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SPECIALISTUL

IN CABLURI
BROSURA INFORMATIVA 2017
Low fire-hazard cables complying with the
EUConstruction Products Regulation
Maximum safety with B2ca cables from LEONI

The Quality Connection

CONSTRUCTION PRODUCT REGULATION


RPC - Regulamentul privind produsele pentru constructii
Securitatea in caz de incendiu

Unul din trei incendii au loc in cladiri, cauzand


numeroase victime datorita otravirii cu fum si gaze
otravitoare. Perioada medie de timp de la inceputul
unui incendiu si pana se produce flashover
(aprinderea gazelor de piroliza) a scazut drastic in
ultimele decenii

1950: 15 minute
1985: 5 minute
2010: 3 minute

Ca si rezultat, timpul necesar pentru a a parasi cladirea


s-a redus drastic de asemenea.

Datorita acestor factori, producatorii materialelor de


constructii sunt incurajati sa aduca imbunatatiri
tehnologice continue, care sa creasca performanta
materialelor la foc.
Despre CPR
Rolul principal al Regulamentului privind produsele pentru constructii (CPR): este acela
de a asigura informatii fiabile cu privire la produsele pentru constructii in raport cu
performantele lor. Acest lucru se realizeaza prin asigurarea unui limbaj European tehnic
comun, care ofera metode uniforme de evaluare a performantei produselor pentru
constructii.

Aceste metode sunt concretizate in specificatii tehnice armonizate.

Acest limbaj tehnic comun va fi folosit de urmatorii:


Producatori, atunci cand declara performanta produselor lor
Autoritatile statelor membre, atunci cand precizeaza cerintele pentru acestia.
Utilizatorii acestora (arhitecti, ingineri, constructori...), atunci cand aleg produsele
cele mai potrivite pentru utilizarea dorita a acestora in lucrarile de constructii.

CE CARACTERISTICI ESENTIALE ALE CABLURILOR SUNT ACOPERITE


DE CPR?
Trei caracteristici esentiale sunt acoperite de standardele armonizate pentru cabluri:
Rezistenta la foc
Reactia/Comportamentul la foc
Emisia de substante periculoase (fum, gaze corozive, etc.)

Acestea stau la baza principalelor cerinte in lucrarile de constructii:


Siguranta in caz de incendiu
Igiena, sanatate si mediu

CARE SUNT CERINTELE DE SIGURANTA RELEVANTE PENTRU


CABLURI IN CAZ DE INCENDIU?

Constructiile trebuie sa fie proiectate si realizate in asa fel incat, in


cazul izbucnirii unui incendiu:
generarea si propagarea focului si a fumului in interiorul constructiilor sa fie limitate;
raspandirea focului la cladirile invecinate sa fie limitata;
ocupantii sa poata parasi cladirea sau sa poata fi salvati prin alte mijloace;
sa fie luata in calcul si siguranta echipelor de salvare.
Care sunt cablurile care intra sub incidenta
CPR. Perioada de implementare

Toate cablurile destinate a fi utilizate in lucrarile de


constructii sunt supuse prevederilor:
De energie si de control, oricare ar fi tensiunea
De comunicatii, fibre optice
Caracteristicile in cauza sunt cele privind reactia la foc
(din 1 Iulie 2017) si rezistenta la foc (in viitor).
Definitii:
Reactia la foc: comportarea cablului la ardere, dar si
fluxul de caldura degajat, emisia de fum si gaze
acide/corozive, radiatia de caldura, propagarea
CPR Deadlines (applicability, coexistence, mandatory application)
flacarii. Acestea sunt reglementate de CPR. CP
Rezistenta la foc: capacitatea cablului de a functiona
The Construction Products Regulation on power cables became effective The
whenchiar si sub standard
the EN 50575+A1 flacara wasdeschisa. Inca
published in the nu sunt
list of Harmonised C
Standards pursuant to that Regulation (Commission communication
reglementate de CPR.
published in the Official Journal of the European Union C209/03 of 10th
June 2016).

Perioada de coexistenta a standardelor


EP Obligativitate CPR
O EXISTENC ERIOD RY A P PL
AT
O ICA
TI
C A
ND O
N
M

D
10/07 31/12 01/07

2016 2017

March 2016 CENELEC publishes EN 50575 + A1:2016


A
10/07/2016 CE-marked cables can be placed on the market under Bas
CPR and the coexistence period begins of p
Cavi con requisiti di Reazione al fuoco 1/3

Clase de reactie la foc (prezent) / Rezistenta la


I cavi sono stati classificati in 7 classi di Reazione al Fuoco identificate dalle lettere
foc (variante in viitor) / Clase CPR
da F a A e dal pedice ca (cable) in funzione delle loro prestazioni crescenti

Prezent

Prestazioni elevate Prestazioni basse


1. Aca - Se aplica produselor non-inflamabile, cum ar fi cablurile cu izolatie ceramica.
Oltre a questa classificazione principale, le Autorit Europee hanno regolamentato
2. B1ca - Reprezinta clasa superioara a cablurilor inflamabile.
Cavi
anche luso deicon requisiti
seguenti di Resistenza
parametri addizionali: al fuoco
3. B2ca - Corespund cablurilor care pot contribui la o anumita raspandire a focului.
a= Acidit che definisce la pericolosit dei gas e fumi per le persone e la
4. Cca - Corespund cablurilor care pot contribui la o anumita raspandire a focului.
Nel prossimo futuro rientreranno, nello scopo del Regolamento CPR, anche i cavi
corrosivit per le cose (a1 a2 a3)
soggetti a requisiti prestazionali di resistenza al fuoco destinati ad essere utilizzati
5. s = perOpacit
la fornitura di energia
dei fumi (s1 s2elettrica, delle s1b)
s3 / s1a comunicazioni e rilevazione/allarme
Dca - Corespund proprietatilor cum ar fi cele ale lemnului normal de foc.
incendio in edifici e altre opere di ingegneria civile dove essenziale assicurare la
d = Gocciolamento
continuit di particelle
di servizio per la sicurezza incandescenti (d0 d1 d2)
dellinstallazione/persone.
6. Eca - Este formata din cabluri care prezinta intarziere la propagarea flacarii in incendii
mici, dar pentru care nu a fost determinata nici o emisie de caldura si fum.
I cavi saranno raggruppati in 5 classi in base al tempo di mantenimento (minuti)
della loro funzionalit in caso di incendio/fuoco.
7. Fca - Inseamna ca nici o proprietate la incendiu nu a fost determinata .
13

P120 P90 P60 P30 P15


Viitor

1. P15 rezistenta la flacara 15 minute


Prestazioni elevate Prestazioni basse

2. P30 rezistenta la flacara 30 minute


3. P60 rezistenta la flacara 60 minute
16

4. P90 rezistenta la flacara 90 minute


5. P120 rezistenta la flacara 120 minute

Clasa de comportament
la foc Aca B1ca B2ca Cca Dca Eca Fca
Monitorizarea sistemului
de Conformitate 1+ 3 4
Testarea mostrelor si Auditul
Obligatiile Organului Testarea
Proceselor de Fabricatie cu verificari -
Notificat mostrelor
aleatoare de mostre
Monitorizarea
Obligatiile Producatorului Monitorizarea Productiei -
Productiei
Clasificare CPR si parametrii aditionali

Smoke - Fum

Performanta
ridicata

Droplets - Picurare

Acidity Aciditate*

*Defineste cat sunt de periculoase gazele si fumul pentru oameni si obiecte

Exemplu de clasificare:

Performanta
scazuta

Explicatii:
s1 = Cantitate Totala de Fum < 50 m2 , Rata de productie a fumului, valoarea maxima a
productiei de fum (m2/s)
s1a = s1 i valoarea de transmisie n conformitate cu EN 61034-2 80%
s1b = s1 i valoarea de transmitere n conformitate cu EN 61034-2 60% <80%
s2 = Cantitate Totala de Fum 400 m2 i max. Rata de productie a fumului, valoarea
maxima a productiei de fum 1,5 m2 /s
s3 = nici s1, nici s2

d0 = fara picaturi de flacara/ particule


d1 = fara picaturi / particule de flacara pentru mai mult de 10 s
d2 = nici d0 nici d1

EN 60754-2:
a1 = conductivitate electrica <2,5 S / mm i valoare pH> 4.3
a2 = conductivitate electrica <10 S / mm i valoare pH> 4.3
a3 = nici a1 i a2. Nu exista date = nici o performanta determinata.
Declaratia de performanta (DOP) ex.

281405000

281-NYY-P.MC.S. NYY-J/O multi-core

/
/

AVCP 3

EN 50575:2014+A1:2016

2479
L.S.FIRE TESTING INSTITUTE

Eca
NPD

Giorgio Massignan
Brendola

www.latrivenetacavi.com
If there is no physical space to include the above data on the cable, the
CE marking shall be included on the label, reel, box or package.
Etichetare conform CPR
Example of label
Exemplude etiheta conform CPR

1 2

3
4

 6
7 8
9 11

10

Eticheta trebuie sa contina obligatoriu urmataorele informatii:


Key:
1. Numele si adresa producatorului
2. Marcajul
1) Name CE of manufacturer
and address 7) Class of reaction to fire
2) CE Marking
3. Anul 8) Notified
in care marcajul CE a fost aplicat prima data conform Body
CPRID number
3) Year in which the CE-marking was 9) Unique identification code of the product
4.affixed
first Cod/Denumire cablu
under the CPR 10) Intended use as laid down in the
5. Standard
4) Cable code European conform CPR European standard
5) European standard applied CPR 11) Pictogram indicating instructions and/or
6. Numarul de referinta al DOP
6) DoP Reference number warnings
7. Clasa de reactie la foc
8. Codul unic aferent Organului notificat
9. Codul unic de identificare al produsului
10.Domeniul de utilizare, asa cum este mentionat in standardul European
11.Pictograme cu instructiuni si/sau avertismente
Objectives
1. Saving lives

3. Minimising
Exemplu de clasificare (LTC)
2. Containing the blaze
CPRconsequential
Correlation Table
damages CPR
Most of the parameters
required for cables by the
Correlation Table
Construction Products
Regulation are determined by
NATIONAL CABLES HARMONIZATION CABLES
testing according to EN 50399.
CURRENT CPR
These are the objectives when using
DESIGNATION
safety cables. Fire PERFORMANCE
DESIGNATION
testing
CLASS
CURRENT
DESIGNATION
CPR
DESIGNATION
PERFORMANCE
A vigorously
CLASS burning cable
according to ENU-1000
50399R2Vcovers objectives
U-1000 1 and 2, since reduc-
R2V E ca
H05V-K/U H05V-K/U producing
Eca a lot of smoke and
FR-N1X1G1-U/R FR-N1X1G1-U/R Cca-s1,d1,a1 H07V-K/U/R H07V-K/U/R flaming
Eca droplets/particles.
tions in fire propagation,
XVB-F2 smoke and
XVBflaming droplets make a
C -s3,d2,a3 ca
H05V2-K/U H05V2-K/U Eca
EXVB-F1 EXVB Eca H07V2-K/U/R H07V2-K/U/R Eca
major contribution to fire safety.
XGB-F2 XGB Cca-s1,d1,a1 H05Z-K/U H05Z-K/U Eca
VVT-F2 VVT Cca-s3,d2,a3 H07Z-K/U/R H07Z-K/U/R Eca
NHXMH-J/O NHXMH-J/O Eca H05Z1-K/U H05Z1-K/U Dca-s2,d2,a2
The cables (the6241/6242/6243Y
number used depends on the cable diameter)
6241/6242/6243Y E ca
H07Z1-K/U/R type2 H07Z1-K/U/R type2 Dca-s2,d2,a2
6241/6242/6243B 6241/6242/6243B Eca H03VV-F / H03VVH2-F H03VV-F / H03VVH2-F Eca
are mounted onYSLY
a ladder in a vertical tube furnace and aE flame
YSLY H05VV-F / H05VVH2-F H05VV-F / H05VVH2-F Eca
ca

is applied to them
YSLY for
CY 20 minutes using an air gas burnerE
YSLY CY ca
H05VV5-F H05VV5-F Eca
YCY Busleitung YCY Busleitung Eca H05VVC4V5-K H05VVC4V5-K Eca
(20.5kW/30 kW).
HCHThe flue gases are HCH
Busleitung collected at a defined
Busleitung E air flow ca
H07RN-F H07RN-F Eca
J-Y(St)Y Lg J-Y(St)Y Lg Eca H07BN4-F H07BN4-F Eca
(nominal value NYY-J/O
8000 l/min) and routed into an exhaust air
NYY-J/O E
duct, H07BQ-F H07BQ-F Eca
ca

where the speed oxygen and CO2 content,


of the air flow, the NYM-J/O
NYM-J/O E the ca

FE0 FE0 D Dca-s2,d2,a2


light absorptionS1BQ-F
and the temperature are measured. ThisE allows
S1BQ-F ca

TT (CH-N1VV-U/R) TT (CH-N1VV-U/R) Eca


the above values to be determined. FG16(O)R16
FG7(O)R
Since many parameters differ
C -s3,d1,a3 ca

from those usedFG7(O)M1


in tests defined by FG16(O)M16
IEC60332-3, the results are
C -s1b,d1,a1 ca
A cable that meets the
N07V-K FS17 Cca7-s3,d1,a3
not transferable. The spacing-out ofFG17
N07G9-K the installed cables Cand the
-s1b,d1,a1 ca
requirements for B2ca s1 d1 a1.
TR/R TR/R Eca
increased air flow in particular makeS1XZ1-U/R
S1XZ1-U/R
the fire scenario here
E
more
ca

demanding than in IEC60332-3.


ELQYB ELQYB Dca-s2,d2,a2
MMJ / MKMJ MMJ / MKMJ Eca
MMJ-HF MMJ-HF Eca
ing TRI-RATED TRI-RATED
The test according to EN 50399 clearly demonstrates the differ-
Eca

ence between a cable with a high level of fire safety (below) and
a lower-quality cable. Note the differences between fire propa-
gation, smoke production and flaming droplets.

Majoritatea parametrilor
Most of the parameters
Fire classes according to the Construction Products
necesari cablurilor
required for cables by the
ges conform CPR sunt
Construction Products
Regulation determinati prin incercari
Regulation are determined by
n conformitate cu EN
testing according to EN 50399.
Power, control and communication cables for permanent
s. Fire testing A vigorously
instal-
50399. Un cablu care arde
burning cable
puternic produce o
since reduc-
lation producing a lot of smoke and
in buildings are analysed and classified with respect to
multime de fum i picaturi
flaming droplets/particles.
/ particule de flacara.
plets make a
their fire behaviour according to EU Regulation 305/2011. For
this purpose, heat release and flame spread are measured using
le diameter)
the above test method according to EN and evaluated in order The 4 m-high fire cabin used
e and a flame Cabina de ardere de 4 m
to assign the cables to the relevant fire class. The cables can also for EN50399, where cables are
folosita pentru testele
burner
installed vertically on a ladder.
conform EN 50399, unde
receive
defined airadditional
flow classification according to the Construction
cablurile sunt instalate
aust air duct,
haust
Products Regulation if smoke production, flaming droplets and vertical pe o scara.
O2 content, the
acidity
ed. are determined.
This allows
arameters differ
he results are A cable that meets the
The test
cables according to EN 50399 permits the determination
and the Cablu care respecta
requirements for B2ca s1 d1 a1.
standardele: B2ca s1 d1 a1
of flame
rio here morepropagation, heat release, smoke production and

flaming droplets/particles.
tes the differ-
ety (below) and
en fire propa-
Surse: La Triveneta Cavi, LEONI Studer AG, Prysmian, Surse Guvernamentale

oducts

rmanent instal-
h respect to
th
05/2011. For
Clasificare conform CPR
Applications for
Applications for cables
cables of
of Euroclass
Euroclass B2
B2ca s1
ca
s1 d1
d1 a1
a1
- In unele state Europene -
ZVEI proposal for the fire classes to be applied to cabling under the Construction Products Regulation
ZVEI proposal for the fire classes to be applied to cabling under the Construction Products Regulation
Fire classes
Clasificarea cablurilor in functie de reactia la foc
Fire classes Safety requirement
Flame propagation Smoke production/ Flaming droplets Acid production/ in buildings
Safety requirement
Cerinta de securitate
Heat propagation
Flame development
Prooagarea Smoke density
Productia de fum /
production/ Picaturi de flacara
Flaming droplets Acidcorrosivity
production/
Productia de acizi / inin cladiri
buildings
Heatflacarii
development
A density
densitate
corrosivity
gaza corozive
Very high
ca
Aca Foarte ridicata
Very high
B1ca Very high
B1ca Foarte ridicata
Very high
B2ca s1 d1 a1 Very high
B2ca s1 d1 a1 Very high
Foarte ridicata
Cca s1 d1 a1 High
Cca s1 d1 a1 High
Ridicata
Dca s2 d2 a1 Moderate
Dca s2 d2 a1 Moderata
Moderate
Eca Low
Eca Scazuta
Low
Fca None
Fca Nu are
None
ZVEI proposal for building classifications
ZVEI proposal for building classifications
Building classes according to the German Model Building Code
Clasificarea cladirilor in unele state UE ZVEI proposal
Propunere
Building classes according to the German Model Building Code ZVEI proposal
Minimum requirement
Clasa
Class Descriere
Description Building (except forrequirement
Minimum
Cladiri /fara cai Cai de evacuare
Class Description escape route)
(except for Escape route
de evacuare
Building
Cladiri izolate si cladiri izolte pentru uz in agricultura sau in no more than escape route) Escape route
1 Isolated building and isolated building for agricultural or forestry use up to 7 m high Nu mai mult Eca
Pana la 7 m inaltime
domeniul forestier 400 mthan
de 400m
no more
22

1 Isolated building and isolated building for agricultural or forestry use up to 7 m high Eca
400 m2
no more than
2 Cladire
Building up to 7 m high Nu mai mult Eca
Pana la 7 m inaltime 400 mthan
22
de 400m
no more
2 Building up to 7 m high Eca
3 Other buildings
Alte cladiri up to 7 m high
Pana la 7 m inaltime 400m2 Eca B2ca s1 d1 a1
3 Other buildings up to 7 m high Eca B2ca s1 d1 a1
4 Alte cladiri
Other buildings up to 13 m high
Pana la 13 m inaltime up to n x 400 m2 2
Pana la n x 400m Eca B2ca s1 d1 a1
4 Other buildings up to 13 m high up to n x 400 m 2 E B2ca s1 d1 a1
5 Alte cladiri, inclusiv cladiri subterane
Other buildings including underground buildings Cca s1cad2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
5 Other buildings including underground buildings Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
Special structures
Cladiri cu regim special
Special
S1structures
Cladiri inalte
High-rise buildings Higher than 22 m
Mai inalte de 22 de m Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S1S2 High-rise buildings
Cladiri structurale
Structural installations Higher
Higherthan
than22
30m
Mai inalte de 30 de m
m CCca s1 d2 a1
ca s1 d2 a1
B2ca
B2 s1 d1
ca s1 d1 a1
a1
S2 Structural installations Higher
Largestthan 30 over
storey m 1600 m2, excluding
Cel mai mare etaj peste 1600 m2, cu excepia Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S3 Building
Cladiri inalte Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
residential
Largest buildings
storey andmgarages
cldirilor rezideniale i a garajelor
over 1600 2, excluding
S3 Building Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S4 Retail buildings
Magazine residential buildings
greater than 800 m22and garages
Mai mari de 400m Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S4S5 Retail buildings
Office/administration
Cladiri de birouri sau administrative greater
Rooms than 800than
greater m2 400 m2
Cu incaperi mai mari de 400m 2 CCca s1 d2 a1
ca s1 d2 a1
B2ca
B2 s1 d1
ca s1 d1 a1
a1

S5 Office/administration Rooms greater than


for400
usemby more than
Incaperi individuale pentru utilizarea
Individual rooms 2 Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S6 Cladiri cu camere/spatii
Building with rooms Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
de catre mai mult de 100 de persoane
100persons
Individual rooms for use by more than
S6 Building with rooms Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S7 Cladiri in care se produc diverse ansamble
Assembly buildings 100persons
more than 200 persons
Peste 200 de persoane Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S7 Assembly buildings more than
seating for200 persons
more than 40 guests in buildings,
Peste 40 de oaspeti, mai mult de 12 Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S8 Restaurante si Hoteluri
Restaurants/hotels more than 12 beds, amusement halls larger2
paturi, sali recreative mai mari de 150m Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
seating for more than 40 guests in buildings,
than 150 m 2
S8 Restaurants/hotels more than 12 beds, amusement halls larger Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
Mai mult de 6 persoane la terapie
more
than than
150 m26 persons, intensive care
S9 Buildings with units for care or dependants
Cladiri cu unitati de inghrijire a persoanelor dependente B2ca s1 d1 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
intensiva
requirement
more than 6 persons, intensive care
S9 Buildings with units for care or dependants B2ca s1 d1 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S10 Spitale
Hospitals requirement B2ca s1 d1 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
S10
S11 Hospitals
Other accommodation facilities and residential homes
Alte unitati de cazare si case rezidentiale B2 s1 d2
Ccaca s1 d1 a1
a1 B2ca
B2 s1 d1
ca s1 d1 a1
a1

S11
S12 Other accommodation facilities disabled
and residential homes
Cladiri de zi pentru copii, persoane cu handicap sau in varsta
Day care facilities for children, and elderly persons Ccacas1
B2 s1d2
d1a1
a1 B2ca
B2 s1 d1
ca s1 d1 a1
a1

S12
S13 Day care facilities
Schools, for children,
universities disabled
and similar and elderly persons
facilities
Scoli, Universitati sau cladiri similare B2 s1 d2
Ccaca s1 d1 a1
a1 B2ca
B2 s1 d1
ca s1 d1 a1
a1

S13
S14 Schools, universities
Correctional and similarpsychiatric
facilities/forensic facilities facilities
Cladiri de detentie / Cladiri medico-legale CCca s1 d2 a1
ca s1 d2 a1
B2ca
B2 s1 d1
ca s1 d1 a1
a1

S14
S16 Correctional facilities/forensic
Recreational/amusement psychiatric facilities
parks
Cladiri in cadrul parcurilor de distractii sau recreere CCca s1 d2 a1
ca s1 d2 a1
B2ca
B2 s1 d1
ca s1 d1 a1
a1

S16
S18 Recreational/amusement parks
Depozite cu incarearea marfii la peste 7,5 m intaltime
Warehouse with top edge of loaded goods higher than 7.5 m Cca s1Ecad2 a1 B2ca
B2 s1 d1
ca s1 d1 a1
a1

S18
S19 Warehouse
Structural with top edgeforofstoring
loadedhigh-risk
goods higher than 7.5 m
Cladiri structurale pentru depozitarea materialelor inflamabile
installations flammable materials Ecad1 a1
B2ca s1 B2ca
ca s1 d1 a1

S19 Structural installations for storing high-risk flammable materials B2ca s1 d1 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
Additional specific structures
Structuri speciale suplimentare
Industry
Cladiri industriale
Additional specific structures Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
Server rooms
Camera serverelor
Industry B2 s1d2
Ccacas1 d1a1
a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1
Road
Server tunnels
Tuneluri pe drumuri
rooms B2ca
ca s1 d1 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1

Tuneluri pe calea ferata


Railway
Road tunnels
tunnels B2ca
ca s1 d1 a1 B2ca
ca s1 d1 a1

Underground
tunnelsgarages
Garaje subterane
Railway Ccaca s1
B2 s1 d2
d1 a1
a1 B2ca
ca s1 d1 a1

Underground garages Cca s1 d2 a1 B2ca s1 d1 a1