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FORMA

TIMP FORMARE EXEMPLU UTILIZARE MEN IUNI


Prezent Aff. S + vb + (s, es pers. III, sg) I always go to school in time. -ac iuni obi nuite, all the time,
Simplu Neg. S + don't/doesn't + vb He doesn't work every day. care se ntmpl n mod always, every day
Int. Do/Does + S + vb Do you like pizza? regulat, dar nu neaprat (week, month,
n momentul vorbirii; year, etc), most of
- In autumn, it rains very much. -adevruri sau realit i the time, often,
general acceptate; usually,
- She likes ice cream better -exprim opinii, sometimes,
than cakes. preferin e; rarely;
-n ac iuni
- If it rains, we will stay at viitoare, cnd
home. este precedat de
-We will finish the work before if, when, until as
he comes. soon as, before,
after.
Prezent Aff. S + to be + vb-ING I am going to school now. -ac iune care se afl n now, in this
Continuu Neg. S + to be + not + vb-ING He is not working now. plin desf urare n moment;
Int. To be + S + vb-ING Are you loving pizza? momentul vorbirii; - numai verbele
- He is writing a new book. -ac iune care este n dinamice au
! Timpurile continuue sunt desf urare n prezent, form continuu;
forme care apar in dar nu se ntmpl exact - vb statice (de
registrului oral, limbii n momentul vorbirii percep ie,senza
vorbite i sunt rar folosite -More and more perople from -tendin sau ac iune ieactivit.
n registrul scris! Mexic are learning English. care a debutat recent. mental, rela ie,
-Are you doing anything -ac iuni dintr-un posesie: believe,
interesting these days? prezent mai lung, dar realise, think,
-My sister is always wearing temporar. suppose,
my clothes! -ac iuni de lung understand,see
-Your English is improving! durat sau obiceiuri know, hate, love
-pentru situa ii care se understand,own
- Why are you eating my ice schimb; mean,need, hear)
cream? -pentru a te plnge de o ! - vb to like -fr
situa ie temporar form continuu
Prezent Aff. S + have/has +vb (ed, forma People have poluted the planet. - ac iune petrecut i - cu adverbe de
Perfect a III-a) ncheiat ntr-un frecven :
Simplu Neg. S + haven't/hasn't + vb (ed I haven't done my homework moment din trecut ce nu always,
sau forma a III-a) yet. paote fi precizat; cu sometimes, often,
Int. Have/has + S + vb (ed sau My parents have just arrived. rezultate ce se vd n etc;
forma a III-a) prezent; - just, yet
- ac iune care s-a - la interogativ se
ncheiat recent; folose te
- ac iune trecut, parte adverbul already
a unui proces nencheiat pentru a sublinia
nc; uimirea;
Prezent Aff. S + have/has + been + verb- The boys have been playing - ac iune care a nceput - cu prepozi ii
Perfect ING football since noon. n tecut i continu n temporale since,
Continuu Neg. S + haven't/hasn't +been + I haven't been gone for long. prezent; for, until
vb-ING
Int. Have/has + S + been + vb- Have you been working until
ING now?
Trecutul Aff. S + vb-ED (vb. regulate) I played tennis last year. -fapte i realit i din - cu adverbe de
Simplu S + vb (forma a II-a pt vb trecut; ac iuni repetate timp: in the
neregulate) -ac iune care s-a morning, the day
Neg. S + didn't + vb (inf. scurt) She didn't wash the dishes. desf urat i s-a before yesterday,
Int. Did + S + vb (inf. scurt) Did you finish the homework? ncheiat ntr-un moment last night (month,
trecut determinat, etc);
precizat;
Trecutul Aff. S + was/were +vb-ING While my brother was listening -ac iune n -cu while
Continuu Neg. the radio, I was reading a book; desf urare ntr-un -this time
Int. S + wasn't/waren't + vb-ING When the teacher explained, he moment din trecut; yesterday, -
wasn't paying attention. -ac iune care se Monday at this
Was/were + S + vb-ING Were you sleeping at this time, desf oar hour, etc
yesterday? concomitent cu o alt
- They were playing, talking ac iune;
and laughing during the class. -pt a descrie o scen din
trecut.
Trecutul Aff. S + had + vb (ed, forma a I had come home before my - ac iune care s-a - before
Perfect III-a) mother arrived from office. petrecut nantea unei
Simplu Neg. S + hadn't + vb (ed, forma a She hadn't finished her work alte ac iuni din trecut.
III-a) before midnight.
Int. Had + S + vb (ed, a III-a Had you gone to the airport?
form)
Trecutul Aff. S + had + been + vb-ING I had been writing a letter for - ac iune care s-a - since, for.
Perfect 20 minutes. desf urat continuu pe - all day (night,
Continuu Neg. S + hadn't + been + vb-ING She hadn't been gone more o perioad de timp i s- year, etc)
than half an hour. a ncheiat naintea unui
Int. Had + S + been + vb-ING Had you been learning all alt timp.
night?
Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + vb(inf. scurt) I shall visit Paris next week. -ac iuni care vor avea tomorrow, the
Simplu Neg. S + shall not/ won't + She will not (won't) go to her loc ntr-un moment din day after
vb(inf.scurt) cousin next Friday. viitor; predic ii, tomorrow, next
Int. Shall/will + S + vb(inf.scurt) Will you come tomorrow? promisiuni, invita ii, year, etc
oferte, cereri
TO BE GOING TO...(pt -interoga ii despre
planuri, inten ii) viitor, planuri ale
ac iunilor viitoare.
Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + be + vb-ING I shall be flying at this hour -ac iune viitoare n
Continuu tomorrow. plin desf urare ntr-
Neg. S + shall not/will not + be + He will not be living here next un moment din viitor;
vb-ING year.
Int. Shall/will + S + be + vb- Will they be reading books this
ING time in the week-end?
Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + have + vb I shall have finished the exam -pt. a sublinia o -by
Perfect (ed. forma a III-a) by this time next Wednesday. ac iune care care va fi - dup think,
Simplu Neg. S + shall not/will not + have He will not have gone to work terminat ntr-un hope, expect, pt.
+ vb (ed, forma a III-a) by the time you arrive home. moment al viitorului; a exprima
Int. Shall/will + S + have + vb Will you have gained the ntmplri din
(ed, forma a III-a) money by February? viitor care nu
-I think I will have finished my sunt prea sigure
homework by 7 o'clock.

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + have + been I shall already have been !! n engleza modern - already
Perfect + vb-ING turning old when you will be forma shall este f.
Continuu Neg. S + shall not/will not + have 20. pu in utilizat!
+ been + vb-ING ! Cea mai des folosit
Int. Shall/will + S + have + been Will you have been starting the n engleza vorbit i
+ vb-ING course when I will finish my scris este forma
classes? prescurtat 'll !