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Centrul Step by Step, 2006

UNIUNEA EUROPEAN I MINISTERUL EDUCAIEI I CERCETRII


IUDIT SERA
LIMBA ENGLEZ
Modulul 3
Interaciuni
Ghidul elevului
Proiect Phare Acces la educaie pentru grupuri dezavantajate
Programul A doua ans
Ministerul Educaiei i Cercetrii
Aceste materiale publicate n cadrul Proiectului Phare Acces la educaie pentru grupuri dezavantajate 2003 au
fost realizate de o echip de experi ai Ministerului Educaiei i Cercetrii pentru a fi folosite n perioada de
aplicare experimental a programului educaional revizuit
A doua ans nvmnt secundar inferior.
Membrii echipei care a elaborat materialele sunt:
Lucia Copoeru, coordonatoarea componentei A doua ans nvmnt secundar inferior
Dorina Kudor, autoare Limba i literatura romn
Gina Anton, autoare Limba i literatura rromani
Carmen Costina, autoare Limba englez
Iudit Sera, autoare Limba englez
Nicolae Pellegrini, autor Matematic
Ariana-Stanca Vcreu, autoare Matematic
Luminia Chicina, autoare tiine
Ioana Mihacea, autoare tiine
Mihai Stamatescu, autor Istorie
dr. Horaiu Popa-Bota, autor Geografie
Elena Blan, autoare Cultur civic
dr. Doina-Olga tefnescu, autoare Cultur civic
Paul Vermeulen, expert U.E., componenta Elaborare curriculum i materiale educaionale
Ghidul este realizat n conformitate cu programa colar pentru disciplina Limba englez
din cadrul programului A doua ans nvmnt secundar inferior, aprobat de
Ministerul Educaiei i Cercetrii prin Ordinul nr. 5375/29.12.2005,
i este distribuit gratuit cursanilor nscrii n acest program educaional.
Toate materialele din cadrul programului educaional A doua ans vor fi modificate, conform sugestiilor de
mbuntire formulate n urma utilizrii lor n coal.
n acest sens, trimitei comentariile i sugestiile dumneavoastr pe adresa
secondchance@wyginternational.ro
Coordonator editorial: Laura Codreanu
Design copert, layout: Elemr Knczey
Design i DTP: Andrs Tnczos
Ilustraii: Levente Szekeres
Corectur: Mirabela Mitric
Acest material este publicat n scopuri educaionale, non-profit, pentru a fi folosit n primul an de aplicare
experimental a programului educaional A doua ans nvmnt secundar inferior.
Autorii s-au strduit s intre n legtur cu proprietarii imaginilor pentru a obine permisiunea de a le folosi n
aceast ediie. i rugm pe aceia pe care nu i-am putut contacta s ia legtura cu noi la
secondchance@wyginternational.ro.
Descrierea CIP a Bibliotecii Naionale a Romniei
SERA, IUDIT
Limba englez : modulul 3 : ghidul elevului / Iudit Sera. Bucureti : Step by Step, 2006
Index
ISBN (10) 973-1706-04-6 ; ISBN (13) 978-973-1706-04-7
371.3:811.111
Aceast publicaie face parte din Programul Phare 2003 Acces la educaie pentru grupuri dezavantajate,
componenta A doua ans.
Editorul materialului: Ministerul Educaiei i Cercetrii
Data publicrii: august 2006
Coninutul acestui material nu reprezint n mod necesar poziia oficial a Uniunii Europene.
Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
What Type of Learner Are You? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Unit Lesson Functions Language focus Page
P
e
o
p
l
e
1 Where Does
She Come
From?
to describe people, places
to express tastes, preferences
Adjectives and nouns
of nationality
British and American
English
10
2 Mind Your
Health
to encourage / warn somebody
of something
to give advice
Present simple/
Present continuous
Adverbs of frequency
12
3 Are You
Coming to the
Party?
to ask and give instructions
to make plans
to write a note
Expressing future 14
S
o
c
i
e
t
y
1 Fame and
Fortune
to describe people
to express preferences
Adjectives
Order of adjectives
20
2 Whats on the
News?
to conduct an interview
to write a report
Building vocabulary 22
3 The Way It
Used to Be
to narrate events
to write about a famous
person
Past tense simple /
Past continuous
24
J
o
b
s
1 The Right
Person for the
Job
to give personal information
to write an application
Present perfect 30
2 Working
Mothers
to express personal opinions
to conduct a survey, to report
on the results
Nouns 32
3 Are They
Underpaid?
to express and ask for an
opinion
Conditionals 34
C
u
l
t
u
r
e

&

T
e
c
h
n
o
l
o
g
y
1 Whats the
Point?
to give reasons
to make comparisons
Adverbs / Adjectives
Comparatives and
superlatives
40
2 Romeo and
Juliet
to express agreement /
disagreement
to write a short description
Modal verbs
Ability obligation
permission
42
3 The Worlds
Going Crazy
to draw conclusions
to make predictions
to write an email
Prepositions
Word formation
44
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 3
Appendices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Now What? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Introduction
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 4
Dear student,
Welcome to the last module in the Secondary Second Chance series. We believe that by
now you have grown to like English, so we chose topics that we hope you will enjoy
discussing with your colleagues. In this module you will have many opportunities to
express yourself freely. We think you will also enjoy listening to the songs we chose for
you and will be interested in the stories of the characters in this module. They are
students like you. They sometimes agree, other times they disagree, they even have
conflicts now and then. Well ask you to help solve the problems by thinking of possible
solutions, well challenge you with activities and exercises that prepare you for the time
when you no longer have a teacher by your side to help you out. We think its now time
for you to discover that you can be your own teacher, in other words start by
Learning to learn!
Its not easy to learn to swim, to skate or ride a bike, but once youve learnt them you can
swim, skate or ride a bike even if you stop practising for twenty years. With foreign
languages the learning process can last forever as there is always something new to find
out, something interesting to learn. A good teacher, good books, opportunities to practise
are important but nothing can help you more than finding the learning style that suits
you best.
Try some of our tips to successful learning and see if they work for you:
1. Find out what you like doing and why. This may be the starting point in developing your
personal learning style.
2. Organise your learning:
Find out what you need to do
Plan your learning
Practise regularly
Keep a learning diary
3. Make use of all the resources you can (e.g. a dictionary, a grammar book, your teacher).
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 5
4. Listen carefully when you hear music in English, watch films, try to read magazines and
books in English.
5. Dont be afraid to take risks. If you can make yourself understood, no matter how many
mistakes you have made, you can proudly say that you are able to communicate in
English. So dont worry too much about making mistakes.
6. Find out your strong and weak points (by
taking the self-assessment tests and
answering the self-assessment questions in
each unit, by talking to your teacher and to
your fellow students). This will help you
decide what you need to do next.
7. Review often and regularly. It is practice
that makes perfect, after all!
What Type of Learner
Are You?
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 6
Think about it!
1. How do you rate your English?
2. Think about how you like to learn and talk to the group to find out if you all
learn in the same way, or each of you likes to learn in a different way.
3. Meet Daniel, Paul, Victor and Marc. Listen to what four students replied when they
were asked the question: How do you like to learn?. Can you find similarities and
differences between yourself, your fellow colleagues and the four students?
I need more work. O.K. Excellent
I can understand my teacher.
I can read a simple text.
I can talk in English about
some things.
I can write a simple letter.
Daniel: I like the teacher to correct every mistake I make and I always expect the
teacher to tell me what to do.
Victor: I hate doing the same things all the time. I only enjoy activities and
games with my colleagues. I like talking to people and I never worry about
making mistakes.
Paul: I learn grammar rules by heart and I always think about rules when I
speak or write in English.
Marc: Oh, I cant be bothered to think about that. Its a stupid question. I dont
know how I like to learn. In fact, Im not sure I like learning at all!
2. Listen to the descriptions of the four students and decide on the most suitable
adjective for each of them:
diligent, phlegmatic, obedient, easy-going.
Work on it!
1. Go back to the illustrations and match them with the names. Fill the grid below:
2. Teachers advice. Each student gets tips for improvement from their teacher. Who
needs these pieces of advice? Write the letters a, b, c or d in the grid above.
a. Try to rely upon yourself more!
b. Spend some time studying if you want to make some progress!
c. Dont forget to use your language!
d. Come to the English classes. There might be some activities that youll
enjoy!
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 7
Catch on to it!
1. Find out more about them! Theyre very different. One is easygoing, one is
obedient, one is diligent and one is phlegmatic.
Read the dictionary entries to find out what the words mean. Can you match the
adjectives to the illustrations?
Go for it!
Can you find similarities between you/your fellow students
and the four students?
Conduct a survey to find out how your classmates like to
learn and try to give them useful advice.
What type of learner are you?
What are some things you
would like to know about
the six students?
Did you get it?
easygoing adjective
not easily upset,
annoyed, or worried
obedient adjective
someone who is
obedient does what a
person, law, or rule
tells them to do
[ disobedient]
phlegmatic adjective
[formal]
calm and not easily
excited or worried
diligent adjective
[formal]
someone who works
very hard and
carefully
Illustration Students name What he is like: Teachers advice
1 Daniel obedient a
Paul
Victor
Marc
PEOPLE
Unit I
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 8
In this unit you will...
learn about people from various countries
find out how to eat a lot and still stay fit
plan a party with your friends
listen to some music, maybe even sing a bit
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 9
PEOPLE
Where Does She
Come From?
1
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 10
Think about it!
People in different countries speak different languages. Is
this the only difference? Can you find examples of other
differences?
How many languages do people speak in Romania? What do
we mean by cultural differences? Can you give examples?
stereotype = an idea of
what a person or thing is
like, often wrong or unfair
cultural differences =
differences relating to
particular societies and
their ways of life
Word bank
Catch on to it!
Look at the illustration, listen to the conversation and try to identify the characters.
Victor and Marc are sitting in a caf. At the table next to theirs, two young women are
talking in English. The men can overhear the conversation.
Short-haired woman: Germany, France,
Italy accepted the euro as their currency
without fuss in 2002, but not us! The
government has promised to hold a
referendum on the subject and let
people decide.
Long-haired woman: I can tell what the
result will be. I bet your people will
vote against it!
Marc: Where do you think the tall one
comes from?
Victor: I dont know. Maybe shes
American.
Marc: She cant be! Why should they
accept the euro? Theyre not in the
Union. She must be British.
Victor: Who cares if shes British, Canadian
or Australian! Its the long-haired one
that Im interested in. Shes so beautiful,
with that tanned complexion and those
big green eyes. And that long, wavy hair!
I wonder where she comes from.
Marc: Youd better wake up. You dont
have a chance! Look at the classy guy
approaching their table!
Good-looking man: Bonjour les filles!
Victor: What did he say?
Marc: He said Hello girls. Hes French.
Victor: Oh no! Now I really dont have a
chance!
Work on it!
1. Discuss these questions with your classmates.
Why does Victor think he has no chance against the
French man?
Are stereotypes true?
Is it a good thing to apply labels to people?
Are stereotypes dangerous? Why?
I agree/ disagree with
I think that
I dont think
Do you believe/think that?
Maybe youre right, but
Phrase bank
Go for it!
Lisa has invited her Romanian friends to go
and visit her in the UK. She left a note for
them with useful advice. Read the note and
discuss what is different in our country.
What useful advice would you give to a
foreign visitor to Romania?
Write a note.
2. Draw a table in your notebooks with three columns and
sixteen lines.
Write the following headings for the three columns:
Country Adjective Noun (Person)
Poland Polish a Pole
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 11
Use capital letters for
nouns and adjectives
of nationality.
Remember
Listen to the song
An Englishman in New York
by Sting. Write down some
differences between British
and American lifestyles.
How does the Brit feel in
the States?
Take a moment
to relax!
Translate the names of the following countries into English and write them under
the first heading.
China, Danemarca, Anglia, Frana, Germania, Grecia, Norvegia, Pakistan, Polonia,
Romnia, Spania, Suedia, Olanda, Turcia.
Use a dictionary to find the nationality adjectives and nouns and write them in the
next two columns.
Add two countries of your choice and check if your deskmate knows the nationality
adjectives/nouns for them.
3. Did you know that there are differences between British and American English? Many
words are similar but some are not. Use a dictionary to find the missing words in the
table below. Can you translate them?
British English American English Translation
truck
= apartament
maize
fall
elevator
flat tire = pan de cauciuc
How many nationalities can you name?
Can you explain why stereotypes can be dangerous?
Is it a good thing to be aware of cultural differences?
Why?
Did you get it?
2. What do you think Monica will advise Angela to eat?
Listen to the second part of the dialogue and check your predictions.
PEOPLE
Mind Your Health!
2
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 12
Think about it!
What do you like to eat?
Is there healthy food and unhealthy food? Can you give
examples?
Is it true that unhealthy food tastes better?
Have you ever tried to lose weight? Did you go on a diet?
Catch on to it!
1. Angela and Monica are shopping for clothes. Angela is
trying on blouses, skirts, dresses but nothing looks nice on
her. She has put on some weight lately and shes not
pleased with her looks. Everything looks perfect on
Monica, shes in great shape and shes feeling excellent.
What do you think they are talking about?
Angela: How do you do this?
Monica: Do what?
Angela: Manage to be so slim? Are you on a diet?
Monica: No, but Ive changed my lifestyle, including my
eating habits.
Angela: Im on a diet. I starve all day, Im feeling depressed
and I lost a few kilos, but I stil look fat and ugly.
Monica: You should try changing your lifestyle too.
Angela: I dont have time to go jogging or to the gym, and
Ive already changed my eating habits. I eat only once a
day. Its not working! Cant you see?
Monica: Eating once a day is not the solution. Its what you
eat, not how much you eat that really matters. Ill help
you. If you listen to my advice, Im sure youll soon look
better and feel better. Ill share my secret with you.
Angela: But first lets find a place where we can sit and
talk quietly. Maybe drink some hot coffee with
sweetener instead of sugar.
Monica: How about some plain fruit tea without sugar or
sweetener?
eating habits
(un)refined oil / sugar
white flour
wholemeal flour
raw vegetables
salad
fry / boil / bake / roast
recipe
to put on / to lose weight
to be / go on a diet
Word bank
Work on it!
Make a similar table in your notebooks, but replace the examples in this table with
examples from the text. Can you write some more examples of your own?
Write the senteces in your notebooks using the verbs in
brackets in the correct form:
e.g. Monica (try) to help Angela.
Monica is trying to help Angela.
1. I (not think) its a good idea.
2. He (like) fish and chips?
3. We (be) very busy this week.
4. They (stay) with some friends for a while.
5. She cant come right now. She (have) a shower.
6. Watch out! The tree (fall)!
3. Fill the gaps in Angelas letter to Lisa. Write the words in
your notebook.
e.g. weight.
Dear Lisa,
Im making efforts to lose w__ __ __ __ __. Im on a special
diet. You would like it because you dont have to starve.
You can eat as much as you like, but dont eat white
f__ __ __ __, refined o__ __, meat and s__ __ __ __.
Im eating a lot of fruit, raw v__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __, and
I drink a lot of t__ __. I even got used to the t__ __ __ __ of
wholemeal bread. I sometimes go jogging in the evening.
The best thing about this d__ __ __ is that it makes you feel
even more energetic. For me it is working very well. I hope
next time we meet youll be surprised to see how s__ __ __
Ive become.
Write to me soon!
Love,
Angela
Go for it!
Your friend is a heavy smoker. The doctor is worried about
his health. Make a funny poster for your friend to put on
the wall. You could show him what bad things happen
to smokers (e.g. get wrinkles, black lungs etc) and suggest a
daily programme with interesting activities that you could
do together to help him quit smoking. (e.g. On Sunday we
go fishing, Saturday evening we go dancing etc)
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 13
1. verbs ending in -ch, -o,
-sh,- ss,- x get the ending es
teach teaches
go goes
wash washes
cross crosses
fix fixes
2. verbs ending in y:
play plays
say says
try tries
deny denies
Can you explain why?
Spelling tip!
Listen to Chris Rheas song,
Gone Fishing and choose
the best answer to the
questions:
1. Why is he going fishing?
a. His hobby is fishing.
b. Theres nothing else he
can do in the
circumstances.
2. How is he feeling?
a. Sad and misunderstood.
b. Happy to take up a hobby.
3. Why does he want to be
alone?
a. He has work to do.
b. He needs to get away.
Take a moment
to relax!
PRESENT SIMPLE
Subject + verb (+ s/es)
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Subject + am / is / are + verb+ing
+
I /you/we/they
work.
He/she/it works

I /you/we/they
dont work.
He/she/it doesnt
work.
+
I am working
You/we/they are
working.
He/she/it is
working.

I am not working.
You/we/they are
not/ arent working.
He/she/it is
not/isnt working.
?
Do I /you/we/they work?
Does he/she/it work?
?
Am I working?
Are you/we/they working?
Is he/she/it working?
PEOPLE
Are You Coming to the Party?
3
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 14
Think about it!
Talk to your deskmate about a party you wont ever forget.
Do you like surprises? When was the last time you made / got a surprise?
Catch on to it!
Pauls birthday is in two weeks time. His friends are planning a surprise party
for him. What present(s) do you think they will buy for Paul? Where do you
think they will celebrate Pauls birthday?
Listen to the dialogue to find out!
Victor: Ill steal his keys and well all wait
for him at his place. Well turn off the
lights and when he walks into the room,
well start singing happy birthday.
Daniel: Thats silly. You cant steal his
keys! If you do, he wont go home, hell
go looking for his keys. And even if he
does go home hell get a heart attack
when he finds the door open and five
people inside in the dark.
Monica: Daniels right. Its not a good
idea. Im going to book a table for six at
a restaurant.
Marc: And how are you going to get him
there?
Monica: I dont know, but Ill think up
something. Dont worry, Im going to
take care of that. Wed better talk about
the presents now.
Angela: I think we should all buy him one
big present.
Daniel: But I already have something for
him. I bought two pocket dictionaries
last week and Im giving one to him on
his birthday.
Victor: Why do you always have to do
that?
Daniel: Do what?
Victor: Do things on your own, without
talking to us first.
Marc: Are we here to plan a party or to
argue? If you two start arguing, Im
leaving. Ive got better things to do.
Angela: In fact Daniels idea was great.
Now we dont have to waste time
deciding what to get him. Well buy a
big dictionary for him, so he can keep
one at home and take the other one to
school.
Monica: And well wrap the two together
and give him one big present.
Marc: So thats settled! Im going to the
club now to have some fun. Its Saturday
evening after all! Are you joining me or
not?
Victor: You bet we are!
Angela: Shall I phone Paul to ask if he
wants to come?
Marc: I bet hes got a book to finish.
Monica: How can you be so mean?
Marc: Here we go again! Im not going into
a fight. Im off! Girls, Ill buy you two a
beer if you get him to the club. Ha, ha!
Monica: Gin tonic for me, please!
Thank you.
Study the Word bank and answer the questions below.
Which of these two meanings of the word fight does
Marc use when he says Im not going into a fight?
Which meaning of the adjective mean does Monica
use when she accuses Marc of being mean?
Work on it!
Underline verbs in the text which express future actions.
Use the table nr. 1 in Appendix A3 for guidance.
What other ways of expressing future have you found in
the text?
Match the examples on the left to the explanations on the
right. e.g. 1 b
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 15
fight (noun)
1. a situation in which two
people or groups hit each
other
2. an argument
mean (adjective)
1. not kind
2. not willing to spend
money
Word bank
1. Im sure everything will go well.
2. I think Ill take a taxi. Im too tired to walk home.
3. The sky is overcast. Its going to rain soon.
4. Im going to work hard this semester.
5. I have to be back in August. School starts in September.
6. He has to go to bed early. His train leaves at 6 a.m.
tomorrow.
7. I dont need a hotel reservation for next week. Im
staying with some friends at their place.
8. Marc is taking Angela to a nice restaurant tonight.
Hes booked a table for two.
a. Ive just decided.
b. Im sure.
c. I can tell because I can
see the clouds.
d. Its my intention.
e. Its an official
programme / schedule.
f. Its already arranged.
Go for it!
Work in groups to plan a surprise party for a friend. Decide
together on the time, place, number of guests, etc. Make a
list of things you need to buy for the party. Give each
group member different responsibilities. Use the questions
below for guidance. What else comes to your mind?
Whos in charge with the music?
Whos going to buy drinks?
Whos going to make sandwiches?
Who will buy the present(s)?
Write a note to remind yourself what you have to do.
Look at the note Monica wrote herself as a reminder.
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
Listen to the song entitled
Tonight, and count how
many times you hear the
word will.
Take a moment
to relax!
PEOPLE
Check Your Progress
I
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 16
I. Fill the table with the name of the country and the nationality adjective.
Buon giorno!
They come from I__ __ __ __
They are __ __ __ __ __ __ __
Bonjour!
F__ __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __ __ __
Guten tag!
G__ __ __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __ __ __
Buenas dias!
S__ __ __ __
__ __ __ __ __ __ __
Bun ziua!
R__ __ __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
II. Fill the gaps in the following sentences with nationality adjectives and nouns.
1. I like ________________ music, toreros and bull-fights, which they call corridas.
2. Theres a new ________________ restaurant in the city. I wonder if there are any
Romanian restaurants in China.
3. Tom Cruise is a famous ________________ actor.
4. If you go to Japan always take off your shoes when you go into peoples houses.
The ________________ think its rude to keep your shoes on in the house.
5. Goulash is originally a ________________ dish.
6. Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky were two great ________________ novelists.
III. Find the missing words in the table below. Use a dictionary to check your answers.
British English American English Translation
pavement
petrol
= metrou
garbage
IV. Read the text below with a dictionary and decide whether the author is British or
American. Find three words or phrases that caused confusion to him and write them in a
table similar to the one on the left.
My vacation was full of incidents. The lift didnt work. I asked for a room on the first floor
and they gave me a room on the ground floor. I told the taxi driver to take me into town.
Downtown or uptown?he asked as if he didnt understand. I told the receptionist that the
taps broken and she said Whats that? A tap is a tap I said.
I met a nice girl and she told me to meet her in the park at a quarter of seven. When I got
there, flowers in hand, she was red with anger. She said I was half an hour late. I dont
understand. It was exactly a quarter past. Not one minute later!
V. Change the sentences according to the model.
e. g. Angela: I like chocolate icecream. Angela likes chocolate icecream.
1. Lisa: I live in Liverpool. _____________________________________________________
2. Marc: I go to the gym by bike. ________________________________________________
3. Paul: I say Monica is right.___________________________________________________
4. Daniel: I do the shopping. ___________________________________________________
5. Angela: I try to keep fit. _____________________________________________________
6. Monica: I wash the vegetables well because I eat them raw.
___________________________________________________________________________
VI. Choose the best option.
e.g. 1. Ill buy
1. I think Ill buy / Im buying him a CD.
2. My bus leaves / is going to leave early in the morning.
3. He is going to tell / tells her the truth no matter what you say.
4. If you listen to my advice, everything will be / is just fine.
5. Im doing / I do the shopping this week, and my brother is doing / do it next
week. Usually its mom who does / is doing the shopping but weve decided to
help her from now on.
6. This salad tastes / is tasting delicious. Ill ask / I ask the waitress to bring me
some more.
VII. Answer the questions and then rate your progress.
1. Can you name various nationalities? How many come to your mind in two minutes?
2. Can you distinguish between British and American English? Can you give three
examples?
3. On a scale from 1 to 3 (1=can do better, 2=good, 3=excellent), where is your English
now? Are you pleased or do you need improvement? Can you make a plan for your
future learning?
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 17
SOCIETY
Unit II
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 18
In this unit you will...
talk about famous people
state opinions about the mass media
learn about the way things were in the past
listen to some more music
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 19
SOCIETY
Fame and Fortune
1
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 20
Think about it!
Listen to Elton Johns song and answer the questions:
1. Who was Norma Jean?
2. Why does he compare her to a candle in the wind?
3. What does he mean by: your candle burned out long
before your legend ever did?
Catch on to it!
1. Read the lyrics of the 1997 version of the song and answer
the questions.
Is the song dedicated to the same person?
Who was Englands Rose?
Why did he choose the same title for two songs
dedicated to two different persons? What is similar
about them?
What differences are there between them?
Candle in the Wind (1997)
Goodbye Englands rose
May you ever grow in our hearts
You were the grace that placed itself
Where lives were torn apart
You called out to our country
And you whispered to those in pain
Now you belong to heaven
And the stars spell out your name
And it seems to me you lived your life
Like a candle in the wind
Never fading with the sunset
When the rain set in
And your footsteps will always fall here
Along Englands greenest hills
Your candles burned out long before
Your legend ever will
Loveliness weve lost
These empty days without your smile
This torch well always carry
For our nations golden child
And even though we try
The truth brings us to tears
All our words cannot express
The joy you brought us through the years
And it seems to me []
Goodbye Englands rose
May you ever grow in our hearts
You were the grace that placed itself
Where lives were torn apart
Goodbye Englands rose
From a country lost without your soul
Wholl miss the wings of your compassion
More than youll ever know
And it seems to me []
2. Discuss:
How do people get to be famous?
Can you name people who are (were) famous and yet seem(ed) to be
unhappy?
Can you name three advantages and three disadvantages of being famous?
Would you like to be famous? Can you explain why?
Can you describe a famous person using at least five adjectives?
(e.g. beautiful, intelligent, talented, friendly, well-known, fantastic, rich,
wealthy, lucky, etc.)
Work on it!
1. Study the table below to find the right adjective order to describe the
people,objects, places, events, then arrange the words under af.
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 21
number opinion size/condition/age shape colour material compound noun
two beautiful large square red brick terraced houses
a nice little brown wooden weekend cottage
three pretty plump little girls
a funny big round-shaped red face
a pair of worn-out shapeless blue leather training shoes
a. furry, guard, big, three, dogs
b. useless, long, a, training, session
c. diamond, antique, valuable, a, ring
d. a, phone, mobile, fantastic, new
e. singer, beautiful, a, world-famous, opera, South-
American
f. rocky, magnificent, mountains
2. Use a dictionary to find adjectives for the following nouns:
wind, party, film, clothes, city
3. Use words like very, really, extremely to make the
adjectives stronger.
(e.g. an extremely boring party, very strong wind)
Go for it!
1. Describe something / someone in your classroom without
naming the object/person. You score a point if other
students or the teacher can guess what / who you are
describing.
2. Write one page about somebody you admire. If you can
find pictures, stick them next to your text.
Find interesting pieces of information about his/her life.
Describe what the person looks like.
Decide what adjectives best describe what he/she is
like.
Explain why you think he/she deserves to be admired
In groups, read out the descriptions and decide whose
composition will be read out to the whole class.
What did you like in this
lesson?
What adjectives would you
use to describe yourself?
Who is the famous person
that you would like to
resemble?
Did you get it?
Describe the pictures.
SOCIETY
Whats on the News?
2
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 22
Think about it!
Imagine a TV programme that you would like to watch
every day. Tell your group what you
would like to watch in the morning, in the afternoon and
in the evening. Can you agree on a programme that you
would all like to watch?
TV channel
commercial
news (bulletin)
talk show
soap opera
feature film
sports
Word bank
Catch on to it!
1. Paul and Angela are watching TV. What do you think
Angela likes to watch? What about Paul?
Listen to the conversation to check your predictions.
2. Discuss the following questions with your classmates.
1. Why do Paul and Angela disagree?
2. Do you talk about politics?
3. Which of these words do you know?
republic, regime, democracy, dictatorship, monarchy,
totalitarian country/state, government
4. Can you find their their dictionary definitions? Write
them in your notebooks!
3. Work in groups. Look at the TV programme below. Which
programme would be interesting to watch?
Work on it!
1. Match the words with the definitions. Work in pairs and use your dictionary to check
your answers! (e.g. 1 f)
2. Work in your notebook. Use the words below to complete the gaps in the following
sentences: article, channels, correspondent, edition, episode, programmes, radio station,
reporters, talk show (e. g. 1 channels)
1. A lot of people switch __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ during the commercials.
2. I heard the news on the local __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __.
3. A lot of people complain about the boring television __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __.
4. Theres a new __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ on Rural TV.
5. The final __ __ __ __ __ __ __ of the series will be broadcast next week.
6. The story appeared in the Sunday __ __ __ __ __ __ __ of the newspaper.
7. I read an interesting __ __ __ __ __ __ __ about smoking yesterday. It was so
convincing that Im seriously considering quitting smoking now.
8. Some people have a pretty low opinion of __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __, especially those
who investigate the lives of famous people.
9. I think working as a foreign __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __is a dangerous job,
especially if you are sent to countries which are at war.
Go for it!
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 23
Organize your report into three main parts:
1. Introduction
2. General findings
3. Conclusions (+ recommendations)
Begin by summarising the purpose of writing the report
The aim of this report is to.
Explain how the information was gathered
The data was collected from.
Group the information logically. Try to keep the report factual
The majority said that / On the whole / According to
Compare options, assess problems, solutions.
Give reasons for any suggestions ( is due to).
Summarise the points so far.
Optional: Make a recommendation / refer to future action.
1. the media a. to send out radio or television programmes
2. commercial
b. a short film or message encouraging people to buy a particular
product or service, which is broadcast on television or radio
3. journalist
c. a short news programme on radio or television, reporting only the
most important information
4. to broadcast
d. an article in a newspaper or magazine that gives an opinion about a
new book, play, film etc.
5. news bulletin
e. someone who writes news reports for newspapers, magazines,
television, or radio
6. review
f. all the organizations, such as television, radio, and newspapers, that pro-
vide news and information for the public, or the people who do this work
7. the press g. newspapers and news magazines, or the people who work for them
Add a page to your portfolio.
Imagine a TV channel has
hired you to find out what
peoples preferences are. Ask
about their favourite
programmes and write a
report on the findings.
Interview your classmates and
other people you know.
Try to organize your report as
suggested here.
SOCIETY
The Way It Used to Be
3
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 24
Think about it!
1. Can you name countries that are ruled by kings / queens?
2. Would you like to live in a country ruled by a monarch?
that England used to be a republic?
In 1629 Charles I dismissed the parliament because he wanted the
monarchy to have more power and he ruled without it. In 1642 a war broke
out between the supporters of the king (the Royalists) and the supporters of
parliament led by Oliver Cromwell (The Roundheads). The Roundheads
won, and in 1649 the king was beheaded and the monarchy abolished. England was a republic for eleven years,
governed by a Lord Protector. In 1660 Charless son, Charles II was made king and the age of Restoration began.
Did you know?
Catch on to it!
Victor and his new friend from the UK are chatting over a beer.
Listen to the dialogue and answer the questions below.
Tom: Last month my granddad and
grandmom celebrated their 70
th
wedding aniversary. Can you
imagine?
Victor: Thats hard to believe. 70 years
is a lifetime. How old are they?
Tom: Hes 90 and shes 88. We were all
having dinner when granddad started
talking about the year they got
married. Its funny, he cant remember
what he did last week but he can
clearly remember what he did 1936.
Victor: What did he tell you about
that year, except that he married
your grandmom?
Tom: It was the year when George V
died. The funny thing is that his son
whose name was Edward, like my
granddads, was in love with an
American woman who had been
married and divorced twice before.
Victor: Whats funny about that?
Tom: Its that he had to choose between
his love and the throne because his
family and the government
disapproved of their relationship.
Victor: Which did he choose?
Tom: What do you think?
Victor: I dont know. The world is full
of beautiful women.
Tom: He gave up the throne. He said he
couldnt rule without her by his side.
Victor: So who got to be king?
Tom: His brother, George VI.
Victor: Wasnt he Queen Elisabeths
father?
Tom: Thats right. And he proved to
be a great king too!
Choose the best answer to the following questions.
1. What is funny about Toms grandfather?
a. His name is Edward, like George Vs heirs.
b. He cant remember recent events but hes got vivid memories of his youth.
Go for it!
Talk to your history teacher about British monarchs to find
some interesting / funny / unusual historical facts.
Using the model in the Did you know? box, add a page to
your portfolio about a British king / queen / prince /
princess.
You could write about:
Queen Victoria and her 20-year retirement after her
husbands death
Princess Dianas tragic death
Henry VIII and his many wives
2. What happened in 1936?
a. Edward VIII was dethroned.
b. Edward VIII abdicated.
3. Who succeeded to the throne?
a. Queen Elisabeth
b. George VI
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 25
Monarchy King Queen
Coronation Republic
State President Election
Government Parliament
Prime minister
Political parties
to abdicate = to give up
being king
Word bank
Work on it!
1. Match the sentences to the illustrations. (e.g. a3.)
a. They were having dinner when a stranger knocked on
the door.
b. I was working in the garden while he was watching TV.
c. She was cooking when a ball broke the kitchen window.
d. He was having a nap when the phone rang.
e. When he got home, the children were cutting up his
collection of newspapers.
2. Write the following sentences in your notebooks, using the past tense forms of the verbs
in brackets to complete the gaps. Use table nr. 2 in Appendix A3 for guidance and the list
of irregular verbs (Appendix A4) to check your answers.
They (go) _____________ to Spain last year.
He (buy)_____________ her an expensive engagement ring.
We (catch)_____________ a late train and we (get)_____________there early in the morning.
She (leave) _____________ her car keys in the house so she (take)_____________ the bus.
I (be) _____________so tired that I (sleep)_____________ like a log.
My uncle (teach) ____________ me how to swim at the age of six. He (make) _____________
me practise the movements on the shore, and then he (throw)_____________ me into the
water. Later I (find out)_____________ that he (not know)_____________ how to swim.
You (eat)_____________ too many sandwiches, thats why you (be)_____________sick.
3. Retell the story of Edward VIII using the information you can find in the dialogue
between Tom and Victor. Use the following words and phrases:
twice-divorced, before the coronation, to abdicate, to be coronated, strong monarch
3.
4.
5.
1.
2.
SOCIETY
Check Your Progress
II
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 26
I. Match the words with the dictionary definitions.
republic, regime, democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, totalitarian country/state,
government (two meanings)
e.g. 0. the group of people who govern a country = government
1. a political system in which everyone can vote to choose the government, or a
country that has this system
2. a country that has an elected government, and does not have a king or queen
3. a country that has a king or queen as the head of state, and which may or may not
also have an elected government
4. a government, especially one that was not elected fairly or that you disapprove of
5. a political system in which a dictator (=a leader who has complete power and who
has not been elected) controls a country, or a country that has this system
6. a country in which the government has complete control over everything
7. the process of governing a country
II. Unscramble the words in the following sentences.
1. he expensive bought her an jacket leather
2. concert a fantastic rock to we went
3. she actress a beautiful very is talented and
4. live nice brick in they a house little the by lake
5. funny a very worn-out she has hat
6. wear dont skirt woolen blue that shapeless!
III. Use the words below to fill the gaps in the following text.
advertised, film, commercials, programmes, reporters, public, survey, private
People complain that television ______________________ are too often interrupted by
commercials. Studies have shown that although most people say that they stop paying
attention when ______________________ start, they will tend to buy the products
______________________ on TV. Another interesting conclusion of the
______________________ conducted on a sample of 1000 people is that, in spite of the fact
that people think ______________________ should not be allowed to investigate the private
lives of ______________________ personalities, they tend to pay more attention to details
concerning the ______________________ lives of famous people. For instance, 60% of the
ones interviewed knew who Tom Cruises new wife is, but did not know the title of the
last ______________________ in which the actor played.
IV. Circle the best alternative
e.g. They danced / were dancing and sang /
singing when the neighbours started / were
starting to knock on the door.
1. He worked / was working in a factory
for a year, and then he got / was
getting a new job.
2. I slept / was sleeping when she came
/ was coming home so I didnt hear /
wasnt hearing her come in.
3. We went / were going to Bucharest by
train. We arrived / were arrived early
in the morning.
We took / were taking the bus to the
hotel.
4. He bought / was buying her a
beautiful bunch of flowers on her
birthday.
5. Carmen came / was coming early to the party because she didnt know / wasnt
knowing it was planned to start at eight.
6. I had / was having breakfast when the boss phoned / was phoning and told / was
telling me to go to the office right away.
7. Im happy we went / were going to the seaside together. We had / were having a
lovely holiday.
8. I didnt like / wasnt liking the icecream they served / were serving for dessert.
V. Use the past tense forms of the verbs in brackets to find out how a little boy who seemed
to have no future became a great musician. Write the verbs in your notebook.
He (be) a disobedient child. His parents (have) a hard time trying to make him go to
school. He (not like) it, so he (not learn) anything.
One day he (find) his fathers old guitar in the attic. He (ask) his father to teach him
how to play the guitar. The parents (discover) that the boy had a special talent for
music, so they (send) him to a music school. When he (be) 12, he (give) his first
concert. Later he (start) composing songs.
Thats how he (become) a successful musician. He will always remember the day when
he (go) up into the attic to hide from his parents who (keep) telling him that he
(have) to go to school.
VI. Write a story
Think about your childhood. What is your earliest memory?
How old were you when it happened? Who else was there? Where did it happen?
What happened? Try to remember as many details as you can.
Why didnt you forget the incident / event? What made it special?
Answer all these questions in three short paragraphs.
VII. Rate your progress
Make a list of what you can now do and say how well you can do them.
You might use the 1 3 scale (1 = can do better, 2 = good, 3 = excellent)
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 27
JOBS
Unit III
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 28
In this unit you will...
talk about various jobs and maybe find the job that suits you best
learn how to apply for a job
practise how to show your best at a job interview
give reasons, express opinions
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 29
JOBS
The Right Person
for the Job
1
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 30
Think about it!
Do you think some jobs are suitable for men, while others
are for women?
What job would you like to have? Why?
What qualities are needed for the job that you chose?
Catch on to it!
Look at the following job advertisement and and decide
with your deskmate what kind of person would be suitable
for the job.
guide = someone whose job
is to take tourists to a place
and show them around
host = someone who
provides the place and
everything that is needed
for an organised event
retainer = an amount of
money paid to someone so
that they will continue to
work for you in the future
hourly rate = the amount
someone is paid per hour
expenses = money that you
spend on things such as
travel and food while you
are doing your job and
which your employer then
pays to you
Word bank
Look at the CV and application letter sent by Ionica Pop. (in Appendices A1 and A2)
Do you think he qualifies for the job? Why?
Ionic Pop was selected for a job interview. Listen to the interview to decide if you would
give him the job or not.
Employer: Good morning, Mr. Pop,
have a seat.
Candidate: Good morning, Mr Evans.
Thank you.
Employer: Tell me, Mr. Pop, what
made you apply for this position?
Candidate: Well, I have lived in this
village all my life, I know what a
foreign tourist would like to see.
Employer: I see. Imagine Im the tourist.
Where would you take me first?
Candidate: First I would take you to
my grandparents house to taste our
uica, some traditional food and
some home-made wine from my
grandpas vineyard.
Employer: Whats uica?
Candidate: Its like whisky but its
made from fruit. The best ones
made from plums.
Employer: Do you make that too or do
you buy it?
Candidate: Everything is home-made.
My grandmom even bakes bread. Its
the best Ive ever tasted.
Employer: Where would you take me
next? That is, if we didnt get drunk
and spend the rest of the day
drinking.
Candidate: Dont worry, the food is so
delicious, youd eat so much that
you wouldnt feel any effects from a
small glass to start with and a glass
of pure wine after the main course.
Part-time hosts/guides
FUN HOLIDAYS INTERNATIONAL
organise personalised tours for small groups.
We are looking for persons who can act as local
hosts and guides to accompany our clients during
their stay in your city/village. We have vacancies for
hosts who can only work weekends or evenings, as
well as weekdays. We offer generous hourly rates, a
monthly retainer and we cover all expenses. Send
your application to the address below.
Over lunch I would ask you some
questions to find out what you were
most interested in.
Employer: What sorts of things?
Candidate: If you were a nature-lover, I
would take you hiking in the mountains.
If you liked fishing, I would take you to
the river to fish for trout. If you liked
horse-riding, I could talk to my father
and wed go for a horse-ride.
Employer: Im afraid Im not that kind of
tourist. Ive spent my life reading books.
I dont really like nature and insects,
and I wouldnt kill an animal, not even
if it was a fish.
Candidate: No problem. Theres the old
monastery, not far from the village. We
could get there by car in twenty minutes.
And theres a lot to see: old books,
paintings and even an old loom that the
nuns are still using. You can watch them
weave beautiful linen and wool fabrics.
Employer: Why are they doing that?
Candidate: They sell them to give money
to the poor.
Employer: So, I would definitely not be
bored then. One last question, Mr. Pop.
Candidate: Yes, sir?
Employer: Where did you learn English?
Candidate: I went to Second Chance
courses.
Employer: Im impressed. Well contact
you.
Candidate: Thank you. Good-bye,
Mr. Evans.
Employer: Good-bye, Mr. Pop
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 31
How long has Ionic Pop lived in the village? Where did he learn English?
PRESENT PERFECT
indefinite past
(connected to the
present)
PAST SIMPLE
definite past
(not connected to
the present)
______ He is alive.
______ I know what
its about.
______ They are still
married.
______ Do you know
what it tastes
like?
_____ He is dead
_____ I remember
when I saw it.
_____ They are no
longer
married.
_____ Did you like
the taste of
the icecream?
Work on it!
1. Work in pairs. Read the following sentences
and compare them:
a. Ionic Pop has lived in this village all
his life.
b. His great grandfather lived in this
village all his life.
a. Have you ever eaten watermelon
icecream?
b. Did you eat the watermelon icecream
they served for dessert?
a. Ive seen Out of Africa.
b. I saw Out of Africa three years ago.
a. Theyve been married for three years.
b. They were married for three years,
and then they got divorced.
Add explanations from the table below to
the sentences on the left and write the sen-
tences under the right heading.
2. Study tables 2 and 3 in Appendix A3 and write true sentences about yourself.
Go for it!
1. Apply for the job advertised on the previous page or find a job in a newspaper / on the
internet and apply for it. Write a CV and a letter of application. Keep them in your
portfolio, maybe youll have to use them soon.
2. Make a list of ten questions that you might be asked if you get selected for an interview.
Rehearse for the interview with a friend. Take turns in playing the interviewer and the
interviewee.
JOBS
Working Mothers
2
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 32
Think about it!
What is more important for you: a job in which you can make a career or a family?
Do you think its a mans obligation to work and a womans obligation to mind
the house and the children?
Catch on to it!
Angela, Daniel, Marc, Paul and Victor are sitting on a terrace with drinks in front of
them, waiting for Monica, who is late. Try to predict why Monica is late.
Marc: Oh, lets order something to eat.
Im hungry. I dont think shes
coming. Its half past.
Angela: Shell be here all right. I
know her. She keeps her promises.
Something must have come up.
Victor: There she comes! Finally, we
can eat!
Monica: Hello!
Marc: Youre late!
Monica: I know.
Daniel: Oh, let her be! Cant you see
shes in a bad mood? Whats the
matter, Monica? You look concerned.
Monica: I am. My sisters getting a
divorce.
Angela: Oh, no! Theyve been married
at least ten years. And those nice
children!
Paul: If the parents dont love each oth-
er any more, its better for the children
not to see them hating each other.
Monica: Its not a question of love or
hatred. Theyve been arguing ever
since Daniela went back to work.
Victor: Why did she do that? How
much money does her husband
make?
Monica: He earns enough money for
the whole family.
Victor: See? She doesnt need to work.
I can understand why he got angry.
Its the mans job to make money
and the womans job to mind the
children and take care of the
house.
Daniel: If he can afford to keep her
home, he can afford a housekeeper
or a baby-sitter, or both.
Marc: How many women does a man
need in the house? Children need
their mother at this age. I think men
only need housekeepers if they are
single. My mother wouldnt have
another woman mess around her
house.
Listen to the second part of the conversation, and then work in groups to decide
who you think is right and who is wrong.
Work on it!
1. Find the nouns in the dialogue above and group them according to the table on page .
Can you add three more examples of your own?
2. Which of the underlined nouns are
countable and which are not?
Write [C] or [U] next to them.
a. He really likes his new job.
b. Did you do your homework?
c. I have a lot of work to do.
d. Do you like beer?
e. She didnt have time to finish the test.
f. Theres a policeman at the door.
g. His new car is expensive.
h. Whos your favourite football player?
i. Wheres my money?
j. They had a happy life together.
3. Practise asking and answering questions about ten nouns at your choice.
Look at the table no 4 in Appendix A3 for guidance. Examples:
Student A: How many women does a man need?
Student B: I think a man needs one woman.
Student B: How much money do you need for the trip?
Student A: I dont need too much money because Im staying with some friends.
Student A: How many players are there in a football team?
Student B:
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 33
Go for it!
Jane Barry, an American reporter, wants to find out what people in our country think
about working mothers. She came to your school and asked you to help her because shes
got a lot of work to do in very little time.
These are my questions:
Do you think children should stay
with their mothers or go to nurseries?
When is the right time for a mother to
go back to work?
Do you think it is good for a father to
be on paternity leave if the wife has
a well-paid job and she wants to go to
work?
Ask as many people as you can, then
answer the questions yourself. Add some
questions if you like!
Thanks for your help,
Jane Barry
Interview some people in your class, take some notes, then try to summarise peoples
opinions. Then, answer the questions yourself.
Countable nouns
can be both singular
and plural
when the noun is
singular, the
following verb is also
singular, when the
noun is plural, the
verb is also plural
Uncountable
nouns
have only one
form
the verb that
follows an
uncountable
noun is always
singular
Some nouns can have both countable and
uncountable meaning. They are usually
names of animals, food, drink.
JOBS
Are They Underpaid?
3
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 34
Think about it!
Do you know many people who are paid less than they
deserve? What are their jobs?
Do you know people who get more money than they
deserve? What do they do?
Catch on to it!
How many different ways of
making money can you
name? Listen to ABBAs
song Money, money,
money. What solution does
she have for getting rich? Do
you think it is a good idea?
Why?/Why not?
Tune in!
Listen to the conversation and discuss the questions that follow.
Monica: Have you read the article in
the newspaper today?
Paul: Which one?
Monica: The one about the teachers
threatening to go on strike.
Paul: Yes, I have. I dont understand.
If they are not pleased with their
salaries why dont they give up
teaching for better-paid jobs? If they
go on strike, all the children will be
in the streets.
Monica: Has it occurred to you that
they might like their jobs? Maybe
they dont want other jobs, they just
want decent salaries.
Paul: I would not go on strike if I were a
teacher. I would either look for a new
job or accept the fact that teachers are
underpaid everywhere in the world.
Monica: What job would you look for?
Paul: A job in a big company. They
make you work hard but they also pay
you well. Wouldnt you do the same?
Monica: Id rather work for myself.
Paul: What do you mean?
Monica: I mean Id like to be self-
employed. Start a business. On my
own! Thats what Id do!
Paul: I still think working for a large
company, say a multinational one is
better. You learn many things
working with experienced people.
Monica: I think its better if you
learn by yourself. You can gain
experience and self-confidence if you
have the courage to take the risk.
Paul: Risk is the key-word here. You
have to borrow money to start and
then you risk losing everything
because youre inexperienced. And
believe me: nobody will help you if
youre in trouble.
Monica: What are friends for, then?
Paul: Come on, honestly which one of
your friends has that kind of money?
Its not about selfishness. Think!
Who could pay out your debts?
Monica: Youre too pessimistic. But
here comes Victor! Lets ask him!
Why do Monica and Paul disagree? Who is right? What would you choose?
What do you think Victor would choose?
Listen to the second part of the conversation to find out.
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 35
to work for the money
to inherit money
to steal money
to marry a rich person
to gamble
to win the lottery
Phrase bank
Work on it!
Study the table number 5 in Appendix A3, and then underline some examples of
conditionals in the dialogue on the left.
Match the sentences to the illustrations (write the number of the sentence in the
blank corner of the illustration), then group them under the right column:
1
st
Conditional or 2
nd
Conditional.
1. If I marry a rich man, I will not work. 2. I will tell you a secret if you promise
not to tell anyone. 3. I will tell Dianne the news if I see her. 4. He would marry
her today if she said yes. 5. If they had more money, they would move into a
bigger house.
In your notebook, write true sentences about yourself:
If I learn to speak English well,
If I have time today,
If I had a lot of money,
If I could change one thing about my life,
I would be happier if
I will help my friend if
If I get a good job,
Go for it!
Discuss in groups:
If you were to choose between a well-paid job that you do
not like and an underpaid job that you like, which one
would you choose?
Ask your classmates questions starting like this: What will
you do if? What would you do if?
The form of the 2
nd
Conditional is past but the
meaning is not.
Compare:
They won the lottery and
now they have a big house.
If they won the lottery, they
would buy a big house.
Remember
JOBS
Check Your Progress
III
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 36
I. Match the words with the definitions
e.g. 1 e
1. application
2. CV (British English) /
rsum (American
English)
3. covering letter (British
English) / cover letter
(American English)
4. job description
5. reference
a. a list describing your education, previous jobs etc.
b. a letter saying that someone is suitable for a job or
the name of of someone who will write this letter
c. an official list or the work and resonsibilities that
you have in your job
d. a letter that you send with a document, which gives
more information about it
e. a formal request, usually in writing, for something
such as a job, a university place, or permission to do
something
II. Fill the gaps in the following text about jobs
Use one word in each gap. Write the words in your notebook.
e. g. 0 apply
Jobs are advertised in newspapers, magazines etc in job ads. When you 0 for a job,
you usually fill out an 1 form. You may have to send your 2, with a covering
3 You will need to give a 4 If you are suitable, you are invited to an 5 If you
are chosen, you will be offered the 6
III. What are their jobs? Fill the blanks with the missing letters.
This person writes music for a living. S/he is a c__ __ __ __ __ __ __.
This person serves food and drink in a restaurant. He is a w__ __ __ __ __.
This person drives a car, truck, bus etc. S/he is a d__ __ __ __ __.
This person serves customers in a shop. S/he is a s__ __ __ a__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __.
This person performs in a play or film. She is an a__ __ __ __ __ __. He is an a__ __ __ __.
IV. Use the present perfect form of the verbs in brackets. Write the sentences in your notebook.
e.g. 1. I have never been to Italy. I hope to go there some day.
1. I _______________ never _______________ (be) to Italy. I hope to go there some day
2. There are so many exciting things that I _______________(not do) yet. I would like to
try them all.
3. _______________ you ever _______________ (eat) avocado?
4. He _______________always _______________(be) my best friend.
5. She _______________ (lose) her keys. She cant find them anywhere.
6. _______________ you _______________ (read) the article about unempoyment in the
newspaper today?
7. We _______________ (not see) each other for five years.
V. Circle the most suitable verb form.
Ive had / had this job for five years and I still like it.
When Ive got / got the job I didnt think / havent thought I would like it so much.
I didnt want / havent wanted to apply at first, but my best friend said / has said that it
was / has been the right job for me. So I decided / have decided to give it a try. It was /
has been the right decision. I learned / have learned so many new things, I made / have
made so many new friends, I was / have been so happy ever since I got / have got this job.
VI. Choose the best option. Circle the letter of your choice.
1. I have a) a lot of b) few c) many work to do today.
2. She had a) many b) a little c) any jobs in the past but she didnt like a. every b. any
c. a little
3. Do you have a) many b) any c) few money?
4. He is a) an b) a c) plumber.
5. a) Many b) Much c) Any workers went on strike.
6. We didnt have a) much b) many c) a few time so we didnt visit our friends.
7. There were a) a lot of b) much c) a little foreign tourists in the mountains.
8. How a) many b) much c) few people were there at the interview?
VII. Translate the sentences into English.
e.g. 1. If I have time today, Ill clean the kitchen.
1. Dac am timp azi, voi face curenie n buctrie.
2. Ce vei face dac plou?
3. Dac nv s vorbesc engleza, voi gsi o slujb bun.
4. Prietenul nostru va fi fericit dac l invii la petrecere.
5. Dac o vd pe Maria, i voi da cartea.
VIII. Apply for a job
Read the two job advertisements and apply for one of them. Write a CV and a covering
letter. Mention details that are relevant to the job that you are applying for.
No Experience Needed! Professional training provided! Our gigantic commissions & unit
bonuses give you LOTS of opportunities to make LOTS of MONEY! We are currently
seeking applicants to fill immediate full time sales positions. Auto sales is one of the
highest paid professions available without a formal education.
Do you love pets? Like to be active and outdoors? Want a flexible work schedule?
Pet Care is a pet care service seeking friendly, reliable and professional individuals to
walk dogs, play and care for cats and other small pets in their homes during the day or
overnight while their owners are away. Were also looking for sitters to board pets or
provide day care services in their own homes as well!
Currently we have part-time positions available. We offer competitive pay, as well as
exciting contests and promotions. [http://jobsearch.monster.com]
IX. Rate your progress
What is your score at the Progress Check?
What are your strengths and weaknesses? Tick in the box below.
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 37
I need more work good excellent
vocabulary
grammar
communication
CULTURE & TECHNOLOGY
Unit IV
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 38
In this unit you will...
express your opinions about what is beautiful and what is useful
watch a film and talk about it
listen to music, again?
demonstrate your artistic skills!
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 39
CULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
Whats the Point?
1
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 40
Think about it!
Why do people watch movies, go to the theatre / opera, read books, listen to music?
Can you paint / sing / dance? Would you like to act in a film / play?
Catch on to it!
Listen to the conversation, then discuss the questions below.
Marc: Why do people waste time
painting? If they like the scenery
why dont they just take pictures?
Monica: You dont get it, Marc.
Painting is art.
Marc: So is photography.
Monica: But painting is not about
recording an image on paper. It
creates a new world, because in the
end you dont see a copy of the
place. Its not what the place looks
like that you see.
Marc: Now I get it! In the end you see
what the place doesnt look like!
Monica: Now youre being stupid.
You see the painters perception of
the place, you see what it made him
feel like.
Marc: What if it made him feel like
listening to some music? Will there
be musical notes hanging from the
trees?
Monica: Why not?
Marc: Because theres no such thing
as musical notes hanging from trees.
Thats absurd!
Monica: Art is never absurd. Although
there is Theatre of the Absurd!
Marc: Now youre talking nonsense.
Monica: Look! Ive got two theatre
tickets for tomorrow evening.
Theyve put on a play by Eugen
Ionescu. Come with me to the theatre
and see whos talking nonsense.
Marc: Whats the play called?
Monica: The Bald Prima Donna.
Marc: Im afraid I dont want to see
that. It sounds boring.
Monica: Suit yourself! Anyway, Im
sure Paul will be more than happy
to join me.
Marc: Yeah, the two of you will have
a great time singing happily with
the bald prima donna.
Monica: Its a play, not an opera. You
dont know anything!
Marc: Maybe I dont. But who needs
to know all these things? Whats the
point?
Can you find an example in the conversation above
which proves that Marc is ironic?
Whose side are you on? Who is right: Monica or
Marc?
Is there any point in art? Is art necessary?
ironic = saying the opposite
of what you mean, especially
in order to be funny
Word bank
Work on it!
1. Study the following examples:
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 41
Not all words ending in ly
are adverbs. Some
adjectives end in ly too.
friendly, lonely, lovely, silly
Dont be silly.
He behaved in a silly way.
Remember
The play is boring. They are bored.
He is a happy man.
He is singing happily.
Which word tells us about the play?
Which word tells us about how they felt about the play?
2. Find examples in the table no. 6 in Appendix A3 that
illustrate the following notes:
Adverbs are generally formed by adding ly to the
adjective
If the adjective ends in y we replace the y with ily
If the adjective ends in le we replace the e with y
3. Write the following sentences in your notebooks and insert the right adverbs.
He is a careful driver. He drives They are slow workers. They work
It was a good film. The actors played very Shes a really bad singer. She sings
4. Make a table like the one below in your notebooks and fill it with examples that illustrate the
following rules. Choose from: big nice modern funny expensive good. Add some of your own.
1. The comparative and superlative of one-syllable adjectives are usually made by
adding er and (the) est.
2. When the adjective ends with a vowel plus a consonant, you double the consonant
before adding er and est.
3. The comparative and superlative of two and three-syllable adjectives is usually
made by putting more or (the) most before the adjective.
4. Some adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms.
Can you make rule no. 5 for adjectives ending with y? (e.g. funny funnier funniest)
Go for it!
Bring out the artist in you! Do something creative. Its up to you to write a simple poem or
recite one, sing a song, make a drawing / painting / a sculpture. You can do anything that
you find artistic. Your classmates will be the critics of your performance / work of art.
Adjective Comparative Superlative Rule
cheap cheaper (the) cheapest 1
bad worse (the) worst 4
CULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
Romeo and Juliet
2
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 42
Think about it!
Do you know the story of Romeo and Juliet? Have you
seen/read the play? Have you watched a film inspired by
the famous story?
Listen to Romeo and Juliet
by Tchaikovsky. How does it
make you feel?
Listen to the song with the
same title by Dire Straits.
What is different? What is
similar?
Tune in!
Catch on to it!
1. Listen to the dialogue and answer the questions.
Are these statements true (T) or false (F)? Circle the right answer.
1. Shakespeare is a contemporary writer. T F
2. Monica disliked the modern version of Romeo and Juliet. T F
3. Angela thinks men are romantic nowadays. T F
4. Monica cried when she read the play. T F
5. Victor thinks women always know everything. T F
Do you think classic works of art should not be adapted /
changed / modernised? Why?
2. Read these lines from Romeo and
Juliet. Even if you dont understand
some words, dont worry.
Shakespeares language is not easy to
understand. A dictionary / your
teacher can be of help.
You could
try to recite the lines / learn
them by heart.
try to translate them into your
language.
One of William Shakespeares
best-known plays, a sad romantic
story about two young people,
Romeo and Juliet, who fall in love
although their families are great
enemies. They marry secretly, but
are prevented from being together,
and finally they both kill
themselves.
You can read the abridged version
of the play in Penguin Readers,
level 3.
Expressing (dis)agreement
I (dis)agree with
I(strongly) think / believe
that
should (not) be allowed /
permitted because
You are right / wrong when
you say that
Phrase bank
Work on it!
1. Find the right captions for the cartoons. Put the correct letters in the blank corner.
a. They should read the play.
b. I must finish the work tonight.
c. You dont have to cook if you are tired, dear. We can order a pizza.
d. You mustnt smoke in here. Look at that sign!
e. May I borrow your pocket calculator?
f. It must be a giraffe. It cant be. Its got wings!
g. It might rain.
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 43
2. Should and ought to are used to give advice. What verbs do you use
to express obligation?
to say that its not necessary to do something?
to say that you are very sure?
to say you are sure that something is not possible?
to say that something is possible, but you are not sure?
when you are not allowed to do something?
to ask permission?
3. Make eight sentences of your own using may, might, must, mustnt cant, should, have to,
ought to.
Go for it!
Have you ever expressed your feelings in words? Would you like to give it a try?
Write about how you feel about someone you love. You could write a love letter, a poem
or a simple description of what s/he looks like and how you feel about her/him.
CULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
The Worlds Going Crazy
3
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 44
Think about it!
Do you often hear people say that life is no longer like it
used to be? What examples do they give?
Do you think we have a better/worse life than people in
the past?
Do you agree with those people who think that technology
destroys nature?
Can you name three positive aspects and three negative
effects of technology?
Catch on to it!
Look at the book cover and try to predict what On the
Beach is about. Have you read the novel / watched the film?
Listen to the conversation between the six students about
the film inspired from the book and then state your own
opinion about the topic.
You can read the abridged
version of Nevil Shutes novel in
Penguin Readers, level 4.
Work on it!
1. The following text is a fragment from the novel. Can you insert the prepositions
that have been omitted?
Use: about, to, from, on, of (3 times)
e.g. 1 of
Soon after the middle1 winter things felt better. At the beginning2 July
few people were doing any work. Broken Hill and Perth were dead. The electricity
was still on. As the weeks passed, people drank less and less. Then motor-cars
began to appear3 the roads. Nobody cared4 money any more. If you
wanted food, you took it 5 the shops. If you couldnt find any, you went6
another place. There was plenty7 time because there was no work to do.
[from Penguin Readers, level 4: On the Beach by Nevil Shute]
2. Word building
Add prefixes to the following words to make new words.
anti- co- dis- im- in- mis- non- over- pro- re- un- under-
appear build certain cooked dependent democracy developed nuclear operate
possible understand violent
e.g. antinuclear
What similarity is there between the underlined prefixes?
a. They mean not and form opposites?
b. They mean too little.
Find the prefixes and the examples that complet the table on the right.
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 45
Group the following words under the right heading. Write the words in your notebook.
improvement information identify financial careful careless carefully accurate active
capable communicate production expression happiness teacher widen practise
Find some more examples and write them in your notebook or in your learning diary
Noun
Suffix
Example
Words
Verb
Suffix
Example
Words
Adjective
Suffix
Example
Words
Adverb
Suffix
Example
Words
-ment
-ation
-tion
-ion
-er
-ness

-ify
-ate
-ise
-en
identify

-ial
-ful
-less
-ate
-able
-ive

-ly
Prefix Meaning Example
anti- against antinuclear
with, together
wrongly
too much
for, in favour of
again, back
too little
A prefix is a group of letters
added to the beginning of a
word to change its meaning
and make a new word.
A suffix is a group of letters
added to the end of a word
to form a new word. It often
tells us if the word is a
noun, verb, adjective or
adverb.
Remember
Go for it!
Discuss: Why do you think so many computer games are war games? Do you agree
with those people who say that cartoons for children are not suitable for children,
because they are too aggressive, too violent? Do you think people should do
something to make things better?
Work in groups. Write down some of your ideas about making things better and
present them to the class.
Write an email to ecological / anti-war organisations to take effective measures to
improve life on earth.
Can you predict what the
future will bring us? Are you
optimistic or pessimistic
about the future?
What are your plans for the
future? How can you fulfill
them?
Did you get it?
CULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
Check Your Progress
IV
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 46
I. Match the words with the explanations.
artist artistic creative critic museum work of art
e.g. something that an artist has produced = work of art
1. something that an artist has produced
2. relating to art
3. someone who produces art
4. good at producing art
5. a place where art is shown
6. someone whose job is to make judgements about art
II. Circle the right word.
1. I liked the film. It was interested / interesting.
2. He is such a bad / badly driver. He drives bad / badly.
3. I was a bit nervous / nervously at first, but in the end everything went good / well at
the exam.
4. She didnt buy the dress because it was too expensive / expensively.
5. It was a really nice / nicely present. I was so pleased / pleasing with it.
6. Shes such a wonderful / wonderfully person. Im so happy / happily to be her
friend.
7. He behaved friendly / in a friendly way. Hes not so badly / bad after all.
III. Make new words from the words below to complete the gaps in the sentences.
obey, smoking, care, inform, build, use, estimate, possible, make, understanding
e.g. 1 disobedient
1. He was a very __________________ child. His parents complained all the time.
2. You are not allowed to smoke in here. Cant you see the __________________ sign?
3. Im not worried to let my son go to school in her car. Shes a very _________________
driver.
4. I need some __________________ to fill out this form.
5. The president lives in a large __________________ in the centre of the town.
6. A dictionary will be __________________if you want to translate that text.
7. In a game, you should never __________________ the adversary.
8. The maths problems we had for today were almost __________________ to solve.
They were too difficult.
9. Thats not the original song. Its a __________________, and I dont like it.
10. It wasnt a fight. It was just a __________________ and everything is settled now.
IV. Circle the correct preposition in Monicas email to Lisa.
V. What would you say in the following situations? Circle the letter of your choice.
1. Your friend looks tired.
a. You should go to bed.
b. You can go to bed.
2. Your friend tells you a story that you dont believe.
a. You must be joking. It cant be true!
b. You can be joking. It mustnt be true!
3. Your friend is worried about getting to the cinema on time.
a. Dont worry. We shouldnt be there until 8.45.
b. Dont worry. We dont have to be there until 8.45.
4. Its hot and your friends are still playing football. They started two hours ago.
a. They cant be tired and thirsty.
b. They must be tired and thirsty.
5. A student is giving a presentation. Your friend wants to ask some questions.
a. Let her finish the presentation. You mustnt interrupt her when shes speaking.
b. Let her finish the presentation. You dont have to interrupt her when shes
speaking.
6. Your friend thinks you need umbrellas at the football match.
a. You might be right. There are some big clouds in the sky.
b. You have to be right. There are some big clouds in the sky.
7. The teacher has opened the window but you are very cold.
a. Teacher, must I close the window? Im very cold.
b. Teacher, may I close the window? Im very cold.
VI. Answer these questions about Unit 4.
1. Which lesson from this unit did you (not) like? Why?
2. Write three I can statements to say what you have learned to do.
3. Write one idea that you discussed in this unit and explain why you have
remembered it.
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 47
http://www.gmail.com
Hi Lisa,
We are in / at some trouble with / against a project for English. We have to work
on / in groups and send an email to / at ecological or anti-war organisations to
take measures to defend the planet. We have never heard of / over such
organisations, so we thought you might help us if you know on / of such groups
or organisations.
We need the information very quickly because we have to write the email about /
for next week. To make things more difficult, our computer is giving us some
trouble. It got a virus last week, and now we have to wait about / for the systems
engineer to fix it. I hope we havent lost all our work. We had so many files and
folders saved at / on that computer. I am writing about / to you from / over an
Internet Caf. Keep your fingers crossed for us.
We all miss you, and we are looking forward to / at having you back in / to
Romania.
Love,
Monica & friends
APPENDIX
Sample
Curriculum Vitae
A1
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 48
Personal information
Surname / First name Pop Ionic
Address
25, Strada Principal, sat Chiuieni, comuna Lataretu,
jude Alva, Romania
Telephone(s) 0273 524768
Mobile 0776 542631
E-mail ionica.pop@rmail.ro
Nationality Romanian
Date of birth 12 August 1979
Desired employment Local guide for foreign tourists
Work experience
Dates 1990 2005
Occupation farmer
Main activities Farming activities: working the land, breeding animals
Type of business Family business
Education and training
Dates
2004 2006 Second Chance Secondary Courses
1985 1989 Primary School sat Chiuieni
Personal skills and
competences
Mother tongue Romanian
Other language
English
Self-assessment
European level (*)
English
(*) Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
Social skills and
competences
I communicate well with people.
Organisational skills
and competences
I can organize a group of people. I am a good time manager.
Computer skills and
competences
I have acquired computer skills at the Second Chance courses
that I am presently attending.
I can use a computer to write text and to find information on
the Internet. I can communicate by email.
Artistic skills and
competences
I can play the fiddle. I have been a dancer in Ceteraul folk
group since 1995. We have participated in several folk dance
competitions and we won 1
st
prize in the Regional Folk Dance
Festival in 2000.
Other skills and
competences
I am skilled at woodwork. I make wooden objects such as
chessboards and chess-pieces, wooden spoons, etc. I have
acquired this skill in my family.
Additional information References available on request.
Understanding Speaking Writing
Listening Reading
Spoken
interaction
Spoken
production
A
2
A
2
A
2
A
2
A
1
APPENDIX
Sample
Application Letter
A2
Dear Mr. Evans,
I am writing to apply for the position of Local Host and
Guide with your company. I read your advertisement in the
Ziarul Tu and I would like to be considered for the job.
I believe I am suitable for this post as I already have
experience in hosting people. I have hosted several
families from countries such as Germany, Austria and Italy
for up to twelve days. I arranged sightseeing tours,
watching and trying traditional activities such as pottery,
weaving and carving. They were all highly appreciated by
the foreign visitors.
In addition, I am hard-working and responsible. I have
recently completed my education by attending Second
Chance Courses that I graduated successfully. I have a good
knowledge of English and I am considering taking the
Cambridge First Certificate. I also understand and speak
Italian. I have a clean driving licence and I know many
interesting facts about the history of the region where I
live, I can give detailed presentations of our customs and
traditions.
I would like to work for your company as it would give me
an opportunity to develop my English skills further, and I
am sure that it will be very enjoyable guiding tourists in
the region.
I am enclosing a copy of my CV with this letter. I would be
available for an interview here in Romania at any time
convenient to you. Please do not hesitate to contact me if
you have any further questions.
I look forward to hearing from you.
Yours sincerely,
Ionic Pop
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 49
APPENDIX
Grammar Reference
A3
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 50
1
.
GOING TO
Subject + am/is/are + going to + verb
WILL
Subject + will + verb
+
I am going to give a
party tomorrow.
You/we/they are
going to buy her
some presents
He/she/it is going to
work.

I am not going to
stay at home.
You/we/they are not
(arent) going to do
that.
He/she/it is not
(isnt) going to work.
+
I/you/he/she/it/we/t
hey will (ll) come
tomorrow.

I/you/he/she/it/we/t
hey will not (wont)
be late
?
Am I } going to visit her tonight?
Are we/you/they
Is she/he
?
Shall I/we phone him?
Will you/she/he/they come to the party?
2
.
PAST SIMPLE
Subject + verb-ed (regular verbs) /
2
nd
form of irregular verbs
PAST CONTINUOUS
Subject + was / were + verb+ing
+
I/you/he/she/it/
we/they worked.

I/you/he/she/it/
we/they didnt work.
+
I/he/she/it was
working.
You/we/they were
working.

I/he/she/it was not


/wasnt working.
You/we/they were
not/ werent
working.
?
Did I /you/he/she/it/we/they work?
?
Was I / he/she/it working?
Were you/we/they working?
3
.
PRESENT PERFECT
Subject + have/has + past participle [verb-ed (regular verbs) /
3
rd
form of irregular verbs]
+
I /you/we/they have worked.
He/she/it has worked.

I /you/we/they have not / havent worked.


He/she/it has not / hasnt worked.
?
Have I /you/we/they worked?
Has he/she/it worked?
4
.
Countable nouns Uncountable nouns
singular plural money
news
water
happiness
electricity
Regular plurals
a chair
an apple
six chairs
ten apples
Irregular plurals
a child
a man
two children
three men
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 51
Hint! Use dictionaries if you are not sure about how to use nouns.
The label [C], [U] or [C/U] next to the noun will help you use the noun correctly.
COUNTABLE NOUNS UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
How many managers? How much information?
a manager, one manager, (an accountant),
three managers
a piece of information / three pieces of
information
some / several / (a) few / not many /
a lot of managers
some / (a) little / not much /
a lot of information
fewer / more managers less / more information
not any / no managers not any / no information
all / none all / none
5
.
1
ST
CONDITIONAL
IF + Present simple, will + verb
2
ND
CONDITIONAL
IF + Past simple, would + verb
If I/you/we/they have time,
I/you/we/theyll go there.
If he/she has time, he/shell go there.
If I/you/we/they had time, I/you/we/theyd
go there.
If he/she had time, he/shed go there.
We use the 1
st
Conditional to say that
something is possible but not certain.
We use the 2
nd
Conditional to show that
something is just imagination or probably
will not happen
6
.
ADJECTIVE ADVERB
happy
slow
beautiful
fast
good
bad
simple
happily
slowly
beautifully
fast
well
badly
simply
Adjectives tell us about the noun Adverbs tell us about the verb
APPENDIX
Irregular Verbs
A4
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 52
Infinitive
Past
Simple
Past
Participle
Translation
be
was/
were
been a fi
become became become a deveni
begin began begun a ncepe
bite bit bitten a muca
break broke broken a sparge
bring brought brought a aduce
build built built a construi
buy bought bought a cumpra
catch caught caught a prinde
choose chose chosen a alege
come came come a veni
cost cost cost a costa
cut cut cut a tia
do did done a face
drink drank drunk a bea
drive drove driven a conduce
eat ate eaten a mnca
fall fell fallen a cdea
feel felt felt a simi
find found found a gsi
fly flew flown a zbura
forget forgot forgotten a uita
get got got
a primi;
a ajunge;
a deveni
give gave given a da
go went gone a merge
grow grew grown a crete
have had had a avea
hear heard heard a auzi
hit hit hit a lovi
hold held held a ine
hurt hurt hurt a rni; a durea
keep kept kept a ine; a pstra
know knew known a ti
learn
learnt/
learned
learnt/
learned
a nva
leave left left a lsa; a pleca
lend lent lent
a da cu
mprumut
let let let a lsa
lose lost lost a pierde
make made made a face
Infinitive
Past
Simple
Past
Participle
Translation
mean meant meant a nsemna
meet met met a ntlni
pay paid paid a plti
put put put a pune
read read read a citi
ride rode ridden a clri
ring rang rung a suna
run ran run a fugi
say said said a spune
see saw seen a vedea
sell sold sold a vinde
send sent sent a trimite
show showed shown a arta
shut shut shut a nchide
sing sang sung a cnta
sit sat sat a edea
sleep slept slept a dormi
speak spoke spoken a vorbi
spell spelt spelt
a spune
pe litere
spend spent spent
a petrece
(timpul);
a cheltui
stand stood stood
a sta n
picioare
steal stole stolen a fura
swim swam swum a nota
take took taken a lua
teach taught taught
a preda;
a nva
(pe cineva)
tear tore torn a rupe
tell told told a spune
think thought thought
a se gndi;
a crede
throw threw thrown a arunca
under-
stand
under-
stood
under-
stood
a nelege
wake up
woke
up
woken up a (se) trezi
wear wore worn a purta (haine)
win won won a ctiga
write wrote written a scrie
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 53
APPENDIX
Scripts
A5
Introduction What Type Of Learner Are You?
Angela: Can we now switch on to my
favourite soap?
Paul: Were watching the news. Dont you
want to know whats going on in the
world?
Angela: I know what I need to know.
Anyway there are two kinds of news:
the ones about crimes, murders, thefts
and all kinds of psychopats that scare
me, and the ones about politics, which I
dont understand.
Paul: What do you mean by I dont
understand?
Angela: Its all those words that dont
make sense, like regime and totolatirian
and .
Paul: Ha, ha thats totalitarian.
Angela: Whats that?
Paul: A totalitarian country or state is a
country in which the government.
Angela: You know something? I can find
it in the dictionary if I want to know
what totalitarian means. But right now I
want to watch Broken Hearts. It lasts
only 45 minutes. You can watch the 8
oclock news, or listen to the news on
the radio, or read the newspaper.
Paul: OK, whatever. Ill go and read
something. Let me know when theyve
put back the pieces.
Angela: What pieces?
Paul: The broken ones, sweetheart!
Angela: Take off the mask, Paul dear, I
know your secret!
Paul: What mask? What secret?
Angela: The mask of indifference. I know
your hearts aching for Monica.
Paul: No, its not.
Angela: Yes, it is. But youre too shy to
tell her.
Daniel is a very quiet student who cant
take his eyes off their young and beautiful
teacher. If she asked them to write the word
conspicuous a million times he would do it
without asking why and without daring to
ask her what that word means. He secretly
listens to an old song, trying to remember
the lyrics.
Paul is a hard-working student. He is very
ambitious and he wants his English to be
perfect. The problem is that he never dares
to say or write a word that he hasnt
checked in his dictionary. His friends make
fun of him and call him a bookworm. He is
secretly in love with Monica. She has a
natural gift for languages so she is almost
fluent in English.
Big mouth Victor is the star of the group.
Hes funny, witty, he has answers to all the
questions in the world. Nobody knows
better than he does, not even the teachers.
He makes loads of mistakes, but who cares?
Its what he wants to say, not how he says
it that really matters.
Marc just doesnt care. He seems indifferent
to everything. Victors jokes are boring,
schools boring, the teachers are boring.
Nobody understands how he manages to do
so well in the tests. He likes Angela but
hes too proud to tell her. When she looks
at him, he looks away.
Unit II Society, Lesson 2 Whats On The News?
Unit III Jobs, Lesson 2 Working Mothers
Monica: I cant believe how narrow-minded,
prejudiced males you two can be!
Victor: Its not true! I love women. I want
to protect and take care of them, thats
why I think they shouldnt work.
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 54
Angela: Thats nice.
Monica: Thats not what I meant. I know
you love women, you womaniser! I mean,
if a woman like my sister, who likes her
job, wants to work, her husband should
accept that. And if shes ambitious
enough to take up an accountancy course,
like she did, he should admire her and
encourage her, not criticise her.
Paul: Why is she studying accountancy if
shes happy with her job?
Monica: She likes it, but she says its time
to move on. First she wants to work as
an accountant, and later maybe shell go
into business.
Angela: Why start a new business? Her
husbands already got one. She could
keep the books for him or even run his
business if shes good at it.
Paul: In your soap-operas!
Monica: Wait a minute, Paul. Angela
might be right! If she convinces him that
shes doing it so she can help him,
maybe their arguments will finally end.
Marc: That would be a lie, wouldnt it?
Monica: So, what? Women have to survive
in this mans world after all.
Victor: But it would be nothing, nothing
without a woman or a girl.
Angela: Oh, I like this song!
Unit III Jobs, Lesson 3 Are They Underpaid?
Victor: Ask me what? The answers yes!
Paul: Its not a yes or no question. If you
were to choose between working for a large
company or having a small business of
your own, which one would you choose?
Victor: Neither. My plan is to go abroad.
Paul: To do what?
Victor: Anything!
Monica: So its either, not neither! Since
you said youd do anything.
Victor: In fact, Id work there for a few
years, for a big or a small firm, it doesnt
matter. And then Id come back with
enough money to do what I like. Maybe
open a restaurant or a club.
Monica: See, Paul? I win! Finally he chose
the business.
Paul: In fact he chose them both. One
after the other.
Monica: Anyway, the good news is that
even if he went to work abroad hed still
come back to us.
Paul: He knows wed miss his big mouth.
Monica: And his jokes!
Victor: By the way, I know a new one;
Theres this blonde chick driving on
the highway, and
Monica: Victor we know this joke!
Unit IV Culture and Technology, Lesson 2 Romeo and Juliet
Angela and Monica are talking in front of the
cinema, waiting for the others to come out.
Angela: It was horrible. That classic love
story turned into a movie with
gangsters, guns and leather jackets. I
read the play and I cried. Its for the
theatre, not for the cinema. And even if
they make an adaptation by no means
should they make changes to such a
masterpiece.
Monica: I think it was great. Even though
it was set in our days, they still kept
Shakespeares lines. I think it was a
fantastic combination of characters from
our days and Shakespeares poetic
language.
Angela: The two just dont go together.
They should have placed it all in those
days with period costumes. Shakespeare
wrote in the 16
th
century, not nowadays.
Monica: The story is as beautiful today as
it was centuries ago. Why not move it
into our society?
Angela: Because theres no romance in our
lives. Men just want sex, they dont care
about our feelings, they dont write
poems to us. Ive never received a love
letter in my life! All I get is invitations
to go out to have some fun together.
They dont like beautiful women, they
like sexy women.
Monica: Whats wrong in that? I dont
mind being sexy and I dont mind going
out to have fun. And I dont think
theres no romance in our lives, I just
think we dont use the same words to
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 55
express our feelings. If men dont write
love letters and poems it doesnt mean
that they dont have feelings. They just
put them into different words.
Angela: Anyway, I wish I had lived in
those days and I wish there was a
Romeo for me.
Monica: Dont worry. There must be one
for you! He might be just round the
corner. So you dont have to go five
centuries back in time to find him.
Victor and Marc are approaching the girls
from round the corner.
Angela: Very funny! Can it be one of
them, I wonder?
Victor: Hi girls! Did you enjoy the movie?
I liked their cars and bikes, but Juliet
wasnt very sexy, was she?
Angela: See what I mean?
Monica, smiling: Hm Yes!
Victor: No!... What do you mean?!
Marc: She means theres nothing in your
head but cars and sex, thats what she
means!
Victor: Its not true. Theres more.
Monica: Obviously, theres football.
Victor: These women! Why must they
always know everything?
Unit IV Culture and Technology, Lesson 3 The Worlds Going Crazy
Marc: Did you watch On the Beach last
night? How can they make such films?
How can they write such books? How
can anyone imagine that the whole
population on this planet can
disappear?
Daniel: I think its good that they make
films like this one. It makes people
think of the possible consequences of
irresponsible acts.
Marc: What acts? People didnt do
anything to make those bad things
happen. It was the leaders decision to
use nuclear bombs in their desire to gain
more power.
Daniel: Exactly. But politicians and
generals are people like us. Films like
this one might make them consider the
danger in their reckless decisions.
Angela: I dont understand. They
destroyed the enemy but at the same
time they destroyed themselves. Nobody
survived. Whats the point in killing
your enemy if you die as well? Or did
they think they were immortal?
Paul: They say power makes people blind.
Once in power, people get the virus that
makes them want more and more power,
so they forget they are human beings.
They have no feelings, no pity. Nothing
can stand in their way to achieve what
they want.
Victor: I see. Its something like: If I cant
get it nobody will.
Monica: Come to think of it, most of us
are irresponsible to some extent.
Daniel: What do you mean? Ordinary
people like us would not decide that
nuclear bombs are the solution to put an
end to conflicts.
Monica: No, but think how many people
smoke knowing that it ruins their health,
they get mobile phones whether they
need them or not, they spend hours in
front of their computers eating junk food
and expecting doctors to perform
miracles.
Paul: I dont smoke and I dont eat junk
food. But whats wrong with mobile
phones and computers? I think they are
useful. We live in the age of technology
after all. Are you suggesting that we
should give up on the benefits we get
from these machines and go back to
living in nature like our ancestors?
Monica: No, thats not what I wanted to
say. What Im saying is that our lives are
stressful and we sometimes dont care
about our health.
Victor: When youre done with your
health education lesson, will you come
outside and watch our football game?
Monica: Maybe next time. I havent
checked my emails for three days. Im
afraid it will take some time to reply to
all of them.
APPENDIX
Lyrics
A6
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 56
I.1 Englishman In New York
I dont drink coffee I take tea my dear
I like my toast done on one side
And you can hear it in my accent when I talk
Im an Englishman in New York
See me walking down Fifth Avenue
A walking cane here at my side
I take it everywhere I walk
Im an Englishman in New York
Im an alien Im a legal alien
Im an Englishman in New York
Im an alien Im a legal alien
Im an Englishman in New York
If, Manners maketh man as someone said
Then hes the hero of the day
It takes a man to suffer ignorance and smile
Be yourself no matter what they say
Im an alien []
Modesty, propriety can lead to notoriety
You could end up as the only one
Gentleness, sobriety are rare in this society
At night a candles brighter than the sun
Takes more than combat gear to make a man
Takes more than a license for a gun
Confront your enemies, avoid them when you can
A gentleman will walk but never run
I.2 Gone Fishing (Chris Rea)
Im going fishing
I got me a line
Nothin I dos gonna make the difference
So Im taking the time
And you aint never gonna be happy
Anyhow, anyway
So Im going fishing
And Im going today
Im going fishing
Sounds crazy I know
I know nothing about fishing
But just watch me go
And when my time has come
I will look back and see
Peace on the shoreline
That could have been me
You can waste whole lifetime
Trying to be
What you think is expected of you
But youll never be free
May as well go fishing
II.1 Candle In The Wind (Elton John)
Goodbye Norma Jean
Though I never knew you at all
You had the grace to hold yourself
While those around you crawled
They crawled out of the woodwork
And they whispered into your brain
They set you on the treadmill
And they made you change your name
And it seems to me you lived your life
Like a candle in the wind
Never knowing who to cling to
When the rain set in
And I would have liked to have known you
But I was just a kid
Your candle burned out long before
Your legend ever did
Loneliness was tough
The toughest role you ever played
Hollywood created a superstar
And pain was the price you paid
Even when you died
Oh the press still hounded you
All the papers had to say
Was that Marilyn was found in the nude
Goodbye Norma Jean
From the young man in the 22nd row
Who sees you as something as more than sexual
More than just our Marilyn Monroe
II.2 Democracy (Leonard Cohen)
Its coming through a hole in the air,
from those nights in Tiananmen Square.
Its coming from the feel
that this aint exactly real,
or its real, but it aint exactly there.
From the wars against disorder,
from the sirens night and day,
from the fires of the homeless,
from the ashes of the gay:
Democracy is coming to the U.S.A.
Its coming through a crack in the wall;
on a visionary flood of alcohol;
from the staggering account
of the Sermon on the Mount
which I dont pretend to understand at all.
Its coming from the silence
on the dock of the bay,
from the brave, the bold, the battered
heart of Chevrolet:
Democracy is coming to the U.S.A.
Its coming from the sorrow in the street,
the holy places where the races meet;
from the homicidal bitchin
that goes down in every kitchen
to determine who will serve and who will eat.
From the wells of disappointment
where the women kneel to pray
for the grace of God in the desert here
and the desert far away:
Democracy is coming to the U.S.A.
Sail on, sail on
O mighty Ship of State!
To the Shores of Need
Past the Reefs of Greed
Through the Squalls of Hate
Sail on, sail on, sail on, sail on.
Its coming to America first,
the cradle of the best and of the worst.
Its here they got the range
and the machinery for change
and its here they got the spiritual thirst.
Its here the familys broken
and its here the lonely say
that the heart has got to open
in a fundamental way:
Democracy is coming to the U.S.A.
Its coming from the women and the men.
O baby, well be making love again.
Well be going down so deep
the rivers going to weep,
and the mountains going to shout Amen!
Its coming like the tidal flood
beneath the lunar sway,
imperial, mysterious,
in amorous array:
Democracy is coming to the U.S.A.
Sail on, sail on
Im sentimental, if you know what I mean
I love the country but I cant stand the scene.
And Im neither left or right
Im just staying home tonight,
getting lost in that hopeless little screen.
But Im stubborn as those garbage bags
that Time cannot decay,
Im junk but Im still holding up
this little wild bouquet:
Democracy is coming to the U.S.A.
II.3 The Queen & The Soldier (Suzanne Vega)
The soldier came knocking upon the queens door
/ He said, I am not fighting for you any more /
The queen knew shed seen his face someplace
before / And slowly she let him inside.
He said, Ive watched your palace up here on the
hill / And Ive wondered whos the woman for
whom we all kill / But I am leaving tomorrow and
you can do what you will / Only first I am asking
you why.
Down in the long narrow hall he was led / Into her
rooms with her tapestries red / And she never
once took the crown from her head / She asked
him there to sit down.
He said, I see you now, and you are so very young
/ But Ive seen more battles lost than I have battles
won / And Ive got this intuition, says its all for
your fun / And now will you tell me why?
The young queen, she fixed him with an arrogant
eye / She said, You wont understand, and you
may as well not try / But her face was a childs,
and he thought she would cry / But she closed
herself up like a fan.
And she said, Ive swallowed a secret burning
thread / It cuts me inside, and often Ive bled / He
laid his hand then on top of her head / And he
bowed her down to the ground.
Tell me how hungry are you? How weak you
must feel / As you are living here alone, and you
are never revealed / But I wont march again on
your battlefield / And he took her to the window
to see.
And the sun, it was gold, though the sky, it was
gray / And she wanted more than she ever could
say / But she knew how it frightened her, and she
turned away / And would not look at his face
again.
And he said, I want to live as an honest man / To
get all I deserve and to give all I can / And to love
a young woman who I dont understand / Your
highness, your ways are very strange.
But the crown, it had fallen, and she thought she
would break / And she stood there, ashamed of
the way her heart ached / She took him to the
doorstep and she asked him to wait / She would
only be a moment inside.
Out in the distance her order was heard / And the
soldier was killed, still waiting for her word / And
while the queen went on strangeling in the
solitude she preferred / The battle continued on
III.2 This Is a Mans World (James Brown)
This is a mans world, this is a mans world / But it
wouldnt be nothing, nothing without a woman or
a girl
You see, man made the cars to take us over the road
/ Man made the trains to carry heavy loads / Man
made electric light to take us out of the dark / Man
made the boat for the water, like Noah made the
ark
This is a mans, a mans, a mans world / But it
wouldnt be nothing, nothing without a woman or
a girl
Man thinks about a little baby girls and a baby boys
/ Man makes them happy cause man makes them
toys / And after man has made everything,
everything he can / You know that man makes
money to buy from other man
This is a mans world / But it wouldnt be nothing,
nothing without a woman or a girl
Hes lost in the world of man / Hes lost in
bitterness
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 57
source: www.azlyrics.com
Vocabulary
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 58
Introduction
(to) believe = a crede
topic = tem / subiect (de discuie)
(to) express yourself freely = s te exprimi
liber
(to) agree = a fi de accord
forever = pentru totdeauna
(to) be afraid = a-i fi team
that suits you best = care i se potrivete
cel mai bine
proudly = cu mndrie
(to) be able to = a putea, a fi n stare s
weak points = puncte slabe
self-assessment = autoevaluare
fellow students = colegi
how do you rate your = cum i apreciezi
/ evaluezi
(to) find out = a afla
mistake = greeal
rule = regul
(to) hate = a detesta
upset = suprat
I cant be bothered to = nu-mi pas, nu
m intereseaz
(to) match = a potrivi, a se potrivi
improvement = mbuntire
advice = sfat, sfaturi
survey = sondaj de opinie
Unit I People
overhear = a auzi (far voie) conversaia
altor personae
without fuss = fr zarv
(to) hold a referendum = a organiza un
referendum
long-haired = cu prul lung
wavy hair = pr ondulat
tanned complexion = pielea (feei) creol /
bronzat
classy guy = tip ic, elegant
label = etichet
(to) apply labels = a eticheta
deskmate = coleg de banc
missing words = cuvintele care lipsesc
food = mncare, aliment
unhealthy = nesntos
(to) lose weight = a slbi
shes not pleased = nu e mulumit
in great shape = n form (fizic) excelent
(to) manage = a reui
lifestyle = stil de via
(to) starve = a nfometa
ugly = urt()
it matters = conteaz
soon = (n) curnd
(to) share = a mpri, a mprti
quietly = ncet, n linite
instead of = n loc de
sweetener = ndulcitor
for a while = o vreme, pentru un timp
wholemeal bread = pine integral
heavy smoker = fumtor nrit
wrinkles = riduri
lungs = plmni
even if = chiar dac
in the dark = n ntuneric
(to) book = a face o rezervare
present = cadou
on your own = de capul tu, singur
(to) argue = a se certa
(to) waste = a risipi, a irosi
(to) wrap = a mpacheta, a ambala
thats settled = este stabilit, aranjat
you bet! = cred i eu!
guidance = dirijare, ghidare
tired = obosit
the sky is overcast = cerul e plin de nori
guest = invitat, musafir
(to) remind = a aminti
PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 59
Unit III Jobs
suitable = potrivit
vacancy = loc / post liber, vacant
home-made = artizanal
vineyard = vie
plums = prune
(to) bake = a coace
the main course = felul principal (la mas)
(to) hike = a face drumeii
trout = pstrv
loom = rzboi de esut
(to)weave = a ese
linen = pnz de in
wool = ln
watermelon = lebeni
(to) predict = a prezice, a prevedea
in a bad mood = prost dispus()
concerned = ngrijorat
(to) earn (money) = a ctiga (bani)
hatred = ur
he can afford = i poate permite
(to) mess around = a se amesteca
nursery = cre
(to) summarize = a rezuma
(to) deserve = a merita
(to) threaten = a amenina
has it occurred to you? = te-ai gndit
vreodat?
Id rather = a prefera s
self-confidence = ncredere n sine
(to) borrow = a lua cu mprumut
(to) lend = a da cu mprumut
selfishness = egoism
debts = datorii
(to) inherit = a moteni
(to) gamble = a juca la jocuri de noroc, a
risca
Unit II Society
candle = lummare
(to) grow = a crete
(to) whisper = a opti
footsteps = urme de pai
torch = tor, lantern
wing = arip
sunset = apus
tears = lacrimi
wealthy = nstrit, bogat
valuable = de valoare
useless = fr rost
(to) stick = a lipi
(to) score a point = a marca un punct
(to deserve = a merita
(to) switch = a comuta, a face schimb
(to) hire = a angaja
(to) rule = a conduce, a guverna
(to) dismiss = a concedia, a destitui
a war broke out = a izbucnit un rzboi
(to) chat = a sta de vorb
vivid memories = amintiri vii
he proved to be = s-a dovedit a fi
twice = de dou ori
wedding = cstorie
youth = tineree
stranger = strin, necunoscut
while = n timp ce
expensive = scump
shore = mal
(to) sleep like a log = a dormi butean
coronation = ncoronare
unusual = neobinuit
Unit IV Culture and Technology
recording = nregistrare
(to) hang = a sta atrnat, a atrna, a
spnzura
bald = chel
suit yourself! = f ce/cum vrei!
slow workers = muncitori fr randament
sad = trist
although = dei
(to) prevent from = a mpiedica
statement = afirmaie
(to) dislike = a-i displace
nowadays = n zilele noastre
often = adesea
state your opinion = exprim-i opinia
plenty of = suficient, destul
(to) fulfill = a ndeplini, a realiza
accurate = clar, corect
(to) widen = a lrgi
Now What?
LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI 60
Congratulations for having had the patience and energy to
get this far. From now on youre on your own. We hope we
have succeeded in arousing your interest and youll keep
on learning English. We hope you found out new things
about the English speaking world. We hope you have
discovered new countries, met new people and new ideas
that will be useful to you.
Write to us if you ever go to an English-speaking country or
meet a foreigner and you are able to communicate using
words, not just gestures.
Are you listening to more music in English, now that you
can understand at least some of the lyrics?
Be brave and confident in your potential. Its remarkable
that you decided to take up studies at an age when most
people are too bored or too busy to study. This means that
from now on you can be your own teacher. Now you know
where and how to get the information you need and you
can also teach your friends and family.
You can now mention a foreign language in your CV and
confidently apply for the job that suits you best.
Good luck in life.