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TEOREMA LUI THALES

1) Desenai un segment AB i luai un punct P AB, pentru care:


PA 1

PB 3
PA 1
c) P (AB), AB 3
PB 2
e) P (AB), AB 3
PA 2
g) P (AB), PB 5

a) P (AB),

PA 2

PB 3
PB 2
d) P (AB), PB 5
PA 1
f) P (AB), AB 6
PB 1
h) P (AB), PA 4

b) P (AB),

2) Segmentul MN = 48 cm i P (MN).
a) Dac
b) Dac
c) Dac

PM
1
, aflai lungimea segmentelor MP i NP
PN
5
PM
2
, aflai lungimea segmentelor MP i NP
PN
3
PM
3

, aflai lungimea segmentelor MP i NP


MN 10

3) n triunghiul ABC, MN || BC, (M (AB) i N (AC)).


a) Dac AM=2 cm, AB=5 cm, AN=4 cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor MB, NC, AC.
b) Dac AB=3,2cm, MB=0,7cm, AC=9,6cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor MA, NA, NC.
c) Dac AM = 3 3 cm, MB = 2 3 cm, CN = 4 6 cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor AB,
NA, AC.
4) n triunghiul ABC, MN || BC, M (AB i N (AC.
a) Dac AM=12cm, AB=4cm, AN=24cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor MB, AC, NC.
b) Dac AM = 9,5 cm, AB = 4,3 cm, AC = 12,9 cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor MB,
NC, AC.
c) Dac AM = 7 3 cm, AB = 2 3 cm, CN = 10 6 cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor MB,
CA, AN.
5) n triunghiul ABC, MN || BC, M (CA i N (BA.
a) Dac AB=10cm, BN=15cm, AM=4cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor AN, AC, MC.
b) Dac AB = 8,4cm, BN = 10,5 cm, AC = 9,6 cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor AN,
AM, MC.
c) Dac AC = 6 6 cm, MC = 9 6 cm, AN = 2 5 cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor MA,
AB, BN.

Rspuns: 2) a) 8 cm, 40 cm. b) 19,2 cm, 28,8 cm. c) 14,4 cm, 33,6 cm. 3) a) 3 cm, 6 cm,
10 cm. b) 2,5 cm, 7,5cm, 2,1 cm. c) 5 3 cm, 6 6 cm, 10 6 cm. 4) a) 8cm, 8cm, 16cm. b)
5,2cm, 15,6cm, 28,5. c) 5 3 cm, 4 6 cm, 14 6 cm. 5) a) 5cm, 8cm, 12cm. b) 2,1cm,
2,4cm. 12cm. c) 3 6 cm, 4 5 cm, 6 5 cm.
6) n triunghiul ABC, construim DE || FG || BC, unde D, F AB i E, G AC.
a) Dac AD = 4cm, AF = 10cm, AB = 22cm, EG = 3cm, aflai lungimea segmentelor

DF, FB, AE, AG, GC, AC.


b) Dac AD = 4,2cm, AF = 7,8cm, AB = 17,4cm, AE = 1,4cm, aflai lungimea
segmentelor DF, FB, GE, CG, GA, AC.
c) Dac AD = 2 2 cm, AF = 5 2 cm, AB = 14 2 cm, CG = 18 3 cm, aflai lungimea
segmentelor DB, FD, FB, AE, AG, AC.
7) n triunghiul ABC cu AB = 10cm, BC = 20cm, AC = 15cm, lum un punct E (AB), cu
BE = 4cm. Prin punctul E ducem EF || AC, (F (BC)) i EG || BC, (G (AC)), iar prin F
ducem FH || AB, (H (AC)). Aflai lungimea segmentelor AH, HG, GC, EA, FB, AG.
8) n triunghiul ABC lum un punct D (AB) i ducem DE || BC, (E (AC)) i EM || AB,
(M (BC)). Demonstrai c: a)

AD CM

1
DB MB

b)

BD BM

1
BA BC

9) n patrulaterul ABCD lum punctul M (AC) i ducem MQ || CD, (Q (AD)) i MP ||


BC, (P (AB)). Demonstrai c PQ || BD.
10) n patrulaterul ABCD lum punctul M (AB) i ducem MN || AC, (N (BC)) i MP ||
AD, (P (BD)). Demonstrai c PN || CD.
11) n triunghiul ABC lum punctele M (AB) i N (AC). Cercetai dac MN || BC n
urmtoarele cazuri
a) AM=2cm, AB=8cm, AN=3cm, NC=9cm.
b) AB=11cm, MB=3cm, AN=12cm, NC=4cm.
c) AB=8,6cm, MB=5,2cm, AN=10,2cm, NC=15,6cm.
d) AM=2,7cm, MB=3,2cm, AC=23cm, AN=10,8cm.
e) AM=2 3 cm, MB=3 3 cm, AC=10 6 cm, NC=6 6 cm.
f) AB=7 2 cm, AM=3 2 cm, AN=6 6 cm, NC=9 6 cm.

Rspuns: 6) a) 6cm, 12cm, 2cm, 5cm, 6cm, 11cm. b) 3,6cm, 9,6cm, 1,2cm, 5,8cm, 2,6cm,
8,4cm. c) 12 2 cm, 3 2 cm, 9 2 cm, 4 3 cm, 10 3 cm, 28 3 cm. 7) 6cm, 3cm, 6cm,
6cm, 8cm, 9cm. 11) a) da. b) nu. c) da. d) nu. e) da. f) nu.