Sunteți pe pagina 1din 100

Cuprins

-

7-26

-

29-48

-

51-71

-

75-95

Secțiunea română-engleză
Secțiunea română-engleză
Secțiunea română-engleză
Secțiunea română-engleză

Englez

A

abatere judiciar violation; breach, tresspassing; infringement; transgression ab inerea abstention abuz de incredere breach of trust, abuse of smb.’s trust / confidence abuzul în serviciu contra intereselor persoanei maladministration; misfeasence acceptarea mo tenirii acceptance of inheritance acces la justitie access to justice accesiune accession; adherence accesul într-un sistem informatic access to computer / data processing system achitare acquital, dismissal acord bilateral bilateral agreement acord multilateral multilateral agreement acord sau în elegere bilateral sau multilateral referitoare la asisten a judiciar în materie penal bilateral or multilateral agreement / accord providing for legal aid in criminal / penal matters Acord Schengen Schengen agreement acordare de desp gubiri compensation, awarding damages acordarea asisten ei judiciare interna ionale lending international legal aid acordul de compromis compromise / arrangement agreement acquis-ul Uniunii body of EU law, EU achievements act de sesizare a instan ei de judecat writ of summons act oficial official document, deed, legal instrument act judiciar str in foreign judicial act acte premerg toare urm ririi penale prosecution prior acts activit i infrac ionale similare similar activities relating to an infraction ac iune civil civil action ac iune civil al turat ac iunii penale mixed action ac iune în daune i restituire action for damages and recovery

ac iune în rectificare

action in rectifying / restitutio in integrum / for

restauration

ac iune în revendicare

action for recovery of property

ac iune penal

criminal proceedings, criminal action

ac iune posesorie

possessory action

acuzat accused, culprit, defendant, prisoner, respondent administrarea probelor evidence-taking admisibilitate în principiu admissibility principle admiterea probei evidence admission ADN DNA

a fi în vigoare in force, valid, operative

afi area cita iei la locul s vâr irii infrac iunii summons displaying at the offence location

agent de procedur investigator amânarea execut rii pedepsei cesset executio, reprieve amend civil fine, civil penalty amend judiciar amercement amenin are threat; intimidation amnistie amnesty; general pardon amprent digital fingerprint analizarea probelor evidence reading, analysis analogie analogy anchet penal investigation anchet social survey

anchet sub acoperire investigation under cover anex annex, appendix, supplement, addendum antecedente penale antecedents anulare abatement; repeal; rescission; avoidance; invalidation apartenen a la o organiza ie criminal belonging to a criminal organisation apatrid stateless person

ap r tor din oficiu

counsel for the defence

apel

appeal

Englez

apel peste termen appeal over term of court aplicarea la timp a dispozi iilor unei legi enforcing a law / application of law in due time aplicarea legii penale mai favorabile application of the favourable legal law aplicarea obligatorie a legii penale mai favorabile în cazul pedepselor definitive compulsory application of the favourable law in case of final punishments aplicarea reciproc a m surilor de asisten judiciar mutual application of the legal aid measures arendare lease, leasing arestare nelegal illegal arresting / apprehension arestare preventiv detention pending trial, imprisonement before trial arestarea provizorie în caz de urgen temporary arresting in an emergency arestarea provizorie i sesizarea instan ei temporary arresting and going to law arvun earnest money, advance money, deposit asigurarea de reciprocitate mutual insurance asistat de interpret assisted by interpreter asisten judiciar interna ional international legal aid asisten în materie de taxe i accize assistance in matters of taxes and excise asisten tehnic din partea unui Stat Membru technical assistance from a Member State asociere în participa ie partnership, joint venture asociere în vederea s vâr irii de infrac iuni association to commit offences atingeri aduse vie ii private privacy attacks audiere hearing audierea inculpatului hearing the defendant / the person indicted audierea p r ii v t mate, audierea martorilor, audierea exper ilor hearing the injured party, hearing the witnesses, hearing the experts audierea persoanei c utate hearing the seeking person audierea persoanei solicitate hearing the requested person audierea prin teleconferin hearing by teleconference audieri prin videoconferin hearing by videoconference autodenun self-denunciation autor author; perpetrator

autoritate central central authority autoritate competent qualified authority autoritatea de la care eman cererea de asisten authority issuing the request for assistance autoritate judiciar a p r ii solicitante / solicitate judicial authority of the requesting / requested party autoritate judiciar emitent issuing judicial power autoritate p rinteasc paternal authority autoritate român competent Romanian qualified authority autoriza ie de interceptare interception authorization / permit autorizatie de perchezi ie search warrant autosesizare internally generated inquiry, ex officio investigation avocat din oficiu counsel ex officio to assist a poor person avulsiune avulsion

B

bancrut frauduloas fraudulent bankrupcy bifarea c su ei sau a c su elor corespunz toare din formular ticking the appropriate box in the form bugging bugging bunuri ce pot face obiectul m surilor asigur torii estates subject to insurance measures bunuri confiscate confiscated goods bunuri determinate well-defined goods bunuri libere de sarcini ownerless property bunuri mobile personal estate / chattels / movables bunuri provenite din infrac iuni goods / estate coming from criminal offences

C

a cauza un prejudiciu to cause injury / damage / prejudice cadru juridic judicial framework

Englez

cadru legal legal framework, legal boundary cale de atac extraordinar extraordinary stage of appeal / appealing / level of appeal cale de atac ordinar ordinary stage of appeal / appealing / level of appeal calificare juridic judicial class / classifying / qualifying calificarea faptei offense qualifying calitate quality; status, capacity capacitate civil civil capacity capacitate de exerci iu capacity to act capacitate de folosin capacity to use caracterul penal al faptei criminal nature of the act carte funciar land register casare cassation; annulment; repeal cau iune bail; guarantee; security cauza care înlatur caracterul penal al faptei cause exonerating the criminal nature of offense cauza contractului cause of the contract cauza exoneratoare de r spundere penal exonerating causes of criminal liability cauz de nepedepsire cause of unpunishment cauze care împiedic punerea în mi care sau exercitarea ac iunii penale causes hindering exercising the criminal proceedings / criminal action cauze care înl tur r spunderea penal causes removing the criminal liability caz fortuit fortuitous event / accidental case cazier judiciar criminal record, judicial record c i de atac stages of appeal, appealings, levels of appeal c s torie marriage cercetare (la fa a locului) investigation at the crime scene cercetare abuziv abusive / excessive research / search / quest cercetare judecatoreasc judicial inquiry cerere de asisten request for assistance / legal aid cerere de chemare în judecat writ of summons cerere de extr dare request for extradition

cerere de informa ii asupra tranzac iilor bancare inquiry on banking transactions cerere de remitere a probelor request for evidence remanding / referring back cerere de tranzit request for transit cerere reconven ional counter claim cerere suplimentar de asisten judiciar additional request for legal aid cerere de transfer al procedurii penale petition for transfer of proceedings cer etorie beggary; mendicancy certificarea înregistr rilor registration certification certificat certificate certificat medico-legal forensic certificate cesiune de crean transfer of debts cesiunea contractului contract cession / assignment cheltuieli judiciare court costs; costs of a law suit cheltuieli judiciare court costs; costs of a law suit cheltuielile privind procedura de extr dare expenses of extradition proceedings chemare în garan ie call for guarantee chemare în judecat suing / summoning chestiuni prealabile previous / preceding issues circumstan e atenuante / agravante extenuating circumstances / aggravations circumstan e personale personal circumstances circumstan e reale actual circumstances circumstan e relevante relevant circumstances circumstan ele comiterii infrac iunii circumstances of commiting the offence cita ia writ of subpoena, summons, subpoena, citation citare subpoena, summons; writ clasare dismissal clauz clause clauz contractual contract clause / term clauz penal criminal clause coautori accomplices

Englez

cod de procedur penal rules of criminal procedure cod penal penal code codul aplicabil code into operation comisie rogatorie rogatory committee comisie rogatorie interna ional international rogatory committee compatibil cu legea p r ii solicitate compatible / consistent with the requested party’s law compensare (repara ie) compensation, set-off compensa ie (material , moral ) damages competen conmpetence; competency; jurisdiction competen a (instan ei) court jurisdiction competen a autorit ilor judiciare ale p r ii solicitante / solicitate competence of demanding / demanded party’s judicial authorities competen material ratione materiae, jurisdiction over the subject competen teritorial ratione loci, venue complet de judecat judge panel completarea urm ririi penale supplementing penal / criminal action complice accomplice complicitate complicity computarea deten iei (re inerii, arest rii preventive) computation of detention computarea deten iei executate în statul membru de executare computation of detention performed in the enforceable member state comunicarea actelor de procedur i a hot rârii judiciare providing the pleadings and order comunicarea actelor procedurale providing the pleadings comunicarea de înscrisuri i date sending the entries and data comunicarea mijloacelor materiale de prob sending / providing pieces of evidence / exhibits comunicarea prin po t a actelor de procedur sending by post the pleadings comunicarea i dovada comunic rii communication and the proof of communication comutarea pedepsei penalty commuting comutarea / înlocuirea pedepsei deten iunii pe via commutation of life sentence

comutativ commutative concuren a neloial unfair competition concurs de cereri plurality of requests concurs de infrac iuni concurrence of several offences in one action condamnare condemnation; judicial conviction condamnat convict, condemned criminal undergoing penal servitute condi ie condition condi iile extr d rii extradition conditions condi iile i durata transferului temporar conditions and duration of temporary transfer conducere sub influen a b uturilor alcoolice drunk driving conexare colligation confiden ialitate confidentiality confirmarea începerii urm ririi penale confirmation of taking action / bringing penal action confiscare (confiscarea bunurilor) confiscation, seizure of real property confiscare extins extended confiscation confiscarea bunurilor în vederea unei confisc ri ulterioare seizure of assets for subsequent confiscation confiscare special special confiscation conflict de competen concurrence of jurisdiction conflict de interese conflict of interests conflict de obliga ii interna ionale conflict / dispute of international liabilities conform cu according to, in accordance with, as per confruntarea confrontation consecinte deosebit de grave extremely serious consequences consemnarea declara iei statement registration / enrollment consensual consensual, based on mutual consent consiliu de familie family council consim mânt consent; assent; voluntary agrrement consim mânt exprimat în mod liber i în deplin cuno tin a consecin elor voluntarily given consent and in full awareness of the consequences

Englez

consim mântul condamnatului the convict’s consent consim mântul prealabil al Statului Membru previous / preceding consent of the Member State constatare tehnico- tiin ific technical and scientific finding / solution constatarea infrac iunii offence findings constatare medico-legal forensic findings constrângere (fizic sau moral ) constraint, coercion (actual coercion, implied coercion) consumarea infrac iunii consummation of a crime contesta ie în anulare appeal for annulment contesta ie la executare appeal to execution contopirea pedepselor sentences merging contraband smuggling, smuggled goods, contraband contract contract contract de antrepriz enterprise contract contract de asigurare insurance contract de comision commission contract contract de consigna ie consignation contract contract de cont curent current account / open account / running account contract contract de depozit bank deposit contract; storage contract contract de expedi ie dispatching / shipping / shipment / consignment contract contract de furnizare supplying / providing contract contract de între inere maintenance contract contract de loca iune letting contract contract de mandat mandate contract contract de rent viager life annuity / old-age pension contract contract de report contago / report contract contract de schimb exchange of goods / securities contract contract de societate company contract contract de transport transport contract contract de vânzare sale contract, bill of sale

contradictorialitate contradictiliness contrafacerea i pirateria produselor counterfeiting and piracy of products control judiciar judicial control control la frontier customs examination contumacie contumacy; resusal / fail to appear in court conven ie european European convention conven ie matrimonial antenuptial agreement conversie conversion conversiunea condamn rii change / conversion of conviction cooperare judiciar judicial cooperation cooperare judiciar în materie penal judicial cooperation in criminal matters copie certificat ceritified copy coproprietate for at forced co-ownership coproprietate obi nuit common co-ownership corp delict corpus delicti, material evidence corup ie, coruptibil bribery, bribable, open to bribery, corruptible crime aflate în jurisdic ia Cur ii Penale Interna ionale crimes within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court criminalist criminologist criminalistic criminology criminalitate informatic cybercrime criminalitate organizat organized crime cu titlu gratuit free of charge, without charge cu titlu oneros for good consideration culp fault, mistake, offence, delinquency, transgression, negligence cumul aritmetic arithmetic cumulation cumul juridic legal overlapping curatel guardianship, wardship curtoazia interna ional i reciprocitatea international courtesy and reciprocity custodie custody

Englez

D

dare / luare de mit bribery date cu caracter personal personal data datorie debt daune depunerea instrumentului de ratificare / de aderare daune interese damages daune moratorii default interest debitor debtor, obligor dec dere loss, cancelling, withdrawal of rights decesul f ptuitorului perpetrator’s death decizie decree, decision, opinion, order, judgement decizie dat în absen decision given in absentia decizie de fond decision on the merits decizie definitiv final decree decizie irevocabil irreversible decision; final rulin; decision beyond / past recall decizie privind executarea mandatului european de arestare decision for the enforcing the European arrest warant decizie pronun at în lips decision rendered in absentia decizie-cadru framework decision decizie-cadru a Consiliului Council framework decision declararea judec toreasc a mor ii judicial declaration of death declara ie declaration, statement, testimony declinare de competen competence declining delapidare peculation, malversation; embezzlement; misappropiation delegare delegation, authorisation deliberare consultation of judges, proceedings, deliberation delict offence, misdemeanour, delictum denun information, denunciation, declaration denun area calomnioas allegations

depozit bancar banking deposit depune sub jur mânt deposition under oath derogare derogation, waiver descrierea bunurilor description of goods descrierea probelor description of evidence desfiin area hot rârii decision cancellation desistare desistance; non suit; nolle prosequi; abandonment of action desp gubire reparations, redress, amends; compensation desp gubiri civile civil damages deten ie pe via life imprisonment deturnare embezzlement; fraudolent appropriation of entrusted property; misappropriation deturnarea de fonduri wrongful conversion de inut prisoner; person condemned to detention dezbateri debates dezbateri contradictorii contradictory debates discriminare discrimination disjungere severance of causes dispozi ie provision, disposition; order, prescription dispozi ie cu caracter obligatoriu available binding dispozi ie de confiscare a instrumentelor sau produselor infrac iunilor provision for confiscation of the instruments and proceeds of a crime dispozi ie de natur civil civil provisions / stipulations dispozi ie legal legal provision, clause dispozi ii tranzitorii transitional provisions dispunerea solutiei solution layout distrugere destruction, demolition, ruin divor divorce document echivalent equivalent document dol deceit; deception; fraud; dolus malus domeniu de aplicare line of business, field of activity

Englez

domeniu public public property domiciliu domicile, address; home, dwelling place; abode dona ie donation dosar file, court file; written record; documents; dossier dosarul cauzei cause file dovada comunic rii communication proof / evidence / certificate drept aplicabil as applicable drept de reten ie possessory lien drept intern national law, domestic law drept interna ional privat private international law drept penal relevant relevant criminal law drept procedural procedural law, adjective law dreptul de a nu depune m rturie the right not to testify dreptul la ap rare right to defence; right to be heard dreptul procedural relevant relevant procedural law drepturi nepatrimoniale non-property right drepturi reale actual rights drepturi i libert i civile rights and civil liberties drepturile personalit ii personality rights dubla incriminare dual criminality

E

echipe comune de anchet joint investigation teams (JIT) efect effect, consequence efect devolutiv devolution effect efect extensiv extensive effect efect suspensiv suspensory effect efectele extr d rii sub condi ie conditional extradition effects element material material evidence, item elementele constitutive ale infrac iunii factors that constitute an offence

eliberare provizorie provisional release eliberare supravegheat supervised release eluda to evade eroare (de fapt sau de drept) error (factual or legal) eroare comun i invincibil common and invincible error eroare material material error EUROJUST EUROJUST EUROPOL EUROPOL evadare escape evaziune fiscal tax evasion / tax avoidance evic iunea eviction examenul de regularitate interna ional examination of international regularity examenul de regularitate interna ional examination of international regularity examinarea cauzei examination of the case examinarea documentelor de arhiv i a fi ierelor specializate examinal of archival and special files excep ie de necompeten objection to jurisdiction excep ie exception, plea, objection, defense executare silit compulsory levy, foreclosure procedure, forced execution, distraint; writ of execution (SUA) executarea confisc rii speciale execution of special confiscation executarea hot rârilor pronun ate în proceduri administrative enforcement of judgements in administrative

procedures executarea mandatului execution of the warrant executarea pedepsei la locul de munc execution of punishment in the workplace executarea silit compulsory levy, foreclosure procedure, forced execution, distraint; writ of execution (SUA) executarea silit a obliga iilor enforcement of obligations executor judec toresc officer of the court (SUA); enforcer, solicitor, legal executive (MB) exercitarea ac iunii civile exercise civil action exercitarea ac iunii penale exercise legal action expedierea i remiterea actelor procedurale sending and forwarding of procedural documents

Englez

expert expert, valuer, appraiser expertiz judiciar legal expert / legal expertise / legal opinion / legal appraisal exploatare sexual a copiilor i pornografia infantil sexual exploitation of children and child pornography expulzare expulsion, exile; banishment; deportation extinderea ac iunii penale pentru alte fapte / persoane prosecution extension for other offences / people extorcare de fonduri extortion extr dare activ / pasiv active / passive extradition extrateritorialitate extraterritoriality extr dare activ active extradition extr dare ulterioar subsequent extradition extr darea voluntar , extr darea simplificat voluntary extradition, simplified extradition extr dat sau persoana extr dat expelled or extradited person

F

facilitarea intr rii i ederii ilegale facilitation of unauthorized entry and residence faliment bankrupcy; failure; insolvency fals false, untrue, wrong, mistake; forgery fals în declara ii mispresentation fals în înscrisuri sub semn tura privat forged documents under private signature falsificarea de mijloace de plat forged means of payment falsificarea de monede sau alte valori counterfeit / false / spurious money falsificarea documentelor administrative i traficul de falsuri forgery of administrative documents and trafficking therein falsificarea, inclusiv falsificarea monedei euro counterfeiting currency, including the euro falsul material în înscrisuri oficiale forgery of official documents familie family fapt ilicit illegal act fapt juridic licit illegal dispositive fact

f ptuitor wrongdoer favorizarea infractorului favouring / promoting / encouraging offender fideiusiune security fiducie trust filia ie consanguinity in lineal descent flagrant flagrant; in flagrante delicto fondul cauzei merits of cause form de vinov ie form of guilt formalitate formality; formal procedure; conformity to rules formalitate de legalizare authenticated formele infrac iunii forms of crime for major force majeure fotocopie certificat pentru conformitate certified photocopy fraud fraud; fraudulence; barratry fraud la extr dare extradition fraud fraud , inclusiv frauda care aduce atingere intereselor financiare ale Comunit ilor Europene fraud, including fraud against the financial interests of the European Communities (Union) fructe income, produce, fruit func ie office, function, duty furt theft, stealing, robbery furtul organizat sau armat aggravated theft

G

gaj pledge, pledging, lien, pawn garant guarantor; surety garan ie procedural procedural safeguards garan ia transfer rii persoanei predate transfer guarantee of the surrended / delivered / handed person garan ii juridice legal guarantees gestiune de afaceri business management

Englez

gestiune frauduloas fraudulent management grad degree, rate, stage grad de pericol social degree of social danger gra iere pardon; reprive gref , grefier registry, court clerk (SUA), clerk, registrar gre eal material material mistake grup infrac ional organizat organized criminal group guvern semnatar signatory government

H

hot râre (a pronun a o hot râre) judgement, ruling, order (to deliver a judgement, to pronounce a decision) hot râre definitiv final decision hot râre executorie enforceable judgement hot râre irevocabil final decision hot râre judecatoreasc judicial decision, order, injunction, decree hot râre penal str in foreign criminal judgement hot râre preliminar preliminary ruling

I

identificare identification imunitatea de jurisdic ie jurisdiction immunity ilicit illicit imputare imputation imputa ie imputation imunit i i privilegii immunities and privileges inadmisibilitatea probei inadmissibility of evidence incapabil incapable of, incompetent, inefficient, unfit incendierea cu inten ie arson with intent incidente procedurale procedural incidents

incompatibilitate incompatibility incompatibilitatea expertului i interpretului expert’s and interpreter’s incompatibility incompeten incompetence inculpare indictment inculpat defendant indemniza iile cuvenite i cheltuielile de transport i de edere, ramburs rile martorului sau expertului allowances, travel and subsistence expenses and expert’s or witness’ reimbursements indicii temeinice clues indisponibilizare (m sur asiguratorie) preservation (precautiory measure)

individualizarea pedepselor individualisation of penalties Indivizibilitatea pedepselor punishment indivisibility infirmarea / men inerea actelor de urm rire penal invalidation / maintaining criminal prosecution infractor felon infrac iune de competen a Cur ii Penale Interna ionale crimes within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court infrac iune militar military offence infrac iune care motiveaz comisia rogatorie offence motivating the rogatory commission / letters rogatory infrac iune comis cu inten ie offence commited with intent infrac iune comis din culp offence committed by negligence infrac iune consumat consumed offence infrac iune epuizat depleted offence infrac iune flagrant caught in the act infrac iuni de fals offences of forgery infrac iune împotriva mediului, inclusiv traficul ilicit de specii de animale pe cale de dispari ie i traficul ilicit de specii i soiuri de plante pe cale de dispari ie environmental crime including illicit trafficking in endangered animals and illegal trafficking of endangered species and varietes of plants infrac iuni politice political offences inscriptie ipotecara mortgage inscription instan competent court

Englez

instan court (of) instan de drept comun ordinary court instan de fond background court instan de recurs appeals instan de apel call instan specializat specialised court instan de executare enforcement court instan de judecat trial court instigator, instigare instigator, instigating instrumenta (un caz) to prosecute a case, to document a case, to order proceedings to be taken instrument legal legal instrument instrument de ratificare instrument of ratification intenta (o ac iune) to take legal action, to institute action, to file a case, to file a suit, to bring an action;to go to trial inten ie direct , indirect direct, indirect intent interceptarea i înregistrarea convorbirilor i comunica iilor interception and recording of conversations and communications interdic ie interdiction, restraint, prohibition, forbidding; ban interes interest interes legitim legitimate interest interogatoriu examination interpret interpreter interven ie intervention, statement; operations interpretare juridic legal interpretation intervenient intervenor (SUA), intervening party, intervener intervertirea prercarit ii în posesie inversion / transposition of precarious possession interzicerea unor drepturi disqualifications intimat respondent in appeal intrare în vigoare entering into effect, coming into force investiga ii / investigator sub acoperire undercover investigations / investigator investiga ie preliminar urm ririi penale preliminary prosecution investigation

irevocabil

irrefutable, indisputable

Î

îmbog ire f r just cauz unjust enrichment împ carea p r ilor reconciliation of the parties împiedicarea particip rii la proces prevention from the participation in the process împrumutul de consuma ie consumption loan împrumutul de folosin comodato încadrare juridic a infrac iunii legal classification of the offence încetarea execut rii pedepsei termination / cessation / cease of prosecution încetarea urm ririi penale non suit, discontinuance încheiere de arestare preventiv conclusion of provisional arrest începerea urmarii penale commencement of criminal investigation încercarea de a determina m rturia mincinoas trying to determine perjury încetarea urm ririi penale termination / cessation / cease of prosecution îndeplinirea actelor de urm rire performance of prosecution documents îndreptarea unor erori materiale correction of errors înf i area martorilor sau exper ilor appearance of witnesses or experts înlesnirea evad rii facilitating escape înlocuirea pedepsei pecuniare replacement of pecuniary penalty înmânarea unui act de procedur handing a pleding înregistr rile audio i video audio and video records înscriere provizorie provisional registration înscris entry, docket entry, document, writing înscris ajut tor helpful document înscrisuri oficiale official documents în el ciune deception, fraud întâmpinare meeting; reception; statement of / by; complaint întreruperea termenului de prescrip ie interruption of prescription întreruperea / amânarea execut rii pedepsei penalty interruption / delay

Englez

întreruperea cursului prescrip iei interruption of prescription învinuit accused

J

jaf organizat sau armat organized or armed robbery judecarea cauzei proceedings judecarea în prim instan appealable judgement judecarea în lips judgement in absence judecat judgement, decision judecat în recurs judgement on appeal judecata la apel judgement of appeal, court of appeal judecata la fond judgement on merits jurispruden caselaw, jurisprudence just cauz just cause

L

latur civil civil side latur penal criminal side legal, legalitate, legisla ie, legislativ legal / lawful / legitimate, legality / lawfulness, legislation / enacting of law, legislative legalitatea incrimin rii legality of criminal offences legat tied, bound; legacy (mostenire); devise (imobiliar) lege penal mai favorabil more permissive criminal law lege procesual penal criminal procedural law lege special extrapenal other courts special law legea care guverneaz executarea law governing enforcement legisla ie uniform uniform legislation legitim ap rare in self-defence leziune injury, hurt, wound, lesion liberare condi ionat conditional release

liberare provizorie sub control judiciar temporary release under judicial supervision libertatea supravegheat (în cazul minorilor) supervised liberty of a minor libert i liberties / freedoms libert i fundamentale

basic liberties / freedoms limbile folosite languages used limite de pedeaps limits of punishment lipsa discern mântului lack of discernment / judgement lipsa plângerii prealabile no prior complaint lipsire de libertate loss of liberty litispenden litis pendens livrare supravegheat (la droguri) supervised drugs delivery localizarea i identificarea peroanelor i a obiectelor locating and identifying people and objects localizarea unei persoane locating a person loca ia bunului good location

logodn

engagement loviri i alte violen e

battery and other violence luare de ostatici hostage luarea de mit bribery luarea hot rârii decision making lucruri supuse confisc rii things subject to seizure

M

magistrat magistrate mandat cu reprezentare mandate with representation mandat de aducere order to an offender / witness to appear, writ, summons mandat de arestare preventiv warrant order for preventive arrest, preventive arrest warrant, warrant of preventive arrest mandat de executare a pedepsei execution of sentence mandat de interceptare a convorbirilor telefonice telephone interception warrant

Englez

mandat de perchezi ie search warrant mandat european de arestare European arrest warrant mandat f r reprezentare mandate without representation martor witness martor asistent assistant witness martor cu identitate protejat protected identity witness martor indirect indirect witness martor ocular eye witness m sur asigur torie security measure m sur procesual procedural measure m suri de ocrotire protective measures m suri de supraveghere surveillance measures m suri preventive preventive / provisional / warning measures material de urm rire penal prosecution material material probator evidentiary material m rturie evidence, testimony; confession; statement of a witness m rturie mincinoas perjury m sur de clemen measure of clemency, leniency measure m sur de constrângere constraining measure, measure of compulsion m sur de siguran safety measure m suri de investiga ie investigative measures m suri premerg toare preparatory measures mediere mediation; intermediation, intervention mijloace de s vâr ire a faptei means of commiting the offence mijloace materiale de prob as evidence minor under / below legal age, minor minoritatea f ptuitorului offender’s minority minut record, minute; record of a deed / judgement; official record of a proceeding at a meeting modificarea unui text de lege modification of a legal text

mo tenire inheritance, succession; legacy, patrimony, bequest, heirloom mo tenitori legali lawful heirs motiv de neexecutare obligatorie a mandatului european de arestare reason for mandatory non-execution of the European arrest warrant motiv de nerecunoa tere i neexecutare grounds for non-recognition and non-execution motivare motivation motive obligatorii / op ionale de refuz reasons required / optional for refusal

N

necompeten non-competency nedemnitate indignity neglijen în serviciu negligence resulting in breach of duty neînceperea urm ririi penale not to prosecute neprezentarea martorului sau expertului failure to present witness or expert nerespectarea hot rîrilor judec tore ti failure to comply with judgements, judgements breach / failure nerespectarea regimului armelor i muni iilor non-observance of fire arms regulations neretroactivitatea legii penale non-retroactivity of criminal law netrimitere în judecat not to indict nivelul cheltuielilor level of expenditures non bis in idem not twice in the same norm juridic juridical norm notar notary notificare notification notificarea deciziei notification of the decision nova ie novation; substitution of a new obligation to an old one nul, nulitate null, nullity; invalidity; utter incapacity nulitatea contractului nullity of the contract

Englez

O

obiectul i motivul cererii de asisten purpose and reason for the request for assistance obiectul cererii de comisie rogatorie subject of the request for rogatory letters obiec ii privind identitatea objections on the identity obiectul asisten ei judiciare subject of legal aid obiectul infrac iunii subject of crime obiectul reglement rii subject to regulation obligarea de a nu p r si localitatea / ara obligation of not leaving the residential place / country obliga ia de a informa obligation to inform obliga ie de între inere maintenance obligation obliga ii obligations obliga ii de plat a unei sume de bani corespunz toare valorii bunului obligation to pay a sum of money corresponding to the value of the property ocrotirea interzisului judec toresc prohibited judicial protection ocrotirea prin curatel care through curatorship ocrotirea prin tutel care through guardianship ofi er sub acoperire undercover officer ofi er care ac ioneaz sub acoperire sau sub o identitate fals officer acting under cover or false identity omisiune v dit obvious omission omisiunea de a încuno tin a organele judiciare omission to inform the judiciary bodies omor murder; felony omor calificat qualified murder omor deosebit de grav murder of the first degree omuciderea voluntar , loviturile i v t marea corporal grav murder, grevious bodily harm opozabil opposable, repealable, revokable ordin de confiscare confiscation order ordin de deten ie pe via detention order for life ordin de indisponibilizare freezing order ordine de confiscare multiple multiple confiscation order

ordonan ordinance ordonan a organului de urm rire penal order of the investigating authorities ordonan de scoatere de sub urm rirea penal ordinance discontinuing the prosecution organ de cercetare penal criminal investigation body organ de urm rire penal prosecution body organ superior ierarhic superior organ Organiza ia Interna ional a Poli iei Criminale (Interpol) International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)

P

pârât defendant, accused; respondent partaj allotment, division; partition, lot, portion, share parte civil plaintiff claiming damages parte contractant contracting party parte în procesul penal party in the penal case parte responsabil civilmente responsible plaintiff party parte solicitant requesting party parte solicitat requested party parte v t mat injured party participa ie improprie improper participation participa ie penal criminal ventures patrimoniu patrimony; assets

p r i parties pedeaps accesorie accessory penalty pedeaps complementar additional punishment pedeaps cu amend fine penalty pedeaps cu executare in regim de detentie execution of sentence in detention pedeaps cu închisoarea imprisonment pedeaps la locul de munc punishment in the workplace pedeaps principal main punishment

Englez

perchezi ie (domiciliar , informatic , corporal ) domiciliary raid, IT raid, body search perchezi ie search, enquiry pericol social concret real / actual social danger pericolul social al faptei social danger of the crime perimare time limitation in a suit perioada de custodie custody period perioad anterioar condamn rii period prior conviction persoana c utat seeking person persoana prezent personal în cursul judec ii / reprezentat de un consilier juridic person personally present during the trial / represented by a legal adviser persoana pusa sub interdictie judecatoreasca person under court interdiction persoan de inut held person persoan extr dabil extradited person persoan fizic natural person; person, individual persoan juridic juridical person, legal entity, corporate body, business entity persoan solicitat requested person persoan urm rit seeking person persoane juridice legal people persoane lipsite de capacitate disabled people personalitatea legii penale personality of the criminal law peti ia de ereditate petition for an inheritance plângere plaint, complaint, claim plângere gre it îndreptat wrongly directed complaint plângere împotriva actelor procurorului complaint against prosecutor’s acts plângere împotriva solu iei complaint against solution plângere penal criminal complaint plângere prealabil prior complaint plat pay, payment plat nedatorat undue payment pluralitatea de infrac iuni plurality of offences

poli ie judiciar judicial police poprire attachment, garnishment pornografie infantil child pornography posesie possession, tenure, property, estate practic judiciar jurisprudence practic neunitar uneven practice predare amânat delayed delivery predare condi ionat conditional surrender predarea extr datului surrender of the extradited person predarea persoanei solicitate surrender of the sought person predarea sau extr darea ulterioar surrender or subsequent extradition predarea temporar sau sub condi ie temporary or conditional surrender predarea ulterioar subsequent surrender predarea ulterioar unei extr d ri surrender subsequent to extradition predarea unor obiecte handing over of objects preeminen a dreptului interna ional rule of international law preemp iune preemption prejudiciu detriment; damage; prejudice; injury; tort preluarea urm ririi sau a procedurii penale taking prosecution or criminal proceedings prelungirea duratei arest rii extension arrest prescrierea ac iunii penale sau a pedepsei prescribing prosecution or punishment prescrip ie prescription prescrip ia execut rii pedepesei precription of penalty prescriptia r spunderii penale prescription of criminal liability prescrip ie special special prescription prescrip ie extinctiv extincitve prescription preten ii civile civil claims prevedre legislativ legislative provision preven ie imprisonment on suspicion; indictment; commital for trial prezentarea materialului de urm rire penal presentation of prosecution material

Englez

prezentarea mijloacelor materiale de prob presenting evidence materials prezum ia de nevinov ie presumption of innocence prezum ia de nulitate relativ presumption of relative nullity prezum ia de paternitate presumption of paternity prezum ie de coproprietate presumption of co-ownership prezum ie de posesie presumption of possession prezum ie de proprietate presumption of ownership primirea de foloase necuvenite receiving undue benefits principiile fundamentale de drept fundamental principle of law principiul propor ionalit ii principle of proportionality principiul reciprocit ii principle of reciprocity principiul recunoa terii reciproce a deciziilor penale mutual recognition of criminal decisions principiul subsidiarit ii principle of subsidiarity privare de libertate duresse, deprivation of liberty privativ de libertate involving the deprivation of liberty privilegii privileges; preferential rights; rights of priority privilegiu sau imunitate de jurisdic ie sau de executare privilege or immunity from jurisdiction or execution proba proof proba dezincriminatorie discriminating evidence proba incriminatorie incriminating evidence probe utile useful evidence proba verit ii proof of truth procedura de emitere i transmitere a ordinelor de indisponibilizare procedure of issuance and transmission of freezing orders procedura de predare surrender procedure procedura de recunoa tere pe cale incidental a preliminary recognition procedure procedura de recunoa tere pe cale principal recognition procedure on principal procedura extr d rii active active extradition procedure procedura formal de extr dare formal extradition procedure procedura penal criminal procedure

procedura prealabil preliminary procedure procedura recunoa terii vinov iei guilt recognition procedure procedur special special procedure procedur necontencioas court procedures proces civil lawsuit proces penal criminal trial / case / action procesul-verbal de sechestru i inscriptia ipotecar the minutes of seizure and mortgage inscription proces-verbal de constatare finding report procur procuration; proxy; letter / warrant power of attorney, trust deed procuror public prosecutor; attorney produs al infrac iunii proceeds of crime produsul unei infrac iuni sau contravalaorea acestui produs proceeds of an offence or the value of this product pronun area hot rârii judgement proprietate comun commonage proprietate comun în dev lm ie condominium common property proprietate privat private property proprietate public public property protec ie juridic legal protection protec ia datelor personale protection of personal data protec ia martorilor witnesses’ protection protejarea deplas rilor martorului witness movements protection protejarea drepturilor inculpatului protection of the rights of the accused protocol protocol,ceremonial protocol deschis ader rii protocol of open accession proxenetism procurement pruncucidere concealment of birth publicitatea dezbaterilor proceedings in open court punerea în întârziere a creditorului formal notice to the creditor punerea în mi care a ac iunii penale formal criminal action

Englez

punerea în întârziere a debitorului formal notice to the debtor punerea provizorie în libertate provisionally released puterea de lucru judecat res judicata

R

racket racket radierea persoanei juridice deletion of legal person r mânerea definitiv a hot rârii de condamnare a final conviction rambursarea cheltuielilor reimbursment of expenses rambursarea integral sau par ial a cheltuielilor full or partial reimbursment of expenses raportul dona iilor donations report rasism racism r spundere disciplinar discipline / disciplinary responsibility r spundere juridic juridical responsibility r spundere penal penal / criminal responsibility r spunderea persoanei fizice individual responsibility r spunderea persoanei juridice legal person’s responsibility ratificare ratification, approval, confirmation r pire kidnapping; abduction, seizure; captivation, ravishment r spundere civil civil responsibility r spunderea agen ilor str ini foreign agents’ liability r spunderea civil a func ionarilor superiori senior officials’ liability r spunderea penal a func ionarilor superiori criminal responsibility of senior officials reabilitare rehabilitation, recovery of civil rights reabilitare de drept legitimate rehabilitation reabilitare judecatoreasc judicial / legal / judiciary rehabilitation rea-credin dishonesty, insincerity, misbelief, malevolent; ill- will rechizitoriu speech for the prosecution of; indictment; violent accusation

recidiv postexecutorie / postcondamnatorie post execution repetition of a crime / post- sentence repetition of a crime recidiv , recidivist repeated commission, repition of an offence, recidivist, repeat-offender recipis dat i semnat de destinatar receipt dated and signed by the recipient reclamant

claimant, complainer; claimer; plaintiff reconstituire reconstitution, recomposition; reconstruction recunoa tere reciproc mutual recognition / admission, acknowledgement recunoa terea hot rârilor penale recognition / acknowledgement of criminal judgements recunoa terea hot rârilor str ine recognition / acknowledgement of foreign decisions recunoa terea infrac iunii offence recognition recunoa terea i executarea hot rârilor penale i a actelor judiciare recognition and enforcement of criminal judgements and judicial documents recuperarea prejudiciului damages recovery / regaining / recuperation recurs appeal recurs la autoritatea central appeal to the central authority recuzare to challenge, to object; to impugn, to contest, to reject, to decline redactarea hotararii decision drafting / writing / composition redeschiderea urm ririi penale prosecution reopening reducerea pedepsei reduction of sentence / punishment reeducarea condamnatului reformative training of the convict reexaminarea cauzei cause re-examination / reconsideration reextr darea re-extradition refacerea urm ririi penale new prosecution referatul de terminare a urm ririi penale report / account of prosecution termination refugiat refugee refuz de a depune m rturie refusal to testify refuz de a executa un mandat european de arestare refusal to execute the European Arrest Warrant refuz op ional al transfer rii optional refusal of transfer refuzul acord rii tranzitului resortisan ilor refusal of nationals’ / third transit

Englez

regim matrimonial marriage settlement / antenuptial settlement regim special special / particular regime / treatment reglementare legal legal regulation regula de drept rule of law regula reciprocit ii rule of reciprocity regula specialit ii specialty rule rejudecare retrial, rejudgement, re-examination, reconsideration rejudecarea persoanei predate retrial / rejudgement of the surrended person remedii legale legal remedies / solutions remitere de datorie remittal of debt remitere de obiecte i bunuri remittal of objects and goods renun are la apel waiver / abandonment of appeal renun are la drept waiver of right renun are la mo tenire relinquishment of the succession represiunea nedreapt unfair / unjust / unsustained / unjustified repression reprezentant legal legal representative reprezentare representing, representation reprezentare succesoral inheritance by right of representation reprezentarea statului solicitant representation of requesting state repunerea în situa ia anterioar restitutio in integrum resortisant national (of a country) resortisant al unui stat de condamnare sau de executare national of a sentencing or of an executing state respingerea plângerii rejection / dismissal of a complaint restabilirea situa iei anterioare restoring / re-establishing / rehabilitation of the previous situation restituirea bunurilor restitution of property restituirea cauzei case restitution restrângerea libert ii restriction of freedoms re inere detention retragerea apelului withdrawal of appeal

retragerea cererii de extr dare withdrawal of extradition retragerea mandatului european de arestare withdrawal of the European Arrest Warrant (EAW) retroactivitatea legii penale retroactivity of criminal law returnat în statul membru de executare returned to the executing member state Re eaua Judiciar European European Judicial Network re inerea în vederea extr d rii detention for extradition reunirea cauzelor joinder of cases revendicare claiming, claim, revendication, requirement, vindication, demand revizuire revision, inspection, review of lawsuit; reconsideration of sentence revizuirea pedepsei aplicate revision / review / reconsideration of capital punishment revocare cancellation; dismissal; recalling; repeal rezident resident reziliere cancellation, annulment; resilience; avoidance; rescission rezolu ie resolution; decision; cancellation rezolu ie de neîncepere a urm ririi penale resolution not to prosecute rezolu iune unilateral unilateral resolution ridicare silit de obiecte / înscrisuri forced lifting of objects / documents rol activ active role / part rol preventiv preventive role rudenie kinship, consanguinity

S /

sabotaj sabotage sanc iune sanction, penalty sanc iune pecuniar pecuniary sanction sarcina administr rii probei task of proof administration

s vâr irea infrac iunii committing the offence schimb de informa ii din cazierul judiciar exchange of information from criminal records

Englez

schimb spontan de informa ii spontaneous exchange of information schimbarea încadr rii juridice a faptei changing the lagal clasiffication of the offence scoaterea de sub urm rirea penal release from prosecution scopul legii penale purpose of criminal law scrisoare de garan ie letter of guarantee / indemnity sechestrarea sequestration, putting under distraint, seizure sechestrarea ilegal de nave sau aeronave unlawful seizure of ships and aircrafts sechestru sequester, distraint (upon), execution, seizure of sechestru asigurator a levy sechestru judiciar judicial seizure / sequester sechestrul conven ional conventional seizure / sequester secret bancar banking secrecy SEEPAG SEEPAG SELEC SELEC semnalare în SIS SIS alert semnarea conven iei signing the convention sentin judgement, sentence, decision; verdict, decree, indictment servitu i easement, charge sesizare notice, intimation, notification, information sesizare din oficiu ex officio, intimation sesizarea procurorului competent notification to the competent prosecutor sezina seizin simula ie simulation, feint

sinalagmatic synallagmatic(al) sistem de justi ie justice system sistem juridic judicial system Sistemul de Informa ii Schengen Schengen information system sistemul securizat de telecomunica ii secure telecommunications system situa ie de fapt status quo societate simpl simple society

solu ie de începerea / neînceperea urm ririi penale solution of starting / finishing the criminal prosecution / pursuit

a solu iona to solve; to endorse; to find a solution solu ionare i executare în regim de urgen settlement and execution of emergency solu ionarea cauzei case solution / solving / settlement solu ionarea cererii de transferare settlement of the transfer soma ie summons; challenge, writ, notice; subpoena

sp lare de bani

money laundering

sp larea produselor infrac iunii

offence laundering spe specific / concrete case spor de pedeaps penalty increase stabilirea în concret a gradului de pericol social determining the actual degree of social danger stare de necesitate state of emergency stat de condamnare sentencing state stat de executare executing state stat solicitat / solicitant requested / requesting state statutul Cur ii Penale Interna ionale statute of the International Criminal Court stipula ia pentru altul stipulation, provision str mutarea pricinii displacement of the case str mutarea judec rii cauzei penale displacement during trial subrogare subrogation, substitution subroga ie subrogation, substitution superficia superficial superficie superficies supralegalizare extra legalization supraveghere transfrontalier transfrontier / border surveillance supravegherea conturilor / tranzac iilor bancare surveillance of bank transactions / accounts supravegherea urm ririi penale prosecution surveillance supunerea la rele tratamente submission to ill-treatments susceptibil de confiscare liable to confiscation

Englez

suspendare

hanging up, deffering, adjournment; suspension suspendare condi ionat conditional adjournment / conditioned suspension suspendarea ori întreruperea execut rii unei pedepse ori a unei m suri de siguran suspension or interruption of the execution of a sentence or a a safety measure suspendarea pronun rii sau amânarea execut rii unei pedepse ori a unei m suri de siguran suspension or postponement of delivery of a sentence or security measure suspendarea condi ionat / sub supraveghere a execut rii pedepsei conditional suspension of the carrying out / execution of a sentence suspendarea cursului prescrip iei suspension of the limitation period / prescription

antaj blackmail; extortion tampil oficial official seal / stamp

T

t inuire hiding, secrecy; concealment

t inuitor concealer tâlh rie robbery, burglary taxe de timbru stamp tax temei juridic legal ground / reason tentativ attempt teritorialitatea legii penale territoriality of criminal law

termen

term, time; time limit; fixed / appointed time

termen de prescrip ie term of prescription / limitation termen de reabilitare term of rehabilitation termen procedural procedural delay termenul de încercare test time termenul necesar comunic rii time for communication

terminarea cercet rii judec tore ti completion of inquiry terminarea urm ririi penale termination of prosecution

terorism

terrorism ter i de bun credin bona fide third party

testament will, testament titlu title titlu executoriu writ of execution tortur torture, torment traduc tor translator; interpreter trafic de influen lobbyism, influence peddling / trafficking trafic de persoane human trafficking, trafficking in human beings trafic de stupefiante drug trafficking traficul de vehicule furate trafficking in stolen vehicles traficul ilicit de stupefiante i substan e psihotrope illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances traficul ilicit de arme, muni ie i materiale explozive illicit trafficking in weapons, munitions and explosives traficul ilicit de bunuri culturale, inclusiv antichit ile i operele de art illicit trafficking in cultural goods, including antiques and works of art traficul ilicit de materiale nucleare sau radioactive illicit trafficking in nuclear and radioactive materials traficul ilicit de organe i esuturi umane illicit trafficking in human organs and tissues traficul ilicit de specii de animale pe cale de dispari ie i de specii i soiuri de plante pe cale de dispari ie illicit trafficking in endangered animals and plants traficul ilicit de substan e hormonale i al i factori de cre tere illicit trafficking in hormonal substances and other growth promoters transfer de procedur în materie penal transfer of proceedings in criminal matters transfer de proceduri transfer of proceedings transfer temporar al persoanelor de inute, pe teritoriul statului solicitant temporary transfer of detained people in the requesting state transferarea persoanelor condamnate transfer of sentenced people transferul de bunuri transfer of property transferul temporar de persoane de inute în scopul urm ririi temporary transfer of people held for prosecution transmisiune i transformare transmission and transformation transmiterea documentelor transmission of documents

Englez

transmiterea informa iilor transmission of information transmiterea mijloacelor materiale de prob transmission of material evidence transmiterea spontan de informa ii spontaneous transmission of information tranzactie transaction, deals tranzit transit tranzitul unui resortisant sau rezident transit of a national or resident tratament degradant degrading treatment tratament inuman inhuman treatment tratat european European treaty trecerea cauzei de la un organ la altul cause transition from an organ to another trimitere în judecat arraignment trimiterea notific rii sending of notification tulburare de posesie possession disorder tutel guardship, tutelage, tutorage, tutorship, patronage, custody tutore tutor; guardian; trustee (curator)

U / V / X

ucidere din culp murder by guilt unificarea legisla iei unification of law unilateral one-sided, unilateral universalitate de fapt universality of fact universalitatea legii penale universal criminal law urm rire penal , a începe urm rirea penal criminal prosecution, to prosecute; rosecution, to start a; to start a criminal prosecution urm rire transfrontalier hot pursuit urm rire penal pentru alte infrac iuni prosecution for other offences urm rirea în vederea extr d rii pursuing for extradition urme biologice biological traces uz usage; use; utilization; employment uzan e usages; customs; uses; practices

uzucapiune acquisitive prescription uzufruct usufruct, life interest valoarea prejudiciului value of damage; amount of damage, amount of injury valoarea bunurilor dispropor ionat în raport cu venitul legal value of assets disproportionate to income vânzarea sale(s); sell(ing) v t mare corporal ; v t mare corporal din culp bodily injury; serious bodily harm verdict verdict vicii de consim mânt error of consent viciu vice; fault, defect; flaw victim victim vinov ie guilt(ness); culpability viol rape, abuse, ravishment, assault xenofobie xenophobia

Secțiunea română-spaniolă
Secțiunea română-spaniolă
Secțiunea română-spaniolă
Secțiunea română-spaniolă

Spaniol

A

abatere judiciar mala conducta judicial ab inerea abstención abuz de incredere abuso de confianza abuzul în serviciu contra intereselor persoanei

abuso de autoridad en contra de los intereses de

la persona

acceptarea mo tenirii aceptación de la herencia acces la justitie acceso a la justicia accesiune accesión accesul într-un sistem informatic accceso a un sistema informático achitare absolución acord bilateral acuerdo bilateral acord multilateral acuerdo multilateral acord sau în elegere bilateral