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Engleza Pentru Incepatori - Lectia 31-32

Engleza Pentru Incepatori - Lectia 31-32

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Eurocor - Curs de limba engleza pentru incepatori
Eurocor - Curs de limba engleza pentru incepatori

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RECAPITULARE

1. Daca un substantiv apare de mai multe ori Intr-o propozitie, poate fi Inlocuit cu cuvantul one:
I don't like this book;
I like that one.
I don't want these shoes;
I want cheaper ones.
2. Modul imperativ:
Come here!
Don't eat so fast!
Let them go now!
3. Genitivul saxon (the Saxon Genitive):
Mary's car
these people's houses
my parent's friends
- Nu-mi place aceasta carte;
mie Imi place aceea.
- Nu vreau a c e ~ t i pantofi;
vreau unii ieftini.
- Vino aici!
- Nu mancati a ~ a de repede!
- Lasa-i sa pIece acum!
- m a ~ i n a Mariei
- casele acestor oameni
- prietenii parintilor mei
Sa exersam cuvintele noi intr-o alta ordine:
Ca pana acum, sa incepem leqia cu ciiteva cuvinte noi. Cititi-Ie cu voce
tare retineti sensuI lor in limba romaml:
" "
PARTEA INTAI
peace
> [pi:s]
- pace
object
> [obdj ikt]
- obiect, scop
luggage
> [lagidj]
- bagaj
matter
> [mEtil']
- chestiune, problema,
treaba
incident
> [insidant]
- incident, intamplare
idea
> [aidia]
- idee
fact
> [fEkt]
- fapt
space travel
> [speis trEvl]
- calatorie in spatiu
war
> ["O:']
- razboi
mistake
> [mistcik]
- eroare
complaint
> [kampleint]
- nemultumire, plangere,
reclamatie
soldier
> [sauldja']
- soldat
2
LECTIA 31
,
matter >
[mEta']
- chestiune, problema,
treaba
fact >
[fEkt]
- fapt; realitate
object >
[ obdjikt]
- obiect, scop
idea >
[aidia]
- idee
peace >
[pi:s]
- pace
soldier >
[sauldja']
- soldat
war
> ["O:']
- razboi
mistake
> [misteik]
-
complaint
> [kampleint]
- nemultumire, plangere,
reclamatie
incident
> [insidant]
- incident, intamplare
space
> [speis]
- spatiu, univers
space travel
> [speis trEvl]
- calatorie in spatiu
luggage
> [lagidj]
- bagaj
Iar acum completati propozitiile 'in limba engleza cu cuvintele care lipsesc:
In exercitiul urmator am folosit cuvintele noi in propozitii:
> [Ill: kI:n ntii:'n It It" O/ca
r
a:
r
- Puteti s-o inapoiati daca aveti
kall1plcll1ts] nemultumiri.
- Incidentul a aparut 'in
toate ziarele.
- Prima calatorie in spatiu
a avut loc in 1957.
- Acest bagaj este al tau?
- Ce despre razboi?
- Acest soldat a facut
o serioasa.
- Tot ce dorim este (sa fie) pace.
- Aceste idei nu sunt noi.
- Este destul spatiu
pentru mobila noastra?
- Faptele sunt alarmante.
- Au vazut un obiect straniu
pe cer.
- Nu inca totul
despre aceasta problema.
- The >fact that he helped me impressed
my mother.
- He cannot spend much time on this >mattcr.
- I have read much about that >war.
- Will the negotiations bring >peace?
- Those >Icleas are difficult to understand.
- Is >space travel dangerous?
- I like travelling without any >luggage.
- These >coJl1plaIJ1ts are worth listening to.
- Do these >JIlcldcnts happen regularly?
- Our >object is to get a raise
as soon as possible.
- >Space is incredibly vast.
> [D/a fa'st SPCIS trEvi Uoz IJ1
namtb] finl SC\ nJ
> [17 DZEtlagldj /t)"'zJ
> ["ot dll Ill: nall
aballt IYa "t)"r]
> [01 "1: Jont IZ pl:S]
> ["I: daunt nall cVllT'in\g)
aballt D/is mEta' id]
> [D/ci so: a stlcll1dJ obdjikt
in D/a ska/]
> [D/Is Siill!dp' hEz meld
a si.nas ll1lstcik]
> [IZ D'ca'lI1at"spc/s
to.' aua'
> [Dll insidant "oz in
(J.! D/a pciparz]
> [D/a f1:kts a:' ala:
r
ll1in(gl]
> [[Yl:Z aidiaz a:' not nlll'\
The facts are alarming.
They saw a strange object
in the sky.
Este periculoasa calatoria in spatiu?
Aceste incidente se petrec in mod regulat?
We don't know everything
about this matter yet.
Universul este incredibil de vast.
EI nu poate sa acorde mult timp acestei probleme.
Imi place sa calatoresc lara bagaje.
Aceste nemultumiri merita sa fie ascultate.
3
Faptul ca el m-a ajutat a impresionat-o
pemama.
Acele idei sunt greu de inteles.
All we want is peace.
Is that luggage yours?
Am citit mult despre ace! razboi.
These ideas are not new.
Scopul nostru este sa obtinem 0 marire
de salariu cat mai curand posibil.
Negocierile vor aduce pacea?
The first space travel was in
1957.
Is there enough space
for our furniture?
This soldier has made
a serious mistake.
You can return it if there are
complaints.
The incident was in
all the papers.
What do you know
about the war?
Acum vom inwi(aforma negativii a acestui verb:
> space
> incident
> soldIer
> mIstake
> peace
> war
> matter
> object
> fact
> complamt
,
- The> soldIers are ready for the fight.
- You have made the same > mIstake twice.
> luggage
> Idea
- Nu ai voie sa aici.
- Ea nu are voie sa fumeze.
4
You mustn't talk here.
She mustn't smoke.
Ai fiicut de doua ori
"I like travelling without any luggage."
idee
fapt
1. Forma negativii a verbului must se ob(ine prin adiiugarea adverbului de nega(ie not: must
not (forma prescurtatii jiind mustn't l masnt] care inseamnii a nu fi permislingaduit, a nu
avea voie, a fi interzis, de exemplu:
Rezolvati urmatorul exercitiu de traducere:
razboi
Soldatii sunt gata de lupta.
nemultumire, pliingere, reclamatie
eroare
pace
bagaj
chestiune, problema, treaba
obiect, scop
In lec(iile anterioare, ali intiilnit deja verbul modal must - a trebui.
soldat
incident, intiimplare
spatiu, univers
Urmeaza un alt grup de cuvinte noi. Exersati pronuntia retineti intelesullor in limba romana:
Is there concrete information? > [IZ {Yca
f
konkri:t - Sunt informatii concrete?
2. Structura negativii - BU trebuie, se exprinu] cuforma scurtii needn't lnLdnt], de exemplu:
- Maine va fi ziua
decisiva.
- Aceasta este 0 treaba foarte
urgenta.
- Nu-mi plac subiectele
abstracte.
- Imprejurimile sunt
foarte
- Vom incepe imediat.
- Poti sa obiectiv
despre asta?
- We >needn 't go there.
- We >lTIlistn't make this mistake.
- Why >1TI1i stn't I come here?
- Ea nu trebuie faca griji in legatura
cu asta.
- You >1TI1i stn'f leave your luggage here.
- Nu trebuie sa toate aceste cacti.
- I >needn't listen to your complaints.
- This news>needn't be facts.
> l D"is jz a veri a:ldpnt
mEtal]
5
> l ai daunt hllk
sabdjlkb]
> l kEn Ill: to. k aballt DZIS
abd.lektlvll]
> [tamorall uil bi:
D"a disaisiv dC/]
> l Dfa a:
1
\ en
> lUi:l start it prezantli]
You needn't read all these books.
She needn't worry about it.
We'll start it presently.
Aceste nu sunt neaparat adevarate.
lar acum sa folosim verbele modale invatate anterior. Completati propozitiile in limba engleza cu
verbul corespunzator:
Nu trebuie sa mergem acolo.
Nu avem voie sa facem aceasta
The surroundings are
very peaceful.
De ce nu am voie sa yin aici?
Nu ai voie sa-ti bagajul aici.
This is a very urgent
matter.
Tomorrow will be
the decisive day.
Nu trebuie sa ascult plangerile tale.
lata cum se folosesc cuvintele noi in propozitii:
objective > [abdjekti\]
- obiectiv, nepartinitor
decisive > ldisaislv] - hotarator, decisiv
urgent
> [a:ldjant]
- urgent
concrete > l konkri:t] - concret, palpabil
abstract > [EbstrEkt]
- abstract
peaceful > [pi:sfal]
-
presently > [prezantl i]
- imediat, indata
I don't like abstract
subjects.
Can you talk about this
objectively?
6
Ati sa rezolvati exercitiul anterior? lata acum un grup de verbe noi:
It has to be shown in an >ob.lcctlve way.
> peaceful
>AbStLlct ideas are difficult to understand.
>ob.lectl\C
> presently
- We'll finish it >prcsenlly.
- They live in a >pcaccful region.
- A table is a >concrck object.
> urgent
- We need more
fertilizer.
- It is difficult to be >obJcctive in this matter.
> aboitract
> deClSI\ c
> cOllclde
Ei traiesc intr-o reglUne
A: Peter, Jane complains that you forbid her everything.
B: Really? I haven't noticed.
A: She wanted to go on holiday with her friends and you didn't agree.
S: I think I was right. But does it matter?
A: Yes, it does. You didn't even tell her why you disagreed.
B: Now you are right. Next time when I decide to forbid her something 1'1\ explain why.
Acum completati propozitiile in limba engleza cu noile cuvinte:
Aceasta trebuie prezentata intr-un mod obiectiv.
Vom termina imediat.
ldeile abstracte sunt dificil de inteles.
Este greu sa fii obiectiv in aceasta problema.
lata cuvintele noi intr-un scurt dialog. Cititi-l cu atentie:
urgent
Masa este un obiect coneret.
abstract

obiectiv
Traduceti unnatoarele cuvinte in limba engleza:
to matter > rtu mEta' j - a conta, a avea importanta

to notice
> [tu naullsj
- a observa, a baga de seama
to complain > l tu kamplclTl ] - a se plange, a reclama
to agree
> [tuagri"]
- a fi de acord, a accepta
to disagree > flU (hsagri:]
- a nu fi de acord, a nu accepta
to decide >[tUJloilltJj
- a decide, a hotari
Avem nevoie urgenta de mai mult
chimic.
concret
imediat, indata
decisiv
Acum completati propozitiile in limba engleza cu verbele corespunzatoare:
- Dar conteaza asta?
- Acum ai dreptate.
- Ea a vrut sa mearga in concediu
cu prietenii ei dar tu
nu ai fost de acord.
- ered ca am avut dreptate.
- Data viitoare cand
voi decide sa-i interzic ceva,
ii voi explica de ceo
- lntr-adevar? Nu am observat.
- Da.
- Nici macar nu i-ai spus
de ce nu ai fost de acord.
> to dec Ide
> to notice
- We >dlsagrt.'cd on that maUer.
> to Jl1.ltkl
- I know they don't >dgrce.
- It >l1lattCl cd a lot to me.
- Have you >J1l,tILcd that he has drunk
too much?
- They>COJl1I' 1:1 i ned of the heat.
- We >declded not to wait for them.
> to c< ,mplain
7
> lbat daz It mEta' 1
> 1'11, didn! i \ n tel hal
'dl III Ld j
> i pi'fa' dJclll kalt1plcll1z DzEt - Peter, Jane s-a plans
Il,: forhid ba:' cvnl ca Ii interzici totuI.
> 1:11'] 'Jl1'C'k al"OI rail1
> [Sl. "0nlld tll gall on holide:
Jl), hel r frcndl 1· nd Ill:
,iidnt j
> [nallill ;\",ailj
> [ICS It d:l/1
> I IbiI al hF\"llt nallt!st]
> lnd; 'I (<11111 ''\:n dl (!Jsald
tll Illlhid kl" s;\lnT'Jl1':')
:1l1Ibpil'J11 "alJ
a observa
ca ei nu sunt de acord.
Sa analizam acum fiecare separat:
a conta, a avea importanta
Now you are right.
Ai observat ca el a baut prea mult?
Yes, it does.
You didn't even tell her
why you disagreed.
But does it matter?
A contat mult pentru mine.
Peter, Jane complains that
you forbid her everything.
a nu fi de acord
I think I was right.
a accepta, a fi de acord
a se plange, a reclama
Really? I haven't noticed.
Nu am fost de parere in acea problema.
Next time when I decide
to forbid her something
I'll explain why.
She wanted to go on holiday
with her friends and you
didn't agree.
S-au plans de cal dura.
Traduceti in limba engleza urmatoarele verbe:
a decide, a hotari
Noi am decis sa nu-i
lar acum sa revenim la imperativul format cu verbullet.
In exercitiul urmator traduceti propozitiile in Iimba engleza:
> You needn'l thmk about thIS matter.
> It doesn '1 matter.
> Let hun not talk about the war
aII the tIme.
> Let her not make thIs mistake.
> YDU mustn't declClc Wllhout lalkmg to .lane.
> We needn't aglec now.
> LeI them not complalll'
> Space travel IS excllJl1g.
- Sa nu decida ei
> ThIs incIdent mustn't happen again.
> Have you noticed thIS man m a green hat?
> He has a good Idea, let hllll speak.
> Let's not take the luggage wIth us.
- Sa nu fim de acord!
8
Nu trebuie sa te la aceasta problema.
Acest incident nu trebuie sa se mai intiimple.
Nu trebuie sa ajungem la un acord acum.
L-ai observat pe barbatul cu palaria verde?
Las(-0) sa nu faca aceasta
Urmeaza ultimul exereitiu al lectiei, in care vom sintetiza cele invatate. Traduceti propozitiile
urmatoare in limba engleza:
Let's not agree.
Calatoria in spatiu este captivanta.
Sa nu-i lasam sa se pliinga!
Nu conteaza.
Let them not decide themselves.
El are 0 idee buna, sa-I lasam sa vorbeasca.
Nu ai voie sa lara sa cu Jane.
De exemplu:
Sa nu luam bagajul cu noi!
Sa nu-llasam sa vorbeasca tot timpul
despre razboi.
Dacii propozi(ia in care verbul este la imperativ este flegatlva (vrem ca cineva sa flU facii ceva),
atunci se cuvantul de nega(ie not.
LECTIA 31 - PARTEA A DOUA
,
incepem partea a doua a lectiei cu substantive referitoare la razboi.
Cititi cuvintele cu voce tare:
army > [a:fmi] - armata
navy > [neivi] - flota maritima, marina
militara
air force > [eaffo:fs] - forta aeriana
civilian > [sivilian] - civil
trench > -
weapon > [Uepn] - arma
enemy > [cnami] - mamlC
ally > [Elai] - aliat
cartridge > [ka:ftridj] -
atom-bomb > [Etam bom] - bomba atomica
battle > [bEtl] - batalie, lupta
submarine > [sabmari:n] - submarin
Sa exersam cuvintele noi intr-o alta ordine:
enemy > [enami] - inamic
ally > [Elai] - aliat
battle > [bEtl] - batalie, lupta
navy > [neivi] - flota maritima, marina
militara
cartridge > [ka:ftridj] -
submarine > [sabm[lri:n] - submarin
army > [a:'miJ - armata
atom-bomb > [EUun hom] - bomba atomica
air force > [ca
f
fO:f S] - fortii aeriana
weapon > [Ucpn] - arma
trench > -
civilian > [slvilian] - civil
9
Acum completati propozitiile in limba engleza cu cuvintele care Iipsesc:
Unnariti folosirea cuvintelor nOl in propozitii. Cititi-Ie cu voce tare fiti atenti la traducerea lor in
limba romana:
- Multi civili au fost
- Soldatii au trebuit sa sape

- Annele noastre nu sunt
destul de modeme.
- A fost necesara folosirea
bombei atomice?
- Acestea sunt proaste.
- Aliatii au venit prea tarziu
sa ne ajute.
- Aceasta tara are
o annata mica.
- intr-un razboi foI1a aeriana este
deseori decisiva.
- Flota lor maritima nu are
submarine.
- Nu avem infonnatii
despre inamic.
- Batalia a inceput noaptea.
- The >atom-bomb was used by our ally.
- Are there enough> caJiridgeS?
- We are using the latest >
- The>trenches are deep enough.
- The >enemyhas modem planes.
- The >battle has continued for a week.
- They are building many >slIbmannes
- Many >civilians are leaving the town.
- Our>allies support us.
10
> lalla' Elalz "a:' tll: lelt
tll help as]
> [meD! sivillanz "a.' klld]
> l DIIs kantll hEz
a smo:1 a·rmi]
> [uJ. hE\ nall Il1famelSn
on D/) ena111l]
> [Uoz It nCSlsarl tll 11I:Z
DZj Etam bom]
> l In a "o ' \)'1 ea' fo:'slz a:'
olil dlsalsl\]
> [DZa sauldja'z hEd tll dig
]
> [Dca bEtI sta.'tld Et nait]
> [DzI:z a:
r
bEd ka:rtnd]lzJ
> [aLia' "frllZ a:
r
not
l11oda'n maf]
> l DZel' nervI hEz nall
sabmall·llz]
Aliatii ne sprij ina.
Batalia a continuat timp de 0 saptamana.
Ei construiesc multe submarine.
Bomba atomica a fost folosita de aliatul nostru.
Noi folosim cell' mai modeme anne.
Multi civili parasesc
Our weapons are not
modem enough.
In a war the air forces are
often decisive.
Inamicul are avioane modeme.
This country has
a small army.
Many civilians were killed.
The soldiers had to dig
trenches.
Sunt destule
We have no infonnation
on the enemy.
The battle started at night.
Was it necessary to use
the atom-bomb?
TheIr navy has no
submarines.
Our allies were too late
to help us.
sunt suficient de adanci.
These are bad cartridges.
"My brother is in the air force"
- In anii patruzeci au fast (avut lac)
multe lupte.
- The >army needs a lot of petrol.
- My brother is in the >alr force.
>nlltridgc
>ally
- Some countries haven't got a >navy.
> ail force
> battle
> submannc
> weapon
>\rench
> :III11Y
> dto!1l-bomb
> n:l\ v
II
>llI1lYd 10.\))/ lYe;}' "'.1.'
men! bEll/J
Fratele meu este in aviatia militara.
In the forties there were
many battles.
Unele tari nu au flota maritima.
Armata are nevoie de mult petrol.
In continuare iatii cum putem exprima datele:
civil
bomba atomica
lupta, batalie
flota maritima
t r a n ~ e u
Acum traduceti noile cuvinte in engleza:
armata
forta aeriana
submarin
aliat
arma
c a r t u ~
Dupii eum ali observat, expresiile ea anii patruzeci, anii cincizeci etc., se formeazii adiiugiind la
numeral artieolul hotiirat :;i sufixul-es. Nu uitali eii litera -y de la sfar:;itul euviintului se transformii
in -i, iar aeeasta este urmatii de terminalia -es.
Daea vrem sa sllbhniem seeollll, atllnei data se scrie in felul urmiitor:
\..
- anii 0 mie opt sute treizeci
- anii 0 mie noua sute l?aptezeci
- anii douazeci
- anii optzeci
> In the 405 (fortIes) there were fe\\ cars
In Romania.
> ThIs house \\ as built 111 the J 790s
(se\entccn ninetIes).
> Mary was born In the 60s (sIxtIes).
> The war started In the 1930s
(nineteen thIrties).
- anii cincizeci
- anii l?aizeci
12
- the nineteen seventies
- the twenties
- the eighteen thirties
- the eighties
Unneaza din nou cateva cuvinte noi:
the 80s
Pe baza exemplelor de mai sus traduceti unnatoarele propozitii in limba engleza:
Razboiul a inceput in anii 1930.
In ann '40 au fost putine mal?mi
in Romania.
tactical
>[tEktlkl]
- tactic
civilian
>[SI\ illan]
- civil
nuclear
> [11m klIa']
- nuclear
live
> [1'11\]
- viu, intens
naval
> [I1C{\ I]
- naval, maritim
annoured
>[a 'l11d'll]
- blindat, annat
Mary s-a nascut in anii l?aizeci.
Aceasta casa a fost construita in anii 1790.
the sixties
the 1970s
lata exemplele:
the 1830s
the 20s
the fifties
Aeeste expresii pot fi sense eu ajutorul eiji-elor in felul urmiitor:
Completati propozitiile in limba engleza cu cuvintele corespunzatoare:
Unnariti folosirea cuvintelor noi in propozitii. Cititi-Ie cu voce tare exersati pronuntia:
Traduceti in limba engleza cuvintele unnatoare:
- Politia a folosit
adevarate.
- Se folosesc avioane
civile.
- Annele nucleare sunt extraordinar
de periculoase.
- Avioanele flotei maritime sunt
foarte importante intr-un
razboi modern.
- lnamicul a facut
o tactica.
- Avioanele lor sunt slab
blindate.
> armoured
> nucleLlr
> naval
- The soldiers were wearing >clvilian clothes.
- The enemy has two >nuclear submarines.
> civIlILln
> (actlc,,1
- The >naval battle was decisive.
> live
- It is not easy to damage
an >armoured plane.
- These children have found >live cartridges.
- The >tactlcal planes are usually not
very big.
13
> [OZi enami meld
a tEktlkl mistelk]
> [niu:klia
T
"cpanz a:'
ll1o:'masli dell1djaras]
> [nclvl plelnz a:' IInpo:'tant
III a moda'n "0:']
> [O/el' plelOz a:' aunlI laltli
armLl'd]
> [a:lsau :m'ilian plen1Z
a:' iu:zd]
> [D/a pali.s "a:' lU:zin(g)
lalv ka 'tndJlz]
civil
Inamicul are doua submarine nuc1eare.
blindat
tactic
VIU
The police were using
live cartridges.
naval, maritim
nuclear
copii au gasit adevarate.
Batalia navala a fost decisiva.
Nuclear weapons are
enonnously dangerous.
Naval planes are important
in a modem war.
Also civIlian planes
are used.
The enemy made
a tactical mistake.
De obicei avioanele tactice nu sunt
foarte mario
Their planes are only lightly
annoured.
Soldatii purtau haine civile.
Nu este sa distrugi
un avion blindat.
forma a I1I-a
fought > [fo.t]
- a (se) lupta, a se bate
- a trage (eu 0 arma)
sunk
- a (se) seufunda
- a se preda, a capitula
- a (se)lnarma
- a se uni, a intra (In)
- Inamicul a capitulat repede.
- El a intrat In armata lui,
nOI am intrat In a noastra.
- Aeeasta lara a dus
multe razboaie.
- Nu eumparam nieiodata zarzavaturi.
Noi Ie eultivam.
- El nu are nevoie de tao El are
propria
- NU-li voi da stiloul meu; pe al tau.
14
sank
fought > [fa. t]
forma a II-a
> [tll fa/a' El]
> [tll f3lt]
> [hI hEz d,oll1d hiZ a:'mi
" 1: hEy djOlml aua' <lun]
> [tua:'m]
> [tu djom]
> [D/] cnami slI.n sarenda'd]
> [D/Is kant!! hEz fa. t
I11CnI "(1 'z1
> [tll sarenda']
He has joined his army,
we have joined our own.
Dintre verbele de mai sus doua sunt neregulate. lata formele lor:
De exemplu:
I won't give you my pen; use your own.
He doesn't need your car. He has
his own.
The enemy soon surrendered.
We never buy vegetables.
We grow our own.
to surrender
to sink
to join
This country has fought
many wars.
Sa invatam eiiteva verbe noi:
fight > [ faIt]
to fight
to arm
Aeum iata noile verbe In propozilii:
to fire at
in eontinuare ne vom oeupa din nou de gramatiea.
latti cdteva detalii:
Cuvdntul one nu se pentru inlocuirea unui substantiv care se repetti. dacti in propozi!ie se
aflti pronumele own.
forma I
sink > [sll1
l
g
l
k]
Am inw'i!at deja cuwintul one, care se pentru inlocuirea unui substantiv care se repetti in
propozitie.
We fired at the enemy planes, > lUi. faia'cl Et 1)'1 cnami pleinz - Am tras in avioanele inamice,
not at our own. not Et au,,' 3un) nu in ale noastre.
Unneaza un exercitiu nou in care vom folosi cuvintele noi. Completati unnatoarele propozitii in
limba engleza:
Nu am tras niciodata asupra nimanui.
- Ei ne-au scufundat deja
prea multe nave.
- We will stop >fighting as soon as the enemy
>surrcndcrs.
- After a week he >jomcd his wife
in London.
- We >sanK a ship at midnight.
- I have never >fired at anybody.
- The planes are heavily >armcd.
- How many ships >have becn sunk
this week?
- The two amlies >Jomed before
the last battle.
- They >SllrJ l'ndereu without >fightmg.
- We will >fig-ht to the last man.
15
> alia' sltuld.FJ'z - Soldatii sunt
a. 'mdl suficient de inarmati?
> lUi: fo:t in velD] - Noi am luptat in zadar.
> [D'el hEy faia'd Et as - Au tras uneori asupra noastra.
akrlJanall]
> [aua' Elalz hEy sarcnda'd] - Aliatii au capitulat.
> [D'ei a:'md DZemselvz - S-au inannat cu cutitele lor.
lid)' f)'f'I' aun naivz]
> [[Ya sa?man:n - Submarinul a scufundat
l3,v 111 tu: delZ] cinci vapoare in doua zile.
> [D/el hEv tu: mcni
av aua' o:lrccll]
> [lid iu: dJoin as] - Ni te vei alatura?
Cate nave au fast scufundate
in aceasta saptamana?
Ei s-au predat Tara sa lupte.
Vom lupta pana la ultimul om.
Will you join us?
We fought in vain.
Cele doua annate s-au unit inainte
de ultima batalie.
Avioanele sunt foarte inannate.
Dupa 0 saptamana, el a venit dupa sotia sa
la Londra.
Am scufundat un vapor la miezul noptii.
They armed themselves
with their own knives.
They have fired at us
occasionally.
The submarine sank
five ships in two days.
Vom inceta lupta de indata ce inamicul
se va preda.
They have sunk too many
of our ships already.
Are our soldiers
sufficiently armed?
Our allies have surrendered.
Sii revenim incii 0 datii /a f%sirea cuvantu/ui one in in/ocuirea substantive/or.
If you want cigarettes, I can give you some. - Daca vrei tigari, iti pot da cateva.
> We bought two ships
and they bought jive.
- Nu a fast ei, ci a surorii sale.
- Eu am trei scaune ea are cinci.
> 1have 111) 0\\ n 100111 and he has hiS nIl II
- Aceasta bicicleta nu este atiit de scumpa
ca a lui John.
- Dintre toate florile pe care Ie-am vazut azi,
acestea sunt cele mai frumoase.
- Ea a cumparat doua haine a furat trei.
- EI a cautat perdele ieftine,
dar nu a vazut niciuna.
> fiIs car IS not so/as fast as Mary's.
- Dintre toate pe care Ie avem aceasta
este cea mai rapida.
> I lIs \\ Ill.' IS the most bedutlful
16
Of all the flowers I have seen today,
these are the most beautiful.
Of all the cars we have, this
is the fastest.
He was looking for cheap curtains,
but he didn't see any.
She bought two coats and stole three.
This bicycle is not so expensive
as John's.
I have three chairs and she has five.
It was not her mistake, but her sister's.
Am camera mea el 0 are pe a sa.
Sotia lui este cea mai frumoasa.
Noi am cumparat doua vapoare
ei au cumparat cinci.
lui nu este atiit de rapida ca a lui Mary.
In exercitiul urmator vom exersa constructiile invatate anterior. Traduceti propozitiile in limba
engleza:
1. Dupii numera/e cardinale:
3. Dupii pronume/e some, any, these, those:
Pentru a verifica daca ati retinut cele studiate piina acum, traduceti verbele urmatoare in limba
engleza:
a trage (cu 0 arma) >
to fire (at)
a se uni, a intra 1n > to Jom
a (se) scufunda >
to sink
a 1narma >
to ann
a (se) lupta > to fIght
a se preda >
to surrender
2. Dupii genitivu/ saxon:
4. Dupii forma de super/ativ a adjective/or:
latii a/te cazuri in care cuvantu/ one poatefi omis:
Parintii lui John sunt mai batnlni dedit ai lui Mary. > John's parents are older than Mary's.
Urmeaza ultimul exercitiu al lectiei. Traduceti propozitiile urmatoare in limba engleza:
Nu avem nevoie de submarinele flotei lor militare, > We don't need the submarines of theu' navy:
Ie avem pe ale noastre. we have our own.
> You mustn't take it
> You needn't do It today.
> They have decided to use the atom-bomb.
> III the 20s (t\\el1t1es) we had a small anny.
> The complamts of the customers are worth
listening to.
> He made two mistakes, but you made six.
> This boy lS the tallest.
> I soon got tired because my luggage
\\ as hea\').
> The weapons of the enemy are not modem.
> When we noticed it was gettmg dark,
we .lamed our allies.
> We have two children and our nelghbOllrs
have five.
> I needn't borrow any money; I have my own.
17
In incheiere iata exercitiul de pronuntie. Repetati cuvintele:
le] lei] l all la]
weapon navy decide army
trench naval live arm
bed mistake decisive cartridge
enemy space fire armoured
let lake fight car
Ei au decis sa foloseasca bomba atomica.
Nu trebuie sa faci asta azi.
In anii '20 noi aveam 0 armata mica.
Nu ai voie sa iei asta.
Armele inamicului nu sunt modeme.
EI a Iacut doua dar tu ai Iacut
Am obosit repede pentru ca bagajul meu
a fost greu.
Reclamatiile cumparatorilor merita
ascultate.
Acest baiat este cel mai inaIt.
Ciind am observat ca a inceput sa se intunece,
ne-am alaturat aliatilor
Noi avem doi copii, iar vecinii
au ClnC!.
Nu trebuie sa imprumut bani; ii am pe ai mei.
Daca vrem sa subliniem secolul, atunci data se scrie in felul unnator:
31.1.2. Corespondentul englezesc al expresiei nu trebuie este needn't:
- anll optzeci
- anii 0 mie noua sute
- anii 0 mie opt sute treizeci
- Ea nu are voie sa fumeze.
- Nu ai voie sa aici.
- Nu trebuie sa toate aceste carti.
- Ea nu trebuie faca griji in legatura
cu acest lucm.
- Sa nu-i lasam sa vorbeasca.
- Sa nu mergem acolo!
- anii
.. . . .
- ann cmClzeCl
- the eighties
18
- the nineteen seventies
- the eighteen thirties
You mustn't talk here.
She mustn't smoke.
You needn't read all these books.
She needn't worry about it.
the 1970s
the sixties
Let them not speak.
Aceste expresii pot fi scrise cu cifre in felul unnator:
Let's not go there!
the fifties
31.1.1. Daca verbulUi modal must i se adauga adverbul de negatie not, obtinem fonna must
not (fonna scurta mustn't) care inseamna a nu fi permis/ingaduit, a nu avea voie, a
fi interzis.
the 1830s
the 80s
RECAPITULAREA LECTIEI 31
,
31.1. Fonna negativa a verbului modal must
31.3. Expresnle anii patruzeci, anii cincizeci se formeaza adaugand numeralului articolul hotarat
sufixul -es. Litera -y de la cuvantului se transfonna in -i, de exemplu:
31.2. Daca vrem ca cmeva sa nu faca ceva, atunci verbului let i se adauga cuvantul de negatie not:
5. Dupa forma de superlativ a adjectiveIor:
4. Dupa pronumeIe some, any, these, those:
I have three chairs and she has five. - Am trei scaune ea are cinci.
- Daca vrei tigari,
iti pot da cateva.
..
- Dintre toate pe care Ie avem,
aceasta este cea mai rapida.
- Aceasta bicicleta nu este aHit de scumpa
ca a lui John.
- Nu-ti voi da stiloul meu;
pe aI tau.
19
I won't give you my pen;
use your own.
If you want cigarettes,
I can give you some.
This bicycle is not so expensive
as John's.
Of all the cars we have,
this is the fastest.
1. Dupa adjectivuI own
3. Dupa genitivuI saxon
2. Dupa numerale cardinale:
31.4. Omiterea cuvantuIui one in cazuI in care substantive:
in unnatoarele cazuri cuvantul one care substantive care se repeta, poate fi omis:
A Traduceti urmatoarele propozitii in limba romana:
B. Traduceti urmatoarele propozitii in limba engleza:
- .......
I. Nu-mi place aceasta idee. 0 prefer pe aceea.
5. You needn't join the army.
20
I. Let them not buy this expensive bicycle.
2. In the '80s there were a lot of battles.
1. You needn't to go to school today. You can stay at home if you want.
3. I have one daughter and they have two ones.
6. Acesta nu este bagajul meu, ci al Mariei.
2. Let her not to open the window.
4. Sa nu-Ilasam pe John sa se planga.
5. They don't needn't wear these trousers.
4. We met in the 1970.
5. Nu trebuie sa lupt in acest razboi.
6. I wanted stamps but they didn't have any.
2. Oilatoriile in spatiu au inceput in anii treizeci.
3. They have two submarines and we have ten.
4. She mustn't give us these towels.
Corectati g r e ~ e l i l e din urmatoarele propozitii:
3. Nu avem voie sa facem a c e e a ~ i g r e ~ e a l a de doua ori.
TEMA PENTRU ACAS.A 31
c.
21
Exersati cuvinte1e noi Intr-o alta ordine:
In continuare va vom prezenta alte cuvinte legate de razboi:
" "
PARTEA INTAI LECTIA 32
,
ritle > [raitl] -
tank
> [tEn(g)k]
- tanc
aircraft > [ea'kra:ft] - aVlOn, aVlOane
aircraft carrier > [eilrkra:ft kEria'] - port-avion
anti-aircraft gun > [Enti ea'kra:ft gan] - tun anti-aerian
ammunition > - munitie
target > [ta:'git]
- tinta
casualties > [kEjiualtiz] - pierderi, victime
measures > [meja'z] - masuri, dispozitii
bomber > [boma'] - bombardier, avion de
bombardament
fighter > [faitil
r
] - avion de vanatoare
attack > [atEk] - atac, asalt
aircraft carrier > [earkra:ft kEria
r
] - port-avion
attack > [atEk] - atac, asa1t
tank
> [tEn(g'k]
- tanc
measures > [meja'z] - masuri, dispozitii
ritle > [raitl]
-
bomber > lboma'] - bombardier, avion de
bombardament
aircraft > [eil'kra:ft] - avion, avioane
casualties > [kEjiualtiz] - pierderi, victime
ammunition > l - munitie
fighter > l fait a'] - avion de vanatoare
anti-aircraft gun > [Enti ea'kra: ft gan] - tun anti-aerian
target > [ta:'git]
- tinta
....--iil..__
- Avioanele noastre nu
s-au intors inca.
- Trebuie sa luam
masuri serioase.
- Bombardierele noastre
au nimerit toate tintele.
- Cite vietime au fost
in aeea biitiilie?
- Ei au probleme
eu munitia lor.
- Avem nevoie de mai multe
tunuri anti-aeriene.
- Port-avioanele sunt
vapoare enorrne.
- Soldatii sunt inarmati
eu
- Jeri noi am pierdut doua
avioane de vfmatoare.
- Cite taneuri are inamieul?
- Ataeul a ineeput
dimineata devreme.
- Un vapor este 0 tinta
> [hau mcn) tEnlg)ks hEz
011 cnalnl got]
> [D/a sauldp'z a
r
a:'md
uiD
z
ratflz]
> l ea'kra:1t kEna'z a:'
Illo:'mas
> [D/CI a:' hE\'m
lel
trablz
" I DI [YCI' El111Lll1isn]
> [aua' eil'kra:ft hE\' not
let nta:'nd]
> [") hE\' tu teik
si lIas me)a' z]
> [D/i [ltEk kcnTI 111
011 a:'iI l11o.rmn,g,]
> [a lZ an i:Zl ta:'gltJ
> ["1 lost tu. f alta' z
lesta' del]
> [aua' boma'z hEv hIt
o'j D/a ta:'gits]
> [hall I11Cl1l kEJlualtlz "a '
D/ea'In DIEt bEtl]
> [til: m:d mo"
Entl ca'kra.1t ganz]
We have to take
serious measures.
We lost two fighters
yesterday.
"The soldiers are armed with rifles"

Our aircraft have not
yet returned.
22
Aircraft carriers are
enormous ships.
How many casualties were
there in that battle?
A ship IS an easy target.
Acum urmariti folosirea cuvintelor noi in propozitii:
How many tanks has
the enemy got?
They are having troubles
with their ammunition.
We need more
anti-aircraft guns.
The soldiers are armed
wIth rifles.
Our bombers have hit
all the targets.
The attack came in
the early morning.
Tunurile noastre anti-aeriene au fost nefolositoare. - Our>anti-aircraft guns were useless.
Sa exersam inca 0 data cuvintele noi. Completati propozitiile in limba engleza cuvintele
corespunzatoare:
Bombardierele zboara la inaltime foarte mare.
Acestea sunt p u ~ t i straine.
Au fost putine victime.
Au fost alese multe tinte industriale.
S-au raportat doua avioane de vanatoare avariate.
Atacul va avea loc in ceata.
Ultimul lor port-avion
a fost scufundat in zori.
Pe un port-avion este loc
pentru multe avioane.
Tancurile sunt sigure.
Aceste masuri nu sunt suficiente.
Nu avem munitie pentru aceste arme.
Acum traduceti in limba engleza cuvintele:
avion (avioane)
munitie
pierderi, victime
bombardier
atac, asalt
t
inta
tanc
port-avion
masuri, dispozitii
avion de vanatoare
p u ~ c a
tun anti-aerian
23
- The> bombers fly very high.
- These are foreign> nfles.
- There were hardly any > casualties.
- Many industrial> targets were chosen.
- Two> fighterswere reported damaged.
- The> attackwill be made in fog.
- Their last> aircraft carrier
was sunk at dawn.
- On an aircraft carrier there is space
for many> aircraft
- The> tanksare reliable.
- These> measuresare not sufficient.
- We have no > ammunitionfor these weaports.
> aircraft
> ammunition
> casualtIes
> bomber
> attack
> target
> tank
> aircraft carrier
> measures
> fighter
> rifle
> anti-aircraft gun
Nu uita!i sa adauga!i substantivului la singular sau plural apostroful $i litera sf
- disparut
- defensiv, de aparare
- vulnerabil, care poate fi atacat
- militar
- ostil, inamic
- avion cu reactie
- Sunt necesare avioane de
bombardament cu reactie pentru
acele tinte.
- Am luat masuri de aparare.
- Doar tintele militare
sunt importante.
- Tancurile sunt vulnerabile fata de
unele tipuri de avioane.
- S-a raportat disparitia a
douazeci de soldati.
- Nu au fost vazute avioane
de vanatoare inamice in acea zi.
> The school IS a mile's dIstance
fi om my house.
> Do you know anythIng about last week's
meetmg?
> Do you know last Monday's results?
- A fost 0 intarziere de doua ore.
- Ai auzit de ieri seara?
- Cladirea era la 0 distanta de 0 mila de noi.
> [hostad]
>[dlfenslv]
>[mihtan]
> [valnarabl]
> [lil. tuk dlfenslv meJa'z]
24
> [he\ I dIet boma'z lid bl:
neSlsal1 to' !Yauzta 'glts]
> [tUentl sauld,a'z a
r
J Ipo·ltld mism
lgl
]
> [1[n1e1ks a I valnalabl tu S3m
kallldz a\ ea'kJa It]
> [aunl! mihtan ta,'glts
a:' unpo:'tant]
> l nau hostal1 falta'z Ua,l si:n
DIEt del]
> [dJet]
mlssmg
No hostile fighters were seen
that day.
ceva despre intalnirea de saptamana trecuta?
military
Heavy jet bombers will be
necessary for those targets.
We took defensive measures.
Did you hear last night's news?
In exercitiul urmator puteti urmari folosirea cuvintelor noi in propozitii. Cititi-le cu atentie retineti
traducerea lor in limba romana:
Tanks are vulnerable to some
kinds of aircraft.
rezultatele de lunea trecuta?
Sa invatam ciiteva cuvinte noi:
defensive
vulnerable (to)
Sa aplicam aceasta regula in urmatorul exercitiu:
hostile
Genitivul saxon se inaintea substantivelor care exprima timpul sau distan!a, de exemplu:
The building was a mile's distance from us.
There was a two hours' delay.
Acum ne yom reintoarce la 0 problema gramaticala discutata in lectia anterioara, anume, genitivul
saxon.
Twenty soldiers are
reported missing.
Only military targets
are important.
se afla la 0 distanta de un kilometru
jumatale de casa mea.
jet
De exemplu:
They were afraid of the enemy. - Le-a fast frica de
I am afraid of big dogs. - Mi-e friea de ciiinii mario
- a fi interesat(a) de/sa...
- a se teme de
>My parents are not interested in my friends.
> Why are you afraId of me')
> I think she will be 1l1terestcd in it.
> Arc you interested in this news?
>They were afraid of the second attack.
> I am interested in submarines.
- The >hostll e bombers are armed.
- Many >military buildings are damaged.
- Five planes are >missing
- We shall need more >defensive weapons.
- Their >jet fighters are very fast. .-
- Ships are >vulnerable to attacks
by submarines.
25
>[tu bi: afrc/d av]
> [tu bi: intrastid in]
Pe parintii mei nu-i intereseaza prietenii mei.
Le-a fast frica de eel de-al doilea atac.
De ce ti-e frica de mine?
Ma intereseaza submarineIe.
ered ca a va interesa.
Te intereseaza aceasta
to be interested in
How long have you been interested in weapons? - De ciind te intereseaza armele?
Pentru a exersa folosirea eelor doua expresii, traduce1i in limba engleza urmatoarele propozi1ii:
Bombardierele inamice sunt inarmate.
Au disparut cinci avioane.
to be afraid of
They are interested in buying your house. - Sunt interesati sa cumpere casa tao
Avioanele lor de viinatoare cu reactie
sunt foarte rapide.
Multe cladiri militare sunt avariate.
Vapoarele sunt vulnerabile la atacurile
submarinelor.
Acum completati propozitiile in limba engleza cu cuvintele noi:
Vom avea nevoie de mai multe arme defensive.
Aceste expresii se folosesc la toate timpurile din limba englezii, prin cOlljugarea corespullziltoare a
verbului to be.
Jar acum urmeazii douii expresii f%site des in /imba eng/ezil:
Completati propozitiIie urmatoarele cu verbele corespunzatoare:
Yom invata ultimele verbe noi din aceasta lectie:
- Au fost distruse multe fabrici in
timpul atacului.
- Au doborat trei dintre
avioanele noastre.
- lnamicul a bombardat
capitala noastra.
- Noi am aparat capitala cat
mai mult timp posibil.
- Trei vapoare, care transportau
munitie au fost scufundate.
- Avioanele de vanatoare au atacat
tancurile.
- Avioanele au decolat de pe
vasul purtator de avioane.
- leri am primit 0 scrisoare.
- Can we >dcfend our harbours?
- They >bombed our fighters
before they could take off.
- The planes >took off into the wind.
- Halfofthe tanks were >deslloycd
in the first few minutes.
- The news I have >ICCl'!\ cd is awful.
26
> [til. dIfcmhd D/a kEpltl
Ez lon,e) Ez ]1oslbl]
> [menl fEktanz tl a:'
dlstlO/d In IYI atEk]
> lO"l cnal1ll bomd
alia' kEpltl]
> [O/el hEv bro:t dalln
T'll av aua' ca'kJa:ft]
> [IVa plell1Z tuk ortrom
f)ll ea'kra:ft kEnai]
> [ai nsi:vd a leta' Icsta'de/]
> [O/a fa/ta'z hEy atckt
IYa I En
lg
'ks]
> [ r'n. kElIlIl
le
)
san1glk]
Ne putem apara portunle?
to destroy > [tu (lIstJ oi] - a distruge, a darama
to bomb > [tu bom] - a bombarda
to bring down > [tu brin
lgl
daun] - a dobori (un avion etc.)
to take off > [tu te/k of] - a decola, lua zborul
to attack > [tll atEk] - a ataca, a asalta
to defend > [tu (Mend] - a apara
to receive > l tll nsi v] - aprnm
to carry > l tll kElI] - a transporta, a duce
Avioanele s-au inaltat in direetia vantului.
lata folosirea verbelor noi in lIrmatoarele propozitiJ:
I receIved a letter yesterday.
Yestea pe care am primit-o este ingrozitoare.
Au bombardat avioanele noastre de vanatoare
inainte ca ele sa poata decola.
Jumatate din tancuri au fost distruse
in primele cateva minute.
The planes took off from
the aircraft carrier.
Three ships carrying
ammunition were sunk.
Many factories were
destroyed III the attack.
The fighters have attacked
the tanks.
We defended the capital
as long as possible.
The enemy bombed
our capital.
They have brought down
three of our aircraft.
Iar acum sa ne Intoarcem la pronumele adjectivul pronominal any.
Vii prezentiim formele pronominale compuse ale acestui cuvant:
In Incheierea acestui de exercitii, traduceli In limba engleza urmatoarele cuvinte:
- They can> can") the heaviest bombs.
- The anti-aircraft guns have> broughtdown
many aircraft.
- The bombers> attackedtwice that day.
- Poti pune oriunde scaunul acesta.
- Oamenii aceia vor face orice pentru bani.
- Poti sa dai asta oricarei persoane pe care
o acolo.
- Orice copil raspunsul
la aceasta Intrebare.
- Poli veni In orice zi.
- Oricine 11i poate spune asta.
- Va accepta orice camera pe care poli
sa i-o feri.
27
You can give it to anyone you meet there.
Anybody can tell you that.
You can put that chair anywhere.
Bombardierele au atacat de doua ori In acea zi.
Ele pot transporta bombele cele mai grele.
Those people will do anything for money.
anybody > [ embodl] - oricine, oricare
anyone > [eni"anj - oricine, orieare
anything > [eniT'in(g)j
- once
anywhere > l cI1l
U
ea'] - oriunde, In oriee loe
lata ciiteva exemple:
a transporta, a duce > to carry
a apara > to defend
apnml > to receive
a ataca > to attack
a decola > to take off
a doborl > to bring down
a bombarda > to bomb
a distruge > to destroy
Any child knows the answer
to that question.
He will take any room you can
offer to him.
You can come any day.
Tunurile anti-aeriene au doboriit
multe avioane.
Adjeetivul pronominal any se in propozi!ii afirmative. in aeest caz inseamii: orice,
oricare, se pentru determinarea persoQnelor :;;i obiectelor.
in incheierea lectiei, unneaza exercitiu de pronuntie:
lata ultimul exercitiu de traducere din aceasta parte a lectiei. Traduceti propozitiile unnatoare in
limba engleza:
> Any bombel can be blought down.
> It can be done wIth anythmg that is sharp.
> Any room IS good enough for me.
> Anyone who has been there knows how much
hallic there IS.
> Anybody can see that those flowers
,II e not fresh.
> Any defensIve measure wIll help.
> It can be used m any country.
> Any book that IS bought wIll be wrapped up
nJCe!y.
> Are you interested m these facts?
> Anybody can hit thIS target.
> These tyres are the best.
> If our al lIes need bombers,
we can gIve them some.
> The cnmmal can be hldmg anywhere.
> Of a]] the tal gets \\ e have to defend,
thIS IS the most vulnerable.
> The attack can start anywhere.
> Of a]] the tanks I have driven,
thIS IS the fastest.
> The nfles you ale using are better
than these.
Aceste cauciucuri sunt cele mai bune.
Daca aliatii au nevoie de bombardiere,
putem sa Ie dam cateva.
Te intereseaza aceste fapte?
Poate fi folosit in orice tara.
Dintre toate tintele pe care trebuia sa Ie aparam,
acesta este cea mai vulnerabila.
Poate fi Iacut cu orice lucru ascutit.
Atacul poate incepe oriunde.
Orice masura de aparare ne va ajuta.
Criminalul se poate ascunde oriunde.
Orice bombardier poate fi doborat.
pe care Ie folositi sunt mai bune
decat acestea.
Dintre toate tancurile pe care Ie-am condus,
acesta este cel mai rapid.
Oricine a fost acolo, cat de intens
este traficul.
Oricine poate nimeri aceasta tinta.
Orice carte cumparata va fi impachetata
frumos.
Orice camera este destul de buna pentm mine.
[eJ [EJ [a1J [IJ
jet casualties rifle military
defend attack fighter missing
measure carry light civilian
trench tactical time bring
send matter find sink
28
in exercitiul unnator vom exersa utilizarea adjectivului pronominal any a fonnelor sale compuse.
Traduceti propozltlile in Iimba engleza:
Oricine poate vedea ca acele flori
nu sunt proaspete.
Barbara: I agree with what Mary just said, and you John?
lata-ne la ultimul exercitiu al cursului. Ca de obicei, traduceti propozitiile in limba engleza:
Cititi cu atentie unnatorul dialog:
> I know your Ideas are better than my own.
> Anybody can see that the enemy
IS losing the war.
> Don't think that a tank can be used anywhere!
> I had lost my ov.n rifle and took Mark's.
> We had to look for aircraft carriers,
but we dIdn't find any.
> He thought there would be no complaints,
but there were four.
> Anybody can carry these cartridges.
29
Is there anything we can do about it?
I really don't know. Some people say that we have to destroy all weapons and close ,the
factories that make them.
There will always be people who will do anything for money.
But things don't work that way.
Why is it that people cannot live peacefully for a longer time?
Every day when you read the morning papers, there is news about all kinds of wars, isn't
it, Peter?
Well, yes. But is it bad? In this way we cannot forget that while we ourselves are living in
peace, things are not so good for a lot of other people.
This question is hard to answer. it must be something deep within us.
ca ideile tale sunt mai bune deciit ale mele.
Oricine poate transporta aceste
Oricine poate vedea ca
va pierde razboiul.
Mi-am pierdut am luat-o pe a lui Mark.
Nu crede ca un tanc poate fi falosit oriunde!
A trebuit sa cautam port-avioane,
dar nu am gasit niciunul.
EI a crezut ca nu vor fi reclamatii,
dar au fast patru.
John: We have to try to be good to other people and in the meantime remember what has often
been said: if you want peace you have to be prepared to fight.
Barbara: I guess so, but other people say that negotiating is the answer. But it often happens that
people finish negotiations when it seems they are getting less than the others.
Mary:
Mary:
Mary:
Peter:
Mary:
John:
Peter:
Peter:
LECTIA 32 - PARTEA A nOVA
,
30
> We needn't look for them now.
> In the 70s (Sl'\ cntles) a'lot oLmcraft \H're btult.
> Let them not taik about wcapons'
> A fe\\ tactIcal mIstakes were made.
> !-la\ e )'LlU notIced the large numbcI of
anti-anu aft guns')
> Are you lI1terestcd 111 these meaSlil es'.)
> All the about that \\'ar ale not
yet kncJ\\ Jl
> Willch of thell ships is the most vulnerable'?
> Two naval aIrcraft \\ ere mlssmg
aftcr the battle.
> They ha\ e Jomed the navy.
> Also CIvIlian planes were fired at.
> We mustn't use the atom-bomb.
> What defenSIve weapons have
thell bombers got'!
> They took off to aUclck ammUnItIon factones.
> What has been dccJ(led about
nuclear \\ capons'?
> Our allIes have surrendered.
> Any jet bomber can destroy
those targets.
S-au facut pu,ine tactice.
Nu-i lasa vorbeasca despre anne!
S-au construit multe avioane In anii
Nu sunt cunoscute inca toate faptele legate
de acel razboi.
Ai observat numarul mare de tunuri
anti-aeriene?
Doua avioane ale flotei militare, au disparut
dupa lupta aeriana.
"I had lost my own rifle and took Mark's."
Ce anne defensive au
bombardierele lor?
Acum nu trebuie sa-i cautam.
Te intereseaza aceste masuri?
Care dintre navele lor este cea mai vulnerabila?
Ei au intrat in marina militara.
S-a tras asupra avioanelor civile.
Ei au decolat pentru a ataca fabrici de
Nu trebuie sa folosim bomba atomica.
au capitulat.
Orice bombardier cu reaqie poate distruge
aceIe ,inte.
Ce s-a decis in leg.1Ima cu
anneIe nucleare?
32.1. Alte cazuri de folosire a genitivului saxon
RECAPITULAREA LECTIEI 32

Genitivul saxon se inaintea substantivelor care exprima timpul distanta, de
exemplu:
- oricine, oricare
- A fost 0 intarziere de doua ore.
- Orice copil raspunsul
la intrebarea asta.
- Poti pune oriunde scaunul acela.
- Oamenii aceia vor face orice
pentru bani.
- Poti sa dai asta oricareia dintre
persoanele eu care te aeolo.
- oricine, oricare
- orice
- Cladirea era la 0 distanta de 0 mila
de casa noastra.
- oriunde, in orice loc
- Ai auzit din seara trecuta?
- Oricine iti poate spune asta.
31
You can put that chair anywhere.
anywhere
Those people will do anything
for money.
You can give it to anyone
you meet there.
anyone
Any child knows the answer
to that question.
Anybody can tell you that.
anybody
anything
I. Adjectivul pronominal any se folosqte in propozitii afirmative. In acest caz inseamna:
orice, oricare:
2. Formele compuse ce deriva de la any sunt:
Did you hear last night's news?
There was a two hours' delay.
The building was at a mile's distance
from our house.
32.2. Cuvantul any formele sale compuse
TEMA PENTRU ACASA 32
A. Traduceti urmatoarele propozitli in limba romana:
I. A lot of aircraft joined the battle.
2. Your ten minutes' speech was interesting.
3. Anybody can tell you about Jane.
4. Have you read yesterday's newspaper?
5. We met a lot of hostile people there.
6. I'm afraid it can be anywhere.
B. Traduceti urmatoarele propozitii in limba engleza:
I. Razboiul a inceput dupa doi ani de pace.
2. Ne-am intors acasa infometatl dupa patru ore de plimbare.
3. Grice soldat aceste fapte.
4. Intreaba pe oricine!
5. Poti primi orice la micul dejun.
6. Voi lua orice carte imi vei imprumuta.
C. Alegeti raspunsul corect dintre cele trei variante completati propozitiile urmatoare:
I. . .. can tell you where it is.
a. Anybody
b. None
c. Anything
2. After a ... travel we came to Madrid.
a. two days
b. two day's
c. two days'
3. The ... news is very good.
a. last week
b. last week's
c. last weeks'
32
VOCABULARUL LECTIILOR 31 SI 32
, ,
abstract > [EbstrEkt] - abstract
to be afraid of > [tu bi: afreld av] - a se teme de, a avea frica de
to agree > [tuagri.] - a accepta, a fi de acord,
a fi de
parere
aircraft > [ea'kra:ft] - avion, avioane
aircraft carrier > [ea'kra:ft kEria'] - port-avion
air force > [ca' fo:' s] - foI1a aeriana
ally > [Elal] - aliat
ammunition > - munitie
anti-aircraft gun > [anti ea'kra:ft gan] - tun anti-aerian
any > [emJ - orice, oncare
anybody > (enihodl] - oncme, oncare
anyone > [emUan] - oricine, oricare
anything > [eniT'm
lgl
] - orice
anywhere > [eniUca'] - in orice loc, oriunde
to ann > [tua:'m] - a inarma, a se inarma
armoured > [a:'ma'dJ - blindat, armat
army > [a:'mi] - armata
atom-bomb > [Etam bom] - bomba atomica
attack > [atEk] - atac, asalt
to attack >[tuatEk] - a ataca, a asalta
battle > [bEtl] - batalie, lupta
to bomb > [tu bom] - a bombarda
bomber > [boma'] - borbardier, avion de
bombardament
to bring down > [tu brin(g) daunJ - a dobori (un avion etc.)
to carry > [tu kEri] - a duce, a transporta
cartridge > (ka:'tridJ] -
casualties > [kEjlllaltIz] - pierderi, victime
civilian > [51\ ilran] - civil
to complain > [IU kamplein] - a se plange, a reclama
33
complaint
> [kampleint]
- nemultumire, plfmgere,
reclamatie
concrete
> [konkn:t]
- concret, palpabil
to decide
> [tu disaid]
- a decide, a hoUiri
decisive
> [dlsa/slv]
- hotarator, decisiv
to defend
> [tu dlfend]
- a apara
defensive
> [dlfenslv]
- defenslv, de aparare
to destroy
> [tu dlstro/]
- a distruge, a darama
to disagree
> [tu dlsagIi:]
- a nu fi de acord, a nu accepta
enemy
> [enaml]
- inamic
fact
> l fEkt]
- fapt, intamplare
to fight
> [tu fail]
- a (se) lupta, a se bate cu
fighter
> [fa/tar]
- luptator, avion de vanatoare
to fire (at)
> [tu fa/a']
- a trage (cu 0 anna)
hostile
> [hostaJ!]
- ostil; inamic
idea
> [a/dia]
- idee
incident
> l insldant]
- incident, intamplare
to be interested in
>[tutll intrastld 111]
- a (se) interesa de
jet
> [dJet]
- avion cu reaqle
to join
> [tu dlOIl1]
- a se uni, a se asocia
live
> [la/v]
- viu, intens
luggage
> [lagldJJ
- bagaj
matter
> [mEta'J
- chestiune, problema, treaba
to matter
> [tu mEta']
- a conta, a avea importanta
measures
> lmela' z]
- masuri, dispozitii
military
> [miiItan]
- militar
mlssmg
>
- disparut
mistake
> [mlste/k]
-
mustn't
> [masnt]
- a nu avea voie, a nu fi pennis,
a fi interzis
naval
>lnelvl]
- naval, maritim
34
navy
needn't
to notice
nuclear
object
objective
peace
peaceful
presently
to receive
rifle
to sink
soldier
space
space travel
submarine
to surrender
tactical
to take off
tank
target
trench
urgent
vulnerable (to)
war
weapon
> [neivl]
> [ni:dnt]
> [tu nalltis]
> [nlU:klia']
> [obdjlkt]
> [abdJcktiv]
> [pi:s]
> [pi:sfal]
> [prezantll]
> [tu risi:v]
> [raJtl]
> [tu sin(glk]
> [sauld]a
r
]
> [speis]
> [speJS trEvI]
> [sabman:n]
> [tll sMcnda
r
]
> [tEktikl]
> [tll telk of]
> [tEn(Clk]
> [ta:'git]
>
> [a:'djant]
> [valnarabl]
> [Uo:']
> [Uepn]
35
- flota maritima, marina militara
- nu trebuie, nu e cazul
- a observa, a baga In seama
- nuclear
- obiect, scop
- obiectiv, nepartinitor
- pace
- calm,
- imediat, indata -
- a primi, a lua
-
- a (se) scufunda
- soldat
- spaliu, univers
- calatorie in spaliu
- submarin
- a capitula, a se preda
- tactic
- a decola, lua zborul
- tane
- linta
-
- urgent
- vulnerabil
- razboi
- anna

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