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CUPRINS:

1.GAZE CU UTILIZRI MEDICALE ..........................................................................................


1.1.CLASIFICRI...........................................................................................................................
1.2.UTILIZRI................................................................................................................................
1.2.1.Instalaii de oxigen ..............................................................................................................
1.2.2.Instalaii de aer comprimat .................................................................................................
1.2.3.Instalaii de vid/aer aspirat ..................................................................................................
1.2.4.Instalaii pentru gaz de narcoz ..........................................................................................
1.2.5.Instalaii cu dioxid de carbon ..............................................................................................
1.3.PRODUCERE I FURNIZARE................................................................................................
1.4.EXIGENE CALITATIVE .......................................................................................................
2.UNITI TERMINALE ...............................................................................................................
3.SISTEME DE ALIMENTARE CU GAZE MEDICALE ...........................................................
3.1.ORGANIZAREA SISTEMELOR DE ALIMENTARE ...........................................................
3.1.1.Surse....................................................................................................................................
3.1.2.Reele de distribuie ............................................................................................................
3.2.SCHEME DE ALIMENTARE ..................................................................................................
4.CONFORMAREA SURSELOR/STAIILOR TEHNICE ........................................................
4.1.PRODUCEREA OXIGENULUI MEDICAL ...........................................................................
4.1.1.Distilarea criogenic fracionat -ASV- (Criogenic Air Separation Units) ........................
4.1.2.Concentrare prin adsorbie selective pe site moleculare -PSA- (Pressure Swing
Adsorbtion) .................................................................................................................................
4.2.SISTEME DOTATE CU REZERVOARE CU LICHID CRIOGENIC ....................................
4.3.SISTEME CU RECIPIENI/BUTELII CU GAZE LICHEFIATE ..........................................
4.4.SISTEME CU BUTELII CU GAZ COMPRIMAT ..................................................................
4.5.SISTEME CU CONCENTRATOARE DE OXIGEN ...............................................................
4.6.SISTEME DE INTERVENIE LOCAL ................................................................................
4.7.SISTEME PENTRU AMESTECURI DE GAZE MEDICINALE/AER RECONSTITUIT .....
4.8.STAII PENTRU AER COMPRIMAT MEDICAL/OPERAIONAL ...................................
4.8.1.Priz de aer..........................................................................................................................
4.8.2.Compresoare .......................................................................................................................
4.8.3.Rezervoare tampon .............................................................................................................
4.8.4.Tratarea i filtrarea aerului ..................................................................................................
4.9.SISTEME PENTRU AER ASPIRAT/VACUUM MEDICAL .................................................
4.9.1.Pompe de vid ......................................................................................................................
1

4.9.2.Rezervoare tampon de aspiraie ..........................................................................................


4.9.3.Filtre bacteriene ..................................................................................................................
4.10.SISTEME PENTRU ELIMINAREA GAZELOR ANESTEZICE REZIDUALE ..................
5.ELEMENTE DE CALCUL ...........................................................................................................
5.1.CURGEREA GAZELOR N CONDUCTE RELAII GENERALE DE CALCUL .............
5.2.PARAMETRI FIZICI AI PRINCIPALELOR GAZE MEDICALE .........................................
5.3.RELAII PENTRU CALCULUL CONDUCTELOR DE GAZE MEDICALE ......................
5.3.1.Relaii particulare de calcul ................................................................................................
5.3.2.Pierderi de sarcin ...............................................................................................................
5.4.DIMENSIONAREA REELELOR DE CONDUCTE PENTRU SISTEMELE
CENTRALIZATE DE ALIMENTARE CU FLUIDE MEDICALE...............................................
5.4.1.Debite de calcul ..................................................................................................................
5.4.2.Presiuni de calcul ................................................................................................................
6.DETERMINAREA CAPACITII STOCURILOR DE GAZE ..............................................
6.1.ALEGEREA SOLUIEI DE ALIMENTARE ..........................................................................
6.2.DEFINIREA STOCURILOR ....................................................................................................
6.3.CALCULUL STOCURILOR OPERAIONAL/DE REZERV ..........................................
6.4.DIMENSIONAREA RAMPELOR DE ALIMENTARE CU BUTELII DE GAZE
COMPRIMATE ...............................................................................................................................
6.5.STAII PENTRU AER COMPRIMAT ....................................................................................
6.6.STAII DE VID/VACUUM MEDICAL ..................................................................................

GAZE CU UTILIZRI
MEDICALE
Independent de structura medical a spitalelor -general sau de specialitate- exist modele
tipologice de alctuire spaio-funcional i tehnologic a acestora, prin care se asigur condiiile
optime de lucru n raport cu specificitatea activitilor medicale, sau complementare actului medical,
efectuate.
n acest sens, la orice spital, se remarc existena serviciilor medicale de terapie i tratament
-bloc operator, bloc de nateri, serviciu de anestezie i terapie intensiv, serviciu de urgene- a cror
operaionalitate este condiionat de utilizarea fluidelor medicale.
De asemenea, dotarea tehnico-sanitar a saloanelor pentru bolnavi din seciile de spitalizare
impune asigurarea accesului la instalaiile de gaze medicinale, de la patul pacientului.
Alimentarea cu fluide medicale a oricrui spital este o necesitate absolut.
Este evident c, n practica de proiectare a unitilor spitaliceti, sistemele de alimentare cu
fluide medicale reprezint o categorie vital de instalaii, a cror conformare i capacitate sunt
determinate de mrimea spitalului, tehnologia medical impus, precum i de caracteristicile
echipamentelor i materialelor disponibile.
Conceperea, realizarea i exploatarea acestor sisteme considerate dispozitive medicale1
impune respectarea, n egal msur, a reglementrilor normative cu caracter medical i a celor cu
caracter tehnic.
Scopul principal al instalaiilor de fluide medicale este de a asigura la nivelul receptorilor
distribuia gazelor cu parametrii optimi -debit i presiune-, n condiii de siguran pentru
pacient i personalul medical.
Structura general a instalaiilor de alimentare cu gaze, include: sursele -dup caz, fixe sau
mobile-, reelele de conducte pentru transportul i distribuia gazelor, dispozitivele de reglaremsurare a parametrilor funcionali, sistemele de monitorizare-semnalizare optic i acustic,
respectiv prize pentru racordarea receptorilor-aparatura i echipamentele medicale.
Aceste sisteme n integritatea lor trebuie s ndeplineasc cerinele Directivei Dispozitivelor
Medicale 93/42/EEC, transpus la nivel naional prin HG 911/2005, cu obligativitatea respectrii
prevederilor standardelor europene SR EN 739, ISO 7396-1, 2, HTM 02-01, SR EN 13485 i SR
EN13348, precum i a prescripiei tehnice ISCIR-PTC4/1.

Conform Directivei Europene 93/42, este considerat ca dispozitiv medical orice instrument, aparat, echipament,
substan sau alt articol destinat a fi utilizat singur sau n asociaie, n scopuri de diagnostic preventiv, control, tratament
pentru ameliorarea unei boli i a crui aciune principal asupra corpului uman nu este obinut prin mijloace
farmacologice sau imunologice, nici prin metabolism, dar al crui serviciu poate fi asociat prin astfel de mijloace.
1

1.1 CLASIFICRI
n unitile spitaliceti fluidele medicale sunt utilizate n scopuri terapeutice, operatorii /
chirurgicale i operaionale, fiind clasificate n urmtoarele categorii: gaze medicinale
(medicamente), gaze medicale (dispozitive medicale) i fluide medicale (produse fr statut).
Conform Farmacopeei Europene, n aceste categorii sunt ncadrate urmtoarele gaze:
-gaze medicinale: oxigenul (O2), protoxidul de azot (NO2), amestecul de protoxid de azot
i oxigen medical - 50/50 % sau 60/80%, monoxidul de azot(NO), aerul reconstituit (amestec de
oxigen i azot - 22/78%);
-gaze medicale: dioxidul de carbon (CO2), azotul (N2):
-fluide medicale fr statut: aerul comprimat, aerul aspirat (vacuum medical), gaze
reziduale (expirate de pacienii aflai sub anestezie).
n tabelul 1.1, sunt prezentate valorile parametrilor fizici pentru gazele medicinale n
stare lichid i n stare gazoas conform enciclopediei gazelor AIR LIQUIDE.
Parametrii fizici ai gazelor medicinale n faz lichid i gazoas
Gazul
Parametrii

Stare lichid

Stare gazoas (p=1,013 bar; t=150C)

Masa molecular
M
[Kg/kmol]
Densitate
(M/22,444)
[kg/m3]
Densitate relativ

(gaz/1,293)
Factor compresibilitate
Z
(p0V/RT)
dinamic
*106
Vscozitate
(*
(poise
)
la 00C
cinematic(**
p=1,013bar
*106
(m/s2)
Echivalent lichid/gaz
p=0,13 bar, t=150C
[vol/vol]
Punct de fierbere [0C]
Masa volumic
p=1,013 bar, tf= Punct de fierbere
[0C]
[kg/m3]
(*un poise = 0,1 Ns/m2 = 9,81 kgfs/m2
(** = /

Aer

Oxigen
(O2)

Azot
(N2)

Tabel 1.1

Dioxid de carbon
(CO2)

Protoxid de azot
(N2O)

Heliu
(He)

28,950

31,990

28,013

44,010

44,013

4,002

1,202

1,354

1,185

1,870

1,872

0,169

1,000

1,105

0,967

1,521

1,053

0,138

0,99920

0,99940

0,99970

0,99420

0,99390

1,00050

169,5

190,9

165,7

137,2

136,0

186,3

14,37

14,37

14,25

7,48

7,40

112,37

~900

854

691

845

662

748

-194,5

-183

-195,9

-78,5

-88,5

-269

875

1141

808,61

1032

1222,8

124,96

1.2 UTILIZRI
n tabelul 1.2 sunt prezentate sintetic domeniile de utilizare pentru diferitele tipuri de gaze
i spaiile funcionale n care sunt necesare.
Indicaii terapeutice pentru diferite tipuri de gaze i spaiile funcionale deservite
Statutul

Gazul

-Oxigen medicinal (O2)


-Aer medicinal reconstituit
(amestec oxigen-azot 22/78%)
Gaze
medicinale
(medicamente)

Gaze medicale
(dispozitive
medicale)

Fluide medicale
(gaze fr statut)

-Protoxid de azot medicinal


N2O)
-Monoxid de azot medicinal
(NO)
-Amestec protoxid de azotoxigen
50/50% sau 60/80%
-Dioxidul de carbon (CO2)
-Argon medical (Ar)

Domenii de utilizare
-Oxigenoterapie
-Alimentarea
respiratoarelor n
anestezie
-Vector pentru
administrarea
medicamentelor

Tabel 1.2

Spaii deservite
-Sli de operaii
-Pregtire/trezire pacieni
-Terapie intensiv
-Terapie cu aerosoli
-Rezerve/saloane pacieni

-Anestezie general
-Analgezie

-Sli de operaie
-Saloane pregtire pacieni
-Servicii de urgen

-Colioscopie (explorri
abdominale neinvazive)
-Endoscopie;
Coliochirurgie;
Electrochirurgie.

-Sli de operaie n care sunt


utilizate dispozitive
laparoscopice

-Azot instrumental (N2)


-Aer comprimat instrumental

-Antrenarea utilajelor
chirurgicale
-Uscarea instrumentelor
dup dezinfecie
-Agent motor pentru
vacuumare

-Aer aspirat (vacuum medical)

-Aspiraii de mucoziti
i lichide biologice

-Gaze reziduale

-Expirate de pacieni sub


anestezie

-Sli de operaii n care sunt


utilizate echipamente
pneumatice
-Staii de splare/sterilizare
intrumentar
-Orice spaiu medical n care
este necesar aspirarea
diverselor secreii
-Sli de operaie
-Saloane pregtire pacieni

1.2.1 INSTALAII DE OXIGEN


Oxigenul este un gaz incolor, fr miros i fr gust, nu arde, ntreine arderea i nu este
toxic.
Densitatea oxigenului gazos la temperatura TN=273,15 K (0C) i presiune atmosferic
normal pN=1,01325 bar (760 mmHg) este =1,429 kg/m3. La presiune atmosferic normal i la
temperatur de -183C, oxigenul de transform ntr-un lichid de culoare albstruie.
Dintr-un litru de oxigen lichid se formeaz prin evaporare, n condiii normale, 0,79 m 3
oxigen gazos. La temperatura de -218,4C i presiunea atmosferic de 760 mmHg, oxigenul se
solidific.
n spitale, oxigenul se folosete n special n seciile chirurgicale (pentru narcoze i pentru
tratamentul postoperator al pacienilor), n seciile de boli interne (pneumonii, boli circulatorii,
intoxicri cu gaz), pentru respiraia artificial, la paralizia infantil, tetanos sau intoxicri cu
somnifere, la ajutorarea respiraiei prematurilor, n fizioterapie la bile medicinale cu gaze, etc.
5

Punctele de consum se stabilesc prin tema de tehnologie medical, cu precizarea amplasrii


i numrului acestora n diferite ncperi, gruparea pe secii i sistemul de semnalizare n caz de
absen a oxigenului.
Este obligatorie alimentarea cu oxigen a blocului operator, a blocului de nateri, a serviciului
de anestezie, terapie intensiv, a sectorului de urgen, a compartimentelor pentru sugari i
prematuri, a compartimentului de ari grav.
Pentru seciile medicale de spitalizare se va asigura cel puin o priz de oxigen n fiecare
salon al seciilor de chirurgie, cardiologie, traumatologie, obstetric, iar pentru celelalte secii n
toate rezervele sau saloanele destinate cazurilor grave.
De la staia de distribuie, oxigenul este transportat pn la receptori prin reele de conducte.
n procesul de curgere prin conducte, oxigenul se destinde i se rcete, innd seama c 1m3 de
oxigen saturat, la temperatura de +30C, conine 30,3 g vapori de ap, iar la 0C numai 4,84 g vapori
de ap, rezult necesitatea montrii unor separatoare de condensate prevzute cu robinete de purjare,
n punctele joase ale reelei.
1.2.2 INSTALAII DE AER COMPRIMAT
Aplicaiile aerului comprimat n spitale sunt foarte variate, fiind indispensabil activitii din
seciile de spitalizare i diagnostic-tratamente, precum i unor servicii tehnologice.
n spitalizare i n slile de operaii i reanimare, aerul comprimat se folosete pentru respiraia
direct de lung durat sau ca mijloc de antrenare pentru aparate de aspirat, comandate prin presiune.
Presiunea de utilizare este de 5 at.
Utilizri importante ale aerului comprimat exist i n cazul terapiei cu aerosoli (folosit n
cazul bolilor cronice sau acute ale cilor respiratorii), n balneofiziotarapie (administrarea de bi cu
bule de aer), precum i la acionarea ejectoarelor pentru producerea de vid i vid redus, pentru
absorbii. Presiunea de utilizare este de 5 at. cu excepia aerosolilor, unde se limiteaz la 1,5 at. n
cadrul laboratoarelor, se utilizeaz, de asemenea, aerul comprimat tot la presiunea de 5 at, fie pentru
lucrri chimice, fie pentru producerea de vid redus.
Trebuie inut seama c presiunea de utilizare a aerului comprimat este diferit, n funcie de
consumatori, fiind necesare reductoare de presiune pentru utilizrile cu presiuni mai sczute de 5 at.
Aerul comprimat se produce n staii centralizate echipate cu compresoare pentru uz medical
sau cu butelii de gaz.
Nu este permis folosirea aerului comprimat medical pentru alte scopuri, pentru ceilali
consumatori (ateliere mecanice, hidrofoare, climatizare, spltorie i sterilizare central, comenzi
pneumatice) pentru care aerul comprimat se prepar distinct i se distribuie pe alte reele de
instalaii.
1.2.3 INSTALAII DE VID/AER ASPIRAT
Vidul este necesar n spitale pentru toate tipurile de absorbii: absorbii din cmpul operator,
absorbii din cile respiratorii superioare, absorbii de durat n domeniul vidului redus.
Principalele locuri de utilizare a vidului sunt: n slile de operaii, la terapie intensiv, n
seciile de chirurgie (de obicei o priz la trei paturi), la laboratoare, nlocuindu-se aa numitele
trompe de ap, care pot produce un vid preliminar de circa 15 mmHg (torri).
Consumurile de vid pentru scopuri medicinale sunt de 10-25 l/min.
6

Vidul necesar se produce ntr-o staie central, prin pompe de vid, de preferin pompe cu
inel de ap care au avantajul c beneficiaz de o splare continu cu ap.
Ca i pentru instalaiile de oxigen, pentru instalaiile de vid se prevd sisteme de control i
semnalizare a parametrilor de funcionare.
1.2.4 INSTALAII PENTRU GAZ DE NARCOZ
Pentru distribuirea centralizat a gazului de narcoz n blocul operator i n blocul de nateri
se prevd instalaii specializate, care constau dintr-o staie de producere, reele de distribuie i
echipamente la punctul de consum.
n staia de distribuie a gazului de narcoz se amplaseaz buteliile sau recipientele cu
protoxid de azot sub presiune (de regul de capacitate mic 35 kg), organele de distribuie i
control a presiunii.
Staiile pentru gaz de narcoz se amplaseaz n vecintatea consumatorilor (chiar n blocul
operator sau n imediata lui apropiere).
Reeaua de conducte de distribuie se execut cu evi din cupru i se dimensioneaz la fel cu
reelele de aer comprimat.
1.2.5 INSTALAII CU DIOXID DE CARBON
Dioxidul de carbon (CO2) este un gaz incolor i inodor, care se utilizeaz pentru explorri
medicale neinvazive.
n stare normal (TN =273,15 K i pN =1,01325 bar), densitatea dioxidului de carbon este
2 = 1,562 kg/m3 (deci, CO2 este de 1,52 ori mai greu dect aerul).
Temperatura critic fiind de +31 0C, se poate lichefia cu uurin. Temperatura de fierbere a
dioxidului de carbon lichid la presiune atmosferic normal, PN =1,01325 bar, este de -78,5 0C. La
temperatur de -56,2 0C i la presiune de 5,28 bar, CO2 poate fi lichid, solid sau gazos (punctul
triplu). Se dizolv uor n ap, solubilitatea scznd odat cu creterea temperaturii.
Dioxidul de carbon comprimat se transport n butelii de oel. Presiunea dioxidului de carbon
din butelie depinde de temperatura acestuia t [0C] i de gradul de umplere a buteliei respective.

1.3 PRODUCERE I FURNIZARE


Gazele medicinale sunt produse industrializat de ctre furnizori autorizai i livrate n
recipieni metalici, sub form de gaze comprimate sau de gaze lichefiate, la diferii parametri de
presiune i temperatur, respectiv:
- butelii - cu capaciti ntre 1 i 50 litri, asigurnd 0,2-10 m3 gaz comprimat la 150/200 MPa,
pentru oxigen i pn la 18 m3 gaz lichefiat, pentru protoxid de azot sau dioxid de carbon;
- cadre de butelii - cadre metalice regrupnd butelii de 50 litri, cu capaciti ntre 90 i 300
3
m gaz util;
- evaporatoare mobile - cu capaciti de stocare a oxigenului sub form lichid de 160-630
litri la temperatur de -150 0C i presiune de 10 MPa;
- evaporatoare criogenice fixe - cu capaciti de 1200-15000 litri.
Standardul SR EN 1089/3-2004 prevede un sistem de identificare pentru recipientele de gaz, printrun cod de culori tabel 1.2.
7

Culoarea buteliilor coninnd gaze medicale este alb, iar ogivele acestora poart culori
specifice diferitelor gaze.
Coduri de culoare pentru identificarea buteliilor de gaze medicale
Tabel 1.3
Gaz
Oxigen

Simbol

Culoare
O2

Protoxid
de azot

N2O

Dioxid de
carbon

CO2

Azot

N2

Aer
medicinal
Aer
Reconstituit

20%<O2<23,5%

Pentru alte amestecuri, evidenierea caracteristicilor gazelor se


face prin utilizarea culorilor:
Toxic i/sau corozive galben
Inflamabil
rou
Oxidant
bleu deschis
Inert
verde intens

O2+N2 (O2<20%)
Amestecuri
de
gaze

O2+N2
(O2>23,5%)
O2+N2O
O2+CO2

n afar de gazele medicinale mbuteliate, oxigenul, aerul medicinal reconstituit i diferitele


amestecuri de gaze pot fi preparate i la consumator, n instalaii centralizate.
De asemenea, aerul comprimat, aerul aspirat i gazele reziduale, sunt gestionate
centralizat, n staii special amenajate la utilizator, echipate cu compresoare, pompe de vacuum,
filtre i rezervoare de stocare, dimensionate corespunztor cerinelor i echipate cu uniti n
funciune, de rezerv i de intervenie, fiecare asigurnd 100% din debitul de calcul al instalaiei.

1.4 EXIGENE CALITATIVE


Avnd n vedere caracterul de medicament/dispozitiv medical al acestor gaze,
compoziia lor este reglementat n privina coninutului de impuriti i anume:
- umiditate - gazele trebuie s fie uscate pentru a evita riscul de producere a condensului
i de dezvoltri bacteriene, n cazul scderilor importante de temperatur. Pentru gazele
distribuite prin reele de conducte - oxigen, azot, aer, protoxid de azot i dioxid de carbon,
temperatura punctului de rou a fost stabilit la -46,5 oC la presiunea de 1 MPa, respectiv un
coninut de umiditate de 67 ppm. n uniti de volum;
- impuriti toxice reziduale - monoxidul de carbon, oxizii de azot i dioxidul de sulf,
limitate cantitativ;
- impuriti netoxice - dioxid de carbon i particule de ulei expulzate din compresoare,
n cazul funcionrii deficitare a filtrelor, de asemenea limitat.
n tabelul 1.3 sunt prezentate valorile limit admise de Farmacopeea European, pentru
coninutul de impuriti n diferite gaze.

Exigene calitative pentru gazele medicale conform Farmacopeei Europene


Gazul i
sursa
Oxigen lichid
n butelii sau
recipieni

Punct
de
rou

Ulei

-46C

0.1
mg/m

-46C

Protoxid de
azot

-46C

Amestec
protoxid
de azot i
oxigen

-46C

0.1
mg/m

-46C

Aer
reconstituit

-46C

Amestec heliu
i
oxigen

-46C

Oxigen produs
n staii locale

Aer medical i
operaional

Ap

CO

NO i
NO2

CO2

67 ppm
( 0.05
mg/l)
67 ppm
( 0.05
mg/l)
67 ppm
( 0.05
mg/l)

5ppm
( 5
mg/mc)
5ppm
( 5
mg/mc)
5ppm
( 5
mg/mc)

67 ppm
( 0.05
mg/l)
67 ppm
( 0.05
mg/l)
67 ppm
( 0.05
mg/l)
67 ppm
( 0.05
mg/l)

Tabel 1.3
SO2

Particule
n
suspensii

300 ppm

lips

300 ppm

2
ppm

1
ppm

lips

300 ppm

2
ppm

lips

5ppm
( 5
mg/mc)

300 ppm

2
ppm

lips

5ppm
( 5
mg/mc)

500 ppm
( 900
mg/m)

2
ppm

1
ppm

lips

lips

300 ppm

2
ppm

lips

UNITI TERMINALE
Unitile terminale, respectiv prizele pentru gaze, constituie interfaa dintre instalaie
i utilizator.
n aceast corelaie, instalaia ndeplinete rolul fundamental al unui sistem vital
asigurnd fluidul esenial pentru meninerea sau redarea unei funciuni, n situaii critice, n
timp ce receptorul - pacientul, reprezint sistemul care necesit a fi stimulat.
Conexiunea celor dou sisteme trebuie s se realizeze n timp util i n condiii de
deplin siguran pentru utilizator i operator.
Din aceste considerente, se impune ca alctuirea, dimensiunile i amplasarea prizelor de
gaze, n unitile spitaliceti, s respecte reguli stricte - precizate prin standarde i norme
specifice.
Unitile terminale trebuie s corespund prevederilor SR-EN 737-1, s ndeplineasc
cerinele de calitate i siguran impuse pentru toate categoriile de dispozitive medicale i s
poarte marcajul european de conformitate CE.
Din punct de vedere constructiv, prizele sunt concepute pentru diferite soluii de montaj:
-individual - prize cu cuplare rapid (foto.2.1)
montate pe poziie fix, aparent sau ngropat n perete,
utilizate n cabinete medicale, sli de tratament i explorri
funcionale; Sunt utilizate pentru conectarea diverselor
echipamente i accesorii medicale. Din punct de vedere
constructiv, exist mai multe tipuri corespunztor
standardelor germane (DIN), franceze (NF), britanice (BS)
sau italiene (UNI).
Foto. 2.1
-nglobat n rampe specializate - console medicale (foto.2.2) cu funciune energetic
complex, montate la patul bolnavului, pe perete n poziie orizontal ori vertical, sau tip pod,
montate pe tavan.
Au n compunere module specializate pentru gaze, circuite electrice, cureni slabi i
iluminat.
Sunt utilizate n saloane de spitalizare, saloane ATI, saloane chirurgicale i saloane de
anestezie - trezire din blocul operator;

10

Foto. 2.2
-integrat n echipamente medicale - sistem coloane chirurgicale
suspendate de plafon, n dou variante constructive - fixe i retractibile
(foto.2.3) i brae specializate pentru chirurg i respectiv pentru
anestezist, dotate cu prize pentru fluide medicale, manometre pentru
vizualizarea presiunii, prize electrice, conectori pentru echipamente utile,
ine, rafturi i supori pentru fixarea diverselor aparate necesare efecturii
interveniilor chirurgicale.
n slile de operaii se mai utililizeaz:
Foto. 2.3
-ine pentru gaze medicale - fixe sau glisante, montate la plafon i echipate cu
furtunuri suspendate, prevzute cu prize pentru conectarea diferitelor ustensile medicale
necesare n cmpul operator i
-prize individuale de plafon - la care se racordeaz manual aparatura de utilizare a
diferitelor tipuri de gaze.

Foto. 2.4
n toate situaiile, prizele de fluide medicale trebuie s fie uor identificabile, accesibile
i utilizabile, n condiii de deplin securitate pentru pacient i personalul medical.
Pentru recunoaterea funciunii, capacele prizelor sunt inscripionate cu denumirea gazului
distribuit i marcate n culorile convenionale, codificate (foto.2.4); Constructiv, prizele sunt
conformate diferit pentru a nu accepta dect tipul de conector specific gazului, ceea ce le
confer un grad ridicat de securitate, prin eliminarea riscului de administrare eronat.

11

Din aceleai considerente, poziionarea


prizelor se face ntr-o succesiune prestabilit, n
diferitele forme de organizare a cmpurilor de captare
- fig.2.1.
n dispunere orizontal, de la stnga la dreapta: oxigen
(O2), protoxid de azot (N2O), amestec 50% oxigen i
protoxid de azot (O2/N2O), aer medical (AM), aer
comprimat chirurgical/operaional (AO), vacuum
(VAC), gaze anestezice reziduale (GAR) i amestec
heliuoxigen (He/O2). Distana dintre prize interax
trebuie s fie de 135+/-2,5 mm.
n cazul n care acest aranjament este
impracticabil, prizele pot fi montate pe dou rnduri
paralele, la 200 mm distan ntre ele, cu meninerea
pe primul rnd a prizelor pentru O2, N2O i/sau
N2O/O2, (AM).

Fig. 2.1 Scheme amplasare prize

Aceiai succesiune, de sus n jos, se menine i la dispunerea vertical, pe una sau dou
coloane.
n cazul aranjamentului circular, prizele se succed n aceiai ordine, n sens orar, n jurul
prizei de gaze anestezice reziduale amplasat central.
Distanele de montare a prizelor fa de cota pardoselii finite, sunt cuprinse ntre 900 i
1600mm.
Tipul unitilor terminale recomandat pentru echiparea diferitelor spaii funcionale
din spitale este indicat n tabelul 2.1, iar dotarea acestora cu prize de gaze medicale este
prezentat n tabelul 2.2.
De asemenea se face precizarea c n slile de operaii sunt prevzute modulele pentru
distribuia gazelor operaionale - aer comprimat medical i azot - echipate cu prize i
dispozitive individuale de reglare a presiunii, necesare pentru conectarea diferitelor
instrumente chirurgicale pneumatice.

Tipul terminalelor recomandate pentru echiparea spaiilor

Tabel 2.1

Tipul unitilor terminale n dotare


Spaii
funcionale

Cabinete
examinare i
tratament de
urgen
Sli de operaii
pentru urgene
Modul
preoperatoriu

Prize
individuale
de
perete

Ramp
de
perete
la capul
patului

Ramp
de plafon
cu furtun
suspendat

Coloane
fixe
de
plafon

Coloane
retractibile
de
plafon

Sistem
evacuare
gaze
anestezice

Tablou
distribuie
azot
operaional

12

Continuare tabel 2.1


Tipul unitilor terminale n dotare
Spaii
funcionale
Sli operaii
majore
Sli operaii
minore
cistoscopie
Saloane
recuperare
postoperatorie
Sli de
pregtire
Sli de
travaliu
Sli de natere
Saloane
prematuri
Saloane
asisten
pentru nounscui
Uniti de
asisten
intensiv
pentru nounscui
Uniti de
asisten
intensiv
pentru copii
Uniti de
asisten
respiratorie
Cabinete
radiologie
Uniti de
intervenii
specializateneurologie,
cardiologie
Saloane
bolnavi
Sli autopsie

Prize
individuale
de
perete

Ramp
de
perete
la capul
patului

Coloane
fixe
de
plafon

Coloane
retractibile
de
plafon

Sistem
evacuare
gaze
anestezice

Tablou
distribuie
azot
operaional

Ramp
de plafon
cu furtun
suspendat

13

Dotarea spaiilor funcionale cu uniti terminale conform HTM 02-01


Departament

O2

Aer
4
bar

Vac.

N2O

CO2

Tabel 2.2
AGSS

I. UNITATE PRIMIRI URGENE


Camer resuscitare / targ
2
2
2
2
Sal tratamente majore / targ
1
1
1
1
Recuperare post-operator / targ
2
2
2
Sal tratamente / ni
1
1
II. BLOC OPERATOR
Sli Anestezie (toate)
1
1
1
1
Sal Operaie ORTOPEDIE:
- pt. anestezist
2
2
2
1
- pt. chirurg
2
Sal Operaie NEUROCHIRURGIE:
- pt. anestezist
2
2
2
1
- pt. chirurg
2
Sal Operaie, chirurgie general, etc.:
pt. anestezist/ chirurg
2
2
2
2
2
not:UT-uri instalate n console separate p=opional unde se utilizeaz instrumente
Recuperare post-operator / pat
2
2
2
ncpere service aparate / post de lucru
1
1
1
1
1p
III. DEPARTAMENT MATERNITATE
Sal natere
- mam
1
2
- copil / ptu (permis numai pentru 2 paturi)
1
1
1
Bloc operator :
- anestezist
1
1
1
1
- obstetrician
2
- pediatrie / ptu (permis numai pentru
1
1
2 paturi)
Recuperare post-operator / pat
1
1
1
ncapere service aparate* / post lucru
1
1
1
1
Neonatal / ptu
2
2
2
not:un set pe fiecare parte a patului dac sunt instalate n punct fix, sau ambele seturi
ncpere service aparate / post lucru
1
1
1
Salon recuperare:
Rezerve cu 1 pat
1
1
Rezerve cu mai multe paturi / fiecare pat
1
1
Saloane copii / ptu (se prevd numai
1
1
pentru 2 paturi indiferent de nr. de spaii)
IV. DEPARTAMENTE DE DIAGNOSTIC
Sal proceduri speciale
1
1
1
1
Sal Anestezie
1
1
1
1
Recuperare
1
1p
1
Ultrasunete
1
1
Fluoroscopie
1
1
Urografie
1
1
Tomografie
1
1
Rezonan magnetic
1
1
1
1
Camer CAT
1
1
1
1
Angiografie
1
1
1
1
Endoscopie
1
1
1
1
Accelerator linear
1
1
1
1
Camere cu dest. general
1
1

14

2
1

Aer
7
bar

N2O/
O2

1p

1p

1
1
4
1
2
2

2p

1
1

1
1
1
1
1

Continuare tabel 2.2


Departament

O2

Aer
4
bar

Vac.

N2O

V. SALON DE RECUPERARE
Rezerve cu 1 pat
1
1
1
Rezerve cu mai multe paturi / pat
1
1
1
Sal tratamente (aduli, copii, persoane
1
1
1
n vrst)
VI. RENAL
Pe staie de dializ
1
1
1
Pe pat
1
1
1
VII. DEPARTAMENT DE TERAPIE INTENSIV (ATI)
Pe pat
4
4
4
2p
ncpere service aparate / post de lucru
1
1
1
1p
Unitate chirurgie cardiac (CCU) / pat
4
4
4
Salon persoane dependente (HDU)
4
4
4
Saloane de ari
2
2
2
2p
VIII. NEUROLOGIE
Sal terapie electroconvulsiv ECT
1
1
1
1
Recuperare post-operator / pat
1
1
1
IX. RECUPERARE PACIENI ADULI ACUI
Sal tratament:
- anestezist
1
1p
1
1p
- chirurg
2
Recuperare post-operator / pat
1
1p
1
X. RECUPERARE GENERAL
Rezerve cu 1 pat
1
1
Rezerve cu mai multe paturi / pat
1
1
Sal tratamente
1
1p
1
Sal endoscopie
1
1p
1
1p
XI. FRACTURI
Camer tratament ghips
1
1p
1
1
XII. DEPARTAMENT CHIRURGIE BUCAL, ORTODONIE
Sal consultaii / tratamente tip 1

1p

CO2

AGSS

Aer
7
bar

N2O/
O2

2p
1p

2p
1p

2p

2p

1p

1p
1

1p

1p

Aer 7
bar

Sal consultaii / tratamente tip 2 i 3


1
1
#
Recuperare / zon recuperare
1
1
1
Zon laborator / post lucru
1
1
1
1p
1p
XIII. CONSULTAII POLICLINIC
Sal tratamente / ni
1
1p
1
1p
1p
XIV. STAIA CENTRAL DE STERILIZARE
Zon splare
1
1
Inspecie, asamblare, mpachetare
1
1
1
Alte departamente
Note :
* acolo unde camerele de natere i departamentele de neonatologie sunt apropiate, camera de service poate fi
folosit n comun
# numai vacuum dental
p = opiunea pacientului

15

SISTEME DE ALIMENTARE
CU GAZE MEDICALE
3.1 ORGANIZAREA SISTEMELOR DE ALIMENTARE
n raport cu organizarea funcional a unitilor spitaliceti, alimentarea cu fluide
medicale trebuie s satisfac, n condiii de siguran deplin, cerinele tuturor serviciilor
-medicale i complementare- din cadrul departamentelor i seciilor specializate de
diagnostic i tratament, corespunztoare diferitelor profiluri medicale.
n acest scop, alimentarea se realizeaz n sistem centralizat, prin intermediul unor
instalaii fixe, destinate fiecrui tip de gaz i alctuite din: surse, reele de transport i
distribuie, elemente pentru reglarea i msurarea parametrilor funcionali, tablouri de
control i alarmare i uniti terminale pentru conectarea aparaturii medicale.
Instalaiile trebuie s asigure alimentarea autonom i continu a tuturor
consumatorilor deservii cu gaze la parametri cantitativi i calitativi impui de destinaia
acestora.
Aceste cerine, rezultate din prevederile SR EN ISO 7396-1, impun un nivel ridicat de
rezervare pentru toate componentele sistemului, care se determin n funcie de riscul potenial.
n figura 3.1 este prezentat schema de principiu pentru alimentare cu principalele fluide
medicale.

Fig. 3.1 Schema de principiu pentru alimentare cu principalele fluide medicale

16

3.1.1 SURSE
Pentru a putea fi asigurat continuitatea alimentrii cu gaze, standardul SR EN ISO
7396-1 impune, pentru fiecare tip de gaz, prevederea obligatorie a cte trei surse
independente - principal, secundar i de rezerv - racordate la sistemul de distribuie,
fiecare capabil s asigure debitul de calcul, integral.
- Sursa principal - reprezint sursa destinat n mod curent pentru asigurarea continu
a necesarului de gaze, dimensionat pentru cerina corespunztoare consumului simultan
maxim, la parametri cantitativi i calitativi impui de folosine;
- Sursa secundar - destinat s intervin n caz de avarie a sursei principale, capabil
s preia integral alimentarea consumatorilor la parametrii impui;
- Sursa de rezerv - constituind ultima surs racordat la reea, care poate satisface
cerina de gaze n situaii de avarie a surselor primar i secundar, sau la
disfuncionaliti ale sistemului de distribuie.
n funcie de tipul i modul de asigurare/producere a gazelor, n tabelul 3.1 se
prezint variante recomandate pentru configurarea celor trei categorii de surse.
Organizarea surselor centralizate se face n spaii special destinate, amplasate dup caz,
nafara cldirii spitalului - pentru oxigen, aer comprimat i aer aspirat - sau n interiorul
cldirii, n vecintatea consumatorului - pentru gazele de narcoz i cele utilizate n
colioscopie.
Componentele critice ale instalaiilor din surse se by-passeaz, iar echipamentele
electrice se racordeaz i la sistemele de alimentare cu energie electric de rezerv.
Soluii alternative pentru organizarea surselor de fluide medicale
Tipul sistemului
Distribuitoare
automate cu butelii
cu gaz comprimat

Sursa principal
Ramp de distribuie
complet automatizat cu
numr de butelii
corespunztor capacitii
sistemului

Recipieni izolai cu
gaz lichid criogenic
i vaporizatoare sub
vid
Sistem cu recipient cu
vaporizator sub vid

Sursa secundar
Ramp de rezerv cu
cuplare manual separat
de rampa principal prin
clapet de reinere
Numr de butelii
corespunztor alimentrii
cu debitul mediu al
sistemului, timp de 4 ore

Ramp automat cu butelii


de gaz sub presiune pentru
intervenie direct n cazul
avariilor n sursa primar

17

Tabel 3.1
Sursa de rezerv
Ramp automat sau
manual conectat prin
intermediul unui racord fix
sau
Sistem local cu butelii
individuale echipate cu
regulatoare de presiune i
debitmetre
Sistem automat cu butelii
de gaz utilizat local pentru
deservirea zonelor de mare
dependen, sau pentru
ntregul obiectiv
sau
Sistem local cu butelii
individuale echipate cu
regulatoare de presiune i
debitmetre

Continuare tabel 3.1


Tipul sistemului

Recipieni izolati cu
gaz lichid criogenic i
vaporizatoare sub vid

Cadre de butelii cu
gaz lichefiat

Sisteme locale cu
concentratoare de
oxigen

Sursa principal

Sursa secundar

Unul din recipienii unui


sistem duplex cu
vaporizatoare sub vid
(cu soclu comun)

Al doilea recipient din


sistemul duplex

Unul din recipienii unui


sistem duplex cu
vaporizatoare sub vid
(cu soclu individual)

Al doilea recipient cu
soclu individual din
sistemul duplex
Recipienii trebuie s fie
prevzui cu ventile de
reinere pentru evitarea
transferului de gaz ntre
rezervoare

Cadre cu butelii cu gaz


lichefiat, interconectate
(toate buteliile debiteaza
simultan n sistem)

Sistem automat cu
butelii de gaz sub
presiune.
Intervenie direct n
situaie de avarii la sursa
principal

Module de compresoare
i coloane de adsorbie

Dou compresoare de
aer medical
Staii de compresoare
pentru aer medical
Dou compresoare de
aer medical dintr-un
sistem de trei
compresoare

Sistem automat cu
butelii de gaz sub
presiune.
Intervenie direct n
situaie de avarii la sursa
principal
Poate fi acionat din trei
pri sau din sursa
principal
Numrul buteliilor se
stabilete pentru
asigurarea alimentrii cu
debitul mediu timp de 4
ore
Sistem automat cu
butelii de gaz sub
presiune. Intervenie
direct n situaie de
avarii la sursa principal
Numrul buteliilor se
stabilete pentru
asigurarea alimentrii cu
debitul mediu timp de 4
ore
Al treilea compresor din
sistem

18

Sursa de rezerv
Sistem automat cu butelii
de gaz utilizat local pentru
deservirea zonelor de mare
dependen, sau pentru
ntregul obiectiv
Tipul i capacitatea sursei
se stabilesc n funcie de
riscul evaluat
Poate s lipseasc n cazul
reelelor inelare sau cnd
pentru alimentarea cu gaze
este prevzut i o a doua
surs
Sistem automat cu butelii
de gaz sub presiune.
Poate fi amplasat pentru
deservirea zonei de mare
dependen sau a ntregului
obiectiv
sau
Sistem local cu butelii
individuale echipate cu
regulatoare de presiune i
debitmetre

Tipul i capacitatea se
stabilesc n funcie de
riscul evaluat

Sistem automat cu butelii


de gaz utilizat local pentru
deservirea zonelor de mare
dependen, sau pentru
ntregul obiectiv
sau
Sistem local cu butelii
individuale echipate cu
regulatoare de presiune i
debitmetre
Sistem automat de butelii
sub presiune pentru
deservirea integral

Continuare tabel 3.1


Tipul sistemului
Staii de
compresoare
pentru aer
medical
Instalaii de aer
sintetic

Staii combinate
de aer comprimat
medical i
operaional
(chirurgical)

Staii de
compresoare
pentru aer
operaional
(chirurgical)

Sistem centralizat
de aer aspirat
(vacuum)

Sursa principal
Dou compresoare
de aer medical dintrun sistem de patru
compresoare
Recipienii
principali de oxigen
i azot lichid
criogenic cu
vaporizator i
unitate de amestec

Sursa secundar
Celelalte dou compresoare din
sistem

Sursa de rezerv
Sistem automat de
butelii sub presiune
pentru deservirea
integral

Recipienii secundari de oxigen i


azot lichid criogenic cu vaporizator
i unitate de amestec

Tipul i capacitatea se
stabilesc n funcie de
riscul evaluat

Dou sisteme automate cu butelii de


aer comprimat, unul pentru
alimentare cu aer medical, al doilea
pentru alimentare cu aer operaional.
Ambele sisteme pentru intervenie
direct n cazul defeciunilor n
sursa primar
Numrul buteliilor pentru fiecare
sistem se stabilete pentru asigurarea
alimentrii cu debitul mediu timp de
4 ore

Sistem automat cu
butelii de gaz utilizat
local pentru deservirea
zonelor de mare
dependen, sau pentru
ntregul obiectiv

Dou compresoare
de aer medical dintrun sistem de trei

Al treilea compresor din sistem

Sistem automat de
butelii sub presiune
pentru deservirea
integral

Compresor pentru
aer medical

Sistem automat de butelii sub


presiune pentru intervenie direct n
caz de avarie n staia principal
Numrul buteliilor se stabilete
pentru asigurarea alimentrii cu
debitul mediu timp de 4 ore

Local cu butelii de gaz


comprimat racordate,
echipate cu regulatoare
de presiune i
debitmetre

Al doilea compresor din sistem

Sistem automat cu
butelii de gaz i
presiune

A treia pomp din sistem

Echipament portabil
de aspiraie

Celelalte dou pompe din sistem

Echipament portabil
de aspiraie

Dou compresoare
de aer medical

Un compresor de
aer medical dintr-un
sistem duplex
Dou pompe de vid
dintr-un sistem de
trei
Dou pompe de vid
dintr-un sistem de
patru

Observaii:
1. Pentru sistemele duplex i triplex de compresoare i sistemele triplex de pompe de vid,
fiecare compresor/pomp trebuie s aib capacitatea nominal egal cu debitul total al
sistemului;
2. Pentru sistemele cvadruplex, fiecare compresor/pomp trebuie s aib capacitatea
nominal corespunztoare la jumtate din debitul de calcul;
3. Pentru toate sistemele de compresoare al cror debit depete 500 litri/min. trebuie
prevzute cte dou rezervoare de stocare, fiecare cu posibilitate de izolare
independent;
4. Toate sistemele de instalaii trebuie s fie conectate i la sistemul de alimentare cu
energie electric de rezerv;

19

5. Sistemul de vacuum de tip Venturi este recomandat numai pentru folosire n caz de
urgen deoarece aceste instalaii sunt alimentate din sistemul de oxigen medical i
necesit cantiti mari de gaz.
6. Pentru sisteme de aer medical, capacitatea de stocare a rezervoarelor trebuie s permit
furnizarea a 50% din debitul de aer timp de un minut;
7. Pentru aer operaional n sistemele duplex i triplex, fiecare compresor poate avea
capacitatea egal cu o treime din debitul de calcul, cu condiia existenei unei capaciti
de stocare egal cu dublul debitului necesar timp de un minut;
8. n sistemele triplex i cvadruplex de vacuum medical, fiecare pomp de vid trebuie s
aib capacitatea egal cu debitul de calcul i s existe capacitate de stocare pentru ntreg
debitul timp de un minut.
3.1.2 REELE DE DISTRIBUIE
Distribuia gazelor sub presiune se face n sistem cu dou trepte de presiune prin:
-reele principale- pentru presiuni de 9-7 bar realiznd legtura dintre surs i
terminale - cofrete cu robinet de secionare, reductor de presiune, filtru i sisteme de alarmare
i
-reele secundare- pentru presiuni de 5-4 bar, care asigur legtura ntre terminale i
receptori-prize individuale de conectare, rampe de distribuie sau aparate medicale.
Este recomandabil ca reelele principale i reelele secundare aferente unor
departamente importante s fie realizate n sistem inelar, sau s fie dublate.
Pe fiecare ramur de distribuie se monteaz robinei de izolare de urgen i sisteme
de alarmare -optic i acustic-, pentru variaii ale presiunilor de serviciu cu +/- 20% fa de
presiunea nominal, respectiv pentru scderea vidului sub 60 kPa.
Pentru alimentare n situaii excepionale, n scopul utilizrii independente, reelele
secundare sunt prevzute nainte/dup regulatorul de presiune, cu racorduri pentru cuplarea unei
surse mobile de gaz - butelie cu regulator propriu de presiune, pe crucior.
Colectarea aerului aspirat/vidului se face ntr-o singur treapt de presiune, prin
intermediul unei reele de conducte principale, prevzut cu cofrete de secionare.
Evacuarea aerului rezidual, cu coninut de gaze de narcoz, se face direct n
exteriorul cldirii, prin intermediul prizelor specializate (AGS), racordate la o reea distinct,
alimentat din reeaua principal de aer comprimat.
Conductele de gaze medicale se realizeaz cu evi i fitinguri din cupru medical, cu
coninut de carbon mai mic de 32mg/dm3, simbolizat Cu-HDP, asamblate prin brazare cu
electrozi din argint (coninut minim 40% i fr cadmiu), n flux continuu de azot sau alt gaz
inert.
Conductele se eticheteaz cu simbolul gazului transportat (foto 3.1), cu codul de culoare
i sensul de curgere, pentru identificarea uoar i evitarea interconectrilor accidentale.

20

Montarea reelelor de gaze se face aparent, n plase orizontale la plafon (foto 3.2), sau
n plase verticale pe perei (foto 3.3).

Foto 3.2
Foto 3.3
Foto 3.1
Instalarea deasupra plafonului fals este admis numai dac spaiul nchis de acesta
este ventilat, sau atunci cnd conductele sunt montate pe ntreaga lungime, n evi/ghene de
protecie etane.
n ghenele de gaze medicale este interzis montarea conductelor pentru alte fluide, sau
a reelelor i accesoriilor electrice.
Pe conductele montate n ghene sau mascat nu sunt admise suduri
i racorduri.
nglobarea conductelor de fluide medicale n elemente de
construcie, este interzis.
Pe conductele principale, ramificaii laterale, coloane i racorduri,
se prevd robinei de secionare montai n cofrete transparente,
asigurate i amplasate n locuri uor accesibile pentru intervenie n
Foto 3.4
caz de necesitate (foto 3.4).
Cofretele terminale (de pe reelele secundare), (foto 3.5)
trebuie s conin regulatoare de presiune cu robinei de nchidere
i manometre, amonte i aval, precum i dou prize cu cuplare
rapid pentru racordare, n situaii de urgen, a buteliilor cu gaz
sub presiune, echipate cu regulatoare individuale.

Foto 3.5
Disfuncionalitile survenite accidental n alimentarea cu gaze, sunt semnalate prin
intermediul sistemului de alarmare, organizat pe dou nivele de monitorizare - la surs i
n reea.
Alarma principal (foto 3.6), semnaleaz -n staia tehnic
i n punctul de supraveghere permanent a sistemuluimodificarea presiunii/vacuumului, indicnd circuitul pe care se
inregistreaz supra/subpresiuni i necesitatea conectrii sursei
secundare/de rezerv.
Foto 3.6

21

Alarma secundar/de zon (foto 3.7), indic modificarea


local a regimului de presiuni, respectiv creterea /descreterea
acesteia n raport cu valoarea normal. ntreruperea alimentrii sau
orice dereglare semnalat n reeaua zonei, impune intervenia
direct pentru corecia imediat a disfuncionalitilor constatate.
Foto 3.7

3.2 SCHEME DE ALIMENTARE


Pentru organizarea general a sistemelor de alimentare cu diferite tipuri de gaze, n
raport cu destinaia acestora i tipul surselor adoptate, n standardul ISO 7396-1 sunt prezentate
cu caracter orientativ, diferite scheme de principiu care pot fi adaptate n funcie de
particularitile specifice obiectivelor deservite.
Schemele prezentate n tabelul 3.2, includ componentele principale ale sistemelor
oferind rezolvri de principiu, n variante alternative privind:
- structura reelelor de distribuie ramificat sau inelar ;
- regimul de presiuni asigurat unitar sau difereniat ;
- tipul i configuraia surselor butelii cu gaze comprimate, recipieni cu gaze lichefiate
criogenice, generatoare/concentratoare de oxigen;
- amplasarea i racordarea surselor n spaiu comun sau separat.
Poziia relativ i modul de racordare a diferitelor componente va trebui corelat cu
dimensiunile de gabarit i caracteristicile funcionale ale echipamentelor i condiiilor de
amplasare.
Scheme de organizare a sistemelor de alimentare cu fluide medicale
Schema funcionala

Tabel 3.2

Configuraia
Sistem de alimentare cu gaze medicinale ntr-o treapt de
presiune cu trei surse de alimentare i panou de reglare
comun.

22

Sistem de alimentare cu gaze medicinale ntr-o treapt de


presiune cu trei surse de alimentare i panou de reglare
comun.
Varianta de conectare a sursei de rezerv cu panou de
reglare individual.

Sistem de alimentare cu aer medicinal ntr-o treapt de


presiune.
Sursa primar compresor; Sursele secundar i de
rezerv - butelii cu aer comprimat

Sistem de alimentare cu aer medicinal n dou trepte de


presiune.
Sursa primar compresor; Sursele secundar i de
rezerv - butelii cu aer comprimat
Varianta de racordare a surselor secundar i de rezerv.

Sistem de alimentare cu aer comprimat medicinal, ntr-o


treapt de presiune, cu reea distinct pentru deservirea
ustensilelor/aparatelor medicale;
Sursa - trei compresoare cuplate.

Sistem de alimentare cu aer comprimat medicinal, ntr-o


treapt de presiune, cu reea distinct pentru deservirea
ustensilelor/aparatelor medicale;
Sursa - trei compresoare cuplate; Sursa de rezerv
independent.

23

Sistem de alimentare cu aer comprimat medicinal, ntr-o


treapt de presiune, cu reea distinct pentru deservirea
ustensilelor/aparatelor medicale;
Sursa de rezerv butelii cu aer comprimat.

Sistem de alimentare cu aer comprimat medicinal, ntr-o


treapt de presiune, cu reea distinct pentru deservirea
ustensilelor/aparatelor medicale;
Sursa de rezerv butelii cu aer comprimat.
Varianta de conectare a sursei de rezerv.

Sistem
de
alimentare
cu
aer
comprimat
operaional/chirurgical cu dou trepte de presiune;
Sursa principal compresor; Sursa de rezerv butelii cu
aer comprimat.

Sistem
de
alimentare
cu
aer
comprimat
operaional/chirurgical cu dou trepte de presiune;
Sursa principal compresor; Sursa de rezerv butelii cu
aer comprimat;
Ambele surse cu compresor.

Sistem de alimentare cu aer reconstituit, ntr-o treapt de


presiune i reea distinct pentru deservirea
echipamentelor medicale;
Sursele secundar i de rezerv butelii cu gaz comprimat.

24

Sistem de alimentare cu aer reconstituit, n dou trepte de


presiune i reele de distribuie comune; Varianta de
conectare a surselor secundar i de rezerv.

Sistem de alimentare cu aer reconstituit, n dou trepte de


presiune i reele de distribuie comune; Varianta de
conectare a surselor secundar i de rezerv.
Sursa de rezerv cu butelii de gaz comprimat.

Sistem de colectare a aerului aspirat, cu trei surse de


vacuum.

Sistem de alimentare, ntr-o treapt de presiune, pentru aer


reconstituit;
Dou uniti proporionale o surs cu butelii.

Sistem de alimentare, ntr-o treapt de presiune, pentru aer


reconstituit;
Dou uniti proporionale o surs cu butelii;
Varianta de alctuire i cuplare a surselor secundar i de
rezerv.

25

Zon de distribuie pentru sistem de alimentare, ntr-o


treapt de presiune (fr reductor de presiune
suplimentar).

Zon de distribuie pentru sistem de alimentare n dou


trepte, cu dou reductoare de presiune n paralel.

Zon de distribuie pentru sistem de alimentare n dou


trepte, cu dou reductoare de presiune n paralel;
Cu butelie adiional, cu reductor de presiune individual,
cuplat permanent.

Simboluri tabel 3.2:


A Surs primar cu reductor multiplu de presiune;
B Surs secundar;
C Surs de rezerv;
D Conduct de distribuie treapta I;
E Conduct de distribuie treapta II, cu regulator de presiune;
F Conduct de distribuie aer operaional treapta I;
G Conduct de distribuie aer medicinal;
H Conduct de distribuie treapta II cu regulator de presiune de linie;
I Conduct de distribuie treapta II pentru acionarea aparatelor medicale;
J Sistem de condiionare;
K Receptor/stocator;
L Compresor;
M Compresor de rezerv;
N Rezervor de amestec cu van automat de nchidere;
O Surs alternativ de alimentare pentru azot;
P Surs alternativ de alimentare pentru azot i acionare operaional;
Q Sistem de alimentare cu oxigen;
R Sistem de alimentare cu azot;
S Colectare condens;
T Filtru bacterian;
U Rezervor stocare;
V Surs aer aspirat/vacuum;
W Reea conducte vacuum;
X Conectare manual a sistemului.
1 Robinet izolare surs;
2 Robinet izolare reea;

26

3 Conector la sistemul de distribuie;


4 Robinet cu acionare manual, secionare coloan;
5 Robinet secionare ramificaie;
6 Zon de deservire robinet secionare;
7 Robinet nchidere pentru ntreinere/mentenan;
8 Limita regulatorului de presiune;
9 Uniti terminale;
10 Supap de siguran;
11 Clapet de reinere;
12 Conectarea sursei de intervenie;
13 Central alarmare presiune;
14 , 15 Analizor oxigen;
16 Racord flexibil;
17 Butelie cu robinet de nchidere individual;
18 Reductor de presiune butelie;

Din analiza schemelor prezentate pot fi identificate cteva idei eseniale:


Pentru gazele medicinale - oxigen, protoxid de azot, amestec protoxid de azot-oxigen,
aer reconstituit:
- reelele de distribuie se realizeaz cu dou trepte de presiune i se prevd cu posibiliti
de izolare i de alimentare din surse locale mobile, n situaii de urgen;
- sursele de rezerv se organizeaz n spaii separate de staia central i pot fi racordate
prin intermediul panoului central de alimentare, sau, independent, n aval de acesta.
Pentrul aerul comprimat i aerul aspirat/vacuum:
- sursele de rezerv -compresoare i pompe de vid- se amplaseaz de regul, n spaii
comune cu sursele principal i secundar;
Aerul operaional/chirurgical:
- poate fi obinut din sistemul de aer comprimat medicinal, sau prin intermediul unui
sistem distinct;
Azotul chirurgical:
- este furnizat prin intermediul unui sistem de alimentare unitar, pn la modulul
centralizat de reglare i control, de unde este distribuit la presiunile necesare diferitelor
ustensile medicale.

27

CONFORMAREA
SURSELOR/STAIILOR
TEHNICE
Gestionarea centralizat a fluidelor cu utilizare medical, n scopuri terapeutice sau
operaionale, implic realizarea staiilor tehnice necesare pentru distribuia sau, dup caz,
producerea i distribuia acestor ageni indispensabili activitii din unitile spitaliceti.
Denumite generic surse ale sistemelor de alimentare cu gaze, integreaz echipamente
i instalaii tehnologice specifice tipului i exigenelor calitative impuse gazului furnizat.
Complexitatea instalaiilor depinde de gradul i modul de procesare adoptat.
Produsele cu statut de medicament aprovizionate mbuteliat sub form de gaze
comprimate sau gaze lichefiate; Oxigenul poate fi stocat i n vrac n rezervoare criogenice,
sau poate fi generat local, prin tehnologia de concentrare prin site moleculare.
De asemenea, aerul reconstituit i amestecurile diverselor gaze medicinale, n
diferite proporii, se realizeaz local n staiile tehnice.
Aerul comprimat i aerul aspirat/vacuumul, sunt procesate centralizat n staiile
tehnice, prin intermediul instalaiilor de purificare i de realizare a presiunilor necesare.
n cadrul capitolului sunt prezentate principiile de organizare i de funcionare a
diferitelor tipuri de staii tehnice pentru alimentare cu fluide medicale.

4.1 PRODUCEREA OXIGENULUI MEDICINAL


Oxigenul medicinal de nalt puritate, peste 93%, se produce pe cale industrial prin
dou procedee tehnologice:
- distilarea criogenic fracionat a oxigenului lichid i
- concentrarea oxigenului prin adsorbia selectiv a azotului pe site moleculare
4.1.1 DISTILAREA CRIOGENIC FRACIONAT -ASV(Criogenic Air Separation Units)
Aerul atmosferic conine 78,08% azot, 20,95% oxigen, 0,93% argon i uneori gaze rare.
Procedeul de distilare criogenic permite obinerea oxigenului molecular de nalt puritate,
mai mare de 99,5%, care poate fi stocat sub form lichid, sau ncrcat n recipiente sub
presiune.
Conform schemei din figura 4.1, procesarea se desfoara n dou faze succesive - cald
i rece, n urmtoarea succesiune:

28

FAZA CALD - Aerul atmosferic prefiltrat, preluat de compresorul (1), este


comprimat la presiunea la care urmeaz s fie livrat ctre consumatori i dezumidificat n
recipientul (2), n care se colecteaz condensul i se reduce presiunea.
Aerul dezumidificat, este rcit pn n jurul temperaturii de 10 oC, n schimbtorul de cldur
(3), care funcioneaz cu agent frigorific.
Procesul de purificare continu prin filtrare succesiv n filtre de coalescen, sitare
gravitaional i adsorbie pe crbune activ (4), n care sunt reinute impuritile i toate
hidrocarburile.
Ultima treapt de tratare din cadrul procesului cald se desfoar n absorberul termic
alternativ (5), care are rolul de a ndeprta orice reziduu de vapori de ap, hidrocarburi i dioxid
de carbon. Acesta este compus din dou boilere interconectate, cu posibiliti de funcionare
alternativ, n faza de reinere i respectiv n faza de purjare, cu exhaustarea unei fraciuni din
aerul procesat.

Fig. 4.1 Schema procesului de producere a oxigenului prin distilare criogenic


FAZA RECE - Procesul n aceast faz, ncepe n schimbtorul de cldur
principal (6), n care aerul este rcit n contracurent cu gazul rezidual; La ieirea din
schimbtor, aerul procesat are temperatura de -112 oC i este parial lichefiat.
Lichefierea complet este realizat prin evaporarea oxigenului lichid rece n boilerul (7), unde
lichidul este nclzit. Dup ieirea din robinetul de control al boilerului, aerul intr ntr-un tip
de coloan de distilare (8), n care fluxul de vapori de oxigen se ridic n coloana ncrcat cu
material selectiv, n contracurent cu fluxul descendent de lichid procesat.
Aerul lichid cobornd n coloan, pierde azot i se mbogete n oxigen, astfel nct la baza
acesteia se obine oxigen lichid pur. Transferat prin robinetul de control i analizorul de oxigen,
oxigenul lichid este acumulat la presiune redus n rezervorul criogenic de stocare (9).
Vaporii ascendeni din coloana de distilare se mbogesc n azot i argon i sunt purjai ca agent
de rcire prin schimbtorul principal de cldur (6); O fraciune din aceste gaze reziduale
expandate la presiune redus, sunt reintroduse n proces prin injecie n absorberul termic (5),
n faza de regenerare.
Lichidul din rezervorul de stocare, este comprimat la nalt presiune, cu pompe de lichid
criogenic, n recipieni pentru oxigen lichid criogenic, cu capaciti cuprinse ntre 200 i 1000

29

litri (ap), de unde este vaporizat la parametrii mediului ambiental, pentru a produce oxigenul
gazos.
Gazul obinut poate fi comprimat la presiune ridicat, n butelii, pentru a fi livrat la
consumatori.
Oxigenul lichid criogenic poate fi livrat i n vrac la consumatori, unde este stocat n
rezervoare special amenajate i ulterior distribuit sub form de oxigen gazos prin intermediul
staiilor tehnice locale.

4.1.2 CONCENTRARE PRIN ADSORBIE SELECTIV PE SITE MOLECULARE


PSA (Pressure Swing Adsorption)
Este o tehnologie folosit pentru separarea unor specii de gaze din amestecuri, sub
influena presiunii, corespunztor caracteristicilor moleculare i afinitii acestora cu un anumit
material adsorbant.
Procesul de reinere se desfoar n faz gazoas, sub presiune redus, n recipieni
ncrcai cu material adsorbant -site moleculare- utilizai alternativ, n ciclu defazat, pentru
adsorbie/desorbie - figura 4.2.

Fig. 4.2 Schema procesului de producere a oxigenului prin


adsorbie alternativ sub presiune
Ca site moleculare se folosesc zeoliii, minerale alumino-silicoase microporoase, de
provenien vulcanic, cu afinitate deosebit pentru ap i azot, astfel ncat n curentul de aer
este concentrat oxigenul.
Cnd masa adsorbant i reduce capacitatea de reinere a azotului, aceasta poate fi
regenerat prin reducerea presiunii i punerea n contact cu aer mbogit n oxigen. n acest
fel ncrctura reactivat este pregtit pentru urmtorul ciclu de concentrare a oxigenului.
Folosind doi recipieni, se asigur continuitatea produciei.
Ca variant tehnologic se aplic adsorbia selectiv sub vid -VSA- ,care realizeaz
segregarea anumitor gaze din amestecuri, la presiuni reduse, specifice caracteristicilor
moleculare i afinitii adsorbanilor; i n acest caz procesul se deruleaz n cicluri succesive,
pentru regenerarea materialului adsorbant.
Se deosebete fa de procesele criogenice (VIE) i de concentrare sub presiune (PSA),
ntruct se desfoar la temperatura i presiunea ambiental.

30

4.2 SISTEME DOTATE CU REZERVOARE CU LICHID


CRIOGENIC
Sistemul este folosit pentru stocarea gazului medical lichid la temperatur
criogenic, sub - 183 oC i vaporizarea acestuia, la temperatura ambiental, pentru distribuie
n reelele spitalului.
Sistemul este folosit, n mod normal, cnd cererea de oxigen este mare i depete
posibilitile de satisfacere cu recipieni criogenici sau butelii cu gaz comprimat;
Este constituit din:
- rezervoare izolate vacuumate, pentru stocarea lichidului criogenic n vrac;
- unul sau mai multe vaporizatoare la temperatura ambiental pentru convertirea
lichidului criogenic n gaz n vederea alimentrii utilizatorilor;
- echipamente pentru controlul presiunii i debitului de gaz distribuit n conducte.
Un regulator de presiune nalt permite alimentarea vaporizatoarelor i controleaz
automat presiunea n sistemul de oxigen lichid.
Pentru evitarea blocrii cu ghea la intrarea n conducte, situaie posibil la exploatarea
continu cu debite mari sau la depirea capacitii vaporizatorului, se recomand urmtoarele
msuri:
- supradimensionarea vaporizatorului;
- instalarea unor vaporizatoare suplimentare;
- nclzirea suplimentar a vaporizatoarelor, electric sau cu agent termic.
n cazul n care cerinele de gaz sunt reduse sau fluctuante, transferul de cldur
determin fierberea oxigenului lichid n rezervor i creterea presiunii interioare.
La depirea presiunii n rezervor sau n reeaua de distribuie peste valoarea limit
prestabilit, intr n funciune supapa de siguran pentru descrcarea gazului n atmosfer.
Sursele secundare realizate cu rezervoare criogenice trebuie integrate ntr-un circuit
economizor, racordat la reeaua de distribuie a spitalului.
n toate situaiile, presiunea n conducte este controlat prin sisteme paralele/duble, cu
vane i reductoare de presiune, gestionate telemetric.
n figurile 4.3 - 4.5 sunt prezentate scheme bloc, pentru conformarea sistemelor de
alimentare cu oxigen medical avnd sursa primar echipat cu rezervoare criogenice.
Rezervoarele pentru stocare criogenic sunt construite cu perei
dubli, din oel inoxidabil i manta metalic de protecie, bine
izolate termic pentru meninerea temperaturii lichidului.
Se monteaz suprateran, n cuve impermeabile din beton, n care s
fie reinute eventualele scurgeri accidentale - foto 4.1.
Stocul operaional se reface periodic cu oxigen lichid transportat
cu autospeciale de la furnizor.
Depozitele trebuie s fie asigurate cu acces carosabil n zona
punctelor de alimentare a rezervoarelor de stocare.
Foto. 4.1

31

Cnd disponibilitile de spaiu permit amplasarea depozitului de oxigen lichid n dou


locaii distincte, se prefer din punct de vedere operaional aceast soluie fa de amenajarea
ntr-un singur amplasament cu rezervoare multiple de oxigen lichid.
Sursa secundar se realizeaz n aceiai soluie, n amplasament comun ori separat, sau n
sistemul cu butelii cu oxigen criogenic.
La amplasarea depozitelor este necesar s fie asigurate distanele de siguran fa de
construciile i amenajrile existente, impuse de norme de securitate - Tabelul 4.1.
Distane de siguran pentru depozite de oxigen criogenic
Distane de siguran pentru amplasarea rezervoarelor cu oxigen lichid
sau a zonelor n care se pot produce pierderi sau descrcri de oxigen,
fa de amenajri existente
-locuri n care este permis fumatul sau lucrul cu flacr deschis
-piee/locuri pentru reuniuni publice
-instituii publice, cldiri de producie sau incinte ale acestora
-puuri sau drenuri pentru captarea apei, aduciuni
-amplasamente ale unor construcii sau amenajri subterane
-limite de proprietate
-drumuri publice
-ci ferate
-parcri pentru vehicule (cu excepia celor aferente sistemului)
-structuri mari din lemn
-depozite mici de materiale combustibile
-echipamente tehnologice (ce nu fac parte din instalaii)
-conducte pentru gaze inflamabile
-flane pe conducte de gaze inflamabile (peste 50mm)
-aerisiri de gaze combustibile
-compresoare/ventilatoare
-containere pentru gaze combustibile (pn la 70m3)
- rezervoare stocare GPL(pn la 4 tone)
- rezervoare stocare GPL (pn la 60 tone)
-depozite de lichide inflamabile cu rezervoare-pn la 7,8m3
-depozite de lichide inflamabile cu rezervoare -pn la 117m3
-posturi i staii de transformare electrice
Sursa: Britisch Compressed Gasses Association Cod de proiectare CP19

32

Tabel 4.1
Pna la
20 tone
[m]
5
10
5
5
5
5
5
10
5
15
5
5
3
15
5
7,5
5
7,5
15
7,5
15
5

Peste
20 tone
[m]
8
15
8
8
8
8
8
15
8
15
8
8
3
15
8
7,5
5
7,5
15
7,5
15
8

Fig. 4.3 Sursa primar n sistem criogenic cuplat cu butelii cu gaz comprimat n spaiu
separat

Fig. 4.4 Sursa primar i secundar n sistem criogenic cuplate n staie unic

33

Fig. 4.5 Sursa primar i secundar n sistem criogenic amenajate n staii / amplasamente
separate

4.3 SISTEME CU RECIPIENI /BUTELII CU GAZE


LICHEFIATE
Sistemul cu recipieni/butelii cu oxigen lichid este utilizat pentru stocarea
oxigenului medical lichid, la temperatur criogenic.
Recipienii foto 4.2, sunt construii la fel ca i rezervoarele criogenice, cu perei dubli
izolai i vacuumai, avnd capaciti ntre 200 i 1000 litri (capacitate n ap).
Spre deosebire de rezervoarele criogenice,
recipienii au integrat un vaporizator tip serpentin,
pentru conversia lichidului n gaz i sunt prevzute cu
racorduri pentru ncrcare cu lichid i conexiuni pentru
utilizarea gazului de consum.
Foto. 4.2
Sistemul este alctuit dintr-un numr de recipieni/butelii cu oxigen lichid stocat la
presiune redus (15 bar), cuplate prin intermediul unei rampe de distribuie i echipament pentru
reglarea i controlul debitului i presiunii gazului vaporizat.

34

n figura 4.6 este prezentat schema de principiu pentru organizarea staiilor tehnice
echipate cu recipieni cu gaz lichefiat. Amenajarea acestora se poate face n spaii nchise, bine
ventilate sau pe platforme exterioare.

Fig. 4.6 Schema de principiu pentru organizarea staiilor tehnice echipate cu recipieni cu
gaz lichefiat
Sistemul se folosete cnd cererea de oxigen a unitii spitaliceti nu poate fi acoperit
cu butelii cu gaz comprimat sau, cnd nu este posibil amenajarea depozitelor cu rezervoare
criogenice ori dac adoptarea acestei soluii nu este economic.
Stocul operaional este constituit ntr-un numr echivalent de butelii, pstrate n spaii
special amenajate la utilizator .
Sursa secundar poate fi amenajat n acelai sistem sau n sistem cu butelii cu gaz
comprimat.

4.4 SISTEME CU BUTELII CU GAZ COMPRIMAT


Reprezint soluia cea mai simpl i mai economic de alimentare cu oxigen /gaze
medicinale, utiliznd butelii cu gaz comprimat la presiune nalt-150/200 bar (kPa).
Sistemul este constituit din dou rampe cu
numr egal de butelii, conectate la reeaua de
distribuie prin intermediul unui panou de control
care asigur reducerea presiunii i interanjarea
automat a rampelor, pentru nlocuirea manual a
buteliilor, la epuizarea stocului operaional - foto
4.3.
Foto. 4.3

35

Fiecare ramp este echipat cu acelai numr de butelii, corespunztor necesarului de


oxigen pentru dou zile. Capacitile uzuale ale buteliilor folosite pot fi de 10, 40, 50 litri
(volum ap) la presiune de 150 bar sau de 20, 40, 50 litri la presiunea de 200 bar.
Schema de principiu a sistemului cu butelii cu gaze comprimate este prezentat n figura
4.7.

Fig. 4.7 Schema de principiu a sistemului cu butelii cu gaze comprimate


Regulatorul de presiune nalt se adopt corespunztor fiecrui tip de gaz distribuit.
Fiecare ramp de distribuie trebuie s fie prevzut cu clapei de sens, robinei de
nchidere i supape de siguran, amonte de robinetul de izolare i aval de regulatorul de
presiune; Descrcarea supapelor de siguran se face n exteriorul cldirii, n spaii n care
gazele purjate nu prezint pericol pentru persoane.
Sistemul de monitorizare controleaz parametrii funcionali ai fiecrei ramuri de
distribuie, semnalnd scderea presiunii sub limita admis, golirea rampei active i cuplarea
celei aflat n ateptare, respectiv scderea capacitii acesteia din urm sub 10% - n cazul n
care n cealalt ramur sunt constatate defeciuni.
Soluia se aplic i pentru celelalte gaze medicinale - protoxid de azot, amestec de
protoxid i oxigen, aer reconstituit.
Pentru protoxid de azot i amestec protoxid/oxigen, este recomandabil s se prevad
nclzitoare, n serie cu reductoarele de presiune.
Sursa de rezerv, organizat similar, se amplaseaz n aceeai staie tehnic, ntr-o
ncpere alturat surselor primar i secundar.
Robineii tuturor buteliilor din sursa de rezerv trebuie s fie n poziie "normal deschis",
pentru a putea debita imediat ce a fost deschis robinetul principal de izolare.
n toate situaiile, staiile tehnice trebuie s dispun de o rezerv de butelii n stoc, egal
cu numrul de butelii prevzut pe o ramur, n cazul oxigenului i cu un numr dublu de butelii
pentru celelalte gaze.
Depozitul de butelii se amplaseaz n spaiu separat, bine ventilat, i prevzut cu acces
direct din exterior pentru usurina operaiilor de aprovizionare.

4.5 SISTEME CU CONCENTRATOARE DE OXIGEN


Soluia se aplic ori de cte ori se justific din punct de vedere tehnicoeconomic, n
raport cu condiiile locale. Principalul avantaj pe care l are este asigurarea autonomiei unitii
spitaliceti n privina alimentrii cu oxigen.
Sistemul utilizeaz tehnologia sitelor moleculare, detaliat n subcapitolul 4.1.2.
Generatorul, prezentat principial n figura 4.8, este constituit din doi recipieni ncrcai cu
material granular care realizeaz adsorbia selectiv a componentelor aerului i produce local
oxigen medicinal.
Ca material adsorbant se utilizeaz zeolii
sau site moleculare sintetice, cu o
structur mai uniform, constituite din
granule cu coninut de siliciu i aluminiu,
agregate cu un liant inert.
Procesul se desfoar secvenial, n cicluri
defazate cu jumtate din durata total a
acestuia, ceea ce permite producerea
oxigenului n mod continuu.
Debitul de aer necesar este de 4:1
n raport cu debitul de gaz.
Fig. 4.8
Gazul de nalt puritate obinut conine oxigen n proporie de 90-96%, diferena fiind
constituit din argon i azot.
Eficiena adsorbiei este sporit prin procesare la presiune ridicat.
Regenerarea capacitii adsorbante a fiecrui recipient se face prin eliminarea
materialului adsorbit de ncrctura filtrant, prin injectarea unui debit redus din oxigenul
generat.
Efectul poate fi amplificat prin aplicarea unei depresurizri de scurt durat la sfritul
fiecrui ciclu, realizat cu pompe de vid.
Procedeul poate fi utilizat i pentru obinerea azotului de nalt puritate, dac se folosesc site
moleculare de carbon.
n componena instalaiilor pentru concentrarea oxigenului figura 4.9 - intr:
priza de aer proaspt, unitatea de filtrare, compresorul i rcitorul de aer, rezervorul de
compensare, recipienii de adsorbie i rezervorul tampon, pompele de vid, panoul de
reglare a presiunii i aparatura pentru monitorizarea debitului i concentraiei oxigenului
la ieire.
Pentru componentele principale se prevd cte dou uniti, una n funciune i una de
rezerv, fiecare dimensionat la debitul de calcul al staiei.

Fig. 4.9 Schema de principiu a sistemului de producere a oxigenului medical cu


concentratoare de oxigen cu site moleculare
Cnd concentraia oxigenului produs scade sub 94%, sistemul de monitorizare trebuie
s deconecteze staia de la reeaua de distribuie i s introduc automat sursa secundar sau de
rezerv.
n funcie de mrimea debitului solicitat, instalaia
poate fi realizat prin asamblarea componentelor
n staia tehnic, sau achiziionat ca
echipament industrializat - foto 4.4.
Amplasarea echipamentelor n staia tehnic
trebuie s asigure spaii corespunztoare pentru
exploatarea i ntreinerea acestora.
n acelai scop este necesar s se asigure
acces carosabil i condiii pentru intervenii n caz
de necesitate.

Foto. 4.4

n cazul surselor principale cu concentratoare de oxigen, sursa secundar i cea de


rezerv pot fi de tipul cu butelii cu gaz comprimat.
Gazele furnizate, avnd concentraii diferite - 93% i respectiv 96% - sunt compatibile
n sistemul de alimentare cu oxigen al spitalului.

4.6 SISTEME DE INTERVENIE LOCAL


Pentru protecie suplimentar mpotriva eventualelor
avarii din reeaua interioar de distribuie a spitalului, se prevd
butelii adiionale, acionate manual sau automat, conectate
permanent la reea prin intermediul unor racorduri fixe
prevzute cu clapete de sens.
Numrul i poziia acestor racorduri sunt determinate de
necesitatea asigurrii continuitii n alimentarea zonelor de
mare dependen, delimitate n funcie de evaluarea riscurilor
n cazul avarierii sistemului de alimentare.
Pentru sectoare necritice n care cerinele de oxigen nu sunt
mari, este mai indicat s se utilizeze, ca rezerv a sursei de
alimentare, butelii individuale echipate cu reductor de
presiune, robinet de nchidere i terminale specifice pentru
racordare direct la unitile terminale - foto 4.5.

Foto. 4.5

4.7 SISTEME PENTRU


AMESTECURI DE GAZE MEDICINALE/AER
RECONSTITUIT
Aerul sintetic este generat prin amestecul oxigenului gazos cu azot ntr-un panou
de amestec/mixer la presiune prestabilit, n aa fel nct rezultatul amestecului s fie
permanent corect.
Monitorizarea continu a concentraiei de oxigen n amestec, permite nchiderea
automat atunci cnd concentraia de oxigen se abate de la valorile specifice.
Dac unul din sistemele de amestec este nchis, conductele de distribuie sunt alimentate
de sistemul secundar de amestec pentru a asigura continuitatea alimentrii.
Sursa de oxigen criogenic poate fi utilizat att pentru alimentarea cu oxigen ct
i pentru producerea aerului sintetic, n funcie de cerinele sistemului.
De asemenea, azotul care alimenteaz sistemul de producere a aerului sintetic, poate fi
folosit i pentru acionarea echipamentelor chirurgicale, n locul aerului, la presiune de 7 bar.
Att pentru oxigen ct i pentru nitrogen, trebuie s existe o surs secundar de
alimentare pentru asigurarea producerii continue a aerului reconstituit.
Sursa secundar de oxigen poate fi, de asemenea, folosit ca sistem de alimentare a spitalului
cu oxigen medical.
Schema de principiu a sistemului este prezentat n figura 4.10.

39

Fig. 4.10 Schema de principiu a sistemului de producere a aerului reconstituit


Sistemul cuprinde:
-rezervoare de stocare a gazelor- cte un rezervor principal i un rezervor secundar
att pentru oxigen ct i pentru azot
-vaporizatoare pentru oxigen i azot;
-debitmetre pentru controlul sistemelor de alimentare cu oxigen i respectiv cu azot;
-panouri pentru reglarea presiunii de alimentare cu oxigen i azot a mixerelor;
-panou suplimentar (duplicat) pentru controlul amestecului de gaze ;
-rezervor tampon pentru fiecare linie de amestec, pentru compensarea debitelor
fluctuante;
-sistem de monitorizare i semnalizare;
-analizor de oxigen pentru fiecare mixer.
Staia trebuie s dispun pentru fiecare gaz, de rezervoare principale cu capacitate
corespunztoare necesarului pentru dou sptmni i respectiv rezervoare secundare cu
capacitate minim pentru necesarul mediu zilnic, capabile s asigure n orice moment dublul
debitului mediu zilnic de alimentare.
Aceste rezervoare trebuie s fie prevzute cu sisteme de msurare i transmitere la
distan a nivelului. Informaiile trebuie transmise att n spital ct i la furnizorul de gaz.
Nivelul de alarm n rezervorul principal este activat la 25% din volum, iar la rezervorul
secundar la 50% din volumul total.

40

Rezervoarele principale i secundare trebuie s fie prevzute cu vaporizatoare


dimensionate la 1,5 x debitul solicitat, pentru alimentarea continu 24 ore.
Fiecare vaporizator sau set de vaporizatoare trebuie s fie prevzut cu supap de siguran.
Panoul de control pentru oxigen i azot trebuie s regleze debitul i presiunea de
alimentare la valori potrivite pentru sistemul de amestec, n mod uzual 200 Nm3/or, la 7,5-9,5
bar.
Liniile de oxigen i de azot trebuie s fie echipate cu clapete de reinere pentru a preveni
amestecul necontrolat.
Mrimea mixerelor de gaze este tipizat pentru debite de 50, 100 i 200 Nm3/h.
Reglarea alimentrii cu oxigen i nitrogen se face cu robinet de amestec.
Presiunea celor dou gaze la intrarea n mixer, nu trebuie s difere cu mai mult de
0,5 bar.
Ventilul electromagnetic de pe mixerul principal, se deschide cnd presiunea scade la
4,2 bar, iar cel de pe mixerul secundar se deschide dac presiunea continu s scad pn la 4,0
bar.
Pentru msurarea continu a concentraiei oxigenului, pe fiecare mixer se prevd cte
dou analizoare de oxigen.
Dac, concentraia oxigenului la ieire, msurat cu fiecare analizor, scade sub 20-22%, vana
electromagnetic se nchide iar mixerul este scos din funciune automat.
Fiecare linie de amestec este prevzut cu rezervor tampon pentru compensarea
variaiilor de debit.
Sistemul de aer medical reconstituit nu trebuie s fie folosit pentru ventilarea /
climatizarea spaiilor interioare.

41

4.8 STAII PENTRU AER COMPRIMAT MEDICAL/


OPERAIONAL
n cadrul unitilor spitaliceti, aerul comprimat se utilizeaz la presiuni diferite, n scopuri
medicale, ca stimulator sau vector pentru administrarea diferitelor medicamente i n scopuri
operaionale, pentru acionarea diferitelor instrumente/echipamente.
Aerul medicinal comprimat se poate obine prin amestecul azotului cu oxigenul gazos de
la sursele de lichid criogenic, conform procedeului prezentat anterior (aer sintetic), sau prin tratarea
i comprimarea aerului ambiental.
Utilizat n scop respirabil comport debite reduse, obinuit mai puin de 80 litri/min la
presiune de 4 bar, furnizate n mod continuu. Aceiai situaie rezult i n cazul funcionrii
simultane a unui numr mare de uniti terminale.
Folosit ca aer comprimat operaional, consumul necesit debite mari -peste 350 litri/minla presiune ridicat - 7 bar -, dar pentru perioade reduse de timp, obinuit n limita a 5 minute.
n funcie de consumurile relative, aerul comprimat medicinal i cel operaional pot fi
obinute din aceiai staie de compresoare sau din surse distincte.
Pentru producerea aerului comprimat se recomand utilizarea de agregate speciale, pentru uz
spitalicesc, de construcie robust, cu funcionare n dou trepte, avnd randament ridicat i
realiznd o presiune de pn la 8 bar, care permite meninerea unei rezerve mai mari de aer n staie
i favorizeaz controlul centralizat al presiunii n sistem - foto 4.6.

Foto. 4.6 Sistem compact de comprimare pentru utilizri medicale


O atenie deosebit trebuie acordat filtrelor pentru purificarea aerului de materii n
suspensii, de picturi i vapori de ap i ulei, precum i filtre bacteriologice. Pentru amortizarea
zgomotelor sunt necesare unele msuri speciale precum: fundaii separate pentru agregate, montare
elastic a compresoarelor, amortizoare suplimentare pentru zgomotul de absorbie i legturi
flexibile la conductele instalaiei.
n timpul comprimrii, odat cu presiunea, crete i temperatura aerului i pentru a fi rcit
pn la temperatura de lucru se folosete un schimbtor de cldur de tip recuperativ, agentul de
rcire fiind apa, care la rndul ei este rcit cu ajutorul unei instalaii frigorifice.
42

Pentru recuperarea uleiului antrenat de aer din carterul compresorului n timpul comprimrii,
pe conducta de refulare, la ieirea din compresor, se monteaz un separator de ulei. Uleiul recuperat
este reintrodus n compresor printr-un circuit separat prevzut cu o pomp de ulei.
Compresoarele sunt prevzute cu manometre cu contacte electrice care comand decuplarea
motoarelor electrice de antrenare la atingerea presiunilor maxime.
Pentru protecia instalaiei contra suprapresiunilor accidentale se prevd ventile i supape de
siguran. Din rezervoarele tampon, aerul comprimat este distribuit n instalaia de utilizare, att la
presiunea de regim ct i la diverse presiuni de utilizare, dup ce n prealabil a fost trecut prin
panouri de reglare.
Instalaiile de aer comprimat medical trebuie s respecte prescripiile tehnice pentru
proiectarea, execuia, utilizarea i verificarea recipientelor butelii pentru gaze comprimate,
lichefiate sau dizolvate, C 5-84, i Normele de protecie a muncii n sectorul sanitar.
n figurile 4.11-4.14, sunt prezentate diferite scheme de organizare a staiilor de
compresoare.

Fig. 4.11 Schema tip pentru staii de aer comprimat complet automatizate, avnd sursa de
rezerv/urgen, echipat cu butelii.

43

Fig. 4.12 Staie de aer medical 400 kPa cu schimbarea automat de urgen a buteliei de rezerv
Figura 4.13 - schema combinat pentru aer medical respirabil i aer operaional. Se aplic n
cazul unitilor spitaliceti mici i mijlocii, cnd realizarea staiilor separate nu este economic;

Fig. 4.13 Schema combinat pentru aer medical respirabil i aer operaional
44

Fig. 4.14 Schema combinat, cu dezumidificator comun i control separat;


n funcie de mrimea spitalului i cerinele specifice, pot fi adoptate i alte soluii pentru
realizarea staiilor de compresoare:
-dou sau trei staii separate, fiecare deservind zone distincte ale spitalului;
-considernd staia de aer comprimat operaional ca staie de rezerv pentru staia de aer
medicinal/respirabil;
-cu aer sintetic, asigurnd debitele necesare pentru alimentarea cu aer a compresoarelor,
precum i pentru rcirea acestora i a postrcitoarelor.
4.8.1 PRIZA DE AER
Poziia prizei este determinat pentru calitatea aerului aspirat, n particular pentru
concentraia de monoxid de carbon. Amplasarea acesteia se va face la minimum 5,00 m fa de sol
i la distan de punctele de evacuare a gazelor de ardere, a sisemelor de ventilare, a gurilor de
descrcare a aerului vacuumat sau a gazelor reziduale de narcoz.
Pentru realizarea conductelor de aspiraie se utilizeaz materiale rezistente la coroziune i la
aciunea agenilor chimici, recomandabil oelul inoxidabil. Amonte de compresoare aerul trebuie
prefiltrat, utiliznd filtre conform standardului ISO - 5011.
4.8.2 COMPRESOARE
Exist diferite tipuri disponibile de compresoare pentru uz medical, dintre care se
menioneaz: compresoarele cu piston, cu una sau dou trepte de compresie, compresoare cu
palete rotative i compresoare cu urub. (foto 4.7)

45

Foto. 4.7. Tipuri de compresoare medicale:

Compresor cu piston

Compresor rotativ-scroll

Pentru sistemele care necesit presiuni pn la 400 kPa, sunt folosite n mod curent
compresoare cu piston ntr-o treapt.
Principalul criteriu de alegere este eficiena energetic, motiv pentru care se recomand
antrenarea cu motoare cu turaie variabila.
Eficiena energetic a staiei de compresoare se exprim prin volumul specific de aer
furnizat n reeaua de distribuie, la debitul de calcul raportat la consumul de energie n kWh,
cu valoarea minim acceptabil de 5mc/kWh.
Consumul de energie la funcionare n gol, trebuie s se ncadreze n limita de 1% din
consumul nregistrat la debitul de calcul.
Staiile de compresoare trebuie s fie echipate cu cel puin dou compresoare cu
capacitate nominal i unul de rezerv - Compresoarele individuale se monteaz astfel nct s
poat alimenta sistemul simultan, dac este necesar (foto 4.8).
Pentru rcirea aerului refulat n reea, la toate tipurile de compresoare trebuie montate subrcitoare.

Foto. 4.8
46

4.8.3 REZERVOARE TAMPON


Au rolul de a atenua pulsaia volumelor de aer injectate n reea.
Capacitatea minim a acestora trebuie s fie egal cu 50% din volumul de aer furnizat de
compresor ntr-un minut. Pentru sistemele cu debit mai mare de 500 litri/minut, se prevd dou
uniti. n toate situaiile, fiecare rezervor tampon se monteaz cu posibiliti de by-passare i de
conectare manual n caz de necesitate, a sursei teriare constituit din butelii cu aer comprimat.
4.8.4 TRATAREA I FILTRAREA AERULUI
Se impune pentru eliminarea din aerul distribuit a impuritilor provenite din aerul
atmosferic, din compresoare i din sistemul de conducte, respectiv:
- particule solide, peste 80% cu dimensiuni pn la 0,2 microni; vapori de ap ntre 2,5 i 40 mg/mc
i ulei sub form de picturi, vapori sau aerosoli.
Echipamentele utilizate pentru eliminarea acestor impuriti se compun din
dezumidificatoare - gravitaionale i cu substane sicative, prefiltre i diferite tipuri de filtre
- de coalescen, de adsorbie, bacteriene, sau alte tipuri n funcie de natura materialelor care trebuie
reinute.
Instalaia de aer comprimat trebuie s fie echipat cu regulatoare de presiune i dispozitive
de siguran, supape cu capacitate de descrcare egal cu debitul instalat, n urmtoarele poziii:
- pe conductele de refulare ale fiecrui compresor, amonte de clapeii de reinere i robineii
de secionare;
- pe rezervoarele tampon i coloanele de uscare/dezumidificare;
- n aval de fiecare regulator de presiune.
Sistemul de monitorizare i control al staiei de compresoare, trebuie s permit msurarea
i nregistrarea presiunilor i a debitelor vehiculate, precum i un nregistrator al orelor de
funcionare.

4.9 SISTEME PENTRU AER ASPIRAT/VACUUM MEDICAL


Vidul reprezint starea de rarefiere a aerului n raport cu presiunea atmosferic.
Sub aspect tehnic se deosebesc urmtoarele domenii de vid (tabel 4.2), dintre care utilizate
n mod curent, vidul redus i vidul intermediar:

Domenii de vid

Tabel 4.2

Domenii de vid
Domeniul de
presiune
Pomp de vid

torr
%
Ger

Vid uzual/tehnic
Redus
Intermediar
760-17.5
0-97.7
>24 Ger
Cu o treapt cu rotor
umed sau uscat

17.5-4.6
97.7-99.4
24-6.25

Cu rotor uscat cu una sau mai multe


trepte, ejector cu abur

47

Uniti de msur
pentru vid
-Torr = 1 mm colHg
-Ger = grame pe
centimetru ptrat;
-Bari, milibari, dyne.
-% din presiunea
atmosferic

Mrimea vidului necesar, prezint limite largi de variaie, valorile recomandate diferind de
la ar la ar: englezii prescriu n camera bolnavilor 0,01 at, germanii 0,2 at la slile de operaii i
0,09 at la prize cu sarcini de lung durat, iar americanii nu precizeaz mrimea vidului necesar, ci
impun ca o priz de vid s absoarb 1 l de ap n 13 s.
Se poate considera c un vid de maximum 0,04 at este suficient.
Cderile de presiune admise n reeaua de vid sunt: 0,08 - 0,1 at dup normele americane,
0,001 at dup normele germane, 0,04 at dup normele italiene i 0,0006 at dup normele engleze.
Simultaneitile n funcionare recomandate sunt cuprinse ntre 10% i 30%, n funcie de
capacitatea spitalului i numrul seciilor de chirurgie.
Staiile de vacuum (n conformitate cu standardele internaionale) sunt compuse din 3 pompe
de vacuum interconectate i legate la rezervorul central (foto. 4.9). Pompele de vacuum sunt
echipate cu filtre antibacteriene i colectoare de secreii.

Foto. 4.9 Staie centralizat de vid

48

Instalaia de producere a vidului este mai puin zgomotoas i mai puin pretenioas, privind
ntreinerea. Pompele realizeaz un vid absolut pn la 25 torri, care satisface toate cerinele exploatrii
clinice. Vidul se mai poate produce i cu ajutorul aerului comprimat, prin ejecie.
Reelele de distribuie se execut din evi de cupru ca i cele pentru oxigen i aer comprimat.
Instalaia la consumator const din prize de aspiraie montate pereche cu prizele de oxigen,
pentru seciile de spitalizare sau din racorduri pentru aparatura medical de aspiraie.
Ca i pentru instalaiile de oxigen, pentru instalaiile de vid se vor prevedea sisteme de control
i semnalizare a parametrilor de funcionare.
Sistemul trebuie s asigure n mod continuu la fiecare unitate terminal presiuni mai mici
de 300 mmHg/40 KPa, la debitul nominal.
Staia central se echipeaz cu cel puin trei pompe de vid identice, rezervor de aspiraie
tampon cu posibiliti de by-passare, filtre duble de bacterii cu sifon pentru drenaj, clapet de reinere,
robinei de izolare, comutator i sistem de evacuare, conform schemei din figura 4.15.

Fig. 4.15 Staie central de vacuum medical


La capaciti peste 500 litri/min, se instaleaz n paralel dou rezervoare tampon, cu izolare
independent i by-pass.
Amplasarea echipamentelor trebuie s asigure spaiile necesare pentru exploatare i intervenii
n caz de necesitate.
Staia trebuie s aib posibiliti de asigurare a aerului necesar pentru rcirea pompelor.
49

Prin excepie, pentru instalaiile de aer aspirat se pot utiliza pe lng evile din cupru i evi din
PVC, care se testeaz la presiunea de 150 kPa. Conductele de evacuare se prevd cu robinet de purjare
i cu recipient colector transparent, amplasat la cota minim.
Punctul de evacuare n exterior se poziioneaz la distane corespunztoare de protecie fa de
ferestre i de prizele de aer proaspt (minim 7,5 m, respectiv 6,0 m deasupra terenului) i se protejeaz
mpotriva aciunii directe a vntului i a intruziunii din exterior.
4.9.1 POMPE DE VID
Se pot utiliza orice tip de pompe pentru vid medical, toate cu caracteristici identice. Pentru
adaptarea continu la cerinele sistemului se recomand antrenarea cu motoare cu turaie variabil.
Pe aspiraia i refularea pompelor, precum i pe conducta comun de evacuare se prevd clapei de
reinere. Fiecare pomp va fi prevzut cu atenuator de zgomot.
4.9.2 REZERVOARE TAMPON DE ASPIRAIE
Se utilizeaz rezervoare din oel inoxidabil, cu capacitatea n ap egal cu debitul de calcul la
presiunea de 450 mmHg/60 kPa, corespunzator aspiraiei libere timp de 1 minut, cnd pompele lucreaz
la 475 mmHg/63 kPa.
4.9.3 FILTRE BACTERIENE
Se monteaz dou uniti identice, dimensionate fiecare la debitul de calcul al staiei i prevzute
cu sifoane de descrcare i robinei de izolare.
Eficiena filtrelor trebuie s fie de 99,995% la debitul de calcul.
Pierderea de sarcin pe filtre, la vacuum de 475 mmHg/63 kPa, nu trebuie s depeasc
25 mmHg/3Kpa. Pentru controlul gradului de colmatare, filtrele se echipeaz cu vacuumetre
difereniale.
Se prevd, de asemenea, vacuumetre ntre 0 i 760 mmHg/101 kPa pe conducta de vacuum, n faa
filtrelor i pe fiecare rezervor tampon.

50

4.10 SISTEME PENTRU ELIMINAREA GAZELOR ANESTEZICE


REZIDUALE
Sistemul are rolul de preluare i evacuare n atmosfer a gazelor expirate de pacienii aflai sub
anestezie general. Principial, instalaiile funcioneaz prin vacuumare i exhaustare.
n practica medical internaional au fost aplicate diferite soluii tehnice active/pasive, dup cum
urmeaz:
- utilizarea dual a vacuumului medical i pentru evacuarea gazelor reziduale;
- utilizarea ejectoarelor tip Venturi, cu agent primar un gaz medical, altul dect aerul comprimat;
- realizarea unei instalaii distincte de vacuumare folosind pompe de vid ;
- utilizarea unei instalaii distincte de vid redus, echipat cu suflante/ventilatoare;
- eliminarea pasiv, prin asigurarea schimburilor de aer necesare diluiei, de ctre instalaiile
de ventilare/condiionare.
Conform standardului EN-ISO 7396-2, evacuarea gazelor anestezice reziduale, trebuie efectuat printrun sistem distinct, activat de o pomp/surs de vid de debit mare - 50-80 litri/minut.
Evacuarea aerului se face printr-o reea de conducte, la care sunt racordate prizele fixe i prin
intermediul racordurilor flexibile, ventilatoarele pacienilor.
Conductele fixe se execut cu evi din cupru sau din PVC, dimensionate corespunztor urmtorilor
parametri funcionali:
Regim
Maxim
Minim
Presiune statica - maxim

Pierdere de sarcin (Kpa)


1,00
2,00
15,00

n figura 4.16 a) i b) sunt prezentate schemele sistemului.

Fig. 4.16 a) Organizarea sursei de vacuum

51

Debit (litri/minut)
80,00
50,00

Fig. 4.16 b) Schema de ansamblu a sistemului

Sistemul trebuie s asigure condiiile normale de funcionare a dispozitivelor/aparatelor de


ventilare, corespunztor unor debite induse foarte mici - 0,05 pn la 0,5 litri/minut - i evitnd creterea
sau reducerea excesiv a presiunii n circuitul respirator.
Componentele sistemului fiind n contact direct cu aerul expirat de pacieni, sunt potenial
contaminate bacteriologic, motiv pentru care trebuie s fie rezistente la aciunea agenilor de curire i
dezinfecie.
Pentru protecia personalului medical i a bolnavilor, se impune dotarea tuturor modulelor operatorii sli de anestezie i de operaii cu sisteme de evacuare a gazelor reziduale.
Dei se recomand montarea cte unui terminal att n sala de anestezie ct i n sala de operaii,
probabilitatea funcionrii simultane a acestora este redus.
Numrul pompelor active n sistem se determin innd seama de numrul de sli de operaii din blocul
operator, simultaneitatea utilizrii acestora, planul funcional al departamentului i posibilitile de
montare a conductelor.
ntruct o singur pomp nu poate asigura continuitatea funcional n situaii accidentale de
avarii, este indicat s se utilizeze pompe duplex,
recomandabil cu turaie variabil foto 4.10.
Evacuarea gazelor din sistem se face n mediul exterior, de
preferin la nivelul acoperiului i la distan de ferestre/goluri
i de orice priz de aer proaspt.
Pentru mrirea gradului de siguran, sistemele de captare
i evacuare a gazelor anestezice reziduale pot fi asociate cu
soluia pasiv de diluare a concentraiei gazelor din spaiul
protejat, prin asigurarea numrului de schimburi de aer,
corespunztor normelor de protecie impuse.
Foto. 4.10
52

ELEMENTE DE CALCUL

5.1 CURGEREA GAZELOR N CONDUCTE RELAII GENERALE


DE CALCUL
Curgerea gazelor n conducte se produce sub influena energiei de presiune care se transform
n energie cinetic pentru nvingerea rezistenelor hidraulice rezultate prin frecarea gazului de pereii
conductei.
innd seama de cldura produs prin frecare, AdF, care este transmis curentului de gaz din conduct,
ecuaia general a cldurii ia forma:

respectiv:

+ =

(1)

(2)

n care: i entalpia/coninutul de cldur; A echivalentul caloric al lucrului mecanic; v volumul


specific; dF lucrul mecanic de frecare.
Pe de alt parte, consumul specific de cldur pentru nvingerea rezistenelor hidraulice,
(conform legii conservrii energiei), este egal cu variaia entalpiei la care se adaug variaia energiei
cinetice i a energiei poteniale a gazului n micare, cu viteza w:
2

= + ( 2 ) + (3)
Egalnd relaiile (2) i (3), dup difereniere i simplificare, rezult ecuaia diferenial a curgerii
gazelor prin conducte:

+ + = 0

(4)

Substituind n relaia (4) pierderile de energie prin frecare conform relaiei Darcy-Weisbach:
2

= 2
i simplificnd cu

2
2

(5)

se obine forma redus:


2
2

+ 2

=0

(6)

Explicitnd viteza (w) din ecuaia de continuitate i volumul specific (v) din ecuaia de stare a
gazelor, rezult:
53

(7)

respectiv,

(8)

Substituind (7) i (8) n (6), dup simplificri rezult:


2
2
( )

=0

(9)

Integrnd (9) ntre limitele p1, p2 i L1=0; L2=L se obine forma:

(12 22 )
2
( )

2 2 + = 0
1

(10)

n ecuaia (10) se neglijeaz termenul 2 care este mic n raport cu ceilali i se rezolv n G:
1

2 1

(12 22 ) =

(12 22 )

(11)

nlocuind n (11) suprafaa S n funcie de diametru - = 2 4 i constanta gazului (Rg) n funcie


de constanta aerului - = / = /, se obine:
1

= 4 [

5 (12 22 ) 2

(12)

Debitul de gaze exprimat n uniti de volum se calculeaz cu relaia:

= =

(13)

Dac n ecuaia (13) se introduce G conform (12), rezult:


1

2 2 2
5 (12 22 )

2 2

(14)

sau, n funcie de valorile temperaturii i presiunii la starea normal - T0 i p0:


1

0 5 (12 22 ) 2
4 0

(15)

nlocuind n (15) constantele cu valorile numerice:


= 9,81 [ 2 ]; = 29,27 []; = 3,14,

54

relaia pentru calculul debitului de gaze ia forma final:

= , [

( )

n care:

[m3/s]

(16)

3 ]
0 [

- debitul de gaze

1 2 [ 2 ]

- presiunile n seciunea iniial i final a conductei;

0 = 1,033[ 2 ]

- presiunea atmosferic

D - []

- diametrul interior al conductei

L - []

- lungimea conductei

- coeficient de frecare/pierderilor liniare de sarcin

- densitatea relativ a gazului n raport cu densitatea aerului

- factorul de abatere/de compresibilitate

0 = 273,15 (00 )

- temperatura de referin

= + 273,15 []

- temperatura absolut a gazelor din conduct.

5.2 PARAMETRI FIZICI AI PRINCIPALELOR GAZE MEDICALE


Densitatea gazelor se exprim prin raportul dintre masa M i volumul unui kmol din acel gaz,
care n condiii normale de temperatur i presiune (273,15 K i 0,1013 MPa) este de 22,414 m3:

= 22,414 [3 ]

(17)

unde M [ ] masa molecular a gazului.


Densitatea relativ reprezint raportul dintre densitatea gazului i densitatea aerului care n
condiii normale de presiune i temperatur, are valoarea 1,293 Kg/m3:
=

= 1,293 29

(18)

Factorul de compresibilitate (Z), reprezint abaterea comportamentului termodinamic al


gazului real de la ecuaia de stare a gazelor ideale, ( = ):

(19)

respectiv, raportul dintre volumul gazului real i al gazelor ideale la aceeai presiune i temperatur.

55

Factorul de abatere poate fi calculat cu relaia ISTOMIN:


= 1 102 (0,763 9,36 + 13)(8 )

(20)

n care: =

(21)

Valorile temperaturii i presiunii pseudocritice se calculeaz cu relaiile:


= (4,937 0,464)106 []
(22)
[]
= 171,5 + 97
(23)
Corespunztor masei moleculare, pentru principalele gaze medicinale rezult valorile
densitii, densitii relative i factorului de compresibilitate prezentate n tabelul 5.1 :
Parametrii fizici ai gazelor medicinale n faza gazoas
Gazul

Aer
Oxigen (O2)
Azot (N2)
Dioxid de carbon (CO2)
Protoxid de azot (N2O)
N2O+ CO2 (50/50)
Aer reconstituit O2+ N2 (22/78)

Tabel 5.1

Masa molecular

Densitate

Densitate relativ

Factor compresibilitate

(M/22,444)

[Kg/kmol]
28,960
32,000
28,016
44,011
44,000
38,000
28,890

[kg/m3N]
1,293
1,429
1,250
1,833
1,939
1,310
1,287

(gaz/1,293)
1,000
1,105
0,967
1,417
1,500
1,013
0,996

(p0V/RT)
0,99252
0,99163
0,99281
0,98926
0,98869
0,99240
0,99255

5.3 RELAII PENTRU CALCULUL CONDUCTELOR DE GAZE


MEDICALE
Relund relaia (16):

= 13,302 0 [
0

(12 22 ) 5

0,5

3 ]
[

i nlocuind unitile de msur folosite curent pentru gazele medicale:


kPa pentru presiuni

- p1, p2

cm pentru diametru

-D

m pentru lungime

-L

litri/min pentru debit

-Q

valoarea constantei dimensionale se modific i


formula pentru calculul debitelor n conducte de gaze medicale, ia forma:
1

(12 22 )5 2
273,15
1
= 13,302

60 1000 [
] =
101,30 1002,5

56

( )
= , [
] []

(24)

sau, pentru valoarea temperaturii de utilizare a gazelor medicale: = 150 ( = 288,15 )


forma final:

( )
= , [
] []

(25)

Din expresia debitului se expliciteaz relaia pentru calculul diametrului conductelor:

[]
= , [
]

(26)

Pentru conducte funcionnd n regim de presiune redus, acceptnd aproximaiile:


Z=1; =1;

1 +2
2

= 0 = 101,3

relaiile (25) i (26) iau forma:

( )
= [
] []

(27)

respectiv

[
] []
( ),

(28)

5.3.1 RELAII PARTICULARE DE CALCUL:


Introducnd n relaiile (25) i (26), valorile constantelor fizice corespunztoare principalelor
fluide medicale, conform tabelului 5.1 se obin formulele particularizate pentru dimensionarea
diferitelor sisteme de alimentare cu gaze - tabelul 5.2:
57

Relaii de calcul particularizate pentru conductele de fluide medicale


Gazul

Debitul []

( )

Oxigen

1,0957

1,210[

Protoxid de azot

1,4830

1,040[

Bioxid de carbon

1,5114

1,030[

Azot

0,9600

1,293[

Aer reconstituit
Oxigen/Azot(22/78)

0,9885

1,274[

( )

( )

( )

( )

Tabel 5.2
Diametrul []

0,926[

0,984[

0,988[

0,903[

0,907[

(
)

(
)

(
)

(
)

(
)

1 , 2 []; []; []; [ ].


n prim aproximaie, coeficientul pierderilor liniare de sarcin, , se poate adopta 0,01 0,02

5.3.2 PIERDERI DE SARCIN


Pierderile totale de presiune generate de curgerea gazelor n conducte se compun din pierderi
liniare i locale:
= +

(29)

care se calculeaz cu relaiile:


=
i

(30)

2
2

= 2

(31)

(32)

sau cu relaia echivalent:


n care i [mm/m] reprezint pierderea de sarcin unitar.
Pentru calcule exacte, coeficientul pierderilor liniare de sarcin, , se calculeaz n funcie
de regimul de curgere definit prin valoarea criteriului adimensional
=

58

(33)

utiliznd relaiile:
64

Pentru: < 2300

2300 < < 23

23 < < 560

> 560

(34)

= 2() 0,8
2,51

(35)

= 2 ( + 3,71) (36)

= 1,14 2

(37)

n care:

viteza n ;

diametrul n ;

coeficientul de vscozitate cinematic a gazului n 2 ;

rugozitatea absolut a conductelor, aproximativ 0,0070,01 cm;

Lungimea de calcul a conductelor Lcalcul [] se determin innd seama de lungimea fizic a


traseului la care se adaug lungimea echivalent a rezistenelor locale:
= + []
unde: =

(38)

(39)

reprezint suma coeficienilor pierderilor locale de sarcin corespunztoare structurii reelei.


n tabelul 5.3 sunt indicate valorile coeficienilor de pierderi locale, , pentru conducte din
cupru.

59

Valorile coeficienilor de pierderi locale pentru conducte din cupru

60

Tabel 5.3

Tabel 5.3 continuare

61

5.4 DIMENSIONAREA REELELOR DE CONDUCTE PENTRU


SISTEMELE CENTRALIZATE DE ALIMENTARE CU FLUIDE
MEDICALE
Dimensionarea reelelor de conducte se face utiliznd relaiile prezentate anterior n funcie de:
tipul gazului distribuit, presiunea la surs, debitele de calcul i presiunea de utilizare cerut de
receptori/uniti terminale.
5.4.1 DEBITE DE CALCUL
n funcie de schema de distribuie adoptat, debitele de calcul pentru dimensionarea sistemelor
de alimentare surse i reele se determin cu relaiile specializate indicate n tabelul 5.4, conform
standardului EN-ISO-7396-1.

62

Debite de calcul pentru dimensionarea surselor i reelelor de fluide medicale


Departament

Tabelul 5.4
aer
aspirat/vacuum

oxigen

protoxid de
azot

aer medicinal 400 [kPa]

100+[(n-1)*10/4]
100+[(n-1)*10]
10+[(n-1)*6/4]
10+[(n-1)*6/6]
10+[(n-1)*6/4]

15+[(n-1)*6/4]
-

60+[(n-1)*80/2]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]

40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/8]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]

100+[(nT-1)*10]
10+[(n-1)*6]

15+[(nT-1)*6]
-

40+[(nT-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]

40
80+[(nS-1)*80/2]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]

10+[(n-1)*6/3]
10+[(n-1)*3/2]
100+[(nT-1)*10]
100+[(n-1)*10]
10+[(n-1)*6/2]
10+[(n-1)*6]
10+[(n-1)*6/4]
10+[(n-1)*3/2]
10+[(n-1)*6]

15+[(nT-1)*6]
-

40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
20+[(n-1)*10/4]
40n

40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/2]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]

100+[(n-1)*6/3]
100+[(n-1)*6/3]
10+[(n-1)*6/4]

15+[(n-1)*6/4]
-

40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]

40+[(n-1)*40/8]
40+[(n-1)*40/8]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]

I. UNITATE PRIMIRI URGENE


Camer resuscitare
Sal tratamente majore
Recuperare post-operator
Sal/cabin tratamente
Camera gipsare

II. BLOC OPERATOR


Sli Anestezie (toate)
Sli de operaie
-pt. anestezist/chirurg
Module operatorii
Recuperare post-operator

III. DEPARTAMENT MATERNITATE


Sli travaliu, nateri, recuperare
- mam
- copil
Bloc operator :
- anestezist
- obstetrician
Recuperare post-operator
-rezerve/saloane mame
Saloane copii
Saloane/secii nou-nscui

IV. DEPARTAMENT RADIOLOGIE


Camere pentru proceduri i anestezie cu N2O
Idem fr N2O
Recuperare

V. DEPARTAMENT RENAL
10+[(n-1)*6/4]
20+[(n-1)*20/4] 40+[(n-1)*40/4]
VI. TERAPIE INTENSIV; TERAPIE CORONARIANA; ARSURI; NALT DEPENDEN
10+[(n-1)*6]

15+[(n-1)*6/4]

80+[(n-1)*80/2]

40+[(n-1)*40/4]

10+[(n-1)*6/4]
10+[(n-1)*6/4]
-

20+[(n-1)*20/8]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]

40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]
40+[(n-1)*40/4]

10+[(n-1)*6/4]

40+[(n-1)*40/8]

VII. CAZARE PACIENI; TRATAMENTE ACUTE DE ZI


-camere de tratament
-recuperare post-anestezie
-endoscopie

VIII. PACIENI EXTERNI


NOT:
* Debitele simultane se determin corespunzator numrului de uniti funcionale deservite (paturi; trgi; crucioare;
mese de operaie; posturi de tratament) i nu n funcie de numrul unitilor terminale.
* n tabelul prezentat, simbolurile au urmtoarea semnificaie:
Q=debitul simultan pentru departamentul considerat;
Qd=debitul simultan pentru departamentul format din dou sau mai multe secii;
Qw=debitul simultan pentru secie;
n=numrul de paturi, spaii/posturi de tratament ori ncperi singulare n care se desfoar procedurile specifice (nu al
unitilor terminale).
nS=numrul de module (camera de anestezie i sala de operaie din cadrul departamentului)
nT=numrul de ,,teatre'' operatorii (mese de operaie)
Sursa: SCOTTISH HEALTH TEHNICAL MEMORANDUM -02-01/IUNIE 2012

63

Se face precizarea c relaiile au fost stabilite innd seama de simultaneitatea consumurilor


de gaze, corespunztor numrului de uniti funcionale deservite mese de operaii, posturi de
tratament, paturi, trgi etc, i nu n funcie de numrul receptorilor/unitilor terminale, care, de
regul, este mai mare.
n literatura de specialitate este prezentat i metoda de calcul cu coeficieni de
simultaneitate, n funcie de numrul unitilor terminale aflate n dotarea spaiilor deservite tabelul 5.5.
n funcie de schema reelei de distribuie, debitele de calcul se determin pe tronsoane n funcie de
departamentele racordate i de dotarea acestora, cu relaia:

= = ()
=

= =

(40)

n care:
j = departamente deservite; i = tipuri de uniti terminale n departament; p = numrul de uniti
terminale n departament; qi = debitul specific al unitii terminale; k = coeficient de simultaneitate;

64

Debite specifice i coeficieni de simultaneitate conform NFEN 737 3


Oxigen

Dotare departamente

Pat secie medical


Caz general
Pneumologie,
cardiologie
Pat terapie intensiv
Reanimare - caz general
Camer steril (aplazie)
Pat secie chirurgie
Caz general (arsuri
grave)
Chirurgie toracic sau
vascular
ORL
Sal de operaie
Caz general
ORL
Cardio-vascular
Sal travaliu/natere
Post de lucru anestezic
Sal de inducie
Sal
imagistic/endoscopie
Sal de supraveghere
post-intervenional
Sal de tratament
specializat
Urgene
Sal de deocare
Paturi de ateptare
bolnavi
Sal de tratament
Diverse
Imagistic medical
Sal de tratament

Numr
de
prize
(P)

Debit
Nominal
(q)

buc

l/min

Tabel 5.5

Protoxid de azot
k

Debit
total
pe
post
(Qi)
l/min

Numr
de
prize
(P)

Debit
Nominal
(q)

buc

l/min

Aer medicinal
Debit
total
pe
post
(Qi)
l/min

Numr
de
prize
(P)

Debit
Nominal
(q)

buc

l/min

Aer operaional/motor

Aer aspirat
Debit
total
pe
post
(Qi)
l/min

Numr
de
prize
(P)

Debit
Nominal
(q)

buc

l/min

Debit
total
pe
post
(Qi)
l/min

0,2

1,0

1*

30

0,1

3,0

0,3

1,5

0,2

1,0

30

0,1

3,0

10

0,3

3,0

2
2

120
10

0,3
0,7

72,0
14,0

1
1

120
120

0,3
0,3

36,0
36,0

3
3

30
30

0,5
0,5

45,0
45,0

10

0,2

2,0

10

0,3

6,0

20

0,2

4,0

0,2

2,0

2
2
3
2

20
20
20
10

1,0
1,0
1,0
0,5

40,0
40,0
60,0
10,0

1
1
1
1

10
10
10
10

1,0
1,0
1,0
0,2

15

0,5

7,5

10

15

0,5

7,5

10

15

0,5

1
1

Numr
de
prize
(P)

Debit
Nominal
(q)

buc

l/min

Debit
total
pe
post
(Qi)
l/min

10

0,3

9,0

30

0,2

6,0

10

0,3

6,0

10,0
10,0
10,0
2,0

1
2
1
1

15
15
15
8

0,5
0,5
0,5
0,3

7,5
15,0
7,5
2,4

3
3
3
3

60
60
60
10

0,5
0,5
0,5
0,5

90,0
90,0
90,0
9,0

1
1
1

500
500
500

0,2
0,2
0,2

100,0
100,0
100,0

0,1

1,0

120

0,2

24,0

10

0,3

6,0

500

0,2

100,0

0,1

1,0

15

0,2

3,0

10

0,3

6,0

7,5

15

0,2

3,0

10

0,3

6,0

0,2

1,0

15

0,2

3,0

10

0,3

3,0

15

0,2

6,0

10

0,2

2,0

20

0,2

12,0

500

0,2

100,0

0,2

1,0

10

0,2

2,0

20

0,2

8,0

0,2

1,0

20

0,2

8,0

500

0,2

100,0

1
1

5
5

0,2
0,2

1,0
1,0

1
1

10
10

0,3
0,3

3,0
3,0

65

5.4.2 PRESIUNI DE CALCUL


Valorile presiunilor i ale debitelor nominale cerute la unitile terminale prevzute pentru
distribuia diferitelor fluide medicale n spaiile deservite, sunt precizate n tabelul 5.6 i 5.7.
Presiuni i debite nominale la uniti terminale

Protoxid de azot
Amestec protoxid
de azot-oxigen

Aer medical 400


kpa

Aer/azot
operaional

Presiune
nominal (kpa)

Debit proiectare/
verificare (l/min)

Debit
specific
necesar
(l/min)

400

100 (1

20

400

75

30

400
400

15
15

6
6

400 (2

275

20

400
400

20
40 (3

20
40

400

80 (3

80

400
400

40
20

40
10

700

350 (4

350

900(5

350

350

700

350

400 mmHg 47 kPa abs (cu 53


kPa sub presiunea atmosferic)

40

350
max. 40
pentru
diverse
aplicaii

Locaia

Gazul (sistemul)

Oxigen

Tabel 5.6

Sli de operaie i sli de anestezie n


care se utilizeaz pentru narcoz NO
Terapie intensiv. Aerare continu
sub presiune
Toate celelalte spaii
Toate spaiile
Bloc obstetrical (sli travaliu, nateri,
recuperare post-partum)
Toate celelalte spaii
Sli de operaii
Terapie intensiv. Uniti pentru
asisten critic de nalt dependen
Nou nscui
Alte spaii
Sli de operaii pentru neurochirurgie
i ortopedie
Sli n care sunt instalate mai multe
rampe suspendate
Alte spaii

Aer aspirat
(vacuum)

Toate spaiile

Terapie intensiv
Amestec heliu400
100
Spaii de ingrijire critic
oxigen
1) Pe durata utilizrii oxigenului n slile de operaii i anestezie.
2) Presiunea solicitat de pacient la regulator nu trebuie s fie mai mic de 310 kPa.
3) Pentru tipuri speciale de ventilatoare (gaz-driver), n condiii specifice de funcionare i pentru atomizoare.
4) Aerul operaional/chirurgical este utilizat i ca surs de energie pentru diferite acionri.
5) Presiunea poate crete cu pn la 200 kPa cnd sunt conectate rampele suspendate, furtunuri i uniti terminale.

Consumuri specifice de oxigen pentru un pacient n camere hiperbarice

Atmosfer de O2 i
recirculare
-n circuit deschis
-n recirculare
Numai O2 fr
recirculare
Oxigen O2 furnizat prin
masca de insuflare i
pomp
Oxigen O2 furnizat prin
cort de respirare i
pomp

40

Tabel 5.7

Timpul maxim
pentru un tratament
complet

Consum total pentru


timpul maxim
de tratament (litri)

Consum pentru fiecare


minut suplimentar
(litri/min)

2 ore
2 ore

30000
7250

250
40

2 ore

30000

250

2 ore

1200

10

2 ore

7250

60

66

Pentru realizarea nivelului de asigurare impus de importana funcional a sistemelor de fluide


medicale, cderea admisibil de presiune ntre surse i unitile terminale se limiteaz la 5% din
valoarea presiunii de ieire din staii.
n conductele de vacuum, pierderea total de presiune trebuie s fie de maximum 50 mmHg.
Aceste condiii nu includ pierderea local de sarcin prin receptor i trebuie satisfcute la
testarea fiecrei prize funcionnd la debitul nominal.
Din considerente de securitate, abaterile de la valori prestabilite ale presiunilor, att la surse ct
i la receptori, sunt semnalate de sistemele locale i centralizate de monitorizare i alarmare.
n tabelul 5.8 sunt prezentate sintetic valorile presiunilor de lucru pentru diferitele sisteme de
distribuie.

67

Presiuni nominale de calcul conform EN-ISO-7396-1

Tabel.5.8

Staie/Panou reglare treapta I


Sistem

Presiune
static
kPa

Presiune
reglat
kPa

Presiune
dinamic
(p1) kPa

Presiune
alarmare staie
Maxim Minim
kPa
kPa
4
5

0
1
2
3
-Oxigen
-Aer medicinal
440
-Protoxid de
458
422
500
385
azot
+
4%
-Amestec
protoxid
ap/oxigen
Aer
940
comprimat
980
900
1050
800
operaional
+
4%
ntr-o treapt
de reglare
Aer
1150
comprimat
1196
1100
1230
1050
operaional
+
4%
n dou trepte
de reglare
500
450
360
Aer aspirat
mmHg
mmHg
mmHg
(vacuum
(66kPa)
(60kPa)
(48kPa)
medical)
(*) pierdere de sarcin pe furtunul de racord
(**) pierdere de sarcin n reeaua primar/dup regulatorul treapta I
(***) pierdere de sarcin n reeaua secundar/dup regulatorul treapta II
1 mmHg = 0,133 kPa = 0,00136 Kg/cm2

Reea

Panou reglare treapta II


Presiune
supap
siguran
kPa
6

Unitate
terminal
Presiune
alarmare zon
Maxim Minim
kPa
kPa
12
13

Presiune
static
kPa

Presiune
reglat
kPa

Presiune
dinamic
kPa

Pierdere
sarcin
kPa

10

Presiune
amonte
receptor
(p2) kPa
11

530

22

400

500

350

1100

45
85(*

855
770

1050

650

1300

936

900
+
4%

884

55(**
114(***

1045
min.
770

1050

850

50
mmHg
(6,65kPa)

400
mmHg
(53kPa)

320
mmHg
(42kPa)

68

Pentru elementele sistemului de distribuie, corespunztor diferitelor fluide, se recomand


adoptarea diametrelor n limitele dimensionale indicate n tabelul 5.9.
Diametre recomandate pentru conducte
Instalaia

O2
oli

Dimensiune minim
n sistem
Dimensiune maxim
coloan
Dimensiune maxim
conduct
Dimensiune minim
racord priz

Tabel 5.9
N2O
oli
mm

mm

N2
oli

Aer comprimat
oli
mm

mm

Aer aspirat
oli
mm

1/2

12,7

1/2

12,7

1/2

12,7

1/2

12,7

3/4

19,1

3/4

19,1

3/4

19,1

25,4

25,4

25,4

1/2

12,7

1/2

12,7

1/2

12,7

1/2

12,7

3/4

19,1

3/8

9,5

3/8

9,5

3/8

9,5

3/8

9,5

3/8

9,5

Pierderile de sarcin liniare/cderea de presiune, hr, se calculeaz cu relaia:


hr = []
unde:
[] pierederea de sarcin unitar;
[] lungimea de calcul conform relaiei (38),
folosind urmtoarele corelaii pentru conversia unitilor de msur:
1 mmCA = 0,076 mmHg = 0,0101 kPa.
n tabelele 5.10 5.13 sunt indicate valorile pierderilor de sarcin unitare, pentru diferite
valori ale diametrelor i ale debitelor de gaze transportate prin conducte:

Dimensionare conducte cupru pentru oxigen i protoxid de azot

Tabel 5.10

Pierdere de presiune I*10^3 [mm/m]; Viteza - v [m/s]


Debit
[l/s]

Diametru nominal toli''/[mm]


1/2 (12.7)

3/4 (19.1)

0,83
1,67
2,08
2,50
2,92

0,92
3,61
5,64
7,45
10,86

6,58
13,15
16,44
19,73
23,02

0,92
1,34

8,72
10,18

3,33
4,17
5,00
6,67
8,33
12,50

14,24
22,40
31,88
56,78
88,66

26,31
32,89
39,46
52,62
65,77

1,57
2,49
3,61
6,56
10,17
23,06

11,63
14,54
17,45
23,26
29,08
43,62

1 1/4 (31.8)

1 1/2 (38.1)

40,70
63,53

58,16
72,70

2,95
4,76
6,79
15,15
12,20

20,98
26,23
31,47
41,96
52,45

1,12
2,03
2,72
4,99
7,68

14,62
18,27
21,92
29,23
36,54

1,12
1,80

16,44
20,55

50,00
66,67

26,90
47,72

62,94
83,92

11,09
19,91

43,85
58,46

2,49
4,53

83,33
125,00

74,62

104,90

30,77
70,09

73,08
109,62

16,67
20,83
25,00
33,33
41,67

1 (25.4)
i

0,92
1,57
2,49
5,41

9,87
13,15
16,44
24,66

9,51
14,92
21,48
23,75

32,89
41,11
49,33
65,77

166,67
250,00
333,33
416,67
500,00
666,67
833,33

69

2 (50.8)

2 1/2 (63.5)
i

24,66
32,89

1,34

21,05

7,22
16,07

41,11
61,66

2,26
4,99

28,73
63,76
113,06

82,21
123,32
164,43

3 (76.2)

4 (101.6)

26,31
39,46

2,03

27,40

9,05
20,14
35,75
55,86

52,62
78,93
105,23
131,54

3,61
7,90
14,24
22,17

36,54
54,81
73,08
91,35

1,80
3,38
5,22

30,83
41,11
51,38

80,29

157,85

31,65
56,09
88,23

109,62
146,16
182,70

7,02
13,35
20,80

61,66
82,21
102,77

Nomogram pentru calculul conductelor de oxigen i protoxid de azot

70

Fig.5.1

Dimensionare conducte cupru pentru azot

Tabel 5.11

Pierdere de presiune I x 10^3[mm/m]; Viteza [m/s]


Diametru nominal toli''/[mm]

Debit
[l/s]

1/2 (12.7)

3/4 (19.1)

1 (25.4)

2,42

2,49

19,09

0,23

8,44

4,73

9,72

37,38

1,58

7,08

21,71

55,94

9,45

38,44

11,80

60,14

1 1/4 (31.8)

1 1/2 (38.1)
i

16,53

0,45

9,35

0,23

5,96

2,71

24,73

0,90

13,99

0,23

8,92

74,64

5,88

33,00

1,58

18,66

0,45

11,90

0,23

8,29

93,20

9,50

41,20

2,49

23,30

0,68

14,86

0,23

10,36

14,17

13,34

49,47

3,84

27,97

0,90

17,85

0,45

12,43

16,53

18,31

57,73

4,97

32,65

1,13

20,83

0,45

14,51

18,88

24,42

65,94

6,56

37,29

1,58

23,79

0,68

16,57

21,25

30,30

74,20

8,37

41,96

2,03

26,77

0,90

18,65

0,23

10,49

23,60

37,31

82,41

10,40

46,60

2,49

29,73

1,13

20,71

0,23

11,65

28,33

53,59

98,94

14,92

55,94

3,39

35,69

1,58

24,86

0,45

13,99

33,07

20,35

65,29

4,75

41,65

2,03

29,02

0,45

16,32

37,77

26,45

74,57

6,10

47,58

2,71

33,14

0,68

18,64

42,50

33,46

83,92

7,69

53,54

3,39

37,30

0,90

20,98

47,22

41,38

93,23

9,72

59,48

4,30

41,44

1,13

23,31

51,93

49,97

102,54

11,53

65,42

5,20

45,57

1,36

25,64

56,67

14,02

71,38

6,10

49,73

1,58

27,97

61,38

16,28

77,33

7,24

53,87

2,03

30,30

66,10

18,77

83,27

8,37

58,01

2,26

32,63

70,83

21,71

89,23

9,50

62,16

2,49

34,97

71

2 (50.8)

Nomogram pentru calculul conductelor de azot

72

Fig.5.2

Dimensionare conducte cupru pentru aer comprimat

Tabel 5.12

Pierdere de presiune - I x 10^3[mm/m]; Viteza - v [m/s]


Debit
[l/s]
2,36
4,72
7,08
9,44
11,80
14,16
16,52
18,88
21,24
23,60
28,32
33,04
37,76
42,48
47,20
51,92
56,64
61,36
66,08
70,80
82,60
94,40
106,20
118,00

1/2 (12.7)

3/4 (19.1)

Diametru nominal toli''/[mm]


1 1/4 (31.8)
1 1/2 (38.1)
2 (50.8)

1 (25.4)

6,79
26,01

18,64
37,28

0,69
4,07
9,05
15,61
25,78

8,24
16,48
24,72
32,96
41,20

0,23
1,12
2,49
4,53
7,02
9,94
13,81
18,11
22,60

4,66
9,32
13,98
18,64
23,30
27,96
32,62
37,28
41,94

0,23
0,69
1,12
1,57
2,26
3,18
4,07
5,22
6,56
9,51
12,66
16,73
21,02
26,01

5,95
8,92
11,89
14,86
17,84
20,81
23,78
26,76
29,73
35,68
41,62
47,57
53,51
59,46

2 1/2 (63.5)

0,46
0,69
1,12
1,34
1,80
2,26
2,95
4,07
5,64
7,48
9,28
11,55
14,01

8,28
10,36
12,43
14,50
16,57
18,64
20,71
24,85
28,99
33,14
37,28
41,42
45,56

0,69
0,92
1,12
1,57
2,03
2,49
3,18
3,84

10,48
11,65
13,98
16,31
18,64
20,97
23,30
25,63

0,69
0,69
0,92
1,12
1,34

10,44
11,93
13,42
14,91
16,40

16,50
19,45
22,60

49,71
53,85
57,99

4,53
5,22
6,10
7,02
9,51
12,20
15,61
19,22

27,96
30,29
32,62
34,95
40,77
46,60
52,42
58,25

1,80
2,03
2,49
2,72
3,61
4,76
6,56
7,48

17,89
19,39
20,88
22,37
26,10
29,82
33,55
37,28

23,29

64,07

9,05
10,86
12,66
14,69
16,73
18,99
23,98

41,01
44,73
48,46
52,19
55,92
59,65
67,10

129,80
141,60
153,40
165,20
177,00
188,80
212,40
236,00
259,60
283,20
306,80
330,40
354,00
377,60
401,20
424,80
448,40
472,00
519,20
566,40
613,60
660,80
708,00
755,20

73

3 (76.2)

4 (101.6)

0,21
0,21
0,28
0,34
0,48
0,55
0,69

13,46
14,50
15,53
18,12
20,71
23,30
25,89

0,90
1,03
1,24
1,38
1,59
1,86
2,21
2,90
3,45
4,14
4,83
5,65
6,48
7,31

28,48
31,07
33,65
36,24
38,83
41,42
46,60
51,78
56,95
62,13
67,31
72,49
77,66
82,84

2,72
3,18
3,84
4,30
4,99
5,64
6,33
7,25

32,42
35,37
38,31
41,26
44,21
47,15
50,10
53,05

8,13
8,82
10,86
12,89
15,15
17,42
20,14
22,60

56,00
58,94
64,84
70,73
76,63
82,52
88,41
94,31

Nomogram pentru calculul conductelor de aer comprimat

74

Fig.5.3

Dimensionare conducte cupru pentru vacuum

Tabel 5.13

Pierdere de presiune I x 10^3[mm/m]; Viteza [m/s]


Debit
[l/s]

Diametru nominal toli''/[mm]


3/4 (19.1)
i

0,50

1,67

1,75

0,90

4,33

1,40

1 (25.4)

1 1/4 (31.8)

3,14

1,12

1,78

8,53

4,89

2,10

2,76

1,90

13,74

6,63

3,44

3,75

1,12

2,39

2,40

19,71

8,38

4,89

4,74

1,54

3,02

2,80

26,57

9,78

6,66

5,53

2,10

3,53

3,30

8,53

6,52

2,66

3,80

10,53

7,50

4,30

12,96

4,70
7,10

1 1/2 (38.1)
i

4,16

1,34

2,90

3,44

4,79

1,67

3,33

8,49

4,20

5,42

2,00

3,77

15,28

9,28

4,99

5,92

2,43

4,12

31,03

14,02

9,74

8,94

4,89

9,40

16,17

11,84

11,80

24,37

14,86

2 (50.8)
i

6,23

1,34

3,50

7,97

8,25

2,10

4,64

12,07

10,36

3,21

14,20

16,83

12,46

16,50

22,14

18,90

27,68

2 1/2 (63.5)
i

5,82

1,12

3,73

4,53

7,01

1,54

4,49

14,48

5,97

8,14

2,00

5,21

16,59

7,41

9,33

2,43

21,20

8,99

10,46

23,60

10,96

28,30

3 (76.2)

4 (101.6)

5,97

1,12

4,15

2,98

6,70

1,34

4,65

11,65

3,64

7,46

1,54

5,18

14,86

13,97

4,99

8,94

2,10

6,21

33,00

19,81

16,29

6,66

10,43

2,89

7,24

37,80

25,49

18,66

8,53

11,94

3,54

8,29

42,50

10,63

13,43

4,53

9,32

47,20

12,96

14,91

5,54

10,36

1,54

5,89

59,00

18,93

18,64

8,20

12,94

2,23

7,37

70,80

25,49

22,37

10,96

15,53

2,98

8,84

82,60

14,17

18,12

3,87

10,31

94,40

17,81

20,71

4,89

11,79

75

Nomogram pentru calculul conductelor de vacuum

76

Fig.5.4

DETERMINAREA CAPACITII
STOCURILOR DE GAZE
6.1 ALEGEREA SOLUIEI DE ALIMENTARE
Profilul sursei trebuie adoptat n funcie de:
- debitul mediu zilnic de gaz, stabilit pe baza consumului efectuat n 12 luni;
- debitul maxim zilnic(* corespunztor zilei de maxim consum
- creterea previzionat a cerinei de gaz
- sporul anual al consumului de gaz pentru folosine medicale.
*) debitul/consumul maxim zilnic se determin pe baza vrfului de consum nregistrat n
intervalul orar 800-1800 cu toate slile de operaii i aparatur medical n funciune.
Pentru spitalele noi la care nu exist informaii istorice, necesarul de gaz se asimileaz
consumului din unitile spitaliceti existente, cu profile i capaciti similare.
n funcie de volumul cerinei, gazele medicinale n general i oxigenul n mod special, sunt
aprovizionate n funcie de cantitile necesare, mbuteliat sau n vrac i stocate n
rezervoare/recipieni sau sub form gazoas, n butelii.

6.2 DEFINIREA STOCURILOR


Capacitatea de stocare se calculeaz, de la caz la caz, n funcie de riscul potenial de neasigurare
n mod continuu a cerinelor unitii spitaliceti.
Independent de soluia constructiv adoptat, n cadrul volumului total de acumulare se
individualizeaz stocul operaional i stocul de rezerv, repartizate ntre sursa primar i respectiv
cea secundar:
stocul operaional, reprezint volumul de gaz folosit pentru asigurarea cerinelor normale ale
spitalului i se reface periodic dup epuizare; consumul stocului este semnalizat.
stocul de rezerv, reprezint volumul necesar pentru acoperirea cerinelor fluctuante sau pentru
situaiile n care furnizorul nu face fa ritmului de alimentare stabilit.
-

Cele dou volume trebuie repartizate la ambele surse, primar i de rezerv.


Cnd nu este posibil ca stocul operaional s fie asigurat integral din sursa primar , acesta poate
fi completat din stocul prevzut n sursa secundar.

6.3 CALCULUL STOCURILOR OPERAIONAL/DE REZERV

Volumul necesar pentru acumularea stocului operaional -Vstoc op.-se determin innd
seama de:
Cerina medie zilnic de oxigen medical, rezultat prin raportarea consumului anual
la 365 de zile, la care se adaug o cretere natural previzionat (kn), de ordinul a
810% i o eventual extindere programat (kp):

= 365

[litri/zi]

(41)

Frecvena furnizrii exprimat prin numrul de zile ntre dou livrri, n funcie de
distana fa de furnizor:
Distan [km] <75 75 - 150 150 - 300 >300
Z (zile)

respectiv:

Vstoc op. = Qmzi x Z

[litri]

(42)

Volumul necesar pentru acumularea stocului de rezerv -Vstoc rez.- se determin


corespunztor cerinelor pentru consum pe durata riscului evaluat n funcie de:
- distana de transport
- timpul necesar de rspuns pentru aprovizionare
- frecvena situaiilor n care sursa primar poate deveni nefuncional
n cazul n care sursa secundar este prevzut cu butelii de gaz comprimat, numrul buteliilor
racordate la distribuitor i a celor stocate/depozitate local, se stabilete n funcie de:
cerina maxim pentru alimentarea zonei de nalt dependen, racordat direct la sursa
secundar/de rezerv.
durata perioadelor de indisponibilitate a surselor
distana spitalului fa de furnizorul de butelii
abilitatea schimbrii buteliilor pe colector
n funcie de consumul anual de oxigen, se recomand adoptarea urmtoarelor soluii pentru
asigurarea rezervei necesare:
- Pentru uniti, cu consum anual de oxigen sub 3000 se folosesc sisteme alimentate
din butelii cu gaz comprimat.
- Pentru uniti cu consum ntre 3000 40000 se recomand sistemul cu recipieni
cu oxigen medicinal lichid, care poate fi cuplat i cu butelii.
- Pentru capaciti ntre 27500 40000 se poate adopta fie sistemul cu recipieni cu
gaz lichid, fie sistemul cu rezervoare criogenice.
n funcie de eventualele restricii de aprovizionare; sistemul criogenic se folosete n mod
normal cnd cerina este prea mare pentru a putea fi satisfcut n soluia cu recipieni cu gaz lichid.

78

6.4 DIMENSIONAREA RAMPELOR DE ALIMENTARE CU


BUTELII DE GAZE COMPRIMATE
Sursele de alimentare din butelii cu gaze comprimate se organizeaz cu dou rampe cu numr
egal de butelii, fiecare, fiind dimensionat la capacitatea de calcul.

Volumul total al unei rampe, se determin cu relaia:


=

unde: P0
V0
tr
Pr
Pu

[bar]
[m3/h]
[zile]
[bar]
[bar]

[ ]

(43)

presiunea atmosferic
debitul de gaz necesar (la p=1,013 [bar]; t=200C)
durata pentru care se calculeaz rezerva de gaz
presiunea maxim la ieirea din ramp
presiunea de utilizare

Numrul de butelii se stabilete n funcie de capacitatea nominal a acestora (conform


tabel 6.1), cu relaia:

[]
=
(44)

n care volumul buteliei, rezult din:


0 =

0
0

[3 ]

(45)

unde:
Vb reprezint capacitatea de stocare a buteliei la presiunea p i temperatura t la care este
ncrcat.
V0butelie capacitatea echivalent (la p0=1,013 [bar]; t0=200C).
Pe msura consumului de gaz din butelie, presiunea scade la p, respectiv volumul la
0

0 [3 ]

(46)

Volumul de gaz consumat este egal cu:


= 0 =

1 0
( )0
0

respectiv, pentru T0=T i p0=1,013 bar:


=( )

79

(47)

Capaciti uzuale pentru butelii cu gaze comprimate


Gaz
Oxigen
Protoxid de azot
Amestec oxigen/protoxid azot

Tabel 6.1

Capacitate nominal (litri) la


137 bar
mrimea J - 6800
mrimea J 10000
mrimea G 9000
mrimea G - 5000

Capacitate utilizabil (litri)


pentru descrcare la 7 bar
6540
8900
4700
6220 - la 4 bar
5550 - la 7 bar
7000

mrimea I - 6400

Aer medical

mrimea K

Amestec heliu/oxigen

n literatura de specialitate se fac recomandri privind dimensionarea rampelor de distribuie


pentru diferite gaze medicale n raport cu tipul gazului, consumul lunar sau numrul de module
operaionale deservite (conform tabel. 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5).
Capacitatea buteliilor prevzute pe fiecare ramp a staiilor de oxigen, trebuie s satisfac
necesarul pentru dou zile.
n rezerv se prevede un numr de butelii egal cu numrul aferent unei rampe, pentru oxigen,
respectiv, cu numrul aferent ambelor rampe pentru protoxid de azot.
Capaciti recomandate pentru sursele de alimentare cu butelii de gaze comprimate
Tipul gazului

Oxigen
Aer medical
Aer operaional
Amestec
oxigen/protoxid de
azot
Protoxid de azot
Dioxid de carbon
Heliu/oxigen
Azot

Numr de butelii
Surs cu
Surs cu
schimbare
schimbare(1
automat a
manual a
rampelor
rampelor
2 x 10(2
2x2
2 x 10(3
2x2
2 x6(3
2x1

Tip
butelii
J
J
J

2x8

2x2

2x6
2x4
2x4
2x6

2x2
2x1
2x1
2x2

G
VF
H
W

Not

(1 - se utilizeaz ca surs secundar la


sursele cu schimbare automat a
buteliilor.
(2 se utilizeaz independent sau ca
surs complementar pentru staiile de
producere cu concentratoare de oxigen.
(3 se utilizeaz independent sau ca
surs complementar pentru staiile de
compresoare.

Capacitatea rampelor de distribuie OXIGEN MEDICAL


3

Consum lunar *10 [litri] 165,8 276,4 386,9


6
10
16
Numr total butelii surs
3
5
8
Numr butelii pe ramp
Corespunztor capacitii de 6909 [litri/butelie]

497,5
18
9

608,0
22
11

Tabel 6.3
718,6
26
13

Capacitatea rampelor de distribuie PROTOXID DE AZOT

829,1
30
15

938,8
34
17

Tabel 6.4

Sursa
interior
exterior
Numr sli Numr total Numr butelii Numr total Numr butelii
operaie
butelii surs
pe ramp
butelii surs
pe ramp
4
4
2
4
2
8
8
4
10
5
10
10
5
12
6
12
12
6
14
7
16
16
8
20
10
Corespunztor capacitii de 13850 [litri/butelie]

80

Tabel 6.2

Capacitatea rampelor de distribuie AZOT OPERAIONAL


1 2-4 5-8 9-12 13-16
Numr sli operaie
4
8
12
16
Numr total butelii surs 2
2
4
6
8
Numr butelii pe ramp 1
Corespunztor capacitii de 6343,35 [litri/butelie]

6.5

17-20
20
10

Tabel 6.5
21-24
24
12

25-28
28
14

STAII PENTRU AER COMPRIMAT

Alegerea echipamentelor n staiile de compresoare se face n funcie de debitele de calcul i


presiunile de utilizare, innd seama de sporuri pentru eventuale pierderi i ulterioare extinderi ale
consumatorului.
Caracteristicile compresoarelor:
=

Debitul:
unde:
Qcalcul

kp=1,05

kd=1,11,15

(48)

debitul de calcul stabilit n funcie de numrul i simultaneitatea consumatorilor


coeficient pentru compensarea pierderilor
coeficient pentru acoperirea dezvoltrilor ulterioare

Presiunea minim de refulare trebuie s asigure presiunea maxim la utilizator i s


acopere pierderile totale de sarcin din reeaua de distribuie:
= +
(49)

unde:
Humax
= +

presiunea maxim de utilizare


suma pierderilor de sarcin liniare i locale
=

(50)

n care:
L

lungimea de calcul conform relaiei (38)

coeficientul pierderilor liniare de sarcin funcie de regimul de curgere conform


relaiilor (34), (35), (36) i (37).
Lungimile echivalente ale rezistenelor locale se pot adopta din tabelul 6.6.
ntruct vscozitatea cinematic, = , depinde de densitatea aerului care este funcie de
presiune i temperatur, valoarea acesteia va trebui calculat corespunztor condiiilor efective de
lucru din sistem, cu relaia:

= [kg/m3]
(51)

unde: N = 1,293 kg/m3; TN = 293,15 K;

Lungimi echivalente ale rezistenelor locale


Fiting
Diametru exterior
Cot de 900
Cot de 450
ndoitur de 900
Fiting T n conducta
principal
Fiting T n conducta
de distribuie
ndoitur de 1800
Supap cu bile

Tabel 6.6

16
1,96
1,26
0,85

20
1,26
0,90
0,61

Lungimea echivalent [m]


25
32
50
63
75
1,22 1,15 1,07 1,08 1,09
0,68 0,46 0,43 0,40 0,48
0,59 0,49 0,44 0,42 0,43

0,87

0,38

0,26

0,29

0,29

0,23

0,11

0,10

0,15

2,45

1,95

1,52

1,44

1,18

1,06

1,10

1,19

1,32

0,36
0,11

0,39
0,12

0,37
0,16

0,35
0,20

0,32

0,40

0,52

0,62

0,80

81

90
1,10
0,57
0,51

110
1,11
0,69
0,59

Pentru calcule aproximative, se poate adopta = 0,01 0,02.


Pierderile totale de sarcin pot fi calculate n funcie de pierderile unitare corespunztoare
diferitelor diametre i debite transportate cu relaia (32), n care i [mm/m] se determin din
tabelele/diagramele din subcapitolul 5.4.2.

Volumul rezervorului tampon:

Se adopt egal cu 50% din volumul de aer furnizat de compresor ntr-un minut.
=

30

unde: Qcompresor [m /h]


3

[m3]

(52)

Pentru sistemele cu debit mai mare de 500 litri/minut, se prevd dou uniti identice.
Volumele de aer prelevate pe aspiraie la presiune atmosferc (p0=1,013 bar), rezult din
relaia:
=

[m3]

(53)

Dimensiunile minime recomandate pentru conductele de aspiraie sunt indicate n tabelul 6.7.
Dimensiuni minime pentru conductele de aspiraie
Debit aer [litri/min]
Diametrul conductei
oli [mm]

Tabel 6.7

12001400

15002000

20006000

600011000

2,5 (63,5)

3 (76,2)

4 (101,6)

5 (127,0)

Corespondena unitilor de presiune:


1 mmHg (Torr) = 0,133 kPa = 0,00136 kgf/cm2 = 0,0136 mca x 1000 = 13,6 mca

6.6 STAII DE VID/VACUUM MEDICAL


Caracteristicile pompelor de vid:
Debitul volumic - V n [litri/min] ; [m3/s] volumul de gaz aspirat de pomp n unitatea de
timp n seciunea de aspiraie;
Presiunea final (vidul limit) - P n [Pa] ; [mmHg] presiunea cea mai redus realizat de
pomp care videaz o incint fr aport de gaze;
Debitul masic - Q n [Pa*m3/s] ; [Torr*l/min] cantitatea de gaz aspirat din incinta vacuumat
n unitatea de timp = debitul volumic n seciunea de aspiraie nmulit cu presiunea n aceeai seciune.
Capacitatea de suciune a pompei:
=

= [l/min]

(54)

Debitul evacuat din sistem:


=

(2 1 )
(2 1 )

82

[mmHg*l/min]

(55)

n care: V
P1
P2
t

[litri]
[mmHg]
[mmHg]
[sec]

- volumul sistemului vacuumat;


- valoarea presiunii n sistem cnd pompa de vacuum este oprit;
- valoarea presiunii pompei dup un interval de timp, t;
- timpul corespunztor expandrii volumului de la 1 litru la 2 litri.

Timpul de formare a vidului:


=

(56)

Capacitatea rezervorului tampon se adopt egal cu debitul pompei la presiune de 450 mmHg
(60 kPa), aer aspirat timp de un minut i evacuat la 475 mmHg (63 kPa).
Tabel de coresponden al unitilor de presiune
bar
1,013
0,900
0,800
0,700
0,600
0,500
0,400
0,300
0,200
0,100
0,00

Presiune absolut
Pa
mmHg
101300 760,00
900000 675,22
800000 600,20
700000 525,17
600000 450,15
500000 375,12
400000 300,10
300000 225,07
200000 150,05
100000 75,02
0,00
0,00

Psi
14,40
12,80
11,38
9,96
8,53
7,11
5,69
4,27
2,84
1,42
0,00

Presiune relativ
bar
mmHg % de vid
0,00
0,00
0,00
-0,11 -84,78
11,0
-0,21 -159,80
21,0
-0,31 -234,83
31,0
-0,41 -309,85
41,0
-0,51 -384,88
51,0
-0,61 -459,90
61,0
-0,71 -534,93
70,0
-0,81 -609,95
80,0
-0,91 -684,98
90,0
-1,01
-760
100

Depresiune
bar
0,00
0,113
0,213
0,313
0,413
0,513
0,613
0,713
0,813
0,913
1,013

1 bar = 103 mbar = 105 Pa = 750,25 mmHg = 14,23 Psi

83

STANDARDE I REGLEMENTRI TEHNICE SPECIFICE:


1. SR EN ISO 7396-1
Sistem de distribuie de gaze medicale. Partea 1 Sisteme de distribuie pentru gaze medicale
comprimate i vacuum
2. SR EN ISO 7396-2
Sisteme de distribuie de gaze medicale. Partea 2 Sisteme de evacuare a gazelor anestezice
reziduale
3. SR EN ISO 737-1,2,3,4
Sisteme de distribuie de gaze medicale (1); Sisteme finale de evacuare a gazelor anestezice (2);
Gaze comprimate i vid (3). Prize murale pentru sisteme de evacuare a gazelor anestezice (4).
4. SR EN ISO 738-1,2,3,4
Regulatoare de presiune utilizate pentru gaze medicale de joas presiune; cu debitmetre
integrate n robinetele buteliilor, integrate n echipamente, pentru echipament.
5. SR EN 739-1,2
Ramificaii flexibile de joas presiune pentru gaze de uz medical
6. ISO 10083
Concentratoare de oxigen pentru utilizare n reele de distribuie de gaze medicale
7. ISO 32
Butelii de gaz pentru uz medical. Marcaj pentru identificarea coninutului
8. SR EN 13221
Conexiuni flexibile de nalt presiune pentru utilizare cu gaze medicale
9. SR EN ISO 10079-3-2003
Aspiratoare medicale acionate printr-o surs de vacuum sau de presiune
10. SR EN ISO 11197
Rampe tehnice de uz medical
11. ISO 9170-1
Prize murale/de perete pentru reele de distribuie gaze medicale comprimate i vid
12. ISO 9170-2
Prize murale/de perete pentru sisteme de evacuare a gazelor de anestezie
13. EN ISO 9170-1
Terminal units for medical pipeline systems. Part 1 Terminal units for use with compressed
medical gases and vacuum.
14. EN ISO 7396-1+A2
Medical gas pipeline systems. Part 1 Pipeline systems for compressed medical gases and
vacuum.
15. EN ISO 7396-2
Medical gas pipeline systems. Part 2 - Anaesthetic gas scavenging disposal systems.
16. EN ISO 9170-2
Terminal units for medical gas pipeline systems. Part 2 Terminal units for anaesthetic gas
scavenging systems.
17. EN ISO 10524-1
Pressure regulators for use with medical gases. Part 1 Pressure regulators with flow-metering
devices.
18. EN ISO 10524-2

84

Pressure regulators for use with medical gases. Part 2 Manifold and line pressure regulators.
19. EN ISO 10524-3
Pressure regulators for use with medical gases. Part 3 Pressure regulators integrated with
cylinder valves.
20. EN 738-4
Pressure regulators for use with medical gases. Low-pressure regulators intended for
incorporation into medical equipment.
21. EN 739
Low-pressure hose assemblies for use with medical gases
22. EN 837-1
Pressure gauges. Bourdon tube pressure gauges.
Dimensions, metrology, requirements and testing.
23. EN ISO 21969
High-pressure flexible connections for use with medical gas systems
24. EN 60079-10-1
Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres.
Classification of hazardous areas
25. EN 60079-14
Explosive atmospheres. Electrical installations design, selection and erection.
26. EN ISO 407
Small medical gas cylinders. Pin-index yoke-type valve connections
27. EN ISO 9001
Quality management systems. Requirements
28. EN ISO 11197
Medical supply units.
29. EN ISO 13485
Medical devices. Quality management systems.
Requirements for regulatory purposes
30. EN ISO 14114
Gas welding equipment. Acetylene manifold systems for welding, cutting and allied processes.
General requirements

85

BIBLIOGRAFIE:
1. Health Technical Memorandum 02-01: Medical gas pipeline systems. Part A: design,
installation, validation and verification - 2006
2. Health Technical Memorandum 02-01: Medical gas pipeline systems. Part B: Operational
Management - 2006
3. Scottish Health Technical Memorandum 02-01: Medical gas pipeline systems. Part A: Design,
installation, validation and verification 2012
4. ASPE Data Book volume 3, chapter 2 Plumbing Design for Health-care Facilities
5. Guide des gaz medicaux Societe Francaise des infirmiers
6. Guide interregional des Practiques pharmaceutiques en metiere de fluids medicaux en
etablissement de sante 2012
7. Tehnoplus Service - Ghid practic instalaii de gaze medicale pentru uz spitalicesc
8. Ghid de proiectare al instalaiilor din evi de cupru ECPPC Romnia
9. Theodor Mateescu - Instalaii sanitare pentru cldiri cu funciuni speciale
ISBN 978-973-8955-96-7 / 2012;
10. Theodor Mateescu Instalaii sanitare i de gaze 1989
11. Theodor Mateescu Calculul instalaiilor sanitare ap-canal-gaze 1996
12. Theodor Mateescu Sisteme de alimentare cu gaze - 2008
13. Manualul de instalaii 2010, vol. Instalaii sanitare, ed. Artecno
14. http://www.airliquide.ro
15. http://www.beaconmedaes.com
16. http://www.wikipedia.org
17. http://www.novairmedical.com
18. http://www.tehnogas-medical.ro
19. http://www.eyeconmedical.ro
20. http://www.tehnoplus.ro
21. http://www.linde.ro

86

ANEXE

Pentru mai buna nelegere i valorificarea


practic a informaiilor prezentate anterior, s-a
considerat util s se ofere, exemplificativ, elemente
funcional-dimensionale
pentru unele
dintre
echipamentele componente ale sistemelor de
alimentare cu fluide medicale.
Cu precizarea c oferta tuturor productorilor i
distribuitorilor din domeniu este diversificat i
acoper cu prisosin cerina tehnic la un nalt nivel
calitativ, opiunea autorului s-a oprit asupra firmei
BEACON MEDAES, a cror reprezentani au
avut amabilitatea s accepte integrarea n lucrare a
fielor tehnice pentru unele dintre produse.
Informaii similare provenind de la ali furnizori
cu activitate n domeniu se gsesc pe site-urile:
www.tehnogas-medical.ro, www.novairmedical.com
, www.medicalgasresources.com, www.linde.ro i
altele.

2002000
28/03/11
Page 1 of 2
Issue 8

Gem10 Terminal Unit

Gem 10
TERMINAL UNIT

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

SPECIFICATION
Gem 10 Terminal Unit

The medical gas terminal units shall conform to BS EN ISO 91701:2008


and accept probes to BS5682: 1998. Terminal units shall be capable
of single-handed insertion and removal of the medical gas probe.
The anaesthetic gas scavenging (AGS) terminal unit shall conform to
BS6834: 1987. The wall mounted first fix assembly shall consist of brass
pipeline termination block with copper stub pipe secured between a
back plate and a gas specific plate to allow limited radial movement of
the copper stub to align with the pipeline. The gas specific plate shall
be fixed to the backplate by means of a tamperproof clip-fit mechanism.
The first fix shall incorporate a maintenance valve (except for vacuum)
and a test plug. The test plug shall provide an effective blank to enable
carcass pressure testing. The second fix plastic components shall be
manufactured with the pin index permanently moulded into the gas
specific socket. The socket assembly shall retain a capsule assembly,
containing the check valve and probe O ring seals. The replaceable
capsule assembly shall enable all working parts subject to wear through
usage to be replaced as a factory tested assembly, thereby reducing
maintenance time. Each termination block assembly shall be pressure
tested by the pressure decay method.

Gas Specificity

Terminal units shall be gas specific and only accept the correct medical
gas probe. Gas specific components shall be pin-indexed to ensure that
a correct gas specific assembly is achieved so that in normal course of
dismantling for repair or maintenance, parts from other gases cannot
inadvertently be used. Wall mounted terminal units shall incorporate
an anti-rotation pin to engage with connected downstream medical
equipment ensuring correct orientation.

Materials

Pipeline Connections

Terminal units installed in walls, bedhead trunking, headwalls or fixed


pendants shall be connected to the pipeline with a copper stub pipe.
Pressure gases and vacuum shall incorporate a 12mm copper stub pipe
with a swaged end for direct connection to a 12mm O/D copper tube
without the need for en extra fitting, thereby requiring only a single
brazed joint to be made. Terminal units for anaesthetic gas scavenging
shall incorporate a 15mm O/D copper stub pipe.
Terminal units installed in booms or moveable pendants shall be
attached to their respective flexible gas hose by a gas specific noninterchangeable screw thread (NIST) fitting to BS EN 739:1998. Terminal
units shall be fitted with a male NIST and nut for connection to hoses
with a female NIST connection.

Performance

Pressure drops across the terminal unit shall comply with clause 4.4.11
of BS EN ISO 9170-1:2008. The flow/pressure drop characteristics for the
Gem 10 are shown below with the maximum allowable value.
Nominal
pressure
(kPa)

Test
pressure
(kPa)

Flow
(l/min)

EN 9170-1
limit (kPa)

Gem 10
(kPa)

400-500

320

40

15

0.6

400-500

320

200

70

14

700-10000

560

350

70

30

Vacuum

*40

25

15

1.1

All screws, probe roller pins, locking springs and the anti-rotation pin
shall be manufactured from stainless steel. The second fix assembly shall
be incorporate three injection moulded parts in fire-retardant nylon
66. All wetted parts (except seals) shall be brass or copper. Copper
stubs pipes shall be manufactured from phosphorous de-oxidised nonarsenical copper to BS EN 1412:1996 grade CW024A, manufactured to
metric outside diameters in accordance with BS EN 13348:2001 R250
(half hard). All elastomeric seals shall be manufactured from Viton with
a Shore hardness of 75.

* Absolute pressure

Antimicrobial Additive

The terminal units shall have a three-year warranty, subject to the


recommended minimum routine maintenance operations being carried
out by correctly competent persons.

All user accessible parts, 2nd fix, gas ID ring, plaster box, fascia cover
and inks shall include a silver antimicrobial additive for inherent
antimicrobial protection.
Sample

Species

Reduction

Gas ID Ring

E coli

99.50%

Gas ID Ring

MRSA

99.52%

Plaster Box

E coli

99.94%

Plaster Box

MRSA

99.35%

CE Marking

The standard range of BeaconMeds Gem 10 Medical Gas Terminal


Units and Gem 10 Conversions are CE marked under the Medical
Devices Directive 93/42/EEC with approval from notified body no. 0088
(Lloyds Register Quality Assurance). Under this directive, the specified
products are classified as Class IIb Medical Devices.

Warranty

* Determination of antimicrobial activity using test based on ISO


22196 Plastics - Measurement of anti bacterial activity on plastics
surfaces

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

2 2

3 3

4 4

5 5

This Drawing
the property
of Medaes
Ltd. must
and must
not be
This Drawing
is theisproperty
of Medaes
Ltd. and
not be
copied
or reproduced
inway
any whatsoever
way whatsoever
without
the express
copied
or reproduced
in any
without
the express
consent
in writing
of Medaes
The drawing
is toused
be used
consent
in writing
of Medaes
Ltd. Ltd.
The drawing
is to be
forpurpose
the purpose
for which
it is supplied
and must
be retured
only only
for the
for which
it is supplied
and must
be retured
on demand.
The contents
the drawing
moreover
be treated
on demand.
The contents
of theofdrawing
mustmust
moreover
be treated
as strictly
confidential
and must
notdisclosed
be disclosed
tothird
any third
as strictly
confidential
and must
not be
to any
partyparty
without
the express
consent
in writing
of Medaes
without
the express
consent
in writing
of Medaes
Ltd. Ltd.

6 6

7 7

8 8

9 9

10 10

11 11

REMOVE
BURR
AND
SHARP
REMOVE
ALLALL
BURR
AND
SHARP
EDGES
UNLESS
OTHERWISE
STATED
EDGES
UNLESS
OTHERWISE
STATED

Telford
Cressent
Telford
Cressent
Staveley
Staveley
Derbyshire
S43 3PF
Derbyshire
S43 3PF
England
England

Complete
Gem10
Complete
Gem10

2002000

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

C 1999
Copyright
Medaes
C 1999
Copyright
Medaes
Ltd Ltd

12 12

DRAWING
NUMBER
DRAWING
NUMBER

28/03/11
Page 2 of 2
Issue 8

Parts Including
Antimicrobial Additive

Gem 10 Terminal Unit Typical Configurations


Stub
Pipe
Centre
Wall
(standard
gases)
12 12
Stub
Pipe
Centre
to to
Wall
(standard
gases)
Stub
Pipe
Centre
Wall
(AGS
only)
15 15
Stub
Pipe
Centre
to to
Wall
(AGS
only)

12mm
Stub
Pipe
(standard
gases)
12mm
Stub
Pipe
(standard
gases)
15mm
Stub
Pipe
(AGS
only)
15mm
Stub
Pipe
(AGS
only)
Over
Plaster
Over
Plaster
BoxBox
48 48
Over
Bezel
1.61.6
Over
Bezel
6.40
Over
Fascia
6.40
Over
Fascia

Gas Socket

Plaster Box

87 Over Plaster Box


87 Over Plaster Box
80 Over Backplate
80 Over Backplate
68 Centres
68 Centres

100 Over Square Bezel


100 Over Square Bezel

49 Std Gases
52
& N2
49 CO2
Std Gases
52 CO2 & N2

Fixing Face
Fixing Face

4 Fixing
Holes
4 Fixing
Holes
5.55.5

64.80
Centres
64.80
Centres

Second
35 35
Second
Fix Fix

Gas ID Ring

Fascia Plate

Over
Backplate
80 80
Over
Backplate

33 33
FirstFirst
Fix Fix

Over
Plaster
87 87
Over
Plaster
BoxBox

6 Fixing
Flange
6 Fixing
Flange

ce

Fixing Surface

90 Overall

90 Overall

80 Centres

80 Centres

70

70

Gas Types
Available

TITLE:
TITLE:

DRAWN
DRAWN

DES.DES.
APP.APP.

Checked
Checked

DateDate

Fix

35 Second Fix

0,05

Used
On
Used
On

20

20

2 Fixing Slots, 6 Ctrs x 4.5 Wide

33 First Fix

0,25
0,10

FOR:FOR:

MATERIAL:
MATERIAL:

0,25

0,10
0,05

1 00"
1 00"

FINISH:
FINISH:

56 Overall

DCRDCR

REVISIONS
REVISIONS

NO DECIMAL PLACE
NO DECIMAL PLACE
ONE DECIMAL PLACE
ONE DECIMAL PLACE
TWO DECIMAL PLACES
TWO DECIMAL PLACES
ANGULAR
ANGULAR
SURFACE FINISH
SURFACE FINISH

18

DESCRIPTION
DESCRIPTION

18

IN DOUBT
IF INIFDOUBT
ASKASK

DIMENSIONS
IN MILLIMETRES
DIMENSIONS
IN MILLIMETRES
TOLERANCES
TOLERANCES
UNLESS
OTHERWISE
STATED
UNLESS
OTHERWISE
STATED
56 Overall

DRAWN
BS308:1993
DRAWN
TO TO
BS308:1993
SHEET
- DO
SCALE
A3 A3
SHEET
- DO
NOTNOT
SCALE

2 Fixing Slots, 6 Ctrs x 4.5 Wide

Oxygen
Entonox ORIGINAL
ORIGINAL
1:20
SCALE 1:20
SCALE
Nitrous Oxide
DRAWING
NUMBER
DRAWING
NUMBER
Medical Air
Complete
Gem10
Complete
Gem10
Surgical
Air
Vacuum
SHEET
NUMBER: 1 1OF: OF:1 1
SHEET
NUMBER:
AGS
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogen

6 Thk. Fixing Flange

Vertical wall
mount 1st fix

Bedhead
mount 1st fix

Modular wall
mount 1st fix

Horizontal wall
mount 1st fix

2nd fix

SECTION A-A
SCALE 1 : 2

Retractable
pendant outlet

Rigid
pendant outlet

BeaconMeds
Telford Crescent,
Staveley, Derbyshire
S43 3PF, England
Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242
Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
www.beaconmedaes.com
E-mail: gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com

Multi-purpose
pendant outlet

Flexible
pendant outlet

Ambulance
outlet

TITLE:
DRAWN TO BS308:1993
A2 SHEET - DO NOT SCALE
IF IN DOUBT ASK

DIMENSIONS IN

DRAWN TO BS308:1993
MILLIMETRESA2 SHEETFOR:
- DO NOT SCALE

TOLERANCES

Used On

IF IN DOUBT ASK

TI

DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETRES

ORIGIN
FO
SCAL

TOLERANCES
DRAWING NUMBER

Page 1 of 2
30/11/2012

Medical Gas Terminal Units to Standards


ENV 737-6 & BS EN ISO 9170-1:2008
SPECIFICATION
Medical Gas Terminal Units
Medical terminal units are located at the final delivery points
in medical gas piping systems to provide quick connection to
the system. Terminal units provide for single handed insertion
and removal of the medical gas probe.
Terminal units are a Class IIb medical device with the CE
mark, built to comply with European Directive 93/42/EC
governing medical devices to ensure non-interchangeability
among different gasses. Terminal units conform to gas
specific dimensions and connection requirements stated in
ENV 737-6. Components are designed and manufactured in
accordance with BS EN ISO 9170-1:2008 for medical gas
distribution systems.
Medical gas terminal units consist of two parts:
Base Blocks the wall mounted base block consists of a
brass pipeline termination block with copper stub pipe for
connection to the gas pipeline distribution system.
Sockets provide the gas specific connection point for the
terminal unit. The socket is fixed to the base block with a
design that insures profile is always in the correct position.
Probes are gas specific connectors that couple to the medical
gas terminal unit sockets to provide access to gas systems. For
additional information on probes, refer to Specification Sheet
# SSB-845-07.
Gas Specificity
Medical gas terminal units are gas specific and designed for
conformance to dimensional and connection requirements
found in ENV 737-6.
Materials
Base Blocks and sockets are constructed of Brass. Sockets are
nickel plated.

Pipeline Connections
Medical gas outlets installed in walls, bedhead trunking,
headwalls or fixed pendants are connected to the pipeline with
a copper stub pipe. Pressure gases and vacuum incorporate a
10 mm O/D copper tube without the need for an extra fitting,
thereby requiring only a single brazed joint to be made.
Outlets installed in booms or moveable pendants are attached
to their respective flexile gas hose by a gas specific noninterchangeable screw thread (NIST) fitting. Terminal units
are fitted with a male NIST and nut for connection to hoses
with a female NIST connection.
Performance
Pressure drops across the terminal unit comply with clause 6.3
of BS EN ISO 9170-1:2008. The flow/pressure drop
characteristics for the outlets are shown below with the
maximum allowable value from BS EN ISO 9170-1:2008.
Nominal
Pressure
kPa
400
400
700
Vacuum

Test
Pressure
kPa
320
320
640
40*

Flow
l/min
60
200
300
40

ISO 9170-1
Limit
kPa
15
70
70
15

Beacon
Medaes
kPa
6
47
44
7

* Absolute pressure
CE Marking
The standard range of BeaconMedaes Medical Gas terminal
units are CE marked under the Medical Devices Directive
93/42/EEC with approval from notified body no. 0476.
Under this directive, the specified products are classified as
Class IIb Medical Devices.
Warranty
Terminal units have a two-year warranty, subject to the
recommended minimum routine maintenance operations
being carried out by correctly competent persons.

BeaconMeds UK Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF England Phone: +44 (0) 1246 474 242

TERMINAL UNITS
Env 737-6

SSB-845-03

SSB-845-03
Page 2 of 2
30/11/2012

Base Blocks

Back Inlet

45 Inlet

Vertical Inlet

Vertical Inlet
Straight 10mm Pipe
4107205595
4107205597
4107205598
4107205596
4107205593
4107205599
4107205594

Air
Air 800
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Oxygen/Nitrous Oxide
Vacuum

45 Inlet
Straight 10mm Pipe
4107205602
4107205604
4107205605
4107205603
4107205600
4107205606
4107205601

Back
Barb End
4107205616
4107205618
4107205617
4107205614
4107205615

Dim
A

Dim.
B

18.7

10

Sockets
Gas
Air
Air 800
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Oxygen / Nitrous Oxide
Vacuum

Part Number
4107205650
4107205652
4107205653
4107205651
4107205648
4107205654
4107205649

Socket

Box for Flush or Wall Mounting (without lid)


Part Number
4107205775

Description
Suitable for ENV Standards

Dim A
58,8

Dim B
55

Mounting Box

BeaconMeds UK Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF England Phone: +44 (0) 1246 474 242

2002639
28/07/10
Page 1 of 2
Issue 4

Envirom Bedhead Trunking and Headwall Systems


SPECIFICATION
Envirom Bedhead Trunking System

The Horizontal H-Sys bedhead trunking system and Vertical V-Sys/


NV-Sys headwall shall be constructed from custom designed extruded
aluminium sections with customer specified powder coated 60%
gloss finish fascia panels. Fascia panels shall be cut prior to painting to
ensure all surfaces are coated, providing a tight seal between panels
to prevent dust traps. Cover strips on the front fascia panels shall not
be allowed. All visible extruded aluminium sections shall be powder
coated RAL9010 60% gloss by a DuPont/Akzo Nobel approved powder
coating specialist, offering a minimum guaranteed service life of 25
years. End caps shall be manufactured from 2.5mm thick UV stabilised
and fire retardant high-impact Fabex 578. A removable UV stabilised
polymer extrusion shall cover the fascia fixing screws, providing a tight
seal to prevent dust traps. A UV stabilised elastomeric wall seal shall
run the full length of the bedhead unit, providing a dust tight seal
between the bedhead unit and the wall and shall cater for a 10mm
tolerance in the flatness of the mounting surface. Three segregated
service compartments (H-Sys) and a segregated service compartment
(V-Sys) shall run the length of the unit to carry medical gas pipes, lowvoltage electrical cables and ELV/data, with segregation of services
being maintained throughout. Each bedhead unit shall be supplied
pre-piped, wired and certified.
The design and configuration of the bedhead units shall fully comply
with all relevant applicable standards, including HTM 2007, HTM
2011, HTM 2015, HTM 2020, HTM 2022, HTM02-01, HTM08-03, BS
EN ISO 11197, BS EN 60601-1, BS EN 60598-1 and BS EN 60598-2-25,
BS 6496, BS 7671, BS EN 60439, IEC 60364-7-710, CIE, CIBSE LG2,
CIBSE LG3.

Luminaires shall be provided with electronic ballasts suitable for use


with TL5 high efficiency fluorescent tubes, with a power factor rating of
at least cos=0.93.Lighting controls shall be as agreed with the
client and shall include options for local and/or remote control,
control via the nursecall handset or control via a Digital Addressable
Lighting Interface (DALI) or equivalent system.

Electrical Sockets

Electrical sockets shall normally be fitted in the side panels of the V-Sys
headwall, with additional sockets being fitted to the front fascia panel
as required. Electrical sockets shall be wired in ring or radial mains to
circuits as specified by the customer.

Communications

Provision for or fitting of the nursecall system shall be co-ordinated by


the bedhead unit supplier. Data sockets, including, but not limited to
RJ45 and telephone sockets shall be installed in the bedhead unit at
the time of manufacture.

Medical Equipment Rail

Medical equipment rails shall be designed in accordance with BS EN


12218:1999, manufactured from a hollow rectangular stainless steel
profile of 30mm high by 10mm deep. It shall be possible to retrofit
further medical rails to the bedhead unit after installation without the
need for power tools and without the need to disrupt the continuity of
services provided by the bedhead unit.
LEXAN is a registered trademark of the General Electric Company

Horizontal H-Sys Cross Sectional View

Medical Gases

The H-Sys compartment for housing medical gas services shall be


capable of running 3 pipes of 15mm diameter with axes on a common
vertical plane to facilitate simple on-site brazing to the piped
distribution system.

Indirect/Room Light

166

The V-Sys compartment for housing medical gas services shall be


capable of running pipes of 15mm diameter generously spaced to
facilitate simple on-site brazing to the piped distribution system.
The headwall shall be capable of housing at least three terminal units
in a horizontal array.
Gas Pipes

265

Copper pipes shall be manufactured from phosphorous de-oxidised


non-arsenical copper to BS EN 1412:1996 grade CW024A and be
manufactured to metric outside diameters in accordance with BS EN
13348:2001R250 (half hard). Degreasing of pipe shall be such that
there is less than 20mg/m2 (0.002mg/cm2) of hydrocarbons on the
degreased surface when tested by the method specified in ASTM B280
clause 12. The type of terminal unit installed shall be specified by the
client. Hoses shall not be used to connect the medical gas terminal
units to the distribution system.

ENVIROM BEDHEAD
TRUNKING SYSTEM

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

Low Voltage

ELV/Data

Retro-fit rail

Lighting

Diffusers shall be manufactured from extruded fire-retardant Lexan


ML3290 polycarbonate resin, incorporating prismatic inner surfaces to
maximise efficiency of light distribution from the chosen source.
Efficiency shall be further enhanced by the use of mirror finish
reflectors manufactured from Alanod Miro4 or Miro27 aluminium,
achieving a minimum clarity and total reflection to TR-2 or
DIN 5036-3 of 95%.

Direct/Reading Light

88
101
121
130

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

2002639

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

28/07/10
Page 2 of 2
Issue 4

Typical Configuration - Horizontal Unit (H-Sys)


Optional
downdrop

1 x 54W T5 Indirect Room Light

MA 4

M E D AE S

M E D AE S

Va c

0 0 86

0 0 86

135

85

G e m 10

0 0 86

G e m 10

G e m 10

M E D AE S

O2

1800mm
to floor

86

108

130

90

170

1095

Relay

150

135

2 x 24W T5 Reading Light

130

160

131

160

Feed

200

670

Equipment rail 545mm


1240

Twin unswitched 13A


(normal circuit)

Twin unswitched 13A


(essential circuit)

Twin unswitched 13A


(normal circuit)

Downlight switch/dimmer

Uplight switch/dimmer

Telephone socket
(secondary)

RJ45 cat. 5e

Nursecall Provision

Equipment Rail

Gem 10 Vacuum

Gem 10 Oxygen

Gem 10 Medical Air

1900

Cross-Section
MA 4

M E D AE S

M ED A E S

Va c

0 0 86

G e m 10

0 0 86

G e m 10

G e m 10

M E D AE S

O2

0 0 86

Typical Configuration - Vertical Headwall (V-Sys) and Narrow Vertical Headwall (NV-Sys)

Examination Lamp
Medical Equipment
Rail 30mm x 10mm

Nursecall Provision
RJ45 cat. 5e

MA 4

0 0 86

Ge m 10

0 0 86

M E D AE S

O2

M ED AE S

O2

Ge m 10

Telephone socket
(secondary)

0 0 86

Ge m 10

Ge m 10

M ED AE S

O2

M ED AE S

Wall Seals

0 0 86

Ge m 10

M ED AE S

MA 4

200

Gem 10 Oxygen
Gem 10 Medical Air

0 0 86

Ge m 10

0 0 86

M E D AE S

Va c

Ge m 10

0 0 86

M ED AE S

Va c

Ge m 10

M ED AE S

MA 4

Gem 10 Vacuum

Medical Equipment
Rail 30mm x 10mm

0 0 86

Ge m 10

M ED AE S

Va c

Unswitched 13A sockets


(normal circuit)
100

0 0 86

100

Unswitched 13A sockets


(essential circuit)

125

438
Twin unswitched 13A sockets
(normal circuit)

715

452

Envirom NV Sys

Side
View

Envirom V Sys

Envirom Colour Selection Chart

Pure White
RAL9010

Cream
RAL9001

Telegrey 4
RAL7047

Pastel Green
RAL6019

Pastel Blue
RAL5024

Light Pink
RAL3015

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

2002003
21/07/11
Page 1 of 3
Issue 9

Coronus and Atlas Ceiling Pendant Systems


SPECIFICATION
Pendant Systems

The pendant system shall provide a safe, robust and ergonomic medical
workplace solution. The pendants shall be designed to comply with
HTM2022, HTM02-01, NFPA 99, BS EN 60601-1 and ISO 11197.
It shall be possible to replace all medical gas hoses without the need for
on site crimping of ferrules. All medical gas hose shall be manufactured
to BS EN ISO 5359, with NIST connectors manufactured to BS EN
15908. Non-colour coded hoses or hoses without permanently crimped
connections are not acceptable.

Bearings

High quality bearings shall be used to provide smooth and free


movement, minimising the force required to overcome static friction
forces during repositioning. Bearings shall be permanently lubricated
and sealed, with no maintenance or replacement necessary. Atlas
pendant arm and bearing designed shall have been type tested to
40,000 revolutions under full load conditions at a safety factor of 4 to
ensure the design is appropriate for the intended purpose.

Pendant Arms

Pendant arms other than the Coronus cantilever lift arm shall be
manufactured from extruded aluminium sections and be available in
various lengths. External surfaces of all arms shall be polyester powder
coated in a RAL 9002 finish. Arm end caps shall be manufactured from
moulded polyflam with a UL listed fire retardancy of UL94/VO. Tandem
pendants for critical care areas shall be designed so that the consoles
can readily swap sides within the bed bay to maximise the flexibility of
the workspace.
Cantilever lift arms shall be driven by a single phase AC induction motor
with power transmitted to the cantilever mechanism by a ball screw.
Linear actuators shall not be used in the vertical lift mechanism for the
pendant console. When tested to BS EN ISO 3744, the sound pressure
level produced by the cantilever vertical lift mechanism shall not exceed
30db(A).

Rotational Control

The pendant shall be provided with active pneumatic brakes at


each rotating arm joint (Atlas Lateral and canti-lever arms) and
electromagnetic brakes for Coronus Lateral type arm. Articulated
pendants (double arms) shall have independently controlled brakes to
enable individual control of arm movement.

PENDANT SYSTEMS

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

Atlas arm joints shall be capable of 3300 of rotation, with consoles able
to rotate up to 3400 . The Coronus range of arms shall be capable of
3400 of rotation. Infinitely variable rotational stops shall enable precise
of limits travel to be set to ensure maximum freedom of movement,
whilst protecting walls and ancillary equipment. The rotational stops
shall be dampened such that when limit of travel is reached, sensitive
suspended equipment is not subjected to shock or vibration as the
kinetic energy is absorbed.

Consoles

Consoles shall be manufactured from extruded hard-anodised


aluminium sections, with polyester powder coated (RAL 9002)
aluminium fascia plates. Consoles shall be configured using 200mm
sectional compartments in order to provide efficient space usage and
shall house auxiliary sockets and other electrical accessories.
Multi-function racks shall be stainless steel and shall be permanently
fastened to the console. Racks shall be provided in varying lengths and
configured along with the console suitable for the intended application
and accessories included. Racks shall hold equipment such as shelves,
drawers, infusion holding devices, monitor arms, keyboard trays, etc.
A docking facility shall be available to facilitate docking of ventilator
trolleys or anaesthesia workstations. An electric lifting mechanism shall
be available to enable lifting of anaesthesia workstations(1) off the floor,
enabling easier cleaning in operating theatres and removing trailing
cables and hoses from the floor. The lifting mechanism shall have a
capacity of 280kg and lift up to 500mm from the floor level at a velocity
of 9.5mm/s. When tested to BS EN ISO 3744, the sound pressure level
produced by the lifting mechanism shall not be exceed 30 db(A).

CE Marking

Pendant Systems are CE marked under the Medical Devices Directive


93/42/EEC with approval from notified body no. 0297. Under this
directive, the specified products are classified as Class IIa Medical
Devices.
(1) Not all anaesthesia workstations are suitable for lifting. Please contact our
design support department to discuss your particular application.

The pendant console brake shall be operated from the same pneumatic
control switch as the lower arm joint where articulated (double) arms
are fitted. Pendants with cantilever vertical lift shall not be fitted with
pneumatic brakes in the joint connecting to the console.
Visual indicators shall be included on the ceiling arm joint (green) and
the intermediate arm joint (blue). A corresponding button mounted on
the equipment shelf shall be included giving a clear indication as to
which brake button controls which arm bearing, in order to give the
user better control.
Non-return valves shall be fitted downstream of the connection to the
medical/surgical air pipeline to prevent back-flow in the event of low
distribution system pressure.

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2002003
21/07/11
Page 2 of 3
Issue 9

Pendant Payloads, Moments and Forces


Coronus Lateral Movement Only
Arm Lengths

Safety Factor of 4 (towards yield)

Extension Arm (mm)

Console Arm (mm)

Payload(kg)

Moment (Nm)

Vertical Force (N)

600

640

2470

5130

800

470

2520

4170

1000

370

2470

3520

1200

300

2520

3160

600

600

300

2475

3235

600

800

260

2475

2850

600

1000

220

2475

2710

800

800

220

2475

2710

800

1000

190

2475

2595

1000

1000

170

2475

2430

1200

1000

150

2475

2370

Coronus Lateral & Cantilever Movement


Arm Lengths

Safety Factor of 4 (towards yield)

Extension Arm (mm)

Console Arm (mm)

Payload(kg)

Moment (Nm)

Vertical Force (N)

1000

90

1051

2369

600

1000

90

2562

2492

800

1000

90

2562

2526

1000

1000

75

2562

2560

1200

1000

65

2562

2447

Notes:
1. For tandem pendants the moment acting on each side of the pendant system should be added to give the worst case
2. For tandem pendants the vertical force acting on each side should be added
3. Net payload will be reduced by the weight of the console and associated fixed equipment and fixtures
4. The current edition of BS EN 60601-1 stipulates a safety factor of 4 should be applied to suspended masses
5. A factor of safety of 4 will ensure a deflection of no more than 10 between fully loaded and unloaded. Lower safety factors will lead to a larger deflection
under the payloads shown.

Moment

Structural Ceiling

Cantilever Vertical
Lift Arm
False Ceiling
Typical solo double-arm pendant
system for operating theatres

Extension Arm

Vertical Force
Console

Multi-function Rack

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2002003
21/07/11
Page 3 of 3
Issue 9

Atlas Lateral Movement Only


Arm Lengths

Safety Factor of 4 (towards yield)

Extension Arm (mm)

Console Arm (mm)

Payload(kg)

Moment (Nm)

Vertical Force (N)

600

650

4000

8500

800

460

4000

6640

1000

360

4000

5680

1200

285

4000

4980

600

600

280

4000

5230

600

800

230

4000

4775

600

1000

190

4000

4425

800

800

190

4000

4425

800

1000

160

4000

4170

800

1200

140

4000

4020

1000

1000

140

4000

4020

1200

1000

110

4000

3770

Atlas Lateral & Cantilever Movement


Arm Lengths

Safety Factor of 4 (towards yield)

Extension Arm (mm)

Console Arm (mm)

Payload(kg)

Moment (Nm)

Vertical Force (N)

750

200

1500

4150

1000

150

1500

3670

600

750

200

3100

4700

600

1000

150

2800

4300

800

750

200

3600

4750

800

1000

150

3200

4350

1000

750

145

3400

4400

1000

1000

137

3400

4400

Notes:
1. For tandem pendants the moment acting on each side of the pendant system should be added to give the worst case
2. For tandem pendants the vertical force acting on each side should be added
3. Net payload will be reduced by the weight of the console and associated fixed equipment and fixtures
4. The current edition of BS EN 60601-1 stipulates a safety factor of 4 should be applied to suspended masses
5. A factor of safety of 4 will ensure a deflection of no more than 10 between fully loaded and unloaded. Lower safety factors will lead to a larger deflection
under the payloads shown.

Total Moment
M1 + M2
Extension Arm

Structural Ceiling
False Ceiling

Console Arm

Typical tandem double-arm pendant


system for critical care areas
Total Vertical Force
F1 + F2

Console

Multi-function Rack

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

Page 1 of 4
07/01/07

Medical Gas Terminal Units Probes & Accessories


SPECIFICATION
Probes AFNOR NF S 90-116

Straight Barb End

Straight Female Thread

Straight Swivel

Elbow Barb End

Gas
Air
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Vacuum

BeaconMeds

Barb End
4107205665
4107205667
4107205666
4107205664
4107205668

1/4" Female
Thread
4107205675
4107205677
4107205676
4107205674
4107205678

Straight
16 x 1.25
Female
Thread

4107205679
4107205680

Straight 1/8 Male Thread

Elbow

1/8" Male
4107205682
4107205683
4107205681
4107205684

Swivel Male
Thread

4107205686
4107205685

Barb End
4107205670
4107205672
4107205671
4107205669
4107205673

Dimensions - Only pertains


to item if shown in diagram

A
7
7
7
7
8

H
6
6
6
6
8

C
7
7
7
7
8

USA 13325 Carowinds Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28273 USA Phone +1 (704) 588-0854
UK Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF England Phone: +44 (0) 1246 474 242

F
21,8
21,5
21,3
21,3
21,3

TERMINAL UNITS
DIN 13260

SSB-845-07

SSB-845-07
Page 2 of 4
07/01/07

Probes DIN 13260-2

Straight Female Thread

Straight Barb End

Elbow Barb End

Straight Barb End


Gas
Air
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Vacuum

With Check Valve


4107205705
4107205707
4107205706
4107205704
4107205708

Without Check Valve


4107205688
4107205690
4107205689
4107205687
4107205691

H
6
6
6
6
8

P
15 Square
17 Hexagon
18 Circle
17 Hexagon
15 Square

With Check Valve


4107205715
4107205717
4107205716
4107205714
4107205718
-

Without Check Valve


4107205698
4107205700
4107205699
4107205697
4107205702
4107205701
4107205703

A
1/4
1/4
1/4
1/4
M16x1,25
1/4
M16x1,25

P
15 Square
17 Hexagon
18 Circle
17 Hexagon
17 Hexagon
15 Square
15 Square

With Check Valve


4107205710
4107205712
4107205711
4107205709
4107205713

Without Check Valve


4107205693
4107205695
4107205694
4107205692
4107205696

H
6
6
6
6
8

P
15 Square
17 Hexagon
18 Circle
17 Hexagon
15 Square

Straight Female Threaded


Gas
Air
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Vacuum

Elbow Barb End


Gas
Air
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Vacuum

BeaconMeds

USA 13325 Carowinds Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28273 USA Phone +1 (704) 588-0854
UK Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF England Phone: +44 (0) 1246 474 242

SSB-845-07
Page 3 of 4
07/01/07

ENV 737-6 Probes

Straight Female
Thread

Elbow
Barb End

Gas Service
Air
Air 800
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Oxygen / Nitrous Oxide
Vacuum

Elbow - Barb End


4107205720
4107205723
4107205722
4107205721
4107205719
4107205724
4107205725

Straight - Female Thread


4107205726
-

SS 875 24 30 Probes
Gas Service
Air
Air 800
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Vacuum

Straight - Barb End


4107205731
4107205730
4107205728
4107205729
4107205727
4107205732

UNI Probes

Straight Female Thread

Straight Barb End

Gas Service
Air
Air 800
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Vacuum

BeaconMeds

Barb End
4107205734
4107205737
4107205736
4107205735
4107205733
4107205738

Straight
1/4" Female Thread
4107205747
4107205749
4107205748
4107205745
4107205746
4107205750

Elbow - Barb End

M16x1.25 Thread

4107205751
4107205752

Elbow
Barb End
4107205741
4107205743
4107205742
4107205739
4107205740
4107205744

USA 13325 Carowinds Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28273 USA Phone +1 (704) 588-0854
UK Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF England Phone: +44 (0) 1246 474 242

SSB-845-07
Page 4 of 4
07/01/07

Adaptors for Threaded Base Blocks, Barb End Inlet


Gas Service
Air
Air 800
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Oxygen
Vacuum

Part Number
4107205760
4107205763
4107205762
4107205761
4107205759
4107205764

Adaptor for
Threaded Base Blocks

Plastic Plugs for UNI Base Block Pipeline System Testing


Gas Service
Air
Air 800
Carbon Dioxide
Oxygen
Nitrous Oxide
Vacuum

Part Number
4107205765
4107205766
4107205767
4107205768
4107205769
4107205770

A
M20x1,5S
M18x1,5D
M20x1,5D
M22x1,5D
M16x1,5D
M24x1,5D

Plastic Plugs for


UNI Base Blocks

Sockets for Flow Meters

Flow Meter Socket


to DIN Standards
Gas Service
Air
Oxygen

BeaconMeds

Part Number
4107205773
4107205772
4107205771

Description
AFNOR socket with check valve
AFNOR socket with check valve
DIN Socket

Flow Meter Socket


to NF S 90 Standards
A
1/4
1/4
3/8

B
6,5
6,5
-

C
9
9
-

USA 13325 Carowinds Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28273 USA Phone +1 (704) 588-0854
UK Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF England Phone: +44 (0) 1246 474 242

Page 1 of 2
30 November 2011

Quad Zone Valve and Box Assembly


SPECIFICATION
Quad Zone Valve and Box Assembly
Valves shall be full port, double seal, ball-type with three
piece bronze/brass body and a chrome plated brass ball.
Valves shall be designed for a maximum working pressure of
600 psig WOG or vacuum service to 29" Hg. Valve body shall
have reinforced PTFE ball seat and reinforced PTFE stem seals,
and stem shall be blowout proof. All valve materials shall
be compatible with USP oxygen, nitrous oxide, medical air,
carbon dioxide, helium, nitrogen, argon and mixtures thereof.
A 1/4 turn of the handle shall be required to operate the valve
from OPEN to CLOSED position. The valve shall be securely
attached to the box and provided with type K copper tube
extensions for making connection to system piping outside the
box. All valves shall be serviceable in the line, supplied clean
and prepared for oxygen service. All zone valve assemblies
shall include a 1/8" NPT port with pipe plug as a provision
for connection of a gauge. The gauge port is located on the
terminal outlet side of the valve to register pipeline pressure
or vacuum. The gauge shall be visible through the door of
the zone valve box. The zone valve and box assembly shall
meet all requirements of NFPA 99 and CAN/CSA Z305.1. The
valves conform to MSS SP-110. Type K copper tube extensions
conform to ASTM B88, UNS No. C12200, and H58 temper.
The gauges conform to ANSI B40.1.

Valve Size
Zone Valve Box
Assembly

" x " x " x "


" x " x " x "
" x " x " x 1"
" x " x " x 1"
" x " x " x "
" x " x " x 1"
" x " x " x 1"
" x " x 1" x 1"
" x " x 1" x 1"
" x " x " x "
" x" x " x 1"
" x" x " x 1"

Type
Gauges1

0-30" Hg
0-100 psig
0-300 psig

Smoked Finish Door Assembly2

Complete Assembly

Quad Zone Box Design


The zone valve box shall be constructed of 18 gauge steel with
white epoxy nish and provided with two galvanized steel
brackets that anchors the box to the wall. Anchor brackets shall
be designed to permit box assemblies to be ganged together
in a vertical stack. Quad valve box assemblies require a
rough wall opening of sufficient size to accomidate a nominal
11-7/8 wide x 20 high x 3-7/8 deep box. The zone valve
box assembly shall have a sliding, opaque door with pull ring
and clear gauge window. The door shall be capable of sliding
to the right or left to facilitate installation requirements. In an
emergency, the door shall SNAP OUT by pulling the pull ring
forward without exposing sharp edges. The zone valve box
shall be provided with an anodized aluminum trim capable
of adjusting to variations in wall thickness up to 1" below
ush. The zone valve box assembly shall be supplied with
color coded gas identication labels. The assembly door shall
have a label that reads:

-CAUTIONMEDICAL GAS SHUT-OFF VALVES


CLOSE ONLY IN EMERGENCY

Valve Size

150401-00

" x" x 1" x 1"

150402-00

" x " x 1" x 1"

150403-00

" x " x " x "

150404-00

" x " x " x 1"

150405-00

" x " x " x 1"

150406-00

" x " x 1" x 1"

150407-00

" x " x 1" x 1"

150408-00

" x 1" x 1" x 1"

150409-00

" x 1" x 1" x 1"

150410-00

1" x 1" x 1" x 1"

150411-00

1" x 1" x 1" x 1"

Complete Assembly

Note:

All zone valve box


assemblies include 1/8"
NPT gauge port/plug for
each valve and two labels
each for the following
services: Oxygen, Nitrous
Oxide, Medical Air,
Nitrogen, Vacuum, WAGD,
Carbon Dioxide, and
Instrument Air.

150413-00
150414-00
150415-00
150416-00
150417-00
150418-00
150419-00
150420-00
150421-00
150422-00
150423-00

150412-00

Part Number

System

130107-00

Vacuum, WAGD

130108-00

O2, Air, N2O, CO2 & Mixtures

130109-00

Nitrogen, Instrument Air, O2 (100 psig), Air (100 psig), CO2 (100 psig)

232174-SM

Note: 1. Order gauges separately for zone valve application.


2. Smoked door is an additional cost and will ship loose for customer to replace.

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive, Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600 Fax: (803) 817-5750 www.beaconmedaes.com

QUAD ZONE
VALVE BOX

SSB-820-06

SSB-820-06
Page 2 of 2
30 November 2011

Quad Zone Valve and Box Assembly


11-7/8"

2513
25 16
13/16
(TYP.)
(TYP)

FINISHED
WALL

3
12
123/4
4

CAUTION

MEDICAL GAS SHUT-OFF VALVES


CLOSE ONLY IN EMERGENCY

20

21

Supply
Source

Outlet
Side

5/8"
3 7/8"

Additional Labels: One Set per Package

Additional Labels: 20 Labels per Package

430259-00

One Each: Oxygen, Nitrous


Oxide, Medical Air, Vacuum,
Nitrogen, WAGD, Carbon
Dioxide, Instrument Air

435674-00

One Each: Oxygen, Nitrous


Oxide, Air, Vacuum,
Nitrogen (ISO)

BeaconMeds
1800 Overview Drive
Rock Hill, SC 29730
Phone: (803) 817-5600
Fax: (803) 817-5750
www.beaconmedaes.com

435000-21
435000-22
435000-23
435000-24
435000-25
435000-28
435000-29
435000-30
435000-31

Carbon Dioxide-Oxygen Mixture (CO2 over 7.5%)


Oxygen-Carbon Dioxide Mixture (CO2 not over 7.5%)
Helium-Oxygen Mixture (He over 80.5%)
Oxygen-Helium Mixture (He not over 80.5%)
Helium
Oxygen (100 psig)
Medical Air (100 psig)
Carbon Dioxide (100 psig)
Argon

MCS2 Manifold Control System


SPECIFICATION
MCS2 Manifold Control System

The manifold control system shall conform to NHS Health Technical


Memorandum Nos. 2022 (HTM2022) and 02-01 (HTM02-01). The
manifold control system shall provide an uninterrupted supply of a
specific medical gas from equally sized high pressure cylinder banks
via a suitable arrangement of pressure regulators, providing a constant
downstream nominal pipeline gauge pressure of 400 kPa, 700 kPa or
1100 kPa. The entire system shall be duplexed such that any single
functional component failure will not affect the integrity of the
medical gas supply. The manifold shall be supplied fully assembled
and tested.

Manifold Control System Design

There shall be two separate stages of regulation to enable high peak


flow rates without a reduction in line pressure. Multistage regulators
combined into a single unit are not acceptable. Regulators shall
comply with BS EN ISO 10524-2 and shall have documented test
reports available confirming successful completion of the oxygen
ignition tests stated therein. The manifold control system shall
capable of supplying a flow of 1000 l/min to a 400 kPa distribution
system and a flow of 2000 l/min to a 700 kPa distribution system.
All regulators shall be protected from over-pressurisation by relief
valves that are vented to atmosphere. There shall be a bypass valve
fitted across the to the 2nd stage relief valve to enable gas to be
vented outside the manifold room during the commissioning stage.
A test point (supplied separately) shall be isolated from the supply
with a 15mm ball valve. The manifold shall be supplied with a with a
non-return valve for connection to the distribution system.
The Control Panel shall be housed in a single panel having a solid
construction using epoxy technology in a glass-reinforced polymer
moulding for high chemical and corrosion resistance and high impact
strength. The cover shall hinge upwards but shall remain facing
outward for manual operation and maintenance accessibility. To aid
maintenance the connections within the panel shall be use O rings
sealing against flat-face connectors to facilitate easy removal and
replacement of components.
For added safety the voltage inside the panel shall not exceed 12V
D.C. The mains supply transformer shall be in its own housing in a
moulded recess at the rear of the panel. To simplify installation there
shall be an installation bracket attached to the wall with four screws,
the main panel then shall locate on to this bracket and be secured.

2002002
28/07/10
Page 1 of 2
Issue 8

MCS2 MANIFOLD
CONTROL SYSTEM

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

There shall be a fail safe system in the event of power failure so that
solenoid valves open and there is full continuity of supply pressure and
flow. Upon power restoration the unit shall revert back to the original
bank of cylinders being used. To avoid inadvertent resetting of the
change cylinder alarm the solenoid valves shall be latched so that once
changeover has occurred and the cylinders have been replaced, a reset
button must be operated to cancel the alarm condition.
There shall be manual changeover buttons so that servicing either side
of the system can be simply achieved. The PCBs shall be linked with
plug and socket connectors for easy removal.

Materials

All polymers and elastomers in the gas flow that can be subjected to
working pressure greater than 3000 kPa shall be halogen-free. The
use of PTFE, PCTFE, Viton and other halogenated polymers in these
applications is strictly prohibited. Non-return valves fitted to header
manifolds shall have a metallic seat with ceramic ball. Soft seat
non-return valves utilising polymers or elastomers are not acceptable.

Modular Header Manifolds

Modular header manifolds shall provide connection points for flexible


cupronickel tailpipes. They shall be available in primary and
secondary configurations, with either single or double cylinder
connection points. Primary headers shall connect directly to the
manifold control system with extensions for additional cylinders being
provided by the addition of secondary headers. Non-return valves
shall be fitted to each tailpipe connection point to protect the system
in the event of a tailpipe fracture.
Corner connectors shall be available to enable installation of manifold
headers around corners of the manifold room. A custom length corner
connector shall also be available to enable header manifolds to be
installed in a U configuration across 3 adjacent walls of a manifold
room.

CE Marking

The standard range of BeaconMeds MCS2 manifold control systems


are CE marked under the Medical Devices Directive 93/42/EEC with
approval from notified body no. 0088 (Lloyds Register Quality
Assurance). Under this directive, the specified products are classified as
Class IIb Medical Devices.

Control System Operation

Either the left or right hand manifold bank may be designated Duty
and the MCS2 shall automatically changeover to supply the
distribution system from the Standby bank when pressure in the
Duty bank falls to a pre-determined level. Each side of the MCS2
shall be capable of being fully isolated via a full flow ball valve in
order to change any regulator without cessation of supply. The inlet of
the 1st stage regulator shall be protected from the particulate matter
by a 25m sintered bronze filter.

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2002002
28/07/10
Page 2 of 2
Issue 8

Typical Automatic Changeover Manifold Schematic with Reserve Supply


Terminal
unit

Pressure
gauge
Sintered
filter

Pressure
switch

Ball
valve

Ball
valve

Non-return
valve
Pressure
regulator

Pressure
regulator

Ball
valves

Pressure
switch

Pressure
gauge
Pressure
regulator

Ball
valve

Shut-off
valve
Pressure
safety
valve

Distribution
System

Pressure
regulator

Ball
valve

Ball
valve

Sintered
filter

Shut-off
valve

Pressure
switch

Ball
valve

Pressure
gauge

Exhaust
Non-return
valve

Pressure
safety
valve
Pressure
safety
valve

Pressure
safety
valve

Terminal
unit

Pressure
switch
Pressure
regulator
Sintered
filter

Exhaust

Non-return valve

Tailpipe

Cylinder valve

Cylinder

Symbols to BS 2971:1993/ISO 1219-1:1991

MCS2 Manifold Control System Installation


Distribution System

Isolation Valve (22mm)

Isolation Valve

Exhaust (28mm)

'J'size cylinders 1520mm approx.

NRV 22mm

MCS2
Manifold Control System

System
Condition

Left
Bank
Running

Right
Bank

Normal

Power On

Running

Manifold Size
(No. of Cylinders)

Dimension A
(mm)

2x1

1385

2x2

1710

2x3

2395

2x4

2720

2x5

3405

2x6

3730

Standby
Running

Standby
Low

Reserve
Low

Empty

High
Pressure

Low
Pressure
Left
Bank

Empty

Pipeline
Pressure

Right
Bank

*Supplied separately

BeaconMeds
Telford Crescent,
Staveley, Derbyshire
S43 3PF, England
Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242
Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
www.beaconmedaes.com
E-mail: gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com

Dimension A

505mm

2004875

26/02/13
Page 1 of 4
Issue 5

Emergency Reserve Manifold


- HTM02-01/ISO7396-1
SPECIFICATION
Emergency Reserve Manifold

The Emergency Reserve Manifold shall conform to NHS Health Technical Memorandum No. 02-01 (HTM 02-01), BS EN ISO 7396-1, BS EN
ISO 15001 and BS EN ISO 10524-2.
The manifold control system shall provide an uninterrupted supply of
a specific medical gas from equally sized high pressure cylinder banks
via a suitable arrangement of pressure regulators, providing a constant
nominal downstream pipeline gauge pressure of 400 kPa, 700 kPa or
1100 kPa.
The Emergency reserve Manifold shall be supplied fully assembled
and tested. A Gem 10 terminal unit test point shall be fitted, which
shall be isolated from the main supply with a ball valve. The manifold
shall be supplied with a non-return valve and lockable line isolation
valve for connection to the distribution system, enabling a continuous
supply of gas to the distribution system upon failure of the normal
supply. High pressure bank isolation valves shall be supplied to enable
one bank to be designated as duty (open in normal operation) and
one bank to be designated as standby (closed in normal operation).
Visual indication of the open bank shall be included.
To simplify installation the manifold shall be supplied with the
primary manifold headers and non-return valves for connection of
tailpipes. The complete manifold shall be fitted to a wall mounting
plate attached to the wall with four screws.

Pressure Regulation

There shall be two separate stages of pressure regulation to enable


high peak flow rates without a significant reduction in downstream
pressure. Multistage regulators combined into a single unit are not
acceptable. The inlet of the 1st stage regulator shall be protected
from the particulate matter by a 25m sintered brass filter. Sintered
aluminium bronzes shall not be used. Regulators shall comply with BS
EN ISO 10524-2 and shall be supplied with documented test reports
upon request, confirming successful completion of the oxygen ignition
tests stated therein.
The manifold control system shall capable of supplying a flow of
1,000 l/min to a nominal 400 kPa distribution system, 2,000 l/min to
a nominal 700 kPa distribution system and a flow of 2,000 l/min to a
nominal 1100 kPa distribution system based on a 10% reduction in
flowing pressure from a static pressure set point. All regulators shall be
protected from over-pressurisation by relief valves which shall be prepiped into the manifold exhaust line stub pipe to enable the gas to be
taken away and vented to atmosphere safely. Relief valves shall not be
vented into the manifold room.

Materials

All polymers and elastomers in the gas flow that can be subjected to
working pressure greater than 3000 kPa shall be halogen-free. The
use of PTFE, PCTFE, Viton and other halogenated polymers in these
applications is strictly prohibited. Non-return valves fitted to header
manifolds shall have a metallic seat with ceramic ball. Soft seat
non-return valves utilising polymers or elastomers are not acceptable.

EMERGENCY RESERVE
MANIFOLD

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

by a contact pressure gauge, which shall be indicated on the relevant


medical gas central alarm panel and/or primary supply automatic
manifold panel. The Standby bank shall also be provided with a
contact pressure gauge, such that any leakage of gas over an extended
period of which causes the pressure in the standby bank to fall below
68 bar (14 bar for nitrous oxide), will also initiate a Reserve Low or
Reserve Fault alarm condition.

Modular Header Manifolds

Modular header manifolds shall provide connection points for flexible


cupro nickel tailpipes. Pin indexed tailpipes shall comply to EN ISO
407:2004 as required. Secondary headers shall connect directly to the
manifold control system with extensions for additional cylinders being
provided by the addition of further headers. Non-return valves shall
be fitted to each tailpipe connection point to protect the system in the
event of a tailpipe fracture.
Corner connectors shall be available to enable installation of manifold
headers around corners of the manifold room. A custom length corner
connector shall also be available to enable header manifolds to be
installed in a U configuration across 3 adjacent walls of a manifold
room.

CE Marking

The standard range of BeaconMeds Emergency Reserve Manifolds are


CE marked under the Medical Devices Directive 93/42/EEC wih approval from notified body no. 0088 (Lloyds Register Quality Assurance)
. Under this directive, the specified products are classified as Class IIb
Medical Devices.

Schematic Diagram
Distribution
System
Exhaust
(piped to safe position)

Lockable
valve
Ball
valve

Terminal
unit

Pressure
safety
valve
Pressure
gauge

Non-return
valve

Pressure
regulator

Pressure
safety
valve

Symbols to BS 2971:1993/ISO 1219-1:1991


Pressure
regulator

Contact
gauge

Sintered
filter

Isolation
valve

Contact
gauge

Isolation
valve

Emergency Reserve Manifold Operation

Either the left or right hand of the manifold bank shall be designated
as Duty, with the other manifold bank being designated as Standby by use of the high pressure bank isolation valves. When the bank
pressure in the Duty bank falls to 68 bar (14 bar for nitrous oxide),
a Reserve Low or Reserve Fault alarm condition shall be initiated

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2004875
26/02/13
Page 2 of 4
Issue 5

Emergency Reserve Manifold Installation with J or G Cylinders

Typical Weight
16 kgs

Emergency Reserve Manifold Installation with VF Cylinders

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2004875
26/02/13
Page 3 of 4
Issue 5

Emergency Reserve Manifold Installation with 2x2 extension

Manifold Size
(No. of Cylinders)

Total Width
(mm)

2x1

730

2x2

1200

2x3

1942

2x4

2269

2x5

2952

2x6

3979

Emergency Reserve Manifold Installation up to 2x3 extension

Emergency Reserve Manifold Installation up to 2x4 extension

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2004875
26/02/13
Page 4 of 4
Issue 5

Emergency Reserve Manifold Installation up to 2x6 extension

Ordering
Gas ID

Description

Part No

Description

Part No

Description

Part No

Description

Part No

2000232

2 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2000204

Oxygen

ERM Control Panel 2x1

2005747

2x2 Extension Kit

2005826

1 Cyl. Extension
- one side

Nitrous Oxide

ERM Control Panel 2x1

2005748

2x2 Extension Kit

2005827

1 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2000233

2 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2000205

Oxygen/
Nitrous Oxide

ERM Control Panel 2x1

2005749

2x2 Extension Kit

2005828

1 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2000234

2 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2000206

Medical Air

ERM Control Panel 2x1

2005750

Surgical Air
7 bar

ERM Control Panel 2x1

2005751

2x2 Extension Kit

2005829

1 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2000235

2 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2000207

Surgical Air
11 bar

ERM Control Panel 2x1

2005752

Carbon Dioxide

ERM Control Panel 2x1

2005753

2x2 Extension Kit

2005831

1 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2005110

2 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2005108

Nitrogen
7 bar

ERM Control Panel 2x1

2005754

Nitrogen
11 bar

2x2 Extension Kit

2005830

2000242

2 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2000243

ERM Control Panel 2x1

1 Cyl. Extension
- one side

2005755

Description

Part No

Description

Part No

Oxygen Tailpipe (Pin-Indexed)

1826732

Heater Kit (N2O and N2O/O2 50%/50% mixture)

2000295

Oxygen 5/8 BSP Bull nose fitting tailpipe

1828126

Manifold Header Corner Connector - one side

2000227

Oxygen 5/8 BSP Bull nose fitting tailpipe (S.E.A)

2001250

Oxygen US Std, CGA 540 fitting tailpipe

1828700

Description

Part No

Nitrous Oxide Tailpipe - Side Entry (11/16 x 20 tpi)

1826735

2 Cylinder Spare Rack

2000282

3 Cylinder Spare Rack

2000283

4 Cylinder Spare Rack

2000284

5 Cylinder Spare Rack

2000285

6 Cylinder Spare Rack

2000286

Nitrous Oxide US Std, CGA 326 fitting tailpipe

1828701

N2O/O2, 50/50% Mixture Tailpipe

1826734

Air Tailpipe (Pin-Indexed)

1826733

Air 5/8 BSP Bull nose fitting tailpipe

1828127

Air 5/8 BSP Bull nose fitting tailpipe (S.E.A)

2001251

Air US Std CGA 346 fitting tailpipe

2000294

Nitrogen tailpipe

2000293

CO2 Tailpipe - medical use

2005105

BeaconMeds
Part of the Atlas Copco Group
Telford Crescent, Staveley,
Derbyshire, S43 3PF, England
Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242
www.beaconmedaes.com

0088

Other parts available:


Safety signs etc as per HTM02-01 requirements.

Page 1 of 2
2 December 2011

Line Regulators 1/4" - 2" NPT

LINE
REGULATOR

SSB-900-06

SPECIFICATION
Line Regulators
The BeaconMedaes line pressure regulators provide delivery
pressure control of piped gases to specific areas of the building
or to specific devices within an area. All regulators shall be
cleaned at the factory for oxygen service. The regulators are
of brass and bronze construction to comply with the latest
edition of NFPA-99 for medical gases and support gases.
The 1/2 through 1 regulators are provided with Viton seat
disc and o-rings for all gases except carbon dioxide and nitrous
oxide which are provided with EPDM.
Delivery Pressure Ranges
The 1/4 NPT regulators are available in three delivery pressure
ranges and designed for inlet pressures as listed in the table
below.
1/2 through 2 regulators are available in three delivery
pressure ranges and are designed for a maximum of 400 psig
inlet pressure.
Delivery Pressure Gauges
The 1/4 NPT regulators are supplied with a factory installed
delivery pressure gauge in the range as indicated.
The 1/2, 3/4 and 1 regulators are provided with two 1/4
NPT female delivery pressure gauge ports located (plugged)
on each side of the valve.

The 1-1/4, 1-1/2 and 2 regulators do not contain gauge


ports.
Note: A 1/4 NPT female adapter must be provided on the
pipeline downstream of the regulator for installation of a
pressure gauge.
Field Adjustable
The 1/2, 3/4 and 1 regulators are provided with a tamper
resistant adjustment screw cap. Field setting of desired
pressure is easily accomplished by removing the adjustment
cap, adjusting to the desired pressure and replacing the
adjustment cap. 1-1/4 and 2 regulators are provided with
adjusting screw only.
Note: Depending on maximum inlet pressure of equipment
downstream of regulators, consideration should be given to
providing a relief valve to protect downstream equipment
from over pressurization.

Reg.
Size

Port Size Flow


A
B
C
(NPT) (SCFM) (inches) (inches) (inches)

1/4 (4-80)

1/4

2.5

5.0

1.5

1/4 (5-125)

1/4

2.5

5.0

1.7

1/4 (10-400)

1/4

2.5

5.0

1.7

1/2

1/2

250

3.62

6.59

2.82

3/4

3/4

400

4.69

8.06

3.31

415

4.69

8.06

3.31

1-1/4

1-1/4

600

5.63

14.38

5.63

1-1/2

1-1/2

700

5.63

14.38

5.63

800

5.63

14.0

5.63

Approximate Air Flow Capacities


Flow capacities are based on an inlet pressure of 150 PSIG
and an outlet pressure setting of 50 PSIG.

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive, Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600 Fax: (803) 817-5750 www.beaconmedaes.com

SSB-900-06
Page 2 of 2
2 December 2011

Ordering Information
Regulators for Oxygen, Air, Nitrogen, and Argon

Part Number

Pipe Size
Inlet/Outlet
(NPT)

122100-00
122100-01

Delivery
Range1
(PSIG)
4-80

1/4

5-125

122100-03

10-400

122101-00

5-55

122101-01

Max. Inlet
Pressure
(PSIG)

1/2

40-110

350
500
400

Recommended
Gauge P/N

Gauge
Range2

included

0-100

included

0-100

included

0-600

130115-00

0-100

130116-00

0-300

122101-02

100-200

130116-00

0-300

122102-00

5-55

130115-00

0-100

130116-00

0-300

122102-01

3/4

40-110

400

122102-02

100-200

130116-00

0-300

122103-00

5-55

130115-00

0-100

130116-00

0-300

130116-00

0-300

130115-00

0-100

130116-00

0-300

130114-00

0-400

130115-00

0-100

130116-00

0-300

122103-01

122103-02

20-70
1-1/4

122104-02

50-150

400

75-300

122105-00
122105-01

400

100-200

122104-00
122104-01

40-110

20-70
1-1/2

50-150

400

122105-02

75-300

130114-00

0-400

122106-00

20-70

130115-00

0-100

130116-00

0-300

130114-00

0-400

130115-00

0-100

130116-00

0-300

122106-01

122106-02

50-150

400

75-300

Regulators for Carbon Dioxide and Nitrous Oxide


122111-00
122111-01

5-55
1/2

40-110

400

122111-02

100-200

130116-00

0-300

122112-00

5-55

130115-00

0-100

130116-00

0-300

130116-00

0-300

130115-00

0-100

130116-00

0-300

130116-00

0-300

122112-01

3/4

122112-02

400

100-200

122113-00
122113-01

40-110
5-55

122113-02

40-110
100-200

400

1. Order regulator in the delivery pressure range required.


2. Order the appropriate pressure gauge for the pressure range of the regulator.

BeaconMeds
1800 Overview Drive
Rock Hill, SC 29730
Phone: (803) 817-5600
Fax: (803) 817-5750
www.beaconmedaes.com

Page 1 of 5
7/11/2008

TotalAlert2 Retrofit
Medical Electronic Gas Area Alarm
SPECIFICATION
Medical Electronic Gas Alarm
The TotalAlert 2 Retrofit Area Alarm provides area alarm
signals as required by the latest edition of NFPA 99. The alarm
is ETL listed to UL 1069 and CSA C22.2 NO 601.1-M90. The
TotalAlert 2 Retrofit Area Alarm complies with the following
electromagnetic compatibility standards: FCC Part 15 Class
A, ICES 003 Class A, and EN 60601-1-2. All field wiring
and signals are self-monitoring and on a closed circuit. Fault
signals activate on an open circuit.
Input power to the alarm panel is 100 to 250 VAC 50/60 Hz,
double fused on the input side rated at 1 Amp, time-delayed.
An internal power supply converts the input voltage to low
voltage. All user accessible electronics and wiring utilize low
voltage. A guard must be removed to access the high voltage
wiring after installation.
Alarm Panel
TotalAlert 2 Retrofit Area Alarm front panels feature a green
POWER ON indicator that illuminates when the alarm panel
is powered and operating normally. A red flashing alarm
system fault indicator is illuminated if a power supply or
microprocessor problem is detected. Each monitored condition
has a separate red flashing indicator illuminated when in
alarm. A red indicator on the alarm mute button is illuminated
after any audible alarm has been silenced. The visual signal
automatically cancels when the fault is corrected.
Each panel provides an audible signal that is activated by a
monitored signal in fault condition. The audible signal produces
a minimum sound pressure level of 80 dBA measured at a
distance of 3 ft (1m). The front panel alarm mute button can
silence the audio. Audible alarm mute duration is adjustable.
Each panel contains a general fault relay that activates on any
alarm panel fault condition and an auxiliary relay that activates
when the alarm is sounding.
Pressing and holding the front panel TEST button initiates a
self-test function to test the LED indicators, visual displays,
audible alarm, and to view alarm set points.
Two alarm panel sizes support either four or eight alarm
modules, consisting of any combination of digital display
modules, multi-signal modules, or blank modules.
Digital Display Module
The digital LED display continuously indicates the actual
pressure or vacuum in the piping system being monitored.
The brightness of the LED display is adjustable to compensate
for ambient lighting. The display is programmable to read
psig, in Hg, mm Hg, or kPa.
The digital display module provides an audible and visual
signal when a fault condition occurs. Separate visual signals
for system pressure or vacuum are NORMAL (green LED),
LOW (red LED), and HIGH (red LED). Signal limits are
factory set per NFPA 99 and field programmable.

Each digital display module is equipped with separate relays


for high and low alarms. Relays are single-pole double-throw
type (30 VAC/VDC 2A max). Digital readings from one
display module can be monitored by another digital display
module at a remote panel.
Multi-Signal Alarm Module
The multi-signal alarm module is capable of monitoring up
to five normally closed dry-contact switch signals. Each
signal illuminates a green LED to indicate that conditions are
normal. When a fault occurs, the green LED turns off and
a red LED illuminates, and the audible alarm sounds. The
red LED flashes until the front panel alarm mute button is
pressed. After the alarm mute button is pressed, the red LED
remains illuminated but does not flash. The red indicator
automatically turns off and the green LED illuminates when
the fault is corrected.
As an option, the multi-signal module may be supplied with
five, dry-contact, normally closed relays for connection to a
building automation system. Relay ratings are 30 VAC/VDC
2A max.
Blank Module
A blank overlay is used to fill unused alarm panel locations
or reserve a module location for future expansion. The blank
overlay may be removed and replaced by a digital display
module or multi-signal module style at any time.
Built-in Web Pages
Each TotalAlert 2 Retrofit Area Alarm features an embedded
web server with web pages to view and set up the alarm.
Built-in web pages require no additional setup. Network
communication implementation provides browse, download,
configure, and troubleshooting of Area Alarms with a personal
computer that is connected to the facilitys Ethernet.
All panels contain an event log that captures all alarms and
events and saves the information at the panel. The event
log can be downloaded to a computer file for tracking data,
reporting and troubleshooting.
Connectivity
Each panel includes a 10Base-T Ethernet Jack and Ethernet
LINK, TX, and RX indicators. The Ethernet connection
provides interfacing capability to the facilitys Intranet. If
connected to the Ethernet, upon activation of an alarm, the
Area Alarm Modules send the location, alarm status, and
pressure or vacuum readings to the Master Alarm where they
are displayed and stored in an event log. All of the Area
Alarm readings and statistics can be browsed using a personal
computer logged onto the facilitys Ethernet.

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

TOTALALERT2 RETROFIT
AREA ALARM

SSB-830-44

SSB-830-44

Page 2 of 5
7/11/2008

Sensor Module
The sensor module contains a transducer which provides
calibrated signals to the digital display module. Sensor
modules are gas specific.
Sensors are configured for
mounting within the alarm panel rough-in box (local sensors)
or mounting above ceiling directly to the medical gas pipeline
(remote sensors). Remote sensors may be located up to 1524
m (5,000 feet) from the alarm panel.

Figure 1: Small Area Alarm Panel

A sensor module is required for each digital display module.


DISS fittings are provided for pipeline connections.
Connectors are provided for attaching field wiring. Sensors
may be disconnected for periodic testing without interrupting
medical gas pipeline pressures or vacuum

Model Number Configuration


TotalAlert 2 Retrofit Area Alarms are available in two size
housings accommodating four or eight alarm modules. An
alarm panel may consist of any combination of Digital Display
Modules, Multi-Signal Modules, or Blank Modules in any
order. If the alarm panel is configured with Digital Display
Modules, pressure/vacuum sensors will be included for
connection to the medical gas / vacuum pipeline. Sensors may
be located inside the alarm panel rough-in box (local sensor)
or outside the alarm panel rough-in box (remote sensor).
The required alarm panel configuration must be specified
within the model number scheme described as follows:
Position within alarm panel
(Figures 1 and 2)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

RF - T A 2 A _ - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Designates type of alarm
L = Local Sensor
panel component from table
R = Remote Sensor
N = No Sensors

Figure 2: Large Area Alarm Panel

Area Alarm Panel Components


Module Types
O
D
X
A
F
5
7
2
4
C
G
1
3
H
V
6
8
W
N
9
J
M
R
B

Oxygen
Oxygen - 100 psi
Nitrous Oxide
Medical Air
Medical Air - 100 psi
Air (ISO)
Laboratory Air
O2 - CO2 (CO2 not over 7%)
O2 - He (He not over 80%)
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide - 100 psi
CO2 - O2 (CO2 over 7%)
He - O2 (He over 80%)
Helium
Vacuum
Vacuum (ISO)
Laborator Vac
WAGD
Nitrogen
Instrument Air
Argon
Multi-Signal Module
Multi-Signal Module with Relays
Blank Module

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

Digital Display Modules

Transport & Storage


During transport and storage, do not exceed an ambient
temperature range of 0F to 130F (-18C to 55C), a relative
humidity range of 10% to 85% with non-condensation, and an
atmospheric pressure range of 950 hPa (millibar) to 1050 hPa
(millibar).

SSB-830-44

Page 3 of 5
7/11/2008

TotalAlert2 Retrofit Area Alarm Panel Components

1.58

20.00 (27.00 on 8 Module)

3.86

5.91

Power Supply
with Enclosure

16.00

2.06

4.13

3.75
AC Input Box

1.825

Remote
Sensor

Local
Sensor

Accessory Components
4107 2084 98

Stand-off Kit for Power Supply Assembly


(Local Sensor Applications Only)

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

SSB-830-44

Page 4 of 5
7/11/2008

4-Module Component Placement in Existing Rough-in Boxes


Letter Designator

Component

AC Input Box Assembly

Power Supply Assembly

Local Sensor

14.000
7.500

9.000
9.500

G
MedPlus Medical Gas Alarm from Hill-Rom
or Medaes or Alert 1 and 2 Series Alarm
from Amico

Integrated Alarm System I and II


from Ohmeda or Medaes

12.000
Requires additional stand-off kit
(P/N 4107 2084 98)

7.500
K
Digital I and II Alarm from Chemetron

8.375
K

8.375
L

Requires additional stand-off kit


(P/N 4107 2084 98)

Requires additional stand-off kit


(P/N 4107 2084 98)

11.125
7.875

K
G

Line Pressure Alarms from Medaes, Ohmeda, or Ohio


BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

SSB-830-44

Page 5 of 5
7/11/2008

8-Module Component Placement in Existing Rough-in Boxes


Letter Designator

Component

AC Input Box Assembly

Power Supply Assembly

Local Sensor
8.375
K

7.500
L

Requires additional stand-off kit


(P/N 4107 2084 98)

14.438
9.500
G

G
Integrated Alarm System I and II
from Ohmeda or Medaes

Line Pressure Alarms from


Medaes, Ohmeda, or Ohio

21.000
G

Requires additional stand-off kit


(P/N 4107 2084 98)

7.500
K
Digital I and II Alarm from Chemetron

24.000
L

9.000
K

MedPlus Medical Gas Alarm from Hill-Rom or Medaes or


Alert 1 and 2 Series Alarm from Amico

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

Page 1 of 2
12/31/2007

TotalAlert2 TM
Medical Electronic Gas Master Alarm
SPECIFICATION
Medical Electronic Gas Alarm
The TotalAlert2 provides master alarm signals as required by
the latest edition of NFPA 99. The alarm is ETL listed to UL
1069 and CSA C22.2 NO 601.1-M90. The TotalAlert2
complies with the following electromagnetic compatibility
standards: FCC Part 15 Class A, ICES 003 Class A, and EN
60601-1-2. All field wiring and signals are self-monitoring
and on a closed circuit. Fault signals activate on an open
circuit.
Input power to the alarm panel is 100 to 250 VAC 50/60 Hz,
double fused on the input side rated at 1 Amp, time-delayed.
An internal power supply converts the input voltage to low
voltage. All user accessible electronics and wiring utilize low
voltage. A guard must be removed to access the high voltage
wiring.
Alarm Panel
All TotalAlert2 master alarm panels feature a vacuum
fluorescent display. A green front panel POWER ON
indicator illuminates when the alarm panel is powered and
operating normally. A red flashing system fault indicator is
illuminated if a power supply or microprocessor problem is
detected. A red indicator on the alarm mute button is
illuminated after any audible alarm has been silenced. The
visual signal automatically cancels when the fault is
corrected.
Each panel provides an audible signal that is activated by a
monitored signal in fault condition. The audible signal
produces a minimum sound pressure level of 80 dBA
measured at a distance of 3 ft (1m). The front panel alarm
mute button can silence the audio. Audible alarm mute
duration is adjustable.
Each panel contains a general fault relay that activates on any
alarm panel fault condition and an auxiliary relay that
activates when the alarm is sounding.
An alphanumeric two line by 20 character display provides
alarm status and descriptions.
Pressing and holding the front panel TEST button initiates a
self-test function to test visual indicators, audible alarm, and
to view all display characters.
Alarm Monitoring
The TotalAlert2 master alarm panel can monitor 32 or 64
normally closed dry-contact switch signals with ten gas
service locations. Any signal input is programmable to any of
the gas service locations. Each location contains a green LED
indicator for normal and a red LED indicator for abnormal
conditions. When a fault occurs, the green LED turns off and
the red LED illuminates, and the audible alarm sounds. The
red LED flashes until the front panel alarm mute button is
pressed. After the alarm mute button is pressed, the red LED
remains illuminated but does not flash. The red indicator
automatically turns off and the green LED illuminates when

the fault is corrected. All LED indicators feature adjustable


brightness.
Signals that are not assigned to a gas service location, but are
connected to a closed switch circuit, will be indicated on the
vacuum fluorescent display. All alarm panels are field
programmable.
Field Wiring
The TotalAlert2 breakout board interfaces with the source
equipment field wiring through dry-contact switches. Each
breakout board features 32 pairs of screw terminals for 32
dry-contact switch signals. Master alarm panels are available
with one or two breakout boards, for capacity of 32 or 64
switch signals. Terminals accept 14 to 22 AWG wires.
Built-in Web Pages
Each TotalAlert2 master alarm panel features an embedded
web server with web pages to view and set up the alarm.
Built-in web pages require no additional setup. Network
communication implementation provides browse, download,
configure, and troubleshooting of Master Alarms and Area
Alarms with a personal computer that is connected to the
facilitys Ethernet.
All panels contain an event log that captures all alarms or
events occurring on the alarm network (TotalAlert2 master
and area alarms) and saves the information at the panel. The
event log can be downloaded to a computer file for tracking
data, reporting and troubleshooting.
Connectivity
Each panel includes a 10Base-T Ethernet Jack and Ethernet
LINK, TX, and RX indicators. The Ethernet connection
provides interfacing capability to the facilitys Intranet.
TotalAlert2 master alarm panels are compatible with the
Johnson Controls METASYS N2 building automation
system. Each alarm panel is programmed with a unique N2
address. Using this address, Johnson Controls can monitor
alarm panel status including programmed alarm set points.
Relay Boards
One or two optional relay boards can be included with the
master alarm to provide screw terminals for 32 or 64 drycontact relay outputs. Output relays can be used to interface
with building automation equipment by using dry-contact,
normally-closed relay contacts. Relays trigger when an alarm
condition occurs and remain triggered until the alarm
condition is remedied.
Alarm Set-up
One of two methods can be utilized for configuring the
master alarm: 1) utilizing front panel keys, 2) utilizing the
facilitys Ethernet and the master alarms web pages (refer to
TotalAlert2 Installation, Operation, and Maintenance
Instructions for alarm set-up procedures).

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

TOTALALERT2
MASTER ALARM

SSB-830-40

SSB-830-40
Page 2 of 2
12/31/2007

Model Number Configuration


TotalAlert2 master alarms are
configurations.

available

in

four

Model Number Layout for the 32-Point Master Alarm


or 64-Point Master Alarm
Model Number

Description

6-TA2M32

32-Point Master Alarm

6-TA2M64

64-Point Master Alarm

6-TA2M32R

32-Point Master Alarm with Relays

6-TA2M64R

64-Point Master Alarm with Relays

Rough-in Assembly
The rough-in assembly is constructed of 18-gauge galvanized
steel. Mounting brackets on each side of back box are
adjustable to fit drywall thicknesses of 1/2 to 1-1/2.
Transport & Storage
During transport and storage, do not exceed an ambient
temperature range of 0F to 130F (-18C to 55C), a relative
humidity range of 10% to 85% with non-condensation, and
an atmospheric pressure range of 950 hPa (millibar) to 1050
hPa (millibar).

TotalAlert2 Master Alarm Panel

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

2005628
03/05/12
Page 1 of 9
Issue 3

mAIR Medical Air, cAIR Combined Air & sAIR Surgical Air Systems
EN ISO 7396-1/HTM 02-01 and HTM2022 EurPh
400V 50Hz, 4 Bar, 7 Bar & 11 Bar Outlet

mAIR MEDICAL
AIR SYSTEMS

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

SPECIFICATION
Air Plant System

Compressors

Surgical air systems shall have a duplexed dryer system and a simplex
compressor. Additional compressors shall be available to fully duplex
the surgical air system, such that any single functional component
failure will not affect the integrity of the air supply.

Variable Speed Drive - Optional

The Medical Air system shall conform to EN ISO 7396-1 and NHS
Health Technical Memorandum HTM02-01. Medical quality air to the
European Pharmacopoeia monograph shall be delivered at pressures of
400 kPa (4 bar), 700kPa (7 bar) or 1100 kPa (11 bar) gauge for supply of
the hospital medical or surgical air systems. The entire system shall be
duplexed such that any single functional component failure will not
affect the integrity of the medical compressed air supply.

Sources Of Supply - HTM02-01/EN ISO 7396-1

Triplex or quadruplex compressor configurations will produce the


primary supply with two compressors in standby. Each compressor
will be capable of supplying the specified volumetric flow for duplex
and triplex plant, and half flow for quadruplex. For duplex plant the
secondary supply shall be from an automatic manifold capable of
supplying at average demand for 4 hours. For triplex and quadruplex
plant the standby compressors will form the secondary supply.

Sources Of Supply - HTM2022 EurPh

Duplex, triplex or quadruplex compressor configurations will produce


the primary supply with one compressor on standby. A secondary
supply shall be from an automatic manifold capable of supplying at
average demand for 4 hours.

Control System

The central control system shall provide an intelligent human machine


interface incorporating on board flash memory and real-time clock
for recording operational parameters in the in built event log. The
central control system shall operate at low voltage and include BMS
connection for plant fault, plant emergency, reserve fault and pressure
fault. Visualisation of plant inputs, outputs and status through a web
browser, using a simple Ethernet connection shall be available. The
central control unit shall incorporate a user friendly 5.7 high-definition
colour display with clear pictograms and LED indicators, providing easy
access to system operational information.
A mechanical back-up facility shall ensure continued operation in the
event of a control system malfunction. The control system shall normally
employ automatic rotation of the lead compressor to maximise life and
ensure even wear.

Optional Control Equipment

An advanced monitoring system shall be available to give immediate


access to valuable information such as system status, trends, historical
data and system performance. Data collected from all pumps shall be
made available in real-time visualisation pages and shall be accessed
through the hospitals LAN, such that total data security is assured.
The Airconnect monitoring system shall also include :-

Compressors shall be Atlas Copco GA-MED oil injected rotary screw


compressors suitable for both continuous and frequent start/stop
operation at a nominal outlet pressure of 750 kPa (7.5 bar), 950 kPa (9.5
bar) or 13000 kPa (13 bar) gauge. Compressors shall be supplied with
a block and fin style after cooler with a dedicated quiet running fan to
maximise cooling and efficiency. A multistage oil separator capable of
achieving 2ppm oil carry over shall be fitted to minimise contamination
and maintenance. EFF1 (CEMEP) rated TEFC, IP55 class F electric motors
shall be used and incorporate maintenance-free greased for life bearings.
Motors with lower efficiency ratings are not acceptable.

Variable Speed Drive (VSD) shall be available on compressor(s). By


including an AC-DC converter, along with associated control hardware
and software it will enable the compressor to match its running speed
on a 1:1 ratio with the flow demand required by hospital. By using
such technology energy of savings of up to 35% shall be achievable as
well as prolonged machine life. Start currents will be reduced and the
motor will run from 0-100% speed increasing or decreasing its speed as
necessary to continuously match the required demand. The compressor
shall operate from 400-1300kPa (4-13 bar) gauge.
Full VSD air plant shall incorporate VSD controllers on all compressors,
cycling the lead compressor to ensure even wear as per HTM02-01
requirements.
Mixed VSD air plant shall incorporate a VSD controller on the lead
compressor and the remaining compressors will be fixed speed.

Dryer/Filter/Regulator System

The duplexed filter and dryer module shall incorporate high efficiency
water separators, oil filters, heatless regenerative desiccant dryer,
dust/activated carbon filters, hopcolite filters and bacterial filters with
autoclavable element. Electrical contacts shall be installed on the filters
to provide warning alarms on the dryer controller in the event of high
pressure drop (ie blockage) and shall also include connections for BMS.
Contaminants in the delivered air downstream of the bacterial filters
shall be maintained at levels below those shown in the following table:
Contaminant

Threshold

H2O

67 ppm v/v

Dry particulates

Free from visible particulates in a 75 litre


sample

Oil (droplet or mist)

0.1 mg/m

CO

5 ppm v/v

CO2

500 ppm v/v

SO2

1 ppm v/v

NO

2 ppm v/v

NO2

2 ppm v/v

Logging and trending for an accurate performance status of the system.


Desktop event notification to avoid constant status checking.
E-mail and SMS event notification for additional convenience.

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

Dryer Purge Control - Optional

The dryer control system shall incorporate a Purge Saver Energy


Management system that freezes the regeneration of the desiccant once
adequate dew point is reached in the inactive tower. Only when the
dewpoint level in the active tower deteriorates to an unacceptable level
will the intelligent controller switch towers. This shall be achieved by
including an additional dew point sensor and associated software in the
dryer controller to effectively manage the system as well as providing on
screen measurements of purge savings.

Dew Point Monitoring

The dryer shall incorporate a ceramic dew point hygrometer with an


accuracy of 10C in the range -20 to -800C atmospheric dew point and
4-20mA analogue output. Aluminium oxide or palladium wire sensors
are not acceptable. An alarm condition shall trigger on the dryer control
panel if the dew point exceeds a -460C atmospheric set point. The plant
control unit shall incorporate a multifunctional LCD displaying, amongst
other things, the dew point of the delivered air to enable monitoring of
the air quality by the hospitals estates department. Volt free contacts
shall be included to enable the dew point alarm signal to be connected
to a central medical gas alarm system and/or building management
system (BMS). To enable periodic calibration of the dew point sensor
element, the hygrometer shall be remotely connected downstream of
the dryer via a micro-bore tube. It is not acceptable to install the sensor
directly into the medical air supply pipeline.

2005628
03/05/12
Page 2 of 9
Issue 3

Oil-free Compressors - Optional

Medical air plant, surgical air plant 7 bar and combined medical and
surgical air plant 7 bar can be supplied with oil-free compressors.
Incorporating either Atlas Copco ZT Claw compressors or SF Scroll
compressors - all available upon special request.

CE Marking

The standard range of BeaconMeds Medical Air plant systems are CE


marked under the Medical Devices Directive 93/42/EEC with approval
from notified body no. 0088 (Lloyds Register Quality Assurance). Under
this directive, the specified products are classified as Class IIa Medical
Devices.

Typical Layout
Receivers

Compressors

Receiver Assembly

Air receivers shall comply with DIRECTIVE 97/23/EC, supplied with


relevant test certificates. Each air receiver shall be hot dip galvanised
inside and out and fitted with a zero loss electronic drain valve. Float
type drain valves are not acceptable. The receiver assembly shall be
fitted with a pressure safety valve capable of passing the maximum flow
output of the compressor at 10% receiver overpressure. The receiver
shall be further protected by a safety pressure relief valve and include a
pressure gauge.

Optional Items

There shall be the followings options available for enhanced operation


of the air plant system: Phase sequence relays that prevent unintentional reverse operation of
the compressors
OCS electronic water/oil drains for the air plant system
EWD zero loss electronic water drains for the dMED dryer including
secure mounting to the dryer base

Dryer
Note:Inter connecting pipework (blue illustration) between components to
be made on site and provided by the installer. Controller CAN cables
are provided as a 10m assembly with each compressor which can be
shortened on site if required.

Combined Air Plant Sizing Guide

In HTM02-01, the relative size of receiver capacity and compressor


capacity on surgical air or combined medical/surgical air systems
changes according to the design flow rate. In order to correctly calculate
the receiver capacity and compressor capacity, both the medical and
surgical design flow-rates (DFs) are required. It should be noted that
for all combined air systems, an additional duplex regulating station
(ordered separately) is needed to supply the medical air pipeline.

VSD compressors and optional harmonics filter for installation close to


highly sensitive equipment
Synthetic oil for increased compressor life
QDT saturation indicators to give clear visual indication of oil carry
over to the activated carbon tower

Surgical Air
Compressors

Design Flow
(l/min)

Value A
FAD (l)

<500

0.33 x DF

500-3500

0.66 x DF

>3500

0.5 x DF

Table 1: Surgical Air Plant Flow Rate Multiplier Value A.

Tropical thermostatic sensors for countries with high humidity


Heavy duty inlet filters for compressors installed in areas of highly
concentrated dust levels
Painted hot dipped galvanised vessels
CO and CO2 monitors including full integration into the ES-Med
central controller giving alarm warnings when unacceptable CO and
CO2 levels are present

Surgical Air
Receivers

Design Flow
(l/min)

Value B Receiver
water capacity (l)

<500

1 x 200% x DF

500-2000

2 x 66.6% x DF

2001-3500

2 x 50% x DF

>3500

3 x 33.3% x DF

Table 2: Surgical Air Receiver Multiplier Value B.

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2005628
03/05/12
Page 3 of 9
Issue3

Example 1 - Small Day Treatment Centre (Upgrade)

Example 2 - Large District Hospital

Flow Rate and Dryer Sizing


Medical Air DF = 555 l/min (FAD) (4 Bar)
Surgical Air DF = 1138 l/min (FAD) (7 Bar)
Combined/total DF = 1693 l/min (FAD) (11 Bar high pressure system)

Flow Rate and Dryer Sizing


Medical Air DF = 4920 l/min (FAD) (4 Bar)
Surgical Air DF =2888 l/min (FAD) (11 Bar)
Combined/total DF = 7808 l/min (FAD) (11 Bar high pressure system)

A dryer greater than 1693 l/min outlet flow should be selected


(outlet flow is the inlet flow minus purge losses)
= dMED25 inlet flow 2025 l/min, outlet flow 1755 l/min

Flow Rate and Compressor Sizing
From Table 1 surgical air DF is between 500-3500 l/min, so the
multiplying factor A = 0.66

A dryer greater than 7808 l/min should be selected


(outlet flow is the inlet flow minus purge losses)
= dMED145 inlet flow 11745 l/min, outlet flow 10092 l/min

Flow Rate and Compressor Sizing
From Table 1 surgical air DF is between 500-3500 l/min, so the
multiplying factor A = 0.66

Compressor flow rate


= Med. DF + (Surg. DF x A)

= 555 + (1138 x 0.66)

= 555 + 751
= 1306 l/min

Plant flow rate




We also need to add the purge losses to the compressor output. For
additional purge consumption use:-

We also need to add the purge losses to the compressor output. For
additional purge consumption use:-

dMED inlet - dMED outlet = purge losses lpm



= 2025 - 1755 = 270 l/min

dMED inlet - dMED outlet = purge losses lpm



= 11745 - 10092 = 1653 l/min

Compressors should be selected with a flow rate greater than


1306 l/min + 270 l/min = 1576 l/min

Compressors should be selected with a flow rate greater than


6827 l/min + 1653 l/min = 8480 l/min

Receiver Sizing
From Table 2 surgical air DF is between 500-2000 l/min, so the
multiplying factor B = 2 x 2/3

Receiver Sizing
From Table 2 surgical air DF is between 2001-3500 l/min, so the
multiplying factor B = 2 x 1/2

Capacity


Capacity


= (Med. DF x 0.5) + (Surg. DF x B)


= (555 x 0.5) + (1138 x 2 x 2/3)
= 278 + 1518
= 1796 litres

= Med. DF + (Surg. DF x Value A)


= 4920 + (2888 x 0.66)
= 4920 + 1907
= 6827 l/min

= (Med. DF x 0.5) + (Surg. DF x B)


= (4920 x 0.5) + (2888 x 2 x 1/2)
= 2460 + 2888
= 5348 litres

A combination of receivers with a minimum number of 2 should be


selected

A combination of receivers with a minimum number of 2 should be


selected

Selected receiver capacity = 2000 litres (2 x 1000 litre)

Selected receiver capacity = 6000 litres (3 x 2000 litre)

Plant System Selection


Selected plant part number = cAIR-1755-TGA11

Plant System Selection


Selected plant part number = n/a

If no standard model is available for selection from the standard range a


bespoke configuration of dryer, compressors and receivers are available
and can be quoted by our sales and sales support teams.

If no standard model is available for selection from the standard range a


bespoke configuration of dryer, compressors and receivers are available
and can be quoted by our sales and sales support teams.

Receiver Selection Table

Receiver Capacity (litres)

250

500

1000

1500

2000

Maximum working pressure (bar)

16

16

16

16

16

Individual Receiver Dimensions


(diameter, height, mm)

500/1950

600/2350

800/2550

1000/2525

1150/2605

Receiver Weight (kg)

80

160

304

445

557

Receiver pipe size (mm)

22

22

28

28

35

Receiver Part Number


Accessory Kit Part Number *

8101 0211 97
Specific to plant

8101 0212 62
Specific to plant

8101 0213 12
Specific to plant

8102 0213 38
Specific to plant

8101 0213 53
Specific to plant

Drawing Number

tbc

tbc

tbc

tbc

tbc

Accessory kit for medical air receiver complete with plant data plate, test certificate, pressure safety valve, zero-loss electronic drain
valve (with isolation and bypass valve), pressure gauge (with isolation valve), safety pressure relief valve and inlet and copper outlet
union connection pipes (each with isolation valve).

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2005628
03/05/12
Page 4 of 9
Issue 3

Compressor Selection Table - Fixed Speed


Model Name

GA-MED 5

GA-MED 7

GA-MED 11

GA-MED 15

GA-MED 18

GA-MED 22

Output flow (litres/minute) *


7.5 bar variant

900

1308

1842

2580

3150

3612

Output flow (litres/minute) *


10 bar variant

702

1032

1560

2178

2610

3102

Output flow (litres/minute) *


13 bar variant

504

852

1320

1806

2232

2700

Footprint L x W x H (mm)

1140 x 700 x
1240

1140 x 700 x
1240

1140 x 700 x
1240

1285 x 680 x
922

1285 x 680 x
922

1285 x 680 x
922

Compressor weight (kg)

270

284

310

375

395

410

Service connection (mm)

22

22

22

22

22

22

Noise level/pump (dB[A])

60

61

62

72

73

74

Maximum ambient temperature (0C)

46

46

46

46

46

46

Supply voltage (v)

400

400

400

400

400

400

Supply frequency (Hz)

50

50

50

50

50

50

Nominal motor rating (kW)

11

15

18

22

Full load current per compressor (A)

17

22

32

36

43

54

Starting current (A)

98.6

131

188

252

302

383

Cooling air flow per compressor


(m3/s)

0.8

0.8

1.1

1.15

1.2

Part Number - 7.5 bar

8153 0344 86

8153 0344 94

8153 0345 02

8153 0350 04

8153 0350 38

8153 0350 61

Part Number - 10 bar

8152 0341 89

8153 0342 05

8153 0342 21

8153 0350 12

8153 0350 46

8153 0350 79

Part Number - 13 bar

8153 0341 97

8153 0342 13

8153 0342 39

8153 0350 20

8153 0350 53

8153 0350 87

Drawing Number

9828 4969 26

9828 4969 26

9828 4969 26

9820 6060 17

9820 6060 17

9820 6060 17

* Output flow stated at reference conditions

Compressor Selection Table - Variable Speed Drive

Model Name

GA-MED VSD 5

GA-MED VSD 7

GA-MED VSD 11

GA-MED VSD 15

Output flow (litres/minute)


7.5 bar , 10 bar and 13 bar variants *

900/ 792 / 600

1218 / 1008 / 828

1842/ 1446 / 1242

2226 / 1854 / 1488

Footprint L x W x H (mm)

1345 x 700 x 1240

1345 x 700 x 1240

1345 x 700 x 1240

1345 x 700 x 1240

Compressor weight (kg)

290

295

308

315

Service connection (mm)

22

22

22

22

Noise level/pump (dB[A])

62

64

66

69

Maximum ambient temperature (0C)

46

46

46

46

Supply voltage (v)

400

400

400

400

Supply frequency (Hz)

50

50

50

50

Nominal motor rating (kW)

11

15

Full load current per compressor (A)

20.9

24.3

36.3

45.3

Cooling air flow per compressor (m3/s)

0.8

0.8

Part Number

8153 0343 61

8153 0343 79

8153 0343 87

8153 0343 95

Drawing Number

9828 4969 27

9828 4969 27

9828 4969 27

9828 4969 27

Variable speed drive compressor operate from 4-13 bar at 0-100% speed - start currents nominal for VSD

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2005628
03/05/12
Page 5 of 9
Issue 3

Dryer Selection Table


dMED145

Inlet flow at 7.5 bar (litres/minute)

420

780

1500

2100

3000

4200

4800

6000

8700

Output flow (litres/minute)


at 4 bar line pressure *

340

632

1230

1722

2430

3444

3936

4860

7047

Inlet flow at 10 bar (litres/minute)

504

936

1800

2520

3600

5040

5760

7200

10440

Output flow (litres/minute)


at 7 bar line pressure *

424

788

1530

2142

3030

4284

4896

6060

8787

Inlet flow at 13 bar (litres/minute)

567

1053

2025

2835

4050

5670

6480

8100

11745

Output flow (litres/minute)


at 10 bar line pressure *

487

905

1755

2457

3480

4916

5616

6960

10092

Footprint L x W x H (mm)

1920 x
600 x
1590

1920 x
600 x
1590

1920 x
600 x
1590

1920 x
600 x
1590

1920 x
600 x
1870

2160 x
1250 x
1850

2160 x
1250 x
1850

2160 x
1250 x
1850

2160 x
1250 x
1870

Dryer weight (kg)

255

275

325

345

415

615

700

705

895

Inlet and outlet connections (mm)

15

15

15

28

28

28

28

28

28

Supply voltage (v)

230

230

230

230

230

230

230

230

230

Supply frequency (Hz)

50

50

50

50

50

50

50

50

50

Central control supply


- single phase (mm2/Amps)

1.5
(2)

1.5
(2)

1.5
(2)

1.5
(2)

1.5
(2)

1.5
(2)

1.5
(2)

1.5
(2)

1.5
(2)

Part Number - dryer at 7 bar outlet +


QDT hopcolite filter for EurPh

8102 1433 54
0000 0203 58

8102 1433 62
0000 0203 58

8102 1433 70
0000 0203 71

8102 1433 88
0000 0203 71

8102 1433 96
0000 0203 72

8102 1434 04
0000 0203 73

8102 1434 12
0000 0203 73

8102 1434 20
0000 0203 74

8102 1434 38
0000 0203 75

Part Number - dryer at 10 bar outlet +


QDT hopcolite filter for EurPh

8102 1434 46
0000 0203 58

8102 1434 53
0000 0203 58

8102 1434 61
0000 0203 71

8102 1434 79
0000 0203 71

8102 1434 87
0000 0203 72

8102 1434 95
0000 0203 73

8102 1435 03
0000 0203 73

8102 1435 11
0000 0203 74

8102 1435 29
0000 0203 75

Drawing Number

9827 7000 08

9827 7000 09

9827 7000 10

9827 7000 11

9827 7000 12

9827 7000 13

9827 7000 14

9827 7000 15

9827 7000 16

Part Number - dryer at 4 bar outlet +


QDT hopcolite filter for EurPh

8102 1432 55
0000 0203 75

dMED100

8102 1432 48
0000 0203 74

dMED80

8102 1432 30
0000 0203 73

dMED70

8102 1432 22
0000 0203 73

dMED50

8102 1432 14
0000 0203 72

dMED35

8102 1432 06
0000 0203 71

dMED25

8102 1431 98
0000 0203 71

dMED13

8102 1431 80
0000 0203 58

dMED7

8102 1431 72
0000 0203 58

Model Name

* Output flow stated includes calculated purge lost during the regenration process of between 15-19% depending on model and inlet pressure.

Notes on plant






Design flow in terms of free air delivered after losses at working pressure with the reserve compressor(s) on standby. Tolerance 5%.
Component dimensions supplied do not include maintenance access space, and are provided to allow customer to arrange plant
components within plant room. Complete installation drawings are available on request. Quote the drawing number required.
Duplex systems must be installed with a manifold as the third source of supply for HTM02-01 complaince.
Mean sound level in accordance with ISO 2151.
Electrical details are provided for guidance only. Site conditions may impose a larger cable size. For exact cable sizing, and fuse / MCB
ratings, consult a qualified electrical engineer.

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

2005628

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

03/05/12
Page 6 of 9
Issue 3

Standard Models

mAIR-1465-TGF4

mAIR-1720-TGF4

mAIR-2000-TGF4

mAIR-2410-TGF4

mAIR-2855-TGF4

mAIR-3445-QGF4

mAIR-3935-QGF4

mAIR-4860-QGF4

mAIR-5570-QGF4

mAIR-6000-PGF4

mAIR-7045-PGF4

1230

1465

1720

2000

*2430

2855

3445

3935

4860

5570

6000

7045

Number of
compressors

Type of
compressor

GAMED
5

GAMED
5

GAMED
5

GAMED
7

GAMED
11

GAMED
11

GAMED
15

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
15

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

Type of dryer

dMED
7

dMED
13

dMED
13

dMED
25

dMED
25

dMED
35

dMED
35

dMED
50

dMED
50

dMED
70

dMED
70

dMED
80

dMED
100

dMED
145

dMED
145

dMED
145

Number of receivers

Receiver
volume (l)
(each)

250

250

250

250

500

500

500

500

1000

1000

1000

1000

1500

1500

1500

2000

8153 0353 01
9827 8413 00

8153 0353 19
9827 8413 00

8153 0353 27
9827 8414 00

8153 0353 35
9827 8414 00

8153 0353 43
9827 8415 00

8153 0353 84
9827 8421 00

8153 0353 92
9827 8421 00

8153 0354 00
9827 8421 00

8153 0354 18
9827 8421 00

8153 0354 26
9827 8422 00

8153 0354 59
9827 8424 00

mAIR-1230-TGF4

1000

8153 0354 42
9827 8422 00

mAIR-1000-TGF4

630

8153 0354 34
9827 8422 00

mAIR-630-TGF4

500

8153 0353 76
9827 8420 00

mAIR-500-TGF4

340

8153 0353 68
9827 8420 00

mAIR-340-TGF4

Design flow
(litres/minute)

8153 0353 50
9827 8415 00

Model
Number

Part Number
Drawing Number

HTM02-01 Medical Air 4 bar

cAIR-1000-TGF7

cAIR-1530-TGF7

cAIR-2140-TGF7

cAIR-2450-TGF7

cAIR-3030-QGF7

cAIR-4285-QGF7

cAIR-4895-QGF7

cAIR-6000-QGF7

cAIR-8000-PGF7

cAIR-8790-PGF7

790

998

1530

2140

2450

3030

4285

4895

6000

8000

8790

524

664

1269

1776

2035

2515

3556

4064

4980

6000

6593

985

1248

1402

1962

2245

2777

3213

3672

4500

6000

6593

Type of compressor

GAMED
5

GAMED
5

GAMED
7

GAMED
11

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
11

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
18

GAMED
18

Type of dryer

dMED
7

dMED
13

dMED
25

dMED
25

dMED
35

dMED
50

dMED
50

dMED
70

dMED
80

dMED
100

dMED
145

dMED
145

1000

500

1500

1000

1000

1500

1500

2000

2000

1500

2000

2000

8153 0355 33
9827 8424 00

8153 0355 41
9827 8424 00

8153 0355 58
9827 8423 00

8153 0355 66
9827 8425 00

8153 0355 74
9827 8426 00

Part Number
Drawing Number

Number of receivers
Receiver volume (l) (each)

8153 0355 25
9827 8419 00

Number of compressors

8153 0355 17
9827 8422 00

530

8153 0355 09
9827 8421 00

282

Required receiver volume *

8153 0354 91
9827 8417 00

Required compressor output *

8153 0354 83
9827 8418 00

420

8153 0354 75
9827 8415 00

Design flow (litres/minute)

8153 0354 67
9827 8416 00

Model
Number

cAIR-420-TGF7

cAIR-790-TGF7

HTM02-01 Combined Medical & Surgical Air 7 bar

Flow output based on a 50/50 split of medical and surgical air design flow (D.F)
For examples on how to calculate the required design flow, compressor flow and receiver volume refer to earlier page,
in line with HTM02-01 requirements and tables.

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

2005628

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

03/05/12
Page 7 of 9
Issue 3

cAIR-1260-TGF11

cAIR-1755-TGF11

cAIR-2180-TGF11

cAIR-2460-TGF11

cAIR-3480-QGF11

cAIR-4470-QGF11

cAIR-4915-QGF11

cAIR-5460-QGF11

cAIR-6000-PGF11

cAIR-6955-PGF11

cAIR-8000-PGF11

cAIR-8760-QGF11

905

1260

1755

2180

2460

3480

4470

4915

5460

6000

6955

8000

8760

Required compressor
output *

324

532

601

1046

1457

1809

2039

2888

3710

4079

4532

4980

5773

6000

6570

Required receiver
volume *

609

1000

1130

1155

1609

1998

2252

3190

3353

3686

4095

4500

5217

6000

6570

Number of
compressors

Type of compressor

GAMED
5

GAMED
7

GAMED
7

GAMED
11

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
22

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
22

GAMED
30

Type of dryer

dMED
7

dMED
13

dMED
13

dMED
25

dMED
25

dMED
35

dMED
35

dMED
50

dMED
70

dMED
70

dMED
80

dMED
100

dMED
100

dMED
145

dMED
145

Number of receivers

Receiver volume (l)


(each)

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1500

2000

2000

2000

1500

1500

2000

2000

2000

8153 0355 82
9827 8416 00

8153 0355 90
9827 8416 00

8153 0356 16
9827 8417 00

8153 0356 24
9827 8421 00

8153 0356 32
9827 8421 00

8153 0356 57
9827 8424 00

8153 0356 65
9827 8424 00

8153 0356 73
9827 8424 00

8153 0356 81
9827 8423 00

8153 0356 99
9827 8423 00

8153 0357 07
9827 8425 00

n/a special

cAIR-905-TGF11

800

8153 0357 15
9827 8425 00

cAIR-800-TGF11

485

8153 0356 40
9827 8422 00

cAIR-485-TGF11

Design flow
(litres/minute)

8153 0356 08
9827 8417 00

Model
Number

Part Number
Drawing Number

HTM02-01 Combined Medical & Surgical Air 11 bar

Flow output based on a 50/50 split of medical and surgical air design flow (D.F).
For examples on how to calculate the required design flow, compressor flow and receiver volume refer to earlier page,
in line with HTM02-01 requirements and tables.

sAIR-485-SGF11

sAIR-750-SGF11

sAIR-905-SGF11

sAIR-1445-SGF11

sAIR-1755-SGF11

sAIR-2460-SGF11

sAIR-3225-SGF11

sAIR-3890-SGF11

sAIR-4915-SGF11

sAIR-5615-SGF11

HTM02-01 Surgical Air 11 bar

Design flow (litres/minute)

485

750

905

1445

1755

2455

3225

3890

4915

5615

Required compressor output *

161

495

597

954

1158

1642

2129

1945

2458

2808

Required receiver volume *

974

1000

1207

1927

2340

2460

3225

3890

4915

56105

Model
Number

Type of compressor

GA-MED
30

Type of dryer

dMED
7

dMED
13

dMED
13

dMED
25

dMED
25

dMED
35

dMED
50

dMED
70

dMED
70

dMED
80

1000

500

1000

1000

1500

1500

2000

1500

2000

2000

Part Number
Drawing Number

Number of receivers
Receiver volume (l) (each)

n/a special

1
GA-MED
30

n/a special

1
GA-MED
22

8153 0357 98
9827 8423 00

1
GA-MED
22

8153 0357 80
9827 8424 00

1
GA-MED
18

8153 0357 72
9827 8422 00

1
GA-MED
15

8153 0357 64
9827 8422 00

1
GA-MED
11

8153 0357 56
9827 8417 00

1
GA-MED
7

8153 0357 49
9827 8417 00

1
GA-MED
7

8153 0357 31
9827 8415 00

1
GA-MED
5

8153 0357 23
9827 8416 00

Number of compressors

For examples on how to calculate the required design flow, compressor flow and receiver volume refer to earlier page,
in line with HTM02-01 requirements and tables.

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2005628
03/05/12
Page 8 of 9
Issue 3

HTM02-01 Combined Medical & Surgical Air 11 bar - Varible Speed Drive
Available upon request

Model
Number

mAIR-340-DGF4

mAIR-500-DGF4

mAIR-630-DGF4

mAIR-1000-DGF4

mAIR-1230-DGF4

mAIR-1465-DGF4

mAIR-1720-DGF4

mAIR-2000-DGF4

mAIR-2430-DGF4

mAIR-2855-DGF4

mAIR-3445-TGF4

mAIR-3935-TGF4

mAIR-4860-TGF4

mAIR-5570-TGF4

mAIR-6000-QGF4

mAIR-7045-QGF4

Design flow
(litres/minute)

340

500

630

1000

1230

1465

1720

2000

2430

2855

3445

3935

4860

5570

6000

7045

Number of
compressors

Type of
compressor

GAMED
5

GAMED
5

GAMED
5

GAMED
7

GAMED
11

GAMED
11

GAMED
15

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
15

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

Type of dryer

dMED
7

dMED
13

dMED
13

dMED
25

dMED
25

dMED
35

dMED
35

dMED
50

dMED
50

dMED
70

dMED
70

dMED
80

dMED
100

dMED
145

dMED
145

dMED
145

Number of receivers

Receiver volume (l)


(each)

250

250

500

500

1000

1000

1000

1000

1500

1500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1500

2000

Part Number
Drawing Number

8153 0358 06
9827 8427 00

8153 0358 14
9827 8427 00

8153 0358 22
9827 8428 00

8153 0358 30
9827 8428 00

8153 0358 48
9827 8429 00

8153 0358 55
9827 8429 00

8153 0358 63
9827 8430 00

8153 0358 71
9827 8430 00

8153 0358 89
9827 8431 00

8153 0358 97
9827 8431 00

8153 0359 05
9827 8434 00

8153 0359 13
9827 8434 00

8153 0359 21
9827 8432 00

8153 0359 39
9827 8432 00

8153 0359 47
9827 8432 00

8153 0359 54
9827 8435 00

HTM2022 EurPh Medical Air 4 bar

cAIR-425-DGF7

cAIR-555-DGF7

cAIR-785-DGF7

cAIR-1000-DGF7

cAIR-1290-DGF7

cAIR-1530-DGF7

cAIR-1800-DGF7

cAIR-2140-DGF7

cAIR-2535-DGF7

cAIR-3000-TGF7

cAIR-3600-TGF7

cAIR-4285-TGF7

cAIR-4895-TGF7

cAIR-6000-QGF7

cAIR-7655-QGF7

cAIR-8790-PGF7

Design flow
(litres/minute)

425

555

785

1000

1290

1530

1800

2140

2535

3000

3600

4285

4895

6000

7655

8790

Number of
compressors

Type of compressor

GAMED
5

GAMED
5

GAMED
7

GAMED
11

GAMED
11

GAMED
15

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
15

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
18

Type of dryer

dMED
7

dMED
13

dMED
13

dMED
25

dMED
25

dMED
25

dMED
35

dMED
35

dMED
50

dMED
50

dMED
70

dMED
70

dMED
80

dMED
100

dMED
145

dMED
145

Number of receivers

Receiver volume (l)


(each)

250

500

500

500

1000

1000

1000

1500

1500

1500

2000

1500

1500

1500

2000

1500

8153 0359 70
9827 8428 00

8153 0359 88
9827 8428 00

8153 0359 96
9827 8428 00

8153 0360 02
9827 8429 00

8153 0360 10
9827 8430 00

8153 0360 28
9827 8430 00

8153 0360 36
9827 8431 00

8153 0360 44
9827 8431 00

8153 0360 51
9827 8431 00

8153 0360 69
9827 8434 00

8153 0360 77
9827 8432 00

8153 0360 85
9827 8432 00

8153 0360 93
9827 8432 00

8153 0361 01
9827 8435 00

8153 0361 19
9827 8433 00

Part Number
Drawing Number

Model
Number

8153 0359 62
9827 8427 00

HTM2022 EurPh Combined Medical & Surgical Air 7 bar

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

2005628
03/05/12
Page 9 of 9
Issue 3

Model
Number

cAIR-425-DGF11

cAIR-500-DGF11

cAIR-705-DGF11

cAIR-905-DGF11

cAIR-1000-DGF11

cAIR-1535-DGF11

cAIR-1755-DGF11

cAIR-2325-DGF11

cAIR-3000-TGF11

cAIR-3710-TGF11

cAIR-4645-TGF11

cAIR-4915-QGF11

cAIR-5615-QGF11

cAIR-6960-QGF11

cAIR-7270-PGF11

cAIR-8790-PGF11

Design flow
(litres/minute)

425

500

705

905

1000

1535

1755

2325

3000

3710

4645

4915

5615

6960

7270

8790

Number of
compressors

Type of compressor

GAMED
5

GAMED
7

GAMED
7

GAMED
11

GAMED
11

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
15

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
18

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

GAMED
18

GAMED
22

Type of dryer

dMED
7

dMED
13

dMED
13

dMED
13

dMED
25

dMED
25

dMED
25

dMED
35

dMED
50

dMED
70

dMED
70

dMED
70

dMED
80

dMED
100

dMED
145

dMED
145

Number of receivers

Receiver volume (l)


(each)

250

250

500

500

500

1000

1000

1500

1500

2000

1500

1500

1500

2000

2000

2000

Part Number
Drawing Number

8153 0361 27
9827 8427 00

8153 0361 35
9827 8427 00

8153 0361 43
9827 8428 00

8153 0361 50
9827 8428 00

8153 0361 68
9827 8428 00

8153 0361 76
9827 8430 00

8153 0361 84
9827 8430 00

8153 0361 92
9827 8431 00

8153 0362 00
9827 8431 00

8153 0362 18
9827 8434 00

8153 0362 26
9827 8432 00

8153 0362 34
9827 8432 00

8153 0362 42
9827 8432 00

8153 0362 59
9827 8435 00

8153 0362 67
9827 8435 00

8153 0362 75
9827 8436 00

HTM2022 Combined Medical & Surgical Air 11 bar

Design flow in terms of free air delivered after losses at working pressure with the reserve compressor(s) on standby. Tolerance 5%.
Component dimensions supplied do not include maintenance access space, and are provided to allow customer to arrange plant
components within plant room. Complete installation drawings are available on request. Quote the drawing number required.
Duplex systems must be installed with a manifold as the third source of supply for HTM02-01 complaince.
Mean sound level in accordance with ISO 2151.
Electrical details are provided for guidance only. Site conditions may impose a larger cable size. For exact cable sizing, and fuse / MCB
ratings, consult a qualified electrical engineer.

BeaconMeds
Telford Crescent,
Staveley, Derbyshire
S43 3PF, England
Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242
Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
www.beaconmedaes.com
E-mail: gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com

0088

4107 9500 15.02


Page 1 of 4
1 December 2010

LifeLine Oil-Less Scroll Medical Air


Single Point Connection (SPC) Base Mount
Quadruplex System (10 - 15 HP)
SPECIFICATION
Single Point Connection (SPC) System Design

Air Receiver

The LifeLine Oil-Less Scroll Medical air package is fully


compliant with NFPA 99 and features a common base with single
point connections for electrical, intake air, discharge air, and
condensate drains. Designed and manufactured with ISO 13485
processes, each system is completely tested before shipment and
includes:

Corrosion resistant, ASME Coded, National Board Certified


vertical air receiver rated for minimum 150 PSIG design pressure.

Four compressor towers, each with two oil-less scroll


compressors and one motor

Piped 3-valve bypass assembly with flange-fitted valves

Duplex desiccant drying system with purge control

Dryer/Filter/Regulator System

Integral pre-wired control panel


Corrosion resistant vertical air receiver

Compressor Module
The compressors are continuous duty rated scroll type, single
stage and air-cooled. The compressors have one fixed and one
orbiting scroll sealed with PTFE tip seals.
Field replaceable tip seals

The air receiver assembly includes:


Zero Loss electronic drain valve, liquid level gauge glass,
safety relief valve, and manual drain valve
Pressure gauge

Each desiccant dryer is sized for peak calculated demand and


produces a 10 F (-12 C) pressure dew point. Each dryer
operates from a demand based purge saving control system
featuring repressurization cycles. The dryer assembly includes
the following mounted and piped:
441 transfer valve utilizing two sliding ceramic plates with a
5-year warranty

Dust and contamination protection from two part face seal

High efficiency coalescing prefilter rated for 0.01 micron with


automatic drain and element change indicator

Orbiting bearing and pin crank bearings are grease filled with
maintenance intervals of 10,000 hours for 10 Hp and 8,000
hours for 15 Hp

Fully duplexed final line particle filters rated for 1 micron


with element change indicators

Heat dissipation maximized by an integral cooling fan


V-belt driven compressor protected by totally enclosed
beltguard
Fully adjustable motor mounting base to achieve belt
tensioning

Compressor Motor
The motor is NEMA rated, open dripproof and operates at 3600
RPM with 1.15 service factor suitable for 230/460V or 208V
electrical service.

Compressor Assembly
The piped intake manifold includes one inline inlet air filter and
isolation valve per compressor and a high inlet vacuum switch
to protect the compressors. The compressor discharge assembly
includes:
Integral air-cooled aftercooler with a maximum approach
temperature of 15F above ambient and integrated drain trap
with automatic solenoid drain valve
Discharge lines include heat-shielded flex connector, safety
relief valve, isolation valve and check valve
Integral valve per compressor provides load-less starting and
rapid air evacuation at shutdown

QUAD 10 - 15
SPC BASE MOUNT

SSB-135-06

Duplexed final line regulators and safety relief valves


Ceramic type dew point sensor with 2 F system accuracy
CO Sensor with 2 PPM (at 10 PPM) system accuracy

TotalAlert Embedded Control System


The quadruplex mounted and wired TotalAlert Embedded
control system is U.L. labeled. The control system provides
automatic lead/lag sequencing and automatic alternation of all
compressors based on first-on/first-off principle with provision
for simultaneous operation if required.
NEMA 12 control panel enclosure
Circuit breaker disconnects for each motor with external
operators
Full voltage motor starters with overload protection
24V control circuit
The touch screen controls feature one 5.7 master screen and a
3.5 operating screen for each compressor. Screen displays and
functions include:
Service alerts, runtime hourmeters, system status, system
pressure level, dew point level, CO level
Visual/audible alarm indications with isolated contacts for all
standard remote alarms
Event log recording alarms and system activity

Isolation System

Event log recording service warnings and service history

Four-point, heavy duty isolation system for a minimum 95%


isolation efficiency fully isolates the compressor / motor tower
from the system. Finite Element Analysis conducted to minimize
vibration transfer. Seismically restrained isolators are available.

Ethernet connectivity and embedded web page for remote


monitoring

Trend graphs for outlet pressure, Dew Point, CO, and ambient
temperature

Electronic notifications of alarms and warnings


Integral connectivity to the TotalAlert medical gas network via
Ethernet

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive, Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600 Fax: (803) 817-5750 www.beaconmedaes.com

SSB-135-06
4107 9500 15.02
Page 2 of 4
1 December 2010

Standard Configuration
Model Shown: 15 HP Quadruplex

Control panel pre-drilled for power,


alarms, and Ethernet connections for
easy electrical installation.

TotalAlert Embedded touch screen


controls featuring 5.7 master screen
and (4) 3.5 operating screens with
exceptional clarity and visibility.

Motion sensor to activate touch screen


displays, preserving screen life.

Inlet connection positioned for


pipework attachment without stress on
system.

High inlet vacuum switches to protect


the compressors in the event the
inlet valve is closed or inlet filters are
clogged.

4-point heavy-duty isolation system for


95% isolation effciency of compressor
tower. Further vibration isolation
achieved with flex hoses on intake and
discharge.

Individual air inlet filter per compressor


to protect compressors from incoming
debris.

3
2

5
4
6

Aftercooler with separate cooling


fan to provide maximum approach
temperature of 15 F above ambient
ensuring efficient dryer operation.

Zero-Loss electronic discharge drain


to save compressed air and remove
moisture efficiently.

10

Manifold dryer block design with SAE


fittings to reduce potential leak points
and to reduce pressure drop losses.

11

441 ceramic plate dryer switching


valve with 150 million cycle anticipated
life to reduce maintenance and
downtime costs.

12

Anodized aluminum blocks and flanged


fittings utilized throughout air stream
design to reduce leak points.

13

Dryer towers with repressurization


cycle to eliminate desiccant shock and
minimize desiccant dusting.

14

High efficiency inlet and outlet filters to


protect the desiccant beds and medical
air stream.

13
8
10
9
11
12

14

SSB-135-06
4107 9500 15.02
Page 3 of 4
1 December 2010

TotalAlert Embedded Control System


TM

EMBEDDED

Touch Screen Control

Master Display Screen (5.7)

Master screen is 5.7 high-resolution LCD with 640x480 pixel


display and Unit screens are 3.5" high-resolution LCDs with
240x320 pixel display for exceptional clarity and visibility

Main Screen

Toolbars on all screens with easy access navigation icons that


enable full access with minimal touches
PIR motion sensor activates screen display (under alarm
conditions screen is active continuously)

Ethernet Connectivity with Embedded Web Page


Built-in web server allows remote operator to view system
controls and display information
Ethernet communication compatible with TotalAlert and
TotalAlert2 alarm systems
Web page provided to show links to other devices on the
TotalAlert Embedded network, including alarms and other
source equipment
Electronic notification
xx Accessible through any SMTP gateway
xx Allows for remote alerts of alarm and warning conditions
xx Allows for remote alerts of routine maintenance
All printed circuit boards have an Ethernet port that allows
reprogramming with a standard computer for software updates
Dual Ethernet configuration with separate Ethernet subnets
to separate the facility Ethernet from internal TotalAlert
Embedded communications

Control Cabinet Safety


Volt free relay contacts for all standard alarms
Low voltage (24V) control circuit
Full voltage motor starters with overload protection
Circuit breaker disconnects for each compressor

Redundancy
In unlikely event of display boards or displays becoming
disabled, unit will function normally and activate alarm
If master board is disabled, system goes to failsafe operation
with backup pressure switch
Each compressor and dryer unit has independent board for
control allowing unit to function independently

xx Displays the system operating conditions, including System


Pressure, Dew Point and CO level
xx Displays the compressor unit sequence, including status of
compressors (running, available, off) and next to start
Trends & Graphs
xx Shows measured values of the system operating conditions
over a period of time (operating pressure, Dew Point, CO,
ambient temperature)
xx Selectable time periods consist of 60 min, 4 hrs, 24 hrs, and
6 days
Dryer Information
xx Displays the operating mode of the dryer(s)
xx Displays dryer image showing current status
Service
xx Displays ambient temperature in the room
xx Maintenance screen shows suggested and required
maintenance items with resettable timers
xx Historical event log records all service activities
Alarms and Shutdowns
xx All system Alarms and Shutdowns displayed with visual
indication (Green or Red)
xx Testing mode enables operator to test all alarm events
(password protected)
xx Event History Log records all system event history
System Settings
xx Allows the adjustment of system pressure operating range
(password protected)
xx Displays pertinent system model information

Unit Screens (3.5) - One per Compressor Unit


Main Screen shows the operation mode of the unit along with
the automatic or manual mode setting
Unit status screen displays the running hour meter values
Pump rotation allows the unit to run for a short period to
check pump rotation
All unit Alarms and Shutdowns displayed with visual
indication (Green or Red)
Audible indication for unit Shutdown Alarms
Testing mode enables operator to test all shutdown events
(password protected)

SSB-135-06
4107 9500 15.02
Page 4 of 4
1 December 2010

Standard Configuration
15 Hp Qpx/200 gal shown

Notes:

Inlet & discharge flex connections are built into package.


Allow 36 inches in front of control panel for maintenance and ventilation, all other sides require 24 inches of clearance.
Additional drawings/diagrams available for download at www.beaconmedaes.com.

Medical Air System Specifications1


System
HP Capacity2
50 psig

System3
BTU/HR

Receiver
(gallons)

Noise4
Level

SAS10Q-200V-Q

10

104.4

69,042

200

SAS10Q-240V-Q

10

104.4

69,042

SAS15Q-200V-Q

15

151.2

SAS15Q-240V-Q

15

151.2

System Model
No.

Notes:

System FLA
208V

230V

460V

380V
50Hz

78

122.4

107.2

52.8

63.6

240

78

122.4

107.2

52.8

102,372

200

79

173.2

151.2

102,372

240

79

173.2

151.2

System
Weight
(lbs.)

Dimensions
(in.)
A

3700

1 "

85.1

63.6

3774

1 "

97.1

74.8

90.0

3910

1 "

85.1

74.8

90.0

4011

1 "

97.1

1. Normal operating conditions at a maximum ambient of 105 F. Consult factory for higher ambient conditions.
2. All capacities are shown as NFPA system capacities (reserve compressor on standby) and are shown in Inlet
Cubic Feet per Minute (ICFM).
3. All system BTU/HR are shown with reserve compressor on standby.
4. All noise levels are shown in dB(A) and reflect three pumps running.
5. System is designed for output pressure of 50-60 psig (344-413 kPa). For alternate pressures contact factory.

BeaconMeds
1800 Overview Drive
Rock Hill, SC 29730
Phone: (803) 817-5600
Fax: (803) 817-5750
www.beaconmedaes.com

ABC ABCDE

4107 9508 06.00


Page 1 of 2
05 May 2013

Desiccant Dryer Duplex System


with Regulators, Safety Relief Valves & Dew Point Sensor
35 - 200 SCFM
SPECIFICATION
Duplex System
The duplex dryer system includes two twin tower desiccant
dryers, prefilters, afterfilters, regulators, safety relief valves,
and integral purge saving control system within a four-valve
bypass arrangement. A dew point sensor and certifier's
test port is included in the system, with a CO sensor as an
option. All of the above are pre-wired and pre-piped in
accordance with the latest edition of NFPA 99, Standard
for Healthcare Facilities. The system is completely prepackaged for easy passage through a standard 34.5" door
opening.
Dryer
The dryer is a twin tower, pressure swing adsorption,
regenerative type.

Each desiccant dryer is individually sized for NFPA


peak calculated demand

Each dryer is capable of producing a 14F (-10C)


pressure dew point at 100 psig inlet and 50 psig
delivery

Purge flow is minimized through an integral purge


saving control system

The desiccant is contained within a packed bed


canister to prevent excessive downstream dusting

441 transfer valve per dryer with ceramic plate design


to acheive tower changeover

Easy alternation between on line/off line dryers by


means of a valved bypass

The dryer will use up to 15% of the system capacity


to purge

Maximum inlet temperature for dryer is 110F

Anodized aluminum blocks with o-ring seals and SAE


o-ring fittings to eliminate leak points

Prefilter
Fully duplexed prefilters shall be rated for 0.01 micron and
capable of removing both aerosols and particulate. The
prefilters shall be mounted and pre-piped with automatic
float drain and element change indicator.

DUPLEX 35-200
DESICCANT DRYER

SSB-200-21

safety relief valves rated for 75 PSI.


Dew Point
The dryer incorporates a dew point transmitter that is
a ceramic type sensor with 2 F system accuracy. The
dew point alarm shall be factory set at 36 F (2 C) per
NFPA 99. A high dew point condition shall be indicated
with visual and audible alarms with isolated contacts for
remote alarms.
Control System
The control system shall provide for the operator to
choose between manual purge and auto purge. When the
dryer selector switch is in the "manual" position, the dryer
will shift towers every 30 seconds. The off-line tower will
regenerate (purge) for 25 seconds then repressurize to line
pressure for 5 seconds.
When the dryer selector switch is in the "auto" position, the
dew point sensor controls the dryer purge cycle. When the
dew point is below the setpoint of -10 C on the dew point
sensor, both towers will be at line pressure (equalized).
The dryer will switch towers when the dewpoint rises
above -10C.
The control panel shall accept a wide range of input
voltages (110V-240V/1/50-60 Hz). The control circuit on
dryer is 24V DC.
The control panel contains 2 power supplies and 2 smart
relays to operate the dryers, one for each operating unit.
The control panel shall include an LCD text display for
dew point. A selector switch to be included for choice of
operation of each dryer.
The control panel shall include visual and audible
dewpoint and CO alarm notification and dry auxillary
contacts for remote alarms.
Note:
Not suitable for Liquid Ring applications.

Afterfilter
Fully duplexed afterfilters shall be rated for 1 micron
particulate removal. The afterfilters shall be mounted and
prepiped with element change indicator.
Regulator / Safety Relief Valve
Fully duplexed regulators shall be factory set at 55 PSI with

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive, Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600 Fax: (803) 817-5750 www.beaconmedaes.com

SSB-200-21
4107 9508 06.00
Page 2 of 2
05 May 2013

Standard Configuration
8

This drawing and the information contained thereon remain the property of
BeaconMeds and may not be used for other than the purpose for which it
is loaned without the expressed written permission from BeaconMeds Engineering.

"C"
"B"

DISCHARGE
CONNECTION "D"

INLET
CONNECTION "I"

"B"
"C"
B

"A"
"A"
Revised:

BEACON

Model

Inlet Flow (SCFM)

Connections (npt)

Dimensions (in.)

Weight

75 psig

100 psig

Inlet (I)

Discharge (D)

(lbs)

LDD035D-DR

27

35

3/4

3/4

30.50

22.00

39.00

152

LDD055D-DR

44

55

3/4

3/4

30.50

22.00

48.00

167

LDD075D-DR

59

75

34.50

25.75

46.50

248

LDD105D-DR

82

105

34.50

25.75

53.00

256

LDD155D-DR

121

155

1-1/4

1-1/4

38.00

31.00

53.50

429

LDD200D-DR

156

200

1-1/4

1-1/4

38.00

31.00

60.00

446

Form F-007 Rev. 01

*Inlet Flow is NFPA capacity (reserve dryer on standby)

Operating Conditions

Electrical Supply: 110 - 240V/ 1 / 50 - 60 Hz

Minimum Working Pressure: 60 psig

Maximum Working Pressure: 135 psig

Maximum Inlet Temperature: 110F

BeaconMeds
1800 Overview Drive
Rock Hill, SC 29730
Phone: (803) 817-5600
Fax: (803) 817-5750
www.beaconmedaes.com

Description:

ABC ABCDE

LDD DRY
REG
2

Page 1 of 2
23 June 2011

LifeLine "Oil-Less" Medical Rotary Vacuum


Modular Duplex System (5 - 8.6 HP)
SPECIFICATION
Vacuum System

Intake Piping

The duplex medical vacuum system must be fully compliant with


the latest edition of NFPA 99. The package will consist of two "oilless" rotary vane vacuum pumps, a control panel, and a receiver
sized for appropriate demand. Each pump shall be connected to
a common intake manifold. The receiver shall be ASME coded
and have a three valve bypass system to allow for draining of the
receiver without interrupting the vacuum service. A manual drain
shall be provided on the receiver. The package shall be completely
tested prior to shipment.

Each vacuum pump shall have a factory piped intake with


an integral flex connector, isolation valve, and check valve.
Interconnecting piping shall consist of galvanized pipe and
fittings.

Vacuum Pump

The duplex control system shall be NEMA 12 and U.L. labeled.


The control system shall provide automatic lead/lag sequencing
with circuit breaker disconnects for each vacuum pump with
external operators, full voltage motor starters with overload
protection, redundant 120V control circuit transformers, visual
and audible reserve unit alarm with isolated contacts for remote
alarm, hand-off-auto lighted selector switches and runtime
hourmeters. A programmable logic controller (PLC) shall
control the automatic alternation of both vacuum pumps with
provisions for simultaneous operation if required, and automatic
activation of reserve unit if required. The control system shall
include a minimum run timer. A vacuum gauge shall be provided
in the control panel.

Each pump shall operate completely dry, and shall be equipped


with self-lubricating carbon/graphite vanes. Bearings for the 5 and
7.5 hp shall be permanently lubricated and sealed. No oil shall be
permitted in any pump. Each pump shall be completely air-cooled
and have absolutely no water requirements. Each pump shall have
a 5-micron inlet filter and shall be equipped with a vacuum relief
valve, check valve to prevent backflow through off-cycle units,
flexible connectors, isolation valve, and vibration isolators at each
mounting location.

Vacuum Pump Drive


The pump shall be direct driven. Torque is transmitted from the
motor to the pump through a shaft coupling.

DUPLEX 5 - 8.6
MODULAR

SSB 310-01

Vacuum Receiver
The vacuum receiver shall be ASME Code stamped, and rated for
a minimum 150 PSIG design pressure.

Control System

Installation

Vacuum Pump Motor


The 5 and 7.5 hp motor shall be a continuous duty, NEMA
rated, C-face, open drip proof, 1800 RPM, with 1.15 service
factor suitable for 208V or 230/460V, 60 hertz, 3 phase electrical
service.

The installation of this vacuum technology is limited to a


maximum of 4,000 feet elevation above sea level. For installation
of this equipment above 4,000 feet elevation, please contact the
factory.

The 8.6 hp motor shall be a continuous duty, NEMA rated,


C-face, open drip proof, 1200 RPM, with 1.15 service factor
suitable for 208 or 230/460V, 60 hertz, 3 phase electrical service.

Vacuum System Specifications1


Complete
System Model
No.

System FLA @ 60 Hz

Capacity2 @ 19" Hg
System3

Receiver4
(Gallons)

HP

Pump

System

BTU/HR

21 scfm

21 scfm

10,180

LVS-5D-N120
LVS-5D-N200

System Weight (lbs.)

Noise
Level

208V

230V

460V

Vacuum
Module

77

35

31

16

1015

Reciever
Module

120*
200

397
644

LVS-5D-N240

240

664

LVS-7D-N120

120*

397

LVS-7D-N200

7.5

29 scfm

29 scfm

15,270

LVS-7D-N240

LVS-8D-N240

Notes:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

79

51

45

23

1166

240

LVS-8D-N120
LVS-8D-N200

200

664

120*
8.6

56 scfm

56 scfm

17,510

200

644

397
79

61

60

33

1702

240

644
664

Normal operating conditions at a maximum ambient of 105 F. Consult factory for higher ambient conditions.
All capacities are shown as NFPA system capacities (reserve vacuum pump on standby).
All system BTU/HR are shown with reserve vacuum pump on standby.
* Indicates standard receiver.
All noise levels are shown in dB(A) and reflect one vacuum pump in operation.

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive, Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600 Fax: (803) 817-5750 www.beaconmedaes.com

SSB 310-01
Page 2 of 2
23 June 2011

Suggested System Configuration

8.6 Hp with 120 gallon tank shown (Ref. 4107 8504 39 - SSB)

Complete
System Model
No.
LVS-5D-N120
LVS-5D-N200
LVS-5D-N240
LVS-7D-N120
LVS-7D-N200
LVS-7D-N240
LVS-8D-N120
LVS-8D-N200
LVS-8D-N240

Unit
(HP)
5

7.5

8.6

Receiver
(Gal.)
120**
200
240
120**
200
240
120**
200
240

* Suggested system dimensions

BeaconMeds
1800 Overview Drive
Rock Hill, SC 29730
Phone: (803) 817-5600
Fax: (803) 817-5750
www.beaconmedaes.com

A*
A1
98
104.3 51.5
104.3
98
104.3 51.5
104.3
104.5
111 51.5
111

B*
34.5
41
41
34.5
41
41
37.7
41.8
41.8

B1
28.5

28.5

31.5

Dimensions
(in.)
C
D
E
24.8
34
53.5
31
40.5
31
40.5
24.8
34
53.5
31
40.5
31
40.5
24.8
34
62.2
31
40.5
31
40.5

F
79
82
94
79
82
94
79
82
94

G
1-1/2

1-1/2

DIA.
24
30
30
24
30
30
24
30
30

BC
20
26
26
20
26
26
20
26
26

Square Feet
Required
24
30
30
24
30
30
28
33
33

** Indicates standard receiver

4107 9502 77.04


Page 1 of 4
1 June 2012

LifeLine Oil-Less O2 Assured Claw Medical Vacuum


Base Mount Modular
Quadruplex System (6.4 - 8.7 HP) 50 Hz
SPECIFICATION
Modular System Design

TotalAlert Embedded Control System

The LifeLine Oil-Less Claw Medical vacuum package is fully


compliant with NFPA 99. Each pump module has a common
intake connection point and a common discharge connection
point. Each module can fit through a standard 34.5" doorway.
Designed and manufactured with ISO 13485 processes, each
system is completely tested before shipment and includes:

The quadruplex mounted and wired TotalAlert Embedded


control system is U.L. labeled. The control system provides
automatic lead/lag sequencing and automatic alternation
of vacuum pumps based on first-on/first-off principle with
provision for simultaneous operation if required. Automatic
activation of reserve unit, if required, will activate an audible
alarm as well as a visual alarm on the display screen.

Four "oil-less" O2 Assured claw rotary vacuum pumps with four


motors

Additional components include:

Integral pre-wired control panel

NEMA 12 control panel enclosure

Vertical air receiver with full-size three-valve bypass system


sized for appropriate demand

Circuit breaker disconnects for each motor with external


operators

Vacuum Pump

Full voltage motor starters with overload protection

Each pump is a direct driven, non-contacting claw type, capable


of operating continuous duty at the following levels:

6.4 and 7.4 Hp at 27" Hg (sea level)

8.7 at 25.5" Hg (sea level)

The pumping chamber is oil free. The pump is completely aircooled with no water requirements. Each pump contains:

24V control circuit


The touch screen controls feature one 5.7 master screen and a
3.5 operating screen for each vacuum pump. Screen displays
and functions include:
Service alerts, runtime hourmeters for each pump, system
status, system vacuum level

5 micron inlet air filter

Visual/audible alarm indications with isolated contacts for all


standard remote alarms

Vacuum relief valve

Event log recording alarms and system activity

Check valve to prevent backflow through off-cycle units

Event log recording service warnings and service history

Flexible connector and isolation valve

Trend graphs for vacuum level, pump operations, and


ambient temperature

High discharge temperature sensor


Oil drain valve and oil sight glass

Ethernet connectivity and embedded web page for remote


monitoring

Vacuum Pump Motor

Electronic notifications of alarms and warnings

Motors are continuous duty, C-face, TEFC, 2875 RPM, suitable for
380V, 50 hertz, 3-phase electrical service.

Integral connectivity to the TotalAlert medical gas network via


Ethernet

Intake Piping
Each vacuum pump has a factory piped intake with integral flex
connector, isolation valve, and check valve. Interconnecting
piping consists of powder-coated steel tubing and flanges.

Vacuum Receiver
The vacuum receiver is ASME Code stamped, and rated for a
minimum 150 PSIG design pressure.
The receiver has a full-size three-valve bypass system to allow for
draining of the receiver without interrupting the vacuum service.
A manual drain is provided on the receiver.

Exhaust Piping
Each vacuum pump module is factory piped to an exhaust
manifold with integral flex connector and drip leg with ball
valve and condensate drain. Interconnecting piping consists of
powder-coated steel tubing and flanges. An exhaust muffler is
shipped loose.

O2 QUAD 6 - 8.7
MOD BASE MOUNT

SSB-716-09-50

Oxygen Compatibility
The O2 Assured vacuum pump is assembled and tested in a
clean room with dedicated tools. All parts in contact with the
flow stream, gear casing, and bearing surfaces are cleaned with
oxygen compatible cleaner. The lubricant in the gear casing
as well as the grease used to lubricate the bearings is a special
oxygen compatible formula.
Safe for all WAGD applications.
Each vacuum pump is capable of operating safely with up to
60% oxygen content in the compression chamber.
The inlet filter is constructed of a fiberglass media to insure there
is no fuel to ignite in the compression chamber.

Installation
The installation of this vacuum technology is limited to the
following maximum elevation levels above sea level.

6.4 and 7.5 Hp to 5,000 feet elevation

8.7 Hp to 4,000 feet elevation

For installation of this equipment above these elevations, please


contact the factory.

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive, Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600 Fax: (803) 817-5750 www.beaconmedaes.com

SSB-716-09-50
4107 9502 77.04
Page 2 of 4
1 June 2012

Standard Configuration
6.4 - 8.7 HP Quadruplex - 50 Hz

Control panel pre-drilled for power,


alarms, and Ethernet connections for
easy electrical installation.

TotalAlert Embedded touch screen


controls featuring 5.7 master screen
and (4) 3.5 operating screens with
exceptional clarity and visibility.

Motion sensor to activate touch screen


displays, preserving screen life.

Discharge manifold with connection


to the exhaust piping, with ex hoses
factory installed.

Factory installed exhaust drip leg with


ball valve and condensate drain.

Through the door disconnects for


pumps add to safety during service.

Oil sight glass and ller plug with ease


of access for annual oil changes.

3
4

7
5

Hospital connection and receiver inlet


positioned below receiver exit and
piping to the pumps - extra protection
against liquids/debris entering pumps.

Full-size 3-valve receiver bypass with


anged valves reduce potential leak
points over NPT ttings.

10

Vacuum switch as backup to vacuum


transducer. In case of transducer
failure, system operates effectively.

11

14

11

Flanges reduce piping connection time


between modules.

12

Openings in base frame to allow


access underneath pumps for pump
maintenance.

13

Flex connectors on vacuum inlet and


discharge to isolate pump vibration
from facility pipeline.

14

Individual 5 micron air inlet lter per


vacuum pump to protect pump from
incoming particulates.

10
9

13
8
12

SSB-716-09-50
4107 9502 77.04
Page 3 of 4
1 June 2012

TotalAlert Embedded Control System


TM

EMBEDDED

Touch Screen Control

Master Display Screen (5.7)

Master screen is 5.7 high resolution LCD with 640x480 pixel


display and Unit screens are 3.5" high resolution LCD wtih
240x320 pixel display for exceptional clarity and visibility

Main Screen

Toolbars on all screens with easy access navigation icons that


enable full access with minimal touches
Passive InfraRed (PIR) motion sensor activates screen display
(under alarm conditions screen is active continuously)

Ethernet Connectivity with Embedded Web Page


Built-in web server allows remote operator to view system
controls and display information
Ethernet communication compatible with TotalAlert and
TotalAlert2 alarm systems
Web page provided to show links to other devices on the
TotalAlert Embedded network, including alarms and other
source equipment
Electronic notification
Accessible through any SMTP gateway
Allows for remote alerts of alarm and warning conditions
Allows for remote alerts of routine maintenance
All printed circuit boards have an Ethernet port that allows
reprogramming with a standard computer for software updates
Dual Ethernet configuration with separate Ethernet subnets
to separate the facility Ethernet from internal TotalAlert
Embedded communications

Control Cabinet Safety

Displays the system operating conditions, including Vacuum


level
Displays the vacuum pump sequence, including status of all
pumps (running, available, off) and next to start
Trends & Graphs
Shows measured values of the system operating conditions
over a period of time (vacuum level, ambient temperature)
Selectable time periods consist of 60 min, 4 hrs, 24 hrs, and
6 days
Service
Displays ambient temperature in the room
Maintenance screen shows suggested and required
maintenance items with resettable timers
Historical event log records all service activities
Alarms and Shutdowns
All System Alarms and Shutdowns displayed with visual
indication (Green or Red)
Testing mode enables operator to test all alarm events
(password protected)
Event History Log records all system event history excluding
service/maintenance history
System Settings
Allows the adjustment of system vacuum operating range
(password protected)
Displays pertinent system model information

Volt free relay contacts for all standard alarms


Low voltage (24V) control circuit

Unit Screens (3.5) - One per Vacuum Pump

Full voltage motor starters with overload protection

Main Screen shows the operation mode of the unit along with
the automatic or manual mode setting

Circuit breaker disconnects for each vacuum pump


Backup vacuum switch
In case of power failure at source, all remote alarm contacts
open in alarm condition.

Redundancy
In unlikely event of display boards or displays becoming
disabled, unit will function normally and activate alarm
If master board is disabled, system goes to failsafe operation
with backup pressure switch
Each vacuum pump has independent board for control
allowing unit to function independently

Unit status screen displays the running hour meter values


Pump rotation allows the unit to run for a short period to
check pump rotation
All Unit Alarms and Shutdowns displayed with visual
indication (Green or Red)
Audible indication for unit Shutdown Alarms
Testing mode enables operator to test all shutdown events
(password protected)

SSB-716-09-50
4107 9502 77.04
Page 4 of 4
1 June 2012

Standard Configuration
6.4 - 8.7 Hp Quadruplex - 50 Hz

45.50
30.00

DISCHARGE
2" FLANGE
(2 PLACES)

INLET
2" FLANGE
(2 PLACES)

OUTLET TO
VACUUM
MODULE
3" FLANGE

"H"
65.56
HOSPITAL
CONNECTION
3" FLANGE

31.50 (TYP)

Notes:

24.00

10.20

34.23 (TYP)

52.50
68.78

CONDENSATE DRAIN
1/2" NPT

Discharge muffler ships loose


Allow 36 inches in front of control panel for maintenance and ventilation, all other sides require 24 inches of clearance.
Additional drawings/diagrams available for download at www.beaconmedaes.com.

Vacuum System Specications1


Capacity2 @19"
Hg (scfm)

System Weight
(lbs.)

System FLA

Dimensions
(in.)

System Model
No.

HP

Pump

System

System3
BTU/HR

Receiver
(gallons)

Noise4
Level

380V

Vacuum
Module5

Receiver
Module

VAM06Q-200V-Q

6.4

43.0

129.0

39,091

200

84

44

3,501

638

82.1

VAM06Q-240V-Q

6.4

43.0

129.0

39,091

240

84

44

3,501

713

94.1

VAM07Q-200V-Q

7.5

54.0

162.0

45,199

200

84

54

3,518

638

82.1

VAM07Q-240V-Q

7.5

54.0

162.0

45,199

240

84

54

3,518

713

94.1

VAM08Q-200V-Q

8.7

64.0

192.0

53,140

200

87

62.8

3,557

638

82.1

VAM08Q-240V-Q

8.7

64.0

192.0

53,140

240

87

62.8

3,557

713

94.1

Notes:

1. Normal operating conditions at a maximum ambient of 105 F. Consult factory for higher ambient conditions.
2. All capacities are shown as NFPA system capacities (reserve vacuum pump on standby). All capacities reflect 50 Hz operation.
3. All system BTU/HR are shown with reserve vacuum pump on standby.
4. All noise levels are shown in dB(A) and reflect reserve pump on standby.
5. Total weight for a duplex module with quad control panel (6 hp 1839#, 7 hp 1847#, 8hp 1867#) and duplex module with no
control panel (6 hp 1662#, 7 hp 1671#, 8 hp 1690#).
6. Medical Vacuum System is not to be used in non-medical laboratory applications.

BeaconMeds
1800 Overview Drive
Rock Hill, SC 29730
Phone: (803) 817-5600
Fax: (803) 817-5750
www.beaconmedaes.com

Page 1 of 2
23 June 2011

LifeLine "Oil-Less" Medical Rotary Vacuum


Modular Duplex Expandable to Triplex System (5 - 8.6 HP)
SPECIFICATION
Vacuum System

Intake Piping

The duplex expandable to triplex medical vacuum system must


be fully compliant with the latest edition of NFPA 99. The package
will consist of two "oil-less" rotary vane vacuum pumps, a control
panel, and a receiver sized for appropriate demand. Each pump
shall be connected to a common intake manifold. The receiver
shall be ASME coded and have a three valve bypass system to
allow for draining of the receiver without interrupting the vacuum
service. A manual drain shall be provided on the receiver. The
package shall be completely tested prior to shipment.

Each vacuum pump shall have a factory piped intake with


an integral flex connector, isolation valve, and check valve.
Interconnecting piping shall consist of galvanized pipe and
fittings.

Vacuum Pump

The triplex control system shall be NEMA 12 and U.L. labeled.


The control system shall provide automatic lead/lag sequencing
with circuit breaker disconnects for each vacuum pump with
external operators, full voltage motor starters with overload
protection, redundant 120V control circuit transformers, visual
and audible reserve unit alarm with isolated contacts for remote
alarm, hand-off-auto lighted selector switches and runtime
hourmeters. A programmable logic controller (PLC) shall control
the automatic alternation of all vacuum pumps with provisions
for simultaneous operation if required, and automatic activation
of reserve unit if required. The control system shall include a
minimum run timer. A vacuum gauge shall be provided in the
control panel.

Each pump shall operate completely dry, and shall be equipped


with self-lubricating carbon/graphite vanes. Bearings for the 5 and
7.5 hp shall be permanently lubricated and sealed. No oil shall be
permitted in any pump. Each pump shall be completely air-cooled
and have absolutely no water requirements. Each pump shall have
a 5-micron inlet filter and shall be equipped with a vacuum relief
valve, check valve to prevent backflow through off-cycle units,
flexible connectors, isolation valve, and vibration isolators at each
mounting location.

Vacuum Pump Drive


The pump shall be direct driven. Torque is transmitted from the
motor to the pump through a shaft coupling.

DPX-EXP-TPX 5 - 8.6
MODULAR

SSB 311-02

Vacuum Receiver
The vacuum receiver shall be ASME Code stamped, and rated for
a minimum 150 PSIG design pressure.

Control System

Installation

Vacuum Pump Motor

The installation of this vacuum technology is limited to a


maximum of 4,000 feet elevation above sea level. For installation
of this equipment above 4,000 feet elevation, please contact the
factory.

The 5 and 7.5 hp motor shall be a continuous duty, NEMA


rated, C-face, open drip proof, 1800 RPM, with 1.15 service
factor suitable for 208V or 230/460V, 60 hertz, 3 phase electrical
service.
The 8.6 hp motor shall be a continuous duty, NEMA rated,
C-face, open drip proof, 1200 RPM, with 1.15 service factor
suitable for 208 or 230/460V, 60 hertz, 3 phase electrical service.

Vacuum System Specifications1


Complete
System Model
No.

System FLA @ 60 Hz

Capacity2 @ 19" Hg
System3

Receiver4
(Gallons)

HP

Pump

System

BTU/HR

21 scfm

21 scfm
(42 scfm)

10,180
(20,360)

LVS-5D-N120-T
LVS-5D-N200-T

Noise
Level

System Weight (lbs.)

208V

230V

460V

Vacuum
Module6

52

45

23

1,553

120*
200

Reciever
Module
397

77
(80)

644

LVS-5D-N240-T

240

664

LVS-7D-N200-T

15,270
(30,540)

200*

644

17,510
(35,020)

200*

LVS-7D-N240-T
LVS-8D-N200-T
LVS-8D-N240-T

Notes:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.5

8.6

29 scfm

56 scfm

29 scfm
(59 scfm)
56 scfm
(112 scfm)

240

240

79
(82)
79
(82)

76

92

66

89

33

49

1,779

2,496

664
684
704

Normal operating conditions at a maximum ambient of 105 F. Consult factory for higher ambient conditions.
All capacities are shown as NFPA system capacities (reserve vacuum pump on standby).
All system BTU/HR are shown with reserve vacuum pump on standby.
* Indicates standard receiver.
All noise levels are shown in dB(A) and reflect one vacuum pump in operation.
Total weight for a 5 duplex module w/ control panel (1,051 lbs) and a 5 simplex module (502 lbs).
Total weight for a 7.5 duplex module w/ control panel (1,201 lbs) and a 7.5 simplex module (578 lbs).
Total weight for a 8.6 duplex module w/ control panel (1,732 lbs) and a 8.6 simplex module (764 lbs).

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive, Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600 Fax: (803) 817-5750 www.beaconmedaes.com

SSB 311-02
Page 2 of 2
23 June 2011

Suggested System Configuration

8.6 Hp with 200 gallon tank shown (Ref. 4107 8504 47X - SSB)

Complete
System Model
No.
LVS-5T-N120
LVS-5T-N200
LVS-5T-N240
LVS-7T-N200
LVS-7T-N240
LVS-8T-N200
LVS-8T-N240

Unit
(HP)
5
7.5
8.6

Receiver
(Gal.)
A*
A1
120**
88
61
200
93.5 61
240
200**
93.5 61
240
200**
106.5 68.5
240

* Suggested system dimensions

BeaconMeds
1800 Overview Drive
Rock Hill, SC 29730
Phone: (803) 817-5600
Fax: (803) 817-5750
www.beaconmedaes.com

A2
51.5

B*
81

Dimensions
(in.)
B1
C
D
E
28.5 53.5 24.8 34

51.5

81

28.5 53.5

31

40.5

12

51.5

81

28.5 53.5

31

40.5

12

58.5

87

31.5 62.2

31

46

18

F
12

G
79
82
94
82
94
82
94

DIA.
24

BC
20

Square Feet
Required
50

30

26

53

1-1/2

30

26

53

30

26

65

1-1/2

2
3

** Indicates standard receiver

Page 1 of 2
23 June 2011

LifeLine "Oil-Less" Medical Rotary Vacuum


Modular Triplex System (5 - 8.6 HP)
SPECIFICATION
Vacuum System

Intake Piping

The triplex medical vacuum system must be fully compliant with


the latest edition of NFPA 99. The package will consist of three "oilless" rotary vane vacuum pumps, a control panel, and a receiver
sized for appropriate demand. Each pump shall be connected to
a common intake manifold. The receiver shall be ASME coded
and have a three valve bypass system to allow for draining of the
receiver without interrupting the vacuum service. A manual drain
shall be provided on the receiver. The package shall be completely
tested prior to shipment.

Each vacuum pump shall have a factory piped intake with


an integral flex connector, isolation valve, and check valve.
Interconnecting piping shall consist of galvanized pipe and
fittings.

Vacuum Pump

The triplex control system shall be NEMA 12 and U.L. labeled.


The control system shall provide automatic lead/lag sequencing
with circuit breaker disconnects for each vacuum pump with
external operators, full voltage motor starters with overload
protection, redundant 120V control circuit transformers, visual
and audible reserve unit alarm with isolated contacts for remote
alarm, hand-off-auto lighted selector switches and runtime
hourmeters. A programmable logic controller (PLC) shall control
the automatic alternation of all vacuum pumps with provisions
for simultaneous operation if required, and automatic activation
of reserve unit if required. The control system shall include a
minimum run timer. A vacuum gauge shall be provided in the
control panel.

Each pump shall operate completely dry, and shall be equipped


with self-lubricating carbon/graphite vanes. Bearings for the 5 and
7.5 hp shall be permanently lubricated and sealed. No oil shall be
permitted in any pump. Each pump shall be completely air-cooled
and have absolutely no water requirements. Each pump shall have
a 5-micron inlet filter and shall be equipped with a vacuum relief
valve, check valve to prevent backflow through off-cycle units,
flexible connectors, isolation valve, and vibration isolators at each
mounting location.

Vacuum Pump Drive


The pump shall be direct driven. Torque is transmitted from the
motor to the pump through a shaft coupling.

TRIPLEX 5 - 8.6
MODULAR

SSB 310-02

Vacuum Receiver
The vacuum receiver shall be ASME Code stamped, and rated for
a minimum 150 PSIG design pressure.

Control System

Installation

Vacuum Pump Motor


The 5 and 7.5 hp motor shall be a continuous duty, NEMA
rated, C-face, open drip proof, 1800 RPM, with 1.15 service
factor suitable for 208V or 230/460V, 60 hertz, 3 phase electrical
service.

The installation of this vacuum technology is limited to a


maximum of 4,000 feet elevation above sea level. For installation
of this equipment above 4,000 feet elevation, please contact the
factory.

The 8.6 hp motor shall be a continuous duty, NEMA rated,


C-face, open drip proof, 1200 RPM, with 1.15 service factor
suitable for 208 or 230/460V, 60 hertz, 3 phase electrical service.

Vacuum System Specifications1


Complete
System Model
No.

System FLA @ 60 Hz

Capacity2 @ 19" Hg
System3

Receiver4
(Gallons)

HP

Pump

System

BTU/HR

21 scfm

42 scfm

20,360

LVS-5T-N120
LVS-5T-N200

200
240

LVS-7T-N200

200*

LVS-8T-N200
LVS-8T-N240

Notes:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Noise
Level

208V

230V

460V

Vacuum
Module6

80

52

45

23

1,553

Reciever
Module

120*

LVS-5T-N240

LVS-7T-N240

System Weight (lbs.)

7.5

8.6

29 scfm

56 scfm

59 scfm

112 scfm

30,540

35,020

240
200*
240

397
644
664
82

76

66

33

1,779

82

92

89

49

2,496

644
664
684
704

Normal operating conditions at a maximum ambient of 105 F. Consult factory for higher ambient conditions.
All capacities are shown as NFPA system capacities (reserve vacuum pump on standby).
All system BTU/HR are shown with reserve vacuum pump on standby.
* Indicates standard receiver.
All noise levels are shown in dB(A) and reflect one vacuum pump in operation.
Total weight for a 5 duplex module w/ control panel (1,051 lbs) and a 5 simplex module (502 lbs).
Total weight for a 7.5 duplex module w/ control panel (1,201 lbs) and a 7.5 simplex module (578 lbs).
Total weight for a 8.6 duplex module w/ control panel (1,732 lbs) and a 8.6 simplex module (764 lbs).

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive, Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600 Fax: (803) 817-5750 www.beaconmedaes.com

SSB 310-02
Page 2 of 2
23 June 2011

Suggested System Configuration

8.6 Hp with 200 gallon tank shown (Ref. 4107 8504 47 - SSB)

Complete
System Model
No.
LVS-5T-N120
LVS-5T-N200
LVS-5T-N240
LVS-7T-N200
LVS-7T-N240
LVS-8T-N200
LVS-8T-N240

Unit
(HP)
5
7.5
8.6

Receiver
(Gal.)
A*
A1
120**
88
61
200
93.5 61
240
200**
93.5 61
240
200**
106.5 68.5
240

* Suggested system dimensions

BeaconMeds
1800 Overview Drive
Rock Hill, SC 29730
Phone: (803) 817-5600
Fax: (803) 817-5750
www.beaconmedaes.com

A2
51.5

B*
81

Dimensions
(in.)
B1
C
D
E
28.5 53.5 24.8 34

51.5

81

28.5 53.5

31

40.5

12

51.5

81

28.5 53.5

31

40.5

12

58.5

87

31.5 62.2

31

46

18

F
12

G
79
82
94
82
94
82
94

DIA.
24

BC
20

Square Feet
Required
50

30

26

53

1-1/2

30

26

53

30

26

65

1-1/2

2
3

** Indicates standard receiver

SSB-510-14
Page 1 of 2
2/27/2009

Liquid Ring Camel Medical Vacuum Base Mount Modular System


Duplex System (10 - 15 HP)
SPECIFICATION
Vacuum System
The duplex medical vacuum system is fully compliant with
the latest edition of NFPA 99. The system consists of two
steel framed simplex modules with an oil-free liquid ring
vacuum pump coupled to a standard NEMA frame motor, and
a reservoir tank mounted on each module. A duplex system
control panel is mounted on one of the modules. A stand alone
corrosion resistant receiver sized for appropriate demand is
provided for the system. The system is completely tested prior
to shipment. The installer, during installation, provides wiring
and intake manifold piping between the modules.
Vacuum Pump
The pump is a Nash Vectra GL series oil-free, single-stage,
positive displacement, cone-ported and non-pulsating liquid
ring type. Materials of construction are all iron with steel
shaft, ductile iron lobe, head, rotor and end plate. The shaft
seals are standard internal mechanical seals, John Crane type
21.
Vacuum Pump Drive
The pump is direct driven. Torque is transmitted from the
motor to the pump through a shaft coupling.
Vacuum Pump Motor
The motor is a continuous duty, NEMA rated, open drip
proof, with 1.15 service factor suitable for 208V or 230/460V,
60 hertz, 3 phase electrical service.
The 10 hp motor runs at 1800 RPM.
The 15 hp motor runs at 1200 RPM.
Intake Piping
Each vacuum pump has a factory piped intake with an intake
check valve to prevent backflow through off-cycle units, a
vacuum relief valve and an isolation valve. The installer, at
installation, provides an intake manifold.

Re-circulation and Seal Water


The system includes a dielectric union, anti-siphon valve,
strainer, solenoid valve, flow control valve, and an orifice
union. Under normal operation, the system does not use more
than 1 gpm seal water. The system includes a reservoir
sufficient for up to 48 hours of operation without a fresh water
supply. The reservoir serves as a separator/silencer. The
system is self contained and air-cooled.
Vacuum Receiver
The vacuum receiver is corrosion resistant, ASME Code
stamped, and rated for a minimum 125 PSIG design pressure.
Included but shipped separately are a sight glass with manual
drain, and a vacuum gauge. All receiver piping and bypass
valving are by contractor.
Control System
The duplex control system is NEMA 12 and U.L. labeled. The
control system provides circuit breaker disconnects with
external operators for each vacuum pump motor, full voltage
motor starters with overload protection, 120V control circuit
transformer for each motor circuit, visual and audible reserve
unit alarm with isolated contacts for remote alarm, hand-offauto lighted selector switches and runtime hourmeters. A
programmable logic controller (PLC) controls the automatic
alternation of both vacuum pumps and automatic activation of
reserve unit if required. The control system includes a
manually adjustable minimum run timer to minimize starts
and stops on the system. A vacuum gauge is provided in the
control panel.
Accessories (shipped loose)
Intake flexible hose
Discharge flexible hose
Seal water flexible hose
Vibration isolator

2
2
2
8

Vacuum System Specifications1


System Model No.

LVS-10D-RC120V
LVS-10D-RC220V
LVS-15D-RC120V
LVS-15D-RC220V
Notes:

1
2
3
4
5

HP

Capacity2 @ 19 Hg

10

55 scfm

15

91 scfm

Receiver3
(Gallons)
120*
220
120*
220

Noise4
Level

System FLA @ 60 hz

Module Weight (lbs.)

208V

230V

460V

Vacuum5

63

63

55

28

2472

75

100

87

44

3190

Normal operating condition at a maximum ambient of 105 F. Consult factory for higher ambient conditions.
All capacities are shown as NFPA system capacities (reserve vacuum pump on standby).
* Indicates standard receiver
All noise levels are shown in dB(A) and reflect one vacuum pump in operation.
Total weight for a 10 hp simplex module w/control panel (1348#) and a 10 hp simplex module (1124#).

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

Receiver
350
565
350
565

DUPLEX 10-15
BASE MOUNT

This product has been designed to meet U.S. NFPA 99, latest edition.
Modifications made to meet current CSA Standards may result in changes to
the product's weight and physical dimensions. Please contact BeaconMeds at
(803) 817-5600 or (803) 817-5750 (fax) for further information.

This product has been designed to meet U.S. NFPA 99, latest edition.
Modifications made to meet current CSA Standards may result in changes to
the product's weight and physical dimensions. Please contact BeaconMeds at
(803) 817-5600 or (803) 817-5750 (fax) for further information.

SSB-510-14
Page 2 of 2
2/27/2009

Standard Configuration

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

SSB-510-18
Page 1 of 2
12/31/2007

Liquid Ring "Camel" Medical Vacuum Base Mount Modular System


Duplex System (20 30 HP)

DUPLEX 20-30
BASE MOUNT

This product has been designed to meet U.S. NFPA 99, latest edition.
Modifications made to meet current CSA Standards may result in changes to
the product's weight and physical dimensions. Please contact BeaconMeds at
(803) 817-5600 or (803) 817-5750 (fax) for further information.

SPECIFICATION
Vacuum System
The duplex medical vacuum system is fully compliant with
the latest edition of NFPA 99. The system consists of two
steel framed simplex modules with an oil-free liquid ring
vacuum pump coupled to a standard NEMA frame motor, and
a reservoir tank mounted on each module. A duplex system
control panel is mounted on one of the modules. A stand alone
corrosion resistant receiver sized for appropriate demand is
provided for the system. The system is completely tested prior
to shipment. The installer, during installation, provides wiring
and intake manifold piping between the modules.

Re-circulation and Seal Water


The system includes a dielectric union, anti-siphon valve,
strainer, solenoid valve, flow control valve, and an orifice
union. Under normal operation, the system does not use more
than 1 gpm of seal water. The system includes a reservoir
sufficient for up to 48 hours of operation without a fresh water
supply. The reservoir serves as a separator/silencer. A shell
and tube heat exchanger is installed for each pump to remove
the heat of compression. The chilled water requirement is:
a) 20 HP vacuum system - 12 gpm chilled water/pump.
b) 30 HP vacuum system - 15 gpm chilled water/pump.

Vacuum Pump
The pump is a Nash Vectra GL series oil-free, single-stage,
positive displacement, cone-ported and non-pulsating liquid
ring type. Materials of construction are all iron with steel
shaft, ductile iron lobe, head, rotor and end plate. The shaft
seals are standard internal mechanical seals, John Crane type
21.

Vacuum Receiver
The vacuum receiver is corrosion resistant, ASME Code
stamped, and rated for a minimum 125 PSIG design pressure.
The receiver vessel includes a sight glass. All receiver piping
and bypass valving are by the installer.
Control System
The duplex control system is NEMA 12 and U.L. labeled. The
control system provides circuit breaker disconnects with
external operators for each vacuum pump motor, full voltage
motor starters with overload protection, 120V control circuit
transformer for each motor circuit, visual and audible reserve
unit alarm with isolated contacts for remote alarm, hand-offauto lighted selector switches and runtime hourmeters. A
programmable logic controller (PLC) controls the automatic
alternation of both vacuum pumps and automatic activation of
reserve unit if required. The control system includes a
manually adjustable minimum run timer to minimize starts
and stops on the system. A vacuum gauge is provided in the
control panel.

Vacuum Pump Drive


The pump is direct driven. Torque is transmitted from the
motor to the pump through a shaft coupling.
Vacuum Pump Motor
The motor is a continuous duty, NEMA rated, open drip
proof, 1200 RPM with 1.15 service factor suitable for 208V or
230/460V, 60 hertz, 3 phase electrical service.
Intake Piping
Each vacuum pump has a factory piped intake with an intake
check valve to prevent backflow through off-cycle units, a
vacuum relief valve and an isolation valve. The installer, at
installation, provides an intake manifold.

Accessories (shipped loose)


Intake flexible hose
Discharge flexible hose
Seal water flexible hose
Heat exchanger flexible hose
Vibration isolator

2
2
2
4
8

Vacuum System Specifications1


System
Model No.

HP

LVS-20D-RC120V
LVS-20D-RC220V
LVS-30D-RC120V
LVS-30D-RC220V
Notes:

1
2
3

5
6
7

Capacity2
@19 Hg

Seal
Flow3
(gpm)

Cooler
Flow4
(gpm)

Noise5
Level

20

123 scfm

12

77

30

175 scfm

15

73

Receiver6
(Gallons)
120*
220
120*
220

System FLA @ 60 hz
208V

230V

460V

126

110

55

184

160

80

Module Weight
(lbs.)
Vacuum7 Receiver
350
3546
565
350
4030
565

Normal operating conditions at a maximum ambient of 105 F. Consult factory for higher ambient conditions.
All capacities are shown as NFPA system capacities (reserve vacuum pump on standby).
Seal water flow rates should be at a minimum of 35 psi and with a maximum temperature of 80F per pump. Contact factory for
water quality requirements.
Chilled water flow rates are based on a maximum inlet water temperature of 50 F per pump. For higher chilled water
temperature, contact factory.
All noise levels are shown in dB(A) and reflect one vacuum pump in operation.
* Indicates standard receiver
Total weight for a 20 hp simplex module w/control panel (1885#) and a 20 hp simplex module (1661#)
Total weight for a 30 hp simplex module w/control panel (2123#) and a 30 hp simplex module (1907#)
BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

This product has been designed to meet U.S. NFPA 99, latest edition.
Modifications made to meet current CSA Standards may result in changes to
the product's weight and physical dimensions. Please contact BeaconMeds at
(803) 817-5600 or (803) 817-5750 (fax) for further information.

SSB-510-18
Page 2 of 2
12/31/2007

Standard Configuration

BeaconMeds 1800 Overview Drive Rock Hill, SC 29730 Phone: (803) 817-5600

Fax: (803) 817-5750

2005208
16/03/12
Page 1 of 3
Issue 7

Anaesthetic Gas Scavenging System


HTM02-01/HTM2022/ISO7396-2
SPECIFICATION
Anaesthetic Gas Scavenging System

The Anaesthetic Gas Scavenging (AGS) System shall comply with HTM
02-01, HTM2022 and either EN ISO 7396-2 or BS 6834. The AGS
system shall be a dedicated, specifically designed active extraction
and disposal system for waste anaesthetic gas. It shall provide a
maximum flow rate of 80 l/min (EN ISO 7396-2) or 130 l/min (BS
6834) with a 1 kPa resistance to flow, and a minimum of 50 l/min (EN
ISO 7396-2) or 80 l/min (BS 6834) with a 2 kPa (EN ISO 7396-2) or 4
kPa (BS 6834) resistance to flow at each terminal unit,
irrespective of the number of terminal units in use. The AGS system
shall use dedicated radial blowers in a simplex or duplex
configuration. The AGS pump assemblies shall be skid mounted and
included on the skid shall be the simplex or duplex pump(s), motor
control unit(s) with starter/isolator, moisture drain flask and flexible
connector(s) to connect the plant to the pipeline. Each pump shall
include an electric motor and directly coupled impeller assembly.
Impeller bearings in the pump(s) shall not require lubrication. The
pump(s) shall be air cooled and rated for continuous operation.

Vacuum/Flow Regulating Valve

A vacuum/flow regulating valve shall be provided and positioned


at the pump, comprised of a spring-loaded plate valve and inlet
silencer. The valve should be changeable with the pipeline inlet in
order to provide flexibility on site. The plate shall control air ingress
into the pipeline system, thereby controlling the vacuum level within.
An optional air inlet filter shall be available should the air quality
be poor/dusty offering further protection against dirt ingress into
the pump. Additional in line vacuum/flow regulating valves may be
installed if required and shall be determined by the pipeline designer.
The vacuum/flow regulating valve shall ensure a maximum vacuum
of 200mb below atmospheric pressure is not exceeded and shall be
factory preset at 150mb.

Control System

Each motor control panel shall incorporate an emergency panel


isolation switch facility, which controls all electrical power to the
exhauster unit, remote start switch panels and system indication
lights. All control and status indication circuitry shall be limited to
24V a.c. A green POWER ON indicator shall be fitted to the starter/
isolator panel, and shall illuminate whenever power is available to the
24V control and indication circuit. A HAND/OFF/AUTO switch shall
be provided to control operation of the pump, running the pump
continuously when selected to HAND. When selected to AUTO,
control of the pump shall be passed to the remote start switch panels.
Operation of any of the remote start switches shall activate the pump.
The pump shall continue to run until all remote switches are selected
OFF.

ANAESTHETIC
GAS SCAVENGING

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

Simplex starter/isolator panels c/w alarm pressure switch and duplex


units incorporate line pressure switch. This line pressure switch
monitors vacuum levels and provides an additional control of the
remote start switch and starter/isolator panel green RUNNING
indicators. The pressure switch shall also include a digital display
providing an accurate readout of the vacuum level in the pipeline in
order to assist with installation/commissioning and annual
re-commissioning.
Simplex installations shall use remote start switches that include a red
PLANT EMERGENCY indicator. This indicator shall illuminate on all
remote start switch panels if the vacuum level falls below the
pressure switch set point level when the pump has been called, or if
the overload trips. The on/off rocker switch shall include a green
illuminated surround to indicate mains on.
Duplex installations shall use remote start switches that include an
amber PLANT FAULT indicator. This shall illuminate, if either pump is
set to HAND, or if one of the overloads trip. A red PLANT
EMERGENCY indicator shall also be provided and shall illuminate on
all remote start switch panels if the vacuum level falls below the
pressure switch set point level when the pump has been called. The
on/off rocker switch shall include a green illuminated surround to
indicate mains on.
Where a duplex system is installed each pump shall be controlled by
a separate motor control panel to enable servicing of either pump or
control gear whilst maintaining system operation.
Volt free relay kits for replicating alarm conditions to BMS shall be
available as an optional extra. To be either installed either at factory or
as a retro-fit kit for onsite installation.

Terminal Units

Terminal unit shall be provided with an adjustable orifice to allow


balancing of the terminal unit flows during commissioning. Venturi
style terminal units are not acceptable. Terminal units shall not be
connected to the medical vacuum system.

CE Marking

The standard range of BeaconMeds Anaesthetic Gas Scavenging


System are CE marked under the Medical Devices Directive 93/42/EEC
with approval from notified body no. 0088 (Lloyds Register Quality
Assurance). Under this directive, the specified products are classified as
Class IIb Medical Devices.

The starter/isolator panel shall incorporate a thermal protection


overload device. The thermal protection overload device shall also
monitor the electrical power supply and phase input. In the event of a
fault, the overload device shall break the circuit to the pump,
preventing operation until the system is manually re-set. Operation
of the overload device shall also break the circuit to the remote start
switch panels, extinguishing the green running indicator.

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

2005208

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

16/03/12
Page 2 of 3
Issue 7

FLC/pump (A)

Motor start current (A)

Min. cable size (mm2)

Motor rated fused


supply/pump (A)

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

Weight (kg)

Motor plate (kW)

Noise level per pump


@ 1m dB(A)

Connection (mm)

2.5

16

900

525

1160

96

0.75

60

54

400

3.3

23

2.5

16

900

525

1160

121

1.5

64

54

AGS2860-D/3

400

7.2

48

16

900

525

1160

139

69

54

4153 1250 00

AGS520-S/1

230

20

2.5

16

525

525

1160

56

0.75

60

54

4153 1251 00

AGS520-S/3

400

1.8

2.5

16

525

525

1160

56

0.75

60

54

4153 1252 00

AGS1560-S/3

400

3.3

23

2.5

16

525

525

1160

68

1.5

64

54

4153 1253 00

AGS2860-S/3

400

7.2

48

2.5

16

525

525

1160

77

69

54

4153 1261 00

AGS650-D/3

380

1.8

10

2.5

16

900

525

1160

96

0.9

64

54

4153 1262 00

AGS2210-D/3

380

3.3

23

2.5

16

900

525

1160

121

1.8

69

54

4153 1263 00

AGS3770-D/3

380

7.2

48

16

900

525

1160

139

3.6

70

54

4153 1257 00

AGS650-S/1

220

5.5

18

2.5

16

525

525

1160

56

0.9

64

54

4153 1258 00

AGS650-S/3

380

1.8

10

2.5

16

525

525

1160

56

0.9

64

54

4153 1259 00

AGS2210-S/3

380

3.3

23

2.5

16

525

525

1160

68

1.8

69

54

4153 1260 00

AGS3770-S/3

380

7.2

48

2.5

16

525

525

1160

77

3.6

70

54

50 Hz
60 Hz

Duplex
Simplex

4153 1256 00

Duplex

AGS1560-D/3

Simplex

4153 1255 00

Supply frequency (Hz)

AGS520-D/3

Voltage (V)

1.8

4153 1254 00

Format

Model

400

Part number

Phase ~

AGS Pump Assembly Details

Notes
1. Noise levels are averages, measured in accordance with ISO 517:1996 Free Air Aspiration and ISO 2151 Mean Sound Level
2. Service connections are copper to BS EN 13348 and relate to the external pipe diameter

BeaconMeds Telford Crescent, Staveley, Derbyshire S43 3PF Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242 Fax: +44 (0) 1246 472 982
Company Reg No. 2957933 (English) Company VAT Reg No. 598612590 www.beaconmedaes.com gbn.info@beaconmedaes.com
Constructionline Reg No. 75463 CHAS accredited contractor SAFEcontractor Reg No. N00184450

2005208

In an effort to continuously improve our products,


the right is reserved to change the specification of the
items described herein at any time. Please contact us
for further information and up to date specifications.

16/03/12
Page 3 of 3
Issue 7

Typical AGS Pump Assembly Layouts


Duplex Pump Assembly
2
10

1160

7
8

54

54

10

ALT. 2
INLET

ALT. 1
INLET

8
9
9
40

445
525

15

870
900

CABLE
ENTRANCE

MOUNTING BY
4x M8 BOLT

Simplex Pump Assembly


54

2
10

10

ALT. 1
INLET

ALT. 2
INLET

1
1160

CABLE
ENTRANCE

MOUNTING BY
4x M8 BOLT

5
8

40

445
525

15

REF.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

495
525

DESCRIPTION
FLEXIBLE HOSE
FLOW/REGULATING VALVE
PRESSURE SWITCH
NON-RETURN VALVE
DRAIN FLASK
ISOLATION VALVE
MOTOR CONTROL PANELS
PUMPS
INLET CONNECTION
EXHAUST CONNECTIONS

Note: Items 2 & 9, Flow regulating valve and inlet connection, can be re positioned on site if required

BeaconMeds
Part of the Atlas Copco Group
Telford Crescent, Staveley,
Derbyshire, S43 3PF, England
Tel: +44 (0) 1246 474 242
www.beaconmedaes.com

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