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h

d
1
14
1
16

L = carosabil 7 := m ( ) E
0
0 :=
B carosabil E
0
+ 7 = := m ( )
L
B
1.25
1
= h
d
1
14
1
16

L = 0.63 0.53 = L
1.25 7
1
8.75 = := m ( )
1
Cel mai mic h
d
il avem in punctual 1 si cel mai
mare in 4


h
d
1
L
16
0.55 = := h
d
2
h
d
1
0.02
B
2
+ 0.62 = :=
h
d
3
h
d
1
0.01
L
2
+ 0.59 = := h
d
4
h
d
3
0.02
B
2
+ 0.66 = :=
h
dmediu
h
d
1
h
d
2
+ h
d
3
+ h
d
4
+
4
0.6 = := m ( )
Actiuni permanente pe partea carosabilului
1 Dala beton h
med
60 cm 0.6 25 15 1.1
2 Sapa de egalizare 2 cm 0.02 22 0.44 1.5
3 Hidroizolatie 1 cm 0.01 12 0.12 1.5
4 Beton asfaltic 5 cm 0.05 24 1.2 1.5
Total g
N
=16.76 kN/mp g=19.14 kN/mp
16.500
0.660
0.180
1.800

M
x
a1
= M
x
a5
= M
x
a9
=0,125gL
2
=0,12519,148.75
2
=183,595 kNm
M
y
a1
= M
y
a9
=0
M
y
a5
=0,0130gL
2
=0,013016,768.75
2
=16.68 kNm
Evaluarea incarcarilor pe trotuar
avem 2 cazuri: A incarcari permanente
B incarcari utile(oameni)
2
A. Incarcari permanente:
Suprafata
[m]
2
= 25
[kN/m
3
]
Q
normat
[kN/m]
Coef.
actiunii n
Q
calc
[kN/m]
Brat
Forta [m]
M
calcul
[kN*m]
1 Parapet pitonal 0.75 0.75 1.1 0.825 1.125 0.928
2 Grinda parapet (0.25x0.52x1) 0.13 25 3.25 1.1 3.575 1.125 4.022
3 Placa trotuar dreptunghi (1.00x0.12x1) 0.12 25 3 1.1 3.300 0.5 1.650
4 Placa trotuar triunghi [(1.00X0.0.06)/2] 0.03 25 0.75 1.1 0.825 0.33 0.272
5 Umplutura beton armat (1.00x0.28X1) 0.28 24 6.72 1.5 10.08 0.5 5.040
Q
perm.t
=18.61 [kN/m] M
perm.t
=11.91 [kN*m]
3
B. Incarcari utile(oameni):
Q
Suprafata
[m]
2
Q
normat
[kN/m]
Coef.
actiunii n
Q
calc
[kN/m]
Brat
Forta [m]
M
calcul
[kN*m]
7 Impingeri orizontale 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.80 1.45 2.610
8 Incarcari distribuite vertical 5 1 5 1.2 6.00 0.5 3.000
Q
oameni
=6 [kN/m] M
oameni
=5.61 [kN*m]
Tabel 1 Tabel 2
a
1
a
5
a
9
m
x
/P*L k n j
m
y
/P*L r s t
a
1
a
5
a
9
m
x
/m u v w
m
y
/m g h i
Pentru pct a
1
avem: m
x
=Q
perm.t
*L*k . (tab.1)
m
y
= Q
perm.t
*L*r
Pentru pct a
1
avem: m
x
=M
perm.t
*u ..(tab.2)
m
y
= M
perm.t
*g

4
Tabel 1
k 0.263 := n 0.147 := j 0.083 :=
r 0 := s 0.050 := t 0 :=
Q
pt
18.61 :=
kN
m

\
|

M
pt
11.91 := kN m ( )
Q
om
6 :=
kN
m

\
|

M
om
5.61 := kN m ( )
Pe x in punctual a
1
din incarcari permanente si utile:
m
x1.pt.a1
Q
pt
L k j + ( ) 56.342 = := kN m ( )
m
x1.om.a1
Q
om
L k j + ( ) 18.165 = := kN m ( )
Pe y in punctual a
1
din incarcari permanente si utile:
m
y1.pt.a1
Q
pt
L r 0 = := m
y1.om.a1
Q
om
L r 0 = :=
Pe x in punctual a
5
din incarcari permanente si utile:
m
x1.pt.a5
Q
pt
L n
( )
2 47.874 = := kN m ( )
m
x1.om.a5
Q
om
L n
( )
2 15.435 = := kN m ( )
5
Pe y in punctual a
5
din incarcari permanente si utile:
m
y1.pt.a5
Q
pt
L s
( )
2 16.284 = := kN m ( )
m
y1.om.a5
Q
om
L s
( )
2 5.25 = := kN m ( )
Tabel 2
u 0.317 := v 0.054 := w 0.117 :=
g 1 := h 0.198 := i 0 :=
Pe x in punctual a
1
din incarcari permanente si utile:
m
x2.pt.a1
M
pt
u w + ( ) 2.382 = := kN m ( )
m
x2.om.a1
M
om
u w + ( ) 1.122 = := kN m ( )
Pe y in punctual a
1
din incarcari permanente si utile:
m
y2.pt.a1
M
pt
g i + ( ) 11.91 = := kN m ( )
m
y2.om.a1
M
om
g i + ( ) 5.61 = := kN m ( )
Pe x in punctual a
5
din incarcari permanente si utile:
m
x2.pt.a5
M
pt
2 v 1.286 = := kN m ( )
m
x2.om.a5
M
om
2 v 0.606 = := kN m ( )
Pe y in punctual a
5
din incarcari permanente si utile:
m
y2.pt.a5
M
pt
2 h 4.716 = := kN m ( )
m
y2.om.a5
M
om
2 h 2.222 = := kN m ( )
6
In functie de raportul C/L alegem din tabel a
1
.
C=0,40m ; L=8.75m
C/L=0,40/2*8.75=0,023 ,consideram in mod acoperitor valoarea
corespunzatoare raportului maxim din tabelele Olsen si
Reinitzhuber.
a
1
=0.99 .
Suprafata de influenta m
x
a punctului marginal a
1

a
1
=0.99 b
1
=0.364 c
1
=0.206 d
1
=0.094
a
2
=0.524 b
2
=0.354 c
2
=0.203 d
2
=0.096
a
3
=0.381 b
3
=0.310 c
3
=0.198 d
3
=0.094
a
4
=0.299 b
4
=0.261 c
4
=0.179 d
4
=0.090
a
5
=0.244 b
5
=0.219 c
5
=0.157 d
5
=0.081
a
6
=0.203 b
6
=0.184 c
6
=0.138 d
6
=0.071
a
7
=0.174 b
7
=0.159 c
7
=0.121 d
7
=0.064
a
8
=0.150 b
8
=0.138 c
8
=0.105 d
8
=0.058
a
9
=0.130 b
9
=0.121 c
9
=0.093 d
9
=0.051
7
Momentul maxim pe fasia marginala
M=q(A
sI
+ A
sII
+ A
sIII
+ A
sIV
)
A
sI
0.775 0.934 0.524 + ( )
2
0.025 0.524 0.52 + ( )
2
+ 0.578 = := m
2
( )
A
sII
0.8 0.376 0.302 + ( )
2
0.271 = :=
m
2
( )
A
sIII
0.60 0.282 0.244 + ( )
2
0.2 0.244 0.235 + ( )
2
+ 0.206 = := m
2
( )
A
sIV
0.65 0.196 0.174 + ( )
2
0.15 0.174 0.170 + ( )
2
+ 0.146 = := m
2
( )
osia 123.5 := kN ( ) b
rep
0.80 := m ( ) q
osia 0.5
b
rep
77.19 = :=
kN
m

\
|

M
xa1
q A
sI
A
sII
+ A
sIII
+ A
sIV
+
( )
92.7 = := kN m ( )
Suprafata de influenta m
x
a punctul ui central a
5

a
1
=0.245 b
1
=0.219 c
1
=0.158 d
1
=0.081
a
2
=0.260 b
2
=0.229 c
2
=0.161 d
2
=0.081
a
3
=0.287 b
3
=0.239 c
3
=0.160 d
3
=0.079
a
4
=0.339 b
4
=0.242 c
4
=0.152 d
4
=0.075
a
4/5
=0.393 b
4/5
=0.236 c
4/5
=0.148 d
4/5
=0.074
a
5
=0.538 b
5
=0.230 c
5
=0.147 d
5
=0.073
Momentul maxim pe fasia centrala
M=q(A
sI

+ A
sII

+ A
sIII

+ A
sIV

)
8
A'
sI
0.575 0.25 0.26 + ( )
2
0.225 0.26 0.265 + ( )
2
+ 0.206 = := m
2
( )
A'
sII
0.63 0.30 0.339 + ( )
2
0.17 0.339 0.36 + ( )
2
+ 0.261 = := m
2
( )
A'
sIII
0.4 0.405 0.538 + ( )
2

(
(

2 0.377 = := m
2
( )
A'
sIV
0.45 0.315 0.287 + ( )
2
0.35 0.287 0.275 + ( )
2
+ 0.234 = := m
2
( )
M'
x
q A'
sI
A'
sII
+ A'
sIII
+ A'
sIV
+
( )
83.161 = := kN m ( )
Suprafata de influenta m
y
a punctului central a
5

a
1
=-0.087 b
1
=-0.079 c
1
=-0.054 d
1
=-0.027
a
2
=-0.058 b
2
=-0.047 c
2
=-0.029 d
2
=-0.014
a
3
=-0.023 b
3
=-0.010 c
3
=0 d
3
=-0.001
a
4
=0.033 b
4
=0.045 c
4
=0.030 d
4
=0.014
a
4/5
=0.088 b
4/5
=0.081 c
4/5
=0.042 d
4/5
=0.018
a
5
=0.33 b
5
=0.097 c
5
=0.046 d
5
=0.020
Momentul maxim pe fasia marginala pe y
M=q(A
sI

+ A
sII

+ A
sIII

+ A
sIV

)
A''
sI
0.575 0.075 0.058 + ( )
2
0.225 0.058 0.050 + ( )
2
+

(
(

0.0504 = := m
2
( )
A''
sII
1
2
0.11 0.005

\
|

1
2
0.515 0.033 +
0.17 0.055 0.033 + ( )
2
+ 0.0157 = := m
2
( )
A''
sIII
2
0.4 0.11 0.33 + ( )
2

(
(

0.176 = := m
2
( )
A''
sIV
1
2
0.095 0.005
1
2
0.36 0.023
0.345 0.023 0.035 + ( )
2
0.0139 = := m
2
( )
9
M''
y
q A''
sI
A''
sII
+ A''
sIII
+ A''
sIV
+
( )
9.834 = := kNm ( )
n=coeficient de siguranta
=ceficient dinamic
Momente incovoietoare
n 1.4 := 1.27 :=
M'
x1
n 92.7 164.821 = := kNm ( )
M''
x5
n 83.161 147.86 = := kNm ( )
M''
y5
n 9.834 17.485 = := kNm ( )
Armarea Dalei
Clasa de expunere din EC 1992-1-1-2004 Tab 4.1

Alegem clasa de expunere:
XD3 elemente de pod expuse la ape industriale
care contin cloruri.
Clasa betonului:
din EC 1992-1-1-2004
din TAB alegem in functie de clasa de
expunere C35/45
Clasa structurala
S4
Acoperirea cu beton
C
nom
=C
min
+
cdev
C
min
=max

10
10mm
cdev
5mm
C
min,dur
din tab 5.2 in functie de clasa de expunere
Cmin,b=bara
alegem 18
Cmin,b=18
C
min
=max

cdev
5 := mm ( ) C
min
45 := mm ( )
C
nom.dala
C
min

cdev
+ 50 = := mm ( )
Pentru stratul de acoperire va avea clasa de expunere
XC3 deorece nu este expus la umezeala fiind acoperit ci
izolatie
Pentru stratul de acoperire va avea clasa de expunere
XC3 deorece nu este expus la umezeala fiind acoperit ci
izolatie
Cmin,b=bara
alegem 12
Cmin,b=18
C
min
=max

11
C
nom.trot
25
cdev
+ 30 = := mm ( )

ct
1 :=

cc
1 := f
ck
35 := Mpa ( )
c
1.5 :=
f
cd

cc
f
ck

c
23.33 = :=
N
mm
2

\
|

f
ctm
0.30 f
ck
2
3
3.21 = :=
N
mm
2

\
|

f
ctk0.05
0.7 f
ctm
2.2 = :=
N
mm
2

\
|

f
ctd

ct
f
ctk0.05

c
1.5 = :=
N
mm
2

\
|

Otel marca S500


N
mm
2

\
|

f
yk
500 :=
f
yd
500
1.15
435 = :=
N
mm
2

\
|

Dimensionarea armaturii de rezistenta


12
Armatura zona marginala B/4 pe x
0.8 :=
h
dmediu
600 := mm ( ) '
sl
18 := mm ( )
1 :=
d h
dmediu
C
nom.dala

'
sl
2
541 = :=
M
Ed1.dala
426.427 10
6
:= N mm ( ) b 1000 := mm ( )
Momentul redus

M
Ed1.dala
b d
2
f
cd

0.0624 = :=
0.0624
lim
= 0.372 = indeplinita
Din tabelul 3.5a alegem
0.0646 :=
A
s1.dala
18.76 := cm
2
( )
A
s1.dala
b d
f
cd
f
yd
1875.575 = := mm
2
( )
Alegem
18
/13
A
s1.calc.dala
=18.85 cm
2
A
s1.calc.dala
1885 := mm ( )
2

Nr
b1
b
13
76.923 = := Nr
b1
8 :=
bare
m
Verificare
x
A
s1.calc.dala
f
yd

( )
b f
cd

43.905 = := mm
z
dala
d
1
2
x 523.438 = := mm
13
M
Rd1.dala
A
s1.calc.dala
f
yd
z
dala
4.29 10
8
= := N mm
M
Rd1.dala
428.991 := Kn m M
Ed1.dala
426.427 := Kn m
M
Rd1.dala
M
Ed1.dala

Aranjarea barelor in zona marginale pe directia x se va face la partea inferioara a dalei


Se vor dispune 8 bare/metru 18 la distanta de 13 cm
Armatura zona marginala B/4 pe y (trotuar)
0.8 :=
h
d.trot
120 := mm ( ) '
sl
12 := mm ( )
1 :=
d h
d.trot
C
nom.trot

'
sl
2
84 = :=
M
Ed1.trot
17.52 10
6
:= N mm ( ) b 1000 := mm ( )
Momentul redus

M
Ed1.trot
b d
2
f
cd

0.106 = :=
0.106
lim
= 0.372 = indeplinita
Din tabelul 3.5a alegem
0.1125 :=
A
s1.trot
5.07 := cm
2
( )
A
s1.trot
b d
f
cd
f
yd
507.15 = := mm
2
( )
Alegem
12
/20
A
s1.calc.trot
=5.65 cm
2
A
s1.calc.trot
565 := mm ( )
2
14

Nr
b1
b
20
50 = := Nr
b1
5 :=
bare
m
Verificare
x
A
s1.calc.trot
f
yd

( )
b f
cd

13.16 = := mm
z
trot
d
1
2
x 78.736 = := mm
M
Rd1.trot
A
s1.calc.trot
f
yd
z
trot
1.934 10
7
= := N mm
M
Rd1.trot
19.34 := Kn m M
Ed1.trot
17.52 := Kn m
M
Rd1
M
Ed1

Aranjarea barelor in zona marginale pe directia y se va face la partea superioara a dalei


Se vor dispune 5 bare/metru 12 la distanta de 20 cm
Armatura zona centrala B/2 pe x
0.8 :=
h
dmediu
600 := mm ( ) '
sl
18 := mm ( )
1 :=
d h
dmediu
C
nom.dala

'
sl
2
541 = :=
M
Ed2.dala
392.878 10
6
:= N mm ( ) b 1000 := mm ( )
Momentul redus

M
Ed2.dala
b d
2
f
cd

0.0575 = :=
0.0575
lim
= 0.372 = indeplinita
15
Din tabelul 3.5a alegem
0.0593 :=
A
s2.dala
19.99 := cm
2
( )
A
s2.dala
b d
f
cd
f
yd
1721.696 = := mm
2
( )
Alegem
16
/11.5
A
s2.calc.dala
=17.49 cm
2
A
s2.calc.dala
1749 := mm ( )
2

Nr
b1
b
11.5
86.957 = := Nr
b1
9 :=
bare
m
Verificare
x
A
s2.calc.dala
f
yd

( )
b f
cd

40.738 = := mm
z
dala
d
1
2
x 524.705 = := mm
M
Rd2.dala
A
s2.calc.dala
f
yd
z
dala
3.99 10
8
= := N mm
M
Rd2.dala
399 := Kn m M
Ed2.dala
392.878 := Kn m
M
Rd2.dala
M
Ed2.dala

Aranjarea barelor in zona centrala pe directia x se va face la partea inferioara a dalei


Se vor dispune 10 bare/metru 16 la distanta de 11.5 cm
Armatura zona centrala B/2 pe y
M
Ed2.trot
11.79 10
6
:= N mm ( ) b 1000 := mm ( )
A
s2.trot
M
Ed2.trot
f
yd
z
trot

344.404 = := mm
2
( )
A
s2.trot
3.44 := cm
2
( )
Aranjarea barelor in zona centrala pe directia y se va face la partea superioara a dalei
Se vor dispune 3 bare/metru 12 la distanta de 33 cm
16