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INTERVENTII MODERNE IN ANTRENAMENTUL SPORTIV PENTRU EDUCAREA

PSIHOMOTRICITATII LA HANDBALISTELE JUNIOARE III


(12-14ANI)

Conducator stiintific: Doctorand:

prof.univ.dr.BONDOC-IONESCU DRAGOS DAMIAN ROXANA

Tema tezei de doctorat se axeaz pe intervenie n antrenamentul sportivelor handbaliste de


nivel III n vederea abordrii i educrii componentelor psihomotricitii cu un model de prgtire
elaborat i adaptat nivelului de vrst i pregtire i n acelai timp cu elaborarea unui sistem de
evaluare a acestora. Scopul i obiectivele generale ale cercetrii se refer la faptul c n jocul de
handbal alturi de calitile motrice de baz: viteza, fora, rezistena se manifest cu precdere
calitile psihomotrice i anume, coordonarea static i dinamic, lateralitatea, schema corporal,
timpul de reacie simplu i rapid, orientarea spaial i temporal, ideomotricitatea, astfel, se
consider necesar abordarea n antrenamentul sportiv din jocul de handbal a acestor caliti nc
de la debutul pregtirii, n acelai timp cu evaluarea acestora. n acest sens, putem exprima faptul
c, scopul cercetriieste acela de a interveni n antrenamentul sportiv din handbal, la nivelul
junioarelor III, pe direcia dezvoltrii/educrii componentelor psihomotricitii. Antrenamentul
sportiv a fost direcionat pe dezvoltarea/educarea urmtoarelor componente ale psihomotricitii:
coordonarea static i dinamic- echilibrul static i dinamic, coordonarea intersegmentar,
lateralitatea,ambidextria, orientarea n spaiu i timp, schema corporal, timpul de reacie simplu i
rapid.. Programul propus are n vedere elaborarea unor sisteme de acionare care cuprind execuii
ale elementelor i procedeelor din tehnica specific n condiii normale, n condiii ngreunate, n
condiii uurate, cu aparate ajuttoare, pe teren variat, cu mingi de diferite mrimi. S-a avut n
vedere elaborarea unui plan de pregtire macrocilu a sportivelor handbaliste cu vrsta cuprins
ntre 12-14 ani, care au cuprins i componentele de mai sus. Cercetarea s-a desfurat n dou
etape 2013-2014-cercetarea preliminar i etapa a doua, 2014-2015 cercetarea de baz. Subiecii
au fost reprezentanii a dou echipe de handbal, cu vrsta cuprins intre 12-14 ani.

Validarea rezultatelor obinute s-a realizat prin aplicarea sistemelor de acionare asupra unei grupe
exprimentale(n=18) i compararea acestora cu cele obinute de o grup de control (n=18). n acelai
timp s-au determinat corelaiile ntre probele de motricitate specific handbalului i testele de
laborator efectuate cu aparatul PSISELTEVA. Validarea cercetrii va fi ntrit de sistemele de
acionare/exerciiile nsine care se constituie n teste de verificare a potenialului psihomotric. Prin
investigaiile psihomotricitii cu ajutorul aparatului PSISELTEVA s-a urmrit determinarea
timpului de reacie simplu, timpul de reacie de discriminare, timpul de reacie la stimuli compleci,
testul de reactivitate, timpul de decizie, coordonarea mn- picior, vigilen. (softul verific viteza
de reacie, de decizie, de execuie, coordonarea ochi-mn, mn-picior, viteza de reacie la stimului
sonori (sunete de intensiti diferite), vizuali (culori, forme diferite), timpi diferii de aparie,
rezistena la stress. S-a constat ca n urma analizei rezultatelor cercetrii de baz s-au ndeplinit
ipotezele de lucru enumerate, constatandu-se ameliorri n obiectivizarea tehnicii i asfel,
confirmnd ipoteza cercetrii experimentale constatative prin prelucrri statistico-matematice .

Astfel, lucrarea prezint noutate prin: modelul de pregtire psihomotric elaborat i implementat la
echipa de handbal junioare III, 12-13 ani, prin introducerea n cadrul planificrii a componentei
psihomotrice, elaborarea unui sistem de evaluare a componentelor psihomotrice n condiii specifice
de manifestare n jocul de handbal, validarea sistemelor de acionare i a progresului realizat prin
testarea sportivelor cu aparatul PSISELTEVA-

Modelul de pregtire i evaluare va fi propus ctre Comisia Metodic a Federatiei Romane de


Handbal
In urma analizei cercetarii imi dau acceptul de sustinere publica a tezei.

Cuvinte cheie: handbal, antrenament psihomotric, echilibru, coordonare, ambidextrie,


lateralitate, orientare spaial i temporal, schema corporal, vitez de reacie, viteza de decizie,
timpi de reactivitate.

MODERN APPLICATIONS IN SPORTS TRAINING FOR THE EDUCATION OF


PSYCHOMOTRICITY TO JUNIOR HANDBALL PLAYERS III (12-14 YEARS OLD)

The PhD thesis focuses on the intervention in the training of junior handball players III in
order to approach and educate the psychomotricity components with a training model developed
and adapted to their age and training level and, at the same time, with the development of a system
for evaluation.The purpose and overall objectives of the research refer to the fact that in handball,
alongside the basic motor abilities such as speed, strength and endurance, other psychomotor
qualities are particularly revealed, namely static and dynamic coordination, laterality, body
scheme, simple and quick reaction time, spatial and temporal orientation, ideomotricity, thus, it is
considered necessary to address these qualities from the very beginning of the handball sports
training together with their evaluation.In this respect, we can state that the aim of the research is
to work on the development/education of psychomotricity components in handball sports training
at junior level III. Sports training focused on the development/education of the following
psychomotricity components: static and dynamic coordination static and dynamic balance,
intersegmentary coordination, laterality, ambidexterity, orientation in time and space, body
scheme, simple and quick reaction time.The proposed program envisages the development of
drive systems which include performances of elements and procedures of the specific technique
under normal, hampered, or eased conditions, with helpful devices, on a varied field, with balls of
different sizes. It was intended to develop a training plan a macrocycle of sportswomen handball
players aged between 12 and 14 which also included the above components. The research was
conducted in two stages: the preliminary research between 2013-1014 and the basic research
between 2014-2015. The subjects aged between 12 and 14 were members of two handball teams.
The validation of the results was done by applying the drive systems on an experimental group
(n=18) and comparing them to those of a control group (n=18). At the same time, there were
determined the correlations between specific motricity handball tests and lab tests carried out with
PSISELTEVA testing device. The validation of the research will be strengthened by the drive
systems/exercises which are considered as tests on psychomotric potential. By using the
PSISELTEVA testing device for psychomotricity investigations it was sought to determine the
simple reaction time, the discrimination reaction time, reaction time to complex stimuli, reactivity
test, decision time, hand-foot coordination, vigilance.The software checks the speed of reaction,
decision making and execution, hand-eye and hand-foot coordination, speed of reaction to
auditory stimuli (sounds of different intensities), visual stimuli (colours, different shapes),
different times of occurence, resistance to stress. It was found that after analyzing the results of the
basic research there have been accomplished the assumptions listed, finding out improvements in
technique objectivization, and thus confirming the hypothesis of the experimental research by
statistical and mathematical processing.

Therefore, the thesis shows great originality through the following features: developing and
implementing the psychomotor training model at the junior handball team III (12-13 years old),
introducing thepsychomotor component within the planning, developing a system to assess the
psychomotor components under specific conditions in handball game, validating the drive systems
and progress by testing the handball players with PSISELTEVA testing machine.

The training and evaluation model will be proposed to the Methodical Commission of the
Romanian Handball Federation

After analyzing the research I give permission for the public defence of the thesis.

Key words: handball, psychomotor training,balance, coordination, ambidexterity, laterality,


space and time orientation, body scheme, speed of reaction, speed of decision making, reactivity
time.