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Plante melifere din Romnia

Tabelul urmtor cuprinde principalele plante melifere din Romnia (nectaro-polenifere):


Planta
melifer

Luna
Nectar,
Producia de
de
Polen, Man miere (kg /ha)
nflorire

Denumire
popular

Denumire tiinific

Tei argintiu

Tilia tomentosa

6-7

N, P

1200

Salcm

Robinia pseudacacia

5-6

N, P

1000

Tei pucios

Tilia cordata

6-7

N, P

1000

Tei cu frunza mare

Tilia platyphyllos

6 -7

N, P

800

Facelia

Phacelia
tanacetifolia

5 -10

N, P

300-1000

Cear

Asclepias syriaca

7-8

N, P

600

Arar ttrsc

Acer tataricum

5-6

N, P

300-600

Iarba arpelui

Echium vulgare

6-9

N, P

380-400

Mtciune
moldoveneasc

Dracocephalum
moldavica

7-8

N, P

300-400

Sulfin alb

Melilotus albus

7-9

N, P

200-500

ZburtoareRscoage

Epilobium
angustifolium

7-8

N, P

100 - 600

Salcm japonez

Sophora japonica

7-8

N, P

300-350

Cenuar

Ailanthus altissima

6-7

N, P

300

Coriandru

Coriandrum sativum

6-7

N, P

100-500

Planta
melifer

Luna
Nectar,
Producia de
de
Polen, Man miere (kg /ha)
nflorire

Denumire
popular

Denumire tiinific

Jugastru

Acer campestre

5-6

N, P, M

200-400

Salvie

Salvia nemorosa

7-8

N, P

300

Talpa gtei

Leonurus cardiaca

7-8

N, P

200-400

Salvie de cmp

Salvia pratensis

5-7

N, P

280

Anghinare

Cynara scolymus

7-9

N, P

150-400

Limba mielului

Borago officinalis

6-7

N, P

250-300

Gldi

Gleditschia
triacanthos

N, P

250

Paltin de munte

Acer pseudoplatanus

4-5

N, P, M

200-300

Sulfin galben

Melilotus officinalis

7-9

N, P

150-300

Isma broatei

Mentha aquatica

6 - 10

N, P

220

Sparcet

Onobrychis
viciaefolia

6-8

N, P

120-300

Cimbrior

Thymus serpyllum

6 - 10

N, P

200

Iarb neagr

Calluna vulgaris

7-9

N, P

200

Ppdie

Taraxacum
officinalis

4 - 10

N, P

200

Trifoi alb

Trifolium repens

5 - 10

N, P

100-250

Planta
melifer

Luna
Nectar,
Producia de
de
Polen, Man miere (kg /ha)
nflorire

Denumire
popular

Denumire tiinific

Jale

Stachys officinalis

5-7

N, P

100-200

Ment

Mentha piperita

7-8

N, P

100-200

Oetar galben

Koelreuteria
paniculata

6-8

N, P

100-200

Paltin de cmp

Acer platanoides

4-5

N, P, M

100-200

Salcie cpreasc

Salix caprea

3-4

N, P

100-200

Busuioc de mirite

Stachys annua

7-9

N, P

120-150

Jale de balt

Stachys palustris

7-9

N, P

100-150

Roini

Melissa officinalis

6-8

N, P

100-150

Scaiul dracului

Eryngium campestre

7-8

N, P

100-150

Urzicu

Lamium purpureum

3 - 10

N, P

50-200

Zmeur

Rubus idaeus

6-8

N, P

50-200

Trifoi hibrid

Trifolium hybridum

5 - 10

N, P

120

Lucern

Medicago sativa

5 - 10

N, P

25-200

Busuioc
Ceap

Ocimum basilicum
Allium cepa

6 - 10
6-7

N, P
N, P

100-120
70-150

Lupin peren

Lupinus perennis

5-6

N, P

100-120

Salcie alb

Salix alba

3-4

N, P, M

100-120

Planta
melifer

Luna
Nectar,
Producia de
de
Polen, Man miere (kg /ha)
nflorire

Denumire
popular

Denumire tiinific

Zlog

Salix cinerea

3-4

N, P

100-120

Cicoare

Cichorium intybus

7 - 10

N, P

100

Crmz rou

Symphoricarpus
orbiculatus

N, P

100

Izm crea

Mentha crispa

7-8

N, P

100

Plmid

Cisium arvense

6-8

100

Slcioar

Elaeagnus
angustifolia

N, P

100

Trifoia

Trifolium fragiferum

6-9

N, P

100

Urzic moart

Lamium album

5-7

N, P

50-150

Angelic

Archangelica
officinalis

7-8

N, P

90

Dovleac alb

Cucurbita maxima

6-9

N, P

75-105

Soc

Sambucus nigra

6-7

N, P

80

Castan comestibil

Castanea sativa

N, P

30-120

Dovlecel

Cucurbita pepo

6-9

N, P

50-100

Planta
melifer

Luna
Nectar,
Producia de
de
Polen, Man miere (kg /ha)
nflorire

Denumire
popular

Denumire tiinific

Isop

Hyssopus officinalis

7-8

N, P

50-100

Levnic

Lavandula spica

7-9

N, P

50-100

Pepene verde
furajer

Colocynthis citrullus

6-9

N, P

40-100

Floarea-soarelui

Helianthus annuus

6-9

N, P

40-100

Cruin

Rhamnus frangula

5-7

N, P

35-100

Pducel

Crataegus
monogyna

5-6

N, P

35-100

Rapi

Brassica napus

5-6

N, P

35-100

Castan salbatic

Aesculus
hippocastanum

5-6

N, P

30-100

Fenicul

Foeniculum vulgare

7 -8

N, P

25-100

Castravete

Cucumis sativus

6-9

N, P

20-100

Hric

Polygonum
fagopyrum

7-8

N, P

50-60

Bibliografie
Eugen Mrza i Nicolae Nicolaide, Iniiere i practic n apicultur, Redacia de
propagand tehnic agricol, Bucureti, 1990.