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BOLILE PLANTELOR LEGUMICOLE

PROF. ING. MOTEANU LEONORA COLEGIUL AGRICOL POARTA ALB

Boala petelor de bronz-ariceala Denumire tiinific: Tomato spotted wilt virus

Mozaicul tomatelor Denumire tiinific: Tobocco mosaic virus in tomato

Filozitatea tomatelor - frunzele de ferig Denumire tiinific: Cucumber mosaic virus tomato

Piticirea i ndesirea plantelor de ardei Denumire tiinific: Cucumber mosaic virus in pepper

Stolburul tomatelor Denumire tiinific: Potato stolbur MLO

Boala petelor de bronz la tomate Denumire tiinific: Tomato spotted virus

Ofilirea bacterian a tomatelor Denumire tiinific: Calavibacter michiganensis pv. michiganense

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; b)MANCOZEB 800 (mancozeb 40%+tiofanat metil 20%), doza 2,0kg/ha; c)VONDOZEB (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; d)ZEAM BORDELEZ (Cu2SO4) doza 5,0kg/ha.

Ptarea bacterian punctiform a tomatelor Denumire tiinific: Pseudomonas syringae pv Tomato

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BOUILLE BORDELAISE (cupru metalic 20% sub form de Cu2SO4), doza 10,0kg/ha; b)CHAMPION 50 WP (hidroxid de cupru cu 50% cupru metalic), doza 3,0kg/t; c)DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/t; d)EQUATION PRO (cimoxanil 30%+famoxadon 22,5%), doza 0,4kg/t; e)VONDOZEB (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/t.

Putregaiul rdcinii, tulpinii i fructelor de ardei Denumire tiinific: Phytophtora capsici

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)ALIETTE 80 WP (fosetil de Al 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; b)DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; c)MIKAL M (mancozeb 26%+fosetil de aluminiu 44%), doza 3,5kg/ha; d)PREVICUR 607 SL (propamocarb 607g/l din clorhidrat de propamocarb), doza 2,0l/ha; e)PROPLANT 72,2 SL (propamocarb 722g/l), doza 2,0l/ha; *tratamentul seminei cu: POLYRAM COMBI (metiram 80%), doza 5,0kg/t.

Finarea tomatelor Denumire tiinific: Leveillula taurica

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)ALIETTE 80 WP (fosetil de Al 80%), doza 0,5kg/ha; b)KUMULUS DF (sulf 80%), doza 4,0kg/ha; c)LABILITE 70 WP (tiofanat metil 20%+maneb 50%), doza 2,0kg/ha; d)MICROTHIOL SPECIAL (sulf micronizat 80%), doza 4,0kg/ha; e)TILT 250 EC (propiconazol 250g/l), doza 0,2l/ha; f)TRIFMINE 30 WP (trifumizol 30%), doza 0,3l/ha; g)TOPAS 100 EC (penconazol 100g/l), doza 0,35l/ha; h)TOPSIN M 70 WP (tiofanat metil 70%), doza 1,5kg/ha.

Putregaiul bazei tulpinii tomatelor Denumire tiinific: Didymella lycopersici

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0-2,5kg/ha; b)MANCOZEB 800 (mancozeb 40%), doza 2,0kg; c)VONDOZEB (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha.

Verticilioza solanaceelor Denumire tiinific: Verticillium dahliae

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul solului cu: TOPSIN M 70 WP (tiofanat metil 70%), doza 0,5-1,0kg/ha.

Ptarea cafenie a frunzelor de tomate Denumire tiinific: Cladosporium fulvum

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BRAVO 500 SC (clorotalonil 500g/l), doza 2,0l/ha; b)CAPTADIN 50 PU (captan 50%), doza 2,0-2,5kg/ha; c)DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; d)LABILITE 70 WP (tiofanat metil 20%+maneb 50%), doza 1,5kg/ha; e)MANCOZEB 800 (mancozeb 40%), doza 2,0kg/ha; f)MERPAN 50 WP (captan 50%), doza 2,0kg/ha; g)POLYRAM COMBI (metiram 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; h)TRIFMINE 30 WP (triflumizol 30%), doza 2,0kg/ha; i)TOPSIN M 70 WP (tiofanat metil 70%), doza 1,0kg/ha; j)VONDOZEB (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha.

Putrezirea fructelor de ardei Denumire tiinific: Alternaria tenuis

Prevenire: a)asolamentul culturilor; b)ngroparea resturilor vegetale

prin artur adnc; c)nutriie echilibrat cu NPK; d)cultivarea de soiuri i hibrizi cu rezisten genetic.

Putregaiul tulpinii i fructelor de tomate Denumire tiinific: Colletotrichum coccodes

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BRAVO 500 SC (clorotalonil 500g/l), doza 2,0l/ha; b)DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; c)MANCOZEB 800 (mancozeb 40%), doza 2,0kg/ha; d)SHAVIT 71,5 WP (triadimenol 1,5%+folpet 70%), doza 2,0kg/ha; e)TIURAM 75 PU (tiram 75%), doza 2,0kg/ha; f)VONDOZEB (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha.

Mana mazrii Denumire tiinific: Peronospora viciae f. sp. pisi

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha.

Finarea mazrii Denumire tiinific: Erysiphe polygoni

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BAYLETON 25 WP (tiradimefon 25%), doza 2,0kg/ha; b)TILT 250 EC (propicanazol 250g/l) doza 0,3l/ha; c)TOPSIN M 70 WP (tiofanat metil 70%) doza 1,0kg/ha; *tratamentul seminei cu: a)METOBEN 70 PU (tifonat metil 70%), doza 2,0kg/t; b)TIRADIN 70 PUS (tiram 70%) doza 8,0kg/t.

Antracnoza mazrii Denumire tiinific: Mycosphaerella pinodes

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul seminei cu: TIRADIN 70 PUS (tiram 70%) doza 4,0kg/t; *tratamentul culturii cu: a)DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; b)METOBEN 70 PU (tifonat metil 70%), doza 0,5kg/ha; c)TOPSIN M 70 WP (tiofanat metil 70%) doza 1,0kg/ha.

Fuzarioza mazrii Denumire tiinific: Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. pisi

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul seminei cu: a)CAROBEN 75 PTS (carboxin 37,5%+tiram 37,5%) doza 2,5kg/t; b)MANCOBEM 60 PTS (mancozeb 40%+tiofonat metil 20%) doza 4,0kg/t; c)TIRAMET 60 PTS (tiofanatmetil 20%+tiram 40%) doza 4,0kg/t.

Arsura comun a fasolei Denumire tiinific: Xanthomonas phaseoli

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)CHAMPION 50 WP (hidroxid de cupru 50%+cupru metalic), doza 2,5kg/ha; b)CURZATE PLUS T (cimoxanil 4,5%+oxiclorur de cupru cu 40% cupru metalic), doza 2,5kg/ha; c)FUNGURAN OH 50 WP (hidroxid de cupru cu 50% cupru metalic), doza 2,5kg/ha; *tratamentul seminei cu: MANCOBEM 60 PTS (mancozeb 40%+tiofonat metil 20%) doza 4,0kg/t.

Antracnoza fasolei Denumire tiinific: Colletotrichum lindemuthianum

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)CAPTAN 80 WP (captan 50%) doza 1,6kg/ha; b)CAPTAN 50 WP (captan 50%) doza 2,5kg/ha; *tratamentul seminei cu: a)CAPTADIN 50 PU (captan 50%) doza 4,0kg/t; b)MANCOBEM 60 PTS (mancozeb 40%+tiofonat metil 20%) doza 4,0kg/t; c)TIURAM 75 PU (tiram 75%) doza 2,0 kg/t.

Putregaiul umed al cruciferelor Denumire tiinific: Erwinia carotovora

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul solului cu: METOBEN 70 PU (tiofanat metil 70%), doza 1,0kg/ha.

Hernia rdcinilor de varz Denumire tiinific: Plasmodiophora brassicae

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul solului cu: a)SULF MUIABIL 80 (sulf 80%), doza 30-40kg/ha; b)TOPSIN M 70 WP (tiofanat metil 70%), doza 0,5-1,0kg/ha; *tratamentul culturii cu: a)MANCOZEB 800 (mancozeb 40%), doza 2,0kg/ha; b)MYCOGUARD 500 SC (clorotalonil 50%), doza 2,0l/ha; c)VONDOZEB (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha.

Albumeala cruciferelor Denumire tiinific: Albugo candida

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BOUILLE BORDELAISE (cupru metalic 20% sub form de Cu2SO4), doza 10kg/ha; b)BRAVO 500 SC (clorotalonil 500g/l), doza 2,0l/ha; c)DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha.

Mana cruciferelor Denumire tiinific: Peronospora brassicae.

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BRAVO 500 SC (clorotalonil 500g/l), doza 2,0l/ha; b)CAPTADIN 50 PU (captan 50%), doza 2,0kg/ha; c)CURZATE MANOX (cimoxanil 4,5%+oxiclorur de cupru cu 40% cupru metalic), doza 2,5kg/ha; d)CURZATE PLUS T (cimoxanil 4,5%+oxiclorur de cupru cu 40% cupru metalic), doza 2,5kg/ha; e)DITHANE M 45 (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; f)MANCOZEB 800 (mancozeb 40%)doza 2,0kg/ha; g)MYCOGUARD 500 SC (clorotalonil 50%), doza 2,0l/ha; h)VONDOZEB (mancozeb 80%), doza 2,0kg/ha; *tratamentul seminei cu: TIURAM 75 PU (tiram 75%), doza 4,0kg/t.

Putregaiul alb al cepei i usturoiului Denumire tiinific: Sclerotinia cepivorum

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: ROVRAL 50 WP (iprodion 50%), doza 2,5kg/ha.

Helmintospoiroza usturoiului Denumire tiinific: Helminthosporium allii

Prevenire: a)asolament de 3-4 ani; b)cultura pentru bulbi se izoleaz de cea semincer; c)ntreinerea culturilor n cele mai bune condiii prin distrugerea buruienilor; d)cultivarea de soiuri i hibrizi rezisteni.

Alternarioza cepei i prazului Denumire tiinific: Alternaria porii

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BRAVO 500 SC , doza 2,0kg/ha; b)BRESTAN 60 WP, doza 1,0kg/ha; c)DITHANE M 45, doza 2,0kg/ha; d)FOLPAN 50 WP, doza 2,5kg/ha; e)MANCOZEB 800, doza 2,0kg/ha; f)MYCOGUARD 500 SC, doza 2,0l/ha; g)ROVRAL 50 WP, doza 1,0kg/ha; h)VONDOZEB, doza 2,0kg/ha.

Finarea umbeliferelor Denumire tiinific: Erysiphe umbeliferarum

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)AFUGAN EC , doza 0,5 l/ha; b)BAYCOR 25 WP, doza 1,0 kg/ha; c)BAYFIDAN 250 EC , doza 0,5 l/ha; d)BUMPER 250 EC , doza 0,15 l/ha; e)KUMULUS DF, doza 4,0 kg/ha; f)MICROTHIOL SPECIAL, doza 4,0 kg/ha; g)SHAVIT 25 EC , doza 0,5 l/ha; h)SULF MUIABIL 80 , doza 4,0 kg/ha; i) SYSTHANE 12 EC, doza 0,3 l/ha; j)TILT 250 EC , doza 0,15 l/ha; k)TOPAS 100 EC, doza 0,25 l/ha.

Alternarioza morcovului Denumire tiinific: Alternaria porri f. sp. dauci

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BRAVO 500 SC doza 2,0 l/ha; b) CAPTADIN 50 PU doza 2,0 kg /ha; c) DITHANE M 45 doza 2,0 kg/ha; d) FOLPAN 50 WP doza 2,5 kg/ha; e) MERPAN 50 WP doza 2,0 kg/ha; f) POLYRAM DF doza 2,0 kg/ha; g) ROVRAL 50 WP doza 1,0 kg/ha; h) VONDOZEB doza 2,0 kg/ha.

Septorioza elinei i ptrunjelului Denumire tiinific: Septoria apiicola, Septoria petroselini

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BRESTAN 60 WP doza 1,kg/ha; b)METOBEN 70 PU doza 0,5-1,kg/ha; c) MYTOGUARD 500 SC doza 2,0 l/ha; d)TOPSIN 70 WP , doza 0,5-1,0 kg/ha.

Ptarea unghiular a castraveilor


Denumire tiinific: Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BOUILLE BORDELAISE, doza 10,0kg/ha; b)CHAMPION 50 WP doza 3,0 kg/ha; c)CURZATE PLUS T doza 2,5kg/ha; d)DITHANE M 45 doza 2,0 kg/ha; e)FUNGURAN OH 50 WP), doza 3,2kg/ha; f) MANCOZEB 800, doza 2,0 kg/ha; g) NOVOZIR MN 80 doza 2,0 kg/ha; h)SUPER CHAMP FL , doza 3,0 l/ha; i) VONDOZEB, doza 2,0kg/ha.

Mana cucurbitaceelor Denumire tiinific: Pseudoperonospora cubensis

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)ACROBAT MZ 90/60 WP , doza 2,0kg/ha; b)ANTRACOL 70 WP, doza 2,0kg/ha; C)BOUILLE BORDELAISE , doza 10,0kg/ha; d)BRAVO 500 SC , doza 2,5l/ha; e)CHAMPION 50 WP , doza 3,0kg/ha; f)CURZATE MANOX , doza 2,5kg/ha;g)DITHANE M 45, doza 2,0kg/ha; h)FOLPAN 50 WP , doza 2,5kg/ha; l)FUNGURAN OH 50 WP , doza 3,0kg/ha; j)MANCOZEB 800, doza 2,0kg/ha; k)MERPAN , doza 2,0kg/ha; l)MIKAL M , doza 3,5kg/ha;

Finarea cucurbitaceelor Denumire tiinific: Erysiphae cichoracearum

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)AFUGAN EC , doza 0,5l/ha; b)BAYCOR 25 WP, doza 1,0kg/ha; c)BRAVO 500 SC), doza 2,5l/ha; d)LABILITE 70 WP, doza 1,5kg/ha; e)MIRAGE F 75 WP , doza 2,5kg/ha; f)QUADRIS SC , doza 0,75l/ha; g)SHAVIT 25 EC, doza 0,5l/ha; h) SYSTHANE 12,5 EC , doza 0,3l/ha; i)TILT 250 EC , doza 0,15l/ha; j)TRIFMINE 30 WP, doza 0,3kg/ha.

Cladosporioza cucurbitaceelor Denumire tiinific: Cladosporium cucumerinum

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BRAVO 500 SC , doza 2,5l/ha; b)DITHANE M 45 , doza 2,0kg/ha; c)TOPSIN M 70 WP , doza 0,5-1,0kg/ha; d)VONDOZEB , doza 2,0kg/ha

Alternarioza cucurbitaceelor Denumire tiinific: Alternaria cucumerina

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BRAVO 500 SC , doza 1,5-2,0l/ha; b)DITHANE M 45 , doza 2,0kg/ha; c)FOLPAN 50 WP , doza 1,5kg/ha; d)MANCOZEB 800 doza 2,0kg/ha; e)MIRAGE F 75 WP , doza 2,5kg/ha; f)POLYRAM DF , doza 2,0kg/ha; g)ROVRAL 50 WP, doza 0,5kg/ha; h)TOPSIN M 70 WP, doza 0,5-1,0kg/ha; i)VONDOZEB, doza 2,0kg/ha.

Antracnoza cucurbitaceelor Denumire tiinific: Colletotrichum lagenarium

Combatere chimic: *tratamentul culturii cu: a)BRAVO 500 SC, doza 2,5l/ha; b)DITHANE M 45, doza 2,0kg/ha; c)MANCOZEB 800 doza 2,0kg/ha; d)VONDOZEB, doza 2,0kg/ha.