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ROMNIA

INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS

ANUARUL
STATISTIC
AL ROMNIEI

2015
ROMANIAN
STATISTICAL YEARBOOK

INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS
Coordonator al ediiei:
Coordinator of edition:
Tudorel ANDREI - Preedinte INS / President NIS
Colectivul de coordonare a lucrrii:
Coordinating team:
Dan Ion GHERGU, Mihaela Elena IAGR, Betrix GERD,
Ilie DUMITRESCU, Adriana CIUCHEA, Gheorghe VAIDA-MUNTEAN, Doina BADEA.
Colectivul de elaborare a capitolelor Anuarului:
Authors of the Yearbook chapters:
Adriana CIUCHEA, Silvia PISIC, Ion FLORESCU, Daniela TEFNESCU,
Andoria Cristina IONI, Lavinia BLTEANU, Andreea CAMBIR, Mihai GHEORGHE,
Liliana PINTILIA, Nina ALEXEVICI, Ioana DIMA, Florica CRSTEA,
Lucia Cecilia SINIGAGLIA, Liviu GHILENCEA, Florentina GHEORGHE.
Responsabil de publicaie:
Editor in chief:
Daniel Celu VRDOL
Colectivul de proiectarea formei de prezentare, tehnoredactare i editare:
Designing, typing and editing team:
Ilie DUMITRESCU, Doina BADEA, Lavinia POPESCU, Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN, Rodica-Elena SOLOVSTRU,
Gabriela Melania PODBERECHI, Elena TUDOR, Andreia MESTEACN, Genia MIHOC, Cristina BABOI, Mdlina NVAL,
Mihaela Elena TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA, Valentina MUNTEANU, Laura ENACHE, Daniela POPESCU, Daniela BUCUR.
Fotografie:
Photo:
Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN
Coperta:
Cover:
Alexandru POPESCU
Editare CD:
CD editing:
Daniela POPESCU, Daniela BUCUR, Laura ENACHE

Institutul Naional de Statistic


B-dul Libertii 16, sector 5, Bucureti
Telefon: +4021 318.18.71; +4021 317.77.70
Fax: +4021 312.48.75
e-mail: romstat@insse.ro
http://www.insse.ro

National Institute of Statistics


Libertii 16 BVD Bucharest 5
Tel: +4021 318.18.71; +4021 317.77.70
Fax: +4021 312.48.75
e-mail: romstat@insse.ro
http://www.insse.ro

INS 2016

NIS 2016

Reproducerea coninutului acestei publicaii, integral


sau parial, n forma original sau modificat, precum i
stocarea ntr-un sistem de regsire sau transmiterea sub orice
form i prin orice mijloace sunt interzise fr autorizarea
scris a Institutului Naional de Statistic.
Utilizarea coninutului acestei publicaii, cu titlu
explicativ sau justificativ, n articole, studii, cri este autorizat
numai cu indicarea clar i precis a sursei.

Reproducing the content of this publication, completely or


partly, in original or modified, as well as its storage in a retrieval
system, or transmitted, in any form and by any means are
forbidden without the written permission of the National Institute
of Statistics.
Using the content of this publication with explanatory or
justifying title, in articles, studies, books is allowed only clearly and
precisely indicating the source.

I.S.S.N. : 1220 - 3246


I.S.S.N.-L : 1220 - 3246

CUVNT NAINTE

FOREWORD

Anuarul Statistic al Romniei reprezint i n acest an


o sintez a activitii Institutului Naional de Statistic i a
tuturor celorlali productori de statistici oficiale, oferind
utilizatorilor un solid i bine structurat patrimoniu de
date statistice pe cele mai diverse teme care privesc ara
noastr: economice, sociale i de mediu. n paginile sale
subiectele sunt analizate din diferite puncte de vedere,
n dinamica lor temporal i structur teritorial i, unde
este cazul, n relaie cu alte ri.
Unele aspecte au fost aprofundate i actualizate,
n special cele privind populaia i teritoriul. Dnd curs
sugestiilor care vin permanent ctre institut pe cele mai
diferite canale din partea cercettorilor, analitilor,
agenilor economici i, nu n ultimul rnd, a ziaritilor i
simplilor ceteni, s-a dorit o formul care s faciliteze
consultarea n scopul oferirii unei imagini de ansamblu
a fenomenelor complexe care caracterizeaz evoluia
vieii sociale i economice a rii.
Noua ediie asigur astfel atingerea obiectivului
nostru de a pune la dispozitia publicului, ntr-o formul
sintetic, informaiile cele mai relevante, asumndu-i
condiia de a se constitui, prin descrierile de la nceputul
fiecrui capitol i graficele aferente, ntr-un adevrat
ghid de lectur.
Ca i n trecut, datele sunt nsoite de un amplu
suport de metadate i glosare, n general de tot acel
aparat critic care caracterizeaz o lucrare tiinific de
nalt inut.
n acest fel, utilizatorul i poate face el nsui
o imagine asupra acurateei informaiilor prezentate,
a coninutului i semnificaiilor indicatorilor prezentai,
asigurndu-se interpretarea corect a seriilor de date n
cunotin de cauz fa de mutaiile metodologice
intervenite la un moment dat.
Volumul este disponibil, pe lng tradiionala hain
tipografic, i sub o form modern, pe CD-ROM de pe
care utilizatorul poate descrca i utiliza nemijlocit
tabelele care l intereseaz, ceea ce d Anuarului,
dincolo de calitatea sa intrinsec de lucrare menit a fi
consultat, i pe aceea de veritabil instrument de lucru.
ntr-un cuvnt, prin felul n care se prezint la
aceast ediie, Anuarul Statistic al Romniei
demonstreaz efortul constant i atenia cu care
Institutul Naional de Statistic i urmrete
perfecionarea produciei de date, semnul c, prin ceea
ce face, i nelege pe deplin rolul, menirea i
rspunderea fa de societatea romneasc.

The Romanian Statistical Yearbook continues to be the


synthesis of the activity of the National Institute of Statistics
and of all other producers of official statistics, providing users
with a sound and well structured set of statistical data on the
most diverse subject-matters relating to our country:
economic, social and environmental. Within its pages, topics
are analysed from various points of view, in their time frame
dynamics and territorial structure and, where appropriate, in
relation with other countries.
Some aspects were more in-depth analysed and updated,
particularly those concerning the population and territory. As
a follow-up to suggestions permanently coming to the
institute on various channels from researchers, analysts,
economic operators and, not least, journalists and public at
large, we intended to put forth a format meant to facilitate the
consultation, in order to provide an overview of the complex
phenomena that characterise the social and economic life of
the country.
Therefore, this new edition reflects the efforts made in
reaching our target of supplying to the public, in a synthetic
formula, the most relevant information. Due to the
descriptions from the beginning of each chapter and the
related graphs, the Yearbook is a veritable reading guide.
As in the past, data are accompanied by a comprehensive
support of metadata and glossaries, generally by the whole
critical issues characterising a genuine high-class scientific
work.
In this way, the users can get themselves a picture on the
accuracy of the presented information, on the content and
meaning of indicators, ensuring the advisedly interpretation of
data series according to the methodological changes
occurring at a given time.
The volume is also available, besides the traditional
hardcopy, in a modern form, on CD-ROM, enabling the user to
download and directly use the tables of interest, which gives
the Yearbook, beyond its intrinsic quality of a volume designed
to be consulted, the feature of a genuine working tool.
In brief, due to the format of this edition, the Romanian
Statistical Yearbook reflects the steady efforts and the
attention paid by the National Institute of Statistics in
improving the data production process, so that the output is a
sign of fully understanding its role, tasks and responsibility
towards the Romanian society.

Tudorel Andrei

SINTEZA CUPRINSULUI

Pagina
Page

CONTENTS

Not metodologic general ......................................................... VII

General methodological note

Prescurtri folosite pentru unitile de msur .................. XVIII

Abbreviations used for units of measurement

Simboluri folosite ........................................................................... XVIII

Symbols used

1. Geografie, meteorologie i mediu nconjurtor .............. 1

Geography, meteorology and environment

2. Populaie ...................................................................................... 35

Population

3. Piaa forei de munc ............................................................... 91

Labour market

4. Veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul populaiei .............. 153

Population income, expenditure and consumption

5. Locuine i utiliti publice ................................................... 217

Dwellings and public utilities

6. Securitate i asisten social .............................................. 233

Social protection and assistance

7. Sntate ...................................................................................... 271

Health

8. Educaie ...................................................................................... 289

Education

9. Cultur i sport ......................................................................... 323

Culture and sport

10. Preuri .......................................................................................... 347

Prices

11. Conturi naionale .................................................................... 369

National accounts

12. Investiii i imobilizri corporale ........................................ 409

Investments and tangible fixed assets

13. tiin i tehnologie ............................................................... 421

Science and technology

14. Agricultur i silvicultur ...................................................... 473

Agriculture and forestry

15. Activitatea ntreprinderii ...................................................... 511

Enterprise activity

16. Industrie i construcii ........................................................... 543

Industry and construction

17. Transporturi, pot i telecomunicaii ............................. 559

Transport, post and telecommunications

18. Comer internaional cu bunuri ......................................... 583

International trade with goods

19. Comer interior i servicii de pia .................................... 619

Domestic trade and market services

20. Turism .......................................................................................... 629

Tourism

21. Finane ......................................................................................... 653

Finances

22. Justiie ......................................................................................... 675

Justice

23. Statistic internaional ........................................................ 687

International statistics

NOT METODOLOGIC GENERAL

GENERAL METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

1. Cadrul legal privind activitatea statistic este


statuat prin Legea nr. 226 / 2009 a organizrii i
funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia, cu
modificrile i completrile ulterioare. n lege se
regsesc contextul i prevederile care definesc
elementele constitutive ale procesului statistic,
respectiv, colectarea, procesarea, analiza, diseminarea
datelor statistice, dezvoltarea culturii statistice,
constituirea i administrarea seriilor de date statistice
oficiale, cu caracter demografic, social, economic,
financiar i juridic, precum i principiile fundamentale
care stau la baza funcionrii statisticii oficiale n
Romnia.

1. The legal framework concerning the statistical activity


is represented by Law No 226 / 2009 on the organisation
and functioning of official statistics in Romania,
with subsequent amendaments. The Law includes the
context and the provisions defining the constitutive
elements of the statistical process, namely: statistical data
collection, processing, analysis and dissemination, the
statistical culture development, the official statistical data
series building up and management, of demographic,
social, economic, financial and juridical nature, as well as
the fundamental principles on which the functioning of
official statistics in Romania is defined.

Statistica oficial n Romnia este organizat i


coordonat de Institutul Naional de Statistic, organ de
specialitate al Administraiei Publice Centrale, n
subordinea Guvernului, finanat de la bugetul de stat.

In Romania, the official statistics is organised and


coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics,
specialised body of Central Public Administration,
subordinated to Government and financed from the state
budget.
The National Institute of Statistics is entrusted to ask for
and to obtain, free of charge, statistical data from all
natural and legal persons, either Romanian residents or
non-residents, developing their activity on Romanias
territory.
The principles on which statistical activity are based,
fully compliant with the fundamental principles related to
statistics functioning in a democratic society, adopted al
international level, consists in:

Institutul Naional de Statistic este autorizat s


solicite i s obin, cu titlu gratuit, date statistice de la
toate persoanele fizice i juridice, rezidente sau
nerezidente n Romnia, care i desfoar activitatea
pe teritoriul Romniei.
Principiile pe care se ntemeiaz activitatea
statistic, n deplin concordan cu principiile
fundamentale
privind
funcionarea
statisticii
ntr-o societate democratic, adoptate pe plan
internaional, constau n:
independen profesional;
imparialitate;
obiectivitate; fiabilitate, confidenialitatea
informaiilor statistice i eficiena costurilor.
Att contextul general, ct i principiile de
funcionare a statisticii, precum i producerea de date
statistice de calitate, armonizate cu normele i
standardele Uniunii Europene, confer rezultatelor
activitii statistice garania satisfacerii cerinelor
utilizatorilor de date statistice.
2. Sursele de date statistice. Datele prezentate n
Anuarul Statistic sunt rezultatul a dou categorii de
surse:
cercetrile statistice exhaustive sau prin sondaj
cuprinse n Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA);
surse administrative.

professional
independence;
impartiality;
objectivity; reliability; confidentiality of statistical
information and cost-effectiveness.
Both the general context and the principles of statistics
functioning, as well as the production of statistical data of
high quality, compliant with the European Unions norms
and standards confer the statistical activity results the
guarantee of meeting the statistical data users
requirements.
2. Statistical data sources. The data presented within
the Statistical Yearbook result from two data sources
categories:
exhaustive or sample statistical surveys, included in
the Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP);
administrative sources.

VII

3. Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA)


reprezint instrumentul de baz prin care Institutul
Naional de Statistic i ceilali productori de statistici
oficiale sunt autorizai s realizeze colectarea, stocarea,
procesarea, analiza i diseminarea datelor statistice
oficiale, n vederea asigurrii informaiilor necesare
utilizatorilor interni, precum i a celor ce decurg din
legislaia Uniunii Europene i din recomandrile altor
organizaii internaionale.
Programul Statistic Naional Anual cuprinde
informaii, responsabiliti, resurse i termene de
realizare, cu privire la: cercetri statistice; lucrri de
sintez, studii i analize statistice; publicaii statistice.
Programul Statistic Naional Anual se avizeaz de
Consiliul Statistic Naional i se aprob prin hotrre a
Guvernului.
Cercetrile statistice prevzute n directive,
regulamente i decizii ale Uniunii Europene sunt incluse
n Programul Statistic Naional Anual.
4. Cercetarea statistic reprezint o lucrare complex
de culegere, prelucrare, analiz i diseminare a datelor cu
privire la starea i evoluia fenomenelor i proceselor
economice i sociale. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz
pe baz de proiecte n care sunt definite concepte
generale, scopul cercetrii i instrumentarul statistic ce
st la baza acesteia (modul de organizare a cercetrii;
chestionarul, clasificrile, nomenclatoarele, normele,
instruciunile etc.). Potrivit criteriului sferei de
cuprindere, datele din Anuarul Statistic au fost
determinate pe baza a dou tipuri de cercetri statistice:
Cercetare statistic exhaustiv (total). n cadrul
acestui tip de cercetare datele sunt nregistrate de la
toate unitile populaiei statistice, denumit i
colectivitate statistic, bine delimitat. Populaia
statistic desemneaz totalitatea elementelor supuse
observrii statistice, de aceeai natur, asemntoare
sau omogene din punctul de vedere al anumitor
criterii. Prin astfel de cercetri statistice exhaustive se
obin rezultate detaliate n diferite structuri
administrative, geografice, grupri pe activiti
potrivit Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia
Naional (CAEN) etc.
Cele mai cunoscute cercetri exhaustive sunt
recensmintele populaiei i ale locuinelor,
recensmntul produselor i serviciilor industriale,
recensmntul general agricol.
Cercetare statistic prin sondaj. n cadrul acestui
tip de cercetare, datele sunt nregistrate doar de la o
parte a populaiei statistice, numit eantion.
Eantionul este determinat pe baza criteriilor de
reprezentativitate, prin utilizarea unor metode
probabiliste, ale cror rezultate sunt extinse la
ntreaga populaie statistic.

VIII

3. The Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP)


represents the basic tool by means of which the
National Institute of Statistics and the other producers
of official statistics are authorized to carry out the
collection, storage, processing, analysis and
dissemination of official statistical data, in order to
provide the information necessary to domestic users, as
well as those resulting from the legislation of European
Union and from the recommendations of other
international organisations.
The Yearly National Statistical Programme includes
information, responsibilities, resources and deadlines,
regarding: statistical surveys, synthesis papers, statistical
studies and analyses, statistical publications.
The Yearly National Statistical Programme is endorsed
by the National Statistical Council and it is approved by
Government decision.
The statistical surveys stipulated in the European Union
directives, regulations and decisions are included in the
Yearly National Statistical Programme.
4. The statistical survey is a complex activity of
collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of data
related to the economic and social phenomena situation
and dynamics. The statistical survey is carried out based on
projects, where the general concepts, the survey purpose
and the statistical tools on which it is based are defined
(survey organisation: questionnaire, classifications,
nomenclatures, norms, guidelines a.s.o.). According to the
coverage criterion, the data included in the Statistical
Yearbook were determined based on two statistical surveys
types:
Exhaustive (total) statistical survey. Under this type
of survey, data are recorded from all statistical
population units, called statistical collectivity, which is
well defined. The statistical population represents all
the elements subject to statistical observation, of the
same nature, similar or homogenous from certain
criteria standpoint. Based on such exhaustive statistical
surveys, detailed results are obtained in various
administrative and geographical structures, by group of
activities according to the Classification of Activities of
National Economy (CANE) a.s.o.
The most well-known exhaustive surveys are
population and housing censuses, industrial products
and services census, general agricultural census.
Sample statistical survey. Under this type of survey,
data are recorded only from part of the statistical
population, called sample. The sample is determined
based on representativeness criteria, by using
probabilistic methods, whose results are further
extended to the whole statistical population.

5. Sursele administrative reprezint sursele de


eviden organizate i deinute de organisme ale
administraiei publice sau non-guvernamentale pentru
alte scopuri dect cele statistice. Sunt utilizate numai
acele surse care au un potenial adecvat cerinelor
statistice i corespund rigorilor tiinifice de sfer de
cuprindere, calitate i completitudine care le fac
utilizabile i n scopuri statistice. Folosirea acestor surse
de date i informaii n scopuri statistice se realizeaz fie
direct, ca date de baz (asimilate datelor statistice), fie
prin prelucrri i adaptri corespunztoare pentru a
satisface cerinele de calitate, comparabilitate i
coeren, fie pentru reconciliere i validarea datelor
statistice obinute n urma cercetrilor statistice.

5. Administrative sources means the evidence sources


organised and managed by public administration or nongovernmental bodies, for other purposes than the
statistical ones. Only the sources with an appropriate
potential for statistical requirements and scientific rigour
concerning coverage, quality and completeness making
them also usable for statistical purposes are used. The use
of these data and information sources for statistical
purposes is achieved either directly, as basic data
(assimilated to statistical data), or after appropriate
processing and adaptation, in view to meet quality,
comparability and coherence requirements, or for
reconciliation and validation of statistical data obtained
from statistical surveys.

6. Sfera de cuprindere a datelor. Datele prezentate n


Anuarul Statistic caracterizeaz ansamblul economiei
naionale, cu excepia cazurilor cnd, prin notele
specifice care prefaeaz fiecare capitol al Anuarului, se
precizeaz altfel.

6. Coverage. The data presented within the Statistical


Yearbook characterise the whole national economy, except
cases where specific notes that preface each chapter of the
Yearbook stipulates otherwise.

7. Mrimile statistice folosite:


n Anuar sunt prezentate, cu precdere, date absolute i
date relative (indici, ponderi, indicatori de intensitate
etc.).
Indicatorul statistic este expresia numeric a unor
fenomene, procese, activiti sau categorii
economice sau sociale, manifestate n timp, spaiu i
structuri.
Indicele este un raport ntre valori ale aceleiai
variabile nregistrate n uniti de timp sau teritoriale
diferite.
Indicii statistici utilizai n Anuar sunt:
l Indicele Laspeyres este o medie aritmetic
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile;
ponderile utilizate sunt cele din perioada de baz;
l Indicele Paasche este o medie aritmetic
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile,
ponderile utilizate fiind din perioada curent.
Unitatea statistic este un obiect al cercetrii i
purttor al caracteristicilor statistice urmrite prin
program.
Unitatea de observare este acea entitate de la
care/pentru care sunt colectate date i informaii
primare, pe baza creia se construiesc statistici.
Unitatea de raportare este entitatea care furnizeaz
datele i informaiile primare n cadrul unei cercetri
statistice.
Unitatea cu personalitate juridic reprezint
entitatea (ntreprinderea, societatea comercial,
asociaia, instituia bugetar, organizaia fr scop
patrimonial etc.) care desfoar o activitate
economic, are contabilitate proprie i ia decizii n
exercitarea funciei principale.

7. Statistical measures used:


The Yearbook mainly presents absolute and relative data
(indices, weights, propensity indicators a.s.o.).
The statistical indicator is the numerical expression of
certain phenomena, processes, activities or economic
and social categories, manifested over time, area and
structures.
The index is a ratio between values of the same
variables recorded in various time or territorial units.
The statistical indices used within the Yearbook are:
l Laspeyres index - weighted arithmetic mean of
individual indices of the same variable; the used
weights refer to the base period;
l Paasche index - weighted arithmetic mean of
individual indices of the same variable; the used
weights refer to current period.
The statistical unit is subject to the survey and bearer
of the statistical characteristics observed through the
programme.
The observation unit is the entity from/for which
primary data and information are collected, based on
which statistics are compiled.
The reporting unit is the entity supplying primary data
and information under a statistical survey.
The unit with legal status in the entity (enterprise,
commercial company, association, budgetary
institution, non-profit organisation a.s.o.) carrying out
an economic activity, with own bookkeeping and
taking decisions when exercising its main function.

IX

Unitatea fr personalitate juridic reprezint o


persoan, o gospodrie, o familie, o asociaie sau
orice alt entitate ce nu dispune de autonomie de
decizie n exercitarea funciei principale.

The unit without legal status is a natural person, a


household, a family, an association or any other entity
without decisional autonomy when exercising its main
function.

8. Datele n preuri curente se refer la volumul


produciei, veniturilor, cheltuielilor sau valoarea
produselor, serviciilor etc. exprimate n preurile
anului curent. Valorile din diferite perioade n preuri
curente nu sunt direct comparabile i, n consecin,
nu pot fi utilizate la calculul indicilor fr a fi, n
prealabil, deflatate cu indicii de preuri
corespunztori.

8. Data expressed in current prices refer to the volume


of production, income or expenses or to the value of
products, services a.s.o., expressed in the current year prices.
The values expressed in current prices corresponding to
various periods are not directly comparable and, as
consequence, cannot be used for indices compilation
without being previously deflated with the corresponding
price indices.

9. Formele de proprietate sunt:


proprietate majoritar de stat - cuprinde capitalul
integral de stat, public, de interes naional i local i
mixt, unde statul deine 50% i peste din capitalul
social;
proprietate majoritar privat - cuprinde capitalul
integral privat, mixt, n care peste 50% din capitalul
social este privat, capital integral strin, cooperatist
i obtesc. Tot aici sunt cuprinse i activitile
desfurate de ctre persoanele fizice i/sau
gospodriile populaiei.

9. Ownership types:
state majority ownership - comprises integral state,
public, national and local interest and mixed capital,
where the states own 50% or more of the social capital;

10. Clasificri i nomenclatoare. Sunt principalele


instrumente care fac posibil structurarea dup
criterii obiective i corecte a unitilor statistice, a
proceselor i fenomenelor observate. Clasificrile
utilizate n Anuar, potrivit diferitelor scopuri sau
diferitelor domenii de activitate, sunt:
l Clasificarea Activitilor din Economia Naional
(CAEN) reprezint un sistem coordonat i coerent de
grupare, dup criterii tiinifice de omogenitate, a
datelor referitoare la unitile statistice.
l

n Anuar este utilizat versiunea actualizat a CAEN,


respectiv CAEN Rev. 2, implementat prin Ordinul nr.
337/2007 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de
Statistic, publicat n Monitorul Oficial nr. 293/2007
i revizuit n Monitorul Oficial nr. 403/2008. CAEN
Rev. 2 respect standardele europene, fiind total
armonizat cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din
Comunitatea European NACE Rev.2.
Structura CAEN Rev. 2 este urmtoarea:
Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter;
Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre;
Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre;
Clase
- codificate prin patru cifre.

private majority ownership - comprises integral


private or mixed capital, where over 50% of the social
capital is private, integral foreign or co-operative and
community capital. The activities carried out by natural
persons and/or population households are also
included here.
10. Classifications and nomenclatures. These are the
main tools allowing for the structuring of observed
processes and phenomena according to objective and
accurate criteria related to statistical units. The
classifications used within the Yearbook, according to
various purposes or fields of activity are:
l The Classification of Activities of National
Economy (CANE) is a coordinated and coherent
system for grouping, according to scientific criteria
related to homogeneity, the data referring to statistical
units.
l The updated version of CANE is used in the Yearbook,
respectively CANE Rev. 2, implemented through the
Order No 337/2007 of the National Institute of
Statistics President, published in the Official Journal
No 293/2007 and revised in the Official Journal
No 403/2008. CANE Rev. 2 observes the European
standards, being fully compliant with the
Nomenclature of Activities from the European
Community NACE Rev.2.
The CANE Rev. 2 structure is the following:
Sections - coded at one letter level;
Divisions - coded at two digits level;
Groups - coded at three digits level;
Classes - coded at four digits level.

Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor


potrivit CAEN Rev. 2, n Anexa nr. 1 a Notei
metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la
nivelul seciunilor i diviziunilor.
l Gruparea dup mrime a ntreprinderilor;
l Clasificarea produselor asociate activitilor
utilizat de Uniunea European - CPA;
l Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate
activitilor - CPSA 2002;
l Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate
activitilor - CPSA 2008, aprobat prin Hotrrea
de Guvern nr. 53/1999 i revizuit prin Ordinul
Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic
nr. 605 / 15.X.2008.
CPSA 2008 reprezint o detaliere a CAEN Rev. 2, prin
ordonarea dup principiul omogenitii a tuturor
familiilor de produse i servicii pe niveluri ierarhice
succesive.
CPSA 2008 asigur informaii pentru:
satisfacerea cerinelor de agregare i detaliere a
datelor referitoare la producia de bunuri i servicii;
identificarea sistematizat a produselor i
serviciilor din economia naional;
compararea i interpretarea unitar a datelor
statistice.
CPSA 2008 este total armonizat cu Clasificarea
Produselor Asociate Activitilor (CPA 2008) utilizat n
cadrul UE. Clasificarea conine explicaii la nivelul
diverselor entiti de clasificare n funcie de necesiti.
l PRODROM - Nomenclatorul de produse i servicii

industriale elaborat de Institutul Naional de


Statistic (INS) i utilizat pentru cercetri statistice
privind producia industrial. Nomenclatorul
PRODROM este total armonizat cu lista PRODCOM
utilizat n cadrul Uniunii Europene. Legtura CAEN
Rev. 2 cu PRODROM este asigurat la nivel de patru
cifre (clas), ntruct poziiile din cadrul
nomenclatorului PRODROM sunt rezultatul
detalierii subclaselor elementare CPA 2008.
11. Definirea activitilor. n practic, majoritatea
unitilor de producie efectueaz activiti cu caracter
mixt, respectiv activitate principal, activiti
secundare i activiti auxiliare. Identificarea activitii
secundare este necesar pentru a ncadra o unitate
ntr-o anumit poziie din CAEN Rev. 2.
l Activitatea principal, n sensul clasificrii, este
identificat prin metoda ordinii descresctoare
(de sus n jos). Ea reprezint acea activitate care
contribuie n cea mai mare msur la valoarea
adugat total a unitii luate n considerare.

In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data


structure according to CANE Rev.2, the Annex No 1 to the
General methodological note includes the classification at
section and division level.
l Enterprises grouping by size;
l Classification of products associated to activities
used by the European Union - CPA;
l Classification of products associated to activities CPA 2002;
l Classification of products associated to activities CPA 2008, adopted by the Government Decision
No 53/1999 and revised by the National Institute of
Statistics President Order No 605 / 15.X.2008.
CPA 2008 represents a detailed version of CANE Rev.2,
whose organisation relies on the principle of homogeneity
of all families of products and services by successive
hierarchical levels.
CPA 2008 classification provides information in order to:
respond to the requirements of aggregation and detailed
data regarding the production of goods and services;
identify the products and services from our national
economy;
ensure the comparability of statistical data.
CPA 2008 classification is fully harmonised
with Classification of Products Associated to Activities (CPA
2008) used in EU. The classification contains explanatory
notes for various classification entities according to the
necessities.
l PRODROM - the Nomenclature of industrial
products and services drawn up by the National
Institute of Statistics (NIS) and used for statistical
surveys on industrial production. The PRODROM
nomenclature is fully harmonised with the PRODCOM
list
used
within
the
European
Union.
The link of CANE Rev.2 with PRODROM is ensured at
four digits level (class), since the positions from
PRODROM nomenclature are the result of CPA 2008
detailing elementary sub-classes.
11. Activities definition. In practice, most of the
production units carry out activities of mixed nature,
namely main activity, secondary and ancillary activities.
The identification of secondary activity is needed in view to
frame a unit under a certain heading of CANE Rev.2.
l The main activity, in the sense of classification, is

identified by top-down method. This is the activity


contributing to the largest extent to the total value
added of the concerned unit.

XI

XII

l Activitatea secundar este orice alt activitate

l The secondary activity is any other kind of activity

din cadrul unitii productoare de bunuri sau


servicii.
l Activitatea auxiliar este o activitate conex,
indispensabil funcionrii unei entiti, precum:
contabilitate, transport, depozitare, achiziionare
promovare, ntreinere i reparaie etc.

carried out within the unit producing goods or services.


l The ancillary activity is an auxiliary activity,

indispensable for the functioning of an entity, such as:


bookkeeping, transport, storage, purchase,
promotion, maintenance and repair a.s.o.

12. mprirea teritorial. Din punct de vedere al


structurii teritoriale, datele din Anuar sunt prezentate
la nivel naional (pe ntreaga ar), precum i pe
diferite uniti teritoriale, n funcie de specificul
indicatorilor. Unitile teritoriale, dup statutul lor,
sunt administrative (comun, ora, ora-municipiu,
jude) i non-administrative (macroregiune i regiune
de dezvoltare).
Pn n anul 1998, prin lucrrile i publicaiile
statistice, s-au prelucrat i diseminat, de regul, doar
date la nivel de jude, municipii, orae i comune.
ncepnd din anul 1998, n structura teritorial i, ca
urmare, n publicaiile statistice, au fost prezentate date
i la nivelul regiunilor de dezvoltare.
ncepnd cu ediia 2008, potrivit Legii nr. 315/2004
privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, n structura
teritorial sunt prezentate date i la nivelul
macroregiunilor, constituite conform Legii privind
stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice
din
Romnia
i
cerinelor
Regulamentului
CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului
European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n
Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.

12. Territorial breakdown. From territorial structure


standpoint, the data included in the Yearbook are
presented at national level (for the whole country), as well
as by various territorial unit, depending on indicators
specific. According to their status, territorial units are either
administrative (commune, town, town-municipality,
county) or non-administrative (macroregion and
development region).
Till 1998, within the statistical works and publications,
only data at county, municipality, town and commune level
were, as a rule, processed and disseminated. Beginning
with 1998, according to the territorial structure, the
statistical publications also included data at development
regions level.
Starting with 2008 edition, according to
the Law No 315/2004 on regional development in
Romania, territorial structure also presents data at
macroregional level, constituted according to the Law on
setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in
Romania and to requirements of the EC Regulation
No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the
Council regarding the setting up of a common
nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS,
published in Official Journal of European Union
No L 154/2003.

N.B. ncepnd cu ediia 2014 a Anuarului Statistic al


Romniei, sunt prezentate serii noi de statistici ale
populaiei. Ele au fost completate cu informaii extinse
sub aspect metodologic i al sferei de cuprindere, la cele
dou categorii de populaii:
rezident, care ine seama de soldul migraiei
externe (dup criteriul reedinei obinuite)
i
populaia dup domiciliu, care acoper ntreaga
populaie a Romniei, dup criteriul domiciliului
permanent pe care l ocup n Romnia, indiferent de
reedina obinuit.

N.B. Starting with the 2014 edition of the Romanian


Statistical Yearbook, new statistical series on population
are presented. These were completed with wider
information in terms of methodology and scope for the
two population categories:
usual resident, taking into account external migration
balance (according to usual residence criterion)
and
permanent resident, covering the whole Romanian
population, according to permanent residence in
Romania criterion, irrespective of the usual residence.

Anexa nr. 1
Annex No 1
CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 2
(aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 337/20. IV. 2007 privind actualizarea Clasificrii activitilor din economia naional - CAEN,
publicat n M.O. nr. 293/03. V.2007 i revizuit n M.O. nr. 403/29. V.2008)
THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 2
(approved through Order No 337/20. IV. 2007 on the classification of activities in the national economy - CANE updating,
published in the Official Journal No 293/03.V. 2007 and revised in the Official Journal No 403/29.V. 2008)
Seciune Diviziune Denumire
Section Division

Description

A
01

AGRICULTUR, SILVICULTUR I PESCUIT


Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe

02
03

Silvicultur i exploatare forestier


Pescuitul i acvacultura

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING


Crop and animal production, hunting and related
service activities
Forestry and logging
Fishing and aquaculture

05
06
07
08
09

INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior
Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

MINING AND QUARRYING


Mining of coal and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE
Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor
de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i
nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn
i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din
paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprire i reproducerea pe supori
a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice

MANUFACTURING
Manufacture of food products
Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture
of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear;
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood
and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper and paper products
Printing and reproduction of recorded media

C
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
D
35

Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor
din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor
electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor
i echipamentelor
PRODUCIA I FURNIZAREA DE ENERGIE
ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE, AP
CALD I AER CONDIIONAT
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat

Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum


products
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral
products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
except machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computer, electronic and
optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and
semi-trailers
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery
and equipment
ELECTRICITY, GAS, STEAM AND
AIR CONDITIONING PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
production and supply

XIII

Anexa nr. 1 - continuare


Annex No 1 - continued
Seciune Diviziune Denumire
Section Division

Description

39

DISTRIBUIA APEI; SALUBRITATE,


GESTIONAREA DEEURILOR,
ACTIVITI DE DECONTAMINARE
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor;
activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile
Activiti i servicii de decontaminare

WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE, WASTE


MANAGEMENT AND DECONTAMINATION
ACTIVITIES
Water catchment, treatment and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification and disposal;
activities of recycling materials recovery
Activities and services of decontamination

41
42
43

CONSTRUCII
Construcii de cldiri
Lucrri de geniu civil
Lucrri speciale de construcii

CONSTRUCTION
Construction of buildings
Civil engineering
Specialised construction activities

COMER CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL;


REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR I
A MOTOCICLETELOR
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i
repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor
Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu
autovehicule i motociclete
Comer cu amnuntul, cu excepia
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL; REPAIR OF


MOTOR VEHICLES AND MOTORCYCLES

49
50
51
52
53

TRANSPORT I DEPOZITARE
Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte
Transporturi pe ap
Transporturi aeriene
Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi
Activiti de pot i de curier

TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE


Land transport and transport via pipelines
Water transport
Air transport
Warehousing and support activities for transportation
Postal and courier activities

55
56

HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE
Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare
Restaurante i alte activiti de servicii de alimentaie

HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS


Hotels and other accommodation facilities
Restaurants and other catering services

60
61
62

INFORMAII I COMUNICAII
Activiti de editare
Activiti de producie cinematografic, video i de
programe de televiziune; nregistrri audio i
activiti de editare muzical
Activiti de difuzare i transmitere de programe
Telecomunicaii
Activiti de servicii n tehnologia informaiei

63

Activiti de servicii informatice

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION


Publishing activities
Motion picture, video and television programme
production, sound recording and music publishing
activities
Programming and broadcasting activities
Telecommunications
Computer programming, consultancy and
related activities
Information service activities

36
37
38

G
45
46
47
H

J
58
59

INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE I ASIGURRI


Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor
de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii
Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor
de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public
de asigurri sociale)
Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare,
activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii

FINANCIAL AND INSURANCE INTERMEDIATION


Financial intermediation, except insurance and
pension funding
Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding
(except compulsory social security)

68

TRANZACII IMOBILIARE
Tranzacii imobiliare

REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES


Real estate activities

69

ACTIVITI PROFESIONALE, TIINIFICE


I TEHNICE
Activiti juridice i de contabilitate

PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND


TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES
Legal and accounting activities

64
65
66
L
M

XIV

Wholesale and retail, maintenance and repair of


motor vehicles and motorcycles
Wholesale, except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles
Retail, except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles

Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation,


insurance activities and pension funds

Anexa nr. 1 - continuare


Annex No 1 - continued
Seciune Diviziune Denumire
Section Division

70
71
72
73
74
75
N
77
78
79
80
81
82
O
84
P
85
Q
86
87
88
R
90
91
92
93
S
94
95
96
T

97
98
U
99

Description

Activiti ale direciilor (centralelor), birourilor


administrative centralizate; activiti de management
i de consultan n management
Activiti de arhitectur i inginerie; activiti de
testri i analiz tehnic
Cercetare-dezvoltare
Publicitate i activiti de studiere a pieei
Alte activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti veterinare

Architectural and engineering activities; technical


testing and analysis
Scientific research and development
Advertising and market research
Other professional, scientific and technical activities
Veterinary activities

ACTIVITI DE SERVICII ADMINISTRATIVE I


ACTIVITI DE SERVICII SUPORT
Activiti de nchiriere i leasing
Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc
Activiti ale ageniilor turistice i a tur-operatorilor;
alte servicii de rezervare i asisten turistic
Activiti de investigaii i protecie
Activiti de peisagistic i servicii pentru cldiri
Activiti de secretariat, servicii suport i alte activiti
de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor

ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICE


ACTIVITIES
Rental and leasing activities
Employment activities
Travel agency, tour operator reservation service and
related activities
Security and investigation activities
Services to buildings and landscape activities
Office administrative, office support and other
business support activities

ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE;


ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din
sistemul public

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE;


COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY
Public administration and defence; compulsory
social security

NVMNT
nvmnt

EDUCATION
Education

SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL


Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman
Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i asisten
social, cu cazare
Activiti de asisten social, fr cazare

HUMAN HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES


Human health activities
Residential care activities

ACTIVITI DE SPECTACOLE, CULTURALE I


RECREATIVE
Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic
Activiti ale bibliotecilor, arhivelor, muzeelor
i alte activiti culturale
Activiti de jocuri de noroc i pariuri
Activiti sportive, recreative i distractive

Activities of head offices; management consultancy


activities

Social work activities without accommodation


ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION
Creative, arts and entertainment activities
Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural
activities
Gambling and betting activities
Sports activities and amusement and recreation
activities

ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII


Activiti asociative diverse
Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale
i de uz gospodresc
Alte activiti de servicii

OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES


Activities of membership organisations
Repair of computers and personal and household
goods
Other personal service activities

ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE


N CALITATE DE ANGAJATOR DE PERSONAL
CASNIC; ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR
PRIVATE DE PRODUCERE DE BUNURI I
SERVICII DESTINATE CONSUMULUI PROPRIU
Activiti ale gospodriilor private n calitate de
angajator de personal casnic
Activiti ale gospodriilor private de producere
de bunuri i servicii destinate consumului propriu

ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS AS EMPLOYERS;


UNDIFFERENTIATED GOODS AND SERVICESPRODUCING ACTIVITIES OF
HOUSEHOLDS FOR OWN USE

ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I


ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE
Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor
extrateritoriale

ACTIVITIES OF EXTRATERRITORIAL
ORGANISATIONS AND BODIES
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies

Activities of households as employers of domestic


personnel
Undifferentiated goods and services producing
activities of private households for own use

XV

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE


COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION
Macroregiunea
Macroregion

Regiunea de dezvoltare
Development region

Judeul
County

MACROREGIUNEA UNU
MACROREGION ONE

Nord - Vest
North - West

Bihor
Bistria-Nsud
Cluj
Maramure
Satu Mare
Slaj

Centru
Center

Alba
Braov
Covasna
Harghita
Mure
Sibiu

Nord - Est
North - East

Bacu
Botoani
Iai
Neam
Suceava
Vaslui

Sud - Est
South - East

Brila
Buzu
Constana
Galai
Tulcea
Vrancea

Sud - Muntenia
South - Muntenia

Arge
Clrai
Dmbovia
Giurgiu
Ialomia
Prahova
Teleorman

Bucureti - Ilfov
Bucharest - Ilfov

Ilfov
Municipiul Bucureti
Bucharest Municipality

Sud - Vest Oltenia


South - West Oltenia

Dolj
Gorj
Mehedini
Olt
Vlcea

Vest
West

Arad
Cara-Severin
Hunedoara
Timi

MACROREGIUNEA DOI
MACROREGION TWO

MACROREGIUNEA TREI
MACROREGION THREE

MACROREGIUNEA PATRU
MACROREGION FOUR

Not: Datele statistice n profil teritorial sunt prezentate pe judee, conform Decretului - Lege nr. 2/1968 cu modificrile ulterioare, iar judeele
au fost grupate pe regiuni de dezvoltare.
Prin rectificarea aprut n Legea nr. 315/28.VI.2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, au fost redenumite trei regiuni,
dup cum urmeaz:
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud este redenumit Sud - Muntenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud - Vest este redenumit Sud - Vest Oltenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Bucureti este redenumit Bucureti - Ilfov.
S-au constituit patru macroregiuni, conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i
cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.
Note: Statistical data at territorial level are presented by county, according to the Decree - Law No 2/1968 further amended, while
the counties were grouped by development region.
Through the rectification introduced in Law No 315/28.VI.2004 on regional development in Romania, three regions were renamed,
as follows:
- The development region South is renamed South - Muntenia,
- The development region South - West is renamed South - West Oltenia,
- The development region Bucharest is renamed Bucharest - Ilfov.
Four macroregions were constituted, according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania
and to the requirements of the EC Regulation No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up
of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NSTU, published in Official Journal of European Union No L 154/2003.

XVI

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE


COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION
MACROREGIUNEA UNU / MACROREGION ONE
MACROREGIUNEA DOI / MACROREGION TWO
MACROREGIUNEA TREI / MACROREGION THREE

BOTOANI

Satu Mare
MARAMURE

Nord - Vest
North - West

MACROREGIUNEA PATRU / MACROREGION FOUR

Botoani

SUCEAVA

Baia Mare

SATU MARE

Suceava
BISTRIA-NSUD

Nord - Est
North - East

IAI

Zalu
Oradea

Centru
Center

SLAJ

NEAM
Piatra-Neam

Bistria

Iai

CLUJ
BIHOR

MURE

Cluj-Napoca
Cluj-Napoca

Vaslui
Bacu

Trgu Mure

HARGHITA

ARAD

VASLUI

BACU

Miercurea Ciuc
Arad

ALBA
Alba Iulia
Deva

Vest
West

BRAOV

SIBIU

Timioara

COVASNA
Sfntu
Gheorghe

VRANCEA

GALAI

Sibiu
TIMI

Focani

Braov

HUNEDOARA

Galai
PRAHOVA

Reia
Trgu Jiu

Rmnicu
Vlcea

ARGE

Legend / Legend:

BRILA

TULCEA

Ploieti
Drobeta
Turnu Severin

Orae / Towns

Brila
Tulcea

Buzu

Trgovite

CARA-SEVERIN

BUZU

GORJ

VLCEA

Piteti

DMBOVIA
IALOMIA
ILFOV

MEHEDINI

Slobozia

Municipii / Municipalities
Slatina

Reedine de jude / County residence

BUCURETI

CLRAI

Craiova

Regiuni de dezvoltare / Development regions

Sud - Vest Oltenia


South - West Oltenia

Clrai
Constana

DOLJ

Judee / Counties

CONSTANA

Alexandria

OLT

GIURGIU
Giurgiu

TELEORMAN

Sud - Muntenia
South - Muntenia

Bucureti - Ilfov
Bucharest - Ilfov

Sud - Est
South - East

PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR


ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
U.M.
M.U.

= unitate de msur
= measurement unit

CP
HP

= cal putere
= horse power

mm

= milimetru
= millimetre

kcal

= metru
= metre

''

= kilocalorie
= kilocalorie
= secund
= second

m2

= metru ptrat
= square metre

'

= minut
= minute

m3

= metru cub
= cubic metre

= or
= hour

= grad
= degree

ha (10000 m 2 ) = hectar
= hectare

= grade Celsius
= Celsius degrees

km

= kilometru
= kilometre

km2

= kilometru ptrat
= square kilometre

nr.
No

= numr
= number

= gram
= gram

= procent
= percentage

kg

= kilogram
= kilogram

= promil
per mille

= ton
= tonne

mii
thou

= mii
= thousands (thou)

tdw

= ton deadweight
= tonne deadweight

mil.
mill.

= milion
= million

= litru
= litre

mild.
bn

= miliard
= billion

hl

= hectolitru
= hectolitre

echiv.
equiv.

= echivalent
= equivalent

= watt
= watt

buc.
pcs.

= bucat
= pieces

kW

= kilowatt
= kilowatt

n.c.a.
n.e.c.

= neclasificate altundeva
= not elsewhere classified

kWh

= kilowatt - or
= kilowatt - hour

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE
SYMBOLS USED
G = grafic
= graph

- = nu este cazul
= data not applicable

*) = date mai mici dect 0,5


= magnitude less than 0.5

... = lips date


= data not available
= nontotalized data

**) = date mai mici dect 0,05


= magnitude less than 0.05

c = date confideniale
= confidential data

***) = date mai mici dect 0,005


= magnitude less than 0.005

~ = date nensumabile

= tabele ce apar numai pe CD-ROM.


= tables included only on the CD-ROM.

XVIII

GEOGRAFIE, METEOROLOGIE
I MEDIU NCONJURTOR

GEOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY
AND ENVIRONMENT

CUPRINS TABELE

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8

1.9
1.10
1.11

1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15

1.16

1.17
1.18

Pagina
Page

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE
ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

Poziia geografic a Romniei ..................................... 10


Lungimea frontierelor Romniei .................................. 11
Principalele altitudini muntoase ................................... 11
Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe
teritoriul Romniei ....................................................... 13
Principalele lacuri naturale .......................................... 14
Principalele lacuri antropice ........................................ 15
Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia ... 16
Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei,
la 31 decembrie 2014 ................................................. 17

Geographical position of Romania


Length of Romanias borders
Major mountain peaks
Length of major rivers
on Romanian territory
Major natural lakes
Major anthropic lakes
Average height of major towns in Romania
Administrative organisation of Romanian territory,
on December 31, 2014

METEOROLOGIE

METEOROLOGY

Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) ............ 18


Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i
minima absolut lunar i anual) .............................. 20
Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) ... 28

Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)


Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute
maximum and absolute minimum)
Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

MEDIU NCONJURTOR

ENVIRONMENT

Resurse naturale
Ariile protejate, n anul 2014 ....................................... 30
Rezervaii ale biosferei i zone umede de importan
internaional, n anul 2014 ......................................... 30
Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale,
n anul 2014 ................................................................ 31
Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit
gradului de amenajare, n anul 2014 .......................... 32

Natural resources
Protected areas, in 2014
Biosphere reserves and wetlands of international
importance, in 2014
National and natural parks,
in 2014
Water resources assured, according to the
arrangement level, in 2014

Calitatea factorilor de mediu


Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2014 ................ 32

Environment factors quality


Surface waters quality, in 2014

Msuri de protecie a mediului


Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2014 ......... 33
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului,
n anul 2014 ................................................................ 34

Environment protection measures


Investments for environment protection, in 2014
Internal current expenditure for environment
protection, in 2014

SURSA DATELOR

TABLES CONTENTS

Cercetri statistice:
Cercetarea statistic privind cheltuielile pentru
protecia mediului, completat de operatorii
economici i unitile administraiei publice.

DATA SOURCE

Statistical surveys:
Statistical survey on environment protection
expenditure, filled in by economic operators and
public administration units.

Surse administrative:
Institutul de Geografie Bucureti;
Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din
cadrul Ministerului Afacerilor Interne;
Administraia Naional de Meteorologie;
Ministerul Mediului, Apelor i Pdurilor;
Ministerul Finanelor Publice;
Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului;
Regia Naional a Pdurilor;
Administraia Naional Apele Romne.

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE
ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL
Prezentare
Romnia este situat n centrul geografic al Europei
(sud-estul Europei Centrale), la nord de Peninsula
Balcanic, la jumtatea distanei dintre Coasta
Atlanticului i Munii Ural, n interiorul i exteriorul arcului
Munilor Carpai, pe cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km)
i cu ieire la Marea Neagr.
De altfel, paralela 45N cu meridianul 25E se
intersecteaz n apropiere de centrul geometric al rii, la
100 km N-V de capitala rii, Bucureti.
Cu o suprafa de 238391 km2, Romnia este
a 12-a ar ca mrime a Europei.
Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din
bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i, prin
intermediul acesteia, cu restul lumii.
Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe
245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i
localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria).
Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte
majore: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai nalt vrf
Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care corespunde
Subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i cea joas, a
cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta Dunrii, cea
mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu formare, are
altitudinea medie de 0,52 m.
Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt
proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri,
33% cmpii i lunci) i dispunerea concentric a treptelor
majore ale reliefului.
Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de
tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest,
mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental-excesive
din est. Temperatura medie multianual este difereniat
latitudinal, respectiv 8C n nord i peste 11C n sud, i
altitudinal, cu valori de -2,5C n etajul montan
(Vrfu Omu - masivul Bucegi) i 11,6C n cmpie
(oraul Zimnicea - judeul Teleorman).
Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la
est, respectiv de la peste 600 mm la mai puin de 500 mm

Administrative sources:
Institute of Geography Bucharest;
General Inspectorate of Border Police within the
Ministry of Internal Affairs;
National Administration of Meteorology;
Ministry of Environment, Waters and Forest;
Ministry of Public Finances;
National Agency for Environment Protection;
National Company of Forests;
National Administration Romanian Waters.

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION


Description
Romania is situated in the geographical centre of
Europe (south-east of Central Europe), in the north of
the Balkan Peninsula, at half the distance between
Atlantic Coast and the Urals, inside and outside the
Carpathians Arch, on the lower course of the Danube
(1075 km) and has exit to the Black Sea.
Otherwise, the 45N parallel with the 25E meridian
intersects near the geometrical centre of the country,
100 km N-V of the country capital, Bucharest.
Romania is the twelfth country of Europe, having an
area of 238391 km2.
The exit to the sea enables the connections with the
countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean
Sea basin and, by means of this, rest of the world.
Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on
245 km, between Musura stream (at the border with Ukraine)
and Vama Veche locality (at the border with Bulgaria).
Romania's relief consists of three major levels: the
highest one in the Carpathians (the highest peak
Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which corresponds
to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to the plateaus
and the lowest one in plains, meadows and Danube
Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest relief unit under
permanent formation, has the average height of 0.52 m.
Main features of relief units are proportionality
(31% mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and
meadows) and concentric display of the relief major
levels.
Romanias climate is temperate-continental of
transition, with oceanic influences from the West,
Mediterranean ones from South-West and continentalexcessive ones from the East. Multiannual average
temperature is latitudinally different, 8C in the North and
over 11C in the South, and altitudinally, with values of
-2.5C in the mountain floor (Omu peak - Bucegi massif)
and 11.6C in the plain (Zimnicea town - Teleorman county).
Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west
to east, from over 600 mm to less 500 mm in the East

n Cmpia Romn de Est, sub 450 mm n Dobrogea i


circa 350 mm pe litoral, pentru ca n regiunile muntoase
s ajung la 1000-1500 mm.
Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial,
marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai. Principalul
colector al acestora este fluviul Dunrea, care strbate
ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de 1075 km i se
vars n Marea Neagr.
Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale
(numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate unitile
majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n etajul alpin (Lacul
Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la limanele
fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol la 1,5 m) i prin lacuri
antropice, de asemenea n toate unitile de relief.
Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de
elementele pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere
etajat a acesteia. Regiunile montane sunt acoperite de
pduri de conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec
(fag, brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte
se afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr,
afin, merior i altele.
n regiunile de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri
de foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul;
pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte, adesea, principalele
specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia.
Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa ariile
cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia
Romn, Podiul Moldovei, Cmpia Banatului i
Crianei, a fost, n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin
culturi agricole.
Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate
n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n etajul alpin apar
elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul de
munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite mamifere:
urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri i un numr
mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni muntoase se
mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i cocoul de
mesteacn; n regiunile de deal i cmpie sunt
rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri,
oprle, batracieni .a.; pentru zonele de step sunt
caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul).
Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin pstrv
n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n trecut, a
devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n regiunile de
deal; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n cele de cmpie
i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine teritoriale i pe Dunrea
inferioar se ntlnesc i specii de sturioni.
Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate.
Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi
menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare;
gazele naturale; crbunii, n special huila cocsificabil,
crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i neferoase,
zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; rezerve mari de

Romanian Plain, under 450 mm in Dobrogea and about


350 mm by seaside, in the mountainous areas they
reach 1000-1500 mm.
Romanian running waters are radially displayed,
most of them having the springs in the Carpathians. Their
main collector is the Danube river, which crosses the
country in the south on 1075 km length and flows into the
Black Sea.
The lakes are represented by natural lakes
(numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of
relief, from glacial ones in the alpine floor (Mioarelor
Lake - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime banks
(Techirghiol Lake at 1.5 m) and anthropic lakes, as well
in all relief units.
The vegetation is determined by the relief and by
pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors.
Mountainous regions are covered by coniferous forests
(especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree,
spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are covered
by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine, juniper,
bilberry, red bilberry a.s.o.
In the hills and plateaus regions there are broadleaved forests, prevailing beech, common oak or durmast
oak; the main forest species often met on low hills and
high plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto.
The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which
covered the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau,
Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau, Banat and Criana
Plain has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops.
Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals
according to each species biotype. Relict elements as
black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture live in the
alpine area. In the Carpathian forests live various
animals: bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck,
squirrel and several species of birds. In a few
mountainous areas both mountain cock and birch cock
are still met. In the hill and field areas there are hares,
moles, hedgehogs, various birds, lizards, batrachia
a.s.o.; rodent animals as gopher and hamster are
characteristic for the steppe areas. Water fauna is
represented especially by trout in the mountainous
waters (huck which was mostly spread in the past has
become quite rare); dace and barbel in the hill region;
carp, perch, pike, sheat fish, crucian in the field region
and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also met in the
marine territorial waters and on the downstream Danube.
Romania's useful minerals resources are various.
Among the main useful minerals resources we can
mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions; natural
gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal and
lignite; ferrous and non-ferrous ores, gold, silver and
bauxite ore deposits; vast reserves of salt as well as

sare, precum i o serie de resurse nemetalifere.


O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol o constituie
cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape minerale, cu valene
pentru consum i tratamente medicale.
Teritoriul Romniei este mprit din punct de
vedere administrativ n: sate, comune, orae, municipii
i judee.
Satul este cea mai mic unitate teritorial, avnd
caracteristicile aezrilor de tip rural.
Comuna este unitatea administrativ-teritorial care
cuprinde populaia rural unit prin comunitate de
interese i tradiii, fiind alctuit din unul sau mai multe
sate (din care unul este reedin de comun).
Oraul reprezint o concentrare uman cu o funcie
administrativ i un mod de via specific ariilor urbane
i o structur profesional a populaiei n care predomin
cea ocupat n ramurile neagricole.
Municipiul este un ora cu un rol economic, social,
politic i cultural nsemnat avnd, de regul, funcie
administrativ.
Judeul reprezint unitatea administrativ-teritorial
tradiional n Romnia, alctuit din orae i comune, n
funcie de condiiile geografice, economice, socialpolitice i de legturile culturale i tradiionale ale
populaiei. Teritoriul Romniei este organizat n 42 de
judee (inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti).
Ca uniti teritoriale (non-administrative) au fost
create opt regiuni de dezvoltare, constituite prin
reuniunea mai multor judee.
Au fost create patru macroregiuni, care nu sunt
uniti administrativ-teritoriale i nu au personalitate
juridic; sunt constituite pentru a asigura colectarea,
elaborarea i difuzarea statisticilor regionale armonizate la
nivelul Uniunii Europene.

numerous non-metalliferrous resources. A special category


of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000 mineral
water springs, with consumption and medical treatments
valences.
Romanian territory is divided from administrative
viewpoint into: villages, communes, towns, municipalities
and counties.
Village is the smallest territorial unit, having
characteristics of rural settlements.
Commune is a territorial-administrative unit which
comprises rural population united by interest and
traditional community, including one or several villages
(from which one is commune residence).
Town represents a human concentration with
administrative function and a life specific to urban areas
and with a population professional structure where the
population employed in non-agricultural branches prevails.
Municipality is a town, with an important economic,
social, political and cultural role, usually having
administrative function.
County represents traditional administrativeterritorial unit in Romania, including towns and
communes, depending on geographical, economical and
social-political conditions and population cultural and
traditional relations. Romanian territory is organized into
42 counties (including Bucharest Municipality).
As territorial (non-administrative) units, eight
regions of development were created, gathering
several counties.
Four macroregions were created, which are not
administrative territorial units and have no legal entity,
they are constituted to assure the collection, compilation
and transmission of harmonised regional statistics at
European Union level.

Oraele principale: Bucureti, Timioara, Iai,


Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov,
Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu.
Porturile principale:
la Marea Neagr: Constana, Mangalia;
la Dunre: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu
Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea,
Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova,
Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.
Aeroporturile principale: Bucureti (Henri Coand Otopeni i Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail
Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca,
Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare, Oradea, Satu Mare,
Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea.
Capitala: Municipiul Bucureti (1860380 locuitori
- date provizorii - populaie rezident la 1 iulie 2014,
estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele
definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al

Main cities: Bucharest, Timioara, Iai, Cluj-Napoca,


Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila,
Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu.
Main harbours:
at the Black Sea: Constana, Mangalia;
at the Danube: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu
Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele,
Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod,
Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.
Main airports: Bucharest (Henri Coand Otopeni and Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana
(Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia),
Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare,
Oradea, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea.
The capital: Bucharest Municipality (1860380
inhabitants - provisional data - the usual resident population
on July 1, 2014 was used, estimated under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and

Locuinelor - 2011), mprit n ase sectoare


administrative. Prima menionare documentar dateaz
din 20.IX.1459, ca reedin a lui Vlad epe. Capital a
rii Romneti ncepnd din a doua jumtate a secolului
al XVII-lea i Capitala Romniei, din anul 1862, municipiul
Bucureti este cel mai important centru politic, economic i
cultural-tiinific al rii.
Limba oficial: limba romn.
Drapelul Romniei este tricolor; culorile sunt
aezate vertical n ordinea urmtoare, ncepnd de la
lance: albastru, galben, rou.
Ziua naional a Romniei: 1 Decembrie.
Imnul naional al Romniei este Deteapt-te
romne.
Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica:
Republic, conform Constituiei adoptate n 1991 i
modificat n 2003;
Puterea legislativ este reprezentat de un
parlament bicameral (Camera Deputailor i
Senatul), iar puterea executiv este exercitat de
Guvern, condus de un prim-ministru desemnat de
preedintele rii;
Preedintele rii este ales n baza rezultatelor
alegerilor generale prin scrutin universal pentru un
mandat de 5 ani.
Moneda naional: Leu, cu subdiviziunea ban.
Cursul monedei naionale este stabilit zilnic pe piaa
valutar interbancar, moneda de referin fiind euro.

Housing Census - 2011), organised into six administrative


sectors. The first documentary mention was on 20.IX.1459,
as residence of Vlad epe. Capital of ara Romneasc
since the second half of the XVII th century and Capital of
Romania since 1862, Bucharest Municipality is the most
important political, economic and cultural-scientific center of
the country.
Official language: Romanian.
Flag of Romania: is three - coloured; the colours
are placed vertically in the following order from the
lance: blue, yellow, red.
National day of Romania: December, 1st.
National anthem of Romania is Wake up,
Romanian.
Government form in Romania is the republic:
Republic, according to the Constitution adopted in
1991 and modified in 2003;
Legislative power is represented by two chamber
Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and Senate), and
executive power is carried out by Government led
by Prime Minister appointed by the countrys
President;
President of the country is elected based on
general elections results by universal vote for a
5 years mandate.
National currency: Leu, with ban as subdivision.
The exchange rate is set on the interbank currency
market on a daily basis, reference currency being euro.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

METEOROLOGIE

METEOROLOGY

Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din


atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i
clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile
meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau periodic
n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului terestru i la
diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. Programul unitar al
msurtorilor i observaiilor, precum i alte activiti
meteorologice
se
asigur
prin
colaborare
internaional, n cadrul Administraiei Naionale de
Meteorologie, cu Organizaia Meteorologic Mondial.
Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de pe
suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii i
msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i fenomenelor
meteorologice, conform programului stabilit. Majoritatea
observaiilor,
msurtorilor
i
determinrilor
meteorologice de la staii se efectueaz pe platforma
meteorologic situat pe un teren deschis, tipic pentru
regiunea respectiv, cu dimensionarea standard de
26 m x 26 m.

The research on physical processes and phenomena


in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determine the weather
and the climate, relies on the meteorological measurements
and observations, permanently or periodically carried out in
different points on the terrestrial globe surface and at
various altitudes in the free atmosphere. The unitary
programme of measurements and observations, as well as
other meteorological activities are assured by international
co-operation within National Administration of Meteorology,
with the World Meteorology Organisation.
The meteorological station represents the point
from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and
observations on all meteorological elements and
phenomena are carried out in keeping with the
programme. Most of meteorological observations,
measurements and determinations from the stations are
performed on the meteorological area situated on an
open land, typical for the respective region, with the
standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m.

Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor


atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri
meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea
observaiilor i msurtorilor, care se realizeaz att n
spaiu, ct i n timp.
Programul climatologic reprezint complexul
observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se
execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att la
termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. Permanent,
la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 timp solar mediu
local) se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra:
presiunii atmosferice, vntului, temperaturii i umezelii
aerului, temperaturii suprafeei solului, nebulozitii,
precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. Continuu, n tot cursul
zilei i nopii se determin caracteristicile tuturor
fenomenelor meteorologice (hidrometeori, litometeori,
electrometeori etc.).
Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau
n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele stabilite i
n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime ale acesteia
n intervalele de timp dintre aceste termene.
Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu
citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial,
termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de
minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare
(termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se
msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie
influenate direct de radiaia solar, de radiaia terestr,
de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz n
adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime deasupra
solului.
Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din
precipitaii atmosferice sau care se depun din ali
hidrometeori se efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, iar
nregistrarea continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se face cu
pluviograful. Cantitile de ap se msoar zilnic la
termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se exprim prin
grosimea stratului de ap czut, n mm (1mm=1l / m2).

In order to observe the atmospheric processes and


phenomena and to compute various meteorological and
climatic parameters, it is necessary to report
observations and measurements, carried out both in
space and over time.
The climatic programme represents the complex of
meteorological observations and measurements
performed at stations, according to the local average solar
time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously during
24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13,
19 local average solar time), the observations and
measurements are done for: atmospheric pressure, wind,
air temperature and humidity, ground surface temperature,
cloudiness, precipitations, horizontal visibility.
Continuously, during all day and night, the characteristics
of all meteorological phenomena (hydrometeors,
litometeors, electrometeors a.s.o.) are determined.
Air temperature observations consist of air
temperature measurement at the observation deadlines
and of determining its maximum and minimum values,
during the intervals between the climatic observation
deadlines.
Air temperature is measured with direct reading
instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation,
the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the
thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with recording
apparatus (thermographs). In view to ensure that the
instruments for measuring air temperature and humidity
are not directly influenced by the solar, terrestrial
radiation, by precipitations and by wind gusts, they
should be placed in the meteorological shelter situated at
2 meters high above the ground.
The measurement of water quantities coming
from atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other
hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer and
the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids) is
performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are
daily measured at climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19) and
they are expressed by the thickness of the fallen water
layer, in mm (1mm=1l / m 2).

MEDIU NCONJURTOR

ENVIRONMENT

Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic


format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim
natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, din
care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine.
Ariile naturale protejate, conform O.U.G.
nr. 57/2007, reprezint zone terestre, acvatice i/sau
subterane, cu perimetrul legal stabilit i avnd un regim
special de ocrotire i conservare, n care exist specii de
plante i animale slbatice, elemente i formaiuni
biogeografice sau de alt natur, cu valoare ecologic,
tiinific sau cultural deosebit i cuprind:

Water resources represent the hydrological


potential consisting of the superficial and underground
waters, under natural and arranged conditions, registered
at the beginning of the year, of which the utilities are fed.
Natural protected areas, according to G.P.O.
No 57/2007, represents terrestrial, aquatic and/or
underground areas, with legally settled perimeter and
with a special protection and preservation regime, where
wild plants and animal species, bio-geographic elements
and formations or of other nature, with special ecological,
scientific or cultural value exist and include:

rezervaii ale biosferei - arii naturale protejate al


cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor zone
de habitat natural i a diversitii biologice specifice;
parcuri naionale - arii naturale protejate al cror
scop este protecia i conservarea unor eantioane
reprezentative pentru spaiul biogeografic naional;

parcuri naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror


scop este protecia i conservarea unor ansambluri
peisagistice n care interaciunea activitilor umane
cu natura de-a lungul timpului a creat o zon
distinct, cu valoare semnificativ peisagistic i/sau
cultural, deseori cu o mare diversitate biologic;
rezervaii tiinifice - arii naturale protejate al cror
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate
naturale terestre i/sau acvatice, cuprinznd
elemente reprezentative de interes tiinific;
rezervaii naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate i
specii naturale importante sub aspect floristic,
faunistic, forestier, hidrologic, geologic, speologic,
paleontologic, pedologic;
monumente ale naturii - arii naturale protejate al
cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor
elemente naturale cu valoare i semnificaie
ecologic, tiinific, peisagistic deosebite;
zone umede de importan internaional sunt
acele arii naturale protejate al cror scop este
asigurarea proteciei i conservrii siturilor naturale
cu diversitate biologic specific zonelor umede;
arii de protecie special avifaunistic sunt acele arii
naturale protejate ale cror scopuri sunt conservarea,
meninerea, i acolo unde este cazul, readucerea
ntr-o stare de conservare favorabil a speciilor de
psri i a habitatelor specifice, desemnate pentru
protecia speciilor de psri migratoare slbatice;
situri de importan comunitar reprezint acele arii
care, n regiunile biogeografice n care exist,
contribuie semnificativ la meninerea sau restaurarea la
o stare de conservare favorabil a habitatelor naturale.
Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n
monitorizarea parametrilor biologici hidromorfologici,
fizico-chimici, a poluanilor prioritari sau a altor poluani
evacuai n cantiti importante.

Potrivit Legii nr. 310/2004, anexa 11, se disting


5 clase de calitate, definite astfel:
clasa de calitate I - stare foarte bun - nu exist
alterri (sau sunt foarte mici) ale valorilor
elementelor fizico-chimice i hidromorfologice de
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa
fa de cele asociate n mod normal cu acel tip n
condiii nemodificate;

biosphere reserves - protected natural areas whose


purpose is the protection and preservation of a natural
habitat areas and of specific biologic diversity;
national parks - natural protected areas whose
purpose is the protection and preservation
of representative samples for the national
bio-geographic space;
natural parks - natural protected areas whose
purpose is the protection and preservation of
landscape piles in which human activities
interactions in time created a distinct area, with
landscape and/or cultural significant value, often
with a great biological diversity;
scientific reserves - natural protected areas whose
purpose is the protection and preservation of
terrestrial and/or aquatic natural habitats, including
representative elements of scientific interest;
natural reserves - natural protected areas whose
purpose is the protection and preservation of
important natural habitats and species from flora,
fauna, forestry, hydrological, geological, speological,
paleontological, pedological point of view;
natural monuments - natural protected areas
whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
natural elements and of ecological, scientific,
landscape special significance;
humid areas of international importance are
those protected natural areas whose purpose is to
ensure the protection and preservation of the natural
sites with a wetland-specific biological diversity;
avifauna special protection areas are those
protected natural areas whose purpose is the
preservation, maintenance and where necessary
the conservative rehabilitation of the bird species
and specific habitats designated for wild migratory
bird species protection;
sites of Community interest reprezent areas
located in biogeographical regions, contributing
significantly to the maintenance or restoration to a
favourable preservation state of the natural habitats.
The evaluation of the superficial waters
quality is carried out by monitoring the biological
hidro - morfological parameters, physico - chemical,
the prioritary pollution agents or other pollution
agents evacuated in important quantities.
According to Law No 310/2004, annex 11, 5 quality
classes are distinguished, defined as follows:
the first quality class - very good state - no
alterations (or very few) of physico-chemical and
hydro-morfological quality elements value exist for
the type of superficial waters bodies as against
those normally associated with specific type in
unchanged conditions;

clasa de calitate II - stare bun - valorile


elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp
de ap de suprafa prezint nivele sczute de
schimbare datorit activitilor umane, dar deviaz
uor fa de acele valori normale asociate cu tipul de
corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate;
clasa de calitate III - stare moderat - valorile
elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp
de ap de suprafa deviaz moderat fa de acelea
care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corp de
ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate. Valorile
prezint semne moderate de perturbare ca urmare a
activitilor umane i sunt esenial perturbate fa de
valorile din condiiile de stare bun;
clasa de calitate IV - slab - prezint dovezi de
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i
n care comunitile biologice importante deviaz
semnificativ de la valorile normale asociate cu tipul
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii
nemodificate;
clasa de calitate V - proast - prezint dovezi de
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i
n care pri mari din comunitile biologice
importante care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii
nemodificate, sunt absente.
Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ
investiiile i cheltuielile curente interne pentru
desfurarea activitilor de supraveghere i protecie a
mediului, i care se refer la prevenirea sau repararea
pagubelor aduse acestuia.
Investiiile pentru protecia mediului includ
cheltuielile efectuate pentru lucrri de construcii, de
instalaii i de montaj, pentru achiziionarea de utilaje,
mijloace de transport, alte cheltuieli destinate crerii de
noi mijloace fixe pentru dezvoltarea, modernizarea,
reconstrucia celor existente, cu scopul de protecie a
mediului. Ele includ, de asemenea, valoarea serviciilor
legate de transferul de proprieti al mijloacelor fixe
existente i al terenurilor (taxe, materiale, comisioane,
cheltuieli de transport de ncrcare - descrcare).
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului
nsumeaz cheltuielile efectuate pentru operarea,
repararea i ntreinerea instalaiilor i utilajelor pentru
protecia mediului de ctre personalul ntreprinderii. Ele
includ salariile i impozitele aferente i cheltuielile
materiale (materii prime, materiale, combustibili, energie,
ap etc.). Cheltuielile curente interne nu includ cheltuielile
pentru achiziionarea de servicii de mediu de la teri.

the second quality class - good state - biological


quality elements values for superficial water body
type presents low levels of change because of
human activity, but it slightly deviate as against those
normal values associated with superficial water
bodies type in unchanged conditions;
the third quality class - moderate state - biological
quality elements values for superficial water body
type moderately deviates as against those which are
normally associated with superficial water body type
in unchanged conditions. These values presents
moderate perturbation signs because of human
activities and are essentially perturbated as against
the good state conditions values;
the fourth quality class - poor - presents major
alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
values for superficial water bodies type in which
important biological communities significantly
deviates from the normal values associated with
superficial water bodies type in unchanged
conditions;
the fifth quality class - bad - presents major
alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
values for superficials water bodies type and in
which big parts from important biological
communities which are normally associated with
superficial water bodies type in unchanged
conditions are absent.
Environment protection expenditure include
investments and internal current expenditure for carrying
out the activities of environment observation and
protection and refer to environment damages prevention
or repair.
Investments for environment protection include
the expenditure made for construction, installations and
building works, for equipment, transport means
purchasing, other expenditure meant to create new fixed
assets
for
the
development,
modernization,
reconstruction of the already existent ones, having the
purpose of environment protection. They also include the
value of services related to existent fixed assets and land
ownership transfer (taxes, materials, commissions,
loading-unloading transport expenditure).
Current internal expenditure for environment
protection are made of the expenditure for operating,
repairs and maintenance of installations and equipment
for environment protection by enterprise staff. They
include salaries and taxes and material expenditure (raw
materials, materials, fuels, energy, water a.s.o.). The
current internal expenditure do not include
environmental services purchased from thirds.

Categoriile de productori de servicii pentru


protecia mediului sunt:
productorii nespecializai - uniti care execut o
activitate de protecia mediului ca activitate secundar
sau auxiliar la o activitate principal. Activitatea
principal nu este una de protecia mediului. Aceste
uniti se regsesc n sectorul producie (CAEN Rev.2,
diviziunile: 02; 0536; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51);
productorii specializai - uniti care execut
activiti de protecia mediului ca activitate principal,
conform CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 37; 38; 39 i clasa
4677;
administraia public - toate unitile administraiei
publice locale i centrale a cror producie de
servicii de protecia mediului non-pia este
destinat consumului individual i colectiv
(CAEN Rev.2, clasa 8411).
Activitile specifice de protecia mediului sunt
grupate dup domeniile de mediu, astfel:
prevenirea i combaterea polurii (protecia
aerului, protecia apei, managementul deeurilor,
protecia solului i a apelor subterane);
protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea
biodiversitii (protecia speciilor, arii protejate,
remediere i reconstrucie ecologic, refacerea
mediului acvatic, prevenirea fenomenelor naturale
periculoase);
alte domenii (cercetare-dezvoltare, administrare
general a mediului, reducerea zgomotului i a
vibraiilor, protecia mpotriva radiaiilor, educaie,
instruire, informare).

1.1
Nord
North
Sud
South
Est
East
Vest
West

Poziia geografic a Romniei


Geographical position of Romania
Longitudinea estic1)
Longitude east1)

Latitudinea nordic
Latitude north

Punctul extrem (localitatea)


Extreme point (locality)

Judeul
County

Satul Horoditea
Horoditea village
Oraul Zimnicea
Zimnicea town
Oraul Sulina
Sulina town
Comuna Beba Veche
Beba Veche commune

Botoani

26o4205

48o1506

Teleorman

25o2332

43o3707

Tulcea

29o4124

45o0936

Timi

20o1544

46o0727

1) Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.

Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.


Source: Institute of Geography.

10

Categories of service producers for environment


protection are:
non-specialised producers - units carrying out an
activity of environment protection as their
secondary or auxiliary activity. Their main activity is
not the environment protection. These units are
found in the sector of production (CANE Rev. 2,
divisions: 02; 0536; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51);
specialised producers - units carrying out an activity
of environment protection as their main activity,
according to CANE Rev.2, divisions: 37; 38; 39 and
4677 class;
public administration - local and central units of
public administration whose non-market production
of environment protection services is meant for
individual and collective consumption (CANE Rev.2,
8411 class).
Specific activities of environment protection are
grouped by environmental domains, as follows:
pollution prevention and reduction (air protection,
water protection, wastes management, soil and
underground waters protection);
natural resources protection and biodiversity
preservation (species protection, protected areas,
ecological remedy and reconstruction, aquatic
environment restoration, prevention of dangerous
natural phenomena);
other
domains
(research-development,
environment general administration, noise and
vibrations reduction, protection against radiation,
education, training, looking for information).

1.2

Lungimea frontierelor Romniei


Length of Romanias borders
km

Lungimea frontierelor / Border length

Total granie
Bulgaria
Republica Moldova
Serbia
Ucraina
Ungaria
Marea Neagr

Total
Total

Terestr
Land

Fluvial
River

Maritim
Sea

3149,9

1085,6

1816,9

247,4

631,3
681,3
546,4
649,4
448,0
193,5

139,1
256,8
273,8
415,9
-

470,0
681,3
289,6
343,9
32,1
-

22,2
31,7
193,5

Total borders
Bulgaria
Republic of Moldova
Serbia
Ukraine
Hungary
Black Sea

Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Serbia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral.
Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Serbia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie;
Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din cadrul Ministerului Afacerilor Interne.
Source: Institute of Geography;
General Inspectorate of Border Police within the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

1.3

Principalele altitudini muntoase


Major mountain peaks

Denumirea vrfului muntos


Name of peak
Moldoveanu
Negoiu
Parngu Mare
Peleaga
Omu
Retezat
Iezerul Mare
Ppua
Pietrosu
Gugu
Suru
Ineu
Cindrel
tefleti
La Om (Piscul Baciului)
Godeanu
Cleanu
arcu
Leaota
Vrful lui Ptru
Ursu
Pietrosu

Denumirea masivului muntos


Name of massif
Fgra
Fgra
Parng
Retezat
Bucegi
Retezat
Iezer
Iezer
Rodna
Godeanu
Fgra
Rodna
Cindrel
Lotru
Piatra Craiului
Godeanu
arcu
arcu
Leaota
ureanu
Cpna
Climan

Judeul
County

Altitudinea vrfului (m)


Height (m)

Arge
Arge, Braov, Sibiu
Gorj, Hunedoara
Hunedoara
Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia
Hunedoara
Arge
Arge
Maramure
Cara-Severin, Hunedoara
Sibiu, Vlcea
Bistria-Nsud
Sibiu
Sibiu, Vlcea
Braov
Cara-Severin, Gorj
Cara-Severin
Cara-Severin
Dmbovia, Arge
Hunedoara
Vlcea
Suceava, Mure

2544
2535
2519
2509
2505
2482
2462
2391
2303
2291
2283
2279
2244
2242
2238
2229
2190
2190
2133
2130
2124
2100

Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.


Source: Institute of Geography.

11

1.3

Principalele altitudini muntoase - continuare


Major mountain peaks - continued

Denumirea vrfului muntos

Denumirea masivului muntos

Judeul

Name of peak

Name of massif

County

ureanu
Farcu
Ciuca
Toroiaga
Ocolau Mare
Toaca
Straja
Budacu
Giumalu
Cucurbta Mare
ible
Vldeasa
Muntele Mare
Harghita Mdra
Hmau Mare
Pietrosu
Goru
Lcu
Saca
Penteleu
Vlacu Mic
Cozia
Grindu
Raru
Nemira
Lucina
Cucu
Bivolu
Pacani
Vrful lui Stan
Piatra Goznei
Guti
Poienia
Pade
Dmbu
Igni
Ciomatu
Detunata
Svinecea Mare
Leordi
Pleu
Vrful Cetii
Mgura Priei
Drocea
uuiatu

ureanu
Maramure
Ciuca
Maramure
Ceahlu
Ceahlu
Vlcan
Bistria
Raru
Bihor
ible
Vldeasa
Muntele Mare
Harghita
Hma
Bistria
Vrancea
Vrancea
Gurghiu
Penteleu
Munii Cernei
Cozia
Tarcu
Raru
Nemira
Obcina Mestecni
Harghita
Stnioara
Obcina Feredeu
Mehedini
Semenic
Guti
Munii Metaliferi
Poiana Rusc
Trascu
Guti
Bodoc
Munii Metaliferi
Almj
Munii Aninei
Codru Moma
Perani
Mese
Zarand
Mcin

Hunedoara
Maramure
Braov, Prahova
Maramure
Neam
Neam
Gorj, Hunedoara
Neam, Suceava
Suceava
Bihor, Alba
Maramure, Bistria-Nsud
Cluj
Alba, Cluj
Harghita
Harghita, Neam
Suceava
Buzu, Vrancea
Covasna, Vrancea
Mure
Buzu
Cara-Severin
Vlcea
Bacu
Suceava
Bacu
Suceava
Harghita, Covasna
Neam
Suceava
Mehedini
Cara-Severin
Maramure
Alba
Timi, Cara-Severin
Alba
Maramure
Harghita
Alba
Cara-Severin
Cara-Severin
Arad, Bihor
Braov
Slaj
Arad
Tulcea

Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.


Source: Institute of Geography.

12

Altitudinea vrfului (m)


Height (m)
2059
1956
1954
1930
1907
1900
1868
1859
1856
1849
1837
1836
1826
1800
1792
1791
1784
1777
1776
1772
1733
1668
1664
1650
1649
1588
1558
1530
1495
1466
1447
1443
1437
1374
1369
1307
1301
1258
1224
1160
1112
1104
996
836
467

1.4

Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei


Length of major rivers on Romanian territory

Denumirea cursului de ap
River name
Dunre
Mure
Prut
Olt
Siret
Ialomia
Some
Arge
Jiu
Buzu
Dmbovia
Bistria
Jijia
Trnava Mare
Timi
Criul Alb
Vedea
Moldova
Brlad
Trnava Mic
Prahova
Neajlov
Olte
Someul Mic
Suceava
Bega
Arie
Trotu

Lungimea cursului de ap (km)


Length of the river (km)

Suprafaa bazinului (km2)


Basin area (km2)

1075
761
742
615
559
417
376
350
339
302
286
283
275
246
244
234
224
213
207
196
193
186
185
178
173
170
166
162

332501)
27890
10990
24050
42890
10350
15740
12550
10080
5264
2824
7039
5757
6253
5673
4240
5430
4299
7220
2071
3738
3720
2663
3773
2298
2362
3005
4456

1) Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

13

1.5

Principalele lacuri naturale


Major natural lakes

Denumirea lacului natural


Natural lake name

Judeul
County

Suprafaa (ha)
Area (ha)

Bucura
Znoaga Mare
Blea
Clcescu

Hunedoara
Hunedoara
Sibiu
Gorj

Sfnta Ana

Harghita

Volum (mil. m3)


Volume (mill. m3)

Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses


10,5
9,0
4,7
3,0

0,5
1,0
0,2
0,1

Lacuri n cratere vulcanice / Lakes of volcanic crater


22,0

0,6

Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions


Zton
Iezerul Ighiu
Vintileasca

Mehedini
Alba
Vrancea

20,0
5,3
4,7

Lacul Rou
Bltu

Harghita
Bacu

Ianca
Movila Miresii
Lacul Srat-Brila

Brila
Brila
Brila

Oltina
Iezerul Mostitei
Balta Alb
Jirlu
Amara-Buzu
Snagov
Cldruani
Hazarlc
Amara-Ialomia

Constana
Clrai
Buzu, Brila
Brila
Buzu
Ilfov
Ilfov
Constana
Ialomia

Taaul
Techirghiol
Mangalia
Tatlageac

Constana
Constana
Constana
Constana

Razim
Sinoie
Zmeica
Siutghiol

Tulcea
Constana
Tulcea
Constana

Brate
Bistre
Suhaia
Lacul Rotund

Galai
Dolj
Teleorman
Tulcea

Dranov
Lacul Rou
Gorgova
Lumina
Merhei
Furtuna
Matia

Tulcea
Tulcea
Tulcea
Tulcea
Tulcea
Tulcea
Tulcea

1,0
0,2
0,1

Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage


12,6
6,0

0,7
0,1

Lacuri n crovuri (depresiuni de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes


322,0
180,0
39,0

1,6
4,5
0,2

Limane fluviatile / River banks


2509,0
1860,0
1012,0
890,0
600,0
575,0
224,0
168,0
132,0

60,0
160,01)
5,1
5,6
3,6
17,3
4,5
0,8
2,6

Limane fluvio-maritime / River - maritime banks


2335,0
1161,0
261,0
178,0

57,0
41,8
15,7
14,0

Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons


41500,0
17150,0
5460,0
1900,0

909,0
210,7
45,6
88,7

Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes


2111,0
1867,0
1094,0
219,0

30,0
28,0
18,0
2,0

Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes


2170,0
1445,0
1377,5
1367,5
1057,5
977,5
652,5

1) Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

14

21,7
21,7
13,8
20,5
15,9
9,8
9,8

1.6

Principalele lacuri antropice


Major anthropic lakes

Denumirea
lacului antropic
Anthropic lake name

Judeul
County

Suprafaa la nivel
normal de retenie (ha)
Area at normal level
of afflux (ha)

Volumul la nivel normal


de retenie (mil. m3)
Volume at normal level
of afflux (mill. m3)

Porile de Fier

Mehedini

70000,01)

2400,0

energie / energy

Ostrovu Mare

Mehedini

7920,0

800,0

energie / energy

Categoria de folosin
Category of use

Stnca-Costeti

Botoani

5900,0

735,0

complex / complex

Izvorul Muntelui-Bicaz

Neam

3100,0

1130,0

energie / energy

Strejeti

Olt

2204,0

202,7

energie / energy

Ipoteti

Olt

1692,0

110,0

energie / energy

Frunzaru

Olt

1280,0

96,0

energie / energy

Izbiceni

Olt

1095,0

74,0

energie / energy

Drgneti

Olt

1080,0

76,0

energie / energy

Mihileti

Ilfov

1013,0

76,3

complex / complex

Vidra

Vlcea

950,0

340,0

energie / energy

Fntnele

Cluj

884,0

212,9

energie / energy

Vidraru

Arge

870,0

469,0

complex / complex

Drcani

Botoani

500,0

6,1

piscicultur / fish breeding

Soleti

Vaslui

452,0

15,8

complex / complex

Oaa

Alba

447,0

131,0

energie / energy

Gura Apelor

Hunedoara

420,0

210,0

energie / energy

Clineti

Satu Mare

380,0

8,6

complex / complex

Siriu

Buzu

360,0

126,0

complex / complex

Iovanu

Gorj

290,0

120,0

complex / complex

Colibia

Bistria Nsud

270,0

65,0

complex / complex

Lacul Morii

Municipiul Bucureti

256,0

14,2

complex / complex

Vcreti

Dmbovia

234,0

14,1

complex / complex

Brdior

Vlcea

230,0

38,0

complex / complex

Pucai

Vaslui

230,0

8,0

complex / complex

Tarnia

Cluj

215,0

70,3

energie / energy

Pecineagu

Dmbovia

182,0

63,0

complex / complex

1) ntre confluena Nera-Dunre i baraj (dup datele celor dou hidrocentrale).

Nera-Danube and dam confluence (according to the data of the two hydro-power stations).
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

15

1.7

Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia


Average height of major towns in Romania

Oraul
Town

Judeul
County

Alba lulia
Alexandria
Arad
Bacu
Baia Mare
Bistria
Brlad
Botoani
Braov
Brila
Bucureti / Bucharest
Buzu
Clrai
Cluj - Napoca
Constana
Craiova
Dej
Deva
Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Fgra
Focani
Galai
Giurgiu
Hunedoara
Iai
Lugoj
Media
Miercurea Ciuc
Odorheiu Secuiesc
Oneti
Oradea
Petroani
Piatra Neam
Piteti
Ploieti
Reia
Rmnicu Vlcea
Roman
Satu Mare
Sfntu Gheorghe
Sibiu
Sighetu Marmaiei
Sighioara
Slatina
Slobozia
Suceava
Tecuci
Timioara
Trgovite
Trgu Jiu
Trgu Mure
Tulcea
Turda
Turnu Mgurele
Vaslui
Zalu

Alba
Teleorman
Arad
Bacu
Maramure
Bistria-Nsud
Vaslui
Botoani
Braov
Brila
Buzu
Clrai
Cluj
Constana
Dolj
Cluj
Hunedoara
Mehedini
Braov
Vrancea
Galai
Giurgiu
Hunedoara
Iai
Timi
Sibiu
Harghita
Harghita
Bacu
Bihor
Hunedoara
Neam
Arge
Prahova
Cara-Severin
Vlcea
Neam
Satu Mare
Covasna
Sibiu
Maramure
Mure
Olt
Ialomia
Suceava
Galai
Timi
Dmbovia
Gorj
Mure
Tulcea
Cluj
Teleorman
Vaslui
Slaj

Not: Oraul situat la cea mai mare altitudine medie este Predeal (judeul Braov) - 1060 m.
Oraul situat la cea mai mic altitudine medie este Sulina (judeul Tulcea) - 4 m.
Note: The town situated at the highest average height is Predeal (Braov county) - 1060 m.
The town situated at the lowest average height is Sulina (Tulcea county) - 4 m.
Sursa: Institutul de Geografie.
Source: Institute of Geography.

16

Altitudinea medie (m)


Average height (m)
235
45
107
165
225
360
90
130
625
20
85
95
13
360
25
100
285
220
65
430
55
35
23
245
95
70
300
665
385
210
150
650
345
287
150
245
250
195
123
555
415
270
375
135
35
325
50
90
280
205
330
30
330
23
110
275

1.8

Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2014


Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2014

Macroregiunea
Regiunea de dezvoltare
Judeul
Macroregion
Development region
County

Numrul
oraelor i
municipiilor
Number
of towns and
municipalities

din care:
municipii
of which:
municipalities

Numrul
comunelor
Number of
communes

Numrul
satelor
Number of
villages

238391

320

103

2861

12957

68259

100

35

760

3588

Nord - Vest / North - West


Bihor
Bistria-Nsud
Cluj
Maramure
Satu Mare
Slaj

34159
7544
5355
6674
6304
4418
3864

43
10
4
6
13
6
4

15
4
1
5
2
2
1

403
91
58
75
63
59
57

1800
430
235
420
214
220
281

Centru / Center
Alba
Braov
Covasna
Harghita
Mure
Sibiu

34100
6242
5363
3710
6639
6714
5432

57
11
10
5
9
11
11

20
4
4
2
4
4
2

357
67
48
40
58
91
53

1788
656
149
122
235
464
162

72612

81

28

861

3862

Nord - Est / North - East


Bacu
Botoani
Iai
Neam
Suceava
Vaslui

36850
6621
4986
5476
5896
8553
5318

46
8
7
5
5
16
5

17
3
2
2
2
5
3

506
85
71
93
78
98
81

2414
491
333
418
344
379
449

Sud - Est / South - East


Brila
Buzu
Constana
Galai
Tulcea
Vrancea

35762
4766
6103
7071
4466
8499
4857

35
4
5
12
4
5
5

11
1
2
3
2
1
2

355
40
82
58
61
46
68

1448
140
475
189
180
133
331

36274

57

17

551

2110

Sud - Muntenia / South - Muntenia


Arge
Clrai
Dmbovia
Giurgiu
Ialomia
Prahova
Teleorman

34453
6826
5088
4054
3526
4453
4716
5790

48
7
5
7
3
7
14
5

16
3
2
2
1
3
2
3

519
95
50
82
51
59
90
92

2019
576
160
353
167
127
405
231

Bucureti - Ilfov / Bucharest - Ilfov


Ilfov
Municipiul Bucureti
Bucharest Municipality

1821
1583
238

9
8
1

1
1

32
32
-

91
91
-

61246

82

23

689

3397

Sud - Vest Oltenia


South - West Oltenia
Dolj
Gorj
Mehedini
Olt
Vlcea

29212

40

11

408

2070

7414
5602
4933
5498
5765

7
9
5
8
11

3
2
2
2
2

104
61
61
104
78

378
411
344
377
560

Vest / West
Arad
Cara-Severin
Hunedoara
Timi

32034
7754
8520
7063
8697

42
10
8
14
10

12
1
2
7
2

281
68
69
55
89

1327
270
287
457
313

Total
MACROREGIUNEA UNU
MACROREGION ONE

MACROREGIUNEA DOI
MACROREGION TWO

MACROREGIUNEA TREI
MACROREGION THREE

MACROREGIUNEA PATRU
MACROREGION FOUR

Suprafaa
total
Total area
(km2)

17

1.9

Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual)


Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)

Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie
Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
2014
Suceava
1901 - 2000
2014
Oradea
1901 - 2000
2014
Iai
1901 - 2000
2014
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
2014
Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
2014
Bacu
1901 - 2000
2014
Timioara
1901 - 2000
2014
Deva
1901 - 2000
2014
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
2014
Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
2014
Galai
1901 - 2000
2014
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
2014
Buzu
1901 - 2000
2014
Calafat
1901 - 2000
2014
Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
2014
Bucureti - Filaret
1901 - 2000
2014
Constana
1901 - 2000
2014

grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Media lunar
Iunie
Iulie
June
July

Monthly average
August Septembrie
August
September

Octombrie
October

Noiembrie
November

Decembrie
December

Media
anual
Yearly
average

15,5
17,2

10,1
11,4

4,9
6,4

0,1
3,2

9,7
12,1

23,2
19,7

17,8
19,6

13,6
15,3

7,9
8,4

2,7
3,0

-2,2
-0,4

7,5
9,0

23,4
22,7

20,9
22,5

20,4
21,0

16,3
17,8

10,9
12,2

5,3
7,7

0,8
3,7

10,3
12,8

22,8
19,0

19,5
19,4

21,2
22,1

20,5
21,9

15,9
17,1

10,0
9,5

4,1
4,4

-0,8
0,0

9,5
10,7

24,7
23,5

14,4
14,5

17,4
18,1

19,1
20,2

18,4
19,4

14,2
15,9

8,8
10,4

3,3
5,1

-1,4
1,2

8,4
10,7

23,3
19,6

9,7
11,4

14,8
15,5

17,7
18,2

19,4
20,8

18,8
20,0

14,6
16,1

9,2
10,4

3,7
4,7

-1,3
1,3

8,7
10,7

23,4
20,1

2,9
7,5

9,7
10,2

15,2
15,7

18,9
18,5

20,6
21,5

19,8
21,0

15,3
15,9

9,5
9,2

3,7
3,8

-0,9
-0,3

9,1
10,0

24,2
23,4

0,6
5,7

5,7
9,2

11,1
12,7

16,3
16,2

19,6
20,7

21,5
22,1

20,9
21,4

16,8
17,2

11,2
12,3

5,7
7,8

1,2
3,1

10,7
12,6

23,0
19,0

-2,5
1,7

0,0
4,9

5,3
8,9

10,7
11,9

15,6
15,1

18,6
18,6

20,4
20,8

19,8
20,6

15,7
16,9

10,2
11,5

4,7
6,2

0,3
2,1

9,9
11,6

22,9
19,1

-3,6
1,2

-1,4
4,5

3,9
7,7

9,5
10,2

14,4
14,3

17,5
17,7

19,2
19,7

18,6
19,7

14,5
16,0

9,2
10,7

3,8
5,8

-1,1
2,1

8,7
10,8

22,8
18,5

-10,6
-6,1

-10,8
-5,1

-8,5
-5,9

-4,4
-3,1

0,3
0,4

3,5
3,4

5,5
6,5

5,7
7,1

2,8
2,9

-0,8
0,9

-4,8
-2,7

-8,4
-7,7

-2,6
-0,8

16,5
14,8

-2,6
-0,7

-0,9
0,3

4,0
8,8

10,8
12,0

16,5
17,4

20,4
20,5

22,5
23,7

21,9
24,1

17,3
18,9

11,3
11,1

5,2
5,1

0,1
0,5

10,5
11,8

25,1
24,8

-2,4
0,3

-0,3
2,8

4,8
9,0

10,9
11,9

15,9
15,9

19,4
19,7

21,4
21,4

20,8
21,7

16,5
16,7

10,5
11,2

4,8
5,8

0,0
1,5

10,2
11,5

23,8
21,4

-2,2
-0,5

-0,2
0,2

4,4
9,3

10,9
11,3

16,6
16,7

20,3
20,0

22,3
23,2

21,9
23,6

17,4
18,6

11,2
11,5

5,1
4,8

0,4
1,1

10,7
11,7

24,5
24,1

-1,4
0,7

0,6
1,6

5,7
9,6

11,9
12,3

17,4
16,7

21,0
21,1

23,3
23,2

22,8
23,2

18,2
17,8

11,9
12,0

5,7
6,0

1,0
2,2

11,5
12,2

24,7
22,5

-2,3
0,6

0,3
1,5

5,6
9,2

12,2
12,4

17,6
17,2

21,3
20,8

23,3
23,7

22,5
24,1

18,1
18,5

11,8
12,1

5,7
5,9

0,5
1,3

11,4
12,3

25,6
23,5

-2,2
0,1

-0,2
2,0

5,3
9,6

11,6
12,0

16,9
16,8

20,7
19,8

22,9
23,0

22,4
24,2

17,7
18,6

11,8
11,8

5,5
5,5

0,4
1,3

11,0
12,1

25,1
24,1

0,1
3,0

1,2
3,0

4,5
8,0

9,6
11,7

15,2
17,0

19,7
21,1

22,2
23,9

22,0
24,7

18,2
19,9

13,2
13,5

7,6
7,4

2,8
4,0

11,4
13,1

22,1
21,7

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

-2,8
2,4

-0,6
4,8

4,5
8,2

10,4
12,6

15,7
16,1

18,8
20,3

20,4
22,1

19,8
20,6

-4,8
-3,0

-3,2
-1,1

1,4
6,5

7,9
9,1

13,4
14,4

16,9
17,0

18,6
19,7

-1,9
3,5

0,3
5,3

5,2
9,3

10,8
12,8

15,9
16,3

19,0
21,0

-3,5
-1,4

-1,8
-0,9

3,1
8,1

10,2
11,2

16,0
16,4

-4,2
0,6

-2,1
3,9

3,6
8,0

9,2
11,1

-4,0
0,7

-1,8
1,8

4,0
7,8

-3,6
-1,9

-2,1
-1,2

-1,5
3,1

Amplitudinea
anual
Yearly
amplitude

Meteorological
station
and observation
years
Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
2014
Suceava
1901 - 2000
2014
Oradea
1901 - 2000
2014
Iai
1901 - 2000
2014
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
2014
Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
2014
Bacu
1901 - 2000
2014
Timioara
1901 - 2000
2014
Deva
1901 - 2000
2014
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
2014
Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
2014
Galai
1901 - 2000
2014
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
2014
Buzu
1901 - 2000
2014
Calafat
1901 - 2000
2014
Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
2014
Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000
2014
Constana
1901 - 2000
2014

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

18

19

1.10
Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie

Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Suceava
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Oradea
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Iai
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua

20

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)


Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August
August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie


September
October November December

Maxima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
maximum and
its date

14,7
1990
-29,3
1982

17,9
1989
-27,6
1940

26,0
1974
-20,6
1940

30,7
1950
-6,4
1954

32,4
1937
-2,6
1976

36,3
37,2
2000 1939; 1987
0,6
4,9
1977
1961

39,4
1952
3,5
1980

37,3
1946
-4,7
1970

28,3
1943
-9,3
1971

24,2
1968
-19,6
1989

18,0
1989
-30,4
1961

39,4
16 august 1952

13,7
6
-12,7
24

16,9
12
-8,1
5

22,0
21
-4,9
11

25,7
28
-1,1
16

31,2
22
1,5
6

35,4
10
5,5
3

33,8
8
8,0
4

35,1
14
7,4
26

31,0
4
2,6
25

26,6
14
-3,8
28

21,2
7
-3,5
28

14,1
6
-13,1
31

35,4
10 iunie/June

15,0
1984
-29,6
1954

20,4
1990
-31,0
1954

26,6
1952
-21,9
1955

28,4
1943
-9,2
1963

34,5
1958
-2,2
1999

34,0
1972
1,5
1958

35,2
1988
5,5
1989

38,6
1952
4,2
1993

32,9
32,0
1986
1952
-3,5
-8,0
1953; 1977 1951; 1979

24,0
1994
-21,2
1942

18,0
1989
-29,8
1996

38,6
17 august 1952

12,6
7
-19,4
31

8,1
10
-18,6
1

21,5
22
-2,3
30

21,3
8; 30
-2,1
3

27,7
26
0,0
6

27,8
10
8,3
19

29,9
28
10,0
5

34,3
14
7,1
23

27,6
2
-0,6
25

23,7
14
-7,7
26

20,2
6
-5,4
28

12,1
23
-16,9
31

34,3
14 august

17,1
1939
-29,2
1942

19,2
1958
-24,5
1935

26,4
1974
-18,6
1932

32,6
1934
-10,0
1944

33,4
1968
-4,0
1943

37,8
2000
1,0
1918

39,5
1936
5,0
1943

40,0
2000
4,2
1942; 1943

37,0
1942
-1,9
1970

32,7
1932
-10,5
1943

26,0
1997
-16,4
1915

19,2
1957
-26,2
1902

40,0
21 august 2000

14,4
5; 20
-7,0
27

17,6
12
-5,8
5

21,6
21
-1,2
11

24,3
28
1,6
10

30,7
24
2,2
6

35,8
10
8,8
3

34,0
21
11,1
4

33,5
2
8,1
28

30,6
2
4,7
25

26,7
11
-1,0
28

23,3
7
-4,4
27

11,3
15
-12,2
31

35,8
10 iunie/June

16,7
1921
-30,6
1963

22,5
1990
-36,3
1937

27,0
1926
-22,7
1952

31,5
1909
-9,4
1963

36,4
1950
-3,0
1935

38,0
1927
3,5
1934

40,0
1909
6,3
1929

39,7
1905
4,6
1914

38,0
1946
-3,5
1921; 1931

33,9
1952
-9,6
1912

29,0
1926
-21,1
1993

19,5
1989
-29,5
1946

40,0
27 iulie/July 1909

11,4
18
-20,2
31

11,1
22
-19,2
1

22,6
15
-1,9
30

24,2
30
0,0
3

32,1
26
1,9
6

31,6
10
9,1
2

32,8
31
12,0
2

35,6
4
8,7
30

31,8
2
1,6
25

25,3
15
-5,3
28

17,9
5
-4,2
26

14,3
24
-16,4
31

35,6
4 august

14,0
1903
-34,2
1963

19,3
1966
-32,5
1929

26,6
30,2
1975 1926; 1950
-22,0
-8,4
1932
1923

32,5
1924
-3,5
1935

36,0
1935
0,4
1955

37,0
1936
5,2
1980

38,0
1952
3,5
1933

33,7
1927
-3,0
1939

32,6
1952
-8,8
1997

26,0
1926
-22,3
1948

18,7
1982
-27,9
1927

38,0
16 august 1952

10,9
20
-6,9
14

17,4
12
-8,0
4

28,4
26
1,1
6

31,4
10
8,0
3

31,0
21
8,9
4

35,2
14
6,7
29

28,2
4
1,2
25

24,3
13
-3,9
28

18,8
7
-6,8
27

11,1
23
-18,4
31

35,2
14 august

22,0
24
-2,8
11

21,1
21
2,2
3

Minima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
minimum and
its date

-30,4
24 decembrie/December 1961

-13,1
31 decembrie/December

-31,0
20 februarie/February 1954

-19,4
31 ianuarie/January

-29,2
24 ianuarie/January 1942

-12,2
31 decembrie/December

-36,3
1 februarie/February 1937

-20,2
31 ianuarie/January

-34,2
23 ianuarie/January 1963

-18,4
31 decembrie/December

Meteorological
station
and observation
years

Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Suceava
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Oradea
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Iai
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date

21

1.10
Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie

Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Bacu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Timioara
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Deva
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua

22

Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare
Air temperature
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August
August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie


September
October November December

Maxima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
maximum and
its date

14,0
1936
-32,8
1942; 1963

19,0
1994
-32,0
1929

27,0
1975
-27,3
1932

32,5
1934
-7,5
1929

34,4
1950
-1,6
1976

35,3
1963
0,3
1928

39,0
1936
4,6
1996

38,5
1946
2,7
1958

38,2
1946
-3,3
1970

31,5
1952
-8,4
1988

26,5
1926
-19,6
1989

18,3
1960
-25,9
1927

39,0
29 iulie/July 1936

13,9
20
-14,2
31

17,5
12
-15,9
4

23,0
23; 24
-4,8
13

23,4
21
1,1
8

29,9
26
2,3
7

31,0
10
6,3
3

32,0
21
9,3
4

35,6
14
6,2
29

29,6
2
0,5
25

26,7
11
-5,3
28

22,0
7
-6,8
26

11,9
24
-17,7
31

35,6
14 august

18,2
1984
-30,8
1963

22,4
1977
-32,5
1954

29,6
1952
-21,5
1986

30,9
1943
-11,3
1963

35,6
1908
-3,0
1912

36,5
39,6
1908
1988
2,7
6,0
1939 1904; 1954

38,8
1952
3,0
1940

35,8
1946
-4,5
1977

34,6
1952
-10,0
1912

26,6
1990
-21,4
1993

19,0
1903
-27,8
1946

39,6
6 iulie/July 1988

13,6
18
-16,5
31

9,9
10
-16,9
1

21,6
15
-2,9
30

24,2
30
0,7
8

30,5
27
2,5
6

32,7
10
8,0
23

33,0
21
9,8
5

35,2
14
7,4
30

29,9
10
0,1
25

25,7
15
-6,2
28

17,0
10
-4,4
27

16,2
24
-17,7
31

35,2
14 august

17,4
1979
-35,3
1963

20,5
1994
-29,2
1935

28,2
1952
-20,0
1932

32,0
1950
-5,2
1931

34,5
1950
-5,0
1935

38,4
1938
2,2
1962

39,6
1939
5,9
1962

41,0
1952
5,0
1949

39,7
1946
-1,9
1970

33,8
1935
-6,8
1971

27,1
1926
-15,4
1922

20,2
1957
-24,8
1927

41,0
16 august 1952

15,3
20
-7,3
30

20,1
16
-7,7
4

23,0
21
-1,9
12

23,7
4
2,1
10

29,4
23
1,8
6

34,0
10
9,2
3

34,1
21
11,8
2

35,1
14
9,3
29

29,3
1
5,4
25

27,1
14
-0,6
28

23,8
7
-4,1
27

13,8
23
-16,8
31

35,1
14 august

15,3
1939
-31,6
1963

20,8
1977
-28,1
1929

28,5
1952
-21,7
1987

32,3
1956
-6,0
1926

34,6
35,6
39,4
1950 1952; 1963 1931; 1936
-2,4
2,2
3,7
1953
1933
1962

39,7
1952
4,4
1961

38,2
1946
-4,2
1970

32,7
1932
-8,0
1997

27,4
1926
-16,6
1922

19,8
1957
-24,1
1927

39,7
16 august 1952

15,5
6
-6,1
27

18,1
16
-8,5
4

22,3
23
-3,5
12

23,7
23
0,6
11

29,0
22
3,3
6

32,8
10
8,7
15; 22

33,0
8
7,8
4

36,0
14
7,6
29

29,3
9
2,7
25

27,3
13
-4,1
28

21,0
9
-5,2
26

12,2
24
-19,2
31

36,0
14 august

15,6
1903
-31,8
1963

21,3
1966
-31,0
1929

30,6
1952
-24,5
1932

30,2
1934
-12,0
1942

32,1
1973
-3,6
1963

35,4
1963
1,0
1934

37,5
1987
4,2
1996

38,4
1946
1,0
1981

39,5
1946
-3,6
1970; 1977

32,5
1932
-9,4
1997

27,0
1926
-21,3
1948

13,1
20
-10,1
31

19,1
12
-9,5
4

22,0
22
-5,2
11

22,2
23
0,2
13

26,7
22; 26
2,4
6

30,2
9
7,2
4

30,3
21
8,4
5

33,0
13
6,6
29

27,4
2
-0,2
25

26,0
14
-3,6
28

22,7
7
-6,1
27

Minima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
minimum and
its date

-32,8
25 ianuarie/January 1942;
23 ianuarie/January 1963

-17,7
31 decembrie/December

-32,5
20 februarie/February 1954

-17,7
31 decembrie/December

-35,3
24 ianuarie/January 1963

-16,8
31 decembrie/December

-31,6
24 ianuarie/January 1963

-19,2
31 decembrie/December

19,3
39,5
1957 7 septembrie/September 1946
-29,8
-31,8
1927
23 ianuarie/January 1963
13,5
24
-24,8
31

33,0
13 august
-24,8
31 decembrie/December

Meteorological
station
and observation
years

Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Bacu
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Timioara
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Deva
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date

23

1.10
Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie

Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Galai
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Buzu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Calafat
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua

24

Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare
Air temperature
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August
August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie


September
October November December

5,6
1949
-32,3
1964

6,0
1950
-38,0
1929

12,2
1974
-29,6
1987

12,8
1986
-26,0
1940

16,6
1986
-16,0
1940

22,0
1939
-12,0
1939

22,1
1984
-8,0
1933

20,8
1956; 1957
-7,0
1949

19,2
1993
-15,0
1935

20,0
1935
-19,0
1946

13,6
1945
-30,8
1957

8,2
1972
-32,4
1957

1,0
10
-16,1
13

0,8
12
-11,0
10

3,2
21
-14,3
11

4,5
23
-9,9
13

9,8
26
-8,5
6

12,2
30
-1,6
1

12,6
21
0,0
2

15,5
14
-1,4
28

12,6
1
-7,5
24

11,0
10; 14
-11,0
25

7,0
8
-16,0
25

0,2
15
-26,5
30; 31

17,3
1993
-26,5
1929

22,4
1990
-28,6
1929

27,8
1952
-17,2
1985

31,8
1998
-5,2
1904

36,2
1950
-0,1
1935

35,8
1908
3,8
1973

40,2
2000
7,3
1976

39,0
1904
6,2
1980

35,7
1968
-1,5
1977

33,5
1952
-6,8
1973

25,6
1926
-17,4
1933

20,0
1947
-20,7
1996

12,7
12
-18,4
31

10,2
22
-15,5
1

22,3
24
-0,6
30

24,8
9
3,3
6

31,5
26
3,7
6

31,8
10
12,5
27

33,8
22
14,1
2

36,4
13
12,4
29

31,2
7
4,1
25

24,9
17
-0,9
27

17,6
7
-4,0
27

14,0
23
-13,4
31

18,3
1983

21,7
1990

26,4
1957

31,8
1926

37,5
36,6
1950 1947; 1963

40,6
1946

31,5
1935

26,4
1926

20,0
1986

-31,0
1942

-28,3
1954

-24,7
1987

-4,6
1968

-1,2
2,2
1938 1918; 1990

40,6
39,0
2000 1922; 1946;
1952
5,0
2,6
1993
1939

-4,0
1906

-9,0
1918

-15,1
1904

-26,9
1940

14,8
12
-11,6
31

18,1
17
-15,1
5

22,6
24
-1,5
12

24,2
23
1,4
12

28,6
23
4,6
13

33,1
11
8,0
1

31,6
21
10,2
2

34,5
14
9,6
29

29,0
11
4,4
24; 25

25,5
1
-0,2
28

22,1
7
-1,8
28

17,1
23
-15,1
31

18,4
1936
-29,6
1942

22,2
1990
-25,0
1929

27,9
31,5
1947 1909; 1947
-17,0
-5,3
1901
1944

37,3
1950
-2,0
1915

38,5
1908
4,6
1973

39,8
2000
7,5
1902

39,6
1951
5,4
1939

37,0
1946
-2,0
1977

35,3
1952
-8,0
1988

25,0
1963
-17,6
1975

21,6
1989
-23,0
1902

14,7
12
-16,5
31

12,9
17
-13,7
1

22,5
19
0,5
30

24,3
9
2,8
6

30,1
26
4,4
7

31,7
10
11,0
1

32,5
22
12,6
2

35,7
13
12,7
29

30,0
25,4
10
1
4,9
0,7
25 25; 26; 27

16,1
7
-3,2
26

15,0
25
-10,8
31

20,5
1993
-29,2
1947

22,4
27,6
1990 1952; 1994
-24,6
-15,7
1950
1963

34,5
1985
-3,0
1912

36,6
1969
1,6
1952

39,5
1908
6,2
1962

43,2
2000
9,0
1913

41,3
1945
7,3
1904

39,8
1946
-1,3
1977

31,6
1991
-6,2
1988

25,9
1970
-16,2
1988

21,2
1989
-21,8
1948

15,7
13
-13,7
31

17,0
17
-12,5
1

23,2
8
4,5
3

29,4
27
5,8
7

34,9
11
11,4
23

35,3
21
12,1
5

35,9
13
10,1
29

29,8
1
6,1
25

26,3
21
-0,6
28

15,5
1
-1,8
2

20,1
24
-13,0
31

23,8
24
-1,0
11

Maxima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
maximum and
its date

Minima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
minimum and
its date

Meteorological
station
and observation
years

Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
22,1
monthly maximum
14 iulie/July 1984
year
-38,0
monthly minimum
10 februarie/February 1929
year
2014
15,5
monthly maximum
14 august
date
-26,5
monthly minimum
30; 31 decembrie/December
date
Galai
1901 - 2000
40,2
monthly maximum
5 iulie/July 2000
year
-28,6
monthly minimum
10 februarie/February 1929
year
2014
36,4
monthly maximum
13 august
date
-18,4
monthly minimum
31 ianuarie/January
date
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
40,6
monthly maximum
8 septembrie/September 1946
year
4 iulie/July 2000
-31,0
monthly minimum
24 ianuarie/January 1942
year
2014
34,5
monthly maximum
14 august
date
-15,1
monthly minimum
5 februarie/February;
date
31 decembrie/December
Buzu
1901 - 2000
39,8
monthly maximum
5 iulie/July 2000
year
-29,6
monthly minimum
24 ianuarie/January 1942
year
2014
35,7
monthly maximum
13 august
date
-16,5
monthly minimum
31 ianuarie/January
date
Calafat
1901 - 2000
43,2
monthly maximum
4 iulie/July 2000
year
-29,2
monthly minimum
8 ianuarie/January 1947
year
2014
35,9
monthly maximum
13 august
date
-13,7
monthly minimum
31 ianuarie/January
date

25

1.10

Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare
Air temperature
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued

Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie

Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Bucureti - Filaret
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Constana
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2014
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua

grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August
August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie


September
October November December

Maxima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
maximum and
its date

18,0
1983
-30,0
1942

24,1
1995
-26,0
1950

29,6
1951
-22,2
1929

34,2
1985
-4,6
1923

38,8
1950
0,5
1938

38,2
1957
5,0
1911

43,2
1987
9,0
1974

41,4
1952
6,6
1981

40,0
1946
-2,5
1977

36,4
1952
-5,8
1988

26,7
1963
-18,2
1993

22,0
1903
-25,0
1933

43,2
25 iulie/July 1987

14,8
12
-15,6
31

20,0
17
-12,5
1

25,2
24
-1,0
12

25,6
23
4,2
3

29,8
26
6,2
8

33,2
24
9,6
2

35,0
27
12,5
2

37,5
13
11,7
29

30,6
2; 11
5,5
25

27,4
15
0,0
28

13,8
13
-2,6
25

16,2
24
-16,8
31

37,5
13 august

16,8
1983
-30,0
1942

23,0
1995
-24,2
1929

28,8
1947
-13,6
1929

34,4
1934
-5,5
1923

36,6
1950
-0,2
1915

40,3
1918
4,2
1918

42,4
2000
8,6
1933

41,1
1945
6,6
1981

39,6
1946
-1,6
1906

35,5
1952
-10,7
1920

29,4
1926
-17,8
1904

20,8
1903
-26,4
1927

42,4
5 iulie/July 2000

14,7
12
-15,9
31

18,4
17
-13,6
1

23,7
19
1,2
30

26,4
23
4,1
6

30,1
26
5,8
7

31,5
10
11,7
22

34,6
27
15,0
2

37,2
13
12,9
30

31,1
11
7,6
25

26,4
1
0,1
25

19,2
7
-1,8
26; 28

16,2
24
-12,6
31

37,2
13 august

18,0
1988
-24,7
1942

24,5
1995
-25,0
1929

30,8
1952
-12,8
1929

31,9
1985
-4,5
1923

36,9
1969
1,8
1915

36,9
1982
6,4
1913

38,5
1927
7,6
1944

36,8
1902
8,0
1936; 1949

34,8
1987
1,0
1931

31,0
1928
-12,4
1920

26,5
1990
-11,7
1953

21,0
1903
-18,6
1948

38,5
10 iulie/July 1927

14,8
20
-11,7
30; 31

19,7
17
-9,0
1

22,2
19
0,8
30

21,4
9
4,6
7

30,7
26
7,0
7

30,3
24
13,6
1

30,2
17; 21
16,8
4

33,4
9
15,0
30

28,8
9
10,0
29

25,0
17
3,3
27

17,5
6
-2,7
27

14,5
24
-8,4
31

33,4
9 august

Minima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
minimum and
its date

-30,0
25 ianuarie/January 1942

-16,8
31 decembrie/December

-30,0
25 ianuarie/January 1942

-15,9
31 ianuarie/January

-25,0
10 februarie/February 1929

-11,7
30; 31 ianuarie/January

Meteorological
station
and observation
years

Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Constana
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2014
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

26

27

1.11

Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual)


Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

Staia meteorologic
i anii de observaie
Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
2014
Suceava
1901 - 2000
2014
Oradea
1901 - 2000
2014
Iai
1901 - 2000
2014
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
2014
Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
2014
Bacu
1901 - 2000
2014
Timioara
1901 - 2000
2014
Deva
1901 - 2000
2014
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
2014
Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
2014
Galai
1901 - 2000
2014
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
2014
Buzu
1901 - 2000
2014
Calafat
1901 - 2000
2014
Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
2014
Bucureti - Filaret
1901 - 2000
2014
Constana
1901 - 2000
2014

mm

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August Septembrie
August
September

Octombrie
October

Noiembrie
November

Decembrie
December

Anual
Yearly

39,8
46,8

35,9
29,6

35,0
18,0

44,8
15,6

63,1
49,4

81,4
12,0

69,4
131,8

62,2
42,6

45,6
42,8

46,0
131,0

47,3
9,1

53,3
50,7

598,8
579,4

24,2
35,9

24,4
6,5

24,4
36,5

47,5
71,8

74,7
143,5

92,0
63,4

89,9
198,1

67,6
19,1

44,6
5,8

30,3
71,4

34,1
14,7

25,2
29,6

562,9
696,3

36,3
46,6

32,1
18,3

35,5
14,2

48,1
35,0

65,5
52,4

83,3
44,1

64,3
138,7

56,2
65,0

47,1
32,6

44,0
58,0

48,6
33,1

52,2
61,9

588,9
599,9

29,7
46,1

26,9
7,6

28,4
15,7

43,9
73,7

55,9
134,5

82,6
29,0

69,3
97,9

56,0
16,0

45,3
8,6

32,5
56,1

37,0
53,8

29,7
42,4

517,8
581,4

26,3
46,4

26,4
20,3

25,4
37,5

46,4
30,4

74,4
78,0

90,0
78,8

79,0
120,8

72,7
46,2

42,7
25,2

37,5
71,2

31,6
48,9

30,6
77,4

564,7
681,1

28,4
65,6

28,7
20,4

26,3
25,8

49,0
32,6

73,8
86,8

90,0
51,6

80,0
57,4

69,7
87,2

43,7
33,0

41,7
36,6

36,7
29,0

32,5
47,2

583,5
573,2

25,0
60,3

25,6
8,4

26,3
46,8

38,6
107,6

66,6
145,4

86,8
73,6

81,0
127,8

62,5
45,0

48,9
8,6

35,9
60,8

34,0
53,4

30,0
60,7

543,5
798,4

39,1
41,7

37,5
16,7

36,5
13,4

48,2
41,3

63,4
146,8

81,0
57,7

58,3
120,9

51,5
64,2

43,9
63,7

49,7
83,7

48,7
6,5

49,4
36,6

583,9
693,2

32,1
18,9

29,7
19,1

28,7
27,0

47,4
47,2

64,7
73,6

78,8
49,8

69,4
86,2

58,5
39,0

44,4
36,2

41,2
50,6

36,9
36,5

38,3
65,4

551,1
549,5

28,6
9,2

26,6
18,4

31,2
18,8

53,8
76,2

78,3
108,4

106,4
100,3

87,6
160,0

71,0
49,5

54,6
30,4

43,9
59,3

33,9
28,6

29,2
65,0

626,2
724,1

71,6
50,8

79,5
11,4

76,6
44,6

86,0
116,4

106,9
172,5

140,1
98,1

135,5
200,4

105,7
172,1

65,8
36,0

59,6
64,5

55,5
50,4

68,5
104,0

1023,7
1121,2

30,0
78,9

26,0
4,9

24,0
40,1

38,1
55,6

50,5
82,2

66,3
42,0

47,9
44,8

40,3
30,8

39,5
5,8

34,4
45,9

34,3
78,6

32,6
91,4

445,6
601,0

52,4
86,6

50,0
29,2

45,4
78,7

63,6
133,0

83,3
99,4

92,0
77,4

64,4
183,4

57,6
43,2

53,5
60,6

64,5
107,4

62,6
30,4

63,0
149,8

726,3
1079,1

26,5
48,9

25,6
2,5

22,9
21,9

40,1
117,0

63,9
115,4

80,3
93,6

62,1
116,6

50,1
46,8

38,7
18,8

35,2
42,8

39,2
63,0

32,8
63,5

501,5
750,8

39,0
54,6

36,1
9,4

37,0
77,3

47,8
149,4

60,0
92,6

63,2
65,0

46,4
145,8

36,0
51,2

39,3
127,4

47,1
45,2

52,0
46,0

48,9
115,2

532,8
979,1

35,8
49,1

32,3
2,4

34,4
65,6

42,0
131,0

56,7
70,3

64,7
63,4

52,6
61,1

38,6
14,0

37,6
124,4

41,2
70,7

45,4
37,4

40,3
157,6

502,7
847,0

39,5
63,3

33,3
0,4

38,1
52,0

46,0
114,5

68,1
127,7

85,5
143,1

59,2
38,4

50,0
31,6

40,6
43,4

42,9
64,8

47,8
43,7

41,4
149,9

567,7
872,8

28,8
70,8

26,3
0,6

24,9
44,8

28,7
27,9

36,6
50,4

42,2
145,0

33,7
6,0

29,8
113,0

29,7
22,8

33,7
60,8

39,6
51,9

34,3
113,2

368,1
707,2

Meteorological station
and observation years
Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
2014
Suceava
1901 - 2000
2014
Oradea
1901 - 2000
2014
Iai
1901 - 2000
2014
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
2014
Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
2014
Bacu
1901 - 2000
2014
Timioara
1901 - 2000
2014
Deva
1901 - 2000
2014
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
2014
Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
2014
Galai
1901 - 2000
2014
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
2014
Buzu
1901 - 2000
2014
Calafat
1901 - 2000
2014
Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
2014
Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000
2014
Constana
1901 - 2000
2014

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

28

29

1.12

Ariile protejate, n anul 2014


Protected areas, in 2014

Categorii de arii
protejate

Numr
Number

Suprafaa (ha)
Area (ha)

Rezervaii tiinifice

45

24654

Parcuri naionale

13

316872

Monumente ale naturii

206

15413

Rezervaii naturale

671

324182

Parcuri naturale

Categories of protected
areas
Scientific reserves
National parks
Natural monuments
Natural reserves

15

772810

Natural parks

664446

Biosphere reserves

19

1089448

Humid areas of international importance

Arii de protecie special avifaunistic

148

3698732

Avifauna special protection areas

Situri de importan comunitar

383

4147368

Sites of Community interest

Rezervaii ale biosferei


Zone umede de importan internaional

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului.


Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

1.13

Rezervaii ale biosferei i zone umede de importan


internaional, n anul 2014
Biosphere reserves and wetlands of international
importance, in 2014

Denumire rezervaie / zon


Name of reserves / wetland

Judeul
County

Rezervaii ale biosferei - total


Biosphere reserves - total
Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta
Retezat
Rodna

664446
Tulcea, Constana
Hunedoara
Maramure, Bistria-Nsud, Suceava

Zone umede de importan internaional - total


Humid areas of international importance - total
Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta
Parcul Natural Porile de Fier
Ostroavele Dunrii-Buceac-Iortmac
Confluena Olt-Dunre
Blahnia
Calafat-Ciuperceni-Dunare
Bistre
Dunarea Veche-Bratul Macin
Parcul Natural Comana
Bratul Borcea
Confluena Jiu-Dunre
Suhaia
Balta Mic a Brilei
Lunca Mureului
Canarele de la Hrova
Iezerul Clrai
Lacul Techirghiol
Tinovul Poiana Stampei
Complexul Piscicol Dumbrvia
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului.
Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

30

Suprafaa (ha)
Area (ha)

580000
38047
46399
1089448

Tulcea
Cara-Severin, Mehedini
Clrai, Constana
Olt, Teleorman
Dolj
Dolj
Dolj
Brila, Tulcea, Constana
Giurgiu
Clrai, Ialomia
Dolj
Teleorman
Brila
Arad, Timi
Ialomia, Constana
Clrai
Constana
Suceava
Braov

580000
115666
82832
46623
45286
29206
27482
26792
24963
21529
19800
19594
17586
17166
7406
5001
1462
640
414

1.14

Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2014


National and natural parks, in 2014

Denumirea parcului
Name of park

Judeul
County

Suprafaa
legislaie (ha)
Area
legislation (ha)

Parcuri naionale - total


National parks - total

Suprafaa
GIS (ha)1)
Area
GIS (ha)1)

316335

316872

60100
46399
38047
37100
36665
24519
17100
14800
11321
11127
8396
6575
4186

61190
47207
38115
36707
36219
24519
16721
14781
11114
11136
7739
6933
4491

Parcuri naturale - total


Natural parks - total

749137

772810

Munii Maramureului
Maramure
Porile de Fier
Cara-Severin, Mehedini
Geoparcul Platoul Mehedini
Mehedini
Geoparcul Dinozaurilor - ara Haegului
Hunedoara
Munii Apuseni
Alba, Bihor, Cluj
Putna - Vrancea
Vrancea
Bucegi
Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova
Vntori Neam
Neam
Comana
Giurgiu
Balta Mica a Brilei
Brila
Lunca Mureului
Arad, Timi
Grditea Muncelului - Cioclovina
Hunedoara
Defileul Mureului Superior
Mure
Lunca Joas a Prutului Inferior
Galai
Cefa
Bihor

148850
115656
106000
102392
75784
38204
32497
30818
24963
24400
17166
10000
9156
8247
5004

133419
128196
106492
100487
76022
38190
32497
30841
24963
24400
17428
38116
9494
7261
5004

Domogled-Valea Cernei
Rodna
Retezat
Cheile Nerei-Beunia
Semenic-Cheile Caraului
Climani
Cozia
Piatra Craiului
Munii Mcinului
Defileul Jiului
Ceahlu
Cheile Bicazului-Hma
Buila-Vnturria

Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj


Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava
Hunedoara
Cara-Severin
Cara-Severin
Bistria-Nsud, Harghita, Suceava, Mure
Vlcea
Arge, Braov
Tulcea
Gorj, Hunedoara
Neam
Neam, Harghita
Vlcea

1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS (Sistem Informaional Geografic).

Areas reassessed by measurements with GIS technologies (Geographic Information System).


Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului.
Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

31

1.15

Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2014


Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2014
milioane m3 / an
million m3 / year

Surse de ap / Water sources


Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins
Total
Ape de suprafa / Surface waters
Ruri interioare / Inland rivers
Tisa
Some
Criuri
Mure
Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space 1)
Jiu
Olt
Vedea
Arge
Ialomia
Siret
Prut
Alte bazine2) / Other basins 2)
Dunrea / The Danube
Ape subterane / Underground waters

38346
33679
13679
256
715
395
1044
608
2109
1682
40
1672
430
1956
726
2046
20000
4667

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
2) Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne.


Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

1.16

Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2014


Surface waters quality, in 2014
km

Bazine hidrografice
Hydrographic basins

Total lungimi
pe corp de ap
monitorizat
Total length of
monitored
water body

Total
Tisa
Some
Criuri
Mure-Aranca
Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space 1)
Jiu
Olt
Vedea
Arge
Ialomia
Siret
Prut
Dunrea / The Danube
Litoral / Seaside

din care: / of which:


Clasa I i II
Clasa III
Stare foarte bun
Stare
i bun
moderat
The first and
The third
second class
class
Very-good and
Moderate
good status
status

Clasa V
Stare
proast
The fifth
class
Bad
status

31263

18911

11914

381

57

1130
2732
2082
4116
2205
1276
3254
842
2220
2094
4584
2198
2170
360

1010
1517
1299
3539
1672
856
1925
88
951
1163
3488
1025
211
167

94
1139
783
577
533
420
1329
722
1132
931
1096
1071
1894
193

66
11
137
102
65
-

26
10
21
-

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne.


Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

32

Clasa IV
Stare
slab
The fourth
class
Poor
status

1.17

Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2014


Investments for environment protection, in 2014
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate
Activity sectors

Total

Total

4254676

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii,


pe domenii de mediu:
Prevention and control of pollution,
by environmental field:
sol i ape
subterane
aer
ap
deeuri
soil and
air
water
waste underground
waters

999863

2208980

552453

Protecia
resurselor
naturale i
conservarea
biodiversitii
Natural resources
protection and
biodiversity
preservation

220678

19033

Alte
domenii
Other
fields

253669

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers


Total

3089570

Silvicultur i exploatare
forestier
4684
Foresty and logging
Industrie extractiv
356948
Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare
555867
Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze, ap
cald i aer condiionat
700405
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
1373017
Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Construcii
7250
Construction
Transporturi
91399
Transport

985264

1549610

106472

212030

13534

222660

102

3381

1201

42601

57071

11471

83750

1580

160475

299023

187143

18471

12497

8105

30628

603462

1076

58035

13492

438

23902

1293440

52

78597

928

4036

24

2540

88

22

540

36142

10856

15903

23504

4986

Productori specializai / Specialised producers


Total
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Used water collection
and purification
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare
Activities and services
of decontamination
Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor
Wholesale of waste
and remains

372637

5741

16569

345100

1948

3275

10735

163

6312

4117

135

289300

5576

3469

277235

1562

1458

10081

6766

1394

381

1540

62521

22

62354

142

Administraie public / Public administration


Total
Administraie public central
Central public adminstration
Administraie public local
Local public adminstration

792469

8858

642801

100881

6700

5495

27734

687

687

791782

8171

642801

100881

6700

5495

27734

33

1.18

Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2014


Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2014
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate
Activity sectors

Total

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii,


pe domenii de mediu:
Prevention and control of pollution,
by environmental field:
sol i ape
subterane
aer
ap
deeuri
soil and
air
water
waste underground
waters

863683

6537497

Protecia
resurselor
naturale i
conservarea
biodiversitii
Natural resources
protection and
biodiversity
preservation

62820

128642

Alte
domenii
Other
fields

Total

8176316

355584

228090

Total

1332819

141395

666104

185559

48454

117164

174143

11152

17

194

7604

3337

99286

21151

35255

6715

1233

583

34349

557030

100769

104771

128740

11246

105534

105970

Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
89289
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply

10685

16479

5556

28773

124

27672

518288

504231

12570

757

721

Construcii
Construction

42384

327

3227

28085

5547

3297

1901

Transporturi
Transport

15390

8454

2124

3699

898

22

193

5822854

118663

73921

5583433

12143

2338

32356

94297

927

44527

46777

499

155

1412

4460095

9649

13553

4403881

10025

2118

20869

36267

15574

14107

1566

5020

Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor
1232195
Wholesale of waste and remains

108087

267

1118668

53

65

5055

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers

Silvicultur i exploatare
forestier
Foresty and logging
Industrie extractiv
Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare
Manufacturing

Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Water catchment,
treatment and distribution

Productori specializai / Specialised producers


Total
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Used water collection
and purification
Colectarea, tratarea
i eliminarea deeurilor;
activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare
Activities and services
of decontamination

Administraie public / Public administration


Total

34

1020643

95526

123658

768505

2223

9140

21591

Administraie public central


Central public adminstration

126212

94659

6311

4417

2524

18301

Administraie public local


Local public adminstration

894431

867

117347

764088

2223

6616

3290

POPULAIE

POPULATION

CUPRINS TABELE

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.20
2.21
2.22
2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29
2.30
2.31
2.32

36

Pagina
Page

Populaia rezident (stabil), pe sexe i medii .......... 50


Populaia rezident, pe grupe de vrst
i sexe, la 1 iulie ........................................................ 52
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe
i medii, la 1 iulie 2013 ............................................. 53
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe
i medii, la 1 iulie 2014 ............................................. 55
Populaia dup domiciliu pe vrste, sexe i medii,
la 1 iulie 2015 ............................................................ 57
Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor
i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2015 ......................................... 59
Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul
locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2015 ......................................... 63
Micarea natural a populaiei .................................. 64
Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii .................. 66
Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor ........... 68
Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa
de vrst a mamei .................................................... 70
Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii ............. 72
ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst ............... 72
Ratele de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst
i indicele conjunctural al fertilitii ............................ 73
Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe ....................... 74
Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst ................ 75
Decese, pe cauze de deces ...................................... 76
Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces ...................... 78
Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii ..................... 79
Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................ 80
Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor
nainte de cstorie ................................................... 81
Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta
medie la prima cstorie, pe medii ........................... 82
Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................. 82
Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori
rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei ............................. 84
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea
domiciliului, pe medii i sexe ..................................... 84
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea
domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii ................... 85
Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i
rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului ......... 86
Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ...................... 87
Emigranii, dup ara de destinaie ............................ 87
Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ....................... 88
Imigranii, dup ara de provenien ......................... 88
Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea
reedinei obinuite, pe sexe ..................................... 89

TABLES CONTENTS

Usual resident population, by sex and area


Usual resident population, by age group and sex,
on July 1
Usual resident population by age, sex and area,
on July 1, 2013
Usual resident population by age, sex and area,
on July 1, 2014
Permanent resident population by age, sex
and area, on July 1, 2015
Permanent resident population of counties,
municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2015
Classification of counties and localities
by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2015
Vital statistics
Vital statistics, by area
Live-births by age group of parents
Live-births by live-birth order and age
group of mother
Average age of mother at birth, by area
Abortions, by age group
Fertility rates, by age group
and total fertility rate
Deaths, by age group and sex
Infant deaths, by age group
Deaths, by death causes
Infant deaths, by cause of death
Life expectancy, by sex and area
Marriages by age group of spouses
Marriages by previous marital status
of spouses
Average age at marriage and average
age at first marriage, by area
Divorces by age group of spouses
Divorces by number of under age children
remained through marriage dissolution
Internal migration determined by permanent
residence changing, by area and sex
Internal migration determined by permanent
residence changing, by age group and area
Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
determined by permanent residence changing
Emigrants, by sex and age group
Emigrants, by country of destination
Immigrants, by sex and age group
Immigrants, by country of previous usual residence
International migration determined by change
of usual residence, by sex

Territorial

Teritorial
2.33
2.34
2.35
2.36
2.37
2.38
2.39
2.40
2.41
2.42
2.43
2.44
2.45

2.46

Populaia i densitatea populaiei, n profil


teritorial, la recensminte ............................................
Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial, pe sexe
i medii, la 1 iulie 2013 ...............................................
Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial i pe grupe
de vrst, la 1 iulie 2013 .............................................
Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial, pe sexe
i medii, la 1 iulie 2014 ...............................................
Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial
i pe grupe de vrst, la 1 iulie 2014 ..........................
Populaia dup domiciliu, n profil teritorial,
pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2015 ..................................
Populaia dup domiciliu, n profil teritorial
i pe grupe de vrst, la 1 iulie 2015 ..........................
Micarea natural a populaiei, n profil teritorial i
pe medii, n anul 2014 .................................................
Ratele de fertilitate, n profil teritorial i pe grupe
de vrst, n anul 2014 ...............................................
Durata medie a vieii, n profil teritorial, pe sexe
i medii, n anul 2014 ..................................................
Decesele, pe cauze de deces, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2014 ................................................................
Vrsta medie a soilor la data ncheierii cstoriei,
n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2014 ..................
Divorurile, dup numrul copiilor minori rmai
prin desfacerea cstoriei, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2014 ................................................................
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea
domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe medii,
n anul 2014 .................................................................

SURSA DATELOR

Surse statistice:
Recensmintele populaiei;
Recensmntul din octombrie 2011 s-a realizat n
conformitate cu prevederile Regulamentului (CE)
nr. 763/2008 al Parlamentului European i al Consiliului
privind Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor;
Statistici din evidena curent a populaiei, pentru
datele referitoare la numrul i structura demografic
a populaiei;
nregistrri din evidena strii civile:
Buletine statistice demografice completate de oficiile
de stare civil cu date referitoare la nateri, decese,
cstorii, divoruri i nregistrri primite de la
judectorii i notariate pentru divoruri;
Model econometric bazat pe tehnici de estimare pe
domenii mici, pentru determinarea numrului de
emigrani (persoane din Romnia care i-au
schimbat reedina obinuit n alte ri);

Population and population density, at territorial


level, on censuses
Usual resident population, at territorial level,
by sex and area, on July 1, 2013
Usual resident population, at territorial level and
by age group, on July 1, 2013
Usual resident population, at territorial level,
by sex and area, on July 1, 2014
Usual resident population, at territorial level and
by age group, on July 1, 2014
Permanent resident population, at territorial level,
by sex and area, on July 1, 2015
Permanent resident population, at territorial level
and by age group, on July 1, 2015
Vital statistics, at territorial level and by area,
in 2014
Age - specific fertility rates, at territorial level
and by age group, in 2014
Life expectancy, at territorial level, by sex and
area, in 2014
Deaths, by death causes, at territorial level,
in 2014
Average age of spouses at marriage date, at
territorial level and by area, in 2014
Divorces, by number of under age children
remained through marriage dissolution, at
territorial level, in 2014
Internal migration determined by change of
permanent residence, at territorial level and by
area, in 2014

DATA SOURCE

Statistical sources:
Population censuses;
The census of October 2011 was done according to
the stipulations of EC Regulation No 763/2008 of
the European Parliament and of the Council
regarding the Population and Housing Census;
Statistics from current evidence of population, for
data referring to population number and
demographic structure;
Registrations from civil register evidence:
Statistical demographic reports filled in by civil
register offices with data on births, deaths,
marriages, divorces and registrations of divorces
from the court of law and notary offices;
Econometric model based on estimation techniques
by small areas, to determine the number of
emigrants (persons from Romania who changed
their usual residence in other countries);

37

Serii anuale de fluxuri de migraie (imigrani i


emigrani) transmise de oficiile naionale de statistic
din Italia i Spania ncepnd cu datele pentru anul
2002;
Statistici n oglind privind migraia internaional
din baza de date a EUROSTAT ca valori de referin
(benchmark) pentru evaluarea calitii rezultatelor
obinute prin aplicarea modelului econometric;
Statisticile privind migraia internaional sunt
estimate
n
conformitate
cu
prevederile
Regulamentului (CE) nr.862/2007 al Parlamentului
European i al Consiliului din 11 iulie 2007 privind
statisticile comunitare din domeniul migraiei i
proteciei internaionale i de abrogare a
Regulamentului (CEE) nr.311/76 al Consiliului privind
elaborarea de statistici cu privire la lucrtorii strini;
Statisticile privind populaia rezident sunt estimate
n conformitate cu prevederile Regulamentului (UE)
nr.1260/2013 al Parlamentului European i al
Consiliului din 20 noiembrie 2013 privind statisticile
demografice europene.
Surse administrative:
Baza de date a Ministerului Afacerilor Interne, privind
evidena persoanelor, pentru populaia dup
domiciliu, migraia intern (cu schimbarea
domiciliului i stabilirea reedinei) i internaional
(definitiv) determinat de schimbarea domiciliului.

Annual migration flows series (immigrants and


emigrants) sent by the national statistical offices
from Italy and Spain starting with data for 2002;

Mirror statistics regarding international migration


from Eurostat database as benchmarks for the
quality evaluation of the results from econometric
model application;
Statistics on international migration are estimated
according to the stipulations of EC Regulation
No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the
Council of July 11, 2007 regarding community
statistics from migration and international protection
field and repealing the Council Regulation (EEC)
No 311/76 regarding the elaboration of statistics on
foreign workers;
Statistics on usual resident population are estimated
according to the stipulations of EU Regulation
No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of
the Council of November 20, 2013 regarding
European demographic statistics.

Administrative sources:
Database of Ministry of Internal Affairs, for persons
evidence, for the permanent resident population,
internal migration (with domicile change and
residence settlement) and international (final)
migration determined by domicile change.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

n statisticile oficiale, populaia este calculat dup


dou dimensiuni:
populaia rezident, conform criteriului reedinei
obinuite pe teritoriul Romniei pentru o perioad de
cel puin 12 luni, indiferent de cetenie, comparabil
cu rezultatele Recensmntului Populaiei i al
Locuinelor din octombrie 2011 i cu celelalte state
membre ale Uniunii Europene;
populaia dup domiciliu, conform criteriului de
domiciliu pe teritoriul Romniei, numai pentru
persoanele cu cetenie romn.

In official statistics, the population is calculated by


two dimensions:
usual resident population, according to the criterion
of usual residence on the territory of Romania for at
least 12 months period, no matter of citizenship,
comparable with the results of the Population and
Housing Census of October 2011 and with the other
member states of the European Union;
permanent resident population, according to the
criterion of permanent residence on the territory of
Romania, only for the persons with Romanian
citizenship.
Usual resident population represents all the
persons with Romanian citizenship, foreigners and
without citizenship, who have their usual residence on
Romanian territory. Usual resident population at a
certain date was determined according to international
methodology and regulations in this field.
Usual residence represents the place where
one person usually spends daily rest period, without
having in view temporary absences for recreation,
holidays, visits to friends and relatives, business,
medical
treatments
or
religious
pilgrimages.

Populaia
rezident
reprezint
totalitatea
persoanelor cu cetenie romn, strini i fr cetenie,
care au reedina obinuit pe teritoriul Romniei.
Populaia rezident la o anumit dat a fost determinat
conform metodologiei i reglementrilor internaionale n
domeniu.
Reedina obinuit reprezint locul n care o
persoan i petrece n mod obinuit perioada zilnic de
odihn, fr a ine seama de absenele temporare pentru
recreere, vacane, vizite la prieteni i rude, afaceri,
tratamente medicale sau pelerinaje religioase.

38

Se consider c i au reedina obinuit ntr-o zon


geografic specific doar persoanele care au locuit la
reedina obinuit o perioad nentrerupt de cel puin
12 luni nainte de momentul de referin. Reedina
obinuit poate s fie aceeai cu domiciliul sau poate s
difere, n cazul persoanelor care aleg s-i stabileasc
reedina obinuit n alt localitate dect cea de
domiciliu din ar sau strintate.
Populaia pentru anii intercenzitari s-a determinat pe
baza datelor de la recensminte i a datelor referitoare
la micarea natural i migratorie, n felul urmtor:
a) pentru perioadele 1960 - 1965 i 1966 - 1976 pe
baza rezultatelor recensmintelor din anii 1956 i
1966 i a datelor asupra sporului natural i migraiei
din anii respectivi;
b) pentru perioada 1977 - 1991 pe baza rezultatelor
recensmntului din anul 1977 i a datelor asupra
sporului natural i migraiei interne i internaionale
cu schimbarea domiciliului din anii respectivi;
ncepnd cu anul 1979 s-a inclus i migraia intern
cu schimbarea de reedin;
c) pentru perioada 1992 - 2001 pe baza rezultatelor
recensmntului din anul 1992 i a datelor asupra
sporului natural i migraiei interne i internaionale
din anii respectivi; datele includ fenomenul migratoriu
care este subevaluat, singurele date disponibile fiind
cele din sursele administrative;
d) pentru perioada dintre ultimele dou recensminte,
respectiv 2002 - 2011, datele se refer la populaia
rezident care a fost reestimat n condiii de
comparabilitate
cu
rezultatele
finale
ale
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor din
anul 2011;
e) Populaia rezident a Romniei la 1 ianuarie 2012
s-a calculat plecnd de la populaia cu reedina
obinuit n Romnia la momentul critic al
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011
(20 octombrie 2011), la care s-au adugat
urmtoarele elemente:
sporul natural al populaiei din perioada
20 octombrie - 31 decembrie 2011 (numrul
nscuilor-vii minus numrul decedailor);
soldul micrii migratorii internaionale din perioada
20 octombrie - 31 decembrie 2011, determinat ca
diferen ntre numrul imigranilor (ceteni romni,
strini sau fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina
obinuit n Romnia) i numrul emigranilor
(ceteni romni care i-au stabilit reedina
obinuit n strintate);
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu schimbarea
domiciliului din perioada 20 octombrie 31 decembrie 2011, determinat ca diferen ntre
numrul persoanelor care au sosit ntr-un jude i
numrul persoanelor plecate din jude;

There are considered as having their usual residence in


a specific geographical zone only persons who lived at
that usual residence for 12 months continous period at
least before the reference moment. Usual residence can
be the same with the permanent residence or can be
different, in case of persons who choose to settle their
usual residence in another locality than that of
permanent residence from the country or from abroad.
The population for the inter-censuses years was
determined based on data from censuses and data
regarding natural or migratory movement, as follows:
a) for 1960-1965 and 1966-1976 periods based on the
results of censuses carried out in 1956 and 1966
and data on natural increase and migration in those
years;
b) for 1977-1991 period based on the results of the
1977 census and data on natural increase and
internal and international migration with the
permanent residence change, in the respective
years; since 1979, internal migration with the
residence change was included;
c) for the 1992-2001 period based on the results of
1992 census and data on natural increase and
internal and international migration in the respective
years; data include the migratory phenomenon,
which is under - assessed, the only ones available
data being those from administrative sources;
d) for the period between the last two censuses,
respectively 2002-2011, data refer to usual resident
population re-estimated under comparability
conditions with final results of the Population and
Housing Census of 2011;
e) The usual resident population on January 1, 2012,
was calculated based on the population with usual
residence in Romania at the critical moment of the
Population and Housing Census - 2011
(October 20, 2011), to which the following elements
were added:
natural increase of the population between
Octomber 20 - December 31, 2011 (the number of
live-births minus the number of deceased);
balance of international migratory movement during
October 20 - December 31, 2011, determined as
difference between the number of immigrants
(Romanian citizens, foreigners or without citizenship
who settled their usual residence in Romania) and
number of emigrants (Romanian citizens who settled
their usual residence abroad);
balance of internal migratory movement with change
in domicile during October 20 - December 31, 2011
determined as the difference between the number of
persons arriving in a county and the number of
persons leaving it;

39

soldul micrii migratorii interne cu stabilirea


reedinei la 1 ianuarie 2012, determinat ca
diferen ntre numrul persoanelor care aveau
reedina n jude i domiciliul n alt jude la
1 ianuarie i persoanele care aveau domiciliul n
jude i reedina n alt jude la aceeai dat. Au fost
luate n calcul doar personele care aveau declarat
schimbarea reedintei pentru 1 an.
f)

Dup 1 ianuarie 2012, populaia rezident la


1 ianuarie a fost estimat n conformitate cu criteriul
reedinei obinuite utiliznd metoda componentelor:
sporul natural al populaiei din fiecare an;
soldul micrii migratorii internaionale din fiecare an;
soldul micrii migratorii interne cu schimbarea
domiciliului din fiecare an;
soldul micarii migratorii interne cu schimbarea
reedinei pentru 12 luni, adic persoane care la data
de 1 ianuarie aveau reedina obinuit n alt jude
dect cel de domiciliu.
Populaia rezident la 1 iulie s-a determinat ca medie
aritmetic simpl dintre valorile populaiei rezidente
la 1 ianuarie a doi ani consecutivi.
Datele privind populaia rezident sunt disponibile n
profil teritorial, la nivel naional, pe macroregiuni, regiuni
de dezvoltare i judee.
Urmare a definitivrii datelor privind populaia
rezident la 1 ianuarie 2014, prezenta ediie a Anuarului
Statistic cuprinde i date corespunztoare populaiei
rezidente la 1 iulie 2013, n varianta definitiv.
Populaia rezident la 1 iulie 2014 i ratele
aferente anului 2014 sunt provizorii.
Populaia dup domiciliu reprezint numrul
persoanelor cu cetenie romn i domiciliul pe
teritoriul
Romniei,
delimitat
dup
criterii
administrativ-teritoriale.
Domiciliul persoanei este adresa la care aceasta
declar c are locuina principal, trecut n actul de
identitate (CI, BI), aa cum este luat n evidena
organelor administrative ale statului. n stabilirea valorii
acestui indicator nu se ine cont de reedina obinuit,
de perioada i/sau motivul absenei de la domiciliu.
Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2014 a fost
estimat prin metoda componentelor, respectiv pornind
de la baza de date a Ministerului Afacerilor Interne privind
evidena persoanelor i ajustat cu numrul deceselor i
al naterilor din perioada corespunztoare.
Dup 1 iulie 2014, populaia dup domiciliu a fost
estimat semestrial, n conformitate cu criteriul
domiciliului, utiliznd metoda componentelor:
sporul natural al populaiei din fiecare semestru;
soldul micrii migratorii internaionale cu
schimbarea domiciliului din fiecare semestru;

40

balance of internal migratory movement with


residence
settlement on January 1, 2012
determined as difference between the number of
persons having the residence in the county and the
domicile in another county on January 1 and the
persons having the domicile in the county and the
residence in another county at the same date. Only
the persons who declared the change in residence
for one year were taken into account.
f) After January 1, 2012, the usual resident population
on January 1 was estimated according to the usual
residence criterion, using the components method:
population natural increase of each year;
international migratory movement balance of each year;
balance of internal migratory movement with the
change in permanent residence for each year;
balance of internal migratory movement with the
change in residence for 12 months, i.e. persons who,
on January 1, had their usual residence in another
county than the one where they had their domicile.
The usual resident population on July 1 was determined
as simple arithmetic mean between the values of usual
resident population on January 1 of two successive years.
The data on usual resident population are available
at territorial and national level, by macroregion,
development region and county.
Further to the finalization of data on usual resident
population on January 1, 2014, the current edition of the
Statistical Yearbook also includes data on usual resident
population on July 1, 2013 in final version.
The usual resident population on July 1, 2014
and the related rates for 2014 are provisional.
Permanent resident population represents the
number of persons with Romanian citizenship and
permanent residence on the territory of Romania,
determined according to administrative-territorial criteria.
The permanent residence of the person is the
address where he/she declares to have the main
dwelling, registered in the identity card, as it is registered
by the state administrative bodies. To set up the value of
this indicator, the usual residence is not taken into
account as well as the period and/or reason of absence
from the permanent residence.
Permanent resident population on July 1, 2014 was
estimated by the method of components, respectively
starting from the database of the Ministry of Internal
Afffairs regarding the evidence of persons and adjusted
with the number of deaths and births during that period.
After July 1, 2014, the population by permanent
residence was half-yearly estimated, according to the
usual residence criterion, using the components method:
population natural increase in each semester;
balance of international migratory movement with
the change in usual residence from each semester;

soldul micrii migratorii interne cu schimbarea


domiciliului din fiecare semestru.
Datele privind populaia dup domiciliu sunt
disponibile n profil teritorial, pe urmtoarele niveluri de
detaliere: nivel naional, macroregiuni, regiuni de
dezvoltare, judee i localiti.
Indicatorul este relevant n dimensionarea populaiei la
nivel de localitate, acesta fiind singurul indicator de
populaie disponibil la acest nivel de dezagregare n profil
teritorial.
Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2015 este
provizorie.
Micarea migratorie internaional s-a determinat:
pentru perioada anterioar anului 2002: numai pe
baza datelor provenite din surse administrative
referitoare la migraia internaional (definitiv)
determinat de schimbarea domiciliului;
pentru anul 2002 i perioada ulterioar: pe baza
datelor provenite din surse administrative referitoare
la migraia internaional (definitiv) determinat de
schimbarea domiciliului, modelului econometric
bazat pe tehnici de estimare pe domenii mici pentru
determinarea numrului de emigrani (persoane din
Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n
alte ri), seriilor de fluxuri de migraie
(imigrani i emigrani) transmise de oficiile
naionale de statistic din Italia i Spania pentru
perioada 2002-2013, statisticilor disponibile la
Eurostat, conform datelor furnizate pentru Romnia
de alte ri, referitor la fenomenul migraiei (statistici
n oglind).
Migraia internaional reprezint schimbarea
reedinei obinuite n alt ar i respectiv, din alt ar
n Romnia.
Emigraie nseamn aciunea prin care o persoan
care a avut anterior reedina obinuit pe teritoriul
Romniei nceteaz s mai aib reedina obinuit pe
teritoriul acesteia pentru o perioad care este sau se
ateapt s fie de cel puin 12 luni.
Imigraie nseamn aciunea prin care o persoan
i stabilete reedina obinuit pe teritoriul Romniei
pentru o perioad care este sau se ateapt s fie de
cel puin 12 luni, dup ce, n prealabil, a avut reedina
obinuit ntr-o alt ar.
Migraia internaional se poate clasifica n funcie
de modalitatea de edere pe teritoriul altui stat (domiciliu
sau reedin), n urmtoarele categorii:
Migraie internaional definitiv determinat de
schimbarea domiciliului se refer la persoane
care i-au schimbat domiciliul permanent din i
n Romania;
Migraie internaional temporar de lung
durat determinat de schimbarea reedinei

balance of domestic migratory movement with the


change in usual residence from each semester.
Data regarding the permanent resident population are
available at territorial level, at the following levels of detail:
national level, macroregion, development region, county
and locality.
The indicator is relevant for estimating the population
at locality level, as the only indicator on population
available at this level of disaggregation on territorial profile.
Permanent resident population on July 1, 2015
is provisional.
International migration flows are determined:
for the period previous to 2002: only based on data
from administrative sources regarding international
(final) migration determined by change of
permanent residence;
for 2002 and next period: based on data from
administrative sources regarding international
(final) migration determined by change of
permanent residence; the econometric model
based on estimation techniques on small areas to
determine the number of emigrants (persons from
Romania who changed their usual residence in
other countries); annual migration flows series
(immigrants and emigrants) sent by national
statistical offices from Italy and Spain for
2002-2013 period; Eurostat available statistics,
according to the data provided for Romania by other
countries, regarding the migration phenomenon
(mirror statistics).
International migration represents the usual
residence change in another country and respectively
from another country to Romania.
Emigration means the action by which one person
who had the previous usual residence on the Romanian
territory ceases to have his/her usual residence for a
period that is, or is expected to be of at least 12 months.
Immigration means the action by which a person
settles his/her usual residence on the Romanian
territory for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at
least 12 months, previously having the usual residence
in another country.
International migration can be classified
according to the type of residence on the territory of
another state (permanent or usual residence), in the
following categories:
International migration by change of permanent
residence refers to persons who changed their
permanent residence from and to Romania;
International migration by change of usual
residence refers to persons who changed their

41

obinuite se refer la persoane care i-au schimbat


reedina obinuit din i n Romnia pentru o
perioad de cel puin 12 luni.
Fluxul de emigrani reprezint numrul emigranilor
care au avut anterior reedina obinuit pe teritoriul
Romniei i i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n alt ar
pentru o perioad de cel puin 12 luni, n anul de referin.
Fluxul de imigrani reprezint numrul imigranilor
(ceteni romni, strini sau fr cetenie) care, anterior,
au avut reedina obinuit n alt ar i
i-au stabilit reedina obinuit pe teritoriul
Romniei pentru o perioad de cel puin 12 luni, n anul
de referin.
Soldul migraiei internaionale reprezint diferena
dintre fluxul de imigrani i fluxul de emigrani, n perioada
de referin.
Repartizarea populaiei pe medii de reziden
s-a realizat astfel:
pentru perioada 1960-1965, n mediul urban sunt
cuprinse municipiile, oraele i cele 183 localiti
asimilate mediului urban;
pentru anii 1966 i 1967, n mediul urban sunt
incluse datele referitoare la municipii, orae i 238
comune asimilate urbanului;
ncepnd cu anul 1968, n mediul urban sunt
cuprinse numai municipiile i oraele.
Vrsta este exprimat n ani mplinii (de exemplu, o
persoan care are vrsta de 24 ani i 11 luni la 1 iulie,
este cuprins la vrsta de 24 ani).
Sfera de cuprindere a fenomenelor demografice:
pentru perioada 1960-2011, numrul nscuilor-vii i
al deceselor include toate persoanele nscute i
respectiv, decedate ntr-un an calendaristic,
indiferent unde a avut loc acest fenomen demografic
(n Romnia sau n strintate);
pentru anii 2012 i 2013, sunt incluse doar naterile
i decesele care au avut loc pe teritoriul Romniei,
naterile i decesele persoanelor care au reedina
obinuit n strintate nefiind incluse;
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii,
respectiv decedaii cu reedina obinuit n
Romnia.
Definiiile evenimentelor demografice sunt n
concordan cu principiile i recomandrile Organizaiei
Naiunilor Unite privind sistemul statistic demografic:
nscut-viu este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau
extras complet din corpul mamei, independent de
durata sarcinii i care, dup aceast separare,
prezint un semn de via (respiraie, activitate
cardiac, pulsaii ale cordonului ombilical sau
contracii musculare dependente de voin);
nscut-mort este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau
extras complet din corpul mamei dup o durat a

42

usual residence from and to Romania for 12 months


period at least.
Emigrants flow represents the number of emigrants
who previously had the usual residence on the
Romanian territory and settled their usual residence in
another country for 12 months period at least in the
reference year.
Immigrants flow represents the number of
immigrants (Romanian citizens, foreigners or without
citizenship) who previously had the usual residence in
another country and settled their usual residence on
the Romanian territory for 12 months period at least,
in the reference year.
International migration balance represents the
difference between the immigrants flow and the
emigrants flow in the reference period.
Population breakdown by residence areas was
done as follows:
for 1960-1965 period, urban area includes
municipalities, towns and the 183 localities
assimilated to the urban area;
for 1966 and 1967, urban area includes
municipalities, towns and 238 communes
assimilated to the urban area;
starting with 1968, urban area includes only
municipalities and towns.
Age is expressed in the years reached during the
year (for instance, a person of 24 years old and
11 months at July 1st, is considered to be of
24 years old).
The coverage of demographic phenomena:
for 1960-2011 period, the number of live-births and
deaths includes all the persons born and
respectively deceased, during a calendar year, no
matter of the place of this demographic
phenomenon (in Romania or abroad);
for 2012 and 2013, only births and deaths taking
place on Romanias territory are included, births and
deaths of persons with their usual residence abroad
being not included;
beginning with 2014 are included only live-births and
respectively the deaths of persons having their usual
residence in Romania.
The definitions of vital events are in compliance
with the principles and recommendations of the United
Nations regarding the demographic statistical system:
live-birth is a product of conception completely
ejected or extracted from the mothers body,
regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this
separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart
activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular
contractions dependent on will);
stillborn child is a product of conception completely
ejected or extracted from the mothers body after a

sarcinii de cel puin 28 sptmni i care, dup


aceast separare, nu prezint niciun semn de
via;
decedat este persoana creia i-au ncetat definitiv
funciile vitale dup trecerea unui timp oarecare de
la natere;
cstoria reprezint uniunea liber consimit ntre un
brbat i o femeie, ncheiat n condiiile legii;
divorul reprezint desfacerea unei cstorii
ncheiate legal, printr-o hotrre definitiv a
instanei judectoreti, a ofierului de stare civil sau
a unui notar public. Datele se refer la aciunile de
divor pentru care desfacerea cstoriei a fost
admis.
Ratele fenomenelor demografice se calculeaz cu
populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, pn n
anul 2011. ncepnd cu anul 2012, ratele fenomenelor
demografice sunt calculate folosind populaia rezident la
1 iulie a fiecrui an.
Ratele migraiei interne determinate de schimbarea
domiciliului se calculeaz cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1
iulie a fiecrui an.
Sporul natural reprezint diferena dintre numrul
nscuilor-vii i numrul persoanelor decedate, n anul de
referin.
Rata de natalitate reprezint numrul de nscui-vii
dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de nscui-vii la
1000 locuitori.
Rata general de fertilitate reprezint numrul
nscuilor-vii dintr-un an raportat la populaia feminin de
15-49 ani, la 1 iulie din anul respectiv i se exprim n
numrul de nscui-vii la 1000 femei de vrst fertil
(15-49 ani).
Indicele conjunctural al fertilitii (rata total de
fertilitate) reprezint numrul mediu de copii pe care
i-ar nate o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile, n condiiile
fertilitii anului respectiv.
Rata de mortalitate reprezint numrul persoanelor
decedate dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de decese la 1000
locuitori.
Durata medie a vieii reprezint numrul mediu de
ani pe care i are de trit un nou-nscut, dac ar tri tot
restul vieii n condiiile mortalitii pe vrste din perioada
de referin.
Rata mortalitii infantile reprezint numrul de
decedai n vrst de sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii din anul
respectiv.
Rata de mortinatalitate reprezint numrul anual de
nscui-mori dintr-un an, raportat la numrul de nscui-vii
i mori din acelai an i se exprim n numrul de
nscui-mori la 1000 nscui-vii i mori din anul respectiv.

pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after


this separation, gives no sign of life;
deceased is the person whose vital functions
definitively ceased after a certain time passed from
his/her birth;
marriage is an union between a man and a woman,
freely consented, concluded according to the
legislation;
divorce represents the dissolution of a legally
concluded marriage, according to a final decision of
judicial court, of civil register office or of public notary.
Data refer to divorce actions for which marriage
dissolution was admitted.
The demographic events rates are calculated
based on the permanent resident population on July 1st
of that year, until 2011. Beginning with 2012, the
demographic rates are calculated bassed on usual
resident population on July 1 of each year.
The internal migration rates entailed by the change
in permanent residence are calculated based on the
population by permanent residence on July 1 of each year.
Natural increase represents the balance between
the number of live-births and the number of deceased
persons during the reference year.
Birth rate represents the ratio between the number
of live-births from one year and the population on
July 1st of respective year and is expressed by the
number of live-births per 1000 inhabitants.
General fertility rate represents the number of
live-births in a year related to female population aged
15-49 years on July 1st of that year and is expressed by
the number of live-births per 1000 women of fertile age
(15-49 years).
Total fertility rate represents the average number
of children that would be born by a woman during her
fertile life, under fertility conditions of that year.
Mortality rate represents the ratio between the
number of deceased persons from one year and the
population on July 1st of respective year and is
expressed by the number of deaths per 1000
inhabitants.
Life expectancy represents the average number of
years an infant would live, if living all his life under the
conditions of mortality by age corresponding to the
reference period.
Infant mortality rate represents the number of
infants deaths per 1000 live-births in respective year.
Stillborn rate is the ratio between the number of
stillborns in a year and the total number of live births and
stillborns in the same year, and is expressed by the
number of stillborns per 1000 live births and stillborns in
the respective year.

43

Rata de nupialitate reprezint numrul cstoriilor


dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de cstorii la
1000 locuitori.
Rata de divorialitate reprezint numrul
divorurilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de divoruri la
1000 locuitori.
Vrsta medie a unei populaii s-a determinat ca
medie aritmetic a mijloacelor intervalelor, ponderat cu
numrul persoanelor de vrst respectiv, dup
formula:

x=

( x + 0,5) P
P

Marriages rate represents the ratio between the


number of marriages from one year and the population
on July 1st of respective year and is expressed by the
number of marriages per 1000 inhabitants.
Divortiality rate represents the ratio between the
number of divorces from one year and the population on
July 1st of respective year and is expressed by the
number of divorces per 1000 inhabitants.
Average age of a population was determined as
arithmetic mean of interval middles, weighted with the
number of persons of that age, according to the
formula:

x=

n care:

= vrsta medie n ani mplinii

where:

= average age in reached years

x = vrsta n ani mplinii


Px = populaia n vrst de x ani
0,5 = constant (jumtate de an, considerat drept
echivalent mediu al variaiei abaterilor fa de data
exact a mplinirii unei vrste oarecare).

x = age in reached years


Px = population aged years

Repartizarea evenimentelor demografice n


profil teritorial (pe judee) s-a fcut dup
urmtoarele criterii:
pentru nscui-vii, dup domiciliul mamei pn n
anul 2011 i dup reedina obinuit a mamei
ncepnd cu anul 2012;
pentru decese, dup domiciliul persoanei decedate
pn n anul 2011 i dup reedina obinuit a
persoanei decedate ncepnd cu anul 2012;

Distribution on demographic phenomena at


territorial level (by county) was done according to
the following criteria:
for live-born children, according to the mothers
residence until 2011 and according to the mothers
usual residence beginning with 2012;
for deceases, according to the residence of the
deceased person until 2011 and according to the
usual residence of the deceased person beginning
with 2012;
for marriages, according to the place of marriage
registration, respectively according to the residence
of one of the two spouses;
for divorces, according to the last joint usual
residence of spouses.
The demographic phenomena rates by county
were calculated based on usual resident population
on July 1, 2014 and are provisional.
Internal migration represents changes of
permanent residence and temporary settling of
residence in another locality, different from that of
permanent residence, inside the borders of the country.
Change of permanent residence was registered
in case of persons for whom Police wrote down the new
permanent residence in the identity card and in persons
evidence file.

pentru cstorii, dup locul nregistrrii cstoriei,


respectiv domiciliul unuia dintre cei doi soi;
pentru divoruri, dup ultimul domiciliu comun al
soilor.
Ratele fenomenelor demografice pe judee
au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la
1 iulie 2014 i sunt provizorii.
Migraia intern reprezint schimbrile de
domiciliu i stabilirile temporare de reedin n alt
localitate dect cea de domiciliu n interiorul granielor
rii.
Schimbarea domiciliului s-a nregistrat n cazul
persoanelor pentru care organele de poliie au nscris
noul domiciliu n cartea de identitate i n fia de
eviden a persoanei.

44

( x + 0.5) P
P

0.5 = constant (half of year, considered as average


equivalent of bias variation compared to the exact date
of reaching a certain age).

ncepnd cu anul 1992, sunt cuprinse i schimbrile


de domiciliu dintr-un sector n altul al Municipiului
Bucureti.
Nu sunt incluse schimbrile de domiciliu n interiorul
aceleiai localiti sau n acelai sector i nici dintr-un
sat n altul, n cadrul aceleiai comune.

Starting with 1992, data also include changes of


permanent residence from one sector to another within
Bucharest Municipality.
There are not included permanent residence
changes inside the same locality or sector, or from one
village to another, in the same commune.

Populaia pe medii, la 1 iulie


Population by area, on July 1

2.G1

%
100
80 67,9 63,1 54,2 45,7 45,4 45,4 47,1 47,0 46,1 45,0 44,6 45,1 45,9 46,1 46,1 46,0 46,0 46,1 46,1
60
40
20
0

32,1

36,9

45,8 54,3 54,6 54,6 52,9 53,0 53,9 55,0 55,4 54,9 54,1 53,9 53,9 54,0 54,0 53,9 53,9

1)

1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Urban

Rural

Not: Pentru perioada 2002-2014 s-a utilizat populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the 2002-2014 period, the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

%)
48,9%

51,1%

(5

2.G2

1)

Populaia rezident, pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2014


1)
Usual resident population, by sex and area, on July 1, 2014

53,9%

46,1%

Masculin / Male

Urban

Feminin / Female

Rural

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

45

1)

Populaia rezident, pe vrste i sexe, la 1 iulie 2014


1)
Usual resident population, by age and sex, on July 1, 2014

2.G3

Vrsta
Age
100
95
90

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10

Mii persoane
Thou persons

Mii persoane
Thou persons

5
0

250

200

150

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

46

100

50

50

100

150

200

250

Natalitatea, mortalitatea i sporul natural al populaiei


Birth rate, mortality and natural increase

2.G4

Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)

30
25
20
15
10
5
0

1960 1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

Natalitate / Birth rate

1995

2000

2005

2010

2014

1)

Mortalitate / Mortality rate


Sporul natural negativ
Negative natural increase

Sporul natural pozitiv


Positive natural increase

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2014, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii sau decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Permanent residence population
at July 1st indicator.
For the 2012-2014 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

2.G5

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe (ani)


Life expectancy, by sex (years)
70,2

2009

70,3

2010

70,6

2011

71,2

2012

71,8

2013

72,0

2014
0

10

20
Masculin
Male

30

40

50

60

70

77,5
77,6
77,9
78,2
78,6
78,9
80

Feminin
Female

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani.
Populaia luat n calcul a fost determinat pe baza sporului natural i a soldului migraiei internaionale definitive.
Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years period.
The population taken into calculation was determined based on natural increase and final international migration.

47

Rate de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst


Fertility rates, by age group

2.G6

Nscui-vii la 1000 femei / Live-births per 1000 women

120
100
67,3

65,3

60
40

87,2

78,5

80

66,3

54,5
37,8

33,9

27,7

20,6

20

4,4

5,2

0,2

2009

2014

0,3

1)

15 - 19 ani / years

35 - 39 ani / years

20 - 24 ani / years

40 - 44 ani / years

25 - 29 ani / years

45 - 49 ani / years

30 - 34 ani / years

Not: Ratele pentru anul 2009 au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaie dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Ratele pentru 2014 au fost calculate cu populaia la 1 iulie a anului respectiv.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: The rates for 2009 have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Permanent residence population at July 1st indicator.
Rates for 2014 were computed using the usual resident population at July 1st of the respective year.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

2.G7

Evoluia cstoriilor i divorurilor


Evolution of marriages and divorces
mii / thou

200
150

134,3
115,8

100
50
0

32,3

2009

32,6

2010
Cstorii
Marriages

48

107,8

105,6

35,8

2011

118,1

107,5

31,3

2012

28,5

2013
Divoruri
Divorces

27,2

2014

Fluxul de emigrani i imigrani determinat de schimbarea reedinei obinuite


Emigrants and immigrants flow determined by change of usual residence

2.G8

mii persoane/ thou persons

350
300
246,6

250

195,6

198,0

200

170,2

150
100

135,8

150,0

147,7

2009

2010

2011

161,8

184,6

167,3

153,6

142,4

2012

2013

2014

50
0

1)

Imigrani
Immigrants

Emigrani
Emigrants

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

1)

2)

3)

Distribuia emigranilor i imigranilor , n anul 2014


1)
2)
3)
Breakdown of emigrants and immigrants , in 2014

2.G9

1)

EMIGRANII , DUP ARA DE DESTINAIE


1)
EMIGRANTS , BY COUNTRY OF DESTINATION

Danemarca
Denmark
1,9%

2)

IMIGRANII , DUP ARA DE PROVENIEN


2)
IMMIGRANTS , BY COUNTRY
OF PREVIOUS USUAL RESIDENCE

Alte ri
Other countries
11,3%

Austria
Austria
4,3%

Italia
Italy
29,8%

Belgia
Belgium
4,6%

Grecia
Greece
2,0%

Alte ri
Other countries
21,3%

Spania
Spain
36,1%

Marea Britanie
United Kingdom
2,6%

Germania
Germany
12,8%
Marea Britanie
United Kingdom
17,6%

Spania
Spain
17,7%

Germania
Germany
9,8%
Italia
Italy
14,0%

Republica
Moldova
Moldova,
Republic of
14,2%

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
2) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

49

2.1

Populaia rezident (stabil), pe sexe i medii


Usual resident population, by sex and area
Numrul locuitorilor
Inhabitants number

1 iulie 1960
1 iulie 1961
1 iulie 1962
1 iulie 1963
1 iulie 1964
1 iulie 1965
15 martie 19661)
1 iulie 1966
1 iulie 1967
1 iulie 1968
1 iulie 1969
1 iulie 1970
1 iulie 1971
1 iulie 1972
1 iulie 1973
1 iulie 1974
1 iulie 1975
1 iulie 1976
5 ianuarie 19771)
1 iulie 1977
1 iulie 1978
1 iulie 1979
1 iulie 1980
1 iulie 1981
1 iulie 1982
1 iulie 1983
1 iulie 1984
1 iulie 1985
1 iulie 1986
1 iulie 1987
1 iulie 1988
1 iulie 1989
1 iulie 1990
1 iulie 1991
7 ianuarie 19921)
1 iulie 1992
1 iulie 1993
1 iulie 1994
1 iulie 1995
1 iulie 1996
1 iulie 1997
1 iulie 1998
1 iulie 1999
1 iulie 2000
1 iulie 2001
18 martie 20021)
1 iulie 2002
1 iulie 2003
1 iulie 2004
1 iulie 2005
1 iulie 2006
1 iulie 2007
1 iulie 2008
1 iulie 2009
1 iulie 2010
1 iulie 2011
20 octombrie 20111)
1 iulie 2012
1 iulie 2013
1 iulie 2014 2)

n procente fa de total
As percentage of total

Numrul locuitorilor
Inhabitants number

n procente fa de total
As percentage of total

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Urban

Rural

Urban

Rural

18403414
18566932
18680721
18813131
18927081
19027367
19103163
19140783
19284814
19720984
20010178
20252541
20469658
20662648
20827525
21028841
21245103
21445698
21559910
21657569
21854622
22048305
22201387
22352635
22477703
22553074
22624505
22724836
22823479
22940430
23053552
23151564
23206720
23185084
22810035
22788969
22755260
22730622
22680951
22607620
22545925
22502803
22458022
22435205
22408393
21680974
21675775
21574365
21451845
21319673
21193749
20882980
20537848
20367437
20246798
20147657
20121641
20060182
19985814
19908574

8981804
9069012
9130631
9200997
9261698
9315510
9351075
9371316
9447715
9670757
9820125
9945027
10056431
10156420
10243280
10347995
10460119
10564943
10626055
10677731
10777854
10875027
10953637
11029625
11091465
11128723
11165086
11214313
11261467
11319082
11374681
11422472
11449147
11435286
11213763
11200695
11176390
11156807
11123977
11080933
11041414
11012110
10984529
10968854
10949490
10568741
10564327
10511908
10451058
10384483
10320907
10169596
10000515
9916107
9856669
9805108
9788577
9770353
9754851
9735441

9421610
9497920
9550090
9612134
9665383
9711857
9752088
9769467
9837099
10050227
10190053
10307514
10413227
10506228
10584245
10680846
10784984
10880755
10933855
10979838
11076768
11173278
11247750
11323010
11386238
11424351
11459419
11510523
11562012
11621348
11678871
11729092
11757573
11749798
11596272
11588274
11578870
11573815
11556974
11526687
11504511
11490693
11473493
11466351
11458903
11112233
11111448
11062457
11000787
10935190
10872842
10713384
10537333
10451330
10390129
10342549
10333064
10289829
10230963
10173133

48,8
48,8
48,9
48,9
48,9
49,0
49,0
49,0
49,0
49,0
49,1
49,1
49,1
49,2
49,2
49,2
49,2
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,2
49,1
49,1
49,1
49,0
49,0
49,0
48,9
48,9
48,9
48,9
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,6
48,7
48,8
48,9

51,2
51,2
51,1
51,1
51,1
51,0
51,0
51,0
51,0
51,0
50,9
50,9
50,9
50,8
50,8
50,8
50,8
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,8
50,9
50,9
50,9
51,0
51,0
51,0
51,1
51,1
51,1
51,1
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,4
51,3
51,2
51,1

5912011
6029978
6109909
6234043
6317027
6417124
7305714
7343917
7467928
7144994
7316065
7464811
7619873
7776868
7938819
8142938
8339229
8555880
9395729
9517811
9778831
9886137
10171618
10484896
10872275
11054179
11141775
11370092
11540494
11770927
11961847
12311803
12608844
12552407
12391819
12367358
12406204
12427612
12457195
12411174
12404690
12347886
12302729
12244598
12243748
11435080
11456134
11437954
11563797
11732958
11748344
11455494
11102802
10976558
10922169
10878099
10858790
10823218
10770879
10724248

12491403
12536954
12570812
12579088
12610054
12610243
11797449
11796866
11816886
12575990
12694113
12787730
12849785
12885780
12888706
12885903
12905874
12889818
12164181
12139758
12075791
12162168
12029769
11867739
11605428
11498895
11482730
11354744
11282985
11169503
11091705
10839761
10597876
10632677
10418216
10421611
10349056
10303010
10223756
10196446
10141235
10154917
10155293
10190607
10164645
10245894
10219641
10136411
9888048
9586715
9445405
9427486
9435046
9390879
9324629
9269558
9262851
9236964
9214935
9184326

32,1
32,5
32,7
33,1
33,4
33,7
38,2
38,4
38,7
36,2
36,6
36,9
37,2
37,6
38,1
38,7
39,3
39,9
43,6
43,9
44,7
44,8
45,8
46,9
48,4
49,0
49,2
50,0
50,6
51,3
51,9
53,2
54,3
54,1
54,3
54,3
54,5
54,7
54,9
54,9
55,0
54,9
54,8
54,6
54,6
52,7
52,9
53,0
53,9
55,0
55,4
54,9
54,1
53,9
53,9
54,0
54,0
54,0
53,9
53,9

67,9
67,5
67,3
66,9
66,6
66,3
61,8
61,6
61,3
63,8
63,4
63,1
62,8
62,4
61,9
61,3
60,7
60,1
56,4
56,1
55,3
55,2
54,2
53,1
51,6
51,0
50,8
50,0
49,4
48,7
48,1
46,8
45,7
45,9
45,7
45,7
45,5
45,3
45,1
45,1
45,0
45,1
45,2
45,4
45,4
47,3
47,1
47,0
46,1
45,0
44,6
45,1
45,9
46,1
46,1
46,0
46,0
46,0
46,1
46,1

July 1, 1960
July 1, 1961
July 1, 1962
July 1, 1963
July 1, 1964
July 1, 1965
March 15, 19661)
July 1, 1966
July 1, 1967
July 1, 1968
July 1, 1969
July 1, 1970
July 1, 1971
July 1, 1972
July 1, 1973
July 1, 1974
July 1, 1975
July 1, 1976
January 5, 19771)
July 1, 1977
July 1, 1978
July 1, 1979
July 1, 1980
July 1, 1981
July 1, 1982
July 1, 1983
July 1, 1984
July 1, 1985
July 1, 1986
July 1, 1987
July 1, 1988
July 1, 1989
July 1, 1990
July 1, 1991
January 7, 19921)
July 1, 1992
July 1, 1993
July 1, 1994
July 1, 1995
July 1, 1996
July 1, 1997
July 1, 1998
July 1, 1999
July 1, 2000
July 1, 2001
March 18, 20021)
July 1, 2002
July 1, 2003
July 1, 2004
July 1, 2005
July 1, 2006
July 1, 2007
July 1, 2008
July 1, 2009
July 1, 2010
July 1, 2011
October 20, 20111)
July 1, 2012
July 1, 2013
July 1, 2014 2)

Not: Pentru perioada 2002 - 2014, datele se refer la populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the 2002 - 2014 period, the data refer to the usual resident population on July 1st of each year, estimated under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Recensmnt. / Census.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

50

51

2.2

Populaia rezident, pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie


Usual resident population, by age group and sex, on July 1
numr persoane / number of persons

Grupa de vrst (ani)


Age group (years)

2009

2010

Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 i peste / and over

20367437
1052843
1059143
1102014
1140809
1392379
1320958
1538484
1548875
1739241
1109267
1376746
1461400
1238256
903433
917834
739568
465700
260487

20246798
1050794
1055894
1095101
1120135
1379146
1309551
1532749
1541949
1743639
1095164
1359407
1455686
1242119
895502
911493
733994
463746
260729

Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 i peste / and over

9916107
541234
544364
565317
585430
719601
677130
782347
787600
886307
559164
675947
696219
571054
398458
377702
289811
172343
86079

9856669
540074
542746
561842
575017
712566
671150
779479
784693
888075
552672
667406
692860
572734
395034
375118
287367
171555
86281

Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 i peste / and over

10451330
511609
514779
536697
555379
672778
643828
756137
761275
852934
550103
700799
765181
667202
504975
540132
449757
293357
174408

10390129
510720
513148
533259
545118
666580
638401
753270
757256
855564
542492
692001
762826
669385
500468
536375
446627
292191
174448

2012

2013

20141)

20147657
20060182
1042956
1018588
1055782
1058078
1092151
1085580
1106819
1096839
1360947
1312142
1306861
1326630
1522832
1485686
1541082
1553568
1752638
1707996
1079457
1154939
1334917
1280710
1452163
1449331
1249567
1279039
890736
898665
901745
875629
731795
731728
462382
471116
262827
273918
Masculin / Male
9805108
9770353
536087
523552
542449
543426
560491
557071
567566
561769
702584
678614
669556
682333
773778
756058
784240
791589
892223
870740
545626
586293
656122
632334
690852
690403
575759
588739
393016
397278
371166
360758
285947
284786
170603
173494
87043
91116
Feminin / Female
10342549
10289829
506869
495036
513333
514652
531660
528509
539253
535070
658363
633528
637305
644297
749054
729628
756842
761979
860415
837256
533831
568646
678795
648376
761311
758928
673808
690300
497720
501387
530579
514871
445848
446942
291779
297622
175784
182802

19985814
982205
1062299
1072925
1089493
1233468
1368581
1424680
1576764
1605228
1323017
1208770
1443030
1317171
929552
834539
737421
482377
294294

19908574
953914
1068890
1061275
1082648
1153697
1398613
1370638
1579110
1540768
1469187
1147426
1416325
1328416
986568
801896
745795
488597
314811

9754851
504832
545767
550824
557984
640632
709453
728787
804774
821469
675103
601134
689332
606534
411784
344824
285509
177541
98568

9735441
490288
549351
545351
554754
600556
729522
704389
807177
791032
752635
574825
679443
612727
437667
332984
287400
179303
106037

10230963
477373
516532
522101
531509
592836
659128
695893
771990
783759
647914
607636
753698
710637
517768
489715
451912
304836
195726

10173133
463626
519539
515924
527894
553141
669091
666249
771933
749736
716552
572601
736882
715689
548901
468912
458395
309294
208774

2011
Total

Not: Pentru perioada 2009 - 2014, datele se refer la populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note : For the 2009 - 2014 period, the data refer to the usual resident population on July 1st of each year, estimated under the
conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

52

2.3

Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20131)


Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20131)
numr persoane / number of persons

Total

Urban

Rural

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

19985814

10230963

10770879

5618161

9214935

4612802

0-4
0
1
2
3
4

982205
179855
181371
195470
210533
214976

477373
87348
88209
95113
102394
104309

514626
96383
95560
102541
109749
110393

249401
46713
46365
49720
53232
53371

467579
83472
85811
92929
100784
104583

227972
40635
41844
45393
49162
50938

5-9
5
6
7
8
9

1062299
213577
212233
214242
212624
209623

516532
103682
103315
104361
103385
101789

527273
109007
107477
107220
104094
99475

256521
52806
52285
52254
50757
48419

535026
104570
104756
107022
108530
110148

260011
50876
51030
52107
52628
53370

10-14
10
11
12
13
14

1072925
208494
208656
215674
220360
219741

522101
101377
101470
104844
107204
107206

487460
96690
95454
97806
99247
98263

237938
47045
46464
47673
48443
48313

585465
111804
113202
117868
121113
121478

284163
54332
55006
57171
58761
58893

15-19
15
16
17
18
19

1089493
218306
214364
214433
220890
221500

531509
106327
104463
104912
107910
107897

514120
99300
99751
101157
105905
108007

253654
48757
49020
49903
52356
53618

575373
119006
114613
113276
114985
113493

277855
57570
55443
55009
55554
54279

20-24
20
21
22
23
24

1233468
219136
222444
237338
267517
287033

592836
105934
106666
113825
128515
137896

703659
113928
124223
137622
157592
170294

350765
56755
61962
68718
78518
84812

529809
105208
98221
99716
109925
116739

242071
49179
44704
45107
49997
53084

25-29
25
26
27
28
29

1368581
289506
286425
275223
265443
251984

659128
138904
137630
132260
128165
122169

821598
171572
170345
165946
161548
152187

405341
84960
84016
81644
79613
75108

546983
117934
116080
109277
103895
99797

253787
53944
53614
50616
48552
47061

30-34
30
31
32
33
34

1424680
249534
271064
291808
302865
309409

695893
121499
132242
142535
147991
151626

844425
149565
162563
173945
178591
179761

419623
74013
80557
86306
88855
89892

580255
99969
108501
117863
124274
129648

276270
47486
51685
56229
59136
61734

35-39
35
36
37
38
39

1576764
314864
317758
316132
321340
306670

771990
154867
155434
154930
157054
149705

886910
181668
181796
177833
178414
167199

445315
91093
90846
89319
89708
84349

689854
133196
135962
138299
142926
139471

326675
63774
64588
65611
67346
65356

40-44
40
41
42
43
44

1605228
292465
299359
311818
333824
367762

783759
142810
146216
152162
162925
179646

883753
156841
160952
169902
185852
210206

453142
79572
82117
87121
95670
108662

721475
135624
138407
141916
147972
157556

330617
63238
64099
65041
67255
70984

Vrsta (ani)
Age (years)
Total

1) Date definitive. / Final data.

53

2.3

Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20131) - continuare


Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20131) - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Total

Rural

Vrsta (ani)
Age (years)

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

45-49
45
46
47
48
49

1323017
391088
298931
206937
211410
214651

647914
191281
145918
101129
103781
105805

768202
229333
174612
117411
121584
125262

400874
119094
90832
61397
63774
65777

554815
161755
124319
89526
89826
89389

247040
72187
55086
39732
40007
40028

50-54
50
51
52
53
54

1208770
217483
226694
242192
255212
267189

607636
107914
113038
121395
128972
136317

718467
128075
134184
144204
152041
159963

381796
67513
71003
76607
81079
85594

490303
89408
92510
97988
103171
107226

225840
40401
42035
44788
47893
50723

55-59
55
56
57
58
59

1443030
278845
289407
300397
296498
277883

753698
143772
150119
156838
156028
146941

873286
168962
176309
182757
179312
165946

467360
90751
94412
97693
95935
88569

569744
109883
113098
117640
117186
111937

286338
53021
55707
59145
60093
58372

60-64
60
61
62
63
64

1317171
268815
267065
265708
269105
246478

710637
142934
143164
143543
146236
134760

733827
157275
152317
148215
145821
130199

395757
83838
81654
79966
79056
71243

583344
111540
114748
117493
123284
116279

314880
59096
61510
63577
67180
63517

65-69
65
66
67
68
69

929552
210788
200013
180071
169907
168773

517768
115551
110135
100403
95810
95869

457337
108942
99497
87955
81292
79651

256091
59949
55046
49283
46159
45654

472215
101846
100516
92116
88615
89122

261677
55602
55089
51120
49651
50215

70-74
70
71
72
73
74

834539
158885
161878
167037
172974
173765

489715
91061
93714
97702
102635
104603

381712
74862
75211
75778
77698
78163

225449
43370
43788
44452
46315
47524

452827
84023
86667
91259
95276
95602

264266
47691
49926
53250
56320
57079

75-79
75
76
77
78
79

737421
167465
161008
148735
135424
124789

451912
101493
98177
91136
83590
77516

320030
74663
70428
64030
57866
53043

198434
45729
43342
39618
36113
33632

417391
92802
90580
84705
77558
71746

253478
55764
54835
51518
47477
43884

80-84
80
81
82
83
84

482377
119172
109661
95172
84667
73705

304836
74223
68784
60489
54022
47318

205195
50392
46113
40594
36394
31702

132617
32151
29550
26345
23769
20802

277182
68780
63548
54578
48273
42003

172219
42072
39234
34144
30253
26516

85 i peste / and over

294294

195726

128999

88083

165295

107643

1) Date definitive. / Final data.

54

Urban

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

2.4

Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20141)


Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20141)
numr persoane / number of persons

Total

Urban

Rural

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

19908574

10173133

10724248

5587763

9184326

4585370

0-4
0
1
2
3
4

953914
181435
184305
182250
195498
210426

463626
88103
89486
88614
95135
102288

504548
98259
98744
95886
102234
109425

244553
47604
47833
46488
49609
53019

449366
83176
85561
86364
93264
101001

219073
40499
41653
42126
45526
49269

5-9
5
6
7
8
9

1068890
215351
213902
212468
214495
212674

519539
104443
103806
103437
104502
103351

537050
110921
108693
106824
106903
103709

260913
53627
52655
51974
52127
50530

531840
104430
105209
105644
107592
108965

258626
50816
51151
51463
52375
52821

10-14
10
11
12
13
14

1061275
209588
208203
208336
215230
219918

515924
101781
101227
101341
104621
106954

485806
99167
96247
94919
97292
98181

236716
48280
46817
46219
47409
47991

575469
110421
111956
113417
117938
121737

279208
53501
54410
55122
57212
58963

15-19
15
16
17
18
19

1082648
219157
217715
213957
213164
218655

527894
106796
106023
104254
104213
106608

502469
97945
98834
99133
101653
104904

247606
48147
48519
48691
50307
51942

580179
121212
118881
114824
111511
113751

280288
58649
57504
55563
53906
54666

20-24
20
21
22
23
24

1153697
218700
216223
219697
234464
264613

553141
106163
104074
104858
111696
126350

635045
106642
112559
122878
136144
156822

316238
52885
55996
61210
67865
78282

518652
112058
103664
96819
98320
107791

236903
53278
48078
43648
43831
48068

25-29
25
26
27
28
29

1398613
285283
288093
284498
275044
265695

669091
136389
137563
135512
131705
127922

837138
169630
170954
169423
165641
161490

412589
84369
84432
83066
81312
79410

561475
115653
117139
115075
109403
104205

256502
52020
53131
52446
50393
48512

30-34
30
31
32
33
34

1370638
252680
250378
271738
292454
303388

666249
122202
121565
132258
142452
147772

816074
152097
149572
162438
173725
178242

403509
74910
73801
80296
86032
88470

554564
100583
100806
109300
118729
125146

262740
47292
47764
51962
56420
59302

35-39
35
36
37
38
39

1579110
308521
315800
316646
316840
321303

771933
151370
154605
155139
154469
156350

895894
178503
181486
180565
177531
177809

448207
89365
90610
90426
88782
89024

683216
130018
134314
136081
139309
143494

323726
62005
63995
64713
65687
67326

40-44
40
41
42
43
44

1540768
306581
292080
298639
310722
332746

749736
149200
142217
145267
151169
161883

835823
166623
156058
160063
168607
184472

424907
83768
78930
81330
86205
94674

704945
139958
136022
138576
142115
148274

324829
65432
63287
63937
64964
67209

Vrsta (ani)
Age (years)
Total

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

55

2.4

Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20141) - continuare


Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20141) - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Total

Rural

Vrsta (ani)
Age (years)

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

45-49
45
46
47
48
49

1469187
366337
388862
297725
206093
210170

716552
178253
189789
145055
100439
103016

846599
208641
227652
173435
116492
120379

439467
107530
118092
90076
60748
63021

622588
157696
161210
124290
89601
89791

277085
70723
71697
54979
39691
39995

50-54
50
51
52
53
54

1147426
213298
215885
224944
240285
253014

572601
104951
107126
112149
120468
127907

675752
123957
126621
132620
142502
150052

357794
65007
66741
70165
75767
80114

471674
89341
89264
92324
97783
102962

214807
39944
40385
41984
44701
47793

55-59
55
56
57
58
59

1416325
264422
275937
286270
296867
292829

736882
135165
142639
148932
155480
154666

854971
157743
166711
173818
180228
176471

459125
84596
89725
93358
96646
94800

561354
106679
109226
112452
116639
116358

277757
50569
52914
55574
58834
59866

60-64
60
61
62
63
64

1328416
274214
265146
263238
261306
264512

715689
145572
141598
141892
142034
144593

756039
163242
154756
149627
145411
143003

408177
87496
82883
80706
78977
78115

572377
110972
110390
113611
115895
121509

307512
58076
58715
61186
63057
66478

65-69
65
66
67
68
69

986568
242276
206757
195909
175969
165657

548901
133302
114060
108569
98813
94157

496980
127871
106754
97378
85824
79153

277543
70427
59128
54217
48472
45299

489588
114405
100003
98531
90145
86504

271358
62875
54932
54352
50341
48858

70-74
70
71
72
73
74

801896
164248
154109
156591
160882
166066

468912
94049
89040
91439
94929
99455

370297
77495
72561
72703
72981
74557

218002
44777
42404
42728
43211
44882

431599
86753
81548
83888
87901
91509

250910
49272
46636
48711
51718
54573

75-79
75
76
77
78
79

745795
166393
159526
152686
140386
126804

458395
101097
97611
93916
86809
78962

327670
74916
71176
66806
60546
54226

203529
45997
44028
41503
37831
34170

418125
91477
88350
85880
79840
72578

254866
55100
53583
52413
48978
44792

80-84
80
81
82
83
84

488597
115885
110101
100420
86232
75959

309294
72622
69081
63499
55257
48835

208032
49358
46663
42345
36897
32769

134769
31589
30029
27378
24167
21606

280565
66527
63438
58075
49335
43190

174525
41033
39052
36121
31090
27229

85 i peste / and over

314811

208774

138061

94119

176750

114655

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

56

Urban

2.5

Populaia dup domiciliu pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20151)


Permanent resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20151)
numr persoane / number of persons

Total

Urban

Rural

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

22242738

11385244

12549340

6551125

9693398

4834119

0-4
0
1
2
3
4

1007290
181588
199165
203196
209531
213810

489719
88270
96938
98519
101722
104270

543978
98607
107685
109530
112057
116099

264114
47816
52327
53167
54295
56509

463312
82981
91480
93666
97474
97711

225605
40454
44611
45352
47427
47761

5-9
5
6
7
8
9

1149171
229963
232247
229480
227465
230016

558329
111467
112573
111769
110729
111791

615076
125022
125065
122706
120600
121683

298211
60380
60352
59768
58625
59086

534095
104941
107182
106774
106865
108333

260118
51087
52221
52001
52104
52705

10-14
10
11
12
13
14

1124802
228723
224148
222105
220262
229564

546719
111310
108706
108266
106604
111833

555366
118750
112167
108611
106194
109644

270284
57847
54474
53022
51418
53523

569436
109973
111981
113494
114068
119920

276435
53463
54232
55244
55186
58310

15-19
15
16
17
18
19

1152902
233308
232589
233495
223621
229889

562301
113513
113660
113794
109270
112064

548155
110022
109376
110091
107470
111196

268487
53596
53579
53844
52889
54579

604747
123286
123213
123404
116151
118693

293814
59917
60081
59950
56381
57485

20-24
20
21
22
23
24

1252272
229996
246179
244921
265852
265324

611328
112171
120150
119584
129991
129432

641625
111185
121303
123970
139635
145532

318936
54950
59993
61572
69594
72827

610647
118811
124876
120951
126217
119792

292392
57221
60157
58012
60397
56605

25-29
25
26
27
28
29

1778462
351112
352974
363887
376872
333617

871350
172132
173769
177756
184831
162862

1045104
199547
204647
214971
222394
203545

526835
100721
103482
108131
112483
102018

733358
151565
148327
148916
154478
130072

344515
71411
70287
69625
72348
60844

30-34
30
31
32
33
34

1680289
349007
315978
306796
342668
365840

820354
170504
153983
149944
167297
178626

1032797
215293
193406
187891
211206
225001

516674
107828
96649
94154
105520
112523

647492
133714
122572
118905
131462
140839

303680
62676
57334
55790
61777
66103

35-39
35
36
37
38
39

1906835
374935
383616
382786
387390
378108

931828
183162
187617
187370
189337
184342

1142087
229347
231625
229339
231132
220644

572080
114661
116078
115030
115769
110542

764748
145588
151991
153447
156258
157464

359748
68501
71539
72340
73568
73800

40-44
40
41
42
43
44

1789050
383763
359491
338687
349237
357872

877555
187550
175550
166008
171682
176765

1010998
221759
204254
187353
195658
201974

515564
111634
103220
95355
100469
104886

778052
162004
155237
151334
153579
155898

361991
75916
72330
70653
71213
71879

Vrsta (ani)
Age (years)

Total

1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

57

2.5

Populaia dup domiciliu pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 20151) - continuare


Permanent resident population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 20151) - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Total

Rural

Vrsta (ani)
Age (years)

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

45-49
45
46
47
48
49

1832292
385671
418975
524709
269692
233245

909838
190956
207502
261861
133607
115912

1089753
221993
249044
323626
157411
137679

573247
115883
130137
170780
83280
73167

742539
163678
169931
201083
112281
95566

336591
75073
77365
91081
50327
42745

50-54
50
51
52
53
54

1244386
240140
242975
240776
252735
267760

628685
120540
121922
121831
128100
136292

764263
143844
148149
148729
156628
166913

411163
77252
79150
80014
84431
90316

480123
96296
94826
92047
96107
100847

217522
43288
42772
41817
43669
45976

55-59
55
56
57
58
59

1479326
273859
289299
302823
304866
308479

770167
140236
149612
157906
159920
162493

944712
171770
182403
194525
196499
199515

512535
92857
99090
106115
106572
107901

534614
102089
106896
108298
108367
108964

257632
47379
50522
51791
53348
54592

60-64
60
61
62
63
64

1396521
319313
271749
278024
264616
262819

749316
169442
145012
149044
142711
143107

873751
205340
173576
174435
162372
158028

470776
110705
93706
93576
87259
85530

522770
113973
98173
103589
102244
104791

278540
58737
51306
55468
55452
57577

65-69
65
66
67
68
69

1079609
265783
250860
197538
191338
174090

599494
146141
138756
109473
106818
98306

606759
156403
143783
111562
103435
91576

334553
85412
78898
61477
57459
51307

472850
109380
107077
85976
87903
82514

264941
60729
59858
47996
49359
46999

70-74
70
71
72
73
74

777093
158888
165501
152767
157895
142042

453070
91064
95476
88788
93091
84651

392814
82376
84272
77284
79127
69755

227811
47164
48395
44803
46254
41195

384279
76512
81229
75483
78768
72287

225259
43900
47081
43985
46837
43456

75-79
75
76
77
78
79

758175
167497
160291
152606
144382
133399

466656
101335
98388
94078
89534
83321

359058
80226
77577
72783
67291
61181

220466
48224
47593
44653
41816
38180

399117
87271
82714
79823
77091
72218

246190
53111
50795
49425
47718
45141

80-84
80
81
82
83
84

498310
119359
108576
99801
91526
79048

316416
75030
68595
63197
58354
51240

225115
53947
49297
44852
41079
35940

143847
33794
31425
28821
26383
23424

273195
65412
59279
54949
50447
43108

172569
41236
37170
34376
31971
27816

85 i peste / and over

335953

222119

157929

105542

178024

116577

1) Date provizoriI. / Provisional data.

58

Urban

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 20151)


Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 20151)

2.6

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns
ALBA

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number
381538

2)

Alba Iulia
Aiud 2)
Blaj 2)
Sebe 2)
Abrud
Baia de Arie
Cmpeni
Cugir
Ocna Mure
Teiu
Zlatna

74045
26358
20993
32500
5522
4102
7683
26865
14671
7500
8019

ARAD

474341

2)

Arad
Chiineu-Cri
Curtici
Ineu
Lipova
Ndlac
Pncota
Pecica
Sntana
Sebi

179230
8459
8662
9608
11428
8026
8142
14087
15603
6477

ARGE

647264

2)

Piteti
Cmpulung 2)
Curtea de Arge
Costeti
Mioveni
tefneti
Topoloveni
BACU
2)

2)

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns
BISTRIA-NSUD
2)

Bistria
Beclean
Nsud
Sngeorz-Bi

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number
329076
92977
12260
11827
11624

BOTOANI

456941

Botoani 2)
2)

Dorohoi
Bucecea
Drbani
Flmnzi
Sveni
tefneti

122471
31415
5411
12724
11955
8123
5881

BRAOV

630126

Braov 2)
Codlea 2)
Fgra 2)
2)
Scele
Ghimbav
Predeal
Rnov
Rupea
Victoria
Zrneti

290771
26121
40197
35899
5967
5221
17527
6179
8857
26677

BRILA

357752

176965
37098
33510
10653
34562
15123
9460

2)

Brila
Furei
Ianca
nsurei

211688
4132
11105
7130

747031

BUZU

480552

Bacu
Moineti 2)
Oneti 2)
Buhui
Comneti
Drmneti
Slnic-Moldova
Trgu Ocna

196638
24761
52835
20871
24073
14775
5169
13161

BIHOR

619441

Oradea 2)
Beiu 2)
Marghita 2)
Salonta 2)
Aled
Nucet
Scueni
tei
Valea lui Mihai
Vacu

222923
11501
18272
19468
11295
2152
12677
7468
11056
2473

2)

Buzu
Rmnicu Srat
Nehoiu
Ptrlagele
Pogoanele

2)

CARA-SEVERIN
2)

Reia
Caransebe 2)
Anina
Bile Herculane
Boca
Moldova Nou
Oravia
Oelu Rou

136140
40986
11256
7785
7596
329286
89009
30581
9351
5204
19116
13626
13424
12717

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

59

Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor,


la 1 iulie 20151) - continuare
Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns,
on July 1, 2015 1)- continued

2.6

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns
CLRAI

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns

318097

GALAI

632452

77762
28384
7710
6783
6716

Galai 2)
Tecuci 2)
Bereti
Trgu Bujor

304761
45703
3438
7437

721136

GIURGIU

277239

Cluj-Napoca
Cmpia Turzii
Dej 2)
Gherla 2)
Turda 2)
Huedin

322075
28338
39076
23237
57496
9614

2)

69380
13659
7582

CONSTANA

769666

Constana 2)
Mangalia 2)
Medgidia 2)
Bneasa
Cernavod
Eforie
Hrova
Murfatlar (Basarabi)
Nvodari
Negru Vod
Ovidiu
Techirghiol

318233
42372
46203
5820
19470
10999
11279
11649
41463
5785
15586
8051

COVASNA

228970

Clrai 2)
2)

Oltenia
Budeti
Fundulea
Lehliu Gar
CLUJ
2)
2)

Gheorghe 2)
2)

Sfntu
Trgu Secuiesc
Baraolt
Covasna
ntorsura Buzului
DMBOVIA
Trgovite
Moreni 2)
Fieni
Geti
Pucioasa
Rcari
Titu

2)

65174
20334
9393
11350
9356
529068
93855
20630
7701
15380
15447
6519
10391

DOLJ

701461

Craiova 2)
Bileti 2)
Calafat 2)
Bechet
Dbuleni
Filiai
Segarcea

306115
20010
18583
4371
12235
18494
8013

Giurgiu
Bolintin-Vale
Mihileti
GORJ

367262
2)

97039
23086
10139
5761
13714
8720
8156
4836
7139

Trgu Jiu
Motru 2)
Bumbeti-Jiu
Novaci
Rovinari
Trgu Crbuneti
Tismana
Turceni
icleni
HARGHITA

333921
2)

Miercurea Ciuc
Gheorgheni 2)
Odorheiu Secuiesc
Toplia 2)
Bile Tunad
Blan
Borsec
Cristuru Secuiesc
Vlhia
HUNEDOARA
Deva 2)
Brad 2)
Hunedoara
Lupeni 2)
Ortie 2)
Petroani 2)
Vulcan 2)
Aninoasa
Clan
Geoagiu
Haeg
Petrila
Simeria
Uricani

2)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

60

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

2)

42224
20084
38638
16082
1677
7982
2767
10798
7632
471613
70660
16017
74363
27307
22677
43452
29076
4756
13356
5664
10939
25229
14001
9898

Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor,


la 1 iulie 20151) - continuare
Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns,
on July 1, 2015 1)- continued

2.6

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

IALOMIA

294410

2)

Slobozia
Feteti 2)
Urziceni 2)
Amara
Czneti
Fierbini - Trg
ndrei

53229
35604
17592
8019
3562
4648
16835

IAI

912774

2)

Iai
Pacani 2)
Hrlu
Trgu Frumos
Podul Iloaiei

359270
43522
12445
14547
10991

ILFOV

383219
16381
22001
14867
10203
14766
26413
26107
40116

Bragadiru
Buftea
Chitila
Mgurele
Otopeni
Pantelimon
Popeti-Leordeni
Voluntari
MARAMURE
Baia Mare 2)
Sighetu Marmaiei
Baia Sprie
Bora
Cavnic
Dragomireti
Slitea de Sus
Seini
Somcua Mare
Tuii-Mgheru
Trgu Lpu
Ulmeni
Vieu de Sus

525846
147954
44145
17055
29818
5270
3261
5133
9568
8005
7991
13226
7533
18205

2)

MEHEDINI
Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Orova 2)
Baia de Aram
Strehaia
Vnju Mare

287763
2)

110098
13006
5636
11449
5904

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns
MURE

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number
596137

2)

Trgu Mure
Reghin 2)
Sighioara 2)
Trnveni 2)
Iernut
Ludu
Miercurea Nirajului
Sarmau
Sngeorgiu de Pdure
Sovata
Ungheni

150605
38276
34313
26552
9780
17606
6109
7199
5481
10556
7511

NEAM

578295

Piatra Neam 2)
Roman 2)
Bicaz
Roznov
Trgu Neam

115810
70916
8662
10297
22044

OLT

452095

Slatina 2)
Caracal 2)
Bal
Corabia
Drgneti-Olt
Piatra-Olt
Potcoava
Scorniceti

84788
35456
21266
18378
12073
6589
5854
12098

PRAHOVA

810974

Ploieti 2)
Cmpina 2)
Azuga
Bicoi
Boldeti-Sceni
Breaza
Buteni
Comarnic
Mizil
Plopeni
Sinaia
Slnic
Urlai
Vlenii de Munte

234180
37767
4883
19161
11598
16802
9950
12520
16556
9108
11622
5996
11641
13603

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

61

Populaia dup domiciliu a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor,


la 1 iulie 20151) - continuare
Permanent resident population of counties, municipalities and towns,
on July 1, 20151) - continued

2.6

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

SATU MARE

390907

2)

Satu Mare
Carei 2)
Ardud
Livada
Negreti-Oa
Tnad

122842
24660
7433
7326
16892
9545

SLAJ

247782

2)

69795
7773
11985
17419

Zalu
Cehu Silvaniei
Jibou
imleu Silvaniei
SIBIU

463561

Sibiu 2)
Media 2)
Agnita
Avrig
Cisndie
Copa Mic
Dumbrveni
Miercurea Sibiului
Ocna Sibiului
Slite
Tlmaciu

169706
58766
12114
15687
19080
6084
8689
4813
4338
5954
8134

SUCEAVA

742053

Suceava 2)
Cmpulung Moldovenesc
Flticeni 2)
Rdui 2)
Vatra Dornei 2)
Broteni
Cajvana
Dolhasca
Frasin
Gura Humorului
Liteni
Miliui
Salcea
Siret
Solca
Vicovu de Sus

116081
20207
31595
33026
17290
6507
9340
11429
6634
17084
10329
5443
10417
9700
2624
16053

TELEORMAN
2)

Alexandria
Roiori de Vede 2)
Turnu Mgurele 2)
Videle
Zimnicea

2)

391688
52259
32752
30176
11820
15539

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns
TIMI

741186
2)

Timioara
Lugoj 2)
Buzia
Ciacova
Deta
Fget
Gtaia
Jimbolia
Reca
Snnicolau Mare

333162
47741
8347
5388
7614
7598
6447
13595
9473
14654

TULCEA

245174

Tulcea 2)
Babadag
Isaccea
Mcin
Sulina

90071
10686
5337
11157
4128

VASLUI

478513

Vaslui 2)
Brlad 2)
Hui 2)
Murgeni
Negreti

94711
73159
30528
8255
10427

VLCEA

403958

Rmnicu Vlcea
Drgani 2)
Bbeni
Bile Govora
Bile Olneti
Blceti
Berbeti
Brezoi
Climneti
Horezu
Ocnele Mari

2)

118890
21047
9421
2871
4575
5233
5589
7235
8873
7043
3520

VRANCEA

391651

Focani 2)
Adjud 2)
Mreti
Odobeti
Panciu

94757
20467
13431
9619
9321

Bucureti 2)
Bucharest 2)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

62

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

2100519

2.7

Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 20151)


Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 20151)

Grupe de judee, municipii,


orae i comune,
dup numrul locuitorilor
Groups of counties,
municipalities, towns
and communes,
by inhabitants number

Numrul judeelor, municipiilor,


oraelor i comunelor
Number of counties, municipalities,
towns and communes
n procente
Date absolute
fa de total
Absolute data
Percentage of total

Numrul locuitorilor
Inhabitants number

Date absolute
Absolute data

n procente
fa de total
Percentage of total

Judee2) / Counties 2)
Total

42

100,0

22242738

100,0

Sub / under 300000


300000 - 399999
400000 - 499999
500000 - 599999
600000 - 699999
700000 - 799999
800000 i peste / and over

6
11
8
4
4
6
3

14,3
26,2
19,0
9,5
9,5
14,3
7,2

1581338
3974397
3681574
2229346
2529283
4422533
3824267

7,1
17,9
16,5
10,0
11,4
19,9
17,2

100,0

12549340

100,0

1,9
4,7
30,0
29,6
19,4
6,9
4,1
3,1
0,3

14564
63363
714985
1315666
1916589
1657046
1863430
2903178
2100519

0,1
0,5
5,7
10,5
15,3
13,3
14,8
23,1
16,7

100,0

9693398

100,0

3,3
21,1
58,6
15,6
1,4

70479
940911
5343677
2852577
485754

0,7
9,7
55,2
29,4
5,0

Municipii i orae / Municipalities and towns


Total
Sub / under 3000
3000 - 4999
5000 - 9999
10000 - 19999
20000 - 49999
50000 - 99999
100000 - 199999
200000 - 999999
1000000 i peste / and over

320

3)

6
15
96
95
62
22
13
10
1
Comune / Communes

Total

2861

Sub / under 1000


1000 - 1999
2000 - 4999
5000 - 9999
10000 i peste / and over

94
605
1676
445
41

3)

Not: Numrul locuitorilor, conform definiiei populaiei dup domiciliu. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pag. 40).
Note: The number of inhabitants, according to the permanent resident population definition. (See the Methodological notes - page 40).
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
2) Inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti. / Including Bucharest Municipality.
3) Conform organizrii administrative a teritoriului existent la 1 iulie 2015.
According to administrative territorial organization existing on July 1, 2015.

63

2.8

Micarea natural a populaiei


Vital statistics
Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number)

Anii

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013 2)
2014

Nscui-vii
Live-births

352241
324859
301985
294886
287383
278362
273678
527764
526091
465764
427034
400146
389153
378696
427732
418185
417353
423958
416598
410603
398904
381101
344369
321498
350741
358797
376896
383199
380043
369544
314746
275275
260393
249994
246736
236640
231348
236891
237297
234600
234521
220368
210529
212459
216261
221020
219483
214728
221900
222388
212199
196242
180714
182313
1837853)

Decese
Deaths

160720
161936
172429
155767
152476
163393
157445
179129
188509
201225
193255
194306
189793
203559
191286
197538
204873
208685
211846
217509
231876
224635
224120
233892
233699
246670
242330
254286
253370
247306
247086
251760
263855
263323
266101
271672
286158
279315
269166
265194
255820
259603
269666
266575
258890
262101
258094
251965
253202
257213
259723
251439
253716
246967
2533073)

Sporul
natural
Natural
increase
191521
162923
129556
139119
134907
114969
116233
348635
337582
264539
233779
205840
199360
175137
236446
220647
212480
215273
204752
193094
167028
156466
120249
87606
117042
112127
134566
128913
126673
122238
67660
23515
-3462
-13329
-19365
-35032
-54810
-42424
-31869
-30594
-21299
-39235
-59137
-54116
-42629
-41081
-38611
-37237
-31302
-34825
-47524
-55197
-73002
-64654
-695223)

Cstorii
Marriages

197654
180465
184676
174931
169520
164229
171243
154105
146988
140011
145531
150215
157142
170130
175496
188139
195874
199794
201103
198139
182671
182973
174448
163826
164110
161094
167254
168079
172527
177943
192652
183388
174593
161595
154221
153943
150388
147105
145303
140014
135808
129930
129018
133953
143304
141832
146637
189240
149439
134275
115778
105599
107760
107507
118075

Divoruri
Divorces

36947
33373
38095
36129
35145
36914
25804
481)
4023
6991
7865
9570
11254
14472
17951
34479
35945
25726
33190
35855
34130
33635
33164
34534
32853
32587
34562
34110
36775
36008
32966
37031
29290
31193
39663
34906
35586
34752
39985
34408
30725
31135
31790
33073
35225
33193
32672
36308
35685
32341
32632
35780
31324
28507
27188

Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)


Nscui
mori
Stillborn
children
5690
5251
4812
4601
4367
4048
4072
9644
8625
6984
5728
4822
4288
4194
4801
4288
4186
4144
3919
3754
3518
3257
2904
2605
2988
2824
3053
3053
2926
2821
2231
1910
1700
1582
1623
1472
1428
1483
1514
1459
1393
1282
1319
1290
1314
1262
1143
1009
993
969
856
811
779
771
781

Decese la o
vrst sub
1 an
Infant
deaths
26680
23190
18196
16270
13975
12264
12746
24590
31317
25584
21110
16964
15566
14444
14958
14498
13089
13207
12610
12995
11691
10886
9653
7676
8211
9191
8746
11077
9643
9940
8471
6258
6080
5822
5894
5027
5158
5209
4868
4360
4370
4057
3648
3546
3641
3310
3052
2574
2434
2250
2078
1850
1806
1677
16223)

Not: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2014, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n
strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii sau decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence at July 1stindicator.
For the 2012-2014 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births from abroad. The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those
happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Au fost modificate unele dispoziii legale referitoare la divor (n octombrie 1966). / Some legal acts referring to divorces were modified
(in October 1966).
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data against thouse previously published.
3) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

64

Nscui- vii
Live-births

19,1
17,5
16,2
15,7
15,2
14,6
14,3
27,4
26,7
23,3
21,1
19,5
18,8
18,2
20,3
19,7
19,5
19,6
19,1
18,6
18,0
17,0
15,3
14,3
15,5
15,8
16,5
16,7
16,5
16,0
13,6
11,9
11,3
10,8
10,7
10,3
10,1
10,3
10,4
10,3
10,3
9,7
9,3
9,4
9,5
9,8
9,7
9,5
9,8
9,9
9,4
8,7
9,0
9,1
9,24)

Decese
Deaths

Sporul
natural
Natural
increase

8,7
8,7
9,2
8,3
8,1
8,6
8,2
9,3
9,6
10,1
9,5
9,5
9,2
9,8
9,1
9,3
9,6
9,6
9,7
9,9
10,4
10,0
10,0
10,4
10,3
10,9
10,6
11,1
11,0
10,7
10,6
10,9
11,4
11,4
11,5
11,8
12,5
12,2
11,8
11,6
11,2
11,4
11,9
11,7
11,4
11,6
11,4
11,2
11,2
11,4
11,5
11,2
12,6
12,4
12,74)

10,4
8,8
7,0
7,4
7,1
6,0
6,1
18,1
17,1
13,2
11,6
10,0
9,6
8,4
11,2
10,4
9,9
10,0
9,4
8,7
7,6
7,0
5,3
3,9
5,2
4,9
5,9
5,6
5,5
5,3
3,0
1,0
-0,1
-0,6
-0,8
-1,5
-2,4
-1,9
-1,4
-1,3
-0,9
-1,7
-2,6
-2,3
-1,9
-1,8
-1,7
-1,7
-1,4
-1,5
-2,1
-2,5
-3,6
-3,3
-3,54)

Cstorii
Marriages

10,7
9,7
9,9
9,3
9,0
8,6
8,9
8,0
7,5
7,0
7,2
7,3
7,6
8,2
8,3
8,9
9,1
9,2
9,2
9,0
8,2
8,2
7,8
7,3
7,3
7,1
7,3
7,3
7,5
7,7
8,3
7,9
7,5
7,0
6,7
6,7
6,5
6,4
6,4
6,1
6,0
5,7
5,7
5,9
6,3
6,3
6,5
8,4
6,6
6,0
5,1
4,7
4,8
4,8
5,35)

Nscui-mori

Decese la

la 1000 nscui
Divoruri
(vii+mori)
Divorces
Stillborn
children per 1000
births (live-births
and stillborn)

o vrst sub
1 an la 1000
nscui-vii
Infant deaths
per 1000
live-births

2,01
1,80
2,04
1,92
1,86
1,94
1,35
*)
0,20
0,35
0,39
0,47
0,54
0,69
0,85
1,62
1,68
1,19
1,52
1,63
1,54
1,50
1,48
1,53
1,45
1,43
1,51
1,49
1,60
1,56
1,42
1,60
1,27
1,35
1,72
1,52
1,55
1,52
1,75
1,51
1,35
1,37
1,40
1,46
1,55
1,47
1,45
1,61
1,58
1,44
1,45
1,59
1,40
1,27
1,225)

15,9
15,9
15,7
15,4
15,0
14,3
14,7
17,9
16,1
14,8
13,2
11,9
10,9
11,0
11,1
10,1
9,9
9,7
9,3
9,1
8,7
8,5
8,4
8,0
8,4
7,8
8,0
7,9
7,6
7,6
7,0
6,9
6,5
6,3
6,5
6,2
6,1
6,2
6,3
6,2
5,9
5,8
6,2
6,0
6,0
5,7
5,2
4,7
4,5
4,3
4,0
4,1
4,3
4,2
4,23)

74,6
69,4
58,8
55,2
48,6
44,1
46,6
46,6
59,5
54,9
49,4
42,4
40,0
38,1
35,0
34,7
31,4
31,2
30,3
31,6
29,3
28,6
28,0
23,9
23,4
25,6
23,2
28,9
25,4
26,9
26,9
22,7
23,3
23,3
23,9
21,2
22,3
22,0
20,5
18,6
18,6
18,4
17,3
16,7
16,8
15,0
13,9
12,0
11,0
10,1
9,8
9,4
10,0
9,2
8,83)

Years

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013 2)
2014

4) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

5) Date definitive, calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2014. / Definitive data calculated based on the permanent resident
population, on July 1, 2014.

65

2.9

Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii


Vital statistics, by area
Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number)

Anii

Nscui-vii
Live-births

Decese
Deaths

Sporul
natural
Natural
increase

Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)

Cstorii
Marriages

Divoruri
Divorces

Nscui
mori
Stillborn
children

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
20131)
2014

156950
135417
124016
117298
114422
109722
108226
110009
110186
108542
108254
102432
98190
100915
111348
117780
119477
116367
121518
121864
117851
106667
96201
98351
998952)

99331
101460
106784
107482
108771
112205
116450
115997
112733
111159
108436
110063
113225
112283
114316
116809
116384
114562
114352
116168
117632
114648
116369
114091
1170632)

57619
33957
17232
9816
5651
-2483
-8224
-5988
-2547
-2617
-182
-7631
-15035
-11368
-2968
971
3093
1805
7166
5696
219
-7981
-20168
-15740
-171682)

110382
101993
92663
85505
82263
83381
84864
82522
82912
81015
79128
77231
76547
81483
90179
92651
96605
104445
96963
86363
74787
67962
68821
68985
76833

25553
28098
22443
23629
29767
26023
26389
25044
28702
25035
22486
22362
22675
23542
25134
23709
23338
26066
24806
22308
22144
25152
21790
19594
18692

1217
974
830
747
768
693
691
689
714
670
612
567
602
569
633
589
538
498
468
474
420
363
348
325
372

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
20131)
2014

157796
139858
136377
132696
132314
126918
123122
126882
127111
126058
126267
117936
112339
111544
104913
103240
100006
98361
100382
100524
94348
89575
84513
83962
838902)

147755
150300
157071
155841
157330
159467
169708
163318
156433
154035
147384
149540
156441
154292
144574
145292
141710
137403
138850
141045
142091
136791
137347
132876
1362442)

10041
-10442
-20694
-23145
-25016
-32549
-46586
-36436
-29322
-27977
-21117
-31604
-44102
-42748
-39661
-42052
-41704
-39042
-38468
-40521
-47743
-47216
-52834
-48914
-523542)

82270
81395
81930
76090
71958
70562
65524
64583
62391
58999
56680
52699
52471
52470
53125
49181
50032
84795
52476
47912
40991
37637
38939
38522
41242

7413
8933
6847
7564
9896
8883
9197
9708
11283
9373
8239
8773
9115
9531
10091
9484
9334
10242
10879
10033
10488
10628
9534
8913
8496

1014
936
870
835
855
779
737
794
800
789
781
715
717
721
681
673
605
511
525
495
436
448
431
446
409

Decese la o
vrst sub
1 an
Infant
deaths
URBAN
3778
2654
2575
2315
2295
1996
2006
2036
1907
1650
1744
1594
1426
1381
1555
1458
1341
1186
1030
982
913
797
714
738
6462)
RURAL
4693
3604
3505
3507
3599
3031
3152
3173
2961
2710
2626
2463
2222
2165
2086
1852
1711
1388
1404
1268
1165
1053
1092
939
9762)

Nota: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Pentru perioada 2012-2014, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n
strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii sau decedaii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence at July 1st indicator.
For the 2012-2014 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births from abroad. The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those
happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
Beginning with 2014, only the live-births and deaths having their usual residence in Romania were considered.
1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data against thouse previously published.
2) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

66

Nscui- vii
Live-births

URBAN
12,9
11,0
9,9
9,3
9,1
8,7
8,6
8,7
8,7
8,6
8,6
7,9
7,8
8,1
8,6
9,2
9,3
9,1
9,5
9,5
9,2
8,4
8,9
9,1
9,33)
RURAL
14,3
12,9
12,9
12,6
12,7
12,2
11,9
12,3
12,4
12,3
12,3
12,0
11,0
11,0
10,7
10,5
10,3
10,1
10,3
10,3
9,7
9,2
9,1
9,1
9,13)

Decese
Deaths

Sporul
natural
Natural
increase

Cstorii
Marriages

Nscui-mori
la 1000 nscui
Divoruri
(vii+mori)
Divorces
Stillborn
children per 1000
births (live-births
and stillborn)

Decese la
o vrst sub
1 an la 1000
nscui-vii
Infant deaths
per 1000
live-births

Years

8,2
8,2
8,5
8,5
8,6
8,9
9,2
9,2
8,9
8,8
8,6
8,5
9,0
9,0
8,9
9,1
9,1
8,9
8,9
9,1
9,2
9,0
10,8
10,6
10,93)

4,7
2,8
1,4
0,8
0,5
-0,2
-0,6
-0,5
-0,2
-0,2
-0,6
-1,2
-0,9
-0,3
0,1
0,2
0,2
0,6
0,4
-0,6
-1,9
-1,5
-1,63)

9,1
8,3
7,4
6,8
6,5
6,6
6,7
6,5
6,6
6,4
6,3
5,9
6,1
6,5
7,0
7,2
7,5
8,1
7,6
6,8
5,9
5,3
5,4
5,5
6,14)

2,10
2,27
1,79
1,88
2,36
2,05
2,09
1,98
2,28
1,99
1,79
1,72
1,81
1,88
1,95
1,85
1,82
2,03
1,94
1,75
1,74
1,98
1,72
1,55
1,494)

7,7
7,1
6,6
6,3
6,7
6,3
6,3
6,2
6,4
6,1
5,6
5,5
6,1
5,6
5,7
5,0
4,5
4,3
3,8
3,9
3,6
3,4
3,6
3,3
3,72)

24,1
19,6
20,8
19,7
20,1
18,2
18,5
18,5
17,3
15,2
16,1
15,6
14,5
13,7
14,0
12,4
11,2
10,2
8,5
8,1
7,7
7,5
7,4
7,5
6,52)

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
20131)
2014

13,4
13,9
14,8
14,8
15,1
15,4
16,4
15,9
15,2
15,0
14,4
15,3
15,3
15,2
14,8
14,8
14,5
14,1
14,2
14,5
14,6
14,1
14,9
14,4
14,83)

0,9
-1,0
-1,0
-2,2
-2,4
-3,2
-4,5
-3,6
-2,8
-2,7
-2,1
-3,3
-4,3
-4,2
-4,1
-4,3
-4,2
-4,0
-3,9
-4,2
-4,9
-4,9
-5,8
-5,3
-5,73)

7,5
7,5
7,7
7,2
6,9
6,8
6,3
6,3
6,1
5,8
5,5
5,4
5,1
5,2
5,4
5,0
5,1
8,7
5,4
4,9
4,2
3,9
4,0
4,0
4,24)

0,67
0,82
0,65
0,72
0,95
0,86
0,89
0,94
1,10
0,91
0,80
0,90
0,89
0,94
1,03
0,97
0,96
1,05
1,11
1,03
1,08
1,09
0,98
0,92
0,874)

6,4
6,6
6,3
6,3
6,4
6,1
6,0
6,2
6,3
6,2
6,1
6,0
6,3
6,4
6,4
6,5
6,0
5,2
5,2
4,9
4,6
5,0
5,1
5,3
4,92)

29,7
25,8
25,7
26,4
27,2
23,9
25,6
25,0
23,3
21,5
20,8
20,9
19,8
19,4
19,9
17,9
17,1
14,1
14,0
12,6
12,3
11,8
12,9
11,2
11,62)

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
20131)
2014

3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.


4) Date definitive, calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie 2014. / Definitive data calculated based on the permanent resident

population, on July 1, 2014.

67

2.10

Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor


Live-births by age group of parents
Grupa de vrst a tatlui (ani)

Grupa de vrst a mamei

Total

15-19

20-24

25-29

Age group of father (years)


30-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

(ani)
2009
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
2010
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
2011
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
20121)
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
2013 1);2)
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
20143);4)
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste

50 i peste

Nedeclarat

and over

Not stated

222388
758
25456
56985
65684
51371
18262
3746
126
-

4242
273
3153
725
76
12
3
-

27414
185
10336
13839
2478
484
84
8
-

58839
38
4987
23501
24164
5443
642
63
1
-

68253
9
1812
11480
27522
24018
3102
303
7
-

32299
1
378
2320
6999
14615
7298
679
9
-

12112
1
102
545
1589
3937
4575
1345
18
-

3115
19
118
311
787
1129
711
40
-

1573
1
12
96
178
386
503
362
35
-

14541
250
4657
4361
2367
1689
926
275
16
-

212199
733
21775
52649
62843
51069
19051
3965
111
3

3347
237
2481
557
52
15
5
-

25165
179
9158
12948
2327
453
82
18
-

53239
40
4115
20946
22425
5045
578
90
-

66337
9
1367
10787
26629
24007
3261
273
4
-

33278
5
381
2518
7172
14740
7791
664
6
1

12675
1
100
600
1530
4026
4848
1549
20
1

3069
2
19
119
294
752
1074
769
39
1

1536
12
93
158
386
501
351
35
-

13553
260
4142
4081
2256
1645
911
251
7
-

196242
748
20150
48171
56343
47715
19171
3803
134
7

3065
264
2279
452
50
12
6
1
1
-

22763
175
8375
11607
2073
441
83
9
-

47079
38
3630
18910
19515
4360
567
56
3
-

60405
8
1257
10013
23680
21983
3226
230
8
-

32259
7
386
2465
6813
14217
7741
621
9
-

12566
1
84
496
1467
3929
5074
1501
14
-

2837
16
92
260
677
1033
712
45
2

1524
1
11
64
138
345
526
390
47
2

13744
254
4112
4072
2347
1751
915
283
7
3

180714
746
18205
42103
52591
44005
19102
3820
136
6

2592
231
1978
351
24
5
1
1
1
-

19670
209
7363
9763
1918
350
62
5
-

43208
43
3611
17079
18365
3600
463
45
1
1

54721
14
1108
8367
21742
20169
3094
222
4
1

31595
7
352
2200
6686
13628
8030
684
8
-

12172
1
92
481
1359
3673
4950
1580
35
1

2785
16
90
231
682
1032
691
43
-

1336
14
52
117
286
508
322
35
2

12635
241
3671
3720
2149
1612
962
270
9
1

182313
691
17944
39562
56116
43619
20473
3701
199
8

2763
215
2162
338
36
8
4
-

17890
192
7000
8661
1710
251
65
8
3
-

45053
49
3821
17155
19846
3584
545
51
2
-

54102
13
1102
7544
22872
19110
3250
198
13
-

34032
6
353
2071
7590
14487
8825
682
18
-

11901
93
434
1425
3545
4978
1406
18
2

3501
34
101
309
817
1363
804
73
-

1298
14
31
125
275
481
306
60
6

11773
216
3365
3227
2203
1542
962
246
12
-

183785
661
17887
37232
58346
44167
21352
3924
213
3

2579
202
2033
287
42
9
6
-

16989
173
6870
7828
1788
243
79
7
1
-

46061
38
4031
16649
20955
3770
566
47
5
-

53699
11
1097
6800
23247
19076
3195
265
8
-

35690
3
331
1988
7995
14997
9619
735
21
1

12098
88
448
1522
3561
5024
1412
43
-

3635
17
102
317
812
1458
869
60
-

1265
1
12
38
131
242
451
332
56
2

11769
233
3408
3092
2349
1457
954
257
19
-

Age group of mother


(years)
2009
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
2010
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
2011
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
20121)
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
2013 1);2)
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
20143);4)
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over

1) Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.

The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births from abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the
previous years.

2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.

Beninning with 2014 are included only live-births having their usual residence in Romania.

4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

68

69

2.11

Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei


Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother
Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani)

Rangul nscutului-viu
2009
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i
2010
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i
2011
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i
20121)
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i
2013 1);2)
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i
20143);4)
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i

Age group of mother (years)

Nscui-vii
Live-births

Sub 15
Under

15-19

20-24

25-29

30-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

50 i peste
and over

peste

222388
117763
67452
18996
8193
4107
2458
1375
2044

758
735
23
-

25456
20227
4472
688
65
4
-

56985
35096
15524
4501
1416
350
84
12
2

65684
35554
20058
5405
2496
1209
587
239
136

51371
20141
19940
5227
2567
1416
916
567
597

18262
5044
6519
2612
1310
880
635
425
837

3746
937
904
543
331
237
224
126
444

126
29
12
20
8
11
12
6
28

peste

212199
111139
65009
18385
7881
4122
2274
1356
2033

733
714
19
-

21775
16773
4324
622
52
4
-

52649
31825
14475
4441
1439
377
75
13
4

62843
34691
18574
5109
2367
1214
549
227
112

51069
20569
19749
5000
2335
1388
877
535
616

19051
5514
6859
2578
1344
881
568
458
849

3965
1029
996
621
332
244
200
117
426

111
23
13
12
12
14
5
6
26

3
1
2
-

peste

196242
101909
58593
17996
7917
4133
2362
1386
1946

748
718
30
-

20150
15412
4031
642
63
2
-

48171
28539
13290
4367
1467
392
98
14
4

56343
31027
16009
4831
2340
1210
582
227
117

47715
19438
17805
4807
2282
1353
893
548
589

19171
5802
6527
2721
1388
916
597
416
804

3803
933
882
606
368
256
182
173
403

134
37
18
22
9
3
10
8
27

7
3
1
1
2

peste

180714
87445
57390
17741
8105
4156
2436
1450
1991

746
717
29
-

18205
13546
3970
602
84
3
-

42103
23557
12219
4265
1515
421
107
15
4

52591
27292
16078
4811
2327
1187
588
226
82

44005
16429
17197
4581
2334
1379
908
559
618

19102
5048
6876
2849
1441
909
626
492
861

3820
829
989
615
388
252
199
152
396

136
23
31
18
15
5
8
6
30

6
4
1
1
-

peste

182313
91156
56598
17353
7528
4129
2299
1332
1918

691
660
31
-

17944
13544
3735
608
56
1
-

39562
22764
10966
3903
1418
403
86
18
4

56116
30269
16689
4801
2240
1232
569
222
94

43619
16989
16762
4499
2066
1352
846
499
606

20473
5974
7451
2926
1363
893
626
444
796

3701
908
913
592
361
235
160
144
388

199
45
47
24
24
13
11
5
30

8
3
4
1
-

peste

183785
94704
56698
16543
6985
3683
2116
1339
1717

661
641
20
-

17887
13561
3660
600
62
4
-

37232
22018
10044
3463
1216
399
76
14
2

58346
32496
17043
4657
2098
1120
582
256
94

44167
18240
16937
4325
1898
1077
693
496
501

21352
6618
7976
2841
1351
815
586
426
739

3924
1066
977
631
341
250
172
140
347

213
62
40
26
19
18
7
7
34

3
2
1
-

Live-birth order
2009
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and over
2010
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and over
2011
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and over
20121)
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and over
2013 1);2)
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and over
20143);4)
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and over

1) Nscuii-vii din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.

The live-births for 2012 and 2013 do not include live-births from abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the
previous years.

2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3)

ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beninning with 2014 are included only live-births having their usual residence in Romania.

4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

70

71

2.12

Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii


Average age of mother at birth, by area
ani / years

Anii
Years
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
20121)
2013
2014 3);4)

Vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere


Average age of mother at first birth
Total

Urban

23,7
23,9
24,2
24,3
24,6
24,9
25,2
25,3
25,5
25,6
26,0
26,2
26,2
26,4
26,7

24,9
25,2
25,5
25,7
26,0
26,3
26,6
26,7
27,0
27,1
27,5
27,7
27,8
28,0
28,3

Rural
22,3
22,4
22,5
22,5
22,6
22,7
22,9
22,9
23,1
23,1
23,4
23,6
23,5
23,92)
24,1

Vrsta medie a mamei la orice natere


Average age of mother at any birth
Total

Urban

25,5
25,8
26,0
26,2
26,4
26,7
26,9
27,0
27,1
27,3
27,6
27,7
27,9
28,0
28,2

26,3
26,6
26,9
27,1
27,3
27,6
27,8
28,0
28,1
28,3
28,6
28,8
29,0
29,2
29,4

Rural
24,9
25,1
25,3
25,4
25,5
25,7
25,8
25,9
25,9
26,0
26,2
26,3
26,5
26,72)
26,8

1) Datele se refer la vrsta medie a mamelor care au nscut pe teritoriul Romniei. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile

cu anii precedeni.
Data refer only to average age of mothers who gave birth on Romanias territory. For this reason, the data is not comparable
with the previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014, datele se refer la vrsta medie a mamelor ai cror copii au reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014, data refer only to average age of women whose children have their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

2.13
Anii
Years

ntreruperi de sarcin1), pe grupe de vrst


Abortions 1), by age group
Grupa de vrst (ani) la care a avut loc ntreruperea de sarcin
Age group (years) when the abortion took place

Total
15 - 19

2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

115457
101271
102896
87477
85742
77806

11982
9731
9589
7547
7611
7287

20092)
20102)
20112)
20123)
20133)
20144)

20,2
17,8
18,2
18,6
18,3
16,7

17,8
15,9
16,1
14,1
14,3
13,8

2009
2010
2011
20125)
20135)
20146)

520,9
478,9
526,4
486,1
472,1
424,9

470,7
446,9
475,9
414,6
424,2
407,4

20-24

25-29

30-34

35-39

Numr / Number
25442
25794
26220
18468
22931
22351
23238
16223
22812
23005
23241
16893
18990
20210
19635
14751
17392
20523
18584
15089
15316
19210
16656
13533
Rate la 1000 femei / Rates per 1000 women
29,2
30,8
27,8
20,8
26,3
27,2
24,8
18,4
27,2
28,6
25,0
19,0
30,0
31,4
26,9
19,4
29,3
31,1
26,7
19,5
27,7
28,7
25,0
17,5
Rate la 1000 nscui-vii / Rates per 1000 live-births
446,5
392,7
510,4
1011,3
435,5
355,7
455,0
851,6
473,6
408,3
487,1
881,2
451,0
384,3
446,2
772,2
439,6
365,7
426,1
737,0
411,4
329,2
377,1
633,8

40-44

45 - 49

7167
6366
6875
5880
5968
5306

384
431
481
464
575
498

8,4
6,9
7,0
7,0
7,6
7,1

0,6
0,7
0,8
0,8
0,9
0,7

1913,2
1605,5
1807,8
1539,3
1612,5
1352,2

3047,6
3882,9
3589,6
3411,8
2889,4
2338,0

1) ntreruperi de sarcin ale femeilor de 15 - 49 ani. / Abortions of women aged 15 - 49 years.


2) Pentru perioada 2009-2011, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.

For the 2009-2011 period, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence

at July 1st indicator.


3) Pentru perioada 2012-2014, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitine ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor -2011.
For the 2012-2014 period, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under the conditons of comparability with final results of the Population and Housing Census-2011.
4) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.
5) Ratele au fost calculate la numrul nscuilor-vii, nscui n Romnia. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.
Rates calculated with the number of live-births in Romania. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.
6) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beninning with 2014 are included only live-births having their usual residence in Romania.

72

2.14

1)

Ratele de fertilitate , pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertlitii


1)
2)
Fertility rates , by age group and total fertlity rate

Anii
Years

Rata general
de fertilitate
General fertility rate

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
20143)

73,9
68,4
63,5
61,9
59,9
57,3
55,7
105,5
102,9
89,6
81,2
75,3
72,7
70,4
79,3
77,5
77,3
78,8
77,7
76,6
74,8
71,9
65,1
59,5
64,2
65,1
68,2
69,1
68,4
66,3
56,2
48,7
46,0
43,7
42,7
40,6
39,4
40,1
40,1
39,7
39,7
37,3
35,5
35,8
36,3
37,3
37,3
36,8
38,4
38,7
37,2
34,6
38,2
38,8
39,3

Grupa de vrst (ani) / Age group (years)


15-19

20-24

25-29

30-34

35-39

59,1
62,6
58,4
61,5
56,8
52,4
51,7
79,8
82,4
72,6
65,7
62,1
61,3
60,6
69,3
69,2
70,0
71,2
72,8
72,5
72,3
71,1
68,9
57,5
56,1
57,3
62,9
65,3
62,7
59,3
51,5
49,8
47,9
47,7
45,5
42,3
40,1
40,6
40,0
39,6
38,3
35,1
31,7
32,4
32,7
32,4
33,7
33,9
37,1
37,8
35,5
33,8
34,0
33,8
33,9

164,1
155,4
147,4
144,0
144,0
140,7
143,0
251,8
241,4
215,7
201,4
190,9
185,9
182,4
202,3
197,8
196,9
200,9
198,5
200,2
200,4
194,3
184,4
178,4
191,9
191,4
191,3
189,7
176,7
169,1
145,2
131,1
122,8
121,1
116,9
108,4
102,3
101,9
98,3
94,3
90,9
82,3
76,1
74,9
73,3
70,0
67,3
64,5
65,8
65,3
60,3
57,5
66,5
66,7
67,3

121,2
110,1
105,0
102,9
102,6
99,8
98,2
198,1
193,9
171,7
151,6
138,1
131,6
124,2
142,9
138,5
136,7
138,1
132,7
128,8
126,8
121,6
107,2
99,9
114,7
121,1
126,7
126,4
123,8
118,0
97,8
78,6
75,4
71,9
73,3
71,0
70,1
70,1
75,4
76,0
77,7
73,9
71,2
72,4
74,0
77,3
76,6
75,5
78,1
78,5
76,4
69,9
81,6
85,1
87,2

67,6
60,1
54,9
53,1
52,2
53,5
53,4
124,1
126,5
108,0
94,9
82,7
76,9
71,6
78,3
71,4
69,4
67,6
64,4
61,0
58,3
56,4
47,5
42,5
50,5
55,2
63,3
65,7
63,0
58,8
46,4
34,2
30,5
27,7
28,2
28,7
29,4
33,1
35,2
36,1
37,5
36,2
35,7
38,9
42,9
47,8
49,7
49,9
52,6
54,5
54,5
51,4
60,3
62,7
66,3

39,0
32,4
29,5
28,2
26,2
25,1
25,1
59,7
63,9
54,7
48,8
44,3
40,7
37,6
40,2
36,7
33,4
32,3
30,3
28,4
25,0
23,4
19,6
17,4
20,1
21,4
26,1
28,7
27,3
25,6
19,4
13,9
12,7
11,3
11,1
10,8
10,7
11,0
11,4
12,1
13,1
13,4
14,4
15,2
16,6
17,6
17,8
17,1
19,1
20,6
21,6
21,6
25,1
26,5
27,7

40-44 45-49
14,5
13,2
11,4
10,7
9,5
8,9
8,3
16,6
17,3
15,0
13,8
13,1
12,0
10,3
10,7
10,0
9,0
8,6
8,2
7,6
6,5
6,3
5,2
4,5
4,6
5,1
6,4
8,1
7,3
7,1
5,5
4,0
3,6
3,1
3,2
3,1
2,9
2,9
2,8
2,8
3,0
3,0
2,9
3,0
3,3
3,4
3,4
3,7
4,2
4,4
4,3
3,9
4,6
4,7
5,2

1,4
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,8
0,8
0,9
1,2
1,2
1,0
0,9
0,8
0,8
0,6
0,7
0,7
0,7
0,7
0,7
0,7
0,5
0,6
0,4
0,4
0,3
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,3
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,1
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,3
0,3

2)

Indicele conjunctural
al fertilitii
Total fertility rate
2,3
2,2
2,0
2,0
2,0
1,9
1,9
3,7
3,6
3,2
2,9
2,7
2,5
2,4
2,7
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,5
2,5
2,4
2,4
2,2
2,0
2,2
2,3
2,4
2,4
2,3
2,2
1,8
1,6
1,5
1,4
1,4
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,2
1,2
1,2
1,2
1,2
1,2
1,2
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,2
1,4
1,4
1,4

Nota: ncepnd cu anul 1992, ratele au fost recalculate ca urmare a diseminrii indicatorului Populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie.
Ratele pentru perioada 2012-2014 au fost calculate cu populaia rezident la 1 iulie a anului respectiv. Pentru anii 2012 i 2013
au fost inclui numai nscuii-vii care s-au nscut n Romnia, indiferent de ara de reedin obinuit, ai cror mame aveau la
momentul naterii domiciliul n Romania, iar repartizarea lor teritorial s-a fcut dup domiciliul mamei.
ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt inclui numai nscuii-vii cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Note: Starting with 1992, the rates have been recalculated due to the dissemination of the Population by permanent residence
at July 1stindicator.
Rates for the 2012-2014 period were computed using the usual resident population at July 1st of the respective year. For 2012
and 2013 were included only those live-births that occurred in Romania, regardless of the country of usual residence, and their
territorial breakdown was carried out by the mothers domicile. Beginning with 2014, only the live-births having their usual
residence in Romania were considered.
1) Nscui-vii la 1000 femei de vrst fertil (15-49 ani). / Live-births born per 1000 women during their fertile life (15-49 years).
2) Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile. / Number of children born in Romania by a woman during her fertile life.
3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

73

2.15

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe


Deaths, by age group and sex

Grupa de vrst (ani)


Age group (years)

20121)

20131);2)

20143);4)

2009

2010

2011

257213

259723

251439

253716

246967

253307

2660
266
301
721
1210
1171
1841
2841
4766
6862
13021
17319
18187
22852
35049
42645
43893
29709
8284
3294
321

2502
282
287
591
1112
1132
1795
2781
4924
6149
12246
17135
19233
21542
34716
42823
45172
31991
9428
3505
377

2264
206
259
547
999
976
1607
2390
4464
5349
10631
16034
19470
20149
32043
41509
44918
33575
10489
3145
415

2117
209
286
513
946
905
1332
2226
4360
5021
9773
16245
19851
20155
30825
42188
45689
34891
12726
2988
470

1977
195
227
473
802
945
1241
2192
3782
5428
8846
15680
20332
20378
28111
40132
44484
34465
14539
2221
517

1911
194
231
434
684
1013
1244
2191
3823
6148
8449
16114
20819
21395
27145
41036
45316
36014
16228
2403
515

137550

137957

132180

132408

128901

132142

1517
159
189
501
878
886
1365
2063
3446
4926
9355
12065
12208
14207
19580
21017
18816
10514
2669
1080
109

1422
166
171
394
830
825
1331
1997
3534
4435
8897
12070
12858
13373
19396
20972
19333
11734
3019
1061
139

1303
134
164
394
746
689
1136
1714
3211
3844
7604
11256
13061
12463
17909
20519
19171
12406
3334
986
136

1159
125
192
364
686
659
954
1599
3110
3609
6967
11432
13363
12683
17251
20700
19542
12881
4079
893
160

1131
116
145
311
594
693
858
1564
2677
3885
6245
11023
13668
12833
15884
19744
19101
12924
4692
659
154

1119
110
154
304
510
729
900
1528
2765
4422
6007
11312
14102
13577
15432
20254
19240
13574
5279
679
145

Total
Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100 i peste / and over

Masculin / Male
Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100 i peste / and over

1) Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.

The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.

2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.

Beginning with 2014 are included only the deaths of persons having their usual residence in Romania.

4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

74

2.15

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe - continuare


Deaths, by age group and sex - continued

Grupa de vrst (ani)


Age group (years)

Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100 i peste / and over

2009

2010

119663

121766

1143
107
112
220
332
285
476
778
1320
1936
3666
5254
5979
8645
15469
21628
25077
19195
5615
2214
212

1080
116
116
197
282
307
464
784
1390
1714
3349
5065
6375
8169
15320
21851
25839
20257
6409
2444
238

20121)

2011

20131);2)

Feminin / Female
119259
121308
961
72
95
153
253
287
471
676
1253
1505
3027
4778
6409
7686
14134
20990
25747
21169
7155
2159
279

958
84
94
149
260
246
378
627
1250
1412
2806
4813
6488
7472
13574
21488
26147
22010
8647
2095
310

20143);4)

118066

121165

846
79
82
162
208
252
383
628
1105
1543
2601
4657
6664
7545
12227
20388
25383
21541
9847
1562
363

792
84
77
130
174
284
344
663
1058
1726
2442
4802
6717
7818
11713
20782
26076
22440
10949
1724
370

1) Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii precedeni.

The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the previous years.

2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.

Beginning with 2014 are included only the deaths of persons having their usual residence in Romania.

4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

2.16

Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst


Infant deaths, by age group

Grupa de vrst

2009

2010

2011

20121)

20131);2)

20143);4)

Age group
Total

Total

2250

2078

1850

1806

1677

1622

Neonatale

1289

1183

1063

968

993

987

Sub 7 zile
7-13 zile
14-29 zile

824
224
241

782
181
220

695
173
195

638
139
191

701
139
153

644
167
176

Neonatal
Under 7 days
7-13 days
14-29 days

Postneonatale

961

895

787

838

684

635

Postneonatal

1 lun
2 luni
3-4 luni
5-6 luni
7-8 luni
9-11 luni

264
180
237
130
80
70

254
159
204
125
60
93

245
138
163
102
68
71

262
157
174
97
67
81

205
107
153
114
55
50

199
97
137
83
59
60

1 month
2 months
3-4 months
5-6 months
7-8 months
9-11 months

1) Decesele sub 1 an din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile

cu anii precedeni.
The infant deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with
the previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele sub 1 an ale persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014 are included only the infant deaths having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

75

2.17

Decese, pe cauze de deces


Deaths, by death causes
numr / number

2009

2010

20121)

2011

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

137550

119663

137957

121766

132180

119259

132408

1750

608

1780

694

1575

658

1278

245

1249

233

1052

28110

19279

28259

19243

1131

1267

1155

1068

1206

457

20131);2)
Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

121308

128901

118066

132142

121165

1626

770

1547

808

1675

995

231

986

263

900

233

876

249

28718

19638

29143

19875

29334

20300

30056

20446

1419

1074

1283

1120

1311

1142

1208

1124

1280

1095

1355

1024

1199

1051

1243

1069

1146

1041

1198

161

465

153

315

112

259

88

265

79

275

91

1083

990

1219

1345

1384

1394

1445

1733

1393

1727

1531

1917

Boli ale aparatului circulator


din care:
Boala ischemic a inimii
Boli cerebro-vasculare

73559

80982

73993

82366

70845

80693

71025

82188

68423

78764

68768

80052

26687
22273

25588
26534

27021
22490

26276
26815

25796
21278

25069
26295

25534
21103

25851
26249

24763
20482

24811
25589

25116
19822

25449
24784

Diseases of the circulatory system


of which:
Ischaemic heart disease
Cerebrovascular diseases

Boli ale aparatului respirator

8223

4669

8062

4671

7923

4537

8194

5046

7844

4825

8312

5059

Diseases of the respiratory system

10112

6345

10174

6430

8684

5815

8702

5759

8398

5627

8678

5856

Diseases of the digestive system

1343

1122

1402

1142

1437

1219

1625

1332

1642

1508

1699

1566

Diseases of the genitourinary system

47

51

50

23

27

24

Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium

Unele afeciuni a cror origine se


situeaz n perioada perinatal

466

336

436

279

380

277

354

269

372

291

401

237

Certain diseases originating


in the perinatal period

Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i


anomalii cromozomiale

382

294

351

274

329

239

289

245

277

223

239

198

Congenital malformations, deformations


and chromosomal abnormalities

Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte


consecine ale cauzelor externe

9510

2675

9280

2752

8156

2378

8207

2344

7714

2244

7668

2185

Injury, poisoning and other


consequences of external causes

Alte cauze

1424

888

1381

947

1360

966

419

325

550

435

1716

1259

Other causes

Total
Boli infecioase i parazitare
din care:
Tuberculoz
Tumori
Boli endocrine, de nutriie i
metabolism
din care:
Diabet zaharat
Tulburri mentale i de comportament
Boli ale sistemului nervos

Boli ale aparatului digestiv


Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar
Sarcin, natere i luzie

Masculin Feminin
Male Female

20143);4)

Total
Infectious and parasitic diseases
of which:
Tuberculosis
Neoplasm
Endocrine, nutritional and
metabolic diseases
of which:
Diabete mellitus
Mental and behavioural disorders
Diseases of the nervous system

Not: Cauzele de deces, conform Clasificrii Internaionale a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a, 1994 - Organizaia Mondial a Sntii.
Note: Death causes, according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994 - World Health Organisation.
1) Decesele din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu anii
precedeni.
The deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with the
previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014 are included only the deaths of persons having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

76

77

2.18

Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces


Infant deaths, by cause of death
numr / number

2009

2010

2011

20121)

2250

2078

1850

1806

1677

1622

46

45

50

35

32

38

20

24

20

12

12

Infecia cu meningococi
Meningococcus infection

Boli ale sistemului nervos


Diseases of the nervous system

42

30

35

43

29

27

18

10

11

633

602

514

526

407

398

617

572

492

485

393

377

37

30

35

20

30

50

25

18

17

16

29

802

715

657

623

663

638

265

228

199

134

177

182

526

515

437

424

403

352

239

240

221

206

189

175

90

83

66

84

57

52

74

58

56

51

56

67

Total
Boli infecioase i parazitare
Infectious and parasitic diseases
din care: / of which:
Diareea i gastroenterita de natur infecioas
Diarrhoea and gastro-enteritis of infectious nature

din care: / of which:


Meningita
Meningitis
Encefalita, mielita i encefalomielita
Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalo-myelitis
Boli ale aparatului respirator
Diseases of the respiratory system
din care: / of which:
Pneumonia
Pneumonia
Boli ale aparatului digestiv
Diseases of the digestive system
din care: / of which:
Gastrita, enterita i colita neinfecioas
Non-infective gastroenteritis and colitis
Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n
perioada perinatal
Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period
din care: / of which:
Traumatisme obstetricale
Obstetrics traumatisms
Hemoragii fetale i neonatale
Fetal and neo-natal hemorrhages
Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i
anomalii cromozomiale
Congenital malformations, deformations and
chromosomal abnormalities
din care: / of which:
Malformaii congenitale ale aparatului circulator
Congenital malformations of the circulatory system
Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale
cauzelor externe
Injury, poisoning and other consequences of
external causes
Alte cauze
Other causes

20131);2)

20143);4)

Not: Cauzele de deces, conform Clasificrii Internaionale a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a, 1994 - Organizaia Mondial a Sntii.
Note: Death causes, according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994 - World Health Organisation.
1) Decesele sub 1 an din anii 2012 i 2013 nu includ decesele produse n strintate. Din acest motiv, datele nu sunt comparabile cu
anii precedeni.
The infant deaths for 2012 and 2013 do not include those happened abroad. For this reason, the data is not comparable with
the previous years.
2) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data as against those previously published.
3) ncepnd cu anul 2014 sunt incluse numai decesele sub 1 an ale persoanelor cu reedina obinuit n Romnia.
Beginning with 2014 are included only the infant deaths having their usual residence in Romania.
4) Date semidefinitive. / Semi-final data.

78

2.19

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii


Life expectancy, by sex and area
ani / years

Pe sexe / By sex
Anii

Masculin
Total

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
20061)
20071)
20081)
20091)
20101)
20111)
20121)
20131)
2014

67,33
68,00
68,58
68,55
69,08
69,58
69,69
69,76
69,82
69,54
69,21
69,14
69,42
69,60
69,77
69,70
69,74
69,53
69,27
69,42
69,56
69,76
69,78
69,52
69,48
69,40
69,05
68,95
69,24
69,74
70,53
71,19
71,18
71,01
71,32
71,76
72,22
72,61
73,47
73,76
73,90
74,20
74,69
75,16
75,47

Male

65,07
65,70
66,27
66,28
66,83
67,29
67,37
67,45
67,42
67,10
66,68
66,53
66,70
66,83
66,98
66,81
66,78
66,55
66,30
66,51
66,56
66,59
66,56
66,06
65,88
65,70
65,30
65,19
65,46
66,05
67,03
67,69
67,61
67,42
67,74
68,19
68,74
69,17
69,99
70,19
70,27
70,63
71,24
71,75
72,04

Pe medii / By area

Feminin
Female

69,51
70,26
70,85
70,77
71,29
71,82
71,97
72,06
72,18
71,98
71,75
71,78
72,17
72,40
72,61
72,65
72,78
72,59
72,32
72,41
72,65
73,05
73,17
73,17
73,32
73,36
73,09
73,00
73,32
73,67
74,20
74,84
74,90
74,78
75,06
75,47
75,80
76,14
77,05
77,45
77,64
77,86
78,20
78,61
78,93

Urban / Urban

Rural / Rural

Years

Total Masculin

Feminin

Total Masculin

Feminin

Male

Female

Male

Female

65,79
66,29
66,79
66,98
67,44
67,84
68,23
68,06
67,96
67,41
67,02
66,88
66,90
67,15
67,40
67,20
67,10
66,88
66,69
67,08
67,06
67,02
67,16
66,45
66,36
66,33
66,12
66,16
66,39
66,92
67,84
68,50
68,55
68,24
68,62
69,04
69,56
69,96
71,30
71,62
71,83
72,14
72,68
73,16
73,45

70,67
71,32
71,89
71,96
72,36
72,69
73,15
73,00
73,03
72,83
72,59
72,64
72,95
73,28
73,49
73,54
73,61
73,26
73,03
73,28
73,46
73,83
74,02
73,71
73,83
73,95
73,77
73,66
73,97
74,38
74,86
75,42
75,51
75,42
75,70
76,01
76,34
76,64
77,87
78,40
78,62
78,78
79,09
79,44
79,73

64,40
65,17
65,78
65,67
65,27
66,74
66,47
66,71
66,62
66,67
66,21
66,05
66,31
66,30
66,34
66,14
66,14
65,89
65,60
65,65
65,70
65,71
65,45
65,32
65,04
64,70
64,13
63,86
64,16
64,85
65,93
66,57
66,35
66,41
66,67
67,12
67,69
68,13
68,38
68,46
68,38
68,81
69,52
70,08
70,37

68,83
69,61
70,20
70,02
70,60
71,18
71,04
71,28
71,46
71,24
71,03
71,07
71,53
71,65
71,82
71,85
71,98
71,86
71,58
71,60
71,80
72,25
72,29
72,52
72,68
72,66
72,33
72,26
72,58
72,91
73,49
74,17
74,20
74,14
74,41
74,83
75,13
75,50
76,06
76,35
76,50
76,75
77,12
77,61
77,96

68,27
68,84
69,38
69,50
69,93
70,29
70,72
70,56
70,52
70,14
69,82
69,77
69,94
70,23
70,46
70,37
70,36
70,06
69,84
70,17
70,25
70,39
70,54
70,01
70,02
70,05
69,84
69,82
70,09
70,58
71,31
71,94
72,02
71,81
72,15
72,53
72,98
73,34
74,62
75,04
75,26
75,50
75,94
76,37
76,67

66,63
67,41
68,01
67,87
68,46
68,99
68,79
69,03
69,08
68,94
68,59
68,53
68,89
68,94
69,04
68,95
68,99
68,81
68,52
68,55
68,70
68,88
68,75
68,76
68,67
68,46
67,99
67,80
68,11
68,66
69,53
70,20
70,08
70,08
70,34
70,78
71,23
71,64
72,02
72,18
72,20
72.55
73,13
73,66
73,97

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
20061)
20071)
20081)
20091)
20101)
20111)
20121)
20131)
2014

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani.
Populaia luat n calcul a fost determinat pe baza sporului natural i a soldului migraiei internaionale definitive.
Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years
period.
The population taken into calculation was determined based on natural increase and final international migration.
1) Date rectificate fa de cele publicate anterior. / Rectified data against thouse previously published.

79

2.20

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor


Marriages by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst
a soului (ani)
Age group of husband
(years)

80

Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)


50-54

55-59

60 i
peste
and over

1973
3
12
54
130
254
468
577
317
158

1591
6
11
28
87
192
497
421
349

897
1
4
7
13
45
136
307
384

816
1
4
7
16
43
88
657

3813
7
86
324
671
1226
728
428
237
106

1552
1
5
12
33
111
239
370
394
248
139

1155
1
4
10
23
70
138
347
319
243

737
1
1
9
15
27
95
235
354

607
1
1
2
1
8
30
55
509

6679
61
406
1462
2200
1635
485
253
109
68

3855
14
90
323
657
1258
708
448
222
135

1608
2
9
42
107
290
366
409
242
141

1111
5
12
22
73
103
299
346
251

773
1
2
1
4
16
31
112
242
364

664
1
2
4
7
37
78
535

33940 15356
17
3
2278
283
17036
2529
10695
6895
2986
3716
684
1350
151
353
55
127
23
55
15
45

7112
4
71
428
1509
2455
1678
536
238
116
77

4215
2
14
102
301
720
1436
773
479
229
159

1690
3
15
45
107
319
407
413
218
163

1178
1
3
7
25
73
135
337
313
284

753
2
8
16
22
119
233
353

716
1
2
4
9
40
70
590

36272 15243
21
5
2153
246
18447
2595
11359
6576
3238
3969
743
1270
196
387
75
106
28
55
12
34

7526
2
52
472
1562
2641
1661
685
248
130
73

3903
6
68
272
763
1146
896
422
191
139

2231
2
19
52
156
371
607
527
293
204

1252
2
11
29
82
151
318
354
305

858
2
2
5
11
41
101
283
413

769
2
8
9
49
77
624

Total

Sub 20
under

20-24

25-29

30-34 35-39

40-44 45-49

2009
Total
Sub / under 20
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

134275
1486
26426
49752
29976
11776
6024
3031
2412
1581
1811

13230
988
7008
3932
1089
169
35
4
1
2
2

48181
457
15824
22694
7521
1323
262
52
29
9
10

37720 17933
30
7
3050
445
18946
3554
11666
7614
2885
4011
815
1504
197
476
76
209
32
64
23
49

7667
3
85
509
1632
2426
1827
679
307
130
69

4267
1
11
98
384
793
1220
902
537
211
110

2010
Total
Sub / under 20
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

115778
872
21266
43390
27094
10664
5583
2336
1790
1309
1474

9748
571
5195
3003
832
117
22
1
5
2

41034
267
13058
19492
6622
1264
247
52
11
16
5

34120 16122
27
5
2590
342
17208
3128
10651
7069
2677
3594
697
1401
152
340
68
156
32
52
18
35

6890
1
68
455
1551
2196
1665
520
256
115
63

2011
Total
Sub / under 20
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

105599
599
18236
38670
25303
10304
5571
2247
1781
1336
1552

7909
384
4219
2451
710
114
21
5
5
-

36214
185
11282
17206
6099
1117
253
41
15
7
9

31770 15016
22
7
2324
334
15832
2669
10134
6519
2514
3567
689
1332
146
355
68
135
27
63
14
35

2012
Total
Sub / under 20
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

107760
502
16783
40097
26021
11329
5805
2437
1831
1266
1689

7482
333
3802
2562
636
119
22
6
1
1

35318
143
10331
17421
5931
1191
223
45
23
8
2

2013
Total
Sub / under 20
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

107507
452
14620
41012
25640
12103
5547
3035
1868
1417
1813

6720
285
3251
2418
586
144
28
3
5
-

32733
139
8908
16989
5222
1156
227
60
17
6
9

2.20

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare


Marriages by age group of spouses - continued

Grupa de vrst
a soului (ani)
Age group of husband
(years)
2014
Total
Sub / under 20
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

2.21

Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)


Total

Sub 20
under

20-24

25-29

30-34 35-39

118075
475
14468
44913
27942
13903
6451
4100
2019
1727
2077

6717
309
3200
2467
578
138
22
1
1
1

33116
137
8668
17543
5258
1178
240
64
18
7
3

41115 17184
22
4
2260
263
21274
2962
12695
7231
3764
4542
765
1424
221
520
63
133
31
59
20
46

8982
1
59
539
1757
3205
2073
902
237
126
83

40-44 45-49

4431
1
11
101
336
793
1331
1159
356
208
135

3059
5
24
80
245
500
971
621
364
249

50-54

55-59

60 i
peste
and over

1506
1
1
4
33
77
204
419
456
311

1038
2
3
4
16
44
132
362
475

927
1
1
1
3
14
40
113
754

Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie


Marriages by previous marital status of spouses
Starea civil a soiei / Marital status of wife

Starea civil
a soului

Total

Necstorit
Unmarried

Divorat
Divorced

Vduv
Widow

Marital status
of husband

2009
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

134275
116162
16863
1250

116824
108298
8205
321

15582
7247
7821
514

1869
617
837
415

2009
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2010
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

115778
99887
14801
1090

100409
92843
7298
268

13809
6546
6793
470

1560
498
710
352

2010
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2011
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

105599
90095
14379
1125

90421
83278
6879
264

13639
6352
6802
485

1539
465
698
376

2011
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2012
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

107760
91796
14853
1111

92128
84718
7140
270

14110
6576
7043
491

1522
502
670
350

2012
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2013
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

107507
91479
14943
1085

91589
84258
7052
279

14426
6763
7204
459

1492
458
687
347

2013
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2014
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

118075
101332
15694
1049

101188
93624
7317
247

15247
7152
7624
471

1640
556
753
331

2014
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

81

2.22

Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii


Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area
ani / years

Vrsta medie la cstorie


Average age at marriage

Anul i mediul
Year and area

Vrsta medie la prima cstorie


Average age at first marriage

So
Husband

Soie
Wife

So
Husband

Soie
Wife

2009
Total
Urban
Rural

30,9
31,2
30,2

27,5
28,2
26,2

29,1
29,4
28,5

25,8
26,6
24,4

2010
Total
Urban
Rural

30,9
31,4
30,1

27,6
28,4
26,1

29,1
29,6
28,4

26,0
26,9
24,3

2011
Total
Urban
Rural

31,4
31,8
30,6

28,0
28,8
26,6

29,3
29,7
28,7

26,2
27,1
24,6

2012
Total
Urban
Rural

31,6
32,1
30,7

28,2
29,0
26,8

29,6
30,0
28,9

26,4
27,3
24,8

2013
Total
Urban
Rural

31,9
32,4
31,1

28,5
29,3
27,2

29,9
30,3
29,2

26,7
27,6
25,1

2014
Total
Urban
Rural

32,3
32,9
31,2

29,0
29,9
27,3

30,4
31,0
29,3

27,3
28,3
25,3

2.23

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor


Divorces by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst

Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)

a soului (ani)
Age group

Total

of husband (years)
2009
Total
32341
Sub / Under 20
15
20-24
873
25-29
3829
30-34
6820
35-39
6342
40-44
5594
45-49
3444
50-54
2738
55-59
1521
60 i peste / and over 1165

82

Sub 20 20-24

25-29 30-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

50-54

55-59

under

278
6
119
93
48
10
2
-

60 i peste
and over

3235
9
566
1455
931
200
53
11
4
2
4

5820
126
1741
2669
931
258
61
18
11
5

6860
40
433
2590
2587
908
201
66
25
10

5782
15
69
467
2091
2314
559
190
55
22

4620
3
25
84
434
1807
1543
572
117
35

2411
4
4
22
62
176
840
982
261
60

1807
5
7
17
62
183
751
601
181

923
2
2
6
10
36
129
384
354

605
2
4
4
10
26
65
494

2.23

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare


Divorces by age group of spouses - continued

Grupa de vrst
a soului (ani)
Age group
of husband (years)

Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)


Total

Sub 20 20-24
under

25-29 30-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

50-54

55-59

60 i peste
and over

2010
Total
32632
Sub / Under 20
9
20-24
851
25-29
3604
30-34
6891
35-39
6599
40-44
6051
45-49
3207
50-54
2645
55-59
1572
60 i peste / and over 1203

202
5
78
80
29
8
2
-

3298
4
589
1460
947
243
39
10
4
2
-

5618
132
1568
2636
981
238
37
14
8
4

7069
33
383
2607
2790
1012
168
51
11
14

5805
12
75
539
2056
2345
531
173
52
22

5015
6
20
106
455
2134
1520
575
157
42

2349
15
17
48
223
751
953
272
70

1673
2
5
14
47
148
709
569
179

956
1
1
3
4
10
35
140
420
342

647
2
1
7
26
81
530

2011
Total
35780
Sub / Under 20
10
20-24
879
25-29
3984
30-34
7542
35-39
7009
40-44
6842
45-49
3441
50-54
2842
55-59
1764
60 i peste / and over 1467

171
3
73
60
32
3
-

3632
5
628
1613
1032
279
56
10
5
1
3

6212
1
148
1807
2841
1048
277
58
15
11
6

7537
23
394
2897
2842
1094
169
69
26
23

6387
1
3
86
618
2261
2617
543
171
54
33

5709
2
17
97
509
2472
1662
703
181
66

2417
1
4
16
51
247
808
966
253
71

1852
1
3
5
11
60
156
728
684
204

1036
4
5
16
28
150
455
378

827
3
7
35
99
683

2012
Total
31324
Sub / Under 20
1
20-24
630
25-29
3372
30-34
6430
35-39
6525
40-44
6003
45-49
3086
50-54
2425
55-59
1593
60 i peste / and over 1259

116
1
46
46
15
8
-

2796
427
1270
813
232
41
9
1
1
2

5691
124
1631
2574
1076
220
45
11
6
4

6521
28
323
2414
2610
897
160
53
20
16

5679
5
71
504
2084
2282
477
165
58
33

5026
22
84
437
2237
1468
558
168
52

2290
5
25
63
256
743
859
281
58

1576
3
1
8
50
155
632
566
161

945
3
16
27
119
406
374

684
1
4
4
2
27
87
559

2013
Total
28507
Sub / Under 20
7
20-24
457
25-29
2855
30-34
5534
35-39
6101
40-44
5183
45-49
3467
50-54
2143
55-59
1504
60 i peste / and over 1256

82
4
41
24
10
2
1
-

2206
3
289
1069
621
178
35
5
3
2
1

5107
99
1421
2289
1004
216
55
14
7
2

5673
20
273
2006
2367
766
172
33
24
12

5515
6
50
492
2067
2051
631
151
41
26

4395
1
11
83
385
1759
1497
489
133
37

2576
1
4
25
83
310
947
835
306
65

1370
3
5
12
40
122
479
551
158

910
2
2
6
29
112
374
385

673
1
1
8
27
66
570

2014
Total
27188
Sub / Under 20
2
20-24
361
25-29
2726
30-34
5029
35-39
6001
40-44
4715
45-49
3782
50-54
1962
55-59
1412
60 i peste / and over 1198

80
1
28
34
14
3
-

1796
1
249
894
449
173
22
5
1
2

5065
68
1482
2206
1001
234
44
20
4
6

5277
10
242
1827
2232
715
190
37
16
8

5353
2
58
435
2073
1873
686
150
51
25

4034
3
10
77
414
1491
1544
354
100
41

2828
1
5
18
93
328
1173
816
305
89

1272
1
6
40
115
473
475
162

861
1
6
8
16
93
384
353

622
1
1
4
9
19
76
512

83

2.24

Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei


Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution

Anii
Years

Total

Fr copii
Without
children

2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

32341
32632
35780
31324
28507
27188

17410
16922
19626
17322
15913
16035

2.25

Cu
1 copil
With 1
child

Cu
2 copii
With 2
children

Cu
3 copii
With 3
children

Cu
4 copii
With 4
children

Cu 5 copii
i peste
With 5
children
and over

10616
11299
11591
9895
8872
7809

3653
3727
3865
3484
3206
2866

473
496
500
445
384
347

120
123
129
114
91
83

69
65
69
64
41
48

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe


Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
by area and sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants
Anii
Years

2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

Total

330672
458995
324626
372197
350556
371677

Plecai / Out-migrants

n urban
In urban area

n rural
In rural area

166853
236502
164019
181194
182393
189956

Total
163819
222493
160607
191003
168163
181721

Total

Din urban
From urban area

Din rural
From rural area

330672
458995
324626
372197
350556
371677

193120
273353
194248
225107
211080
222203

137552
185642
130378
147090
139476
149474

147712
206919
146080
169397
157444
167201

90274
128979
91758
107546
99011
104599

57438
77940
54322
61851
58433
62602

182960
252076
178546
202800
193112
204476

102846
144374
102490
117561
112069
117604

80114
107702
76056
85239
81043
86872

Masculin / Male
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

147712
206919
146080
169397
157444
167201

73752
105139
72246
80048
80758
83826

73960
101780
73834
89349
76686
83375
Feminin / Female

2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

84

182960
252076
178546
202800
193112
204476

93101
131363
91773
101146
101635
106130

89859
120713
86773
101654
91477
98346

2.26

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,


pe grupe de vrst i medii
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
by age group and area
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants
Grupa de vrst (ani)
Age group (years)

Plecai / Out-migrants

Total

n urban
In urban area

n rural
In rural area

Total

Din urban
From urban area

Din rural
From rural area

2009
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

330672
66116
22618
52262
47459
41186
24594
18631
11897
14257
11545
20107

166853
28895
9725
28983
29757
23765
12803
9071
4983
5504
4459
8908

163819
37221
12893
23279
17702
17421
11791
9560
6914
8753
7086
11199

330672
66116
22618
52262
47459
41186
24594
18631
11897
14257
11545
20107

193120
32586
9700
26749
29535
25554
15141
12359
8478
10903
8865
13250

137552
33530
12918
25513
17924
15632
9453
6272
3419
3354
2680
6857

2010
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

458995
92863
33694
69711
65961
57466
35302
27992
15770
18217
15960
26059

236502
40674
15018
38630
41835
34091
18985
14113
6945
7467
6537
12207

222493
52189
18676
31081
24126
23375
16317
13879
8825
10750
9423
13852

458995
92863
33694
69711
65961
57466
35302
27992
15770
18217
15960
26059

273353
46342
14730
36159
42406
36681
22485
18813
11400
14028
12528
17781

185642
46521
18964
33552
23555
20785
12817
9179
4370
4189
3432
8278

2011
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

324626
67399
22727
48212
45897
39913
25346
21422
10846
12503
11474
18887

164019
28862
10029
26082
28399
23242
13505
10817
4735
5132
4487
8729

160607
38537
12698
22130
17498
16671
11841
10605
6111
7371
6987
10158

324626
67399
22727
48212
45897
39913
25346
21422
10846
12503
11474
18887

194248
34262
10050
24450
29029
25873
16351
14452
7828
9532
9099
13322

130378
33137
12677
23762
16868
14040
8995
6970
3018
2971
2375
5565

2012
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

372197
74912
23463
49903
54478
46541
30953
25619
13965
14854
14243
23266

181194
32579
10156
25735
32373
25930
15926
11990
6051
5690
5133
9631

191003
42333
13307
24168
22105
20611
15027
13629
7914
9164
9110
13635

372197
74912
23463
49903
54478
46541
30953
25619
13965
14854
14243
23266

225107
39078
10343
24882
33637
30571
20209
17257
9946
11231
11260
16693

147090
35834
13120
25021
20841
15970
10744
8362
4019
3623
2983
6573

85

2.26

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,


pe grupe de vrst i medii - continuare
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
by age group and area - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants
Grupa de vrst (ani)
Age group (years)

Plecai / Out-migrants

Total

n urban
In urban area

n rural
In rural area

Total

Din urban
From urban area

Din rural
From rural area

2013
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

350556
74164
22121
43464
54685
45365
30195
21622
15005
12342
11962
19631

182393
33723
10011
23396
33434
26951
16718
10879
7304
5357
5108
9512

168163
40441
12110
20068
21251
18414
13477
10743
7701
6985
6854
10119

350556
74164
22121
43464
54685
45365
30195
21622
15005
12342
11962
19631

211080
39382
9709
21263
33729
29547
20206
14279
10636
9204
9277
13848

139476
34782
12412
22201
20956
15818
9989
7343
4369
3138
2685
5783

2014
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

371677
79765
22680
41675
59294
47589
32168
23161
17686
12566
12947
22146

189956
35290
10149
21782
35810
27966
17335
11762
8459
5426
5359
10618

181721
44475
12531
19893
23484
19623
14833
11399
9227
7140
7588
11528

371677
79765
22680
41675
59294
47589
32168
23161
17686
12566
12947
22146

222203
41973
9765
20071
35819
31021
21354
15120
12392
9254
9893
15541

149474
37792
12915
21604
23475
16568
10814
8041
5294
3312
3054
6605

2.27

Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale,


determinate de schimbarea domiciliului
Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
determined by permanent residence changing
2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

330672

458995

324626

372197

350556

371677

Total

70246
96607
67306
96513

96201
140301
89441
133052

66784
97235
63594
97013

74470
106724
72620
118383

74023
108370
65453
102710

78411
111545
71063
110658

From
From
From
From

Numr persoane / Number of persons


Total
Din
Din
Din
Din

rural n urban
urban n urban
rural n rural
urban n rural

rural
rural
rural
rural

to
to
to
to

urban
urban
urban
urban

Rate la 1000 locuitori / Rates per 1000 inhabitants


Total
Din
Din
Din
Din

rural n urban
urban n urban
rural n rural
urban n rural

14,7

20,4

14,5

16,6

15,7

16,7

Total

5,5
7,6
6,9
9,9

7,5
11,0
9,2
13,7

5,3
7,7
6,5
10,0

5,9
8,4
7,5
12,2

5,9
8,6
6,7
10,6

6,2
8,9
7,3
11,4

From
From
From
From

urban
urban
urban
urban

Not: Pentru perioada 2009-2014, ratele au fost calculate cu populaia dup domiciliu la 1 iulie a fiecrui an.
Note: For the 2009-2014 period, the rates were calculated based on the permanent resident population, on July 1st of each year.

86

to
to
to
to

rural
rural
rural
rural

2.28

Emigranii 1), pe sexe i grupe de vrst


Emigrants 1), by sex and age group
numr persoane / number of persons

Total
Masculin
Feminin

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

246626
105778
140848

197985
85663
112322

195551
87389
108162

170186
70163
100023

161755
65303
96452

20142)
184603
79716
104887

Total
Male
Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group


Sub 15 ani
15-19 ani
20-24 ani
25-29 ani
30-34 ani
35-39 ani
40-44 ani
45-49 ani
50-54 ani
55-59 ani
60 ani i peste

30933
17515
47739
36965
30305
23733
21608
14741
12168
6013
4906

25473
13474
39375
29057
23544
18422
17720
11116
9504
5535
4765

27578
12229
36538
30713
23527
18057
17423
9613
8928
5702
5243

24423
10249
29521
27395
18310
15136
15161
10216
8459
5940
5376

22988
10260
25965
26191
16322
14247
13138
11127
8116
6671
6730

23540
10488
31909
32724
20343
16989
14793
12275
8395
6752
6395

Under 15 years
15-19 years
20-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45-49 years
50-54 years
55-59 years
60 years and over

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

2.29

Emigranii 1), dup ara de destinaie


Emigrants 1), by country of destination
numr persoane / number of persons

Total

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

246626

197985

195551

170186

161755

20142)
184603

Total

Dup ara de destinaie / By country of destination


Austria
Belgia
Canada
Danemarca
Frana
Germania
Israel
Italia
Marea Britanie
Norvegia
Olanda
Spania
Statele Unite ale Americii
Suedia
Alte ri

11276
6570
2045
1528
7576
47134
1110
101161
8631
987
1892
43988
1793
1746
9189

3369
4046
858
2026
2005
24178
1062
91252
7088
1242
1077
51823
1086
1671
5202

3089
5214
967
2691
2360
19714
1457
90136
8228
1230
590
50748
1350
1828
5949

2991
7155
846
3550
2736
21950
2292
80078
8568
1437
699
27244
1073
2002
7565

7883
9740
954
3254
2765
22184
2506
59347
17250
1762
1772
22434
819
1643
7442

8000
8400
977
3500
2800
23715
2427
55000
32500
2296
1500
32762
825
1800
8101

Austria
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
France
Germany
Israel
Italy
United Kingdom
Norway
Netherlands
Spain
United States of America
Sweden
Other countries

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

87

2.30

Imigranii 1), pe sexe i grupe de vrst


Immigrants 1), by sex and age group
numr persoane / number of persons

Total
Masculin
Feminin

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

135844
79398
56446

149885
85486
64399

147685
83931
63754

167266
94047
73219

153646
84790
68856

20142)
142426
78478
63948

Total
Male
Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group


Sub 15 ani
15-19 ani
20-24 ani
25-29 ani
30-34 ani
35-39 ani
40-44 ani
45-49 ani
50-54 ani
55-59 ani
60 ani i peste

14997
5561
21549
22297
20362
15752
11751
8068
7016
4327
4164

18192
5333
21058
23712
22453
17230
13997
8588
7767
5756
5799

17247
5572
21102
24577
21303
16398
13944
8243
7876
5465
5958

19273
6093
20629
29381
24952
18909
16612
9671
8890
6839
6017

18202
5801
16782
26184
23810
15851
14727
10532
8460
6622
6675

17843
4737
13319
23694
21109
18193
13503
10053
7292
6226
6457

Under 15 years
15-19 years
20-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45-49 years
50-54 years
55-59 years
60 years and over

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

2.31

Imigranii 1), dup ara de provenien


Immigrants 1), by country of previous usual residence
numr persoane / number of persons

Total

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

135844

149885

147685

167266

153646

20142)
142426

Total

Dup ara de provenien / By country of previous usual residence


Austria
Belgia
Canada
China
Cipru
Franta
Germania
Grecia
Irlanda
Israel
Italia
Marea Britanie
Republica Moldova
Spania
Statele Unite ale Americii
Suedia
Ungaria
Alte ri

4645
1038
296
462
505
3369
23496
1588
1053
162
21758
3300
12847
51549
539
427
335
8475

5138
989
230
642
1203
1389
21838
1605
713
108
25428
3800
24977
49426
434
662
588
10715

2780
1041
224
638
2007
1998
14913
2086
1071
260
32438
6239
25100
42505
479
709
496
12701

2499
1395
132
470
2689
2170
14500
2795
1435
64
34194
6343
22530
63879
298
720
665
10488

1500
1264
114
325
1300
2154
14390
2500
1302
107
25462
3100
22764
67164
258
410
660
8872

1977
2500
207
304
1400
2200
14000
2800
1050
124
20000
3700
20166
51462
402
419
700
19015

Austria
Belgium
Canada
China
Cyprus
France
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Israel
Italy
United Kingdom
Moldova, Republic of
Spain
United States of America
Sweden
Hungary
Other countries

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

88

2.32

Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea reedinei obinuite, pe sexe


International migration determined by change of usual residence, by sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Imigrani 1)
Immigrants 1)

Anii
Years
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
20143)

Emigrani 2)
Emigrants 2)

Soldul migraiei internaionale


Net international migration

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

135844
149885
147685
167266
153646
142426

79398
85486
83931
94047
84790
78478

56446
64399
63754
73219
68856
63948

246626
197985
195551
170186
161755
184603

105778
85663
87389
70163
65303
79716

140848
112322
108162
100023
96452
104887

-110782
-48100
-47866
-2920
-8109
-42177

-26380
-177
-3458
23884
19487
-1238

-84402
-47923
-44408
-26804
-27596
-40939

Not: Date estimate.


Note: Estimated data.
1) Persoane cu cetenie strin, romn i fr cetenie care i-au stabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia n cursul anului de referin.
Persons with foreign, romanian and without citizenship who settled their usual residence in Romania during the reference year.
2) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate n cursul anului de referin.
Persons from Romania who changed their usual residence abroad during the reference year.
3) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

89

PIAA FOREI DE MUNC

LABOUR MARKET

CUPRINS TABELE

3.1
3.2
3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7
3.8

3.9
3.10
3.11

3.12

3.13
3.14
3.15
3.16
3.17
3.18

3.19

3.20

92

Pagina
Page

TABLES CONTENTS

FORA DE MUNC

LABOUR FORCE

Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic,


pe sexe i medii ........................................................ 106
Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj,
dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii ................ 107
Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale
economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst,
n anul 2014 .............................................................. 108
Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale
economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional,
n anul 2014 .............................................................. 110
Structura populaiei, dup participarea
la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ....................................... 112
Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul
de educaie, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ....................................... 113
Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii,
grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ............ 114
Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul
profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii,
n anul 2014 .............................................................. 118
Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei
naionale ................................................................... 119
Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei
naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2014 ....... 120
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti
ale economiei naionale, pe sexe i
pe forme de proprietate ............................................ 121
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme
de proprietate, clase de mrime ale
ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ......................................... 124
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale
industriei, pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate ........... 124
Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale
i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2014 ............................. 129
Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe,
la 31 decembrie 2014 ............................................... 130
omerii nregistrai i rata omajului ........................ 132
Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de
formare profesional ................................................. 132
omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul
de educaie i pe grupe de vrst,
la 31 decembrie 2014 ............................................... 134
omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii
de omaj, pe grupe de vrst i dup durata
omajului, la 31 decembrie 2014 .............................. 134
omajul de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ............... 136

Population by participation in economic activity,


by sex and area
Activity, employment and unemployment rates,
by educational level, sex and area
Employment structure, by activity of
national economy and by age group,
in 2014
Employment structure, by activity of national
economy and by status in employment,
in 2014
Population structure, by participation
in economic activity, by age group,
sex and area, in 2014
Employment structure, by educational
level, by age group, sex and area,
in 2014
Employment structure, by occupation group,
age group, sex and area, in 2014
Employment structure, by status in
employment, by age group, sex and area,
in 2014
Civil employment, by activity of national
economy
Civil employment, by activity of national
economy and by type of ownership, in 2014
Average number of employees,
by activity of national economy,
by sex and by ownership type
Average number of employees,
by ownership type, enterprises size class
and by sex
Average number of employees, by activity of
industry, by sex and by ownership type
Employees, by activity of national economy
and by sex, on December 31, 2014
Employees, by activity of industry and by sex,
on December 31, 2014
Registered unemployed and unemployment rate
Persons who attend vocational
training courses
Registered unemployed, by educational
level and by age group,
on December 31, 2014
Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment
indemnities, by age group and by unemployment
duration, on December 31, 2014
Long term unemployed, by sex and area

Pagina
Page

3.21
3.22
3.23
3.24
3.25
3.26
3.27
3.28
3.29

CONDIII DE MUNC

WORKING CONDITIONS

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale


economiei naionale, n anul 2014 ............................ 137
Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte
de interese . ............................................................... 141
Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii
prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 ............................ 141
Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar .......... 142
Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale
economiei naionale .................................................. 142
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale ......................... 148
Rata locurilor de munc vacante,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale ......................... 149
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante,
pe grupe majore de ocupaii ..................................... 150
Rata locurilor de munc vacante,
pe grupe majore de ocupaii ..................................... 151

Number of injured at work, by activity of


national economy, in 2014
Claims which caused
conflicts of interest
Strikes initiated by observing the procedure
provided by Law No 168 / 1999
Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
Conflicts of interest, by activity of
national economy
Number of vacancies, by activity
of national economy
Rate of vacancies, by activity of
national economy
Number of vacancies, by
major occupation groups
Rate of vacancies,
by major occupation groups

Teritorial
3.30
3.31

3.32

3.33

3.34

3.35

3.36

3.37
3.38
3.39

3.40

Populaia dup participarea la activitatea


economic, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................
Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj,
n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie,
pe sexe i medii, n anul 2014 .........................................
Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea
economic, n profil teritorial, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ..............................................
Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial,
dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ..............................................
Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial,
dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2014 ..............................................
Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale i
pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2014 .....................................
Populaia ocupat civil, n profil teritorial i
pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2014 .....................................................................
Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial ................
Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial
i pe sexe .........................................................................
Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial
i pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2014 .....................................................................
omerii nregistrai i rata omajului,
n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2014 ...........................

Territorial
Population by participation in economic activity,
at territorial level, by sex and area
Activity, employment and unemployment rates, at
territorial level, by educational level,
by sex and area, in 2014
Population structure, by participation in economic
activity, at territorial level, by age group,
sex and area, in 2014
Employment structure, at territorial level,
by educational level, by age group,
sex and area, in 2014
Employment structure, at territorial level,
by status in employment, by age group,
sex and area, in 2014
Employment structure, at territorial level,
by activity of national economy and
by age group, in 2014
Civil employment, at territorial level and
by activity of national economy,
in 2014
Average number of employees, at territorial level
Average number of employees, at territorial level
and by sex
Average number of employees, at territorial level
and by activity of national economy,
in 2014
Registered unemployed and unemployment rate,
at territorial level, on December 31, 2014

93

3.41

3.42
3.43

3.44

3.45

3.46
3.47
3.48

omerii nregistrai, n profil teritorial,


pe categorii de personal i nivel de educaie,
la 31 decembrie 2014 .......................................................
omajul de lung durat, n profil teritorial,
pe sexe i medii ................................................................
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n profil teritorial, n anul 2014 ..........................................
Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti
ale economiei naionale, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2014 ......................................................................
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante,
pe grupe majore de ocupaii, n profil
teritorial, n anul 2014 .......................................................
Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore
de ocupaii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2014 .....................
Numrul accidentailor n munc, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2014 .....................................................................
Conflictele de interese, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2014 .....................................................................

SURSA DATELOR

94

Cercetri statistice:
Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n
gospodrii, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat
i omajul (conform Regulamentului nr. 577/1998 al
Consiliului privind organizarea unei anchete prin
sondaj asupra forei de munc din Comunitate, cu
modificrile ulterioare);
Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc n
unitile economico-sociale, pentru datele referitoare
la numrul salariailor (conform Regulamentului
Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999
privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i
costului forei de munc);
Cercetarea statistic trimestrial asupra locurilor de
munc vacante, pentru datele referitoare la rata locurilor
de munc vacante (conform Regulamentului Consiliului
i Parlamentului European nr. 453/2008 privind
statisticile referitoare la locurile de munc vacante);
Balana forei de munc, pentru datele privind
populaia ocupat civil pe activiti ale economiei
naionale, pe forme de proprietate i pe judee.
Surse administrative:
Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de
Munc, pentru datele privind omajul nregistrat i
numrul persoanelor cuprinse n cursuri de calificare
i recalificare;
Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i
Persoanelor Vrstnice, pentru datele privind
condiiile de munc.

Registered unemployed, at territorial level,


by category of personnel and educational level,
on December 31, 2014
Long term unemployed, at territorial level,
by sex and area
Number of vacancies, by activity
of national economy, at territorial level,
in 2014
Rate of vacancies, by activity of national
economy, at territorial level,
in 2014
Number of vacancies, by major
occupation groups, at territorial level,
in 2014
Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups,
at territorial level, in 2014
Number of injured at work, at territorial level,
in 2014
Conflicts of interest,
at territorial level, in 2014

DATA SOURCE

Statistical surveys:
Household labour force statistical survey, for data
on employment and unemployment (according to
the Regulation No 577/1998 of the Council regarding
the organization of a labour force sample survey in
EC, with further amendments);
Labour cost survey carried out in economic and
social units, for data regarding the number of
employees (according to the Regulation of the
European Parliament and of the Council
No 530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and
labour cost structures);
Quarterly job vacancy survey, for data related to rate
of vacancies (according to the Regulation of the
European Parliament and of the Council
No 453/2008 regarding statistics of vacancies);
Labour force balance, for data on civil employment
by activity of national economy, by type of ownership
and by county.
Administrative sources:
National Agency for Employment, for data on the
number of registered unemployment and the number
of persons who attend qualification and
requalification courses;
Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and
Elderly Persons, for data on working conditions.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

FORA DE MUNC

LABOUR FORCE

Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n


gospodrii (AMIGO) este conceput ca o surs important
de informaii intercenzitare asupra forei de munc; ancheta
furnizeaz, ntr-o manier coerent, date eseniale asupra
principalelor segmente de populaie (activ - ocupat i n
omaj - inactiv), cu numeroase posibiliti de corelare i
structurare dup caracteristici demo - socio - economice
diverse, n condiii de comparabilitate internaional. ncepnd
cu anul 1996, ancheta forei de munc n gospodrii se
realizeaz trimestrial, ca o cercetare continu, permind astfel
obinerea de date conjuncturale asupra mrimii i structurii
ofertei de for de munc i evidenierea fenomenelor cu
caracter sezonier care se manifest pe piaa forei de munc.
Din anul 2004, volumul eantionului pe care se realizeaz
ancheta este de 28080 locuine/trimestru. Datele anuale se
calculeaz ca medii aritmetice ale datelor trimestriale.
Indicatorii de for de munc, prezentai n Anuar pentru
perioada 2009-2014, respectiv populaia activ, populaia
ocupat, omerii, populaia inactiv, ratele de activitate,
ratele de ocupare i ratele omajului etc. au fost revizuite n
funcie de populaia rezident, conform conceptului de
reedin obinuit i a pragului de cel puin 12 luni de
prezen/absen pe teritoriul Romniei, recalculat n
condiii de comparabilitate cu rezutatele finale ale
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor din anul 2011.

Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) is


conceived as an important source of inter-census
information about labour force; the survey provides, in a
coherent way, essential data about main population
segments (economically active - employed and
unemployed - non-economically active), with numerous
possibilities of correlation and structuring by demo-socioeconomical features, under international comparability
conditions. Beginning with 1996, household labour force
survey is quarterly carried out, as a continuous survey,
resulting in short-term data on the labour force size and
structure and pointing out seasonal phenomena taking
place on the labour market. Since 2004, the sample
volume is of 28080 dwellings/quarter. The yearly data are
calculated as quartely data arithmetic means.

Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc


este o cercetare statistic anual complex care furnizeaz
elementele necesare efecturii unor analize privind evoluia
diferitelor componente ale costului forei de munc i
corelaiile dintre ele, oferind, totodat, elementele necesare
calculului mrimii brute i nete, lunare i orare, a ctigului
salarial structurat pe activiti ale economiei naionale, forme
de proprietate, forme juridice, categorii de salariai, sexe,
regiuni de dezvoltare i judee. Se realizeaz pe un eantion
de circa 25500 de operatori economici i sociali, aparinnd
tuturor claselor de mrime a ntreprinderii, indiferent de
numrul de salariai. Nu sunt cuprinse forele armate i
personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante
este o cercetare statistic selectiv trimestrial, avnd ca perioad
de referin luna de mijloc a trimestrului, furnizeaz elementele
necesare calculrii ratei trimestriale a locurilor de munc vacante.
Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 22500
de ntreprinderi/uniti locale. Sunt excluse forele armate i
personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

The labour force indicators presented in the Yearbook


for the 2009-2014 period, respectively economically active
population, employment, unemployed, economically
inactive population, activity rates, employment rates and
unemployment rates etc. are revised according to the usual
resident population, according to the concept of usual
residence and threshold of 12 months presence/absence
at least on the Romania's territory recalculated under the
conditions of comparability with the final results of
the Population and Housing Census of 2011.
Labour cost survey is a complex yearly statistical
survey which provides the necessary elements for the
analysis on the evolution of various components of labour
cost and correlations among them, offering, as well, the
necessary elements for the calculation of net and gross size,
monthly and hourly, of the earnings structured by national
economy activity, ownership type, legal form, employees
category, sex, development region and county. It is achieved
on a sample of about 25500 economic and social operators,
from all enterprise size classes, irrespective of employees
number. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff
(Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs,
Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Job vacancy survey is a quarterly statistical
sample survey, having as reference period the quarter
middle month; it provides the necessary elements for
the calculation of vacancies quarterly rate. It is carried
out on a sample of about 22500 enterprises / local
units. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff
(Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs,
Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.)

95

Balana forei de munc este o lucrare care se


realizeaz pe baza informaiilor din mai multe surse de date:
statistica demografic; cercetarea statistic privind costul
forei de munc; cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc
n gospodrii (AMIGO); surse administrative.
Populaia activ (persoanele active) - din punct de
vedere economic - cuprinde toate persoanele de 15 ani
i peste, care furnizeaz fora de munc disponibil
pentru producia de bunuri i servicii; include populaia
ocupat i omerii.
Populaia ocupat cuprinde, conform metodologiei
Cercetrii statistice asupra forei de munc n
gospodrii, toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care au
desfurat o activitate economic productoare de
1)
bunuri sau servicii de cel puin o or n perioada de
referin (o sptmn), n scopul obinerii unor venituri
sub form de salarii, plat n natur sau alte beneficii.
ncepnd din anul 2011, lucrtorii pe cont propriu i
lucrtorii familiali neremunerai care lucreaz n
agricultur sunt considerai persoane ocupate doar
dac sunt proprietarii produciei agricole (nu neaprat i
ai pmntului) obinute i ndeplinesc una dintre
urmtoarele condiii:
a) producia agricol este destinat, fie i mcar n
parte, vnzrii sau schimbului n natur (troc);
b) producia agricol este destinat exclusiv
consumului propriu dac aceasta reprezint o parte
2)
substanial a consumului total al gospodriei.
Sunt excluse din populaia ocupat persoanele care:
3)
desfoar activiti agricole minore , n scop de
recreere, hobby sau pentru a obine, suplimentar,
produse alimentare fr ca acestea s constituie o
parte important a consumului total al gospodriei;
desfoar activiti agricole (cu o durat de peste 10
ore/sptmn), producia agricol fiind destinat
exclusiv consumului propriu, dar aceasta nereprezentnd
o parte substanial a consumului total al gospodriei.
n afara persoanelor care au un loc de munc i au lucrat
n cursul sptmnii de referin, indiferent de statutul
profesional, se consider persoane ocupate i cele care
fac parte din urmtoarele categorii:
persoanele care n cursul sptmnii de referin au
desfurat o munc oarecare, pltit sau
aductoare de venit, chiar dac erau n curs de
pregtire colar obligatorie, erau la pensie sau
beneficiau de pensie, erau nscrise la Agenia
Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc
(ANOFM), primind sau nu indemnizaie de omaj;
ucenicii i stagiarii remunerai, care lucreaz cu
program de lucru complet sau parial;
membrii forelor armate.
1)

Labour force balance is a paper drawn up based


on the information from several data sources:
demographic statistics, labour cost survey; household
labour force survey (HLFS); administrative sources.
Economically active population (active persons)
comprises all persons aged 15 years and over, providing
available labour force for the production of goods
and services; it includes employed population and
unemployed.
Employment includes, according to the
methodology of Household labour force survey all
persons aged 15 years and over, who carried out an
economic activity producing goods or services of at least
1)
one hour during the reference period (one week) in
order to get income as salaries, payment in kind or other
benefits.
Since 2011, self employed and contributing family
workers who work in agriculture are considered
employed persons only if they own agricultural
production (not necessarily of land) obtained and fulfill
one of the main conditions:
a) agricultural production is meant at least partly to
sale or change in kind;
b) agricultural production is meant exclusively to own
2)
consumption if it represents a substantial part
of
household total consumption.
The following persons are excluded from employment:
3)
they carry out minor agricultural activities , for
recreation, hobby or to get, supplementary, food
products without being an important part of
household total consumption;
they develop agricultural activities (over 10 hours per
week), being exclusively meant for own
consumption, but not representing a substantial part
of household total consumption.
Besides persons with a job and who worked during the
reference week, no matter of professional status, there
are considered employed persons those who belong to
the following categories:
persons who during the reference week carried out
a certain paid or bringing income work, even if they
had compulsory school training, were retired or
benefited of pension, were registered at National
Employment Agency (NEA) receiving or not
unemployment benefit;

remunerated apprentices and trainees, who work


with full or part time;
members of armed forces.

Cel puin 15 ore pentru lucrtorii pe cont propriu i lucrtorii familiali neremunerai din agricultur - anterior anului 2011.
At least 15 hours for self employed and agriculture contributing family workers - prior to 2011.
2)
Cel puin 50% din consumul total al gospodriei. / At least 50% of household total consumption.
3)
A cror durat n sptmna de referin nu depete 10 ore. / Whose duration in the reference week does not exceed 10 hours.

96

Populaia ocupat civil cuprinde, potrivit


metodologiei balanei forei de munc, toate persoanele
care, n anul de referin, au desfurat o activitate
economico-social aductoare de venit, cu excepia
cadrelor militare i a persoanelor asimilate acestora
(personalul din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii), a salariailor
organizaiilor politice, obteti i a deinuilor.
Resursele de munc precum i categoria
non-salariailor care fac parte din populaia ocupat civil
au fost estimate pe baza populaiei rezidente la 1 ianuarie
2015. Datele pentru resursele de munc, populaia activ
civil i populaia ocupat civil nu sunt comparabile cu anii
anteriori.
omerii conform definiiei internaionale a Biroului
Internaional al Muncii (BIM), sunt persoanele de
15-74 ani, care n perioada de referin ndeplinesc
simultan urmtoarele condiii:
nu au loc de munc i nu desfoar o activitate n
scopul obinerii unor venituri;
sunt n cutarea unui loc de munc, utiliznd n ultimele
patru sptmni diferite metode active pentru a-l gsi
(nscrierea la agenii de ocupare a forei de munc sau
la agenii particulare de plasare, aciuni pentru
nceperea unei activiti pe cont propriu, publicarea de
anunuri, apel la prieteni, rude, colegi, sindicate etc.);
sunt disponibile s nceap lucrul n urmtoarele
dou sptmni, dac s-ar gsi imediat un loc de munc.
Rata de activitate reprezint raportul dintre populaia
activ i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, exprimat
procentual.
Rata de ocupare reprezint raportul dintre populaia
ocupat
i
populaia
total
n
vrst
de
15-64 ani, exprimat procentual.
Rata omajului reprezint raportul dintre numrul
omerilor i populaia activ, exprimat procentual.
Rata omajului de lung durat reprezint ponderea
omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n populaia
activ.
Rata omajului de lung durat pentru tineri
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n
omaj de 6 luni i peste n populaia activ tnr.
Incidena omajului de lung durat reprezint
ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n
total omeri.
Incidena omajului de lung durat pentru tineri
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n
omaj de 6 luni i peste n total omeri tineri.
Statutul profesional reprezint situaia unei persoane
ocupate, n funcie de modul de obinere a veniturilor prin
exercitarea unei activiti i anume:

Civil employment includes, according to the


methodology used for the labour force balance, all
persons who, during the reference year, carried out a
socio-economic lucrative activity, excepting military staff
and similar (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of
Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service staff),
political and community organisations employees and
the convicts.
The labour force resources, as well as the category
of non-employees belonging to civil employment
have been estimated based on resident population on
January 1, 2015. The data on labour force resources,
civil economically active population and civil employment
are not comparable to previous years.
Unemployed according to the international
definition of International Labour Office (ILO) criteria, are
persons aged 15-74 years who, during the reference
period, simultaneously meet the following conditions:
have no job and are not carrying out any activity in
order to get income;
are looking for a job, undertaking certain actions
during the last four weeks (registering at
employment agencies, or private agencies for
placement, attempts for starting an activity on own
account, publishing notices, asking for a job among
friends, relatives, mates, trade unions a.s.o.);
are available to start work within the next two weeks,
if they immediately find a job.
Activity rate represents the ratio between active
population and total population aged 15-64 years
expressed as percentage.
Employment rate represents the ratio between
employed population and total population aged
15-64 years expressed as percentage.
Unemployment rate represents the ratio between
the number of unemployed and active population
expressed as percentage.
Long term unemployment rate represents the
weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in active
population.
Long term unemployment rate for young people
(aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young
unemployed for 6 months and over in young active
population.
Incidence of long term unemployment represents
the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in total
unemployed.
Incidence of long term unemployment for young
people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of
young unemployed for six months and over in total young
unemployed.
Status in employment represents the situation of
an employed person, depending on the way of achieving
income from his activity, namely:

97

salariat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea pe


baza unui contract de munc ntr-o unitate
economic sau social - indiferent de forma ei de
proprietate - sau la persoane particulare, n
schimbul unei remuneraii sub form de salariu,
pltit n bani sau natur, sub form de comision etc.;
patron, persoana care-i exercit ocupaia (meseria)
n propria sa unitate (ntreprindere, agenie, atelier,
magazin, birou, ferm etc.), pentru a crei activitate
are angajai unul sau mai muli salariai;
lucrtor pe cont propriu, persoana care-i exercit
activitatea n unitatea proprie sau ntr-o afacere
individual, fr a angaja nici un salariat, fiind ajutat,
sau nu, de membrii familiei, neremunerai;
lucrtor familial neremunerat, persoana care-i
exercit activitatea ntr-o unitate economic familial
condus de un membru al familiei sau o rud, pentru
care nu primete remuneraie sub form de salariu
sau plat n natur; gospodria rneasc
(agricol) este considerat o astfel de unitate;
membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei
cooperative neagricole, persoana care a lucrat fie
ca proprietar de teren agricol ntr-o societate
agricol constituit conform legii, fie ca membru al
unei cooperative meteugreti, de consum sau de
credit.
Numrul mediu al salariailor reprezint o medie
aritmetic simpl rezultat din suma efectivelor zilnice
ale salariailor, inclusiv din zilele de repaus sptmnal,
srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare mprit la
numrul total al zilelor calendaristice (365 zile). n
efectivul zilnic al salariailor luat n calculul numrului
mediu, nu se cuprind: salariaii aflai n concedii fr
plat, n grev, detaai la lucru n strintate. n zilele de
repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile
nelucrtoare se ia n calcul ca efectiv zilnic numrul
salariailor din ziua precedent, mai puin cei al cror
contract/raport a ncetat n aceast zi. Salariaii care nu
au fost angajai cu norm ntreag s-au inclus n numrul
mediu proporional cu timpul de lucru prevzut n
contractul de munc. n efectivul de salariai luat n
calculul numrului mediu se includ numai persoanele
care au fost pltite.
ncepnd cu anul 2003 din efectivele zilnice luate n
calculul numrului mediu au fost exclui salariaii al
cror contract de munc/raport de serviciu a fost
suspendat, conform Legii nr.53/2003 (republicat)
Codul muncii, art. 49-54, privind Suspendarea
contractului individual de munc i Legii nr.161/2003
(cu completrile i modificrile ulterioare) referitor la
suspendarea raportului de serviciu (exemple: concediu
de maternitate, concediu pentru incapacitate temporar
de munc, exercitarea unei funcii n cadrul unei
autoriti executive, legislative ori judectoreti pe toat
durata mandatului .a.m.d.).

98

employee, a person who carries out his activity


based on an employment contract into an economic
or social unit - no matter of its ownership type - or for
private persons, for a remuneration as salary, in
cash or in kind, as commission a.s.o.;

employer, a person who carries out his occupation


(trade) in his own unit (enterprise, agency,
workshop, shop, office, farm a.s.o.) for whose activity
he has one or several employees;
self-employed, a person who carries out his activity
in his own unit or in an individual business, without
hiring any employee, being helped, or not, by
contributing family workers;
contributing family worker, a person who carries
out his activity into a family economic unit, run by a
member of the family or a relative, for which he gets
no remuneration as salary or payment in kind;
peasant (agricultural) household is considered such
a unit;
member of an agricultural holding or of a
non-agricultural co-operative, a person who
worked either as owner of agricultural land into an
agricultural holding set up according to legal
provisions, or as a member of a craftsmen,
consumption or credit co-operative.
Average number of employees represents a
simple arithmetic mean resulted from the sum of daily
employees number, including from the weekly rest days,
legal holidays and other non-working days divided to the
total calendar days of the year (365 days). In daily
number of employees taken into calculation for average
number, there are not included: employees under
unpaid leave, on strike, detached to work abroad. In
weekends, legal holidays, other days off it is taken into
calculation as daily number the number of employees
from previous day, less that of those whose labour
contract ceased the same day. Employees who were not
employed in full time are included in average number of
employees, proportionally with the working time from the
labour contract. Only persons paid are included in the
number of employees taken into the calculation of
average number.
Beginning with 2003 out of the daily total number
taken into account when computing the average number
excluded
the
employees
whose
labour
contract/agreement was suspended according to the
Law No 53/2003 (republished) - Labour Code,
art. 49-54, regarding the Suspension of the individual
labour contract and the Law No 161/2003 (with
subsequent amendments) regarding suspension of the
work agreement (examples: maternity leave, temporarily
labour disability leave, exercising a function within an
executive, legislative or judiciary authority during
duration of the mandate a.s.o.).

Numrul salariailor la 31 decembrie (efectivul


salariailor) reprezint numrul de salariai angajai cu
contract individual de munc pe durat determinat sau
nedeterminat, n program complet sau parial (inclusiv cei
cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat)
existeni n evidenele ntreprinderii la sfritul anului. Nu
sunt cuprini salariaii detaai la lucru n strintate i cei
care cumuleaz mai multe funcii i nu au funcia de baz
la unitatea raportoare.
Repartizarea salariailor pe activiti ale economiei
naionale s-a realizat dup activitatea omogen a
ntreprinderii, iar pe judee n funcie de localitatea n care
acetia i desfoar activitatea.
omerii nregistrai reprezint persoanele care
ndeplinesc
cumulativ
condiiile
prevzute
de
Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj
i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc i care se nregistreaz
la agenia pentru ocuparea forei de munc n a crei raz
teritorial i au domiciliul sau, dup caz, reedina, ori alt
furnizor de servicii de ocupare, care funcioneaz n condiiile
prevzute de lege, n vederea obinerii unui loc de munc.
Conform legislaiei n vigoare, calitatea de omer o
are persoana care ndeplinete cumulativ urmtoarele
condiii:
a) este n cutarea unui loc de munc de la vrsta de
minimum 16 ani i pn la ndeplinirea condiiilor de pensionare;
b) starea de sntate i capacitile fizice i psihice o
fac apt pentru prestarea unei munci;
c) nu are loc de munc, nu realizeaz venituri sau
realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii, venituri mai
mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin al
asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de
munc, n vigoare;
Indicatorul social de referin al asigurrilor pentru
omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de munc, denumit n
continuare indicator social de referin, reprezint unitatea
exprimat n lei la nivelul creia se raporteaz prestaiile
bneti, suportate din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj,
acordate att n vederea asigurrii proteciei persoanelor n
cadrul sistemului asigurrilor pentru omaj, ct i n vederea
stimulrii anumitor categorii de persoane pentru a se ncadra
n munc, precum i a angajatorilor pentru a ncadra n
munc persoane n cutarea unui loc de munc. ncepnd
cu anul 2011 valoarea indicatorului social este de 500 lei;
d) este disponibil s nceap lucrul n perioada
imediat urmtoare dac s-ar gsi un loc de munc.
Asimilai omerilor sunt persoanele n cutarea unui
loc de munc i care nu au putut ocupa loc de munc dup
absolvirea unei instituii de nvmnt i care ndeplinesc
urmtoarele condiii:
sunt absolveni ai instituiilor de nvmnt, n vrst
de minimum 16 ani, care ntr-o perioad de 60 de zile
de la absolvire nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc
potrivit pregtirii profesionale;

Number of employees on December 31 (number


of employees) represents the number of employees
employed with individual labour contract with definite or
non-definite duration, with full or part-time (including
those with suspended labour contract/agreement)
existent in the enterprise records at the end of the year.
The employees detached abroad and those who hold
more than one position and are not having the main
position at the reporting unit are not included.
The breakdown of employees by activity of the
national economy was carried out according to
homogeneous activity of the enterprise and by county
according to the locality where they work.
Registered unemployed represent persons who
fulfill the cumulative conditions stipulated by the
Law No 76/2002 regarding the system of unemployment
insurance and employment incentives and who register
to the employment agency in the territorial zone they
have domicile or, by case, residence, or to another
provider of employment services, functioning according
to the law, in order to get a job.
According to the legislation in force, unemployed
position is held by person who fulfills the following
cumulative conditions:
a) he/she is looking for a job from 16 years old at
least to pension age;
b) his/her health, his/her physical and psychical
capacities make him able to work;
c) he/she has no job, he/she gets no income or, from
legal activities, he/she gets an income lower than the
value of reference social indicator of unemployment
insurance and stimulation of employment in force;
Social
reference
indicator
of
insurance
unemployment and stimulation of employment, further
called social reference indicator represents the unit
expressed in lei at the level of which there are reported
money provisions, supported from unemployment
insurance budget, granted both to ensure persons
protection within unemployment insurance system and to
stimulate certain categories of persons to get a job, as
well as employers in view to employ persons looking for
a job. Beginning with 2011, the social indicator value is
lei 500;
d) he/she is available to start work in the next period
if he/she finds a job.
Unemployed assimilated are persons looking for a
job who could not occupy a job after graduation of
education institution fulfilling the following conditions:

graduates of an education institution, aged minimum


16 years, who during 60 days period since
graduation did not succeed to be employed
according to vocational training;

99

sunt absolveni ai colilor speciale pentru


persoanele cu handicap n vrst de minim 16 ani
care nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc potrivit
pregtirii profesionale.
Rata omajului nregistrat reprezint raportul
dintre numrul omerilor (nregistrai la ageniile pentru
ocuparea forei de munc) i populaia activ civil
(omeri + populaie ocupat civil, definit conform
metodologiei balanei forei de munc).

Locuri de munc vacante

Job vacancies

Rata locurilor de munc vacante reprezint


raportul dintre numrul locurilor de munc vacante i
numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante,
exclusiv cele blocate sau destinate numai promovrii
n interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei), exprimat
procentual.
Datele medii anuale privind numrul locurilor de
munc vacante i numrul total de locuri de munc se
calculeaz ca medii aritmetice simple ale datelor
trimestriale corespunztoare fiecruia dintre cei doi
indicatori.
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante include
numrul posturilor pltite, nou create, neocupate, sau
care vor deveni vacante, pentru care:
angajatorul ntreprinde aciuni concrete spre a gsi
un candidat potrivit pentru ocuparea postului
respectiv (exemple de aciuni concrete ntreprise de
angajator: anunarea existenei locului vacant prin
serviciile de ocupare a forei de munc, publicitate
prin ziare, media, Internet, contactare direct a
posibililor candidai etc.);
angajatorul dorete ocuparea imediat sau ntr-o
perioad specific de timp, stabilit de angajator.
Perioada specific de timp se refer la perioada
maxim necesar ocuprii locului de munc vacant.
Sunt considerate locuri de munc vacante posturile
destinate persoanelor din afara ntreprinderii (dar pe
care pot concura i persoane din interiorul
ntreprinderii), indiferent dac sunt posturi pe durat
determinat sau nedeterminat, n program de lucru
normal sau parial.
Nu se consider vacante, posturile neocupate:

Vacancies rate represents the ratio between the


numbers of vacancies and total number of jobs
(occupied and vacant, excluding the blocked ones or
meant for promotion inside the enterprise or
institution), expressed as percentage.

destinate exclusiv promovrii persoanelor din


interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei;
din unitile administraiei publice, blocate printr-un
act normativ.
Posturile ocupate de persoanele care absenteaz o
anumit perioad de timp (concedii de maternitate, pentru
ngrijirea copilului, concedii medicale, concedii fr plat,
alte absene), se consider vacante, dac angajatorul
dorete substituirea pe perioad determinat (temporar)
i dac ntreprinde aciuni de gsire a candidailor.

100

graduates of special schools for disabled persons


aged minimum 16 years, who did not succeed to be
employed according to their vocational training.

Registered unemployment rate represents the ratio


between the number of unemployed (registered at the
agencies for employment) and civil economically active
population (unemployed + civil employment, defined
according to the methodology of labour force balance).

Yearly average data on the number of vacancies and


total number of jobs are calculated as simple arithmetic
means of quarterly data corresponding to each of the
two indicators.
Number of vacancies includes the number of paid,
newly created jobs, unoccupied or becoming vacancies,
for which:
employer takes concrete actions to find an adequate
candidate for that job (examples of concrete actions
taken by employer: announce of vacancy existence
through employment services, advertising in the
newspapers, mass media, internet, direct contact
with possible candidates a.s.o.);

employer whishes to occupy at once or in specific


period of time, set by employer. Specific time period
refers to the needed maximum period of vacant job
occupation.
There are considered vacancies those jobs for
persons outside the enterprise (for which can also
compete those from inside the enterprise) no matter if
they are jobs for definite or indefinite period, full time or
part time.
There are not considered vacancies the
unoccupied jobs:
exclusively meant to promote persons from inside
the enterprise;
from units of public, local administration blocked by
normative documents.
Jobs occupied by persons who are absent a certain
period of time (maternity leaves, child care, sick leaves,
unpaid ones, others) are considered vacancies if the
employer wishes substitution during definite or
temporary period and if he looks for candidates.

Numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i


vacante) include efectivul salariailor la sfritul lunii
(exclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu
suspendat) i numrul locurilor de munc vacante.

Total number of jobs (occupied and vacancies)


includes the number of employees at the end of the
month (except those with suspended labour contract /
agreement) and number of vacant jobs.

CONDIII DE MUNC

WORKING CONDITIONS

Accident de munc reprezint vtmarea violent


a organismului, precum i intoxicaia acut profesional,
care s-au produs n timpul procesului de munc sau n
ndeplinirea ndatoririlor de serviciu, i care provoac
incapacitatea temporar de munc de cel puin trei zile
calendaristice, invaliditate sau deces.
n raport cu urmrile produse i cu numrul persoanelor
accidentate, accidentul de munc se clasific n:
accident care produce incapacitate temporar de
munc de cel puin 3 zile calendaristice;
accident care produce invaliditate;
accident mortal;
accident colectiv, respectiv cel n care sunt
accidentate n acelai timp i din aceeai cauz cel
puin trei persoane.
Rata accidentelor de munc reprezint frecvena
de accidentare sau numrul accidentailor ce revin la
1000 salariai.
Conflictele de interese se refer la ntreruperile
temporare ale lucrului declanate, n general, n scopuri
revendicative sau pentru normalizarea raporturilor de
munc dintre unitate, pe de o parte, i salariaii acesteia,
pe de alt parte conform Legii nr.168/1999 privind
soluionarea conflictelor de munc.
Greva constituie o ncetare colectiv i voluntar a
lucrului ntr-o unitate, conform Legii nr. 168/1999.

Accident at work represents the violent body injury


as well as the acute professional intoxication, taking
place during labour process or when accomplishing
duties at work, and which causes the temporary
incapacity of work for at least three calendar days,
invalidity or death.
According to consequences and to the number of
persons injured, accidents at work are classified as follows:
accident causing temporary incapacity of work for at
least 3 calendar days;
accident causing invalidity;
fatal accident at work;
collective accident, when at least 3 persons are
injured at the same time and due to the same
cause.
Rate of accidents at work represents accidents
frequency or number of injured persons per
1000 employees.
Conflicts of interest refer to work temporary
interruptions, generally for claiming purposes or in view
to normalize the labour relationships between the unit,
on the one side, and its employees, on the other side
according to the Law No 168/1999.

Conform CAEN Rev.2


Agricultura include activitile de: agricultur,
silvicultur i pescuit.
Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv,
industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer
condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer,
transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii
i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri,
tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i
tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de
servicii suport.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie
public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public,
nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de
spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti
ale economiei naionale.

Strike represents a collective and voluntary ceasing


of work within a unit, according to the Law No 168/1999.
According to CANE Rev.2
Agriculture includes: agriculture, forestry, and
fishing.
Industry includes: mining and quarrying,
manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply, water supply,
sewerage, waste management and decontamination
activities.
Trade services include: trade, transport and
storage, hotels and restaurants, information and
communication, financial intermediation and insurance,
real estate activities, professional, scientific and
technical activities, administrative and support service
activities.
Social services include: public administration and
defence, compulsory social security, education, human
health and social work activities, arts, entertainment and
recreation, other activities of national economy.

101

3.G1

Populaia ocupat civil, pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale,


n anul 2014
Civil employment, by main activities of national economy, in 2014
CAEN Rev. 2 / CANE Rev. 2

27,3%

44,1%

21,1%
7,5%
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Agriculture, forestry and fishing

Construcii
Construction

Industrie1)
Industry 1)

Servicii
Services

1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate,

gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.


Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and
decontamination activities.

1)

3.G2

Structura populaiei ocupate , dup statutul profesional, pe sexe i medii,


n anul 2014
1)
Employment structure, by status in employment, by sex and area, in 2014
%

100
90

11,6

6,3

80

19,4
1,1

24,5

70
60

1,5

18,3

0,7
5,7
1,6

12,8
0,7
35,6

50
40
30
20

24,5

0,5
67,9

67,7

68,2

92,0

39,4

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Urban

Rural

10
0

Salariat
Employee

Lucrtor pe cont propriu i membru al unei societi agricole


sau al unei cooperative
Self employed and member of an agricultural holding or
of a co-operative

Patron
Employer

Lucrtor familial neremunerat


Contributing family worker

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii

de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

102

3.G3

1)

Structura populaiei ocupate n activiti neagricole, pe sexe, n anul 2014


1)
Employment structure in non-agricultural activities, by sex, in 2014
CAEN Rev.2 / CANE Rev.2

Total

21,0%

38,6%

30,0%

10,4%

Feminin / Female

Masculin / Male

14,0%

32,0%

27,3%

30,3%

1,9%
37,2%
16,8%

40,5%

Industrie
Industry

Servicii comerciale
Trade services

Construcii
Construction

Servicii sociale
Social services

Not: Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri
financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii
suport.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i
asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale.
Note: Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply,
sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities.
Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and
insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, administrative and support service activities.
Social services include: public administration and defence, compulsory social security, education, human health and social work activities,
arts, entertainment and recreation, other activities of national economy.
1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

103

3.G4

Evoluia numrului mediu al salariailor


Evolution of average number of employees

mii persoane / thou persons

5500
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0

4774

4376
3085

2009

2010

2011

2012

3126

3051

3017

2880

2793

4508

4444

4443

4349

2013

2014

Numrul mediu al salariailor - total


Average number of employees - total
Numrul mediu al salariailor din sectorul integral privat1)
Average number of employees from integral private sector1)
1) Include: proprietate integral privat, proprietate integral strin.

Including: private integral ownership, foreign integral ownership.

3.G5

Numrul omerilor nregistrai i rata omajului nregistrat


Number of registered unemployed and unemployment rate
mii persoane / thou persons

800

600

104

7,0
7,1
627

5,7

5,4

5,2

6,3

709

400

200

7,8

4,9

4,9
494

512

5,4

5,1

2009

264
2010

204
2011

478

461
302

4,8

211

2012

216

2013

200

2014

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - total


Number of registered unemployed - total

Rata omajului - total


Unemployment rate - total

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - femei


Number of registered unemployed - women

Rata omajului - femei


Unemployment rate - women

3.G6

1)

Rata omajului 2), pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2014


Unemployment 2) rate1), by age group, sex and area, in 2014
%

24,7

25
23,6

20
15

8,7

10

5,7

6,9
4,6

15-24

25-34

35-44

5,3
5,2
45-54

3,4
1,6
55 ani i peste
years and over

ani / years

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

%
35

32,6

30
25
20
15

18,3
8,9

10

5,9

5
0

6,4
15-24

25-34

Urban

4,4
35-44

6,0
4,1
45-54

5,0
1,1
55 ani i peste
years and over

ani / years

Rural

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM= Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO= International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

105

3.1

Populaia1) dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii


Population1) by participation in economic activity, by sex and area
2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

mii persoane / thou persons


Populaia activ
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Populaia ocupat
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
omeri 2)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Rata de activitate 3)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Rata de ocupare 3)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Rata omajului 2)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

9576

9365

9188

9232

9202

9243

5428
4148

5280
4085

5132
4056

5181
4051

5191
4011

5228
4015

5102
4474

5048
4317

5057
4131

5037
4195

5022
4180

5078
4165

8952

8713

8528

8605

8549

8614

5030
3922

4881
3832

4734
3794

4800
3805

4791
3758

4844
3770

4716
4236

4605
4108

4623
3905

4618
3987

4587
3962

4669
3945

624

652

660

627

653

629

398
226

399
253

398
262

381
246

400
253

384
245

386
238

443
209

434
226

419
208

435
218

409
220

65,9

64,9

64,1

64,8

64,9

65,7

75,1
56,7

73,7
56,2

72,1
56,1

73,2
56,4

73,4
56,3

74,3
56,9

63,8
68,9

63,5
66,8

63,9
64,4

64,1
65,8

64,5
65,5

65,8
65,5

61,4

60,2

59,3

60,2

60,1

61,0

69,4
53,4

67,9
52,5

66,3
52,3

67,6
52,8

67,6
52,6

68,7
53,3

58,9
64,8

57,9
63,3

58,4
60,5

58,7
62,2

58,9
61,8

60,5
61,7

6,5

7,0

7,2

6,8

7,1

6,8

7,3
5,4

7,6
6,2

7,7
6,5

7,4
6,1

7,7
6,3

7,3
6,1

7,6
5,3

8,8
4,8

8,6
5,5

8,3
5,0

8,7
5,2

8,1
5,3

procente / percentage

Economically active population


Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Employment
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Unemployed 2)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Activity rate 3)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Employment rate 3)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Unemployment rate 2)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural

1) Seria de date pentru perioada 2009-2014 a fost calculat n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite,

n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The series of data for the 2009-2014 period have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence
criteria, under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
3) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

106

3.2

Ratele1) de activitate, ocupare i omaj 2), dup nivelul de educaie,


pe sexe i medii
Activity, employment and unemployment 2) rates1), by educational level,
sex and area
procente / percentage

2013
Nivelul de educaie
Educational level
Total Superior Mediu Sczut
Tertiary Medium
Low

2014
Nivelul de educaie
Educational level
Total Superior Mediu Sczut
Tertiary Medium
Low

Rata de activitate 3)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

Activity rate 3)
64,9

87,4

69,1

45,8

65,7

87,6

70,0

48,1

73,4
56,3

89,6
85,3

77,7
59,4

55,5
37,8

74,3
56,9

90,0
85,4

78,6
60,4

58,5
38,9

64,5
65,5

87,4
87,1

66,1
74,0

28,3
54,3

65,8
65,5

87,9
85,9

67,6
74,0

33,8
55,3

Rata de ocupare 3)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

Employment rate 3)
60,1

82,6

63,7

42,2

61,0

82,5

65,0

44,4

67,6
52,6

85,0
80,5

71,4
54,9

50,0
35,8

68,7
53,3

84,8
80,3

72,8
56,1

52,9
36,9

58,9
61,8

82,8
81,6

60,2
69,5

22,8
51,6

60,5
61,7

82,9
79,8

62,2
69,5

28,4
52,4

Rata omajului 2)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural

Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Unemployment rate 2)

7,1

5,4

7,8

6,7

6,8

5,8

7,2

6,7

7,7
6,3

5,2
5,7

7,9
7,5

8,9
4,3

7,3
6,1

5,8
5,9

7,2
7,1

8,6
4,3

8,7
5,2

5,3
6,2

9,0
6,0

18,9
4,1

8,1
5,3

5,7
6,9

8,0
6,0

15,7
4,3

Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural

1) Seria de date pentru anii 2013 i 2014 a fost calculat n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite,

n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The series of data for the years 2013 and 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence
criteria, under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
3) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

107

3.3

Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe activiti ale economiei naionale


i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2014
1)
Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by
age group, in 2014

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
Total 15-64 ani
employment
years
(thou persons)

din care, n vrst de munc (%):


of which, at working age (%):
65 ani i
grupe de vrst (ani)
peste (%)
age groups (years)
65 years
and over
15-24
25-34
35-44 45-54 55-64
(%)

Din total,
femei:
(%)
Total
Of total, 15-64 ani
women:
years
(%)

din care, n vrst de munc (%):


of which, at working age (%):
grupe de vrst (ani)
age groups (years)
15-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

65 ani i
peste (%)
65 years Activity
and over (CANE Rev.2 sections)
55-64
(%)

Total

8614

95,8

5,9

24,2

29,1

22,8

13,8

4,2

43,8

41,6

2,3

10,6

12,8

10,1

5,8

2,2

Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic,
gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i
activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

2442
75
1595

85,8
99,6
99,9

8,6
0,3
5,3

15,5
15,4
24,8

22,0
41,9
29,7

18,8
31,5
27,7

20,9
10,5
12,4

14,2
0,4
0,1

45,2
10,9
42,5

37,6
10,8
42,5

3,2
2,1

6,5
0,7
11,0

9,4
3,6
13,6

7,9
5,1
12,2

10,6
1,4
3,6

7,6
0,1
-

92

99,8

0,5

14,6

32,2

35,1

17,4

0,2

19,2

19,0

0,1

2,7

5,1

9,3

1,8

0,2

90
640

99,6
99,9

3,9
5,8

16,2
28,0

32,2
32,4

28,6
21,9

18,7
11,8

0,4
0,1

26,6
7,9

26,6
7,8

0,1
0,2

5,7
2,2

10,6
2,6

5,4
2,0

4,8
0,8

0,1

1112
433
181
148
112
21

99,9
99,8
100,0
98,5
99,9
99,5

6,2
3,1
13,2
5,7
4,0
6,2

33,6
22,4
33,9
48,5
39,7
25,0

31,5
34,1
25,1
26,2
31,4
30,6

21,3
28,4
21,3
12,9
18,3
29,9

7,3
11,8
6,5
5,2
6,5
7,8

0,1
0,2
1,5
0,1
0,5

54,3
17,1
63,1
36,5
66,3
36,1

54,3
17,1
63,1
35,6
66,3
36,1

3,2
0,3
8,1
2,0
1,9
3,5

17,8
4,3
18,7
19,0
26,8
5,7

17,9
5,9
16,3
8,8
20,8
12,6

12,0
5,2
15,9
3,7
13,0
9,5

3,4
1,4
4,1
2,1
3,8
4,8

0,9
-

193

99,5

3,8

36,2

30,6

18,8

10,1

0,5

53,9

53,8

2,1

21,3

15,5

10,4

4,5

0,1

184

99,6

5,5

26,4

29,2

26,7

11,8

0,4

25,1

24,8

0,6

6,8

7,0

8,3

2,1

0,3

391
311
368
55
171

99,8
99,6
99,7
99,7
99,7

1,9
1,7
0,9
10,2
7,0

24,7
22,4
22,8
35,4
28,4

39,7
32,5
38,2
22,2
31,7

23,8
25,2
25,1
19,7
22,4

9,7
17,8
12,7
12,2
10,2

0,2
0,4
0,3
0,3
0,3

36,1
75,2
80,6
52,2
62,7

36,0
75,0
80,5
52,2
62,5

0,5
1,6
0,6
7,6
4,9

7,4
18,2
17,9
16,6
18,2

13,7
25,5
31,4
12,6
18,6

10,0
18,8
20,7
11,1
15,6

4,4
10,9
9,9
4,3
5,2

0,1
0,2
0,1
0,2

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and
technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration and defence;
compulsory social security
Education
Human health and social work activities
Arts, entertainment and recreation
Other activities of national economy

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii

de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

108

109

3.4

Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe activiti ale economiei naionale


i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2014
Employment 1) structure, by activity of national economy
and by status in employment, in 2014

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
employment
(thou persons)

din care, dup statutul profesional (%):


of which, by status in employment (%):
Lucrtor
Lucrtor
pe cont
familial
Salariat
Patron
propriu
neremunerat
Employee
Employer Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Din total,
femei:
(%)
Of total,
women:
(%)

din care, dup statutul profesional (%):


of which, by status in employment (%):
Lucrtor
Lucrtor
pe cont
familial
Salariat
Patron
propriu
neremunerat
Employee
Employer Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Total

8614

67,9

1,1

19,4

11,6

43,8

29,8

0,4

5,6

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti
de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

2442
75
1595

7,3
98,5
97,7

0,2
0,6

52,5
1,3
1,6

40,0
0,2
0,1

45,2
10,9
42,5

1,3
10,6
42,1

0,1

16,1
0,2
0,2

92

99,9

0,1

19,2

19,2

90
640

95,2
72,9

1,8

4,8
25,0

0,3

26,6
7,9

26,4
7,5

0,1

0,2
0,3

1112
433
181
148
112
21
193

89,7
91,9
94,7
91,6
97,7
87,0
84,9

3,9
1,8
3,2
0,8
0,6
2,8
3,9

5,7
6,3
1,8
4,6
1,7
9,2
11,1

0,7
0,3
3,0
1,0
0,1

54,3
17,1
63,1
36,5
66,3
36,1
53,9

51,0
16,6
61,5
32,5
65,2
33,4
46,7

1,4
0,4
0,8
0,3
0,3
0,9

1,5
0,1
0,6
1,7
0,8
1,7
6,2

184

98,2

0,9

0,9

25,1

24,7

0,1

0,3

391
311
368
55
171

100,0
99,6
97,4
89,0
66,7

0,1
0,5
0,9
1,6

0,3
2,1
10,1
31,2

0,5

36,1
75,2
80,6
52,2
62,7

36,1
75,2
78,5
49,2
38,9

0,3
0,5

1,8
3,0
22,9

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

8,0 Total
27,8 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
0,1 Mining and quarrying
0,1 Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
- production and supply
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
- and decontamination activities
- Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
0,4 and motorcycles
- Transport and storage
0,2 Hotels and restaurants
2,0 Information and communication
- Financial intermediation and insurance
1,0 Real estate activities
0,1 Professional, scientific and technical activities
Administrative and support
- service activities
Public administration and defence;
- compulsory social security
- Education
- Human health and social work activities
- Arts, entertainment and recreation
0,4 Other activities of national economy

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de

comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

110

111

3.5

Structura populaiei1), dup participarea la activitatea economic,


pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2014
Population1) structure, by participation in economic activity,
by age group, sex and area, in 2014
procente / percentage

Grupe de vrst

Total
populaie
Total
population

Persoane active
Persoane
Economically active persons
inactive
Total
Ocupate
omeri 2) Non-economically
Employed
Unemployed 2)
active persons

Age groups

Total
Total
Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0
100,0

46,4
65,7

43,2
61,0

3,2
4,7

53,6
100,0
34,3

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

29,6
81,6
84,5
79,8
44,6
10,8

22,5
75,1
80,1
75,6
43,1
10,8
Masculin / Male

7,1
6,5
4,4
4,2
1,5
-

70,4
18,4
15,5
20,2
55,4
89,2

Total
Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0
100,0

53,7
74,3

49,8
68,7

3,9
5,6

46,3
100,0
25,7

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

34,8
89,8
93,0
88,3
55,4
12,5

26,6
82,0
87,7
83,6
53,1
12,5
Feminin / Female

8,2
7,8
5,3
4,7
2,3
-

65,2
10,2
7,0
11,7
44,6
87,5

Total
Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0
100,0

39,4
56,9

37,0
53,3

2,4
3,6

60,6
100,0
43,1

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

24,0
72,8
75,6
71,2
35,0
9,7

18,1
67,8
72,1
67,5
34,2
9,7
Urban

5,9
5,0
3,5
3,7
0,8
-

76,0
27,2
24,4
28,8
65,0
90,3

Total
Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0
100,0

47,3
65,8

43,5
60,5

3,8
5,3

52,7
100,0
34,2

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

23,0
86,1
88,1
82,1
36,7
1,0

15,5
78,5
82,9
77,2
34,8
1,0
Rural

7,5
7,6
5,2
4,9
1,9
-

77,0
13,9
11,9
17,9
63,3
99,0

Total
Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0
100,0

45,3
65,5

42,9
61,7

2,4
3,8

54,7
100,0
34,5

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

36,5
74,9
80,1
76,6
55,7
19,2

29,8
70,1
76,6
73,5
54,8
19,2

6,7
4,8
3,5
3,1
0,9
-

63,5
25,1
19,9
23,4
44,3
80,8

Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over
Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over
Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over
Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over
Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de

comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

112

3.6

Structura populaiei ocupate1), dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst,


sexe i medii, n anul 2014
Employment1) structure, by educational level, by age group,
sex and area, in 2014

Nivel de educaie

Total populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
Total
employment 15-64 ani
(thou persons)
years

din care, n vrst de munc (%):


of which, at working age (%):
grupe de vrst (ani)
age groups (years)
15-24 25-34

35-44

45-54

65 ani
i peste
(%)
65 years
and over
55-64
(%)

Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit

8614
1589
4849

95,8
99,5
99,0

5,9
2,8
6,0

Total
24,2
37,9
22,2

29,1
31,8
31,5

22,8
18,0
26,9

13,8
9,0
12,4

4,2
0,5
1,0

309
3040
1500
2176
1871

98,3
99,5
98,0
86,2
90,3

2,3
7,5
3,7
8,0
8,3

19,7
24,0
19,0
18,6
19,4

37,4
32,3
28,8
21,8
23,5

21,4
26,9
27,9
17,3
18,3

17,5
8,8
18,6
20,5
20,8

1,7
0,5
2,0
13,8
9,7

305

61,1

11,0

18,7

38,9

Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit

4844
788
2881

96,6
99,3
98,7

6,4 13,2
11,8
Masculin / Male
6,4 24,2
29,0
2,7 36,3
30,9
6,1 22,2
30,6

22,7
18,3
26,0

14,3
11,1
13,8

3,4
0,7
1,3

139
1664
1078
1175
1029

97,2
99,5
97,7
89,4
91,8

30,0
32,1
28,5
23,8
25,2

26,6
25,2
27,0
17,6
18,4

25,2
8,9
19,8
17,5
17,6

2,8
0,5
2,3
10,6
8,2

146

72,8

12,1

16,1

27,2

3770
801
1968

94,9
99,7
99,3

9,4 21,1
14,1
Feminin / Female
5,3 24,1
29,2
2,9 39,4
32,7
5,7 22,2
32,8

23,0
17,7
28,2

13,3
7,0
10,4

5,1
0,3
0,7

170
1376
422
1001
842

99,3
99,5
98,6
82,4
88,5

2,8
6,7
3,4
6,3
6,8

159

50,4

3,5

4669
1407
2855

Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit
Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit
Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit

1,7
8,1
3,8
9,5
9,6

13,7
25,2
18,6
21,0
21,0

24,6
22,6
20,2
15,7
17,5

43,5
32,5
29,5
19,5
21,4

17,2
29,0
30,1
16,9
18,2

11,2
8,7
15,4
24,0
24,6

0,7
0,5
1,4
17,6
11,5

9,7

10,1

21,0

49,6

99,7
99,7
99,8

6,1
Urban
3,9 27,9
2,3 37,7
4,2 23,3

30,9
32,1
30,9

25,0
18,6
28,4

12,0
9,0
13,0

0,3
0,3
0,2

247
1907
701
407
365

99,6
99,9
99,7
98,5
99,0

1,9
5,3
2,0
6,8
6,5

20,0
25,3
19,0
25,8
25,6

38,9
31,4
26,6
26,5
26,6

22,2
28,3
31,2
23,2
23,5

16,6
9,6
20,9
16,2
16,8

0,4
0,1
0,3
1,5
1,0

42

94,1

8,9

25,6

20,0

11,7

5,9

3945
182
1994

91,3
98,0
97,7

27,9
Rural
8,3 19,8
6,6 38,7
8,5 20,6

27,1
29,5
32,4

20,2
13,4
24,6

15,9
9,8
11,6

8,7
2,0
2,3

62
1133
799
1769
1506

93,3
98,9
96,5
83,3
88,2

3,7
11,0
5,2
8,3
8,7

18,4
21,9
19,0
16,9
18,0

31,7
33,7
30,7
20,8
22,7

18,5
24,7
25,0
15,9
17,1

21,0
7,6
16,6
21,4
21,7

6,7
1,1
3,5
16,7
11,8

263

55,8

5,9

10,9

9,6

9,6

19,8

44,2

Educational level

Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education
Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education
Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education
Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education
Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de

comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

113

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst,


sexe i medii, n anul 2014
Employment1) structure, by occupation group, age group,
sex and area, in 2014
Total populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
employment
(thou persons)

Total
15-64 ani
years

Total

8614

Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,


nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

Grupe de ocupaii

din care, n vrst


of which,
grupe de
age groups

de munc (%):
at working age (%):
vrst (ani)
(years)

65 ani
i peste (%)
65 years
and over (%)

15-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

55-64

95,8

5,9

24,2

29,1

22,8

13,8

4,2

175
1164
509
365
1167
2010
1364
1860

99,1
99,7
99,8
99,9
99,9
85,0
99,9
97,4

1,0
1,9
4,2
4,6
6,8
8,8
4,4
7,0

23,2
32,5
30,7
30,1
29,4
15,3
22,5
23,6

34,2
33,9
32,3
28,6
31,6
21,3
30,1
31,0

26,5
20,3
21,8
26,4
23,6
18,4
28,9
23,5

14,2
11,1
10,8
10,2
8,5
21,2
14,0
12,3

0,9
0,3
0,2
0,1
0,1
15,0
0,1
2,6

878

94,6

10,0

21,7

26,1

21,7

15,1

5,4

Total

Total

Masculin
Total

4844

96,6

6,4

24,2

29,0

22,7

14,3

3,4

120
502
239
132
462
1063
1068
1258

98,8
99,5
99,8
99,8
99,9
87,2
99,9
98,1

1,0
1,9
5,2
5,4
7,0
10,2
4,7
7,1

22,1
31,4
31,1
30,2
32,0
16,1
22,1
25,3

32,9
31,5
29,9
29,2
30,4
22,3
29,4
32,4

27,6
20,9
20,8
23,9
21,0
19,4
28,4
21,7

15,2
13,8
12,8
11,2
9,5
19,2
15,3
11,6

1,2
0,5
0,2
0,2
0,1
12,8
0,1
1,9

498

95,4

12,1

25,7

25,9

18,3

13,4

4,6

Feminin

Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,


nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

Total

Managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate professionals
Clerical support workers
Service and sales workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Elementary occupations
Male

Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,


nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

Total

Occupation groups

Total

Managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate professionals
Clerical support workers
Service and sales workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Elementary occupations
Female

3770

94,9

5,3

24,1

29,2

23,0

13,3

5,1

55
662
270
233
705
947
296
602

99,8
99,8
99,9
100,0
99,9
82,7
99,8
95,9

0,8
1,9
3,4
4,1
6,7
7,2
3,3
6,7

25,6
33,4
30,3
30,0
27,6
14,5
23,6
20,1

37,2
35,7
34,5
28,3
32,4
20,3
32,6
28,3

24,2
19,8
22,7
27,9
25,3
17,3
31,1
27,0

12,0
9,0
9,0
9,7
7,9
23,4
9,2
13,8

0,2
0,2
0,1
0,1
17,3
0,2
4,1

380

93,5

7,2

16,6

26,3

26,1

17,3

6,5

Total

Managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate professionals
Clerical support workers
Service and sales workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Elementary occupations

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de

comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

114

115

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst,


sexe i medii, n anul 2014 - continuare
Employment 1) structure, by occupation group, age group,
sex and area, in 2014 - continued

Grupe de ocupaii

Total populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
employment
(thou persons)

Total
15-64 ani
years

din care, n vrst


of which,
grupe de
age groups
15-24

25-34

de munc (%):
at working age (%):
vrst (ani)
(years)
35-44

65 ani
i peste (%)
65 years
and over (%)
45-54

Occupation groups

55-64

Urban

Urban

Total

4669

99,7

3,9

27,9

30,9

25,0

12,0

0,3

Total

Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,


nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

142
1030
427
305
850
82
887
946

99,2
99,7
99,8
99,9
99,9
91,3
99,9
99,9

0,9
1,7
3,5
4,4
5,6
6,9
3,5
5,2

24,6
32,8
32,3
31,3
29,9
24,0
21,0
24,8

34,3
33,7
31,1
28,1
31,1
15,7
27,5
32,4

25,0
20,6
22,0
25,8
24,5
22,8
31,1
25,9

14,4
10,9
10,9
10,3
8,8
21,9
16,8
11,6

0,8
0,3
0,2
0,1
0,1
8,7
0,1
0,1

309

99,9

9,0

25,1

27,6

25,5

12,7

0,1

Managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate professionals
Clerical support workers
Service and sales workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Elementary occupations

Rural

Rural

Total

3945

91,3

8,3

19,8

27,1

20,2

15,9

8,7

Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,


nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

33
134
82
60
317
1928
477
914

98,6
99,4
99,8
99,8
99,9
84,8
99,8
94,8

0,9
3,7
7,7
5,2
10,2
8,9
6,1
8,8

17,3
30,3
22,3
23,5
27,9
15,0
25,1
22,4

34,0
35,4
38,6
31,0
33,1
21,6
34,9
29,6

33,2
17,2
20,7
30,1
21,1
18,2
25,0
20,9

13,2
12,8
10,5
10,0
7,6
21,1
8,7
13,1

1,4
0,6
0,2
0,2
0,1
15,2
0,2
5,2

569

91,7

10,5

20,0

25,2

19,6

16,4

8,3

Total

Managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate professionals
Clerical support workers
Service and sales workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Elementary occupations

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de

comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

116

117

3.8
Statutul
profesional

Structura populaiei ocupate1), dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst,


sexe i medii, n anul 2014
Employment1) structure, by status in employment, by age group,
sex and area, in 2014
Total populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
Total
employment 15-64 ani
(thou persons)
years

din care, n vrst de munc (%):


of which, at working age (%):
grupe de vrst (ani)
age groups (years)
15-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

65 ani
i peste
(%)
65 years
and over
55-64
(%)

8614

95,8

5,9

Total
24,2
29,1

22,8

13,8

4,2

5850
99
1670

99,8
98,8
85,3

4,8
0,3
3,3

27,5
19,0
13,5

31,9
39,3
24,1

24,6
26,4
22,0

11,0
13,8
22,4

0,2
1,2
14,7

995

89,5

17,6

22,7

19,9

13,3

16,0

10,5

Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

4844

96,6

6,4

Masculin / Male
24,2
29,0

22,7

14,3

3,4

3277
72
1189

99,8
98,6
87,5

5,0
0,4
3,6

26,8
17,8
14,4

31,2
40,0
25,7

24,2
26,5
22,5

12,6
13,9
21,3

0,2
1,4
12,5

306

96,2

33,7

35,5

16,0

6,6

4,4

3,8

Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

3770

94,9

Feminin /Female
5,3
24,1
29,2

23,0

13,3

5,1

2573
27
481

99,9
99,3
79,9

4,4
2,5

28,4
22,2
11,2

32,9
37,2
20,3

25,2
26,1
20,8

9,0
13,8
25,1

0,1
0,7
20,1

689

86,6

10,5

17,1

21,7

16,2

21,1

13,4

Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

4669

99,7

3,9

Urban
27,9
30,9

25,0

12,0

0,3

4296
78
264

99,8
98,9
98,1

3,8
0,4
5,1

28,1
19,5
25,7

31,0
37,7
27,8

25,1
26,8
24,2

11,8
14,5
15,3

0,2
1,1
1,9

31

90,2

16,6

31,6

13,4

15,2

13,4

9,8

Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

3945

91,3

8,3

Rural
19,8
27,1

20,2

15,9

8,7

1554
21
1406

99,9
98,4
82,9

7,5
0,1
2,9

25,9
17,2
11,2

34,4
45,0
23,4

23,2
24,7
21,7

8,9
11,4
23,7

0,1
1,6
17,1

964

89,5

17,6

22,5

20,1

13,2

16,1

10,5

Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

Status
in employment

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

1) Datele pentru anul 2014 au fost calculate n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei obinuite, n condiii de

comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


The data for 2014 have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence criteria, under the conditions
of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2014.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2014.

118

3.9

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale (la sfritul anului)
Civil employment, by activity of national economy (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

2012

2013

2014

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total

8570

8531

8431

Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic,
gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten
social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

2510
1765
65
1509

2380
1778
63
1532

2304
1782
62
1536

68

60

58

123
606

123
632

126
628

1178
447
154
153

1229
430
156
153

1205
408
165
161

114
32

122
35

118
29

166

169

175

258

271

282

192
391

191
379

196
373

374

372

377

62
168

72
162

75
153

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration and defence;
compulsory social security
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

Not: Resursele de munc precum i categoria non-salariailor care fac parte din populaia ocupat civil au fost estimate pe baza
populaiei rezidente la 1 ianuarie 2015.
Datele pentru resursele de munc, populaia activ civil i populaia ocupat civil nu sunt comparabile cu anii anteriori.
Note: The labour force resources, as well as the category of non-employees belonging to civil employment have been estimated based
on resident population on January 1, 2015.
The data on labour force resources, civil economically active population and civil employment are not comparable to previous years.
Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului.
Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

119

3.10

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme


de proprietate, n anul 2014 (la sfritul anului)
Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type
of ownership, in 2014 (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Total

8431

1270

7161

Total

3953

751

3202

of which: women

2304
1782
62
1536

1224
718
10
665

24
142
27
20

2280
1640
35
1516

58

14

43

15

126
628

29
98

52
23

74
605

1205
408
165
161

603
65
98
65

1
113
5
9

1204
295
160
152

118
29

88
13

9
6

109
23

175

87

34

141

282

93

19

263

196
373

114
263

196
350

23

377

300

305

72

75
153

42
82

32
2

43
151

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration and defence;
compulsory social security
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

din care: femei


Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic,
gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten
social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

din care:
femei
of which:
women

din total, pe forme


de proprietate:
of total, by type
of ownership:
Majoritar
Majoritar
Activity
de stat
privat (CANE Rev.2 sections)
State
Private
majority
majority

Not: Resursele de munc precum i categoria non-salariailor care fac parte din populaia ocupat civil au fost estimate pe baza
populaiei rezidente la 1 ianuarie 2015.
Datele pentru resursele de munc, populaia activ civil i populaia ocupat civil nu sunt comparabile cu anii anteriori.
Note: The labour force resources, as well as the category of non-employees belonging to civil employment have been estimated based
on resident population on January 1, 2015.
The data on labour force resources, civil economically active population and civil employment are not comparable to previous years.
Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului.
Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

120

3.11

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe sexe


i pe forme de proprietate
Average number of employees, by activity of national economy, by sex
and by ownership type
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

2013 2014

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Total

4444 4508

2360 2376

2084 2132

Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i
aprare; asigurri sociale
din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten
social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

104 108
1285 1303
62
62
1063 1085

80
728
52
557

84
739
52
571

24
557
10
506

24
564
10
514

61

58

46

44

15

14

99
346

98
345

73
298

72
299

26
48

26
46

759
256
120
126

756
251
128
133

371
193
47
76

353
192
49
81

388
63
73
50

403
59
79
52

93
24

90
24

29
13

27
13

64
11

63
11

131

136

70

73

61

63

235

252

162

169

73

83

187
359

192
361

80
108

81
107

107
251

111
254

322

323

64

65

258

258

56
41

62
44

23
18

25
19

33
23

37
25

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence; compulsory
social security1)
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

121

3.11

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe sexe


i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of national economy, by sex
and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013 2014

Proprietate public 2)
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i
aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public 1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten
social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1250 1241

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

520

511

730

730

26
148
28
24

24
140
27
20

21
112
23
17

20
106
23
14

5
36
5
7

4
34
4
6

44

43

34

33

10

10

52
24

50
22

38
19

36
18

14
5

14
4

1
118
3
11

1
112
6
9

*)
77
1
6

1
74
2
5

1
41
2
5

*)
38
4
4

9
7

9
6

2
4

2
3

7
3

7
3

32

32

16

16

16

16

17

19

11

12

187
345

192
347

80
101

81
100

107
244

111
247

291

290

57

58

234

232

30
1

30
2

13
-

12
1

17
1

18
1

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Public ownership 2)
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence; compulsory
social security 1)
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
2) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.
Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

122

3.11

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe sexe


i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of national economy, by sex
and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

2013 2014

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Proprietate privat 3)

3193 3267

1839 1864

1354 1403

Private ownership 3)

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i
aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public 1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten
social
Activiti de spectacole, `
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

78
83
1137 1163
34
34
1039 1065

59
616
28
541

63
633
28
558

19
521
6
498

20
530
6
507

17

15

12

11

47
322

49
322

35
280

36
280

12
42

13
42

757
138
117
115

755
139
122
124

370
116
46
70

352
118
47
75

387
22
71
45

403
21
75
49

84
18

82
18

27
10

26
10

57
8

56
8

99

104

54

57

45

47

219

234

151

158

68

76

14

14

30

34

24

26

26
39

31
42

10
17

12
18

16
22

19
24

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence; compulsory
social security 1)
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
3) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

123

3.12

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale


ntreprinderilor i pe sexe
Average number of emolyees, by ownership type, enterprises size class
and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Forma de proprietate
Ownership type
Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor
Enterprises size class

Total

Total
Sub 50 salariai
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste
250 employees and over
Proprietate public 1)
Public ownership 1)
Sub 50 salariai
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste
250 employees and over
Proprietate privat 2)
Private ownership 2)
Sub 50 salariai
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste
250 employees and over

2013

2014

Brbai
Male
2013
2014

Femei
Female
2013
2014

4444
1275

4508
1315

2360
721

2376
741

2084
554

2132
574

1103

1117

635

635

468

482

2066

2076

1004

1000

1062

1076

1250

1241

520

511

730

730

114

115

52

53

62

62

183

183

81

79

102

104

953

943

387

379

566

564

3193

3267

1839

1864

1354

1403

1160

1200

668

687

492

513

920

934

554

556

366

378

1113

1133

617

621

496

512

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.
Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

mii persoane / thou persons

Total
2013 2014

Industrie - total
Industrie extractiv
Extracia crbunelui
superior i inferior
Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei
Industrie prelucrtoare
Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile

1285 1303

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

728

739

557

564

62

62

52

52

10

10

20

19

17

16

22
3
9
8

21
2
11
9

18
2
8
7

17
2
9
8

4
1
1
1

4
2
1

1063 1085

557

571

506

514

65
13
2
9

68
12
2
10

78
6
*)
23

76
6
*)
24

143
19
2
32

144
18
2
34

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)
Industry - total
Mining and quarrying
Mining of coal
and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities
Manufacturing
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture
Manufacture

of
of
of
of

food products
beverages
tobacco products
textiles

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

124

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013 2014

Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte


142
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
61
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i
din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
53
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor
din hrtie
10
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
14
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie
i a produselor obinute
din prelucrarea ieiului
4
Fabricarea substanelor i
a produselor chimice
27
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
9
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
45
Fabricarea altor produse din
minerale nemetalice
39
Industria metalurgic
30
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
73
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
23
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
34
Fabricarea de maini,
utilaje i echipamente n.c.a.
48
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
135
Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
28
Fabricarea de mobil
56
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
12
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
24
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

61

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

142

18

19

124

123

64

16

19

45

45

51

40

37

13

14

10

13

25

19

17

48

27

29

18

19

39
29

28
24

28
23

11
6

11
6

72

58

57

15

15

26
38

11
17

12
20

12
17

14
18

49

38

39

10

10

144

69

74

66

70

30
58
14

23
36
5

24
37
6

5
20
7

6
21
8

22

20

19

58

46

44

15

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Manufacture of wearing apparel


Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear;
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork, except
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction of
recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic
mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

14

Electricity, gas, steam and


air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

99

98

73

72

26

26

41

41

29

29

12

12

51

50

38

37

13

13

Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Used water collection
and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities and
services of decontamination

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

125

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013 2014

Proprietate public 1)

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)
Public ownership 1)

148

140

36

34

Industrie extractiv

28

27

23

23

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

20

18

17

15

4
2
2
*)

4
2
2
1

3
1
2
*)

4
1
2
1

1
1
*)
*)

*)
1
*)
*)

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

24

20

17

14

Manufacturing

*)
*)
*)

*)
*)
*)

*)
*)
*)

*)
**)
**)

*)
*)
*)

**)
**)
*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

**)

*)

**)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)
*)

*)
*)

**)
*)

*)
*)

**)
*)

1
-

1
-

1
-

1
-

*)
-

*)
-

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie
i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i a
produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe
supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie
i a produselor obinute
din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor i a
produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din
minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport

112 106

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear;
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork, except
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic
mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.
Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

126

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013 2014

Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea
i instalarea mainilor
i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare
Proprietate privat 2)
Industrie extractiv
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior
Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei
Industrie prelucrtoare

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

*)
1

**)
1

*)
1

**)
1

*)
*)

*)

44

43

34

33

10

Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and
installation of machinery
and equipment

10

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

52

50

38

36

14

14

34

33

24

23

10

10

13

12

10

616 633

521

530

1137 1163

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Water catchment, treatment


and distribution
Used water collection
and purification
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities and
services of decontamination
Private ownership 2)
Mining and quarrying
Mining of coal and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

34
*)

34
*)

28
*)

28
*)

6
*)

6
*)

18
1
8
7

17
*)
9
8

14
1
7
6

14
*)
8
6

4
*)
1
1

3
**)
1
2

541 558

498

507

Manufacturing
Manufacture of food products
Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear;
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork, except
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction of
recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products

1039 1065

Industria alimentar
143
Fabricarea buturilor
19
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
2
Fabricarea produselor textile
32
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
142
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
61
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i
din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
53
Fabricarea hrtiei i a
produselor din hrtie
9
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
12
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie
i a produselor obinute
din prelucrarea ieiului
4

144
18
2
34
142

65
13
2
9
18

69
12
2
10
19

78
6
*)
23
124

75
6
*)
24
123

63

16

19

45

44

51

40

37

13

14

10

12

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

127

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013 2014

Fabricarea substanelor i a
produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din
minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i
a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini,
utilaje i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

25

23

17

16

45

48

27

29

18

19

39
30

39
29

28
24

28
23

11
6

11
6

67

67

54

54

13

13

22
34

26
38

11
17

12
20

11
17

14
18

47

48

37

38

10

10

135

144

69

74

66

70

26
56
11

27
58
13

22
36
4

22
37
5

4
20
7

5
21
8

17

17

15

14

Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic
mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery and
equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other transport
equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply

17

15

12

11

47

49

35

36

12

13

*)

38

39

28

29

10

10

Water supply; sewerage,


waste management and
decontamination activities
Water catchment, treatment
and distribution
Used water collection
and purification
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities and
services of decontamination

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

128

3.14

Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe,


la 31 decembrie 2014
Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex,
on December 31, 2014
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai
Total employees
Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare

din care:
proprietate Din total:
privat1) Of total:
Total
of which:
Brbai
private
Men
ownership1)

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Femei
Women

4901

3630

2572

2329

114

89

88

26

1396
62

1254
35

785
52

611
10

1172

1152

614

558

58

15

44

Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing

14

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

104

52

75

29

376

353

324

52

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;


repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 855

854

395

460

Transport i depozitare

158

208

63

Transport and storage

Construcii

271

Construction
Wholesales and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles

Hoteluri i restaurante

145

141

56

89

Hotels and restaurants

Informaii i comunicaii

147

138

88

59

Information and communication

Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri

99

90

30

69

Financial intermediation
and insurance

Tranzacii imobiliare

28

22

15

13

Real estate activities

Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice

156

123

84

72

Professional, scientific and


technical activities

Activiti de servicii administrative i


activiti de servicii suport

280

261

187

93

Administrative and support


service activities

Administraie public i aprare; asigurri


196
sociale din sistemul public 2)

82

114

Public administration and defence;


compulsory social security 2)

nvmnt

368

17

108

260

Education

Sntate i
asisten social

347

42

71

276

Human health and


social work activities

Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative

70

38

28

42

Arts, entertainment
and recreation

Alte activiti de servicii

53

50

23

30

Other service activities

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.

2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2014.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2014.

129

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2014


Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2014
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai
Total employees
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

din care:

Total

proprietate
privat1)
of which:
private
ownership1)

Din total:
Of total:
Brbai
Men

Femei
Women

Total
Industrie extractiv / Mining and quarrying
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior
Mining of coal and lignite
Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Mining of metal ores
Alte activiti extractive
Other mining and quarrying
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei
Mining support service activities

1396
62
19

1254
35
*)

785
52
16

611
10
3

20

16

17

*)

*)

11

10

10

Industrie prelucrtoare / Manufacturing


Industria alimentar / Manufacture of food products
Fabricarea buturilor / Manufacture of beverages
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Manufacture of tobacco products
Fabricarea produselor textile / Manufacture of textiles
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de
voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel
and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation
and dyeing of furs
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn
i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din
paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and
cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie
Manufacture of paper and paper products
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor
Printing and reproduction of recorded media
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products

1172
158
19
2

1152
157
19
2

614
76
13
2

558
82
6
*)

37
153

37
153

11
20

26
133

67

67

20

47

56

56

41

15

11

11

15

13

26

24

17

10

51

51

31

20

40

40

28

12

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

130

Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2014.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2014.

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2014 - continuare


Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2014 - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai
Total employees
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Industria metalurgic
Manufacture of basic metals
Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor
din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
except machinery and equipment
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor
electronice i optice
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a.
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Fabricarea de mobil
Manufacture of furniture
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric
i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
and decontamination activities
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei
Water catchment, treatment and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Used water collection and purification
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor;
activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile;
activiti i servicii de decontaminare
Waste collection, purification and disposal;
activities of recycling materials recovery;
activities and services of decontamination

din care:

Total

proprietate
privat1)
of which:
private
ownership1)

Din total:
Of total:
Brbai
Men

Femei
Women

30

30

24

76

71

60

16

29

29

14

15

41

41

22

19

51

50

40

11

160

160

80

80

33

30

27

65

65

41

24

14

14

24

19

20

58

15

44

14

104

52

75

29

43

31

12

54

42

39

15

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2014.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2014.

131

3.16

omerii nregistrai1) i rata omajului (la sfritul anului)


Registered unemployed 1) and unemployment rate (end of year)
persoane / persons

Total omeri / Total unemployed

Total
Beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj
Primar, gimnazial, profesional
Liceal i postliceal
Universitar
Beneficiari de alocaie de sprijin
Primar, gimnazial, profesional
Liceal i postliceal
Universitar
Beneficiari de pli compensatorii
potrivit O.U.G.nr.98/1999
Primar, gimnazial, profesional
Liceal i postliceal
Universitar
omeri neindemnizai
Primar, gimnazial, profesional
Liceal i postliceal
Universitar
Rata omajului (%)

Din care: femei / Of which: women

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

709383
435497
262026
131855
41616
-

626960
329639
178728
110052
40859
-

461013
182538
83576
71017
27945
-

493775
194473
87694
79595
27184
-

512333
199626
85467
87277
26882
-

478338
140955
63322
59251
18382
-

302124
188457
93100
71697
23660
-

264401
142429
60638
57710
24081
-

203677
89604
33101
38622
17881
-

210795
87990
29548
41487
16955
-

215781
88182
27450
44080
16652
-

199885
63491
21159
30884
11448
-

273886
240969
24497
8420
7,8

1
1
297320
262874
25536
8910
7,0

278475
237689
30011
10775
5,2

299302
258737
30552
10013
5,4

312707
270546
32536
9625
5,7

337383
294050
32799
10534
5,4

113667
97407
11282
4978
7,1

121972
103748
12891
5333
6,3

114073
93817
13964
6292
4,9

122805
101624
15188
5993
4,9

127599
105940
15960
5699
5,1

136394
114144
16221
6029
4,8

Total
Recipients of unemployment benefit
Primary, secondary, vocational
High school and post high school
University
Recipients of support allowance
Primary, secondary, vocational
High school and post high school
University
Beneficiaries of compensatory payments
according to G.P.O. No 98/1999
Primary, secondary, vocational
High school and post high school
University
Unpaid unemployed
Primary, secondary, vocational
High school and post high school
University
Unemployment rate (%)

1) La ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc. / At the agencies for employment.


Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.17

Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional


Persons who attend vocational training courses

persoane / persons

Persoane cuprinse n pregtire


Persons attending training courses

Total
din care:
omeri
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii
gratuite de formare profesional
Persoane care nu beneficiaz de servicii
gratuite de formare profesional
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii gratuite
de evaluare i certificare de competene
Persoane cuprinse n programe de ucenicie
Au ncheiat pregtirea n cursuri organizate:
omeri care au urmat cursuri finanate
din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj
omeri care au urmat cursuri organizate
din alte fonduri
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii
gratuite de formare profesional finanate
din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj
Persoane care au nceput cursurile
n anul anterior
La cererea persoanelor fizice interesate
La cererea operatorilor economici
n pregtire (cursuri n derulare)
Au ntrerupt cursurile 1)

din care: s-au ncadrat n activitate


of which: employed in activity

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

44347

39987

54751

47733

36949

41306

37979

52788

46643

36124

1346

825

1014

431

1695

1183

949

659

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

40265 1)

16071

18891 1)

37438

16071

18528

427

439

398

1923

125 2)
3)
-

25360

23 2)
340 3)
28695

5008

4323

5939

141

141

1601

412

16071

18528

2451
-

1564
-

1564
-

3365
5368
-

3816
-

36586

30692

50906

35043

82617

340
84152

5894

6713

6713

24910

23480

33713

18640

31321

29754

3369

5008

911

1702

10210

7591

4803

7684

74

659

413

608

267

36551

37877

9035
960
111
4533
2301

4297
601
199
6391
1406

5776
506
93
9848
2180

8158
382
5
9374
2219

9544
390
8
10092
1855

8731
99
7
8564
1804

Total
of which:
Unemployed
Persons who benefit of free
vocational training services
Persons who do not benefit of free
vocational training services
Persons who benefit from free-of-charge skills
evaluation and certification services
Personos included in apprenticeship programs
Accomplished their training in organized courses:
Unemployed who attended courses financed
from unemployment insurance budget
Unemployed who attended courses
organized from other funds
Persons who benefit of free
vocational training services financed
from unemployment insurance budget
Persons beginning the training
in the previous year
At the request of interested natural persons
At the request of the economic operators
Under training (on going courses)
Interrupted the training 1)

1) Datele se refer numai la numrul omerilor nregistrai conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i

stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare.


Data refer only to the number of registered unemployed according to the Law No 76/2002 with subsequent amendments.

2) Datele se refer la persoanele beneficiare de servicii gratuite de evaluare i certificare a competenelor, ca urmare a modificrii

Legii nr. 76/2002.


Data refer to the persons who benefit from free-of-charge skills evaluation and certification services, due to changes in Law No 76/2002.

3) Datele se refer la persoane care au ncheiat contracte de ucenicie, conform Legii nr. 279/2005, modificat i completat prin

Legea nr. 179/2013.


Data refer to the persons included in apprenticeship programs, according to the Law No 279/2005, with amendments and completions
by Law No 179/2013.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

132

133

3.18

omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst,


la 31 decembrie 2014
Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group,
on December 31, 2014
persoane / persons

omeri nregistrai / Registered unemployed


Grupe de vrst / Age groups
Total
sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani
under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years
Total
din care:
Femei
Primar, gimnazial,
profesional
din care:
Femei
Liceal i
postliceal
din care:
Femei
Universitar
din care:
Femei

din care: beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj1) / of which: beneficiaries of unemployment indemnity1)


Grupe de vrst / Age groups
Total
sub 25 ani
25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani
50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani
under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years

478338

78185

39024

102188

129554

60679

68708

140955

33301

9470

24340

38564

18269

17011

199885

31478

15017

44378

57688

27174

24150

63491

15148

5025

12276

17840

8183

5019

357372

33733

26796

83047

105338

48681

59777

63322

3881

2958

11935

22626

10527

11395

135303

9949

7975

32568

43404

20773

20634

21159

1038

1056

4312

8019

3878

2856

92050

38519

6617

12095

18929

9470

6420

59251

25655

3327

7683

12350

6254

3982

47105
28916

17652
5933

3513
5611

7271
7046

10964
5287

5093
2528

2612
2511

30884
18382

11563
3765

1910
3185

4770
4722

7495
3588

3503
1488

1643
1634

17477

3877

3529

4539

3320

1308

904

11448

2547

2059

3194

2326

802

520

Total
of which:
Women
Primary, secondary,
vocational
of which:
Women
High school and
post high school
of which:
Women
University
of which:
Women

1) Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. No 98/1999.

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.19

omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj1), pe grupe de vrst i


dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2014
Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities1), by age group
and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2014
persoane / persons

Total

Total

1 zi - 3 luni
1 day - 3 months

Durata omajului cuprins ntre:


3 - 6 luni
6 - 9 luni
9 - 12 luni
12 - 15 luni
3 - 6 months 6 - 9 months 9 - 12 months 12 - 15 months

Duration of unemployment:
15 - 18 luni
18 - 21 luni
15 - 18 months
18 - 21 months

21 - 24 luni
21 - 24 months

24 - 27 luni
24 - 27 months

peste 27 luni
over 27 months

140955

58787

33077

18412

23827

3184

433

169

1750

503

813

Brbai
Femei

77464
63491

34913
23874

16881
16196

9895
8517

13533
10294

1253
1931

188
245

70
99

197
1553

175
328

359
454

Total

Sub 25 ani
Brbai
Femei

27672
15004
12668

14461
8985
5476

12982
5926
7056

33
12
21

85
5
80

27
5
22

3
1
2

11
2
9

34
32
2

36
36
-

Under 25 years
Men
Women

25 - 29 ani
Brbai
Femei

12666
8779
3887

5960
3290
2670

1812
1106
706

360
196
164

4280
4042
238

77
17
60

10
10
-

5
2
3

32
3
29

44
40
4

86
73
13

25 - 29 years
Men
Women

30 - 39 ani
Brbai
Femei

23675
14167
9508

10138
6274
3864

5326
3158
2168

4935
3643
1292

2096
607
1489

521
159
362

104
72
32

28
12
16

237
18
219

29
28
1

261
196
65

30 - 39 years
Men
Women

40 - 49 ani
Brbai
Femei

42415
22792
19623

18856
11967
6889

7788
3978
3810

6389
3363
3026

6573
2638
3935

1358
589
769

153
59
94

77
35
42

772
87
685

220
39
181

229
37
192

40 - 49 years
Men
Women

50 - 55 ani
Brbai
Femei

24314
13139
11175

6774
3178
3596

4318
1922
2396

3831
1925
1906

7896
5637
2259

716
324
392

109
39
70

36
18
18

419
61
358

107
22
85

108
13
95

50 - 55 years
Men
Women

Peste 55 ani
Brbai
Femei

10213
3583
6630

2598
1219
1379

851
791
60

2864
756
2108

2897
604
2293

485
159
326

54
7
47

23
3
20

279
26
253

69
14
55

93
4
89

Over 55 years
Men
Women

Men
Women

1) Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. No 98/1999.

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

134

135

3.20

omajul1); 2) de lung durat, pe sexe i medii


Long term unemployed1); 2), by sex and area
procente / percentage

2009
Rata omajului 2)
de lung durat
(12 luni i peste)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Rata omajului 2)
de lung durat pentru
tineri (6 luni i peste)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Incidena omajului 2)
de lung durat
(12 luni i peste)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Incidena omajului 2)
de lung durat pentru
tineri (6 luni i peste)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2,0

2,4

2,9

3,0

3,2

2,8

2,3
1,6

2,8
1,9

3,2
2,6

3,3
2,7

3,4
3,0

3,1
2,4

2,4
1,5

3,0
1,7

3,7
2,0

3,9
1,9

4,1
2,1

3,4
2,1

9,8

12,7

14,8

13,6

13,8

14,3

10,4
8,8

13,5
11,5

15,3
14,0

13,9
13,1

13,7
14,0

14,2
14,6

12,5
7,7

17,0
9,4

19,5
10,9

18,2
9,9

19,0
10,1

19,3
11,0

30,8

34,5

41,0

44,2

45,2

41,1

31,8
29,1

36,7
31,1

41,8
39,8

44,2
44,1

44,1
46,8

41,8
40,0

32,2
28,5

34,7
34,3

43,3
36,7

46,9
38,8

47,7
40,1

42,1
39,2

48,9

57,5

61,7

60,1

58,3

59,7

50,9
45,5

61,2
51,9

63,5
59,1

62,5
56,6

59,1
57,1

60,0
59,2

48,9
48,8

56,2
59,3

61,5
62,1

59,5
61,0

58,9
57,4

59,1
60,3

Long term
unemployment rate 2)
(12 months and over)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Long term
unemployment rate 2) for
youth (6 months and over)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Incidence of long term
unemployment 2)
(12 months and over)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Incidence of long term
unemployment 2) for
youth (6 months and over)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural

1) Seria de date pentru perioada 2009-2014 a fost calculat n funcie de populaia rezident avnd n vedere criteriul reedinei

obinuite, n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The series of data for the 2009-2014 period have been calculated according to the usual resident population by the usual residence
criteria, under the conditions of comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

136

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,


n anul 2014
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
in 2014

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total

Numr accidentai
Number of injured
din care:
of which:
Total
Incapacitate
Mortal
temporar
Fatal
de munc
Temporary
incapacity of work

Accidente colective
Collective accidents at work
Rata
Numr
Numr accidentai accidentelor
accidente
Number of injured
de munc
n munc
din care:
Rate of
Number of
Total
mortal
accidents
accidents
of which:
at work
at work
fatal
()

3575

224

3351

28

113

12

0,73

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


141
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe
59
Agriculture, hunting and ancillary services

31

110

1,22

10

49

0,73

0,38

81

21

60

2,52

78

73

1,61

40

40

18,42

20

18

0,85

Extracia minereurilor metalifere


Metalliferrous ores quarrying

0,39

Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei


Mining support service activities

0,57

Alte activiti extractive


Other extractive activities

12

1,07

Industrie prelucrtoare
Manufacturing
Produse alimentare
Food products

1234

41

1193

11

46

1,04

161

159

0,96

23

22

1,11

3,53

48

47

1,44

27

26

0,17

20

20

0,30

140

132

2,54

23

23

2,10

Pescuit i acvacultur
Fishing and aquaculture
Silvicultur, exploatare forestier
i servicii anexe
Forestry and logging and
ancillary services
Industrie extractiv
Mining and quarrying
Extracia crbunelui
Coal mining
Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas

Buturi
Beverages
Produse din tutun
Tobacco products
Produse textile
Textile products
Articole de mbrcminte
Clothing articles
Articole de nclminte i pielrie
Leather goods and footwear
Prelucrarea lemnului i a produselor
din lemn (exclusiv mobil)
Wood and wooden products
manufacturing (excluding furniture)
Celuloz, hrtie i produse din hrtie
Pulp, paper and paper products

137

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,


n anul 2014 - continuare
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
in 2014 - continued

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Numr accidentai
Number of injured
din care:
of which:
Total
Incapacitate
Mortal
temporar
Fatal
de munc
Temporary
incapacity of work

Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea pe


supori a nregistrrilor
Publishing houses, poligraphy and
recording reproducible registrations
Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui
i tratarea combustibililor nucleari
Crude oil processing, coal coking
and nuclear fuel treatment
Substane i produse chimice
Chemical substances and products
Produse farmaceutice
Pharmaceutical products
Produse din cauciuc i mase plastice
Rubber and plastic products
Fabricarea produselor din
minerale nemetalice
Manufacturing of products of
non metallic minerals
Metalurgie / Metallurgy
Construcii metalice i produse din metal
Metallic structures and metal products
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor
electronice i optice
Manufacture of computer, electronic
and optical products
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i
echipamente n.c.a.
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea mijloacelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers
and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Fabricarea de mobil
Manufacture of furniture
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Repair and installation of machinery
and equipment
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze i ap
Electric and thermal energy, gas
and water production and supply

138

Accidente colective
Collective accidents at work
Rata
Numr
Numr accidentai accidentelor
accidente
Number of injured
de munc
n munc
din care:
Rate of
Number of
Total
mortal
accidents
accidents
of which:
at work
at work
fatal
()

14

14

0,96

0,96

40

38

1,44

0,51

75

74

1,44

55

52

1,37

69

66

2,24

103

97

12

1,40

14

14

0,46

67

63

1,32

35

34

0,86

110

107

0,67

72

70

2,21

100

99

1,53

16

15

0,72

0,56

160

156

2,11

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,


n anul 2014 - continuare
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
in 2014 - continued

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply

Numr accidentai
Accidente colective
Number of injured
Collective accidents at work
Rata
din care:
Numr
Numr accidentai accidentelor
of which:
accidente
Number of injured
de munc
Total
Incapacitate n munc
din care:
Rate of
Mortal
temporar
Number
Total
mortal
accidents
Fatal
de munc of accidents
of which:
at work
Temporary
at work
fatal
()
incapacity of work

160

156

2,11

112

106

1,11

Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei


24
Water catchment, treatment and distribution

22

0,51

Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate


Used water collection and purification

0,45

85

81

1,65

3,46

458

56

402

12

1,21

432

15

417

0,52

37

35

0,52

164

155

0,53

231

227

0,50

Hoteluri i restaurante
Hotels and restaurants

87

83

0,62

Transport i depozitare
Transport and storage

347

33

314

27

1,30

240

27

213

21

1,45

Distribuia apei; salubritate;


gestionarea deeurilor;
activiti de decontaminare
Water supply; sewerage;
waste management and
decontamination activities

Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea


deeurilor, activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile
Waste collection, purification and
disposal, activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii de decontaminare
Decontamination activities and services
Construcii
Construction
Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul,
repararea i ntreinerea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Wholesale and retail, repair and
maintenance of motor vehicles and
motorcycles
Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul,
ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor
i a motocicletelor
Wholesale and retail, maintenance and
repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Comerul cu ridicata - cu excepia
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Wholesale - excepting
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Comerul cu amnuntul - cu excepia
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Retail - excepting motor vehicles
and motorcycles

Transporturi terestre, transporturi


prin conducte
Land transport, pipe-line transport

139

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,


n anul 2014 - continuare
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
in 2014 - continued

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Numr accidentai
Number of injured
din care:
of which:
Total
Incapacitate
Mortal
temporar
Fatal
de munc
Temporary
incapacity of work

Transporturi pe ap
2
Water transport
Transporturi aeriene
3
Air transport
Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru
transporturi
66
Warehousing and support activities
for transportation
Activiti de pot i de curier
36
Postal and courier activities
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
33
Financial intermediation and insurance
Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia
activitilor de asigurri i
ale fondurilor de pensii
27
Financial service activities, except
insurance and pension funding
Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale
fondurilor de pensii (cu excepia celor din
sistemul public de asigurri sociale)
3
Insurance activities, reinsurance and
pension funding (except social
insurance public system)
Activiti auxiliare pentru intermedieri
financiare, activiti de asigurare
i fonduri de pensii
3
Activities auxiliary to financial services
and insurance activities
Tranzacii imobiliare
6
Real estate
Informaii i comunicaii
43
Informatics and communications
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
58
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
159
Administrative and support
service activities
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public
63
Public administration and defence;
compulsory social security
nvmnt / Education
39
Sntate i asisten social
96
Human health and social work activities
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
19
Arts, entertainment and recreation
Alte activiti de servicii / Other services 10

140

Accidente colective
Collective accidents at work
Rata
Numr
Numr accidentai accidentelor
accidente
Number of injured
de munc
n munc
din care:
Rate of
Number of
Total
mortal
accidents
accidents
of which:
at work
at work
fatal
()

0,74

0,79

62

1,16

34

0,97

33

0,33

27

0,36

0,24

0,28

0,22

39

0,29

56

0,37

13

146

0,58

59

0,24

2
2

37
94

1
-

3
-

0,11
0,33

17

0,29

10

0,19

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.


Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

3.22

Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte de interese


Claims which caused conflicts of interest

Revendicri

Pondere n total / Weight in total

Claims

2009

2010

Total

100,0

100,0

73,9

40,3

26,1

59,7

Salariale (neacordarea compensrilor, indexrilor, neplata


salariilor la termen, neacordarea unor prime de vacan etc.)
For salary reasons (non-payment of compensations,
of indexations, of wages in time, of holidays bonuses a.s.o.)
Alte revendicri (modificri n structurile organizatorice,
negocierea contractelor colective etc.)
Other claims (changes in organisational structures,
negotiation of collective contracts a.s.o.)
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

3.23

Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999


Strikes initiated by observing the procedure provided by Law No 168 / 1999
2009

Numr greve - Total


Grev de avertisment
Numr salariai - Total 1)

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

400

360

din care:
participani la greve

Number of strikes - Total


Warning strike
Number of employees - Total 1)
of which:
involved in strikes

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc greve. / For the units where strikes took place.

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.


Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

141

3.24

Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar


Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
Numr conflicte
Number of conflicts

Numr salariai
Total1)

Number of employees
Total 1)

din care: participani la conflicte / of which: involved in conflicts

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Total

92

73

35

23

22

19

161532

114408

120546

14695

8385

13240

104701

61682

55647

10540

7678

7818

Ianuarie

12

16980

541

12396

1122

1430

100

11702

329

5927

1003

1398

62

January

Februarie

10

5067

34079

63644

1447

270

1403

3604

20491

22822

928

226

901

February

Martie

15878

1819

30425

1047

257

260

12411

1668

15920

915

172

192

March

Aprilie

14444

6548

12558

2847

983

642

4834

4321

9956

2279

744

339

April

Mai

15

53193

25427

1128

142

7822

41001

13690

869

80

4225

May

Iunie

11

30608

2892

218

2599

637

694

15072

1423

215

1506

521

513

June

Iulie

898

18338

1305

4202

4528

308

477

7320

807

2820

4435

250

July

August

1539

14439

761

892

4646

546

August

Septembrie

4884

2998

303

57

1715

2268

220

51

Octombrie

1465

2128

1250

1096

1472

790

Noiembrie

14840

4418

81

11455

3408

51

November

Decembrie

1736

781

442

646

December

Total

September
October

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place.
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale


Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy
2013

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe
Industrie extractiv
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior
Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale
Activiti de servicii asociate extraciei
Produse ale industriei prelucrtoare
Industria alimentar
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Industria pielriei i a produselor din piele
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor
din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei;
fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte
materiale vegetale mpletite

Numr
conflicte
Number

Numr salariai
Number of employees
Total1) din care: participani la conflicte

Numr
conflicte
Number

2014
Numr salariai
Number of employees
Total1) din care: participani la conflicte

of conflicts

of which: involved in conflicts

of conflicts

of which: involved in conflicts

22

8385

7678

19

13240

7818

526

502

1
-

526
-

502
-

11

2793

2367

2677

1917

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Agriculture, hunting and annex services
Mining and quarrying
Mining of coal and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
Mining support service activities
Manufacturing
Manufacture of food products
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of leather goods and footwear
Manufacture of wood and of products
of wood and cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles of straw
and plaiting materials

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. /For the units where conflicts of interest took place.

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.


Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

142

143

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale - continuare


Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy - continued
2013

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numr
conflicte
Number
of conflicts

Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie


Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea articolelor din beton, ciment i ipsos
Fabricarea altor maini i
utilaje cu destinaie specific
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor articole din ceramic i porelan
Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice
Fabricarea produselor chimice de baz, a ngrmintelor
i produselor azotoase; fabricarea materialelor
plastice i a cauciucului sintetic, n forme primare
Industria metalurgic
Producia de materiale feroase sub forme primare
i de feroaliaje
Fabricarea armamentului i a muniiei
Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor
din metal exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Industria de maini i echipamente
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor si semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport
Fabricarea altor maini i utilaje de utilizare general
Fabricarea materialului rulant
Producia de piese i accesorii pentru autovehicule
i pentru motoare de autovehicule
Fabricarea articolelor pentru sport
Fabricarea de mobil
Repararea i ntreinerea aeronavelor i navelor spaiale
Alte activiti industriale

Numr salariai
Number of employees
Total1) din care: participani la conflicte
of which: involved in conflicts

Numr
conflicte
Number
of conflicts

2014
Numr salariai
Number of employees
Total1) din care: participani la conflicte
of which: involved in conflicts

928

918

1
1
-

228
139
-

212
71
-

947

733

1
2

447
1387

386
900

1
-

270
-

226
-

301

246

1
-

118
-

101
-

1
-

49
-

38
-

1
1

82
81

55
51

1
1
-

460
33
-

320
27
-

6685

3339

Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i


termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Producia, transportul i distrbuia energiei electrice

6685

3339

Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor


activiti de decontaminare

227

147

Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i


termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat

Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor; activiti


de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare
Construcii
Lucrri de geniu civil
Lucrri de construcii a drumurilor i a cilor ferate

227

147

105

95

105

95

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Manufacture of paper and paper products


Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical
products and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of cement, concrete and gypsum articles
Manufacture of other machinery and
equipment with specific destination
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Manufacture of other porcelain and ceramic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic chemicals,
fertilisers ad nitrogen compounds, plastics and
synthetic rubber in primary forms
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of basic iron and steel
and fero-alloys
Manufacture of weapons and ammunition
Manufacture of fabricated metal structures
and products, except machinery and equiment
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Manufacture of other general purpose machinery
Manufacture of railway locomotives and rolling stock
Production of parts and accessories for motor
vehicles and engines of motor vehicles
Manufacture of sport articles
Manufacture of furniture
Repair and maintenance aircrafts and space ships
Other manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Electrcity production, transportation and distribution
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
and decontamination activities
Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities
of recycling materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination
Construction
Civil engineering
Construction of roads and railways

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place.
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

144

145

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale - continuare


Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy - continued
2013

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Tranzacii imobiliare, nchirieri i activiti de


servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu
autovehicule i motociclete
Transport i depozitare
Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte
Transporturi pe ap
Transporturi aeriene
Transporturi pe cale ferat
Alte transporturi terestre de cltori
Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi
Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare
Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare
Informaii i comunicare
Telecomunicaii
Activiti de editare
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
Alte activiti de creditare
Intermedieri financiare cu excepia activitilor
de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii
Activiti profesionale tiinifice i tehnice
Cercetare dezvoltare
Activiti de servicii administrative i
activiti de servicii suport
Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc
Activiti de investigaii i protecie
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale
din sistemul public
Administraia public general, economic i social
nvmnt
nvmnt
nvmnt superior
Alte activiti de servicii colective, sociale
i personale
Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale
i de uz gospodresc
Alte activiti de servicii
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman
Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i
asisten social, cu cazare
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative
Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic
Alte activiti de servicii
Alte activiti de servicii

Numr
conflicte
Number
of conflicts

Numr salariai
Number of employees
Total1) din care: participani la conflicte
of which: involved in conflicts

Numr
conflicte
Number
of conflicts

2014
Numr salariai
Number of employees
Total1) din care: participani la conflicte
of which: involved in conflicts

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

49

46

3
2
1
1
1

4588
4353
235
36
36

4460
4240
220
11
11

3
3
1
1
1
-

1359
1359
341
341
1403
-

993
993
93
93
901
-

1
1

36
36

32
32

1
1
1

1403
80
80

901
50
50

1
1

98
98

86
86

397

298

1
1

32
32

27
27

1
1
-

98
299
-

77
221
-

1
-

100
-

62
-

Real estate transactions, rentings and services


activities mainly rendered to enterprises
Wholesale and retail; repair of motor
vehicles and motorcycles
Wholesale except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles
Transport and storage
Land transport and transport via pipelines
Water transport
Air transport
Railway transport
Other passenger land transport
Warehousing and support activities for transportation
Hotels and similar accommodation
Hotels and similar accommodation
Information and communication
Telecommunication
Publishing activities
Financial intermediation and insurance
Other credit granting
Financial service activities, except insurance and
pension funding
Professional, scientific and technical activities
Research development
Administrative and support
service activities
Employment activities
Security and investigation activities
Public administration and defence;
compulsory social security
Public administration and defence;
compulsory social security
Public, economic and social administration
Education
Education
Tertiary education
Other collective, social and personal
services of activities
Repair of computers and personal and
household goods
Other service activities
Human health and social work activities
Human health activities

1
1
1
-

100
93
93
-

62
70
70
-

Residential care activities


Arts, entertainment and recreation
Creative, arts and entertainment activities
Other services
Other personal service activities

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place.
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

146

147

3.26

Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale


Number of vacancies, by activity of national economy

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie - total
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare i
asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public 1)
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

24239 26057

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

24825

30643

38523

Total

629
7880
30
7309

618
9719
25
8888

273
8933
37
7839

299
10981
84
9586

382
11713
101
10711

105

80

67

82

98

436
1565

726
1306

990
946

1229
770

803
1147

1566
1149
125
765

2120
1444
425
901

1820
1062
382
690

1897
1204
406
710

2949
1650
439
939

821
26

740
70

832
63

756
74

790
98

575

430

554

777

818

959

1320

1219

1344

1841

3715
652

2843
600

2927
884

4813
1464

6455
2619

3316

3061

3683

3531

4881

411
85

354
106

424
133

834
783

814
988

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry - total
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesales and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration and defence;
compulsory social security 1)
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul

Romn de Informaii etc.).


Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

148

3.27

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale


Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy
procente / percentage

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie - total
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i
aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public 1)
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

0,88
1,42
0,64
0,06
0,72

0,59
0,85
0,67
0,05
0,77

0,64
0,84
0,81
0,04
0,90

0,59
0,34
0,72
0,06
0,77

0,72
0,35
0,88
0,14
0,93

0,89
0,43
0,92
0,18
1,01

0,27

0,14

0,11

0,10

0,13

0,15

0,44
0,60

0,54
0,53

0,86
0,44

1,11
0,29

1,37
0,24

0,89
0,36

0,22
0,43
0,40
0,54

0,24
0,47
0,12
0,76

0,32
0,61
0,41
0,89

0,27
0,44
0,33
0,61

0,28
0,50
0,33
0,59

0,43
0,70
0,33
0,73

0,97
0,20

0,84
0,16

0,77
0,45

0,89
0,41

0,85
0,52

0,92
0,68

0,95

0,62

0,45

0,54

0,72

0,74

0,73

0,59

0,79

0,60

0,58

0,75

2,14
0,56

1,17
0,17

1,09
0,16

1,20
0,24

1,98
0,40

2,64
0,72

3,42

1,10

1,05

1,27

1,22

1,66

0,94
0,54

0,88
0,29

0,83
0,37

0,93
0,41

1,67
2,21

1,50
2,56

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry - total
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesales and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence;
compulsory social security 1)
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul

Romn de Informaii etc.).


Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

149

3.28

Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii1)


Number of vacancies, by major occupation groups1)

Grupe majore de ocupaii1)


Total 2)
Membri ai corpului legislativ
ai executivului, nali conductori
ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse
domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti
din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur,
silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Operatori la instalaii i maini;
asamblori de maini i echipamente
Muncitori necalificai

2011

2012

2013

2014

26057

24825

30643

38523

1001

1023

1329

1773

5701

6299

8917

11859

2532
1684
2748

2713
1369
2737

2941
1802
3346

3646
2553
4621

46
3154

87
2255

92
2748

103
3913

4906
4285

4506
3836

4666
4802

4932
5123

Major occupation groups1)


Total 2)

Managers
Professionals
Technicians and
associate professionals
Clerical support workers
Service and sales workers
Skilled agricultural,
forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Plant and machine
operators and assemblers
Elementary occupations

1) ncepnd cu anul 2011, grupele majore de ocupaii sunt conform Clasificrii Ocupaiilor din Romnia (COR-2008), aprobat prin

H.G. nr.1352/2010.
Starting with 2011, the major groups of occupations are according to the Classification of Occupations in Romania (COR - 2008),
approved by G.D. No 1352/2010.
2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de
Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

150

3.29

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii


Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups
procente / percentage

Grupe majore de ocupaii

2009

2010

Major occupation groups

Total 1)

0,88

0,59

Total 1)

0,56

0,33

Legislators, senior officials and manage

1,40
1,04
0,69

0,75
0,51
0,52

0,89

0,52

Professionals
Technicians and associate professionals
Clerks
Service workers and shop
and market sales workers

1,00

0,39

Skilled agricultural and fishery workers

0,62

0,41

Craft and related trade workers

0,72
0,77

0,88
0,64

Plant and machine operators and assemblers


Elementary occupations

Legislatori, nali funcionari


i conductori
Specialiti cu ocupaii
intelectuale i tiinifice
Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori operativi n
servicii, comer i asimilai
Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n
agricultur,silvicultur i pescuit
Meteugari i
lucrtori calificai
Operatori la instalaii,
maini i asamblori de echipamente
Muncitori necalificai

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

3.29

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii 1)- continuare


Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups 1) - continued
procente / percentage

Grupe majore de

ocupaii1)

Total 2)
Membri ai corpului legislativ ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din
domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur,
silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Operatori la instalaii i maini;
asamblori de maini i echipamente
Muncitori necalificai

2011

2012

2013

2014

Major occupation groups1)

0,64

0,59

0,72

0,89

Total 2)

0,38
0,67

0,37
0,70

0,46
0,97

0,61
1,26

Managers
Professionals

0,65
0,58
0,48

0,71
0,46
0,45

0,78
0,63
0,53

0,92
0,89
0,73

0,24
0,51

0,50
0,36

0,47
0,43

0,53
0,61

0,90
0,85

0,84
0,71

0,88
0,87

0,93
0,90

Technicians and associate professionals


Clerical support workers
Service and sales workers
Skilled agricultural,
forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Plant and machine
operators and assemblers
Elementary occupations

1) ncepnd cu anul 2011, grupele majore de ocupaii sunt conform Clasificrii Ocupaiilor din Romnia (COR - 2008), aprobat prin

H.G. nr. 1352/2010.


Starting with 2011, the major groups of occupations are according to the Classification of Occupations in Romania (COR - 2008),
approved by G.D. No 1352/2010.
2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

151

VENITURILE,
CHELTUIELILE
I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI
POPULATION INCOME,
EXPENDITURE
AND CONSUMPTION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina
Page

VENITURILE POPULAIEI
4.1 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor ............................. 170
4.2 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate
dup numrul persoanelor din componen,
n anul 2014 ............................................................. 170
4.3 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile,
n anul 2014 ............................................................. 172
4.4 Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor
din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2014 .................... 172
4.5 Indicii ctigului salarial real .................................... 174
4.6 Veniturile medii brute, realizate pe principalele
activiti ale economiei naionale,
n luna octombrie 2013 ............................................ 176
4.7 Structura salariailor, pe grupe de venituri medii
brute, realizate n luna octombrie 2013 ................... 177
4.8 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i
net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei
naionale i pe sexe ................................................. 178
4.9 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, activiti ale economiei
naionale i pe sexe ................................................. 180
4.10 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime
ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ..................................... 182
4.11 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale
ntreprinderilor i pe sexe .......................................... 182
4.12 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, activiti ale economiei
naionale i pe sexe ................................................. 183
4.13 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar,
pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe .......................... 185
4.14 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, activiti ale industriei
i pe sexe .................................................................. 189
4.15 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, activiti ale industriei
i pe sexe .................................................................. 193
4.16 Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2014 ............................................................. 197
4.17 Indicatori structurali din statisticile ctigurilor
salariale i costului forei de munc ......................... 203
4.18 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei
de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2014 ............................................................. 204
4.19 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei
de munc, pe activiti ale industriei,
n anul 2014 ............................................................. 206

154

TABLES CONTENTS

POPULATION INCOME
Total income of households
Total income of households, grouped
by number of component persons,
in 2014
Total income of households,
by decile, in 2014
Distribution of households and of persons
from households, by decile, in 2014
Indices of real earnings
Average gross income, by main
activity of national economy,
obtained in October 2013
Structure of employees, by average gross
income group, obtained in October 2013
Average gross and net nominal monthly
earnings, by activity of national economy
and by sex
Average gross nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, activity of national economy
and by sex
Average gross nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, enterprise size
class and by sex
Average net nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, enterprise size
class and by sex
Average net nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, activity of national economy
and by sex
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings,
by activity of industry and by sex
Average gross nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, activity of industry
and by sex
Average net nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, activity of industry
and by sex
Quarterly labour cost indices,
by activity of national economy,
in 2014
Structural indicators of earnings and
labour cost statistics
Average monthly labour cost and average hourly
labour cost, by activity of national economy,
in 2014
Average monthly labour cost and average hourly
labour cost, by activity of industry,
in 2014

Pagina
Page
CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL
POPULAIEI

POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND


CONSUMPTION

4.20 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor .......................... 210


4.21 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate
dup numrul persoanelor din componen,
n anul 2014 ............................................................. 210
4.22 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile,
n anul 2014 ............................................................. 212
4.23 Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum
ale gospodriilor ....................................................... 212
4.24 Structura cheltuielilor bneti de consum
ale gospodriilor ....................................................... 214
4.25 Consumul mediu anual, la principalele produse
alimentare i buturi, pe locuitor .............................. 215
4.26 Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n
calorii i factori nutritivi), pe locuitor ......................... 216
4.27 nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de
folosin ndelungat ................................................ 216

Total expenditure of households


Total expenditure of households, grouped by
number of component persons,
in 2014
Total expenditure of households, by decile,
in 2014
Structure of total consumption expenditure
of households
Structure of money expenditure for
households consumption
Yearly average consumption, for the main
food products and beverages, per inhabitant
Daily average food consumption (expressed in
calories and nutrients), per inhabitant
Households endowment with
durable goods

Teritorial

Territorial

4.28 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar,


n profil teritorial i pe sexe, n anul 2014 ........................
4.29 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar,
n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei
naionale, n anul 2014 .....................................................
4.30 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, n profil
teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2014......................................................................
4.31 Veniturile totale ale principalelor categorii
de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2014..................
4.32 Cheltuielile totale ale principalelor categorii
de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2014..................

SURSA DATELOR

Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings,


at territorial level and by sex, in 2014
Average gross nominal monthly earnings,
at territorial level and by activity of national
economy, in 2014
Average net nominal monthly earnings, at territorial
level and by activity of national economy,
in 2014
Total income of main household categories,
at territorial level, in 2014
Total expenditure of main household categories,
at territorial level, in 2014

DATA SOURCE

Cercetri statistice:

Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie;


Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc,

n unitile economico-sociale (conform


Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului
European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii
ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc);
Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor
salariale, n unitile economico-sociale (conform
Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului
European nr. 1165/1998 i nr. 1158/2005 privind
statisticile pe termen scurt);

Statistical surveys:

Family budgets survey;


Labour cost survey, in socio- economic units

(according to Regulation (EC) No 530/1999 of the


European Parliament and of the Council
concerning structural statistics on earnings and on
labour costs);
Monthly survey on earnings, in socio-economic
units (according to Regulation (EC) No 1165/1998
and No 1158/2005 of the European Parliament and
of the Council concerning short-term statistics);

155

Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna

octombrie, n unitile economico-sociale;


Cercetarea statistic PRODROM A - Produse i
servicii industriale;
Cercetarea statistic privind producia vegetal la
principalele culturi;
Cercetarea statistic privind efectivele de animale
i producia animal;
Cercetarea statistic privind datele de comer
internaional cu bunuri;
Balanele produselor agricole la productor.

Survey on salaries, in October, in


socio-economic units;

Statistical survey PRODROM A - Industrial


products and services;

Statistical survey on crop production for main


crops;

Statistical survey on livestock and animal


production;

Statistical survey on international trade with goods


data;

Balances of agricultural products at the producer.

Surse administrative:

Direcia Poliiei Rutiere din cadrul Inspectoratului

General al Poliiei Romne, pentru datele privind


autovehiculele nscrise n circulaie;
Statistica vamal;
Evidenele societilor de telefonie;
Compania Naional Pota Romn.

Inspectorate of Romanian Police, for data regarding


registered motor vehicles;
Customs statistics;
Phone companies records;
National Company Romanian Post.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

VENITURILE POPULAIEI

POPULATION INCOME

Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie


permite colectarea informaiilor privind componena
gospodriilor, veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul acestora
i alte aspecte ale nivelului de trai al populaiei. Ancheta
este organizat ca o cercetare trimestrial continu pe o
perioad de 3 luni consecutive, pe un eantion de
9360 locuine permanente, repartizate n subeantioane
lunare independente de cte 3120 locuine permanente.
Cercetarea s-a desfurat n 780 centre de
cercetare repartizate n toate judeele rii i n
sectoarele municipiului Bucureti (427 n mediul urban i
353 n mediul rural).
Includerea unei gospodrii ntr-o anumit categorie
socio-economic s-a realizat pe baza statutului
ocupaional principal al capului gospodriei. n categoria
Agricultori s-au inclus gospodriile de lucrtori pe cont
propriu n agricultur i membrii asociaiilor agricole.
n cadrul gospodriilor de Pensionari s-au inclus i
pensionarii agricoli.
ncepnd cu anul 2014, datele au fost estimate pe
baza populaiei rezidente i nu sunt comparabile cu
seriile publicate pentru perioadele precedente.

Family budgets survey allows to collect information


on households composition, income, expenditure and
consumption and other aspects of population living
standard. The survey is organized as a quarterly
continuous survey for a period of 3 successive months,
on a sample of 9360 permanent dwellings, distributed in
monthly independent sub-samples of 3120 permanent
dwellings.
The survey has been carried out in 780 survey
centers distributed in all counties of the country and in
Bucharest Municipality sectors (427 in urban area and
353 in rural area).
A household was included in a certain socioeconomic category based on the main occupational
status of the household reference person. The category
Farmers includes households of self-employed in
agriculture and members of agricultural associations.
The households of Pensioners also include agricultural
pensioners.
Beginning with 2014, the data have been estimated
based on the usual resident population and they are not
comparable to the series published for the previous
periods.
Households were grouped by income deciles
based on total income per person, deflated by population
consumer price index with January 2014 as base. The
deciles divide the household series structured ascending
according to the level of monthly average income per
person into 10 equal parts (decile groups).

Gruparea gospodriilor pe decile de venit s-a


efectuat pe baza venitului total pe o persoan, deflatat cu
indicele preurilor de consum al populaiei cu baz
ianuarie 2014. Decilele mpart seria gospodriilor
ordonate cresctor dup nivelul venitului mediu lunar pe
o persoan n 10 pri egale (grupe decilice).

156

Administrative sources:

Road Police Directorate within General

Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de


munc: caracteristicile cercetrii sunt prezentate n
Capitolul 3 - Piaa forei de munc (pagina 95).
Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor
salariale asigur producerea informaiilor necesare pentru
evaluarea tendinelor pe termen scurt ale ctigurilor
salariale medii i ale numrului de salariai la nivel de
activiti ale economiei naionale. Cercetarea se realizeaz
cu periodicitate lunar, fiind cercetate circa 22500
ntreprinderi i uniti locale. Unitile din sectorul bugetar
sunt cuprinse exhaustiv n cercetare, excepie fcnd
unitile administraiei publice locale pentru care datele
la nivelul consiliilor locale comunale se culeg pe baz de
eantion reprezentativ la nivel de jude (cca. 770 de
uniti). Pentru sectorul economic, au fost incluse n
cercetare unitile cu 4 salariai i peste, care reprezint
90,39% din numrul total al salariailor din acest sector.
Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat
(Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor
Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.). Rezultatele
acestei cercetri sunt utilizate pentru calculul indicilor
trimestriali ai costului orar al forei de munc.
Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna
octombrie 2013 s-a realizat n exclusivitate prin
exploatarea surselor de date administrative i are ca
obiectiv determinarea numrului de salariai pe grupe de
salarii de baz brute i grupe de venituri brute realizate,
a salariului mediu brut de baz i a venitului mediu brut
realizat, pe sexe, grupe de vrst, activiti ale
economiei naionale, grupe de ocupaii i ocupaii, n
luna octombrie 2013.
Avnd n vedere schimbarea surselor de date i a
sferei de cuprindere, rezultatele Cercetrii statistice
asupra salariilor n luna octombrie 2013 nu sunt
comparabile cu rezultatele obinute n anii anteriori i
publicate n ediiile precedente ale Anuarului statistic.
Sfera de cuprindere: Totalitatea ntreprinderilor
active cu personalitate juridic, a cror activitate principal
este conform diviziunilor CAEN Rev.2, cod 0196,
exclusiv activitatea Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public (diviziunea 84).
Nu sunt incluse persoanele cu raport de serviciu:
categoriile de salariai cu statut de funcionar public,
magistrat (judector, procuror) i asimilai, demnitar
public i asimilai.
Estimarea rezultatelor s-a realizat pentru luna
octombrie 2013, pentru salariaii cu contract de munc
declarat n Registrul general de eviden a salariailor
(REGES), care au realizat venituri de natur salarial i
pentru care angajatorii au completat Declaraia privind
obligaiile de plat a contribuiilor sociale, impozitului pe
venit i evidena nominal a persoanelor asigurate
(D112).

Labour cost survey: the characteristics of the


survey are presented in Chapter 3 - Labour market
(page 95).
Monthly survey on earnings ensures the
necessary information for evaluating the average
earnings short-term trends and number of
employees at level of activities of the national
economy. The survey is monthly carried out by
observing approximately 22500 enterprises and local
units. The units of the budgetary sector are
exhaustively surveyed, excepting the local public
administration units for which the data at communal
local councils level are collected based on a sample,
representative at county level (about 770 units).
As for the economic sector, the units with 4 employees and
over have been included in the survey, these accounting
for 90,39% of total number of employees in this sector. The
military staff, as well as the assimilated staff (Ministry of
National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian
Intelligence Service a.s.o.) is excluded. The results of this
survey are used when computing the quarterly indices of
hourly labour cost.
The survey on salaries in October 2013 was
exclusively carried out through the exploitation of
administrative data sources and is aiming at determining
the number of employees by gross basic salary group
and gross achieved income group, the average gross
basic salary and the gross achieved average income, by
gender, age group, activity of national economy,
occupation group and occupation, in October 2013.
Taking into account the changes in data sources and
coverage, the results of the Statistical survey on salaries
in October 2013 are not comparable with the results
achieved during previous years and published in the
previous editions of the Statistical Yearbook.
Coverage: All the active enterprises with legal
status, whose main activity comply with the CANE Rev. 2
divisions, codes 0196, excluding the activity Public
administration and defence; compulsory social security
(division 84). The persons with labour agreement for the
categories of employees whose status is civil servant,
magistrate (judge, prosecutor) and assimilated, high
officials and assimilated are not included.
The estimation of results was drawn up for October
2013, for the employees with employment contract
declared in the General register of employees
(REGES), who have achieved income on salary basis
and for whom the employers have filled in the Statement
on compulsory payments of social contributions, taxes
on income and the nominal records of insured persons
(D112).

157

Sursa datelor: Declaraia privind obligaiile de plat


a contribuiilor sociale, impozitului pe venit i evidena
nominal a persoanelor asigurate (D112), administrat
de Agenia Naional de Administrare Fiscal i
Registrul general de eviden a salariailor (REGES),
administrat de Inspecia Muncii.
Structura veniturilor pe surse de provenien
este determinat de caracterul eterogen al gospodriilor,
n funcie de statutul ocupaional al membrilor acestora.
n anul 2014, componena gospodriilor pe
categorii de gospodrii, dup statutul ocupaional al
membrilor gospodriei se prezint astfel:

Data source: The statement on compulsory


payments of social contributions, taxes on income and
the nominal records of insured persons (D112),
managed by the National Tax Administration Agency and
the General register of employees (REGES) managed by
Labour Inspection.
Income structure by origin source is determined
by the heterogeneous character of households,
depending on the occupational status of their members.
In 2014, the composition of households by
household category, by occupational status of
household members is presented as follows:

numr mediu de persoane / gospodrie / average number of persons / household

Total
Statutul ocupaional gospodrii din care, gospodrii de: / of which, households of:
al membrilor
Total
Salariai Agricultori
omeri Pensionari
gospodriei
households Employees
Farmers Unemployed Pensioners

Occupational status
of household
members

Total persoane
Persoane
active
Salariai
Patroni i lucrtori
pe cont propriu n
activiti neagricole1)
Agricultori
omeri
Alte persoane
Persoane inactive
Pensionari
Elevi i studeni
Casnice
Alte persoane

Total persons
Active
persons
Employees
Employers and
self-employed in
non-agricultural activities1)
Farmers
Unemployed
Other persons
Inactive persons
Pensioners
Pupils and students
Housewives
Other persons

1)

158

2,667

2,915

3,273

3,253

2,197

1,181
0,765

1,801
1,631

1,666
0,136

1,858
0,529

0,454
0,259

0,098
0,204
0,114
1,486
0,651
0,427
0,169
0,239

0,025
0,058
0,087
1,114
0,107
0,589
0,169
0,249

0,086
1,413
0,031
1,607
0,073
0,707
0,210
0,617

0,048
0,048
1,233
1,395
0,129
0,611
0,267
0,388

0,039
0,096
0,060
1,743
1,373
0,156
0,109
0,105

Inclusiv membrii cooperativelor neagricole. / Including members of non-agricultural holdings.

Veniturile totale cuprind:


veniturile bneti pe surse de provenien (salarii,
venituri din activiti pe cont propriu, vnzri,
ajutoare de omaj, pensii, alocaii pentru copii, burse
i alte prestaii de protecie social, venituri din
proprieti etc.);
contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii)
gratuite sau cu reducere de pre, evaluat la preul
de vnzare al unitii ofertante;
contravaloarea
consumului
de
produse
alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii
(producie, stoc etc.), determinat pe baza preurilor
medii lunare ale produselor respective.

Total income include:


money income by origin sources (salaries, income
from own account activities, sales, unemployment
benefits, pensions, children allowances, scholarships
and other allowances of social protection, income
from properties a.s.o.);
equivalent value of free or lower cost provisions
(sales and services), estimated at selling price of
offerer;
equivalent value of consumption of food and
non-food products from own resources
(production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on
monthly average prices of respective products.

Ctigul salarial nominal brut cuprinde:


salariile, respectiv drepturile n bani i n natur
cuvenite salariailor pentru munca efectiv prestat
(inclusiv pentru timpul lucrat suplimentar), potrivit
formei de salarizare aplicat, sporurile i
indemnizaiile acordate ca procentaj din salariu sau
n sume fixe, alte adaosuri la salarii potrivit legii,
sumele pltite pentru timpul nelucrat (indemnizaiile
pentru concediile de odihn i de studii, zile de
srbtoare i alte zile libere, sumele pltite din
fondul de salarii pentru concediile medicale),
premiile, primele de vacan i alte sume pltite din
fondul de salarii potrivit prevederilor legislaiei n
vigoare sau contractelor colective de munc;
sumele pltite din profitul net i din alte fonduri
(inclusiv contravaloarea tichetelor de mas).
Ctigul salarial nominal net se calculeaz
scznd din sumele brute aferente ctigului salarial
nominal brut urmtoarele elemente:
impozitul aferent;
contribuia salariailor la bugetul asigurrilor pentru
omaj;
contribuia individual de asigurri sociale de stat;
contribuia salariailor pentru asigurrile sociale de
sntate.
Indicele ctigului salarial real se calculeaz ca
raport ntre indicele ctigului salarial nominal mediu net
i indicele general al preurilor de consum al populaiei,
exprimat procentual.
Numrul salariailor (prezentat n tabelele 4.6 i 4.7)
cuprinde persoanele cu contract de munc regsite n
cele dou surse administrative de date (REGES i D112),
cu program complet de lucru, care au fost pltii 23 de
zile n luna octombrie 2013, chiar dac au absentat de
la locul de munc din cauza zilelor de concediu medical
pltite din fondul de salarii. Nu se cuprind ucenicii i
persoanele cu mai puin de o norm ntreag.
Venitul
brut
realizat
conform
surselor
administrative de date (D112) cuprinde sumele brute de
natur salarial realizate i raportate de angajatori
pentru salariai, n vederea calculrii contribuiilor de
asigurri sociale. Venitul brut realizat include
urmtoarele elemente:
salariul de baz brut stabilit prin contractul individual
de munc;
sporurile, indemnizaiile i sumele acordate sub
form de procent din salariul de baz brut sau n
sume fixe, indiferent dac au caracter permanent
sau nu;
alte adaosuri la salarii, aprobate prin lege sau
stabilite prin contractele individuale, ori colective de
munc (bonusuri, stimulente, compensaii,
indemnizaia pentru concediul de odihn neefectuat,

The gross nominal earnings includes:


salaries, in cash and in kind for employees actually
done work (including for supplementary worked
time), according to the salary type applied, bonuses
and allowances granted as salary percentage or as
fixed amounts, other bonuses according to the law,
amounts paid for unworked time (allowances for
holiday and study leaves, holidays and other free
days, amounts paid from salary funds for medical
leaves), premiums, holiday bonuses and other
amounts paid from salary funds according to the
legislation provisions in force or to employment
collective contracts;

amounts paid from net profit and other funds


(including equivalent value of lunch tickets).
The net nominal earnings is calculated by
subtracting from gross amounts related to gross nominal
earnings the following elements:
afferent tax;
employees contribution to unemployment insurance
budget;
individual contribution to state social insurance;
employees contribution to health insurance.

The real earnings index is calculated as a ratio


between the average net nominal earnings index and the
population general consumer price index, expressed as
percentage.
Number of employees (presented in tables 4.6 and
4.7) comprises the persons with employment contract
identified in the two administrative data sources (REGES
and D112), with full time, paid for 23 days in October
2013, even if they were absent from work due to medical
leave days paid from the salary funds. Apprentices and
part-time workers are not included.
Gross
achieved
income
according
to
administrative data sources (D112) comprises the gross
amounts achieved on salary basis and reported by
employers for the employees, for the calculation of social
insurance contributions. The gross achieved income
includes the following components:
gross basis salary established in the individual
employment contract;
bonuses, allowances and amounts granted as
percentage of gross basic salary or as fixed amount,
either permanent or not;

other salary bonuses, stipulated by law or in the


individual or collective employment contracts
(bonuses, incentives, compensations, allowance for
the annual holiday leave not-taken, the 13th salary,

159

al 13-lea salariu, prime de vacan, precum i alte


sume, reprezentnd venituri curente sau aferente
perioadelor anterioare);
sumele rezultate prin plata cu ora, grzi,
indemnizaii clinice;
sumele acordate cu ocazia ieirii la pensie.
Nu se includ:
veniturile de natur salarial, drepturile n natur i
ajutoarele bneti asupra crora nu se rein
contribuii de asigurri sociale (valoarea nominal a
tichetelor de mas, tichetelor de vacan, tichetelor
cadou, abonamentelor de transport);
sumele brute pltite din Fondul naional unic de
asigurri sociale de sntate (FNUASS).
Costul forei de munc reprezint totalitatea
cheltuielilor suportate de angajator pentru fora de
munc i anume:
sume brute pltite direct salariailor (cheltuieli
directe): salarii, sume pltite pentru timpul nelucrat,
premii i alte stimulente, drepturi n natur pltite din
fondul de salarii sau din alte fonduri, sume pentru
protecia social din fondul de salarii i din
contribuia de asigurri sociale;
alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc
(cheltuieli indirecte) pentru formarea profesional,
contribuii pentru ajutorul de omaj i asigurri
sociale, servicii pentru protecie social, alte
cheltuieli.
Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc pe un
salariat s-a calculat prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii
pentru fora de munc la numrul mediu al salariailor i
numrul de luni ale anului.
Costul mediu orar al forei de munc s-a calculat
prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii pentru fora de munc
la numrul de ore-om pltite.
Indicele trimestrial al costului forei de munc
este un indicator pe termen scurt care permite evaluarea
tendinelor costurilor orare suportate de angajator cu
fora de munc salariat. Metodologia utilizat i seriile
de date sunt construite n conformitate cu prevederile
Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European
nr. 450/2003 privind indicii costului forei de munc.
Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se
calculeaz ca indici de tip Laspeyres, pentru costul total
cu fora de munc i cele dou componente ale acestuia:
cheltuieli directe (salariale) i cheltuieli indirecte
(non-salariale), cu anul de referin 2012 pentru
activitile economice definite conform CAEN Rev.2.
Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc sunt
calculai ca indici provizorii pentru anul (N), urmnd a fi
recalculai ca definitivi n anul (N+1), cnd devin
disponibile datele (date definitive) din ancheta anual
asupra costului forei de munc.

160

holiday bonuses, as well as other amounts


representing current income or related to previous
periods);
amounts resulting from payment on hourly basis,
for emergency duties and clinical benefits;
amounts granted for retirement.
The following are not included:
income on salary basis, in kind and money aids for
which no social insurance contributions are retained
(nominal value of meal tickets, holiday tickets, gift
tokens, transport season tickets);

gross amounts paid from the National Funds for


Health Insurance (NFHI).
The labour cost represents all the expenditure
supported by the employer for the labour force, namely:

gross amounts directly paid to employees (direct


expenditure): salaries, amounts paid for unworked
time, premiums and other incentives, rights in kind
paid from salary funds or from other funds, amounts
for social protection from salary funds and from
social insurance contribution;
other expenditure of the unit with labour force
(indirect expenditure) for vocational training,
contributions to unemployment benefit and social
insurance, social protection services, other
expenditure.
Monthly average labour cost per employee is
calculated as the ratio between the units expenditure for
labour force and the average number of employees and
the number of months during one year.
Average hourly labour cost is calculated as the
ratio between the units expenditure for labour force and
the number of hours - man paid.
The quarterly labour cost index is a short-term
indicator showing the assessment of hourly labour
costs trends incurred by the employers as result of hiring
the labour work force. The methodology used and data
series built up are in accordance with the Regulation
(EC) No 450/2003 of the European Parliament and of the
Council concerning the labour cost index.
The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as
Laspeyres type indices for total labour cost and its main
components: wages and salaries and other labour costs
(non-wage costs), with reference year 2012 for economic
activities according to CANE Rev.2.

The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as


provisional indices for year (N) and recalculated as final
during year (N+1), when the data (final data) from the
annual survey on labour costs become available.

n trimestrul I 2015, seria de date pentru perioada


2000-2014 a fost recalculat prin modificarea anului de
referin din 2008 n 2012.

In the first quarter of 2015, the data series for 20002014 period was recalculated by changing the reference
year from 2008 to 2012.

Sursa datelor: Calculul indicilor trimestriali ai


costului orar al forei de munc se realizeaz pe baza
informaiilor obinute din dou surse de date statistice:
Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor
salariale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i
Parlamentului European nr. 1165/1998 i nr.1158/2005
privind statisticile pe termen scurt);
Cercetarea statistic anual asupra costului forei de
munc (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i
Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind
statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului
forei de munc).

Data source: Quarterly labour cost indices are


calculated based on the information obtained from two
statistical data sources:
Monthly statistical survey on earnings (according to
the Regulation of European Council and Parliament
No 1165/1998 and No 1158/2005 regarding short term statistics;
Yearly statistical survey on labour cost (according to
the Regulation of European Council and Parliament
No 530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and
labour cost structure).

Costul total cu fora de munc - reprezint


totalitatea cheltuielilor directe i indirecte suportate
de angajator cu fora de munc salariat. Conform
metodologiei europene, se exclud cheltuielile suportate
de angajator cu formarea profesional a angajailor,
recrutarea personalului i echipamentul de protecie.
Cheltuielile directe cu fora de munc - includ
sumele brute pltite din fondul de salarii pentru timpul
lucrat (inclusiv premii), pentru timpul nelucrat, drepturile
n natur ca remunerare a muncii (potrivit prevederilor din
contractele colective de munc), sumele brute pltite
salariailor (ca stimulente) din profitul net realizat de
unitate, sumele brute pltite din alte fonduri (inclusiv
drepturi n natur) acordate conform legislaiei n vigoare.
Cheltuielile indirecte cu fora de munc - includ
contribuiile angajatorului la fondurile de asigurri i
protecie social (omaj, sntate etc.), sumele brute
pltite salariailor care prsesc unitatea (ieire la
pensie, transfer, detaare etc.), sumele brute pltite
pentru ntreruperi ale lucrului neimputabile salariailor,
alte cheltuieli cu fora de munc.
Costul mediu orar al fortei de munc reprezint
raportul dintre cheltuielile angajatorului cu fora de
munc i timpul efectiv lucrat.
Timpul efectiv lucrat cuprinde numrul total de ore
lucrate n program normal de lucru i numrul de ore
lucrate suplimentar (n zilele lucrtoare, peste programul
normal de lucru i n zilele de repaus sptmnal,
srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare).
Sfera de cuprindere: ncepnd cu anul 2008, indicii
trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se calculeaz
pentru activitile economice definite, conform Clasificrii
Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN Rev.2),
armonizat cu clasificarea european n domeniu
(NACE Rev.2).

Total labour cost - represent the total expenditure


direct remuneration and other expenditure incurred
by the employer as result of hiring the labour work force.
According to European methodology, vocational training
costs, recruitment costs and expenditure on working
clothes are excluded.
Wage and salary costs - include gross payments
as direct remuneration for hours worked (including
bonuses), payment for days not worked, payments in
kind (according to collective agreements), gross
payment from net profit of the unit, gross payments from
other funds (including in kind) according to national
legislation in force.
Other labour costs (non-wage costs) - include the
employers social contributions (for unemployment,
health a.s.o.), gross payment for employees leaving the
unit (retirement, transfer, detachment a.s.o.), gross
payments for work breaks not-imputed to the employees,
other labour costs.
Average hourly labour cost represents the ratio
between the employers costs as result of employing the
labour work force and the number of hours actually worked.
Number of hours actually worked includes the
total number of hours worked during the usual working
time and the over time (additional to the normal working
hours, during the weekends, legal holidays and other
non-working days).
Coverage: Starting with 2008, quarterly labour cost
indices are calculated for economic activities defined,
according to the Classification of Activities in the
National Economy (CANE Rev. 2), harmonised with
European classification in the field (NACE Rev.2).

161

Pe lng seria indicilor trimestriali ai costului forei


de munc n form brut (neajustat) se calculeaz i
seriile n form:
a) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare;
b) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i
sezonier, eliminndu-se efectul variaiei
numrului de zile lucrtoare de la un trimestru la
altul, precum i efectul variaiei sezoniere.
Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda regresiv, n
conformitate cu recomandrile Regulamentului
Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 450/2003
privind indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc.
Pentru ajustare s-a folosit pachetul de programe
DEMETRA (metoda TRAMO/SEATS), care realizeaz
estimarea efectului numrului de zile lucrtoare diferit de
la un trimestru la altul i efectul calendarului (Patele
ortodox, an bisect i alte srbtori naionale) precum i
identificarea i corectarea valorilor extreme (schimbri
ocazionale de nivel, tranzitorii sau permanente).
Seria ajustat dup numrul de zile lucrtoare
s-a obinut prin eliminarea acestor efecte din seria brut,
cu ajutorul unor coeficieni de corecie, stabilii n funcie
de modelul de regresie utilizat (aditiv sau multiplicativ).
Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda indirect,
respectiv prin aplicarea metodei de ajustare la nivelurile
inferioare (asupra componentelor indicilor), indicii
ajustai calculndu-se din componentele ajustate.
Estimarea componentelor neobservate: trend-ciclu,
sezonalitate i componenta neregulat se realizeaz de
ctre programul SEATS pe baza modelelor ARIMA.
Seriile ajustate sezonier s-au obinut prin
eliminarea componentei sezoniere din seria ajustat
dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare.
Stabilirea modelelor de regresie folosite pentru
fiecare serie se face anual i implic recalcularea seriilor
ajustate calculate n anul precedent (recalculare datorat
modificrii modelelor adoptate, numrului de regresori
folosit i numrului de observaii disponibile).
Disparitatea salarial de gen - n form neajustat,
reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre ctigul salarial
mediu brut realizat de brbai i cel realizat de femei n
ctigul salarial brut realizat de brbai.
ncepnd cu anul 2013, indicatorul nu mai este
comparabil cu cel prezentat n ediiile anterioare ca
urmare a schimbrii sursei datelor (Cercetarea statistic
privind costul forei de munc, n locul Cercetrii
statistice asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie), sferei de
cuprindere i perioadei de referin. Indicatorul acoper
toi salariaii care lucreaz n ntreprinderile din ntreaga
economie, iar ctigurile salariale medii brute realizate
de acetia sunt cele corespunztoare ntregului an de
referin. Pentru anii 2011 i 2012 datele au fost

162

Besides quarterly indices series of unadjusted


labour cost, the following series are calculated:
a)
b)

adjusted by working days effect;


adjusted by working days and seasonal effect,
being eliminated the effect of working days
variation from one quarter to another, as well as
effect of seasonal variation.
Adjustment was done by regressive method,
according to the recommendations of European
Parliament and Council Regulation No 450/2003
regarding quarterly indices of labour cost.
For adjustment, the DEMETRA software package
was used (TRAMO/SEATS method) estimating the effect
of working days number different from one quarter to
another and calendar effect (orthodox Easter, leap year
and other national holidays) as well as identification and
correction of extreme values (level occasional changes,
transitory or permanent).
Adjusted series by working days number was
obtained by eliminating these effects from the adjusted
series, by means of some correction coefficients, set up
according to the regression model used (additive or
multiplicative).
Adjustment was done by indirect method,
respectively applying the adjustment method at lower
levels (over indices components), adjusted indices being
calculated from adjusted components.
Estimation of unobserved components trend-cycle,
seasonality and irregular component is carried out by
SEATS software based on ARIMA models.
Seasonally adjusted series were obtained by
eliminating seasonal components from adjusted series
by working days effect.
Regression models used for each series are yearly
set up and involve recalculation of adjusted series
calculated in the previous year (recalculation due to the
change of adopted models, number of regression used
and number of available observations).
Gender pay gap - in unadjusted form, expresses
the difference between mens and womens average
gross earnings as a percentage of mens average gross
earnings.
Since 2013, the indicator is no longer comparable
with that presented in the previous editions due to the
change of data source (Labour cost survey, instead of
Survey on salaries, in October), coverage and reference
periods. It covers all the employees working in the whole
economy enterprises and their gross average earnings
correspond to the whole refence year. For 2011 and
2012, data were recalculated using the results obtained
from the Labour cost survey.

recalculate utiliznd rezultatele obinute din Cercetarea


statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Sursa datelor: Cercetarea statistic privind costul
forei de munc.
Urmtorii indicatori structurali (sarcina fiscal asupra
costului forei de munc, capcana omajului, capcana
salariului mic, sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil)
se calculeaz - conform metodologiei Eurostat i OECD pentru o unitate etalon (notat n continuare cu AW)
reprezentat de salariatul cu program complet de lucru
din activitile de industrie, construcii i servicii
comerciale (seciunile C - K, conform CAEN Rev.1,
respectiv seciunile B - N, conform CAEN Rev.2 ncepnd
cu anul de referin 2008).
Sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc reprezint proporia tuturor reinerilor (contribuii sociale
i impozit) suportate de angajat i de angajator n totalul
costului forei de munc pentru un AW care realizeaz
67% din ctigul mediu brut al activitilor de industrie,
construcii i servicii comerciale.
Capcana omajului - permite evaluarea
consecinelor financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n
cmpul muncii ca AW care realizeaz 67% din ctigul
mediu brut al activitilor de industrie, construcii i
servicii comerciale.
Indicatorul msoar proporia sumelor reinute din
ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii i plii contribuiilor
de asigurri i protecie social i sistarea
indemnizaiei de omaj i a altor beneficii sociale, n
condiiile n care o persoan iese din omaj i intr n
cmpul muncii.
Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre
ctigul brut i creterea venitului net (cnd iese din
omaj i intr n cmpul muncii) n ctigul brut.
Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri
particulare:
fr rencadrare n munc pe durata perioadei de
omaj - caz n care se evalueaz consecinele
financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul
muncii, dar nu n timpul perioadei de omaj, ci la un
moment de timp ulterior, nespecificat;
cu rencadrare n munc dup 2 luni de omaj - caz
n care se evalueaz consecinele financiare n
cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii, dup
2 luni de omaj. n acest caz, conform prevederilor
legale, persoana beneficiaz din momentul angajrii
pn la sfritul perioadei pentru care era
ndreptit s primeasc indemnizaia de omaj, de
o sum lunar suplimentar. Acest caz este introdus
conform metodologiei revizuite a OECD i este
relevant pentru politicile de ncurajare a rencadrrii
n munc a omerilor.

Data source: Labour cost survey.


The following structural indicators (tax wedge on
labour cost, unemployment trap, low wage trap, tax rate
on disposable earnings) are calculated - according to the
Eurostat and OECD methodology - for an average
worker (noted further on as AW) who is a full-time
employee working in activities of industry, construction
and commercial services (sections C - K of CANE Rev.1,
respectively sections B - N according to CANE Rev.2
since reference year 2008).
Tax wedge on labour cost - is defined as share of
total tax rates and social security contributions payable
by the employee and employer in the gross labour costs
for an AW who earns 67% of the average gross earnings
of the activities on industry, construction and commercial
services.
Unemployment trap - measures the financial
consequences of an AW, earning 67% of the average
gross earnings of the activities on industry, construction
and commercial services, who moves from
unemployment to employment.
Unemployment trap measures what percentage of
gross earnings is taxed away by higher tax and social
security contributions, and also the withdrawal of
unemployment and other social benefits, under the
conditions where a person is no longer unemployed and
become employed person.
Unemployment trap express a report between the
gross earnings and the growing of net incomes (when the
employee moves from unemployment to employment).
The indicator is calculated for two particular cases:

without rehiring during unemployment period - when


there are evaluated financial consequences in case
of unemployment transfer in labour field, but not
during unemployment period, at a subsequent time
moment not specified;
with rehiring after two unemployment months -when
there are evaluated financial consequences in case
of unemployment transfer in labour field, after two
unemployment months. In this case, according to
legal stipulations, person benefits from hiring
moment till the end of period due to receive
unemployment indemnity, of an additional monthly
amount. This case is introduced according to OECD
revised methodology and it is relevant for policies
encouraging the unemployed rehiring.

163

Capcana salariului mic - permite evaluarea


consecinelor financiare n cazul n care o persoan
salariat i mrete efortul de munc depus i implicit,
nivelul salariului ctigat, adic, msoar proporia
sumelor reinute din ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii,
plii contribuiilor de asigurri, protecie social i orice
alte reduceri sau sistri ale beneficiilor sociale, n
condiiile n care are loc o cretere a ctigului brut.
Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre
creterea ctigului brut i cea a venitului net (creteri
determinate de mrirea efortului de munc) n creterea
ctigului brut.
Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri
particulare:
persoan necstorit, fr copii, n ipoteza n
care, de la un nivel al ctigului de 33% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al unui AW ar atinge un nivel al
ctigului de 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al
unui AW;
cuplu cstorit, cu doi copii, din care un singur
printe lucreaz, n ipoteza n care, de la un nivel al
ctigului de 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al
unui AW ar atinge un nivel al ctigului de 67% din
ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW.
Sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil exprim cota corespunztoare tuturor reinerilor
(contribuii sociale individuale i impozit) aplicate
ctigurilor brute formate din ctiguri salariale i sume
transferate de stat sub form de alocaii acordate
familiei. n determinarea indicatorului se iau n calcul
ctigurile brute i nete pentru 13 cazuri particulare care
in cont de starea civil, numrul ctigtorilor de salarii
(din familie) i numrul de copii n ntreinere:
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
167% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
50% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
80% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
125% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, cu 2 copii, care realizeaz
67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, un singur printe lucreaz
i realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al
AW;
cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz,
unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al AW;

164

Low wage trap - measures the financial


consequences for a person or a family when the employed
person increases his/her work effort and implicitly the
achieved earnings, i.e. it measures the share of amounts
taken over from the gross earnings for the payment of
taxes, insurance contributions, social protection and any
other deductions or ceased social allowances, under the
conditions of increased gross earnings.
The indicator represents the weight of the difference
between gross earnings increase and net income
increase (entailed by the increased labour effort) in the
gross earnings increase.
Low wage trap is computed for two particular cases:

single person without children moving from 33%


to 67% of the average earnings of an AW;

one-earner couple with two children moving from


33% to 67% of the average earnings of an AW.

Tax wedge on disposable earnings - is defined as


share of total retentions (tax rates and individual social
security contributions) applied to gross earnings that
contains the gross earnings and cash transfers from the
government as family allowances. For determining the
indicator the gross and net earnings are taken into
account for 13 different family situations. Differences
exist with respect to marital status, number of workers (in
the family) and number of dependent children:
single person without children, earning 67% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 100% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 167% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 50% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 80% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 125% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person with 2 children, earning 67% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
married couple with 2 children, only one parent is
working and earns 100% of the average gross
earnings of AW;
married couple with 2 children, both parents are
working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33%
of the average gross earnings of AW;

cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz,


fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu
brut al AW;
cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz,
unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 67% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al AW;
cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, unul
realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al AW;
cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz,
fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu
brut al AW.
Indicatorul se calculeaz ca diferen ntre 100% i
raportul dintre ctigul disponibil i ctigul salarial
mediu brut pentru fiecare din cele 13 cazuri particulare.
Ctigul disponibil se calculeaz ca sum a
ctigului salarial mediu net i sumelor transferate de
stat sub form de alocaii acordate familiei (conform
legislaiei naionale: alocaia de stat pentru copii, alocaia
familial complementar, alocaia de susinere pentru
familia monoparental).
Sursa datelor: Cercetarea statistic privind costul
forei de munc. Pentru calcularea reinerilor se
utilizeaz legislaia n vigoare la 1 iulie - ncepnd cu
anul de referin 2008, conform metodologiei OECD.

married couple with 2 children, both parents are


working and earn100% of the average gross
earnings of AW;
married couple with 2 children, both parents are
working, one earns 100% and the other earns 67%
of the average gross earnings of AW;
married couple with no children, both persons are
working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33%
of the average gross earnings of AW;
married couple with no children, both persons are
working and earn 100% of the average gross
earnings of AW.
The indicator is calculated as a difference from 100%
and the report between the disposable earnings (takehome pay) and gross earnings for each of the 13 family
situations.
The disposable earnings (take-home pay) is
calculated as a sum of the net earnings and cash
transfers from the government as family allowances
(according to national legislation: state allowance for
children, supplementary family allowance, sustaining
allowance for single parent family).
Data source: The statistical labour cost survey.
In view to calculate the retentions, the legislation in force
on July 1st is used - starting with the reference year
2008, according to OECD methodology.

CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI

POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION

Cheltuielile totale cuprind:


cheltuielile bneti, indiferent de destinaie
(consum, impozite i pli obligatorii, cumprri de
animale i psri, imobile i terenuri, alte cheltuieli
de investiii etc.), inclusiv contravaloarea prestaiilor
(mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre,
evaluat la preul de vnzare al unitii ofertante;
contravaloarea
consumului
de
produse
alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii
(producie, stoc etc.) determinat pe baza preurilor
medii lunare ale produselor respective.
Cheltuielile totale de consum cuprind:
cheltuielile bneti pentru cumprarea produselor
alimentare consumate, a mrfurilor nealimentare i
pentru plata serviciilor, inclusiv contravaloarea
prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu
reducere de pre;
contravaloarea
consumului
de
produse
alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii.

Total expenditure include:


money expenditure, irrespective of their destination
(consumption, taxes and compulsory payments,
purchases of animals and poultry, real estate and
lands, other investment expenditure a.s.o.), including
equivalent value of free or at lower prices provisions
(goods and services), evaluated at selling price of
offering unit;
equivalent value of consumption of food and
non-food products from own resources
(production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on
monthly average prices of respective products.
Total consumption expenditure include:
money expenditure for buying consumed food
products, non-food goods and for payment of
services, including equivalent value of free or at
lower prices provisions (goods and services);
equivalent value of food and non-food products
consumption from own resources.

165

Consumul mediu anual de produse alimentare pe


locuitor, exprimat n uniti fizice, reprezint cantitile
de produse alimentare consumate n medie pe locuitor, n
anul de referin, indiferent de forma sub care se consum
(natural sau prelucrat), de sursa de aprovizionare
(magazine alimentare, piaa liber, consumul din resurse
proprii etc.), sau de locul unde se consum (gospodrii
individuale, restaurante, cantine etc.).
Consumul mediu anual de buturi, pe locuitor
reprezint cantitile de buturi alcoolice i buturi
nealcoolice, consumate n medie, pe locuitor, n anul de
referin, indiferent de sursa de aprovizionare (magazine
alimentare, piaa liber i producia proprie a
productorilor agricoli numai pentru consumul de vin) i
de locul unde se consum (gospodriile individuale ale
populaiei, restaurante, cantine etc.).
Att consumul de produse alimentare ct i
consumul de buturi se calculeaz ca disponibil de
consum (producie + import - export - prelucrare
industrial - pierderi - variaie de stocuri) raportat la
populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n
condiii
de
comparabilitate
cu
rezultatele
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic, exprimat n
calorii i factori nutritivi, pe locuitor reprezint
coninutul n calorii i factori nutritivi al consumului
alimentar mediu zilnic i se determin pe baza datelor
privind consumul mediu net zilnic (exclusiv partea
necomestibil a unui produs alimentar care se
ndeprteaz att n timpul prelucrrii industriale sau
culinare ct i n momentul consumului efectiv) i a
compoziiei alimentelor, exprimat n calorii i factori
nutritivi (proteine, lipide i glucide).
nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin
ndelungat, se exprim prin numrul de bunuri de
folosin ndelungat n stare de funcionare care revin n
medie la 100 de gospodrii (exclusiv bunurile nchiriate
sau mprumutate de la alte persoane sau instituii).

166

Yearly average consumption of food products


per inhabitant expressed in physical units, represents
the quantities of food products consumed in average per
capita in the reference year regardless the consumption
type (natural or processed), the supply source
(food stores, free market, consumption from own
resources a.s.o.) or the consumption place (individual
households, restaurants, canteens a.s.o.).
Yearly average consumption of beverages, per
inhabitant represents quantities alcoholic beverages,
nonalcoholic beverages, consumed as average, per
inhabitant in the reference year no matter of supply
source (food stores, free market and own production of
agricultural producers only for wine consumption) and of
consumption place (population individual households,
restaurants, conteens a.s.o.).
Both the consumption of food products and the
consumption of beverages is calculated as availability
for consumption (production + import - export industrial processing - losses, variation of stocks) related
to the usual resident population of July 1st of each year,
estimated under comparability conditions with the results
of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Daily average food consumption expressed in
calories and nutrients, per inhabitant represents the
content in calories and nutrients of daily average food
consumption and is determined based on data regarding
daily net average consumption (excluding non-edible
part of a food product being removed both-during
industrial processing or cooking as well as in the moment
of effective consumption) and food composition
expressed in calories and nutrients (proteins, fats and
carbohydrates).
Households endowment with durable goods, is
expressed by the number of durable goods in function,
as average per 100 households (excluding goods rented
or borrowed from other persons or institutions).

4.G1

Structura veniturilor bneti, n anul 2014


Structure of money income, in 2014
4,0%
28,2%

3,0%
60,8%
4,0%

Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale


Gross salaries and other salary rights
Venituri din agricultur
Income from agriculture

Venituri din activiti neagricole independente


Income from non-agricultural independent activities
Venituri din prestaii sociale
Income from social provisions

Alte venituri
Other income

Not: Datele au fost estimate pe baza populaiei rezidente.


Note: The data have been estimated based on the usual resident population.

4.G2

Ctigul salarial mediu brut, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2014
Average gross earnings, by activity of national economy, in 2014
lei/salariat / lei/employee

CAEN Rev.2 (seciuni)


CANE Rev.2 (sections)

5500
5093
5000
4471
4500
4000
3787
3368
3500
3000
2393
2362
2357
2500 2328
2055
1936
1847
2000
1724
1709 1563
1751
1701
1500
1300
1000
500
0
Total 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
7 - Informaii i comunicaii
1 - Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Information and communication
8 - Intermedieri financiare i
2 - Industrie1)
asigurri
Industry 1)
Financial intermediations and
3 - Construcii
insurance
Construction
9 - Tranzacii imobiliare
4 - Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
Real estate activities
repararea autovehiculelor i
10 - Activiti profesionale, tiinifice
motocicletelor
i tehnice
Wholesale and retail; repair of motor
Professional, scientific and
vehicles and motorcycles
technical activities
5 - Transport i depozitare
11
Activiti de servicii administrative
Transport and storage
i activiti de servicii suport
6 - Hoteluri i restaurante
Administrative and support
Hotels and restaurants
service activities

12 - Administraie public i aprare;


asigurri sociale din sistemul
public 2)
Public administration and defence;
compulsory social security 2)
13 - nvmnt
Education
14 - Sntate i asisten social
Human health and social
work activities
15 - Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
16 - Alte activiti de servicii
Other service activities

1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate,

gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.


Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and
decontamination activities.
2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).

167

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe sexe


Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by sex

4.G3

lei/salariat / lei/employee

2500
2007
1786

2000 1906
1775

1405
1310

1500

2163
1948

2098
1848

1466
1308

2246
2070

1761
1627

1640
1509

1581
1424

1530
1349

2412
2234

1000
500
0

BRUT NET
GROSS

BRUT NET
GROSS

2009

2010

BRUT NET
GROSS

BRUT NET
GROSS

BRUT NET
GROSS

2012

2013

2014

2011

Brbai
Men

4.G4

BRUT NET
GROSS

Femei
Women

Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum, n anul 2014


Structure of total consumption expenditure, in 2014
Total gospodrii / Total households

Salariai / Employees

29,2%

26,4%

Agricultori / Farmers

43,4%
14,9%

30,2%
39,2%

27,9%

57,2%

31,6%
Pensionari / Pensioners

omeri / Unemployed

28,4%

25,1%
46,9%

24,7%

45,3%
29,6%
Cheltuieli pentru produse alimentare
Expenditure for food products
Cheltuieli pentru mrfuri nealimentare
Expenditure for non-food goods
Cheltuieli pentru plata serviciilor
Expenditure for payment of services

168

4.G5

Structura cheltuielilor totale ale gospodriilor, n anul 2014


Structure of total households expenditure, in 2014
3,3%
16,7%

7,2%

0,6%
72,2%

Cheltuieli de producie
Production expenditure

Cheltuieli de consum
Consumption expenditure

Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe


Taxes, contributions, dues, fees

Cheltuieli pentru investiii


Expenditure for investment

Alte cheltuieli
Other expenditure

Not: Datele au fost estimate pe baza populaiei rezidente.


Note: The data have been estimated based on the usual resident population.

4.G6

Evoluia consumului alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n calorii), pe locuitor


Evolution of daily average food consumption (expressed in calories),
per inhabitant
calorii / calories

4000
3500

3450

3400

3390

1954

1911

1031

3287

3302

3321

1971

1887

1932

1886

1041

969

963

924

990

465

448

450

437

446

445

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

20141)

3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
Calorii - total
Calories - total

Lipide (n echiv. calorii)


Fats (in equiv. calories)

Glucide (n echiv. calorii)


Carbohydrates (in equiv. calories)

Proteine (n echiv. calorii)


Proteins (in equiv. calories)

Not: Pentru perioada 2009 - 2014 s-a utilizat populaia rezident la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Datele statistice sunt prezentate conform nomenclatorului Eurostat i FAO.
Note: For the 2009 - 2014 period, the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under the conditions of
comparability with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
Statistical data are presented according to the Eurostat and FAO nomenclature.
1) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

169

4.1

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor


Total income of households

Total gospodrii / Total households


2011
2012
2013
2014

din care, gospodrii de:


Salariai / Employees
Agricultori
2011
2012
2013
2014
2011
2012
lei, lunar pe o gospodrie

Venituri totale

2417,26 2475,04 2559,05 2500,72 3146,53 3238,41 3419,13 3421,02 2085,67 2029,84
procente

Venituri bneti
din care:
Salarii brute i alte
drepturi salariale
Venituri din agricultur
Venituri din activiti
neagricole
independente
Venituri din
prestaii sociale
Venituri din proprietate
Contravaloarea
veniturilor n natur
obinute de salariai
i beneficiari de
prestaii sociale
Contravaloarea
consumului de
produse agricole
din resurse proprii

of which households of:


Farmers
omeri / Unemployed
2013
2014
2011
2012
2013
2014

Pensionari / Pensioners
2011
2012
2013
2014

lei, monthly per household


2098,10 2061,61 1637,50 1647,79 1689,99 1717,11 2016,96 2034,24 2072,58 1963,41

Total income

percentage

81,7

82,4

83,5

84,1

89,9

89,5

90,7

90,8

49,0

52,5

53,1

54,3

80,4

81,0

82,7

82,8

78,6

79,2

80,6

81,5

48,7
3,1

50,1
3,4

51,2
3,3

51,1
3,4

81,6
0,5

81,2
0,7

82,0
0,6

83,3
0,6

7,3
23,6

8,0
25,6

8,4
26,1

7,0
28,2

39,3
1,6

40,7
2,0

42,8
2,6

40,1
3,3

19,5
2,2

19,5
2,7

21,7
2,2

18,8
2,0

2,6

2,6

2,8

2,5

0,4

0,6

0,7

0,4

3,1

3,9

3,7

3,3

3,8

3,7

2,7

2,6

1,1

1,0

1,0

0,8

23,8
0,1

23,1
0,2

22,8
0,1

23,8
0,1

5,5
0,1

5,2
0,1

5,1
0,1

4,6
0,1

9,5
**)

10,0
0,1

9,0
0,1

9,6
0,1

21,9
0,1

19,6
0,9

19,4
0,2

19,1
0,3

53,6
0,1

54,0
0,1

53,6
0,1

58,0
0,1

1,8

1,9

1,8

1,7

2,0

2,0

1,9

1,8

1,0

1,2

0,9

0,9

2,3

3,3

2,3

2,5

1,8

1,7

1,7

1,6

16,5

15,7

14,7

14,2

8,1

8,5

7,4

7,4

50,0

46,3

46,0

44,8

17,3

15,7

15,0

14,7

19,6

19,1

17,7

16,9

Money income
of which:
Gross salaries and
other salary rights
Income from agriculture
Income from
non-agricultural
independent activities
Income from
social provisions
Income from ownership
Equivalent value of
income in kind obtained
by employees and
receivers of social
provisions
Equivalent value of
consumption of
agricultural products
from own resources

Not: Pentru anul 2014, datele au fost estimate pe baza populaiei rezidente i nu sunt comparabile cu seriile de date publicate pentru
perioadele precedente.
Note: For 2014, the data have been estimated based on the usual resident population and they are not comparable to the series
published for the previous periods.

4.2

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din


componen, n anul 2014
Total income of households, grouped by number of component persons, in 2014
Total
gospodrii
Total
households

Gospodrii cu:
1 persoan
1 person

2 persoane
2 persons

937,65

1196,62

1151,83

3 persoane
3 persons

lei, lunar pe o persoan


Venituri totale

1041,21
procente

Venituri bneti
din care:
Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale
Venituri din agricultur
Venituri din activiti neagricole
independente
Venituri din prestaii sociale
Venituri din proprietate
Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur
obinute de salariai i beneficiari de
prestaii sociale
Contravaloarea consumului de produse
agricole din resurse proprii

Households with:
4 persoane
4 persons

5 persoane
5 persons

6 persoane i mai multe


6 persons and more

716,86

495,95

lei, monthly per person


830,30

Total income

percentage

84,1

84,0

85,7

87,2

84,1

76,9

74,1

51,1
3,4

31,9
2,8

42,2
2,5

64,8
3,0

62,1
3,6

45,9
6,0

37,1
5,9

2,5
23,8
0,1

2,2
41,8
0,2

1,5
37,0
0,1

2,5
13,7
0,1

3,7
11,9
0,1

2,9
17,9
0,2

3,5
22,1
0,1

1,7

1,5

1,3

1,6

2,1

1,8

2,1

14,2

14,5

13,0

11,2

13,8

21,3

23,8

Money income
of which:
Gross salaries and other salary rights
Income from agriculture
Income from non-agricultural independent
activities
Income from social provisions
Income from ownership
Equivalent value of income in kind obtained
by employees and receivers of social
provisions
Equivalent value of consumption of
agricultural products from own resources

Not: Pentru anul 2014, datele au fost estimate pe baza populaiei rezidente i nu sunt comparabile cu seriile de date publicate pentru
perioadele precedente.
Note: For 2014, the data have been estimated based on the usual resident population and they are not comparable to the series
published for the previous periods.

170

171

4.3

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2014 (total gospodrii)


Total income of households, by decile, in 2014 (total households)
Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei):
Decila 1 pn la
Decile 1 up to
292

Decila 2
Decile 2
292 - 417

Decila 3
Decile 3
417 - 531

Decila 4
Decile 4
531 - 643

Decila 5
Decile 5
643 - 754

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie


Venituri totale

1295,52

1556,37

1741,25

1944,84

1981,76
procente

Venituri bneti
din care:
Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale
Venituri din agricultur
Venituri din activiti neagricole
independente
Venituri din prestaii sociale
Venituri din proprietate
Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur
obinute de salariai i beneficiari de
prestaii sociale
Contravaloarea consumului de produse
agricole din resurse proprii

Decile of total income per person1) (lei):


Decila 6
Decile 6
754 - 888

Decila 7
Decile 7
888 - 1042

Decila 8
Decile 8
1042 - 1260

Decila 9
Decile 9
1260 - 1649

Decila 10 peste
Decile 10 over
1649

2617,01

3053,03

3517,41

4927,56

lei, monthly per household


2370,77

Total income

percentage

55,3

64,5

72,4

77,7

82,0

84,6

87,7

89,6

91,5

94,8

7,8
12,4

18,2
7,9

28,0
6,0

35,4
3,9

38,7
3,2

45,9
3,0

53,3
1,7

59,5
2,0

65,0
1,7

78,6
1,6

6,7
23,0
*)

4,6
28,3
*)

5,1
29,1
*)

3,2
31,3
0,1

2,9
34,2
*)

1,7
30,4
0,2

2,0
28,1
*)

1,4
24,0
*)

1,5
20,7
0,1

1,5
9,9
0,2

1,8

1,3

1,2

1,6

1,4

1,9

2,0

2,1

1,9

1,3

42,9

34,2

26,4

20,7

16,6

13,5

10,3

8,3

6,6

3,9

Money income
of which:
Gross salaries and other salary rights
Income from agriculture
Income from non-agricultural
independent activities
Income from social provisions
Income from ownership
Equivalent value of income in kind
obtained by employees and
receivers of social provisions
Equivalent value of consumption of
agricultural products from own resources

Not: Pentru anul 2014, datele au fost estimate pe baza populaiei rezidente i nu sunt comparabile cu seriile de date publicate pentru
perioadele precedente.
Note: For 2014, the data have been estimated based on the usual resident population and they are not comparable to the series
published for the previous periods.
1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2014. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2014.

4.4

Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2014


Distribution of households and of persons from households, by decile, in 2014
procente / percentage

persoan1)

Gospodrii de:

Total
Gospodrii
Persoane
Salariai
Gospodrii
Persoane
Agricultori
Gospodrii
Persoane
omeri
Gospodrii
Persoane
Pensionari
Gospodrii
Persoane

Total

Decila de venit total pe o


Decila 3
Decila 4
Decile 3
Decile 4
417 - 531
531 - 643

(lei):
Decila 5
Decile 5
643 - 754

person1)

Decile of total income per


(lei):
Decila 6
Decila 7
Decile 6
Decile 7
754 - 888
888 - 1042

Decila 1 pn la
Decile 1 up to
292

Decila 2
Decile 2
292 - 417

Decila 8
Decile 8
1042 - 1260

Decila 9
Decile 9
1260 - 1649

Decila 10 peste
Decile 10 over
1649

100,0
100,0

10,0
15,3

10,0
11,0

10,0
10,4

10,0
10,0

10,0
9,0

10,0
9,5

10,0
9,2

10,0
9,3

10,0
8,7

10,0
7,6

100,0
100,0

1,9
3,4

4,3
5,9

5,6
7,5

7,3
9,0

7,4
8,6

9,6
10,8

12,0
12,3

14,0
13,5

16,5
13,9

21,4
15,1

100,0
100,0

45,2
54,6

19,4
17,8

12,1
9,8

6,9
5,9

5,3
4,1

3,9
2,8

1,9
1,3

2,1
1,7

1,6
1,1

1,6
0,9

100,0
100,0

31,2
37,0

17,9
18,1

14,0
13,7

11,2
9,9

6,0
5,2

5,8
4,8

6,1
5,2

3,3
2,8

2,9
2,3

1,6
1,0

100,0
100,0

4,6
8,4

11,5
12,7

12,5
12,8

12,9
12,8

13,9
11,9

12,5
11,7

11,1
10,2

9,7
9,1

7,7
7,1

3,6
3,3

Households of:

Total
Households
Persons
Employees
Households
Persons
Farmers
Households
Persons
Unemployed
Households
Persons
Pensioners
Households
Persons

Not: Pentru anul 2014, datele au fost estimate pe baza populaiei rezidente i nu sunt comparabile cu seriile de date publicate pentru
perioadele precedente.
Note: For 2014, the data have been estimated based on the usual resident population and they are not comparable to the series
published for the previous periods.
1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2014. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2014.

172

173

4.5

Indicii ctigului salarial real


Indices of real earnings
procente / percentage

174

Anii

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Years

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013

100,0

81,5
100,0

70,8
86,9
100,0

58,9
72,3
83,2
100,0

59,1
72,5
83,4
100,3
100,0

66,5
81,6
93,9
112,9
112,5
100,0

72,7
89,3
102,7
123,5
123,1
109,4
100,0

56,2
68,9
79,3
95,4
95,1
84,5
77,2
100,0

58,4
71,7
82,5
99,1
98,8
87,8
80,3
104,0
100,0

57,0
69,9
80,5
96,7
96,4
85,7
78,3
101,4
97,5
100,0

59,4
72,9
83,9
100,9
100,6
89,4
81,7
105,8
101,8
104,3
100,0

62,4
76,6
88,1
105,9
105,6
93,8
85,8
111,0
106,8
109,5
105,0
100,0

63,9
78,4
90,2
108,5
108,1
96,1
87,8
113,7
109,4
112,2
107,5
102,4
100,0

70,8
86,9
100,0
120,2
119,8
106,4
97,3
126,0
121,2
124,3
119,1
113,4
110,8
100,0

78,3
96,0
110,5
132,9
132,5
117,7
107,6
139,3
134,1
137,4
131,7
125,5
122,5
110,5
100,0

89,5
109,8
126,4
151,9
151,4
134,5
123,0
159,3
153,2
157,1
150,5
143,4
140,0
126,3
114,3
100,0

97,4
119,6
137,7
165,5
165,0
146,5
134,0
173,5
166,9
171,1
164,0
156,2
152,5
137,7
124,6
109,0
100,0

111,8
137,3
158,0
189,9
189,3
168,2
153,8
199,1
191,6
196,4
188,2
179,3
175,1
158,0
143,0
125,0
114,7
100,0

130,3
159,9
184,0
221,2
220,5
195,9
179,1
232,0
223,2
228,7
219,2
208,9
204,0
184,1
166,5
145,7
133,7
116,5
100,0

128,3
157,4
181,2
217,8
217,2
192,9
176,4
228,4
219,7
225,2
215,9
205,6
200,8
181,2
163,9
143,4
131,7
114,7
98,5
100,0

123,6
151,7
174,6
209,8
209,2
185,8
169,9
220,0
211,7
217,0
208,0
198,1
193,5
174,6
158,0
138,2
126,8
110,5
94,9
96,3
100,0

121,3
148,8
171,3
205,9
205,3
182,4
166,8
215,9
207,7
212,9
204,1
194,4
189,9
171,4
155,0
135,6
124,4
108,4
93,1
94,5
98,1
100,0

122,5
150,3
173,0
208,0
207,3
184,2
168,4
218,1
209,8
215,0
206,1
196,4
191,7
173,1
156,5
136,9
125,7
109,5
94,0
95,4
99,1
101,0
100,0

123,4
151,5
174,3
209,6
208,9
185,6
169,7
219,7
211,4
216,7
207,7
197,8
193,2
174,4
195,1
138,0
126,6
110,3
94,7
96,2
99,9
101,7
100,8
100,0

131,2
161,1
185,4
222,8
222,2
197,4
180,5
233,7
224,8
230,4
220,9
210,4
205,5
185,4
167,7
146,7
134,7
117,4
100,7
102,3
106,2
108,2
107,1
106,4

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013

175

4.6

Veniturile medii brute, realizate pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale,


n luna octombrie 2013
Average gross income, by main activity of national economy,
obtained in October 2013

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numrul salariailor cu program


complet de lucru care au fost
pltii 23 de zile (mii persoane)
Number of employees
with full time paid for
23 days (thou persons)

Total salariai1)
Agricultur, silvicultur
i pescuit
Industria
Industria extractiv
Industria prelucrtoare

Construcii

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total

din care: femei


of which: women

Total

Brbai
Men

Femei
Women

3844,3

1774,7

2097

2203

1974

Total employees1)

111,9

24,5

1569

1574

1555

Agriculture, forestry
and fishing

1171,0

498,9

2112

2380

1751

Industry

58,3

10,1

4041

4017

4158

Mining and quarrying

971,1

453,1

1913

2162

1629

Manufacturing

3642

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

Producia i furnizarea de energie


electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
57,5
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor, activiti
de decontaminare

Venitul mediu brut


realizat (lei/salariat)
Average gross income
obtained (lei/employee)

13,4

3733

3761

84,1

22,3

1963

1948

2004

270,5

39,3

1685

1639

1958

Construction

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;


repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
642,4

326,9

1790

1980

1606

Wholesale and retail; repair


of motor vehicles
and motorcycles

Transport i depozitare

265,5

63,6

2061

2035

2143

Transport and storage

Hoteluri i restaurante

95,7

59,5

1187

1268

1137

Hotels and restaurants

117,9

44,8

4239

4479

3846

Information and
communication

Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri

89,8

62,5

4378

5359

3949

Financial intermediation
and insurance

Tranzacii imobiliare

26,4

12,1

1811

1842

1775

Real estate activities

145,2

71,5

2925

3052

2794

Professional, scientific
and technical activities

Informaii
i comunicaii

Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii
administrative i activiti
de servicii suport

209,1

63,7

1531

1419

1788

Administrative
and support
service activities

nvmnt

302,0

222,1

2325

2553

2243

Education

Sntate
i asisten social

273,5

220,3

2024

2272

1964

Human health and social


work activities

Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative

49,0

27,9

1699

1886

1557

Arts, entertainment
and recreation

Alte activiti de servicii

74,4

37,1

1649

1760

1537

Other service activities

Not: Datele pentru luna octombrie 2013, nu sunt comparabile cu rezultatele obinute n anii anteriori i publicate n ediiile precedente
ale Anuarului Statistic, din cauza schimbrii surselor de date i a sferei de cuprindere.
Pentru luna octombrie 2013 s-au luat n calcul numai salariaii cu program complet de lucru, care au fost pltii 23 de zile,
chiar dac au absentat de la locul de munc din cauza zilelor de concediu medical pltite din fondul de salarii.
Note: The data for October 2013, are not comparable with the results achieved during previous years and published in the previous
editions of Statistical Yearbook, due to the changes in data sources and coverage.
For October 2013, there were taken into account only full time employees, who were paid for 23 days,
even if they were absent from work due to medical leave days, paid from salary funds.
1) Exclusiv activitatea Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public.
Excluding Public administration and defence; compulsory social security.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2013.
Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2013.

176

4.7

Structura salariailor, pe grupe de venituri medii brute,


realizate n luna octombrie 2013
Structure of employees, by average gross income group,
obtained in October 2013
procente / percentage

Grupe de venituri medii


brute realizate - lei -

Total

Brbai
Men

Femei
Women

Average gross income


group obtained - lei -

Total1)

100,0

100,0

100,0

Total1)

11,2
20,3
21,6
13,9
16,1
7,7
3,6
1,8
1,1
0,7
2,0

12,5
19,6
19,4
13,5
16,4
8,1
4,0
2,0
1,2
0,8
2,5

9,7
21,1
24,1
14,3
15,8
7,2
3,2
1,6
0,9
0,6
1,5

Up to 800
801 - 1000
1001 - 1500
1501 - 2000
2001 - 3000
3001 - 4000
4001 - 5000
5001 - 6000
6001 - 7000
7001 - 8000
Over 8000

Pn la 800
801 - 1000
1001 - 1500
1501 - 2000
2001 - 3000
3001 - 4000
4001 - 5000
5001 - 6000
6001 - 7000
7001 - 8000
Peste 8000

Not: Datele pentru luna octombrie 2013, nu sunt comparabile cu rezultatele obinute n anii anteriori i publicate n ediiile precedente
ale Anuarului Statistic, din cauza schimbrii surselor de date i a sferei de cuprindere.
Pentru luna octombrie 2013 s-au luat n calcul numai salariaii cu program complet de lucru, care au fost pltii 23 de zile,
chiar dac au absentat de la locul de munc din cauza zilelor de concediu medical pltite din fondul de salarii.
Note: The data for October 2013, are not comparable with the results achieved during previous years and published in the previous
editions of Statistical Yearbook, due to the changes in data sources and coverage.
For October 2013, there were taken into account only full time employees, who were paid for 23 days,
even if they were absent from work due to medical leave days, paid from salary funds.
1) Exclusiv activitatea Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din sistemul public.
Excluding Public administration and defence; compulsory social security.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2013.
Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2013.

177

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar,


pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings,
by activity of national economy and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

2013

2014

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

Total economie

2163

1579

2328

1697

Total economy

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit

1614

1179

1751

1270

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

Industrie

2199

1604

2362

1720

Industry

4129
2001

2943
1466

4566
2160

3260
1578

Mining and quarrying


Manufacturing

3093

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

TOTAL SALARIAI

Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare

TOTAL EMPLOYEES

4056

2917

4297

1960

1427

2072

1509

Construcii

1629

1191

1701

1240

Construction

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;


repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor

1765

1293

1936

1412

Wholesale and retail; repair of


motor vehicles and motorcycles

Transport i depozitare

2249

1629

2357

1707

Transport and storage

Hoteluri i restaurante

1214

898

1300

958

Hotels and restaurants

Informaii i comunicaii

4098

3067

4471

3357

Information and communication

Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri

5016

3645

5093

3708

Financial intermediation
and insurance

Tranzacii imobiliare

1847

1349

1847

1344

Real estate activities

Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice

3241

2351

3368

2442

Professional, scientific and


technical activities

Activiti de servicii administrative


i activiti de servicii suport

1533

1132

1724

1261

Administrative and support


service activities

Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)

3344

2420

3787

2754

Public administration
and defence;
compulsory social security1)

nvmnt

2123

1533

2393

1733

Education

Sntate i
asisten social

2002

1456

2055

1496

Human health and


social work activities

Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative

1662

1216

1709

1249

Arts, entertainment
and recreation

Alte activiti de servicii

1347

991

1563

1141

Other service activities

Total economie

2246

1640

2412

1761

Total economy

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit

1629

1190

1764

1279

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

Industrie

2453

1783

2637

1917

Industry

4082
2236

2909
1633

4527
2409

3235
1758

Mining and quarrying


Manufacturing

3120

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

BRBAI

Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare

MEN

4109

2950

4329

1899

1384

2055

1496

Construcii

1582

1158

1651

1204

Construction

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;


repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor

1912

1398

2123

1547

Wholesale and retail; repair of


motor vehicles and motorcycles

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2014.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2014.

178

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar,


pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings,
by activity of national economy and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii
FEMEI
Total economie
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

2013

2014

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

2218
1301
4296

1606
960
3233

2315
1377
4666

1676
1014
3514

6161
1852

4488
1356

6342
1846

4653
1343

3349

2434

3455

2510

1407

1044

1585

1162

3186
2344

2321
1701

3555
2544

2603
1851

2230

1627

2269

1655

1762
1580

1290
1158

1815
1784

1326
1300

2070
1564
1867
4365
1743

1509
1141
1370
3113
1283

2234
1707
2002
4765
1883

1627
1240
1462
3390
1378

3891

2816

4197

3007

2128
1920

1548
1398

2119
2031

1544
1473

1625
2347
1159
3797

1192
1700
857
2815

1772
2495
1252
4173

1294
1805
923
3117

4489
1841

3257
1341

4543
1849

3292
1345

3115

2255

3268

2363

1811

1326

2010

1464

3461
2028

2494
1461

3956
2330

2865
1684

1946

1414

2001

1456

1592
1165

1163
861

1637
1391

1197
1017

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence;
compulsory social security1)
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities
WOMEN
Total economy
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence;
compulsory social security1)
Education
Human health
and social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2014.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2014.

179

4.9

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of national economy and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Ownership type
Total
Brbai / Men Femei / Women Activity
2013
2014 2013 2014
2013 2014
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

TOTAL SALARIAI

TOTAL EMPLOYEES

Total economie

2163

2328

2246

2412

2070

2234

Total economy

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i
cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1614
2199
4129
2001

1751
2362
4566
2160

1629
2453
4082
2236

1764
2637
4527
2409

1564
1867
4365
1743

1707
2002
4765
1883

4056

4297

4109

4329

3891

4197

1960
1629

2072
1701

1899
1582

2055
1651

2128
1920

2119
2031

1765
2249
1214
4098

1936
2357
1300
4471

1912
2218
1301
4296

2123
2315
1377
4666

1625
2347
1159
3797

1772
2495
1252
4173

5016
1847

5093
1847

6161
1852

6342
1846

4489
1841

4543
1849

3241

3368

3349

3455

3115

3268

1533

1724

1407

1585

1811

2010

3344
2123

3787
2393

3186
2344

3555
2544

3461
2028

3956
2330

2002

2055

2230

2269

1946

2001

1662
1347

1709
1563

1762
1580

1815
1784

1592
1165

1637
1391

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence;
compulsory social security1)
Education
Human health
and social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

Proprietate public 2)

2514

2723

2773

2960

2329

2557

Public ownership 2)

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i
cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante

2162
3103
3948
2624

2430
3265
4198
2719

2150
3178
4038
2658

2426
3344
4255
2754

2219
2869
3448
2547

2454
3019
3873
2645

4017

4179

4096

4264

3756

3891

2074
2378

2191
2590

2027
2231

2143
2500

2200
2874

2319
2977

2356
2934
1647

2928
3106
1344

3011
3124
1676

3028
3286
1412

1971
2576
1633

2840
2756
1310

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).

2) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

180

4.9

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of national economy and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013
2014

Ownership type
Brbai / Men Femei / Women Activity
2013
2014 2013 2014
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

3856

3951

3928

3920

3764

4000

5323
1692

5591
1742

7345
1737

7807
1790

4654
1644

4855
1690

3226

3328

3364

3484

3096

3177

1411

1664

1289

1445

1647

2037

3344
2116

3787
2403

3186
2354

3555
2572

3461
2017

3956
2335

1982

2037

2205

2250

1928

1984

1741
1677

1840
3298

1793
1578

1922
2756

1703
1815

1780
3857

Information and communication


Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence;
compulsory social security1)
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

Proprietate privat 3)

2026

2178

2096

2262

1930

2066

Private ownership 3)

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i
cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1429
2082
4281
1987

1553
2253
4855
2149

1437
2321
4120
2223

1552
2519
4747
2400

1406
1798
5039
1731

1558
1936
5371
1873

4159

4632

4144

4520

4200

4941

1836
1574

1951
1639

1762
1540

1967
1595

2045
1799

1906
1934

1764
1661
1202
4121

1935
1758
1298
4508

1910
1614
1292
4328

2122
1709
1376
4721

1625
1912
1144
3800

1771
2030
1249
4185

4982
1902

5039
1882

6062
1892

6214
1864

4469
1913

4505
1904

3245

3381

3345

3447

3123

3299

1543
2314

1729
2132

1416
2194

1595
2117

1825
2431

2007
2146

2195

2206

2454

2422

2125

2145

1573
1337

1581
1467

1725
1580

1702
1721

1470
1150

1505
1273

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).

3) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

181

4.10

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Clase de mrime
ale ntreprinderilor

Total
2013
2014

Brbai / Men
2013 2014

Total

2163

2328

2246

2412

2070

2234

1324
2066
2733

1479
2216
2926

1344
2111
2977

1498
2265
3182

1297
2005
2502

1454
2151
2687

2514

2723

2773

2960

2329

2557

1689
2377
2639

1792
2609
2859

1767
2369
2995

1871
2583
3192

1622
2384
2396

1724
2629
2635

2026

2178

2096

2262

1930

2066

1288
2004
2813

1449
2139
2982

1311
2074
2966

1469
2219
3176

1256
1899
2622

1422
2021
2745

Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste
Proprietate public1)
Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste
Proprietate privat 2)
Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste

Femei / Women
2013 2014

Ownership type
Enterprise
size class
Total
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over
Public ownership1)
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over
Private ownership 2)
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Clase de mrime
ale ntreprinderilor

Total
2013
2014

Brbai / Men
2013
2014

Total

1579

1697

1640

1761

1509

1627

973
1512
1988

1083
1617
2130

988
1545
2168

1097
1653
2319

952
1467
1818

1065
1569
1953

1818

1973

2006

2147

1684

1852

1232
1723
1906

1302
1888
2072

1289
1719
2164

1360
1872
2315

1184
1726
1730

1252
1900
1908

1485

1593

1537

1655

1415

1510

947
1470
2058

1062
1564
2178

964
1520
2170

1077
1622
2322

924
1394
1919

1043
1478
2002

Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste
Proprietate public1)
Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste
Proprietate privat 2)
Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste

Femei / Women
2013
2014

Ownership type
Enterprise
size class
Total
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over
Public ownership1)
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over
Private ownership 2)
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

182

4.12

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of national economy and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013 2014

Brbai / Men
2013 2014

Ownership type
Femei / Women Activity
2013
2014 (CANE Rev.2 sections)

TOTAL SALARIAI

TOTAL EMPLOYEES

Total economie

1579

1697

1640

1761

1509

1627

Total economy

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i
cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1179
1604
2943
1466

1270
1720
3260
1578

1190
1783
2909
1633

1279
1917
3235
1758

1141
1370
3113
1283

1240
1462
3390
1378

2917

3093

2950

3120

2816

3007

1427
1191

1509
1240

1384
1158

1496
1204

1548
1398

1544
1473

1293
1629
898
3067

1412
1707
958
3357

1398
1606
960
3233

1547
1676
1014
3514

1192
1700
857
2815

1294
1805
923
3117

3645
1349

3708
1344

4488
1356

4653
1343

3257
1341

3292
1345

2351

2442

2434

2510

2255

2363

1132

1261

1044

1162

1326

1464

2420
1533

2754
1733

2321
1701

2603
1851

2494
1461

2865
1684

1456

1496

1627

1655

1414

1456

1216
991

1249
1141

1290
1158

1326
1300

1163
861

1197
1017

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas,
steam and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence;
compulsory social security 1)
Education
Human health and
social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

Proprietate public 2)

1818

1973

2006

2147

1684

1852

Public ownership 2)

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i
cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor

1565
2234
2817
1891

1750
2355
3003
1967

1557
2284
2878
1912

1746
2413
3044
1992

1604
2078
2479
1843

1771
2173
2767
1916

2891

3013

2941

3080

2726

2787

1508
1721

1592
1874

1475
1612

1558
1810

1597
2087

1680
2148

1745

2099

2295

2183

1422

2024

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas,
steam and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).

2) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

183

4.12

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe - continuare
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of national economy and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

Total
2013 2014

Brbai / Men
2013 2014

Ownership type
Femei / Women Activity
2013 2014 (CANE Rev.2 sections)

2114
1205
2788

2241
976
2828

2247
1226
2817

2368
1025
2790

1863
1195
2750

1993
951
2888

3833
1238

4063
1273

5267
1274

5732
1307

3359
1201

3509
1236

2324

2393

2423

2503

2230

2287

1036

1212

953

1062

1195

1468

2420
1528

2754
1741

2321
1707

2603
1872

2494
1453

2865
1688

1442

1484

1609

1642

1401

1445

1263
1223

1335
2367

1303
1162

1395
1982

1234
1308

1291
2764

Transport and storage


Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Public administration
and defence;
compulsory social security 1)
Education
Human health
and social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

Proprietate privat 3)

1485

1593

1537

1655

1415

1510

Private ownership 3)

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i
cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
nvmnt
Sntate i
asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1049
1522
3049
1457

1131
1644
3462
1571

1055
1691
2936
1624

1129
1834
3389
1753

1030
1321
3579
1275

1134
1416
3813
1371

2987

3317

2974

3237

3023

3540

1340
1153

1424
1196

1287
1129

1433
1164

1492
1310

1399
1404

1292
1213
889
3093

1411
1280
957
3395

1397
1179
955
3270

1546
1245
1013
3567

1192
1390
847
2822

1293
1471
922
3133

3624
1388

3669
1367

4422
1384

4559
1354

3245
1393

3266
1382

2359

2457

2437

2512

2264

2389

1140
1677

1265
1535

1051
1600

1170
1535

1337
1752

1463
1535

1597

1599

1788

1762

1545

1554

1162
984

1165
1073

1276
1158

1251
1256

1085
850

1110
933

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Administrative and support
service activities
Education
Human health
and social work activities
Arts, entertainment
and recreation
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service a.s.o.).

3) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

184

4.13

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti


ale industriei i pe sexe
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity
of industry and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

2013

2014
Brut
Net
Gross
Net

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

Total - Industrie

2199

1604

2362

1720

Total - Industry

Industrie extractiv

4129

2943

4566

3260

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

3609

2578

3809

2723

5574
2963
1923
4523

3945
2126
1395
3249

6562
3194
1930
4989

4670
2284
1397
3570

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

TOTAL SALARIAI

TOTAL EMPLOYEES

Industrie prelucrtoare

2001

1466

2160

1578

Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor
din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei;
fabricarea articolelor din paie
i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i a
produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe
supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a
produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor
i a produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor

1388
2697
5320
1742
1352

1022
1979
3817
1279
1006

1541
2762
5767
1840
1505

1131
2019
4161
1341
1112

1424

1054

1534

1124

1362

1009

1463

1078

2150

1567

2328

1687

2250

1639

2424

1752

4723

3378

5303

3774

2753

1999

2899

2095

3452

2492

3646

2638

2177

1592

2279

1655

2271
2917

1655
2108

2485
3060

1806
2210

2014

1471

2146

1564

2824
2298

2049
1680

2995
2387

2166
1734

2542

1839

2830

2038

2652

1954

2840

2101

3075
1404
1610

2214
1038
1200

3281
1535
1724

2384
1131
1260

2326

1679

2360

1718

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of products
of wood and cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic
mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.


Source: Labour cost survey.

185

4.13

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti


ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity
of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat

2013
Brut
Gross

Net
Net

2014
Brut
Net
Gross
Net

3093

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply

2072

1509

Water supply; sewerage,


waste management
and decontamination activities

1764

2525

1825

Water catchment,
treatment and distribution

2214

1603

2415

1753

1541

1132

1657

1218

Total - Industrie

2453

1783

2637

1917

Total - Industry

Industrie extractiv

4082

2909

4527

3235

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

3728

2660

3883

2779

5383
2957
1864
4560

3812
2122
1353
3272

6467
3208
1878
4978

4606
2295
1359
3562

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

4056

2917

Distribuia apei; salubritate,


gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare

1960

1427

Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei

2437

Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate


Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

4297

BRBAI

Used water collection and purification


Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination
MEN

Industrie prelucrtoare

2236

1633

2409

1758

Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor
din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei;
fabricarea articolelor din paie i din
alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a
produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic

1495
2747
5479
1857
1511

1100
2020
3925
1362
1119

1656
2787
6139
1982
1698

1214
2039
4440
1446
1254

1567

1159

1669

1217

1370

1015

1477

1088

2291

1668

2493

1807

2500

1814

2659

1918

4542

3251

5092

3629

2795

2030

2969

2144

3852

2786

3920

2807

2295

1676

2392

1734

2287
2929

1665
2116

2507
3073

1822
2219

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of products
of wood and cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles of straw
and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.


Source: Labour cost survey.

186

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

4.13

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti


ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity
of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor
i a produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

2013
Brut
Net
Gross
Net

2014
Activity
Brut
Net (CANE Rev.2 divisions)
Gross
Net

2007

1464

2159

1573

3165
2522

2289
1837

3268
2623

2360
1899

2567

1857

2860

2060

2968

2185

3224

2396

3077
1411
1717

2213
1044
1274

3324
1543
1890

2418
1137
1375

2353

1699

2366

1723

4329

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
3120 production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
1496 and decontamination activities

4109

2950

1899

1384

2055

2280
2220

1653
1606

2457
2447

1553

1141

1678

Water catchment,
1777 treatment and distribution
1777 Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
1232 and services of decontamination

1867

1370

2002

1462 Total - Industry

FEMEI
Total - Industrie

Manufacture of fabricated
metal products,
except machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

WOMEN

Industrie extractiv

4365

3113

4765

3390 Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

2914

2104

3360

6392
2984
2241
4309

4517
2141
1623
3113

6995
3146
2214
5053

2384 Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
4960 and natural gas
2248 Mining of metal ores
1604 Other mining and quarrying
3612 Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

1743

1283

1883

1378 Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor

1298
2595
4739
1700
1327

957
1896
3422
1248
988

1437
2706
4686
1783
1475

1055
1975
3350
1299
1090

1373

1016

1477

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
1084 preparation and dyeing of furs

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.


Source: Labour cost survey.

187

4.13

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti


ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity
of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor
din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei;
fabricarea articolelor din paie i din
alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a
produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

2013
Brut
Net
Gross
Net

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

1338

992

1423

1050

1927

1408

2069

1498

1973

1445

2171

1573

5214

3721

5900

4186

2658

1929

2752

1991

3201

2307

3464

2527

1996

1464

2103

1531

2233
2869

1631
2077

2431
3008

1767
2170

2041

1494

2099

1530

2501
2057

1822
1509

2751
2127

1992
1551

2450

1776

2715

1954

2324

1714

2437

1789

3067
1391
1542

2222
1028
1154

3098
1522
1627

2240
1121
1193

2179

1571

2325

1693

Manufacture of wood and of products


of wood and cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles of straw
and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

3007

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

3891

2816

4197

2128

1548

2119

1544

2828
2187

2043
1589

2694
2285

1947
1659

1506

1109

1599

1180

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.


Source: Labour cost survey.

188

2014
Brut
Net
Gross
Net

Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

4.14

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013 2014

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Total - Industrie

2199 2362

2453 2637

1867 2002

Total - Industry

Industrie extractiv

4129 4566

4082 4527

4365 4765

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

3609 3809

3728 3883

2914 3360

5574
2963
1923
4523

5383
2957
1864
4560

6392
2984
2241
4309

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

TOTAL SALARIAI

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)
TOTAL EMPLOYEES

6562
3194
1930
4989

6467
3208
1878
4978

6995
3146
2214
5053

Industrie prelucrtoare

2001 2160

2236 2409

1743 1883

Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut,
cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea
articolelor din paie i din alte
materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de
cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i
a produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.

1388
2697
5320
1742
1352

1495
2747
5479
1857
1511

1298
2595
4739
1700
1327

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork,
except furniture; manufacture
of articles of straw
and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated metal
products, except machinery
and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.

1541
2762
5767
1840
1505

1656
2787
6139
1982
1698

1437
2706
4686
1783
1475

1424 1534

1567 1669

1373 1477

1362 1463

1370 1477

1338 1423

2150 2328

2291 2493

1927 2069

2250 2424

2500 2659

1973 2171

4723 5303

4542 5092

5214 5900

2753 2899

2795 2969

2658 2752

3452 3646

3852 3920

3201 3464

2177 2279

2295 2392

1996 2103

2271 2485
2917 3060

2287 2507
2929 3073

2233 2431
2869 3008

2014 2146

2007 2159

2041 2099

2824 2995
2298 2387

3165 3268
2522 2623

2501 2751
2057 2127

2542 2830

2567 2860

2450 2715

2652 2840

2968 3224

2324 2437

3075 3281
1404 1535
1610 1724

3077 3324
1411 1543
1717 1890

3067 3098
1391 1522
1542 1627

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.


Source: Labour cost survey.

189

4.14

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare
Proprietate

public1)

Industrie extractiv

Total
2013 2014

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

2326 2360

2353 2366

2179 2325

Repair, maintenance and installation


of machinery and equipment

3891 4197

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

4056 4297

4109 4329

1960 2072

1899 2055

2128 2119

2437 2525
2214 2415

2280 2457
2220 2447

2828 2694
2187 2285

1541 1657

1553 1678

1506 1599

Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

3103 3265

3178 3344

2869 3019

Public ownership1)

3948 4198

4038 4255

3448 3873

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior 3648 3857

3772 3933

2931 3389

Mining of coal and lignite

Extracia petrolului brut


i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

5556
3199
3370
6577

6396
3097
3641
5976

Extraction of crude petroleum


and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

5663
3175
3426
6526

6108
3338
3378
7020

5991
3363
3326
7081

6896
3256
3575
6346

Industrie prelucrtoare

2624 2719

2658 2754

2547 2645

Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut,
cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea
articolelor din paie i din alte
materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de
cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic

1665 1812
1570 1785
985 1106

1488 1638
1781 1856
1070 1090

1853 2016
1292 1693
973 1109

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Manufacture of wood and
of products of wood and cork,
except furniture; manufacture
of articles of straw
and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals

854

837

887

1508 1708

1508 1751

1507 1611

3157 3320

3223 3493

3101 3191

1041

841

2637

2945 2834

3058 2882

2703 2741

3318 3508

3269 3488

3365 3527

- 2310

- 2702

- 1919

- 942
6317 6621

- 978
5658 6858

- 834
7137 6323

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

190

4.14

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i
a produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare
Proprietate

privat 2)

Total
2013 2014

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

2084 2158

2206 2317

1870 1906

3025 2796

3513 2833

2206 2736

3181 3511

3272 3539

2722 3389

2789 3139
2240 1198
2246 2293

2769 3163
1803 1198
2171 2330

2856 3055
4052
2409 2208

2437 2446

2486 2460

2213 2361

Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

3756 3891

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

4017 4179

4096 4264

2074 2191

2027 2143

2200 2319

2347 2429
2047 2187

2289 2362
2043 2193

2488 2595
2060 2165

1386 1520

1374 1514

1422 1535

Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

2082 2253

2321 2519

1798 1936

Private ownership 2)

Industrie extractiv

4281 4855

4120 4747

5039 5371

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

1587 1665

1561 1625

1796 1928

5554
1922
1569
4319

5342
1923
1536
4338

6391
1918
1765
4215

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

1987 2149

Industria alimentar
1388
Fabricarea buturilor
2705
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
5320
Fabricarea produselor textile
1742
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 1352
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
1424
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie
i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite 1362
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
2153
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
2137

6666
2067
1640
4792

6585
2105
1608
4753

7011
1863
1827
4989

2223 2400

1731 1873

Manufacturing

1541
2766
5767
1840
1505

1495
2752
5479
1857
1511

1298
2607
4739
1700
1327

1534

1567 1669

1373 1477

1463

1370 1477

1338 1423

2332

2296 2498

1929 2071

2316

2424 2578

1808 2021

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork, except
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media

1656
2791
6139
1982
1699

1437
2712
4686
1783
1475

2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

191

4.14

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Fabricarea produselor de
cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Total
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

4731 5303

4551 5092

5216 5900

2735 2905

2772 2976

2654 2753

3475 3669

3992 4013

3177 3456

2177 2279

2295 2391

1996 2104

2271 2487
2867 3011

2287 2509
2901 3037

2233 2433
2725 2900

2008 2145

1993 2149

2068 2130

2816 2999
2298 2387

3145 3279
2522 2623

2510 2752
2057 2127

2535 2823

2558 2854

2448 2710

2652 2840

2968 3224

2324 2437

3104 3294
1403 1535
1569 1698

3106 3338
1411 1543
1664 1850

3095 3103
1390 1522
1515 1614

2276 2334

2296 2338

2160 2315

Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

4200 4941

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

4159 4632

4144 4520

1836 1951

1762 1967

2045 1906

2835 2926
2633 2973

2242 2850
2641 3041

4420 3119
2591 2645

1594 1699

1615 1727

1534 1619

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.


Source: Labour cost survey.

192

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

4.15

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013 2014

Brbai
Men
2013 2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Total - Industrie

1604 1720

1783

1917

1370 1462

Total - Industry

Industrie extractiv

2943 3260

2909

3235

3113 3390

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

2578 2723

2660

2779

2104 2384

3945
2126
1395
3249

3812
2122
1353
3272

4606
2295
1359
3562

4517
2141
1623
3113

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude
petroleum and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

1466 1578

TOTAL SALARIAI

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)
TOTAL EMPLOYEES

Industria alimentar
1022
Fabricarea buturilor
1979
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
3817
Fabricarea produselor textile
1279
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 1006
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
1054
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie
i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite 1009
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
1567
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
1639
Fabricarea produselor de
cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
3378
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
1999
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
2492
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
1592
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
1655
Industria metalurgic
2108
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
1471
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
2049
Fabricarea echipamentelor
electrice
1680
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
1839

4670
2284
1397
3570

4960
2248
1604
3612

1633

1758

1283 1378

Manufacturing

1131
2019
4161
1341
1112

1100
2020
3925
1362
1119

1214
2039
4440
1446
1254

957
1896
3422
1248
988

1124

1159

1217

1016 1084

1078

1015

1088

992 1050

1687

1668

1807

1408 1498

1752

1814

1918

1445 1573

3774

3251

3629

3721 4186

2095

2030

2144

1929 1991

2638

2786

2807

2307 2527

1655

1676

1734

1464 1531

1806
2210

1665
2116

1822
2219

1631 1767
2077 2170

1564

1464

1573

1494 1530

2166

2289

2360

1822 1992

1734

1837

1899

1509 1551

2038

1857

2060

1776 1954

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork, except
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of
coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical
equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.

1055
1975
3350
1299
1090

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.


Source: Labour cost survey.

193

4.15

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2013
2014

Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport


rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti
industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea
i instalarea mainilor
i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Brbai
Men
2013
2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

1954 2101

2185

2396

1714 1789

2214 2384
1038 1131

2213
1044

2418
1137

2222 2240
1028 1121

1200 1260

1274

1375

1154 1193

1679 1718

1699

1723

1571 1693

Manufacture of motor vehicles,


trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing
activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and
installation of machinery
and equipment

2816 3007

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

2917 3093

2950

3120

1427 1509

1384

1496

1548 1544

1764 1825

1653

1777

2043 1947

1603 1753

1606

1777

1589 1659

1132 1218

1141

1232

1109 1180

Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Used water collection
and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

Proprietate public1)

2234 2355

2284

2413

2078 2173

Public ownership1)

Industrie extractiv

2817 3003

2878

3044

2479 2767

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

2605 2757

2690

2815

2116 2404

4023
2270
2460
4624

3944
2288
2418
4654

4288
2404
2384
5052

4558
2213
2619
4293

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude
petroleum and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

1891 1967

Industria alimentar
1216
Fabricarea buturilor
1121
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
727
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie
i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
615
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
1089
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
2264
Fabricarea produselor de
cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
814
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
2129
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
2381

4378
2387
2423
5014

4987
2328
2576
4592

1912

1992

1843 1916

Manufacturing

1308
1292
838

1095
1273
788

1191
1359
818

1344 1445
921 1205
718 842

604

1251

1089

1286

1089 1172

2386

2308

2497

2227 2303

650

2059

2210

2084

1956 2011

2515

2341

2497

2421 2533

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork, except
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of
coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations

638

2145

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

194

4.15

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i
a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti
industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea
i instalarea mainilor
i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a
materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Total
2013
2014

Brbai
Men
2013
2014

Femei
Women
2013 2014

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

1695

2033

- 1356

4474

688
4670

3897

712
4843

- 613
5190 4451

1521

1573

1605

1686

1373 1394

2176

2008

2546

2041

1555 1954

2321

2594

2401

2615

1916 2503

1997
1606

2296
893

1969
1305

2311
893

2087 2244
2851
-

1633

1652

1