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MINTE, CONȘTIINȚĂ

LIBERUL ARBITRU

leon.zagrean@gmail.com

“Nu există materie ca atare. Tot ceea ce

numim materie îşi are originea şi

există doar în virtutea unei forţe care

face vibreze particulele unui atom şi care menţine integritatea acestui minuscul sistem solar al atomuluiSuntem obligaţi să presupunem că în

spatele acestei forţe există o minte

conştientă şi inteligentă. Această

minte este matricea întregii materii.

Max Planck

Cunoașterea actuală se îndreaptă către

o realitate non-mecanică; Universul

începe să semene din ce în ce mai mult

cu un mare gând decât cu o mașinărie…

Mintea pare că nu mai este doar un

intrus accidental în tărâmul materiei…

mai degrabă am privi-o ca pe

creatoarea și guvernatoarea planului fizic.

Sir James Hopwood Jeans. The Mysterious Universe. Cambridge University Press. 1930 .

At 13.7 billion years oldand filled with 100 billion galaxies each

containing hundreds of billions of stars

the Universe as revealed by modern

science is humbling in scale and

dazzling in beauty. But, paradoxically,

as our knowledge of the Universe has

expanded, so the division between us

and the cosmos has melted away.

B.Cox

By early 2011, we had discovered that the

Universe is composed of twelve basic building blocks, only three of which are

required to build everything on our planet, including our bodies. These three

components, known as the up and down

quarks and the electron, can be assem-

bled into the more familiar protons and

neutrons two up quarks and a down quark make a proton, and two down quarks and an up make up a neutron.

-

B.Cox

”Ideologeis, philosophies, religious doctrines, world-models, value systems, and the like will stand or fall depending on the kinds of

answers that brain research eventually

reveals. It all comes together in the brain.

In brief, recent conceptual developments in

mind-brain science are seen to bring

changes in worldview perspective that revise the ultimate criteria and frame of

reference for determining human value

priorities and resolving value differerence.

R. W. Sperry. Changing Priorities. Ann.Rev.Neursci.1981

Artificial intelligence and advanced robotics have

the potential to transform the world economy.

Changes are being made already, especially in technology that acts like the human brain,

learning to complete more varied and complex

tasks based on past experience.

Artificial Intelligence Gets a Little Smarter. Stratfor. 18 03 2016

Here we report the design of a synthetic

mind-controlled gene switch that enables

human brain activities and mental states to

wirelessly programme the transgene

expression in human cells.

Humans generating different mental states

(biofeedback control, concentration,

meditation) can differentially control SEAP

production of the designer cells in culture and of subcutane-ous wireless powered

optogenetic implants in mice.

Folscher M et al. Mind-controlled transgene expression by a wireless-powered optogenetic designer cell implant. Nat. Communication. 2014

Cybernetics has pioneered mind-

controlled electromechanical manmachine interfaces that allow brain

activities to intentionally control bionic prostheses, and optogenetics

has established electromolecular

machineman interfaces that enable

light controlled therapeutic

interventions by modulating brain,

heart and gene activities.

Folscher M et al. Mind-controlled transgene expression by a wireless-powered optogenetic designer cell implant. Nat. Communication. 2014

Recently, however, advances in genetic

engineering and microsurgery have

brought these creatures into existence.

Scientists now have created human-

nonhuman chimerasorganisms that

have both human cells and animals cells in their bodies.

Jielin Yu. Rethinking Humanity: the Chimera Debate.

Boston University Arts & Sciences Writing Program. 2010

Mental health disorders make up the

majority of disease around the

world

A key challenge facing global mental

health is to understand the factors

affecting etiology and treatment of

mental health disorders, as well as the

mechanisms underlying disparities in

mental health disorders across

nations.

Joan Y. Chiao. Population Disparities in Mintal Health:Insights from Cultural Neuroscience. Am J Public Health.3013.

Do we consciously cause what we do, or

do our actions happen to us?

Yes, we feel that we consciously cause

what we do; and yes, our actions happen

to us. Rather than opposites, conscious

will and psychological determinism can

be friends. Such friendship comes from realizing that the feeling of conscious will is created by the mind and brain just as human actions themselves are created

by the mind and brain.

Daniel M. Wegner

The answer to the question of conscious

will, then, may involve exploring how the mechanisms of the human mind create the

experience of will. And the experience of

conscious will that is created in this way

need not be a mere epiphenomenon.

Rather than a ghost in the machine,the experience of conscious will is a feeling

that helps us to appreciate and remember our authorship of the things our minds

and bodies do.

Daniel M. Wegner

This paper argues that at least one of the following prepositions is true: (1) the human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a posthuman stage; (2)

any posthuman civilization is extremely

unlikely to run a significant number of

simulations of their evolution history (or

variations of thereof);

(3) we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the

belief that there is a significant chance that

we will one day become potshumans who run ancestor- simulations is false, unless we are currently living in a simulation.

Bostrom N. Are you living in a computer simulation?-Philosophical Quarterly (2003) Vol. 53, No. 211, pp. 243-255.

Statutul nostru pare a fi acela de componente intrinseci ale Universului, poate cele mai frumoa- se, dotate cu puterea creației, a liberului arbitru, dar şi a răspunderii, într-un univers ierarhic. În fond, conştiința este reflectarea conştientă a

legilor din univers în mintea noastră care, la

rândul ei, se reflectă în comportamentul nostru

de zi cu zi; conştiința este gardianul nostru care

ne conferă calitatea de membri ai unei societăți

față de care nu putem, sub nici o formă să ne izolăm sau să nu participăm conştient-constru-

ctiv la vigurozitatea şi armonia ei.

Conștiin ța la răspântia dintre filosofie… L. Zăgrean. NOEMA vol. XIII. 2014

We are the

citizens of the

coming

NEUROWORLD, and ours are the

brains that are

likely to be

changed.

” We are the citizens of the coming NEUROWORLD, and ours are the brains that are

”The question of all questions for

humanity, the problem which lies

behind all other and is more

interesting than any of them, is of

determination of man's place in Nature and his relation to the

Cosmos”.

Th. Huxley

The most beautiful and deepest

experience a man can have is the

sense of the mysterious. It is the

underlying principle of religion as

well as of all serious endeavour in

art and science. He who never had

this experience seems to me, if not dead, then at least blind

all serious endeavour in art and science. He who never had this experience seems to me,

Gândirea amprentă a identității

Gândirea amprentă a identită ț ii ”Poate, dacă suntem noroco ș i, robo ț ii Sea

”Poate, dacă suntem norocoși, roboții

Sea squirt
Sea squirt

de mâine ne vor păstra ca pe niște

animale răsfățate… sau dacă suntem

destul de deștepți, am putea transfera roboților ”structurile noastre proprii

de informație” R.Penrose

Halobacterium

salinarium

Gândului

de Puterea însufleţite

ale Pământului,

Vlăstare

Tinere

Prin copac, Pamântul se leagă

de Soare

Suntem

Prin Om, Pamântul se extinde

în Univers

Leon Zăgrean