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Pronume personale

Cuvnt eu tu el ea noi voi ele/ei Traducere I you he she we you they

Substantive
Not: Cele mai multe substantive i formeaz plurarul prin adugarea literei s la sfritul cuvntului. Exemple books, brothers. Substantivele se articuleaz cu articolele nehotrte a respectiv an (un, n faa cuvntelor care ncep cu consoan respectiv vocal) sau some (nite) i cu articolul hottt the (utilizat att pentru singularul ct i pentru pluralul substantivelor).

Familia
Cuvnt mam tat fiu fiic frate sor so soie unchi mtu vr bunic bunic soacr socru Traducere mother father son daughter brother sister husband wife uncle aunt cousin grandfather grandmother mother-in-law father-in-law Observaii

A nu se confunda aunt (mtu) cu ant (furnic).

Mother-in-law se traduce mot--mot prin mam-prin-lege. Father-in-law se traduce mot--mot prin tat-prin-lege.

Culori
Cuvnt Traducere

rou portocaliu galben verde albastru mov roz maro alb gri negru

red orange yellow green blue violet pink brown white grey black

Not: Pentru a exprima o culoare mai nchis/mai deschis dect cea obinuit se poate deriva cuvntul cu prefixele light (luminos) sau dark (ntunecat). Exemple: darkgreen (verde nchis), lightblue (bleu). Cu toate acestea, expresiile precum lightred (rou deschis), lightyellow (galben deschis) sunt incorecte.

Animale, psri, insecte


Cuvnt cine pisic cal pasre vac porc oaie papagal capr cprioar maimu gndac furnic pianjen pete oprl broasc estoas oarece Traducere dog cat horse bird cow pig sheep parrot goat deer monkey bug ant spider fish lizard frog tortoise mouse Observaii A nu se confunda "do" cu "dog"!!!

a nu se confunda cu cuvantul" gay " Pluralul lui sheep este sheep i nu sheeps. A nu se confunda "carrot"(morcov) cu "parrot"(papagal)!!! Plurarul lui deer este deer i nu deers.

Plurarul lui fish este fish i nu fishs sau fishes.

Denumirea de "mouse" (de la calculator) provine din acest cuvant!

obolan albin antilop arici armsar iap balen barz berbec miel bibilic bivol bivoli btlan bondar limbric bufni bursuc calcan lii cameleon canar cangur capr de munte caracati castor catr crbu grgri cmil dromader cerb cpu cea ceg cimpanzeu cintez cioar

rat bee antelope hedgehog steed mare whale stork ram lamb guinea hen buffalo buffalo cow heron bumble bee belly worm owl badger turbot/ ray moor hen chameleon canary kangaroo chamois octopus beaver mule cockchafer weevil camel dromedary buck tick bitch sterlet chimpanzee chaffinch crow A nu se confunda "bee"(albin) cu "be"(verbul "a fi")!!!

ciocnitoare ciocrlie crti cobai cocor coco gin pui de gin puior ogar motan pisoia coofan gai crap biban cuc curcan curc cloc magar bou taur viel viea mnz buburuz dihor dulu elan elefant erete fazan fluture foc gaie gscan gsc

wood-pecker skylark mole guinea pig crane cock hen chiken chik greyhound tomcat kitten magpie jay (bird) carp perch cuckoo turkey cock turkey hen hatching hen ass/ donkey ox bull calf heifer colt lady bird fitch(ew) mastif elk elephant sparow-hawk pheasant butterfly seal/ sea-dog jackdaw gander goose

Pluralul pentru "goose" nu este "gooses", ci "geese"

boboc de gsc goril graur greier scrumbie hien hrciog homar huhurez jder iepure de cmp iepure de cas iepura lam lcust lebd leu leoaic leopard libelul licurici liliac lipitoare lup vidr mamut melc midie mierl mistre gndac de buctrie molie molusc molusc (cu carapace) mors nisetru musc nevstuic

gosling gorilla starling cricket herring hyena hamster lobster eagle owl marten hare rabbit bunny llama locust swan lion lioness leopard dragon-fly glow worm bat leech wolf otter mammoth snail mussel blackbird wild boar black-beetle moth mollusc/ mollusk shellfish walrus/ sea-cow sturgeon fly ferret/ weasel

nurc omid urechelni purice panter pasrea furtunii colibri(pasreamusc) pasre de curte psri domestice ginu/ ierunc pduche termit pun puni pstrv pescru cal-de-mare pinguin ploni scroaf purcel scrofi potrniche prepeli porumbel turtle dove porumbel cltor rac pitulice pasre cnttoare privighetoare roi ra boboc de ra ren curcubeu rinocer rndunic

mink caterpillar earwig flea panther humming-bird stormy petrel fowl poultry hazel hen/ grouse louse termite peacock peahen trout sea-gull sea-horse penguin bug sow sucking pig young sow prtrige quail pigeon/dove turturea/ porumbi homer crawfish/crayfish wren warbler nightingale drake duck duckling raindeer rainbow rhinoceros swallow

rm rs sardea anoa scoic stridie sepie sitar beca somn sticlete stru sturz acal alu tiuc arpe arpe cu clopoei arpe cu ochelari oarece de cmp buhai de balt oim oricar tun tigru tigroaic trntor ipar/anghil lebdoi boboc de lebd urs ursoaic ursule nar veveri vierme vierme de mtase tenie

earthworm lynx sardine anchovy shell oyster cuttle-fish woodcock snipe sheat fish thistlefinch ostrich thursh jackal pike perch pike snake/serpent rattle-snake cobra harvest mouse bittern falcon/hawk rat terrier gadgly tiger tigress drone eel cob cygnet bear she-bear bear's cub gnat/mosquito squirrel worm silkworm tapeworm

viespe viper vrabie vulpe vulpoaic vultur zimbru zebr bizon urangutan porc spinos ornitorinc mangust vier car musculi de carne ghepard albatros caras egret caalot delfin musca ee pduche de lemn macrou

wasp/hornet viper sparrow fox vixen eagle/vulture aurochs zebra bison orang-outan(g) porcupine ornithorhyncus mangoose boar bookworm bluebottle cheetah albatross crucian carp egret sperm-whale dolphin/porpoise tsetse bed bug mackerel

Funcii i meserii
Cuvnt Traducere student student poliist cop doctor doctor Obsei n US este folosit i cu sensul de "elev"!

Persoane
Cuvnt brbat femeie biat Traducere Observaii Pluralul lui man este men. Man man poate nsemna i om. woman Pluralul lui woman este women. boy

fat copil

girl child Pluralul pentru "child"(copil) este "children"(copii); iar "childrens" este folosit cu sensul de "copiii"! Pluralul se face adugnd particula "-s" la "kid" (kids)!

copila

kid

bebelu baby btrn(persoan n old man vrst) btrn(persoan old woman n vrst) " Cuvnt Traducere carte book caiet creion cer cas coal mas scaun pat notebook pencil sky house school table chair bed

Observaii Notebook este compus din note (notie) + book (carte).

ncperi
Cuvnt buctrie sufragerie dormitor baie hol sal de clas Traducere kitchen living-room bedroom bathroom halli classroom

Expresii uzuale

Expresie Salut! Ce mai faci? Mulumesc. Te rog. mi este foame. mi este sete. Ct este ceasul? La revedere. Ne vedem n curnd.

Traducere Hello! How are you? / How do you do? (formal) Thank you. Please. I am hungry. I am thirsty. What time is it? Good-bye. / Bye-bye (familiar) See you soon.

Numeralele de la 0 la 100
Cuvntbuna 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 ... Traducerehello zero one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three ...

30 40 50 60 70 80 90 99 100

thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety ninety-nine one hundred

Observaie: A nu se confunda thirteen cu thirty, fourteen cu forty, fifteen cu fifty, etc.

Verbe de baz
Verbele n limba englez nu au conjugri complicate. Forma lor nu se schimb dect atunci cnd sunt la persoana a III-a singular (se adaug la sfritul verbului s sau cteodat es). Iat n continuare verbul write (a scrie) conjugat:

To write.

You write - Tu scrii He writes - El scrie She writes - Ea scrie We write - Noi scriem You write - Voi scriei They write - Ei/Ele scriu la mate

Aceast conjugare se aplic pentru toate verbele mai puin verbele a fi i a avea. Iat conjugrile acestor verbe:

To be - a fi

I am - Eu sunt you are - Tu eti He is - El este. She is - Ea este It is - El sau Ea este(cu referire la obiecte) We are - Noi suntem You are - Voi sunteti destepti they are - ei/ele sunt

To have - a avea

I have - Eu am You have - Tu ai He has - El are She has - Ea are We have - Noi avem You have - Voi avei They have - Ei/Ele au cel mai bun site

Adjective
Cuvnt frumos urt bun ru mare mediu mic nalt scund gras slab fericit trist detept curat murdar Traducere beautifull ugly good bad big medium small tall short fat thin, slim happy sad clever clean dirty

n limba englez adjectivele sunt poziionate nainte de substantivele determinate de acestea. Se face excepie de la regul cnd ntre substantiv i adjectiv se face legtur printrun verb. Exemple:
o o o

clean table - mas curat The table is clean. - Masa este curat. The girl felt tired. - Fata se simea obosit.