Sunteți pe pagina 1din 15

Alphabet and Pronunciation - Alfabetul si Pronuntie

Alfabetul englez (the alphabet) contine 26 de litere, dintre care 5 vocale (a, e, i, o, u), 2 semivocale (w, y) si 19 consoane. Literele alfabetului, luate singure, se citesc in felul urmator:
[a] - "ei" [b] - "bi" [c] - "si" [d] - "di" [e] - "i" [f] - "ef" [g] - "gi" [h] - "eici" [i] - "ai" [j] - "gei" [k] - "chei" [l] - "el" [m] - "em" [n] - "en" [o] - "ou" [p] - "pi" [q] - "chiu" [r] - "ar" [s] - "es" [t] - "ti" [u] - "iu" [v] - "vi" [w] - "dabl iu" [x] - "ecs" [y] - "igrek" [z] - "zet" sau "zi"

In limba engleza, cuvintele se pronunta diferit de cum se scriu. Consoanele se protunta toate aproape ca in romaneste, dar vocalele se pronunta foarte diferit, dupa cum puteti vedea in exemplele pentru fiecare vocala de mai jos: A - se pronunta: 1. ei in cuvinte precum:
o o o o

name [neim] = nume paper [peip] = hartie and [end] = si Andy [endi] = Andi (nume propriu)

2. e in cuvinte precum:

3. ce reprezinta un sunet intre "a" si "e", deschizand gura pentru "a" si pronuntand "e"; ca in cuvintele:
o o o

flag [flg] = steag map [mp] = harta all [o:l] = tot, toti, toate

4. un o lung (marcat o:), ca in:

o o o o o

small [smo:l] = mic, mica climate [klaimit] = clima village [vilidj] = sat after [aft:] = dupa beggar [beg:] = cersetor

5. i in cuvinte precum:

6. (marcat :), ca in:

E - se pronunta 1. I accentuat in cuvinte ca:

o o o o o o

meter [mit] = conteaza serious [siri] = serios bed [bed] = pat red [red] = rosu begin [bigin] = a incepe repeat [ripit] = a repeta

2. e in cuvinte ca:

3. i scurt in cuvinte precum:

I - se pronunta 1. i in cuvinte precum:

o o o o o o

big [big] = mare milk [milc] = lapte Friday [fraidi] = vineri time [taim] = timp bird [b:d] = pasare first [f:st] = primul

2. ai in cuvinte ca:

3. lung (marcat :), ca in:

O - se pronunta 1. o scurt, in cuvinte precum:

o o o o

dog [dog] = caine lock [lok] = a incuia horse [ho:s] = cal storm [sto:m] = furtuna alone [loun] = singur open [oupn] = deschis

2. o lung (marcat o:), ca in:

3. ou ca in:
o o

4. a scurt, inchis (marcat ). Se pronunta un "a" scurt in asa fel incat varful limbii sa atinga cerul gurii. Exemplu cuvinte:
o o o o

done [dn] = facut glove [glv] = manusa two [tu:] = doi prove [pru:v] = a dovedi

5. u lung (marcat u:), ca in:

6. wa (ua) in cuvinte precum:

o o o o o o

one [wan] = unu once [wans] = odata lemmon [lemn] = lamaie tailor [teil] = croitor lesson [lesn] = lectie season [sizn] = anotimp

7. in cuvinte ca:

8. nu se pronunta in cuvinte ca:

U - se pronunta 1. u lung (marcat u:) in cuvinte precum:

o o o o o o o o

true [tru:] = adevar rule [ru:l] = regula duty [diuti] = datorie pupil [piupl] = elev, eleva dust [dast] = praf umbrella [ambrela] = umbrela fur [f:] = blana nurse [n:s] = sora medicala business [bisnis] = afacere minute [minit] = minut nature [neit:] = natura Saturday [st:dei] = sambata

2. iu in cuvinte ca:

3. a "a" inchis spre un "" slab, ca in:

4. lung (marcat :), in cuvinte ca:

5. i ca in:
o o o o

6. e scurt in cuvinte precum:

Y - se pronunta 1. i in cuvinte ca:

o o o o

city [siti] = oras merry [meri] = vesel fly [flai] = a zbura sky [skai] = cer

2. ai in cuvinte precum:

- Toate vocalele marcate fonetic cu doua puncte (:) reprezinta sunete lungi.

Cuvinte uzuale - 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din publicitate - advertising

Lista cu 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din limba engleza pentru afaceri din categoria publicitate (advertising)

Advertising - Publicitate
1 ad 2 advertisement 3 advertising agency 4 AIDA 5 benefit US 6 billboard 7 circulation 8 classified ads 9 commercial 10 coupon 11 double-page spread US 12 eye-catcher 13 features UK 14 hoarding 15 poster 16 prime time 17 promote 18 slot 19 target 20 U.S.P. abbr. advertisement - advert abbr. n. item of publicity for a product or service, in magazine, on TV etc n. company specialising in producing and placing advertisements for clients abbr. Attention, Interest, Desire, Action - the objective of all advertisements n. advantage of a product or service, usually derived from its features UK n. signboard, usually outdoors, for advertising posters; hoarding n. average number of copies of a magazine sold in a particular period n. small advertisements in magazine or newspaper categorised by subject n. paid advertisement on radio or TV n. part of a printed advertisement used for ordering goods, samples etc n. advertisement printed across 2 pages in a magazine or newspaper n. something that especially attracts one's attention - eye-catching adj. n. special characteristics of a product, usually leading to certain benefits US n. signboard, usually outdoors, for advertising posters; billboard n. large sheet of paper, usually illustrated, used as advertisement n. hours on radio & TV with largest audience, esp. the evening hours v. to (try to) increase sales of a product by publicising and advertising it n. specific time in a broadcasting schedule, when a commercial may be shown n. objective; what one is aiming at - target audience n. abbr. Unique Selling Proposition; what makes a product different from others

Cuvinte uzuale - 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din vanzari - selling

Lista cu 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din limba engleza pentru afaceri din categoria vanzari (selling)

Selling - Vanzari
1 after-sales service 2 buyer 3 client 4 close 5 cold call 6 customer 7 deal 8 discount 9 follow up 10 guarantee 11 in bulk 12 lead n. service that continues after a product has been sold [eg: repairs etc] n. 1 any person who buys anything 2 a person employed by a firm to buy n. a person who buys services from a lawyer, architect or other professionals v. to finalise a deal or sale; to make a sale v. to telephone a prospect without previous contact - also n. n. a person who buys goods or services from a shop or business n. a business transaction - also v. dealer n. n. a reduction in the price; a deduction [usually expressed as a percentage (%)] v. to continue to follow persistently; to maintain contact [eg: after a lead] n. a promise that a product will be repaired or replaced etc if faulty - also v. in large quantity, usually at a lower price n. useful indication of a possible customer to be followed up

13 objection 14 overcome 15 product 16 prospect 17 representative 18 retail 19 service 20 wholesale

n. a reason given by a prospect for not buying - to object v. seeovercome v. [-came, -come] to overcome an obj-ection to show an objection is invalid n. something made and usually for sale - to produce v. seeservice n. a possible or probable customer; prospective customer n. sales representative person who represents & sells for a firm; salesperson v. to sell in small quantities (as in a shop to the public) - also n. see wholesale n. work done usually in return for payment - to serve v. see product v. to sell in bulk (as to a shop for resale to the public) - also n. see retail

Cuvinte uzuale - 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din asigurari - insurance

Lista cu 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din limba engleza pentru afaceri din categoria asigurari (insurance)

Insurance - Asigurari
1 actuary 2 assessor 3 claim 4 comprehensive 5 consequential loss UK 6 cover 7 employer's liability 8 goods in transit 9 insurance broker 10 liability 11 liable 12 loss 13 loss adjuster 14 policy 15 policyholder 16 premium 17 product liability 18 public liability 19 reinsurance 20 risk n. a person who calculates risks for insurance companies n. a person who calculates the value of something [eg: a building, car etc] n. an application for payment under an insurance policy - to make a claim v. n. [of an insurance policy] all-inclusive; providing complete protection n. a loss that happens as a consequence of or as a result of another n. the protection given by an insurance policy [eg: public liability cover] n. liability or responsibility of a firm for damage caused to one of its employees n. property, merchandise or any goods in the process of being transported n. agent who arranges insurance; middleman between insurer & policyholder n. 1 the state of being liable 2 anything for which a person is liable adj. legally obliged to pay for damage, injury etc; responsible - liability n. n. death, injury, damage etc that is the basis for a claim - to lose v. n. a person who assesses the amount of compensation arising from a claim n. a contract of insurance [eg: a product liability policy] n. the person to whom an insurance policy is issued n. a payment, usually monthly, yearly etc, for an insurance policy n. liability or responsibility of a firm for damage caused by one of its products n. responsibility of a firm for damage caused to a member of the public n. the insuring of a risk by one insurance company with another - to reinsure v. n. 1 chance or possibility of injury, loss etc 2 person or thing causing risk

Cuvinte uzuale - 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte pentru curriculum vitae - CV/Resume
Lista cu 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din limba engleza pentru curriculum vitae-uri (CV/Resume)

CV - Resume - Curriculum vitae

1 background 2 bi-lingual n. the whole of one's education, training and experience adj. able to use two languages with equal ease - see FLUENT

3 career 4 challenge 5 cover letter 6 date of birth 7 education 8 experience 9 fluent 10 graphology 11 interest 12 job objective 13 miscellaneous 14 nationality 15 native language 16 qualifications 17 reference 18 skill 19 training 20 work history

n. the course of one's (professional) life n. a difficult or demanding task that needs special effort - challenging adj. n. a letter that is sent with one's CV; letter of application n. the day on which one was born, usually as day/month/year [eg: 05/11/76] n. training and instruction at school, university etc - to educate v. n. jobs held, including dates, posts etc; work history - professional experience n. adj. able to speak and write a foreign language easily - see BI-LINGUAL n. study of handwriting as a guide to the character of the writer - graphologist n. n. an activity outside work in which one is interested or concerned; hobby n. the kind of work or challenge that one is looking for adj. various; mixed [eg: nationality, languages spoken, marital status] n. the status of belonging to a particular country [eg: Japanese nationality] n. the language one first learned to speak; mother tongue n. the education and experience that make one suitable for a particular job n. a written statement by another person about one's character and ability n. an ability, expertness or aptitude in a particular activity [eg: language skill] n. the process of learning a particular SKILL [eg: sales training] n. jobs held, inc. dates, posts etc; EXPERIENCE

Cuvinte uzuale - 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din domeniul bancar - banking
Lista cu 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din limba engleza pentru afaceri din domeniul bancar(banking)

Banking - Banca - Bancar

1 balance 2 bank charges 3 branch US 4 checkbook US 5 check 6 credit 7 credit card 8 current account 9 debit 10 deposit account UK 11 fill in 12 interest 13 loan 14 overdraft 15 pay in 16 payee 17 paying-in slip 18 standing order 19 statement 20 withdraw n. the difference between credits and debits in an account n. money paid to a bank for the bank's services etc n. local office or bureau of a bank UK n. book containing detachable checks; chequebook UK n. written order to a bank to pay the stated sum from one's account; cheque n. money in a bank a/c; sum added to a bank a/c; money lent by a bank - also v. n. (plastic) card from a bank authorising the purchasing of goods on credit US n. bank a/c from which money may be drawn at any time; checking account n. a sum deducted from a bank account, as for a cheque - also v. US n. bank a/c on which interest is paid; savings account US v. to add written information to a document to make it complete; to fill out n. money paid for the use of money lent - interest rate n. n. money lent by a bank etc and that must be repaid with interest - also v. n. deficit in a bank account caused by withdrawing more money than is paid in v. [paid, paid] to deposit or put money in to a bank account n. person to whom money is paid n. small document recording money that you pay in to a bank account n. an instruction to a bank to make regular payments n. a record of transactions in a bank account v. [-drew, -drawn] to take money out of a bank account - withdrawal n.

Cuvinte uzuale - 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din calculatoare - computers

Lista cu 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din limba engleza pentru afaceri din categoria calculatoare (computers)

Computers - Calculatoare
1 application 2 bit 3 buffer 4 byte 5 Email 6 floppy disk 7 hard disk 8 hardware 9 input 10 keyboard 11 memory 12 modem 13 operating system 14 output 15 peripheral 16 program 17 RAM 18 screen 19 software 20 WYSIWYG n. a program dedicated to a specific task [eg: word processing, graphics etc] n. binary digit, the basic binary unit for storing data, either 0 or 1 - see byte n. an area in memory used for temporary storage [eg: rapid input from keyboard] n. 8 bits - kilobyte (approx. 1,000 bytes), megabyte (1 million), gigabyte (1 billion) n. electronic mail; system of sending messages through the internet; e-mail n. small, removable magnetic disc for (permanent) storing of data; diskette n. fixed, magnetic disc inside a PC for (permanent) storing of data n. the mechanical and electronic parts of a computer, not the software n. data entered into a computer (by keyboard, floppy disk etc) - also v. n. the alphanumeric keys or buttons used to input data [QWERTY = 1st 6 keys] n. part of a computer for (temporary) storing of data - see ram n. device that converts data to a form that can be transmitted by telephone etc n. software that communicates with hardware, enabling applications to run n. data delivered by a computer (by printer, screen etc) - also v. n. equipment linked to a computer [eg: printer, scanner, modem, mouse etc] n. software that contains coded instructions to control a computer - also v. abbr. random access memory [it goes away when one switches off] n. the surface area of the visual display unit on which the image is formed n. the programs, routines etc for a computer, not the hardware abbr. What You See Is What You Get [data prints out exactly as on the screen]

Cuvinte uzuale - 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din categoria numere - numbers
Lista cu 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din limba engleza din categoria numere (numbers)

Numbers - Numere
1 add 2 billion 3 divide 4 equal 5 giga 6 hundred 7 kilo 8 mega 9 million 10 minus 11 multiply 12 plus v. to put one number together with another [eg: 2 plus 2] - addition n. n. 1,000,000,000; one thousand million; 109 v. 2 2 [is expressed as] two divided by two - division n. v. to be the same as [eg: 2 + 2 equals 4] one billion n. 100; 102 one thousand - k, K abbr. one million - M abbr. n. 1,000,000; one thousand thousand; 106 p. 2 - 2 [is expressed as] two minus two v. 2 x 2 [is expressed as] two multiplied by two - multiplication n. p. 2 + 2 [is expressed as] two plus two

13 square 14 square root 15 subtract 16 thousand 17 times 18 to the power of 19 trillion 20 zero

v. to multiply a number by the same number [eg: 3 squared = 9] n. number that multiplied by itself gives a certain number [3 is the square root of 9] v. to deduct one number from another [eg: 2 minus 2] - subtraction n. n. 1,000; 103 p. 2 x 2 [is expressed as] two times two - see multiply multiplication of a number by itself [eg: 2 to the power of 3 = 8] n.1,000,000,000,000; a million million; 1012 n. 0; oh; nought

Cuvinte uzuale - 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din categoria intalniri de afaceri - meetings
Lista cu 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din limba engleza din categoria intalniri de afaceri (business meetings)

Meetings - Intalniri de afaceri

1 A.G.M. 2 A.O.B. 3 absent 4 agenda 5 apologies 6 ballot 7 casting vote 8 chairman 9 conference 10 conference call 11 consensus 12 decision 13 item 14 matters arising 15 minutes 16 proxy vote 17 show of hands 18 unanimous 19 videoconference 20 vote abbr. Annual General Meeting abbr. Any Other Business [usually the last item on an agenda] adj. not here; not at the meeting; not present n. a written programme or schedule for a meeting n. item on agenda announcing people who are absent; apologies for absence n. a type of vote, usually in writing and usually secret- secret ballot n. n. a deciding vote (usually by the chairman) when the votes are otherwise equal n. the person who leads or presides at a meeting; chairperson; chair n. formal meeting for discussion, esp. a regular one held by an organisation n. telephone call between three or more people in different locations n. general agreement n. a conclusion or resolution to do something - to decide v. n. a separate point for discussion [as listed on an agenda] n. item on agenda for discussion of what has happened as a result of last meeting n. a written record of everything said at a meeting n. a vote cast by one person for or in place of another n. raised hands to express an opinion in a vote adj. in complete agreement; united in opinion n. conference of people in different locations linked by satellite, TV etc v. to express opinion in a group by voice or hand etc - also n. - to cast a vote v.

Money - Bani
1 A.T.M. 2 banknote US 3 bill 4 black market 5 bureau de change abbr. Automated Teller Machine; cash dispenserUK n: a piece of paper money; bill n. a banknote; a piece of paper money n. illegal traffic in officially controlled commodities such as foreign currency n. establishment where currencies of different countries may be exchanged

6 cash UK 7 cash dispenser 8 cashier 9 coin 10 currency 11 debt 12 exchange rate 13 foreign exchange 14 hard currency 15 invest 16 legal tender UK 17 petty cash 18 soft currency 19 speculate 20 transaction

n. 1 coins or bank notes (not cheques); 2 actual money paid as opposed to credit n: automatic machine from which clients of a bank may withdraw money; ATM n. person dealing with cash transactions in a bank, store etc n: a piece of metal money n. the money in general use or circulation in any country n. money etc owed by one person to another n. the rate at which one currency can be exchanged for another n: the currency of other countries n. currency that will probably not fall in value and is readily accepted v. to put money for profit into business, land etc - investment n. n: currency that cannot legally be refused in payment of a debt n. a cash fund for small, everyday expenses n. currency that will probably fall in value and is not readily accepted v. (risky) buying of foreign currency, land etc for rapid gain - speculation n. n. a (usually commercial) exchange; a deal - to transact v.

Cuvinte uzuale - 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din calatoria cu avionul - air travel
Lista cu 20 cele mai uzuale cuvinte din limba engleza pentru afaceri din categoria calatoria cu avionul (Air Travel)

Air Travel - Calatoria cu avionul

1 aisle 2 baggage claim 3 board 4 boarding pass 5 check in 6 confirmation 7 departures board 8 domestic 9 duty free 10 excess baggage 11 flight 12 gate 13 hand luggage 14 IATA 15 immigration officer 16 jet lag 17 runway 18 stopover 19 ticket 20 transit n. corridor in aeroplane between the seats [there are usually one or two] n. place where passengers go to find their luggage (cases etc) at the end of a flight v. to get on or enter an aeroplane - on board adv. n. special ticket showing that passenger has checked in and may board plane v. to register for a flight, inc. checking of tickets, passports, luggage etc - also n. n. passenger's telephone validation of return reservation; reconfirmation n. large display in airport showing times, destinations etc of departing flights adj. national, not international [a domestic flight is entirely within one country] adj. [of products: cigarettes, perfume etc] not taxable; exempt from customs taxes n. luggage that is more than the permitted or allowed weight n. an aeroplane scheduled to fly a certain route at a certain time n. the point in an airport at which a particular flight arrives and departs n. light bags, briefcases etc that may be carried on board by passengers abbr. International Air Transport Association n. government official responsible for checking passengers' passports n. extreme tiredness etc after a long flight between extreme time zones n. the strip on which planes land and take off n. a break for a day or two on an international flight n. receipt for transportation etc. An air ticket has one coupon for each journey n. A transit passenger is one stopping at an airport that is not his destination

Timpul - Lunile anului - Months of the Year

Lista de mai jos cuprinde lunile anului utilizate in tarile vorbitoare de engleza si in multe alte parti ale lumii. Lista arata ordinea lunilor, incepand din luna Ianuarie - January (prima luna). Abrevierile sau prescuratarile indicate sunt cele mai frecvente, dar sunt posibile si alte abrevieri, de exemplu: Ja./Fe./Ma. sau J./F./M.

Coloana "Days" arata numarul de zile ale lunii, toate lunilor au 30 sau 31 de zile cu exceptia lunii Februarie - February care are are 28 de zile respectiv 29 intr-un an bisect (leap year).

Anotimpurile sunt aproximative si depind de latitudine iar unele parti ale lumii au doar trei sezoane. Anotimpurile afisate aici sunt pentru emisfera de nord (ex. Africa de nord), in emisfera de sud anotimpurile sunt invers.

Observatii: an bisect = leap year = 366 zile 29 Februarie (February) = leap day

Lunile anului - Months of the Year

Luna (Month) 1 January - Ianuarie 2 February - Februarie 3 March - Martie 4 April - Aprilie 5 May - Mai 6 June - Iunie 7 July - Iulie 8 August - August 9 September Septembrie Forma Scurta (Short Form) Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Numarul de zile (Days) 31 Winter - Iarna 28/29 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 Winter - Iarna Autumn Toamna Summer - Vara Spring Primavara Anotimp (Season)

10 October - Octombrie 11 12 November Noiembrie December Decembrie

6. CORPUL OMENESC. DESCRIEREA UNEI PERSOANE head cap lips buze forehead frunte tongue limba eye ochi tooth - teeth dinte - dinti eyebrow sprnceana chin barbie eyelash geana cheek obraz eyelid pleoapa face fata nose nas ear ureche nostril nara hair par mouth gura beard [bi d] barba moustache[msta:] mustata ------------------------------------------------------------------------neck gt, ceafa limbs membre throat gt - interior arm brat back spate elbow cot shoulder umar wrist ncheietura minii chest piept palm palma breastssni hand mna belly burta finger deget de la mna thumb degetul mare --------------------------------------------------------------------------------leg picior brain creier knee genunchi stomach stomac inkle glezna lungs plamni foot - feet laba piciorului heart inima heel calci liver ficat sole [soul] deget de la picior kinneys rinichi vitals organe vitale n descrierea unei persoane avem nevoie de: culoarea parului : black = dark, brown, reddish, blond, grey. Exemple: She has grey hair. Ea are parul carunt. She is dark - haired Ea este bruneta. Observatie: Cnd se foloseste TO HAVE, culoarea si parul sunt cuvinte separate. Cnd se foloseste TO BE, culoarea si parul se leaga prin liniuta, iar ,,hair'' primeste terminatia ,,ed'' culoarea ochilor : black = dark, brown, green, blue. Exemplu: She has blue eyes. Ea are ochi albastri caracteristici fizice : tall nalt athletic atletic beautiful frumos thin slab long (hair) lung (par) nice dragut delicate delicat short scurt pretty frumusica small scund handsome aratos ugly urt fat (fatty) gras (plinut) good-looking aratos awful groaznic caracteristici interioare : dynamic activ lazzy lenes

good - hearted cu suflet bun the good sense of humor (cu TO HAVE ) - spiritual, ironic (n sensul bun),cu simtul umorului sensible sensibil APLICAIE : Describe your best friend Descrieti cel mai bun prieten vezi pagina xeroxata (lucru pe text) vezi paginile xerografiate lista cu nationalitati modelul de CV

7. CV - ul meu ( nationalitatea, meseria, alte informatii)

Observatie: ntrebari uzuale : Where are you from ? De unde esti ? I'm from Romnia. I'm from Galati. What is your job (occupation) ? Ce serviciu aveti ? Do you work or study ? Lucrati sau studiati ? What is your profession ? Ce profesie aveti ? What sort of work do you do ? Which are your tasks ? Ce fel de munca prestati ? Care va sunt sarcinile ? I am a worker. Sunt muncitor. I'm an engineer. Sunt inginer. I'm a doctor. Sunt doctor. I'm a student. I study at ,, Danubius '' college. Sunt student. nvat la colegiul Danubius. I'm a housewife. Sunt casnica. I'm retired. Sunt pensionar. Do you belong to any political organization ? Sunteti membrul unei organizatii politice ? I'm not a Party member. Nu sunt membru de partid. I am a Democratic Party member. Sunt membru al PD - ului. What trade union do you belong to ? Din ce sindicat faceti parte ? I'm a member of education union. Sunt membru al Sindicatului personalului didactic. Are you a religious believer ? Sunteti credincios ? I'm Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, atheist. 8. FORMULE DE ADRESARE

Mr = mister domnul

Mrs = mistress doamna Miss domnisoara Aceste formule cer sa fie urmate de numele de familie sau de numele ntreg al persoanei si nu de prenume. Profesiile si titulaturile nu primesc Mr, Mrs, n fata numelui desi n romneste spunem asta. Exemple: Good morning professor Gray ! Buna dimineata domnule profesor Gray ! Good evening doctor Vivian Pop ! Buna seara, doamna doctor Vivian Pop !

Sir - lady

Nu sunt urmate de nume dect daca persoana detine un titlu de noblete. Exemple: Sir Charles, Sir Winston, Lady Diana, Lady Hamilton.

n limbaj curent se folosesc SIR - MADAM care nu sunt urmate niciodata de nume.


Thank you, sir ! Goodbye, Madam !

Multumesc, domnule ! La revedere, doamna !

Pentru public folosim : Ladies and gentlemans Doamnelor si domnilor Pentru o familie: Mr and Mrs Gray. Domnul si doamna Gray.

Cu domnul nainte si nu cu doamna ca n romna. Exemple: - Who is that gentleman ? Is he Mr Brown ? - Cine este domnul acela ? Este dl Brown ? - No, sir. That gentleman is Mr Gray. - Nu, dle. Este dl Gray. - Who is the lady sitting there ? Is Mrs. Newman ? - Yes madam. She is Mrs Newman, a very kind lady. - Cine este doamna asezata acolo ? Este dna Newman ? - Da, doamna. Este dna Newman, o doamna foarte draguta.

FORMULE DE SALUT - Good morning ! - Buna dimineata ! - Hello !- Buna ! - Good afternoon ! - Buna ziua ! - Hi ! - Salut ! - Good evening ! - Buna seara ! - Good night ! - Noapte buna ! - Good day ! - Buna ziua ! - How do you dou ! - Va salut ! Sa traiti ! Sarut mna ! Observatii: - Good morning ! - Se foloseste pna la prnz. - Good afternoon ! - Pna la ora 17 La o ntlnire trzie (22,00), la venire folosim - Good evening!, iar la plecare - Good night! - Hello!, Hi ! Se folosesc pentru persoane cunoscute, pentru prieteni. - How do you do! Este foarte protocolar, respectuos si se raspunde la fel. - Good day ! este restrictiv, se foloseste cu sensul ca doriti ncheierea discutiei, plecarea persoanei, ruperea relatiei. Alte formule : - Good bye! Bye ! La revedere !, Pa! - Have a nice day ! Sa ai o zi buna ! - Sweet dreams ! Vise placute ! - See you ! ( soon, later, next week, around, etc) ! Ne mai vedem ( curnd, mai trziu, saptamna viitoare, pe-aici,etc) - Keep in touch ! Pastram legatura ! FORMULE DE ADRESARE

PLEASE, IF YOU PLEASE = te (va) rog

Politetea obliga ca o cerere, rugaminte sa aiba la sfrsit sau la nceput aceasta expresie.
O cerere, rugaminte se formuleaza ncepnd cu :

- WILL YOU + verb...? = Vreti sa ...? - CAN / COULD YOU + verb = Mi-ati putea...?

O dorinta se exprima ncepnd cu :

- I'd like to + verb...= As dori sa... - Would you like to + verb....? Ati dori sa...?

Solicitarea permisiunii:

- May I (we) + verb...? = Ati dori sa...? -Allow me to + verb... = Dati-mi voie sa...

Multumirea si raspunsul:

- Thank you! Thanks! = Multumesc! - Much obliged ! = Va sunt ndatorat ! - I appreciate ! = Multumesc ( apreciez ca...) - You're welcome ! Not at all ! Don't mention it ! = Pentru putin !

POFTIM ! = HERE YOU ARE ! atunci cnd dai ceva. Solicitarea unei precizari:

- Pardon ? I beg your pardon ? = Poftim ? Va rog...? - Please, repeat ! = Va rog sa repetati ! - Can you spell it, please ? = Va rog sa spuneti litera cu litera.

Scuzele si raspunsul:

- Excuse me ! = Scuza-ma ! - I must apologize for...! = Trebuie sa-mi cer scuze pentru...! - I'm sorry ! I regret != mi pare rau! Regret ! - No problem ! It's O.K.! = Nici o problema ! E-n regula ! - Never mind != Nici o suparare ! Nu conteaza ! - It's all right ! = E-n regula !
Supararea :

- I'm very angry ! = Sunt foarte suparat ! - I'm angry with you ! = Sunt suparat pe tine! - I'm sorry for you ! = mi pare rau pentru tine ! - It's scandalous !Shame ! = E scandalos ! Rusine !

ndoiala, mirarea, nehotarrea :

- Why not ? = De ce nu ? - What can be done ? = Ce se poate face ? - I'm at a loss! = Sunt n ncurcatura ! - What shall I (we) do = Ce fac (facem) ? - I wonder... = Ma ntreb... - What ? Really? = Ce ? Adevarat ? - You must be joking ! You can't be serious ! = Glumesti ? Esti serios ?
Afirmatia : YES = Da,

- Certainly ! = Cu siguranta ! - Course ! Sure ! = Desigur! Fireste ! Cu siguranta ! - I agree ! = Sunt de acord !

Negatia : No = Nu

- How are you ? = Ce mai faci ? - How is your father ? How are your children ? = Ce mai face tatal tau ? Ce-ti mai fac copii ? - I'm fine, thanks. I'm all right, thanks = Fac bine - Just so and so ! Pretty well ! = Asa si asa! Destul de bine ! - Not very well ! = Nu prea bine ! FORMULE DE PREZENTARE - Who are you ? I'm Dan. - Cine esti ? Sunt Dan. - What is your name ? My name is Dan Russel. - Care e numele tau ? Numele meu este Dan R - Alow me to introduce myself ! I'm Dan. - Dati-mi voie sa ma prezint ! Sunt Dan. - Would you be so kind to introduce me to her ? - Esti amabil sa ma prezinti ei ? - Meet my friends ! - Faceti cunostinta cu prietenii mei ! - This is doctor Gray ! - Vi-l prezint pe dl doctor Gray ! - I'd like you to meet Miss Vivian ! - As vrea sa ti-o prezint pe domnisoara Vivian! - I'd like to make the acquaintance of Miss Avril ! - As dori sa fac cunostinta cu dra Avril. - You know Mr Brown, don't you ? - l cunosti pe dl Brown, nu-i asa ? - Do you know each other ? - Va cunoasteti ? - Have you .... meet miss June ? - Ai cunoscut-o pe dra June ? - I know him (her,you) only by sight (from hearsay)! - l (o, te) stiu doar din vedere (din auzite). - Glade (nice, pleased) to meet you ! - ncntat sa va cunosc ! - How do you do ! - Este mai protocolar - It's a great honour to meet you ! - Este o onoare sa va cunosc ! - The pleasure (honour) is on my side ! - Onoarea (placerea )e de partea mea ! - Shake hands together ! - Strngeti-va minile ! COMPLETARE la CV (vezi pe verso CV - ului)

Foreign language / Language skills Limba straina, abilitati de limba educated English engleza culta

- Certainly not! = Cu siguranta nu ! - No way ! = n nici un caz ! - Not in the least ! = Ctusi de putin ! - I'm afraid it's not possible ! = Ma tem ca nu este posibil !
"Ce mai faci ?" Nu se exprima niciodata prin "How do you do? " !

broken English slang

literary language

engleza neliterara argou, jargon

limba literara

spoken language

limba vorbita

native language


limba materna

spelling pronounce / pronunciation to practice in order to improve

ortografie a pronunta / pronuntie a exersa cu scopul mbunatatirii.