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My English Vocabulary

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My English Vocabulary
Saying hello
hello
hi
good morning
good evening
good night
goodbye
bye
nice to meet you
nice to see you
welcome
see you
see you later
see you tomorrow
first name
surname
address
street
town/city
postcode
date of birth
birthday
phone number
mister/ Mr.
missis/Mrs.
miss

bun
salut
bun dimineaa
bun seara
noapte buna
la revedere
pa
ncntat s te ntlnesc
ncntat s te vd
bine ai venit
ne vedem
ne vedem mai trziu
ne vedem mine
prenume (
nume de familie (
adres
strad
ora/localitate
cod potal
data naterii
zi de natere
numr de telefon
domn
doamn
domnioar

Numbers
11
12
13
14
15

0 zero
1 one
2 two
3 three
4 four
2

eleven
twelve
thirteen
fourteen
fifteen

)
)

5 five
6 six
7 seven
8 eight
9 nine
10 ten

16 sixteen
17 seventeen
18 eighteen
19 nineteen
20 twenty
30 thirty

40 forty
50 fifty
60 sixty
70 seventy
80 eighty
90 ninety
100 one hundred
1000 one thousand
10.000 ten thousand
100.000 one hundred thousand
1.000.000 one million

21 twenty-one
32 thirty-two
43 forty-three
54 fifty-four
65 sixty-five
76 seventy-six
87 eighty-seven
98 ninety-eight
106 one hundred and six

345 three hundred and forty five


1002 one thousand and two
1037 one hundred and thirty seven
4575 four thousand, five hundred and
seventy-five
10.005 ten thousand and five
10.017 ten thousand and seventeen
15.234 fifteen thousand two hundred
thirty-four
315.789 three hundred and fifteen
thousand seven hundred eighty-nine

Colours
argintiu
auriu
multicolor
nchis la culoare
deschis la culoare
rou nchis

silver
gold
multicoloured
dark
light
dark red
3

light red
grey
black
white
red
orange
yellow
green
blue
purple
brown
pink
colour
coloured

rou deschis
gri
negru
alb
rou
portocaliu
galben
verde
albastru
mov
maro
roz
culoare
colorat

Days of the week


zile
sptmn

days
week
n limba englez, zilele sptmnii se
scriu ntotdeauna cu liter mare, oriunde
s-ar afla n propoziie!

luni
mari
miercuri
joi
vineri
smbt
duminic

Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

Months of the year


Lunile anului, n limba englez, se scriu
cu liter mare oriunde s-ar afla n
propoziie!

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

ianuarie
februarie
martie
aprilie
mai
iunie
iulie
august
septembrie
octombrie
noiembrie
decembrie

day
noon
afternoon
evening
night
week
month
year
today
tomorrow
next day
next year
last month
morning
yesterday
weekday
weekend
midnight

zi
amiaza
dup-amiaz
sear
noapte
sptmn
lun (calendaristic)
an
astzi
mine
urmtoarea zi
anul urmtor
luna trecut
diminea
ieri
zi a sptmnii
sfrit de sptmn
miezul nopii

Seasons
anotimp
primvar
var
toamn
iarn

season
spring
summer
autumn/fall
winter
5

Shapes
form
cerc
ptrat
cub
minge/sfer
oval
rotund
triunghi
stea
piramid
dreptunghi
inim
hexagon
pentagon
ascuit

shape
circle
square
cube
ball
oval
round
triangle
star
pyramid
rectangle
heart
hexagon
pentagon
sharp

Family
family
family tree
boy
girl
man
woman
baby
toddler
child/kid
twins
teenage
adult
elder
mother-mom-mum-mommy
father dad - daddy
sister
brother
parents
aunt

familie
arbore genealogic
biat
fat
brbat
femeie
bebelu
precolar
copil
gemeni
adolescent
adult
btrn
mam
tat
sor
frate
prini
mtu
6

uncle
cousin
son
daughter
wife
husband
grandparents
grandmother/grandma
grandfather/grandpa
grandchild
nephew
niece
step brother
boyfriend
girlfriend
partner
fianc
fiance
godfather
godmother
godson
goddaughter
adoption
adopted
only child
single parent
single
engaged
married
separated
divorced
widow
widower
mother-in-law
honeymoon
wedding dress
wedding day
father-in-law
son-in-law
daughter-in-law
sister-in-law

unchi
verior
fiu
fiic
soie
so
bunici
bunic
bunic
nepot (al bunicilor)
nepot (al mtuilor i unchilor)
nepoat (al mtuilor i unchilor)
frate vitreg
prieten
prieten
partener
logodnic
logodnic
na
na
fin
fin
adopie
rud
singurul copil
parinte singur
singur
logodit
cstorit
desprit
divorat
vduv
vduv
soacr
luna de miere
rochia de mireasa
ziua nuntii
socru
ginere
nor
cumnat
7

brother-in-law
relation sau relative
adopted

cumnat
relaie sau ruda
adoptat

Body parts
corp
pri
os
piele
muchi
schelet
pr
cap
frunte
obraz
brbie
ochi
ureche
buze
gur
dini
sprncean
gean
pleoap
gt
limb
umr
nas
fa
spate
nar
piept
bra
mn
palm
deget
unghie
unghie la deget de la mn
deget mare mn

body
parts
bone
skin
muscle
skeleton
hair
head
forehead
cheek
chin
eye
ear
lips
mouth
teeth
eyebrow
eyelash
eyelid
neck
tongue
shoulder
nose
face
back
nostril
chest
arm
hand
palm
finger
nail
fingernail
thumb
8

toe
toenail
belly/tummy
belly button
wrist
elbow
knee
leg
foot
bottom
heel
ankle
hips
beard
moustache
thigh
sideburns

deget de la picior
unghie la deget de la picior
burt
buric
ncheietur
cot
genunchi
picior
laba piciorului
fund
clci
glezn
olduri
barb
musta
coaps
perciuni

Clothes
haine
pnz
material
accesorii
portofel
geant, plas
poet
serviet
inel
brar
lnior
ochelari de vedere
ochelari de soare
ceas
cercei
rucsac
ghiozdan
curea
lenjerie de corp (intim)
chiloi

clothes
cloth
fabric
accessories
wallet
bag
purse
suitcase
ring
bracelet
necklace
glasses
sunglasses
watch
earings
backpack
schoolbag
belt
underwear
panties
9

swimsuit
bathrobe
slippers
vest
bra
pocket
zipper
button
handkerchief
overalls
shoelaces
apron
sneakers
trainers
jeans
tie
bowtie
suit
jumper
raincoat
coat
overcoat
jacket
sweater
pullover
west
shorts
pants/trousers
t-shirt
shirt
blouse
dress
skirt
tights
pyjamas
beanie hat
hat
cap
scarf
gloves
socks

costum de baie
halat de baie
papuci de cas
maieu
sutien
buzunar
fermoar
nasture
batist (de material)
salopet
ireturi
or
tenii
adidai
blugi
cravat
papion
costum
trening
hain de ploaie
hain
palton
jachet
jerseu
pulover
vest
pantaloni scuri
pantaloni
tricou cu mnec scurt
cma
bluz
rochie
fust
ciorapi lungi, colani
pijamale
cciul cu ciucure
plrie
apc
fular, earf
mnui
osete
10

shoes
boots
sandals
flip-flops
towel

pantofi
cizme
sandale
lapi
prosop

Fruits
fruct
par
mr
kiwi
prun
cais
piersic
struguri
banan
pepene
pepene rou, lebeni
cirea
lmie
portocal
nuc de cocos
nuc
alun
mango
ananas
grepfrut
rodie
mr gutui
ghimbir
cpun
afin
mur
zmeur
coacze roii
coacze negre
stafide negre
stafide albe

fruit
pear
apple
kiwi
plum
apricot
peach
grapes
banana
melon
watermelon
cherry
lemon
orange
coconut
nut/wallnut
peanut
mango
pineapple
grapefruit
pomegranate
quince
ginger
strawberry
blueberry
blackberry
raspberry
redcurrants
blackcurrants
raisins
sultanas
11

avocado

avocado

Vegetables
legum
mrar
spanac
ceap verde
usturoi verde
ceap
usturoi
roie
cartof
ptrunjel
vnt
porumb
mslin
elin
morcov
dovleac
dovlecel
salat verde
varz
castravete
mazre
ridiche
ardei
ciuperc
ardei iute
fasole
busuioc
conopid
brocoli
varz de Bruxelles

vegetable
dill
spinach
spring onion
spring garlic
onion
garlic
tomato
potato
parsley
eggplant
corn
olive
celery
carrot
pumpkin
squash
lettice
cabbage
cucumber
peas
raddish
pepper
mushroom
chilly pepper
kidney bean
basil
cauliflower
broccoli
brussel sprout

Marine animals
marine
mermaid

marin
siren
12

seal
walrus
penguin
fish
seahorse
stingray
shark
whale
dolphin
crab
lobster
tuna
jellyfish
octopus
squid
starfish
salmon
shrimp
oyster
seagull
pelican

foc
mors
pinguin
pete
clu de mare
pisic de mare
rechin
balen
delfin
crab
homar
ton
meduz
caracati
calamar
stea de mare
somon
crevete
scoic
pescru
pelican

insects

insecte
purice
molie
libelul
licurici
viespe
omid
lcust
greier
gndac
privighetoare
domestic
slbatic
fluture
musc
nar
furnic
albin

flea
moth
dragonfly
firefly
wasp
caterpillar
grasshopper
cricket
beetle
hummingbird
domestic
wild
butterfly
fly
mosquito
ant
bee
13

colorado (potato) beetle


ladybird ladybug

gndac de colorado
buburuz

Domestic animals
pisic
cine
vac
viel
porc
purcel
gin
coco
pui de gin
pui
gsc
pui de gsc
ra
pui de ra, ruc
cal
mnz
mgar
taur
capr
ied
oaie
berbec
miel
porcuor de guineea
oarece
hamster
iepure
curcan
lebd
pun
pete
stru

cat
dog
cow
calf
pig
piglet
hen
rooster
chick
chicken
goose
gossling
duck
duckling
horse
foul
donkey
bull
goat
kid
sheep
ram
lamb
guineea pig
mouse
hamster
rabbit
turkey
swan
peacock
fish
ostrich

14

Wild animals
pum
urs
vulpe polar
urs polar
cmil
ghepard
crocodil
cioar
cprioar
porumbel alb, turturea
porumbel
pasre
papagal
elefant
vulpe
corb
broasc
giraf
hipopotam
cangur
koala
leu
maimu
elan
prepeli
bufni
urs panda
vultur
sconcs
raton
ren
rinocer
barz
veveri
rndunic
tigru
estoas
lup

cougar
bear
polar fox
polar bear
camel
cheetah
crocodile
crow
deer
dove
pigeon
bird
parrot
elephant
fox
raven
frog
giraffe
hippo
kangarooo
koala
lion
monkey
moose
quail
owl
panda
eagle
skunk
raccoon
reindeer
rhino
stork
squirrel
swallow
tiger
turtle
wolf
15

woodpecker
ciocnitoare
beaver
castor
snail
melc
snake
arpe
spider
pianjen
cobweb
pnz de pianjen
zebra
zebr
hedgehog
arici
wils bear
porc mistre
otter
vidr
lizard
oprl
sparrow
vrabie
pincers
cleti
scales
solzi
aquarium
acvariu
tank
rezervor
goldfish
pete auriu
antenna
anten
worm
vierme
wing
arip
feathers
pene
beak
cioc
nightingale
privighetoare
hawk
oim
raven
corb
crow
cioar
cuckoo
cuc
toad
broasc rioas
rat
obolan
wiessel
viezure
bull
taur
miaow
miau
woof
ham
mole
crti
to train
a antrena/dresa
to ride a pony
a clri un ponei
to walk the dog/to take the dog for a a plimba cinele/ a scoate cinele la
walk
plimbare
to keep a pet
a ine un animal de companie/casa
to bite
a muca
to ride a horse
a clri un cal
16

to feed the chickens


kitten
foal
puppy
pony
parrot
to bark

a hrni puii
pisicu/pui de pisic
mnz
celu/pui de cine
ponei
papagal
a ltra

Professions -Jobs
profesie
serviciu, meserie
ocupaie
pompier
poliist
doctor
asistent
pictor, zugrav
brutar
fermier
frizer
preot
balerin
zidar
crmid
ofer
buctar
actor
cntre
ofer
vnztor
profesor
nvtor
tmplar
electrician
ofer de autobuz
judector
avocat
antrenor

profession
job
occupation
fireman
policeman
doctor
nurse
painter
baker
farmer
hairdresser
minister, priest
ballerina
bricklayer
brick
driver
cook, chef
actor
singer
driver
shop assistant, seller
professor
teacher
carpenter
electrician
bus driver
judge
lawyer
coach
17

engineer
lifeguard
mechanic
musician
pilot
tailor
vet
waiter
photographer
advertising
landlord
interpreter
interior designer
design
postman
librarian
housewife
fisherman
factory worker
architect
thief
smuggler
politician
pickpocket
forger
drug dealer
burglar
scientist
researcher
physicist
meteorologist
chemist
botanist
biologist
soldier
sailor
sportsman
lawyer
judge
bodyguard
Singer

inginer
salvamar
mecanic
muzician
pilot
croitor
veterinar
osptar
foto
publicitate
proprietar
interpret, translator
designer de interior
creaie, model
pota
bibliotecar
casnic
pescar
muncitor n fabric
arhitect
ho
contrabandist
politician
ho de buzunare
falsificator
distribuitor de droguri
ho de case, sprgtor
om de tiin
cercettor
fizician
meteorolog
chimist
botanist
biolog
soldat
marinar
sportiv
avocat
judector
gard de corp
cntre
18

dancer
film director
writer
sculptor
journalist
editor
pilot
sea captain
flight attendant
mechanic
masseuse
masseur
electrician
decorator
driving instructor
plumber
builder
carpenter
blacksmith
surgeon
vet sau veterinary
nanny
psychiatrist
nurse
dentist
counsellor
tailor
hairdresser
cashier
buyer
butcher
bookkeeper
secretary
receptionist
economist
businessman
businesswoman
bank manager
accountant
retired
unemployed

dansator
regizor de film
scriitor
sculptor
jurnalist
editor
pilot
capitan de vapor
nsoitor de zbor,stewardez
mecanic
maseuz
maseur
electrician
decorator
instructor auto
instalator
constructor
tmplar
fierar
chirurg
veterinar
ddac
psihiatru
asistent
dentist
consilier
croitor
frizer
casier
cumprtor
mcelar
contabil, cel ce ine registrele
secretar
recepionist
economist
om de afaceri
femeie de afaceri
administrator de banc
contabil
pensionat
neangajat, omer
19

self-employed
to be off sick
to go on strike
work experience
work
training course
timekeeping
strike
security
office
meeting
internship
factory
experience
department
apprenticeship
retirement age
to resign
trainee
apprentice
volunteer
to fire
boss
colleague
owner
director
wages
working conditions
promotion
sick pay
salary
overtime
maternity leave
holiday pay

liber profesionist
a fi pe concediu medical
a face grev
experien de lucru
munc, lucru
curs de perfecionare
pontaj
grev
securitate
birou
ntlnire
stagiu de practic
fabric
experien
departament
ucenicie, practic
vrsta de pensionare
a demisiona
practicant
ucenic
voluntar
a concedia
ef
coleg
proprietar
director
salarii, venituri
condiii de munc
promoie
salariu de boal
salariu
munc suplimentar
concediu de maternitate
concediu pltit/de vacan

Travelling
cltorie
bagaj- serviet- valiz- geamantan

travel
luggage-suitcase-briefcase
20

coach bus
I.D. - identity card
birth certificate
marriage license
passport
sign
picnic
road
freeway
globe
hotel
tent
camping
seat
ticket
compass
map
traffic lights
wheel

autocar
buletin, carte de identitate
certificat de natere
certificat de cstorie
paaport
semn
picnic
drum, strad
autosrad
glob
hotel
cort
camping
loc
bilet
busol
hart
semafor
roat

Transportation
transport
mijloc de transport
main
autobus
autocar
ambulan
scuter
biciclet
triciclet
tren
avion
elicopter
telecabin
trsur
motociclet
tir
camion
dub

transport
transportation
car
bus
coach bus
ambulance
scooter
bycicle
trycicle
train
plane
helicopter
ropeway
carriage
motorcycle
truck
lorry
van
21

boat
ship
gas
gas station
fuel
elevator

barc
nav, vapor
benzin
staie de benzin
combustibil
lift

Buildings
cldire
cas
vil
biseric
banc
bibliotec
coal
fotografie
grdini
cmin
cinema
film
liceu
universitate
spital
clinic
pia
supermarket
oficiu potal
resurant
cafenea
parc
magazin
hotel
hambar/ur
castel
fabric
bloc
turn
librrie

building
house
mansion
church
bank
library
school
photo
kindergarten
nursery
cinema
movie
high-school
university
hospital
clinic
market
supermarket
post-office
restaurant
caf
park
store
hotel
barn
castle
factory
block
tower
bookstore
22

skyscraper

zgrie-nori

Toys
jucrie
camion, tir
main
cas de ppui
marionet
clu leagn
zi de natere
cadou
barc
cuburi de jucrie
tren
joc de societate
joc
zmeu
minge
ppu
balon
ursule de plu
iepura de plu

toy
truck
car
doll house
muppet
rocking horse
birthday
gift, present
boat
blocks
train
board game
game
kite
ball
doll
balloon
teddy bear
plush rabbit

Halloween
liliac
pisic neagr
pianjen
pnz, reea
pnz de pianjen
poiune
vraj
cazan
magie
fantom
mumie
craniu

bat
black cat
spider
web
cobweb
potion
spell
cauldron
magic
ghost
mummy
skull
23

skeleton
pumpkin
haunted
monster
Frankensteins monster
haunted house
owl
clown
pillowcase
party
mask
grave
graveyard ,cemetery
broom
candy
coffin
costume
werewoolf
vampire
skary
spooky
full moon
witch
wizard
trick
treat
trick or treat

schelet
dovleac
bntuit
monstru
monstrul lui Frankenstein
cas bntuit
bufni
clovn
fa de pern
petrecere
masc
mormnt
cimitir
mtur
bomboan
sicriu
costum
vrcolac
vampir
de speriat
nfricotor
lun plin
vrjitoare
vrjitor
truc
ceva bun, gustare dulce
ne dai ori nu ne dai/ ne dai ceva
sau o-ncurcai

Prepositions
sau, ori
i
n
nuntru
n afar
n spatele
n faa
sub

or
and
in
inside
outside
behind
in front of
under
24

above
at
from
for
because
between
near
next to
over
question
answer
what
who
whom
whose
which
when
why
with
and
of
where
how
how much = U.N.
how many = C.N.

deasupra
la
de la
pentru
din cauz c, deoarece
ntre
n apropiere
lng
peste
ntrebare
rspuns
ce
cine
pe cine
al cui
care
cnd
de ce
cu
i
de
unde
cum
ct de mult, cte
ct de mult, cte

Wedding
domnioar de onoare
nunt
certificat de cstorie
mireas
mire
logodnic
cavaler de onoare
domnioar de onoare
buchet
ampanie
cadou

bridesmaid
wedding
licence marriage
bride
groom
fianc
best man
maid of honour
bouquet
champagne
present
25

widow
guests
fancy
casual
invitation
engagement
engagement ring
ring
wedding band
first dance
wedding cake
bells
priest
band
musicians
fun
funeral
dead
ceremony
coffin
fantasy
world
king
queen
prince
princess
emperor
wizard
witch
fairy
godmother
godfather
giant
elf
angel
devil
hell
heaven
God
bible

vduv
invitai, musafiri
elegant
de zi cu zi
invitaie
logodn
inel de logodn
inel
verighet
primul dans
tort de nunt
clopote
preot
trup
muzicieni
distracie
nmormntare
mort
ceremonie
sicriu
fantastic, fantezie
lume
rege
regin
prin
prines
mprat
vrjitor
vrjitoare
zn
na
na
uria
spiridu
nger
diavol, drac
iad
rai
Dumnezeu
biblie
26

Plants and trees


plante
copac
frunz
stejar
tufi
buruian
iarb
trunchi
vrf de copac, coroan
ramur, creang
ghind
brad
crin
garoaf
trandafir
lalea
stropitoare
nufr
ghiocel
margaret
crizantem
floarea-soarelui
floare
panselu
lcrimioar
arar

plants
tree
leaf
oak
bush
weed
grass
trunk
treetop
branch
acorn
fir
lily
carnation
rose
tulip
watering pot
water lily
snowdrop
daisy
dandelion
sunflower
flower
pansy
lily of the valley
mapple

Time
timp
secund
or
jumtate
sfert
fix
a se grbi
a ntrzia
ct este ora?

time
second
hour
half
quarter
sharp
to hurry up
to be late
What is the time?
27

seven oclock
eight sharp
a quarter to eight
a quarter past nine
half past nine

ora 7 (7:00)
ora 8 fix (8:00)
8 fr un sfert (7:45)
9 i un sfert (9:15)
9 i jumtate (9:30)

In town
ora/localitate
sat
muzeu
brutrie
oficiu potal
pia
cinema
film
magazin
a cumpra
a depozita
a opri
a telefona
a atepta
a plti
a face o plimbare
parc
fntn
vitrin
staie de autobuz
tramvai
autobuz
tren
avion
aeroport
elicopter
staie
teren de joac
a se legna
leagn
a sta
a plnge

town/city
village
museum
bakery
post office
market
cinema
movie
store
to shop
to store
to stop
to phone
to wait
to pay
to take/make a walk
park
well
shop window
bus station
tram
bus
train
plane/aeroplane
airport
helicopter
station
playground
to swing
swing
to sit
to cry
28

to throw the ball


bucket
shovel
sand
slide
waterfall
to play
to run
to walk
to climb
to play together
to play hide and seek
sports
musical instruments
colleague
classmate
friend
peer, buddy

a arunca mingea
gleat
lopat
nisip
tobogan
cascad
a se juca
a alerga
a se plimba
a se cra
a se juca mpreun
a se juca de-a v-ai ascunselea
sporturi
instrumente muzicale
coleg
coleg de clas
prieten
amic

Sports and musical instruments


sport
judo
not
baschet
volei
tenis
patinaj
fotbal
muzic
vocal
pian
acordeon
chitar
tobe
bee de tobe
vioar
btaie de tobe
flaut

sport
judo
swim
basketball
volleyball
tennis
ice-skating
football
music
vocal
piano
accordion
guitar
drums
drumsticks
violin
drumroll
flute
29

harmonica
roller skates
skiing, skiis
cycling
boxing

muzicu
role
a schia, schiuri
ciclism
box

At the kindergarten and school


grdini
coal
liceu
cmin
a picta
a desena
foarfec
creion
acuarele
pensul
lipici
band
band scoci
a construi
a tia
foaie de hrtie
hrtie
autocolant
plastilin
rucsac
ghiozdan
a sri
a sri peste
coard, frnghie
a sri coarda
gimnastic
educator
nvtor
profesor
profesor la facultate
cerneal
elev

kindergarten
school
high-school
nursery
to paint
to draw
scissors
crayon
watercolours
paintbrush
glue
tape
tape-scotch
to build
to cut
sheet of paper
paper
sticky tape
plasticine
backpack
schoolbag
to jump
to skip
rope
to skip the rope
gymnastics
kindergarten teacher
primary school teacher
teacher
professor
ink
pupil
30

pen
pencil
felt-tip, pen
pencil-case
rubber, eraser
ruler
highlighter
marker
chalk
whiteboard
blackboard
video-projector
to read
to think
to write
to count
to raise the hand
to answer
to put a question
to ask something
desk
lesson
classroom
map
paints
sharpener
book
note
notebook
exercise book
globe
uniform
headband
chest
classroom
desk
lesson
homework
exercise book
test
half term

stilou
creion
pix
penar
radier
liniar
marker fluorescent, evideniator
marker, carioc
cret
tabl alb
tabl neagr
video proiector
a citi
a gndi
a scrie
a numra, asocoti
a ridica mna
a rspunde
a pune o ntrebare
a ntreba ceva
birou, banc
lecie
sal de clas
hart
picturi, tablouri
ascuitoare
carte
noti
caiet
culegere, carte de exerciii
glob
uniform
cordelu
cufr
sala de clas
banc, birou
lecie
tem de cas
culegere de exerciii
test
semestru
31

class
reading
writing
arithmetic
spelling
head teacher
headmaster
headmistress
pupil
break
school holiday
school meals
changing room
gym
playground
lecture hall
library
laboratory
locker
playing field
sports hall
undergraduate
graduate
Bachelor's degree
Master's degree
diploma
thesis
dissertation
lecture
debate
higher education
semester
student loan
tuition fees
university campus
exam
essay sau paper
to sit an exam
to fail an exam
to pass an exam
to study

or de la coal
citire
scriere
aritmetic
rostire pe litere
diriginte
director
directoare
elev
pauz
vacan de srbtoare
mas la coal
garderob
gimnastic
teren de joac
sal de lectur
bibliotec
laborator
vestiar
loc de joac
sal de sport
student
absolvent
diplom de licen
diplom de masterat
diplom
tez
dizertaie
lectur
dezbatere
nvmntul superior
semestru
mprumut pentru studeni
taxe colare
campus universitar
examen
eseu
a da un examen
a pica un examen
a trece un examen
a studia
32

to learn
to revise
curriculum
subject
exam results
qualification
certificate
attendance
textbook
question
answer
mistake sau error
history
music
modern languages
theology
philosophy
astronomy
biology
chemistry
dentistry
physics
science
politics
economics
archaeology
sociology
business studies
geography
law
maths
advertiser
appointment
job offer
interview
qualifications
to apply for a job
to accept an offer
to reject an offer
to hire
career

a nva
a recapitula
materie general, curiculum
subiect, materie
rezultat al examenului
calificare
certificat
prezen
manual
ntrebare
rspuns
greeal, eroare
istorie
muzic
limbi moderne
teologie
filozofie
astronomie
biologie
chimie
stomatologie
fizic
tiine
politic
economie
arheologie
sociologie
studii de afaceri
geografie
lege
matematic
reclam
programare, ntlnire
ofert de munc
interviu
calificare
a aplica pentru un loc de munc
a accepta un loc de munc
a refuza un loc de munc
a angaja
carier
33

shift work
full-time
temporary
contract
permanent
bonus
company car
health insurance
working hours

tur de lucru
program de lucru complet
temporar
contract
permanent
bonus
main de serviciu
asigurare de sntate
ore lucrtoare

My house
cas
camer
lucru
curte
gard
poart
grdin
acoperi
u
fereastr
intrare
emineu
garaj
alee
crare
copac
perete
tavan
apartament
buctrie
dormitor
baie
hol
sufragerie
sal de mese
camera copiilor
camer de studiu

house
room
thing
yard
fence
gate
garden
roof
door
window
entry
chimney
garage
alley
path
tree
wall
ceiling
apartment
kitchen
bedroom
batheroom
hall
living-room
dining-room
childrens room
study room
34

office
desk
table
chair
armchair
sofa
curtain
carpet
drawer
wardrobe
wastebin
bed
pillow
blanket
doll
teddy bear
ball
ballon
toy box
clock
dressing table
chest of drawers
backpack
schoolbag
television
picture frame
frame
picture/painting
bookshelf, bookcase
telephone
lamp
remote control
corner
mirror
to rest
to sleep
to watch T.V.
sink
soap
shampoo
toilet paper

birou
banc, birou
mas
scaun
fotoliu
canapea
perdea
covor
sertar
dulap, garderob
co de gunoi
pat
pern
ptur
ppu
ursule
minge
balon
cutie de jucrii
ceas
msu de toalet
comod cu sertare
rucsac
ghiozdan
televizor
ram de fotografie
ram
pictur, tablou
bibliotec
telefon
lamp
telecomand
col
oglind
a se odihni
a dormi
a se uita la T.V.
chiuvet
spun
ampon
hrtie igienic
35

towel
toothbrush
toothpaste
face cream
eye cream
hairdryer
comb
brush
to brush
to comb
bathtub
shower
shower cabin
hairbrush
sponge
foam
bubble
scale
socket
fireplace
toilet
lamp
lightbulb
moisturizer
to dry
to wet
to take a bath
to take a shower
lets cook
Im hungry
Im thirsty
cupboard
oven
hub
cooker
microwave oven
dishwasher
washing machine
fridge
mixer
toaster

prosop
periu de dini
past de dini
crem de fa
crem de ochi
usctor de pr
pieptene
perie
a peria
a pieptna
van, cad
du
cabin de du
perie de pr
burete
spum
bul
cntar
priz
emineu
toalet
lamp
bec
crem hidratant
a usca
a uda
a face baie
a face du
s gtim
mi-e foame
mi-e sete
dulap de buctrie
cuptor
hot
aragaz
cuptor de microunde
main de splat vase
main de splat haine
frigider
mixer
aparat de prjit pine
36

sandwichmaker
chopping board
frying pan
freezer
sink
tap
tapwater handle
door knob
kettle
teapot
coffee machine
table
table cloth
broom
dustpan
pot
lid
laddle
spatula
tea towel
colander
grater
cup
mug
jug
bowl
glass
plate
fork
spoon
teaspoon
knife
washing detergent
vacuum cleaner
dish
dish rack
office
stairs
floor
cellar
attic

aparat de fcut sadviuri


toctor, curptor
tigaie
congelator
chiuvet
robinet
ap de la robinet
mner
ibric
ceainic
aparat de cafea
mas
fa de mas
mtur
fra
oal
capac
polonic
spatul
crp
strecurtoare
rztoare
ceac
can
caraf
bol
pahar de sticl
farfurie
furculi
lingur
linguri
cuit
detergent
aspirator
vas
suport de vas
birou
scri
etaj
beci, pivni
pod
37

Food, drinks and deserts


chocolate
food
drink
dessert
water
flat water
tap water
tea
coffee
milk
juice
orange juice
tomato juice
bullion
lemonade
sparkling water, club soda, mineral water
soda
cocoa
herbal tea
wine
beer
champagne
syrup
yoghurt
hot chocolate
iced tea
ice
oil
olive oil
sunflower oil
vinegar
sour
bitter
sweet
salty
salt
pepper
condiments
38

ciocolat
mncare
butur
desert
ap
ap plat
ap de la robinet
ceai
cafea
lapte
suc
suc de portocale
suc de roii
bulion
limonad
ap mineral
suc gazos
cacao
ceai de plante
vin
bere
ampanie
sirop
iaurt
ciocolat cald
ceai cu ghea
ghea
ulei
ulei de msline
ulei de floarea-soarelui
oet
acru
amar
dulce
srat
sare
piper
condimente

spicy
raw
stale
fresh
burnt
tasty
delicious
disgusting
horrible
terrible
to boil
to freeze
juicy
to fry
to bake
ketchup
mustrad
mayonnaise
pickle
to cut
to chop
to slice
to peel
to grate
to break
to beat
to stir
to pour
to mix
to put in
to take out
to cook
to bake
to steam
steam
to roast
to crush
to grease
to add
to weigh
to measure

condimentat/iute
crud
sttut
proaspt
ars
gustos
delicios
dezgusttor
oribil
teribil
a fierbe
a nghea/congela
suculent
a prji
a coace
ketchup
mutar
maionez
murtur
a tia
a mruni
a felia
a decoji
a rzui
a rupe/a sparge
a bate
a amesteca
a turna
a amesteca
a pune n
a lua din
a gti
a coace
a fierbe la abur
abur
a prji
a zdrobi
a unge
a aduga
a cntri
a msura
39

to knead
to knit
bag
can
jar
bottle
carton
loaf
tub/container
box
roll
paper roll
tissue
to flip
cup
empty
full
pack
package
stick
margarine
butter
egg
boiled egg
fried egg
scrambled egg
sugar
flour
rice
pasta
corn flour
spaghetti
noodles
jam
marmelade
honey
cake
bread
pie
pudding
ice-cream

a frmnta
a tricota
pung/geant
cutie (de metal)
borcan
sticl (recipient)
(cutie) carton
franzel
tub, recipient
cutie
rol
rol de hrtie
erveel
a ntoarce
ceac
gol
plin
pachet
ambalaj
b
margarin
unt
ou
ou fiert
ou prjit
omlet
zahr
fin
orez
paste
fin d eporumb
spaghete
tiei
dulcea, gem
marmelad
miere
tort
pine
plcint
budinc
ngheat
40

pancake
roast beef
ham
salami
turkey
sandwich
beef
chicken
potato chips
pretzels
popcorn
soup
salad
baked potatoes
stuffed peppers
pizza
baguette
cream
yoghurt
whipped cream
hot dog
chicken wings
hamburger
steak
bun
meat
meatballs
pork
mashed potatoes
cookie
biscuit
fried chicken
bacon
toast
fish
salmon
trout
doughnut
muffin/cupcake
croissant
waffles

cltit
friptur de vit
unc
salam
curcan
sandvi
vit
pui
chipsuri de cartofi
covrigei
popcorn (floricele de porumb)
sup
salat
cartofi copi
cartofi prjii
pizza
baghet
crem, smntn
iaurt
fric
hot dog
aripioare de pui
hamburger
friptur
chifl
carne
chiftele
porc, carne de porc
cartofi piure
fursec
biscuit
pui prjit
bacon, slnin
pine prjit
pete
somon
pstrv
gogoa
brio
corn
vafe
41

tuna
sausages
straw
waiter
menu
apetizer
main course
cereals
dog food
cat food
cheese
restaurant
napkin
chef
tray
check
caf
snack
breakfast
lunch
dinner
meal
backyard
frontyard
moist
wool
cream
poison
life

ton
crnai
pai
osptar
meniu
aperitiv
fel principal
cereale
mncare pentru cini
mncare pentru pisici
brnz
restaurant
erveel
buctar
tav
not de plat
cafenea
gustare
mic dejun
prnz
cin
mas (a zilei)
curtea din spate
curtea din fa
umed
ln
crem
otrav
via

Different categories
diferit
categorie
secol
an bisect
acum
atunci
curnd

different
category
century
leap year
now
then
soon
42

later
never
rarely
often
always
sometimes
usually
to get married
to get separated
to get divorced
to get baptized
to be born
to die
separated
baptism
divorced
married
fabric
plastic
metal
stone
silver
gold
rock
steel
stainless steel
wood
iron
calcium
dirt
root
cliff
earthquake
harbour
silk
cotton
polyester
elastan
rubber
trunk
bridge

trziu
niciodat
rar
deseori
ntotdeauna
cteodat
de obicei
a se cstori
a se despri, separa
a divora
a fi botezat
se nate
a muri
separat
botez
divorat
cstorit
material
plastic
metal
piatr
argint
aur
roc
oel
inox
lemn
fier
calciu
murdrie, noroi
rdcin
stnc
cutremur
port
mtase
bumbac
poliester
elastic
gum, cauciuc
trunchi
pod
43

pony
screen
homework
exam
result
activity
worksheet
test
grade
mark
hoof
claw
paw
fur
snout
to bark
to bite
to train
bench
rake
shovel
pitchfork
Cinderella
cinder
Little Red Riding Hood
tool
toolbox
hammer
saw
wheelbarrow
ladder
pliers
screw
screwdriver
nail
gadget
printer
computer
laptop
lap
cellphone

ponei
ecran
tem
examen
rezultat
activitate
fi de lucru
test
clas
not
copit
ghear
lab
blan
bot
a ltra
a muca
a antrena, a dresa
banc (de stat pe ea)
grebl
lopat
furc
Cenureasa
cenusa
Scufia Roie
unealt
cutie de unelte
ciocan
fierstru
roab
scar
patent
urub
urubelni
cui
accesoriu/dispozitiv ingenios
imprimant
calculator, computer
laptop
brae
telefon mobil
44

telephone
video camera
photo camera
calculator
headphones
earphones
earplugs
hair style
pony tail
wavy
curly
straight
bun
plait
beard
moustache
goatee
bald
sideburns
gray hair
dyed hair

telefon
camer video
camer foto
calculator
cti (mari)
cti (mici, de ureche)
dopuri de urechi
frizur
coad de cal
ondulat
cre
drept
coc
mpletitur
barb
musta
cioc
chel
perciuni
pr crunt
pr vopsit

Seasons, weather, nature


anotimp
vreme
natur
primvar
var
toamn
iarn
nor
cer
curcubeu
soare
iarb
buruian
rdcin
mugur, boboc

season
weather
nature
spring
summer
autumn/fall
winter
cloud
sky
rainbow
sun
grass
weed
root
bud
45

flower
sea
beach
sand
sand castle
swimming pool
seashell
to sunbathe
chaise longue
heat
hot
cold
warm
chilly
chill
freezing
shade
sunshine
shine
wind
rain
harvest
fog
basket of fruits
sledge
snow
snowball
snowflake
snowman
Santa Claus
Christmas
Christmas day
Christmas eve
Christmas tree
fir
Christmas lights
dry leaf
grain
hay
umrella
bells

floare
mare
plaj
nisip
castel de nisip
piscin
scoic (carapace)
a se bronza
ezlong
canicul, cldur
fierbinte
rece
cldu
rcoros
rcoare
nghe
umbr
raz de soare
raz, strlucire
vnt
ploaie
recolt
cea
co cu fructe
sanie
zpad
bulgre de zpad
fulg de zpad
om de zpad
Mo Crciun
Crciun
ziua de Crciun
seara de Crciun
pom de crciun
brad
luminie de Crciun
frunz uscat
gru
fn
umbrel
clopote
46

migrating birds
bow
candy
candy cane
candle
elf
garland
ornaments
Santas Sack
Its snowing!
Its raining!
snowy
New Year
New Years eve
New Years day
Easter
Easter bunny
Easter eggs
bible
crucifixion
resurrection
cross
icicles
ice
thunder
lightning
wave
storm
stormy
sunny
windy
wind
blizzard
rainy
rain
fire
raindrop
drop
fan
fire
earth

psri migratoare
fund
bomboan
beior de zahr (bastona)
lumnare
spiridu
ghirland
ornamente, globuri
sacul lui Mo Crciun
ninge
plou
cu zpad
Anul Nou
seara de anul Nou
ziua de anul Nou
Pate
iepuraul de Pate
ou de Pate
biblie
rstignire
nviere
cruce
ururi
ghea
tunet
fulger
val
furtun
furtunos
nsorit
cu vnt
vnt
viscol
ploios
ploaie
foc
pictur de ploaie
pictur
evantai, ventilator
foc
pmnt
47

water
forest
cave
field
path
hill
lake
river
ocean
sea
pond
puddle
waterfall
desert
mountain
underwater
space
zoo
seashore
stone
cliff
village
view
lanscape
flood
dry
drought
thunderstorm
elder
retired
adult
young adult
life stage
whiteout
paperclip
holepunch
stapler
folder
theatre
new moon
moon

ap
pdure
peter
cmp
crare
deal
lac
ru
ocean
mare
iaz
balt
cascad
deert
munte
sub ap
spaiu
grdin zoologic
rm
stnc, piatr
stnc
sat
vedere, privelite
peisaj
inundaie
uscat
secet
furtun cu tunete
btrn
pensionar
adult
adult tnr
etap a vieii
past corectoare
agraf de hrtie
perforator
capsator
dosar
teatru
lun nou
lun
48

full moon
star
iron
whisk
baking tray
salt shaker
juicer
Hail
humid
Sleet
Shower
Mist
breeze
strong wind
gale
tornado
hurricane
frost
drought
heat wave
foggy
misty
icy
Fahrenheit
Climate
climate change
global warming
Celsius
degree
thermometer
humidity
temperature
rainfall
weather forecast
melt
hailstone
overcast
dull
fine
rainy
sunny

lun plin
stea
fier
musta
tav de copt
solni
storctor (de fructe/legume)
grindin
umed
lapovi
ploaie scurta
cea
briz
vnt puternic
vijelie
tornad
uragan
nghe
secet
val de caldura
nceoat
nceoat
inghetat
Fahrenheit
climat
schimbarea climei
incalzire globala
Celsius
grad
termometru
umiditate
temperatur
ploua cu galeata
prognoza meteo
topire
chiciur
nnorat
vreme urt
frumos afar
ploios
insorit
49

Drizzle

aversa

Medicine
medicin, medicament
doctor
asistent
durere
durere de urechi
durere de dini
durere de stomac
durere de cap
gt iritat
febr
tuse
rceal
grip
gips
vitamin
calciu
raz X, radiografie
perfuzie
microscop
stetoscop
trus de prim-ajutor
termometru
pilul
sering
cretere
hormon
bolnav
boal
bolnav
sntate
sntos
reacie alergic
alergie
amnezie
apendicit
artrit

medicine
doctor
nurse
ache
an earache
a toothache
a stomach ache
a headache
a sore throat
a fever
a cough
a cold
the flu
cast
vitamin
calcium
x-ray
perfusion
microscope
stethoscope
first aid kit
thermometer
pill
syringe
growth
hormone
ill
illness
sick
health
healthy
allergic reaction
allergy
amnesia
appendicitis
arthritis
50

asthma
chest pain
chicken pox
cold
cold sore
concussion
conjunctivitis
constipation
cramp
cough
cut
sickness
altitude
Acne
backache
bleeding
blister
boil
broken
bronchitis
bruise
cancer
dehydration
dementia
depression
diabetes
diarrheea
disease
dizziness
dizzy
fever
food poisoning
fracture
frostbite
injury
ingrown toenail
insomnia
leukaemia
lump
measles
meningitis

astm
durere n piept
varicel
rceal
herpes
contuzie
conjuctivit
constipaie
cramp
tuse
tietur
boal
altitudine
acnee
durere de spate
sngerare
bic
bub
rupt
bronit
vntaie
cancer
deshidratare
demen
depresie
diabet
diaree
boal
ameeal
ameit
febr
toxiinfecie alimentar
fractur
degertur
ran
unghie de la picior ncarnat
insomnie
leucemie
cucui
pojar
meningit
51

gout
headache
hay fever
heart attack
heart disease
Nausea
Mumps
Pneumonia
Polio
Rabies
rash
rheumatism
infection
inflammation
indigestion
sprain
splinter
sore throat
spots
stress
stroke
sunburn
swelling
tonsillitis
tuberculosis
virus
antibiotics
prescription
medicine
pill
tablet
Surgeon
patient
operation
ward
surgery
well
painful
pain
unconscious
swollen

gut
durere de cap
alergie la polen
atac de inim/cord
boal de inim
grea
oreion
pneumonie
poliomielit
rabie
iritaie
reumatism
infecie
inflamaie
indigestie
a scrnti
hemoragia unghiei
gt iritat
pete
stres
atac
arsur solar
umfltur
amigdalit
tuberculoz
virus
antibiotice
reet de medicamente
medicament, medicin
pastil, pilul
tablet
chirurg
pacient
operaie
salon de spital
operaie
bine, sntos
dureros
durere
incontient
umflat, imflamat
52

septic
inflamed
infected
appointment
waiting room
blood pressure
blood sample
pulse
blind
deaf
partially sighted
disabled
paralysed
pregnancy
injection
to give birth
puss
scar
stitches
wound
bandage
crutches
hearing aid
sling
splint
wheelchair
bandages
eye drops
first aid kit
lip balm sau lip salve
sleeping tablets
tissues
vitamin pills
baby foods
baby wipes
hot water bottle
sun cream
paracetamol
painkillers
plasters
freckles

septic
inflamat
infectat
programare
camer de ateptare
tensiune arterial
analiz de snge
puls
orb
surd
cu vedere parial
cu dizabiliti
paralizat
sarcin
infecie
a da natere
puroi
cicatrice
suturi, custuri
ran
bandaj
crje
aparat auditiv
bandaj elastic
atel
scaun cu rotile
bandaje
picturi de ochi
trus de prim-ajutor
balsam de buze
somnifere
erveele
vitamine
mncare de bebelui
erveele de bebelui
sticl cu ap fierbinte
crem de soare
paracetamol
calmante
plasturi
pistrui
53

jaw
earlobe
eardrum
wrinkles
Adam's apple
Armpit
Breast
sole
waist
appendix
bladder
blood vessel
brain
cartilage
heart
intestines
large intestine
small intestine
kidney
lungs
organ
spleen
stomach
tonsils
vein
tears
urine
vomit
fat
flesh
joint
limb
nerve
windpipe
rib
rib cage
skull
blood
to cry
to hiccup
to have the hiccups

maxilar
lobul urechii
timpan
riduri
mrul lui Adam
subioar
sn
talp
talie
apendice
vezic
vas de snge, ven
creier
cartilaj
inim
intestine
intestinul gros
intestinul subire
rinichi
plmni
organ
splin
stomac
amigdale
ven
lacrimi
urin
vom
grsime
carne
ncheietur
membru
nerv
trahee
coast
cutie toracic
craniu
snge
a plnge
a sughia
a avea sughiuri
54

to sneeze
to sweat sau to perspire
to yawn
to breathe
phlegm
saliva sau spit

a strnuta
a transpira
a csca
a respira
flegm
saliv, scuipat

Feelings and adjectives


sentiment
calitate
nebun
nervos
furios
dezgustat
enervat
ncordat
plictisit
dezamgit
crud
ur
dragoste
afeciune
fric
temtor
panic
fricos
mpietrit
terifiat
ameninare
ameninat
nesigur
sigur
securitate
inferior
superior
timid
ngheat
ngrijorat

feeling
quality
mad
angry
furious
disgusted
annoyed
uptight
bored
disappointed
cruel
hate
love
affection
fear
fearful
panick
afraid
petrified
terrified
threat
threatened
insecure
secure
security
inferior
superior
timid
frozen
worried
55

unsure
shy
nervous
anxious
jealous
scared
hope
hopeless
empty
full
upset
help
helpless
courage
courageous
discouraged
hurt
use
useless
grief
despair
miserable
optimistic
pessimistic
happy
unhappy
excited
lost
found
isolated
isolation
distant
lonely
loneliness
separated
left out
picked up
dropped
detached
forgotten
solitary

nesigur
timid
nervos, agitat
nerbdtor
gelos
speriat
speran
fr speran
gol
plin
suprat
ajutor
fr ajutor, neajutorat
curaj
curajos
descurajat
rnit
folos
fr folos
jale
disperare
mizerabil
optimist
pesimist
fericit
nefericit
ncntat
pierdut
gsit
izolat
izolare
distant
singur
singurtate
separat
lsat pe dinafar
ridicat
scpat pe jos
detaat
uitat
solitar
56

abandoned
shame
ashamed
guilt
guilty
remorse
weird
rejected
rejection
humiliated
humiliation
mortified
calm
content
discontent
cheerful
joy
joyful
amused
amusement
eager
warm
pleasant
tranquil
peace
peaceful
cold
satisfied
confusion
confused
proud
surprised
frightened
sad
sadness
brave
in love
thought
thoughtful
stubborn
distracted

abandonat
ruine
ruinat
vin
vinovat
remucare
ciudat
respins
respingere
umilit
umilire
chinuit
calm, linite
mulumit
nemulumit
voios
bucurie
bucuros
amuzat
amuzament
nerbdtor
cald
plcut
linitit
pace
mpcat
rece
mulumit, satisfcut
confuzie
confuz
mndru
surprins
speriat
trist
tristee
curajos
ndrgostit
gnd
gnditor
ncpnat
distras
57

fun
funny
hesitant
impatient
obligated
suspicious
suspance
coward
comfortable
uncomfortable
safe
unsafe
unsure
sure
depressed
disturbed
power
forgiveness
forgiving
generous
humble
kindhearted
loyal
loyalty
obedient
obedience
patience
patient
impatient
impatience
responsible
iresponsible
wise, smart
clever
intelligent
stupid
idiot
aggressive
arrogant
cold
confident

distracie
amuzant
ezitant
nerbdtor
obligat
suspicios
suspans
la
confortabil
neconfortabil
n siguran
nesiguran
nesigur
sigur
deprimat
deranjat
putere
iertare
ierttor
generos
umil
bun la inim
loial
loialitate
asculttor
ascultare
rbdare
rbdtor
nerbdtor
nerbdare
responsabil
iresponsabil
detept
iste
inteligent
stupid, prost
idiot
agresiv
arogant
rece
ncreztor
58

curious
determined
exhausted
guilty
guilt
hot
innocent
different
indifferent
interested uninterested
interesting
uninteresting
negative
positive
relieved
pain
painfull
smug
selfish
shocked
undecided
decided
depressed
bitter
gratefull
ungratefull
boring
bored
forgotten
ignored
judged
cursed
destroyed
mistreated
crushed
injured
tortured
appreciated
unapreciated
understood
misunderstood

curios
determinat, hotrt
epuizat
vinovat
vin
fierbinte, cald
inocent
diferit
indiferent
interesat
interesant
neinteresant
negativ
pozitiv
uurat
durere
dureros
ncrezut
egoist
ocat
nedecis, indecis, nehotrt
decis
deprimat
amar
recunosctor
nerecunosctor
plictisitor
plictisit
uitat
ignorat
judecat
blestemat
distrus
tratat ru
zdrobit
rnit (fizic)
torturat
apreciat
neapreciat
neles
neneles
59

understanding
misunderstanding
accepted
unnaccepted
blessed
loved
saved
weak
weakness
worth
worthless
ugly
beautiful
pressure
pressured
force
forced
stress
stressed
strong
prepared
unprepared
value
valuable
beauty
relaxed
relaxation
drained
dry
dull
paralyzed
fatigue
fatigued
inspiration
inspired
new
renewed
old
healthy
health
sick

nelegere
nenelegere
acceptat
neacceptat
binecuvntat
iubit
salvat
slab (la for)
slbiciune
valoare
fr valoare
urt
frumos
presiune
presat
for
forat
stres
stresat
puternic
pregtit
nepregtit
valoare
valoros
frumusee
relaxat
relaxare
uscat, secat
uscat, sec
mat, fr via
paralizat
oboseal
obosit
inspiraie
inspirat
nou
rennoit
btrn, vechi
sntos
sntate
bolnav
60

sickness
fresh
refresh
overwhelmed
bewildered
wild
wilderness
resentful
slow
fast
wonder
wonderful
extraordinary

boal
proaspt
remproptare
copleit
nslbticit
slbatic
slbticie
rzbuntor
ncet
repede
minune
minunat
extraordinar

Opposites (Antonymes)
opus
antonim
sub
admir
detest
ador, iubete
urte
afirm
neag
dup
nainte
treaz
adormit
viu
mort
permite
interzice
singur
mpreun
antic
modern
rspuns
ntrebare

opposite
antonym
below
admire
detest
adore, love
hate
afirm
deny
after
before
awake
asleep
alive
dead
allow
forbid
alone
together
ancient
modern
answer
question
61

argue
agree
arrive
leave
depart
attack
defend
attract
repel
awkward
graceful
back
front
bad
good
bare
covered
beautiful
ugly
wonderfull
horrible
big
small, little
better
worse
birth
death
bitter
sweet
black
white
body
soul
bottom
top
brave
coward
break
repaired
brief
long

ceart
acord
ajunge
pleac
deprteaz
atac
aprare
atrage
respinge
ciudat
graios
spate
fa
ru
bun
dezgolit, dezbrcat
acoperit
frumos
urt
minunat
oribil
mare
mic
mai bine
mai ru
natere
moarte
amar
dulce
negru
alb
corp
suflet
fund, capt
vrf
curajos
la
spart, rupt
reparat
scurt
lung
62

boy
girl
woman
man
bright
dull
buy
sell
bring
remove
cause
effect
center
middle
edge
cheap
expensive
child
adult
young
old
clean
dirty
close
open
chilly
warm
cold
hot
frozen
complex
simple
crazy
sane
compliment
insult
copy
original
crooked
straight
cruel

biat
fat
femeie
brbat
luminos
fr via
cumpr
vinde
aduce
nltur
cauz
efect
centru
mijloc
margine
ieftin
scump
copil
adult
tnr
btrn
curat
murdar
nchis
deschis
rcoros
cldu
rece
fierbinte
ngheat
complex
simplu
nebun
sntos (la minte)
compliment
insult
copie
original
strmb
drept
crud
63

kind
malefic
cry
laugh
continue
interrupt
curse
blessing
dark
dawn
sunset
sunlight
dark
light
moonlight
day
night
deep
shallow
create
destroy
begin
end
evening
morning
noon
midnight
odd
even
elementary
advanced
east
west
north
south
sky
horizon
ground
earth
smart
dumb

bun
malefic
plnge
rde
continu
ntrerupe
blestem
binecuvntare
ntuneric
rsrit
apus
lumina soarelui
ntunecat
lumin
lumina lunii
zi
noapte
adnc
superficial
creeaz
distruge
ncepe
sfrit
sear
diminea
amiaz
miezul nopii
impar
par
elementar
avansat
est
vest
nord
sud
cer
orizont
pmnt
Pmnt
detept
prostu
64

sober
drunk
trust
doubt
bright
dim
easy
difficult
evil
good
expand
shrink
fail
pass
success
fancy
casual
plain
common
fast
slow
fat
thin
weak
athletic
find
lose
finish
start
fix
repair
follow
lead
blame
forgive
fresh
stale
friend
enemy
full
empty

treaz
beat
ncredere
ndoial
luminos
puin luminos
uor
dificil
malefic
bun
mrit
micorat
eec
trecere
succes
elegant
de zi cu zi
normal
comun
repede
ncet
gras
slab
slab (putere)
atletic
gsire
pierdere
termin
ncepe
fixare
repar
urmrete
conduce
vin
iart
proaspt
sttut
prieten
duman
plin
gol
65

new
old
low
high
fun
boring
tall
short
strong
weak
long
wet
dry
late
early
fake, false
true
heavy
light
near
far
noisy, loudly
quiet
poor
rich
real
fantasy, ireal
sick
healthy
soft
hard
sad
happy
energetic
tired
left
right
wrong
correct
faithful
honest

nou
vechi
jos
nalt
distracie
plictisitor
nalt
scund
puternic
slab
lung
ud
uscat
trziu
devrem
fals
adevrat
greu
uor, lumin
aproape
departe
glgios
linite
srac
bogat
real
fantastic, ireal
bolnav
sntos
moale
tare
trist
fericit
energic
obosit
stnga
dreapta
greit
corect
credincios
onest, cinstit
66

dishnest
peace
war
power
joy
grace
pray
mercy

necinstit
pace
rzboi
putere
bucurie
rugaciune
mila

The 5 senses, verbs


sim
miros
atingere
vedere
gust
auz
a merge la culcare
a se trezi
sforit
somn
somn adnc
adormit
vis
comar
a-i spla faa
cscat
a-i peria prul
a-i pieptna prul
a-i usca prul
a-i aranja prul
a face baie
a face du
a merge la coal
a merge la serviciu cu maina
a aspira
a spla haine
a ntinde haine
a trage un pui de somn
a te juca cu colegii

sense
smell
touch
sight
taste
hearing
go to bed
wake up
snore
sleep
sound asleep
asleep
dream
nightmare
to wash your face
yawn
to brush your hair
to comb your hair
to dry your hair
to style your hair
take a bath
take a shower
go to school
drive to work
vacuum
wash the clothes
hang the clothes
take a nap
play with peers
67

mop floors
watch T.V.
do the laundry
laundry
to talk
brush your teeth
wash your hands
verbs
to walk
to go
to go for a walk
to breathe
to run
to play
to sleep
to read
to write
to jump
to ride
to talk
to cry
to laugh
to climb
to cook
to wait
to watch
to dance
to fight
to drink
to eat
to listen
to throw away
to throw
to open
to close
to turn on
to turn off
to pull
to push
to think
to win

a spla pe jos
a se uita la TV
a spla hainele
haine murdare
a vorbi
a te spla pe dini
a-i spla minile
verbe
a se plimba
a merge
a face o plimbare
a respira
a alerga
a se juca
a dormi
a citi
a scrie
a sri
a clri
a vorbi
a plnge
a rde
a se cra
a gti
a atepta
a se uita
a dansa
a lupta
a bea
a mnca
a asculta
a arunca la gunoi
a arunca
a deschide
a nchide
a porni/deschide
a opri/nchide
a cnta
a trage
a gndi
a ctiga
68

to lose
to give
to wash
to sit down
to stand up
to drop
to pick up
to work
to rest
to hug, cuddle
to swim
to beat
to clap your hands
to wave your arms
to crawl
to close your eyes
to open your eyes
to smile
to caress
to dig
to feed
to build
to sink
to float
to take away
to grow up
to ask
to question
to fall
to kick
to knock
to turn around
left
right
to make the bed
to take the rabbish out
rubbish, garbage
to wash dishes
to paint
to draw
to listen to music

a pierde
a da
a spla
a sta jos
a sta n picioare
a scpa pe jos
a ridica
a munci
a se odihni
a mbria
a nota
a bate
a bate din palme
a-i flutura minile
a se tr
a nchide ochii
a deschide ochii
a zmbi
a mngia
a spa
a hrni
a construi
a scufunda
a pluti
a duce departe
a crete (mare)
a ntreba
a ntreba/chestiona
a cdea
a lovi
a bate (n ceva), a ciocni
a se ntoarce
stnga
dreapta
a face patul
a duce gunoiul
gunoi, mizerie
a spla vasele
a picta
a desena
a asculta muzic
69

to play a game
to go camping
to go fishing
to like
to dislike
to collect things
to play cards
cards
chess
stamp your feet
rub your belly
touch your nose
tap your back
roll over
call me
too loud
too noisy
high-five
well done
great job
I hate you
I love you
I dont know
perfect
stop
look
follow me
please
hooray
I have an idea
Im bored
Im angry
Im scared
stay away
good luck
yes
no
true
false
real
imaginary

a juca un joc
a merge cu cortul
a merge la pescuit
a plcea
a displcea
a colecta/coleciona lucruri
a juca cri
cri (de joc)
ah
bate din picioare
freac-te pe burt
atinge-i nasul
a te bate pe spate
a te rostogoli
sun-m
prea tare
prea glgios
bate palma (bate 5-ul)
bine fcut
buna treaba
te ursc
te iubesc
nu tiu
perfect
oprete-te
uite
urmrete-m
te rog
ura
am o idee
sunt plictisit
sunt nervos
sunt speriat
stai deoparte
noroc, noroc bun
da
nu
adevrat
fals
real
imaginar
70

Opposites
fericit - trist
ngrijorat fr griji
nervos calm
plictisit obosit
somnoros energic
vistor realist
nsetat plin
nfometat plin
murdar - curat
bolnav - sntos
amuzat srrios
dezamgit mplinit
impresionat neimpresionat
tnr btrn
puternic slab
nalt scund
greu uor
tare moale
gras slab
repede ncet
gol plin
aproape - departe
curat murdar
mare- mic
urt frumos
confuz
isteric
extenuat
impresionant
neimpresionant
vocabular
cuvinte
propoziii
poveste
cufr
a striga
a ipa
a nghii

happy - sad
worried-careless
angry-calm
bored-tired
sleepy-energetic
dreamy-realistic
thirsty-full
hungry-full
dirty-clean
sick-healthy
amused-serious
disappointed-accomplished
impressed-unimpressed
young-old
strong-weak
tall-short
heavy-light
hard-soft
fat-thin
fast-slow
empty-full
close-far
clean-dirty
big-small
ugly-beautiful
confused
hysterical
exhausted
impressive
unimpressive
vocabulary
words
sentences
story
chest
to scream
to yell
to swallow
71

flashlight
fluffy
feather
tail
tear
to bite
novel

lantern
pufos
pan
coad
lacrim
a muca
roman

now
then
immediately sau straight away
soon
earlier
later
never
rarely
occasionally
sometimes
often sau frequently
usually sau normally
always
every day sau daily
every week sau weekly
every month sau monthly
every year sau yearly

acum
atunci
imediat
curand
mai devreme
mai tarziu
niciodata
rar
ocazional
cateodata
des, frecvent
de obicei
intotdeauna
in fiecare zi
in fiecare saptamana
in fiecare luna
in fiecare an

April Fools' Day


New Year's Day
Thanksgiving
Halloween
Saint Patrick's Day
Christmas card
Christmas present
Holly
Good Friday
Easter
Mother's Day
Valentine's Day
Father's Day
Tall
Short

Ziua pclelilor
Anul Nou (Revelionul)
Ziua Recunotinei
Halloween
Ziua Sfntului Patrick
cadou de Crciun
felicitare de Crciun
sfnt
Vinerea Mare
Patele
Ziua mamei
Ziua ndrgostiilor
Ziua tatlui
nalt
scund
72

Slim
Thin
Fat
Obese
well built
redhead
overweight
medium heigh
well-dressed
scruffy
good-looking
attractive
pretty
handsome
middle-aged
straight hair
curly hair
short hair
long hair
fair-haired
brown-haired
dark-haired
ginger-haired
blonde
brunette
worried
cautious
fed up
pleased
delighted
surprised
astonished
relaxed
stressed
anxious
weary
sensitive
hot-headed
impulsive
cheerful
generous

slab
subire
gras
obez
bine fcut
roscat
supraponderal
nlime medie
bine mbrcat
dezordonat
arat bine
atractiv
drgu
chipe
de vrst medie
pr lung
pr scurt
pr drept
pr cre
pr deschis
aten
par inchis la culoare
rocat
blond
brunet
ngrijorat
precaut
stul
mulumit
ncntat
surprins
mut de uimire
relaxat
stresat
nerbdtor
cu capul n nori
sensibil
irascibil
impulsiv
bucuros
generos
73

bad-tempered
clever
outgoing
corrupt
disobedient
obedient
talented
modest
conceited
friendly
unfriendly
crude
sophisticated
impatient
patient
witty
funny
polite
emotional
impolite
bad-mannered
rude
easy-going
adventurous
depressed
leather jacket
blazer
countryside
valley
field
bog
swamp
ditch
farm
bridge
jungle
rainforest
volcano
radiation
dam
wind farm

temperamental
iste
sociabil
corupt
neasculttor
asculttor
talentat
modest
mndru (arogant)

prietenos
neprietenos
crud
sofisticat
nerbdtor
rbdtor
inventiv, nostim
amuzant
politicos
emotiv
nepoliticos
nemanierat/fr maniere
obraznic
de treab
aventurier
deprimat
geac de piele
sacou
zon rural
vale
cmp
mlatin, nmol
mlatin
an
ferm
pod
jungl
pdure tropical
vulcan
radiaii
baraj
moara de vnt
74

mine
agriculture
barn
crop
harvest
hay
wheat
to plough
island
lighthouse
country
city
village
tsunami
avalanche
landslide
capital city/capital
border
North Pole
South Pole
Equator
pollution
atmosphere
environment
population
energy
unemployment
landscape
malnutrition
migration
poverty
economy
urban
trade
sand
sand dune
crater
nuclear
energy
waterfall
back door

min
agricultur
hambar
loca pt. Plant/recolt
recolt, de cules
fn
gru
a ara
insul
far
ar
ora
sat
tsunami
avalan
aluncare de teren
capital
grani
Polul Nord
Polul Sud
Ecuador
poluare
atmosfer
mediu nconjurtor
populaie
energie
omaj
privelite
malnutriie
migrare
srcie
economie
urban
trg, schimb
nisip
dun de nisip
crater
nuclear
energie
cascada
ua din spate
75

doorbell
drainpipe
greenhouse
gravel
flowerpot
drain
back garden
water bill
gas bill
electricity bill
telephone bill
upstairs
downstairs
stairs
front door
lawn
hedge
logs
orchard
patio
plants
shed
trampoline
to mow the lawn
bottle opener
Corkscrew
axe
hoe
hose
rake
shears
watering can
wheelbarrow
sink
grill
plug
shelf
Bedside table
coat stand
coat hanger
wallpaper

sonerie
eav de scurgere
ser
pietri
ghiveci pt. flori
scurgere
grdina din spatele casei
factura la ap
factura la gaz
factura la electricitate/curent
factura la telefon
sus pe scri
jos pe scri
scri
ua din fa
peluz
gard viu/verde
buteni
livad
terasa, grdin acoperit
plante
magazie
trambulin
a tunde iarba/peluza
desfctor de sticle
tirbuon
topor
sap
furtun
grebl
foarfeci de grdin
stropitoare
roab
chiuvet
grtar
dop
raft
noptier
suport de haine
cuier
tapet
76

rug
sheet
tablecloth
pillowcase
iron
radio
mattress
carpet
lighter
matches
needle
safety pin
stamps
bleach
detergent
hammer
drill
file
ladder
saw
to screw in
to unscrew
to tighten
paint
wire
pipe
rusty
by bicycle
by boat
by car
by bus
by coach
by ferry
by motorcycle
by plane
by train
on foot
delay
to visit
to travel
to depart

covor
cearceaf
fa de mas
fa de pern
fier de clcat
radio
saltea
mochet
brichet
chibrite
ac
ac de siguran
timbre
nlbitor
detergent
ciocan
main de gurit
pil
scar
fierstru
a nuruba
a dezuruba
a strnge
vopsea
srm
eav
ruginit
cu bicicleta
cu barca
cu maina
cu autobusul
cu autocarul
cu feribotul
cu motocicleta
cu avionul
cu trenul
pe jos
ntrziere
a vizita
a cltori
a pleca
77

corner
crossroads
pavement
road sign
pedestrian crossing
to crash
to have an accident
to skid
petrol
parking ticket
parking space
to park
diesel
car wash
minibus
passenger
pedestrian
steering wheel
battery
brakes
clutch pedal
engine
headlamps
seatbelt
tyre
wheel
windscreen
flight
to take off
landing
arrivals
to miss a flight
to land
to fly
seasick
cruise
wing
propeller
aisle
crew
lifeboat

colt
intersecie
trotuar
semn de circulaie
trecere de pietoni
a se prbui
a avea accident
a derapa
petrol
tichet de parcare
loc de parcare
a parca
motorin
spltorie auto
microbuz
pasager
pieton
volan
baterie
frne
ambreiaj
motor
faruri
centur de siguran
cauciuc
roat
parbriz
zbor
a decola
aterizare
sosiri
a pierde zborul
a ateriza
a zbura
ru de main
croazier
arip
elice
culoar
echipaj
barc de salvare
78

life jacket
North
Northeast
East
Southeast
South
Southwest
West
Northwest
Map
Compass
to read a compass
to book
gym
to check out
to check in
fire escape
wake-up call
doorman
fire alarm
safe
housekeeper
receptionist
Guesthouse
reception
Mouldy
Off, expired
Rotten
Ripe
Unripe
Tender
Tough
pat
liver
kidney
to prepare a meal
to wipe the table
to leave the table
to clear the table
to come to the table
to lay the table sau to set the table

vest de salvare
nord
nord-est
est
sud-est
sud
sud-vest
vest
nord-vest
hart
busol
a citi busola
a rezerva
gimnastic
a elibera camera
a se caza
ieire de urgen/incendiu
apel de trezire
portar
alarm de incendiu
seif
menajer
recepionist
cas de oaspei
recepie
mucegit
expirat
putrezit
copt
necopt
moale
tare
pateu
ficat
rinichi
a pregti masa
a terge masa
a prsi masa
a elibera masa
a veni la mas
a intinde/pregti masa
79

recipe
ingredient
to have dinner
to have lunch
to have breakfast
fig
anchovy
blue cheese
cottage cheese
icing sugar
pastry
yeast
sage
rosemary
thyme
cinnamon
cumin
tip
dish of the day
soup of the day
stew
cheap
customer
discount
expensive
price
sale
shop
shopping bag
shopping list
special offer
to order
to sell
to buy
to go shopping
basket
fitting room
stockroom
trolley
cashier
cash

reet
ingredient
a lua cina
a lua prnzul
a lua micul dejun
smochin
anoa
brnz cu mucegai albastru
brnz de cas
zahr pudr
aluat(dough-coca de aluat)
drojdie
salvie
rozmarin
cimbru
scorioar
chimen
baci
meniul zilei
supa zilei
tocan
ieftin
client
reducere
scump
pre
vnzare
magazin
plas de cumprturi
list de cumprturi
ofert special
a comanda
a vinde
a cumpra
a merge la cumprturi
co
cabin de prob
depozit
crucior de cumprturi
casier
bani numerar
80

change
complaint
in stock
out of stock
queue
receipt
refund
bakery
aerobics
bowls
climbing
diving
fishing
gymnastics
hunting
goal
result
score
match
game
to win
to lose
to watch
winner
loser
opponent
checkmate
competition
umpire
victory
defeat
draw
to play away
to play at home
Beat
harmony
lyrics
tune
note
rhythm
speakers

rest, schimb de bani


plngere, reclamaie
n stoc
stoc epuizat
rnd, linie
factur
restituire
brutrie
aerobic
popice
crri
scufundri
pescuit
gimnastic
vntoare
gol
rezultat
scor
meci
joc
a ctiga
a pierde
a privi, urmri
ctigtor
pierztor
oponent
ah-mat
competiie
arbitru
victorie
nfrngere
remiz
a juca n deplasare
a juca acas
ritm
armonie
versuri
melodie
not
ritm
boxe
81

choir
composer
performer
love song
Guitarist
Drummer
pianist
track
stage
song
voice
accordion
loud
quiet
trumpet
razor
razorblade
shaving cream
shampoo
shower gel
soap
to bleed
to catch a cold
to heal
to hurt
to limp
aftershave
conditioner
dental floss
tweezers
cotton wool
eyeliner
eyeshadow
face powder
foundation
hair colouring/hair
hair gel
hair spray
hair wax
hand cream
lip gloss

cor
compozitor
cntre
cntec de dragoste
chitarist
toboar
pianist
pies pe cd
scen
melodie, cntec
voce
acordeon
tare
ncet
trompet
aparat de ras
lam de ras
crem de ras
ampon
gel de du
spun
a sngera
a prinde o rceal
a se vindeca
a durea
a chiopta
loiune dup ras
balsam de pr
a dentar
penset
vat
creion de ochi
fard de ochi
pudr de fa
fond de ten
vopsea de pr
gel de pr
fixativ de pr
cear de pr
crem de mini
luciu de buze
82

lipstick
make - up
deodorant
hairbrush
mouthwash
nail file
nail scissors
perfume
mascara
moisturising cream
nail varnish/polish
nail varnish remover
aspirin
antiseptic
unfair
fair
terrible
excellent
nasty
important
unimportant
unlucky
lucky
many
few
loose
tight
open
closed
early
late
wide
broad
narrow
thin
thick
to type
to print
database
lower case letter
upper case letter/capital letter

ruj de buze
machiaj
deodorant
perie de pr
ap de gur
pil de unghii
forfecu de unghii
parfum
rimel
crem hidratant
lac de unghii
aceton/ soluie de ndeprtat lacul
aspirin
antiseptic
nedrept
drept, corect
teribil
excelent
obraznic
important
neimportant
nenorocos
norocos
multe
puine
slbit, destrns
strns
deschis
nchis
devreme
trziu
lat
larg
ngust
subire
gros
a bate la main/scrie
a imprima
baz de date
liter mic
liter mare
83

memory
virus
to plug in
to forward
password
username
email address
network
document
file
folder
to download
to upload/to charge
to browse the Internet
speakers
cable
printer
monitor
screen
keyboard
mouse
phone number
phone card
phone book
off the hook
message
fault
operator
personal call
to text
to call someone back
to send a text message
to put the phone on loudspeaker
to leave a message
to hang up
to dial a number
to be cut off
to call sau to phone
battery
voicemail
gram

memorie
virus
a bga n priz, a conecta
a trimite mai departe
parol
nume de utilizator
adres de email
reea
document
fi
dosar
a descrca
a ncrca
a cuta pe internet
boxe
cablu
imprimant
monitor
ecran
tastatur
mouse
numr de telefon
cartel de telefon
carte de telefon
scos din furc/telefonul/
mesaj
eroare
operator
telefon personal
a scrie un mesaj
a suna pe cineva napoi
a trimite un mesaj
a pune telefonul pe difuzor
a lsa un mesaj
a nchide telefonul
a forma un numr
a pierde legtura
a suna la telefon
baterie
mesagerie vocal
gram
84

kilo
tonne
millimetre
centimetre
metre
kilometre
millilitre
litre
inch
foot
mile
plus
minus
equal
multiplied by
divided by
squared
cubed
square root
sphere
equation
formula
solution
problem
proof
theorem
percentage
percent
decimal
cube
fraction
even number
odd number
algebra
geometry
calculus
arithmetic
total
to calculate
length
height

kilogram
ton
milimetru
centimetru
metru
kilometru
mililitru
litru
inci
picior
mil
plus
minus
egal
nmulit cu
mprit la
ptratul /numrului/
cubul nr.
rdcina ptrat/radical
sfer
ecuaie
formul
soluie
problem
dovad
teorem
procentaj
procent
zecimal
cub
fracie
numr par
numr impar
algebr
geometrie
calcul
aritmetic
total
a calcula
lungime
nlime
85

width
perimeter
weight
volume
diameter
circumference
average
Addition
subtraction
multiplication
division
area
probability
dimensions
Mathematics
water
steam
ice
soil
smoke
rubber
paper
mud
fibreglass
dust
clay
chalk
cardboard
hydrogen
tin foil
steel
silver
platinum
mercury
magnesium
lead
iron
gold
copper
bronze
aluminium

lime
perimetru
greutate
volum
diametru
circumferin
medie
adunare
scdere
multiplicare/nmulire
mprire
arie
probabilitate
dimensiune
matematic
ap
abur
ghea
sol
fum
cauciuc
hrtie
noroi, nmol
fibr de sticl
praf
argil
cret
cutie de carton
hidrogen
folie de aluminiu
oel
argint
platin
mercur
magneziu
plumb
fier
aur
cupru
bronz
aluminiu
86

wood
stone
slate
sand
polyester
silk
wool
charcoal
coal
gas
oil
petrol
ash
plastic
metal
marble
gravel
glass
concrete
cement
brick
oxygen
cloth
cotton
lace
leather
linen
nylon
palm tree
fruit tree
trunk
twig
tree stump
pine cone
branch
thorn
leaf
petal
pollen
bud
berry

lemn
piatr
gresie
nisip
poliester
mtase
ln
mangal
crbune
benzin
ulei
petrol
cenu
plastic
metal
marmur
pietri
sticl
beton
ciment
crmid
oxigen
pnz
bumbac
dantel
piele
pnz de in
nailon
palmier
copac fructifer
trunchi
rmuric
ciot de copac
con de pin
ramur, crang
spin
frunz
petal
polen
boboc, mugur
boab
87

bunch of flowers
oak
pine
weeping willow
willow
rose
poppy
pansy
orchid
seed
lily
forget-me-not
dandelion
daisy
daffodil
snowdrop
weed
toadstool (scaunul broatei rioase)
shrub
nettle
moss
poison ivy
ivy
herbs
grass
fern
cactus
bush
wild flower
carnation
chrysanthemum

grmad/buchet de flori
stejar
pin
salcie plngtoare
salcie
trandafir
mac
panselu
orhidee
smn
crin
floare de-nu-m-uita
ppdie
margaret
narcis
ghiocel
buruian
ciuperc otrvitoare/plria arpelui
arbust
urzic
muchi
ieder otrvitoare
ieder
ierburi
iarb
ferig
cactus
tufi
floare slbatic
garoaf
crizantem

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

English grammar notebook


(Caiet de gramatic englez)
Persoanele (Persons)
I= eu

me= pe mine

You= tu

him= pe el

He= el

her= pe ea

She= ea

us= pe noi

It= el/ea (pentru lucruri si animale)

them= pe ei/ele

We= noi
You= voi

sg= singular

They= ei/ele

pl= plural

,, I n limba englez se scrie ntotdeauna cu liter mare, oriunde s-ar afla


n propoziie.
Persoanele
I = eu
You = tu
He = el
She = ea
It (lucruri si animale) =el/ea
We = noi
You = voi
They = ei/ele

Pronume folosit inaintea


substantivului
My = meu, mea
Your = ta, tu
His = lui
Her = ei
Its = lui, ei
Our = noastr, nostru
Your = voastr, vostru
Their = lor

Pronume folosit in locul


substantivului
Mine = a mea, al meu
Yours = a ta, al tu
His = a lui
Hers = a ei
Its = a lui/a ei
Ours = a noastr, al nostru
Yours =a voastr, al vostru
Theirs = a lor, al lor

Exemple:
1). I am a girl. = Eu sunt o fat.
This is my doll/my tea. = Aceasta este ppua mea./ Acesta este ceaiul meu.
This doll/tea is mine. = Aceast ppu este a mea./ Acest ceai este al meu.
2). You are a girl. = Tu eti o fat.
This is your doll/your tea. = Aceasta este ppua ta./ Acesta este ceaiul tu.
This doll/tea is yours. = Aceast ppu este a ta. /Acest ceai este al tu.
3). He is a boy. = El este un biat.
This is his toy. = Aceasta este jucria lui.
This toy is his. = Aceast jucrie este a lui.
100

4). She is a girl. = Ea este o fat.


This is her doll. = Aceasta este ppua ei.
This doll/tea is hers. = Aceast ppu este a ei./Acest ceai este al ei.
5). It is a dog. = (El/Ea) Este un cine.
This is its toy. = Aceasta este jucria lui/ei.
This toy is its. =Aceast jucrie este a lui/a ei.
6). We are children. = Noi suntem copii.
This is our doll/tea. = Aceasta este ppua noastr./ Acesta este ceaiul nostru.
This doll/tea is ours. = Aceast ppu este a noastr./ Acest ceai este al nostru.
7). You are children. = Voi suntei copii.
This is your doll/tea. = Aceasta este ppua voastr./ Acesta este ceaiul vostru.
This doll/tea is yours. = Aceast ppu este a voastr./ Acest ceai este al vostru.
8). They are children. = Ei/Ele sunt copii.
This is their doll/tea. = Aceasta este ppua lor./ Acesta este ceaiul lor.
This doll/tea is theirs. = Aceast ppu este a lor./ Acest ceai este al lor.

Verbul TO BE (A FI)
Afirmativ (form lung=form scurt=traducere in limba romn)
I am = Im = Eu sunt
You are = Youre = Tu eti
He is = Hes = El este
She is = Shes = Ea este
It is = Its = El/ea este(pentru lucruri i animale)
We are =Were = Noi suntem
You are = Youre = Voi suntei
They are =Theyre = Ei/ele sunt

- 101 -

Negativ (form lung=form scurtx2=traducere in limba romn)


I am not = Im not = Eu nu sunt
You are not =Youre not = You arent = Tu nu eti
He is not = Hes not = He isnt = El nu este
She is not = Shes not = She isnt = Ea nu este
It is not = Its not = It isnt = El/Ea nu este (lucruri si animale)
We are not = Were not = We arent = Noi nu suntem
You are not =Youre not = You arent = Voi nu suntei
They are not = Theyre not = They arent = Ei/ele nu sunt

Interogativ (forma lung=traducere)


Am I ? = Sunt eu ?
Are you ? =Eti tu ?
Is he ? = Este el ?
Is she ? = Este ea ?
Is it ? = Este el/ea ? (lucruri i animale)
Are we ? = Suntem noi ?
Are you ? = Suntei voi ?
Are they ? = Sunt ei/ele ?

Substantivele = cuvinte care arat obiecte, fiine, animale, fenomene ale naturii
Adjectivele = cuvinte care arat o nsuire a unui substantiv (fiin, obiect, fenomene ale
naturii, animale, etc.)

A - An The
A=

se pune n faa substantivelor, care sunt la singular, i care n limba englez ncep cu

consoan (b, c, d, f, g, m, l, etc.).

An =

se pune n faa substantivelor, care sunt la singular, i care n limba englez ncep cu

vocal (a, e, i, o ,u, h mut).

- 102 -

A i An = se folosesc pentru a vorbi despre lucruri n general, fiinte, obiecte, animale netiute n
particular.

Exemple:

1). A dog = un cine


2). A flower = o floare

An

1). An elephant = un elefant


2). An ant = o furnic

The =

se folosete naintea substantivelor i adjectivelor pentru a pune accentul pe anumite

cuvinte care exprim lucruri, fiinte, animale, pentru a arta lucruri care se cunosc, sau despre
care se cunosc anumite detalii. The se foloseste cu cuvinte la singular si la plural.

Exemplu:

The the flower on the bed = floarea de pe pat

(care floare? de pe pat. The flower)

The black shoe = pantoful negru

This These / That Those


This + These = arat obiectele si persoanele aflate n apropiere
That + Those = arat obiectele i persoanele aflate la deprtare

This = acest, acesta, aceast, aceasta [DIS]


These = aceti, acetia, aceste, acestea [DIZ]
That = acel, acela, acea, aceea
Those = acei, aceia, acele, acelea

[DET]
[DOUZ]

- 103 -

There is There are / There is not There are not


There is = [Acolo] este
There is not = [Acolo] nu este

There = Acolo

There are = [Acolo] sunt


There are not = [Acolo] nu sunt
Form scurt:
Theres
Theres not = There isnt
There are
There arent
Exemplu:
1). There is an apple on the bed. = [Acolo] Este un mr pe pat.
2). There isnt a lion on the bed. = [Acolo] Nu este un leu pe pat.
3). There are two cats in the tree. = [Acolo] Sunt 3 pisici n copac.
4). There arent 3 sheeps in the tree. = [Acolo] Nu sunt 3 oi n copac.

Question words
Cuvinte cu ajutorul crora se pun intrebri
What = ce
Who = cine
Whom = pe cine
Which = care
When = cnd
Where = unde
Why = de ce
Whose = al cui
How =cum
How much = ct de mult (substantive nenumrabile)
How many = ct de mult (substantive numrabile)
- 104 -

Prepositions
Prepoziii
On = pe

(The cat is on the bed. = Pisica este pe pat.)

In = n

(The cat is in the box. = Pisica este n cutie.)

Inside = nuntru

(The cat is inside the house. = Pisica este nuntrul casei.)

Outside = n afara

(The cat is outside the house.= Pisica este n afara casei.)

Behind = n spatele (The cat is behind the box. = Pisica este n spatele cutiei.)
Under = sub

(The cat is under the box. = Pisica este sub cutie.)

Above = deasupra

(The cat is above the box. = Pisica este deasupra cutiei.)

At = la

(The cat is at the vet. = Pisica este la veterinar.)

From = de la

(The cat came from the vet. = Pisica a venit de la veterinar.)

In front of = n faa (The cat is in front of the house. = Pisica este n faa casei.)
Between = ntre

(The cat is between the dog and the rooster. = Pisica este ntre cine

i coco.)

Near = n apropiere

(The cat is near the house. = Pisica este n apropierea casei.)

Next to = lng

(The cat is next to the dog. = Pi sica este lang cine.)

Over = peste

(The cat is over the box. = Pisica este peste cutie.)

The plurals
Pluralul n limba englez
n general n limba englez, cnd vrem s menionm mai multe lucruri de acelai fel, mai multe
buci dintr-un obiect, trebuie s punem cuvntul care arat obiectul de la singular, la plural.
De cele mai multe ori pluralul se formeaz adugnd un ,,-s la forma de singular a cuvntului.
Exemplu: one penguin (singular) four penguins (plural)
un pinguin (singular) patru pinguini (plural)
Exist ns i excepii:
1). Substantive care se termin n
,,Consoan + Y - ies (deci ,, Y se transform n ,,I i se adaug ,, -es)
Ex. Baby (singular)
Bebelu

Babies (plural)
Bebelui

- 105 -

2).Substantive care se termin n


,,Vocal (a,e,i,o,u) + Y
Ex. Boy (singular)
Biat

,,s

Boys (plural)

Biei

3). Substantivele care se termin n

,,f sau ,,fe, la plural, ,,f se transform n ,,v i se adaug ,,-es


Ex. Leaf (sngular)
Frunz

leaves (plural)
frunze

Ex. Housewife (singular)


Soie

housewives (plural)

soii

4). Substantivele care se termin la singular, n urmtoarele litere: ,,-s, ,,-ss, ,,-ch, ,,-sh, ,,-x,
,,-o, la plural, vor deveni ,,form singular+ -es
Ex.

Box (singular) boxes (plural) (cutie-cutii)

5).Pluralele iregulate
a). Exist n limba englez i substantive care au aceeai forma la singular i la plural.
Ex. Sheep (singular) sheep (plural)
Oaie

oi

b). Exist ns i substantive care au forme diferite la singular i la plural i care nu


respect nicio regul din cele de mai sus.
Ex. Tooth (singular)
Dinte

teeth (plural)

dini

- 106 -

List de cuvinte cu plural iregulat:

Lb. Romn singular/plural

Lb. Englez - singular

Lb. Englez - plural

dinte dini

tooth

teeth

oarece - oareci
picior picioare (laba piciorului)
brbat brbai
femeie femei
poliist poliiti
copil copii
gsc gte
bivol bivoli
oaie oi
pete peti
capr capre (slbatice)

mouse
foot
man
woman
policeman
child
goose
ox
sheep
fish
deer

mice
feet
men
women
policemen
children
geese
oxen
sheep
fish
deer

n limba englez urmtoarele grupuri de litere se citesc n limba romn astfel:


Ch = c
Sh =
Ph = f
Th = d
Ee = i
Oo = u

Verbul HAVE GOT (A AVEA)


o
Afirmativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere in limba
romn)
I have (got) = Ive got = Eu am
You have (got) = Youve got = Tu ai
He has (got) = Hes got = El are
She has (got) = Shes got = Ea are
It has (got) = Its got = El/ea are (pentru lucruri si animale)
- 107 -

We have (got) = Weve got = Noi avem


You have (got) = Youve got = Voi avei
They have (got) = Theyve got = Ei/ele au

Negativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere in limba romn)


I have not got = I havent got = Ive not got = I do not have = I dont have = Eu nu am
You have not got= You havent got= Youve not got = You do not have = You dont have = Tu nu
ai
He has not got = He hasnt got = Hes not got = He does not have = He doesnt have = El nu are
She has not got= She hasnt got= Shes not got = She does not have= She doesnt have = Ea nu
are
It has not got = It hasnt got = Its not got = It does not have = It doesnt have = El/Ea nu are
We have not got = We havent got= Weve not got= We do not have= We dont have=Noi nu
avem
You have not got=You havent got=Youve not got=You do not have=You dont have=Voi nu
avei
They have not got = They havent got = Theyve not got = They do not have = They dont have =
Ei/Ele nu au

Interogativ (forma lung = traducere)


Have I got ? = Do I have? = Am eu ?
Have you got ? = Do you have ? = Ai tu ?
Has he got ? = Does he have ? = Are el ?
Has she got ? = Does she have ? = Are ea ?
Has it got ? = Does it have ? = Are el/ea ? (lucruri i animale)
Have we got ? = Do we have? = Avem noi ?
Have you got ? = Do you have? = Avei voi ?
Have they got ? = Do they have ? = Au ei/ele?

Have got este echivalentul lui have n patru situaii specifice. Have got poate fi nlocuit oricnd
cu have. Reciproca nu este valabil; have simplu are o mulime de alte cazuri de utilizare.

Have got se poate folosi doar la Present Simple.


- 108 -

Putem folosi have got n loc de have atunci cnd ne referim la:
Posesie
I have a beautiful house. = I have got a beautiful house.
You have a modern mobile phone. = You have got a modern mobile phone.

Trsturi fizice
He has blue eyes. = He has got blue eyes.
We have dark hair. = We have got dark hair.

Rude i relaii
She has a boyfriend. = She has got a boyfriend.
They have many cousins. = They have got many cousins.

Boli i afeciuni
I have a headache. = I have got a headache.
He has a bad cold. = He has got a bad cold.

Verbul TO DO (A FACE)
o
Afirmativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere in limba
romn)
I do = Eu fac
You do = Tu faci
He does = El face
She does = Ea face
It does = El/Ea face
We do = Noi facem
You do = Voi facei
They do = Ei/Ele fac

- 109 -

Negativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere in limba romn)

I do not = I don't = Eu nu fac


You do not = You don't = Tu nu faci
He does not = He doesn't = El nu face
She does not = She doesn't = Ea nu face
It does not = It doesn't = El/Ea nu face
We do not = We don't = Noi nu facem
You do not = You don't = Voi nu facei
They do not = They don't = Ei/ Ele nu fac

Interogativ (forma lung = traducere)


Do I ? = Fac eu ?
Do you ? = Faci tu ?
Does he ? = Face el ?
Does she ? = Face ea ?
Does it ? = Face el/ ea ?
Do we ? = Facem noi ?
Do you ? = Facei voi ?
Do they ? = Fac ei/ele ?

o Afirmativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere in limba


romn)
I like = (Mie) mi place
You like = (ie) i place
He likes = (Lui) i place
She likes = (Ei) i place
It likes = (Lui/Ei) i place
We like = (Nou) ne place
You like = (Vou) v place
They like = (Lor) le place

- 110 -

Negativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere in limba romn)

I do not like = I dont like = (Mie) nu mi place


You do not like = (ie) nu i place
He does not like = (Lui) nu i place
She does not like = (Ei) nu i place
It does not like = (Lui/Ei) nu i place
We do not like = (Nou) nu ne place
You do not like = (Vou) nu v place
They do not like = (Lor) nu le place

Interogativ (forma lung = traducere)


Do I like ? = mi place ?
Do you like ? = i place ?
Does he like ? = i place ?
Does she like ? = i place ?
Does it like ? = i place ?
Do we like ? = Ne place ?
Do you like ? = V place ?
Do they like ? = Le place ?

Verbul CAN (A PUTEA)


o Afirmativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere in limba
romn)
I can = Eu pot
You can = Tu poi
He can = El poate
She can = Ea poate
It can = El/Ea poate
We can = Noi putem
You can = Voi putei
They can = Ei/Ele pot
- 111 -

Negativ (form lung = form scurt = traducere n limba romn)

I cannot = I cant = Eu nu pot


You cannot = You cant = Tu nu poi
He cannot = He cant = El nu poate
She cannot = She cant = Ea nu poate
It cannot = It cant = El/Ea nu poate
We cannot = We cant = Noi nu putem
You cannot = You cant = Voi nu putei
They cannot = They cant = Ei/Ele nu pot

Interogativ (forma lung = traducere)


Can I ? = Pot eu ?
Can you ? = Poti tu ?
Can he ? = Poate el ?
Can she ? = Poate ea ?
Can it ? = Poate el/ea ?
Can we ? = Putem noi ?

Can you ? = Puteti voi ?

Can they ? = Pot ei/ele ?

Lista numerale cardinale


0 zero (zero, null)
1 one (unu)
2 two (doi)
3 three (trei)
4 four (patru)
5 five (cinci)
6 six (sase)
7 seven (sapte)
8 eight (opt)
9 nine (noua)
10 ten (zece)
11 eleven (unsprezece)
12 twelve (doisprezece)
13 thirteen (treisprezece)
14 fourteen (patrusprezece)
15 fifteen (cincisprezece)
16 sixteen (saisprezece)
17 seventeen (saptesprezece)

18 eighteen (optsprezece)
19 nineteen (nouasprezece)
20 twenty (douazeci)
30 thirty (treizeci)
40 forty (patruzeci)
50 fifty (cincizeci)
60 sixty (saizeci)
70 seventy (saptezeci)
80 eighty (optzeci)
90 ninety (nouazeci)
21 twenty-one (douazeci si unu)
35 thirty-five (treizeci si cinci)
68 - sixty-eight (saizeci si opt)
79 seventy-nine (saptezeci si noua)
- 112 -

89 - eighty-nine (optzeci si noua)

735 - seven hundred and thirty-five

100 one hundred (o suta)

3008 - three thousand and eight

700 seven hundred (sapte sute)


1000 - one thousand (o mie)
3000 three thousand (trei mii)
115 - a/one hundred and fifteen

Lista numerale ordinale


1 - the first

(the 1st)

2 - the second
3 - the third

(the 2th)
(the 3rd)

4 - the fourth

(the 4th)

5 - the fifth

(the 5th)

6 - the sixth

(the 6th)

7 - the seventh

(the 7th)

8 - the eigth

(the 8th)

9 - the ninth

(the 9th)

10 - the tenth

(the 10th)

11 - the eleventh

(the 11th)

12 - the twelfth

(the 12th)

13 - the thirteenth

(the 13th)

14 - the fourteenth

(the 14th)

15 - the fifteenth

(the 15th)

16 - the sixteenth

(the 16th)

17 - the seventeenth
18 - the eihteenth

(the 17th)

(the 18th)

19 - the nineteenth

(the 19th)

20 - the twentieth

(the 20th)

21 - the twenty-first
30 - the thirtieth

(the 21st)

(the 30th)

32 - the thirty-second
40 - the fortieth

(the 40th)

43 - the forty-third
50 - the fiftieth

(the 32nd)

(the 43rd)

(the 50th)

54 - the fifty-fourth

(the 54th)
- 113 -

60 - the sixtieth

(the 60th)

65 - the sixty-fifth
70 - the seventieth

(the 65th)
(the 70th)

80 - the eightieth

(the 80th)

90 - the ninetieth

(the 90th)

100 - the hundreth

(the 100th)

101 - the hundred and first

(the 101st)

1000 - the one thousandth

(the 1000th)

Numeralul distributiv (The Distributive Numeral) exprima gruparea numerica a obiectelor. Se


formeaz cu ajulorul lui by sau and.
one by one - unul cte unul
three by three - trei cte trei,

by threes - cte trei

by twos - cte doi


two and two - doi si cu doi,

three and three - trei si cu trei

Nota: Aproximarea numeric se exprim prin: about (circa), nearly (aproximativ), almost
(aproape)
Depsirea unei cifre se exprim prin: over (peste), morethan (mai mult decat /de), above
(peste).

- 114 -

Verbe neregulate n limba englez


Urmtorul tabel prezint verbele neregulate din limba englez. Unele dintre acestea au dou
variante de conjugare, regulat si neregulat. n acest caz, varianta mai folosita este trecut
prima.

Past Tense

Participiu
trecut

Traducerea
infinitivului
(sensul
principal)

arise

arose

arisen

a se ridica

awake

awoke
awaked

awoken
awaked

a se trezi

backslide

backslid

backslidden
backslid

a decdea

be

was / were

been

a fi

bear

bore

borne
born

a purta

beat

beat

beaten
beat

a bate

become

became

become

a deveni

begin

began

begun

a ncepe

bend

bent

bent

a se ndoi

bet

bet
betted

bet
betted

a paria

bid

bid
bade

bid
bidden

a licita, a porunci

bind

bound

bound

a lega

bite

bit

bitten

a musca

bleed

bled

bled

a sngera

blow

blew

blown

a sufla, a bate

break

broke

broken

a sparge

breed

bred

bred

a creste, a educa

Infinitiv
To

- 115 -

bring

brought

brought

a aduce

broadcast

broadcast
broadcasted

broadcast
broadcasted

a difuza

browbeat

browbeat

browbeaten
browbeat

a intimida

build

built

built

a construi

burn

burned
burnt

burned
burnt

a arde

burst

burst

burst

a izbucni, a nvli, a
crpa

bust

busted
bust

busted
bust

a rupe, a strica

buy

bought

bought

a cumpra

cast

cast

cast

a arunca

catch

caught

caught

a prinde

choose

chose

chosen

a alege

cling

clung

clung

a se agta

clothe

clothed
clad

clothed
clad

a (se) mbrca

come

came

come

a veni

cost

cost

cost

a costa

creep

crept

crept

a se tr, a se furisa

cut

cut

cut

a tia

daydream

daydreamed
daydreamt

daydreamed
daydreamt

a visa cu ochii deschisi

deal

dealt

dealt

a trata, a se ocupa de

dig

dug

dug

a spa

disprove

disproved

disproved
disproven

a infirma

dive

dived
dove

dived

a plonja

- 116 -

do

did

done

a face

draw

drew

drawn

a trage, a desena

dream

dreamed
dreamt

dreamed
dreamt

a visa

drink

drank

drunk

a bea

drive

drove

driven

a sofa, a mna

dwell

dwelt
dwelled

dwelt
dwelled

a locui

eat

ate

eaten

a mnca

fall

fell

fallen

a cdea

feed

fed

fed

a hrni

feel

felt

felt

a (se) simti

fight

fought

fought

a (se) lupta

find

found

found

a gsi

fit

fitted
fit

fitted
fit

a se potrivi

flee

fled

fled

a fugi, a se refugia

fling

flung

flung

a arunca

fly

flew

flown

a zbura

forbid

forbade
forbad

forbidden

a interzice

forecast

forecast
forecasted

forecast
forecasted

a prevedea

forego

forewent

foregone

a preceda

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

a prevedea

foretell

foretold

foretold

a prezice

forget

forgot

forgotten

a uita

forgive

forgave

forgiven

a ierta

forsake

forsook

forsaken

a prsi

- 117 -

freeze

froze

frozen

a ngheta

frostbite

frostbit

frostbitten

a degera

get

got

gotten

a primi, a obtine

give

gave

given

a da

go

went

gone

a merge

grind

ground

ground

a mcina

grow

grew

grown

a creste

hand-feed

hand-fed

hand-fed

a hrni cu mna

handwrite

handwrote

handwritten

a scrie de mn

hang

hung

hung

a atrna

have

had

had

a avea

hear

heard

heard

a auzi

hew

hewed

hewn
hewed

a despica

hide

hid

hidden

a (se) ascunde

hit

hit

hit

a lovi

hold

held

held

a tine

hurt

hurt

hurt

a lovi, a rni, a durea

inbreed

inbred

inbred

a procrea

inlay

inlaid

inlaid

a ncrusta

input

input
inputted

input
inputted

a introduce

interbreed

interbred

interbred

a ncrucisa

interweave

interwove
interweaved

interwoven
interweaved

a (se) ntreese

interwind

interwound

interwound

a se rsuci

jerry-build

jerry-built

jerry-built

a construi prost

keep

kept

kept

a tine, a pstra

- 118 -

kneel

knelt
kneeled

knelt
kneeled

a ngenunchia

knit

knitted
knit

knitted
knit

a tricota

know

knew

known

a sti, a cunoate

lay

laid

laid

a pune, a aseza

lead

led

led

a conduce

lean

leaned
leant

leaned
leant

a se apleca, a se
sprijini

leap

leaped
leapt

leaped
leapt

a sri

learn

learned
learnt

learned
learnt

a nvta

leave

left

left

a pleca, a lsa

lend

lent

lent

a da cu mprumut

let

let

let

a lsa, a permite

lie

lay

lain

a zcea, a se afla

light

lit
lighted

lit
lighted

a aprinde

lip-read

lip-read

lip-read

a citi pe buze

lose

lost

lost

a pierde

make

made

made

a face

mean

meant

meant

a nsemna

meet

met

met

a (se) ntlni

miscast

miscast

miscast

a distribui ntr-un rol


nepotrivit

misdeal

misdealt

misdealt

a mprti crtile
gresit

misdo

misdid

misdone

a face gresit

mishear

misheard

misheard

a auzi gresit

mislay

mislaid

mislaid

a pierde

- 119 -

mislead

misled

misled

a ndruma gresit

mislearn

mislearned
mislearnt

mislearned
mislearnt

a nvta gresit

misread

misread

misread

a citi gresit

misset

misset

misset

a aseza gresit

misspeak

misspoke

misspoken

a se exprima gresit

misspell

misspelled
misspelt

misspelled
misspelt

a ortografia gresit

misspend

misspent

misspent

a risipi

mistake

mistook

mistaken

a gresi

misteach

mistaught

mistaught

a instrui gresit

misunderstan
d

misunderstood

misunderstood

a ntelege gresit

miswrite

miswrote

miswritten

a scrie gresit

mow

mowed

mowed
mown

a cosi

offset

offset

offset

a compensa

outbid

outbid

outbid

a licita mai mult ca

outbreed

outbred

outbred

a ncrucisa cu alt
varietate

outdo

outdid

outdone

a ntrece

outdraw

outdrew

outdrawn

a scoate mai repede


ca

outdrink

outdrank

outdrunk

a bea prea mult

outfight

outfought

outfought

a lupta mai bine ca

outfly

outflew

outflown

a depsi n zbor

outgrow

outgrew

outgrown

a (se) face prea mare

outleap

outleaped
outleapt

outleaped
outleapt

a depsi n sritur

outride

outrode

outridden

a ntrece

- 120 -

outrun

outran

outrun

a ntrece

outsell

outsold

outsold

a (se) vinde mai bine


ca

outshine

outshone
outshined

outshone
outshined

a eclipsa

outshoot

outshot

outshot

a trage mai bine ca

outsing

outsang

outsung

a cnta mai bine ca

outsit

outsat

outsat

a sta mai mult dect

outsleep

outslept

outslept

a dormi prea mult

outspeak

outspoke

outspoken

a vorbi tare

outspend

outspent

outspent

a cheltui mai mult


dect

outthink

outthought

outthought

a fi mai destept ca

outthrow

outthrew

outthrown

a arunca mai bine ca

outwrite

outwrote

outwritten

a scrie mai bine ca

overbid

overbid

overbid

a supralicita

overbreed

overbred

overbred

a (se) supranmulti

overbuild

overbuilt

overbuilt

a (se) construi n
exces

overbuy

overbought

overbought

a cumpra n exces

overcome

overcame

overcome

a covrsi

overdo

overdid

overdone

a exagera

overdraw

overdrew

overdrawn

a depsi

overdrink

overdrank

overdrunk

a bea n exces

overeat

overate

overeaten

a mnca n exces

overfeed

overfed

overfed

a (se) supraalimenta

overhang

overhung

overhung

a atrna peste

overhear

overheard

overheard

a auzi din ntmplare

- 121 -

overlay

overlaid

overlaid

a pune peste

overpay

overpaid

overpaid

a plti prea mult

override

overrode

overridden

a nclca

overrun

overran

overrun

a depsi

oversee

oversaw

overseen

a supraveghea

oversell

oversold

oversold

a supraevalua

oversew

oversewed

oversewn
oversewed

a coase marginile
mpreun

overshoot

overshot

overshot

a trece peste

oversleep

overslept

overslept

a dormi prea mult

overspeak

overspoke

overspoken

a vorbi prea mult

overspend

overspent

overspent

a cheltui prea mult

overtake

overtook

overtaken

a depsi

overthrow

overthrew

overthrown

a rsturna

overwind

overwound

overwound

a rsuci prea mult

overwrite

overwrote

overwritten

a suprascrie

partake

partook

partaken

a mprtsi

pay

paid

paid

a plti

plead

pleaded
pled

pleaded
pled

a pleda

prepay

prepaid

prepaid

a plti n avans

presell

presold

presold

a vinde n avans

preset

preset

preset

a preconfigura

proofread

proofread

proofread

a corecta

prove

proved

proven
proved

a (se) dovedi

put

put

put

a pune

quick-freeze

quick-froze

quick-frozen

a nghea rapid

- 122 -

quit

quit
quitted

quit
quitted

a abandona

read

read

read

a citi

reawake

reawoke

reawaken

a se retrezi

rebroadcast

rebroadcast
rebroadcasted

rebroadcast
rebroadcasted

a redifuza

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

a reconstrui

recast

recast

recast

a remodela

recut

recut

recut

a tia din nou

redo

redid

redone

a reface

redraw

redraw

redrawn

a retrasa

refit

refitted
refit

refitted
refit

a reutila

regrow

regrow

regrown

a recreste

rehear

reheard

reheard

a reaudia

relearn

relearned
relearnt

relearned
relearnt

a renvta

relight

relit
relighted

relit
relighted

a (se) reaprinde

remake

remade

remade

a reface

repay

repaid

repaid

a recompensa

reread

reread

reread

a reciti

rerun

reran

rerun

a relua

resell

resold

resold

a revinde

resend

resent

resent

a retrimite

reset

reset

reset

a reaeza

resew

resewed

resewn
resewed

a recoase

retake

retook

retaken

a relua

reteach

retaught

retaught

a reinstrui

- 123 -

retell

retold

retold

a repovesti

rethink

rethought

rethought

a regndi

retread

retread

retread

a parcurge din nou

rewake

rewoke
rewaked

rewaken
rewaked

a (se) retrezi

rewed

rewed
rewedded

rewed
rewedded

a se recstori

rewin

rewon

rewon

a recstiga

rewind

rewound

rewound

a derula napoi

rewrite

rewrote

rewritten

a rescrie

rid

rid

rid

a scpa de, a se
descotorosi

ride

rode

ridden

a clri

ring

rang

rung

a suna

rise

rose

risen

a rsri, a se ridica

run

ran

run

a fugi

saw

sawed

sawn
sawed

a tia cu fierstrul

say

said

said

a spune

see

saw

seen

a vedea

seek

sought

sought

a cuta

sell

sold

sold

a vinde

send

sent

sent

a trimite

set

set

set

a pune

sew

sewed

sewn
sewed

a coase

shake

shook

shaken

a scutura, a tremura

shave

shaved

shaved
shaven

a (se) rade

- 124 -

shear

sheared

sheared
shorn

a tunde oi

shed

shed

shed

a vrsa (lacrimi,
snge)

shine

shone
shined

shone
shined

a strluci

shoe

shod

shod

a potcovi

shoot

shot

shot

a mpusca

show

showed

shown

a arta

shrink

shrank

shrunk

a se strnge, a se
scoroji

shut

shut

shut

a nchide

sight-read

sight-read

sight-read

a citi la prima vedere

sing

sang

sung

a cnta

sink

sank
sunk

sunk

a (se) scufunda

sit

sat

sat

a sedea

slay

slew
slayed

slain
slayed

a ucide

sleep

slept

slept

a dormi

slide

slid

slid

a aluneca

sling

slung

slung

a arunca

slink

slunk

slunk

a se furisa

slit

slit

slit

a (se) crpa

smell

smelled
smelt

smelled
smelt

a mirosi

sneak

sneaked
snuck

sneaked
snuck

a se furisa

sow

sowed

sown
sowed

a semna

speak

spoke

spoken

a vorbi

- 125 -

speed

sped
speeded

sped
speeded

a grbi, a accelera

spell

spelled
spelt

spelled
spelt

a ortografia

spellbind

spellbound

spellbound

a fermeca

spend

spent

spent

a cheltui, a petrece

spill

spilled
spilt

spilled
spilt

a vrsa

spin

spun

spun

a toarce

spit

spat
spit

spat
spit

a scuipa

split

split

split

a despica

spoil

spoiled
spolit

spoiled
spoilt

a rsfta

spoon-feed

spoon-fed

spoon-fed

a hrni cu lingurita

spread

spread

spread

a (se) ntinde

spring

sprang
sprung

sprung

a izvor, a sri

stand

stood

stood

a sta (n picioare)

steal

stole

stolen

a fura, a se furisa

stick

stuck

stuck

a lipi

sting

stung

stung

a nepa

stink

stunk
stank

stunk

a mirosi urt

strew

strewed

strewn
strewed

a presra

stride

strode

stridden

a merge cu pasi mari

strike

struck

struck
stricken

a lovi

string

strung

strung

a nira (pe o at)

strive

strove
strived

striven
strived

a nzui

- 126 -

sublet

sublet

sublet

a subnchiria

sunburn

sunburned
sunburnt

sunburned
sunburnt

a se arde de soare

swear

swore

sworn

a jura, a njura

sweat

sweat
sweated

sweat
sweated

a transpira

sweep

swept

swept

a mtura

swell

swelled

swollen
swelled

a se umfla

swim

swam

swum

a nota

swing

swung

swung

a legna

take

took

taken

a lua

teach

taught

taught

a nvta, a preda

tear

tore

torn

a rupe, a sfsia

telecast

telecast

telecast

a teledifuza

tell

told

told

a spune, a povesti

test-drive

test-drove

test-driven

a testa o masin

test-fly

test-flew

test-flown

a testa un avion

think

thought

thought

a (se) gndi

thrive

throve

thriven

a prospera

throw

threw

thrown

a arunca

thrust

thrust

thrust

a nfige

tread

trod

trodden
trod

a clca

typecast

typecast

typecast

a distribui ntr-un rol


tipic

typeset

typeset

typeset

a culege pentru tipar

typewrite

typewrote

typewritten

a dactilografia

unbend

unbent

unbent

a (se) dezdoi

- 127 -

unbind

unbound

unbound

a dezlega

unclothe

unclothed
clad

unclothed
clad

a (se) dezbrca

underbid

underbid

underbid

a oferi un pret prea


mic

undercut

undercut

undercut

a submina

underfeed

underfed

underfed

a subalimenta

undergo

underwent

undergone

a trece prin

underlie

underlay

underlain

a sta la baza

undersell

undersold

undersold

a vinde mai ieftin


dect (concurenta)

underspend

underspent

underspent

a cheltui prea putin

understand

understood

understood

a ntelege

undertake

undertook

undertaken

a lua asupra sa

underwrite

underwrote

underwritten

a subscrie

undo

undid

undone

a anula

unfreeze

unfroze

unfrozen

a dezgheta

unhide

unhid

unhidden

a iesi din
ascunztoare

unlearn

unlearned
unlearnt

unlearned
unlearnt

a dezvta

unsew

unsewed

unsewn
unsewed

a descoase

unwind

unwound

unwound

a desfsura

uphold

upheld

upheld

a sustine

upset

upset

upset

a tulbura

wake

woke
waked

woken
waked

a se trezi

waylay

waylaid

waylaid

a acosta

wear

wore

worn

a purta

- 128 -

weave

wove
weaved

woven
weaved

a tese

wed

wed
wedded

wed
wedded

a (se) cununa

weep

wept

wept

a plnge

wet

wet
wetted

wet
wetted

a uda

win

won

won

a cstiga

wind

wound

wound

a rsuci

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

a (se) retrage

withhold

withheld

withheld

a retine

withstand

withstood

withstood

a rezista la

wring

wrung

wrung

a stoarce

write

wrote

written

a scrie

- 129 -

English Tenses
(Timpurile verbale n limba englez)
PRESENT SIMPLE PREZENTUL SIMPLU

S + verb la inf. (I form a vb. neregulate)

Obs. La persoana a III-a singular, adugm la verb terminaia -s, dar dac verbul se
termin n terminaiile:
-o;
-x
- ch;
-z
atunci, la , adugm -es
- sh;
-ss

______________________________________________________________________

do

S+
does

+ not + vb la infinitiv
(la pers. a III-a) sing.

? Do
+ S + vb la inf. + ?
Does (pers. a III-a sg.)
_____________________________________________________________________________________

ADVERBE/EXPRESII FOLOSITE CU PREZENTUL SIMPLU

OFTEN deseori
USUALLY de obicei
ALWAYS ntotdeauna
SOMETIMES - cteodat
NEVER - niciodat
EVERY MORNING DAY NIGHT YEAR EVENING MONTH WEEK
n fiecare diminea zi noapte an sear lun sptmn
IN THE MORNING NIGHT DAY dimineaa, noaptea, ziua
PREZENTUL SIMPLU SE FOLOSETE PENTRU A ARTA:
aciuni, stri permanente (job-ul cuiva)
ex. I go to work every day.
Eu merg la serviciu n fiecare zi.
- 130 -

comentarii sportive, naraiuni, paragrafe descriptive


ex. Mutu shoots a goal.
Mutu nscrie un gol.
adevruri general-valabile, permanente
ex. Water freezes at 0C.
Apa nghea la 0C.
stri, fapte ce rmn neschimbate pentru o perioad mai lung de timp.
ex. She works in Canada.
Ea lucreaz n Canada.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS PREZENTUL CONTINUU


+

S + vb. TO BE (am-is-are) + vb. la inf. + -ing.

S + vb. To BE (am-is-are) + NOT + vb. la inf. + -ing.

Vb. TO BE (am-is-are) + S + vb. la inf. + -ing ?

Exemple:
+

I am thinking about food.


(M gndesc la mncare.)
We are going to work.
(Noi mergem la serviciu.)
She is going to school.
(Ea merge la coal.)

I am not eating right now. (Eu nu mnnc chiar acum.)


Are we doing our homework now ? (Ne facem noi tema, acum?)

Obs. :
La majoritatea verbelor se adaug terminaia ing fr nicio modificare
ex. play playing
sing singing
La verbele terminate n consoan+ lit. e, se renun la litera e i se adaug ing.
ex. make making
come coming
La verbele formate dintr-o silab i terminate n vocal + consoan, se dubleaz
consoana i se adaug terminaia ing.
ex. get getting
sit sitting swim - swimming

- 131 -

PREZENTUL CONTINUU SE FOLOSETE PT. A ARTA


aciuni temporare ce au loc n momentul vorbirii
ex. She is swimming in the pool.
Ea noat n piscin.
stri care sunt n continu micare
ex. His English is getting better. (Engleza lui devine mai bun.)
aciuni temporare ce sunt enervante pt. vorbitor cu adverbul:
ALWAYS ex. The baby is always crying.
Bebeluul plnge ntotdeauna.
pt. program personal n viitorul apropiat.
ex. I am meeting Alice in front of the cinema.
M ntlnesc cu Alice n fa la cinematograf.
o aciune ce are loc pt. un timp limitat n prezent:
ex. What are you reading these days?
Ce citeti zilele astea?
poate avea o valoare de viitor, exprimnd o aciune ce va avea loc conform unui
program prestabilit
ex. When is he coming?
(Cnd vine?)
UNELE VERBE NU SE POT FOLOSI LA PREZENTUL CONTINUU
verbe care exprim o activitate mintal
agree, know, remember, believe, mean, understand, forgot
verbe care exprim stri sufleteti
love, regret, prefer, want, like, hate, adore, forgive
verbe care exprim o percepie senzorial (simurile)
see, hear, feel, smell, taste
verbe modale
can, must, may, could, make, might
alte verbe
belong, own, concern

- 132 -

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PREZENTUL PERFECT SIMPLU


Acest timp face legtura ntre prezent i trecut

S + have
has (pers. a III-a sg.)

S + have
+ not + vb la forma a III-a (sau vb la inf + -ed)
has (pers. a III-a sg.)
!

+ vb. la forma a III-a (sau vb+ -ed)

haven't
hasn't

Have
+ S + vb la forma a III-a (sau vb la inf + -ed)
Has (pers. a III-a sg.)

Expresii folosite cu PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


ALREADY deja He has already finished his classes.
JUST doar
Tom has just spoken on the phone with Mary.
YET nc
They haven't written the exercise yet.
NEVER niciodat
EVER vreodat
OFTEN deseori
EVER vreodat
and
BEFORE nainte
FOR pentru
SINCE de la

I have never heard such a thing.


Have you ever read the news?
I have often travelled by car to the countryside.

Have you ever heard this song before?

I've had my own car for five years.


She has been ill since yesterday.

UNTIL NOW pn acum Until now I haven't heard about this English singer.
SO FAR
- ,, -So far, he hasn't complained about her.
UP TO NOW
- ,, -I haven't got any Math problems up to now.

- 133 -

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS PREZENTUL PERFECT CONTINUU


+

S + | have
+ been + vb. la infinitiv + -ing
| has (pers. a III-a sg.)

S + | have

Have | +
Has |

+ not + vb. la infinitiv + -ing


!
haven't
hasn't

S + been + vb. la infinitiv + -ing

EXPRESII FOLOSITE CU PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS


SINCE

I have been living in Paris since 1993.


Stau n Paris din 1993.

FOR -

They have been watching T.V. for 3 hours.


Ei se uit la T.V. de 3 ore.

SO FAR -

So far, there have been arriving 10 people from Paris.


Pn acum, au sosit 10 oameni din Paris.

EVER -

Have you ever listening to your parents?


Ai ascultat vreodat de prinii ti?

NEVER -

I have never been travelling to France until now.


Nu am cltorit niciodat n Frana pn acum.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS se folosete pentru a exprima:


o aciune nceput n trecut care se continu n prezent

ex.

She has been crying for hours.


Plnge de ore n ir.

exprim o aciune trecut al crei rezultat este vizibil n prezent

ex.

It has been raining.


A plouat.

aciuni care exprim furia

ex.

Who has been using my toothbrush? Cine mi-a folosit periua de dini?

- 134 -

cnd se pune accent pe durat

ex.

She's (has) been calling him since morning.


Ea l sun ncontinuu de diminea.

Exemple:
+
I have been waiting for your response since yesterday.
Am ateptat rspunsul tu de ieri.
-

I haven't (have not) been so happy for a long time.


Nu am fost att de fericit de mult timp.

Have you been waiting for her response since yesterday?


Ai ateptat rspunsul ei, de ieri?

PAST SIMPLE TRECUTUL SIMPLU


+

S + Vb forma a II-a (sau pt vb. regulate, terminaia ed)

S + did not (didn't) + vb. inf. (forma I)

Did + S +vb. inf.

Exemple:
+
-

I wrote a book last year. He wrote a book last year.


Am scris o carte anul trecut. El a scris o carte anul trecut.
I didn't write a book last year. He didn't write a book last year.

Did you write a book last year? Did he write a book last year?
Ai scris o carte anul trecut? A scris el o carte anul trecut?

PAST SIMPLE SE FOLOSETE PT. A EXPRIMA:


pt. a exprima o aciune care a avut loc la un moment dat n trecut, iar perioada de
timp s-a ncheiat.
aciuni care au avut loc la un moment dat n trecut i se specific timpul.
She called an hour ago.

A sunat cu o or n urm.

- 135 -

obiceiuri din trecut


He used to go fishing with his father.
El obinuia s mearg la pescuit cu tatl lui.
aciuni care s-au desfurat una dup alta n trecut
She sealed the letter, put a stamp on it and posted it.
Ea a sigilat scrisoarea, a pus un timbru pe ea i a expediat-o.
aciuni care au avut loc la un moment dat n trecut, dar timpul nu e specificat i nu au
legtur cu prezentul.
Shakespeare wrote a lot of plays.
Shakespeare a scris o mulime de piese.
ADVERBE FOLOSITE CU PAST SIMPLE
Yesterday; last week; ... ago; then; when; just now; in 1955...
! Observaie:
Verbele la acest timp sunt de obicei determinate de adverbe i expresii de timp ca
i cele enumerate mai sus, plus altele:
last year/month, two hours ago; when I was a ...
Acesta este timpul naraiunii i se folosete pentru a reda evenimente potrivite,
retrospectiv.

PAST CONTINUOUS TRECUTUL CONTINUU


+

S + was (pers. I, III sing.)


were (pers. II, IV,V, VI)

S + was (pers. I + III sg)


were (restul pers.)
[wasn't/weren't]

Was (pers. I, III sg.)


Were (restul pers.)

+ vb. la inf. + -ing

+ not + vb. la inf. + -ing

+ S + vb. la inf. + -ing

_______________________________________________________________________
- 136 -

Exemple:
+ I was eating an apple this time yesterday.
- I was not (wasn't) eating an apple this time yesterday.
? Was I eating an apple this time yesterday?
+ Eu mncam un mr ieri, pe vremea asta.
- Eu nu mncam un mr ieri, pe vremea asta.
? Mncam eu un mr, ieri, pe vremea asta?
+ They were eating an apple this time yesterday.
- They were not (weren't) eating an apple this time yesterday.
? Were they eating an apple this time yesterday?
EXPRESII FOLOSITE CU PAST CONTINUOUS
AT THIS TIME YESTERDAY ieri, pe timpul acesta
Tom was working at the office at this time yesterday.
FROM... TO... de la ... la
She was playing the piano from 5 to 7 o'clock.
ALL DAY toat ziua
They were working all day.
FOR pentru
She was living there for 7 years.

PAST CONTINUOUS SE FOLOSETE PT. A EXPRIMA:


o aciune n desfurare la un moment dat n trecut.
ex. I was reading at 8 o'clock yesterday.
Eu citeam ieri la ora 8.
o aciune n desfurare la un moment dat n trecut, ntrerupt de o alt aciune.
ex. While I was getting dressed I got a message.
n timp ce m mbrcam, am primit un mesaj.
2 sau mai multe aciuni simultane
ex. While I was sunbathing, Tom was playing with a dog. n timp ce m bronzam, Tom
se juca cu un cine.
- 137 -

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE TRECUTUL PERFECT SIMPLU


+

S + had + vb. la forma a III-a/ -ed la vb. regulate.

S + had + not (hadn')+ vb. la forma a III-a/ -ed la vb. reg.

? Had + S + vb. la forma a III-a/ -ed la vb. reg. + ?


_____________________________________________________________________
Exemple:
+ She had left/painted ... (She'd left/painted....)
- She had not left/painted. (hadn't)
?
Had she left/painted?
Adverbe /expresii folosite cu PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
FOR, SINCE, ALREADY, AFTER, JUST, NEVER, YET, BY, BEFORE, BY THE TIME
OBSERVAII:
se folosete n fraza condiional de tipul 3
este echivalentul prezentului perfect

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE se foloseste pentru actiuni care:


exprim regretul fa de o aciune trecut
ex. I wish I had not (hadn't) eaten so much.
Regret (mi doresc s nu) c am mncat att de mult.
exprim o aciune trecut complet care a avut rezultate/efecte vizibile n trecut
ex. She was sad because she had failed the test.
Ea a fost trist pentru c a czut testul.
exprim o aciune trecut care a avut loc naintea unei alte aciuni trecute sau naintea
unui moment anterior.
ex. He had left by the time I got there.
El plecase pe cnd am ajuns eu acolo.
He had left by two o'clock.
El plecase pn la ora dou.
She'd always lived in Bucharest before she moved to Dubai a few years ago.
Ea ntotdeauna a trit n Bucureti nainte de a se muta n Dubai acum civa ani.
- 138 -

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS - TRECUTUL PERFECT CONTINUU


+
?

S + had + been + Vb-ing


S + had + not (hadn't) + been + Vb-ing
Had + S + been + Vb-ing

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS SE FOLOSETE PT. A ARTA:


accentueaz ideea de desfurare a unei aciuni petrecute naintea unei alte aciuni
trecute
ex. I had been looking for it for hours before I found it.
L-am cutat ore ntregi nainte de a-l gsi.
conform concordanei timpurilor, se folosete n vorbirea indirect atunci cnd
verbul din regent este la trecut.
ex. He said he had been studying English for several years.
Mi-a spus c studiaz engleza de civa ani.
aciuni n desfurare n trecut
ex. She had been working here for 10 years.
Ea a lucrat aici pentru 10 ani.
aciuni de o anumit durat cu efecte/rezultate vizibile n trecut.
ex. They were wet because they had been walking in the rain.
Ei erau uzi pentru c se plimbaser prin ploaie.
este ECHIVALENTUL lui PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
ADVERBE/EXPRESII FOLOSITE CU PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS:
FOR, SINCE, USED TO, WOULD, WAS GOING TO.
USED TO exprim stri/aciuni trecute
+ I used to read stories when I was young.
- I didn't use to read stories when I was young.
? Did I use to read stories when I was young?

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WOULD exprim aciuni repetate din trecut, rutin


ex. Grandma would always make me apple pies.
Bunica obinuia ntotdeauna s mi fac plcinte cu mere.
WAS GOING TO aranjamente/planuri care nu au fost duse la bun sfrit.
ex. I was going to visit my friend, but she wasn't at home.
Voiam s mi vizitez prietena, dar ea nu era acas.

COMPARATIE PRESENT PERFECT PAST TENSE

PRESENT PERFECT
aciuni complete ce au avut loc la un
moment dat n trecut, timpul nefiind
menionat:
I have left the building. (Am prsit
cldirea.)
aciuni trecute care au legtur cu
prezentul:
I've (I have) spoken to my dad.
(Am vorbit cu tatl meu.)
timp nencheiat (this week/year, all my
life, today, since yesterday).
Today I have written a long letter.
(Azi am scris o scrisoare lung).
timp nehotrt (always, often, just,
seldom, never):
I have always played tennis at the
club. (Am jucat ntotdeauna tenis,
la club).
perioad de timp legat de prezent:
They have built a beautiful home in
our street. (Ei au construit o cas
frumoas pe strada noastr.)

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PAST SIMPLE
aciuni complete ce au avut loc la un
moment dat n trecut, timpul fiind
menionat:
I left the building yesterday. (Am
prsit cldirea ieri.)
aciuni trecute care nu au legtur cu
prezentul:
I met the Beatles. (I-am ntlnit pe
cei de la Beatles.)
timp ncheiat (yesterday, last
week/year/month, in 1995, when I was
during the war)
Yesterday I wrote a long letter.
(Ieri am scris o scrisoare lung.)
timp hotrt:
When did you play tennis at the
club? (Cnd ai jucat tenis la club?)

perioad de timp veche:


Mihai Eminescu offered the world
some of its most beautiful poems.
(Mihai Eminescu a oferit lumii
cteva dintre cele mai frumoase
poezii.)

FUTURE SIMPLE Viitorul Simplu


+

S + will | + vb. la infinitiv.


shall |

S + will not (won't) |


shall not (shan't)|
?

Will |
Shall |

+ vb. la infinitiv.

+ S + vb. la infinitiv ?

Observaii
Shall - se folosete de obicei pentru persoana I singular i plural i este folosit de
obicei n limbajul oficial, politicos; propoziile interogative cu shall exprim o
ofert, o cerere, un sfat.
Will se folosete de obicei n vorbirea curent, iar propoziiile interogative la
persoana a II-a pot exprima o rugminte.
Exemple:
+ I will/shall paint the room. (Voi zugrvi camera. Ar trebui s...)
- We will/shall not paint the room. (Noi nu vom zugrvi camera.)
? Shall/will I paint the room? (Voi zugrvi eu camera?Ar trebui s ...?)
* Will she paint the room?
* He will not (won't) paint the room.
* They will paint the room.

Adverbe /expresii folosite cu FUTURE SIMPLE:


TOMORROW
mine
THE DAY AFTER TOMORROW
poimine
NEXT YEAR/WEEK
anul urmtor/sptmna urmtoare
FUTURE SIMPLE SE FOLOSETE PT. A ARTA:
exprim o intenie n viitor sau o decizie luat n momentul vorbirii, pentru viitor, i
care nu exista anterior n mintea vorbitorului.
ex.

Oh, you can't get it! Wait a minute, I'll help you.
Ah, nu poi ajunge s-o /s-l iei. Ateapt o clip, te voi ajuta.
- 141 -

propoziii interogative cu will la pers. a II-a care exprim rugmini:


ex. Will you help me lift the chair?
Vrei s m ajui s ridic scaunul?
propoziii interogative cu shall care exprim 1) o ofert
2) cererea unui sfat
ex. 1) Shall I go there for you?
S m duc acolo n locul tu?
ex. 2) Where shall I go?
Unde ar trebui s m duc?
exprimarea unor temeri, ateptri, promisiuni, comentarii, sperane, ameninri,
avertismente, cu verbele: EXPECT, BELIEVE, I'M SURE, I'M AFRAID, PROBABLY.
ex.

I'm afraid I will be late. M tem c voi ntrzia.

exprim anticiparea unor aciuni sau stri


ex. It will rain tomorrow.
Va ploua mine.
aciuni sau previziuni care ar putea avea loc n viitor.
ex. I will probably buy a new dress.
Probabil voi cumpra o rochie nou.
lucruri sau aciuni de care nu suntem siguri c vor avea loc n viitor:
ex. I will probably be promoted.
Probabil voi fi promovat.

FUTURE CONTINUOUS VIITORUL CONTINUU


+

S + will | + be + vb. la infinitiv + -ing.


shall |

S + will not | (won't)


shall not (shan't)|

I, we - shall/ will

+ be + vb. la inf. + -ing.

Will | + S + be + vb. la inf. + -ing?


Shall |
_____________________________________________________________________
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ADVERBE FOLOSITE CU FUTURE CONTINUOUS (+ CELELALTE FORME DE VIITOR)


TOMORROW mine
TONIGHT - desear
NEXT WEEK sptmna viitoare
IN 2/3 WEEKS/DAYS n 2/3 sptmni/zile
SOON - curnd
THE DAY AFTER TOMORROW poimine
FUTURE CONTINUOUS se folosete pentru a arta/exprima:
aciuni n desfurare la un moment dat n viitor

ex.

I will be swimming in the sea this time, next year.


Eu voi nota n mare, anul viitor, pe vremea aceasta.

aciuni ce sunt rezultatul unei rutine

ex.

I will be seeing Tom next week.


M ntlnesc cu Tom sptmna viitoare.

cnd rugm politicos pe cineva, ceva

ex.

Will you be going to the supermarket to buy some milk?


Vei merge pn la supermarket, s cumperi nite lapte?

exprim o supoziie n legtur cu o aciune ce are loc n prezent

ex.

He will be swimming now.


Acum o fi notnd.

EXEMPLE DE PROPOZIII CU FUTURE CONTINUOUS :

I will (shall) be painting tomorrow. Voi picta mine.

I will (shall) not be painting tomorrow. Voi picta mine.

Will she/I be painting tomorrow? Va picta mine?


Voi picta eu mine?

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FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE VIITORUL PERFECT SIMPLU

S + will
shall

S + shall + not (shan't) + have + | verb la forma a III-a (vb. neregulate)


will + not (won't)
| vb. la inf. + -ed (vb. regulate)

+have + | verb la forma a III-a (vb. neregulate)


| vb. la inf. + -ed (vb. regulate)

Will + S +have + | verb la forma a III-a (vb. neregulate)


| vb. la inf. + -ed (vb. regulate)
Shall (pers.I sing.i pl.)

FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE se folosete pentru a arta:


exprimarea unei aciuni care nu a avut loc nc, dar care se va fi ntmplat nainte de

un moment n viitor.
ex. This time next year I'll have completed my studies.
La anul, pe vremea aceasta mi voi fi terminat studiile..
EXEMPLE cu FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE:
+
?

I will have painted the wall by tomorrow.


I will have not painted the wall by tomorrow.
Will she have painted the wall by tomorrow?

+
?

Voi fi zugrvit peretele pn mine.


Eu nu voi fi zugrvit peretele pn mine.
Va fi zugrvit ea peretele pn mine?

She will have eaten the cake by tonight.


Ea va fi mncat tortul pn mine.

She will not (won't) have eaten the cake by tonight.


Ea nu va fi mncat tortul pn mine.

- 144 -

FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS VIITORUL PERFECT CONTINUU


+

S + | shall
| will

+ have +been + vb. la infinitiv + -ing.

S + |shall not
|will not

SHALL - I, we

+ have +been + vb. la infinitiv + -ing. .

Will | + S + have +been + vb. la infinitiv + -ing. ?


Shall |
_____________________________________________________________________
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS se folosete pentru :
a accentua ideea de desfurare a unei aciuni ntr-un moment viitor

ex.

I will not have been working for this company for very long when you visit us.
Nu voi fi lucrnd pentru aceast firm de mult timp cnd ne vei vizita.

Exemple:
+
I will have been reading for a while when you get home.
Voi fi citind de ceva vreme, cnd vei ajunge acas.
-

She will not have been been drawing for more than 2 hours when he gets home.
Ea nu va fi desennd de mai mult de 2 ore cnd el va ajunge acas.

Will we have been eating for more than 30 minutes when he gets home?
Vom fi mncat noi, de mai mult de 30 minute cnd va ajunge el acas?

- 145 -

FUTURE IN THE PAST VIITORUL FA DE TRECUT


+

S + should | + vb. la infinitiv .


would |

S + should
would

+ not | (shouldn't)
| (wouldn't)

Should |
Would |

+ S + be + vb. la infinitiv ?

+ vb. la infinitiv .

____________________________________________________________________
Obs.:
Viitorul fa de trecut se formeaz ca i timpul viitor, cu deosebirea c n loc de

shall/will se folosete should sau would.


Acest timp nu exist n limba romn, dar n limba englez se refer la o aciune

viitoare fa de trecut.
Forma scurt va fi astfel: s'd
Acest timp se folosete doar n propoziii subordonate.

Exemple:
I knew he should succeed.
tiam c va reui.
He promised that he'd (would) come sooner.
A promis c va veni mai curnd.
Acest timp viitor fa de trecut se poate folosi i la forma continu:

ex.

I knew that he would be working the whole day.


tiam c el va lucra toat ziua.

- 146 -

THE PAST CONDITIONAL CONDIIONALUL TRECUT


+

S + should + have + vb forma a III-a (-ed la vb reg.).


would

S + would + have not + vb la forma a III-a (-ed la vb reg.).


Should

Would + S + have + vb la forma a III-a (-ed la vb reg.) ?


Should

_____________________________________________________________________
ex.

She would have painted but she forgot the brushes.


Ea ar fi vrut s picteze, dar i-a uitat pensulele.
Should I have gone to dinner?
Ar fi trebuit s merg la cin?

VIITORUL APROPIAT THE NEAR FUTURE


"BE GOING TO"
TO BE GOING TO - are o valoare modal care exprim intenia sau nesigurana. Se
poate referi la lucruri i fenomene care vor avea loc n mod inevitavil (3)
TO BE TO exprim o aciune prestabilit (1)
TO BE ON THE POINT OF a fi pe punctul de a ... (2)
Exemple:
1) TO BE TO He is to leave town tomorrow because his visa expired.
Urmeaz s plece din ora pentru c i-a expirat viza.
2) TO BE ON THE POINT OF
Don't tease her! She's on the point of bursting into tears.
- Nu o necji! E pe punctul de a izbucni n lacrimi!

- 147 -

THE PRESENT CONDITIONAL CONDITIONALUL PREZENT


+

S + would
should

+vb. la infinitiv.

S + would
should

+ not (wouldn't) + vb. la inf.


(shouldn't)

Should + I + vb. la inf. ?


Would

_______________________________________________________________________

Exemple:
I would go home but I have to work.
A merge acas, dar trebuie s lucrez.
We should not leave out of the country.
Nu ar trebui s plecm din ar.
Would they cut the tree for firewood?
Ar tia ei copacii pentru lemne de foc?

THE IMPERATIVE MODUL IMPERATIV


Mod de formare :
Infinitivul scurt (fr TO) al verbului +...)
Cross it!
-Traverseaz!
Ring me tomorrow!
- Sun-m mine!
Don't (do not) + infinitivulscurt (fr TO) al verbului pentru a forma un imperativ
negativ.
Don't cross now!
- Nu traversa acum!
Don't ring me tomorrow!
- Nu m suna mine!
Let's + infinitivul scurt (fr TO), pentru persoana I plural
Let's cross!

- S traversm!
- 148 -

Do + forma afirmativ, n unele cazuri:


a) pentru accentuarea ideii transmise ex. Do tell me!
b) pentru a ndulci tonul, pt a suna mai politicos:
Do come in!
(Intrai , v rog!)
Do sit down! (Luai loc, v rog!)

(Hai, spune-mi!)

MODUL IMPERATIV SE FOLOSETE PT. A:


pt. a exprima un ordin
Hurry up! - Grbete-te!
pt. a face o ofert
Have a drink! - Luai o butur!
pt. a da un sfat
Have a rest! - Ia o pauz!
pt. a preveni
Look out!

- Atenie!

pt. a face o invitaie


Come round one of these days!

-Treci pe la noi ntr-una din zile!

pt. a face o sugestie


Let's ring him!
- S-l sunm!
pt. a da instruciuni
Stir well!
- Amestecai bine!
pt. a face o urare
Have a good time!

- S v distrai!

- 149 -

Used to (do), be used to (doing)


Obisnuiam sa/a fi obisnuit cu
I. Used to:
+ S + used + vb. Inf.
- S + did not (didnt) + use + vb. Inf.
? Did + S + use + vb. Inf. + ?

,,Used to se foloseste pentru a vorbi despre o activitate ce o faceam de obicei in


trecut, sau o activitate ce era adevarata, dar nu mai este si in prezent adevarata

II. Be used to
+ S + vb. TO BE (am is - are) + used to object
- S + (am is - are) + not + used to + object
? Am is - are + used to + object + ?
_______________________________________________________________________
Daca la sfarsitul propozitiei avem in loc de obiect, verb, atunci acesta va primi terminatia
ing la forma de infinitiv
Be used to se foloseste pentru a vorbi despre situatii cu care suntem obisnuiti, familiari in
prezent.

- 150 -