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Lecia a nousprezecea Lesson Nineteen

GRAMMAR

GRAMATIC

1. Modal Verbs Third Part


Can, may, shall i will au
trecut/condiional/subjonctiv:
Prezent

Verbele modale Partea a treia


att

forme

de

prezent

ct

de

Trecut

I can work sunt n stare s muncesc I could work eram n stare s muncesc
You may say ai voie s spui
You might say
aveai voie s spui
We shall do suntem decii s facem We should do eram decii s facem
They will see vor s vad
They would see voiau s vad
CAN / COULD
I can go
you can go
she can go
he can go
we can go
you can go
they can go

eu sunt n stare s merg


tu eti n stare s mergi
ea este n stare s mearg
el este n stare s mearg
noi suntem n stare s mergem
voi suntei n stare s mergei
ei sunt n stare s mearg

I could go
you could go
she could go
he could go
we could go
you could go
they could go

eu eram n stare s merg


tu erai n stare s mergi
ea era n stare s mearg
el era n stare s mearg
noi eram n stare s mergem
voi erai n stare s mergei
ei erau n stare s mearg

I could work very hard. Eram n stare s muncesc din greu.


It was not a problem, we could do it. Nu era o problem, noi puteam s-o
facem.
He was weak but he could walk. El era slbit, dar putea s mearg pe jos.
MAY / MIGHT
I may go
you may go
she may go
he may go

eu am permisiunea s merg
tu ai permisiunea s mergi
ea are permisiunea s mearg
el are permisiunea s mearg

we may go
you may go
they may go

noi avem permisiunea s mergem


voi avei permisiunea s mergei
ei au permisiunea s mearg

I might go
you might go
she might go
he might go
we might go
you might go
they might go

eu aveam permisiunea s merg


tu aveai permisiunea s mergi
ea avea permisiunea s mearg
el avea permisiunea s mearg
noi aveam permisiunea s mergem
voi aveai permisiunea s mergei
ei aveau permisiunea s mearg

You might take for granted what he said. Ai putea s iei de bun ce zice el.
SHALL / SHOULD
I shall go
eu sunt decis s merg
you shall go tu eti decis s mergi
she shall go ea este decis s mearg
he shall go
el este decis s mearg
we shall go
noi suntem decii s mergem
you shall go voi suntei decii s mergei
they shall go ei sunt decii s mearg
I should go
eu eram decis s merg
you should go tu erai decis s mergi
she should go ea era decis s mearg
he should go el era decis s mearg
we should go noi eram decii s mergem
you should go voi erai decii s mergei
they should go ei erau decii s mearg
I should come back. Ar trebui s m ntorc.
WILL / WOULD
I will go
eu vreau s merg
you will go tu vrei s mergi
she will go ea vrea s mearg
he will go
el vrea s mearg
we will go
noi vrem s mergem
you will go voi vrei s mergei
they will go ei vor s mearg
I would go
eu voiam s merg
you would go tu voiai s mergi

she would go
he would go
we would go
you would go
they would go

ea voia s mearg
el voia s mearg
noi voiam s mergem
voi voiai s mergei
ei voiau s mearg

They would have to tell you what you can do to change the circumstances.
Ei ar trebui s-i spun ce s faci ca s schimbi datele problemei.
MUST nu are form pentru trecut, condiional sau subjonctiv, dar deoarece
echivalentul su este to have to, vom obine formele respective cu ajutorul
lui:
I had to go at once. I had to be there at seven sharp. Trebuia s plec chiar
atunci. Trebuia s fiu acolo la 7 fix.
You had to tell him what they said about him. Trebuia s-i spui ce au spus
ei despre el.
2. 10 Irregular Verbs
Infinitive

10 verbe neregulate
Past

Past Participle

to teach(a preda)
taught
to tear(a rupe)
tore
to tell(a spune)
told
to think(a gndi)
thought
to throw(a arunca)
threw
to understand(a nelege)understood
to wake(a trezi)
woke
to wear(a purta)
wore
to win(a ctiga)
won
to write(a scrie)
wrote

General concepts

Noiuni general

Human Body

Corpul omenesc

head
face
eye
nose
mouth
ear
hair
cheek

cap
fa
ochi
nas
gur
ureche
pr
obraz

taught
torn
told
thought
thrown
understood
woken
worn
won
written

chin
neck
arm
elbow
hand
finger
shoulder
chest
breast
back
leg
knee
foot
ankle
toe
joint
hip
skin
bone
Internal Organs
liver
kidneys
stomach
appendix
tonsils
lung
tongue
spleen

brbie
gt
bra
cot
mn
deget(la mn)
umr
piept
sn
spate
picior
genunchi
talp
glezn
deget(la picior)
articulaie
old
piele
os
Organe interne
ficat
rinichi
stomac
apendice
amigdale
plmn
limb
splin

Little by little we have come to the end of our English course. It is high time
for me and Jim to say good bye to you.
ncet ncet, am ajuns la finalul cursului nostru de englez. A sosit vremea
ca eu i Jim s ne lum rmas bun de la tine.

Alls Well that Ends Well Totul e bine cnd se termin cu bine
Jim Patrick: Good topic for a final lesson. Shakespeare would be delighted
and proud he is so often mentioned in your English course. (Bun tem
pentru o lecie final. Shakespeare ar fi ncntat i mndru c este att de
des pomenit n cursul tu de englez.)
Minnie Jones: In our lessons, Jim. They are ours. We both took part in this
English course. It is a fact. In the beginning I confess I didnt realize the

real importance of your role. You have told me you wanted to be an actor.
Well, youve managed to be a good one. You played your own part. You
have good skills. (n leciile noastre, Jim. Sunt ale noastre. Amndoi am
luat parte la acest curs de englez. Este un fapt. La nceput, mrturisesc c
nu mi-am dat seama de importana real a rolului tu. Mi-ai spus c voiai s
fii actor. Ei bine, ai reuit s fii unul bun. Ai jucat propriul tu rol. Ai real
talent.)
Jim Patrick: Minnie, this was supposed to be a secret. I will never tell you
another one. You cannot really keep secrets at all. (Minnie, trebuia s fie un
secret. Nu-i voi mai spune altul. Nu poi s-i ii promisiunea.)
Minnie Jones: Well, I might be a liar. But we were supposed to talk about
dreams. You mentioned a secret and I couldnt help asking you about. This
is my only fault. (Poate c sunt o mincinoas, dar trebuia s vorbim despre
visuri. Tu ai pomenit despre un secret, iar eu nu m-am putut abine s nu te
ntreb despre el. Asta e singura mea vin.)
Jim Patrick: Dont pretend youre innocent. You arent. (Nu face pe
nevinovata. Nu eti.)
Minnie Jones: But I did it only for the sake of our lessons. Can you forgive
me? (Dar am fcut-o doar de dragul leciilor noastre. M ieri?)
Jim Patrick: I think I might. For the sake of our lessons. (Cred c a putea.
De dragul leciilor noastre.)
Minnie Jones: Thank you, Jim. I must say: you are so kind, so polite, so
careful. (Mulumesc, Jim. Trebuie s-o spun: eti att de amabil, de politicos
i de atent.)
Jim Patrick: Dont exaggerate. (Nu exagera.)
Minnie Jones: But it isnt a compliment. Our mission has come to an end
and it is just an observation and a conclusion. For the sake of our English
course. (Dar nu este un compliment. Misiunea noastr a ajuns la sfrit i
este doar o observaie i o concluzie. De dragul cursului nostru de limba
englez.)
Jim Patrick: Yes, Minnie, as you like it! (Da, Minnie, cum vrei tu!)
Vocabulary:
little by little = puin cte puin, ncetul cu ncetul
to come to = a ajunge
it is high time = este timpul, a sosit vremea
final = final
to mention = a meniona, a pomeni
to take part in = a lua parte
fact = fapt
in the beginning = la nceputul
to confess = a mrturisi
role, part = rol

to manage = a reui
own = propriu
liar = mincinos, mincinoas
to suppose = a presupune
fault, mistake = greeal
to pretend = a pretinde
innocent = innocent,, nevinovat,
for the sake of = de dragul
compliment = compliment
mission = misiune
observation = observaie
conclusion = concluzie
to conclude = a concluziona
to teach(a preda)
to tear(a rupe)
to tell(a spune)
to think(a gndi)
to throw(a arunca)
to understand(a nelege)
to wake(a trezi)
to wear(a purta)
to win(a ctiga)