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Clasa aVIII-a

Timp de lucru-40min.
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N.P.E.___________________________________________
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Scor total

Data organizrii

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Nota acordat

Test de evaluare sumativ


la chimie la temaApa.Soluiile.Disocierea electrolitic.
Varianta I
Nr.

Itemi
Scor
1

Completeaz spaiile libere din propoziiile de mai jos:


a) Solluia este un_______________ omogen, ce conine________________
i _____________________________ .
b) Snt electrolii substanele care n soluie sau topitur __________________
_______________________________.
c) La disocierea acizilor se formeaz cationi de __________________i anioni de
_______________________ .

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Noteaz prin A, dac afirmaia este corect, prin F-fals


A / F Cationii snt ionii cu sarcin pozitiv;

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A / F Nitratul de bariu este o substan insolubil;

A / F Un mol de clorur de calciu la disociere formeaz un mol de ion


calciu i doi moli ioni de clor;
A / F Oxidul de carbon ( IV) este un oxid basic.

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de

Termin ecuaiile reaciilor ce prezint proprietle chimice ale apei. Stabilete


coeficienii. Numii substanele obinute.
1.

Na + H2O

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2.

CO2 + H2O

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3. CaO + H2O

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Soluiile se obin la amestecarea:


a) apei i nisipului
b) apei i uleiului
c) apei i alcoolului
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d) apei i srii de buctrie

Rezolv problema:
Calculeaz ce mas de sare i ce mas de ap snt necesare pentru a prepara
400g soluie de clorur de calciu n care partea de mas a clorurii de calciu este
de 25%.
Se d:
Rezolvare:

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Rspuns:_________________________________________________________

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Scrie ecuaiile moleculare, ionice complete i ionice reduse ale reaciilor posibile

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ce au loc dac amestecm pe rnd soluiile urmtoarelor substane.


HCl, K2CO3, Ba(OH)2, Fe(NO3)3, Na2O.

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sau

Clasa
N.P.E.___________________________________________
Timp de lucru-40min.
___________
__________
Scor total

Data organizrii

aVIII-a
____________
Nota acordat

Test de evaluare sumativ


la chimie la temaApa.Soluiile.Disocierea electrolitic.
Varianta II

Nr.

Itemi
Scor
1

Completeaz spaiile libere din propoziiile de mai jos:


a) Bazele snt_____________________ care la disociere formeaz cationi de
___________________ i anioni de____________________________.
b) Substanele care n soluie sau topitur nu conduc curentul electric se numesc
__________________________.
c) Reaciile de scimb ionic decurg pn la capt dac se obine________________
se degaj ___________________sau_______________________________.

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Noteaz prin A, dac afirmaia este corect, prin F-fals


A / F Carbonatul de calciu este o sare bine solubil n ap;
A / F Un mol de acid sulfuric la disociere formeaz doi moli de ioni de
hidrogen i un mol de ion sulfat;

A / F Cationul de sodium are sarcin pozitiv;


A / F Oxidul de sodium este un oxid acid.

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Termin ecuaiile reaciilor ce prezint proprietle chimice ale apei. Stabilete


coeficienii. Numii substanele obinute.
1.

Ca + H2O

2.

Na2 O + H2O

3. SO3 + H2O

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Emulsiile se obin la amestecarea:


a) apei i benzinei

b) apei i oetului
c) apei i uleiului
d) apei i zahrului

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Rezolv problema:
Calculeaz ce mas de sare i ce mas de ap snt necesare pentru a prepara
250g soluie de carbonat de sodiu n care partea de mas a carbonatului de sodiu
este de 20%.
Se d:
Rezolvare:
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Scrie ecuaiile moleculare, ionice complete i ionice reduse ale reaciilor posibile ce
au loc dac amestecm pe rnd soluiile urmtoarelor substane.
CuSO4, Na2CO3, NaOH, H2SO4, CO2.
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