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UNIUNEA EUROPEAN I MINISTERUL EDUCAIEI I CERCETRII

Proiect Phare Acces la educaie pentru grupuri dezavantajate


Programul A doua ans

CARMEN COSTINA

LIMBA ENGLEZ
Modulul 2
Producerea de mesaje orale
i scrise
Ghidul elevului

Centrul Step by Step, 2006


Aceste materiale publicate n cadrul Proiectului Phare Acces la educaie pentru grupuri dezavantajate 2003
au fost realizate de o echip de experi ai Ministerului Educaiei i Cercetrii pentru a fi folosite n perioada de
aplicare experimental a programului educaional revizuit
A doua ans nvmnt secundar inferior.

Membrii echipei care a elaborat materialele sunt:


Lucia Copoeru, coordonatoarea componentei A doua ans nvmnt secundar inferior
Dorina Kudor, autoare Limba i literatura romn
Gina Anton, autoare Limba i literatura rromani
Carmen Costina, autoare Limba englez
Iudit Sera, autoare Limba englez
Nicolae Pellegrini, autor Matematic
Ariana-Stanca Vcreu, autoare Matematic
Luminia Chicina, autoare tiine
Ioana Mihacea, autoare tiine
Mihai Stamatescu, autor Istorie
dr. Horaiu Popa-Bota, autor Geografie
Elena Blan, autoare Cultur civic
dr. Doina-Olga tefnescu, autoare Cultur civic
Paul Vermeulen, expert U.E., componenta Elaborare curriculum i materiale educaionale

Ghidul este realizat n conformitate cu programa colar pentru disciplina Limba englez
din cadrul programului A doua ans nvmnt secundar inferior, aprobat de
Ministerul Educaiei i Cercetrii prin Ordinul nr. 5375/29.12.2005,
i este distribuit gratuit cursanilor nscrii n acest program educaional.

Toate materialele din cadrul programului educaional A doua ans vor fi modificate, conform sugestiilor de
mbuntire formulate n urma utilizrii lor n coal.
n acest sens, trimitei comentariile i sugestiile dumneavoastr pe adresa
secondchance@wyginternational.ro

Coordonator editorial: Laura Codreanu


Design copert, layout: Elemr Knczey
Design i DTP: Andrs Tnczos
Ilustraii: Levente Szekeres
Corectur: Mirabela Mitric

Acest material este publicat n scopuri educaionale, non-profit, pentru a fi folosit n primul an de aplicare
experimental a programului educaional A doua ans nvmnt secundar inferior.
Autorii s-au strduit s intre n legtur cu proprietarii imaginilor pentru a obine permisiunea de a le folosi n
aceast ediie. i rugm pe aceia pe care nu i-am putut contacta s ia legtura cu noi la
secondchance@wyginternational.ro.

Descrierea CIP a Bibliotecii Naionale a Romniei


COSTINA, CARMEN
Limba englez : modulul 2 : ghidul elevului / Carmen Costina. Bucureti : Step by Step, 2006
ISBN (10) 973-1706-02-X ; ISBN (13) 978-973-1706-02-3

371.3:811.111

Aceast publicaie face parte din Programul Phare 2003 Acces la educaie pentru grupuri dezavantajate,
componenta A doua ans.
Editorul materialului: Ministerul Educaiei i Cercetrii
Data publicrii: august 2006

Coninutul acestui material nu reprezint n mod necesar poziia oficial a Uniunii Europene.

Ministerul Educaiei i Cercetrii


Cuprins
Introduction 4
Do You Need a Learning Diary? 6

Unit I. Around the world 8


1. Famous Cities 10
2. City or Countryside? 12
3. Cultural Profiles 14
Check Your Progress 16

Unit II. Moving on 18


1. The World Is Yours 20
2. Need a Visa? 22
3. Ready to Go 24
Check Your Progress 26

Unit III. Jobs 28


1. A Job Description 30
2. Interview with an Au Pair 32
3. A Letter Home 34
Check Your Progress 36

Unit IV. Setting up a business 38


1. Mini Business Plan 40
2. Dear Sirs or Madams 42
3. Recipe for Success 44
Check Your Progress 46

Scripts 48
Vocabulary 54
Get ready! 58

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 3


Introduction
Dear Student,
Congratulations for your determination to go through to the second module of the
English course in the Second Chance Secondary Education Programme.

This course is designed in such a way as to help you learn English through
meaningful communicative activities and exercises, based on your previous
knowledge of English and your life experience. If the course may seem hard at
times, dont panick. Your teacher is there to help you make the most of it. Also,
you might find it helpful to use the learning strategy tips presented in the
introductory lesson Do you need a Learning Diary?.

The course is structured in four units, each unit consisting of three lessons and a
self-assessment section at the end. The structure of each lesson is consistent
throughout the textbook and is similar to the lessons in the other subjects that you
study in the Second Chance programme (Romanian, Mathematics, Science etc.)

Each lesson starts with an orientation section (Think


about it!), which will introduce you to the topic and
will ask some questions for you and your colleagues
to discuss as a class. This is usually accompanied by
a Useful language box on the right of the page, which
is meant to supply some useful vocabulary that you
can use during the lesson.

The second section is Catch on to it! Here, you will


be introduced to some texts with simple tasks to do
either before or after reading the texts. Besides new
vocabulary, these texts will also contain some of the
structures that you will practise during the next
sections of the lesson.

Work on it! and Go for it! are meant to provide some


opportunities for practice. The level of difficulty will
gradually increase, so that you can start with simple
tasks and go on to more difficult ones. These two
sections are accompanied by a Remember! box on the
right, which contains some of the basic structures you
need to acquire. The explanations are kept to a
minimum, but your teacher will be able to offer more
complete explanations, according to your individual
needs.

4 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Lastly, Did you get it! is meant as a self reflection
activity. Here you can focus on your learning needs
and how they have been met. You may also see some
tasks which are meant to give you an idea on how
well you can manage what you have learned during
the lesson. This section is accompanied by a Do you
know? box on the right, with little bits of information
relevant to the topic and content of the lesson.

The self-assessment pages at the end of each unit will help you get the best
results in the final assessment at the end of the module. By doing this self-
assessment activities, you will be able to identify some of the areas where you
still experience difficulties and need more practice. Hopefully, they will also be a
way for you to celebrate small successes step by step.

At the end of the book, there are some Vocabulary pages. They contain about 200
words that have been used in the lessons. Use these pages as best suits your
needs: while studying each lesson, while revising, before or after self-assessment
these are all good opportunities to have a look at the vocabulary pages.

Finally, in the Get Ready! section, you will be reading some useful advice on
how to prepare for the final assessment at the end of the module.

At the end of this module, you will be able to:


extract simple information from written materials;
guess the meaning of new words or structures in a written text;
reply to a simple, clear oral message;
make an oral presentation of present and past familiar activities;
write short notes, formal and informal letters, emails;
participate in short conversations on various topics of interest to you;

We really hope you will enjoy studying this textbook and look forward to hearing
about your success!

Good luck!

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 5


Do You Need
a Learning Diary?

Think about it! Useful language

When we learn, we all use different strategies. Look at the Strategies are planned series
definition of the word strategies on the right. What of actions to achieve
learning strategies do you use? How about some of your something.
colleagues? Discuss in pairs, then as a whole class.

Catch on to it!
Read about some of Pauls learning strategies, then talk to your deskmate about which
strategies you find useful.
Paul has decided to learn more English as he wants to apply for a better job. He is a
well-organised student, so he keeps a Learning Diary. These are some of the learning
strategies that he uses:

1. To learn VOCABULARY:
I write sentences with the new words and phrases I have learned in class.
e.g. My brother is a mechanic.
I make notes about how to use the new words or phrases.
e.g. Where is my money? (always singular)
I group words in topic groups.
This is an example for JOBS.
Can you add three more jobs?
I look for words with similar
meanings.
e.g. to close = to shut
diary = journal
I find opposites.
e.g. near far
good bad
I make pictures and diagrams. chimney
I write lists of words with their translation. house
e.g. milk = lapte
cabbage = varz
I look up words in a dictionary and write the
dictionary definitions.
e.g. naked = not wearing any clothes

2. To learn GRAMMAR:
I write down examples of grammar structures.
e.g. I have lived here all my life.
I look at grammar explanations.
a, an
If the word that follows starts with a consonant sound, use a: a car, a red apple.
If the word that follows starts with a vowel sound, use an: an apple; an orange cup.

6 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


I try to memorise irregular verb forms. I write them on a separate page in my diary.
e.g.: go went gone; see saw seen
I find patterns. e.g.: enjoy + verb-ing (I enjoy dancing)
I keep some pages in my diary for self-correction.

Wrong Right
Listen me! Listen to me!
I have 26. I am 26.

3. To ORGANIZE my study:
I keep a planner at the end of my learning diary. Heres an example:
Plan / Strategy Result Next Step
Find words for I can name 25 Ask the teacher to suggest books about
nationalities nationalities lifestyles in different countries

Work on it!
These are some pages in Pauls diary: In which section does each of them go?
Write VOCABULARY, GRAMMAR or PLANNER in the suitable boxes:

Topic: In class Question: What do you do?


What does mean? Answers: I + Simple Present
Im sorry, I dont understand. examples:
Can you help me? Im a mechanic. I repair cars.
How do you spell / pronounce ? Im a nurse. I take care of sick peop
Can you repeat, please? le.
Im a shop-assistant. I sell things
Can you explain it again? in a shop.
Im a driver. I drive a lorry/bus/tax
What are we doing next time? i
Im an actor. I play in films/at the
Im sorry Im late. May I come in? theatre
Im a musician. I play an instrum
ent
Im a pilot. I fly planes.

12 february
Today I learned about how to write an official letter. I found this very useful, because I will need to
write an application letter in English for my job.
For next class: I need to ask my teacher more about writing the date in English.

Go for it!
Find partners in your class who use similar learning strategies to yours. Work in groups of
four to draw up a structure for your learning diary.

Did you get it?


Do you think a learning diary will be useful to you? Why? How are you going to organize
it? How often will you make notes in it?

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 7


AROUND THE WORLD

Unit I

In this unit you will learn how to:


Describe a city/town/village
Compare life in the country to life in the city
Compare family values in different cultures

8 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 9
AROUND THE WORLD

Famous Cities 1
Think about it!
Can you name some famous cities around the world? What
are they famous for?

Useful language
country capital city
town population
inhabitants area
km2 square kilometres
economy industry
consumer goods

Catch on to it!
Read the following texts about some famous cities, then fill in the name of the correct city
in each table:
Rome, the capital of Italy, is one of the oldest
cities in
Los Angeles, California, is one of the the world. It was already a large city during the
Roman
most populated areas in the United States Empire. Today, with a population of about 2,553
,873
of America: 3,845,542 inhabitants. The people, Rome is also a major centre of European
city is a very important industrial and culture. There is no heavy industry in Rome, but
financial centre. Some of the most commercial activities, especially banking and touris
m,
important activities include petroleum are extremely important to the economy of Rome
.
and film industries. The city also has a Universities, national radio and television and
the
diversified economy: over 60% of the movie industry also play an important part in
the
largest companies in California have their economy of Rome.
head offices there.

City: City: City:


Country: Australia Country: USA Country: Italy
Area: 12,145 km2 Area: 1,215 km2 Area: 1,285 km2
Population: 4,198,543 Population: 3,845,541 Population: 2,553,873

10 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


g
Sydney, Australia, is the larg
est city in Australia, coverin
financi al
Reading numbers
. The city pla ys a large
an area of about 12,145 km
2

ind ust ries are in con sum er


in
and commercial role. The ma 100 one hundred
ustries include engineering,
goods production. Other ind 1,000 one thousand
equipment, electronics,
railway and transportation jor
ned petroleum products. Ma 10,000 ten thousand
chemicals, plastics and refi
wheat and wool.
exports include coal, meat,
100,000 a hundred
thousand
1,000,000 one million
2,553,873 two million five
Work on it! hundred and fifty-three
thousand eight hundred
1. Read the text about the three cities again, then answer and seventy-three
these questions:
a. Which one is the largest city on its continent?
b. Which city is one of the oldest in Europe?
c. Where is there an important film industry?
d. Which of the three cities has no heavy industry? Remember!
e. Which is one of the most populated American cities?
How to use superlatives:
2. Compare the data for the three cities, then find the answers Short adjectives:
to the following: small the smallest
a. the smallest area; old the oldest
b. the greatest area; great the greatest
c. the greatest number of inhabitants; large the largest
d. the smallest number of inhabitants. heavy the heaviest
Long adjectives:
3. Listen to your teacher reading the numbers in the factfiles important the most important
again. Then try to read these numbers: beautiful the most beautiful
a. 2,550,169 d. 16,312,511 interesting the most
b. 50,182 e. 1,291,313 interesting
c. 476,153 Other adjectives:
good the best
bad the worst
Go for it! many the most
much the most
1. Write 4-5 sentences to describe your town/village. How big
is it? How many inhabitants has it got? What about its
economy? etc.

2. Discuss with your colleagues about your town/village:


What is the tallest building? Do you know?
Which is the oldest bridge?
What is the longest street? Today the worlds
Which is the newest shop? population is about half
urban. Cities have always
been the most important
Did you get it? centres of economic growth
and cultural production.
Different people think and feel differently. Discuss with But their rapid growth has
your classmates about the most important things in your also brought negative things
lives: is it having a job, being healthy, having a family, such as poverty,
having friends, having a home? homelessness, and
You can start like this: The most important thing in my pollution.
life is

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 11


AROUND THE WORLD

City or Countryside? 2
Useful language
Think about it!
city country farm
Do you prefer living in the city or country? Why? lifestyle medical care
neighbour office
peaceful quiet services
shops transportation
village

Catch on to it!
Read the story below. What does the story mean?
You shouldnt eat fast.
It is better to live in the country.
It is polite to invite your friends over for a meal.

The Town and the Country Mouse country I have only simple bread and cheese
by John Russell in my quiet peaceful home.
Suddenly, there was a loud noise at the
Once upon a time, there were two mice door. Dont worry, said the town mouse,
they were cousins. One lived in the town thats just my neighbour the dog, he wants
and the other in the country. The town to join us for dinner. The country mouse ate
mouse was a very superior mouse. He a little faster. Another noise was heard out-
thought that living in the town was much side, even louder this time. Oh dear, said the
better than living the country. So one day, town mouse, the cat wants to join us too.
he invited his country cousin to stay with Quickly finishing his meal, the country
him in his town house and experience the mouse said, thank you, but I think I will re-
civilized lifestyle of the town. They sat turn to my quiet peaceful house in the coun-
down to a meal, which to the country mouse try, and he ran back home as fast as his legs
was a feast. Delicious, he said. In the could carry him.

12 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Work on it!
1. Read the story again. Then circle T (true) or F (false) for each statement below:
a. The town mouse thinks life in the city is more civilized. T F
b. Life in the city is more peaceful than in the country. T F
c. The country mouse eats better food than the town mouse. T F
d. The city mouse is not worried about the dog. T F
e. The country mouse eats faster because it is hungry. T F

2. Write the comparatives of the following adjectives. Then, place them in the correct
column, according to the way they are formed:
easy comfortable fast peaceful good quiet civilized bad healthy noisy
loud many

er y ier more good better

3. Use the correct comparatives to finish the


following sentences: Remember!

a. Travelling by plane is _________________ peaceful How to use comparatives:


than travelling by train. Short adjectives:
richricher
b. Living in the city is ___________________ many poorpoorer
than living in the country. cheapcheaper
busybusier
c. ___________________ people live in cities easy Long adjectives:
than in the country. expensivemore expensive
beautifulmore beautiful
d. It is _________________________ to live in fast peacefulmore peaceful
the country. Other adjectives:
goodbetter
e. Finding a job can be __________________ expensive badworse
in a town. manymore
muchmore

Go for it!
1. Write 3-4 sentences to compare living in the city to living
in the country.

2. Use your ideas in a debate with your colleagues: would Do you know?
you rather be a country mouse or a city mouse?
Around 30 million people
in the European Union live
Did you get it? in housing without a
bathroom or shower.
Can you use comparatives to speak about some of the
things in your classroom?

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 13


AROUND THE WORLD

Cultural Profiles 3
Useful language
family extended family
Think about it! household a few / several
difference similarity
How many children are there in your family? What about birth rate value
most of the families that you know? How many children responsibility
would you like to have?

Catch on to it!
Read these cultural profiles for Romanians, Italians and Romani people. Write down some
important aspects of family life in each culture.

Family plays an important role in the day- children in social events. Children go out
to-day lives of Romanians. Children are con- with their parents to restaurants. They also
sidered important in a marriage. Most fami- stay up late at night to play in the piazza
lies have one or two children. while the parents and grandparents enjoy a
Children start their formal education at drink at a nearby cafe.
the age of 6-7, when they go to school. The father was once the head of the fam-
Men and women are considered equal, ily and the familys link to the rest of the
but this is true more in urban than in rural world. But this situation is changing today
settings. Most women who live in cities have as more women enter the paid workforce.
a full time job outside the home. Decisions
within the family are generally made togeth- Family is highly valued by the Roma people.
er and doing the house chores has become Everything takes place in the family, so Ro-
more and more a shared responsibility. mani are dependent on their family groups.
Most families have several children: the
In Italy, large families were once the ideal. more children, the greater the family fortunes.
Today, the birth rate has dropped to about 1.2 In recent years, Romani people have
births for every woman, but the extended started to place more value on formal educa-
family remains important. Extended family tion and send their children to school, hop-
members usually live near each other or in ing for a better life.
the same household. Grandparents, aunts, Romani wives look after the house, raise
uncles and cousins often get together to share the children, and obey their husbands. Men
family celebrations and Sunday dinner. are the protectors of the familys prestige in
Children have a special place in Italian the community, making decisions and tak-
society. Italians make an effort to include ing responsibility for their families.

14 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Work on it!
1. Read the text again and find the plurals of the following words. Underline them.
family, life, child, city, decision, place, birth, man, house, wife

2. Now write the underlined words in the table below, grouping them according to the way
they form the plural: There is one example for each category.

responsibility situation marriage woman knife


responsibilities situations marriages women knives

3. Finish each sentence with the correct form of the word in


parantheses: Remember!
a. She would like to get married and have two
Plural of the nouns:
_________________________________ (child / children) group groups
place places
b. You can choose to finish this course or not. Whats class classes
day days
your _______________________? (decision / decisions) boy boys
family families
c. Timisoara is one of the most beautiful ______________ country countries
in our country. (city / cities) Irregular plurals
man men
d. One of my _________________________ is to learn how woman women
to drive. (dream / dreams) child children
wife wives
e. Many ____________________ nowadays get a paid job.
(woman / women)

Go for it!
Write 5 sentences about your own views on family life. Be
sure to use plurals in each sentence.

Did you get it?


In this text about family life in Ancient Egypt some of the Do you know?
plurals are not used correctly. Can you spot 5 mistakes and
correct them? Work with a partner. The Roma is the largest
The people of ancient Egypt highly valued family life. ethnic community in
They treasured child and regarded them as a great blessing. Europe, about 10 million
Young boy learned a trade or craft from their fathers or an people. It is estimated that
artisans. Young girls worked and received their training at two thirds of them live in
home with their mothers. Those who could afford it sent Central and Eastern
their sons, from about the age 7, to school to study religion, European countries and
reading, writing, and arithmetic. There is no evidence that about 2 million Roma
they had schools for girl, but some were home taught to people live in Romania.
read and write and some even became doctor.

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 15


AROUND THE WORLD

Check Your Progress I


Before you do these exercises, go back to the Remember and Useful language boxes in
each lesson of the unit. Have a look at your notes and try doing again the exercises that
you found more difficult.

1. Find the odd word in each of the following lists:


a. Rome / Paris / France / Sydney / London;
b. teacher / school / university / highschool / kindergarten;
c. good / beautiful / interesting / bad / economy;
d. shorter / wider / longer / big / smaller
e. women / children / men / boys / girl

2. Choose the best way to complete each of the following sentences.


a. It is to travel by train than to travel by plane.
a. faster b. fast c. more fast

b. The thing to do is wait until they return.


a. goodest b. gooder c. best

c. They have been married for six years and have three .
a. childrens b. child c. children

d. How many English have you missed?


a. class b. classes c. classe

e. Do you think it is to wait here or move along?


a. gooder b. better c. good

f. This is the thing you have to do right now!


a. more important b. importantest c. most important

3. Write a few sentences to describe the place where you live (town / village / city):

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

16 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


4. Tick the appropriate column in each row of the table below:

I need more practice


I can do this! I cant do this yet!
with this!
Describe a town or a
village
Read long numbers
Use comparatives
correctly
Use superlatives
correctly
Use the plural of
nouns correctly

5. Take some time to reflect upon the unit you have just finished. Answer the questions
below. Bear in mind that at final assessment you will be asked to make similar
reflections on your learning and skills.

What do you think about the lessons and activities in this unit?

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which lesson did you enjoy most? Why?

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Write down a few situations in which you could use what you have learned in this unit.

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

What learning strategies did you use in this unit?

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which of them proved to be more efficient?

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which parts of this unit do you need to revise for assessment?

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 17


MOVING ON

Unit II

In this unit you will learn how to:


Give advice, express possibility / necessity / permission
Fill in forms with personal data
Speak about your plans

18 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 19
MOVING ON

The World Is Yours 1


Think about it!
Imagine a good friend of yours would like to live and work
in another country for a short period of time. What advice
would you give them?
Useful language

accommodation
additional cost allow
certificate immigration
office passport qualify
require visa weekly
allowance work permit

Catch on to it!
Read the following text:

Entering the UK
Everyone visiting Europe needs a valid
passport and some European countries may
also require visas. Your passport must not
expire within six months of entering Europe
or you will not be allowed in. You should al-
low plenty of time to apply for a new pass-
port. You can obtain your passport faster for
an additional cost. A visa is a certificate that
is put into your passport or travel document
which gives you permission to enter the UK.
When you arrive in the UK, an Immigration
Officer may ask you questions, so you
should take all relevant documents in your
hand luggage.

Working in the UK
There are several programmes that allow to five hours day in exchange for accommo-
travellers to legally work in the UK. One of dation in your own room and a recommend-
them is the Au Pair programme. Under this ed weekly allowance of -55. To qualify for
programme you can come to the UK to study this scheme you must show that you: are not
English if you are aged between 17 and 27 married; have no dependents; will leave the
and a national of certain countries, includ- UK within two years; will not need help
ing Romania. Under the au pair scheme you from public funds; plan to leave the United
can live for up to two years with an English- Kingdom when you complete your stay as
speaking family working in the home for up an au pair.

20 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Work on it!
1. Use the correct affirmative or negative form of the
following modal verbs. Write the complete sentences in Remember!
your copybook:
a. This bag is too heavy, I lift it. (can / cant) Modal verbs
b. When entering a foreign country you have a can ability / permission
passport. (must / mustnt) may permission /
c. In some countries you also need a visa. (may / possibility
may not) must obligation
d. You keep travelling documents at hand. (should should advice
/ shouldnt) mustnt interdiction
e. If you want to be an au pair, you be over 27 neednt lack of obligation
years old. (must / mustnt)
f. Wed like to know how we help you. (can /
cant)
g. You wait too long before applying for a passport.
(should / shouldnt)

2. Use an appropriate modal verb to finish these sentences:

a. ________________________ you hold your breath for more than a minute? No, I cant.

b. You ________________________ take your umbrella with you today.

It ________________________ rain this afternoon.

c. As a Romanian citizen, you _____________________ get a visa before entering the UK.

d. Shes really upset now, you ________________________ talk to her like that!

e. Why ________________________ he wait politely like everybody else does?

Go for it!
What could you say to these people? Write down one sentence for each situation, then
compare them with those of your pair:
a. Your friend wants to lose weight.
b. Your teacher wants to know more about your learning needs.
c. Your colleague wants to get a qualification as a hairdresser.
d. Your sister would like to work as an au pair in the UK.
e. Your father would like to get a better job.

Do you know?
Did you get it?
The UK may have over
Work in groups of four. On a big sheet of paper write down 500,000 East European
some of the rules in your classroom. Make sure you use the immigrants following the
verbs can / must / should appropriately. inclusion of ten new
member states to the EU.

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 21


MOVING ON

Need a Visa? 2
Think about it!
This is a visa application form. Supposing you want to help
a friend fill it in, what questions would you have to ask?

Catch on to it!
Read the following text. Where do you think it is taken from?

http://www.ukvisas.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/
ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1006977149989

How do I apply?
You will need to fill in an application form and give this to the visa sec-
tion at a UK mission overseas with:
your valid passport or travel document
a passport-sized (45mm 35mm), colour photograph of yourself. The
photograph should be:
taken against a light coloured (white, off-white etc.) background
unmounted, clear and of good quality
printed on normal photographic paper
full face without sunglasses, hat or other head covering unless for
ethnic or religious reasons
the visa fee (usually payable in local currency)
any supporting documents requested in the guidance note

What supporting documents should I include with my application?


You should include all the documents you can to show that you qualify
for entry to the UK as an au pair. If you do not, we may refuse your ap-
plication. As a guide, you should include a letter of introduction from
the family you will be staying with in the UK (the host family), which
outlines the main terms and conditions of your employment.
You should not pay for any travel tickets until a decision has been made
on your visa application.

Useful language
Work on it!
background fee host
1. Read the How do I apply? section of the text again. Find light/dark colour local
all the definite and indefinite articles and discuss their use currency overseas
with your teacher. passport-sized qualify for
sunglasses unless valid

22 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


2. Fill in the blanks with a / an: Remember!

a. I need _________ pen, can I borrow yours, please? Indefinite Articles


(for non-specific
b. Is there _________ bank near here? singular nouns)
a + consonant-sound
c. His wife is _________ English teacher, and _________ an + vowel sound
very good one too. a book, an English book

d. John works 45 hours _________ week, hes _________ Definite articles


hard working young man. (for specific singular
and plural nouns)
e. If you have _________ extra pair of scissors, I could the pronounced
help with this. differently
if before a vowel or a
f. My brother would like to become _________ engineer consonant
one day.

3. Decide whether you should use the definite or indefinite article in the following
sentences:

a. Ive invited _________ friend for dinner tonight.

b. Did you enjoy _________ film we watched last night?

c. It rains a lot in England, you will need to buy _________ raincoat.

d. Ive never seen such _________ interesting documentary.

e. Where are _________ books that I bought yesterday?

f. She hasnt read _________ letter you have sent her.

Go for it! Do you know?

You have a visitor from another country and they keep Having a visa does not
asking questions about everything. Can you answer them? guarantee entry to the host
country. The border
crossing authorities can
Did you get it? make the final decision
whether to allow entry or
Is the use of articles in English similar to the use of articles not. They may even cancel a
in your mother tongue? Compare some examples and visa at the border if the
discuss them with your pair. alien cannot demonstrate
that they will abide by the
status their visa grants
them.

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 23


MOVING ON

Ready to Go 3
Think about it! Useful language

Imagine you are going on a long journey. Make a list of the ambitious both and
five most important things you would like to take with by the way count on
you. Argue your choices in a discussion with your partner. somebody determined
doll in exchange keep
ones promises
Catch on to it! opportunity pack
present scared search
Listen to the following conversation, then answer these search engine toy type
questions:
Who is packing? Where is Rita going?
What will she do there? When is she coming back?

Traian, standing in the doorway: My


goodness! What are you doing?
Rita, smiling: You can see for yourself
what Im doing! Im packing my bags.
Thats what Im doing!
Traian: Are you going on a holiday?
Rita: Well, not exactly, I found a job in
England. Im going to work there for a
year.
Traian: In England? Youre joking, for
sure! What job is that?
Rita: Its an au pair job for a nice family
with two children. Traian: Not me, thank you. So, what are
Traian: You mean babysitter? those things over there?
Rita: Yes, something like that. Only, its Rita: What, these little toys? They are
not exactly what you would call a job. presents for the children. Do you like
Its really a chance to learn about this toy train? My father made it. And I
another culture and to learn more made this doll myself.
English in exchange for looking after the Traian: Youre really good at these things.
children and doing some light So, when are you leaving?
housework. Rita: In two days, Im a bit scared.
Traian: Wow! And how did you get this Traian: You shouldnt be, youre a very
idea? determined and ambitious young
Rita: Do you remember that lesson we had woman, thats what I like about you.
in Computer Studies, about how to use Rita: Thanks. Do you know what I like
search engines to find information on about you?
the Internet? I just typed in jobs in Traian: What?
England and I found lots of information Rita: Youre what I call a real friend. I can
about au pair jobs for young people like always count on you.
me and you. By the way, you could Traian: Do you promise to be back next
become an au pair, too, these year?
opportunities are for both men and Rita: I promise. And I always keep my
women. promises.

24 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Work on it! Remember!

1. Fill in the blanks with this / these: Demonstrative pronouns


this near, singular
a. __________ camera is fantastic, look at __________ that distant, singular
these near, plural
wonderful pictures I took with it. those distant, plural

b. I dont like __________ dress, Id rather wear

__________ jeans.

c. How do you like __________ new sunglasses? Theyre

very fashionable __________ summer.

d. Can you put __________ papers away, please? Im

tired of all __________ mess.

e. _______ bag is very heavy, but _______ two are lighter.

f. What are __________ tickets for? / Oh, this is my

plane ticket and __________ is a train ticket.

g. __________ presents are too big, theyll never fit into

__________ bag.

2. Rewrite the following sentences, changing the subjects and verbs from the singular to the
plural. Make any other necessary changes. Example:
This exercise is very easy, I already finished it.
These exercises are very easy, I already finished them.
a. This umbrella is mine.
b. That toy train is made of wood.
c. That window is closed, can you open it, please?
d. This is your new colleague, please welcome him.
e. That computer isnt working.
f. This letter is for you, it arrived this morning. Do you know?
Internet search engines are
Go for it! special sites on the Web that
are designed to help people
Write some sentences about things in your classroom using find information stored on
this, that, these, those. Then check each others work with hundreds of millions of
your partner. pages available on the
Internet. Google, which was
launched in 1998, has
Did you get it? become one of the most
popular search engines in
Can you explain in simple words when to use this or that / the world.
these ot those?

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 25


MOVING ON

Check Your Progress II


Before you do these exercises, go back to the Remember and Useful language boxes in
each lesson of the unit. Have a look at your notes and try doing again the exercises that
you found more difficult.

1. Answer the following questions:

a. What is your first name? _______________________________________________________

b. What is your family name? ____________________________________________________

c. What is your nationality? ______________________________________________________

d. What is your place of birth? ____________________________________________________

e. How old are you?______________________________________________________________

f. Where do you live? ____________________________________________________________

g. Whats your job? ______________________________________________________________

2. Choose the right words from the list below to complete each of the following sentences.
apply citizen signature valid passport visa

a. As a Romanian _________________________________ you need a visa to enter the UK.

b. Make sure you have a _____________________ passport before you leave the country.

c. Whos this letter from? It hasnt got a ___________________________________________

d. If you want to go abroad, you need to ________________________ for a passport some


time before your departure.

e. Customs officer: Can I see your _______________________________________, please?

f. Do you think I need a ____________________________________________ to enter Italy?

3. What would you reply to the following?


I really want to lose some weight.

___________________________________________________________________________________

A child has just finished his chocolate and is preparing to throw the paper in the street.

___________________________________________________________________________________

May I borrow your pen, please?

___________________________________________________________________________________

26 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


I am so worried that I cant concentrate on anything I do!

___________________________________________________________________________________

What present do you think I should buy for her bitrthday?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Your friend has drunk three beers and is preparing to drive the car.

___________________________________________________________________________________

4. Tick the appropriate column in each row of the table below:

I need more I cant do this


I can do this!
practice with this! yet!
Give advice
Fill in a form with
personal details
Express obligation / interdiction
(must / mustnt)
Express ability / possibility
(can / may)

5. Take some time to reflect upon the unit you have just finished. Answer the questions
below. Bear in mind that at final assessment you will be asked to make similar
reflections on your learning and skills.

What do you think about the lessons and activities in this unit?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which lesson did you enjoy most? Why?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Write down a few situations in which you could use what you have learned in this unit.

___________________________________________________________________________________

What learning strategies did you use in this unit?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which of them proved to be more efficient?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which parts of this unit do you need to revise for assessment?

___________________________________________________________________________________

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 27


JOBS

Unit III

In this unit you will learn how to:


Analyze a job description
Speak about past experiences
Write informal letters

28 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 29
JOBS

A Job Description 1
Think about it!
A friend of yours is taking on a new job. What advice
would you give them for their first day of work? Useful language

a day off assist bathe


Catch on to it! dependant driving licence
either or flexible
Read the following text, then answer these questions: healthy male / female
a. Can a 26-year-old man apply for this job? prepare requirement
b. Does the au pair have to drive the children to school? snack status
c. How many hours a day does the au pair have to work?

Job Description Au Pair


Requirements:
Age: 18-27 years old;
Status: male or female, single with no dependants;
Character: happy, flexible and helpful.
Language skills: basic English skills required;
Driving licence: not necessary, but helpful
Duties and Responsibilities:
Daily morning duties:
Wake children in the morning;
Make sure the children are dressed;
Make sure the childrens beds are made and their rooms clean;
Prepare breakfast for the children;
Prepare lunches for the children;
Clean up breakfast dishes;
Make sure children have books and homework for school;
Drive children to school (if needed);
While children are at school:
Either free time for studying or light chores in the house, such as
vacuuming, dusting, folding or ironing clothes;
Afternoon duties:
Pick up children from school
Prepare a healthy afternoon snack
Assist the children with their homework
Bathe the children
Working hours and free time:
5 hours working / day + 2 evenings baby sit;
2 days off / week
some free time will be available on a daily basis, for the au pair to
study, or do what they want

30 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Work on it!
1. Choose the most suitable response to the following sentences:
a. Im leaving on holiday tomorrow. Remember!
Have a good time!
Dont ask me! Imperatives
Remember to tell me again. Affirmative:
b. Which bus do you think I should take? Come here, please.
Run really fast! Clean the bathroom, please.
Dont worry about a thing. Leave me alone!
Dont get the late one, its too crowded. Negative:
c. I need some help with this. Dont come now, please
Speak to me later please. Dont clean my desk,
Dont do anything about it. please.
Speak to John, he could help you. Dont do this!
d. How do you use this machine?
Press the ON button.
Enjoy yourself!
Dont think twice.
e. Alex is really worried about his new job.
Dont tell anyone.
Try and talk to him about it.
Dont say anything to him.

2. Choose a suitable verb from the following list to finish these sentences. Put the verb in
the affirmative or negative to make sensible sentences.
say stretch leave ask take speak

a. ______________ your hat off before you sit at the table.

b. _________ over the table if you need to get something.

c. ________________ politely when you need something.

d. ________________ with your mouth full.

e. ___________ the table until you are given permission.

f. ________________ thank you when you have finished


your meal.

Do you know?
Go for it!
The period of weekly
Imagine a friend of yours is helping you with the spring working time is limited by
cleaning. What instructions would you give them? (Use means of law in many
both affirmative and negative sentences.) countries. The European
Working Time Directive sets
the maximum weekly
Did you get it? working time to no more
than 48 hours for each
Think of a new exercise to check your pairs understanding seven-day period.
of Imperatives. Then solve each others exercises.

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 31


JOBS

Interview with an Au Pair 2


Think about it!
Have you ever had to look after a child? Can
you think of some advantages / disadvantages
of being an au pair in a foreign country?

Catch on to it!
Read the following interview, then answer these questions:
a. How old is Veronika?
b. Where is she from?
c. What is her job?
d. How did she find her job?
e. Does she like it? Why?
Name: Veronika Santl
Hi Veronika! Why did you decide to become an au pair? Age: 20
After I finished school I was unsure whether to start work or Occupation: Au pair in
go on to further study, so I made the decision to take a gap Ipswich, UK
Home town: Straubing,
year, to give myself more time for making the best decision. Germany

How did you find your job as an au pair?


I found a lot of au pair agencies on the Internet. I applied to one or two, I told them some
things about myself (age, interests, experience in childcare), then the agencies sent me
some matching families. This is how I did it, but you can also contact families yourself.
The agency I used didnt charge me anything and they found a good placement for me, so
I was very happy about it.

Did you have much experience of working with children?


I used to look after three little girls in the neighbourhood and Ive always enjoyed having
children around.

32 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Are you enjoying your job?
When I started work I sometimes found it hard to get along with the kids and to keep
calm. But after a few weeks we got used to each other and it was easier for us all. Of
course there are still some of these moments; the difference is, now I know what to do.
Apart from that its really a good job which I enjoy. Every day is different and its a good
feeling when a child gives you a hug to say I like you.

How much do you get paid?


The payment is weekly and I get 60. As I dont have to pay Useful language
for food or accommodation, I can use the money to go out
or visit some nearby towns. The family didnt pay for my agency au pair charge
flights, but they did pay for me to do a language course. childcare feeling hug
nearby suit be prepared
get along with somebody
Work on it! get used to look after
somebody make a
1. Sequence the following sentences in the correct order. Then decision used to
copy the sentences into your copybooks, using such words
at the beginning of each sentence: first, second, then, finally.
a. I applied to one or two agencies.
b. I left my country to live with the host family for a Remember!
year
c. I told the agencies some things about myself. Simple past tense
d. I looked for some au pair agencies on the Internet. Regular verbs:
e. They found a suitable family for me. verb + -ed
finish finished
2. Put the verbs in the brackets into the appropriate form start started
present or past. Look for clues in each sentence. enjoy enjoyed
a. Adrian is a very nice young man, he always (enjoy) apply applied
helping others. hug hugged
b. Yesterday the children (visit) the zoo with the new au use used
pair. Irregular verbs:
c. I (send) her a letter two weeks ago and she hasnt do did
replied yet. find found
d. Listen to this music! It (go) straight to my heart. get got
e. Maria (call) last night to invite us to her birthday make made
party. pay paid
f. This class (get along) very well with their teacher. send sent
tell told

Go for it!
Write a few sentences about your education. When did you Do you know?
start school for the first time? Why did you stop going to
school? How did you find out about the Second Chance Only nationals from the
programme? How did you make the decision to start this following countries are
programme? included in the official au
pair scheme: Andorra,
Bosnia-Herzegovina,
Did you get it? Croatia, Faroe Islands,
Greenland, Macedonia,
Check some English grammar books or dictionaries and Monaco, Romania, San
make a list of irregular verbs. Keep this list at hand and try Marino, Turkey.
to memorize as many as you can.

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 33


JOBS

A Letter Home 3
Think about it!
Have you ever received a letter from a friend? Why / when
do people send letters to each other?

Catch on to it!
Look at the following letter. Before reading it, try to answer these questions:
a. Who is the letter for?
b. Who is the letter from? Where is the letter sent from?
c. When was it written?

May 23rd 2006


Leicester, the UK
Dear Traian,
Its been more than six months now since I arrived in the UK as an au pair. I really
enjoy what I am doing, the kids are great and everybody has been very friendly and
supportive. I have made a lot of progress with my English thanks to them, and I have
also learnt a lot about the English way of life. I am very impressed with how well
organized everything is. Still, I miss home and look forward to coming back in a few
months.
While here, I have done a lot of thinking about what I am going to do when I leave
England. My host family are running a small business which offers cleaning services
to companies. We have talked about it a lot and it doesnt sound very complicated.
So, Ive decided to set up my own business in Romania. Imagine that! The Second
Chance graduate, becoming a successful business woman! It may sound like a
dream, but I really feel that I have become more independent and confident. There is
no reason why I shouldnt succeed. Youll see!
After all, I already consider myself successful, having managed to finish school in
the Second Chance programme. Actually, that was my first chance ever!
Anyway, I hope you are doing fine and look forward to your letter.
Take care,
Rita

Useful language
Work on it!
confident friendly
1. Read Ritas letter again, then answer these questions about impressed independent
her: reason successful
a. How long has she been in England? supportive way of life
b. What has she learned there? look forward to make
c. In what ways does she feel she has changed? progress run a business
set up a business thanks to

34 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


2. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb to have:
Remember!
a. We _________________ never been to Poland.
Present Perfect
b. She _________________ decided to go to university. have / has +
3rd form of verb
c. John _________________ got a new car. - used to describe
an action that happened
d. My friends ___________ started a new English course. at an unspecified
time before now;
e. I think I _______________ understood how this works. I have met him before.
She has never been to France.
f. _________________ you heard the news about Rita?

3. Use Present Perfect if the exact time when the action happened is not important. With
time expressions such as yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child,
you should use Simple Past.
Put the verb in brackets into the Simple Past or Present Perfect:

a. When _______________ you _______________ this course? (start)

b. They _______________ just _______________ back from a long trip. (come)

c. Ive been waiting for half an hour. Where _______________ you _______________? (be)

d. I _______________ to him last week. (speak)

e. Do you like the present she _______________ for your birthday? (buy)

f. Vlad _______________ Hungarian when he was a child. (learn)

Go for it!
Write a letter to a friend in which to describe your
experience as a Second Chance student. Speak about how
you started the course, what you have learned, what you
have liked. Add a few lines in the end about your plans for Do you know?
the future. Have you made any decisions?
The European Commission
launched the Second
Did you get it? Chance Schools pilot
projects in 1997.
To use Present Perfect correctly, you need to brush up on The main aim of these pilot
your list of Irregular verbs. Work with your partner to make projects was to help young
sure you have both learned them correctly. See if you can people get the necessary
make 10 sentences with different verbs in the Present education and training to
Perfect to speak about your life experience. Check your find a job.
sentences with your pair.

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 35


JOBS

Check Your Progress III


Before you do these exercises, go back to the Remember and Useful language boxes in
each lesson of the unit. Have a look at your notes and try doing again the exercises that
you found more difficult.

1. Alex and Irina keep arguing about everything. If Alex tells the children Do this or
that, Irina will say Dont do this or that! and the other way round.
Here is a list of Alexs instructions for the children. What would Irina say?

Alex Irina
e.g. Dont wash the dishes! Wash the dishes!
Do your homework now!

Dont clean the windows!

Wash the car!

Eat in the living room!

Call your friends over!

2. Use the past tense of the verbs between brackets to finish these sentences:

a. They (say) they didnt like the course.

______________________________________________________________________________

b. The children (do) their homework without any help.

______________________________________________________________________________

c. I (find) your advice quite helpful, thank you.

______________________________________________________________________________

d. We (receive) a letter from Dana last week.

______________________________________________________________________________

e. I really (enjoy) the film, it was great.

______________________________________________________________________________

f. The school (be) closed yesterday, it was national holiday.

______________________________________________________________________________

36 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


3. You have received the following letter from a friend of yours. Reply to the letter, making
sure you answer all the questions.

Dear Alex,
I finally arrived in Italy after a very long journey. The train was quite slow but at least I
got here safe and sound (you know how scared I am of flying!)
How are things at home? Did you get an answer about the job you applied for? I really
hope you will get this job, I know how important it is to you!
How are your parents? Please give them my regards and tell your mum I miss her apple pies.
Well, thats all for now. Please write soon, you will find my address on the back of the
envelope.
Love,
Mark

4. Tick the appropriate column in each row of the table below:

I need more I cant do this


I can do this!
practice with this! yet!
Give instructions
(Do! / Dont!)
Speak about past events
(Simple Past / Present Perfect)
Write an informal letter

5. Take some time to reflect upon the unit you have just finished. Answer the questions
below. Bear in mind that at final assessment you will be asked to make similar
reflections on your learning and skills.

What do you think about the lessons and activities in this unit?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which lesson did you enjoy most? Why?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Write down a few situations in which you could use what you have learned in this unit.

___________________________________________________________________________________

What learning strategies did you use in this unit?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which of them proved to be more efficient?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which parts of this unit do you need to revise for assessment?

___________________________________________________________________________________

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 37


SETTING UP A BUSINESS

Unit IV

In this unit you will learn how to:


Draw up a business plan
Write a formal letter
Write an e-mail

38 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 39
SETTING UP A BUSINESS

Mini Business Plan 1


Think about it!
Have you ever thought you could become your own boss? What do you enjoy doing?
What are you good at? What business could you start?

Catch on to it!
Rita has come back to Romania. Eager to fulfil her dream and become her own employer,
Rita has drawn up the following business plan. Answer these questions after you read it:
a. What kind of services will her company offer?
b. What clients does she have in mind?
c. What operating profit does she expect for 2008?

Mini Business Plan Keys to Success:


Executive Summary: 1. Professional quality;
CLEANBEST will specialize in offering high quality 2. Reliability and discretion;
cleaning services to small offices and private homes 3. Flexible working hours;
in the area of Cluj-Napoca. Market Analysis:
Objectives: CLEANBEST will start by focusing on two market
Our most important business objectives are: segments: small business offices and private homes.
1. sales of 84,000 RON in the first year; Our largest segment is the small offices, but the
2. a 25 % growth in sales for the following 2 years; highest growth rates are for homes. The potential
3. keep the number of complaints from clients to a sales are higher for small offices, since they need
minimum of 5 %; cleaning services more often and more regularly.

Profit and Loss Forecast:


Year 2006 2007 2008 Currency
Sales 84,000 105,000 131,250
Cost of Sales 6,500 7,500 8,500
Gross Margin 77,500 97,500 122,750 RON
Operating Expenses 19,200 24,000 26,000
Operating Profit 58,300 73,500 96,750

40 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Work on it! Useful language

1. Classify the following words into adjectives and nouns: complaint eager
ability friendly able possibility willing curious employer forecast fulfill
friendliness possible curiosity polite probable gross margin growth
soft politeness softness probability willingness market objective profit
reliability sales set up
Adjectives Nouns summary
friendly, friendliness,

2. Choose one of the words on the right to fill in each of these sentences:

a. Tom is a very _______________ person. I am touched by Toms ____________________.


(friendly / friendliness)

b. I quite like the _____________________ of his voice. He has a ________________ voice


that I like. (soft / softness)

c. __________________ rates seem to be high for this business. This business seems to

be highly ______________________. (profitable / profitability)

d. Her ________________ to complete her education is outstanding. She is extremely

______________________ to complete her education. (eager / eagerness)

e. (reliable / reliability) I am satisfied with these


Remember!
products ______________________. This companys
Nouns
flexibility
Adjectives
products are very ______________________.
reliable reliability
flexible

f. (flexible / flexibility) Their working hours are very possible possibility


eager eagerness
______________________. The ______________________ clean cleanliness
polite politeness
of their working hours is a great advantage.

Go for it! Do you know?

Work in groups of four to draw up a mini business plan Over the years, development
based on your ideas. Use nouns and adjectives appropriately. experts learned that when
they help girls and women,
they end up helping the
Did you get it? whole society. This lesson
led them to create special
Look up in a dictionary for more pairs of nouns and programmes that help
adjectives similar to the ones in exercises 1 and 2. How women get the tools, skills,
many correct sentences can you make? Ask your teacher and money they need to
for help. improve their lives.

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 41


SETTING UP A BUSINESS

Dear Sirs or Madams 2


Useful language
Think about it!
curriculum vitae enclosed
Do you remember what are the parts of an informal letter? formal help along in
Have a quick look at the formal letter below and compare it advance loan
to the structure of a personal letter. What is similar? What microfinance opportunity
is different? previous purpose
recommendation request
terms and conditions
Catch on to it!
This is Ritas letter to an international financing organization. Read the letter to find out:
a. What is the purpose of the letter?
b. What kind of information does she request?
c. What documents has she attached to her letter?

95 Rosetti Street
Cluj-Napoca, 400 450
October 1, 2006
International Finance Corporation
2121 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA
Dear Sirs or Madams,
I am writing to request more information about the small business microfinance
programme offered by your organization.
During the past year I have lived in Great Britain, working as an au pair in a family that
ran a cleaning service company. While there, I have had several opportunities to help
them along with their business and learn more about it.
At present my intention is to set up my own business in the city of Cluj-Napoca.
Please find enclosed my curriculum vitae, two letters of recommendation from my
previous employers and a business plan. I would be very pleased to find out more
about the terms and conditions of your loan programme for small businesses.
Thank you in advance for your consideration. I look forward to hearing from you.
Yours faithfully,
Rita Moraru

42 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Work on it!
1. This is the letter that Rita got back after a few days. Rearrange the parts of the letter into
the right order, then write the letter on an piece of paper using the correct layout.

A. Dear Ms Moraru,
B. International Finance Corporation
2121 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA Remember!
C. Beatrice Peters
D. With reference to your letter of October 1st 2006, we are Parts of a formal letter
pleased to inform you that our representative in Cluj- return address
Napoca will contact you during the next two weeks. (the senders address)
He will be able to offer you more information about how inside address
the microfinance programme works and advise you on (the recipients address)
the best course of action with regard to your plans. salutation
Please feel free to contact us for any further inquiries. body
E. October 10th, 2006 closing
F. Sincerely yours, signature
G. Rosetti Street
Cluj-Napoca, 400 450

2. Fill in the blanks with only one suitable word from the following list:
bought future hopes loan months old profit start unemployed
Miorita Andrei is 36 years She works as a cleaning lady at the Negresti public library.
Her husband is and they have three children.
Last year she received a of approximately US $ 275 through a microfinance
programme. The money will be repaid in nine with a six-month grace period. With the
credit money she five pigs, animal feed and a cow. Later on she to sell some of the
piglets and a calf to service her debt. She has also made arrangements to sell milk.
She hopes that in the near she will be able to increase the number of animals she owns
and that she will also developing a food processing activity (milk and meat
processing). She hopes to achieve this goal by reinvesting the obtained and with
additional microcredit.

Do you know?
Go for it!
The number of poor people
Write a formal letter to a local organization to inquire about with access to microcredit
any information that may be interesting to you. programmes rose from 7.6
million in 1997 to 26.8 million
in 2001. Microfinancing
Did you get it? enables low-income people to
control assets, make economic
Use the Internet as a resource for more information on decisions and assume control
microfinance programmes that function in your local area of their lives. According to
by typing in some of the key words in this lesson. some estimates, 5% of
microfinance programme
participants could lift their
families out of poverty each
year. (UNDP, Human
Development Report)

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 43


SETTING UP A BUSINESS

Recipe for Success 3


Think about it!
Have you ever sent or received an email? How are emails different from letters?

Catch on to it!
The following message was received by Rita from her friend, Daniela.
Some lines in the message were introduced by A woman should have, others by
A woman should know. Can you re-create the original message by writing the lines
under the right heading?

Work on it!
Choose the right word
1. Nouns and verbs
make do have take
a bath (British) (American) Study tip
lessons
homework

When you learn new words,
an exam

make notes of the words
a photograph

that go with them
a baby
a suggestion
Make a table like this one in your notebooks and tick the right word combination for the
following nouns: preparations damage research a decision a discovery a phone call a
look a party a noise a promise a test a complaint breakfast progress fun an effort harm a
comment a break a mistake

44 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Remember!

Informal emails
2. Adjectives and nouns You can start the email with:
Hi / Hi + first name / Dear
big serious great strong huge

+ first name (more formal) /
problem First name only / No name
fun and no greeting
possibility You can end the email with:
All the best / Best wishes /
Use a dictionary to find adjectives that go with the Regards (more formal) /
following nouns: importance difficulty mistake difference Love (close friends and
surprise interest family) / Your first name

3. Intensifying adverbs
very completely / totally absolutely seriously terribly really
important
ill
impossible
sure / certain

Add six rows to the table above and find some more
adjectives to write in the first column. Tick the adverbs
that you can use to make them stronger. Do you know?

Electronic mail, abbreviated


Go for it! e-mail or email, is a method
of composing, sending,
Send an email message to a friend to invite him/her to join storing, and receiving
you on a trip with other friends. Tell him/her what the messages over electronic
place is like, what you have planned to do there and what communication systems.
the other friends are like. Send a cc to your teacher. cc = carbon copy (used to
show that you are sending a
copy to someone else; the
Did you get it? carbon copy recipient is not
necessarily expected to
What new word combinations did you learn in this lesson? reply to the email)
Did you learn things that can be useful to you later on? bc = blind carbon copy (the
Do you have friends that you can communicate with by blind carbon copy
email? recepients names or email
addresses will not be seen
by the other recipients).

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 45


SETTING UP A BUSINESS

Check Your Progress IV


Before you do these exercises, go back to the Remember and Useful language boxes in
each lesson of the unit. Have a look at your notes and try doing again the exercises that
you found more difficult.

1. Circle the correct words from the underlined options that best finish each of the
following sentences:

e.g. You mustnt / dont have to smoke in the babys room.

a. Ana didnt do/ make her homework yesterday.

b. Lets have / take lunch in the dining room.

c. You shouldnt worry / to worry too much about it.

d. I dont understand your question, you can / can you repeat it please?

2. Use the correct tense of the verbs in the brackets to finish these sentences:
(Use Simple Future / Simple Past / Present Perfect)

a. They (buy) a new car last month. _______________________________________________

b. She (never be) to France, but she would really like to go. _________________________

c. We (talk) about this tomorrow, OK? _____________________________________________

e. Maria (get) married next year, Im really happy for her! ___________________________

f. We (never send) an email, can you show me how to do it? ________________________

g. I (read) this book last summer, it was very interesting. ___________________________

3. You have received the following letter from Mr John Smart, the public relations officer
at a microfinace company. Reply to the letter, making sure you answer all the questions.

Dear Mrs Bogdan,


Thank you for your letter of January 15 in which you inquire about our programme for
small businesses.
In order to provide the information that best suits your needs, we kindly ask you to
provide the following documents:
a business plan;
a summary of your business;
your curriculum vitae;
Please send these documents by regular mail as soon as possible for a quick reply from
our loan officer.
Best regards,
John Smart

46 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

4. Tick the appropriate column in each row of the table below:

I need more
I can do this! I cant do this yet!
practice with this!
Describe things/people
using adjectives
Write a formal letter

write an email

Describe future plans

5. Take some time to reflect upon the unit you have just finished. Answer the questions
below. Bear in mind that at final assessment you will be asked to make similar
reflections on your learning and skills.

What do you think about the lessons and activities in this unit?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which lesson did you enjoy most? Why?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Write down a few situations in which you could use what you have learned in this unit.

___________________________________________________________________________________

What learning strategies did you use in this unit?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which of them proved to be more efficient?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Which parts of this unit do you need to revise for assessment?

___________________________________________________________________________________

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 47


Scripts
Unit I Around the world, Lesson 1 Famous cities

Rome, the capital of Italy, is one of the oldest cities in the world. It was already a large
city during the Roman Empire. Today, with a population of about 2,553,873 people, Rome
is also a major centre of European culture. There is no heavy industry in Rome, but
commercial activities, especially banking and tourism, are extremely important to the
economy of Rome. Universities, national radio and television and the movie industry also
play an important part in the economy of Rome.

Los Angeles, California, is one of the most populated areas in the United States of
America: 3,845,542 inhabitants. The city is a very important industrial and financial
centre. Some of the most important activities include petroleum and film industries. The
city also has a diversified economy: over 60% of the largest companies in California have
their head offices there.

Sydney, Australia, is the largest city in Australia, covering an area of about 12,145 km2.
The city plays a large financial and commercial role. The main industries are in consumer
goods production. Other industries include engineering, railway and transportation
equipment, electronics, chemicals, plastics and refined petroleum products. Major
exports include coal, meat, wheat and wool.

Unit I Around the world, Lesson 1 Famous cities

Work on it! Exercise 3


a. 2,550,169
b. 50,182
c. 476,153
d. 16,312,511
e. 1,291,313

Unit I Around the world, Lesson 2 Living in the country or in the city?

The Town and the Country Mouse


by John Russell Suddenly, there was a loud noise at the
Once upon a time, there were two mice they door. Dont worry, said the town mouse,
were cousins. One lived in the town and the thats just my neighbour the dog, he
other in the country. The town mouse was a wants to join us for dinner. The country
very superior mouse. He thought that living mouse ate a little faster. Another noise was
in the town was much better than living the heard outside, even louder this time. Oh
country. So one day, he invited his country dear, said the town mouse, the cat wants
cousin to stay with him in his town house and to join us too.
experience the civilized lifestyle of the town. Quickly finishing his meal, the country
They sat down to a meal, which to the coun- mouse said, thank you, but I think I will re-
try mouse was a feast. Delicious, he said. turn to my quiet peaceful house in the coun-
In the country I have only simple bread and try, and he ran back home as fast as his legs
cheese in my quiet peaceful home. could carry him.

48 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Unit I Around the world, Lesson 3 Cultural profiles

Family plays an important role in the day- children in social events. Children go out
to-day lives of Romanians. Children are con- with their parents to restaurants. They also
sidered important in a marriage. Most fami- stay up late at night to play in the piazza
lies have one or two children. while the parents and grandparents enjoy a
Children start their formal education at drink at a nearby cafe.
the age of 6-7, when they go to school. The father was once the head of the fam-
Men and women are considered equal, ily and the familys link to the rest of the
but this is true more in urban than in rural world. But this situation is changing today
settings. Most women who live in cities have as more women enter the paid workforce.
a full time job outside the home. Decisions
within the family are generally made togeth- Family is highly valued by the Roma people.
er and doing the house chores has become Everything takes place in the family, so Ro-
more and more a shared responsibility. mani are dependent on their family groups.
Most families have several children: the
In Italy, large families were once the ideal. more children, the greater the family fortunes.
Today, the birth rate has dropped to about 1.2 In recent years, Romani people have
births for every woman, but the extended started to place more value on formal educa-
family remains important. Extended family tion and send their children to school, hop-
members usually live near each other or in ing for a better life.
the same household. Grandparents, aunts, Romani wives look after the house, raise
uncles and cousins often get together to share the children, and obey their husbands. Men
family celebrations and Sunday dinner. are the protectors of the familys prestige in
Children have a special place in Italian the community, making decisions and tak-
society. Italians make an effort to include ing responsibility for their families.

Unit II Moving on, Lesson 1 Working holiday

Entering the UK Working in the UK


Everyone visiting Europe needs a valid There are several programmes that allow trav-
passport and some European countries may ellers to legally work in the UK. One of them
also require visas. Your passport must not is the Au Pair programme. Under this pro-
expire within six months of entering Europe gramme you can come to the UK to study Eng-
or you will not be allowed in. You should al- lish if you are aged between 17 and 27 and a
low plenty of time to apply for a new pass- national of certain countries, including Roma-
port. You can obtain your passport faster for nia. Under the au pair scheme you can live for
an additional cost. A visa is a certificate that up to two years with an English-speaking
is put into your passport or travel document family working in the home for up to five
which gives you permission to enter the UK. hours day in exchange for accommodation in
When you arrive in the UK, an Immigration your own room and a recommended weekly
Officer may ask you questions, so you allowance of 55. To qualify for this scheme
should take all relevant documents in your you must show that you: are not married;
hand luggage. have no dependents; will leave the UK with-
in two years; will not need help from public
funds; plan to leave the United Kingdom
when you complete your stay as an au pair.

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 49


Unit II Moving on, Lesson 3 Ready to go

Traian, standing in the doorway: My England and I found lots of information


goodness! What are you doing? about au pair jobs for young people like
Rita, smiling: You can see for yourself me and you. By the way, you could
what Im doing! Im packing my bags. become an au pair, too, these
Thats what Im doing! opportunities are for both men and
Traian: Are you going on a holiday? women.
Rita: Well, not exactly, I found a job in Traian: Not me, thank you. So, what are
England. Im going to work there for a those things over there?
year. Rita: What, these little toys? They are
Traian: In England? Youre joking, for presents for the children. Do you like
sure! What job is that? this toy train? My father made it. And I
Rita: Its an au pair job for a nice family made this doll myself.
with two children. Traian: Youre really good at these things.
Traian: You mean babysitter? So, when are you leaving?
Rita: Yes, something like that. Only, its Rita: In two days, Im a bit scared.
not exactly what you would call a job. Traian: You shouldnt be, youre a very
Its really a chance to learn about determined and ambitious young
another culture and to learn more woman, thats what I like about you.
English in exchange for looking after the Rita: Thanks. Do you know what I like
children and doing some light about you?
housework. Traian: What?
Traian: Wow! And how did you get this Rita: Youre what I call a real friend. I can
idea? always count on you.
Rita: Do you remember that lesson we had Traian: Do you promise to be back next
in Computer Studies, about how to use year?
search engines to find information on Rita: I promise. And I always keep my
the Internet? I just typed in jobs in promises.

Unit III Jobs, Lesson 1 Job descriptions

Job Description Au Pair Make sure children have books and


Requirements: homework for school;
Age: 18-27 years old; Drive children to school (if needed);
Status: male or female, single with no While children are at school:
dependants; Either free time for studying or light
Character: happy, flexible and chores in the house, such as
helpful. vacuuming, dusting, folding or
Language skills: basic English skills ironing clothes;
required; Afternoon duties:
Driving licence: not necessary, but Pick up children from school
helpful Prepare a healthy afternoon snack
Duties and Responsibilities: Assist the children with their
Daily morning duties: homework
Wake children in the morning; Bathe the children
Make sure the children are dressed; Working hours and free time:
Make sure the childrens beds are 5 hours working / day + 2 evenings
made and their rooms clean; baby sit;
Prepare breakfast for the children; 2 days off / week
Prepare lunches for the children; some free time will be available on a
Clean up breakfast dishes; daily basis, for the au pair to study, or
do what they want

50 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Unit III Jobs, Lesson 2 Interview with an au pair

Hi Veronika! Why did you decide to become Are you enjoying your job?
an au pair? When I started work I sometimes found it
After I finished school I was unsure whether hard to get along with the kids and to keep
to start work or go on to further study, so I calm. But after a few weeks we got used to
made the decision to take a gap year, to give each other and it was easier for us all. Of
myself more time for making the best decision. course there are still some of these mo-
ments; the difference is, now I know what to
How did you find your job as an au pair? do. Apart from that its really a good job
I found a lot of au pair agencies on the Inter- which I enjoy. Every day is different and its
net. I applied to one or two, I told them some a good feeling when a child gives you a hug
things about myself (age, interests, experi- to say I like you.
ence in childcare), then the agencies sent me
some matching families. This is how I did it, How much do you get paid?
but you can also contact families yourself. The payment is weekly and I get 60. As I
The agency I used didnt charge me anything dont have to pay for food or accommoda-
and they found a good placement for me, so tion, I can use the money to go out or visit
I was very happy about it. some nearby towns. The family didnt pay
for my flights, but they did pay for me to do
Did you have much experience of working a language course.
with children?
I used to look after three little girls in the
neighbourhood and Ive always enjoyed
having children around.

Unit III Jobs, Lesson 3 A letter home

May 23rd 2006


Leicester, the UK
Dear Traian,
Its been more than six months now since I arrived in the UK as an au pair. I really
enjoy what I am doing, the kids are great and everybody has been very friendly and
supportive. I have made a lot of progress with my English thanks to them, and I have
also learnt a lot about the English way of life. I am very impressed with how well
organized everything is. Still, I miss home and look forward to coming back in a few
months.
While here, I have done a lot of thinking about what I am going to do when I leave
England. My host family are running a small business which offers cleaning services
to companies. We have talked about it a lot and it doesnt sound very complicated.
So, Ive decided to set up my own business in Romania. Imagine that! The Second
Chance graduate, becoming a successful business woman! It may sound like a
dream, but I really feel that I have become more independent and confident. There is
no reason why I shouldnt succeed. Youll see!
After all, I already consider myself successful, having managed to finish school in
the Second Chance programme. Actually, that was my first chance ever!
Anyway, I hope you are doing fine and look forward to your letter.
Take care,
Rita

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 51


Unit IV You can do it!, Lesson 1 Setting up a business

Mini Business Plan Keys to Success:


Executive Summary: 1. Professional quality;
CLEANBEST will specialize in offering high quality 2. Reliability and discretion;
cleaning services to small offices and private homes 3. Flexible working hours;
in the area of Cluj-Napoca. Market Analysis:
Objectives: CLEANBEST will start by focusing on two market
Our most important business objectives are: segments: small business offices and private homes.
1. sales of 84,000 RON in the first year; Our largest segment is the small offices, but the
2. a 25 % growth in sales for the following 2 years; highest growth rates are for homes. The potential
3. keep the number of complaints from clients to a sales are higher for small offices, since they need
minimum of 5 %; cleaning services more often and more regularly.

Profit and Loss Forecast:


Year 2006 2007 2008 Currency
Sales 84,000 105,000 131,250
Cost of Sales 6,500 7,500 8,500
Gross Margin 77,500 97,500 122,750 RON
Operating Expenses 19,200 24,000 26,000
Operating Profit 58,300 73,500 96,750

Unit IV You can do it!, Lesson 2 Dear Sirs or Madams

95 Rosetti Street
Cluj-Napoca, 400 450
October 1, 2006
International Finance Corporation
2121 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA
Dear Sirs or Madams,
I am writing to request more information about the small business microfinance
programme offered by your organization.
During the past year I have lived in Great Britain, working as an au pair in a family that
ran a cleaning service company. While there, I have had several opportunities to help
them along with their business and learn more about it.
At present my intention is to set up my own business in the city of Cluj-Napoca.
Please find enclosed my curriculum vitae, two letters of recommendation from my
previous employers and a business plan. I would be very pleased to find out more
about the terms and conditions of your loan programme for small businesses.
Thank you in advance for your consideration. I look forward to hearing from you.
Yours faithfully,
Rita Moraru

52 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Unit IV Setting up a business, Lesson 3 Recipe for success

A woman should have enough money within her control to move out and rent a
place of her own even if she never wants to or needs to
A woman should have a youth shes content to leave behind
A woman should have a past juicy enough that shes looking forward to retelling it
in her old age
A woman should have one old love she can imagine going back to and one who
reminds her how far she has come
A woman should have something perfect to wear if the employer or date of her
dreams wants to see her in an hour
Every woman should know how to fall in love without losing herself
A woman should have a set of screwdrivers, cordless drill, and a black lace bra
A woman should have one friend who always makes her laugh and one who lets
her cry
Every woman should know how to quit a job, break up with a lover, and confront a
friend without ruining the friendship and how to change a tire!!!
A woman should have a good piece of furniture not previously owned by anyone
else in her family
A woman should have eight matching plates, wine glasses with stems, and a recipe
for a meal that will make her guests feel honored
A woman should have a feeling of control over her destiny
Every woman should know when to try harder and when to walk away
Every woman should know that her childhood may not have been perfect but its
over
Every woman should know what she would and wouldnt do for love or more
Every woman should know whom she can trust, whom she cant, and why she
shouldnt take it personally
A woman should have a place where to go be it to her best friends kitchen table
or a charming inn in the woods when her soul needs soothing
Every woman should know what she can and cant accomplish in a day
a month a year

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 53


Vocabulary

A
accommodation = cazare ambitious = ambiios
accomplish = a ndeplini, a realiza apply = a aplica
according to = n conformitate cu appropriate = adecvat
achieve = a obine, a realiza area = suprafa
additional = suplimentar assist = a asista, a ajuta
afford = a-i permite attach = a ataa
agency = agenie au pair = bon
allow = a permite, a aloca

B
background = fundal break up = a se despri
bathe = a mbia brush up on = a-i mprospta
birth = natere busy = ocupat
boss = ef by the way = apropo
both and = att ct i

C
calf = viel compare = a compara
capital = (ora) capital complaint = plngere
certificate = certificat confident = ncreztor
charge = tax, a taxa consumer goods = bunuri de consum
cheap = ieftin content = satisfcut, mulumit
childcare = ngrijirea copilului count on somebody = a conta pe cineva
citizen = cetean craft = meteug
closing = ncheiere currency = moned (a unei ri)
coal = crbune curriculum vitae = curriculum vitae

D
damage = daun, a strica determined = hotrt, decis
dark = ntunecat, nchis difference = diferen
day off = zi liber discovery = descoperire
debt = datorie doll = ppu
decision = decizie driving licence = permis de conducere
dependant = dependent

E
eager = doritor, nerbdtor enable = a face capabil / posibil
economy = economie enclosed = ataat
either or = ori ori enjoy = a se bucura (de)
employee = angajat enough = suficient, destul
employer = angajator expensive = scump

54 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


F
farm = ferm flight = zbor
feast = festin, osp forecast = previziune
fee = tax formal = formal, oficial
female = feminin fortune = avere, soart
few = puini friendly = prietenos
flexible = flexibil fulfill = a ndeplini

G
get along with = a se nelege bine cu grace period = perioad de graie
get used to = a se obinui cu gross margin = profit brut
goal = obiectiv growth = cretere

H
harm = a face ru, daun host = gazd
healthy = sntos hug = mbriare, a mbria
heavy = greu

I
immigration office = birou de imigrri independent = independent
important = important industry = industrie
impressed = impresionat informal = familiar, neoficial
in advance = n avans inhabitant = locuitor
in exchange = n schimb inquire = a se interesa despre
income = venit interesting = interesant

K
keep ones promises = a-i ine
promisiunile

L
large = mare loan = mprumut
laugh = a rde look after somebody = a ngriji pe cineva
launch = a lansa look forward to = a atepta cu
lifestyle = stil de via plcere/nerbdare
lift = a ridica loud = tare, zgomotos
light = uor luggage = bagaje

M
make a decision = a lua o decizie marriage = csnicie
make progress = a progresa meat = carne
male = masculin medical care = ngrijire medical
market = pia microfinance = microfinanare

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 55


N
nearby = apropiat objective = obiectiv
neighbour = vecin office = birou
noise = zgomot opportunity = ocazie, oportunitate
obey = a asculta, a se supune overseas = n strintate

P
pack = a mpacheta possible = posibil
party = petrecere poverty = srcie
peaceful = panic, linitit preparations = pregtiri
photo = fotografie present = cadou; prezent
polite = politicos previous = anterior
poor = srac, srman profit = profit
population = populaie purpose = scop

Q
qualify = a se califica rent = a nchiria
quiet = linitit, tcut representative = reprezentant
quit = a prsi, a se lsa de request = a solicita
railway = cale ferat requirement = cerin
raise = a crete research = cercetare
reason = motiv, raiune responsibility = responsabilitate
recipe = reet return address = adresa expeditorului
recipient = destinatar rich = bogat
recommendation = recomandare run a business = a conduce o afacere
reliable = de ncredere

S
sales = vnzri skill = abilitate
scared = speriat snack = gustare
screwdriver = urubelni soft = moale, blnd
search engine = motor de cutare status = statut
send = a trimite successful = de succes
sender = expeditor suddenly = deodat
services = servicii suit = a se potrivi
set up = a nfiina summary = rezumat
several = mai multe sunglasses = ochelari de soare
signature = semntur support = a sprijini

T
terms and conditions = termeni i condiii toy = jucrie
thanks to = datorit trade = meserie; comer
through = prin trust = ncredere
town = ora type = tip, a scrie la main

56 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


U
unless = dect dac

V
valid = valabil village = sat
value = valoare visa = viz

W
way of life = mod de via wool = ln
weekly allowance = alocaie sptmnal work permit = permis de munc
wheat = gru worry = a se ngrijora
whole = ntreg

Y
youth = tineree, tnr

PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 57


Get ready!
Well done! You managed to finish the second module of
the English course in the Second Chance Programme.

Its time to use your learning diary again. You are already
familiar with the four basic skills that you need in order to
communicate well in a foreign language: listening, reading,
speaking and writing. During the first module of this
course you have made a lot of progress in listening and
reading and some progress in speaking and writing. This
module was aimed to help you reinforce your receptive
skills (reading and listening) and acquire more strength in
your productive skills (speaking and writing). Can you
think back to some of the activities that helped you do
that? How can you measure the progress you have made
during this module?

You have also learned a lot of new words during this


module. Some of the words in this textbook might not be
relevant to your own circumstances, but you should have
learned how to improve your vocabulary by using
dictionaries or other resources. Keep in mind that learning
a foreign language is a long and continuous process, and
do not be disappointed if you realize you do not cope with
it as well as you would like you will see that if you keep
trying, in some time you will become more and more
confident.

Final assessment for this module will concentrate on your


productive skills, especially your ability to use in
meaningful contexts the vocabulary and structures you
have learned. Go over each lesson again and review
especially the content in Useful language and
Remember boxes. Use your own notes to refresh some of
the vocabulary and structures you learned during class.
You may want to do some of the exercises again, in order
to identify areas where you still need some practice. Do
this with a colleague and check your answers together. Try
to be encouraging and supportive to each other.

You probably have already taken some oral and written


tests: go over them again and note especially your teachers
corrections. Make sure you understand what you did
wrong and know what the right answers are. Ask your
teacher about anything which is not quite clear yet.

Now you are ready for the final assessment. More than
anything, be positive about it: it is not meant to sanction
insuccess, but to support your learning. Good luck!

58 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI


Your Notes

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PROGRAMUL A DOUA ANS NIVEL SECUNDAR 59


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60 LIMBA ENGLEZ GHIDUL ELEVULUI