole- intreg, intreaga Este 4 si un sfert.
To visit-a vizita It’s half past 9.
Place- loc Este 9 si jumatate.
Childhood- copilarie
It’s 10 to 6.
To the mountains- la munte
Este 6 fara 10.
To the seaside- la mare
It’s a quarter to 7.
Este 7 fara un sfert.
It’s midday. Lectia a 9-a. Lesson 9
Este miezul zilei.

It’s midnight. Grammar. Gramatica


Este miezul noptii. The Past Tense. Trecutul Simplu

What time is the meeting? In limba Engleza, trecutul simplu are o singura
La ce ora este intalnirea? forma pentru toate pesoanele, cu exceptia
At 4 o’clock sharp verbului “to be”. Trecutul simplu al verbelor
La ora 4 fix. regulate se formeaza prin adaugarea sufixului
“ed” la forma de infinitiv a verbului care este
conjugat.
Don’t forget. Nu uita
Regular verbs:
I go to school. Verbe regulate:
Eu merg la scoala.
I remembered
She is at home. Eu mi-am amintit
Ea este acasa. You remembered
Tu ti-ai amintit
The book is in the bag. She remembered
Cartea este in geanta. Ea si-a amintit
He remembered
He comes home from his office.
El se intoarce acasa de la birou. El si-a amintit
We remembered
The picture is above the desk. Noi ne-am amintit
Tabloul este deasupra biroului. You remembered
Voi v-ati amintit
The carpet is under the bed. They remembered
Covorul este sub pat. Ei si-au amintit

The cat sleeps near the window. I danced


Pisica doarme langa fereastra. Eu am dansat
You danced
We sit by the fire. Tu ai dansat
Noi stam langa foc. She danced
Ea a dansat
This is for you. He danced
Asta este pentru tine. El a dansat
We danced
Noi am dansat
You danced
Voi ati dansat
They danced
Ei au dansat
In functie de context, in limba Romana, The Verbul “to have” este de asemenea neregulat si
Past Tense este fie echivalentul Perfectului are la trecut forma “had”.
Compus fie al imperfectului.
She had a nightmare.
Ea a avut un cosmar.
Verbul “to be”, care este neregulat, are doua
forme la trecut: “was” si “were”. We had many things to do when we came back
home.
I was a teacher. Noi am avut o multime de lucruri de facut
Eu am fost profesor. cand ne-am intors acasa.
You were tired.
Tu erai obosit. Auxiliarul “to do” are si el o singura forma la
She was happy. Past Tense “did”.
Ea era fericita.
He was in Paris last week. I did all that I had to do.
El era la Paris saptamana trecuta. Am facut tot ceea ce aveam de facut.
We were friends.
Am fost prieteni. We did our best to save him.
You were my students. Noi am facut tot ce ne-a stat in puteri sa-l
Ati fost studentii mei. salvam.
They were busy.
Ei erau ocupati. La trecut, forma negativa se obtine in acelasi
fel ca la prezent:
Celelalte verbe neregulate, au la trecut o
singura forma pentru toate persoanele, forma I didn’t disturb her.
care trebuie memorata, ca atare. Eu nu am deranjat-o.

Ce ai tu de facut? Ai de invatat la fiecare lectie She didn’t remember the question.


cate 10 verbe neregulate, impreuna cu toate Ea nu si-a amintit intrebarea.
formele lor de infinitiv, trecut, si participiu
trecut. They didn’t dance at the party.
Ei nu au dansat la petrecere.
You have to learn them by heart.
Trebuie sa le inveti pe de rost. We didn’t buy the flat.
Noi nu am cumparat apartamentul.
10 irregular verbs. 10 verbe neregulate
Time Adverbs. Adverbe de timp.
A fi = to be was/were been
A deveni = to become became become The day before yesterday-alaltaieri
A incepe = to begin began begun Yesterday-ieri
A sparge, a rupe= to break broke broken Today-astazi
A aduce= to bring brought brought Tomorrow-maine
A construi= to build built built The day after tomorrow-poimaine
A cumpara= to buy bought bought Last week-saptamana trecuta
A prinde= to catch caught caught Next week-saptamana viitoare
A alege= to choose chose chosen A week ago-acum o saptamana
A veni= to come came come
Last month-luna trecuta Don’t talk with your mouth full-nu vorbiti cu
Next month-luna viitoare gura plina
A month ago-acum o luna Don’t put your elbows on the table-nu va puneti
Last year-anul trecut coatele pe masa
Next year-anul viitor Never blow your nose at the table-nu va suflati
A year ago-in urma cu un an nasul la masa
Don’t be late for dinner-nu intarziati la cina
Never take food from someone else’s plate-nu
General Concepts. Notiuni generale luati mancare din farfuria altcuiva
Dos and Don’ts. Lucruri permise si lucruri Always ask before you smoke-cereti voie
interzise intotdeauna inainte sa fumati

In Public Places. In locuri Publice I have something in common with Jim Patrick.
I am a Romanian married to an Englishman and
Don’t cross-nu traversati he is an Englishman married to a Romanian. His
No smoking-fumatul interzis wife, Paula is from Bucharest. They are husband
No entry-accesul interzis and wife for six years and they have a daughter
Come in-intrati of four, Lilly.
Don’t disturb-nu deranjati I and Jim are good friends now. That is why we
Don’t drink the water-nu beti apa always talk about our families and also about us.
Don’t park here-nu parcati aici Am ceva in comun cu Jim Patrick. Eu sunt o
Don’t take pictures-nu faceti poze Romanca maritata cu un Englez si el este un
Don’t turn left-nu faceti stanga Englez casatorit cu o romanca. Sotia lui, Paula,
Don’t drive fast-nu conduceti cu viteza este din Bucuresti. Sunt sot si sotie de sase ani si
Beware of the dogs-atentie la caini au o fetita in varsta de 4 ani, Lilly.
Mind the steps-aveti grija la trepte Eu si Jim suntem acum prieteni buni, de aceea
vorbim adesea despre familiile noastre si despre
At the library. La bibleoteca noi insine.

Be quiet-faceti liniste Once Upon a Time. A fost o data


Don’t smoke-nu fumati
Don’t eat-nu mancati Well, Mini, we really have lots of things in
Don’t drink-nu beti common.
Return books on time-returnati cartile la timp Ei bine, Mini, avem intr-adevar multe lucruri in
Don’t bring pets into the library-nu aduceti comun.
animale in incinta bibleotecii
Keep books in good condition-pastrati cartile in Yes, Jim, we really do.
conditii bune Da, Jim, intr-adevar avem.
Don’t talk aloud- nu vorbiti tare
Let’s talk a little bit about you.
Table Manners. Bunele maniere la masa Hai sa vorbim putin despre tine.

Never eat with your fingers-nu mancati cu What do you want to know about me?
degetele Ce vrei sa stii despre mine?
Always use a knife and a fork-folositi
intotdeauna cutitul si furculita
Everything you can tell me. Where in London did you two meet, in fact?
Tot ce imi poti spune! Unde anume in Londra v-ati intalnit voi doi de
fapt?
I came to London 30 years ago when I married
Al. In Hyde Park, near the Serpentine Lake.
Am venit in Londra acum 30 de ani, cand m-am In Hyde Park, in apropiere Serpentine Lake.
casatorit cu Al.
Oh, very romantic.
Where did you first meet? Oh, foarte romantic.
Unde v-ati intalnit prima oara?
Indeed, very!
We first met in Romania. I was 18 old and I was Intr-adevar, foarte!
already a student.
Prima oara ne-am intalnit in Romania. Eu Vocabulary
aveam 18 ani si eram deja studenta. In common-in comun
One day-intr-o zi
When did it happen? Lots of things-multe lucruri
Cand s-a intamplat? A little bit-putin, un pic
To want-a vrea, a dori
In April, 1972. It was spring and the weather Everything-tot, orice
was splendid. To come came come-a veni, a sosi
In aprilie, 1972. Era primavara si vremea era First time-prima oara, prima data
splendita. To meet met met-a se intalnit
Already-deja
Do you remember the exact date? Memory-memorie, dar si amintire
Iti amintesti data exacta? To happen-a se intampla
Exact date-data exacta
Yes, Jim of course I remember, it was on the In fact-de fapt
30th of April. It was a Sunday afternoon. Romantic-romantic
Da, Jim, sigur ca imi amintesc. Era 30 aprilie.
Era intr-o duminica dupa amiaza. Don’t forget! Nu uita!
Never eat with your fingers-nu mancati cu
You have a good memory. I also remember the degetele
day I met Paula. Always use a knife and a fork-folositi
Ai o memorie buna. Si eu imi amintesc ziua in intotdeauna cutitul si furculita
care am intalnit-o pe Paula. Don’t talk with your mouth full-nu vorbiti cu
gura plina
When did it happen? Don’t put your elbows on the table-nu va puneti
Cand s-a intamplat asta? coatele pe masa
Never blow your nose at the table-nu va suflati
7 years ago. Paula was in London on holidays nasul la masa
with her family. Don’t be late for dinner- nu intarziati la cina
Acum 7 ani. Paula era in Londra, in vacanta cu Never take food from someone else’s plate- nu
familia ei. luati mancare din farfuria altcuiva
Always ask before you smoke -cereti voie
intotdeauna inainte sa fumati
Lectia a 10-a. Lesson 10
Revision. Recapitulare. Exercise 2. Exercitiul 2.
Exercise 1. Exercitiul 1
Give affirmative answers to the following
Translate into English the following sentences. questions:
Tradu in Engleza urmatoarele propozitii. Raspunde afirmativ la urmatoarele intrebari

Invatati Engleza acum. Did you have a nightmare last night?


You are learning English now. Yes, I did.
Yes, I had a nightmare.
Nu inotati acum. Ai avut un cosmar in noaptea trecuta?
You are not swimming now. Da, am avut.
Da, am avut un cosmar.
Dormi?
Are you sleeping? Did he buy the flat next door?
Yes, he did.
Eu stau jos. Yes, he bought the flat next door.
I am sitting. El a cumparat apartamentul de vis-a-vis?
Da, a cumparat.
Eu nu stau in picioare. Da, el a cumparat apartamentul de vis-a-vis.
I am not standing.
Did you remember the story?
El sta jos sau sta in picioare? Yes, we did.
Is he sitting or is he standing? Yes, we remembered the story.
V-ati amintit povestea?
Ei isi citesc cartile chiar acuma. Da, ne-am amintit-o.
They are reading their books right now. Da, ne-am amintit povestea.

Ei nu se uita la televizor. Exercise 3. Exercitiul 3


They are not watching television.
Give negative answers to the following
Ce faci acuma? questions:
What are you doing now? Raspunde negativ la urmatoarele intrebari:

De ce nu iti faci temele? Did you bring your mother with you?
Why aren’t you doing your homework? No, I didn’t.
No, I didn’t bring my mother. I brought my
Iesi in oras in seara asta? father.
Are you going out tonight? Ai adus-o pe mama ta cu tine?
Nu, nu am adus-o.
Dan citeste cartea in acest moment. Nu, nu am adus-o pe mama. L-am adus pe tata.
Dan is reading the book at the moment.

Eu zbor spre Roma in seara asta.


I am flying to Rome tonight.
Did she live in Athens? Ei s-au razgandit din nou.
No, she didn’t. They changed their mind again.
No, she didn’t live in Athens. She lived in
Budapest. Ei isi aduc toata familia: parinti, copii, bunici,
Ea a locuit la Atena? nepoti, unchi, matusi.
Nu, nu a locuit. They are bringing all their family: parents,
Nu, ea nu a locuit la Atena. A locuit la children, grandparents, grandchildren, uncles,
Budapesta. aunts.

Did you build this house? Copiii nostri si copiii vostri sunt colegi de scoala.
No, we didn’t. Our children and your children are schoolmates.
No, we didn’t build this house. We build that
house. Fiica mea si fiul ei sunt prieteni.
Voi ati construit casa aceasta? My daughter and her son are friends.
Nu, nu am construit-o.
Nu, noi nu am construit casa aceasta. Am Cumnata lui Paul a fost la Moscova anul trecut.
construit casa aceea. Paul’s sister in law was in Moscow last year.

Exercise 4. Exercitiul 4 Ginerele lui Mary preda Germana chiar acuma.


Mary’s son in law is teaching German right now.
Translate into Romanian the following
sentences: Acoperisul casei noastre este complet nou.
Tradu in Romana urmatoarele propozitii: The roof of our house is completely new.

The class began at 6 sharp. Toamna frunzele copacilor sunt galbene.


Ora a inceput la ora 6 fix. In autumn the leaves of the trees are yellow.

He broke his leg. Peter are un sentiment de fericire.


El si-a rupt piciorul. Peter has a feeling of happiness.

She brought her sister. Exercise 5. Exercitiul 5.


Ea a adus-o pe sora ei. Read and translate. Citeste si tradu

We built a fence. Jim’s parents and their granddaughter, Lilly live


Noi am construit in gard. in a pretty house near the center of Brighton.
Parintii lui Jim si nepoata lor Lilly locuiesc intr-o
They bought a new table. casa frumoasa aproape de centrul orasului
Ei au cumparat o masa noua. Brighton.

Translate into English the following sentences: Brighton is a lovely city on the South coast of
Tradu in Engleza urmatoarele propozitii: England.
Brighton este un oras incantator aflat pe coasta
Statea la usa cu palaria in mana. sudica a Angliei.
He stood at the door with his hat in his hand.
Their house is quite big and it lies in a very nice A bookcase for the study, a dining table and
area. four chairs for the dining room, a new fridge for
Casa lor este destul de mare si se afla intr-o the kitchen, two armchairs and a comfortable
zona foarte draguta. sofa for the living room.
O bibleoteca pentru camera de studiu o masa si
There are seven rooms in it. patru scaune pentru camera unde se ia masa, un
Are sapte camere. frigider nou pentru bucatarie, doua fotolii si o
canapea pentru sufragerie.
Upstairs, there are two bedrooms and a
bathroom. They even bought new towels for the bathroom
Sus, sunt doua dormitoare si o baie. and some pillows for the bedrooms.
Au cumparat chiar si prosoape noi pentru baie si
Lilly’s bedroom is quite big and it has a cateva perne pentru dormitoare.
comfortable single bed and lots of toys
everywhere.
Dormitorul lui Lilly este destul de mare si are Translate the letter. Tradu scrisoarea.
un pat comfortabil pentru o persoana si o
multime de jucarii peste tot. My dearest Jim,
Dragul meu Jim,
Downstairs there is a big kitchen, a spacious I am writing to you from New York.
living room, a study and a small bathroom. Iti scriu din New York.
Jos, se afla o bucatarie mare, o sufragerie
spatioasa, o camera de studiu si o baie mica. It’s great.
Este grozav.
Outside their house there is a garage and a huge
garden with lots of trees and flowers. The weather is fine and I’m having a wonderful
Afara este un garaj si o gradina uriasa cu o time.
multime de pomi si flori. Vremea este frumoasa si ma distrez de minune.
Jim’s parents love their house because it makes The place is noisy and crowded.
them feel safe, secure and relaxed. Locul este zgomotos si aglomerat.
Parintii lui Jim isi iubesc casa pentru ca ii face
sa se simta relaxati si in siguranta. Right now, I am eating lunch in a modern
restaurant.
After all, there is no place like home! Chiar acum iau pranzul intr-un restaurant
La urma urmei, nu exista loc ca acasa! modern.
Last weekend Jim and Paula went to Brighton The thing that I like here the most, is the food,
by car. which is delicious.
Weekendul trecut, Jim si Paula s-au dus la Lucrul care imi place aici cel mai mult, este
Brighton cu masina. mancarea, care este delicioasa.
They bought new pieces of furniture for their
daughter and her grandparents.
Au cumparat mobile noi pentru fetita lor si
pentru bunicii ei.
I miss you and Paula very much. Exercise 6. Exercitiul 6.
Mi-e dor de tine si de Paula.
Read aloud and translate:
See you next week! Citeste cu voce tare si tradu:
Ne vedem saptamana viitoare!
My book is mine.
Yours, Cartea mea este a mea.
Diana
Your room is yours.
Camera ta este a ta.
On Saturdays, Jim always gets up very early in
the morning, at about half past six. His pen is his.
Sambata, Jim se trezeste intotdeauna dimineata Stiloul lui este a lui.
foarte devreme, pa la sase si jumatate.
Her garden is hers.
First, he has a shower, then he gets dressed. Gradina ei este a ei.
In primul rand, face un dus, apoi se imbraca.
Its tail is its.
After that, he goes jogging through the park, Coada ei este a ei.
then he comes back home and has breakfast.
Our house is ours.
Dupa aceea, face jogging prin parc si apoi se
Casa noastra este a noastra.
intoarce acasa si ia micul dejun.
Your car is yours.
After that, he usually goes shopping with his Masina voastra este a voastra.
wife, and sometimes at noon he and Paula go to
the cinema. Their flat is theirs.
Mai apoi, el se duce de obicei cu sotia lui la Apartamentul lor este a lor.
cumparaturi si uneori la pranz, el si Paula se duc
la cinema. Exercise 7. Exercitiul 7
On Saturday afternoons, they have dinner with Read and answer the following questions:
Jim’s sister, Diana. Citeste si raspunde la urmatoarele intrebari:
De cele mai multe ori, sambata dupa amiaza, iau
cina cu sora lui Jim, Diana. Which are the meals in Great Britain?
Care sunt mesele in Marea Britanie?
In the evening, Jim and Paula watch TV. Seara,
Jim si Paula se uita la televizor. The first meal is the breakfast.
Prima masa este micul dejun.
They always go to bed late on Saturday night.
The second meal is the brunch.
Intotdeauna se culca tarziu sambata noaptea.
A doua masa este gustarea dintre micul dejun si
pranz.
Britains have brunch at 11 o’clock. Lectia a 11-a. Lesson 11
Britanicii iau gustarea la ora 11. Grammar. Gramatica
Ordinal Numbers. Numeralele ordinale
The third meal is the lunch.
Cea de-a treia masa este pranzul. The first (1st)-primul
The second (2nd)-al doilea
The fourth meal is the dinner. The third (3rd )-al treilea
Cea de-a patra este masa este masa principala. The fourth (4th )-al patrulea
The fifth (5th )-al cincilea
Britons have dinner when they come home from The sixth (6th )-al saselea
their daily work. The seventh (7th )-al saptelea
Britanicii iau masa principala cand se intorc The eighth (8th )-al optulea
acasa de la munca lor de zi cu zi. The ninth (9th )-al noualea
The tenth (10th )-al zecelea
Britons have tea at 5 o’clock The eleventh (11th )-al unsprezecelea
Britanicii iau ceaiul de la ora 5. The twelfth (12th )-al doisprezecelea
The thirteenth (13th )-al treisprezecelea
The 5 o’clock tea is a British habit. The fourteenth (14th )-al papaisprezecelea
Ceaiul de la ora 5 este un obicei Britanic. The fifteenth (15th )-al cincisprezecelea
The sixteenth (16th )-al saisprezecelea
The fifth meal is the supper. The seventeenth (17th )-al saptesprezecelea
A cincea masa este cina propriu zisa. The eighteenth (18th )-al optsprezecelea
The nineteenth (19th )-al nouasprezecelea
The twentieth (20th )-al douazecelea
The twenty first (21st )-al douazeci si unulea
The twenty second (22nd )-al douazeci si doilea
The twenty third (23rd )-al douazeci si treilea
The twenty fourth (24th )-al douazeci si patrulea
The twenty fifth (25th )-al douazeci si cincilea
The twenty sixth (26th )-al douazeci si saselea
The twenty seventh (27th )-al douazeci si saptelea
The twenty eighth (28th )-al douazeci si optulea
The twenty ninth (29th )-al douazeci si noualea
The thirtieth (30th )-al treizecilea
The fortieth (40th )-al patruzecilea
The fiftieth (50th )-al cincizecilea
The sixtieth (60th )-al saizecilea
The seventieth (70th )-al saptezecilea
The eightieth (80th )-al optzecilea
The ninetieth (90th )-al nouazecilea
The hundredth (100th )-al o sutalea
The thousandth (1000th )-al o mielea
Indefinite Adjective. Adjective nehotarate. Other days, other people.
Alte zile, alti oameni
A certain- un oarecare, o oarecare, un anumit, o
anumita Few, dar si a few-cativa, putini.
Certain-unii, unele, anumit, anumiti
We know few people in Prague.
He is taking a certain Will Smith with him. Cunoastem putini oameni la Praga.
Il ia pe un anumit Will Smith cu el.
A few words are often enough to make you
Certain people have no taste for jazz music. understand the whole situation.
Unii oameni nu gusta muzica jazz. Cateva cuvinte sun adesea suficiente sa te faca
sa intelegi intreaga situatie.
Some-cativa, cateva, unii, unele, ceva, niste,
putini Enough-destul
She bought some rice. We have enough time to get there.
A cumparat putin orez. Avem destul timp sa ajungem acolo
The exhibition contained some rare pictures. Each – fiecare, in sensul de fiecare luat in parte
Expozitia a continut si cateva tablouri rare.
Each child is a promise.
“Any”, care inseamna vreun, vreo, in propozitii Fiecare copil reprezinta o promisiune.
interogative, si nici un, nici o in cele negative.
Every-fiecare, in sens colectiv, toti, toate
Have you any rare books?
Ai vreo carte rara? We go to the mountains every summer.
Mergem la munte in fiecare vara.
She hasn’t any ideea about it.
Ea nu are nici o idee despre asta. No-nici un, nici o
In propozitiile afirmative, “any” inseamna orice, The postman brought no letters yesterday.
oricare. Postasul nu a adus nici o scrisoare ieri.
Any child can do this. None- nici unul, nici o, deloc
Orice copil poate sa faca asta.
Do you have any experience in this field? No, I
Several-cativa have none.
Ai ceva experienta in domeniu?
I went to Madrid several times. Nu, nu am nici una.
Am fost la Madrid de cateva ori.

Another-un alt, o alta, inca

Wait another 5 minutes, please.


Asteptati va rog inca cinci minute.

Other-alt, alta
General Concepts. Notiuni Generale. Don’t miss it! Paris has a large number of
districts you can visit and see a lot of interesting
At the Airport sights. It also depends on what you prefer to do.
La aeroport Nu ratati! Parisul are un numar mare de cartiere
pe care le puteti vizita si puteti vedea locuri
Luggage trolley-carucior pentru bagaje interesante. Depinde si ce preferati ce faceti.
Luggage compartment-compartiment de bagaje
Health certificate-certificat de sanatate I like French cuisine and Paula wants to buy
Travel documents-documente de calatorie some fashionable clothes.
Label-eticheta Mie imi place bucatari franceza iar Paula vrea
Check in control-ghiseu de control sa-si cumpere haine la moda.
Passport check point-punct de control al
pasapoartelor That’s good! You can enjoy lunch in one of the
Boarding card-tichet de imbarcare famous restaurants in the city and you can visit
Customs-vama many excellent shops.
Customs officer-vames Foarte bine! Puteti savura pranzul intr-unul
Departure-plecare dintre restaurantele celebre ale orasului si puteti
Arrival-sosire vizita magazine excelente!
Duty free shop-magazin scutit de taxe vamale
Flight no-zborul numarul We are also very fond of the night life!
To land-a ateriza Ne place si viata de noapte!
To take off-a decola
Fasten your seat belt-puneti va centura de Of course, you are! You can spend an evening at
siguranta the theater, enjoy a drink in a café or go for a
peaceful walk along the river side.
Jim and Paula are going to visit Paris. They are Bineinteles! Puteti petrece o seara la teatru,
going to stay there for a whole week, so I want puteti bea ceva la o cafenea sau va puteti plimba
to give some tips to my friend. de-a lungul raului.
Jim si Paula vor vizita Parisul. Intentioneaza sa
stea acolo o saptamana intreaga asa ca vreau sa Mini, I have to go now! I have to buy a few
ii dau niste ponturi prietenului meu. things for our flight.
Mini, trebuie sa plec acum. Trebuie sa cumpar
See new places, meet new faces. unele lucruri pentru zbor.
Locuri noi, oameni noi.
What time is the departure?
Tomorrow morning we are leaving for Paris. La ce ora este plecarea?
Maine dimineata plecam la Parsi.
We are taking off at 8 o’clock.
A visit to Paris is a memorable experience. Bye Mini!
I’m happy for you, both. I was in Paris several Decolam la 8.
times. Pa, Mini
O vizita la Paris este o experienta memorabila.
Ma bucur pentru voi, amandoi. Eu am fost la Have a safe flight, then! Bye, Jim!
Paris de cateva ori. Atunci zbor linistit! Pa, Jim!

It’s our first visit to Paris. It’s a chance we don’t


want to miss.
E prima noastra vizita la Paris. Este o sansa pe
care nu vrem sa o ratam.
Vocabulary But we also say:
Tip-pont, sfat
Face-fata hundreds of times-de sute de ori
To leave for-a pleca spre hundreds of people-sute de oameni
Memorable experience-experienta memorabila
Chance-sansa Dupa acelasi model se comporta “hundred
To miss-a rata million” si “billion”.
District-cartier
To depend on-a depinde de We say:
Fashionable-la moda One thousand-o mie
Famous-celebru, faimos Two thousand-doua mii
Shop-magazin Three thousand-trei mii
Nightlife-viata de noapte Four thousand-patru mii
Café-cafenea
Peaceful-linistit But we also say:
Along-de-a lungul
River-rau thousands of times-de mii de ori
Side-parte sau mal thousands of people- mii de oameni

We say:
Don’t forget! Nu uita! one million-un milion
two million-doua milioane
Hundred are aceeasi forma si la plural daca il three million-trei milioane
folosim cu specificarea unui numar precis. four million-patru milioane

Four hundred twenty eight books-428 carti. But we also say:


Millions of times-de milioane de ori
Hundreds se foloseste numai atunci cand Millions of people-milioane de oameni
numarul nu este specificat cu precizie.
And we say
Hundreds of victims-sute de victime One billion-un milliard
Hundreds of houses-sute de case Two billion-doua miliarde
Three billion-trei miliarde
We say: Four billion-patru miliarde

One hundred – o suta But we also say:


Two hundred – doua sute
Three hundred – trei sute Billions of time-de miliarde de ori
Four hundred-patru sute Billions of people-miliarde de oameni
Lectia a 12 a. Lesson 12th Present perfect of the verb “To Be”:
Grammar. Gramatica Prezentul perfect al verbului a fii:

Present Perfect. Prezentul perfect I have been a teacher all my youth.


Am fost profesor toata tineretea.
Present Perfect exprima de obicei o actiune You’ve been tired all morning.
inceputa in trecut care dureaza si in prezent, sau Tu ai fost obosit toata dimineata.
care s-a incheiat recent. Prezentul perfect se She has been happy today.
formeaza cu ajutorul prezentului auxiliarului “to Ea a fost fericita astazi.
have” plus participiul trecut al verbului care este He has been in Paris all week.
conjugat. El a fost in Paris toata saptamana.
In cazul verbelor regulate, participiul trecut se We have been friends all our life.
formeaza prin adaugarea sufixului “ed” ca si in Noi am fost prieteni toata viata.
cazul trecutului simplu. You have been my students for 3 years.
Voi ati fost studentii mei timp de 3 ani.
Regular Verbs: They have been busy all night.
Verbe regulate: Ei au fost ocupati toata noaptea.

I have danced. Celelalte verbe neregulate au la Present Perfect


Eu am dansat. RVLQJXUDIRUPDSHQWUXWRDWHSHUVRDQHOHIRUPD
You have danced. FDUHWUHEXLHPHPRUDWDFDDWDUH
Tu ai dansat.
She has danced. 10 irregular verbs. 10 verbe neregulate.
Ea a dansat.
He has danced. A taia= to cutcutcut
El a dansat. A face= to dodiddone
We have danced. A bea= to drinkdrankdrunk
Noi am dansat. A conduce= to drivedrovedriven
You have danced. A manca= to eatateeaten
Voi ati dansat. A cadea= to fallfellfallen
They have danced. A hrani= to feedfedfed
Ei au dansat. A simti= to feelfeltfelt
I have waited. A gasi= to findfoundfound
Eu am asteptat. A zbura= to flyflewflown
You have waited.
Tu ai asteptat. Either - or, neither - nor. Fie - fie, nici- nici
She is either timid or lazy.
She has waited. Ea este fie timida fie lenesa.
Ea a asteptat.
He has waited. He is either naughty or very clever.
El a asteptat. El este fie obraznic fie foarte istet.
We have waited.
Noi am asteptat. We are neither wild nor friendly.
You have waited. Noi nu suntem nici salbatici, nici prietenosi.
Voi ati asteptat.
They have waited. They are neither rude nor polite.
Ei au asteptat. Ei nu sunt nici grosolani nici politicosi.
General Concepts. Notiuni generale It tastes salty-are gust sarat
Shopping List. Lista de cumparaturi It tastes soar-are gust acru
It tastes bitter-are gust amar
Two bottles of wine-doua sticle de vin
Three kilos of potatoes-trei kilograme de cartofi Yesterday I met Jim by accident. I was hungry
Three packets of flour-trei pungi de faina and my friend invited me out to dinner, so we
Four cartons of milk-patru cutii de lapte have eaten in a fancy restaurant.
Two loafs of bread-doua paini Ieri l-am intalnit intamplator pe Jim. Imi era
Twelve slices of ham-12 felii de jambon foame si prietenul meu m-a invitat la cina, asa
ca am luat masa intr-un restaurant elegant.
The order. Comanda
What is the menu of today-care este meniul zilei Enjoy your meal. Pofta buna
I’d like to order-as dori sa fac comanda
We haven’t decided yet-noi nu ne-am decis inca It has been a lovely evening. Thank you, Mini.
What can you recommend-ce ne puteti A fost o seara incantatoare. Multumesc, Mini.
recomanda
What is your specialty-care este specialitatea I thank you, for the invitation, Jim. We have
casei eaten healthy food and now I am really full.
Will you pass me the salt and pepper-da-mi te Eu iti multumesc pentru invitatie, Jim. Am
rog sarea si piperul mancat sanatos si acum ma simt intr-adevar
Will you bring some more dressing-aduceti-mi plina.
va rog mai mult sos
Can you change my order-imi puteti schimba Me too. I have also enjoyed your company
comanda which is very special to me. Did you like the
The cheese is tasteless-branza este fada food?
The roast beef is burnt and salty-friptura de vita Si eu la fel. Pe deasupra m-am bucurat de
este arsa si sarata compania ta, care este speciala pentru mine. Ti-a
The cream is soar-smantana este acra placut mancarea?
The green salad is not properly washed-salata
verde nu este bine spalata Yes, I did. The tomato soup has been delicious
Smoked-afumat and the roast chicken with carrots tasted really
Frozen-congelat good.
Boiled-fiert Da, sigur! Supa de rosii a fost un deliciu, iar
Raw-crud puiul fript cu morcovi a fost foarte gustos.
Baked-copt
Roast-fript la cuptor I’m not used to eat soup, that’s why I prefered
Underdone-in sange the grilled fish with rice and a garden salad. And
Stewed-inabusit the wine was fit, too.
Grilled-fript la gratar Eu nu sunt obisnuit sa mananc supa, asa ca am
Fried-prajit preferat peste la gratar cu orez si salata asortata.
Fresh-proaspat Si vinul a fost potrivit, nu?
Stuffed-umplut
Marinated-marinat Indeed. Excellent choice! White, dry and
It tastes sweet-are gust dulce chilled!
Intr-adevar! Excelenta alegere. Alb, sec si rece!
I wonder whether they are making their own Tasty-gustos
deserts. I forgot to ask. But my pudding was Spicy-condimentat
delicious. What about your ice cream? Dish-fel de mancare
Ma intreb daca pregatesc un desert special al To come back-a se intoarce
casei. Am uitat sa intreb. Dar budinca a fost Smoked-afumat
delicioasa. Cum a fost inghetata ta? Frozen-congelat
Boiled-fiert
Very good, indeed. I was delighted to see that Raw-crud
the waiter has brought an extra portion of Baked-copt
whipped cream. Roast-fript la cuptor
Cu adevarat buna! Am fost incantata cand Underdone-in sange
chelnerul mi-a adus o extra portie de frisca. Stewed-inabusit
Grilled-fript la gratar
This restaurant is really nice. The place is clean Fried-prajit
and large and you have lots of tasty and spicy Fresh-proaspat
dished to choose from. Stuffed-umplut
Restaurantul este intr-adevar dragut. Locul este Marinated-marinat
curat si spatios si ai de ales dintr-o multime de To fall-a cadea
mancaruri gustoase si condimentate. To feed-a hrani
To feel-a simti
We are certainly going to come back soon! To find-a gasi
O sa ne intoarcem precis, in curand. To fly-a zbura
To cut-a taia
To drink-a bea
Vocabulary To drive-a conduce
To eat-a manca
By accident-din intamplare
Fancy-la moda
Healthy food-mancare sanatoasa Don’t forget! Nu uita!
Full- plin, plina
Soup-supa Present Perfect, prezentul perfect exprima de
Chicken-pui obicei o actiune inceputa in trecut care dureaza
Rice-orez si in prezent sau care s-a incheiat recent.
Garden salad-salata asortata Prezentul perfect se formeaza cu ajutorul
Choice-alegere prezentului auxiliarului “to have” plus
Dry-sec participiul trecut al verbului care este conjugat.
Chilled-racit, la rece
To wonder-a se intreba Present Perfect of the verb “To Be”:
Whether-daca
Desert-desert I have been a teacher all my youth.
Pudding-budinca Am fost profesoara toata tineretea.
Ice cream-inghetata
You’ve been tired all morning.
Waiter, waitress-chelner, chelnerita
Ai fost obosit toata dimineata.
Extra portion-extra portie, portie in plus
Whipped cream-frisca She has been happy today.
Cream-smantana Ea a fost fericita astazi.
He has been in Paris all week. The roast beef is burnt and salty-friptura de vita
El a fost la Paris toata saptamana. este arsa si sarata
We have been friends all our life. The cream is soar-smantana este acra
Noi am fost prieteni toata viata. The green salad is not properly washed-salata
verde nu este bine spalata
You have been my students for 3 years. Smoked-afumat
Voi ati fost studentii mei timp de 3 ani. Frozen-congelat
They have been busy all night. Boiled-fiert
Ei au fost ocupati toata noaptea. Raw-crud
Baked-copt
Remember how to use the expression either or. Roast-fript la cuptor
Aminteste-ti cum sa folosesti expresia fie fie. Underdone-in sange
She is either timid or lazy. Stewed-inabusit
Ea este fie timida fie lenesa. Grilled-fript la gratar
Fried-prajit
He is either naughty or very clever. Fresh-proaspat
El este fie obraznic, fie foarte istet. Stuffed-umplut
Marinated-marinat
Remember how to use the expression neither My food tastes sweet.
nor. Mancarea mea are gust dulce
Aminteste-ti cum sa folosesti expresia nici-nici.
Your food tastes salty.
We are neither wild nor friendly. Mancarea ta are gust sarat
Noi nu suntem nici salbatici, nici prietenosi.
They are neither rude nor polite. Her food tastes soar
Ei nu sunt nici grosolani nici politicosi. Mancarea ei are gust acru

His food tastes bitter.


Mancarea lui are gust amar.
How to order in a restaurant.
Cum comanzi mancare intr-un restaurant

What is the menu of today-care este meniul zilei


I’d like to order-as dori sa fac comanda
We haven’t decided yet-noi nu ne-am decis inca
What can you recommend-ce ne puteti
recomanda
What is your specialty-care este specialitatea
casei
Will you pass me the salt and pepper-da-mi te
rog sarea si piperul
Will you bring some more dressing-aduceti-mi
va rog mai mult sos
Can you change my order-imi puteti schimba
comanda
The cheese is tasteless-branza este fada
Comparison of Long Adjectives. Comparatia
Lectia a 13-a. Lesson 13. adjectivelor lungi
Grammar. Gramatica.
Comparison of short adjectives. Adjectivele mai lungi de doua silabe, cele bi
Comparatia adjectivelor scurte. silabice la care accentul cade pe prima silaba
formeaza comparativul si superlativul cu
Adjectivele monosilabice, bisilabive, si cele ajutorul adverbelor “more” si “most”.
trei-silabice cu prefix negativ au forma
flexionara la comparativ si superlativ prin De exemplu, de egalitate:
alipirea sufixelor “er” si “est”. As curious as-la fel de curios ca
As beautiful as-la fel de frumos ca
De egalitate: As important as-la fel de important ca
As calm as-la fel de calm ca As attractive as-la fel de atragator ca
As large as-la fel de larg ca As fragile as-la fel de fragil ca
As old as-la fel de in varsta ca
As kind as-la fel de amabil ca De superioritate:
As friendly as-la fel de prietenos ca More curious than-mai curios decat
As unlucky as-la fel de ghinionist ca More beautiful than-mai frumos decat
More important than-mai important decat
De superioritate More attractive than-mai atragator decat
Calmer than-mai calm decat More fragile than-mai fragil decat
Larger than-mai larg decat
Older than-mai in varsta decat Superlativ:
Kinder than-mai amabil decat The most curious-cel mai curios
Friendlier than-mai prietenos decat The most beautiful-cel mai frumos
Unluckier than-mai ghinionist decat The most important-cel mai important
The most attractive-cel mai atragator
La superlativ The most fragile-cel mai fragil
The calmest-cel mai calm
The largest-cel mai larg She is as beautiful as always.
The oldest-cel mai in varsta Ea este la fel de frumoasa ca intotdeauna.
The kindest-cel mai amabil
The friendliest-cel mai prietenos It is more important than the other exam.
The unluckiest-cel mai ghinionist Este mai important decat celalalt examen.

Mike is as old as my son. It is the most attractive landscape.


Mike este de aceeasi varsta cu fiul meu. Este cel mai atractiv peisaj.

He is the friendliest boy in town. Adjectives with Irregular Forms.


El este cel mai prietenos baiat din oras. Adjective cu forme neregulate

It is the largest district of Paris. Good/ well=bun


Este cel mai mare cartier al Parisului. better than=mai bun decat
the best=cel mai bun
I’m older than you.
Eu sunt mai in varsta decat tine.
Bad or ill=rau Parintii si copiii lor seamana foarte mult. Ei
worse than=mai rau decat arata uneori la fel, simt la fel, actioneaza la fel.
the worst=cel mai rau Adesea, impartasesc acelasi sistem de valori,
Little=putin aceleasi convingeri si pareri, acelasi stil de viata.
less than=mai putin decat Este si cazul fiului si sotului meu.
the least=cel mai putin
Much or many=mult Like father, like son. Cum e tatal e si fiul.
more than=mai mult decat
the most=cel mai mult Yes, you are right. It is unbelievable how many
things they have in common Peter and Al, when
General Concepts. Notiuni generale. you look at them.
Qualities and Shortcomings. Da, ai dreptate. Este incredibil cat de multe
Calitati si defecte. lucruri au in comun Peter si Al cand te uiti la ei.

Kind-amabil They are really handsome, they are both tall,


Generous-generos well built, with short, blond hair and blue eyes.
Courageous, brave-curajos Peter takes after his father in every way.
Clever, smart-istet Sunt amandoi chipesi, sunt amandoi inalti, bine
Polite-politicos facuti, cu par scurt si blond si ochi albastri. Peter
Gorgeous-splendid seamana cu tatal sau in toate privintele.
Careful-atent
Friendly-prietenos They are both good looking men, I agree. And
Pretty-dragut they are very much alike.
Good looking, handsome-chipes Sunt amandoi barbati chipesi, sunt de acord. Si
Beautiful-frumos seamana foarte mult.
Pacient-rabdator
Silent-tacut Peter was a sweet child when he was little but I
Bad-rau didn’t imagine him turning into another Al.
Aggressive-agresiv Now, I’m amazed of their resemblance.
Ugly-urat Peter era un copilas dulce pe cand era mic, dar
Rude-grosolan nu mi-am imaginat ca o sa se transforme intr-un
Stupid-prost alt Al. Acum sunt uluita de asemanarea lor.
Lazy-lenes
Noisy-zgomotos But maybe they are different in other respects,
Naughty-obraznic aren’t they?
Greedy-lacom Dar poate sunt diferiti in alte privinte, nu?
Violent-violent
Mean-meschin No, they aren’t. They share almost everything
Boring-plictisitor else: they think alike, feel alike, act alike.
Stubborn-incapatanat Nu. Impartesc aproape la fel: gandesc la fel,
simt la fel, actioneaza la fel.
Parents and their children are very much alike.
They sometimes look the same, feel the same Wow! Like father like son!
and act the same. They often share the same Cum e tatal e si fiul.
value system, same believes and opinions, same
lifestyle. This is also the case of my son and my
husband.
Exactly! When Peter is answering one of my Unbelievable-incredibil
questions, I almost hear my husband’s ideas and Tall-inalt
thoughts. Well built-bine facut
Exact! Cand Peter imi raspunde la o intrebare, To take after-a semana cu
parca aud vocea si gandurile sotului meu. To imagine-a-si inchipui, a-si imagina
To turn into-a se transforma in
They have to be different in some ways. Resemblance-asemanare
Trebuie sa fie diferiti in anumite privinte. Respect-privinta, aspect, dar si respect
Voice-voce
Well, I don’t know what to say. Peter is as Thought-gand
generous as his father, as careful as him, even as Obvious-evident, evidenta
pacient as Al. Hobby-pasiune, ocupatie in timpul liber
Ei bine, nu stiu ce sa spun. Peter este la fel de Talent-talent
generos ca tatal sau, la fel de atent, si la fel de To play the piano-a canta la pian, in general la
rabdator ca Al. un instrument
To sing-a canta cu vocea
So, there is only one obvious difference.Peter is To paint-a picta
much younger than Al, isn’t there? During-in timpul
Atunci exista o singura diferenta evidenta. Peter Kind-amabil
este mult mai tanar decat Al, nu? Generos-generos
Courageous, brave-curajos
Yes, Peter also shares his father’s hobbies and Clever-istet
talents: he is playing the piano and he’s painting Polite-politicos
during weekends. Gorgeous-splendid
Da, Peter are si aceleasi preferinte si talente: Careful-atent
canta la pian si picteaza la sfarsit de saptamana. Friendly-prietenos
Pretty-dragut
Do they also share the shortcomings? Good looking-chipes
Au si aceleasi defecte? Beautiful-frumos
Pacient-rabdator
Unfortunately. Peter is as stubborn as his father. Silent-tacut
Din nefericire. Peter este la fel de incapatanat ca Bad-rau
tatal sau. Aggressive-agresiv
Ugly-urat
Vocabulary Rude-grosolan
Stupid-prost
To be alike-a fi asemanator Lazy-lenes
The same-la fel Noisy-zgomotos
To feel-a simti Naughty-obraznic
To act-a actiona Greedy-lacom
To share-a impartasi dar si a imparti Violent-violent
Value system-sistem de valori Mean-meschin
Belief-convingere, crez, credinta Boring-plictisitor
Opinion-opinie, parere Stubborn-incapatanat
Life style-stil de viata
Case-caz
Don’t forget! Nu uita! It is more important than the other exam.
Este mai important decat celalalt examen.
Adjectivele monosilabice, bisilabice si cele
trisilabice cu prefix negativ au forma flexionara It is the most attractive landscape.
la comparativul de egalitate si de superioaritate Este cel mai atractiv peisaj.
dar si la superlative, prin alipirea sufixelor “er”
si “est”. Don’t forget the adjectives with irregular forms.
Nu uita adjectivele cu forme neregulate.
As calm as-la fel de calm ca
Calmer than-mai calm decat Good/ well=bun
The calmest-cel mai calm better than= mai bun decat
the best=cel mai bun
As large as-la fel de larg ca Bad ill=rau
Larger than-mai larg decat worse than= mai rau decat
The largest-cel mai larg the worst= cel mai rau
Little=putin
Other examples. Alte exemple. less than= mai putin decat
the least= cel mai putin
Mike is as old as my son. Much many=mult
Mike este de aceeasi varsta cu fiul meu. more than= mai mult decat
the most= cel mai mult
He is the friendliest boy in town.
El este cel mai prietenos baiat din oras. Lectia a 14-a. Lesson 14.
It is the largest district of Paris. Grammar. Gramatica
Este cel mai mare cartier al Parisului. Adverbs of manner. Adverbe de mod

I’m older than you. Adverbele de mod se formeaza prin alipirea


Eu sunt mai mare decat tine. sufixelui “ly” la finalul adjectivului
corespunzator. In limba Engleza, si adjectivul si
Adjectivele mai lungi de doua silabe, cele adverbul au asadar forme diferite.
bisilabice, la care accentul cade pe prima silaba, In limba Romana, de cele mai multe ori,
formeaza comparativul de egalitate si de adverbul suna la fel ca adjectivul.
superioritate, dar si superlativul cu ajutorul
adverbelor “more” si “most”. Usor-easy/easily
Urat-bad/badly
As curious as-la fel de curios ca Frumos-beautiful/beautifully
More curious than-mai curios decat Excelent-excellent/excellently
The most curious-cel mai curios Fluent-fluent/fluently
Amabil-kind/kindly
As beautiful as-la fel de frumos ca Dragut-nice/nicely
More beautiful than-mai frumos decat Perfect-perfect/perfectly
The most beautiful-cel mai frumos
They understand each other perfectly.
Other examples. Alte exemple. Ei se inteleg perfect.
I speak English fluently.
She is as beautiful as always.
Eu vorbesc Enlgeza fluent.
Ea este la fel de frumoasa ca intotdeauna.
He kindly asked me to give him a second A avea=to have had had
chance. A auzi=to hear heard heard
El m-a rugat cu amabilitate sa-i acord o a doua A ascunde=to hide hid hidden
sansa.
His behavior can be easily understood. General Concepts. Notiuni generale.
Comportamentul lui poate fi usor inteles. Shopping. Cumparaturi
They are newly married. How much does it cost-cat costa
Ei sunt proaspat casatoriti. I don’t want to spend more than-nu vreau sa
I can hardly see you. cheltuiesc mai mult de
Te pot vedea cu greu. Can you give me a discount-puteti sa-mi faceti
o reducere
The Adverbial Numeral. Numeralul The price has already been reduced-pretul a fost
adverbial deja redus
I’d like to change this skirt-as vrea sa schimb
Once-o data
fusta aceasta
Twice-de doua ori
Sold clothes can’t be changed-articolele vandute
Three times-de trei ori
Four times-de patru ori nu pot fi schimbate
Five times-de cinci ori It is too expensive-este prea scump
Six times-de sase ori This is not what I’m looking for-aceasta nu este
Ten times-de zece ori ceea ce caut
A hundred times-de o suta de ori Please keep the cash slip-va rog sa pastrati bonul
A thousand times-de o mie de ori de casa
Can I give you anything else-pot sa va dau
I have seen her once. altceva
Am vazut-o o data.
At the Doctor’s. La doctor
We spoke at least twice.
Am vorbit de cel putin doua ori. I have difficulty in breathing-respir greu
I’ve seen her at least three times. I have lost a lot of blood-am pierdut mult sange
Am vazut-o de cel putin trei ori. What is your blood type-ce grupa de sange aveti
Does it hurt here-doare aici
She phoned at least three times.
Raise your arm-ridicati bratul
Ea a telefonat de trei ori
You need a plaster cast-aveti nevoie de un
bandaj gipsat
10 Irregular Verbs. 10 verbe neregulate You need an X ray-aveti nevoie de o radiografie
We will give you a pain killer-va vom
A uita=to forget forgot forgotten administra un anestezic
A ierta=to forgive forgave forgiven We will give you a few stitches-va vom pune
A ingheta=to freeze froze frozen cateva copci
A obtine=to get got gotten I am allergic to-sunt alergic la
A da=to give gave given I am short sighted-am miopie
A merge=to go went gone I am long sighted-am prezbitism
A creste=to grow grew grown
One of my fillings has come out-mi-a cazut o We don’t like them too much, but we need them
plomba so baldy. I remember a time when Emily was a
baby and she had convulsions and very high
Illness. Boala. fever.
Fever-febra Nu ne plac prea mult, dar avem atata nevoie de
Head ache-durere de ca ei. Imi aminesc o zi cand Emily era micuta si
Tooth ache-durere de dinti avea convulsii si febra foarte mare.
Decay-carie
Gum-gingie Oh, God! What did you do?
O, Doamne! Ce ai facut?
Most people hate doctors. Even if we don’t want
them, we need them. I called an ambulance and went to the nearest
Cei mai multi oameni ii urasc pe medici. Chiar hospital in a heart beat. The doctor saved
daca nu ii vrem, avem nevoie de ei. Emily’s life that time. She was very ill.
Am chemat ambulanta si am ajuns la cel mai
This happens at least once or twice in a life apropiat spital intr-un suflet. Medicii i-au slavat
time. viata lui Emily atunci. Era foarte bolnava.
Asta se intampla de cel putin o data sau de doua
ori intr-o viata. We have been once to the hospital in the middle
of the night. Our daughter, Lilly, had a severe
Don’t you agree? infection and we were very worried.
Nu credeti? Noi am ajuns o data la spital in mijlocul noptii.
Fetita noastra, Lilly, avea o infectie foarte grava
For and Against. Pro si contra si eram foarte ingrijorati.

That’s true, if I think of my life up to present, I When you are a parent, you always have
realize I have been at least 20 times to see a problems and need a doctor or at least his
doctor. opinion on something.
Este adevarat, daca ma gandesc la viata mea de Cand esti parinte ai intotdeauna probleme si ai
pana acuma, imi dau seama ca am fost de cel nevoie de un doctor sau macar de parerea lui.
putin 20 de ori la doctor.
But doctors are also human being. They
I am really not able to think of a number of sometimes fail.
times and I can hardly remember my first time. Dar doctorii sunt si ei oameni. Uneori mai
But imagine I gave birth to a boy and a girl and gresesc.
I’ve been to the hospital many times with my
children ever since. They do. We often hear about dentists who are
Nu ma pot gandi la un numar dar abia daca imi extracting the wrong tooth or surgeons who
amintesc cand am fost prima oara. Imagineaza-ti have forgotten something into a patient’s body.
ca am dat nastere unui baiat si unei fete si am Asa e. Auzim adesea despre dentisti care scot alt
fost de atunci la spital de multe ori cu copiii dinte sau chirurgi care uita cate ceva in trupul
mei. pacientului.

Well, I have been at least 10 times to the dentist Well, Mini, I think the best we can do is to take
and several times to a general practitioner, I’m care of our health.
sure of it. Mini, cred ca cel mai bun lucru pe care il putem
Eu am fost de cel putin 10 ori la dentist si de face este sa avem grija de sanatatea noastra.
cateva ori la medicul generalist, sunt convins de
asta.
Prevention is better than cure. I’m allergic to-sunt alergic la
Paza buna trece primejdia rea. I am short sighted -am miopie
I am long sighted-am prezbitism
Vocabulary Illness-boala
Head ache-durere de ca
To hate-a uri Tooth ache-durere de dinti
To happen-a se intampla Decay-carie
Life time-timpul vietii Gum-gingie
To agree-a fi de acord To freeze-a ingheta
To realize-a-si da seama To get-a obtine
To be able to-a fi in stare sa To give-a da
Hardly-abia To grow-a creste
To give birth to-a da nastere To hide-a ascunde
Ever since-de atunci To forgive-a ierta
General practitioner (GP-medic generalist To forget-a uita
Badly-foarte tare, foarte mult
Baby-bebelus Don’t forget. Nu uita
Convulsion-convulsie Adverbele de mod se formeaza prin alipirea
High fever-febra mare sufixelor “ly” adjectivului corespunzator.
To call-a chema
Ambulance-ambulanta easy/easily
In a heart beat-inr-un suflet bad/badly
To save- a salva beautiful/beautifully
In the middle of-in mijlocul excellent/excellently
Severe-grav fluent/fluently
Infection-infectie kind/kindly
Parent-parinte nice/nicely
Human being-om, fiinta umana perfect/perfectly
To fail-a gresi, a da gres
To extract-a extrage They understand each other perfectly.
Wrong-gresit Ei se inteleg perfect.
Surgeon-chirurg I speak English fluently.
Patient-pacient Eu vorbesc Enlgeza fluent.
Body-trup
To take care-a avea grija He kindly asked me to give him a second
Health-sanatate chance.
Prevention-preventie, preintampinare El m-a rugat cu amabilitate sa-i acord o a
To prevent-a preveni, a preintampina doua sansa.
Cure-tratament His behavior can be easily understood.
To cure-a trata Comportamentul lui poate fi usor inteles.
They are newly married.
Ei sunt proaspat casatoriti.
I can hardly see you.
Te pot vedea cu greu.
The Adverbial Numeral. Numeralul Remember what to say what you are at the
adverbial doctor’s.
Aminteste-ti ce spui cand esti la doctor.
Once-o data
Twice-de doua ori I have difficulty in breathing-respir greu
Three times-de trei ori I have lost a lot of blood-am pierdut mult sange
Ten times-de zece ori What is your blood type-ce grupa de sange aveti
A hundred times-de o suta de ori Does it hurt here-doare aici
A thousand times-de o mie de ori Raise your arm-ridicati bratul
You need a plaster cast-aveti nevoie de un
I have seen her once. bandaj gipsat
Eu am vazut-o o data. You need an X ray-aveti nevoie de o radiografie
We spoke at least twice. We will give you a pain killer-va vom
Noi am vorbit de cel putin doua ori. administra un anestezic
We will give you a few stitches-va vom pune
She phoned three times. cateva copci
Ea a telefonat de trei ori I am allergic to-sunt alergic la
I am short sighted-am miopie
Remember what to ask when you are I am long sighted-am prezbitism
shopping. One of my fillings has come out-mi-a cazut o
Aminteste-ti cum pui intrebarile cand esti la plomba
cumparaturi

How much does it cost-cat costa


Can you give me a discount-puteti sa-mi faceti o Lectia a 15-a. Lesson 15.
reducere Revision. Recapitulare.
o
I don’t want to spend more than-nu vreau sa Exercise 1. Exercitiul 1
cheltuiesc mai mult de Answer the following questions.
The price has already been reduced-pretul a fost Raspunde la urmatoarele intrebari
deja redus
I’d like to change this skirt-as vrea sa schimb Is it the first or the second time you tried to
fusta aceasta explain things to him?
Sold clothes can’t be changed-articolele vandute Este prima sau a doua oara cand incerci sa ii
nu pot fi schimbate explici cum stau lucrurile?
It is too expensive-este prea scump
It is cheap-este ieftin It’s neither the first nor the second time. It is the
This is not what I’m looking for-nu este ceea ce sixth time I try to explain things to him.
caut Nu este nici prima nici a doua oara. Este a sasea
Please keep the cash slip-va rog sa pastrati bonul oara cand incerc sa ii explic cum stau lucrurile.
de casa
Can I give you anything else-pot sa va dau Did you hear about a certain Tim Reed?
altceva Ai auzit de un oarecare Tim Reed?
No, thank you – nu, multumesc
Yes, I did. He is either an actor or a film
director.
Da, am auzit. Este fie actor, fie regizor de film.
Do you have any idea about what is going to Yes, I have to arrange a few things before I go.
happen to Danny? Da, mai am de aranjat cateva lucruri inainte sa
Ai vreo idee ce urmeaza sa se intample cu plec.
Danny?
Did you have enough money to buy that car?
Yes, I have some ideas about this. I think Danny Ati avut destui bani sa cumparati masina aceea?
is going to be fired.
Da, am ceva idei in privinta asta. Cred ca Danny Yes, we had enough money to buy that car.
urmeaza sa fie concediat. Da, am avut destui bani sa cumparam masina
aceea.
Who can talk on this topic for half an hour?
Cine poate vorbi pe acest subiect timp de o What is your opinion on exams? Are they useful
jumatate de ora? or useless?
Ce parere ai despre examene? Crezi ca sunt utile
Any student can do this. sau inutile?
Orice student poate s-o faca.
I think each passed exam makes you more
Have you even been to Barcelona? confident.
Ai fost vreodata la Barcelona? Cred ca fiecare examen trecut ta face mai
increzator.
Yes, I have been there several times.
Da, am fost acolo de cateva ori. How often does he go to the mountains?
Cat de des merge el la munte?
Can you wait another 2 minutes?
Puteti astepta inca doua minute? He goes to the mountain every summer.
El merge la munte in fiecare vara.
Yes, I can.
Da, pot. How many letters did the postman bring
yesterday?
Is there any other possibility for you to make Cate scrisori a adus postasul ieri?
her understand the situation?
Exista vreo alta posibilitate sa o faci sa inteleaga None. The postman brought no letters yesterday.
situatia? Nici una. Postasul n-a adus ieri nici o scrisoare.

No, I’m afraid there isn’t any. Exercise 2. Exercitiul 2.


Nu, ma tem ca nu est nici una. Translate into Enlgish the following sentences.
Tradu in Engleza urmatoarele propozitii.
Do they know many people in Moscow?
Cunosc ei multi oameni la Moscova? Au fost plecati toata dupa amiaza.
They have been gone all afternoon.
No, they know few people in Moscow.
Nu, ei cunosc putini oameni la Moscova. Ea fost medicul meu toata viata.
She has been my doctor all my life.
Do you have anything to do before you go?
Mai ai ceva de facut inainte sa pleci?
Am vazut cel mai frumos tablou. Ruth este cea mai in varsta.
I have seen the most beautiful picture. Ruth is the oldest.

Cine a spart ceainicul?


Who has broken the tea pot? Exercise 3. Exercitiul 3.
Read in a loud voice and translate the following
Nu stiu, nu l-am spart eu. text, sentence by sentence.
I don’t know, I haven’t broken it. Citeste cu voce tare si tradu urmatorul text fraza
cu fraza.
Ai pus scrisoarea la cutie?
Have you posted the letter? The small, sunny island of Antigua is one of the
most beautiful islands in the Caribbean.
Nu, nu am gasit timbre. Peste tot era inchis. No, Mica si insorita insula Antigua, este una dintre
I haven’t found stamps. Everything was closed. cele mai frumoase insule din arhipelagul
Caraibelor.
De ce ai deschis fereastra?
Why have you opened the window? Two hundred years ago, many of the large
buildings were houses or shops.
Este prea cald. Avem nevoie de aer curat. In urma cu doua sute de ani, multe dintre
It is too hot. We need fresh air. cladireile mari erau case sau magazine.

Ana este fie slabatica fie extrem de timida. Ana They have been transformed into very nice
is either wild or extremely shy. hotels with comfortable rooms.
Ele au fost transformate in hoteluri foarte
Aceasta problema nu este nici importanta nici dragute cu camere comfortabile.
foarte urgenta.
This problem is neither important nor very Most of them are close to the beautiful beach
urgent. and they are not as expensive as other hotels.
Cele mai multe dintre ele se afla aproape de
Incearca intotdeauna sa fii cat de calm poti fi. plaja frumoasa si nu sunt atat de scumpe ca alte
Always try to be as calm as you can be. hoteluri.

Este intotdeauna mai bine sa rezolvi problemele There are interesting places to visit on Antigua
cand nu esti nervos. island.
It is always better to solve problems when you Sunt multe locuri interesante de vizitat pe insula
are not nervous. Antigua.

Acesta este cel mai rau lucru pe care poti sa-l There, you can buy great gifts for your friends
faci. and family.
This is the worst thing you can do. Acolo, puteti cumpara cadouri grozave pentru
prieteni si familie.
Ruth este mai in varsta decat Ana, dar este si
mai in varsta decat Sandra. The souvenir shops in the English harbor are the
Ruth is older than Ana, but she is much older cheapest and the best.
than Sandra. Magazinele de suveniruri din portul Englez sunt
cele mai ieftine si cele mai bune.
For a romantic and peaceful holiday, there is Iata cele cinci zile: alaltaieri, ieri, astazi, maine
nowhere nicer than the Antigua island. si poimaine.
Pentru o vacanta romatica si linistita, nu exista Here are the 5 days: the day before yesterday,
nici un loc mai placut decat insula Antigua. yesterday, today, tomorrow and the day after
tomorrow.
Exercise 4. Exercitiul 4.
Read and translate into Romanian. Exercise 5. Exercitiul 5.
Citeste si tradu in limba Romana. Read and translate into Romanian the following
sayings and quotes.
Peter and Al understand each other perfectly. Citeste si tradu in limba Romana urmatoarele
Peter si Al se inteleg perfect. zicale si citate.

All the boys and all the girls from the tenth form The only true wisdom is in knowing you know
speak English fluently. nothing.
Toti baietii si toate fetele din clasa a zecea Singura intelepciune adevarata este aceea de a
vorbesc Engleza fluent. stii ca nu stii nimic.

He kindly asked me to give him a second A wise man won’t need advice and a fool won’t
chance. take it.
El m-a rugat cu amabilitate sa-i acord o a doua Un intelept nu are nevoie de sfaturi iar in prost
sansa. nu va tine seama de ele.

His behavior can be easily understood. Artificial intelligence is no match for natural
Comportamentul lui poate fi usor inteles. stupidity.
Inteligenta artificiala nu se potriveste cu prostia
Nick and Sarah are newly married. naturala.
Nick si Sarah sunt proaspat casatoriti.
He who can, does. He who can’t, teaches.
I can hardly hear you. Cel care poate, o face. Cel care nu poate, ii
Te pot auzi cu greu. invata pe altii cum sa o faca.

He can hardly see you. Life becomes useless and insipid when we have
El te poate vedea cu greu. no longer either friends or enemies.
Viata devine inutila si insipida atunci cand nu
mai avem nici prieteni nici dusmani.
Exercise 5. Exercitiul 5.
Translate into English the following sentences. It is better to stay silent and be thought a fool
Tradu in Engleza urmatoarele propozitii. than to open one’s mouth, and remove all doubt.
Este mai bine sa taci si sa fii considerat prost
Poti sa-mi numesti 5 zile ale saptamanii fara sa decat sa deschizi gura si sa inlaturi orice
vorbesti de luni, marti miercuri, joi, vineri indoiala.
sambata si duminica?
Can you tell me five days of the week, without Team work means never having to take the
speaking of Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, whole blame yourself.
Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday? Munca in echipa inseamna sa nu iti asumi
niciodata toata vina.
I no longer have the fear of being alone. It’s Lectia a 16-a. Lesson 16.
cool to find out you don’t need a boyfriend to be Grammar. Gramatica.
happy.
Nu ma mai tem sa fiu singura. Este grozav sa The Simple Future. Viitorul simplu.
afli ca nu ai nevoie de un iubit, ca sa fii fericita.
Viitorul se formeaza cu ajutorul auxiliarului
Never put off until tomorrow what you can “will”, urmat de infnitivul verbului de conjugat.
avoid altogether.
Nu lasa pe maine ce poti evita cu totul. I will come-eu voi veni
You will come-tu vei veni
If you don’t know where you’re going, how do She will come-ea va veni
you expect to get there? He will come-el va veni
Daca nu stii incotro de indrepti, cum te astepti We will come-noi vom veni
sa ajungi acolo? You will come-voi veti veni
They will come-ei vor veni
Like a welcome summer rain, humor may
suddenly cleanse and cool the earth, the air, and I will talk-eu voi vorbi
you. You will talk-tu vei vorbi
Ca o binevenita ploaie de vara, umorul poate He will talk-el va vorbi
curata dintr-o data si poate racori pamantul, She will talk-ea va vorbi
aerul si pe tine. We will talk-noi vom vorbi
You will talk-voi veti vorbi
That is the secret of life replace one worry with They will talk-ei vor vorbi
another.
Acesta este secretul vietii sa inlocuiesti o grija The day after tomorrow we will have an exam.
cu o alta. Poimaine vom avea un examen.

A friend is someone who has the same enemies There will be a fare in two weeks.
you have. Va fi un targ peste doua saptamani.
Prieten este acela care are aceeasi dusmani ca si
tine. She will do this next time.
Ea va face acest lucru data viitoare.
The chief danger in life is that you may take too
many precautions. He will finish his work at half past ten.
Cel mai mare pericol in viata este acela de a-ti El va termina lucrul la zece si jumatate.
lua prea multe precautii.
They will find a way to do this.
Wisdom begins in wonder. Ei vor gasi o cale sa faca acest lucru.
Intelepciunea incepe prin a te mira.
Auxiliarul “will” are doua forme negative:
Being yourself is being the person everyone else
wants you to be. I will not go there.
Sa fi tu insuti inseamna sa fii asa cum te vor sau
ceilalti. I won’t go there.
Eu nu voi merge acolo
In Engleza literara, pentru persoanele intai International call-convorbire telefonica
singular si plural se foloseste de obicei internationala
auxiliarul: “shall” Long distance call-convorbire telefonica
interurbana
I shall come back. Local call-convorbire telefonica locala
Ma voi intoarce. Night time rate-tarif de noapte
Full rate-tarif intreg
We shall send you a letter. Weekend rate-tarif de weekend
Noi va vom trimite o scrisoare. Reduced rate-tarif redus
Operator-telefonista
The collective numeral. Numeralul colectiv.
Idioms in English. Expresii in Engleza
We order a couple of drinks.
Am comandat doua bauturi. As a reward-drept rasplata
At a distance-la distanta
I bought a new pair of gloves. In a loud voice-cu voce tare
Eu am cumparat o pereche noua de manusi. In a low voice-cu voce scazuta
On an average-in medie
We are a team of doctors, we two. On a large scale-la scara larga
Suntem o echipa de doctori, noi doi. On a small scale-la scara mica
On an equal footing-pe picior de egalitate
We have two dozen of eggs. To be in a position-a fi in situatia
Noi avem doua duzini de oua. To have an answer for everything-a avea
raspuns la toate
10 irregular Verbs. 10 verbe neregulate To have a head for-a avea cap pentru To
have a fancy for-a avea chef de
A lovi = to hit hit hit To have an opportunity-a avea prilejul To
A rani = to hurt hurt hurt have a right to-a avea dreptul sa
A pastra = to keep kept kept To have a talent for-a avea talent la
A stii = to know knew known To keep it a secret-a tine ceva secret To
A parasi = to leave left left make a fortune-a face avere
A lasa = to let let let To make a fuss-a face caz
A pierde = to lose lost lost To take a sit-a lua loc
A face= to make made made To go for walk-a se duce la plimbare
A intalni= to meet met met
A plati = to pay paid paid At the seaside. La mare

General Concepts. Notiuni generale Where is the nearest beach?


Telephone Calls. Convorbiri telefonice Unde este cea mai apropiata plaja?

Reverse charge-convorbire telefonica cu taxa Are there any currents?


inversa Sunt curenti?
Intercontinental call-convorbire telefonica
intercontinentala
Is it safe to bathe here? Scaldatul And you probably what they say: happy are
este sigur aici? those who dream dreams and are ready to pay
the price to make them come true.
Can I hire? Si stii probabil ce se spune: fericiti sunt ce care
Pot sa inchiriez? viseaza visuri si sunt gata sa plateasca pretul
pentru a le face sa se implineasca.
A kit for submarine fishing.
O trusa pentru pescuit subacvatic. Well, this can be a problem: I am not sure if I
am ready to pay the price for my dreams. I think
I’d like to hire a boat. some of them are really impossible.
As vrea sa inchiriez o barca. Ei bine, asta poate fi o problema. Nu sunt sigur
ca sunt gata sa platesc pretul visurilor mele.
A motor boat-o barca cu motor Cred ca unele dintre ele sunt cu adevarat
A rowing boat-o barca cu vasle imposibile.
A life belt-o centura de salvare
Flippers-labe de scafandru You know, French people say impossible does
A mask-o masca not exist.
A windsurf board-o placa de surf cu panze Poate stii ca Francezii spun ca nimic nu e
O surf board-o placa de surf imposibil.
Deck-punte
Calm sea-mare calma But I am not French I just am an Englishman
Choppy sea-mare involburata and I have only English dreams, don’t laugh at
me, my dear Mini.
Everybody is eager to find out what the future Dar eu nu sunt francez, sunt doar un Englez si
has in store for him or for her. am numai visuri englezesti, nu rade de mine,
Toti suntem nerabdatori sa aflam ce ne rezerva draga mea Mini.
viitorul.
I’m not laughing at you at all, but you made me
Everybody wants to know what he or she will very curious what impossible dreams do you
become in a few years. have?
Toti vrem sa stim ce vom deveni in cativa ani. Nu rad de tine deloc, dar m-ai facut foarte
curioasa ce visuri imposibile ai?
We all want to know if our dreams will come
true and what difficulties we will have to cope I have at least one, and it is a sort of a secret,
with. only Paula knows about it and she has promised
Vrem sa stim daca visurile noastre se vor not to laugh at me.
implini si cu ce dificultati vom avea de-a face. Am cel putin unul si este un fel de secret, doar
Paula stie despre el si a promis sa nu rada de
But the future depends very much on what we mine.
do in the present.
Dar viitorul depinde foarte mult de ceea ce I can keep a secret and I make a promise to you:
facem in prezent. I won’t laugh at you. What is it?
Pot pastra un secret si iti fac o promisiune: nu
Time will tell. Timpul va decide. voi rade de tine. Care este secretul tau?

This is a good topic to talk about future. As far


as I am concerned, I am a dreamer.
Iata o tema buna de discutie. In ceea ce ma
priveste sunt un visator.
I always wanted to be an actor. I think I have the Dreamer-visator
skills for it. But talking about the price, I think I To dream-a visa
was never prepared to pay the price of fame. To be ready-a fi gata
Intotdeuna mi-am dorit sa fiu actor, cred ca am To pay the price-a plati pretul
talentul necesar. Dar, vorbind despre pret, nu To laugh at-a rade de
cred ca am fost vreodata pregatit sa platesc A sort of-un fel de
pretul celebritatii. To keep a secret-a pastra un secret
To keep a promise-a tine o promisiune
I think this is not a foolish dream. But I’m not Actor, actress-actor, actrita
sure if it is fit for you. Skill-abilitate
Nu cred ca este un vis prostesc. Dar nu sunt Fame-faima, celebritate
sigura ca este unul potrivit tie. Foolish-prostesc
To fit- a se potrivi
You may be right. Anyway, I’m not too proud Proud-mandru
of my secret dream. Safe-sigur
Probabil ca ai dreptate, si oricum nu sunt prea To joke-a glumi
mandru de visul meu secret. Boat-barca
Motor boat-barca cu motor
Don’t worry, your secret is safe with me, but Rowing boat-barca cu vasle
you must know it is never too late for dreams to Life belt-centura de salvare
come true. Flippers-labe de scafandru
Nu te ingrijora, secretul tau este in siguranta cu Mask-masca
mine, dar trebuie sa stii ca niciodata nu este prea Windsurf board-placa de surf cu panze
tarziu ca visurile sa se transforme in realitate. Surf board-placa de surf
Deck-punte
You must be joking, you’ve promised not to Calm sea- mare calma
laugh at me. Choppy sea-mare involburata
Glumesti, probabil, si ai promis sa nu razi de To hit- a lovi
mine. To hurt-a rani
To keep-a pastra
A promise is a promise. Who is laughing? To know-a stii
O promisiune este o promisiune. Cine rade? To leave-a parasi
To let-a lasa
Vocabulary To lose-a pierde
To make-a face
Eager to-nerabdator sa To meet-a intalni
To have in store-a rezerva, a avea pe stoc, a To pay-a plati
avea in depozit As a reward-drept rasplata
To become-a deveni At a distance-la distanta
To come true-a se implini In a loud voice-cu voce tare
To cope with-a face fata In a low voice-cu voce scazuta
To depend on-a depinde de On an average-in medie
Topic-tema, subiect On a large scale-la scara mare
On a small scale-la scara mica
On an equal footing-pe picior de egalitate
To be in a position-a fi in situatia
To have an answer for everything-a avea Forma de negativa:
raspuns la toate
To have a head for-a avea cap pentru I can’t go/ I cannot go.
To have a fancy for- a avea chef de Eu nu sunt in stare sa merg.
To have an opportunity-a avea prilejul
To have a right to-a avea dreptul sa You can go.
To have a talent for-a avea talent la Esti in stare sa mergi.
To keep it a secret-a tine ceva secret You cannot go.
To make a fortune-a face avere Tu nu esti in stare sa mergi.
To make a fuss-a face caz
She can go.
To take a sit-a lua loc
Ea este in stare sa mearga.
To go for a walk-a se duce la plimbare
She cannot go.
Ea nu este in stare sa mearga.
Lectia a 17-a. Lesson 17. He can go.
Grammar. Gramatica El este in stare sa mearga.
He cannot go.
Modal Verbs. Part 1. Verbele modale. Prima El nu este in stare sa mearga.
parte.
We can go.
Verbele modale primare ale limbi Engleze sunt Noi suntem in stare sa mergem.
“can”, “may”, “must”, “ought” “shall” si “will” We cannot go.
si exprima modalitatea in care este savarsita o Noi nu suntem in stare sa mergem.
actiune. Ele se folosesc impreuna cu verbul de
care depind si despre care ofera informatii. You can go.
Voi sunteti in stare sa mergeti.
I can go. You cannot go.
Sunt in stare sa merg. Voi nu sunteti in stare sa mergeti.
I may speak. They can go.
Am permisiunea sa vorbesc. Ei sunt in stare sa mearga.
They cannot go.
I must see. Ei nu sunt in stare sa mearga.
Trebuie sa vad.
It is not a problem. We can do it.
I ought to know. Nu este o problema. Noi putem sa
Am datoria sa stiu. o facem.
I shall come. He is weak, but he can walk.
Sunt decis sa vin. El este slabit, dar poate sa mearga
pe jos.
I will open.
Vreau sa deschid. May-a avea permisiunea.

Can, be able to. I may go.


A fi in stare sa. Eu am permisiunea sa merg.
I can go.
Eu sunt in stare sa merg.
Forma negativa: May I smoke in here?
No, you may not.
I may not go. Imi permiteti sa fumez aici, inauntru?
Eu nu am permisiunea sa merg. Nu, nu puteti.
You may go.
Tu ai permisiunea sa mergi.
Must-a trebui
You may not go.
I must go.
Tu nu ai permisiunea sa mergi.
Eu trebuie sa merg.
She may go.
Ea are permisiunea sa mearga.
Forma negativa
She may not go.
Ea nu are permisiunea sa mearga.
He may go. I mustn’t go.
El are permisiunea sa mearga. Eu nu trebuie sa merg.
He may not go. You must go.
El nu are permisiunea sa mearga. Tu trebuie sa mergi
We may go. You mustn’t go.
Noi avem permisiunea sa mergem. Tu nu trebuie sa mergi.
We may not go. She must go.
Noi nu avem permisiunea sa mergem. Ea trebuie sa mearga.
You may go. She mustn’t go.
Voi aveti permisiunea sa mergeti. Ea nu trebuie sa mearga.
You may not go. He must go.
Voi nu aveti permisiunea sa mergeti. El trebuie sa mearga.
They may go. He mustn’t go.
Ei au permisiunea sa mearga. El nu trebuie sa mearga.
They may not go. We must go.
Ei nu au permisiunea sa mearga. Noi trebuie sa mergem.
We mustn’t go.
May I open the window? Noi nu trebuie sa mergem.
Yes, you may. You must go.
Imi permiteti sa deschid geamul? Da, il Voi trebuie sa mergeti.
puteti deschide. You mustn’t go.
Voi nu trebuie sa mergeti.
May I shut the door? They must go.
Yes, you may. Ei trebuie sa mearga.
Imi permiteti sa inchis usa? They mustn’t go.
Da, o puteti inchide. Ei nu trebuie sa mearga.
I must go right now. I must be there at seven I’d like a room in a cheap hotel-as vrea o camera
sharp. intr-un hotel ieftin.
Trebuie sa plec chiar acum. Trebuie sa fiu acolo I’d like a room in a luxury hotel-as vrea o
la 7 fix. camera intr-un hotel de lux
For how many nights-pentru cate nopti
You must tell him what they said about him. Do you have any vacancies-aveti camere libere
Trebuie sa-i spui ce au spus ei despre el. No, I’m afraid we are full-nu, imi pare rau, sunt
toate ocupate
We don’t accept telephone bookings-nu
10 irregular verbs. 10 verbe neregulate. acceptam rezervari prin telefon
You must come in person-trebuie sa veniti
A citi= to read read read personal
A suna= a ring rang rung The price only includes breakfast-pretul include
A alerga= to run ran run doar micul dejun
A spune= to say said said We accept payments both by credit card-
A vedea= to see saw seen acceptam plati atat prin carti de credit
A cauta= to seek sought sought And by check-cat si prin cec
A vinde= to sell sold sold Account-cont, factura
A trimite= to send sent sent Reservation-rezervare
A aseza= to set set set To book a reservation-a inregistra o rezervare
A agita, a zgudui= to shake shook shaken Air conditioning-aer conditionat
Penthouse-apartament de lux la ultimul etaj
General Concepts. Notiuni generale. Suite-apartament
Double room-camera dubla
At the hotel. La hotel Single room-camera pentru o singura persoana
Laundry-spalatorie
I want to book a room in a hotel close to the
center of the town. Each person has his or her rhythm.
Vreau sa rezerv o camera la un hotel in Fiecare pesoana are propriul lui ritm de viata.
apropiere de centrul orasului.
Some are morning people, while others are night
Close to the stadium-in apropiere de stadion people.
Close to the ski slope-in apropiere de partia de Unii sunt matinali in timp ce altii sunt
ski noctambuli.
Close to the harbor-in apropiere de port
Close to the airport-in apropiere de aeroport Do you sometimes wonder why you are always
Close to the station-in apropiere de gara. going to bed very late at night, while your
husband or your wife is ready to fall asleep
before eleven o ‘clock?
Va intrebati uneori de ce va duceti mereu la
culcare noaptea, foarte tarziu, in vreme ce sotul
sau sotia dumneavoastra este gata sa adoarma
inainte de ora 23?
An early bird or a night owl? Matinal sau Psychologists say that when couples are
pasare de noapte? mismatched they have significantly less marital
adjustment and more marital conflicts.
Excellent choice! You have chosen a very Psihologii spun ca atunci cand cuplurile nu au
attractive subject matter to talk about. I am very bioritmuri similare, sotii au mai putin puncte
interested in this field. Well, I’m definitely an comune si mai multe conflicte.
early bird, I have no doubt about it.
Excelenta alegere! Ai ales un subiect foarte Of course, they spend less time in serious
atragator, sunt foarte interesat de domeniul conversation and spend less time in shared
acesta. Ei bine, eu sunt cu siguranta un matinal, activities.
nu am nici o indoiala. Firesc, petrec mai putin timp purtand discutii
serioase si au mai putine activitati comune.
We are also early birds, me and Al, but I am the
earliest. Each morning is a real workout for the I always wake up before the alarm goes off.
entire day. I spend my time preparing freshly Sometimes I’m in the kitchen, already preparing
squeezed juice for breakfast and watering my breakfast and Al is in his favorite armchair,
plants. reading the morning newspaper.
Si noi suntem matinali, eu si Al, dar eu sunt cea Eu ma trezesc intotdeauna inainte sa sune
mai matinala. Fiecare dimineata este un adevarat ceasul. Uneori sunt deja in bucatarie si pregatesc
antrenament pentru ziua care incepe. Petrec timp micul dejun iar Al este in fotoliul lui preferat, si
pregatind suc de fructe proaspat pentru micul citeste ziarul de dimineata.
dejun si udandu-mi plantele.
It also happens to me. On the contrary, when the
I perfectly understand you. Unfortunately, my alarm goes off, Paula rolls over in bed, moans
wife is just the opposite of me. Paula’s morning and presses the off button. We are an odd
ritual consist of dress, eat something rapidly and couple, aren’t we?
get out of the door in 15 minutes. I will never be Si mie mi se intampla. Dimpotriva, dupa ce suna
able to understand her. ceasula, Paula se rasuceste in pat, geme si apasa
Te inteleg perfect. Din nefericire, sotia mea este butonul de alarma. Suntem un cuplu ciudat, nu?
exact opusul meu. Ritualul matinal al Paulei
consta in imbracare, inghitit ceva pe fuga si iesit No, you aren’t. But you have to be more careful
pe usa in 15 minute. N-o s-o inteleg niciodata. with each other and try to be patient. You
cannot change your habits over night.
An early bird will never undersand a late owl. Nu, nu sunteti. Dar trebuie sa fiti mai atenti unul
I’m just joking. cu celalalt si mai rabdatori. Nu va puteti
Un matinal n-o sa inteleaga niciodata o pasare schimba obiceiurile peste noapte.
de noapte. Glumesc.
My question is do I have to become a night owl
Well, it isn’t a joke. We have many problems or does Paula have to become an early bird?
because of these different rhythms of life. Intrebarea mea este trebuie sa ajung eu pasare
Nu este chiar o gluma. Avem multe probleme de noapte sau Paula trebuie sa ajunga matinala.
din cauza ritmului diferit de viata.
You must be as you are now, only more patient
and more careful.
Trebuie sa fiti asa cum sunteti acum, doar mai
rabdatori si mai atenti.
Vocabulary To run- a alerga
To seek-a cauta
Workout- antrenament To sell-a vinde
Rhythm- ritm To send- a trimite
Morning people, early birds – matinali, persoane To set-a aseza
matinale To shake-a agita, a zgudui
Bird-pasare
While-in timp ce, in vreme ce
Night people- noctambuli Lectia a 18-a. Lesson 18
Night owl- pasare de noapte
Owl-bufnita Grammar. Gramatica.
To fall asleep- a adormi Modal Verbs Second Part. Verbele modale
Subject matter-subiect partea a doua.
To talk about- a vorbi despre
Definitely-desigur Si celelalte verbe modale primare ale limbii
Doubt-indoiala Engleze, “ought”, “shall” si “will”, se folosesc
Fresh juice-suc proaspat cu verbul de care depind.
To squeeze-a stoarce In cazul lui ought, exista o singura exceptie,
To water-a uda, despre plante acesta se foloseste impreuna cu particula “to”.
Opposite-opus
Morning ritual-ritual matinal Ought-a avea datoria sa
To consist of-a consta in
To get out-a iesi I ought to go.
To joke, to kid-a glumi Eu am datoria sa merg.
Joke-gluma
Psychologist-psiholog Forma negativa:
Couple-cuplu I ought not to go.
Mismatched-nepotrivit Eu nu am datoria sa merg.
Marital conflict-conflict conjugal
To go off- a porni You ought to go.
To roll over-a se rasuci Tu ai datoria sa mergi.
To moan-a geme, a se vaita You ought not to go.
To press- a apasa Tu nu ai datoria sa mergi
Snooze button- butonul de alarma
Odd couple-cuplu ciudat She ought to go.
Overnight- peste noapte Ea are datoria sa mearga.
Account-cont, factura She ought not to go.
Reservation-rezervare Ea nu are datoria sa mearga.
To book a reservation-a inregistra o rezervare
He ought to go.
Air conditioning-aer conditionat
El are datoria sa mearga.
Penthouse-apartament de lux la ultimul etaj
He ought not to go.
Suite-apartament
El nu are datoria sa mearga.
Double room-camera dubla
Single room-camera pentru o singura persoana
Laundry-spalatorie
To ring-a suna
We ought to go. He shall go.
Noi avem datoria sa mergem. El este decis sa mearga.
We ought not to go. He shall not go.
Noi nu avem datoria sa mergem. El nu este decis sa mearga.

You ought to go. We shall go.


Voi aveti datoria sa mergeti. Noi suntem decisi sa mergem.
You ought not to go. We shall not go.
Voi nu aveti datoria sa mergeti. Noi nu suntem decisi sa mergem.

They ought to go. You shall go.


Ei au datoria sa mearga. Voi sunteti decisi sa mergeti.
They ought not to go. You shall not go.
Ei nu au datoria sa mearga. Voi nu sunteti decisi sa mergeti.

They shall go.


I ought to tell her the truth. She must be very Ei sunt decisi sa mearga.
unhappy now. They shall not go.
Trebuie sa ii spun adevarul. Ea trebuie sa fie Ei nu sunt decisi sa mearga.
foarte nefericita acum.
I shall go there at once. I cannot wait any
He ought to fix the problem. Now they find longer.
themselves in a very difficult position. Sunt decis sa merg acolo imediat. Nu mai pot
El trebuie sa rezolve problema. Ei se afla intr-o astepta deloc.
situatie foarte dificila acum.
We shall act on the spot. There is no time left to
Shall- a fi decis postpone it.
Trebuie actionam pe loc. Nu mai este timp sa
I shall go. amanam momentul.
Eu sunt decis sa merg.
Will-a vrea, a dori
Forma negativa:
I shall not go/I shan’t. I will go.
Eu nu sunt decis sa merg. Eu vreau sa merg.

You shall go. Forma negativa:


Tu esti decis sa mergi. I will not go.
You shall not go. Eu nu vreau sa merg.
Tu nu esti decis sa mergi.
You will go.
She shall go. Tu vrei sa mergi
Ea este decisa sa mearga. You will not go.
She shall not go. Tu nu vrei sa mergi.
Ea nu este decisa sa mearga.
She will go.
Ea vrea sa mearga.
She will not go.
Ea nu vrea sa mearga.
He will go. Will you wait a minute, please-puteti astepta un
El vrea sa mearga. minut va rog
He will not go. Will you fill in this form, please-puteti
El nu vrea sa mearga. completa acest formular, va rog
Let me introduce myself-dati-mi voie sa ma
We will go. prezint
Noi vrem sa mergem. May I attend this session-pot participa la aceasta
We will not go. sesiune
Noi nu vrem sa mergem. Yes, you may, you are invited to it-da, puteti,
sunteti invitat la ea
You will go. How nice of you to invite me-ce dragut din
Voi vreti sa mergeti. parte dumneavoastra sa ma invitati
You will not go. I must excuse myself-trebuie sa-mi cer scuze
Voi nu vreti sa mergeti. Excuse me for being late-scuzati-ma ca am
intarziat
They will go. I didn’t mean to offend you-nu am vrut sa va
Ei vor sa mearga. aduc vreo ofensa
They will not go. Will you help me, please-ma puteti ajuta, va rog
Ei nu vor sa mearga. May I ask you a question-pot sa va intreba ceva
Of course, go ahead-sigur ca da, intrebati-ma
Will you tell her today? No, I won’t. Let’s talk about our tasks-hai sa vorbim despre
Vrei sa-i spui astazi? Nu, nu vreau. sarcinile noastre
Let’s talk about our duties-hai sa vorbim despre
Will you help him to cope with his problem? datoriile noastre
Vrei sa-l ajuti sa se impace cu situatia? Da, Let’s talk about the important things of our
vreau. lives-hai sa vorbim despre lucrurile importante
din viata noastra
10 irregular verbs. 10 verbe neregulate Let’s talk about the problems we have to solve-
hai sa vorbim despre problemele pe care le
A straluci= to shine shone shone avem de rezolvat
A canta= to sing sang sung Well, let’s talk about the things we ought to do-
A sta jos= to sit sat sat hai sa vorbim despre lucrurile pe care avem
A dormi= to sleep slept slept datoria sa le facem
A vorbi= to speak spoke spoken Things we ought to do-lucruri pe care suntem
A cheltui= to spend spent spent datori sa le facem
A sta in picioare= to stand stood stood
A fura= to steal stole stolen I don’t like this topic, at all. I don’t like to think
A inota= to swim swam swum about tasks, duties, problems. I hate to talk
A lua= to take took taken about these serious things. Should we about all
these things or shall we change the topic.
General Concepts. Notiuni generale. Nu-mi place tema, deloc. Nu-mi place sa ma
Frequent Questions. Intrebari frecvente gandesc la sarcini, datorii, probleme. Urasc sa
vorbesc despre lucruri atat de serioase. Ar trebui
Can I come in-pot intra sa vorbim despre toate aceste lucruri sau putem
May I come in-am voie sa intru schimba tema?
Yes, you may, come in, please-da, puteti,
intrati va rog
Have a sit-luati loc
Sit down, please-stati jos va rog
Well, Jim, in case you have forgotten, I am the I and Al ought to help our children in any way
teacher I decided we should talk about the we can.
things we ought to do, so we shall talk about Eu si Al avem datoria sa ne ajutam copiii cu tot
them. ce putem.
Jim, in caz ca ai uitat, eu sunt profesorul, eu am
decis ca ar trebui vorbim despre lucrurile pe care I ought to take care of my parents. They are old
trebuie sa le facem, asa ca trebuie sa vorbim and they aren’t so healthy. They live in Brighton
despre ele. and they raise our daughter Lilly.
Am datoria sa am grija de parintii mei. Sunt in
Alright. You are the teacher, you are the boss. varsta si nu sunt prea sanatosi. Ei locuiesc in
We should focus then on this topic. Brighton si o cresc pe fiica noastra, Lilly.
Bine, tu esti profesorul, tu esti seful. Ar trebui sa
ne concentram atunci pe aceasta tema. I ought o communicate with my family in
Romania. They are very far away and they
Thank you, Jim. You are certainly not making sometimes need things that I ought to give to
things easier for me. Dialogues should be at them.
least as easy as they were in the previous lesson. Am datoria sa comunic cu famila mea din
Multumesc, Jim. Cu siguranta ca nu imi usurezi Romania. Sunt foarte departe de mine si uneori
munca. Dialogurile ar trebui sa fie cel putin la au nevoie de lucruri si eu am datoria sa i le dau.
fel de usoare ca acelea din lectiile precedente.
I think we ought to end our discussion,
I am sorry, Mini. Let’s talk about then about the otherwise, we will become boring.
things we ought to do. I ought to go to work Cred ca trebuie sa punem punct discutiei
every weekday, except for the holidays. noastre, altfel o sa devenim plictisitori.
Imi pare rau, Mini. Sa vorbim atunci despre
lucrurile pe care avem datoria sa le facem. Am It’s true. End of discussion, then.
datoria sa merg la munca in fiecare zi lucratoare E adevarat. Asadar, discutia s-a incheiat.
cu exeptia sarbatorilor.
Vocabulary.
I ought to take care of my family. I ought to
provide them with everything they need to be Boss-sef
healthy and happy. To focus-a se concentra
Am datoria sa am grija de familia. Am datoria Dialogue-dialog
sa le dau tot cea au nevoie ca sa fie sanatosi si Previous-anterior, precedent
fericiti. Weekday-zi din timpul saptamanii
Working day-zi de lucru
You are a good mother and wife. I also ought to Except for-cu exceptia
take care of my family. I ought to love my wife To provide with-a furniza
and my daughter. Healthy-sanatos
Esti o mama si o sotie buna. Si eu trebuie sa am In any way-in toate privintele
grija de familia mea si de fiica mea. To raise-a creste, despre persoane
To communicate-a comunica
Far away from-departe de
Discussion-discutie Trecut:
Otherwise-altfel
I ought to go-am datoria sa merg I could work.
I shall go-sunt decis sa merg Eu eram in stare sa muncesti.
I will go-vreau sa merg You might say.
To shine-a straluci Tu aveai voie sa spui.
To sing-a canta cu vocea We should do.
To sit-a sta jos Noi eram decisi sa facem.
To stand-a sta in picioare They would see.
To steal-a fura Ei voiau sa vada.
To swim-a inota
To take-a lua Can
To sleep-a dormi
Can I come in-pot intra I can go.
May I come in-am voie sa intru Eu sunt in stare sa merg.
Yes, you may, come in, please-da, puteti, intrati You can go.
va rog Tu esti in stare sa mergi.
Have a sit-luati loc She can go.
Sit down, please-stati jos, va rog Ea este in stare sa mearga.
Will you wait a minute, please-puteti astepta un He can go.
minut, va rog El este in stare sa mearga.
Will you fill in this form, please-puteti completa We can go.
acest formular, va rog Noi suntem in stare sa mergem..
Will you help me, please-ma puteti ajuta, va rog You can go.
May I ask you a question- pot sa va intreb ceva Voi sunteti in stare sa mergeti.
Yes, go, ahead-sigur ca da, intrebati-ma They can go.
Ei sunt in stare sa mearga.

Lectia a 19-a. Lesson 19. Trecut


Grammar. Gramatica.
Modal Verbs. Third Part. Verbe modale, I could go.
Eu eram in stare sa merg.
partea a 3-a.
You could go.
Tu erai in stare sa mergi.
“Can”, “may”, “shall” si “will” au atat forme de She could go.
prezent, cat si de trecut., conditional, sobjonctiv.
Ea era in stare sa mearga.
He could go.
Prezent:
El era in stare sa mearga.
We could go.
I can work.
Noi eram in stare sa mergem.
Eu sunt in stare sa muncesc.
You could go.
You may say.
Voi erati in stare sa mergeti.
Tu ai voie sa spui.
They could go.
We shall do.
Ei erau in stare sa mearga.
Noi sunte, decisi sa facem
They will see.
Ei vor sa vada.
I could work very hard. You might take for granted
Eu eram in stare sa muncesc din greu. what he said.
Tu ai putea sa iei de bun ce
It was not a problem. We could do it. Nu zice el.
era o problema, puteam s-o facem.
Shall
He was weak, but he could walk.
El era slabit dar putea sa mearga pe jos. I shall go.
Eu sunt decis sa merg.
May You shall go.
Tu esti decis sa mergi.
I may go. She shall go.
Eu am permisiunea sa merg. Ea este decisa sa mearga.
You may go. He shall go.
Tu ai permisiunea sa mergi. El este decis sa mearga.
She may go. We shall go.
Ea are permisiunea sa mearga. Noi suntem decisi sa mergem.
He may go. You shall go.
El are permisiunea sa mearga. Voi sunteti decisi sa mergeti.
We may go. They shall go.
Noi avem permisiunea sa mergem. Ei sunt decisi sa mearga.
You may go.
Voi aveti permisiunea sa mergeti. Trecut
They may go. I should go.
Ei au permisiunea sa mearga. Eu eram decis sa merg. You
should go.
Trecut Tu erai decis sa mergi.
She should go.
I might go. Ea era decisa sa mearga.
Eu aveam permisiunea sa merg. He should go.
You might go. El era decis sa mearga.
Tu aveai permisiunea sa mergi. We should go.
She might go. Noi eram decisi sa mergem.
Ea avea permisiunea sa mearga. You should go.
He might go. Voi erati decisi sa mergeti.
El avea permisiunea sa mearga. They should go.
We might go. Ei erau decisi sa mearga.
Noi aveam permisiunea sa mergem. I should come back.
You might go. Ar trebui sa ma intorc.
Voi aveati permisiunea sa mergeti.
They might go.
Ei aveau permisiunea sa mearga.
Will 10 irregular verbs. 10 verbe neregulate.

I will go. A preda = to teach taught taught


Eu vreau sa merg. A rupe = to tear torn torn
You will go. A spune = to tell told told
Tu vrei sa mergi. A gandi = to think thought thought
She will go. A arunca = to throw threw thrown
Ea vrea sa mearga. A intelege = to understand understood
He will go. understood
El vrea sa mearga. A trezi = to wake woke woken
We will go. A purta = to wear wore worn
Noi vrem sa mergem. A castiga = to win won won
You will go. A scrie = to write wrote written
Voi vreti sa mergeti.
They will go. General Concepts. Notiuni generale
Ei vor sa mearga. Human Body. Corpul omenesc.
Head-cap
Trecut Face-fata
Eye-ochi
I would go. Nose-nas
Eu voiam sa merg.
Mouth-gura
You would go.
Ear-ureche
To voiai sa mergi.
Hair-par
She would go.
Chick-obraz
Ea voia sa mearga.
Chin-barbie
He would go.
Neck-gat
El voia sa mearga.
Arm-brat
We would go.
Elbow-cot
Noi voiam sa mergem.
Hand-mana
You would go.
Finger-deget la mana
Voi voiati sa mergeti.
Shoulder-umar
They would go.
Chest-piept
Ei voiau sa mearga.
Breast- san
Back-spate
They would have to tell you what you can do to
Leg-picior
change the circumstances.
Knee-genunchi
Ei ar fi trebuit sa iti spuna ce sa faci sa schimbi
Foot, feet-talpa, talpi
datele problemei.
Ankle-glezna
Toe-deget la picior
“Must” nu are forma pentru trecut, conditional
Joint-articulatie
sau subjonctiv, dar deoarece echivalentul lui
Hip-sold
este “to have to”, vom obtine formele respective
Skin-piele
cu ajutorul lui.
Bone-os
Blood-sange
I had to go at once. I had to be there at 7 sharp.
Trebuia sa plec chiar atunci. Trebuia sa fiu acolo
la 7 fix.

You had to tell him what they said about him.


Tu trebuia sa ii spui ce au spus ei despre el.
Internal organs Well, I might be a liar, but we were supposed to
Organe interne talk about dreams, you mentioned a secret and I
couldn’t help asking you about. This is my only
Liver-ficat fault.
Kidneys-rinichi Poate ca sunt o mincinoasa, dar trebuia sa
Stomach-stomac vorbim despre visuri tu ai pomenit despre un
Appendix-apendice secret iar eu nu m-am putut abtine sa nu te
Tonsils-amigdale intreb despre el. Asta e singura mea vina.
Lung-plaman
Tongue-limba Don’t pretend you’re innocent, you aren’t.
Spleen-splina Nu face pe nevinovata! Nu esti!

Little by little, we have come to the end of our But I did it only for the sake of our lessons. Can
English course. It is high time for me and Jim to you forgive me?
say good bye to you. Dar am facut-o doar de dragul lectiilor noastre.
Incet incet, am ajuns la finalul cursului nostru de Ma ierti?
limba Engleza. A sosit vremea ca eu si Jim sa ne
luam ramas bun de la tine. I think I might. For the sake of our lessons.
Cred ca as putea. De dragul lectiilor noastre.
All’s well that ends well.
Totul e bine cand se termina cu bine. Thank you, Jim. I must say you are so kind, so
polite, so careful.
Good topic for a final lesson. Shakespeare would Multumesc Jim. Trebuie s-o spun: esti atat de
be delighted and proud he is so often mentioned amabil, atat de politicos si de atent.
in your English course.
Buna tema pentru o lectie finala. Shakespeare ar Don’t exaggerate!
fi incantat si mandru ca este atat de des pomenit Nu exagera!
in cursul tau de Engleza.
But it isn’t a compliment, our mission has come
In our lessons, Jim. They are ours. We both took to an end and it is just an observation and a
part in this English course. It is a fact. conclusion for the sake of our English course.
In the beginning, I confess I didn’t realize the Dar nu este un compliment, misiunea noastra a
real importance of your role. You have told me ajuns la sfarsit si este doar o observatie si o
you wanted to be an actor, well, you’ve managed concluzie, de dragul cursului nostru de limba
to be a good one, you played you own part. You Engleza.
have good skills.
In lectiile noastre, Jim. Sunt ale noastre. Yes, Mini, as you like it.
Amandoi am luat parte la acest curs de Engleza. Da, Mini, cum vrei tu.
Este un fapt. La inceput, marturisesc ca nu mi-
am dat seama de importanta reala a rolului tau. Vocabulary
Mi-ai spus ca voiai sa fii actor, ei bine, ai reusit Little by little-putin cate putin, incetul cu
sa fii unul bun. Ai jucat propriul tau rol. Ai un incetul
real talent. To come to-a ajunge
It is high time-a sosit timpul, a sosit vremea
Mini, this was supposed to be a secret. I will To mention-a mentiona, a pomeni
never tell you another one! You cannot really
keep secrets, at all.
Mini, trebuia sa fie secret. Nu-ti voi mai spune
altul. Nu poti sa-ti tii promisiunea.
To take part in-a lua parte la Trebuie sa auzim bine, de aceea avem doua
Fact-fapt urechi.
In the beginning-la inceput We must hear well, that is why we have two
To confess- a marturisi ears.
Role, part-rol
To manage-a reusi Trebuie sa muncim bine de aceea avem doua
Own-propriu maini.
Liar-mincinos, mincinoasa We must work well, that is why we have two
To suppose-a presupune hands.
Fault, mistake-greseala
To pretend-a pretinde Trebuie sa mergem bine, de aceea avem doua
Innocent-inocent, inocenta, nevinovata picioare.
For the sake of-de dragul We must walk a good deal, that is why we have
Compliment-compliment two legs.
Mission-misiune
Observation-observatie Dar trebuie sa nu vorbim prea mult, de aceea
Conclusion-concluzie avem doar o gura.
To conclude-a concluziona But we must not talk too much, that is why we
To teach-a preda have only one mouth.
To tear-a rupe
To tell-a spune Si nu trebuie sa ne bagam nasul peste tot.
To think-a gandi And we must not poke our nose into everything.
To throw-a arunca
To understand-a intelege Exercitiul 2.
To wake-a se trezi Read and translate into Romanian the following
To wear- a purta quotes and sayings.
To win-a castiga Citeste si tradu in Romana urmatoarele citate si
zicale.

Every day is a gift, that’s why they call it the


present.
Lectia a 20-a. Lesson 20 Fiecare zi este un dar, de aceea este numit
prezent.
Revision. Recapitulare.
In limba Engleza, cuvantul “present” inseamna
Exercise 1. Exercitiul 1 atat prezent, cat si cadou.
Translate into English the following sentences.
Tradu in Engleza urmatoarele propozitii. The future depends on what we do in the
present.
De ce avem doi ochi, doua urechi, doua maini, Viitorul depinde de ceea ce facem in prezent.
doua picioare, si doar o gura si un nas?
Why do we have two eyes, two ears, two hands, There is a light at the end of every tunnel, just
two legs and only one mouth and one nose? pray it isn’t a train.
Exista o lumina la capatul fiecarui tunel, roaga-
Ei bine, trebuie sa vedem bine, de aceea avem te doar sa nu fie un tren.
doi ochi.
Well, we must see well, that is why we have It is better to light a candle than curse the
two eyes. darkness.
Este mai bine sa aprinzi o lumanare decat sa
injuri intunericul.
I have enjoyed life more by saying yes, than by Think of the beauty still left around you and be
saying no. happy.
M-am bucurat mai mult de viata, spunand da, Gandeste-te la frumusetea inca ramasa si fii
decat spunand nu. fericit.

Don’t waste a minute not being happy. If one If you spend your whole life, waiting for the
window closes, run to the next window or break storm, you’ll never enjoy the sunshine.
down a door. Daca iti pierzi toata viata asteptand furtuna, nu
Nu irosi nici un minut fara sa fii fericit. Daca o te vei bucura niciodata de soare.
fereastra se inchide, alearga spre urmatoarea sau
sparge o usa. People can live one hundred years without
really living a minute.
“To waste” are sensul de a risipi, pierde, a irosi. Oamenii au capacitatea de a trai o suta de ani
fara sa traiasca un singur minut.
Happiness is the best face lift.
Fericirea este cel mai bun lifting. No matter what you do, there will be critics.
Orice ai face, vor exista critici.
Happy are those who dream dreams and are
ready to pay the price to make them come true. Exercise 3. Exercitiul 3
Fericiti sunt cei care sunt pregatiti sa plateasca Read and translate. Citeste si tradu.
pretul pentru a le implini.
The day after tomorrow we’ll have an exam.
Nothing is predestined. The obstacles from your Poimaine vom avea un examen.
past can become the gateways that lead to new
beginnings. There will be a fare in two weeks.
Nimic nu este predestinat. Obstacolele trecutului Va fi un targ peste doua saptamani.
tau pot deveni portile care dau spre noi
inceputuri. She will do this next time.
Ea va face asta data viitoare.
Find some thing you love to do and you’ll never
have to work a day in you life. He will finish his work at half past ten.
Gaseste ceva ce faci cu placere si nu o sa mai El va termina lucrul la zece si jumatate.
trebuiasca sa muncesti nici o zi din viata ta.
They will find a way to do this.
The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the Ei vor gasi o cale sa faca acest lucru.
attribute of strong.
Cel slab nu poate ierta. Iertarea este atributul I shall come back.
celui puternic. Ma voi intoarce.
We shall send you a letter. You had to tell him what they said about him.
Va vom trimite o scrisoare. Trebuia sa ii spui ce au spus ei despre el.

It is not a problem, we can do it. I ought o tell her the truth. She must be very
Nu este o problema, noi putem sa o facem. unhappy now.
Trebuie sa ii spun adevarul. Ea trebuie sa fie
It was not a problem, we could do it. foarte nefericita acum.
Nu era o problema, noi puteam sa o facem.
He ought to fix the problem. Now they find
He is weak, but he can walk. themselves in a very difficult position.
El este slabit, dar poate sa mearga pe jos. El trebuie sa rezolve problema. Ei se alfa intr-o
situatie foarte dificila acum.
He was weak, but he could walk.
El era slabit, dar putea sa mearga pe jos. I shall go there at once. I cannot wait any
longer.
I can work very hard. Sunt decis sa merg acolo imediat. Nu mai putem
Sunt in stare sa muncesc din greu. astepta deloc.

I could work very hard. We should act on the spot, there is no time left
Eram in stare sa muncesc din greu. to postpone it.
Trebuie sa actionam pe loc, nu mai este timp sa
May I open the window? amanam momentul.
Yes, you may.
Imi permiteti sa deschid fereastra? Will you tell her today? No, I won’t.
Da, o puteti deschide. Vrei sa ii spui astazi? Nu, nu vreau.

May I shut the door? Will you help to cope with this problem? Yes, I
Yes, you may. will.
Imi permiteti sa inchid usa? Vrei s-l ajuti sa se impace cu situatia? Da,
Da, o puteti inchide. vreau.

May I smoke in here? You might take for granted what he said.
No, you may not. Ai putea sa iei de bun ce a zis el.
Imi permiteti sa fumez aici, inauntru?
Nu, nu puteti. I should come back.
Ar trebui sa ma intorc.
I must go right now, I must be there at 7 sharp.
Trebuie sa plec chiar acum. Trebuie sa fiu acolo They would have to tell you what you can do to
la 7 fix. change the circumstances.
Ei ar trebui sa iti spuna ce sa faci ca sa schimbi
I had to go at once. I had to be there at 7 sharp. datele problemei.
Trebuia sa plec chiar atunci. Trebuia sa fiu acolo
la 7 fix.

You must tell him what they said about him.


Trebuie sa ii spui ce au spus ei despre el.
Exercise 4. Exercitiul 4. I’d like a room in a cheap hotel.
As vrea o camera intr-un hotel ieftin.
Let’s remember the collective numeral. Read
aloud and translate. I’d like a room in a luxury hotel.
Sa ne amintim numeralul colectiv. Citeste cu As vrea o camera intr-un hotel de lux.
voce tare si tradu.
For how many nights?
We ordered a couple of drinks. Pentru cate nopti?
Noi am comandat doua bauturi.
Do you have any vacancies?
I bought a new pair of gloves. Aveti camere libere?
Am cumparat o pereche noua de manusi.
No, I’m afraid we are full.
We are a team of doctors, we two. Nu, imi pare rau, sunt toate ocupate.
Suntem o echipa de doctori, noi doi.
We don’t accept telephone bookings.
We have two dozen of eggs. Nu acceptam rezervari la telefon.
Avem doua duzini de oua.
You must come in person.
Exercise 5. Exercitiul 5. Trebuie sa veniti personal.

Let’s remember how we put different questions The price only includes breakfast.
and give the right answers. Pretul include doar micul dejun.
Sa ne amintim cum punem diferite intrebari si
cum raspundem corect. We accept both by credit card and by check.
Acceptam plati atat cu carte de credit cat si prin
Where is the nearest beach? cec.
Unde este cea mai apropiata plaja?
Final conclusions.
Are there any currents? Concluzii finale.
Sunt curenti?
Well Jim, we have really come to the end of our
Is it safe to bathe here? English course for beginners, and if you, our
Scaldatul este sigur aici? student and listener are here, if you already
listened to the CDs and if you have already
Can I hire a motor boat? learnt all the lessons you are no longer a
Pot sa inchiriez o barca cu motor? beginner.

I’d like to hire a kit for submarine fishing. Ei bine, Jim, acuma chiar ca am ajuns la finalul
As vrea sa inchiriez o trusa pentru pescuit cursului de Engleza pentru incepatori si daca tu,
subacvatic. elevul si ascultatorul nostru ai ajuns aici, daca ai
ascultat deja CD-urile si ai invatat toate lectiile,
I want to book a room in a hotel close to the nu mai esti incepator.
center of the town.
Vreau sa rezerv o camera la un hotel in
apropiere de centrul orasului.
Well, Jim, do you have any tip or any piece of
advice to give to our students?
Jim, ai vreun sfat sau vreun pont pentru elevul
nostru?

Don’t stop here. Don’t be afraid to try more.


Start to read texts in English, listen to pop music
and try to translate the lyrics of the songs.
Watch both British and American films without
subtitles. You will be surprised to see that you
really understand English.
Nu te opri aici, nu te teme sa incerci mai mult.
Incearca sa citesti texte in Engleza, asculta
muzica pop si incearca sa traduci versurile
cantecelor. Urmareste filme Englezesti si
Americane fara subtitrare. Vei fi surprins sa
constati ca intelegi intr-adevar Engleza.

We’ll be back soon with other new lessons and


interesting topics. Keep it that way until next
time.
Mini and Jim want to thank you for all you
attention and wish you good bye and..

Good luck!

Yours,
Mini Jones and Jim Patrick.

Ne vom intoarce curand cu lectii noi si subiecte


interesante. Tine-o tot asa pana data viitoare.
Jim si Mini iti multumesc pentru atentia cu care
i-ai ascultat si iti ureaza success.

Pe curand!
Ai tai,
Mini Jones si Jim Patrick.

The end! Sfarsit!