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CALClJL Si\RPANTA

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SCHE1'1E DE SARP ANTE


cu rtizemare pe ziduri.
(sau grinzi)transyersale.

---.

L= 4.00 ... 6.S Om

L=6.50 ... 8. so m

L= 8.50 ... 13.00m

L = 1100 ... 15.00 m

PLANSA nr.2

I'

l = 13.00 ... 1SOOm

-- 't-

SCHEME DE SARPANTE
cu rezemare pe ziduri lo:J.gitudinale

..,..._~~~L=_4~00~~~6=SO~m:.:__.-f-

l=6.SO ....7.SOm

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CALCUL CAPRIORI

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CALCUL PANA INTERMEDIARA

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i

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Ancxa A (normativa) - Zonarca lncarcarii din zapada pc sol

(I) Hana de zonarc a lncarcarii din zapada pe sol a fost elaborata pe baza analizei statisticc a

valorilor extreme maxirne anuale ale lncarcarii din zapada pe sol lnregistrate pi'tna In anul 2005
la 122 sta\ii rneteorologice ale Administra\iei Na\ionale de Meteorologie.
l2) In Tabelul A. I sunt indicate valorile caracteristice ale lncfirdirii cli11 zftp<1da pc sol pc11trn
337 localitati urbane din Romania, In confor111itatc cu harta de zonare din Figura 3.1.

-;---

Tabel('

Nr. \

-r Valo1 i caracteristice ale l11carcarii din zf1padf1 pc sol pcnlru :r:,7 de k1calit<1\i u1b~111c
I

Loc:1litate
111banii
Abrud

Alb::i

JS

Adamclisi

Constanta

39
,10

.J11de1

s,,

I lk:'\/1112J

~1---------1----'------r----1

---~ . r~9J~~---- -

.".'.~'.11'.~.e..~

2,5

--~---~~~~a__________ -~~j_:i_ __________I_.5__ _


5 Aiud
1.5
Alba
6 ALBA JULIA
Alba
1.5
7 Ale~cl
Bihor
1.5
----------- ---------------- ------- 8 ALEXA NDRl A Teleornrnn
2.5
')
9 -----------Amarn
lalomi\a
.,)
,
JO Anina
Cara~-Severi11
2.0
11 Aninoasa
ll11nedoara
2.0
,
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - ------------ --- ----------1
I 12 Al\AD
;\i-::id
1.5
i

- _
__________ ________

1-------- ---- -- --- ............ ----- - .. . . . . '


I:; A1 dud . . --- -- . s_.11u f'v~~---- . ' - I.'
I

__ l~oto~rn1i

I I ' A vriimeni

2.S __ _

A_v~ig ---------~'~l_I_ __________ 2,0 ___ _


1~~~1_<_1____ _ __ l'~a!1.9:~ __
2,0

I ~_'~b<1_dn_~------ _. }t~!~-~~l _

. ----~:~ ~- .,

.l3.<:C.~'-_--:---. - 2.5 . --1


i __ 1..2_ --'~'!~'.de A~am::_ __ 1Vlyh:~1:1t_1 ________ ___2.:.Q_ __ _1
I 20 Baia de Arie~
Alba
1,5

18

i 13 \l' .\ lJ

r-- - ----------- ... ---------- --------- 1----------------1


21 BAIA MARE
:vtaramure~
'- ..............
----------------- ------12.0-----/

~1-l~~~{''C_
-~~~~,~~Jl-=:f
H
--61
I

1_~;~-~~;bi-- --- -c-~ 1s1,;;~-t~1----- ---_- 1:5 -r1:1i:---=--------e- -----------j

rii:~'---

I Prahova

.!-- -~'H
\

_;;~ -~~:~~~;'~~vor~--~lt~-=:==l=~J-:i:=_-_ 1

30

Baile Herculane

1~~1ra~-Severin

3,1

13i'llan

i H<irgliita

2.0

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L. ~E 3i.~F~-;li----=:-~--~-- j6;;IJ:~~==--~/--_-2.-s:j

1- --~S-. B.ilce~ti

j" V;llc-;;a-- ----

i
---\

2.0
- 2.(J.

-1

f~--3~--I ~~~lle,~s::i_____:~-~-1-~01-~~ll;\_,~ ~--~-,1~-~ ~:o __~-1


I

L---

37 ' B;i.-lad
___ l_

"-------

----

Vaslui

----------

---

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2.5

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41

Localitalc

Bechel
Bee lean

--~~i_u~_ ....
Berbe~ti

s,

,J udc!

11d1an:I

IIi :-<1111' I

Dolj

2,0

B istrita Nasa11d
Bihor

1.5

-----------Viilcea

Ne::11n\

1,5
-

2.0

N.-.

s,
_Jl~~-111}

122

1.5

Localitatc
Jude(
--- _____ _1:1!~~111ii _ _ ------------

-~~ -~-~~:~ ~==:-- -~~;]$;~~~- ~== == - ::~ I


F51ticeni
- - --- Hiurei

I 2S

126
r,-:;-

Fcte~ti

127

Suct:ava
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1
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l3r5ila
2.'>
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[ 1)s i fi~1~i-~
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1--~~I_ -~J[111_1<~~1zi __
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132

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2,0
I ,5

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Ha1ghita
:'.O

___1_~'.i. _G~?.'.1..i LI
139

Gheorgheni

1,10

()herla

J-- ..1

--------1-- - - - - j
Cluj
..
! I .S :

I l_I __ Cl l:i1~2?~ ~. _____ iI 112 GlURGIU


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154

lanca

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Ji111bolia
I Tin1i~
Jibou
---j S<ilaj ..

:>.CJ

Calara~i

2,0

1.5

1.5

!-=l_<i~>~ ..i ~:~i1l~-~;-~,! ___ J~r~~l~-~-'1 __________ _ _ _?~u___ _


Lehliu }2.ara
165 -LiPo~~~

I 64

----

A~-~i---- --- -- ,,-~~

Lite11i
Suceava
2,5
I
------ ... - ----
. ---
.
I _I~'._ ..J:-i~.<~Lla ------- _S.~~~are____________ I:).--!
i\ture~
1.5
i
I 168 Ludu~
, 166

f------

--- -------- - - - ----------------- - - - - - - - !

i 169

Lugoj

Timi~

1.5

/-17-0-1- L;,;;~~i----- - -i:-1~1~;1~-;;:~;---- ---2:0--

[}:_1J_!\:1~;~1 i~-----= ~-~-?'.~~~;~l~== =:__ J.:~--1


~6-

------------ -----------
N
Localitatc
s"
____ ---~1ana ___________ _! ____ -~~_/!11j_
1,5
r 172
,1lll1C

I r.

Marghita
Mf1ci11

220

13ihor

i-- -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

; 173

Nr.

Tulcea

2.5

2,5

176

Mcdgidia

Vrancea
Constan\a

177

Media~

Sibiu

1,5

178

MIERCUREA
CIUC

Harghita

2,0

Petro~ani

Pl/\TRA

___________ 2,~--

Mara~qti

5"

Jude\

_ l!;N_/11_1~]

1l unccloara

2.0

Nt:.i111\

2.0

L~?~

2.0

Arg~-~ __

2.0

--

--~ Magurele ____ ~!o_v

l 75

Localitate
udrnna

I--\----'--'--------------------------

221

NE~~_'.1T

1'.l/

Piatra olt

')1"
_,__)

I ,5

2.0

!-------~----- ---------------~-

2.0
2.ll

2.0
2.0
231
232

235

236

2.0
2.0
2.0

Racari

R;1111nic11 Sarat
RAMNICU
V r\LCEr\

23 7 -~-0~n~~'.238 Rccas

- - - .-

1:3uz.'\u

2.0

Viilcea

2.0

rsra~_o'.__ _

2.0
I ..~

Timi~

;:;-~- --~~;:;'.~~--~- __ _-~I:~~:~~~~c_ve~11; -~


211

Ro1u:111

2,13

/__ 2;i~1_
j 2'15

---

Rm in:1ri
Roz11ov

Rt1pea___
i 2,1 G S<ilcca

I.~

Ne,un\

j-iii --Rl;~ion~le \ ~~!~ -~i ele-~n-u:1~; 1 - ....

1.5

--

1
1

---

----

Go1j

1- Ne.111;\ _ _

--\ __ _2.0
_i

I- J.I. r:~ov ________ .

2.ll

1.5

Succava

2.0

Arad
Satu 1\-Jare

1,5
1,5

iJ_i~ j~~~~-------~-~~;~;~--=-=~~= =:~1;s~-=


2'18

Santana

249

Satu l\lare

-------- ---

s,.

- t - - - - - - - - - _ _J~'.lc!___ -~fmJ_
Tulcea
2,0
--- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Sibiu
1,5
,
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - --------.----

Nr.

----

Lucalitate
11 rlJa llii

s"
W'i(n!l

Jude!

Harghita

313

2.U

2.5

________

Mara111urq

I
-1

, () !
-~\ --1

2,0

! - - - - ! - - - - ' - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - --- --- .

317

Ungheni
f\1ui-q
---=------------------

3 18

Uricani

Cll)ri

3 19
3 20

lJ rla\i_

r)1_<:1_1L1\'._'.l _
2JJ
Ial()!12ip
2,0
I
Bihor ___________ l'.S ___

i
- -- -----1.5
-------1

2.U

U rziceni

-:l:i'1- -Valea lui Mihai

_J~~ ~~~~t-~l~-~~--- -__ -~~~~~,---~~==-~~--i~i~-=I

278
279

280

Sova ta
Stei
Strehaia

---- ----------281 SUCEAVA


-------- ---

Mure~

Bihor
Mehedin\i
Suce;:iva

1,5
l,5
2,0

---------

2.5

------------- --------

324 Vatra Dornei


Suceava
---- ----------- -------------Valenii de
Prahova

325

2,0

Munte

__

326 Y.~~-~~~_t:
1\'1t:~1-~t~i111i ____ -----~-y
327 Vicovu de Sus
Sucenva
2.:"
-------- -------- - - - --------. ---------- .. --- ---
I.~
328
32.l)

Vi<lele

1, ,,

33-1

ZA 1,_,\ U

-Z;m1e~ri

2.tl

1\1aranwr~:L_ __

2.0

--- ----

1-lmghitu

2.0

------r-2_0
1-1u11cdo1ra
I 2.0
111~;-\--

~~~;i~,':},r'----- ___
ljj~_:;:is-

Telrnnmrn
.... --

1-_-,:;6- - \;-;~~;_;de Sus


l}:ff --\1~~11_;i't<~--~~~-----

- 8-

2.0

---~------

I S:'llr_1_ i____

1.S

I\ 13r~t~ov -------- -

2.tJ

Telcom1a11

2.S

:;:;(>

linrnicea

3:_;7

z1~~------~~]_~\l_b,;-

- ----=_!_~

1,:;

- _z., pet,~ "':"~cfk,t-

,t.Udi.,; ""' , . ~) a.(, .dAo;tM~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~' ,t~ k


~Ullu.L<
I
.
~
~

~~ r~~~ ~ &,~~~

~r~~~~

I% w~ ~. i'e{.t) 7e{.t) it I
Utt.J:
We(,tJ::1~~1~1LUL

~ ed-(M.,P~ ~~
,Jpke ""' ~r ~ ec. ,t/,,a~"mu ,t ~ ~)

ft- ==~1UN

dJ..

~;~

a.

1h(;~

Ce(z) = L~ 7"ju< ~ ~ d

~M~~

._

~ ::4 ~ ~

d~,t~:t~J

c;e(,t)

u~ ~~ ~ ~/~ ~

~~ ~

f:rw

==

41

t!f?Jt/.i.

dt,

~ ~c.~

~~ 4 ~~ - ~/~ a?-#U<.

u~.

(f?~ cef-1-+ fa-do~ h ~ ~ ~~ . ~

Ce.(_t-)

<tJ (z} ~: (-C} ~o

c; (t) ~

1'dc~ f41'~
cfl,.t(

:t)

K: ~) [-l. JJ?.1~

~ ~ ~:
~A.~ ,t ~ .&;014;

==

Y:a4b~ (Jl'f,t7~

,c,,pJ ~ ~ AM, ~~

A-"- ~ ~~~~ ~fa.JL


(~pk ff'~

fr w ) L~+-A1all

~~

a-it.)

t=-'

~ 2u.. I~

30).
.-&. k '"4.H~(;
~ I ~~
. ~,,.,-A,/.
I .
) - //
.)
:11.,/,(.,
"1'~

~/vwv Cl!, 1-l-4/201..e., ~~ ..

1,15 ~ ~.Ine:.T
1,tJ~ ~ ~ .l1f'J'f> ;p:.

Tabelul
Descrierea
terenului

Mare sau zone costiere expuse


0,003
vanturilor venind dinspre apa
Lacuri sau terenuri plate(sau U!?Or
ondulate) ~i aproape orizontale,
0,01
cu vegetatie neglijabila !?i fara
obstacole semnificative
Camp deschis,terenuri agricole sau
cu iarba ~i/ sau cu obstacole izolaII te (copaci, cladiri) aflate la distante 0,05
mai mari decat de 20 ori inaltimea
obstacolului.
Zone acoperite uniform cu vegetatie sau cu cladiri, sau cu obstacole
izolate aflate la distante mai mici
111
0,30
decat de 20 ori inaltimea obstacolului( de ex. sate, terenuri suburbane , zone impadurite )
Zone urbane dens construite in care
eel putin 15/o din suprafata este
IV acoperita cu constructii avand peste 1,00
15 m inaltime.
Paduri cu inaltimea medie a
I arborilor de cca 15 m.

0,024

1,00

2.74

0,028

1,00

2,74

f-------~~~~~_:__-=-=-~-~~~~---1-~~-+--~~+-~-+-~---1

0,036

2,00

2,66

0,046

5,00

2,35

0' 054

10' 0

2' 1 2

~--~~--~--'~~---'-~~-'-~~-'---~----'

t;~~ .c,/A,~} ~~ ~,.u; rri~ M- ~


tfl,u~-At. ~ ~. P n/~ di,. ~~n J M.ta:/&
J
4.40~ ~ ~,(!JIU ~IU~ . 1/M.?~ 'jt .uU, ~1..'
~ ~ ~ ~
~)JU~~ ~.la#~

J-iv

ft

4++--

f:4?1}1;~:

.. ~ ~ ft~

~~ -t~ 1UL~
.t-~ ~~ ~ ~~ dt.. tt7 """ /(l /.UUu.dZ, i
-~~/ti~ ~ ~ ~~ ~)4t1~>u!~
av

~~tu::dZ ea, 1t7JU. ~ ~;


-

~ ~-~~~

'

Jhlbu-'

/M':

-,de.~ ,t,(A(, ~ ~ 4 ~-S"IJaM.(, <~(I re~ ~ ~~ ~ ~


-3-

~~ ~

-??:/

-~~-~--1~~~~~'--~~~~-'-~~~~J.,_

--'-

.,. '/~-.... \._./


,,_.,.,,,,
"
0,6

'-'.>J\

0,4

SCAR A

1 3.000.000

..........

.,

-"'-

.. ,,,\
)

.. ..

I
i'
\

50

l()'l

'

1c;t;

~-

.:Ou

---1

'....
'
, ___ ,.,,.)

\ \~

05
'

/"'""~,,.

""'

~\

J
I

...

1'2J'
'
\ 0,7

"" '

'

' ~,,~-...

( ,..-.._
\
...___

0,7

C:llf~::rc:-:-:-:-

,..-----'\..,_
' " " - . '"'

..............

1 .. .\\,0,7

0,6 "l
,.._
__j
'

0,4

0,4

.. . { \ 0, 6

_....

0,7

.... ,

'\

'

{'\.

hi. , '\. '

. 0,4
,,

0,4

,
\. '
..

-- ,,

' '~"--

0,5

0,6

\.'
''\,

2~/J

Y\iiomeir;
;l.

Zon;:re~l

V<tlorilor de rcfcrin\il nle presiunii dinamicc a vantului.1h In kPa. avand !MR= 50 ani

\:OTA. Pc11tru ::iltitudi11i pe~te I OOOm v:;\orile presiunii di11~rn1ice a \'<1ntului ~c corectc;1zi1 cu relntia (A I) din Anexn /\.

d.iJll.- CR. 1- f-4 /2012

vt~afe.<-

1t

I.

AL.lM

ft!t.tlt-

o;4

2.

A-LEX ,+Nl>l</A:-

J.

,f,eA /J

u,1
q5

4.

eA-civ

qfl

5.

CAM MA.le

6'.

lJ!Slf(:,i TA-

qe
q4-

1.

/30TOS/rNi
J

~~

J(,t:_,

2f.

Ht'c!:C:UdA-

t~.

O~lf-!)EA--

23.

f>1lrr;eA-

u.

f'iTcc5TI

25:
tG.

c/oc

Jt.
.t1v

K:e...

qc
qs

N/311-M T

qs

'1.7

/'Lot'crTl '

tvA-11 Nt'cu v,.ft.ce4

q4
q4-

!/, 1-

2:;

~Efi.~

q~

8.

e;e,+,sc;v

q6'

M.

SA-7l/ M..+!i:

q4

J.

tj;eJ1L.,+

qp

25.

SF.4-NlV GllCORS/1

qs

Jo.

51.l'r1iN.+

f/,8
qs-

qf

.Jf.

SLOtJOZ/.+

JR.

.StlCc.lf-Vlr

33.

Th~GOV!.$1C

q-1-

~6

3.f.

rA-lcG-v

0,4

05"

JS:

q,0

.%.

qG
qG

Jf

r1.11-ceA-

38.

VAS LU/
VA-Ttelf

to.

/!Jt/Ct/KE >Sli

ff.

.
81.!ZA-(.f

12.

C~LA/e,f.1

13.

14.
15:
16.

Ir

CLOJ Mtf'OCk
CONSTTfN_T,+Ctetl-10 VAIJ~OIJCT.4 rt1/eNl.I .JEVc~N

ra:JS';fNI
,
'

qs
qs-

ltJ.

GALA-n
,

19.

G/t//eGft/

~S'

J9.

2rJ

ftVt-lel>OA-R..1-

q1

4o.

-"-

:7/tJ

T..fRGo ,,qo ;eES


,
T!'.Mt}'o!f ,e,f--

.
Z,4-LAU

qG
qG

q4
~f}

qr-

OO,.eA.f6i

'4
(7, 1-

Valori ale coeficienplor aerodinami.ci de presiune I suqiune exterioarri pentru


acoperi~uri cu patru pante
(,t)

'Je

Directia
vantului

Directia
vantului
h

,,

8= 0
1

.- ~

'

~-

, ,.~ .... ;

,..

,. ....

inaltime de referinta:
ze=h

8= 90

. .,. :r

e=b sau2h
oricare este mai mica
b - dimensiunea laturii perpendiculare pe direciia viintului

eilO

J--4l
i!:12

F
IM-!i:,110
'~

...

Vant ,.

...

-8=0

Vant ...,...
-----;--- 8 =90

el4

~~------"' }1:10

er2

""

1':110

(a) directia vantului (} = 0

(b) directia vantului (} = 90

Unghiul de
panta exo
pentru

B=

oo

a90pentru

Zone pentru directia viintului 8 = 0


F

~i

8 = 90
L

8= 90
Cpe,I Cpe,10

Cpe,10

Cpe,I

ft

Cpe,I Cpe,10 / Cpe,1

P"' 10

50

-1,7 -2,5 -1,2 -2,0 -0,6 -1,2

15

-0,9 -2,0 -0,8 -1,5

+0,2
30

+0,2

-0,5 -1,5 -0,5 -1,5

Cpe,o

Cpe,I Cpe,10

Cpe,1 Cpe,10

Cpe,I Cpe,10

Cpe,I Cpe,10 /

Cpe,I

-1,2 -2,0 -0,6 -1,2

-0,4

-0,5

-1,0 -1,5 -1,2 -2,0 -1,4 -2,0 -0,6 -1,2

-0,3

-0,4

-0,7 -1,2

-0,5

-1,4 -2,0 -0,8 -1,2

-0,3

-0,6

-0,3

-1,3 -2,0 -0,8 -1,2

-0,2

-0,3

-0,6

-0,6

0
-0,3
+0,2
-0,2

-0,2

+0,5

+0,7

+0,4

+0,7

+0,7

+0,6

60

+0,7

+0,7

+0,7

-0,3

-0,6

-0,3

-1,2 -2,0

-0,4

-0,2

75

+0,8

+0,8

+0,8

-0,3

-0,6

-0,3

-1,2 -2,0

-0,4

-0,2

45

NOTA l. Pentru = 0, presiunea variaza rapid intre valorile pozitive ~i valorile negative pe panta
expusa viintului pentru un unghi de pantii a de la +5 la +45, astfel incat sunt date atilt valorile
pozitive cat ~i cele negative. Pentru aceste acoperi~uri, trebuie considerate douii cazuri: unul cu toate
valorile pozitive, ~i unul cu toate valorile negative. Pe aceea~i fata nu este permisa considerarea
simultanii a valorilor negative ~i pozitive.
NOTA 2. Pentru unghiurile de pantii intermediare, se poate interpola liniar intre valorile de
semn. Valorile egale cu 0,0 sunt date pentru a permite interpolarea.

acela~i

NOTA 3. Valorile coeficientilor aerodinamici de presiune I suctiune se vor determina in functie de


unghiul pantei expuse vfultului.

-6'-