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Proiectarea stlpilor cadrelor antiseismice

S2 50x50 central din Ax 1


Caracteristicile sectiunii
h := 500mm
Beton C25/30
Oel PC52

c := 1.2
s := 1 combinatie seismic
b := 500mm
N
N
N
fck := 25
fcd := 20.8
fctm := 2.6
2
2
2
mm
mm
mm
N
fyd := 345
2
mm

Clasa de ductilitate medie M

Rd := 1.2

Pentru o comportare ductil trebuie verificat valoarea relativ a forei axiale


NEd := 1103kN
d :=

NEd
h b fcd

fora axial maxim din combinaia SLU Seismic

= 0.212

d < 0.55

pentru stlpi ncadrai n clasa de


ductilitate medie M

Determinarea solicitrilor de calcul.

Momentul ncovoietor de calcul

Pentru gruparea de ncrcri care conin aciunea seismic determinarea


valorilor se face innd seama de regula ierarhizrii capacitii de rezisten.
Principiul de calcul, echilibru pe ntreg nivelul.

MRb
Md := Rd MEdc

MEdb

MEdc momentul ncovoietor din seciunea stlpului rezultat din calcul static,
innd seama de efectele de ordinul 2
MRb

suma momentelor ncovoietoare capabile din grinzile nivelului


considerat

suma momentelor ncovoietoare din grinzile nivelului de la captul


MEdb
stlpului rezultate din calculul static i care provin din aceeai grupare
de aciuni ca M.Edc
1
ncr := 42

:=
= 1.024
MEdc := MEd + e0 NEd
1
1
ncr
e0 := 20mm

Calculul raportului Mrb/Medb pentru tronsonul 1 de stlp, P

Seism ST-DR
MRb := 3 156.4kN m + 3 269.5kN m = 1277.7 kNm
MEdb := ( 149 + 250 + 126.9 + 231.5 + 146.58 + 250.5) kN m = 1154.48 kNm
MRb
= 1.107
MEdb
Seism DR-ST
MRb := 3 156.4kN m + 3 269.5kN m = 1277.7 kNm
MEdb := ( 250.35 + 146.3 + 231.3 + 128.5 + 250.1 + 148.74) kN m = 1155.29 kNm
MRb
MEdb

= 1.106

Calculul raportului Mrb/Medb pentru tronsonul 2 de stlp, E1

Seism ST-DR
MRb := 3 156.4kN m + 3 269.5kN m = 1277.7 kNm
MEdb := ( 110 + 218 + 110 + 214.5 + 123.3 + 222.5) kN m = 998.3 kNm
MRb
= 1.28
MEdb
Seism DR-ST
MRb := 3 156.4kN m + 3 269.5kN m = 1277.7 kNm
MEdb := ( 223.6 + 123.2 + 215.5 + 112 + 219.7 + 110.2) kN m = 1004.2 kNm
MRb
MEdb

= 1.272

Calculul raportului Mrb/Medb pentru tronsonul de stlp E2 si E3

Seism ST-DR
MRb := 3 108.2kN m + 3 182.3kN m = 871.5 kNm
MEdb := ( 49.7 + 166.35 + 68.3 + 171.65 + 74.4 + 174.3) kN m = 704.7 kNm
MRb
= 1.237
MEdb
Seism DR-ST
MRb := 3 108.2kN m + 3 182.3kN m = 871.5 kNm
MEdb := ( 176.16 + 74.6 + 173.4 + 70.4 + 168.4 + 50.35) kN m = 713.31 kNm
MRb
= 1.222
MEdb

Calculul ariilor de armtur longitudinal

Caracteristicile sectiunii
h := 500mm
Beton C25/30
Oel PC52

c := 1.2
s := 1 combinatie seismic
b := 500mm
N
N
N
fck := 25
fcd := 20.8
fctm := 2.6
2
2
2
mm
mm
mm
N
fyd := 345
2
mm

Clasa de ductilitate medie M

Rd := 1.2

Acoperirea cu beton
max := 20mm

cmin := max = 20 mm

cnom := cmin + cdev = 30 mm


d := h ds = 460 mm

cdev := 10mm
cmin
ds := cnom +
= 40 mm
2

hs := h 2 ds = 420 mm

Tronsonul 1- Parter -ST50x50

Momentele 1 si 4 provin din Seism ST-DR


Momentele 2 si 3 provin din Seism DR-ST
MEd1 := 203.3kN m

MEd2 := 203.6kN m

NEd1 := 850kN

MEd4 := 159.3kN m

MEd3 := 160kN m

e0 = 20 mm

MEdc1 := MEd1 + NEd1 e0 = 225.673 kNm


Md1 := Rd MEdc1 1.107 = 299.78 kNm
x1 :=

NEd1
0.8 b fcd

Asc1 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 102.163 mm

Md1 NEd 0.5 h 0.4 x1

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md1 NEd 0.5 h ds

fyd 0.5 h ds

if x1 xmin

Asc1 = 953.882 mm

if x1 < xmin

MEdc2 := MEd2 + NEd1 e0 = 225.98 kNm


Md2 := Rd MEdc2 1.106 = 299.92 kNm
x1 :=

NEd1
0.8 b fcd

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 102.163 mm

Md2 NEd1 0.5 h 0.4 x1

Asc2 :=

if x1 xmin Asc2 = 1686.085 mm

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md2 NEd1 0.5 h ds

if x1 < xmin

fyd 0.5 h ds

MEdc3 := MEd3 + NEd1 e0 = 181.317 kNm


Md3 := Rd MEdc3 1.106 = 240.64 kNm
x1 :=

NEd1
0.8 b fcd

Asc3 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 102.163 mm

Md3 NEd1 0.5 h 0.4 x1


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md3 NEd1 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x1 xmin Asc3 = 867.903 mm

if x1 < xmin

MEdc4 := MEd4 + NEd1 e0 = 180.6 kNm


Md4 := Rd MEdc4 1.107 = 239.91 kNm
x1 :=

NEd1
0.8 b fcd

Asc4 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 102.163 mm

Md4 NEd1 0.5 h 0.4 x1

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md4 NEd1 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x1 xmin Asc4 = 857.759 mm

if x1 < xmin
7

Tronsonul 2-Etaj 1 -ST50x50

Momentele 1 si 4 provin din Seism ST-DR


Momentele 2 si 3 provin din Seism DR-ST
MEd1 := 157.8kN m

MEd2 := 159.8kN m

MEd4 := 163.72kN m

MEd3 := 167.25kN m

NEd2 := 651kN
e0 = 20 mm

MEdc1 := MEd1 + NEd2 e0 = 174.986 kNm


Md1 := Rd MEdc1 1.28 = 268.78 kNm
x2 :=

NEd2
0.8 b fcd

Asc1 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 78.245 mm

Md1 NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md1 NEd2 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x2 xmin Asc1 = 1744.708 mm

if x2 < xmin

MEdc2 := MEd2 + NEd2 e0 = 177.035 kNm


Md2 := Rd MEdc2 1.27 = 269.8 kNm
x2 :=

NEd
0.8 b fcd

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 132.572 mm

Md2 NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2


fyd 0.5 h ds

Asc2 :=

Md2 NEd2 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x2 xmin Asc2 = 1954.083 mm

if x2 < xmin

MEdc3 := MEd3 + NEd2 e0 = 184.667 kNm


Md3 := Rd MEdc3 1.27 = 281.43 kNm
x2 :=

NEd2
0.8 b fcd

Asc3 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 78.245 mm

Md3 NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2

if x2 xmin Asc3 = 1919.355 mm

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md3 NEd2 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x2 < xmin

MEdc4 := MEd4 + NEd2 e0 = 181.051 kNm


Md4 := Rd MEdc4 1.28 = 278.09 kNm
x2 :=

NEd2
0.8 b fcd

Asc4 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 78.245 mm

Md4 NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md4 NEd2 0.5 h ds

fyd 0.5 h ds

if x2 xmin Asc4 = 1873.278 mm

if x2 < xmin

Tronsonul 3-Etaj 2 -ST50x50

Momentele 1 si 4 provin din Seism ST-DR


Momentele 2 si 3 provin din Seism DR-ST
MEd1 := 115.8kN m

MEd2 := 106.85kN m

MEd4 := 132.607kN m

MEd3 := 121.45kN m

NEd3 := 447.5kN
e0 = 20 mm

MEdc1 := MEd1 + NEd3 e0 = 127.793 kNm


Md1 := Rd MEdc1 1.237 = 189.7 kNm
x3 :=

NEd3
0.8 b fcd

Asc1 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 53.786 mm

Md1 NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md1 NEd3 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x3 xmin Asc1 = 1321.193 mm

if x3 < xmin

10

MEdc2 := MEd2 + NEd3 e0 = 118.624 kNm


Md2 := Rd MEdc2 1.222 = 173.95 kNm
x3 :=

NEd3
0.8 b fcd

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 53.786 mm

Md2 NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3

Asc2 :=

if x3 xmin Asc2 = 1103.876 mm

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md2 NEd3 0.5 h ds

if x3 < xmin

fyd 0.5 h ds

MEdc3 := MEd3 + NEd3 e0 = 133.58 kNm


Md3 := Rd MEdc3 1.222 = 195.88 kNm
x3 :=

NEd3
0.8 b fcd

Asc3 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 53.786 mm

Md3 NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md3 NEd3 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x3 xmin Asc3 = 1406.59 mm

if x3 < xmin

MEdc4 := MEd4 + NEd3 e0 = 145.01 kNm


Md4 := Rd MEdc4 1.237 = 215.25 kNm
x3 :=

NEd3
0.8 b fcd

Asc4 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 53.786 mm

Md4 NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md4 NEd3 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x3 xmin Asc4 = 1673.944 mm

if x3 < xmin
11

Tronsonul 4-Etaj 3 -ST50x50

Momentele 1 si 4 provin din Seism ST-DR


Momentele 2 si 3 provin din Seism DR-ST
MEd1 := 61.34kN m

MEd2 := 54.67kN m

MEd4 := 74.37kN m

MEd3 := 74.3kN m

NEd4 := 230.7kN
e0 = 20 mm

MEdc1 := MEd1 + NEd4 e0 = 67.563 kNm


Md1 := Rd MEdc1 1.237 = 100.29 kNm
x4 :=

NEd4
0.8 b fcd

Asc1 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 27.728 mm

Md1 NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md1 NEd4 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x4 xmin Asc1 = 715.569 mm

if x4 < xmin

12

MEdc2 := MEd2 + NEd e0 = 78.601 kNm


Md2 := Rd MEdc2 1.222 = 115.26 kNm
x4 :=

NEd4
0.8 b fcd

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 27.728 mm

Md2 NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4


fyd 0.5 h ds

Asc2 :=

Md2 NEd4 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x4 xmin Asc2 = 922.211 mm

if x4 < xmin

MEdc3 := MEd3 + NEd4 e0 = 80.839 kNm


Md3 := Rd MEdc3 1.222 = 118.54 kNm
x4 :=

NEd4
0.8 b fcd

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 27.728 mm

Md3 NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4

Asc3 :=

if x4 xmin Asc3 = 967.494 mm

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md3 NEd4 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x4 < xmin

MEdc4 := MEd4 + NEd4 e0 = 80.91 kNm


Md4 := Rd MEdc4 1.237 = 120.1 kNm
x :=

NEd4
0.8 b fcd

Asc4 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 27.728 mm

Md4 NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md4 NEd4 0.5 h ds

fyd 0.5 h ds

if x4 xmin Asc4 = 989.047 mm

if x4 < xmin

13

Armare efectiv
Conform prevederilor constructive pentru stlpi din P100-2006 pentru
asigurarea ductilitii locale, coeficientul de armare longitudinal total va fi
cel puin 0,008 i cel mult 0,04.
min := 0.008

max := 0.04

Asc.min := min b h = 2000 mm

Asc.max := max b h = 10000 mm

Deoarece aria maxim rezultat din calcul in toate tronsoanele este 1954 mm2
si reprezint aria de armtur dispus simetric pe ambele pari, rezult o
armtura efectiv 420+6fi18 (As=2774mm2) pentru tronsoanele 1,2 si o
armatura efectiva 1018 (As=2540 mm2) pentru tronsoanele 3,4

Arie de armtur efectiv TR 1,2- 420+6fi18 PC52

Asc.tot1 := 2774mm

Arie de armtur efectiv TR 3,4- 1018 PC52

Asc.tot2 := 2540mm

Asc.tot aria de armtur longitudinal total pe o directie dispusa simetric


Calculul momentelor capabile

Tronson 1-Parter

x1 = 102.163 mm
MRc1 :=

NEd1 := 1110kN

xmin = 75.28 mm

x1 > xmin

)
(
) if x1 xmin
( NEd1 + Asc.tot1 fyd) ( 0.5 h ds) if x1 < xmin

NEd1 0.5 h 0.4 x1 + Asc.tot1 fyd 0.5 h ds

MRc1 = 433.116 kNm

Tronson 2-Etaj 1

x2 = 78.245 mm
MRc2 :=

NEd2 := 850kN

xmin = 75.28 mm

)
(
) if x2 xmin
( NEd2 + Asc.tot1 fyd) ( 0.5 h ds) if x2 < xmin

NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2 + Asc.tot1 fyd 0.5 h ds

MRc2 = 386.873 kNm


14

Tronson 3-Etaj 2

x3 = 53.786 mm
MRc3 :=

NEd3 := 524kN

xmin = 75.28 mm

x3 > xmin

)
(
) if x3 xmin
( NEd3 + Asc.tot2 fyd) ( 0.5 h ds) if x3 < xmin
NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3 + Asc.tot2 fyd 0.5 h ds

MRc3 = 294.063 kNm

Tronson 4-Etaj 3

x4 = 27.728 mm
MRc4 :=

NEd4 := 253.6kN

xmin = 75.28 mm

x4 > xmin

)
(
) if x4 xmin
( NEd4 + Asc.tot2 fyd) ( 0.5 h ds) if x4 < xmin
NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4 + Asc.tot2 fyd 0.5 h ds

MRc4 = 237.279 kNm

15

Dimensionarea la fore tietoare


Fora tietoare de proiectare Vdc se determin din echilibrul stlpului pe
fiecare nivel, cnd la extremitai se consider momentele capabile ce
corespund formrii articulaiilor plastice ce apar n grinzile sau stlpii conectai
in nod.

MRb
Mdc.i := Rd MRc.i
Rd := 1.0 clas ductilitate M
MRc
MRc.i valoarea de proiectare a momentului capabil la extremitatea i
corespunztoare sensului seismului
MRb valoarea momentelor capabile de la capetele grinzilor
MRc valoarea momentelor capabile de la capetele stlpilor, stabilite pe baza
valorilor forelor axiale din situaia corespunztoare sensului considerat
al aciunii seismice
Vdc :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
lcl

16

Condiii pentru armtura transversal la stlpi ncadrai in clasa M

Distana dintre etrieri


520 175mm
sw min dintre
2

8 16mm

sw.max := 128mm

coeficient de armare transversal n zona critic a stlpilor de la baza


respectiv restul zonelor critice de la celelalte niveluri
w.min1 := 0.0035

w.min2 := 0.0025

Tronsonul 1-Parter
lcl := 3.1m

1 nod inferior, 2 nod superior

MRb1 := 0
MRc1 := MRc1 = 433.12 kNm
MRb2 := ( 269.5 + 154.4) kN m = 423.9 kNm
MRc2 := MRc1 + MRc2 = 819.989 kNm
Mdc1 := Rd MRc1 1 = 433.12 kNm
MRb2
Mdc2 := Rd MRc1
= 223.903 kNm
MRc2
Vdc1 :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
lcl

= 211.941 kN

17

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


CRd.c :=

0.18
c

= 0.15

Asl := 2512mm

1103 10

200mm
= 1.66 k < 2
d

k := 1 +

l :=

Asl
b d

cp :=
= 4.412
500 500

= 0.0109

l < 0.02

condiie ndeplinit

condiie ndeplinit

k1 := 0.15
1
3

mm
N
VRd.c := CRd.c k k1 cp + 100 l fck
b d
= 173.77 kN
2
N

mm

mm2
VRd.c.min := 0.035 k fck

1.5

0.5

b d

mm

= 86.037 kN

VRd.c > VRd.c.min


Dimensionarea armturii transversale din zona critic
VEd := Vdc1 = 211.94 kN

VEd > VRd.c

z := 0.9 d = 414 mm

Se calculeaza etrierii necesari


VEd
Asw

.nec :=
z fywd
sw

Sef :=

Se impune

Asw.ef

Asw

.nec
sw

fywd := 345

etrieri oel PC52


:= 8mm

Asw - aria sectiunii


armaturii transversale
Sw - distana ntre etrieri

N
mm

- diamentrul etrierilor

nbrate := 4

A1.etr := 50.3mm
Asw z fywd
2
Asw := nbrate A1.etr = 201.2 mm
Sef :=
= 135.591 mm
VEd
Se alege 8/10cm

80mm < Sef < 128mm, M50

=>

sw := 100mm

18

Armtur transversal format din 2 etrieri (4 brae) 8/10 PC52


w :=

Asw
b sw

= 0.00402

w > w.min

Tronsonul 2-Etaj 1
lcl := 2.6m

1 nod inferior, 2 nod superior

MRb1 := ( 269.5 + 154.4) kN m = 423.9 kNm


MRc1 := MRc1 + MRc2 = 819.99 kNm
MRb2 := ( 269.5 + 154.4) kN m = 423.9 kNm
MRc2 := MRc2 + MRc3 = 680.936 kNm
MRb1
Mdc1 := Rd MRc2
= 200 kNm
MRc1
MRb2
Mdc2 := Rd MRc2
= 240.84 kNm
MRc2
Vdc2 :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
= 169.552 kN
lcl

19

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


CRd.c :=

0.18
c

= 0.15

Asl := 2412mm
810 10

l :=

k := 1 +
Asl

b d

200mm
= 1.66 k < 2
d

= 0.0105

cp :=
= 3.24
500 500

l < 0.02

condiie ndeplinit

condiie ndeplinit

k1 := 0.15
1
3

N
mm
VRd.c := CRd.c k k1 cp + 100 l fck
b d
= 171.115 kN
2
N

mm
2
mm
1.5
VRd.c.min := 0.035 k fck

VRd.c > VRd.c.min

0.5

b d

VRd.c > Vdc1

N
mm

= 86.037 kN

armare din condiii constructive

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


sw := 120mm
Se impune

Asw.min := w.min2 b sw = 150 mm


:= 8mm
nbrate := 4

- diamentrul etrierilor
A1.etr := 50.3mm

Asw := nbrate A1.etr = 201.2 mm

Armtur transversal format din 2 etrieri (4 brae) 8/12 PC52


w :=

Asw
b sw

= 0.0034

w > 0.0025

20

Tronsonul 3-Etaj 2
lcl := 2.6m

1 nod inferior, 2 nod superior

MRb1 := ( 269.5 + 154.4) kN m = 423.9 kNm


MRc1 := MRc2 + MRc3 = 680.94 kNm
MRb2 := ( 182.3 + 108.2) kN m = 290.5 kNm
MRc2 := MRc3 + MRc4 = 531.342 kNm
MRb1
Mdc1 := Rd MRc3
= 183.06 kNm
MRc1
MRb2
Mdc2 := Rd MRc3
= 160.77 kNm
MRc2
Vdc3 :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
= 132.244 kN
lcl

21

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


CRd.c :=

0.18

= 0.15

Asl := 2412mm
520 10

k := 1 +

l :=

Asl
b d

cp :=
= 2.08
500 500

200mm
= 1.66 k < 2
d

= 0.0105

l < 0.02

condiie ndeplinit

condiie ndeplinit

k1 := 0.15
1
3

N
mm
VRd.c := CRd.c k k1 cp + 100 l fck
b d
= 170.742 kN
2
N

mm
2
mm
1.5
VRd.c.min := 0.035 k fck

VRd.c > VRd.c.min

0.5

b d

VRd.c > Vdc3

N
mm

= 86.037 kN

armare din condiii constructive

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


sw := 120mm
Se impune

Asw.min := w.min2 b sw = 150 mm


:= 8mm
nbrate := 4

- diamentrul etrierilor
A1.etr := 50.3mm

Asw := nbrate A1.etr = 201.2 mm

Armtur transversal format din 2 etrieri (4 brae) 8/12 PC52


w :=

Asw
b sw

= 0.0034

w > 0.0025

22

Tronsonul 4-Etaj 3
lcl := 2.6m

1 nod inferior, 2 nod superior

MRb1 := ( 182.3 + 108.2) kN m = 290.5 kNm


MRc1 := MRc3 + MRc4 = 531.34 kNm
MRb2 := ( 182.3 + 108.2) kN m = 290.5 kNm
MRc2 := MRc4 = 237.279 kNm
MRb1
Mdc1 := Rd MRc4
= 129.73 kNm
MRc1
Mdc2 := Rd MRc4 1 = 237.28 kNm
Vdc3 :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
= 141.156 kN
lcl

23

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


CRd.c :=

0.18

= 0.15

Asl := 2412mm

k := 1 +

l :=

230 10
cp :=
= 0.92
500 500

Asl
b d

200mm
= 1.66 k < 2
d

= 0.0105

l < 0.02

condiie ndeplinit

condiie ndeplinit

k1 := 0.15
1
3

N
mm
VRd.c := CRd.c k k1 cp + 100 l fck
b d
= 170.368 kN
2
N

mm

mm2
VRd.c.min := 0.035 k fck

1.5

VRd.c > VRd.c.min

0.5

b d

VRd.c > Vdc3

N
mm

= 86.037 kN

armare din condiii constructive

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


sw := 120mm
Se impune

Asw.min := w.min2 b sw = 150 mm


:= 8mm
nbrate := 4

- diamentrul etrierilor
A1.etr := 50.3mm

Asw := nbrate A1.etr = 201.2 mm

Armtur transversal format din 2 etrieri (4 brae) 8/12 PC52


w :=

Asw
b sw

= 0.0034

w > 0.0025

24

Proiectarea stlpilor cadrelor antiseismice


S1 50x50 din Ax 1
Caracteristicile sectiunii
h := 500mm
Beton C25/30
Oel PC52

c := 1.2
s := 1 combinatie seismic
b := 500mm
N
N
N
fck := 25
fcd := 20.8
fctm := 2.6
2
2
2
mm
mm
mm
N
fyd := 345
2
mm

Clasa de ductilitate medie M

Rd := 1.2

Pentru o comportare ductil trebuie verificat valoarea relativ a forei axiale


NEd := 712kN
d :=

NEd
h b fcd

fora axial maxim din combinaia SLU Seismic

= 0.137

d < 0.55

pentru stlpi ncadrai n clasa de


ductilitate medie M

Determinarea solicitrilor de calcul.

Momentul ncovoietor de calcul

Pentru gruparea de ncrcri care conin aciunea seismic determinarea


valorilor se face innd seama de regula ierarhizrii capacitii de rezisten.
Principiul de calcul, echilibru pe ntreg nivelul.

MRb
Md := Rd MEdc

MEdb

MEdc momentul ncovoietor din seciunea stlpului rezultat din calcul static,
innd seama de efectele de ordinul 2
MRb

suma momentelor ncovoietoare capabile din grinzile nivelului


considerat

suma momentelor ncovoietoare din grinzile nivelului de la captul


MEdb
stlpului rezultate din calculul static i care provin din aceeai grupare
de aciuni ca M.Edc
1
ncr := 42

:=
= 1.024
MEdc := MEd + e0 NEd
1
1
ncr
e0 := 20mm

25

Calculul raportului Mrb/Medb pentru tronsonul 1 de stlp, P

Seism ST-DR
MRb := 3 156.4kN m + 3 269.5kN m = 1277.7 kNm
MEdb := ( 149 + 250 + 126.9 + 231.5 + 146.58 + 250.5) kN m = 1154.48 kNm
MRb
= 1.107
MEdb
Seism DR-ST
MRb := 3 156.4kN m + 3 269.5kN m = 1277.7 kNm
MEdb := ( 250.35 + 146.3 + 231.3 + 128.5 + 250.1 + 148.74) kN m = 1155.29 kNm
MRb
MEdb

= 1.106

26

Calculul raportului Mrb/Medb pentru tronsonul 2 de stlp, E1

Seism ST-DR
MRb := 3 156.4kN m + 3 269.5kN m = 1277.7 kNm
MEdb := ( 110 + 218 + 110 + 214.5 + 123.3 + 222.5) kN m = 998.3 kNm
MRb
= 1.28
MEdb
Seism DR-ST
MRb := 3 156.4kN m + 3 269.5kN m = 1277.7 kNm
MEdb := ( 223.6 + 123.2 + 215.5 + 112 + 219.7 + 110.2) kN m = 1004.2 kNm
MRb
= 1.272
MEdb
27

Calculul raportului Mrb/Medb pentru tronsonul 3 de stlp E2

Seism ST-DR
MRb := 3 108.2kN m + 3 182.3kN m = 871.5 kNm
MEdb := ( 49.7 + 166.35 + 68.3 + 171.65 + 74.4 + 174.3) kN m = 704.7 kNm
MRb
= 1.237
MEdb
Seism DR-ST
MRb := 3 108.2kN m + 3 182.3kN m = 871.5 kNm
MEdb := ( 176.16 + 74.6 + 173.4 + 70.4 + 168.4 + 50.35) kN m = 713.31 kNm
MRb
= 1.222
MEdb

28

Calculul ariilor de armtur longitudinal


Caracteristicile sectiunii
h := 500mm
Beton C25/30
Oel PC52

b := 500mm
N
fck := 25
2
mm
N
fyd := 345
2
mm

Clasa de ductilitate medie M

c := 1.2
fcd := 20.8

s := 1
N
mm

combinatie seismic
fctm := 2.6

N
mm

Rd := 1.2

Acoperirea cu beton
max := 20mm

cmin := max = 20 mm

cnom := cmin + cdev = 30 mm


d := h ds = 460 mm

cdev := 10mm
cmin
ds := cnom +
= 40 mm
2

hs := h 2 ds = 420 mm

29

Tronsonul 1- Parter -ST50x50

Momentele 1 si 4 provin din Seism ST-DR


Momentele 2 si 3 provin din Seism DR-ST
MEd1 := 193kN m

MEd2 := 170kN m

NEd1 := 345kN

MEd4 := 90.35kN m

MEd3 := 138.7kN m

e0 = 20 mm

MEdc1 := MEd1 + NEd1 e0 = 204.776 kNm


Md1 := Rd MEdc1 1.107 = 272.02 kNm
x1 :=

NEd1
0.8 b fcd

Asc1 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 41.466 mm

Md1 NEd 0.5 h 0.4 x1

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md1 NEd 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x1 xmin

Asc1 = 1690.875 mm

if x1 < xmin
30

MEdc2 := MEd2 + NEd1 e0 = 181.215 kNm


Md2 := Rd MEdc2 1.106 = 240.51 kNm
x1 :=

NEd1
0.8 b fcd

Asc2 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 41.466 mm

Md2 NEd1 0.5 h 0.4 x1


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md2 NEd1 0.5 h ds

fyd 0.5 h ds

if x1 xmin Asc2 = 2319.642 mm

if x1 < xmin

MEdc3 := MEd3 + NEd1 e0 = 149.151 kNm


Md3 := Rd MEdc3 1.106 = 197.95 kNm
x1 :=

NEd1
0.8 b fcd

Asc3 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 41.466 mm

Md3 NEd1 0.5 h 0.4 x1


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md3 NEd1 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x1 xmin Asc3 = 1732.277 mm

if x1 < xmin

MEdc4 := MEd4 + NEd1 e0 = 99.622 kNm


Md4 := Rd MEdc4 1.107 = 132.34 kNm
x1 :=

NEd1
0.8 b fcd

= 41.466 mm

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

31

Asc4 :=

Md4 NEd1 0.5 h 0.4 x1


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md4 NEd1 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x1 xmin Asc4 = 826.609 mm

if x1 < xmin

Tronsonul 2-Etaj 1 -ST50x50

Momentele 1 si 4 provin din Seism ST-DR


Momentele 2 si 3 provin din Seism DR-ST
MEd1 := 126.3kN m

MEd2 := 46.3kN m

MEd4 := 63kN m

MEd3 := 140kN m

NEd2 := 283.5kN
e0 = 20 mm

MEdc1 := MEd1 + NEd2 e0 = 135.189 kNm


Md1 := Rd MEdc1 1.28 = 207.65 kNm
x2 :=

NEd2
0.8 b fcd

= 34.075 mm

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

)
32

Asc1 :=

Md1 NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md1 NEd2 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x2 xmin Asc1 = 2044.375 mm

if x2 < xmin

MEdc2 := MEd2 + NEd2 e0 = 53.238 kNm


Md2 := Rd MEdc2 1.27 = 81.13 kNm
x2 :=

NEd
0.8 b fcd

Asc2 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 85.577 mm

Md2 NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md2 NEd2 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x2 xmin Asc2 = 275.548 mm

if x2 < xmin

MEdc3 := MEd3 + NEd2 e0 = 149.223 kNm


Md3 := Rd MEdc3 1.27 = 227.42 kNm
x2 :=

NEd2
0.8 b fcd

Asc3 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 34.075 mm

Md3 NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md3 NEd2 0.5 h ds

fyd 0.5 h ds

if x2 xmin Asc3 = 2317.194 mm

if x2 < xmin

MEdc4 := MEd4 + NEd2 e0 = 70.345 kNm


Md4 := Rd MEdc4 1.28 = 108.05 kNm

33

x2 :=

NEd2
0.8 b fcd

Asc4 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 34.075 mm

Md4 NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md4 NEd2 0.5 h ds

fyd 0.5 h ds

if x2 xmin Asc4 = 669.631 mm

if x2 < xmin

Tronsonul 3-Etaj 2 -ST50x50

Momentele 1 si 4 provin din Seism ST-DR


Momentele 2 si 3 provin din Seism DR-ST
MEd1 := 98kN m

MEd2 := 24.6kN m

MEd4 := 117.6kN m

MEd3 := 48.1kN m

NEd3 := 210.5kN
e0 = 20 mm

MEdc1 := MEd1 + NEd3 e0 = 104.703 kNm


Md1 := Rd MEdc1 1.237 = 155.42 kNm

34

x3 :=

NEd3
0.8 b fcd

Asc1 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 25.3 mm

Md1 NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3

if x3 xmin Asc1 = 1535.073 mm

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md1 NEd3 0.5 h ds

if x3 < xmin

fyd 0.5 h ds

MEdc2 := MEd2 + NEd3 e0 = 29.513 kNm


Md2 := Rd MEdc2 1.222 = 43.28 kNm
x3 :=

NEd3
0.8 b fcd

Asc2 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 25.3 mm

Md2 NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md2 NEd3 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x3 xmin Asc2 = 12.803 mm

if x3 < xmin

MEdc3 := MEd3 + NEd3 e0 = 53.586 kNm


Md3 := Rd MEdc3 1.222 = 78.58 kNm
x3 :=

NEd3
0.8 b fcd

Asc3 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 25.3 mm

Md3 NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md3 NEd3 0.5 h ds

fyd 0.5 h ds

if x3 xmin Asc3 = 474.442 mm

if x3 < xmin

MEdc4 := MEd4 + NEd3 e0 = 124.781 kNm

35

Md4 := Rd MEdc4 1.237 = 185.22 kNm


x3 :=

NEd3
0.8 b fcd

Asc4 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 25.3 mm

Md4 NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md4 NEd3 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x3 xmin Asc4 = 1946.444 mm

if x3 < xmin

Tronsonul 4-Etaj 3 -ST50x50

Momentele 1 si 4 provin din Seism ST-DR


Momentele 2 si 3 provin din Seism DR-ST
MEd1 := 70.6kN m

MEd2 := 21.1kN m

MEd4 := 108.5kN m

MEd3 := 18.164kN m

NEd4 := 120kN
e0 = 20 mm

MEdc1 := MEd1 + NEd4 e0 = 74.78 kNm


Md1 := Rd MEdc1 1.237 = 111 kNm
36

x4 :=

NEd4
0.8 b fcd

Asc1 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 14.423 mm

Md1 NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md1 NEd4 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x4 xmin Asc1 = 1184.322 mm

if x4 < xmin

MEdc2 := MEd2 + NEd e0 = 36.202 kNm


Md2 := Rd MEdc2 1.222 = 53.09 kNm
x4 :=

NEd4
0.8 b fcd

Asc2 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 14.423 mm

Md2 NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md2 NEd4 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x4 xmin Asc2 = 384.907 mm

if x4 < xmin

MEdc3 := MEd3 + NEd4 e0 = 21.066 kNm


Md3 := Rd MEdc3 1.222 = 30.89 kNm
x4 :=

NEd4
0.8 b fcd

Asc3 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 14.423 mm

Md3 NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4

fyd 0.5 h ds

Md3 NEd4 0.5 h ds

fyd 0.5 h ds

if x4 xmin Asc3 = 78.544 mm

if x4 < xmin

MEdc4 := MEd4 + NEd4 e0 = 113.605 kNm


37

Md4 := Rd MEdc4 1.237 = 168.64 kNm


x :=

NEd4
0.8 b fcd

Asc4 :=

xmin := 1.882 ds = 75.28 mm

= 14.423 mm

Md4 NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4


fyd 0.5 h ds

Md4 NEd4 0.5 h ds


fyd 0.5 h ds

if x4 xmin Asc4 = 1979.78 mm

if x4 < xmin

Armare efectiv
Conform prevederilor constructive pentru stlpi din P100-2006 pentru
asigurarea ductilitii locale, coeficientul de armare longitudinal total va fi
cel puin 0,008 i cel mult 0,04.
min := 0.008

max := 0.04

Asc.min := min b h = 2000 mm

Asc.max := max b h = 10000 mm

Deoarece aria maxim rezultat din calcul in toate tronsoanele este 2240 mm2
si reprezint aria de armtur dispus simetric pe ambele pari, rezult o
armtura efectiv 620+418 PC52 (As=2900mm2 )pentru tronsoanele 1,2 si o
armtura efectiv 1018 PC52 (As=2540mm2) pentru tronsoanele 3,4
Arie armatura TR1,2 620+418 Asc.tot1 := 2900mm2
Arie armatura TR3,4 1018
2
Asc.tot2 := 2540mm

pt tronsonul 1,2
pt restul tronsoanelor

Asc.tot aria de armtur longitudinal dispus simetric pe o direcie

Calculul momentelor capabile


Tronson 1-Parter

x1 = 41.466 mm
MRc1 :=

NEd1 := 712kN

xmin = 75.28 mm

x1 > xmin

)
(
) if x1 xmin
( NEd1 + Asc.tot1 fyd) ( 0.5 h ds) if x1 < xmin

NEd1 0.5 h 0.4 x1 + Asc.tot1 fyd 0.5 h ds

MRc1 = 359.625 kNm


38

Tronson 2-Etaj 1

x2 = 34.075 mm
MRc2 :=

NEd2 := 512kN

xmin = 75.28 mm

)
(
) if x2 xmin
( NEd2 + Asc.tot1 fyd) ( 0.5 h ds) if x2 < xmin

NEd2 0.5 h 0.4 x2 + Asc.tot1 fyd 0.5 h ds

MRc2 = 317.625 kNm

Tronson 3-Etaj 2

x3 = 25.3 mm
MRc3 :=

NEd3 := 322kN

xmin = 75.28 mm

x3 > xmin

)
(
) if x3 xmin
( NEd3 + Asc.tot2 fyd) ( 0.5 h ds) if x3 < xmin
NEd3 0.5 h 0.4 x3 + Asc.tot2 fyd 0.5 h ds

MRc3 = 251.643 kNm

Tronson 4-Etaj 3

x4 = 14.423 mm
MRc4 :=

NEd4 := 147kN

xmin = 75.28 mm

x4 > xmin

)
(
) if x4 xmin
( NEd4 + Asc.tot2 fyd) ( 0.5 h ds) if x4 < xmin
NEd4 0.5 h 0.4 x4 + Asc.tot2 fyd 0.5 h ds

MRc4 = 214.893 kNm

39

Dimensionarea la fore tietoare


Fora tietoare de proiectare Vdc se determin din echilibrul stlpului pe
fiecare nivel, cnd la extremitai se consider momentele capabile ce
corespund formrii articulaiilor plastice ce apar n grinzile sau stlpii conectai
in nod.

MRb
Mdc.i := Rd MRc.i
Rd := 1.0 clas ductilitate M
MRc
MRc.i valoarea de proiectare a momentului capabil la extremitatea i
40

MRc.i valoarea de proiectare a momentului capabil la extremitatea i


corespunztoare sensului seismului
MRb valoarea momentelor capabile de la capetele grinzilor
MRc valoarea momentelor capabile de la capetele stlpilor, stabilite pe baza
valorilor forelor axiale din situaia corespunztoare sensului considerat
al aciunii seismice
Vdc :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
lcl

Condiii pentru armtura transversal la stlpi ncadrai in clasa M

Distana dintre etrieri


520 175mm
sw min dintre
2

8 16mm

sw.max := 128mm

coeficient de armare transversal n zona critic a stlpilor de la baza


respectiv restul zonelor critice de la celelalte niveluri
w.min1 := 0.0035

w.min2 := 0.0025

Tronsonul 1-Parter
lcl := 3.1m

1 nod inferior, 2 nod superior

MRb1 := 0
MRc1 := MRc1 = 359.63 kNm
MRb2 := ( 269.5 + 154.4) kN m = 423.9 kNm
MRc2 := MRc1 + MRc2 = 677.25 kNm
Mdc1 := Rd MRc1 1 = 359.63 kNm
MRb2
Mdc2 := Rd MRc1
= 225.094 kNm
MRc2

41

Vdc1 :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
= 188.619 kN
lcl

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


CRd.c :=

0.18
c

= 0.15

Asl := 2512mm
712 10

200mm
= 1.66 k < 2
d

k := 1 +

l :=

Asl
b d

cp :=
= 2.848
500 500

= 0.0109

l < 0.02

condiie ndeplinit

condiie ndeplinit

k1 := 0.15
1
3

N
mm
VRd.c := CRd.c k k1 cp + 100 l fck
b d
= 173.283 kN
2
N

mm

mm2
VRd.c.min := 0.035 k fck

1.5

0.5

b d

mm

= 86.037 kN

VRd.c > VRd.c.min


Dimensionarea armturii transversale din zona critic
VEd := Vdc1 = 188.62 kN

VEd > VRd.c

z := 0.9 d = 414 mm

Se calculeaza etrierii necesari


VEd
Asw

.nec :=
z fywd
sw

Sef :=

Se impune

Asw.ef

Asw

.nec
sw

fywd := 345

etrieri oel PC52


:= 8mm
nbrate := 4

Asw - aria sectiunii


armaturii transversale
Sw - distana ntre etrieri

N
mm

- diamentrul etrierilor
A1.etr := 50.3mm

)
42

Asw := nbrate A1.etr = 201.2 mm


Se alege 8/10cm

Sef :=

( Asw z fywd)
VEd

80mm < Sef < 128mm, M50

= 152.357 mm
=>

sw := 100mm

Armtur transversal format din 2 etrieri (4 brae) 8/10 PC52


w :=

Asw
b sw

= 0.00402

w > w.min

Tronsonul 2-Etaj 1
lcl := 2.6m

1 nod inferior, 2 nod superior

MRb1 := ( 269.5 + 154.4) kN m = 423.9 kNm


MRc1 := MRc1 + MRc2 = 677.25 kNm
MRb2 := ( 269.5 + 154.4) kN m = 423.9 kNm
MRc2 := MRc2 + MRc3 = 569.268 kNm
MRb1
Mdc1 := Rd MRc2
= 198.81 kNm
MRc1
MRb2
Mdc2 := Rd MRc2
= 236.52 kNm
MRc2
Vdc2 :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
= 167.432 kN
lcl

Dimensionarea armturii transversale

43

CRd.c :=

0.18
= 0.15
c

Asl := 2512mm
512 10

l :=

k := 1 +
Asl

b d

200mm
d

= 0.0109

cp :=
= 2.048
500 500

= 1.66 k < 2
l < 0.02

condiie ndeplinit

condiie ndeplinit

k1 := 0.15
1
3

mm
N
VRd.c := CRd.c k k1 cp + 100 l fck
b d
= 173.033 kN
2
N

mm

mm2
VRd.c.min := 0.035 k fck

1.5

VRd.c > VRd.c.min

0.5

b d

N
mm

VRd.c > Vdc1

= 86.037 kN

armare din condiii constructive

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


sw := 120mm
Se impune

Asw.min := w.min2 b sw = 150 mm


:= 8mm
nbrate := 4

- diamentrul etrierilor
A1.etr := 50.3mm

Asw := nbrate A1.etr = 201.2 mm

Armtur transversal format din 2 etrieri (4 brae) 8/12 PC52


w :=

Asw
b sw

= 0.0034

w > 0.0025

Tronsonul 3-Etaj 2
lcl := 2.6m

1 nod inferior, 2 nod superior

MRb1 := ( 269.5 + 154.4) kN m = 423.9 kNm


MRc1 := MRc2 + MRc3 = 569.27 kNm
44

MRb2 := ( 182.3 + 108.2) kN m = 290.5 kNm


MRc2 := MRc3 + MRc4 = 466.536 kNm
MRb1
Mdc1 := Rd MRc3
= 187.38 kNm
MRc1
MRb2
Mdc2 := Rd MRc3
= 156.69 kNm
MRc2
Vdc3 :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
= 132.337 kN
lcl

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


CRd.c :=

0.18
= 0.15
c

Asl := 2512mm

l :=

322 10
cp :=
= 1.288
500 500

k := 1 +
Asl
b d

200mm
= 1.66 k < 2
d

= 0.0109

l < 0.02

condiie ndeplinit

condiie ndeplinit

k1 := 0.15
1
3

mm
N
VRd.c := CRd.c k k1 cp + 100 l fck
b d
= 172.794 kN
2
N

mm

mm2
VRd.c.min := 0.035 k fck

1.5

VRd.c > VRd.c.min

0.5

b d

VRd.c > Vdc3

N
mm

= 86.037 kN

armare din condiii constructive

Dimensionarea armturii transversale

45

Asw.min := w.min2 b sw = 150 mm

sw := 120mm

:= 8mm

Se impune

nbrate := 4

- diamentrul etrierilor
A1.etr := 50.3mm

Asw := nbrate A1.etr = 201.2 mm

Armtur transversal format din 2 etrieri (4 brae) 8/12 PC52


w :=

Asw
b sw

= 0.0034

w > 0.0025

Tronsonul 4-Etaj 3
lcl := 2.6m

1 nod inferior, 2 nod superior

MRb1 := ( 182.3 + 108.2) kN m = 290.5 kNm


MRc1 := MRc3 + MRc4 = 466.54 kNm
MRb2 := ( 182.3 + 108.2) kN m = 290.5 kNm
MRc2 := MRc4 = 214.893 kNm
MRb1
Mdc1 := Rd MRc4
= 133.81 kNm
MRc1
Mdc2 := Rd MRc4 1 = 214.89 kNm
Vdc3 :=

Mdc1 + Mdc2
lcl

= 134.116 kN

46

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


CRd.c :=

0.18

= 0.15

Asl := 2512mm
230 10

k := 1 +

l :=

Asl
b d

cp :=
= 0.92
500 500

200mm
d

= 0.0109

= 1.66 k < 2
l < 0.02

condiie ndeplinit

condiie ndeplinit

k1 := 0.15
1
3

mm
N
VRd.c := CRd.c k k1 cp + 100 l fck
b d
= 172.679 kN
2
N

mm
2
mm
1.5
VRd.c.min := 0.035 k fck

VRd.c > VRd.c.min

0.5

b d

VRd.c > Vdc3

N
mm

= 86.037 kN

armare din condiii constructive

Dimensionarea armturii transversale


sw := 120mm
Se impune

Asw.min := w.min2 b sw = 150 mm


:= 8mm
nbrate := 4

- diamentrul etrierilor
A1.etr := 50.3mm

Asw := nbrate A1.etr = 201.2 mm

Armtur transversal format din 2 etrieri (4 brae) 8/12 PC52


w :=

Asw
b sw

= 0.0034

w > w.min2

47