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subject+ They hear Mary playing the gerunziu predicat piano now. (diateza activ)+ compl . in acuzafiv+ Vin Constntclia : exprim aceea i idee de acliune in subject Mary is heard playing the gerunziu nominativ cu curs de desfurare ca mai sus, dar (nominativ)+pr piano now. participiu predicatul propoziliei este la diateza edicat (Nominative+ pasi),' (diateza Participle) iv + V-in Constructia : verbal la participiu are propriul s u subject+ V- Everybody having sat down, ntrucit. .. nominativ absolut subject, independent de subiectul ing, ,. . the actors began to play . Dac. . . propoziliei in care se afl Weather permitting, we Dat fiindc . . leave the to b lane . etc. Construclia; subiectul participiului prezent lidf-ete Strictly spealdng, you are Strict vorbind participiu absolut right. All things considered we Tinnd cont can draw a conclusion. de toate acestea. . . The Gerund , esle verb cu valoare de substaniv, V+-ing His coming here was substantiv deci este de cele mai mulle on irrsolit unexpected . (verbal) de un determinant substantival Thesebeautiful writings supin (articol, atribut) ; are i caracteristici belong to Tom . subjonctiv de verb (are diatez , subject, I feel li.te di nldng a cofe etc. complement) ; poale f folosit i ca now. adjectiv ; unneaz dup o prepozipe, We depend on their coming dup anumite verbe i constnictii in time. I can't help laughing. (Nu pot s nu r d .) A sleeping -car (vagon de dormit

Construclia : acuzativ cu participiu (Accusative+ Participle)

spre deosebire de construclia "acuzativ cu infinitiv", aceasta arat c acliunea este in curs de desfurare