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Lista abrevierilor admise (in intrebri i rspunsuri) in cazurile clinice pot fi folosite alte abrevieri dac i numai dac

acestea sunt explicate la inceputul textului. List revizuit de ctre Consiliul tiinific de Medicin al Consiliul Naional al Concursurilor de Internat la data de 16.12.2004. A ACE: antigen carcinoembrionar ACTH: hormon adenocorticotropic (corticotrofin, hormon corticotrop hipofizar) ADH: hormon antidiuretic (vasopresin) ADN: acid dezoxiribonucleic AINS: antiinflamator nonsteroidian ALAT: alanin amino transferaz (TGP) ALD: afeciune de lung durat APP: autorizaie de punere pe pia AMPc: AMP ciclic ANCA: antineutrophylic'cytoplasmic antibody (anticorp anticitoplasmatic neutrofilic) APGAR: Scorul Apgar (american pediatric gross assessment record) APUD: amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation (celule care capteaz i decarboxileaz precursorii de amine) ARN: acid ribonucleic ARNm: ARN messager ASA: clasificarea riscului operator de ctre American Society of Anesthesiologist ASAT: aspartat amino transferaz (TGO) ASLO: antistreptolizin O ATP: adenozin trifosfat AVC: accident vascular cerebral aVf, aVL, aVr: derivaii electrografke unipolare AVK: anti-vitamina K B BCG: bacilul Calmette Guerin BK: bacilul Koch BPOC: bronhopneumopatie obstructiv cronic BTS: boal cu transmitere sexual C CCMH: concentraia corpuscular medie de hemoglobin CEC: circulaie extracorporal CGMH: concentraia globular medie de hemoglobin CIVD: coagulare intra vascular diseminat

CK: creatinkinaz CMV: virusul citomegalic CO: monoxid de carbon C02: dioxid de carbon CPK: creatinfosfokinaz CPK-BB: creatinfosfokinaz izoenzima BB CPK-MB: creatinfosfokinaz izoenzima MB CPK-MM: creatinfosfokinaz izoenzima MM CRH: corticotropin releasing hormone (hormon de eliberare a hormonului corticotrop) CRP: proteina C reactiv CSP: cantitate suficient pentru D DCI: denumirea comun internaional DHEA: dehidroepiandrosteron DOPA: dihidroxifenilalanin E EBNA: Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen EBV: virusul Epstein-Barr ECBU: examen citobacteriologic de urin ECG: electrocardiogram ECHO virus: enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus EEG: electroencefalogram ELISA: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay EMG: electromiografie EPA: edem pulmonar acut F Fi02: fracia inspiratorie de oxigen FSH: follicle stimulationg hormone (hormon foliculostimulant) G Gamma-GT: gama-glutamil transferaz GA: globule albe GH: growth hormone - hormon de cretere (hormon somatotrop) GH-RH: Gh-releasing hormone (hormon activator al hormonului de cretere) GR: globule roii GVH: graft versus host (reacie gref contra gazd) H Hb: hemoglobin HbAlC: hemoglobina glicat (glicozilat) 22 Hb02: oxihemoglobin HCG: human chorionic gonadotrophin (gonadotropin corionic) HDL: high density lipoproteins (lipoproteine cu densitate

mare) HELLP: hemolysis + elevated liver enzymes* low patelets HIV: virusul imunodeficienei umane (virusul SIDA) HLA: human leucocyte antigen (antigene leucocitare umane /de histocompatibilitate) HPV: human papilomavirus HTLV: human T cell leukemia/lymphoma virus (virusul uman T limfotrofk) I IDR: intradermoreacie IEC: inhibitor al enzimei de conversie Ig: imunoglobulin IGF: insuin-like growth factor (somatomedin) IMAO: inhibitor de monoamioxidaz INR: international normalized ratio IQ: coeficientul de inteligent RMN: rezonan magnetic nuclear (exit: ITT: incapacitate temporar total (ambiguitate eliminat la 17.03. 2005) IV: intravenos L LCR: lichid cefalorahidian LDH: lactat dehidrogenaz LDL: low density lipoprotein (lipoprotein cu densitate mic) LH: luteinizing hormone (hormon luiteinizant) LHRH: luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (gonadoliberin) LMWH: low molecular weight heparin (heparine cu greutate molecular mic) M MALT: mucous associated lymphoid tissu esut limfoid asociat mucoaselor) MNI: mononucleoz infecioas N NFS: determinarea formulei sanguine NK: natural killer O OMS: Organizaia Mondial a Sntii ORL: otorinolaringologie P PAN: periarterit nodoas Pa02: presiunea arterial parial in oxigen PaC02: presiunea arterial parial in dioxid de carbon PCR: polymerase chain-reaction PDF: produi de degradare a fibrinei PDGF: platelet-derived growth factor (factor de cretere

plachetar) PFR: prob funcional respiratorie PMI: protecia maternal i infantil PNB: polinucleare bazofile PNE: polinucleare eozinofme PNN: polinucleare neutrofile PSA: prostatic specific antigen Q QRS: complexul QRS QT: segmentul QT R RAST: radio allergo sorbent test (dozare radio imunologic a IgE specifice unui alergen) Rh: rhesus RMN: rezonan magnetic nuclear S SIDA: sindromul imunodeficienei dobandite SARS: sindrom respirator acut sever T "M"C V T3: triiodotironin T4: tiroxin, tetraiodotironin * TCA: timp de cefalin activat ; TCK: timp de cefalin kaolin TDM: tomodensitometrie TGO: transaminaz glutamooxaloacetic TGP: transaminaz glutamopiruvic TNM: tumor nodes metastasis (clasificare: tumor primitiv, adenopatii regionale, metastaze) TP: timpul de protrombin TPHA: treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay TRH: thyrotropin releasing hormone (protirelin) TSH: thyroid stimulation hormone (hormon de stimulare tiroidian) U UI: unitate internaional v UIV: urografie intravenoas > ? V VDRL: venerai disease research laboratory (reacie de aglutinare sifilitic) VEMS: volum expirator maxim pe secund VGM: volum globular mediu VLDL: very low density lipoproteins (lipoproteine cu densitate foarte mic) VS: viteza de sedimentare Reference 2 3

Lista de abrevieri la ediia in limba roman


A AAA: anevrism de aort abdominal A AN: anticorpi antinucleari ACh: acetilcholin ACOMI: arteriopatie cronic obliterant a membrelor inferioare ACR: artera central a retinei ADAM: algie disfuncionala a aparatului manducator ADHD: deficit de atenie-hiperactivitate ADPKD: boal polichistic renal autozomal dominant AHAI: anemie hemolitic autoimun AIT: accident ischemic tranzitoriu AMIR: anomalii microvasculare intraretiniene anti TG: antitiroglobulin anti-IA-2: islet antigen-2 sau tirozin-fosfataz anti-TPO: antitiroperoxidaz anti-VEGf: anti vascular endothelial growth factor APTT: timp de tromboplastin parial activat ARA2: antagonist de receptor de angiotensin ATM: articulaie temporo-mandibular B . . , , BAV: bloc atrioventricular BC: bronit cronic BhCG Beta-HCG: beta gonadotropin corionic uman BICI: boli inflamatorii cronice ale intestinului BRD: bloc de ramur dreapt BRS: bloc de ramur stang BTK: Bruton-tirozin-kinaz BU: bandelet urinar C CAE: conduct auditiv extern CCE: celule ciliate externe CCF: chirurgie cervico-facial CHC: carcinom hepato-celular CIA: comunicare interacuricular CINCA: Chronic infantile neurologic cutaneous and articular syndrome CIV: comunicare interventricular CLR: canal lombar ingust CMT: cancer medular tiroidian CMI: concentraia minim inhibitoare CO: conducere osoas

COMT: catecolortometiltransferaza CPT: capacitate pulmonar total CREST: calcinoz Raynaud afectare esofagian sclerodactilie telangiectazie CS: corticosteroid CSI: corticosteroid inhalator Ct: colesterol total CVP: cale venoas periferic D DA: dermatit atopic * dB: decibeli DCA: Dichloroacetate DCTP: vaccin DTP antidifteric, antitetanic, antipertussis DFG: debit de filtrare glomerular DG: diabet gestaional DICS: deficit imunitar combinat sever DID: diabet zaharat insulino dependent DIU: dispozitiv intrauterin DLBCL: limfoame difuze cu celule B mari DLCO: Diffusion lung capacity for carbon monoxide DNID: diabet zaharat non insulino dependent DMLV: degenerescena macular legat de varst DR: dezlipire de retin DVO: disfuncie ventilatorie obstructiv E EA: (early antigen) antigen timpuriu ECA: enzima de conversie a angiotensinei ECBU: examen citobacteriologic al urinei ECoG: electrocohleografie ECT: terapie electroconvulsivant EER: epurare extrarenal EI: endocardita infecioas EMG: electromiogram ENA: extractable nuclear antigen EP: embolie pulmonar EPO: eritropoietin EPS: examen parazitologic al scaunului ETE: ecografie Doppler cardiac transesofagian ETT: ecografie Doppler cardiac transtoracic EVA: scala vizual-analogic ETU: elastografie tranzitorie F FAN: factori antinucleari FC: frecvena cardiac FGF: factorul de cretere a fibroblastelor FiA: fibrilaie atrial

FEVS: fracia de ejecie a ventricului stang FMT: frecvena maximal teoretic FO: funcia ocular FR: frecvena respiratorie G GA: gaura anionic GAD65: antiglutamat decarboxilaz GAU: gaura anionic urinar GEM: glomeluronefrit extramembranoas GH: growth hormone; hormon de cretere GMHN: gu multiheteronodular GN: glomerulonefrit GNMP (MPGN): glomerulonefrit membranoproliferativ GNRP: glomerulonefrit rapid-progresiv H HBP: hipertrofie benign de prostat HBPS: hemibloc posteroinferior stang HED: hematom extradural 24 HGMM: Human Gastric Gel Mucin HLO: hemianopsie lateral omonim HNPCC: cancer colorectal nonpolipozic ereditar HP: Helicohacter pylori HPLC: High Performance Liquid Chromatography-, cromatografie lichid de inalt performan HRP: Hematom retroplacentar HTA: Hipertensiune arterial HTIC: Hipertensiune intracranian HTO: HiperTensiune Ocular HSD: hematom subdural HSDA: hematom subdural acut HSF: hialinoza segmentar i focal HSV: Herpes simplex virus (VHS : virus herpes simplex) HVS: hipertrofie ventricular stang l IA: insuficien aortic IDCV: imunodeficien comun variabil IDR (test): test cutanat la tuberculin IEPP: imunoelectroforeza proteinelor plasmatice IEPU: imunoelectroforeza proteinelor urinare IF: imunofluorescen IM: insuficien mitral IMP: iminen de natere prematur IMS: intrerupere medical a sarcinii INP: incidena naterii premature IP: indice de protrombin

IPP: inhibitori de pomp de protoni IPS: indexul presiunii sistolice IR: insuficien respiratorie IRA: insuficien renal acut IRC: insuficien renal cronic IRCO: insuficiena respiratorie cronic obstructiv IST: infecii sexual-transmisibile ITL: infecie tuberculoas latent ITS: indicele tensiunii sistolice IU: infecie urinar IVC: insuficien venoas cronic IVD: insuficien ventricular dreapt IVS: insuficien ventricular stang IVSE: i.v. cu sering electronic L LA: leucemie acut LADA: Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults LAL: leucemie acut limfoblastic LAM: leucemie acut mieloid (mieloblastic) LAP: leucemie acut promielocitar LBA: lavaj bronhoalveoloar LEAD: lupus eritematos acut diseminat LEMP: leucoencefalopatie multifocal progresiv LES: lupus eritematos sistemic LGM: leziuni glomerulare minime LGV: limfogranulomatoza veneric LLC: leucemie limfoid cronic LNH: limfom non Hodgkin M MAG: glicoproteina asociat mielinei MAT: microangiopatie trombotic MBG: membrana bazal glomerular MCE: masaj cardiac extern MFIU: moarte fetal intrauterin MGUS: gamapatie monoclonal cu semnificaie nedeterminat MIBG: meta-iodobenzylguanidin MLV: maculopatie legat de varst MO: microscopie optic MODY: maturity onset diabetes oftheyoung; diabetul de tip adult al tanrului ' 4 MPO: mieloperoxidaz ' N NEM: neoplazie endocrin multipl NIA: nefrit interstiial acut NOIAA: neuropatie optic ischemic anterioar acut NORB: neuropatie optic retrobulbar

NTA: necroz tubular acut O OACR: ocluzie de arter central a retinei OEA: otoemisii acustice OMA: otit medie acut OMC: otit medie cronic OIN: oftalmoplegie inter-nuclear OIO: presiune intraocular " : i " ORVR: ocluzie de ram al venei centrale a retinei OVCR: ocluzie de ven central a retinei OSM: otit seromucoas P PA: presiune arterial PAAP: polineuropatie axonal ascendent progresiv PAIR: puncie-aspiraie-injecie-reaspiraie PBR: puncie biopsie renal ;i PCA: persisten de canal arterial ' ? PCT: procalcitonin PEA: poteniale evocate auditive PEAA: poteniale evocate acustice automate PEF: flux expirator de varf (peak expiratory flow) PEM: poteniale evocate miogenice PET: tomografie prin emisie de pozitroni PF: paralizie facial PFCL: PanFotoCoagulare Laser PFP: paralizie facial periferic PL: puncie lombar PMN: polimorfonucleare (leucocite) PNET: tumor primar neuroectodermal PNN: polinucleare neutrofile POIC: pseudo-obstrucie intestinal cronic PPC: plasm proaspt congelat PPR: pseudopolartrita rizomelic PRN: poliradiculonevrite PR3: antiproteinaza-3 PSDP: sensibilitate diminuat la penicilin PTI: purpur trombocitopenic idiopatic (autoimun) PTU: propiltiouracil PVB19: parvovirus B 19 PVM: prolaps de valv mitral Reference 2 5 R RAA: reumatism articular acut RAI: radioactive iodine; iod radioactiv RAU: retenie acut de urin RCIU: retard de cretere intrauterin

RFG: rata de filtrare glomerular RGE: reflux gastroesofagian RMO: referine medicale opozabile RCF: ritm cardiac fetal RD: retinopatie diabetic RNP: ribonucleoprotein ROR: rujeol-oreion-rubeol ROT: reflexe osteotendinoase RPM; reziduu postmicional RVU: reflux vezico-ureteral S SA: stenoz aortic , SAFL: sindrom antifosfolipidic Sa02: saturaie in oxigen SAS: sindrom de apnee in somn SCA: sindrom coronarian acut SCVL: stenoz de canal vertebral lombar Sd: sindrom SDRA: sindrom de detres respiratorie acut SEU: sarcin extrauterin SGA: streptococ de grupa A SIADH: syndrome o f inappropriate antidiuretic hormone Sil: sindrom de intestin iritabil SIRS: sindrom de rspuns inflamator sistemic SLA: scleroz lateral amiotrofic SM: stenoz mitral (vezi capitolul Cardiologie) SM: scleroz multipl (vezi capitolul Neurologie) SN: sindrom nefrotic SPECT: Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography SSSS (staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome): epidermoliza stafilococic STH: somatotropic hormone: hormon somatotrop hipofizar SWS: sindrom Sturge-Weber-Krabbe T TA: tensiune arterial TAs: presiune arterial sistolic TAd: presiune arterial diastolic TCR (T cell receptor): receptorii limfocitelor T TEGD: tranzit esogastroduodenal TENS: neurostimulare transcutanat TFI: tulburri funcionale intestinale TG: trigliceride TGF-beta: transforming growth factor beta TIPMP: tumor intracanalar papilar i mucinoas a pancreasului TIPS: transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt - shunt

portosistemic transjugular intrahepatic TOF: secvene intracraniene numite cu timp de zbor (time o f flight) TNF-alfa: tumor necrosis factor alpha TPO: tiroperoxidaz TS: timp de sangerare TSHus: TSH ultrasensibil TSN: tratament de substituie nicotinic TTGO: test de toleran la glucoz sau hiperglicemie provocat pe cale oral U UCNT: undifferentiated carcinoma o f nasopharyngeal type; carcinom nasofaringeal nedifereniat UMOD: patologii renale prin mutaia genelor UPC: unghiul ponto-cerebelos V VCA: viral capside antigen; antigen capsidic viral VDJ: variable diversifying joining VEGF: vascular endothelial growth factor; factor de cretere vascular endotelial VEM: volum eritrocitar mediu VEMP: poteniale evocate miogenice vestibulare VHB: virusul hepatitei B VHC: virusul hepatitei C VNG: videonistagmografie VNI: ventilaie non invaziv VPPB: vertij paroxistic poziional benign VRS: virusul respiratoriu sinciial VZV: virusul Varicella-Zoster X XLA: X-linked agammaglobulinaemia; agamaglobulinemie congenital sau boala Bruton 2