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Prof.

Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

DICIONAR DE TERMENI GEOLOGICI


Sedimentologie-Sisteme depozitionale
(ENGLEZ ROMN)
A.
accomodation = spaiu disponibil
accretionary wedge =
Andean-type arc = arc de tip Aldean
air-abraded = coroziune
Algoma-type iron-formations = ferilite stratificate tip Algoma
allocyclic controls, event = alociclic, control a., eveniment
alluvial = aluvial
alluvial-fan = con aluvial
alluvial-flat = pnz aluvial
along-strike = de-a lungul direciei
anastomozing system = sistem anastomozat
antidunes = antidune
appareance = fenomen
arc = arc
arc-related = arc asociat
arc crust = arc crustal
arcuate fold-thrust belt =
artifact = artefact, obiect al omului primitiv, relict
ash = cenu
a.flow = curgeri de cenu (cineritice)
attached lobes = lobi legai (ataai)
authigenesis = autigenez
autochthonous = autohton
autochthonous complex of gabbros = complex gabbroic autohton
autocyclic, controls = autociclic, control a.
avulsion = avulsie

B.
backarc basin = bazin backarc (de tip backarc)
bafflestone =
balanced basin = bazin compensat
barchane = dune semilunare
barrier island = insul barier
barite = baritin
base level = nivel de baz
basement = fundament
basin = bazin
basin-and-range-type transtensional basin = bazin transtensional de tip bazine-i-catene
basin fill = umplutura bazinului
basin-floor fan = con bazinal
basin to input = bazin de alimentare
basin-wide = bazin
1

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

bay = golf, baie


beach rock = nisipuri cimentate n zone de plaj
bed = strat, liton
bed boundaries = limitele litonilor (stratelor)
bedded jasper =
bedforms = forme de fund (din baza curentului)
bed load = sarcina (debit) de fund
bedding = stratificaie
beding = ncovoiere
beding by curve parallel simple shear = ncovoiere cu curbare paralel forfecat simplu
belt = centur, zon, regiune, strmtoare ngust
bindstone =
biolithite = biolitit
bird foot = picior de pasre
black shale = argile negre
blocks = blocuri
body of water = corp de ap
standing body of water = corp de ap stttor
boulder = galet, bloc, bolovan, lespede de stnc
boulder clay = argil cu blocuri (eratic)
boulder period = er glaciar
boulder stone = bloc, bolovan, lespede de stnc
bolder wall = moren
borings = perforii n roci i galei
bottom currents = cureni de fund
boundstone = bioloitit
bottom set = set bazal
braidplain deposit = depozite de albie de tip mpletit
braided channel deposits = sedimente de canal mpletit
braided channel systems = sisteme de canal mpletit
braided fluvial = ruri mpletite
braided-stream environment = ambian fluvial mpletit
sandy braided-stream environment = ambian fluvial mpletit nisipoas
break = ruptur, fractur, deschiztur, crptur, despictur, bre
breakdown = alterare, accident
breccias = brecii
boulder = foarte grosier
(to) build = a nla, a ridica
build-outs = nclecarea
build-up = bioconstrucie, acumulare, cretere, dezvoltare
(to) build-out = a exonda
bulk = structur
burial = ngropare
burial diagenesis = diagenez trzie, de ngropare progresiv
burrows = caneluri colmatate, tuburi colmatate, structuri canaliforme
(to) bury = a ngropa

C.
calcic nodules = noduli calcaroi
2

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

calcic tubules = forme alungite calcaroase


caliche soil = calcret (caliche)
carbonate buildups = boconstrucie carbonatic
c.platform = platform carbonatic
carbonate ramp = ramp carbonatic
casts = mulaje de urme
symdromous casts = riduri dendritice
catchment = bazin de captare, de recepie
catchment area = bazin (de ru), bazin tributar, bazin de captare, capcan petrolifer
catchment basin = bazin de acumulare a apei (de recepie a precipitaiilor), colector de ap
cement = ciment
= drusy = druzic
= fibrous = fibros
= meniscus = de contact
= mosaic = echigranular, mozaic
= porous = de pori
= overgrowth = de supracretere
cessation of depozition = discontinuitate stratigrafic
channel = canal
anastomosing = anastomozat
floor = aluviuni bazale
high-sinuosity = sinuozitate mare
low-sinuosity = sinuozitate sczut
clogged stream channel = umplutura canalului
chloralgal = coral-algal
chlorozoan =
chute bar = bar de inundaie
(to) circumscribe = a mrgini, a limita, a circumscrie, a ncercui
clastic = clastic, frmicios, detritic
clastic dykes = filoane clastice
clastic succession = sccesiune clastic (detritic)
cliff = falez
climbing ripple lamination = ondulaii ascensionale
cluster = acumulare, grmad, mulime
coarse = grosier
coarse alluvial detritus = detritus aluvial grosier
coarse alluvial-fan = con aluvial grosier
coarsening up sequence (CUS) = secven prograd (progradaional)
coarse tail = granoclasai
normally coarse tail = normal granoclasai
inversely coase tail = invers granoclasai
coast = coast, rm
cobble = piatr de pavat, cremene, silice
component clastes = componeni clastici
complex flood events = evenimentele complexe de curgere
concentration = concentrare, concentraie, condensare
continental-shelf enviroment = ambian de self continental
continental-interior basin = bazin continental-intern
continental-margin arc environment = ambian de arc-marginal continental
continental-margin backarc basin = bazin backarc de margine continental
3

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

contraction fault = falie de contracie


convolute bedding = stratificaie convolut
convolute lamination = laminaie convolut, microondulat
coprolites = coprolite
correlative conformity
course = flux, curs
cracks = crpturi
mud cracks = crpturi de uscare, poligoane de contracie
syneresis cracks = crpturi de sinerez
crawling traces = urme de locomoie
crawling trails = urme de trre, de reptaie, de tip repichnia
crevase spaly deposits = sedimente de sprtur n grind (con de crevas)
cross-beds = stratificaie oblic (ncruciat)
cross-bedded deposit = depozit stratificat oblic
cross-bedding = stratificaie oblic (ncruciat)
cross-lamination = laminaie oblic (ncruciat)
crude = primar, imatur, neprelucrat
crumbly = sfrmicios
current = curent, uvoi, curgere, scurgere
current liniation = liniaie de curent
current ripple = ondulaii de curent
current velocity -= viteza curentului
current bedding = stratificaie oblic / diagonal / normal
current-ripple cross lamination = ondulaii de curent cu laminaie oblic
current structures = structuri de curent
current-modified = cureni modificai
cutting = excavare, sptur
cyclothem = ciclotem

D.
deep desicated = desecat de mare adncime
deepening up = de adncime din ce n ce mai mare
deep marine (sea) = mare adnc
deep water = ap adnc
degree = grad, treapt, proporie
delta lobe = lob deltaic
d.front = front deltaic, delt submers
d.plain = cmpie deltaic, delt emers
delta = delt
river-dominated delta = delt construit de ruri
tide-dominated delta = delt construit de maree
wave-dominated delta = delt construit de valuri
delta-front = delt frontal
coastal delta front = delt frontal de coast
delta-plain = cmpie deltaic (aluvial)
dendritic ridge moulds = riduri dendritice
depth = adncime, profunzime, adnc
depocenter = depocentru
deposit = depozite
4

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

near-shore-marin deposit = depozite de plaj


braided-stream deposit = depozite de cursuri mpletite
toe deposit = depozite distale
depositional environment = mediu depoziional
depositional basin = bazin depoziional
depozitional systems = sistem depoziional
desiccation = uscare
desiccation feactures = urme de uscare
desiccation cracks = crpturi de uscare
detrital grain = granul detritic
detritical mineral = mineral detritic (de origine)
detached lobes = lobi separai (detaai)
diatom ooze = ml diatomitic
dike (dyke) = dike, filon eruptiv
(to) dip = a se sedimenta, a se nclina, a cdea, a se surpa, a se afunda
dip = nclinare, pant, povrni
discharge = debit, scurgere
flashy discharge = debit torenial (curgere torenial)
disconformities = discordane
dish structure = lamine concave discontinui
(to) displace = a disloca
displacement = dislocare, deplasare
disrupted bedding = bioturbaii
disrupted sediments = sedimente cu bioturbaii
distributary = afluent
distributary channels = canale ramificate (distributare)
distributary-mouth-bar = bar distributiv de la gura de vrsare
disturbance = dislocare, discontinuitate stratigrafic
downcutting =
downthrow = falie, cdere, cufundare
draa = asociaii de dune (dune complexe)
dune = dun, dun hidraulic
dune-scale structure = structur de dune la scar mare (megadune)
cliff-top dune =
climbing dune = dun ascendent

E.
(to) embay = a nchide, a nconjura, a cresta (un rm cu golfuri)
embayed grain = litoclast
embayed monocrystalline grain = granoclast litificat
embayment = ni, coroziune
environment = mediu, ambian
equilibrum point = punct de echilibru
erratic boulder = bloc eratic
(to) erode = a eroda, a coroda
erosion = eroziune, erodare
erosion surface = suprafa erozional
estuarine systems = sistem de estuar
eustasy = eustasie
5

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

glacial = e.glaciar
global = e. global
tectono-e. = e. tectonic
eustatic effects = efecte eustatice
evaporativ pumping = drenaj prin evaporare
evaporites = evaporite
event = eveniment
event bedding = stratificaie disciclic (aleatoare)
exposure = denudare, dezgolire
extension = extensie
extension parallel = extensie paralel
extension fault = falie de extensie
extent = ntindere, extindere, dimensiune

F.
fabric = modul de dispunere spaial a particulelor
facies transition = facies de tranziie
fan = con
fan deltas = delte conice
fan-patten =
fan head trench = canal situat n partea proximal a conului (canal de alimentare)
fan toe = con distal
fan catchment = consolidarea conului
fans = conuri de mare joas
fault = falie, deplasarea unui strat sau a unui filon, ruptur, dislocaie, fisur
fault-bounded basin = bazin faliat
fault breaks = falii rupturale
fault cross-cutting =
fault cuts = cute falii
fault cuts formation = formaiunea cutelor-falii
fault-related = falii asociate
fault-related sedimentation = falii asociate sedimentrii
fault-repeated = reactivarea faliei
fault-slip =
fault sets in extensional mode =
(to) fault = a deplasa, a falia, a dezaxa
= a se deplasa, a se falia
feature = caracteristic, trstur, particularitate, urm
feeding traces = urme de hrnire
fenestral cavities (birdseyes) = goluri fenestrale
feeding structures = urme de hrnire, de tip pascichnia
(to) fill = a umple, a colmata
fill channel = canal colmatat
feldspar (feldspath) = feldspat
field = cmp, teren, bazin, regiune bogat n zcminte
(to) fill = a umple, a ocupa, a acoperi, a astupa
fill = umplutur
fine = fin
fine-grained = granulaie fin, fin granulare
6

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

finely laminated = laminaia fin


finer in grade = granulaie mai fin
finger stone = fosil de belemnit
fining up sequence (FUS) = secven retrograd (recesional)
fining-upward character = caracter retrograd
fining-upward cycle = cicluri FUS (retrograde)
flaggy = ntins
flaser bedding = stratificaie flaser (de mulaj argilos)
flat = cmpie, depresiune, filon orizontal, strat orizontal
flat lamination = laminaie orizontal, laminaie paralel
(to) flatten = a turti, a aplatiza
flatly = orizontal
flood = curgere
flood plain = cmpie aluvial
flooding surface = suprafa de inundare
sheet-flood =
flow = flux, erupie, curent, curgere
grain flow = curgere cu presiune dispersant, curgerea granulelor
mud flow = curgere mloas
debris flow
slurry flow
unidirectional flow = curgere unidirecional
aqueous flow = curgere de sedimente (nisipoas)
flood flow = curgere torenial
flow banded = curgere stratificat difereniat
streamflows = curgeri toreniale
flow units = uniti de curgere
fluid inclusion = incluziune fluid
fluidized flows = curgeri fluidizate
flute casts = caneluri de eroziune
fluvial systems = sistem fluvial
fold = cut
fold-trend =
folds = cute
flexural folds = cute flexurale
flexural flow folds = cute flexurale de curgere
flexural slip folds = cute flexurale de alunecare
cross-folds = cute nclinate
folding = cutare
shear folding = cutare de forfecare
slip folding = cutare de alunecare (forfecare)
foramol = foraminifere-molute
foreland basin = bazin de foreland (vorland-germ.)
foreset = set frontal
foreset lamina = lamin frontal
formally = din punct de vedere al formei, ca stratotip
formation = formaiune, structur, sistem, stratificaie, seciune
formation of concretions = concreionare
formation of the soil = solificare
foreshore = plaj, partea care rmne uscat la reflux
framestone =
7

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

framework = structur, schelet, osatur


framework-grain = structur granular
fresh water = ap dulce
fringing reefs = recifi dantelai (litorali)

G.
gashes = fracturi
tension gashes = fracturi de tensiune
geological setting = geologia regiunii
genetic stratigraphic sequences (units) = secventratigrafice genetice
geometrical models = modele geometrice
geopetal structures = structur geopetal
glass shard = vitroclaste
glauconite = glauconit
grain = granul, clast
grain supported = orto, granule (particule) dominante
grain size = granulometria, dimensiunea granulelor
grainstone = calcar granular, alochemic
grained = granulaie (to grain = a sfrma, a mruni, a granula)
granitic basement = fundament granitic
grade = granoclasare
graded bed = strat granoclasat
graded bedding = stratificaie gradat, granoclasare
grading = granoclasare
normal grading = granoclasare normal
distribution grading = granoclasare complet
coarse tail grading = granoclasare complet
granule conglomerate = microconglomerate
gravel = pietri, nisip aurifer, strat aurifer, rudit
gravel bars = bare de pietri
gravelly channel = canal nisipos
gravity flow deposits = sedimente de curgere gravitaional
processes = procese de c.g.
grazing traces = urme de trre
ground = sol, teren solid
guano phosphate = guano
gutter casts = mulaj de suprasarcin (hidroplastic)

H.
half graben = graben incomplet (semigraben)
hardgrounds = discontinuitate bazinal (hiatus)
hard grounds = suprafee ntrite
herring bone = os de pete
herringbone cross-lamination sets = seturi de laminaii oblice n os de pete
herringbone cross-stratification = stratificaie (structur) oblic n os de pete
headland = promotoriu
hiatus = hiatus
high-energy delta = delt de mare energie
8

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

highland = inut muntos, platou, orogen


high stand = nivel nalt
hinterland = regiune situat n interior, arie surs
cratonic hinterland = regiunea cratonic intern, craton intern
horizontal grazing burrows = urme orizontale de hrnire (de tip pascichnia)
hummocky cross-stratification = stratificaie oblic de tip hummocky

I.
incised valleys = vale incisiv (canion, vale adnc)
induration = litificare (masivitate)
inlet = golf mic (golfule), strmtoare ngust, fiord, sn de mare
inter-flow = confluen, interfluviu
inter-surge = intertorenial
intra-arc assemblage = ansamblu intra-arc
intrabasinal shifts = variaii intrabazinale
interbedded = intercalaie, interstratificaie
interflow = confluen
interstitial clots = mas interstiial
ironformations (BIF)= ferilite stratitificate (taconite)
ironstones = (IS) = ferilite corpusculare (minette)
island arc = arc insular

J.
joint = falie, suprafa de contact

L.
labile = instabil
labile framework grains = structuri granulare instabile
labile lithic fragments = fragmente litice instabile
labile grains = granule instabile
labile material = material instabil
lack of grain-size contrast = uniformitate dimensional
lacustrine flooding surface = suprafa de inundare lacustr
lags = pnz mulat
surface lags =
lahar = curgere noroioas (vulc.)
laminae = lamin, lamine
laminated = laminaii
finely l. = laminaii fine
lamination = laminaie, stratificaie fin, exfoliere
convolute lamination = laminaie convolut, curbicortical
corrugated lamination = laminaie contorsionat
planar lamination = laminaie planar (paralel)
wavy lamination = laminaie cu ondulaii de valuri
ripple cross-lamination = ondulaii de curent asociate cu laminaii concoide
land plants = plante de uscat
landscape = relief
9

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

landward stepping = cu naintare spre continent


late-in-the-flood-cycle = prile distale ale curgerilor
lateral accretion = acreie (sedimentare) lateral
lateral link hemisphroid (LLH) = structuri laminice de nlnuire, structuri de tip Collenia
lava = lav
(to) lay = a se depune
layer = strat, liton, zcmnt, strat, stratificaie, ptur, albie, matc
granule layer = liton arenitic
gravel layer = liton ruditic
layering = liton
lee side = panta sub curent, faa ondulaiei
lens = zcmnt lentiliform
lenticular bedding - = stratificaie lenticular
less angular = subangular
limestone = calcar
liquidized flows = curgeri lichefiate
lithic = litic
lithic fragment = fragment litic, litoclast
lithologie =
lithology = litologie
lithosphere = litosfer
load cast = mulaje de suprasarcin
load casting = tasare diferenial
loam sand = nisip argilos
low-matrix = matrice redus
low stand = nivel sczut
lower flow regime = regim de curgere inferior
lower intercepts =
lowermost unit = unitate bazal

M.
mafic volcanic rock = roc vulcanic mafic
making = accidente de teren (pe suprafaa unei planete)
mantle = strat de lav, manta de protecie, roca din acoperi, nveli
mapping = cartografie
Marianas-type arc assembleges = ansambluri de arcuri de tip Mariane
marginal playa = zon periferic, marginal
marks = urme (propriu-zise)
flute marks = caneluri de eroziune
crescent marks = urme semilunare
flute rill marks = urme meandrate
rill marks = urme de iroire
groove marks = anuri de dragaj
chevron marks = riduri de dragaj
prod marks = urme de nfigere
bounce marks = urme de ricoare
brush marks = urme cu rid frontal
ripple marks = ondulaii la suprafaa litonului, ondulaii depoziionale
resting marks = urme de odihn, de ngropare, de tip cubichnia
10

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

mass flow processes = procese de curgere n mas


massive bedding = stratificaie masiva (neorganizat)
matrix = matrice
matrix supported = para, matrice dominant
mature quartz arenite = cuararenit matur
megaripples = megaondulaii
melting = topire, fuziune
partial melting = topire parial
meniscate back-filled burrows = urme umplute cu material
Mesozoic arc volcanic rocks = roci vulcanice din arcuri Mezozoice
meteoric diagenesis = diagenez meteoric
microbial ball = oncoid
microbial mat = pat algal
monocrystalline grain = granul monocristalin, granoclast
monocrystalline quartz = cuar monocristalin
mountain = munte, muntos, alpin, orogen, orogenic
mud = ml, argil
mud rich = bogat n argil
mud mounds = elevaii (protuberane) mloase
mudstone = argilit
mud drapes = plaje noroioase
mudrock = roc argiloas

N.
natural levee = grind
nearshore-marine envirenment = ambian de plaj
nepheloid layers = nivele nefeloide (cureni de contur)
neptunian dykes = dyke neptunian (clastic)
nodular cherts = silicolit nodular
nonembayed grain = granul liber
non-stratified delapsion = alunecri nestratificate
normative analysis = analize normative
nuee-ardente (fr.) = nori arztori

O.
off-shore = coast, rm
oil shale = argil bituminoas
oncoids = oncoide
orbital forcing = fore orbitale
organic matter = substan organic
o. productivity = productivitate biotic
oroclin =
orogenic event = eveniment orogenic
outcrop = afloriment
outlier = dmb-martor (martor de eroziune)
olistolith = olistolit, bloc imens
ongoing volcanism = activitate vulcanic
orogen-parallel extension =
11

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

overbank deposits = sedimente de intercanal (peste maluri)


overburden pressure = presiune de suprasarcin
overland = pe uscat
over-supplied basin = bazin suprancrcat
overturned beds = strate rsturnate
oxbow lake = lac belciug (de meandru prsit)
ooze = ml

P.
package = pachet, secven
paleocurrent arrow = direcie de paleocurent
paleoenvironmental analysis = analiz paleoambiental (paleomediu)
parting lineation = liniaie discontinu
passive continental margins = margini continentale pasive
patch = strat
peat = turb
pebble = mediu
pebbly = granular
pedogenesis = pedogenez
pellet = pelet
pelloids = peloide
periodicity = periodicitate
phenocryst = fenocristal
photic zone = zon fotic
phyllosilicate = filosilicai
phyllosilicate matrix = matrice filosilicatic
phyllosilicate material = material filosilicatic
phytoclast = fitoclast
pile = stiv
sediment pile = stiv sedimentar (de sedimente)
pillow = pern (structur pilow)
planar cross-bedding = stratificaie oblic tabular
plant rootlets = rdcini de plante
plate-margin = margine de plac
active-plate-margin = margine de plac activ
plutonic roots = fundament plutonic
policrystallin grain = granul policristalin
policrystallin quartz = cuar policristalin
porosity
porous~ cavernous~ cellular
fenestral p.
intergranular p.
moldic p. = de mulaj
primary p.
secundary p.
shelter = protectie
shrinkage p. = de contractie prin deshidratare
vugs p. = vacuolar
prod casts = mulaj de impact, canelura de impact
12

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

prograding wedges = prisme de progradare de nivel nalt


prone = n pant, nclinat, rpos, abrupt
pull-apart structures = structuri de tip pull-apart
pure beding = ncovoiere pur

Q.
quartz = cuar
quartz arenite = arenit cuaros, gresie cuaroas, cuararenit
quartzite = cuarite, gresie cuaroas
silty q. = cuarite siltice

R.
radial thrusting =
(to) raft = a transporta n suspensie
rain = ploaie
rain spots = urme de picturi de ploaie
raindrop imprints
rainstorms = ploii toreniale
rainfall = avers, ploaie torenial, precipitaii multe, rupere de nori
ramps = rampe
range = direcie, caten, lan
ravinement = reactivare
r.surface = suprafa de reactivare
reactivation surface = suprafa de reactivare
recrystallization recristalizare
red-bed sediment = sediment de tip red-bed
redox potenial (Eh) = potenial redox
regolith =
regressive systems tracts = cortegiu regresiv
relative sea-level = nivel-(-ul mrii) relativ
r.s.l.curve = curba relativa a n.m
r.s.l.cycles ciclu relativ
reservoirs = rezervor (de petrol, ap), colector, magazin
resistant lithologies =
resorption embayment = ni de coroziune
reting traces = urme de odihn
retrogradation = retrogradare
reworking = reprelucrare
rhodoliths = rodolite
rhythmic succesions = secvene ritmice
rhythmites = ritmite
ripple = ondulare
ripple index = indice de ondulare
ripple cross lamination = ondulaii ale structurii interne
ripple drift laminae = ondulaii cu lamine oblice continue
ripples = ondulaii
curent ripples = ondulaii de curent
climbing ripples = ondulaii ascendente
13

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

wave ripples = ondulaii de valuri


wind ripples = ondulaii eoliene
piled ripples = ondulaii suprapuse necate
rip-up = galei moi
rising sea level = ridicrii (nlrii) nivelului marin
roadcut = versantul drumului
rock = roc
rockfall = cderi de blocuri
run-off rates = ratele de curgeri toreniale

S.
S-flowing = ru meandrat
sample = eantion, prob
sand = nisip, arenit
sand rich = bogat n nisip
sand sheets = pnze de nisip
sandstone = gresii
wave-rippled sandstone = gresii cu ondulaii de valuri
sand drift = nisip mictor
sand bank = banc de nisip
sand bar = bar de nisip, banc
sandflat = deert, cmpie nisipoas
sand hill = dun
sand streak = apofiz de nisip
sand-size = dimensiuni arenitice
sand-dominated terrestrial sedimentation = sedimentare continental dominant nisipoas
sands sea = mare de nisip, pnz de nisip
(to) scour = a eroda, a spla, a cura
scour = eroziune, erodare
scour-and-fill structures = structuri de eroziune colmatate
sea level = nivelul mrii (ca nivel de baz)
sea level change = oscilatii de nivel (ale mrii)
sea page refluxion = drenaj marin la reflux
seals = ecrane (n petrol, nivele impermeabile)
seaward steeping = cu naintare spre bazin (mare/ocean)
section = profil, seciune
sediment = sediment, depunere, depozit, rezidiuu
sediment load = sarcin (debit solid, n sedimente) seismic facies = facies seismic
sediment starved basin = bazin subalimentat (aport redus de sedimente)
sediment provenance = sursa sedimentelor
sedimentary loggin = coloan litologic
sedimentary sequence = secven sedimentar
sedimentary sistem = sistem sedimentar
sequence = secven
sequence boundaries (SB) = limite de secven depoziional
sequence stratigraphy = stratigrafie secvenial
basin-wide sequence = secven bazinal
set = ansamblu, set
tabular cross-set = set oblic tabular (laminaia oblic tabular)
14

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

trough cross-set = set oblic concoid (laminaia oblic concoid)


setting = mediu, direcia unui curent, scurgere, poziie
coastal setting = mediu de coast (costal)
cratonic setting = mediu cratonic
tectonic setting = mediu tectonic
stable continental-interior setting = mediu continental-intern stabil
extensional arc setting = mediu extensional al arcului
shale = marn, isturi argiloase (bituminoase), roc argiloas n lamele
shallow water = ap puin adnc (<200 m)
shallow marine = mare puin adnc
shallow lake = lac puin adnc
shallower-slope =
shallowing up = de adncime din ce in ce mai mic
shape = form
sharp = abrupt
shear = forfecare
pure shear = forfecare pur
simple shear = forfecare simpl
sheet = pnz, strat
sheetflood = curgere gravitaional
sheet flood deposit = pnze de nisip sortat
sheeted dike = dyke-uri acoperite
shelf = self
shelf break = ruptura de pant a elfului
shelf margin systems tracts = cortegiu de margine de elf (SMST)
shrinkage = contractare
shoal = banc de nisip
shoaling = depunere aluvionar
shorelines = linie de rm
sieve deposit = pietriuri lobate
silt = ml, aluviune, silt
siltstone = siltite
muddy s. = siltite argiloase
slickensides = oglinzi de friciune
slides = deformri interne reduse
slope = pant, taluz, povrni
slumps = deformri interne apreciabile, slump-uri
slurry = ml, noroi
smooth = oglind de friciune
soft-sediment = sedimente moi
sorting = sortare
source rock = roci surssubaerial erosion surfaces = suprafa de eroziune subaerian
spatial variations = variabile spaiale
spheroidal structures (SS) = stromatolite sferoidale
spreading = lire, ntindere, difuzare, care se rspndete
(to) shrink = a se contracta, a se strmta, a strmta, strmtare
soil = sol, teren
source area = aria surs
stable continental-interior interpretation = interpretare continental-intern stabil
stage = stadiu, perioad, faz
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Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

star dunes = dune stelare


steep = prpastie, rp
= abrupt, prpstios, povrnit, rpos
stocked hemospheroid (SH) = structuri laminice izolate, structuri de tip Cryptozoon
storey = etaj
stone = piatr, pietri
stoss side = panta n curent, spatele ondulaiei
straight crystal face = fa dreapt de cristal, fa de cristal, fa cristalografic
straight river = ru cu un curs drept (fr sinuoziti)
strain = deformare, solicitare
strata = strat, formaiune, depozit
stratigraphic thickness = grosime stratigrafic
stream = curent
stream power = fora curentului
stream channel deposit = aluviuni de canal, sub curent
streambed = direcie de curgere, stratului, cureni de fund
streamflood = curgeri toreniale
streamflow processes = procese de curgeri toreniale
strike = direcie
strike-slip = decroare
strike-slip axes (data sets) = axe de decroare
stromatactis = stromatactis
structure = structur, textur, compoziie, alctuire, organizare
flame structure = structuri n form de flacr
ball structure = pseudonoduli
pillow structure
structurally thickened = cumulri structurale (tectonice)
stylolites = stilolite
sub-wave-base sedimentation = sedimentare sub baza valurilor
submarine fans = conuri submarine
subsequent tectonic fragmentation = fragmentare tectonic urmtoare (subsecvent)
subsequent transition = tranziie subsecvent (urmtoare)
subsidence = subsiden
subsiding continental environment = ambian continental subsident
substantial granitic = material granitic
superimposed = suprapus
surface legs = depozite bazale
(to) surge = a curge torenial
swamp, marsh = mlatin
syneresis cracks = crpturi de sinerez (deshidratare)
system = sistem
fluvial system = sistem fluviatil
deltaic system = sistem deltaic
systems tracts = cortegiu sedimentar

T.
tabular = plan, lamelar, n form de plci
talus = taluz, pant
talus cones = con de taluz
16

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

talus deposits = depozite de pant (aluviale)


talus slope = panta taluzului
tectonic event = eveniment tectonic
tectonic setting = poziie tectonic
tectonically driven = micri tectonice
tepee structures = structuri tepee hidroplastice
terrain = regiune, teritoriu, pmnt, sol, teren
terrane = terane
orogenic terrane = terane orogenice
terrestrial = terestru, de pe uscat, de uscat, pmntesc
= sistem terestru, continental
thicker up sequence (TkUS) = secven cu strate din ce n ce mai groase
thickness = grosime, densitate, strat, ptur
thinner = strate din ce n ce mai subiri
thinner up sequence (TnUS) = secven cu strate din ce n ce mai subiri
throw = sritura unei falii, amplitudinea faliei
thrust belt = ariaj
thrust wedge =
tidal deposits = sedimente mareice
tides = mareetranssgresion = transgresiune
tracks, trails traces = urme de traciune, trre
traction structures = structuri de traciune
transgression = transgresiune
transgressive = transgresiv
transitional = de tranziie, intermediar, de trecere
= sistem de tranziie
transport-parallel simple shear = transport paralel forfecat simplu
trench = fractur major
trend = orientare, direcie
trough = continuu, concoid, sinclinal, canal
trough cross-bedding = stratificaie oblic concoid
trough cross-lamination = laminaie oblic concoid
truncation = trunchiere, ntrerupere
tuff = tuf (cinerite consolidate)
turbidite facies = facies turbiditic
turbidites = turbidite
turbidity currents = curenI de turbiditate
high-density = de densitate mare
low-density = de densitate sczut
type section = zona de stratotip
type locality = locul de stratotip

U.
unconformity = discordan, discontinuitate
angular unconformity = discordan (discontinuitate) unghiular
(to) underlie = a sta la baz, a fi substratul
undulose extinction = extincie ondulatorie
unit = liton
uplift = horst, falie ascendent
17

Prof.Nicolae Anastasiu
Dnd-Daniel Manuchian

(to) uplift = a nla, a ridica


upper flow regim = regim de curgere superior
upper-intercepts =
upper plane bed = partea superioar a litonului (stratului)
upward coarsening of the formation = progradarea formaiunii
upward movement = micare ascendent
upwards-coarsening transition = tranziie de la fin spre grosier
upwards-coarsening sequences = secvene de tip coarsening-up

V.
varves = varve
vein = filon
volcanic = vulcanic
volcanic bomb = bomb vulcanic
volcanic glass = sticl vulcanic, obsidian
volcanic lava = lav
volcanic rock = roc vulcanic, eruptiv
volcanic phenocristic quartz = cuar vulcanic fenocristalin
volcanic terrain = teren vulcanic
volcanism = vulcanism
volcano = vulcan
volcano-sedimentary succession = succesiunea vulcano-sedimentar
vulcanically active basin = bazin vulcanic activ

W.
wackes = wackes (silto-lutite masive, neorganizate)
washouts = caneluri de eroziune
water fall = cataract
waterlain deposits = depozite acvifere
waterlain gravels = depozite bazale de canal
watershed = cumpna apelor, bazin de ap
waves = valuri
sand waves = valuri de nisip
weakness plan = plan de fisuraie
(to) wear down = a roade, a eroda
(to) weather = a altera (prin condiiile climatice)
weathering = alterare, degradare, dezagregare, eroziune
wedge-shaped peds = fundament n form de pan
wet = umiditate
width = grosime a stratului (ntre baz i top), lime, ntindere
wind regime = regim eolian
winkle = cut, inegalitate
within-bed stratification = stratificaie intern a litonului
working = prelucrare
wrench fault = falii

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