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FACULTATE DE ASISTENA SOCIALA SI SOCIOLOGIE

ASISTENTA SOCIALA ,ANUL IV ID



POLITICI SOCIALE IN ROMANIA
POLITICI DE INCLUZIUNEA SOCIALA A FAMILIEI
MONOPARENTALE
PROFESOR : LAZAR FLORIN
1
DEFINITII FAMILIA MONOPARENTALA
Din punct de vedere sociologic, familia monoparn!ala poa! fi "fini!a #a $n %r$p
&o#ial #on&!i!$i! p 'a(a rla!iilor " r$"ni in!r $n$l "in!r parin!i ) parin!l &in%$r *
&i #opil$l &a$ #opiii &ai ,%r$p #ara#!ri(a! prin &!ari aff#!i+ ,a&pira!ii &i +alori #om$n, In
a'or"ara &o#iolo%i#a , familia monparn!ala &! $n %r$p primar, iar mn'rii &ai in!r!in
rla!ii "ir#!, informal,
-Dintr-o persepctiva juridical, familia monoparn!ala apar #a $n %r$p " pr&ona
in!r #ar &.a$ &!a'ili! "rp!$ri &i o'li%a!ii, r%lmn!a! prin norm l%al - ) Co"$l
familii, ar! /0 *,1 In anali(l rfri!oar la familia monoparn!ala , $n a##n! "o&'i!
&! p$& p #on&#in!l a&$pra +ol$!ii #opiilor ,p &!ara " &ana!a!, &$##&&, &# &a$
a'an"on &#olar, "+ian!a, &!a'ili!a! in familiil p #ar l forma(a,
In #a"r$l familii monparn!al , a$!ori!a!a #ompor!a !n"in! #on!ra"i#!orii: o
&$pra&oli#i!ar a parin!l$i &in%$r, "ar &i momn! " #ri(a a!$n#i #an" a#&!a n$ mai fa#
fa!a &oli#i!arilor, pro'lmlor #o!i"in,In f$n#!i " rapor!$l rla!ional "in!r a"$l!i, prin
#ar $n$l "in!r i a a'an"ona! , &.a &para! " famili, a "i+or!a!, n$ a "ori! l%ali(ara
rla!ii #$ par!nr$l2 par!nra &a$ a "#"a! , & po! ima%ina pro'lm,"ifi#$l!a!i p
#ar familia monoparn!ala l +a a+a " "pa&i! p +ii!or,
- In %nral &!r$#!$ra familii ar "o$a &mnifi#a!ii: o #omponn!a n$mri#a
) &!r$#!$ra p %nra!ii, pr#$m &i &!$l " &!a!$&$ri &i rol$ri afrn! * &i o #omponn!
a# !in " "i+i(i$na rol$rilor in in!rior$l familii &i 3r#i!ara a$!ori!a!ii -,)I,
Mi4ail&#$, ,,S!r$#!$ra &i f$n#!iil familii1, in So#iolo%i %nrala, Polirom, Ia&i, 5667,
p 186,*
Maml &in%$r infr$n!a mai m$l! pro'lm "#a! #l "in familiil #ompl! &i &
#onfr$n!a #$ pro'lm " a$!ori!a! in fa!a prpriilor #opii,

CARACTERISTICILE FAMILIEI MONOPARENTALE
Fmil parin!i &in%$ri & #onfr$n!a mai al& #$ "ifi#$l!a!i finan#iar, iar 'ar'a!ii
parin!i &in%$ri &$ "ifi#$l!a!i pri+in" m$n#a "om&!i#a, #a # ii "!rmina &a apl( la
a9$!or &oli#i!an" r$", pri!ni, #$no&!in!, S &p$n #a maml a$ "i&poni'il!a!i mai mari
pn!r$ rla!ii par!nrial #$ #opii, "(+ol!a "i+r& mo"ali!a!i " a9$!orar in fa+oar
familii lor, :ar'a!ii &in%$ri impli#a mai p$!in #opiii in !r'$ril #a&i,"ar fa# palla
a9$!or "in afara,Rol$l parn!al &! mai 'in +i"n!ia! "a#a !a!al &.a afla! impr$na #$
#opil$l &a$ in prmann!a, iar in!ra#!i$na #$ #opil$l a fo&! " la in#p$!, S poa!
o'&r+a #a 3prin!a pa!rni!a!ii in &in%$ra!a! poa! "!rmina fmil &a &
ma&#$lini((, &a "+ina mai frm in "#i(iil p #ar l ia$ ,iar 'ar'a!ii &a &
fmini(( aparan" #a pr&oan &n&i'il &i mpa!i# in rapor!$ril #$ #ilal!i,
A!$n#i #an" & "&par! ,maml #on!in$a &a & in%ri9a&#a " #opii, iar rol$l !a!ilor &
r($ma a"&a la pla!a $ni pn&ii alimn!ar; in!r.o al!a or"in " i"i familia
monoparn!ala &! #on"$&a in #l mai m$l! #a($ri " mama, iar &!ara #onomi#o.
fina#iara a familii &! pr#ara, fa#an" apl " m$l! ori la &pri9in$l " fa#!$ra p$'li#a,In
a'&n!a &pri9in$l$i pn!r$ mama "in par!a familii , a #om$ni!a!ii &i #4iar a &o#i!a!ii
5
#on"$# la a'an"on$l #opil$l$i,D a#a, ma&$ril " fa#!$ra p$'li#a +i(a(a "imin$ara,
liminara #a($rilor 3!rm " a'an"onar a #opiilor,
- A'an"on$l a #$n&o#$! o #o!a ri"i#a!a " manif&!ar a!a! in $l!ima prioa"a a
r%im$l$i #om$ni&!, #a! &i in primii ani " !ran(i!i, Prin!r #a$(,&$n! n$mra! in
prim$l ran" 3plo(ia &ara#ii, i%norara mi9loa#lor " planifi#ar familiala, #r&!ra
pon"ri mamlor !inr, apoi lip&a &r+i#iilor " a&i&!n!a &o#iala, a &r+i#iilor pn!r$
famili1 ) C,Zamfir, 1//0, p <8 *,
Cr&!ra n$mar$l$i famiilor monoparn!al &! $n fnomn #ar & p!r# in
in!ra%a l$m, A#&! fap! a fa#$! #a &i a!i!$"ina fa!a " a#&! !ip " famili &a +ol$(,
mai m$l! &a$ mai p$!in, in f$n#!i " (on, " +ol$!ia #$l!$rala a a#&!ora,
E&! foar! impor!an! #a noi, &o#i!a!a, &a #on&i"ram familia monoparn!ala #a fiin" o
famili normala, #a p o al!rna!i+a &i n$ #a p $n mo"l nr$&i! al a&a (i&i familii
#la&i#, A#&! p$n#! " +"r ar a9$!a m$l! pr&oanl #ar & #onfr$n!a #$ a#a&!a
pro'lma, in &p#ial #opiii #ar #r&# in familii monoparn!al,
- Familiil monoparn!al &$n! a"&a +i#!im al &ara#ii, iar #opiii a$ !n"in!a "
a rp!a 3prin!a parin!ilor, A#la&i &!$"ii ara!a #a monoparn!ali!a!a r($l!a!a "in
"i+or! &! #orla!a #$ o "imin$ar a a#!i+i!a!ii "$#a!i+: mama &! &$pra&oli#i!a!a a!a!
"in p$n#! " +"r mo!ional #a! &i ma!rial &i rla!ional &i &! mai p$!in "i&poni'ila
pn!r$ #opil 3a#! #an" a#&!a ar mai mar n+oi " a!n!i &i for!$ri &pori!, In a#&!
!imp rol$l pa!rn &! anali(a! in !rmnii =a'&n!i pa!rn=, ="pri+arii pa!rn=,
"r&pon&a'ili(arii pa!rn=)Cri&!ina S!fan ,Familia monoparn!ala, O a'or"ar poli!i#a
5667, pa% 8>* ,
In $rma r$p!$rii, #apa#i!a!a " a 3r#i!a a"#+a! &ar#ina " parin! &! p$!rni#
"imin$a!a, parin!ii #om$ni#a mai p$!in 'in #$ #opiii, &$n! mai p$!in af#!$o&i l
#on!rola(a mai p$!in 'in #ompor!amn!$l,In fa!a "&par!irii #opiii ra#!iona(a "ifri!,
in f$n#!i " &3, +ar&!a, #ali!a!a rla!iilor "in famili, !mpramn!, Ra#!iil lor po! fi
" a%r&i+i!a!, $ra, !ri&!!, fr$&!rar, #onf$(i, an3i!a!, r$&in, r+ol!a fa!a " parin!l
p #ar il #on&i"ra +ino+a!, Cl mai m$l! &$fra #opiii " +ar&!a mi#a pn!r$ #a i n$ po!
in!l% # & in!ampla &i #on&i"ra #a &$n! p"p&i!i, "(a+an!a9a!i, #a li & ia #+a #$
for!a,
E&! #$no&#$! fap!$l #a m$l!i #opii pro+ni!i "in familii "i+or!a! a$ $n &n!imn!
" +ino+a!i, #r" #a i &$n! #a$(a "&par!irii, Tr'$i &a i & 3pli# #a am'ii parin!i il
i$'&#, #4iar "a#a n$ mai &!a$ impr$na, Con!a(a foar! m$l! ra#!ia mami, #a! "
p$!rni#a &!, #$m "pa&&! a#&! +nimn!, O mama #ar & plan% !oa!a (i$a " #l
in!ampla!, #ar "i&#$!a in prmann!a "&pr a#&! &$'i#! #$ ori#in in!ra in #a&a, #ar
rp!a mr$ #a! " &$para!a &!, #ar i&i #a!alo%4a(a &o!$l in fl &i #4ip, +a fa# m$l!
ra$ #opil$l$i, A#&!a & +a &im!i lip&i! " aparar, "(a+an!a9a! fa!a " #ilal!i #opii,
pr#p "i+or!$l #a p o mar nnoro#ir, A#&! mo" " a pri+i l$#r$ril n$.l a+an!a9a(a
"lo#, Mama !r'$i &a in!la%a #a, mai m$l! "#a! #on"i!ii ma!rial, !r'$i &a.i ofr
#opil$l$i &pri9in moral, Da#a &i.a a&$ma! r&pon&a'ili!a!a #r&!rii l$i !r'$i &a &!ar%a
#$ '$r!l l$#r$ril $ra! "in !r#$!, &a fi op!imi&!a, in#r(a!oar, &i%$ra p a pn!r$ #a
a#a&!a &!ar i.o +a !ran&mi! &i #opil$l$i, D&i%$r, n$ &! $&or, "ar in $l!ima in&!an!a
fri#ira #opil$l$i &! m$l! mai impor!an!a, "#i mri!a a#&! for!,
7
FAMILIA MONOPARENTALA IN CONTE?TUL POLITICILOR SOCIALE
In $l!im$l &#ol, a$ "+ni! #$no&#$! &i m"ia!i(a! opinii p$'li# "in Romania
!m " in!r& pn!r$ pro'lml p #ar l in!ampina fmil, $nl in!r.o fa!!a
n%a!i+a, #$m &! #a($l pro&!i!$!ii, in#l$&i+ pro&!i!$!ia for!a!a, rali(a!a prin !rafi#$l "
pr&oan ,+ioln!a "om&!i#a, iar al!l in!r.o fa!!a po(i!i+a, #$m &$n! a&p#!l #ar
impli#a a#or"ara $nor &an& %al,
In mar!i 566@, prin L%a nr,@1, a fo&! apro'a!a Or"onan!a " Ur%n!a a
G$+rn$l$i nr,16>25667 pri+in" alo#a!ia familiala #omplmn!ara &i alo#a!ia " &$&!inr
pn!r$ familia monoparn!ala,
A#a&!a "#i(i poli!i#a & in&#ri in #a"r$l $n$i an&am'l$ " ma&$ri pr+a($! in
fa+oar familii, -Pro#$para pn!r$ famili, in %nral, &i pn!r$ familia
monoparn!ala, in &p#ial, & "a!ora(a m$!a!iilor #ar a$ a+$! lo# in $l!im$l !imp #$
pri+ir la &!r$#!$ra &i "imn&i$nil a#&!$i !ip " %r$p &o#ial1) I, Mi4ail&#$ 5667, pa%
18> A 188 *,
Conform #$ "a!l r#n&aman!$l$i "in 5665 , familiil monoparn!al rpr(in!a
11,05B "in !o!al$l familiilor, Pon"ra # mai mar o rpr(in!a maml &in%$r <@,/B,
Familia monoparn!ala &! #$ #r!i!$"in $n &$'i#! #on&a#ra! " a&i&!n!a
&o#iala, iar in linii mari $n$l " &o#iolo%i, Pop$lar mai &$n! &i a'or"aril " na!$ra
p&i4olo%i#a apli#a!a, ai#i ma rfr la &fa!$ril &i r#oman"aril a"r&a! parin!ilor &in%$ri,
L$ara la #$no&!in!a a $ni rali!a!i #$m ar fi ,,familiil monoparn!al1 n$ pr&$p$n
"oar +alori(ara i in plan &o#ial #i &i &!a'ilira $nor "#i(ii fa+ora'il in plan
poli!i#,Pn!r$ a#a&!a &! n#&ara a"a$%ara "imn&i$nii poli!i#, A&!fl ,po&i'ili!a!a
" a #ir#$m&#ri' prmi& pn!r$ poli!i#il p$'li#, #ar &a !ina #on! " n#&i!a!a " a
a#or"a &an& %al fmilor &i 'ar'a!ilor in #ali!a!a lor " parin!i &! mai '$na,
In &o#i!a!a romana&#a " a&!a(i, ma&$ril " poli!i#a p$'li#a pri+in" familia po! fi
apr#ia! #a fiin" pra %nrali(a! "in p$n#! " +"r al n+oilor &p#ifi# familii
monoparn!al,iar #l rfri!oar la pro!#!ia ma!rni!a!ii #a fiin" pra in%$&!,A&!fl
,pro!#!ia ma!rni!a!ii & rali(a(a n$mai pn!r$ pr&oanl a&i%$ra! &o#ial, mai #$
&ama in &#!or$l " &!a!,
Fmil #ar n$ a$ fo&! an%a9a! ,in#l$&i+ #a&ni#l &i #l #ar &$n! &omr "
m$l! !imp n$ 'nfi#ia$ " ma&$ri " pro!#!i a ma!rni!a!ii,A!$n#i #an" n$ a$ ni#i
&pri9in$l familii " ori%in &i ni#i a 'ar'a!$l$i #ar &! !a!al #opiilor, maml &in%$r
!rai&# 3prin! " +ia!a " o #ompl3i!a! apar!,Con#l$(ia &! #a fmil "in
familiil monoparn!al &$n! "i&#rimina! &o#ial,#a # &! po&i'il in +ir!$!a or"inii
pa!riar4al ,n"rp! pn!r$ l,
- Anali(a pro'lma!i#ii familii monoparn!al ara!a #a l$n%$l "r$m &pr
a$!onomi - )M, Miroi$, Dr$m$l &pr a$!onomi, Torii poli!i# fmini&!, E"i!$ra
Polirom , Ia&i , 566@ * porn&! " a#a&a; man#ipara , #l p$!in a fmilor ,in&amna in
prim$l ran" o man#ipar in &fra pri+a!a,
In Romania po&!#om$ni&!a , pro'lml familii monoparn!al &i pro!#!ia i
&o#iala in!ra in a!n!ia &!a!$l$i roman a'ia in an$l 5667,
,,In Expunerea de motive pentru legea privind familia monoparentala ,&
mn!iona(a #a pro!#!ia &o#iala a familiior monoparn!al a fo&! pr+a($!a a!a! in
Pro%ram$l " %$+rnar 5661 A 566@, #a! &i in "o#$mn!l p #ar Romania l.a
@
pr(n!a! la Comi&ia E$ropana &i in n%o#iril #$ Fon"$l Mon!ar In!rna!ional,
rfri!oar la ma&$ril " a&i&!n!a &o#iala pn!r$ 5667 A 566@,1 ) CCC,mm&&f,ro *
P &#$r!, &$n! prop$& a9$!oar finan#iar , mni! &a mai amlior( &!ara " &ara#i in
#ar &! r#$no&#$! #a !rai&# familiil monoparn!al, in mara lor ma9ori!a! ,D#i
&pri9in$l p$'li# n$ &! $n$l &p#ifi#,#i $n$l "a!ora! &!arii " &ara#i, O famili
monoparn!ala prim&! alo#a!ia l$nara " &$&!inr ) O,U,G, nr 16>25667 * , "ar la fl "
'in a ar p$!a primi a9$!or$l &o#ial &a$ oi# al!a forma " &pri9in finan#iar,
- In Romania , in $l!imii ani,pro#n!$l #opiiilor afla!i in &!ar " &ara#i &! m$l!
mai mar "#! al a"$l!ilor afla!i in a#a&i &i!$a!i, n$mar$l fmilor afla! in &ara#i &!
mai mar "#a! al 'ar'a!ilor - ) E, Zamfir,C, Zamfir,M, Pop,1//@ , p 15*,
Fmil &$n! r&pon(a'ili(a! pn!r$ #opiii lor in mai mar par! "#a! 'ar'a!ii &i a$
&an& mai mi#i p pia!a m$n#ii a!$n#i #an" "+in mam, -Familia monoparn!ala
in!ampina in prim$l ran" ,"ifi#$l!a!i " or"in ma!rial, apoi "i&f$n#!ionali!a!i " fa#!$ra
'ilo%i#a ) pro'lm l%a! " &3$ali!a! &i r&!ran%ra "&#n"n!i * &i n$ in $l!im$l
ran" "fi#in! aff#!i+ , impli#a! " a'&n!a par!nr$l$i a"$l!, a "ra%o&!i #on9$%al &i
" apari!ia $nor fr$&!ari l%a! " rol$ril 3!in& in n#on#or"an!a #$ r&$r&l ,in#l$&i+
#l &$fl!&!i - ) M, Voina, 1//8 ,p 0/ *
Pro'lma mamlor &in%$r pr&$p$n o a'or"ar #ompl3a ,in f$n#!i " !apl
par#$r& " Romania " la #om$ni&m la a#!$al$l #onr3! &o#iopoli!i#,Romania ar in#a
" " "po&i! 4an"i#ap$l $ni &o#i!a!i in #ar &!a!$!$l l%al al #lor #ar n$ & in#a"ra(a
in !ipar n$ &! r#$no&#$!,In $l!imii ani &i.a$ fa#$! apari!ia an$mi! in#r#ari prin #ar
&.a "ori! a#or"ara " 'nfi#ii pn!r$ maml #$ #opii: #on#"i$l pla!i! pn!r$ in%ri9ira
#opiilor in +ar&!a " pana la "oi ani, #on#"i$l parn!al, S par in&a #a " a#&!
'nfi#ia(a "oar maml #ar a$ $n lo# " " m$n#a, Cl mai "(a+an!a9a! &$n!
fmil #$ mai m$l!i #opii &i fmil !inr #ar n$ a$ r$&i! &a l$#r( inain! " a a+a
#opii, P " al!a par!, li'rali(ara a+or!$rilor a "$& la &#a"ra na!ali!a!ii, - S#a"ra
na!ali!a!ii "+in "rama!i#a prin fap!$l #a a &! alarman! " "ifrn!ia!a : na!ali!a!a &!
foar! &#a($!a la #la&a mi9lo#i ri"i#a!a in m"iil &ara# &i in #l mar%inal - ) OUG nr,
16>25667 *,
Familia in &o#i!a!a romana&#a &.a +a($! #onfr$n!a!a #$ &o#$l !r#rii " la o
pro!#!i "in par!a &!a!$l$i 3!rm " +i"n!a la o rali!a! #$ rpr#$r&i$ni &o#ial
"$r &i in #ar r&$r&l allo#a! familii &$n! r"$&, Maml &in%$r, fmil "i+or!a!
#$ #opii, a"ol&#n!l mam fa# fa!a $nor pr9$"#a!i &o#ial #ar & r%a&&# &i a&!a(i
,Tinrl "in #a&l " #opii "+na$ $nori fara +oi mam n#a&!ori! #$ #opii
nl%i!imi, nr#$no&#$!i, #$ pa!rni!a! in#r!a, A#&! fnomn & r%a&&! a&!a(i prin
in&i!$!ionali(ara #opiilor &a$ para&ira no$ A na&#$!ilor in ma!rni!a!i, A$!orii #a maml
&in%$r fa# par! "in %r$p$ri &o#ial i%nora! " poli!i#il &o#ial, #$m ar fi &fra mai
lar%a a familiilor monoparn!al , familiil #$ m$l!i #opii, pr&oanl fara a#!, o par! a
pop$la!ii " romi,
L%i&la!ia a#!$ala in "omni$l a&i&!n!i &o#ial n$ &i.a p$& in#a pro'lma a&i%$rarii
$ni pro!#!ii &pori! mamlor &in%$r, Alo#a!iil " &$&!inr n$ &$n! "ifrn!ia! pn!r$
maml &in%$r #a &i!$a!i &p#iala in #a"r$l familiilor monoparn!al, Prim$l pa& a fo&!
fa#$! prin "finira pr&oani &in%$r #a &i!$a!i &p#iala , p&! !o! in l$m #i mai m$l!i
"in!r parin!ii &in%$ri #ar i&i #r&# #opiii &$n! fmi, In Romania, maml &in%$r &$n!
in+i(i'il in #on!3!$l %lo'al al poli!i#ii &o#ial,El apar!in pi!i m$n#ii, r!li "
m$n#a in famili, &i&!ml '$na&!arii &i &$n!, " a&mna, in#l$& in &i&!m$l %aran!iilor
>
l%al pri+in" %ali!a!a in!r parin!i, Toa! a#&!a n$ "$# la o a"+ara!a %ali!a! "
&an& in #a # pri+&! +ni!$ril &i pro!#!ia &o#iala,
Via!a " parin! apar "in # in # mai fr#+n! "rp! $n fa#!or " ri&#, " #ri(a,
impli#an" pn!r$ fmi i&ira pn!r$ o prioa"a mai &#$r!a &a$ mai l$n%a " !imp " p
pia!a m$n#ii, r"$#ra "ra&!i#a a +ni!$rilor, "imin$ara pana la in3i&!n!a a !imp$l$i
li'r, Sara#ia n$ mai &! $n fap! a##i"n!al ,&in%$lar, #4ara#!ri&!i# $n$i in"i+i" &a$
al!$ia, #i apar #a o &!ar # af#!a(a familii,%r$p$ri mai mari " oamni iar &o#i!a!a
romana&#a & #ara#!ri(a(a " o &$i!a " pro#& #onomi# &i &o#ial #$ a"an#i
impli#a!ii pri+in" #o&!$ril &o#ial,
Poli!i#il in "omni$l pop$la!ii &i familii, in %nral, &i poli!i#il orin!a! &pr
familia monoparn!ala, in mo" &p#ial, &$n! #on"i!iona! " ma&$ri #onomi# &i &o#ial
#on#r!, Pro!#!ia &o#iala, in #a( " ma!rni!a!, pn!r$ fmil #ar l$#ra(a in &i&!m$l
pri+a!,&! lip&i!a " $n #on!rol ral,Alo#a!ia pn!r$ #opii ar "o$a #ara#!ri&!i#i
prin#ipal: &! $ni+r&ala &i pr(in!a o +aloar rala foar! mi#a,
In Romania in $rma in+&!i%a!iilor poli!i#ilor &o#ial &i #onform !oriilor &p#iali&!ilor &.
a$ i"n!ifi#a! ma&$ril &p#ifi# n#&ar im'$na!a!irii #ali!a!ii +i!ii familiilor
monoparn!al :
Fa#ili!a!i pri+in" lo#$in!a &i #ali!a!a lo#$irii;
A&i&!n!a pn!r$ familiil #$ $n &in%$r parin! ,&pri9in pn!r$ familiil &ara# pri+in"
po&i'ili!a!a #opiilor " a $rma o &#oala, rfri!or la !ran&por!, m& la #an!ina, &r+i#ii "
in%ri9ir !mporara a #opiilor, &r+i#ii " #on&ilir familiala;
Mo"ali!a!i " pro!#!i &o#iala pri+in" a##&$l p pia!a m$n#ii a #lor #ar a$ in in%ri9ir
#opii minori;
Spri9inira impli#arii #om$ni!a!ii in "pa&ira "ifi#$l!a!ilor #lor afla!i in n+oi;
Crara $nor al!rna!i+ a'or"a'il pri+in" p!r#ra !imp$l$i li'r, a#!$ali(ara
po&i'ili!a!ilor " par!i#ipar la +ia!a #$l!$rala,
- Poli!i#il in "omni$l familii n$ po! fi %an"i! "#a! in &!ran&a l%a!$ra #$ al!
!ip$ri " poli!i#i, #$m ar fi #l l%a! " lo#$ir, poli!i#il "&!ina! "$#a!ii, poli!i#il
" fa#!$ra #onomi#a, in#l$&i+ pri+in" for!a " m$n#a &i pro!#!ia #a!%oriilor
"fa+ori(a! p pia!a m$n#ii -) Ioan Mi4ail&#$, Familiil in &o#i!a!il $ropn ,
E"i!$ra Uni+r&i!a!ii :$#$r&!i , 1///, p% 171 *,
Ma&$ril pri+in" poli!i#i al %ali!a!ii " &an& pn!r$ familia monoparn!ala ar
p$!a porni " la a##p!ara formlor " 3i&!n!a pri+a!a "i+r& "rp! #ompor!amn!
#ar & "&fa&oara in param!rii &o#iali o'i&n$i!i,normali, a&!fl in#a! parin!l &in%$r &a
n$ mai fi !ra!a! #a +i#!ima pn!r$ #ar &a fi %an"i! poli!i#i " &$ppor!, mni! &a ofr,
#l m$l!, prmi& pn!r$ &$pra+i!$ir,
In !imp # fmil #ar n$ a$ #opii po! fi #an"i"a! la #arir " &$##&, #l # a$
#opii &i &$n! #a&a!ori! po! in#a &pra &a impa# afirmara prof&ionala #$ familia, iar
fmil #ar #r&# &in%$r #opii a$ &an& ral m$l! "imin$a! pn!r$ implinira in #arira
&i pn!r$ formara $ni familii #ompl!,A&!fl, a#&! pr&oan &$n! !ra!a! #a
"fa+ori(a!, #a pr&oan #ar,"in p$n#! " +"r #onomi# a$ $n &!a!$& pr#ar,
In Romania, !ra!amn!$l %al "in pr&p#!i+ "rp!$rilor poli!i# &i l%al &!
&a!i&fa#$! "in p$n#! " +"r formal pn!r$ familiil monoparna!al, #a &i fa!a " ori#
al! %r$p$ri &o#ial, Formal, &!a!$l, prin in!rm"i$l in&!i!$!iilor &al, !ra!a(a in"i+i(ii in
mo" %al: i n$ &$n! "(a+an!a9a!i in for!$l " a 'nfi#ia " r&$r&l &i &r+i#iil p$li#
la #ar &$n! in"rp!a!i!i ,Pn!r$ familia monoparn!ala , #on&i"ra!a, a&a #$m am ara!a!,
8
"rp! $na "in!r #an"i"a!l " prima marim la &ara#i, prmi&l r(i&!n!i la
"i&#riminari &o#ial &$n! m$l! mai &#a($!, R(i&!n!a mai mi#a fa!a " "i&#riminar mai
poa! fi #a$(a!a &i " lip&a " &oli"ari!a! "in par!a familii &al, a #om$ni!a!ii,In m$l!
&i!$a!ii , a&a #$m r($l!a &i "in 3pr&ia folo&i!a in mo" #$rrn!, a"$l!$l "in familia
monoparn!ala &! parin!l &in%$r, Sin%$ra!a!a &! o &!ar " fap! #ar "!rmina o
par!i#ipar &#a($!a la +ia!a &o#iala, in &n&$l #a parin!l $ni# a#or"a in prim$l ran"
&pri9in #opil$l$i &a$, #4iar in "!rimn!al $nor opor!$ni!a!i pr&onal,
Pro!#Dia familii Ei a #opil$l$i &.ar p$!a r($ma a&!fl :
S$por! ma!rial $ni+r&al pn!r$ familiil #$ #opii #ar #on&!F Gn: alo#aDii pn!r$
#opii, r"$#ri " impo(i!, a&i%$rara $nor #on"iDii "#n! " +iaDF;
E"$#aDi %ra!$i!F Ei &pri9inira par!i#ipFrii E#olar a #opiilor #ar pro+in "in familii
&Fra# Ei #$ m$lDi #opii;
A&i&!nDF m"i#alF %ra!$i!F;
Pro!#Di &o#ialF pn!r$ #opii #$ 4an"i#ap fi(i# Ei mn!al;
Spri9in "$#a!i+ Ei " in!%rar pn!r$ #opiii "li#+nDi;
Hn $l!imii ani, Gn RomInia, &!ra!%ia poli!i#F a a+$! $rmF!oarl lmn!:
Plan$l naDional " a#Di$n Gn fa+oara #opil$l$i a"op!a! " G$+rn Gn 1//>;
S!ra!%ia Dpar!amn!$l$i " Pro!#Di a #opil$l$i, a"op!a!F " G$+rn Gn 1//0;
MF&$ri " &pri9in finan#iar a familiilor #$ #opii promo+a! " Mini&!r$l M$n#ii Ei
Pro!#Dii So#ial Gn 1//<.1///;
HnfiinDara Gn 1/// a noii A%nDii NaDional pn!r$ Promo+ara "rp!$rilor #opil$l$i;
Tran&formara Gn 5661 a A%nDii NaDional pn!r$ promo+ara "rp!$rilor #opil$l$i
Gn A$!ori!a! NaDionalF pn!r$ Pro!#Dia "rp!$rilor #opil$l$i;
A"op!ara Gn an$l 5661 a L%ii a&i&!nDi &o#ial #ar in#l$" &r+i#iil &p#iali(a!
" a&i&!nDF &o#ialF #n!ra! p famili Ei #om$ni!a!;
In!ro"$#ra Gn an$l 5666 a L%ii +ni!$l$i minim %aran!a! #ar a&i%$rF $n &pri9in
familiilor Gn "ifi#$l!a! Ei #lor #$ m$lDi #opii;
A#or"ara $nor a9$!oar ma!rial pn!r$ familiil &Fra# p prioa"a " iarnF 5661;
Lan&ara " #F!r G$+rn Gn a$%$&! 5665 a $n$i pro%ram &o#ial #orn! " pro!#Di Ei
a&i&!nDF &o#ialF pn!r$ %r$p$ril "fa+ori(a!;
Poli!i#il familii, pn!r$ #ar !o! mai m$l! DFri a$ Gn#p$! &F ia mF&$ri, $rmFr&# mai
m$l! &#op$ri:
A&i%$rara forDi " m$n#F
-Da!ori!F apariDii $nor o'&!a#ol Gn "(+ol!ara $nor &!ra!%ii poli!i# #orn! la &fGr&i!$l
an$l$i 5666 r($l!a!l n$ ra$ #l pr#oni(a! iniDial, P$n#!l &la' al poli!i#ii &o#ial
#n!ra! p #opil Ei p famili & 3pli#F prin:
Lip&a $n$i #a"r$ %nral #orn!, in!%ra! pri+in" poli!i#i &o#ial $ni!ar "
pro!#Di a #opil$l$i Ei a familii Gn "ifi#$l!a!, DinIn" #on! " &!r$#!$ra
#ompl3F a n+oilor lor;
Fra%mn!ara &i&!m$l$i " pro!#Di pn!r$ #opil Ei famili Gn!r n$mroa&
mini&!r, in&!i!$Dii, a%nDii, or%ani(aDii;
Lip&a $n$i &i&!m " &r+i#ii p$'li# " a&i&!nDF &o#ialF &p#iali(a! p
n+oil #opil$l$i Ei al familii;
0
Hnr%i&!rara $nor E#$ri +i"n! Gn pro#&$l " "(in&!i!$Dionali(ar a
#opil$l$i;
A"op!ara $nor mF&$ri " &pri9in pn!r$ #opil, #l mai a"&a &$' pr&i$na
$r%nDlor &a$ a fa#!orilor 3!rni;
Di&pr&ia r&pon&a'ili!FDilor fa#!orilor " "#i(i %$+rnamn!ali Ei lo#ali
pn!r$ pro!#Dia #opil$l$i ) Elna Zamfir, 5666,pa% 5/ *
CONCLUZII
In #a"r$l a#!$al +ia!a &o#iala a fmilor in familiil monoparn!al &! $na
"fa+ora'ila, l &$n! #on&i"ra! pr&oan na9$!ora! &i &ara# , la !inr! i&i #r&#
#opiii &i a$ &an& "imin$a! p pia!a m$n#ii, " ai#i r($l!a &an&l mi#i la o'!inra
+ni!$rilor, iar #an" a9$n% mai in +ar&!a, 3i&!a o mar po&i'ili!a! &a !raia&#a in &ara#i &i
&in%$ra!a!, Din pa#a! la noi in Romania parin!l &in%$r &! i%nora! a!a! la ni+l$l
poli!i#ilor p$'li# #a! &i in #a"r$l !oriilor poli!i#,Poli!i#il p$'li# p$n a##n!$l la noi
a&$pra &pri9in$l$i #opiilor &i &$n! #on#n!ra! #a poli!i#i &o#ial prin #ar & a#or"a in
mo" #on#r! "oar #$ a9$!oar fina#iar mo"&! #ar n$ &$n! $n ral a9$!or &i n$ &#o!
familia r&p#!i+a "in &i!$a!ia pr#ara in #ar !rai&#,
Cri&!ina S!fan mn!iona(a in J Familia Monoparn!ala O a'or"ar Poli!i#a
,Polirom ,5668 ,pa% 500 : ,,Pn!r$ rali(ara $ni &!ari " fap! mai '$n pn!r$ familia
monoparn!ala, in Romania &! n#&ara #n!rara a!n!ii p$'li# a&$pra parin!l$i
&in%$r, A#a&!a +a prmi! a!a! rali(ara r&p#!arii "rp!$rilor om$l$i #a! &i a in!r$nirii
$nor mi9loa# " 3i&!n!a #ar &a pr&$np$na in prim$l ran" &r+i#ii a"#+a! pn!r$
familiKK,
<
:i'lio%rafi :
1* I, Mi4ail&#$, ,,S!r$#!$ra &i f$n#!iil familii1, in So#iolo%i %nrala, Polirom,
Ia&i, 5667
5* M, Miroi$, Dr$m$l &pr a$!onomi, Torii poli!i# fmini&!, E"i!$ra Polirom ,
Ia&i , 566@
7* CCC,mm&&f,ro
@* Ioan Mi4ail&#$, Familiil in &o#i!a!il $ropn , E"i!$ra Uni+r&i!a!ii :$#$r&!i
, 1///
>* Elna Zamfir, 5666,R+i&!a " A&i&!n!a So#iala,E"i!$ra Polirom
8* Cri&!ina S!fan, O a'or"ar poli!i#a , 5668, Familia monoparn!ala
0* E, Zamfir,C, Zamfir,M, Pop,1//@,Romania K</./7 Dinami#a :$na&!arii &i
Pro!#!ia So#iala,"i!$ra E3pr!
<* M, Voina, 1//8, P&i4o&o#iolo%ia Famili, E"i!$ra Uni+ri&!a!ii :$#$r&!i


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