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Present Simple Tense Present Continuous Tense

Prezentul simplu Prezentul continuu

Present Simple Tense: Forme Present Continuous Tense: Forme


Afirmativ : Afirmativ :

Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv Subiect + Prezentul verbului a


Excepie: La pers a III sg verbul fi + ing:
se termin mereu n s sau es :
The boy wants a toy car for She is cutting the cake in slices.
Christmas. Biatul vrea o Ea taie prjitura felii.
maina de jucrie pentru
Crciun. ! La verbele care se termin n e
mut, dispare e-ul final la forma ing
Atentie: 1. Verbele care se termin
n -y la pers a III sg, y se Giving
transform n -ies:
I cry She cries. I play He ! La verbele care se termin n er,
plays. -ir, -ur
2. Verbele care se termin n o,
-ss, -x, -sh, -ch primesc la pers a
III sg - es
My mother usually goes to the
market in the morning. Mama
se duce de obicei n pia
dimineaa.

Negativ: Negativ :

Subiect + do not/ does not + verb Subiect + Prezentul verbului a


fi + not + verb + ing:
She does not sing in the school
chorus. Ea nu cnt n corul She is not talking at the moment,
colii. she is eating. n acest moment
ea nu vorbete, mnnc.

Interogativ: Interogativ:

do not/ does not + Subiect + verb Prezentul verbului a fi +


Subiect + verb + ing:
Does she want to participate in the
competition? - Vrea ea s Is she smiling? Ea zmbete?
participe n competiie?
Present Simple Tense se folosete Present Continuous Tense se folosete
pentru a exprima : pentru a exprima :
- Adevruri general valabile: - Aciune care se ntmpl n
momentul vorbirii
The earth has 2 emispheres.
Pmntul are 2 emisfere. The wind is blowing. Vntul sufl.
It is raining outside. Plou afar.
- Aciuni repetitive: - Aciune care se extinde pe o
perioad puin mai lung de timp
She takes piano lessons each day at 5
Julia is reading a novel by Dickens.
oclock. Ea ia lecii de pian n fiecare
Iulia citete un roman de Dickens
zi la ora 5.
- Aciuni de moment, terminate n - Aciune temporar, limitat
momentul n care sunt svrite :
I live in Cluj but this year I am living
in Bucuresti. Triesc n Cluj dar n
Mark gets out of bed, goes to the
acest an locuiesc n Bucureti.
bathroom and washes his teeth. Mark
se d jos din pat, se duce la baie i se
spal pe dini.
- Aciuni obinuite: - Planuri imediate pentru viitorul
apropiat

My grandfather and I usually look at


The children are going camping
the starts when the sky is clear.
today. Copiii merg cu cortul astzi.
Bunicul meu i cu mine, noi ne uitm de
obicei la stele cnd e senin.
- Aciuni planificate n viitor, - Aciune frecvent repetat,
obligatorii (cu verbe de suprtoare se folosete
micare) : deseori cu adverbele always,
forever, constantly

The year ends with the 31st of


December. Anul se termin cu 31 Ann is always making plans without
decembrie. taking into consideration all the facts.
Ann i face mereu planuri fr s ia n
considerare toate aspectele.
Exist o serie de verbe care nu se folosesc la Prezent Continuu.

Ele se mpart n urmtoarele categorii:

Verbe de percepie : feel, hear, see, smell, taste


Verbe de opinie: assume, believe, consider, doubt, feel (= a crede), find (= a
considera), suppose, think
Verbe care se refer la percepe mental: forget, imagine, know, mean,
notice, recognize, remember, understand
Verbe care exprim emoii sau chiar dorine: envy, fear, dislike, hate,
hope, like, love, mind, prefer, regret, want, wish
Verbe folosite pentru msurat: contain, cost, hold, measure, weigh
Alte verbe: look (= a se asemna), seem, be (n majoritatea cazurilor), have =
a poseda)

Unele verbe pot fi folosite la forma continu dar i schimb sensul:


Exemple:

Verbul to see (a imagina):


I think you are seeing things, there is no one in the house. Cred c i
imaginezi lucruri, nu e nimeni n cas.

Verbul to smell (a adulmeca, a mirosi):


She is smelling the roses.- Ea miroase trandafirii.

Verbul to look (a se uita) :


Tom is looking at Maria.

Verbul to be (a se comporta):
She is being rude. Ea se comport nepoliticos.
Exercices

Decide whether to use Present Simple Tense or Present Continuous Tense.

1. Sometimes Susan (to watch) science fiction films, but she normally (to prefer)
love stories.
2. Look! Mr. Cooper (to work). He usually (to start) work at about 8 oclock.
3. We (to go) to a football match next Saturday.
4. Can you (to answer) the phone, please, I (to have) a bath right now.
5. I never (to eat) spinach, but we (to have) some this evening.
6. When I (to see) him, we always (to go) to a pub.
7. We usually (to meet) when we (to go) to work.
8. Listen! Mrs. Jones (to play) the piano. You can (to hear) her very clearly.
9. When John (to sleep), he sometimes (to talk).
10. Sorry, Mr. Smith, I cannot (to speak) to you right now, because I (to be) very busy.
11. Paul and Tom (to go) to London three times a year, but next summer they (to stay)
at home.
12. Occasionally he (to go) to the cinema, but he (to go) to the theatre at least once a
week.
13. John (not/to be) here, he (to work) late this evening.
14. At the moment I (not/to like) fish.
15. Peter always (to sing) while he (to have) a bath.
16. Look! It (to rain) outside, so we cant (to go) to the beach.
17. Susan (to hate) potatoes, because she (to think) they (to be) bad for her.
18. I must (to go) home right now, because my parents (to wait) for me.
19. Sam cant (to go) to Mexico next summer, so he (to visit) his grandmother.
20. Mary (to love) chocolate, and she (to eat) some every day.