Sunteți pe pagina 1din 1

METODA ELIMINRII COMPLETE (GAUSS-JORDAN)

1. S se rezolve urmtorul sistem de ecuaii liniare cu metoda eliminrii complete: R: x


1
= 3, x
1
= 2, x
1
= 1.





2. S se rezolve sistemul de ecuaii liniare, folosind metoda eliminrii complete:

= + +
= +
= + +
11 2 5
6 3
9 4
3 2 1
2 1
3 2 1
x x x
x x
x x x
R: x
1
= 2, x
2
= 0, x
3
= 1.
3. S se verifice dac matricea
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
5 1 3
1 4 0
3 1 2
A
i s se determine inversa acesteia. R:
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

8 - 5 12
2 1 - 3
3 1 8 19
1
A



4. S se rezolve urmtorul sistem de ecuaii liniare, folosind metoda eliminrii complete:

= +
= + +
= +
21 10
15 2 4 5
3 3 2
2 1
3 2 1
3 2 1
x x
x x x
x x x
R:
R
x
x
x
e

+ =
=
=
o
o
o
o
,
23 45
10 21
3
1
2




5. S se rezolve sistemul de ecuaii liniare, folosind metoda eliminrii complete:

= +
= + +
= +
6 2 7
1 4 2 3
10 10 3 5
3 2 1
3 2 1
3 2 1
x x x
x x x
x x x
R: Sistemul este incompatibil.

6. S se rezolve sistemul de ecuaii liniare, folosind metoda eliminrii complete:
R:

= + +
= + + +
= + +
1 3 2 3
2 2
1 2 2
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
x x x x
x x x x
x x x x
Soluia sistemului este:

=
=
=
=
| o
o
|
o
1
2 1
1
2
4
3
x
x
x
x
, cu o, | e R

S se rezolve urmtoarele sisteme de ecuaii liniare:

7.

= +
= + +
= + +
10 3
29 2 5
31 4 2
3 2 1
3 2 1
3 2 1
x x x
x x x
x x x

8.

= +
= +
= + +
27 6 7
15 4 3
9 3 2
3 2 1
3 2 1
3 2 1
x x x
x x x
x x x
9.

= + +
= +
= + +
5 4 5 3
3 3
4 2
3 2 1
3 2 1
3 2 1
x x x
x x x
x x x


10.

=
= +
= + +
5 2 3
1 2 8 5
16 4 3 2
3 2 1
3 2 1
3 2 1
x x x
x x x
x x x
11.

= +
= + +
1 2
2 3 2
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
x x x x
x x x x
12.

= + +
= + +
= + +
= + +
6 2 2 3 3
14 4 3 5 8
6 2 3 4
4 2 2
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
x x x x
x x x x
x x x x
x x x x


R: 7.
5 , 4 , 3
3 2 1
= = = x x x
; 8.
11
39
3
11
9
2 1
, , 0 = = = x x x
; 9. Sistemul este incompatibil; 10.
1 , 2 , 3
3 2 1
= = = x x x
;

11.
R x x x x e = = + + = + = | o | o | o | o , ; , , ,
4 3
3
4
3
1
3
1
2
3
5
3
1
3
5
1
; 12.
2 , 2 , 0 , 2
4 3 2 1
= = = = x x x x


S se determine inversele matricelor:
13.
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
1 3 4
1 1 - 0
1 - 1 2
14.
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
1 2 1
1 2 - 2
4 - 2 0
15.
|
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
1 2 3 4
2 1 2 3
3 2 1 2
4 3 2 1
16.
|
|
|
.
|

\
|


2 - 2 1
0 1 2
1 1 3

R: 13.
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

4
1

4
1

2
1
4
1

4
3
-
2
1
0
2
1

2
1

14.
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

9
2

9
1

3
1
9
4

9
2
-
6
1
3
1

3
1
0
15.
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

5
2
-
2
1
0
10
1

2
1
1 -
2
1
0
0
2
1
1 -
2
1

10
1
0
2
1

5
2
16.
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
7
1
- 1
7
5
7
2
1
7
4
7
1
0
7
2


= + +
= +
= +
3 2 2 3
3 9 6 2
2 3 2
3 2 1
3 2 1
3 2 1
x x x
x x x
x x x