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Past Simple Tense

Utilizare Schema formrii Cuvinte i expresii specifice


Afirmativ: yesterday
Aciuni trecute i Substantiv + Verb col.II-a /ed in 2003
ncheiate, care nu se mai last week
Exemple:
repet. last month
I wrote a letter three days ago. last year
She danced yesterday night. last Monday last Sunday
We learnt the lesson last week. two hours ago
three months ago
Negativ: one year ago
La trecutul simplu se Substantiv + didnt + Verb la prezent in March
menioneaz momentul last year in June
Exemple:
desfurrii aciunii. the other day
I didnt write a letter three days ago. ____________________________
She didnt dance yesterday night.
We didnt learn the lesson last week.
Interogativ:
Did + substantiv + Verb la prezent? Cuvintele i expresiile se aaz de
regul la sfritul propoziiei.
Exemple:
Did I write a letter three days ago? Yes, I did. No, I didnt.
Did she dance yesterday night? Yes, she did. No, she didnt.
Did we learn the lesson last week? Yes, we did. No, we didnt.
Present Perfect Simple Tense
Utilizare Schema formrii Cuvinte i expresii specifice
1. Aciuni trecute i Afirmativ: just n propoziii
ncheiate care se mai pot Substantiv + have/has + Verb col.III-a /ed afirmative
repeta. already - n propoziii
Exemple:
afirmative i interogative
Exemplu: 1. Sara has written a poem. yet - n propoziii negative
Sara a scris o poezie. 2. I have broken my leg. i interogative
3. You have been in England twice this year. for two hours/
2. Aciuni trecute i 4. Alexandra has just eaten. days/weeks/months/years
ncheiate al cror rezultat 5. Ricky has done his homework for 3 hours now. since 2012
se vede n prezent. 6. Sandra has lived in London since 2002. before
__________________________________________________ lately
Exemplu: recently
Mi-am rupt piciorul. Negativ: __________________________
Substantiv + havent/hasnt + Verb col.III-a /ed
Atenie!
3. Aciuni trecute i Exemple:
ncheiate al cror interval 1. Since introduce o
de desfurare nu s-a 1. Sara hasnt written a poem. propoziie secundar n care se
terminat. 2. I havent broken my leg. folosete trecutul simplu.
3. You havent been in England twice this year.
4. Alexandra hasnt eaten yet. 2. Cu ntrebrile When? i
Exemplu:
5. Ricky hasnt done his homework. What time? se folosete
Tu ai fost n Anglia de
6. Sandra hasnt lived in London since 2002. trecutul simplu.
dou ori anul acesta.
4. Aciuni terminate cu
puin timp nainte de Interogativ:
momentul vorbirii. Have/Has + Substantiv + Verb col.III-a /ed?
Exemple:
Exemplu:
Alexandra tocmai a 1.Has Sara written a poem? Yes, she has. No, she hasnt.
mncat. 2. Have I broken my leg? Yes, I have. No, I havent.
3. Have you been in England twice this year? Yes, you have.
5. Aciuni ncepute i care No, you havent.
continu. 4. Has Alexandra eaten? Yes, she has. No, she hasnt.
5. Has Ricky done his homework? Yes, he has. No, he hasnt.
Exemple: 6. Has Sandra lived in London since 2002? Yes, she has. No,
Ricky i face temele de 3 she hasnt.
ore.
Sandra locuiete n
Londra din 2002.

La prezentul perfect nu se
menioneaz momentul
desfurrii aciunii, dar
se poate meniona
perioada de nceput a
aciunii.